Prospectus Supplement No. 6 Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)
(to prospectus dated July 28, 2021) Registration No. 333-257610

 

RESERVOIR MEDIA, INC.

 

59,714,705 Shares

 

Common Stock

________________________________

 

This prospectus supplement is being filed to update and supplement the information contained in the prospectus, dated July 28, 2021 (the “Prospectus”), related to the resale from time to time by the selling stockholders named in the Prospectus or their permitted transferees of up to 59,714,705 shares of common stock, par value of $0.0001 per share (the “Common Stock”), of Reservoir Media, Inc., a Delaware corporation (formerly known as Roth CH Acquisition II Co.) (“RMI”), issued pursuant to the terms of (i) that certain agreement and plan of merger, dated as of April 14, 2021 (the “Merger Agreement”), by and among RMI, Roth CH II Merger Sub Corp. and Reservoir Holdings, Inc., and (ii) those certain subscription agreements entered into in connection with the Merger Agreement, with the information contained in RMI’s Current Report on Form 8-K/A, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on August 16, 2021 (the “Current Report”). Accordingly, RMI has attached the Current Report to this prospectus supplement.

 

This prospectus supplement updates and supplements the information in the Prospectus and is not complete without, and may not be delivered or utilized except in combination with, the Prospectus, including any amendments or supplements thereto. This prospectus supplement should be read in conjunction with the Prospectus and, if there is any inconsistency between the information in the Prospectus and this prospectus supplement, you should rely on the information in this prospectus supplement.

 

The Common Stock and RMI’s warrants are traded on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbols “RSVR” and “RSVRW,” respectively. On August 13, 2021, the closing price of the Common Stock was $7.60, and the closing price of RMI’s warrants was $1.08.

 

RMI is an “emerging growth company” as defined under the federal securities laws and, as such, has elected to comply with certain reduced public company reporting requirements.

 

Investing in RMI’s securities involves risks. See Risk Factors” beginning on page 11 of the Prospectus and in any applicable prospectus supplement.

 

Neither the SEC nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of the securities to be issued or sold under the Prospectus or determined if the Prospectus or this prospectus supplement is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

The date of this prospectus supplement is August 16, 2021.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNITED STATES 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION 

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 8-K/A

 

(Amendment No. 2)

 

CURRENT REPORT 

PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE 

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): August 16, 2021 (July 28, 2021)

 

Reservoir Media, Inc. 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   001-39795   83-3584204
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
  (Commission
File Number)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

75 Varick Street

9th Floor

New York, New York

    10013
(Address of principal executive offices)     (Zip Code)

 

(212) 675-0541

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

N/A

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

 

 

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

  ¨ Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
     
  ¨ Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
     
  ¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
     
  ¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which
registered
Common stock, $0.0001 par value per share   RSVR   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Warrants, each whole warrant exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share   RSVRW   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

 

Emerging growth company x

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ¨

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

 

On July 28, 2021, Reservoir Media, Inc. (formerly known as Roth CH Acquisition II Co., a Delaware corporation, “ROCC”), a Delaware corporation (“RMI”), consummated its previously announced acquisition of Reservoir Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Reservoir Holdings”), pursuant to the agreement and plan of merger, dated as of April 14, 2021 (the “Merger Agreement”), by and among ROCC, Roth CH II Merger Sub Corp., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of ROCC (“Merger Sub”), and Reservoir Holdings. In connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub was merged with and into Reservoir Holdings and, as a result, the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub ceased and Reservoir Holdings survived the merger as a wholly-owned subsidiary of ROCC (the “Business Combination”). In addition, in connection with the consummation of the Business Combination, “Roth CH Acquisition II Co.” was renamed “Reservoir Media, Inc.”

 

On July 28, 2021, RMI filed (i) a Current Report on Form 8-K under Items 1.01, 2.01, 2.03, 3.02, 3.03, 5.01, 5.02, 5.06 and 9.01 of the Current Report on Form 8-K and (ii) a Current Report on Form 8-K/A under Items 5.03, 8.01 and 9.01 of the Current Report on Form 8-K, in each case, to report the consummation of the Business Combination and related matters (together, the “Original Report”). This Current Report on Form 8-K/A is being filed to further amend the Original Report to provide (x) certain historical unaudited financial information of Reservoir Holdings as of June 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021 and for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 under Item 9.01(a) of the Current Report on Form 8-K and (y) management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations of Reservoir Holdings, Inc. as of and for the three months ended June 30, 2021.

 

Capitalized terms used but not defined herein have the meanings ascribed to such terms in the Original Report.

 

Item 9.01. Financial Statement and Exhibits.

 

(a) Financial statements of businesses acquired.

 

The condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021 and the condensed consolidated statements of income, the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income, the condensed consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows, in each case, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 of Reservoir Holdings are filed as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K/A and are incorporated herein by reference.

 

(d) Exhibits.

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

99.1   The condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021 and the condensed consolidated statements of income, the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income, the condensed consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows, in each case, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 of Reservoir Holdings, Inc.
99.2   Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations of Reservoir Holdings, Inc. as of and for the three months ended June 30, 2021.

 

1

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

  RESERVOIR MEDIA, INC.
   
Date: August 16, 2021  
By:

/s/ Golnar Khosrowshahi

    Name: Golnar Khosrowshahi
    Title:   Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

Exhibit 99.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

 

Table of contents

  

 
Condensed consolidated statements of income for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited) 3
   
Condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited) 4
   
Condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2021 (Unaudited) and March 31, 2021 5
   
Condensed consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited) 6
   
Condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited) 7
   
Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements (Unaudited) 8

  

 

 

  

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed consolidated statements of income

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)        

 

    Three Months Ended June 30,  
    2021     2020  
    $     $  
Revenues     16,718,150       13,644,193  
Costs and expenses:                
   Cost of revenue     7,692,387       5,903,292  
 Amortization and depreciation     4,079,245       3,429,868  
 Administration expenses     4,664,830       3,004,634  
Total costs and expenses     16,436,462       12,337,794  
                 
Operating income     281,688       1,306,399  
                 
Interest expense     (2,779,052 )     (2,207,696 )
Loss on foreign exchange     (18,321 )     (115,927 )
Gain (loss) on fair value of swaps     547,488       (254,281 )
Interest and other income     68       4,778  
Loss before income taxes     (1,968,129 )     (1,266,727 )
Income tax benefit     (510,646 )     (321,923 )
Net loss     (1,457,483 )     (944,804 )
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests     53,983       58,790  
Net loss attributable to Reservoir Holdings, Inc.     (1,403,500 )     (886,014 )
                 
Loss per common share (Note 13):                
  Basic and diluted   (9.64 )   (6.23 )
                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding (Note 13):                
  Basic and diluted     145,560       142,161  

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

    Page 3

 

 

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)        

 

    Three Months Ended June 30,  
    2021     2020  
    $     $  
Net loss     (1,457,483 )     (944,804 )
Other comprehensive income (loss):                
Translation adjustments     215,142       1,974,652  
Total comprehensive (loss) income     (1,242,341 )     1,029,848  
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests     53,983       58,790  
Total comprehensive (loss) income attributable to Reservoir Holdings, Inc.     (1,188,358 )     1,088,638  

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

    Page 4

 

 

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed consolidated balance sheets

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)        

 

    June 30, 2021     March 31, 2021  
    $     $  
Assets                
Current assets                
Cash and cash equivalents     14,024,704       9,209,920  
Accounts receivable     13,989,896       15,813,384  
Current portion of royalty advances     13,245,315       12,840,855  
Inventory and prepaid expenses     3,789,098       1,406,379  
     Total current assets     45,049,013       39,270,538  
                 
Intangible assets, net     500,591,041       393,238,010  
Investment in equity affiliates     2,089,094       1,591,179  
Royalty advances, net of current portion     32,205,385       28,741,225  
Property, plant and equipment, net     311,795       321,766  
Other assets     737,285       781,735  
     Total assets     580,983,613       463,944,453  
                 
Liabilities                
Current liabilities                
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     4,220,365       3,316,768  
Royalties payable     19,962,733       14,656,566  
Accrued payroll     809,175       1,634,852  
Deferred revenue     1,844,043       1,337,987  
Other current liabilities     7,322,215       2,615,488  
Amounts due to related parties (Note 11)     81,203,792       290,172  
Current portion of loans and secured notes payable     1,000,000       1,000,000  
Income taxes payable     533,937       533,495  
     Total current liabilities     116,896,260       25,385,328  
                 
Loans and secured notes payable     244,400,373       211,531,875  
Deferred income taxes     19,772,056       19,735,537  
Fair value of swaps     4,019,049       4,566,537  
Other liabilities     1,127,336       6,739,971  
     Total liabilities     386,215,074       267,959,248  
                 
Contingencies and commitments (Note 15)                
                 
Shareholders' Equity                
Preferred stock, $0.00001 par value 500,000 shares authorized;                
   82,500 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021     81,632,500       81,632,500  
Common stock, $0.00001 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized,                
  145,560 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2021; and March 31, 2021     1       1  
Additional paid-in capital     110,524,828       110,499,153  
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)     (652,004 )     751,496  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)     2,311,500       2,096,358  
     Total Reservoir Holdings, Inc. shareholders' equity     193,816,825       194,979,508  
Noncontrolling interest     951,714       1,005,697  
     Total shareholders' equity     194,768,539       195,985,205  
     Total liabilities and shareholders' equity     580,983,613       463,944,453  
                 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

    Page 5

 

  

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed consolidated statements of shareholders' equity

(Expressed in U.S. dollars, except share amounts)

(Unaudited)                                    

 

    Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Additional Paid-In     Retained earnings (Accumulated     Accumulated other comprehensive     Noncontrolling     Shareholders'  
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     deficit)     income (loss)     interest     equity  
          $           $     $     $     $     $     $  
Balance, March 31, 2020     82,500       81,632,500       140,227       1       102,423,444       (9,537,465 )     (4,385,615 )     959,024       171,091,889  
Issuance of common shares     -       -       5,333       -       7,973,010       -       -       -       7,973,010  
Share-based compensation     -       -       -       -       25,674       -       -       -       25,674  
Net loss     -       -       -       -       -       (886,014 )     -       (58,790 )     (944,804 )
Other comprehensive income     -       -       -       -       -       -       1,974,652       -       1,974,652  
Balance, June 30, 2020     82,500       81,632,500       145,560       1       110,422,128       (10,423,479 )     (2,410,963 )     900,234       180,120,421  
                                                                         
Balance, March 31, 2021     82,500       81,632,500       145,560       1       110,499,153       751,496       2,096,358       1,005,697       195,985,205  
Share-based compensation     -       -       -       -       25,675       -       -       -       25,675  
Net loss     -       -       -       -       -       (1,403,500 )     -       (53,983 )     (1,457,483 )
Other comprehensive income     -       -       -       -       -       -       215,142       -       215,142  
                                                                         
