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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
 FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from  ___________ to ____________          

Commission File Number: 001-35789
CyrusOne Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland   46-0691837
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
2850 N. Harwood Street, Suite 2200, Dallas, TX 75201
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(972) 350-0060
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class Trading Symbol Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $.01 par value CONE The NASDAQ Global Select Market
1.450% Senior Notes due 2027 CONE27 The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12 (g) of the Act: None.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  
Yes ý   No ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. 
Yes ¨   No ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    
Yes ý   No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    
Yes ý   No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.



Large Accelerated Filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
Yes    No ý
The aggregate market value of the Common Stock owned by non-affiliates on June 30, 2021, was $8.9 billion, computed by reference to the closing sale price of the Common Stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market on such date.
There were 129,563,290 shares of Common Stock outstanding as of February 11, 2022.
An amendment to this Form 10-K will be filed no later than 120 days after the close of registrant’s fiscal year with respect to the information to be included in Part III of this report to the extent described herein.






EXPLANATORY NOTE

Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this report to “we,” “us,” “our,” “our Company” or “the Company” refer to CyrusOne Inc., a Maryland corporation, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, including CyrusOne LP, a Maryland limited partnership. Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context requires otherwise, all references to “our operating partnership” or “the operating partnership” refer to CyrusOne LP together with its consolidated subsidiaries.

CyrusOne Inc. is a real estate investment trust, or REIT, whose only material asset is its ownership of operating partnership units of CyrusOne LP. CyrusOne Inc. does not conduct business itself, other than acting as the sole beneficial owner and trustee of CyrusOne GP, a Maryland statutory trust, issuing public equity from time to time and guaranteeing certain debt of CyrusOne LP and certain of its subsidiaries. CyrusOne Inc., directly or indirectly, owns all of the issued and outstanding operating partnership units of CyrusOne LP as of December 31, 2021, except for de minimis holdings by certain officers and employees of the Company of LTIP Units (as described below) in CyrusOne LP as a result of awards granted under the LTIP (as defined below), and has the full, exclusive and complete responsibility for the operating partnership's day-to-day management and control. Effective February 1, 2021, the Company reorganized CyrusOne LP to classify the partnership as a regarded entity under the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"). See Part I, Item 1A "Risk Factors-Risks Related to Our Organization Structure" of this Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Form 10-K") for more information. CyrusOne Inc. itself does not issue any indebtedness but guarantees the debt of CyrusOne LP and certain of its subsidiaries, as disclosed in this report. CyrusOne LP and its subsidiaries hold substantially all the assets of the Company. CyrusOne LP conducts the operations of the business, along with its subsidiaries, and is structured as a partnership with no publicly traded equity. Except for net proceeds from public equity issuances by CyrusOne Inc., which are generally contributed to CyrusOne LP in exchange for operating partnership units, CyrusOne LP generates the capital required for the Company's business through CyrusOne LP's operations and incurrence of indebtedness.

As of December 31, 2021, the total number of outstanding shares of our common stock was approximately 129.6 million.
3



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PART I
ITEM 1.
7
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 1B.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
PART II
ITEM 5.
ITEM 6.
ITEM 7.
ITEM 7A.
ITEM 8.
ITEM 9.
ITEM 9A.
ITEM 9B.
ITEM 9C.
PART III
ITEM 10.
ITEM 11.
ITEM 12.
ITEM 13.
ITEM 14.
PART IV
ITEM 15.
ITEM 16.
4



SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Form 10-K, together with other statements and information publicly disseminated by our company, contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and include this statement for purposes of complying with these safe harbor provisions.
In particular, statements pertaining to our capital resources, portfolio performance, financial condition and results of operations contain certain forward-looking statements. Likewise, all of our statements regarding anticipated growth in our funds from operations and anticipated market conditions, demographics and results of operations are forward-looking statements. You can identify forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates” or “anticipates” or the negative of these words and phrases or similar words or phrases that are predictions of or indicate future events or trends and that do not relate solely to historical matters. You can also identify forward-looking statements by discussions of strategy, plans or intentions.
Forward-looking statements involve numerous risks and uncertainties and you should not rely on them as predictions of future events. Forward-looking statements depend on assumptions, data or methods that may be incorrect or imprecise and we may not be able to realize them. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove
incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those anticipated, estimated or projected.
The following factors, among others, could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements:
risks related to our proposed merger with Parent (as defined below), including but not limited to that the merger may not be completed in a timely manner or at all and the failure to realize the anticipated benefits of the proposed merger;

risks related to the asset purchase agreement for the disposition of substantially all of the assets exclusively related to our for facilities in the Houston area, including but not limited to that the asset purchase may not be completed in a timely manner or at all and the failure to realize the anticipated benefits of the asset purchase;

the merger or asset purchase diverting management’s attention from the Company’s ongoing business operations;

the potential widespread and highly uncertain impact of public health outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics, such as the COVID-19 pandemic;
loss of key customers;

indemnification and liability provisions as well as service level commitments in our contracts with customers imposing     significant costs on us in the event of losses;

economic downturn, natural disaster or oversupply of data centers in the limited geographic areas that we serve;

risks related to the development of our properties including, without limitation, obtaining applicable permits, power and connectivity, and our ability to successfully lease those properties;

weakening in the fundamentals for data center real estate, including but not limited to increased competition, falling market rents, decreases in or slowed growth of global data, e-commerce and demand for outsourcing of data storage and cloud-based applications;

loss of access to key third-party service providers and suppliers;

risks of loss of power or cooling which may interrupt our services to our customers;

inability to identify and complete acquisitions and operate acquired properties;

our failure to obtain necessary outside financing on favorable terms, or at all;

5



restrictions in the instruments governing our indebtedness;

risks related to environmental, social and governance matters;

unknown or contingent liabilities related to our acquisitions;

significant competition in our industry;

recent turnover, or the further loss of, any of our key personnel;

risks associated with real estate assets and the industry;

failure to maintain our status as a REIT or to comply with the highly technical and complex REIT provisions of the Code;

REIT distribution requirements could adversely affect our ability to execute our business plan;

insufficient cash available for distribution to stockholders;

future offerings of debt may adversely affect the market price of our common stock;

increases in market interest rates will increase our borrowing costs and may drive potential investors to seek higher dividend yields and reduce demand for our common stock;

market price and volume of stock could be volatile;

risks related to regulatory changes impacting our customers and demand for colocation space in particular geographies;

our international activities, including those conducted as a result of land acquisitions and with respect to leased land and buildings, are subject to special risks different from those faced by us in the United States;

expanded and widened price increases in certain selective materials for data center development capital expenditures due to international trade negotiations;

failure to comply with anti-corruption laws and regulations;

legislative or other actions relating to taxes;

any significant security breach or cyber-attack on us or our key partners or customers;

the ongoing trade conflict between the United States and the People's Republic of China ("PRC");

increased operating costs and capital expenditures at our facilities, including those resulting from higher utilization by our customers, general market conditions and inflation, exceeding revenue growth; and
other factors affecting the real estate and technology industries generally.
While forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs, they are not guarantees of future performance. For a further discussion of these and other factors that could impact our future results, performance or transactions, see Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K. Given these risks and uncertainties, investors should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of actual results. We disclaim any obligation other than as required by law to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors or for new information, data or methods, future events or other changes.


6



PART I
ITEM 1.    BUSINESS
The Company

We are a fully integrated, self-managed data center real estate investment trust ("REIT") that owns, operates and develops enterprise-class, carrier-neutral, multi-tenant and single-tenant data center properties. Founded in 2001, CyrusOne Inc. successfully completed an initial public offering and began trading on the NASDAQ Exchange on January 18, 2013. Our data centers are generally purpose-built facilities with redundant power and cooling. They are not network specific and enable customer connectivity to a range of telecommunication carriers. We design, build, and operate facilities across the United States and Europe that give customers the flexibility and scale to match their specific growth needs. CyrusOne specializes in highly reliable enterprise data center colocation, engineering facilities with the highest power redundancy (i.e., "distributed redundant" architecture and in some cases "2N architecture") and power-density infrastructure required to deliver excellent availability. For a discussion of the risks to us posed by COVID-19 as well as its effects on our business, see Part II, Item 7 of this Form 10-K.

Our strategy is focused on hyperscale cloud based providers and enterprises, including existing customers we believe have significant data center infrastructure needs that have not yet been outsourced or will require additional data center space and power to support their growth and their increasing reliance on technology infrastructure in their operations. We believe our capabilities and reputation for serving the needs of large hyperscale providers and enterprises will continue to enable us to capitalize on the growing demand for outsourced data center facilities in our markets and in new markets where our customers are located or plan to be located in the future.

As previously announced, on November 14, 2021, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with Calvary Parent L.P. and Cavalry Merger Sub LLC. See Part II, Item 7—Overview—"Pending Acquisition by KKR and GIP" of this Form 10-K.


































7



The following diagram depicts our ownership structure as of December 31, 2021:

cone-20211231_g1.jpg




8



Our Business
We provide mission-critical data center real estate assets that protect and ensure the continued operation of information technology ("IT") infrastructure for our customers. We provide twenty-four hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week security guard monitoring with customizable security features. Our goal is to be the preferred global data center provider to hyperscale cloud companies and to the global Fortune 1000 enterprises. Currently, CyrusOne customers include 190 of the Fortune 1000 companies as well as ten of the Fortune 20 or private or foreign enterprises of equivalent size, together representing approximately 80% of our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. See Our Portfolio discussion for the definition of annualized rent.
Data centers are highly specialized and secure real estate assets that serve as centralized deployments of server, storage and network equipment. They are designed to provide the space, power, cooling and network connectivity necessary to efficiently operate mission-critical IT equipment. Telecommunications carriers typically provide network access into a data center through optical fiber. The demand for data center infrastructure is being driven by many factors, but most importantly by significant growth in data and increased demand for data processing and storage infrastructure. The market for data center facilities includes cloud-centric companies with sophisticated technology requirements, as well as established “traditional” enterprises that are web-enabling their applications and business processes.

We cultivate long-term strategic relationships with our customers and provide them with solutions for their data center facilities and IT infrastructure challenges. The Company provides high-quality colocation with robust connectivity and the flexibility for customers to scale for future growth. Our offerings provide flexibility, reliability and security delivered through a tailored, customer service-focused platform that is designed to foster long-term relationships. We focus on technology and large cloud computing customers that are expanding their data needs rapidly in the public and private cloud environments to provide them with solutions that address their current and future needs. Our facilities and construction design allow us to offer flexibility in density and power resiliency, and the opportunity for expansion as our customers' needs grow. The Company's network of 56 owned or leased data centers and investments with other colocation providers, enable us to provide our customers with solutions in the United States and Europe. The platform enables high-performance, low-cost data transfer and accessibility for customers.

