UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-Q


   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

Or

   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to            

Commission file number: 001-36788


EXELA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)


Delaware

47-1347291

(State of or other Jurisdiction
Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

2701 E. Grauwyler Rd.
Irving, TX

75061

(Address of Principal Executive
Offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (844) 935-2832

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, Par Value $0.0001 per share

XELA

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer    

Accelerated Filer     

Non-Accelerated Filer     

Smaller Reporting Company   

Emerging Growth Company    

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No 

As of June 26, 2020 the registrant had 147,511,430 shares of Common Stock outstanding.


Exela Technologies, Inc.

Form 10-Q

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

1

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (as restated)

2

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (as restated)

3

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (as restated)

4

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (as restated)

5

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

30

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

42

Item 4. Internal Controls and Procedures

42

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

43

Item 1A. Risk Factors

44

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

44

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

45

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

45

Item 5. Other Information

45

Item 6. Exhibits

46


Exela Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

(in thousands of United States dollars except share and per share amounts)

March 31, 

December 31, 

2020

2019

    

(Unaudited)

    

(Audited)

Assets

 

  

 

  

Current assets

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

113,013

$

6,198

Restricted cash

 

9,563

 

7,901

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $5,508 and $4,975, respectively

242,757

261,400

Related party receivables

866

716

Inventories, net

17,353

19,047

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

30,271

23,663

Total current assets

 

413,823

 

318,925

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $180,378 and $176,995, respectively

107,586

113,637

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net

85,983

93,627

Goodwill

358,880

359,771

Intangible assets, net

329,837

342,443

Deferred income tax assets

11,661

12,032

Other noncurrent assets

 

20,293

 

17,889

Total assets

$

1,328,063

$

1,258,324

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)

 

  

 

  

Liabilities

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities

Accounts payables

$

74,093

$

86,167

Related party payables

1,323

1,740

Income tax payable

2,532

352

Accrued liabilities

116,557

121,553

Accrued compensation and benefits

54,034

48,574

Accrued interest

23,786

48,769

Customer deposits

25,605

27,765

Deferred revenue

18,455

16,282

Obligation for claim payment

40,225

39,156

Current portion of finance lease liabilities

13,214

13,788

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

24,177

25,345

Current portion of long-term debts

 

36,691

 

36,490

Total current liabilities

 

430,692

 

465,981

Long-term debt, net of current maturities

1,520,619

1,398,385

Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion

16,954

20,272

Pension liabilities

28,600

25,681

Deferred income tax liabilities

7,473

7,996

Long-term income tax liabilities

2,795

2,806

Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion

66,848

73,282

Other long-term liabilities

7,508

6,962

Total liabilities

2,081,489

2,001,365

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 8)

 

  

 

  

Stockholders' equity (deficit)

 

  

 

  

Common stock, par value of $0.0001 per share; 1,600,000,000 shares authorized; 154,866,550 shares issued and 147,508,669 shares outstanding at March 31, 2020 and 153,638,836 shares issued and 150,851,689 shares outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

15

 

15

Preferred stock, par value of $0.0001 per share; 20,000,000 shares authorized; 3,290,050 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2020 and 4,294,233 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019

1

1

Additional paid in capital

 

445,452

 

445,452

Less: Common Stock held in treasury, at cost; 7,357,881 shares at March 31, 2020 and 2,787,147 shares at December 31, 2019

(10,949)

(10,949)

Equity-based compensation

50,197

49,336

Accumulated deficit

 

(1,224,178)

 

(1,211,508)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss:

Foreign currency translation adjustment

(6,409)

(7,329)

Unrealized pension actuarial losses, net of tax

(7,555)

(8,059)

Total accumulated other comprehensive loss

(13,964)

(15,388)

Total stockholders’ deficit

 

(753,426)

 

(743,041)

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

$

1,328,063

$

1,258,324

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


Exela Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(in thousands of United States dollars except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

    

2019

    

2020

    

(Restated)

Revenue

$

365,451

$

404,357

Cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)

 

292,539

 

310,601

Selling, general and administrative expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)

50,374

49,677

Depreciation and amortization

23,185

26,624

Related party expense

1,551

998

Operating income (loss)

(2,198)

16,457

Other expense (income), net:

Interest expense, net

41,588

39,701

Sundry expense, net

1,082

2,715

Other expense (income), net

(34,657)

1,493

Net loss before income taxes

(10,211)

(27,452)

Income tax expense

(2,459)

(4,720)

Net loss

$

(12,670)

$

(32,172)

Cumulative dividends for Series A Preferred Stock

1,440

(914)

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

$

(11,230)

$

(33,086)

Loss per share:

Basic and diluted

$

(0.08)

$

(0.23)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


Exela Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(in thousands of United States dollars except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

    

2019

    

2020

    

(Restated)

Net loss

$

(12,670)

$

(32,172)

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

920

 

3,392

Unrealized pension actuarial gains (losses), net of tax

 

504

 

(224)

Total other comprehensive loss, net of tax

$

(11,246)

$

(29,004)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


Exela Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(in thousands of United States dollars except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss

Unrealized

Foreign

Pension

Currency

Actuarial

Total

Common Stock

Preferred Stock

Treasury Stock

Additional

Equity-Based

Translation

Losses,

Accumulated

Stockholders'

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Paid in Capital

  

Compensation

  

Adjustment

  

net of tax

  

Deficit

  

Deficit

Balances at January 1, 2019. as restated

150,142,955

$

15

4,569,233

$

1

2,549,185

$

(10,342)

$

445,452

$

41,731

$

(6,423)

$

(9,301)

$

(702,391)

$

(241,258)

Net loss January 1, 2019 to March 31, 2019, as restated

(32,172)

(32,172)

Equity-based compensation

2,798

2,798

Foreign currency translation adjustment

3,392

3,392

Net realized pension actuarial gains, net of tax

(224)

(224)

Balances at March 31, 2019, as restated

150,142,955

$

15

4,569,233

1

2,549,185

$

(10,342)

$

445,452

$

44,529

$

(3,031)

$

(9,525)

$

(734,563)

$

(267,464)

Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss

Unrealized

Foreign

Pension

Currency

Actuarial

Total

Common Stock

Preferred Stock

Treasury Stock

Additional

Equity-Based

Translation

Losses,

Accumulated

Stockholders'

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Paid in Capital

  

Compensation

  

Adjustment

  

net of tax

  

Deficit

  

Deficit

Balances at January 1, 2020

150,851,689

$

15

4,294,233

$

1

2,787,147

$

(10,949)

$

445,452

$

49,336

$

(7,329)

$

(8,059)

$

(1,211,508)

$

(743,041)

Net loss January 1, 2020 to March 31, 2020

(12,670)

(12,670)

Equity-based compensation

861

861

Foreign currency translation adjustment

920

920

Net realized pension actuarial gains, net of tax

504

504

Shares returned in connection with the Appraisal Action as result of repayment of Margin Loan

(4,570,734)

4,570,734

Preferred shares converted to common shares

1,227,714

(1,004,183)