Balance, June 30, 2021     82,500       81,632,500       145,560       1       110,524,828       (652,004 )     2,311,500       951,714       194,768,539  

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

    Page 6

 

  

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed consolidated statements of cash flows

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)        

 

    Three Months Ended June 30,  
    2021     2020  
    $     $  
                 
Cash flows from operating activities                
Net loss     (1,457,483 )     (944,804 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:                
Amortization of intangible assets     4,047,966       3,373,978  
Depreciation of property, plant and equipment     31,279       55,890  
Share-based compensation     25,675       25,674  
Non-cash interest charges     218,498       183,777  
(Gain) loss on fair value of derivative instruments     (547,488 )     254,281  
Dividend from equity affiliates     8,088       10,491  
Deferred income tax     36,519       405,136  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     1,823,488       875,791  
Inventory and prepaid expenses     (2,382,719 )     (651,778 )
Royalty advances     (3,868,620 )     (1,638,368 )
Other assets     -       70,967  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses     5,891,735       5,572,390  
Income tax payable     442       (49,072 )
Net cash provided by operating activities     3,827,380       7,544,353  
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Purchases of music catalogs     (112,308,497 )     (72,758,747 )
Investment in equity affiliate     (500,000 )     -  
Decrease in deferred music composition acquisition costs     44,450       -  
Purchase of property, plant and equipment     (21,308 )     (26,344 )
Net cash used for investing activities     (112,785,355 )     (72,785,091 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Issuance of common shares, net of issuance costs     -       7,973,010  
Proceeds from secured line of credit     32,900,000       11,000,000  
Repayments of secured loans     (250,000 )     (250,000 )
Deferred financing costs paid     -       (325,968 )
Draw on related party loans     80,913,620       175,055  
Net cash provided by financing activities     113,563,620       18,572,097  
                 
Foreign exchange impact on cash     209,139       1,997,236  
                 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents     4,814,784       (44,671,405 )
Cash and cash equivalents beginning of period     9,209,920       58,240,123  
Cash and cash equivalents end of period     14,024,704       13,568,718  

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

    Page 7

 

  

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

1. Description of business

 

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated on April 23, 2019 under the laws of Delaware for the sole purpose of serving as the holding company of Reservoir Media Management, Inc. (“RMM”). RMM commenced operations on April 27, 2007 and the activities of RMM are organized into two operating segments: Music Publishing and Recorded Music. Operations of the Music Publishing segment involve the acquisition of interests in music catalogs from which royalties are earned as well as signing songwriters to exclusive agreements which give the Company an interest in the future delivery of songs. The publishing catalog includes ownership or control rights to more than 130,000 musical compositions that span across historic pieces, motion picture scores and current award-winning hits. Operations of the Recorded Music segment involve the acquisition of sound recording catalogs as well as the discovery and development of recording artists and the marketing, distribution, sale and licensing of the music catalog. The Recorded Music operations are primarily conducted through the Chrysalis Records platform and include the ownership of over 36,000 sound recordings.

 

The Company’s operations are concentrated primarily in the U.S. and UK and, to a lesser degree, United Arab Emirates.

 

As discussed in Note 17, on July 28, 2021, the Company consummated its previously announced business combination through which it became a wholly-owned subsidiary of a publicly-traded entity listed on the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.

 

COVID-19 Pandemic

 

In March 2020, the World Health Organization characterized the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) as a pandemic, and the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 outbreak a national emergency. The rapid spread of COVID-19 and the continuously evolving responses to combat it have had a negative impact on the global economy.

 

The Company has evaluated and continues to evaluate the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its consolidated financial statements. Government-imposed restrictions and general behavioral changes in response to the pandemic adversely affected the Company’s results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. This included performance revenue generated from retail, restaurants, bars, gyms and live shows, synchronization revenue, and the release schedule of physical product. Even as government restrictions are lifted and consumer behavior starts to return to pre-pandemic norms, it is unclear for how long and to what extent the Company’s operations will continue to be affected.

 

Although the Company has not made material changes to any estimates or judgments that impact its consolidated financial statements as a result of COVID-19, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may impact the Company will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted. Future developments could negatively affect the Company’s operating results, including reductions in revenue and cash flow and could impact the Company’s impairment assessments of accounts receivable or intangible assets, which may be material to our consolidated financial statements.

 

    Page 8

 

  

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

  

Paycheck Protection Program Loan

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company borrowed $616,847 under the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) (the “PPP Loan”). The PPP, established as part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”), provided for loans to qualifying businesses for amounts up to 2.5 times of the average monthly payroll expenses of the qualifying business. The loans and accrued interest are forgivable after as long as the borrower uses the loan proceeds for eligible purposes, including payroll, benefits, rent and utilities, and maintains its payroll levels. In accordance with the terms of the program, the Company applied for and received confirmation of loan forgiveness for the entire amount borrowed under the PPP.

 

The Company accounted for the PPP Loan as an in-substance government grant because it expected to meet the PPP Loan eligibility criteria and concluded that the loan represented, in substance, a grant that was expected to be forgiven. Proceeds from the PPP Loan were initially recognized as a deferred income liability and presented as an operating activity within the Company’s consolidated statement of cash flows. Subsequently, the Company reduced this liability and recognized a reduction in payroll expenses on a systematic basis over the period in which the related costs for which the PPP Loan was intended were incurred. No interest for the PPP Loan was recognized in the Company’s financial statements.

 

2. Basis of presentation

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries and have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for interim financial information. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Therefore, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s audited financial statements as of and for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

    Page 9

 

   

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

   

The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2021, included herein, was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures, including certain notes required by GAAP, on an annual reporting basis.

 

In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods. The results for the three months ended June 30 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any subsequent quarter, the fiscal year ending March 31, 2022, or any other period.

 

3. Recent accounting pronouncements

 

Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

 

As an ‘‘emerging growth company’’ (‘‘EGC’’), the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (‘‘JOBS Act’’) allows the Company to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies. The Company has elected to use this extended transition period under the JOBS Act. The adoption dates discussed below reflect this election.

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-02, Leases: (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the consolidated statements of income. For public entities, this guidance was effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that annual reporting period. Under the guidance of ASU 2020-05, the new standard is effective for the Company April 1, 2022 and interim periods within the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2023. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company has not yet completed an analysis of the impact of the new lease guidance. Under current accounting guidance for leases, the Company does not recognize an asset or liability created by operating leases where the Company is the lessee. Therefore, the Company expects an increase to its assets and liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as a result of recognizing assets and liabilities for operating leases where the Company is the lessee on the date of initial application of the new guidance. However, the Company cannot currently quantify this increase or the impact, if any, on its consolidated statements of income. The Company does not expect the adoption of this new guidance will have a material impact on the amount or timing of the Company’s cash flows or liquidity.

 

    Page 10

 

   

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

  

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in current US GAAP, with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses. Subsequent to ASU 2016-13, the FASB has issued several related ASUs amending the original ASU. The updates are intended to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. For public entities, this guidance was effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that annual reporting period. For the Company, this update is effective April 1, 2023, including interim periods within that fiscal year, with early adoption permitted for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company has not yet evaluated the effect that this ASU will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In April 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) (“ASU 2020-04”), which provides optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting; particularly as it relates to the risk of cessation of LIBOR. The amendments in this ASU apply only to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform. The expedients and exceptions provided by this ASU do not apply to contract modifications made and hedging relationships entered into or evaluated after December 31, 2022, except for hedging relationships existing as of December 31, 2022, that an entity has elected certain optional expedients for and that are retained through the end of the hedging relationship. The Company has not yet evaluated the effect that this ASU will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

4. Revenue recognition

 

For our operating segments, Music Publishing and Recorded Music, the Company accounts for a contract when it has legally enforceable rights and obligations and collectability of consideration is probable. The Company identifies the performance obligations and determines the transaction price associated with the contract. Revenue is recognized when, or as, control of the promised services or goods is transferred to the Company’s customers, and in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company is contractually due in exchange for those services or goods. Certain of the Company’s arrangements include licenses of intellectual property with consideration in the form of sales- and usage-based royalties. Royalty revenue is recognized when the subsequent sale or usage occurs using the best estimates available of the amounts that will be received by the Company. The Company recognized revenue of $82,148 and $1,185,300 from performance obligations satisfied in previous periods for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

  

    Page 11

 

   

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Disaggregation of Revenue

 

The Company’s revenue consists of the following categories during the three months ended June 30:

 

    2021     2020  
    $     $  
Revenue by Type                
Performance     2,662,756       3,102,412  
Digital     6,647,432       5,905,888  
Mechanical     409,948       388,352  
Synchronization     1,951,838       1,543,353  
Other     593,496       401,537  
Total Music Publishing     12,265,470       11,341,542  
Digital     2,821,369       1,722,590  
Physical     969,019       192,349  
Synchronization     107,998       65,113  
Neighboring rights     333,231       203,884  
Total Recorded Music     4,231,617       2,183,936  
Other revenue     221,063       118,715  
Total revenue     16,718,150       13,644,193  

 

    2021     2020  
    $     $  
Revenue by Geographical Location                
United States Music Publishing     6,854,023       6,894,711  
United States Recorded Music     1,582,849       658,251  
United States other revenue     221,063       118,715  
Total United States     8,657,935       7,671,677  
International Music Publishing     5,411,447       4,446,831  
International Recorded Music     2,648,768       1,525,685  
Total international     8,060,215       5,972,516  
Total revenue     16,718,150       13,644,193  

  

Only the United States represented 10% or more of the Company’s total revenues in the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

The following table reflects the change in deferred revenue during the three months ended June 30:

 

    2021     2020  
    $     $  
Balance at beginning of period     1,337,987       473,022  
Cash received during period     898,661       4,628,779  
Revenue recognized during period     (392,605 )     (2,279,677 )
Balance at end of period     1,844,043       2,822,124  

 

    Page 12

 

    

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

  

5. Acquisitions

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company regularly acquires music catalogs (publishing and recorded), which are typically accounted for as asset acquisitions. During the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company completed such acquisitions totaling $111,155,618 and $70,096,954, respectively, inclusive of deferred acquisition payments. Significant acquisition transactions, all of which have been accounted for as asset acquisitions, completed during the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 included the following:

 

On June 2, 2021, the Company acquired U.S. based record label and music publishing company Tommy Boy Music, LLC (“Tommy Boy”) for approximately $100 million. Two of the Company’s board members were also board members of Tommy Boy and had an equity interest in both companies. The acquisition of Tommy Boy was accounted for as an asset acquisition as a result of the significant concentration of the fair value of gross assets acquired in a recorded music catalog intangible asset (weighted average useful life of 30 years).