As a full-service provider of data center solutions, our primary revenue sources consist of colocation rent and power reimbursements from the lease of our data centers. We also have revenue from services or products we provide to our customers including managed services, equipment sales, installation and other services. Colocation leases may include all or portions of a data center, where customers may also lease office space to support their colocation operations where revenue is primarily based on power usage as well as square footage.

Our Competitive Strengths

Our ability to attract and retain the world’s largest customers is attributed to the following competitive strengths, which distinguish us from other data center operators and enable us to continue to grow our operations.
High Quality Customer Base. The high quality of our assets, combined with our reputation for serving the needs of large enterprises and cloud companies, has enabled us to focus on the Fortune 1000, or other companies of equivalent size, to build a quality customer base. We currently have approximately 1,000 customers from a broad spectrum of industries. Our revenue is generated by an enterprise customer base, as evidenced by the fact that as of December 31, 2021, 80% of our annualized rent comes from 190 of the Fortune 1000 companies as well as ten of the Fortune 20 or private or foreign enterprises of equivalent size. We serve a diversity of industries, including information technology, financial services, energy, oil and gas, mining, medical, research and consulting services, and consumer goods and services.
Microsoft Corporation represented 19% of our total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2021 and 20% of our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021.
Strategically Located Portfolio. Our portfolio is located in several domestic and international markets possessing attractive characteristics for enterprise-focused data center operations. We have domestic properties in seven of the largest metropolitan areas in the U.S. (Northern Virginia, New York, Chicago, Houston, Phoenix, San Antonio and Dallas) and five of the largest metropolitan areas for Fortune 500 headquarters (New York, Houston, Dallas, Chicago and Santa Clara). We also have ten properties in international markets including four in London, United Kingdom, three in Frankfurt, Germany, one in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, one in Dublin, the Republic of Ireland and one in Paris, France. We have data centers under construction in Santa Clara, California, Dublin, the Republic of Ireland, Frankfurt, Germany, London, United Kingdom and Paris, France. We believe cities with large populations or a large number of corporate headquarters are likely to produce incremental demand for
9



IT infrastructure. In addition, being located close to our current and potential customers provides chief information officers ("CIOs") with additional confidence when outsourcing their data center infrastructure to us.
Modern, High Quality, Flexible Facilities. Our portfolio includes highly efficient, reliable facilities with flexibility to customize customer solutions and accessibility to hundreds of connectivity providers. To optimize the delivery of power, our properties include modern engineering technologies designed to minimize unnecessary power usage and, in our newest facilities, we are able to provide power utilization efficiency ratios that we believe to be among the best in the multi-tenant data center industry. Fortune 1000 CIOs are frequently dividing their application stacks into various groups as some applications require 100% availability, while others may require significant power to support complex computing, or robust connectivity. Our facility design enables us to deliver different power densities and resiliencies to the same customer footprint, allowing customers to tailor solutions to meet their application needs. In addition, the National IX Platform and other connectivity solutions, discussed below, provide access to hundreds of telecommunication and Internet carriers.
Massively Modular® Construction Methods. Our Massively Modular® data center design principles allow us to efficiently stage construction on a large scale and deliver critical power and colocation square feet (CSF) in a timeframe that we believe is one of the best in the industry. We acquire or build a large powered shell capable of scaling with our customers’ power and colocation space needs. Once the building shell is ready, we can build individual data center halls in portions of the building space to meet the needs of customers on a modular basis. This modular data center hall construction typically can be completed in 12 to 16 weeks to meet our customers’ immediate needs. This short construction timeframe ensures a very high utilization of the assets and minimizes the time between our capital investment and the recognition of customer revenue, favorably impacting our return on investment while also translating into lower costs for our customers. Our design principles also allow us to add incremental equipment to increase power densities as our customers’ power needs increase, which provides our customers with a significant amount of flexibility to manage their IT demands. We believe this Massively Modular® approach allows us to respond to rapidly evolving customer needs and to commit capital toward the highest return projects.
Significant Leasing Capability. Our focus on the customer, our ability to scale with their needs, and our operational excellence provide us with embedded future growth from our customer base. During 2021, we signed new leases representing $217.1 million in annualized revenue, with previously existing customers accounting for approximately 96% of this amount. Since December 31, 2020, we have increased our CSF by approximately 428,904 square feet or 9%, while maintaining a high percentage of CSF utilized of 83% and 84% as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Significant, Attractive Expansion Opportunities. As of December 31, 2021, we had 1.7 million gross square feet (GSF) of powered shell available for future development and approximately 505 acres of land that are available for future data center facility development, consisting of 427 acres in U.S. markets and 78 acres in Europe. The powered shell available for future development in locations that are part of our portfolio consist of approximately 609,000 GSF in the Northeast (Raleigh-Durham, Northern Virginia and New York Metro), 403,000 GSF in the Southwest (Texas and Phoenix), 229,000 GSF in the Midwest (Chicago, Cincinnati and Iowa) and 494,000 GSF in our international markets (London, Frankfurt, Amsterdam, Dublin and Paris). Our current development properties and available acreage were selected based on extensive site selection criteria and the collective industry knowledge and experience of our management team, with a focus on markets with a strong presence of and high demand by Fortune 1000 companies and providers of cloud services. As a result, we believe that our development portfolio contains properties that are located in markets with attractive supply and demand conditions and that possess suitable physical characteristics to support data center infrastructure.
Differentiated Reputation for Service. We believe that the decision CIOs make to outsource their data center infrastructure has material implications for their businesses and, as such, CIOs look to third-party data center providers that have a reputation for serving similar organizations and that are able to deliver a customized solution. We take a consultative approach to understanding the unique requirements of our customers, and our design principles allow us to deliver a customized data center solution to match their needs. We believe that this approach has helped fuel our growth. Our current customers are also often the source of new contracts, with referrals being an important source of new customers.
Experienced Management Team. Our management team is comprised of individuals drawing on diverse knowledge and skill sets acquired through extensive experiences in the real estate, REITs, telecommunications, technology and mission-critical infrastructure industries.

Balance Sheet Positioned to Fund Continued Growth. As of December 31, 2021, we had $1,851.2 million in available liquidity, including $1,391.6 million in borrowing capacity under our Amended Credit Agreement. The Amended Credit Agreement consists of a $1.4 billion revolving credit facility ("Revolving Credit Facility"), which includes a $750.0 million multicurrency borrowing sublimit, a 3-year term loan with commitments totaling $400.0 million ("2023 Term Loan Facility") and a $700.0 million 5-year term loan ("2025 Term Loan Facility") (collectively, the "Amended Credit Agreement"). The Amended Credit Agreement also includes an accordion feature providing for an aggregate increase in the revolving and term
10



loan components to $4.0 billion, subject to certain conditions. We believe that we are appropriately capitalized with sufficient financial flexibility and capacity to fund our anticipated growth. See Part II, Item 7 of this Form 10-K for a discussion of our short-term liquidity.

Experienced Sales Force with Partner Channel. We have an experienced sales force with a particular expertise in selling to large enterprises and providers of cloud services, which can require extensive consultation and drive long sales cycles as these enterprises make the initial outsourcing decision. As of December 31, 2021, we had 51 sales-related employees. We believe the depth, knowledge, and experience of our sales team differentiates us from other data center companies, and we are not as dependent on brokers to identify and acquire customers as some other companies in the industry. To complement our direct sales efforts, we have developed a robust network of partners, including value added resellers, systems integrators and hosting providers.
Business and Growth Strategies
Our objective is to grow our revenue and earnings, and maximize stockholder returns and cash flow, by continuing to expand our data center infrastructure outsourcing business.
Increasing Revenue from Existing Customers and Properties. We have historically generated a significant portion of our revenue growth from our existing customers, with previously existing customers accounting for approximately 96%, 94% and 75% of annualized revenue from new leases during 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively. We will continue to target our existing customers because we believe that many have significant data center infrastructure needs that have not yet been outsourced, and many will require additional data center space and power to support their growth and their increasing reliance on technology infrastructure in their operations. To address new demand, as of December 31, 2021, we have approximately 1.6 million GSF currently available for lease. We also have approximately 1.4 million GSF under development, as well as 1.7 million GSF of additional powered shell space under roof available for future development and approximately 505 acres of land that are available for future data center facility development.
Attracting and Retaining New Customers. Increasingly, enterprises are beginning to recognize the complexities of managing data center infrastructure in the midst of digitalization and rapid technological development and innovation. We believe that these complexities, brought about by the rapidly increasing levels of Internet traffic and data, private and public cloud adoption, obsolete existing corporate data center infrastructure, increased power and cooling requirements and increased regulatory requirements, are all driving the need for companies to outsource their data center facility requirements. Consequently, this will significantly increase the percentage of companies that use third-party data center colocation services over the next several years. We believe that our high-quality assets and reputation for serving cloud providers and large enterprises have been, and will be, key differentiators for us in attracting customers that are outsourcing their data center infrastructure needs.
We acquire customers through a variety of channels. We have historically managed our sales process through a direct-to-the-customer model but also utilize third-party leasing agents and indirect leasing channels to expand our universe of potential new customers. Over the past few years, we have developed a network of partners in our indirect leasing channels, including value added resellers, systems integrators and hosting providers. These channels, in combination with our marketing strategies, have enabled us to build both a strong brand and outreach program to new customers. Throughout the life cycle of a customer’s lease with us, we maintain a disciplined approach to monitoring their experience, with the goal of providing the highest level of customer service. This personal attention fosters a strong relationship and trust with our customers, which lead to future growth and leasing renewals.
Expanding into New Markets. Our expansion strategy focuses on acquiring and developing new data centers, both domestically and internationally, in markets where our customers are located and in markets with a strong presence of and high demand by Fortune 1000 customers and providers of cloud services. We conduct extensive analysis to ensure an identified market displays strong data center fundamentals, independent of the demand presented by any particular customer. In addition, we consider markets where our existing customers want us to be located. We regularly communicate with our customers to understand their business strategies and potential data center needs. We believe that this approach, combined with our Massively Modular® construction design, reduces the risk associated with expansion into new markets because it provides strong visibility into our leasing opportunities and helps to ensure targeted returns on new developments. When considering a new market, we take a disciplined approach in evaluating potential business, property and site acquisitions, including a site’s geographic attributes, availability of telecommunications and connectivity providers, access to power, and expected costs for development.
Growing Interconnection Business. Our National IX Platform and other connectivity solutions deliver interconnection across states and between metro-enabled sites within the CyrusOne facility footprint and beyond. The National IX Platform enables high-performance, low-cost data transfer and accessibility for our customers seeking to connect between CyrusOne facilities, from CyrusOne to their own private data center facility, or with one another via private peering, cross connects and/or public switching environments. Interconnection within a facility or on the National IX Platform and other connectivity solutions allow
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our customers to share information and conduct commerce in a highly efficient manner not requiring a third-party intermediary, and at a fraction of the cost normally required to establish such a connection between two enterprises. The demand for interconnection creates additional rental and revenue growth opportunities for us, and we believe that customer interconnections increase our likelihood of customer retention by providing an environment not easily replicated by competitors. We act as a trusted neutral party that enterprises, carriers and content companies utilize to connect to each other.