Balances at March 31, 2020

147,508,669

$

15

3,290,050

$

1

7,357,881

$

(10,949)

$

445,452

$

50,197

$

(6,409)

$

(7,555)

$

(1,224,178)

$

(753,426)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


Exela Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(in thousands of United States dollars except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

    

2019

    

2020

    

(Restated)

Cash flows from operating activities

Net loss

$

(12,670)

$

(32,172)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss

Depreciation and amortization

23,185

26,624

Original issue discount and debt issuance cost amortization

3,193

2,852

Provision for doubtful accounts

74

800

Deferred income tax provision

(401)

1,076

Share-based compensation expense

861

2,798

Foreign currency remeasurement

(936)

35

Loss (gain) on sale of assets

 

(35,246)

 

54

Fair value adjustment for interest rate swap

845

1,677

Change in operating assets and liabilities, net effect from acquisitions:

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

13,476

 

(8,742)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

(5,678)

(632)

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

(21,420)

(33,033)

Related party balances

(568)

(1,551)

Additions to outsource contract costs

(88)

(2,434)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(35,373)

 

(42,648)

Cash flows from investing activities

 

  

 

  

Purchases of property, plant, and equipment

(3,591)

(5,572)

Additions to internally developed software

(1,153)

(1,879)

Cash paid in acquisition, net of cash received

(3,500)

Proceeds from sale of assets

38,222

7

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

29,978

 

(7,444)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

  

 

Repurchases of Common Stock

(2,872)

Borrowings from other loans

11,241

6,904

Borrowings under factoring arrangement and A/R Facility

131,591

14,678

Principal repayment on borrowings under factoring arrangement and A/R Facility

(23,042)

(13,560)

Lease terminations

(14)

(45)

Cash paid for debt issuance costs

(2,908)

Borrowings from senior secured revolving facility

29,750

51,000

Repayments on senior secured revolving facility

(14,000)

(21,000)

Principal payments on finance lease obligations

(3,187)

(5,077)

Principal repayments on senior secured term loans and other loans

 

(15,343)

 

(10,498)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

114,088

 

19,530

Effect of exchange rates on cash

(216)

(32)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

108,477

 

(30,594)

Cash, restricted cash, and cash equivalents

 

 

Beginning of period

14,099

43,854

End of period

$

122,576

$

13,260

Supplemental cash flow data:

 

 

Income tax payments, net of refunds received

$

623

$

1,356

Interest paid

61,852

60,573

Noncash investing and financing activities:

Assets acquired through right-of-use arrangements

270

4,097

Accrued capital expenditures

1,565

809


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


Exela Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(in thousands of United States dollars except share and per share amounts or unless otherwise noted)

(Unaudited)

1.     General

These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes to the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in the Exela Technologies, Inc. (the "Company," "Exela," "we," "our" or "us") annual report on Form 10-K for such period (the “2019 Form 10-K”).

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") Regulation S-X as they apply to interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. These accounting principles require us to use estimates and assumptions that impact the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from our estimates.

The condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited, but in our opinion include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim period. The interim financial results are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or the fiscal year.

Restatement

As described in additional detail in the Explanatory Note to its 2019 Form 10-K, the Company restated its audited consolidated financial statements in the 2019 Form 10-K for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 and its unaudited quarterly results for the first three fiscal quarters in the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and each fiscal quarter in the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. Previously filed annual reports on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the periods affected by the restatement have not been amended. See Note 20, Unaudited Quarterly Financial Data, of the Notes to the consolidated financial statements in the 2019 Form 10-K for the impact of these adjustments on each of the quarterly periods in fiscal 2018 and for the first three quarters of fiscal 2019. These condensed consolidated financial statements include restated results for the corresponding interim period of fiscal 2019.

Going Concern

Under ASC Subtopic 205-40, Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern (“ASC 205-40”), the Company has the responsibility to evaluate whether conditions and/or events raise substantial doubt about its ability to meet its future financial obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. As required under ASC 205-40, management’s evaluation should initially not take into consideration the potential mitigating effects of management’s plans that have not been fully implemented as of the date the financial statements are issued. The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern.

Substantial Doubt Raised

In performing the first step of the evaluation, we concluded that the following conditions raised substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern:

history of net losses of $12.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and $509.1 million and $169.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. This is after considering a gain of $35.3 million on the sale of SourceHOV Tax, LLC recognized during the three months

6


ended March 31, 2020, and including goodwill and other intangible asset impairment of $349.6 million, for the year ended December 31, 2019 and $48.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2018;
net operating cash outflow of $35.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, $63.9 million in 2019 and inflow of $23.6 million in 2018;
working capital deficits of $16.9 million as of March 31, 2020, $147.1 million as of December 31, 2019 and $123.5 million as of December 31, 2018;
significant cash payments for interest on our long-term debt of $144.5 million in 2019 and a similar amount expected in 2020;
a liability incurred of $57.4 million for Appraisal Action (as described further in Note 8);
a requirement that the Company maintain a minimum of $40.0 million and $35.0 million in liquidity, at all times, to not be considered in default of the A/R Facility and the Credit Agreement (as defined below); and
an accumulated deficit of $1,224.2 million.

Furthermore, under the terms of each of the First Lien Credit Agreement, dated as of July 12, 2017, as amended and restated as of July 13, 2018 and as further amended and restated as of April 16, 2019 (the “Credit Agreement”), and the Indenture and First Supplemental Indenture (collectively, the “Indenture”), dated July 12, 2017, the Company was required to deliver to lender the December 31, 2019 audited financial statements by April 14, 2020, which the Company failed to do. Such failure was an event of default under the Credit Agreement if not cured within 30 days of receiving a notice of default. The Company received such notice on April 15, 2020. Additionally, under the terms of the A/R Facility (as described in Note 5), the Company was required to furnish to each lender the December 31, 2019 audited financial statements by May 11, 2020, which the Company failed to do. In May 2020, both the Credit Agreement and the A/R Facility were amended. Refer to Consideration of Management’s Plans section below.

Consideration of Management’s Plans

In performing the second step of this assessment, we are required to evaluate whether it is probable that our plans will be effectively implemented within one year after the financial statements are issued and whether it is probable those plans will alleviate the substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

As of June 26, 2020, the Company had $89.0 million in available cash and an additional source of liquidity of $13.0 million from the borrowing facilities.

The Company has undertaken the following plans to improve our available cash balances, liquidity and cash generated flows from operations, over the twelve month period from the date the financial statements are issued, as follows:

On January 10, 2020, certain subsidiaries of the Company entered into a $160.0 million A/R Facility with a five-year term. The Company used the proceeds of the initial borrowings to repay outstanding revolving borrowings under the Company’s senior credit facility and to provide additional liquidity and funding for the ongoing business needs of the Company and its subsidiaries. As of June 8, 2020, the Company has fully drawn on the remaining availability under the A/R Facility. Additionally, the A/R Facility agreement includes a requirement that the Company maintain a minimum of $40.0 million in liquidity, at all times, to not be considered in default.