 

On April 13, 2020, the Company acquired all of the copyrights to the musical compositions owned by Shapiro, Bernstein & Co., Inc. (“SBI”), one of the oldest music publishers in the United States. The transaction was accounted for as an asset acquisition as a result of the significant concentration of the fair value of gross assets acquired in a publishing catalog intangible asset (weighted average useful life of 30 years).

 

6. Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets subject to amortization consist of the following at June 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021:

 

    June 30, 2021     March 31, 2021  
    $     $  
Intangible assets subject to amortization:                
Music catalogs (publishing and recorded)     569,076,831       457,662,303  
Artist management contracts     999,220       995,464  
Gross intangible assets     570,076,051       458,657,767  
Accumulated amortization     (69,485,010 )     (65,419,757 )
Intangible assets, net     500,591,041       393,238,010  

 

Amortization expense totaled $4,047,966 and $3,373,978 in the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

    Page 13

 

     

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

   

7. Royalty advances

 

The Company made royalty advances totaling $6,258,299 and $3,718,678 during the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, recoupable from the writer’s share of future royalties otherwise payable, in varying amounts. Advances expected to be recouped within the next 12 months are classified as current assets, with the remainder classified as noncurrent assets.

 

    Three Months Ended June 30,  
    2021     2020  
    $     $  
Balance at beginning of period     41,582,080       40,263,439  
Additions     6,258,299       3,718,678  
Recoupments     (2,389,679 )     (2,080,310 )
Balance at end of period     45,450,700       41,901,807  

 

    Page 14

 

     

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

  

8. Loans and secured notes payable

 

Long-term debt consists of the following:

 

    June 30, 2021     March 31, 2021  
    $     $  
Secured loan bearing interest at LIBOR plus a spread     18,250,000       18,500,000  
Secured line of credit bearing interest at LIBOR plus a spread     229,990,848       197,090,848  
Debt issuance costs, net     (2,840,475 )     (3,058,973 )
      245,400,373       212,531,875  
Less: short term portion of secured loan     1,000,000       1,000,000  
      244,400,373       211,531,875  

  

Credit Facilities

 

On December 19, 2014, RMM entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) governing the Company’s secured term loan (the "secured loan") and secured revolving credit facility (the "secured line of credit” and together with the secured loan, the "Credit Facilities"). The Credit Facilities were subsequently amended multiple times and were refinanced in July 2021. See Note 17.

 

Prior to the refinancing, the principal amount of the term loan amortized in quarterly instalments equal to $250,000 through June 30, 2024, with the balance due in full by October 16, 2024, subject to certain prepayment conditions as defined in the loan agreements. Repayment of the line of credit was due in full by October 16, 2024, subject to certain conditions. The Credit Facilities also included an incremental commitment amount (the “accordion feature”) that is not to exceed a $50,000,000 increase to the revolving credit facility. At June 30, 2021, the secured line of credit had a borrowing capacity of $230,000,000.

 

Borrowings under the Credit Facilities are secured by all the Company’s assets. The interest rate applicable to borrowings under the Credit Facilities is 1M LIBOR plus 2.50%.

 

Capitalized debt issuance costs are amortized over the term of the Credit Agreement into interest expense using the effective interest method.

 

    Page 15

 

    

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps

 

As of March 31, 2019, the Company had entered into two interest rate swaps, both of which expire on March 10, 2022, one with a notional amount of $40,228,152 and one for $59,325,388. Under the terms of the interest rate swaps, the Company pays a fixed rate of 2.812% and 2.972% respectively, to the counterparty and receives a floating interest from the counter party based on LIBOR with reference to notional amounts adjusted to match the original scheduled principal repayments pursuant to the indenture agreement. The notional amount of the interest rate swaps is $97,345,585 at June 30, 2021 and $97,533,496 at March 31, 2021.

 

In October 2019 and January 2020, the Company added two additional interest rate swaps in the amounts of $8,875,000 and $88,098,862, respectively. These swaps have an effective date of March 10, 2022 which coincides with the expiration of the previous two swaps, and the Company will pay a fixed rate of 1.602% and 1.492%, respectively, and receives a floating interest from the counterparty based on LIBOR with reference to notional amounts adjusted to match the original scheduled principal repayments pursuant to the indenture agreement.

 

9. Income taxes

 

The income tax benefit for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $510,646 (25.9% effective tax rate) and $321,923 (25.4% effective tax rate), respectively. The effective tax rates during these periods reflects the amount and mix of income from multiple tax jurisdictions.

 

10. Supplementary cash flow information

 

Summary of interest paid and income taxes paid for the three months ended June 30 comprised the following:

 

    2021     2020  
    $     $  
Interest paid     2,214,072       2,023,919  
Income taxes paid     -       26,187  

  

11. Amounts due to / (from) related parties

 

The Company has various shared services agreements with its majority shareholder and other affiliated entities under the control of its majority shareholder. These agreements cover services such as IT support and re-billed services of staff who perform services across multiple entities.

 

    Page 16

 

    

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

The acquisition of Tommy Boy was financed using cash on hand and borrowings from related parties (the “Tommy Boy Related Party Notes”), which were outstanding at June 30, 2021 as indicated in the table below. The Tommy Boy Related Party Notes bear interest of 4.66% per year and are payable upon the earlier of the closing of the business combination with Roth CH II Acquisition Co. or December 21, 2021. The Tommy Boy Related Party Notes and accrued interest were paid upon the closing of the business combination with Roth CH II Acquisition Co. on July 28, 2021, as discussed in Note 17.

 

    June 30, 2021     March 31, 2021  
    $     $  
Due to (from) Wesbild Holdings Ltd., parent company of Wesbild Inc.                
Unsecured, bears no interest,                
with no specific terms of repayment     149,603       83,480  
Sub-total     149,603       83,480  
                 
Due to (from) DRI Capital Inc., a subsidiary of Wesbild Holdings Ltd.                
Unsecured, bears no interest,                
with no specific terms of repayment     147,817       81,738  
Due to Reservoir Media Management (Canada) Inc.,                
a subsidiary of Wesbild Holdings Ltd.                
Unsecured, bears no interest,                
with no specific terms of repayment     268,423       124,954  
Sub-total     416,240       206,692  
                 
Tommy Boy Related Party Notes:                
Due to Wesbild Holdings Ltd., parent company of Wesbild Inc.     38,000,000       -  
Due to ER TB, LLC, controlled by shareholder of the Company     28,870,155       -  
Due to BTCSJC Trust, controlled by shareholder of the Company     13,767,794       -  
Sub-total     80,637,949       -  
      81,203,792       290,172  

 

12. Shareholders’ equity

 

Issuance of common shares

 

During the first quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company issued 5,333 shares of common stock for aggregate consideration of $8,000,009 to existing shareholders to fund further acquisitions. The Company incurred $27,000 of issuance costs in connection with the issuance of this common stock, which the Company accounted for as a reduction in the proceeds from the common stock.

 

    Page 17

 

     

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

   

13. Earnings (loss) per share

 

The following table summarizes the basic and diluted loss per share calculation for the three months ended June 30:

 

    2021     2020  
Basic and diluted loss per common share                
Net loss attributable to Reservoir Holdings, Inc.   $ (1,403,500 )   $ (886,014 )
Basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding     145,560       142,161  
Basic and diluted loss per common share   $ (9.64 )   $ (6.23 )

  

The Company’s Preferred Shares are participating securities but are excluded from the loss per share calculation as they do not have an obligation to share or fund in the Company’s net losses and their inclusion would be anti-dilutive. Additionally, because of their anti-dilutive effect, 7,624 common share equivalents comprised of stock options have been excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

14. Financial instruments

 

The Company is exposed to the following risk related to its financial instruments:

 

(a) Credit risk

 

Credit risk arises from the possibility that the Company’s debtors may be unable to fulfill their financial obligations. Revenues earned from publishing and distribution companies are concentrated in the music and entertainment industry. The Company monitors its exposure to credit risk on a regular basis.

 

(b) Interest rate risk

 

The Company is exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates on its secured loan. As described in Note 8, the Company entered into interest rate swap agreements to partially reduce its exposure to fluctuations in interest rates on its secured loans.

 

The fair value of the outstanding interest rate swaps was a $4,019,049 liability at June 30, 2021 and a $4,566,537 liability at March 31, 2021. Fair value is determined using Level 2 inputs, which are based on quoted prices and market observable data of similar instruments. The change in the unrealized fair value of the swaps of $547,488 during the three months ended June 30, 2021 was recorded as a gain on changes in fair value of derivative instruments. The change in the unrealized fair value of the swaps of $254,281 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 was recorded as a loss on changes in fair value of derivative instruments.

 

    Page 18

 

    

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

   

(c) Foreign exchange risk

 

The company is exposed to foreign exchange risk in fluctuations of currency rates on its revenue from royalties, writer’s fee and its subsidiaries’ operations.

 

(d) Financial instruments

 

Financial instruments not described elsewhere include cash, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, secured loans payable and borrowing under its line of credit. The carrying values of these instruments at June 30, 2021 do not differ materially from their respective fair values due to the immediate or short-term duration of these items or their bearing market related rates of interest.

 

The fair value of amounts due from and owed to related parties are impracticable to determine due to the related party nature of such amounts and the lack of readily determinable secondary market.

 

15. Contingencies and commitments

 

On September 8, 2020, an action was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against a consolidated subsidiary of the Company and certain prior owners (“Prior Owners”) of certain music copyrights acquired by the Company. The legal action asserts that in 2000, the plaintiff entered into certain engagement letters (the “Engagement Letters”) with certain of the Prior Owners, which purportedly gave the plaintiff, among other things, an exclusive right to broker any future sale by the Prior Owners of the music copyrights acquired by the Company as well as a commission fee. Based on the Engagement Letters’ alleged grant of a security interest in such music copyrights, the plaintiff filed financing statements and various notices of liens, in the amount of $2,651,125, in the United States Copyright Office between 2000 and 2018. The plaintiff alleges, among other things, that the Prior Owners breached the Engagement Letters by consummating a purchase agreement with a consolidated subsidiary of the Company in 2018 without involving the plaintiff; that a consolidated subsidiary of the Company tortiously interfered with the Engagement Letters; and that the Plaintiff is permitted to foreclose on the lien, including foreclosing on those music copyrights acquired by a consolidated subsidiary of the Company under the 2018 purchase agreement. The Company determined a loss resulting from the action is not reasonably possible. The Company believes all claims and threatened claims against the consolidated subsidiary of the Company in this legal action are without merit and intends to defend vigorously against them. The Company also believes it has obtained appropriate indemnifications from the Prior Owners in relation to the claims in this legal action.