Sustainability

At CyrusOne, we recognize that building and operating large data centers leads to a geographic concentration of environmental impacts, even if the total impact is reduced compared to inefficiencies of smaller data rooms. Being a leader in this industry means embracing our responsibility for reducing those impacts. In 2021, we allocated €500.0 million in net proceeds from our inaugural green bond offering for future investment in green buildings and energy efficiency projects.

We approach our sustainability mission in three ways:

1.Sustainable Future: We build data centers that are compatible with a sustainable future. We cannot just build a data center to meet today’s challenges; we need to build it with the future in mind.
2.Energy and Water Conservation: We are committed to conserving both energy and water through the effective design, maintenance, and operation of our facilities. We cannot just trade water for energy and ignore its impact.
3.Strategic Partners: We collaborate strategically with our customers to move their sustainability goals forward. Our customers have some of the most ambitious sustainability goals of any industry, so the best thing we can do for the environment is to help them succeed.

Priorities for strategy and materiality for sustainability reporting are two sides of the same coin. We use a unified process to identify where we have the biggest sustainability impacts and where we should therefore focus our improvements. Please see our CyrusOne Sustainability Report 2021 which is available on our website at http://www.cyrusone.com. The content of our website and sustainability report is not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K or in any other report or document we file with the SEC.
Our Portfolio
We operate 56 data centers, including one recovery center, totaling 8.6 million GSF, of which 83% of the CSF is leased and has 984 megawatts ("MW") of power capacity. This includes 12 buildings where we lease such facilities. We are lessee of approximately 11% of our total GSF as of December 31, 2021. Also included in our total GSF, CSF and MW are pre-stabilized assets (which include data halls that have been in service for less than 24 months and are less than 85% leased) that have approximately 400,090 GSF and 34% of the CSF is leased with capacity of 43 MW of power.
In addition, we have properties under development comprising approximately 1.4 million GSF and 149 MW of power capacity. The estimated remaining total costs to develop these properties is projected to be between $643.0 million and $730.0 million. The increase over the prior year is primarily due to developments in Chicago, Houston and London. The final costs to develop are likely to change depending on several factors including the customer capital improvements required based on the future lease contracts executed on such properties. We also have 505 acres of land available for future data center development. The following tables provide an overview of our operating and development properties as of December 31, 2021.
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CyrusOne Inc.
Data Center Portfolio
As of December 31, 2021
(unaudited)
   
Gross Square Feet (GSF)(a)
Powered
Shell 
Available
for Future 
Development
(GSF)
(k) (000)
Available Critical Load Capacity
 (MW)
(l)
Stabilized Properties(b)
Metro
Area
Annualized Rent(c) ($000)
Colocation Space (CSF)(d) (000)
CSF Occupied(e)
CSF
Leased(f)
Office & Other(g) (000)
Office & Other Occupied(h)
Supporting
Infrastructure
(i) (000)
Total(j) (000)
Dallas - Carrollton Dallas $ 97,792  428  77  % 77  % 83  47  % 133  644  —  60 
Northern Virginia - Sterling V Northern Virginia 73,518  383  99  % 99  % 11  100  % 145  539  231  69 
Northern Virginia - Sterling VI Northern Virginia 66,641  272  100  % 100  % 35  —  % —  307  —  57 
Frankfurt II Frankfurt 52,169  90  100  % 100  % 100  % 72  171  10  35 
Frankfurt III Frankfurt 48,541  124  100  % 100  % 19  100  % 115  258  —  44 
Somerset I New York Metro 43,880  169  91  % 91  % 27  100  % 149  344  28  25 
Northern Virginia - Sterling II Northern Virginia 43,520  159  100  % 100  % 100  % 55  223  —  30 
San Antonio III San Antonio 34,707  132  100  % 100  % 100  % 43  184  —  24 
London II* London 30,796  81  100  % 100  % 10  100  % 94  184  —  28 
Phoenix - Chandler VI Phoenix 30,170  148  100  % 100  % 100  % 32  187  59  24 
Chicago - Aurora I Chicago 29,515  113  98  % 98  % 34  100  % 223  371  27  52 
Frankfurt I Frankfurt 27,937  53  97  % 97  % 91  % 57  118  —  18 
Dallas - Lewisville* Dallas 27,127  114  74  % 79  % 11  57  % 54  180  —  21 
Cincinnati - North Cincinnati Cincinnati 26,980  68  100  % 100  % 45  80  % 53  166  59  14 
Phoenix - Chandler V Phoenix 26,018  143  95  % 99  % 97  % 25  170  13  27 
Cincinnati - 7th Street*** Cincinnati 24,546  197  47  % 47  % 68  % 175  378  46  17 
Totowa - Madison** New York Metro 23,612  51  74  % 74  % 22  89  % 59  133  —  12 
Phoenix - Chandler I Phoenix 22,312  74  99  % 99  % 35  11  % 39  147  31  12 
Austin III Austin 21,809  62  59  % 59  % 15  96  % 21  98  67  11 
Raleigh-Durham I Raleigh-Durham 21,223  94  100  % 100  % 16  100  % 82  192  235  14 
Phoenix - Chandler II Phoenix 21,078  74  100  % 100  % 53  % 26  105  —  12 
Houston - Houston West II Houston 20,743  80  67  % 67  % 97  % 55  139  11  12 
London I* London 20,117  46  100  % 100  % 12  56  % 58  115  —  17 
Northern Virginia - Sterling III Northern Virginia 19,913  79  100  % 100  % 100  % 34  120  —  15 
San Antonio I San Antonio 19,665  44  98  % 98  % 83  % 46  96  11  12 
Phoenix - Chandler III Phoenix 19,400  68  100  % 100  % —  % 30  101  —  18 
Northern Virginia - Sterling IV Northern Virginia 18,713  81  100  % 100  % 100  % 34  122  —  15 
Houston - Houston West I Houston 18,478  112  48  % 48  % 11  100  % 37  161  32 
Northern Virginia - Sterling I Northern Virginia 17,694  78  89  % 89  % 63  % 49  132  —  12 
San Antonio II San Antonio 17,339  64  100  % 100  % 11  100  % 41  117  —  12 
San Antonio V San Antonio 17,097  134  90  % 90  % 14  100  % 38  187  21 
Wappingers Falls I** New York Metro 16,833  37  62  % 62  % 20  86  % 15  72  — 
London III* London 16,255  39  100  % 100  % 100  % 49  91  —  12 
Austin II Austin 14,815  44  81  % 81  % 81  % 22  68  — 
Northern Virginia - Sterling IX Northern Virginia 13,313  91  100  % 100  % 100  % 101  —  12 
San Antonio IV San Antonio 13,059  60  100  % 100  % 12  100  % 27  99  —  12 
Phoenix - Chandler IV Phoenix 12,978  73  100  % 100  % 100  % 27  103  —  12 
Florence Cincinnati 11,445  53  99  % 99  % 47  87  % 40  140  — 
Dublin Dublin 9,703  76  100  % 100  % 10  100  % 33  119  76  12 
Chicago - Aurora II (DH #1) Chicago 9,655  77  60  % 60  % 45  % 14  136  27  16 
Houston - Galleria Houston 9,250  63  37  % 37  % 23  21  % 25  112  —  11 
Cincinnati - Hamilton* Cincinnati 9,196  47  65  % 65  % 100  % 35  83  — 
Houston - Houston West III Houston 8,851  53  50  % 50  % 10  13  % 32  95 
Norwalk I** New York Metro 7,337  17  100  % 100  % 10  100  % 41  68  83 
London - Great Bridgewater** London 6,357  10  91  % 91  % —  —  % 11  — 
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CyrusOne Inc.
Data Center Portfolio
As of December 31, 2021
(Unaudited)
Gross Square Feet (GSF)(a)
Powered
Shell 
Available
for Future 
Development
(GSF)
(k) (000)
Available Critical Load Capacity
 (MW)
(l)
Stabilized Properties(b)
Metro
Area
Annualized Rent(c)
 ($000)
Colocation Space (CSF)(d) (000)
CSF Occupied(e)
CSF
Leased(f)
Office & Other(g) (000)
Office & Other Occupied(h)
Supporting
Infrastructure
(i) (000)
Total(j) (000)
Paris I Paris $ 5,706  26  100  % 100  % 100  % 15  45  201 
Dallas - Allen (DH #1) Dallas 5,365  79  24  % 24  % —  —  % 58  137  204 
Stamford - Riverbend** New York Metro 4,961  20  22  % 22  % —  —  % 28  — 
Cincinnati - Mason Cincinnati 4,701  34  100  % 100  % 26  98  % 17  78  — 
Amsterdam I Amsterdam 4,253  39  100  % 100  % 15  100  % 40  94  207 
Phoenix - Chandler VII Phoenix 3,703  62  71  % 71  % 10  21  % 38  110  —  15 
Chicago - Lombard Chicago 2,381  14  50  % 50  % 79  % 12  30  29 
Totowa - Commerce** New York Metro 811  —  —  % —  % 20  45  % 26  —  — 
Cincinnati - Blue Ash* Cincinnati 435  36  % 36  % 100  % 15  — 
Stabilized Properties - Total $ 1,174,411  4,833  86  % 86  % 780  69  % 2,632  8,246  1,661  941 
Pre-Stabilized Properties(b)
Northern Virginia - Sterling VIII Northern Virginia 13,453  61  59  % 59  % —  % 25  90  —  12 
Northern Virginia - Sterling IX Northern Virginia 6,380  104  43  % 44  % —  % 68  173  32  21 
Council Bluffs I Iowa 2,085  42  12  % 15  % 14  —  % 18  73  42 
Somerset (DH #12 and #13) New York Metro —  54  —  % —  % —  % —  63  — 
All Properties - Total $ 1,196,329  5,094  83  % 83  % 809  67  % 2,743  8,646  1,736  984 

*    Indicates properties in which we hold a leasehold interest in the building shell and land. All data center infrastructure has been constructed by us and is owned by us.
**    Indicates properties in which we hold a leasehold interest in the building shell, land, and all data center infrastructure.
*** The information provided for the Cincinnati - 7th Street property includes data for two facilities, one of which we lease and one of which we own.    