On March 16, 2020, the Company and its indirect wholly owned subsidiaries, Merco Holdings, LLC and SourceHOV Tax, LLC entered into a Membership Interest Purchase Agreement with Gainline Source Intermediate Holdings LLC at which time Gainline Source Intermediate Holdings LLC acquired all of the outstanding membership interests of SourceHov Tax for $40.0 million, subject to adjustment as set forth in the purchase agreement of approximately $2.0 million.

On March 23, 2020, in response to the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company implemented a temporary freeze on increases to base salaries and wages unless contractually mandated. Additionally, in connection with the incentive program administered by the Company for hourly, non-exempt employees, a new

7


maximum was put in place to limit the amount of incentives that could be earned in any given two (2) week pay period. Although the Company expects these to be short-term actions, it expects these actions will result in a cash savings to the Company of approximately $23.4 million on an annual basis.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) was enacted in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The CARES Act, among other things, includes provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer side social security payments, net operating loss carryback periods, alternative minimum tax credit refunds, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property. The refundable payroll tax credits and deferment of employer side social security payments provisions of the CARES Act will benefit Company’s liquidity by approximately $29.0 million.

On May 18, 2020, the Company amended the Credit Agreement to, among other things, extend the time for delivery of its audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019 and its financial statements for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. Further, pursuant to the amendment, the borrower under the Credit Agreement is also required to maintain a minimum liquidity of $35.0 million. On May 21, 2020, the Company also amended the A/R Facility to, among other things, extend the time for delivery of its audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019 and its financial statements for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. Refer to Note 14 – Subsequent Events for additional discussion. The Company has delivered its audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019 on June 9, 2020, within the time frame stated within such agreement and the A/R Facility. The Company believes that it has now also satisfied the filing requirement with respect to the quarterly financial statements for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

Management Assessment of Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

The Company has a history of negative trends in its financial condition and operating results as well as recent noncompliance with covenants with its respective lenders. However, despite these conditions, the Company believes management’s plans, as described fully above, will provide sufficient liquidity to meet its financial obligations and further, maintain levels of liquidity as specifically required under the Credit Agreement and the A/R Facility. Therefore, management concluded these plans alleviate the substantial doubt that was raised about our ability to continue as a going concern for at least twelve months from the date that the financial statements were issued.

Future Plans and Considerations

Our plans to further enhance liquidity, which were not considered for the purposes of our assessment of whether substantial doubt is alleviated, include the potential sale of certain non-core assets that are not central to the Company’s long-term strategic vision, and any potential action with respect to these operations would be intended to allow the Company to better focus on its core businesses. The Company has retained financial advisors to assist with the sale of select assets. The Company expects to use the potential net proceeds from this initiative for the paydown of debt.

Our plans are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties, which become significantly magnified when the effects of the current pandemic and related financial crisis are included in the assessment. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that our plans can be effectively implemented and, therefore, that the conditions can be effectively mitigated.

Net Loss per Share

Earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net loss available to holders of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Common Stock”) by the weighted average number of shares of Common Stock outstanding during the period, excluding the effects of any potentially dilutive securities. Diluted EPS gives effect to the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue Common Stock were exercised or converted into Common Stock, using the more dilutive of the two-class method or if-converted method in periods of earnings. The two class method is an earnings allocation method that determines earnings per share for Common Stock and participating securities. Diluted EPS excludes all dilutive potential of shares of Common Stock if their effect is anti-dilutive.

8


As the Company experienced net losses for the periods presented, the impact of the Company’s Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”) was calculated based on the if-converted method. As of March 31, 2020 outstanding shares of the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock, if converted would have resulted in an additional 4,022,415 shares of Common Stock outstanding, but were not included in the computation of diluted loss per share as their effects were anti-dilutive.

The Company was originally incorporated as a special purpose acquisition company under the name Quinpario Acquisition Corp 2 (“Quinpario”), which changed its name to Exela Technologies, Inc. in July 2017. The Company has not included the effect of 35,000,000 warrants sold in the Quinpario Initial Public Offering (“IPO”) or the effect of the aggregate number of shares issuable pursuant to outstanding restricted stock units and options of 5,168,005 and 4,223,597 as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, in the calculation of diluted loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 as their effects were anti-dilutive.

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

    

2019

    

2020

    

(Restated)

Net loss attributable to common stockholders (A)

$

(11,230)

$

(33,086)

Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted (B)

147,195,164

145,572,221

Loss Per Share:

Basic and diluted (A/B)

$

(0.08)

$

(0.23)

The weighted average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted, in the table above, exclude in each case the 4,570,734 shares returned to the Company in the first quarter of 2020 in connection with the Appraisal Action (as defined and described further in Note 8 below, such shares, the “Appraisal Shares”), even though the Appraisal Shares were outstanding as of March 31, 2019.

Sale of SourceHOV Tax, LLC

On March 16, 2020, the Company and its indirect wholly owned subsidiaries, Merco Holdings, LLC and SourceHOV Tax, LLC entered into a Membership Interest Purchase Agreement with Gainline Source Intermediate Holdings LLC at which time Gainline Source Intermediate Holdings LLC acquired all of the outstanding membership interests of SourceHov Tax, LLC for $40.0 million subject to adjustment as set forth in the purchase agreement. The Company recognized a gain of $35.3 million on the sale of SourceHOV Tax, LLC during the three months ended March 31, 2020, which takes into account approximately $2.0 million downwards adjustments to the purchase price in accordance with the purchase agreement. The gain on sale of SourceHOV Tax, LLC is included in Other expense (income), net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

2.    New Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Effective March 12, 2020, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) no. 2020-04, Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. This ASU provides temporary optional expedients and exceptions to the guidance in GAAP on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease the financial reporting burdens related to the expected market transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates, such as the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”). Entities can elect not to apply certain modification accounting requirements to contracts affected by what the guidance calls reference rate reform, if certain criteria are met. An entity that makes this election would not have to remeasure the contracts at the modification date or reassess a previous accounting determination. The guidance is effective upon issuance and generally can be applied through 31 December 2022. The adoption had no impact on the Company's consolidated results of operations, cash flows, financial position or disclosures.

Effective March 9, 2020, the Company adopted ASU no. 2020-03, Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments. This ASU represents changes to clarify or improve the Codification. The amendments make the

9


Codification easier to understand and apply by eliminating inconsistencies and providing clarifications in relation to financial instruments. This guidance was effective immediately upon issuance. The additional elements of the ASU did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated results of operations, cash flows, financial position or disclosures.

Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU no. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820); which changes the fair value measurement disclosure requirements of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC 820”). The amendments in this ASU are the result of a broader disclosure project called FASB Concepts Statement, Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting. The FASB used the guidance in the Concepts Statement to improve the effectiveness of ASC 820’s disclosure requirements. The objective of the disclosure requirements in this subtopic is to provide users of financial statements with information about assets and liabilities measured at fair value in the statement of financial position or disclosed in the notes to financial statements. The ASU includes but is not limited to the valuation techniques and inputs that a reporting entity uses to arrive at its measures of fair value, including judgments and assumptions that the entity makes, the uncertainty in the fair value measurements as of the reporting date, and how changes in fair value measurements affect an entity’s performance and cash flows. The adoption had no material impact on the Company's consolidated results of operations, cash flows, financial position or disclosures.

Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU no. 2018-15, Intangibles, Goodwill, and Other - Internal Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's accounting for implementation costs incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a service contract. The amendments align the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). Accordingly, the amendments require an entity (customer) in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract to follow the guidance in Subtopic 350-40 to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as an asset related to the service contract and which costs to expense. The amendments also require the entity (customer) to expense the capitalized implementation costs of a hosting arrangement that is a service contract over the term of the hosting arrangement, which includes reasonably certain renewals. The adoption had no material impact on the Company's consolidated results of operations, cash flows, financial position or disclosures.

Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU no. 2019-08, Codification Improvements — Share-Based Consideration Payable to a Customer. This ASU clarifies the accounting for share-based payments issued as consideration payable to a customer in accordance with ASC 606. Under the ASU, entities apply the guidance in ASC 718 to measure and classify share-based payments issued to a customer that are not in exchange for a distinct good or service (i.e., share-based sales incentives). Accordingly, entities use a fair-value-based measure to calculate such incentives on the grant date, which is the date on which the grantor (the entity) and the grantee (the customer) reach a mutual understanding of the key terms and conditions of the share-based consideration. The result is reflected as a reduction of revenue in accordance with the guidance in ASC 606 on consideration payable to a customer. After initial recognition, the measurement and classification of the share-based sales incentives continue to be subject to ASC 718 unless (1) the award is subsequently modified when vested and (2) the grantee is no longer a customer. The adoption had no impact on the Company's consolidated results of operations, cash flows, financial position or disclosures.

In July 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-07, Codification Updates to SEC Sections. This ASU amends various SEC paragraphs pursuant to the issuance of SEC Final Rule Releases No. 33-10532, Disclosure Update and Simplification, and Nos. 33-10231 and 33-10442, Investment Company Reporting Modernization. The S-X Rule 3-04 requires the presentation of changes in stockholders’ equity in the form of a reconciliation of the beginning balance to the ending balance for each period for which a statement of income is required to be filed with all significant reconciling items. The Company presented changes in stockholders' equity as separate financial statements for the current and comparative year-to-date interim periods beginning on January 1, 2019. This guidance was effective immediately upon issuance. The additional elements of the ASU did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated results of operations, cash flows, financial position or disclosures.

Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU no. 2016-02, Leases (ASC 842). This ASU increases transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1,

10


2019, under the modified retrospective transition method provided by ASU 2018-11 with the following practical expedients below:

Not to record leases with an initial term of 12 months or less on the balance sheet; and
Not to reassess the (1) definition of a lease, (2) lease classification, and (3) initial direct costs for existing leases during transition.

The adoption had a material impact on the Company's unaudited consolidated balance sheets, but did not have a material impact on the Company's unaudited consolidated statements of operations and unaudited consolidated statements of cash flows. The most significant impact was the recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for operating leases, while the Company's accounting for finance leases remained substantially unchanged.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU no. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, to replace the incurred loss impairment methodology under current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. The Company will be required to use a forward-looking expected credit loss model for accounts receivables, loans, and other financial instruments. This ASU along with related additional clarificatory guidance in the ASU No. 2019-05, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326)” and ASU No. 2019-11, “Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses”, are effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Adoption of the standard will be applied using a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the effective date. The Company is currently in the early stages of evaluating the impact that adopting this standard will have on the consolidated financial statements.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU no. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. This ASU simplifies the accounting for income taxes by eliminating some exceptions to the general approach in ASC 740, Income Taxes, for recognizing deferred taxes for investments, performing intraperiod allocation and calculating income taxes in interim periods. The ASU adds guidance to reduce complexity in certain areas, including recognizing deferred taxes for tax goodwill and allocating taxes to members of a consolidated group. It also clarifies certain aspects of the existing guidance to promote more consistent application, among other things. The ASU is effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods therein. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently in the early stages of evaluating the impact that adopting this standard will have on the consolidated financial statements.

3.     Significant Accounting Policies

The information presented below supplements the Significant Accounting Policies information presented in our 2019 Form 10-K, including Revenue Recognition for the adoption of ASC 606 (ASU 2014-09: Revenue from Contracts with Customers), which became effective January 1, 2018. See our 2019 Form 10-K for a description of our significant accounting policies in effect prior to the adoption of the new accounting standard.

Revenue Recognition

We account for revenue in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer and is the unit of account in ASC 606. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring goods or providing services. The contract transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. All of our material sources of revenue are derived from contracts with customers, primarily relating to the provision of business and transaction processing services within each of our segments. We do not have any significant extended payment terms, as payment is received shortly after goods are delivered or services are provided.

11


Nature of Services

Our primary performance obligations are to stand ready to provide various forms of business processing services, consisting of a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer over time, and accordingly are combined into a single performance obligation. Our promise to our customers is typically to perform an unknown or unspecified quantity of tasks and the consideration received is contingent upon the customers’ use (i.e., number of transactions processed, requests fulfilled, etc.); as such, the total transaction price is variable. We allocate the variable fees to the single performance obligation charged to the distinct service period in which we have the contractual right to bill under the contract.

Disaggregation of Revenues

The following tables disaggregate revenue from contracts by geographic region and by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

Three Months Ended March 31, 

2019

2020

(Restated)

  

ITPS

HS

LLPS

Total

ITPS

HS

LLPS

Total

U.S.A.

 

$

223,326

$

64,049

$

17,290

$

304,665

$

251,500

$

61,343

 

$

17,842

 

$

330,685

EMEA

 

53,906

 

 

 

53,906

 

66,678

 

 

 

66,678

Other

 

6,880

 

 

 

6,880

 

6,994

 

 

 

6,994

Total

 

$

284,112

$

64,049

$

17,290

$

365,451

$

325,172

$

61,343

 

$

17,842

 

$

404,357

Contract Balances

The following table presents contract assets, contract liabilities and contract costs recognized at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

Accounts receivable, net

$

242,757

$

261,400

Deferred revenues

 

18,851

 

16,621

Customer deposits

 

25,605

 

27,765

Costs to obtain and fulfill a contract

 

4,517

 

4,977

Accounts receivable, net includes $24.2 million and $34.1 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, representing amounts not billed to customers. We have accrued the unbilled receivables for work performed in accordance with the terms of contracts with customers.

Deferred revenues relate to payments received in advance of performance under a contract. A significant portion of this balance relates to maintenance contracts or other service contracts where we received payments for upfront conversions or implementation activities which do not transfer a service to the customer but rather are used in fulfilling the related performance obligations that transfer over time. The advance consideration received from customers is deferred over the contract term. We recognized revenue of $7.0 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 that had been deferred as of December 31, 2019.