 

    Page 19

 

     

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

  

In addition to the foregoing, the Company is subject to claims and contingencies in the normal course of business. To the extent the Company cannot predict the outcome of the claims and contingencies or estimate the amount of any loss that may result, no provision for any contingent liabilities has been made in the consolidated financial statements. The Company believes that losses resulting from these matters, if any, would not have a material adverse effect on the financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company. All such matters which the Company concludes are probable to result in a loss and for which management can reasonably estimate the amount of such loss have been accrued for within the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

 

16. Segment reporting

 

The Company’s business is organized in two reportable segments: Music Publishing and Recorded Music. The Company identified its Chief Executive Officer as its Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”). The Company’s CODM evaluates financial performance of its segments based on several factors, of which the primary financial measure is operating income before depreciation and amortization (“OIBDA”). While each segment incurs direct administration expenses reflected in segment income, all corporate-level administration expenses, such as executive management, are included in the Music Publishing segment and are not allocated between segments.

 

The accounting policies of the Company’s business segments are consistent with the Company's policies for the consolidated financial statements. The Company does not have sales between segments.

 

    Page 20

 

     

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

The following tables present Total revenue and a reconciliation of OIBDA to operating income by segment for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

    Music
Publishing
    Recorded
Music
    Other     Consolidated  
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021:   $     $     $     $  
Total revenue     12,265,470       4,231,617       221,063       16,718,150  
                                 
Reconciliation of OIBDA to operating income (loss):                                
Operating income (loss)     (316,020 )     537,883       59,825       281,688  
Amortization and depreciation     3,184,336       869,853       25,056       4,079,245  
    OIBDA     2,868,316       1,407,736       84,881       4,360,933  

 

    Music
Publishing
    Recorded
Music
    Other     Consolidated  
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020:   $     $     $     $  
Total revenue     11,341,542       2,183,936       118,715       13,644,193  
                                 
Reconciliation of OIBDA to operating income (loss):                                
  Operating income (loss)     1,039,565       270,706       (3,872 )     1,306,399  
  Amortization and depreciation     2,886,047       543,821       -       3,429,868  
     OIBDA     3,925,612       814,527       (3,872 )     4,736,267  

  

17. Subsequent events

 

(a) Business Combination

 

On July 28, 2021 (the “Closing Date”), the Company consummated its previously announced business combination (the “Business Combination”) by and among Roth CH Acquisition II Co., a Delaware corporation (“ROCC”), Roth CH II Merger Sub Corp., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of ROCC (“Merger Sub”) and the Company pursuant to the agreement and plan of merger, dated as of April 14, 2021 (the “Merger Agreement”). Upon the completion of the Business Combination and other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement (the “Transactions”), Roth CH Acquisition II Co. was renamed “Reservoir Media, Inc.” (“RMI”) and the Company became a wholly-owned subsidiary of RMI, whose common stock and warrants are listed on the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“NASDAQ”) under the ticker symbols “RSVR” and “RSVRW,” respectively. The Business Combination will be accounted for as a reverse recapitalization, with the Company determined to be the accounting acquirer.

 

    Page 21

 

    

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

  

Immediately prior to the consummation of the Business Combination, each Preferred Share of the Company that was issued and outstanding was automatically converted into a number of shares of common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, of the Company at the then-effective conversion rate as calculated pursuant to the Company’s second amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Preferred Share Conversion”).

 

Each share of the Company’s common stock (including the common stock resulting from the Preferred Share Conversion) that was issued and outstanding immediately prior to the consummation of the Business Combination was canceled and converted into the right to receive 196.06562028646 shares of common stock (the “Exchange Ratio”), par value $0.0001 per share, of RMI (the “RMI Common Stock”). Additionally, each option to acquire a share of the Company’s common stock that was outstanding immediately prior to the consummation of the Business Combination became fully vested in accordance with the original terms of the awards and was converted into an option to purchase shares of RMI Common Stock (such option, an “RMI Exchanged Option”), with the number of shares of RMI Common Stock subject to the options and exercise price of each RMI Exchanged Option adjusted commensurately with the Exchange Ratio.

 

In connection with the Business Combination, ROCC entered into subscription agreements with certain accredited investors (the “PIPE Investors”) whereby it issued 15,000,000 shares of ROCC Common Stock at a purchase price of $10.00 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $150.0 million (the “PIPE Investment”). ROCC consummated the PIPE Investment immediately prior to the consummation of the Transaction and incurred fees in connection with the closing of the PIPE Investment in the amount of approximately $5.8 million, which will be accounted for as a reduction in proceeds.

 

A portion of the proceeds from the Business Combination and PIPE Investment were used to pay transaction fees and expenses, pay approximately $81,300,000 to retire the Tommy Boy Related Party Notes and related accrued interest, repay the secured loan outstanding in an amount of $18,250,000 and make a payment totaling $36,750,000 on the secured line of credit.

 

Debt Refinancing

 

In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination, RMM completed a refinancing of its Credit Facilities (the “Debt Refinancing”), pursuant to that certain Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of July 28, 2021 (the “RMM Credit Agreement”). The RMM Credit Agreement provides RMM with a senior secured revolving credit facility in the amount of $248,750,000 (the “Senior Credit Facility”).

 

The Senior Credit Facility has a scheduled maturity date of October 16, 2024. Borrowings under the RMM Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate equal to either the sum of a base rate plus a margin of 1.25% or the sum of a LIBO rate plus a margin of 2.25%. The Company is also required to pay an unused fee in respect of unused commitments under the RMM Credit Facility, if any, at a rate of 0.25% per annum. Substantially all tangible and intangible assets of RMI, the Company, RMM and the other subsidiary guarantors are pledged as collateral to secure the obligations of RMM under the RMM Credit Agreement.

 

    Page 22

 

     

Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Expressed in U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

 

  

The RMM Credit Agreement contains customary covenants limiting the ability of RMI, the Company, RMM and certain of its subsidiaries to, among other things, incur debt or liens, merge or consolidate with others, make investments, make cash dividends, redeem or repurchase capital stock, dispose of assets, enter into transactions with affiliates or enter into certain restrictive agreements. In addition, RMI, on a consolidated basis with its subsidiaries, must comply with financial covenants requiring RMI to maintain (i) a total leverage ratio of no greater than 6.00:1.00 as of the end of each fiscal quarter, (ii) a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.25:1.00 for each four fiscal quarter period and (iii) a consolidated senior debt to library value ratio of 0.55, subject to certain adjustments. If RMM does not comply with the covenants in the RMM Credit Agreement, the lenders may, subject to customary cure rights, require the immediate payment of all amounts outstanding under the Senior Credit Facility.

 

(b) Subsequent events have been evaluated through August 16, 2021, which is the date these financial statements were available for issuance.

 

    Page 23

 

 

Exhibit 99.2

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL

CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OF RESERVOIR HOLDINGS, INC.

 

The following discussion and analysis of Reservoir Holdings, Inc.’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with Reservoir Holdings, Inc.’s condensed consolidated financial statements, including the accompanying notes thereto. Certain statements contained in the discussion and analysis set forth below include forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and are intended to be covered by the safe harbor created thereby. Reservoir Holdings, Inc. has based these forward-looking statements on management’s current expectations, projections and forecasts about future events. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about Reservoir Holdings, Inc. that may cause its actual business, financial condition, results of operations, performance and/or achievements to be materially different from any future business, financial condition, results of operations, performance and/or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to such a discrepancy include, but are not limited to, those described under “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in Reservoir Media, Inc.’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (file no. 333-257610) (the “Registration Statement”) and Reservoir Media, Inc.’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intends,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “target,” “goal,” “shall,” “should,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. In addition, any statements that refer to expectations, projections, forecasts or other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including any underlying assumptions, are forward-looking statements.

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “us,” “our” and “Reservoir” refer collectively to Reservoir Holdings, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

Introduction

 

Reservoir was incorporated on April 23, 2019 under the laws of the State of Delaware for the sole purpose of serving as the holding company of Reservoir Media Management, Inc. (“Reservoir Media Management”). The activities of Reservoir are generally organized into two operating segments: Music Publishing and Recorded Music. Operations of the Music Publishing segment involve the acquisition of interests in music catalogs from which royalties are earned as well as signing songwriters to exclusive agreements which give Reservoir an interest in the future delivery of songs. Operations of the Recorded Music segment involve the acquisition of sound recording catalogs as well as the discovery and development of recording artists and the marketing, distribution, sale and licensing of the music catalogs. Reservoir is a holding company that conducts substantially all of its business operations through Reservoir Media Management and Reservoir Media Management Inc.’s subsidiaries.

 

This management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is provided as a supplement to the condensed consolidated financial statements, including the accompanying notes thereto, as of June 30, 2021 and for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 to help provide an understanding of our financial condition and results of operations. This management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is organized as follows:

 

Business overview. This section provides a general description of our business, as well as a discussion of factors that we believe are important in understanding our results of operations and comparability and in anticipating future trends.

 

Results of operations. This section provides an analysis of our results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020. This analysis is presented on both a consolidated and segment basis.

 

Liquidity and capital resources. This section provides an analysis of our cash flows for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, as well as a discussion of our liquidity and capital resources as of June 30, 2021. The discussion of our liquidity and capital resources includes recent debt financings and a summary of the key debt covenant compliance measures under our debt agreements.

 

 

 

 

Critical accounting policies. This section identifies those accounting policies that are considered important to Reservoir’s results of operations and financial condition, require significant judgement and/or involve significant management estimates. Reservoir’s significant accounting policies, including those considered to be critical accounting policies, are summarized in Note 2 to Reservoir’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2021 included in the Registration Statement.

 

Use of OIBDA

 

We evaluate our operating performance based on several factors, including our primary financial measure of operating income (loss) before non-cash depreciation of tangible assets and non-cash amortization of intangible assets (“OIBDA”). We consider OIBDA to be an important indicator of the operational strengths and performance of our businesses and believe this non-GAAP measure provides useful information to investors because it removes the significant impact of amortization from our results of operations. However, a limitation of the use of OIBDA as a performance measure is that it does not reflect the periodic costs of certain capitalized tangible and intangible assets used in generating revenues in our businesses and other non-operating income (loss). Accordingly, OIBDA should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, operating income (loss), net income (loss) attributable to Reservoir and other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP. In addition, our definition of OIBDA may differ from similarly titled measures used by other companies. A reconciliation of consolidated OIBDA to operating income (loss) and net income (loss) attributable to Reservoir is provided in “—Results of Operations.”

 

Business Overview and Recent Developments

 

We are an independent music company operating in music publishing and recorded music. We represent over 130,000 copyrights in our publishing business and over 36,000 master recordings in our recorded music business. Both of our business areas are populated with hit songs dating back to the early 1900s representing an array of artists across genre and geography. We classify our business into two fundamental operations: Music Publishing and Recorded Music. A brief description of each of those operations is presented below.