(a)Represents the total square feet of a building under lease or available for lease based on engineers' drawings and estimates but does not include space held for development or space used by CyrusOne.
(b)Stabilized properties include data halls that have been in service for at least 24 months or are at least 85% leased. Pre-stabilized properties include data halls that have been in service for less than 24 months and are less than 85% leased.
(c)Represents monthly contractual rent (defined as cash rent including customer reimbursements for metered power) under existing customer leases as of December 31, 2021 multiplied by 12. For the month of December 2021, customer reimbursements were $268.8 million annualized and consisted of reimbursements by customers across all facilities with separately metered power. Customer reimbursements under leases with separately metered power vary from month-to-month based on factors such as our customers' utilization of power and the suppliers' pricing of power. From January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2021, customer reimbursements under leases with separately metered power constituted between 14.9% and 22.5% of annualized rent. After giving effect to abatements, free rent and other straight-line adjustments, our annualized effective rent as of December 31, 2021 was $1,195.9 million. Our annualized effective rent was lower than our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021 because our negative straight-line and other adjustments and amortization of deferred revenue exceeded our positive straight-line adjustments due to factors such as the timing of contractual rent escalations and customer payments for services.
(d)CSF represents the GSF at an operating facility that is currently leased or readily available for lease as colocation space, where customers locate their servers and other IT equipment.
(e)Percent occupied is determined based on CSF billed to customers under signed leases as of December 31, 2021 divided by total CSF. Leases signed but that have not commenced billing as of December 31, 2021 are not included.
(f)Percent leased is calculated by dividing CSF under signed leases for colocation space (whether or not the lease has commenced billing) by total CSF.
(g)Represents the GSF at an operating facility that is currently leased or readily available for lease as space other than CSF, which is typically office and other space.
(h)Percent occupied is determined based on Office & Other space being billed to customers under signed leases as of December 31, 2021 divided by total Office & Other space. Leases signed but not commenced as of December 31, 2021 are not included.
(i)Represents infrastructure support space, including mechanical, telecommunications and utility rooms, as well as building common areas.
(j)Represents the GSF at an operating facility that is currently leased or readily available for lease. This excludes existing vacant space held for development.
(k)Represents space that is under roof that could be developed in the future for GSF, rounded to the nearest 1,000.
(l)Critical power capacity represents the gross aggregate of UPS power installed and available to provide multiple redundancy levels for lease and exclusive use by customers. Capacity is stated in megawatts as represented by UPS manufacturer nameplate ratings and does not include ancillary UPS capacity not configured for the direct support of leased customer critical IT load (e.g. dedicated office power, office disaster recovery UPS, or UPS utilized by CyrusOne for infrastructure control circuits). The available critical load capacity was restated for certain properties as compared to our September 30, 2020 disclosure based on a reconciliation performed for each property. Does not sum to total due to rounding.


14



CyrusOne Inc.
GSF Under Development
As of December 31, 2021
(Dollars in millions)
(unaudited)
GSF Under Development(a)
Under Development Costs(b)
Facilities Metro Area Estimated Completion Date Colocation Space
(CSF) (000)
Office & Other (000) Supporting
Infrastructure (000)
Powered  Shell(c) (000)
Total (000)
Critical Load MW Capacity(d)
Actual to
Date(e)
Estimated  Costs to
Completion(f)
Total
Houston West III Houston 2Q'22 126  —  80  —  207  42.0  $6  $122-136  $128-142
Aurora II Chicago 2Q'22 165  —  80  —  245  42.0   137-151  143-157
Chandler VII Phoenix 2Q'22 82  14  22  —  117  25.5   86-96  87-97
San Antonio VI Texas 4Q'22 —  —  —  125  125  —  —   21-24  21-24
Sterling X Northern Virginia 2Q'22 —  —  —  225  225  —  12   30-36  42-48
London IV London 2Q'22 38  39  101  186  6.0  11   35-54  46-65
Frankfurt IV Frankfurt 1Q'23 73  11  39  —  122  17.0  13   108-127  121-140
London V London 3Q'23 52  12  49  17  130  16.5  12   104-106  116-118
Total 536  43  310  469  1,357  149.0  $61 $643-730  $704-791

(a)Represents GSF at a facility for which, as of December 31, 2021, activities have commenced or are expected to commence in the next 2 quarters to prepare the space for its intended use. Estimates and timing are subject to change. May not sum to total due to rounding.
(b)London development costs are GBP-denominated and shown as USD-equivalent based on an exchange rate of 1.35 as of December 31, 2021. Dublin, Frankfurt and Paris development costs are EUR-denominated and shown as USD-equivalent based on an exchange rate of 1.13 as of December 31, 2021.
(c)Represents GSF under construction that, upon completion, will be powered shell available for future development into GSF.
(d)Critical power capacity represents the gross aggregate of UPS power installed and available to provide multiple redundancy levels for lease and exclusive use by customers. Capacity is stated in megawatts as represented by UPS manufacturer nameplate ratings and does not include ancillary UPS capacity not configured for the direct support of leased customer critical IT load.
(e)Actual to date is the cash investment as of December 31, 2021. There may be accruals above this amount for work completed, for which cash has not yet been paid.
(f)Represents management’s estimate of the total costs required to complete the current GSF under development. There may be an increase in costs if customers require greater power density.


15



Customer Diversification

Our portfolio is currently leased to approximately 1,000 customers, many of which are leading global companies. The following table sets forth information regarding the 20 largest customers, including their affiliates, in our portfolio based on annualized rent as of December 31, 2021:
CyrusOne Inc.
Customer Sector Diversification(a)
As of December 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
Principal Customer Industry Number of
Locations
Annualized
Rent(b) (000)
Percentage of
Portfolio
Annualized
Rent(c)
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Lease Term in
Months(d)
1 Information Technology 13  $ 238,726  20.0  % 84.2 
2 Information Technology 118,620  9.9  % 45.4 
3 Information Technology 14  87,138  7.3  % 27.9 
4 Information Technology 60,353  5.0  % 30.9 
5 Information Technology 10  50,374  4.2  % 39.4 
6 Information Technology 45,179  3.8  % 43.9 
7 Information Technology 22,508  1.9  % 23.3 
8 Financial Services 20,837  1.7  % 111.0 
9 Healthcare 16,431  1.4  % 72.0 
10 Information Technology 16,383  1.4  % 26.8 
11 Research and Consulting Services 14,634  1.2  % 10.0 
12 Financial Services 12,048  1.0  % 30.7 
13 Financial Services 11,697  1.0  % 75.4 
14 Financial Services 11,568  1.0  % 77.7 
15 Information Technology 9,931  0.8  % 26.6 
16 Telecommunication Services 9,369  0.8  % 41.0 
17 Telecommunication Services 8,279  0.7  % 71.0 
18 Industrials 8,086  0.7  % 69.4 
19 Information Technology 7,376  0.6  % 29.5 
20 Telecommunication Services 7,183  0.6  % 18.0 
$ 776,719  64.9  % 54.9 
 
(a)Customers and their affiliates are consolidated.
(b)Represents monthly contractual rent (defined as cash rent including customer reimbursements for metered power) under existing customer leases as of December 31, 2021, multiplied by 12. For the month of December 2021, customer reimbursements were $268.8 million annualized and consisted of reimbursements by customers across all facilities with separately metered power. Customer reimbursements under leases with separately metered power vary from month-to-month based on factors such as our customers' utilization of power and the suppliers' pricing of power. From January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2021, customer reimbursements under leases with separately metered power constituted between 14.9% and 22.5% of annualized rent. After giving effect to abatements, free rent and other straight-line adjustments, our annualized effective rent as of December 31, 2021 was $1,195.9 million. Our annualized effective rent was lower than our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021 because our negative straight-line and other adjustments and amortization of deferred revenue exceeded our positive straight-line adjustments due to factors such as the timing of contractual rent escalations and customer payments for services.
(c)Represents the customer’s total annualized rent divided by the total annualized rent in the portfolio as of December 31, 2021, which was approximately $1,196.3 million.
(d)Weighted average based on customer’s percentage of total annualized rent expiring and is as of December 31, 2021, assuming that customers exercise no renewal options and exercise all early termination rights that require payment of less than 50% of the remaining rents. Early termination rights that require payment of 50% or more of the remaining lease payments are not assumed to be exercised because such payments approximate the profitability margin of leasing that space to the customer, such that we do not consider early termination to be economically detrimental to us.
16



Lease Distribution

The following table sets forth information relating to the distribution of customer leases in the properties in our portfolio, based on GSF under lease as of December 31, 2021:
CyrusOne Inc.
Lease Distribution
As of December 31, 2021
(unaudited)
GSF Under Lease(a)
Number of
Customers(b)
Percentage of
All Customers
Total  Leased
GSF(c) (000)
Percentage of
Portfolio
Leased GSF
Annualized
Rent(d) (000)
Percentage of
Annualized Rent
0-999 596  65  % 124  % $ 88,723  %
1000-2499 117  13  % 185  % 47,792  %
2500-4999 60  % 216  % 41,567  %
5000-9999 45  % 309  % 55,016  %
10000+ 102  11  % 6,249  88  % 963,232  81  %
Total 920  100  % 7,083  100  % $ 1,196,329  100  %

(a)Represents all leases in our portfolio, including colocation, office and other leases.
(b)Represents the number of customers occupying data center, office and other space as of December 31, 2021. This may vary from total customer count as some customers may be under contract but have yet to occupy space.
(c)Represents the total square feet at a facility under lease and that has commenced billing, excluding space held for development or space used by CyrusOne. A customer’s leased GSF is estimated based on such customer’s direct CSF or office and light-industrial space plus management’s estimate of infrastructure support space, including mechanical, telecommunications and utility rooms, as well as building common areas.
(d)Represents monthly contractual rent (defined as cash rent including customer reimbursements for metered power) under existing customer leases as of December 31, 2021, multiplied by 12. For the month of December 2021, customer reimbursements were $268.8 million annualized and consisted of reimbursements by customers across all facilities with separately metered power. Customer reimbursements under leases with separately metered power vary from month-to-month based on factors such as our customers' utilization of power and the suppliers' pricing of power. From January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2021, customer reimbursements under leases with separately metered power constituted between 14.9% and 22.5% of annualized rent. After giving effect to abatements, free rent and other straight-line adjustments, our annualized effective rent as of December 31, 2021 was $1,195.9 million. Our annualized effective rent was lower than our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021 because our negative straight-line and other adjustments and amortization of deferred revenue exceeded our positive straight-line adjustments due to factors such as the timing of contractual rent escalations and customer payments for services.