Costs incurred to obtain and fulfill contracts are deferred and expensed on a straight-line basis over the estimated benefit period. We recognized $0.7 million of amortization for these costs in the first three months of 2020 within depreciation and amortization expense. These costs represent incremental external costs or certain specific internal costs that are directly related to the contract acquisition or fulfillment and can be separated into two principal categories: contract commissions and fulfillment costs. Applying the practical expedient in ASC 340-40-25-4, we recognize the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense when incurred if the amortization period would have been one year or less. These costs are included in Selling, general and administrative expenses. The effect of applying this practical expedient was not material.

12


Customer deposits consist primarily of amounts received from customers in advance for postage. The amounts recorded as of December 31, 2019 were used to pay for postage with the corresponding postage revenue being recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2020.  Any residual balances may be retained and used in future periods.

Performance Obligations

At the inception of each contract, we assess the goods and services promised in our contracts and identify each distinct performance obligation. The majority of our contracts have a single performance obligation, as the promise to transfer the individual goods or services is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts. For the majority of our business and transaction processing service contracts, revenues are recognized as services are provided based on an appropriate input or output method, typically based on the related labor or transactional volumes.

Certain of our contracts have multiple performance obligations, including contracts that combine software implementation services with post-implementation customer support. For contracts with multiple performance obligations, we allocate the contract’s transaction price to each performance obligation using our best estimate of the standalone selling price of each distinct good or service in the contract. The primary method used to estimate standalone selling price is the expected cost plus a margin approach, under which we estimate our expected costs of satisfying a performance obligation and add an appropriate margin for that distinct good or service. We also use the adjusted market approach whereby we estimate the price that customers in the market would be willing to pay. In assessing whether to allocate variable consideration to a specific part of the contract, we consider the nature of the variable payment and whether it relates specifically to its efforts to satisfy a specific part of the contract. Certain of our software implementation performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time, typically when customer acceptance is obtained.

When evaluating the transaction price, we analyze, on a contract-by-contract basis, all applicable variable consideration. The nature of our contracts give rise to variable consideration, including volume discounts, contract penalties, and other similar items that generally decrease the transaction price. We estimate these amounts based on the expected amount to be provided to customers and reduce revenues recognized. We do not anticipate significant changes to our estimates of variable consideration.

We include reimbursements from customers, such as postage costs, in revenue, while the related costs are included in cost of revenue.

Transaction Price Allocated to the Remaining Performance Obligations

In accordance with optional exemptions available under ASC 606, we did not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (a) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less, and (b) contracts for which variable consideration relates entirely to an unsatisfied performance obligation, which comprise the majority of our contracts. We have certain non-cancellable contracts where we receive a fixed monthly fee in exchange for a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer over time, with the corresponding remaining performance obligations as of March 31, 2020 in each of the future periods below:

Estimated Remaining Fixed Consideration for Unsatisfied
Performance Obligations

    

Remainder of 2020

$

36,826

2021

 

38,591

2022

 

32,814

2023

 

27,638

2024

 

26,703

2025 and thereafter

 

27,144

Total

 

$

189,716

13


4.     Intangibles Assets and Goodwill

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost or acquisition-date fair value less accumulated amortization and consists of the following:

March 31, 2020

Gross Carrying

Intangible

    

Amount (a)

    

Amortization

    

Asset, net

Customer relationships

$

507,589

$

(247,272)

$

260,317

Developed technology

88,553

(86,734)

1,818

Trade names (b)

8,400

(3,100)

5,300

Outsource contract costs

15,877

(11,360)

4,517

Internally developed software

44,247

(13,966)

30,281

Trademarks

23,378

(23,370)

8

Assembled workforce

4,473

(1,398)

3,075

Purchased software

26,749

(2,229)

24,520

Intangibles, net

$

719,265

$

(389,428)

$

329,837

December 31, 2019

Gross Carrying

Intangible

    

Amount (a)

    

Amortization

    

Asset, net

Customer relationships

$

508,074

$

(237,313)

$

270,761

Developed technology

89,053

(87,109)

1,944

Trade names (b)

8,400

(3,100)

5,300

Outsource contract costs

16,726

(11,749)

4,977

Internally developed software

43,261

(12,129)

31,132

Trademarks

23,378

(23,370)

8

Assembled workforce

4,473

(1,118)

3,355

Purchased software

26,749

(1,783)

24,966

Intangibles, net

$

720,114

$

(377,671)

$

342,443

(a) Amounts include intangible assets acquired in business combinations and asset acquisitions.
(b) The carrying amount of trade names for 2020 and 2019 is net of accumulated impairment losses of $44.1 million, of which $1.0 million was recognized in 2019.

Goodwill

The Company’s operating segments are significant strategic business units that align its products and services with how it manages its business, approach the markets and interacts with its clients. The Company is organized into three segments: ITPS, HS, and LLPS (See Note 13).

Goodwill by reporting segment consists of the following:

14


    

Beginning
of Year
Balance (a)

Additions

Impairments

Currency Translation Adjustments

End of Year Balance (a)

ITPS

$

571,575

$

$

(317,525)

$

70

$

254,120

HS

86,786

86,786

LLPS

49,897

(31,032)

18,865

Balance as of December 31, 2019

$

708,258

$

$

(348,557)

$

70

$

359,771

ITPS

254,120

(891)

253,229

HS

86,786

86,786

LLPS

18,865

18,865

Balance as of March 31, 2020

$

359,771

$

$

$

(891)

$

358,880

(a) The goodwill amount for all periods presented is net of accumulated impairment amount as at December 31, 2018. Accumulated impairment is $212.3 million and $560.9 million as at December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2020, respectively.

5.     Long-Term Debt and Credit Facilities

Senior Secured Notes

On July 12, 2017, the Company issued $1.0 billion in aggregate principal amount of 10.0% First Priority Senior Secured Notes due 2023 (the “Notes”). The Notes are guaranteed by certain subsidiaries of the Company. The Notes bear interest at a rate of 10.0% per year. The Company pays interest on the Notes on January 15 and July 15 of each year, commencing on January 15, 2018. The Notes will mature on July 15, 2023.

Senior Credit Facilities

On July 12, 2017, the Company entered into a First Lien Credit Agreement with Royal Bank of Canada, Credit Suisse AG, Cayman Islands Branch, Natixis, New York Branch and KKR Corporate Lending LLC (the “Credit Agreement”) providing Exela Intermediate LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Credit Agreement, (i) a $350.0 million senior secured term loan maturing July 12, 2023 with an original issue discount (“OID”) of $7.0 million, and (ii) a $100.0 million senior secured revolving facility maturing July 12, 2022. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 the Company had outstanding irrevocable letters of credit totaling approximately $19.2 million and $20.6 million, respectively, under the senior secured revolving facility.