 

Components of Our Results of Operations

 

Music Publishing Operations

 

Music Publishing is an intellectual property business focused on generating revenue from uses of the musical composition itself. In return for promoting, placing, marketing and administering the creative output of a songwriter or engaging in those activities for other rightsholders, our Music Publishing business garners a share of the revenues generated from use of the musical compositions.

 

The operations of our Music Publishing business are conducted principally through Reservoir Media Management, our global music publishing company headquartered in New York City, with operations in multiple countries through various subsidiaries, affiliates and non-affiliated licensees and sub-publishers. We own or control rights to more than 130,000 musical compositions, including numerous pop hits, American standards, folk songs and motion picture and theatrical compositions. Assembled over many years, our current award-winning active songwriters exceed 100, while the catalog includes over 5,000 clients representing a diverse range of genres, including pop, rock, jazz, classical, country, R&B, hip-hop, rap, reggae, Latin, folk, blues, symphonic, soul, Broadway, techno, alternative and gospel.

 

Music Publishing revenues are derived from five main sources:

 

Performance: the rightsholder receives revenues if the musical composition is performed publicly through broadcast of music on television, radio and cable and in retail locations (e.g., bars and restaurants), live performance at a concert or other venue (e.g., arena concerts and nightclubs), and performance of music in staged theatrical productions;

 

Digital: the rightsholder receives revenues with respect to musical compositions embodied in recordings distributed in streaming services, download services and other digital music services;

 

Mechanical: the rightsholder receives revenues with respect to musical compositions embodied in recordings sold in any machine readable format or configuration such as streaming, downloads, vinyl, CDs and DVDs;

 

 

 

 

Synchronization: the rightsholder receives revenues for the right to use the musical composition in combination with visual images such as in films or television programs, television commercials and video games as well as from other uses such as YouTube and other digital media platforms such as TikTok and Peloton; and

 

Other: the rightsholder receives revenues for use in sheet music and other uses.

 

The principal costs associated with our Music Publishing business are as follows:

 

Writer royalties and other publishing costs: the artist and repertoire (“A&R”) costs associated with (i) paying royalties to songwriters, co-publishers and other copyright holders in connection with income generated from the uses of their works and (ii) signing and developing songwriters; and

 

Administration expenses: the costs associated with general overhead, and other administrative expenses, as well as selling and marketing.

 

Recorded Music Operations

 

Our Recorded Music business consists of three primary areas of sound recording ownership. First is the active marketing, promotion, distribution, sale and licensing of newly created frontline sound recordings from Current Artists that we own and control. This is a new area of focus for Reservoir and does not yet produce significant revenue. The second is the active marketing, promotion, distribution, sale and license of previously recorded and subsequently acquired Catalog recordings. The third is acquisition of full or partial interests in existing record labels, sound recording catalogs or income rights to a royalty stream associated with an established recording artist or producer contract in connection with existing sound recordings. Acquisition of these income participation interests are typically in connection with recordings that are owned, controlled, and marketed by other record labels.

 

Our Current Artist and Catalog recorded music businesses are both primarily handled by our Chrysalis Records label based in London and our Tommy Boy record label based in New York City. In the United States, we also manage some select Catalog recorded music under our Philly Groove Records and Reservoir Records labels. We also own income participation interests in recordings by The Isley Brothers, The Commodores, Wisin and Yandel, and an interest in the Loud Records catalog containing recordings by the Wu Tang Clan. Our core Catalog includes recordings under the Chrysalis Records label by artists such as Sinéad O’Connor, The Specials, Generation X and The Waterboys, as well as recordings under the Tommy Boy record label by artists such as Coolio, House of Pain, Naughty By Nature, Everlast and Digital Underground.

 

Our Current Artist and Catalog recorded music distribution is handled by a network of distribution partners. Chrysalis Records Catalog releases are distributed through AWAL while our Chrysalis Records Current Artist releases are distributed through PIAS. Tommy Boy Music Catalog releases are distributed via our membership with MERLIN, AMPED and other partners. MERLIN is one of the top global digital rights agencies in the world negotiating licenses on behalf of many independent record labels, distributors, and other music rights holders.

 

Through our distribution network, our music is being sold in physical retail outlets as well as in physical form to online physical retailers, such as amazon.com, and distributed in digital form to an expanding universe of digital partners, including streaming services such as Amazon, Apple, Deezer, SoundCloud, Spotify, Tencent Music Entertainment Group and YouTube, radio services such as iHeart Radio and SiriusXM, and download services. We also license music digitally to fitness platforms such as Apple Fitness+, Equinox, Hydrow and Peloton and social media outlets such as Facebook, Instagram, TikTok and Triller.

 

Recorded Music revenues are derived from four main sources:

 

Digital: the rightsholder receives revenues with respect to streaming and download services;

 

Physical: the rightsholder receives revenues with respect to sales of physical products such as vinyl, CDs and DVDs;

 

Synchronization: the rightsholder receives royalties or fees for the right to use sound recordings in combination with visual images such as in films or television programs, television commercials and video games; and

 

 

 

 

Neighboring Rights: the rightsholder also receives royalties if sound recordings are performed publicly through broadcast of music on television, radio, and cable, and in public spaces such as shops, workplaces, restaurants, bars and clubs.

 

The principal costs associated with our Recorded Music business are as follows:

 

Artist royalties and other recorded costs: the A&R costs associated with (i) paying royalties to recording artists, producers, songwriters, other copyright holders and trade unions, (ii) signing and developing recording artists and (iii) creating master recordings in the studio; and product costs to manufacture, package and distribute products to wholesale and retail distribution outlets; and

 

Administration expenses: the costs associated with general overhead and other administrative expenses as well as the costs associated with the promotion and marketing of recording artists and music, including costs to produce music videos for promotional purposes and artist tour support.

 

Business Combination

 

On April 14, 2021, Reservoir entered into an agreement and plan of merger with Roth CH Acquisition II Co., a Delaware corporation (“ROCC”), a publicly traded special purpose acquisition company with $115.0 million in the trust account, and Roth CH II Merger Sub Corp., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of ROCC (“Merger Sub”), pursuant to which Merger Sub merged with and into Reservoir, with Reservoir surviving as a wholly-owned subsidiary of ROCC and the securityholders of Reservoir becoming securityholders of ROCC and “Roth CH Acquisition II Co.” was renamed “Reservoir Media, Inc.” (the “Business Combination”). The Business Combination was funded by a combination of ROCC’s cash held in the trust account (after any redemptions by its public stockholders in connection with consummation of the Business Combination), a full equity roll-over from the former stockholders of Reservoir and proceeds from the private investment in public equity transaction in the amount of $150.0 million that closed concurrently with the consummation of the Business Combination. The Business Combination was approved by the ROCC’s stockholders on July 27, 2021 and was consummated on July 28, 2021. The Business Combination is accounted for as a reverse recapitalization, with Reservoir determined to be the accounting acquirer.

 

COVID-19 Pandemic

 

In January 2020, a new strain of coronavirus, COVID-19, was identified in Wuhan, China. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared a global pandemic. The global pandemic and governmental responses thereto have disrupted physical and manufacturing supply chains and required the closures of physical retailers. Additionally, stay-at-home orders, limited indoor and outdoor gatherings and other restrictions have negatively affected our business in other ways, such as, making it impossible to hold live concert tours, delaying the release of new recordings and disrupting the production and release of motion pictures and television programs. However, the disruption from the COVID-19 pandemic may have accelerated growth of other revenue streams such as fitness and interactive gaming (including augmented reality and virtual reality).

 

Factors Affecting Results of Operations and Comparability

 

Throughout Reservoir’s history, we have constantly acquired new assets and subsidiaries and signed new writers and more recently new recording artists. These investing activities have had the largest impact on our growth over time. Reservoir has also invested in its operations to create a platform for the Music Publishing and Recorded Music segments to scale and grow. The most significant acquisitions of size during the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 31, 2020 were as follows:

 

On April 13, 2020, we acquired, through an asset purchase agreement, all of the music assets of three entities doing business as Shapiro, Bernstein & Co., a century old United States music publishing company, which included a diverse catalog of primarily music publishing rights and some ancillary rights. The investment also included the acquisition, through a share purchase agreement, of Shapiro, Bernstein & Co. Limited, a UK company, which enabled us to take advantage of an at-source network of collections across Europe.

 

On June 29, 2020, we acquired, through an asset purchase agreement, all of the music publishing assets of the estate of Bob Crewe, which included writer share and publisher share of his diverse music catalog.

 

On June 2, 2021, we acquired, through a membership interest purchase agreement, Tommy Boy Music, LLC ("Tommy Boy"), a 40-year-old record label, which included a diverse catalog of primarily recorded music rights and some music publishing rights.

 

 

 

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 vs. Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

Income Statement

 

Our income statement was composed of the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Revenues     16,718       13,644       3,074       23 %
Costs and expenses:                                
Cost of revenue     7,692       5,903       1,789       30 %
Amortization and depreciation     4,079       3,430       649       19 %
Administration expenses     4,665       3,005       1,660       55 %
Total costs and expenses     16,436       12,338       4,098       33 %
Operating Income     282       1,306       (1,024 )     (78 )%
Interest expense     (2,779 )     (2,208 )     (571 )     26 %
(Loss) Gain on foreign exchange     (18 )     (116 )     98       (84 )%
Gain (Loss) on fair value of swaps     547       (254 )     801       (315 )%
Interest and other income     -       5       (5 )     (100 )%
Income before income taxes     (1,968 )     (1,267 )     (701 )     55 %
Income tax expense     (511 )     (322 )     (189 )     59 %
Net income     (1,457 )     (945 )     (512 )     54 %
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests     54       59       (5 )     (8 )%
Net income attributable to Reservoir Holdings, Inc.     (1,404 )     (886 )     (518 )     58 %

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

Our revenues were composed of the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Revenue by Type                                
Performance   $ 2,663     $ 3,102     $ (439 )     (14 )%
Digital     6,647       5,906       741       13 %
Mechanical     410       388       22       6 %
Synchronization     1,952       1,543       409       27 %
Other     593       402       191       48 %
Total Music Publishing     12,265       11,342       923       8 %
Digital     2,821       1,723       1,098       64 %
Physical     969       192       777       405 %
Synchronization     108       65       43       66 %
Neighboring rights     333       204       129       63 %
Total Recorded Music     4,232       2,184       2,048       94 %
Other revenue     221       119       102       86 %
Total Revenue   $ 16,718     $ 13,644     $ 3,074       23 %
Revenue by Geographical Location                                
U.S. Music Publishing   $ 6,854     $ 6,895     $ (41 )     (1 )%
U.S. Recorded Music     1,583       658       925       141 %
U.S. Other Revenue     221       119       102       86 %
Total U.S.     8,659       7,672       987       13 %
International Music Publishing     5,411       4,447       964       22 %
International Recorded Music     2,649       1,526       1,123       74 %
Total International     8,060       5,973       2,087       35 %
Total Revenue   $ 16,718     $ 13,644     $ 3,074       23 %

 

Total Revenues

 

Total revenues increased by $3,074 thousand, or 23%, to $16,718 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $13,644 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Music Publishing revenues represented 73% and 83% of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, respectively. Recorded Music revenues represented 25% and 16% of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, respectively. U.S. and international revenues represented 52% and 48%, respectively, of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021, and 56% and 44%, respectively, of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Total digital revenues increased by $1,839 thousand, or 24%, to $9,468 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $7,629 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Total digital revenues represented 57% and 56% of consolidated revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, respectively. The increase in digital revenue as a percentage of consolidated revenue is due to the continued growth in revenue at the music streaming services.