17



Lease Expiration

The following table sets forth a summary schedule of the customer lease expirations for leases in place as of December 31, 2021, plus available space, for each of the 10 full calendar years beginning January 1, 2022, at the properties in our portfolio.
CyrusOne Inc.
Lease Expirations
As of December 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
Year(a)
Number of
Leases
Expiring
(b)
Total GSF  Expiring (000) Percentage of
Total GSF
Annualized
Rent
(c) (000)
Percentage of
Annualized Rent
Annualized Rent
at Expiration
(d) (000)
Percentage of
Annualized Rent at Expiration
Available 1,563  18  %
Month-to-Month 2,037  421  % $ 83,809  % $ 83,809  %
2022 3,628  940  11  % 185,338  15  % 193,604  15  %
2023 1,611  1,220  14  % 196,278  16  % 206,870  16  %
2024 1,268  763  % 170,177  14  % 176,667  14  %
2025 216  416  % 83,635  % 89,950  %
2026 183  965  11  % 164,455  14  % 180,950  14  %
2027 57  651  % 106,539  % 117,862  %
2028 32  347  % 48,550  % 55,551  %
2029 83  % 7,225  % 8,819  %
2030 10  308  % 30,211  % 41,879  %
2031 13  522  % 45,387  % 62,318  %
2032 - Thereafter 27 447  % 74,725  % 83,374  %
Total 9,090  8,646  100  % $ 1,196,329  100  % $ 1,301,653  100  %

(a)Leases that were auto-renewed prior to December 31, 2021 are shown in the calendar year in which their current auto-renewed term expires. Unless otherwise stated in the footnotes, the information set forth in the table assumes that customers exercise no renewal options and exercise all early termination rights that require payment of less than 50% of the remaining rents. Early termination rights that require payment of 50% or more of the remaining lease payments are not assumed to be exercised.
(b)Number of leases represents each agreement with a customer. A lease agreement could include multiple spaces and a customer could have multiple leases.
(c)Represents monthly contractual rent (defined as cash rent including customer reimbursements for metered power) under existing customer leases as of December 31, 2021, multiplied by 12. For the month of December 2021, customer reimbursements were $268.8 million annualized and consisted of reimbursements by customers across all facilities with separately metered power. Customer reimbursements under leases with separately metered power vary from month-to-month based on factors such as our customers' utilization of power and the suppliers' pricing of power. From January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2021, customer reimbursements under leases with separately metered power constituted between 14.9% and 22.5% of annualized rent. After giving effect to abatements, free rent and other straight-line adjustments, our annualized effective rent as of December 31, 2021 was $1,195.9 million. Our annualized effective rent was lower than our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021 because our negative straight-line and other adjustments and amortization of deferred revenue exceeded our positive straight-line adjustments due to factors such as the timing of contractual rent escalations and customer payments for services.
(d)Represents the final monthly contractual rent under existing customer leases that had commenced as of December 31, 2021, multiplied by 12.
    
18



Regulation
General
Properties in our markets are subject to various laws, ordinances and regulations, including regulations relating to common areas. In addition to the regulations described below, we are subject to various federal, state and local regulations, such as state and local fire and life safety and environmental regulations. We believe that each of our properties has, or is expected to have when required, the necessary permits and approvals for us to operate our business.
Americans With Disabilities Act
Our properties must comply with Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, or the ADA, to the extent that such properties are “public accommodations” as defined by the ADA. The ADA may require removal of structural barriers to access by persons with disabilities in certain public areas of our properties where such removal is readily achievable. We believe that our properties are in substantial compliance with the ADA and that we will not be required to make substantial capital expenditures to address the requirements of the ADA. However, noncompliance with the ADA could result in imposition of fines or an award of damages to private litigants. The obligation to make readily achievable accommodations is an ongoing one, and we will continue to assess our properties and to make alterations as appropriate in this respect.
Environmental Matters
We are subject to laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment, the storage, management and disposal of hazardous materials, emissions to air and discharges to water, the cleanup of contaminated sites, noise ordinances and health and safety matters. These include various regulations promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency and other federal, state, and local regulatory agencies and legislative bodies relating to our operations, including those involving power generators, batteries, and fuel storage to support co-location infrastructure. While we believe that our operations are in substantial compliance with environmental, health, and human safety laws and regulations, as an owner or operator of property and in connection with the current and historical use of hazardous materials and other operations at its sites, we could incur significant costs, including fines, penalties and other sanctions, cleanup costs and third-party claims for property damages or personal injuries, as a result of violations of or liabilities under environmental laws and regulations. Fuel storage tanks are present at many of our properties, and if releases were to occur, we may be liable for the costs of cleaning up resulting contamination. Some of our sites also have a history of previous commercial operations, including past underground storage tanks.     

Some of the properties may contain asbestos-containing building materials. Environmental laws require that asbestos-containing building materials be properly managed and maintained and may impose fines and penalties on building owners or operators for failure to comply with these requirements. 

Environmental consultants have conducted Phase I or similar non-intrusive environmental site assessments on recently acquired properties and, if appropriate, additional environmental inquiries and assessments. Nonetheless, we may acquire or develop sites in the future with unknown environmental conditions from historical operations. Although we are not aware of any sites at which we currently have material remedial obligations, the imposition of remedial obligations as a result of spill or the discovery of contaminants in the future could result in significant additional costs to us.

Our operations also require us to obtain permits and/or other governmental approvals and to develop response plans in connection with the use of our generators or other operations. These requirements could restrict our operations or delay the development of data centers in the future. In addition, from time to time, federal, state or local government regulators enact new or revise existing legislation or regulations that could affect us, either beneficially or adversely. As a result, we could incur significant costs in complying with environmental laws or regulations that are promulgated in the future.
Insurance
We carry comprehensive liability, fire, extended coverage, business interruption and rental loss insurance covering all of the properties in our portfolio under a blanket policy. In the opinion of our management, our policy specifications, limits and insurance carriers are appropriate given the relative risk of loss, the cost of coverage and industry practice. We cannot provide any assurance that the business interruption or property insurance we have will cover all losses that we may experience, that the insurance carrier will be solvent, that rates will remain commercially reasonable, that insurance carriers will not cancel our policies, or that the insurance carriers will pay all claims made by us. Certain circumstances, such as acts of war, are generally uninsurable under our policies. See also “Risk Factors-Risks Related to Our Business and Operations." Any losses to our properties that are not covered by insurance, or that exceed our policy coverage limits, could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
19



Competition
We compete with numerous public and private companies, developers, owners and operators of technology-related real estate and data centers, many of which own properties similar to ours in the same markets in which our properties are located, as well as various other public and privately held companies that may provide data center colocation as part of a more expansive managed services offering. If our competitors offer space at rental rates below current market rates or below the rental rates we currently charge our customers or otherwise adopt aggressive pricing policies, or if our competitors offer space that tenants perceive to be superior to ours (based on numerous factors including power, security considerations, location or network connectivity), we may lose existing or potential customers and we may be pressured to reduce our rental rates below those we currently charge in order to retain customers when our customers’ leases expire or incur costs to improve our properties. In addition, our customers have the option of building their own data center space which can also place pressure on our rental rates.
As a developer of data center space and provider of interconnection services, we also compete for the services of key third-party providers of services, including engineers and contractors with expertise in the development of data centers. There is competition for the services of specialized contractors and other third-party providers required for the development of data centers, increasing the cost of engaging such providers and the risk of delays in completing our development projects.

In addition, we face competition from real estate developers in our sector and in other industries for the acquisition of additional properties suitable for the development of data centers. Such competition may reduce the number of properties available for acquisition, increase the price of these properties and reduce the demand for data center space in the markets we seek to serve.
Human Capital

As of December 31, 2021, we have 456 team members employed by the Company, including 108 employees located in European countries. This includes approximately 223 in data center operations, 51 in sales and marketing, 32 in construction and engineering and 150 in corporate operations. None of our employees have chosen to be represented by a labor union.

Our employees focus on taking care of our customers which we believe drives value creation for our shareholders. We offer competitive benefits and training programs to develop employees’ expertise and performance and have corporate policies to strive to provide a safe, harassment-free work environment guided by principles of fair and equal treatment and prioritize effective communication and employee engagement. The Company maintains an Ethics and Compliance Hotline designed for employees or other stakeholders to report any violation of our policies, including our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, or other concerns you may have regarding unethical or illegal business conduct. See Part III, Item 10 "Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Form 10-K") for more information.

We track key human capital metrics including demographics, talent pipeline, diversity, and employee engagement. We have a stable workforce with an average tenure of 4.9 years and voluntary employee turnover of approximately 13% during the year ended December 31, 2021. To attract diversity in our applicant pools, we post our openings to a wide variety of job boards and deploy appropriate language in our postings. As of December 31, 2021, our U.S. workforce is approximately 67% non-minority, 30% minority and 3% have chosen not to identify. As of December 31, 2021, our employee base self-identified as 79% male and 21% female, and our senior leadership team consists of 17% executives identifying as female. As of February 16, 2022, our board of directors consists of 43% directors identifying as female or minority.
Financial Information
For financial information related to our operations, please refer to the financial statements including the notes thereto, included in this Form 10-K.
How to Obtain Our SEC Filings

We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. All reports we file with the SEC will be available free of charge via EDGAR through the SEC website at http://www.sec.gov. We make available our reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K (as well as all amendments to these reports), and other information, free of charge, at the "Investors" section of our website at http://www.cyrusone.com. The information found on, or otherwise accessible through, our website is not incorporated by reference into, nor does it form a part of, this report or any other document that we file with the SEC.