The Credit Agreement provided for the following interest rates for borrowings under the senior secured term facility and senior secured revolving facility: at the Company’s option, either (1) an adjusted LIBOR, subject to a 1.0% floor in the case of term loans, or (2) a base rate, in each case plus an applicable margin. The initial applicable margin for the senior secured term facility was 7.5% with respect to LIBOR borrowings and 6.5% with respect to base rate borrowings. The initial applicable margin for the senior secured revolving facility was 7.0% with respect to LIBOR borrowings and 6.0% with respect to base rate borrowings. The applicable margin for borrowings under the senior secured revolving facility is subject to step-downs based on leverage ratios. The senior secured term loan is subject to amortization payments, commencing on the last day of the first full fiscal quarter of the Company following the closing date, of 0.6% of the aggregate principal amount for each of the first eight payments and 1.3% of the aggregate principal amount for payments thereafter, with any balance due at maturity.

Term Loan Repricing

On July 13, 2018, Exela successfully repriced the $343.4 million of term loans outstanding under its senior secured credit facilities (the “Repricing”). The Repricing was accomplished pursuant to a First Amendment to the First Lien Credit Agreement (the “First Amendment”), dated as of July 13, 2018, by and among the Company’s subsidiaries

15


Exela Intermediate Holdings LLC, Exela Intermediate, LLC, each “Subsidiary Loan Party” listed on the signature pages thereto, Royal Bank of Canada, as administrative agent, and each of the lenders party thereto, whereby the Company borrowed $343.4 million of refinancing term loans (the “Repricing Term Loans”) to refinance the Company’s existing senior secured term loans.

In accordance with ASC 470 – Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments, as a result of certain lenders that participated in Exela’s debt structure prior to the Repricing and the Company’s debt structure after the Repricing, it was determined that a portion of the refinancing of Exela’s senior secured credit facilities would be accounted for as a debt modification, and the remaining would be accounted for as an extinguishment. The Company incurred $1.0 million in new debt issuance costs related to the refinancing, of which $1.0 million was expensed pursuant to modification accounting. The proportion of debt that was extinguished resulted in a write off of previously recognized debt issue costs of $0.1 million. Additionally, for the new lenders who exceeded the 10% test, less than $0.1 million was recorded as additional debt issue costs. All unamortized costs and discounts will be amortized over the life of the new term loan using the effective interest rate of the term loan.

The Repricing Term Loans will bear interest at a rate per annum of, at the Company’s option, either (a) a LIBOR rate determined by reference to the costs of funds for Eurodollar deposits for the interest period relevant to such borrowing, adjusted for certain additional costs, subject to a 1.0% floor, or (b) a base rate determined by reference to the highest of (i) the federal funds rate plus 0.5%, (ii) the prime rate and (iii) the one-month adjusted LIBOR plus 1.0%, in each case plus an applicable margin of 6.5% for LIBOR loans and 5.5% for base rate loans. The interest rates applicable to the Repricing Term Loans are 100 basis points lower than the interest rates applicable to the existing senior secured term loans that were incurred on July 12, 2017 pursuant to the Credit Agreement. The Repricing Term Loans will mature on July 12, 2023, the same maturity date as the prior senior secured term loans.

2018 Incremental Term Loans

On July 13, 2018, the Company successfully borrowed an additional $30.0 million pursuant to incremental term loans (the “Incremental Term Loans”) under the First Amendment. The proceeds of the Incremental Term Loans may be used by the Company for general corporate purposes and to pay fees and expenses in connection with the First Amendment. The interest rates applicable to the Incremental Term Loans are the same as those for the Repricing Term Loans.

The Company may voluntarily repay the Repricing Term Loans and the Incremental Term Loans (collectively, the “Term Loans”) at any time, without prepayment premium or penalty, subject to customary “breakage” costs with respect to LIBOR rate loans.

Other than as described above, the terms, conditions and covenants applicable to the Repricing Term Loans and the Incremental Term Loans are consistent with the terms, conditions and covenants that were applicable to the existing senior secured loans under the Credit Agreement. The Repricing and issuance of the Incremental Term Loans resulted in a partial debt extinguishment, for which Exela recognized $1.1 million in debt extinguishment costs in the third quarter of 2018.

2019 Incremental Term Loan

 

On April 16, 2019, the Company successfully borrowed an additional $30.0 million pursuant to incremental term loans (the “2019 Incremental Term Loans”) under the Second Amendment to First Lien Credit Agreement (the “Second Amendment”). The proceeds of the 2019 Incremental Term Loans were used to replace the cash spent for acquisitions, pay related fees, expenses and related borrowings and for general corporate purposes.

 

The 2019 Incremental Term Loans will bear interest at a rate per annum that is the same as the Company’s Repricing Term Loans under the senior credit facility. The 2019 Incremental Term Loans will mature on July 12, 2023, the same maturity date as the Term Loans. The Company may voluntarily repay the 2019 Incremental Term Loans at any time, without prepayment premium or penalty, subject to customary “breakage” costs with respect to LIBOR rate loans.

16


 

Other than as described above, the terms, conditions and covenants applicable to the 2019 Incremental Term Loans are consistent with the terms, conditions and covenants that are applicable to the Repricing Term Loans and 2018 Incremental Term Loans under the Credit Agreement. The Repricing and issuance of the 2018 and 2019 Incremental Term Loans resulted in a partial debt extinguishment, for which Exela recognized $1.4 million in debt extinguishment costs in the second quarter of 2019.

Receivables Securitization

On January 10, 2020, certain subsidiaries of the Company entered into a $160.0 million accounts receivable securitization facility (the “A/R Facility”) with a five year term. In the A/R Facility, (i) Exela Receivables 1, LLC (the “A/R Borrower”), a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company, entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “A/R Loan Agreement”), dated as of January 10, 2020, with TPG Specialty Lending, Inc., as administrative agent (the “A/R Administrative Agent”), PNC Bank National Association, as LC Bank (the “LC Bank”), the lenders (each, an “A/R Lender” and collectively the “A/R Lenders”) and the Company, as initial servicer, pursuant to which the A/R Lenders will make loans (the “Loan”) to the A/R Borrower to be used to purchase certain receivables and related assets from its sole member, Exela Receivables Holdco, LLC (the “Parent SPE”), a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company, (ii) sixteen other indirect, wholly-owned U.S. subsidiaries of the Company (collectively, the “Originators”) sold or contributed and will sell or contribute to the Parent SPE certain receivables and related assets in consideration for a combination of cash, equity in the Parent SPE and/or letters of credit issued by the LC Bank to the Originators; and (iii) the Parent SPE has sold or contributed and will sell or contribute to the Borrower certain receivables and related assets in consideration for a combination of cash, equity in the A/R Borrower and/or letters of credit issued by the LC Bank to the beneficiaries elected by Parent SPE.

The Company, the Parent SPE, the A/R Borrower and the Originators provide customary representations and covenants pursuant to the agreements entered into in connection with the A/R Facility. The A/R Loan Agreement provides for certain events of default upon the occurrence of which the A/R Administrative Agent may declare the A/R Facility’s termination date to have occurred and declare the outstanding Loan and all other obligations of the A/R Borrower to be immediately due and payable. The Company used the proceeds of the initial borrowings to repay outstanding revolving borrowings under the Company’s senior credit facility and to provide additional liquidity and funding for the ongoing business needs of the Company and its subsidiaries.