 

Music Publishing revenues increased by $923 thousand, or 8%, to $12,265 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $11,342 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. U.S. Music Publishing revenues were $6,854 thousand, or 56% of consolidated Music Publishing revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021, and $6,895 thousand, or 61% of consolidated Music Publishing revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2020. International Music Publishing revenues were $5,411 thousand, or 44% of consolidated Music Publishing revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021, and $4,447 thousand, or 39% of consolidated Music Publishing revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

 

 

 

The overall increase in Music Publishing revenue was mainly driven by acquisitions of catalogs and revenue from the existing catalog, which led to an increase in digital revenue of $741 thousand or 13%, mechanical revenue of $22 thousand or 6%, synchronization revenue of $409 thousand, or 27%, and other revenue of $191 thousand, or 48%. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in performance revenue of $439 thousand, or 14%, which can be attributed to declines in performance revenue across the industry due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The increase in digital revenue partially reflects the continued shift to streaming services for music consumption, while the increase in mechanical, synchronization, and other revenue reflects the results of the acquisitions and existing catalog.

 

Recorded Music revenues increased by $2,048 thousand, or 94%, to $4,232 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $2,184 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. U.S. Recorded Music revenues were $1,583 thousand and $658 thousand, or 37% and 30% of consolidated Recorded Music revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June30, 2020, respectively. International Recorded Music revenues were $2,649 thousand and $1,526 thousand, or 63% and 70% of consolidated Recorded Music revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, respectively.

 

The overall increase in Recorded Music revenue was driven in part by the acquisition of Tommy Boy in June of 2021, which contributed $875 thousand and $0 thousand to Recorded Music revenue to the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, respectively. Digital revenue increased by $1,098 thousand primarily due to the acquisition of Tommy Boy and due to the continued growth at music streaming services. Physical revenue increased by $777 thousand primarily due to an increase in physical sales at Chrysalis Records. Synchronization revenue increased by $43 thousand. Neighboring rights revenue increased by $129 thousand primarily due to the acquisition of Tommy Boy.

 

Revenue by Geographical Location

 

U.S. revenue increased by $987 thousand, or 13%, to $8,659 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $7,672 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. U.S. Music Publishing revenue decreased by $41 thousand, or 1%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. U.S. Recorded Music revenue increased by $925 thousand, or 141%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. This was primarily driven by the acquisition of Tommy Boy.

 

International revenue increased by $2,087 thousand, or 35%, to $8,060 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $5,973 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. International Music Publishing revenue increased $964 thousand, or 22%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. This was primarily driven by acquisitions of catalogs, signings of writers and increases in digital revenue, primarily due to growth in streaming. International Recorded Music revenue increased $1,123 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020 primarily due to the acquisition of Tommy Boy, the continued growth of music streaming services and a strong physical release schedule.

 

Cost of revenues

 

Our cost of revenues was composed of the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Writer royalties and other publishing costs   $ 6,019     $ 5,246     $ 773       15 %
Artist royalties and other recorded costs     1,673       658       1,015       154 %
Total cost of revenues   $ 7,692     $ 5,903     $ 1,789       30 %

 

 

 

 

Our cost of revenues increased by $1,789 thousand, or 30%, to $7,692 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $5,903 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Cost of revenues as a percentage of revenues increased to 46% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 43% for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Writer royalties and other publishing costs increased by $773 thousand, or 15%, to $6,019 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $5,246 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Writer royalties and other publishing costs as a percentage of music publishing revenues increased to 49% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 46% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in margins was due to the change in the mix of earnings by type and songwriting clients with their specific contractual royalty rates being applied to the revenues.

 

Artist royalties and other recorded music costs increased by $1,015 thousand, or 154%, to $1,673 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $658 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. This increase was due partly to the acquisition of Tommy Boy as well as costs associated with the increased physical revenue during the three months ended June 30, 2021. Artist royalties and other recorded music costs as a percentage of recorded music revenues increased to 40% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 30% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. This was partly driven by the higher costs as a percentage of revenue on the increased physical revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as well as higher costs for distributed product during the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Administration expenses

 

Our administration expenses are composed of the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Administration expenses   $ 4,665     $ 3,005     $ 1,660       55 %
Total administration expenses   $ 4,665     $ 3,005     $ 1,660       55 %

 

Total administration expenses increased by $1,660 thousand, or 55%, to $4,665 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $3,005 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Expressed as a percentage of revenues, administration expenses increased to 28% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 22% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Administration expenses preparing for being a public company along with increased costs related to acquisitions were the primary drivers of this increase. In addition, the benefit of a forgiven PPP Loan (as defined below) of $617 thousand was recorded for the three months ended June 30, 2020, while no such benefit was recorded for the three months ended June 30, 2021. Adjusting for the impact of the one-time benefit of the PPP Loan forgiveness for the three months ended June 30, 2020, administrative expenses increased by $1,043 thousand, or 29%. This increase was in line with management’s expectations of approximately $4,000 thousand of annual incremental administrative expenses related to being a public company as well as anticipated incremental administrative expenses associated with acquisitions.

 

Interest expense

 

Our interest expense increased by $571 thousand, or 26%, to $2,779 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $2,208 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. This was primarily driven by increased debt balances due to use of funds in catalog and business acquisitions and writer signings, partially offset by a decline in LIBOR rates as well as lower interest rates as a result of refinancing transactions, the impact of which was in turn partially offset by interest rate swap hedges.

 

Loss on foreign exchange

 

Loss on foreign exchange decreased by $98 thousand to a loss of $18 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from a loss of $116 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. This change was due to fluctuations in the two foreign currencies we are directly exposed to, namely GBP and EUR.

 

Gain (loss) on fair value of swaps

 

Gain (loss) on fair value of swaps increased by $801 thousand to a gain of $547 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from a loss of $254 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. This change was due to a rising forward yield curve for LIBOR and the marking to market of our interest rate swap hedges.

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income

 

Our interest and other income decreased by $5 thousand, or 100%, to $0 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $5 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. This was primarily driven by a decline in cash on hand on average throughout the three months ended June 30, 2021 and lower interest rates.

 

Loss before income taxes

 

Our loss before income taxes increased by $701 thousand, or 55%, to $1,968 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from a loss before income taxes of $1,267 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as a result of the factors described above.

 

Income tax benefit

 

Our income tax benefit increased by $189 thousand, or 59%, to $511 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from a benefit of $322 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in income tax benefit is related to the higher pre-tax loss in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Net loss

 

Our net loss increased by $512 thousand, or 54%, to $1,457 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from a loss of $945 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as a result of the factors described above.

 

Noncontrolling interest

 

There was $54 thousand of loss attributable to noncontrolling interests for the three months ended June 30, 2021. There was $59 thousand of loss attributable to noncontrolling interests for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Reconciliation of Operating Income to OIBDA

 

We use OIBDA as our primary measure of financial performance. The following table reconciles operating income to OIBDA (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Operating income   $ 282     $ 1,306     $ (1,024 )     (78 )%
Amortization expense     4,048       3,374       674       20 %
Depreciation expense     31       56       (25 )     (45 )%
OIBDA   $ 4,361     $ 4,736     $ (375 )     (8 )%

 

OIBDA

 

Our OIBDA decreased by $375 thousand, or 8%, to $4,361 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $4,736 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020 primarily as a result of an increase in revenue of $3,074 thousand, partially offset by an increase in cost of revenue of $1,789 thousand and an increase in administration expenses of $1,660 thousand. Expressed as a percentage of total revenue, OIBDA margin decreased to 26% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 35% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Adjusting for the impact of the one-time benefit of the PPP Loan forgiveness of $617 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020 (as described in the administrative expense section above), OIBDA for the three months ended June 30, 2020 would have been $4,119 thousand. When excluding the impact of the one-time benefit of the PPP Loan forgiveness for the three months ended June 30, 2020, OIBDA for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased by $242 thousand, or 6%, even with the increased costs for the three months ended June 30, 2021 associated with preparing to be a public company.

 

The following table details revenues, total costs and expenses and operating income for the trailing twelve months ended June 30, 2021. The table further reconciles operating income to OIBDA for each period included in the calculation of the trailing twelve months:

 

    Year Ended March
31, 2021
    Less: Three Months
Ended June 30,
2020
    Plus: Three Months
Ended June 30,
2021
    Trailing Twelve
Months Ended June
30, 2021
 
Revenues   $ 81,778     $ 13,644     $ 16,718     $ 84,852  
Cost of revenue     (32,992 )     (5,903 )     (7,692 )     (34,781 )
Amortization and depreciation     (14,129 )     (3,430 )     (4,079 )     (14,778 )
Administration expenses     (14,986 )     (3,005 )     (4,665 )     (16,646 )
Total costs and expenses   $ (62,107 )   $ (12,338 )   $ (16,436 )   $ (66,205 )
                                 
Operating income   $ 19,671     $ 1,306     $ 282     $ 18,647  
Amortization expense     13,906       3,374       4,048       14,580  
Depreciation expense     222       56       31       197  
OIBDA   $ 33,799     $ 4,736     $ 4,361     $ 33,424  

 

Depreciation expense

 

Our depreciation expense decreased by $25 thousand, or 45%, to $31 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $56 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily due to the full depreciation of some prior capital expenditures.

 

 

 

 

Amortization expense

 

Amortization expense increased by $674 thousand, or 20%, to $4,048 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $3,374 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily due to the acquisition of additional music catalogs and music company purchases.