20



ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS
You should carefully consider all the risks described below, as well as the other information contained in this document when evaluating your investment in our securities. Any of the following risks could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock. The risks and uncertainties described below are those that we currently believe may materially affect our Company. Additional risks and uncertainties of which we are unaware or that we currently deem immaterial also may become important factors that affect our Company. The occurrence of any of the following risks might cause you to lose all or a part of your investment. Some statements in this Form 10-K, including statements in the following risk factors, constitute forward-looking statements. Please refer to the section entitled “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
Summary Risk Factors
The following is a summary of some of the risks and uncertainties that could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock. You should read this summary together with the more detailed description of each risk factor contained below.
Risks Related to the Proposed Merger
The Merger Transactions (as defined below) may not be completed on the terms or timeline currently contemplated or at all, which could adversely affect our stock price, business, financial condition and results of operations.

The announcement of the Merger Agreement (as defined below) and pendency of the Merger Transactions could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Risks Related to Our Business and Operations
A small number of customers account for a significant portion of our revenue.
A significant percentage of our customer leases expire each year or are on a month-to-month basis, and many of our leases contain early termination provisions.

Our contracts with our customers typically contain indemnification and liability provisions, in addition to service level commitments, which could potentially impose a significant cost on us in the event of losses.

Our customers may choose to develop or relocate into new data centers or expand their own existing data centers, which could result in the loss of one or more key customers or reduce demand for our data centers.

A decrease in the demand for data center space, or an increase in supply driving down market prices, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.

We face significant competition and may be unable to lease vacant space, renew existing leases or re-lease space as leases expire.

We do not own all of the land or buildings in which our data centers are located but lease or sublease certain of our data center spaces.

Our real estate development strategies may not be successful, and our growth depends on our data center development activities, including supply chain risks, the availability of developable land, and our ability to successfully lease our developed properties.

Any failure of our physical infrastructure or services could lead to significant costs and disruptions that could reduce our revenues and harm our brand and reputation.

We and our partners, contractors and vendors have been and may continue to be vulnerable to security breaches or cyber-attacks which have disrupted and could disrupt our operations and harm our brand and reputation.
21




Recent turnover, including the search for a permanent President and CEO, or the further loss, of any of our key personnel, including our executive officers or key sales associates.

Any failure of our connectivity solutions could lead to significant costs and disruptions that could reduce our revenue and harm our business reputation and financial results.

Risks Related to the Real Estate Industry
Our performance and value are subject to risks associated with real estate assets and with the real estate industry.

Illiquidity of real estate investments, particularly our data centers, could significantly impede our ability to respond to adverse changes in the performance of our properties, which could harm our financial condition.

Risks Related to Our Debt and Capital Structure
To fund our growth strategy and refinance our indebtedness, we depend on external sources of capital, which may not be available to us on commercially reasonable terms or at all.

We have significant outstanding indebtedness that involves significant debt service obligations, limits our operational and financial flexibility, exposes us to interest rate fluctuations and exposes us to the risk of default under our debt obligations.

Failure to hedge effectively against interest rate changes and our increased exposure to foreign currency fluctuations as a result of our foreign currency hedging activities may adversely affect our results of operations

Risks Related to Our General Business
The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and measures to prevent its spread could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.

Our international activities are subject to special risks different from those faced by us in the United States, including compliance with anti-corruption laws and regulations, and we may not be able to effectively manage our international business.

Risks Related to Our Organizational Structure
Our rights and the rights of our stockholders to take action against our directors and officers are limited.

Our charter and bylaws, the partnership agreement of our operating partnership and certain provisions of Maryland law contain provisions that may delay, defer or prevent an acquisition of our common stock or a change in control.

Risks Related to Status as a REIT
If we fail to remain qualified as a REIT, we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax as a regular corporation and could face a substantial tax liability and even if we remain qualified as a REIT, we may face other tax liabilities that reduce our cash flow.

Qualifying as a REIT involves highly technical and complex Code provisions. Our continued qualification as a REIT will depend on our satisfaction of certain asset, income, organizational, distribution, stockholder ownership and other requirements on a continuing basis.

Risks Related to Our Common Stock
Our cash available for distribution to stockholders may not be sufficient to make distributions at expected levels, and we may need to borrow in order to make such distributions; consequently, we may not be able to make such distributions in full.

22



Risks Related to the Proposed Merger

The Merger Transactions may not be completed on the terms or timeline currently contemplated or at all, which could adversely affect our stock price, business, financial condition and results of operations.

As previously announced, on November 14, 2021, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Calvary Parent L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (“Parent”), and Cavalry Merger Sub LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent (“Merger Sub”), pursuant to which, subject to the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub will be merged with and into the Company (the “Merger”), with the Company surviving the Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent. The completion of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement (the “Merger Transactions”) are subject to certain conditions, including (i) the receipt of certain required regulatory or foreign direct investment approvals; (ii) the accuracy of the other party’s representations and warranties (subject to certain materiality qualifiers); and (iii) the other party’s compliance in all material respects with its pre-closing covenants. The Merger Agreement further provides that Parent and Merger Sub’s obligation to consummate the Merger Transactions is subject to receipt of an opinion that we have been organized and operated in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, since the taxable year ended December 31, 2013 and until the effective time. While it is currently anticipated that the Merger Transactions will be consummated during the second quarter of 2022, there can be no assurance that such conditions will be satisfied in a timely manner or at all, or that an effect, event, development or change will not transpire that could delay or prevent these conditions from being satisfied.

If the Merger Transactions are not consummated for any reason, the trading price of our common stock may decline to the extent that the market price of the common stock reflects positive market assumptions that the Merger Transactions will be consummated and the related benefits will be realized. We may also be subject to additional risks if the Merger Transactions are not completed, including:

the requirement in the Merger Agreement that, under certain circumstances, we pay Parent a termination fee of $319.5 million;
incurring substantial costs related to the Merger Transactions, such as legal, accounting, financial advisory and integration costs that have already been incurred or will continue to be incurred until closing;
limitations on our ability to retain and hire key personnel;
reputational harm including relationships with investors, customers and business partners due to the adverse perception of any failure to successfully complete the Merger Transactions; and
potential disruption to our business and distraction of our workforce and management team to pursue other opportunities that could be beneficial to us, in each case without realizing any of the benefits of having the Merger Transactions completed.

Further, we or Parent may terminate the Merger Agreement if the Merger Transactions have not been consummated by May 14, 2022 (subject (i) to an extension until five business days following the expiration of the marketing period for Parent’s debt financing) and (ii) to a six-month extension if all closing conditions other than those relating to a clearance, consent or restraint in respect of any antitrust law or foreign investment law have not been received, the “Outside Date”). We or Parent also may terminate the Merger Agreement (i) by mutual written consent; (ii) if there is a final and nonappealable judgment enacted, promulgated, issued, entered, amended or enforced by any governmental authority of competent jurisdiction or any applicable law enjoining, restraining or otherwise prohibiting consummation of the Merger Transactions; or (iii) if the other party has breached its representations or covenants in a way that would prevent satisfaction of a closing condition by the Outside Date.

The announcement of the Merger Agreement and pendency of the Merger Transactions could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The pendency of the Merger Transactions could adversely affect our business and operations and may result in the departure of key personnel. In connection with the Merger Transactions, some of our customers and business partners may delay or defer decisions or may end their relationships with us, which could negatively affect our revenues, earnings and cash flows, regardless of whether the Merger Transactions are completed. In addition, we have undertaken certain covenants in the Merger Agreement restricting the conduct of our business during the pendency of the Merger Transactions, including restrictions on undertaking certain significant financing transactions and certain other actions, even if such actions would prove beneficial to us. Similarly, our current and prospective employees may experience uncertainty about their future roles with us following the Merger Transactions, which may materially adversely affect our ability to attract and retain key personnel during the pendency of the Merger Transactions.
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Our directors and executive officers have interests in the Merger Transactions that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of our other stockholders.

Our directors and executive officers have financial interests in the Merger Transactions that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of our other stockholders. These interests may include:

the treatment of Company equity awards provided for under the Merger Agreement;
severance and other benefits in the case of certain qualifying terminations under the terms of an individual employment or severance agreement;
cash-based deal retention bonuses under a program established for the benefit of certain Company employees, including executive officers;
each participant (including each executive officer) in the Company’s annual bonus plan will be eligible for a pro-rated annual bonus for the year in which the effective time occurs if such participant is terminated prior to the date such bonuses are earned and he or she otherwise qualifies for severance; and
continued indemnification and insurance coverage under the Merger Agreement, the Company’s organizational documents and indemnification agreements the Company has entered into with each of its directors and executive officers.
Risks Related to Our Business and Operations
A small number of customers account for a significant portion of our revenue. The loss or significant reduction in business from one or more of our large customers could significantly harm our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
We currently depend, and expect to continue to depend, upon a relatively small number of customers for a significant percentage of our revenue. Our top 10 customers collectively accounted for approximately 57% of our total annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. We have one customer which represented 19% of our total revenue as of December 31, 2021 and 20% of our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. As a result of this customer concentration, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock could be adversely affected if we lose one or more of our larger customers, if one or more of such customers significantly reduce their business with us or if we choose not to enforce, or to enforce less vigorously, any rights that we may have now or in the future against these significant customers because of our desire to maintain our relationship with them.
A significant percentage of our customer base is also concentrated in two industry sectors: information technology and financial services. Enterprises in the information technology and financial services sectors comprised approximately 67% and 13% respectively, of our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. A downturn in one of these industries could negatively impact the financial condition of one or more of our information technology or financial services customers, including several of our larger customers. In addition, instability in financial markets and economies generally may adversely affect our customers’ ability to replace or renew maturing liabilities on a timely basis, access the capital markets to meet liquidity and capital expenditure requirements and may result in adverse effects on our customers’ financial condition and results of operations. As a result of these factors, customers could default on their obligations to us, delay the purchase of new services from us or decline to renew expiring leases, any of which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
Additionally, if any customer becomes a debtor in a case under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, applicable bankruptcy laws may limit our ability to terminate our contract with such customer solely because of the bankruptcy or recover any amounts owed to us under our agreements with such customer. In addition, applicable bankruptcy laws could allow the customer to reject and terminate its agreement with us, with limited ability for us to collect the full amount of our damages. Our business, including our revenue and cash available for distribution to our stockholders, could be adversely affected if any of our significant customers were to become bankrupt or insolvent.
A significant percentage of our customer leases expire each year or are on a month-to-month basis, and many of our leases contain early termination provisions. If leases with our customers are not renewed on the same or more favorable terms or are terminated early by our customers, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock could be substantially harmed.
Our customers may not renew their leases upon expiration. This risk is increased by the significant percentage of our customer leases that expire every year. As of December 31, 2021, leases representing 15%, 16% and 14% of the annualized rent for our portfolio will expire during 2022, 2023 and 2024, respectively, and an additional 7% of the 2021 annualized rent for our
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portfolio was from month-to-month leases. While historically we have retained a significant number of our customers, including those leasing from us on a month-to-month basis, upon expiration our customers may elect not to renew their leases or renew their leases at lower rates, for less space, for fewer services or for shorter terms. If we are unable to successfully renew or continue our customer leases on the same or more favorable terms or subsequently re-lease available data center space when such leases expire, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock could be adversely affected.
In addition, many of our leases contain early termination provisions that allow our customers to reduce the term of their leases subject to payment of an early termination charge that is often a specified portion of the remaining rent payable on such leases. The exercise by customers of early termination options could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
Our contracts with our customers may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
In the ordinary course of business, we enter into agreements with our customers pursuant to which our customers lease or otherwise contract for the use of data center space from us. These contracts typically contain indemnification and liability provisions, in addition to service level commitments, which could potentially impose a significant cost on us in the event of losses arising out of certain breaches of such agreements, services to be provided by us or our subcontractors or from third-party claims. Customers increasingly are looking to pass through their regulatory obligations and other liabilities to their outsourced data center providers and we may not be able to limit our liability or damages in an event of loss suffered by such customers, whether as a result of our breach of agreement or otherwise. Further, liabilities and standards for damages and enforcement actions, including the regulatory framework applicable to different types of losses, vary by jurisdiction, and we may be subject to greater liability for certain losses in certain jurisdictions. Additionally, in connection with our acquisitions, we have assumed and expect to assume existing agreements with customers that may subject us to greater liability for such an event of loss. If such an event of loss occurred, we could be liable for material monetary damages and could incur significant legal fees in defending against such an action, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock. In addition, our business may be adversely impacted by inflation as our customer leases generally do not provide for annual increases in rent based on inflation. Although most of our leases have contractual rent escalations, we still bear the risk of increases in the costs of operating and maintaining our data center facilities.