Pursuant to the A/R Loan Agreement, each of Company, the A/R Borrower, the Parent SPE and the Originators (the “Exela Parties”) is prohibited from amending or modifying any Existing Secured Debt Documents (as defined in the A/R Loan Agreement) if such amendment or modification could: (i) by its terms cause any Exela Party to be unable to perform its obligations under Transaction Documents (as defined in the A/R Loan Agreement), (ii) cause any inaccuracy or breach of any representation, warranty, or covenant of any Exela Party, (iii) could subject any existing or subsequently arising Collateral to an Adverse Claim (each as defined in the A/R Loan Agreement), or (iv) adversely affect any rights or remedies of the Lenders, the LC Bank and the A/R Administrative Agent under the A/R Facility. The A/R Borrower and Parent SPE were formed in December 2019, and are consolidated into the Company’s financial statements even though they had no material assets or operations during the year end December 31, 2019. The A/R Borrower and Parent SPE are bankruptcy remote entities and as such their assets are not available to creditors of the Company or any of its subsidiaries. Since January 10, 2020, the parties have amended and waived the A/R Facility several times to address contractually, the occurrence of certain events, including among other things, the delay in delivery of annual financial statements for the fiscal year ended 2019, financial statements for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, and the Initial Servicer’s liquidity (as defined in the A/R Facility) falling below $60.0 million.

Each loan bears interest on the unpaid principal amount as follows: (1) if a Base Rate Loan, at 3.75% plus a rate equal to the greater of (a) the Prime Rate in effect on such day, (b) the Federal Funds Effective Rate in effect on such day plus 0.50%, (c) the Adjusted LIBOR Rate (which rate shall be calculated based upon an Interest Period of one month and determined on a daily basis) plus 1.00%, and (d) 4.50% per annum and (2) if a LIBOR Rate Loan, 4.75% plus a floating LIBOR Rate with a 1.00% LIBOR floor. As of March 31, 2020, there were $108.4 million borrowings under the Receivables Securitization Facility.

17


Third Amendment

On May 18, 2020, the Company amended the Credit Agreement to, among other things, extend the time for delivery of its audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019 and its financial statements for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. Upon the Company’s delivery of the annual and quarterly financial statements described above within the time frames stated therein (which the Company believes it has now satisfied), the Company will, upon delivery of such financial statements, be in compliance with the Credit Agreement, with respect to the financial statement delivery requirements set forth therein. Pursuant to the amendment, the Company also amended the Credit Agreement to, among other things: restrict the borrower and its subsidiaries’ ability to designate or invest in unrestricted subsidiaries; incur certain debt; create certain liens; make certain investments; pay certain dividends or other distributions on account of its equity interests; make certain asset sales or other dispositions (or utilize the proceeds of certain asset sales to reinvest in the business); or enter into certain affiliate transactions pursuant to the negative covenants under the Credit Agreement. Further, pursuant to the amendment, the borrower under the Credit Agreement is also required to maintain a minimum Liquidity (as defined in the amendment) of $35.0 million.

Long-Term Debt Outstanding

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the following long-term debt instruments were outstanding:

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

Other (a)

$

30,807

$

30,232

First lien credit agreement (b)

357,098

360,583

Senior secured notes (c)

980,289

979,060

Secured borrowings under A/R Facility

108,366

Revolver

80,750

65,000

Total debt

1,557,310

1,434,875

Less: Current portion of long-term debt

(36,691)

(36,490)

Long-term debt, net of current maturities

$

1,520,619

$

1,398,385

(a) Other debt represents the Company’s outstanding loan balances associated with various hardware and software purchases along with loans entered into by subsidiaries of the Company.
(b) Net of unamortized original issue discount and debt issuance costs of $6.1 million and $17.7 million as of March 31, 2020 and $6.5 million and $18.9 million as of December 31, 2019.
(c) Net of unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs of $14.1 million and $5.6 million as of March 31, 2020 and $14.9 million and $6.0 million as of December 31, 2019.

6.     Income Taxes

The Company applies an estimated annual effective tax rate (“ETR”) approach for calculating a tax provision for interim periods, as required under GAAP. The Company recorded an income tax expense of $2.5 million and $4.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

The Company's ETR of (24.1%) for the three months ended March 31, 2020 differed from the expected U.S. statutory tax rate of 21.0% and was primarily impacted by permanent tax adjustments, state and local current expense, foreign operations, and valuation allowances, including valuation allowances on a portion of the Company’s deferred tax assets on U.S. disallowed interest expense carryforward’s created by the provisions of The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”).

For the three months ended March, 2019, the Company’s ETR of (17.2%) differed from the expected U.S. statutory tax rate of 21.0%, and was primarily impacted by permanent tax adjustments, state and local current expense, foreign operations, and valuation allowances, including valuation allowances on a portion of the Company’s U.S. disallowed interest expense carryforward’s created by the provisions of the TCJA.

18


As of March 31, 2020, there were no material changes to either the nature or the amounts of the uncertain tax positions previously determined for the year ended December 31, 2019. The Company's valuation allowances have increased by approximately $3.1 million from December 31, 2019 to March 31, 2020 due largely to effects of TCJA relating to interest expense.

7.     Employee Benefit Plans

German Pension Plan

The Company’s subsidiary in Germany provides pension benefits to certain retirees. Employees eligible for participation include all employees who started working for the Company or its predecessors prior to September 30, 1987 and have finished a qualifying period of at least 10 years. The Company accrues the cost of these benefits over the service lives of the covered employees based on an actuarial calculation. The Company uses a December 31 measurement date for this plan. The German pension plan is an unfunded plan and therefore has no plan assets. No new employees are registered under this plan and the participants who are already eligible to receive benefits under this plan are no longer employees of the Company.

U.K. Pension Plan

The Company’s subsidiary in the United Kingdom provides pension benefits to certain retirees and eligible dependents. Employees eligible for participation included all full-time regular employees who were more than three years from retirement prior to October 2001. A retirement pension or a lump-sum payment may be paid dependent upon length of service at the mandatory retirement age. The Company accrues the cost of these benefits over the service lives of the covered employees based on an actuarial calculation. The Company uses a December 31 measurement date for this plan. No new employees are registered under this plan and the pension obligation for the existing participants of the plan is calculated based on actual salary of the participants as at the earlier of two dates, the participants leaving the Company or December 31, 2015.

Norway Pension Plan

The Company’s subsidiary in Norway provides pension benefits to eligible retirees and eligible dependents. Employees eligible for participation include all employees who were more than three years from retirement prior to March 2018. The Company accrues the cost of these benefits over the service lives of the covered employees based on an actuarial calculation. The Company uses a December 31 measurement date for this plan. No new employees are registered under this plan and the pension obligation for the existing participants of the plan is calculated based on actual salary of the participants as at the earlier of two dates, the participants leaving the Company or April 30, 2018.