 

Business Segment Results

 

Revenues, operating income and OIBDA by business segment were as follows (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Music Publishing                                
Revenues   $ 12,265     $ 11,342     $ 923       8 %
Operating income     (316 )     1,040       (1,356 )     (130 )%
OIBDA     2,868       3,926       (1,058 )     (27 )%
Recorded Music                                
Revenues     4,232       2,184       2,048       94 %
Operating income     538       271       267       99 %
OIBDA     1,408       815       593       73 %
Other                                
Revenues     221       119       102       86 %
Operating income     60       (4 )     64       NM  
OIBDA     84       (4 )     88       NM  
Total                                
Revenues     16,718       13,644       3,074       23 %
Operating income     282       1,306       (1,024 )     (78 )%
OIBDA     4,361       4,736       (375 )     (8 )%

 

Music Publishing

 

Revenues

 

Music Publishing revenues increased by $923 thousand, or 8%, to $12,265 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $11,342 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase was primarily attributed to the increase in digital revenue of $741 thousand from $5,906 thousand to $6,647 thousand, or 13%. Additionally, Mechanical, Synchronization, and Other revenues increased by 6%, 27%, and 48%, respectively. The increase was partially offset by a decline in Performance by 14%.

 

The overall increase in Music Publishing revenue was mainly driven by reasons described in the “—Total Revenues” and “—Revenue by Geographical Location” sections.

 

Cost of revenues

 

Music Publishing cost of revenues was composed of the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Writer royalties and other publishing costs   $ 6,019     $ 5,246     $ 773       15 %
Total cost of revenues   $ 6,019     $ 5,246     $ 773       15 %

 

 

 

 

Music Publishing cost of revenues increased by $773 thousand, or 15%, to $6,019 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $5,246 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. This increase is due primarily to acquisitions of catalogs and writer signings. Expressed as a percentage of Music Publishing revenue, Music Publishing cost of revenues increased to 49% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 46% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in margins is due to the change in the mix of earnings by type and songwriting clients with their specific contractual royalty rates being applied to the revenues.

 

Administration expenses

 

Music Publishing administration expenses were comprised of the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Administration expenses   $ 3,378     $ 2,170     $ 1,208       56 %
Total administration expenses   $ 3,378     $ 2,170     $ 1,208       56 %

 

Music Publishing administration expenses increased by $1,208 thousand, or 56%, to $3,378 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $2,170 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. This was partly due to new administration expenses preparing for being a public company along with increased costs related to acquisitions. Additionally, the administration expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 included a benefit of approximately $617 thousand for a forgiven PPP Loan while no such benefit was recorded for the three months ended June 30, 2021. Expressed as a percentage of Music Publishing revenues, Music Publishing administration expenses increased to 28% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 19% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Adjusting for the impact of the one-time benefit of the PPP Loan forgiveness for the three months ended June 30, 2020, administrative expenses increased by $591 thousand, or 21%.

 

Operating income and OIBDA

 

Music Publishing OIBDA includes the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Operating income   $ (316 )   $ 1,040     $ (1,356 )     (130 )%
Depreciation and amortization     3,184       2,886       298       10 %
OIBDA   $ 2,868     $ 3,926     $ (1,058 )     (27 )%

 

Music Publishing OIBDA decreased by $1,058 thousand, or 27%, to $2,868 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $3,926 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Expressed as a percentage of Music Publishing revenues, Music Publishing OIBDA margin decreased to 23% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 35% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in Music Publishing OIBDA was primarily attributed to higher Music Publishing revenues, partially offset by higher cost of revenues as a percentage of revenue, and more than fully offset by higher administration expenses as a percentage of revenue. Adjusting for the impact of the one-time benefit of the PPP Loan forgiveness for the three months ended June 30, 2020, Music Publishing OIBDA decreased by $441 thousand, or 13%, from the three months ended June 30, 2020 to the three months ended June 30, 2021.

 

Music Publishing operating income decreased by $1,356 thousand, or 130%, to a loss of $316 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from a gain of $1,040 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020 due to the factors that led to the decrease in Music Publishing OIBDA noted above.

 

 

 

 

Recorded Music

 

Revenues

 

Recorded Music revenues increased by $2,048 thousand, or 94%, to $4,232 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $2,184 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase was attributed to the increase in digital revenue from $1,723 thousand to $2,821 thousand, or 64%. Additionally, Physical, Synchronization, and Neighboring Rights revenues increased by 405%, 66%, and 63%, respectively.

 

The overall increase in Recorded Music revenue was driven reasons described in the “—Total Revenues” and “—Revenue by Geographical Location” sections.

 

Cost of revenues

 

Recorded Music cost of revenues was composed of the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Artist royalties and other recorded music costs   $ 1,673     $ 658     $ 1,015       154 %
Total cost of revenues   $ 1,673     $ 658     $ 1,015       154 %

 

Recorded Music cost of revenues increased by $1,015 thousand, or 154%, to $1,673 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $658 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Expressed as a percentage of Recorded Music revenue, cost of revenues increased to 40% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 30% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. This was partly driven by the higher costs as a percentage of revenue on the increased physical revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as well as higher costs for distributed product in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Administration expenses

 

Recorded Music administration expenses were composed of the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Administration expenses   $ 1,151     $ 711     $ 440       62 %
Total administration expenses   $ 1,151     $ 711     $ 440       62 %

 

Recorded Music administration expenses increased to $1,151 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $711 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in administration expenses was primarily due to increases in at Chrysalis Records and the integration of Tommy Boy. Expressed as a percentage of Recorded Music revenue, Recorded Music administration expense decreased to 27% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 33% for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

 

 

 

Operating income and OIBDA

 

Recorded Music OIBDA included the following amounts (in thousands):

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Operating income   $ 538     $ 271     $ 267       99 %
Depreciation and amortization     870       544       326       60 %
OIBDA   $ 1,408     $ 815     $ 593       73 %

 

Recorded Music OIBDA increased by $593 thousand, or 73%, to $1,408 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $815 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as a result of the acquisition of Tommy Boy and increases from Chrysalis Records. Expressed as a percentage of Recorded Music revenues, Recorded Music OIBDA margin decreased to 33% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 37% for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Recorded Music operating income increased by $267 thousand to $538 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $271 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020 due to the factors that led to the increase in Recorded Music OIBDA noted above.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Capital Resources

 

As of June 30, 2021, we had $326,038 thousand of debt (net of $2,840 thousand of deferred financing costs), $14,025 thousand of cash and equivalents and net debt of $312,014 thousand (defined as total debt, less cash and equivalents and deferred financing costs).

 

We used a portion of the proceeds from the Business Combination and PIPE Investment to repay $80,600 thousand of debt (amounts to related parties) associated with the Tommy Boy acquisition and $55,000 thousand of debt under the New Credit Facility.

 

Cash Flows

 

The following table summarizes our historical cash flows (in thousands).

 

    For the Three Months
Ended
             
    June 30,     2021 vs. 2020  
    2021     2020     $ Change     % Change  
Cash provided by (used in):                                
Operating activities   $ 3,827     $ 7,544     $ (3,717 )     (49 )%
Investing activities     (112,785 )     (72,785 )     (40,000 )     55 %
Financing activities     113,564       18,572       94,992       511 %

 

Operating Activities

 

Cash provided by operating activities was $3,827 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $7,544 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The primary driver of the $3,717 thousand decrease in cash provided by operating activities during the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020 were increases in administration expenses around preparing for being a public company, as well as increases in cash used for advances and inventory purchases.

 

Investing Activities

 

Cash used in investing activities was $112,785 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $72,785 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in cash used in investing activities was primarily due to increased acquisitions of music catalogs.

 

 

 

 

Financing Activities

 

Cash provided by financing activities was $113,564 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to cash provided by financing activities of $18,572 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The increased cash provided by financing activities was related to increased borrowing under the secured line of credit and an increase in related party loans to fund the Tommy Boy acquisition in the quarter ended June 30, 2021 partially offset by the proceeds from common stock issuance in the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2020.

 

Liquidity

 

Our primary sources of liquidity are the cash flows generated from our subsidiaries’ operations, available cash and equivalents and funds available for drawing under our secured line of credit and loans. These sources of liquidity are needed to fund our debt service requirements, working capital requirements, capital expenditure requirements, strategic acquisitions and investments, retirement of or refinancing of our outstanding debt, privately negotiated purchases or otherwise, we may elect to pay or make in the future.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2020, we borrowed $617 thousand (the “PPP Loan”) under the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”). The PPP, established as part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act of 2020, as amended (the “CARES Act”), provided for loans to qualifying businesses for amounts up to 2.5 times of the average monthly payroll expenses of the qualifying business. The loans and accrued interest are forgivable after as long as the borrower uses the loan proceeds for eligible purposes, including payroll, benefits, rent and utilities, and maintains its payroll levels. In accordance with the terms of the program, we applied for and received confirmation of loan forgiveness for the entire amount borrowed under the PPP.

 

We believe that our primary sources of liquidity will be sufficient to support our existing operations over the next twelve months.

 

Existing Debt as of June 30, 2021

 

As of June 30, 2021, our outstanding debt was as follows (in thousand):

 

Term Loan   $ 18,250  
Revolving Credit     229,991  
Amounts due to related parties     80,638  
Total outstanding debt   $ 328,879  

 

Reservoir uses cash generated from operations to pay current interest and principal obligation on the Prior Credit Facility (as defined below). Reservoir expects to continue to refinance and extend maturity on the Credit Facility for the foreseeable future.

 

Debt Capital Structure

 

Since 2014, Reservoir Media Management has been the borrower under a revolving credit and term loan agreement (the “Prior Credit Facility”) with SunTrust Bank (Truist Bank) as the administrative agent and lead arranger. The Prior Credit Facility has been amended and restated a number of times since 2014, generally leading to extensions on maturity dates (maturity date as of June 30, 2021 is October 16, 2024), increases in the facility size ($250,000 thousand as of June 30, 2021) and reductions in interest rates (LIBOR plus 2.5% as of June 30, 2021).

 

On May 26, 2021, Reservoir entered into a Loan Agreement with Wesbild Holdings Ltd to borrow $38,000 thousand, at an interest rate of 4.66%, to finance the acquisition of Tommy Boy. On June 2, 2021, Reservoir entered into a Seller Loan Agreement with BTCSJC Music LLC and ER TB LLC, which are entities controlled by related parties, to borrow an aggregate amount of $42,638 thousand, at an interest rate of 4.66%, to finance the acquisition of Tommy Boy. These borrowings are included in amounts due to related parties.

 

On July 28, 2021, in connection with the consummation of the Business Combination, Reservoir Media Management amended and restated the Prior Credit Facility by entering the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with Truist Bank (the “New Credit Facility”), providing for credit facilities in an aggregate amount of up to $248,750 thousand. The maturity of the New Credit Facility remained October 16, 2024, while interest rates were reduced to LIBOR plus 2.25%.

 

Subject to market conditions, we expect to continue to take opportunistic steps to extend our maturity dates and reduce related interest expense. From time to time, we may incur additional indebtedness for, among other things, working capital, repurchasing, redeeming or tendering for existing indebtedness and acquisitions or other strategic transactions.

 

 

 

 

Certain terms of the New Credit Facility are described below.