Our customers may choose to develop or relocate into new data centers or expand their own existing data centers, which could result in the loss of one or more key customers or reduce demand for our data centers.
In the future, our customers may choose to develop or relocate to new data centers or expand or consolidate into their existing data centers that we do not own. In the event that any of our key customers were to do so, it could result in a loss of business to us or put pressure on our pricing. If we lose a customer, we cannot provide assurance that we would be able to replace that customer at a competitive rate or at all, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
A decrease in the demand for data center space, or an increase in supply driving down market prices, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
Substantially all of our properties consist of data center space. The adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock from a decreased demand for data center space would likely be greater than if we owned a portfolio with a more diversified customer base or less specialized use. Further, our largest customers have demonstrated demand for more efficient low-carbon facilities and these customers, along with the Company, have established aggressive goals for decarbonization, and these efforts may increase the costs to build and operate data center space and could adversely impact our business or result in obsolescence of less efficient facilities. Adverse developments in the outsourced data center space industry could lead to reduced corporate IT spending or reduced demand for outsourced data center space. Changes in industry practice or in technology, such as server virtualization technology, more efficient or miniaturization of computing or networking devices, or devices that require higher power densities than today’s devices, could also reduce demand for the physical data center space we provide or make the customer improvements in our facilities obsolete or in need of significant upgrades to remain viable.

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We face significant competition and may be unable to lease vacant space, renew existing leases or re-lease space as leases expire, which may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
We compete with numerous public and private companies, developers, owners and operators of technology-related real estate and data centers, many of which own properties similar to ours in the same markets in which our properties are located, as well as various other public and privately held companies that may provide data center colocation as part of a more expansive managed services offering. In addition, we may face competition from new entrants into the data center market. Some of our competitors may have significant advantages over us, including greater name recognition, longer operating histories, lower operating costs, pre-existing relationships with current or potential customers, greater financial, marketing and other resources and flexibility, access to less expensive power and access to attractive land for development. These advantages could allow our competitors to respond more quickly to strategic opportunities or changes in our industries or markets. If our competitors offer data center space that our existing or potential customers perceive to be superior to ours based on numerous factors, including power, security considerations, location or network connectivity, access to renewable resources for energy, water conservation, or if they offer rental rates below our or current market rates or otherwise adopt aggressive pricing policies, we may lose existing or potential customers, incur costs to improve our properties or be forced to reduce our rental rates or provide more favorable lease terms.
As a result, we may suffer from pricing pressure that would adversely affect our ability to generate revenues. Some of these competitors may also provide our target customers with additional benefits, including bundled communication services or cloud services, and may do so in a manner that is more attractive to our potential customers than obtaining space in our data centers. Competitors could also operate more successfully or form alliances to acquire significant market share.
Finally, as our customers evolve their IT strategies, we must remain flexible and evolve to remain competitive within the industry and as the market shifts. Ineffective planning and execution in our cloud strategy and product development lifecycle and carbon neutral commitment may cause difficulty in sustaining competitive advantage in our products and services.
We do not own all of the land or buildings in which our data centers are located. Instead, we lease or sublease certain of our data center spaces and the ability to retain these leases or subleases could be a significant risk to our ongoing operations.
We do not own all of the land on, and buildings in, which we operate our data centers. Our portfolio includes 12 buildings that are leased from third parties and account for approximately 958,889 GSF, or approximately 11% of our total GSF. These leases (including ground leases, leased land and leased buildings) accounted for 13% of our total annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. In addition, future properties that we acquire, particularly outside of the U. S., may be on leased land or facilities that we do not own.
Additionally, in several of our smaller facilities we sublease our space, and our rights under these subleases are dependent on our sublandlord retaining its rights under the prime lease. When the primary terms of our existing leases and subleases expire, we generally have the right to extend the terms of our leases and subleases for one or more renewal periods, subject to, in the case of several of our subleases, our sublandlord renewing its term under the prime lease. For four of these leases and subleases, the renewal rent will be determined based on the fair market value of rental rates for the property, and the then prevailing rental rates may be higher than the current rental rates under the applicable lease. The rent for the remaining leases and subleases will be based on a fixed percentage increase over the base rent during the year immediately prior to expiration. Several of our data centers are leased or subleased from other data center companies, which may increase our risk of non-renewal or renewal on less than favorable terms. If renewal rates are less favorable than those we currently have, we may be required to increase revenues within existing data centers to offset such increase in lease payments. Failure to increase revenues to sufficiently offset these projected higher costs would adversely impact our operating income. Upon the end of our renewal options, we would have to renegotiate our lease terms with the applicable landlords.
Potential customers may choose not lease space in our leased or subleased data centers due to the risks associated with our ability to control the terms of the underlying land or land and building lease. Additionally, if we are unable to renew the lease or sublease at any of our data centers, we could lose customers due to the disruptions in their operations caused by the relocation. We could also lose those customers that choose our data centers based on their locations. In addition, it is not typical for us to relocate data center infrastructure equipment, such as generators, power distribution units and cooling units, from their initial installation. The costs of relocating such equipment to different data centers could be prohibitive and, as such, we could lose the value of this equipment. For these reasons, any lease or sublease that cannot be renewed could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.

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Our real estate development strategies may not be successful, and our growth depends on our data center development activities, including supply chain risks, the availability of developable land, and our ability to successfully lease our developed properties, and any delays or unexpected costs associated with such activities or the ability to lease such properties may harm our growth prospects, future business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.

We are involved in the development, construction, and renovation of data centers and we intend to continue to pursue development activities as opportunities arise. As a result, we are and will continue to be subject to risks associated with our data center development activities that could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock. For example, current and future development activities have involved and will involve substantial planning, allocation of significant company resources prior to such projects generating revenue. Such activities have entailed and will entail certain risks, including risks related to zoning, regulatory approvals, construction costs, disruptions and delays, as well as our ability to raise capital, including both debt and equity, to finance such projects. These development activities also have required and will require us to carefully select and rely on the experience of one or more general contractors and associated subcontractors during the construction process. Should a general contractor or significant subcontractor experience financial or other problems during the construction process, we have experienced and could experience, among other things, significant delays, increased costs to complete the project and other negative impacts to our expected returns on the project, as well as reputational risk. For instance, a general contractor’s recent financial difficulties resulted in us having to pay significant amounts, which we do not expect to recover from the general contractor, to its subcontractors in order to keep the project on schedule. The availability of developable land and site selection is also a critical factor in our expansion plans, and there may not be suitable properties available in our markets at a location that is attractive to our customers and has the necessary combination of access to multiple network providers, a significant supply of electrical power, high ceilings and the ability to sustain heavy floor loading. Furthermore, while we may prefer to locate new data centers adjacent to our existing data centers, we may be limited by land held for future development as well as the inventory and location of suitable properties.
In addition, in developing new properties and expanding existing properties, we have been and will be required to secure an adequate supply of power from local utilities, which has included and may in the future include unanticipated costs. For example, we have incurred and could incur in the future increased costs to develop utility substations on our properties in order to accommodate our power needs. Any inability to secure an appropriate power supply on a timely basis or on acceptable financial terms could adversely affect our ability to develop the property on an economically feasible basis, or at all.