Asterion Pension Plan

In April 2018 through its acquisition of Asterion International Group the Company became obligated to provide pension benefits to eligible retirees and eligible dependents of Asterion. Employees eligible for participation included all full-time regular employees who were more than three years from retirement prior to July 2003. A retirement pension or a lump-sum payment may be paid dependent upon length of service at the mandatory retirement age. The Company accrues the cost of these benefits over the service lives of the covered employees based on an actuarial calculation. The Company uses a December 31 measurement date for this plan. No new employees are registered under this plan and the pension obligation for the existing participants of the plan is calculated based on actual salary of the participants as at the earlier of two dates, the participants leaving the Company or April 10, 2018.

Tax Effect on Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 the Company recorded actuarial losses of $7.6 million and $8.1 million in accumulated other comprehensive loss on the condensed consolidated balance sheets, respectively, which are net of a deferred tax benefit of $2.0 million.

19


Pension Expense

The components of the net periodic benefit cost are as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

    

2019

    

2020

    

(Restated)

Service cost

$

19

$

23

Interest cost

498

605

Expected return on plan assets

(644)

(626)

Amortization:

Amortization of prior service cost

26

26

Amortization of net (gain) loss

432

415

Net periodic benefit cost

$

331

$

443

The Company records pension interest cost within Interest expense, net. Expected return on plan assets, amortization of prior service costs, and amortization of net losses are recorded within Other income, net. Service cost is recorded within Cost of revenue.

Employer Contributions

The Company’s funding of employer contributions is based on governmental requirements and differs from those methods used to recognize pension expense. The Company made contributions of $0.6 million to its pension plans during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. The Company has funded the pension plans with the required contributions for 2020 based on current plan provisions.

8.     Commitments and Contingencies

Appraisal Action

On September 21, 2017, former stockholders of SourceHOV Holdings, Inc. (“SourceHOV”), who owned 10,304 shares of SourceHOV common stock, filed a petition for appraisal pursuant to 8 Del. C. § 262 in the Delaware Court of Chancery, captioned Manichaean Capital, LLC, et al. v. SourceHOV Holdings, Inc., C.A. No. 2017 0673 JRS (the “Appraisal Action”). The Appraisal Action arose out of the acquisition of SourceHOV and Novitex Holdings, Inc., by Quinpario in July 2017 (“Novitex Business Combination”), and the petitioners sought, among other things, a determination of the fair value of their SourceHOV shares at the time of the Novitex Business Combination; an order that SourceHOV pay that value to the petitioners, together with interest at the statutory rate; and an award of costs, attorneys’ fees, and other expenses. During the trial the parties and their experts offered competing valuations of the SourceHOV shares as of the date of the Novitex Business Combination. SourceHOV argued the value was no more than $1,633.85 per share and the petitioners argued the value was at least $5,079.28 per share. On January 30, 2020, the Court issued its post-trial Memorandum Opinion in the Appraisal Action, in which it found that the fair value of SourceHOV as of the date of the Novitex Business Combination was $4,591 per share, and on March 26, 2020, the Court issued its final order and judgment awarding the petitioners $57,698,426 inclusive of costs and interest.

On May 7, 2020, SourceHOV filed a motion for new trial in relation to share count. On June 11, 2020 the Court denied SourceHOV’s motion for new trial. SourceHOV now has the right to appeal the judgment to the Supreme Court of the State of Delaware and intends to do so by July 1, 2020. At this time, we cannot determine whether such an appeal would be successful. Per the Court’s opinion, the legal rate of interest, compounded quarterly, accrues on the per share value from the July 2017 closing date of the Novitex Business Combination until the date of payment to petitioners.

As a result of the Appraisal Action and repayment of the Margin Loan by Ex-Sigma 2 LLC (“Ex-Sigma 2”), 4,570,734 shares of our Common Stock issued to Ex-Sigma 2, our largest shareholder following the Novitex Business Combination, have been returned to the Company during the first quarter of 2020.

20


As of March 31, 2020, the Company accrued a liability of $57.4 million for the Appraisal Action based on management’s best estimate of total payment obligation including accrued interest.

Contract-Related Contingencies

The Company has certain contingent obligations that arise in the ordinary course of providing services to its customers. These contingencies are generally the result of contracts that require the Company to comply with certain performance measurements or the delivery of certain services to customers by a specified deadline. The Company believes the adjustments to the transaction price, if any, under these contract provisions will not result in a significant revenue reversal or have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, consolidated statements of operations or consolidated statements of cash flows.

On February 20, 2014, the Company’s subsidiary, Pangea Acquisitions, Inc. ("Pangea") acquired BancTec, Inc. ("BancTec") through a merger of BancTec and a Pangea subsidiary. The merger agreement for that transaction provided that contingent, or "earnout," consideration would be paid to former BancTec shareholders in the event Pangea's controlling shareholder realizes certain returns on its post-merger Pangea stock. A liability of $0.7 million was recognized for the fair value of the contingent consideration on the acquisition date. The liability for the contingent consideration is adjusted to fair value at each reporting date. (Refer to Note 9, Fair Value Measurements). The liability for the fair value of the contingent consideration was $0.7 million as of December 31, 2019 and 2018. 

On April 13, 2018, Western Standard, LLC, in its capacity as representative of the former BancTec shareholders filed suit in the Delaware Court of Chancery alleging that the above described earnout was triggered by the Novitex Business Combination and seeks payment of approximately $8.1 million in respect of the earnout. While the Company moved to dismiss the complaint because the earnout was moot or had not been triggered, on July 24, 2019, the Company was denied its motion to dismiss.  The case is scheduled for trial in November 2020 in Wilmington, Delaware, and discovery is ongoing.

9.   Fair Value Measurement

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value

The carrying amount of assets and liabilities including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and current portion of long-term debt approximated their fair value as of March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, due to the relative short maturity of these instruments. Management estimates the fair values of the secured term loan and secured notes at approximately 30.0% and 24.0% respectively, of the respective principal balance outstanding as of March 31, 2020. The fair value is substantially less than the carrying value for the long-term debt. Other debt represents the Company's outstanding loan balances associated with various hardware and software purchases along with loans entered into by subsidiaries of the Company and as such, the cost incurred would approximate fair value. Property and equipment, intangible assets, capital lease obligations, and goodwill are not required to be re-measured to fair value on a recurring basis. These assets are evaluated for impairment if certain triggering events occur. If such evaluation indicates that impairment exists, the respective asset is written down to its fair value.

The Company determined the fair value of its long-term debt using Level 2 inputs including the recent issue of the debt, the Company’s credit rating, and the current risk-free rate. The Company’s contingent liabilities related to prior acquisitions are re-measured each period and represent a Level 2 measurement as it is based on using an earn out method based on the agreement terms.

21


The Company determined the fair value of the interest rate swap using Level 2 inputs. The Company uses closing prices as provided by a third party institution.

The following table provides the carrying amounts and estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments as of March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019:

Carrying

Fair

Fair Value Measurements

As of March 31, 2020

    

Amount

    

Value

    

Level 1

    

Level 2

    

Level 3

Recurring assets and liabilities:

Long-term debt

$

1,520,619

$

535,387

$

$

535,387

$

Interest rate swap liability

1,346

1,346

1,346