 

Guarantees and Security

 

The obligations under the New Credit Facility are guaranteed by Reservoir, RMI and subsidiaries of Reservoir Media Management. All obligations of Reservoir, Reservoir Media Management and each guarantor under the New Credit Facility are secured by substantially all the assets of Reservoir, Reservoir Media Management and such subsidiary guarantor.

 

Covenants, Representations and Warranties

 

The New Credit Facility contains customary representations and warranties and customary affirmative and negative covenants. The negative covenants contained in the New Credit Facility limit the ability of RMI and its subsidiaries to, among other things, incur additional indebtedness or issue certain preferred shares; pay dividends, redeem stock or make other distributions; repurchase, prepay or redeem subordinated indebtedness; make investments; create restrictions on the ability of its subsidiaries to pay dividends to it or make other intercompany transfers; create liens; transfer or sell assets; consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of its assets; and enter into certain transactions with its affiliates.

 

Events of Default

 

Events of default under the New Credit Facility include, as applicable, nonpayment of principal when due, nonpayment of interest or other amounts, inaccuracy of representations or warranties in any material respect, violation of covenants, certain bankruptcy or insolvency events, certain ERISA events and certain material judgments, in each case, subject to customary thresholds, notice and grace period provisions.

 

Interest Rate Swaps

 

As of June 30, 2021, Reservoir Media Management had entered into four interest rate swaps. Two of these swaps expire on March 10, 2022, one with a notional amount of $57,634 thousand and one with a notional amount $39,712 thousand. Under the terms of the interest rate swaps, Reservoir Media Management pays a fixed rate of 2.8% and 3.0% respectively, to the counterparty and receives a floating interest from the counter party based on LIBOR with reference to notional amounts adjusted to match the original scheduled principal repayments pursuant to the New Credit Facility.

 

As of June 30, 2021, the two additional interest rate swaps, which were entered into during the year ended March 31, 2020, had notional amounts of $8,875 thousand and $88,099 thousand. These swaps have an effective date of March 10, 2022 which coincides with the expiration of the previous two swaps, and Reservoir Media Management will pay a fixed rate of 1.6% and 1.5%, respectively, and receive a floating interest rate from the counter party based on LIBOR with reference to notional amounts adjusted to match the original scheduled principal repayments pursuant to the New Credit Facility.

 

 

 

 

Covenant Compliance

 

The New Credit Facility contains a leverage ratio that is tied to Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined under the New Credit Facility. Reservoir Media Management’s ability to borrow funds under the New Credit Facility may depend upon its ability to meet the leverage ratio test at the end of a fiscal quarter to the extent it has outstanding debt. This leverage ratio carries a maximum of 6.0x.

 

The New Credit Facility contains a loan-to-value ratio that is tied to the library value, which is defined under the New Credit Facility. Reservoir Media Management’s ability to borrow funds under the New Credit Facility may depend upon its ability to meet the loan-to-value ratio at the end of a fiscal quarter to the extent it has outstanding debt. This loan-to-value ratio carries a maximum of 0.55x. This loan-to-value ratio is further subject to a valuation variance test, which is defined under the New Credit Facility, and which may further limit its borrowing ability.

 

The New Credit Facility contains a fixed charge coverage ratio that is tied to in the ability to service outstanding debt, which is defined in the New Credit Facility. Reservoir Media Management’s ability to borrow funds under the New Credit Facility may depend upon its ability to meet the fixed charge coverage test at the end of a fiscal quarter to the extent it has outstanding debt. This fixed charge coverage ratio carries a minimum of 1.25x.

 

Non-compliance with the leverage ratio, loan to value ratio, or the fixed charge coverage ratio could result in the inability to use the New Credit Facility, which could have a material adverse effect on Reservoir’s business, cash flows, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The New Credit Facility requires that the leverage ratio, loan-to-value ratio and fixed charge coverage ratio be calculated for the most recent four fiscal quarters. The New Credit Facility requires that the leverage ratio, loan-to-value ratio and fixed charge coverage ratio be calculated on a pro forma basis for certain transactions including acquisitions as if such transactions had occurred on the first date of the measurement period and may include expected cost savings and synergies resulting from or related to any such transaction. There can be no assurances that any such cost savings or synergies will be achieved in full.

 

Dividends

 

Reservoir Media Management’s ability to pay dividends is restricted by covenants in the New Credit Facility. For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, Reservoir Media Management did not pay any dividends to stockholders.

 

Summary

 

Management believes that funds generated from our operations and borrowings under the New Credit Facility and available cash and equivalents will be sufficient to fund our debt service requirements, working capital requirements and capital expenditure requirements for the foreseeable future. We also have additional borrowing capacity under the New Credit Facility. However, our ability to continue to fund these items and to reduce debt may be affected by general economic, financial, competitive, legislative and regulatory factors, as well as other industry-specific factors such as the ability to control music piracy and the continued transition from physical to digital formats in the recorded music and music publishing industries. It could also be affected by the severity and duration of natural or man-made disasters, including pandemics such as the COVID-19 pandemic. We and our affiliates continue to evaluate opportunities to, from time to time, depending on market conditions and prices, contractual restrictions, our financial liquidity and other factors, seek to pay dividends or prepay outstanding debt or repurchase or retire Reservoir’s outstanding debt, privately negotiated purchases or otherwise. The amounts involved in any such transactions, individually or in the aggregate, may be material and may be funded from available cash or from additional borrowings or equity raises. In addition, from time to time, depending on market conditions and prices, contractual restrictions, our financial liquidity, and other factors, we may seek to refinance the New Credit Facility with existing cash and/or with funds provided from additional borrowings.

 

Contractual and Other Obligations

 

As of June 30, 2021, there have been no material changes, outside the ordinary course of business, in our contractual obligations since March 31, 2021. See “RHI’s Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Contractual and Other Obligations” in the Registration Statement for information regarding our contractual obligations.

 

 

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

We believe that the following accounting policies involve a high degree of judgment and complexity. Accordingly, these are the policies we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our consolidated financial condition and results of our operations. See Note 2 to Reservoir’s consolidated financial statements for the years ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 included in the Registration Statement for a description of our other significant accounting policies. The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in those condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes thereto. The future effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations, cash flows and financial position are unclear. However, we believe we have used reasonable estimates and assumptions in preparing the condensed consolidated financial statements. Although we believe that the estimates we use are reasonable, due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making those estimates, actual results reported in future periods could differ from those estimates.

 

Revenue and Cost Recognition

 

As required by Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), Reservoir recognizes revenue when, or as, control of the promised services or goods is transferred to its customers and in an amount that reflects the consideration Reservoir is contractually due in exchange for those services or goods.

 

Music Publishing

 

Music Publishing revenues are earned from the receipt of royalties relating to the licensing of rights in musical compositions and the sale of published sheet music and songbooks. The receipt of royalties principally relates to amounts earned from the public performance of musical compositions, the mechanical reproduction of musical compositions on recorded media including digital formats and the use of musical compositions in synchronization with visual images. Music publishing royalties, except for synchronization royalties, generally are recognized when the sale or usage occurs. The most common form of consideration for publishing contracts is sales- and usage-based royalties. The collecting societies submit usage reports, typically with payment for royalties due, often on a quarterly or biannual reporting period, in arrears. Royalties are recognized as the sale or usage occurs based upon usage reports and, when these reports are not available, royalties are estimated based on historical data, such as recent royalties reported, company-specific information with respect to changes in repertoire, industry information and other relevant trends. Synchronization revenue is typically recognized as revenue when control of the license is transferred to the customer in accordance with ASC 606.

 

Recorded Music

 

Revenues from the sale or license of Recorded Music products through digital distribution channels are typically recognized when the sale or usage occurs based on usage reports received from the customer. Digital licensing contracts are generally long-term with consideration in the form of sales- and usage-based royalties that are typically received monthly. For certain licenses where the consideration is fixed and the intellectual property being licensed is static, revenue is recognized at the point in time when control of the licensed content is transferred to the customer. Revenues from the sale of physical Recorded Music products are recognized upon delivery, which occurs once the product has been shipped and control has been transferred.

 

Accounting for Royalty Costs and Royalty Advances

 

Reservoir incurs royalty costs that are payable to our recording artists and songwriters generated from the sale or license of our music publishing copyrights and recorded music catalogue. Royalties are calculated using negotiated rates in accordance with recording artist and songwriter contracts. Calculations are based on revenue earned or user/usage measures or a combination of these. There are instances where such data is not available to be processed and royalty cost calculations may be complex or involve judgments about significant volumes of data to be processed and analyzed.

 

In many instances, Reservoir commits to pay our recording artists and songwriters royalties in advance of future sales. Reservoir accounts for these advances under the related guidance in FASB ASC Topic 928, “Entertainment—Music” (“ASC 928”). Under ASC 928, Reservoir capitalizes as assets certain advances, which it believes are recoverable from future royalties to be earned by the recording artist or songwriter, when paid. Recoverability is assessed upon initial commitment of the advance based upon Reservoir’s forecast of anticipated revenue from the sale of future and existing albums or musical compositions. In determining whether the advance is recoverable, Reservoir evaluates the current and past popularity of the recording artist or songwriter, the sales history of the recording artist or songwriter, the initial or expected commercial acceptability of the product, the current and past popularity of the genre of music that the product is designed to appeal to, and other relevant factors. Advances vary in both amount and expected life based on the underlying recording artist or songwriter. To the extent that a portion of an outstanding advance is no longer deemed recoverable, that amount will be expensed in the period the determination is made.

 

 

 

 

Acquisitions and Business Combinations

 

In conjunction with each acquisition transaction, Reservoir assesses whether the transaction should follow accounting guidance applicable to an asset acquisition or a business combination. This assessment requires an evaluation of whether the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar identifiable assets, resulting in an asset acquisition or, if not, resulting in a business combination. If treated as an asset acquisition, the asset is recorded in accordance with Reservoir’s intangible asset policy and related acquisition costs are capitalized as part of the asset.

 

In a business combination, Reservoir recognizes identifiable assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and non-controlling interests at their fair values at the acquisition date. Any consideration paid in excess of the net fair value of the identifiable assets and liabilities acquired in a business combination is recorded to goodwill and acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist primarily of music catalogs (publishing and recorded). Intangible assets are recorded at fair value in a business combination and relative fair value in an asset acquisition. Intangible assets are amortized over their expected useful lives using the straight-line method.

 

Reservoir periodically reviews the carrying value of its amortizable intangible assets, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable or that the lives assigned may no longer be appropriate. To the extent the estimated future cash inflows attributable to the asset, less estimated future cash outflows, are less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to the difference between the carrying value of such asset and its fair value. If it is determined that events and circumstances warrant a revision to the remaining period of amortization, an asset’s remaining useful life would be changed, and the remaining carrying amount of the asset would be amortized prospectively over that revised remaining useful life.

 

 

 

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