We regularly monitor supply chain risks including commodity and labor pricing trends related to our data center development capital expenditures, where a large proportion of our current development project costs are under firm price commitments. Should the proportion of such project costs that are firm price commitments decline and prices for certain selective materials increase, including due to changes in trade policy, including recent international trade negotiations as well as the imposition of tariffs, our overall development costs could increase significantly. We also continue to monitor our supply chain risks, including our costs to develop as increases in inflation may adversely impact our business.
These and other risks could result in disruptions or delays or increased costs or prevent the completion of our development activities and related projects and growth of our business, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
In addition, we have in the past undertaken development projects prior to obtaining commitments from customers to lease the related data center space. We will likely choose to undertake future development projects prior to obtaining customer commitments. Such development involves the risk that we will make significant investments and be unable to attract customers to the relevant properties on a timely basis or at all. If we are unable to attract customers and our properties remain vacant or underutilized for a significant amount of time, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock could be adversely affected.
Any failure of our physical infrastructure or services could lead to significant costs and disruptions that could reduce our revenues and harm our brand and reputation.
Our business depends on providing customers with a highly reliable data center environment. We may fail to provide such service as a result of numerous factors, including:
pandemics, epidemics, and other health crises such as COVID-19;
human error;
failure to timely deploy adequate infrastructure to meet customer requirements, whether for new or existing customers;
unexpected equipment failure;
power loss or telecommunications failures;
improper building maintenance by us, our vendors, or by our landlords in the buildings that we lease;
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physical or electronic security breaches;
fire, tropical storm, hurricane, tornado, flood, earthquake and other natural disasters;
water damage;
war, terrorism and any related conflicts or similar events worldwide; and
sabotage and vandalism.
Problems at one or more of our data centers, whether or not within our control, could result in service interruptions or equipment damage. Substantially all of our leases with our customers include terms requiring us to meet certain service level commitments primarily in terms of timely delivery of data center space, electrical output to, and maintenance of environmental conditions in, the data center raised floor space leased by such customers. Any failure to meet these commitments or any equipment damage in our data centers, including as a result of mechanical failure, power outage, human error on our part or other reasons, could subject us to liability under our lease terms, including service level credits against customer rent payments, or, in certain cases of repeated failures, the right by the customer to terminate the lease. For example, although our data center facilities are engineered to reliably power and cool our customers’ computing equipment, it is possible that an outage could adversely affect a facility’s power and cooling capabilities, and, in the past, certain of our facilities have experienced minor outages. Depending on the frequency and duration of these outages, the affected customers may have the right to terminate their lease, which could have a negative impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock. As discussed, we may also be required to expend significant financial resources to upgrade or add to existing infrastructure to meet customer requirements for power and cooling, and we may not be financially or operationally able to do so in a timely manner.
Our data center infrastructure may become obsolete, and we may not be able to operate or upgrade our power and cooling systems cost-effectively, or at all.
The markets for the data centers we own and operate, as well as the industries in which our customers operate, are characterized by rapidly changing technology, evolving industry and regulatory standards, frequent new service introductions, shifting distribution channels and changing customer demands. Our data center infrastructure may become obsolete due to the development of new systems to deliver power to or eliminate heat from the servers that we house and evolving environment sustainability objectives. Additionally, our data center infrastructure could become obsolete as a result of data center topology changes or the development of new server technology that does not require the levels of critical load and heat removal that our facilities are designed to provide and could be run less expensively on a different platform. In addition, our power and cooling systems are difficult and expensive to upgrade or reposition. Accordingly, we may not be able to efficiently upgrade or change these systems to meet new demands, including noise mitigation and emission upgrades, without incurring significant costs that we may not be able to pass on to our customers. The obsolescence of our power and cooling systems could have a material negative impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Furthermore, potential future regulations that apply to industries we serve may require customers in those industries to seek specific requirements from their data centers that we are unable to provide. These may include physical security requirements applicable to the defense industry and government contractors and privacy and security regulations applicable to social media, SAS cloud companies, financial services and health care industries. If such regulations were adopted, we could lose some customers or be unable to attract new customers in certain industries, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
We and our partners, contractors and vendors have been and may continue to be vulnerable to security breaches, cyber-attacks or terrorism which have disrupted and could disrupt our operations, harm our brand and reputation and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Security breaches, cyber-attacks, or disruption, of our or our partners' or customers' physical or information technology infrastructure, networks and related management systems could result in, among other things, unauthorized access to our facilities, a breach of our and our customers’ networks and information technology infrastructure, the misappropriation of our or our customers’ or their customers’ proprietary or confidential information, interruptions or malfunctions in our or our customers’ operations, delays or interruptions to our ability to meet customer needs, breach of our legal, regulatory or contractual obligations, inability to access or rely upon critical business records or other disruptions in our operations. Numerous sources can cause these types of incidents, including but not limited to: physical or electronic security breaches; acts of terrorism at or upon our facilities; viruses, ransomware, backdoor trojans and other malware or software vulnerabilities; hardware vulnerabilities such as Meltdown and Spectre; accident or human error by our own personnel or third parties; criminal activity or malfeasance (including by our own personnel); fraud or impersonation scams perpetrated against us or our partners or customers; or security events impacting our third-party service providers or our partners or customers. For instance, in December 2021 a vulnerability was discovered in Apache Software Foundation’s Log4j—internet software broadly used in a variety of consumer and enterprise services, websites, applications and operational technology products—that allowed malicious attackers to execute code remotely on any exposed computer, which enabled them to then steal data, install malware
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or take control of the device. Although we have no external facing systems utilizing this software, certain of our contractors and vendors use this software. To date, we have not identified any malicious activity as it relates to us but our investigation is ongoing and we continue to work to both identify the effect on our contractors and vendors and help them minimize the vulnerability’s impact.
Our exposure to cybersecurity threats and negative consequences of cybersecurity breaches will likely increase as we store increasing amounts of customer data. Additionally, as we increasingly market the security features in our data centers, our data centers may be targeted by computer hackers seeking to compromise data security. For instance, in December 2019, we discovered a ransomware program encrypting certain devices, which resulted in availability issues affecting certain managed service customers. Upon discovery of the incident, we initiated our response and continuity protocols to determine what occurred, restore systems and notify the appropriate legal authorities. We have completed our investigation of this matter. In addition, while one of our SolarWinds platforms was affected in the supply chain hack detected in late 2020, the impact was immediately mitigated and there has been no evidence of compromised or suspicious activities. The total cost of these incidents has not been significant to the Company but we continue to make investments in our information technology infrastructure and cybersecurity tools and services due to the likely increase in cybersecurity threats. Should additional cybersecurity threats or incidents occur in the future, there can be no assurance that our information technology infrastructure, cybersecurity tools and services and related investments will prevent such threats or incidents from disrupting our operations, harming our brand and reputation or having a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. There can also be no assurance that responding to future attacks will not impose significant costs for us.

We recognize the increasing volume of cyber-attacks and employ commercially practical efforts to provide reasonable assurance such attacks are appropriately mitigated. Each year, we evaluate the threat profile of our industry and the global community threat intelligence to stay abreast of trends and to provide reasonable assurance our existing countermeasures will address any new threats identified. In the first quarter of 2021, we stood up our own Threat Intelligence platform, collaborating with threat researchers around the world. We may be required to expend significant financial resources to protect against or respond to such breaches. Cyber criminals are increasingly using powerful tactics including evasive applications, proxies, tunneling, encryption techniques, vulnerability exploits, buffer overflows, distributed denial-of-service or DDoS attacks, botnets, supply chain attacks and port scans. Techniques used to breach security change frequently, and are generally not recognized until launched against a target, so we may not be able to promptly detect that a security breach or unauthorized access has occurred. We also may not be able to implement security measures in a timely manner or, if and when implemented, we may not be able to determine the extent to which these measures could be circumvented. As we provide assurances to our customers that we provide a high level of security, if an actual or perceived security breach occurs, the market’s perception of our security measures could be harmed and we could lose sales and current and potential customers, and such a breach could be particularly harmful to our brand and reputation. Any breaches that may occur could also expose us to increased risk of lawsuits, material monetary damages, potential violations of applicable privacy and other laws, penalties and fines, loss of existing or potential customers, harm to our reputation and increases in our security and insurance costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock. In the event of a breach resulting in loss of data, such as personally identifiable information or other such data protected by data privacy or other laws, we may be liable for damages, fines and penalties for such losses under applicable regulatory frameworks (as discussed in “The regulatory framework around data custody, data privacy and breaches varies by jurisdiction and involves complex and rigorous regulatory standards enacted to protect business and personal data in the U.S. and elsewhere.” below) despite not handling the data. Furthermore, if a high profile security breach or cyber-attack occurs with respect to another provider of mission-critical data center facilities, our customers and potential customers may lose trust in the security of these business models generally, which could harm our ability to retain existing customers or attract new ones. We cannot guarantee that any backup systems, regular data backups, security protocols, network protection mechanisms and other procedures currently in place, or that may be in place in the future, will be adequate to prevent network and service interruption, system failure, damage to one or more of our systems or data loss in the event of a security breach or attack on our facilities.

We may be subject to unknown or contingent liabilities related to properties or businesses that we acquire for which we may have limited or no recourse against the sellers.
Assets and entities that we have acquired or may acquire in the future may be subject to unknown or contingent liabilities for which we may have limited or no recourse against the sellers. Unknown or contingent liabilities might include liabilities for clean-up or remediation of environmental conditions, claims of customers, vendors or other persons dealing with the acquired entities, tax liabilities and other liabilities whether incurred in the ordinary course of business or otherwise. In the future, we may enter into transactions with limited representations and warranties or with representations and warranties that do not survive the closing of the transactions, in which event we would have no or limited recourse against the sellers of such properties. While we usually require the sellers to indemnify us and they obtain representation and warranty insurance, with
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respect to breaches of representations and warranties that survive the closing, such indemnification, if obtained, is often limited and subject to various materiality thresholds, a significant deductible, an aggregate cap on losses or a survival period.
As a result, there is no guarantee that we will recover any amounts with respect to losses due to breaches by the sellers of their representations and warranties. In addition, the total amount of costs and expenses that we may incur with respect to liabilities associated with acquired properties and entities may exceed our expectations, which may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Finally, indemnification agreements between us and the sellers typically provide that the sellers will retain certain specified liabilities relating to the assets and entities acquired by us. While the sellers are generally contractually obligated to pay all losses and other expenses relating to such retained liabilities, there can be no guarantee that such arrangements will not require us to incur losses or other expenses as well.
Recent turnover, including the search for a permanent President and CEO, or the further loss, of any of our key personnel, including our executive officers or key sales associates, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.

As previously disclosed, we experienced significant turnover in our executive officers in 2020, including the departure or retirement of our CEO, President of Europe, CFO and Chief Technology Officer and the appointment of a new Chief Operating Officer, and 2021, including the departure of our CEO. In July 2021, the Company appointed a new President and CEO on an interim basis while the Board undertakes a search to identify the Company’s next President and Chief Executive Officer. Our success will depend to a significant extent on attracting a qualified permanent President and CEO as well as our executive officers, including those appointed in 2020 and 2021, and key sales associates. Each of our executive officers, including our interim President and CEO, has a national or regional industry reputation that attracts business and investment opportunities and assists us in negotiations with existing and potential customers, investors, lenders and industry personnel. The loss of key sales associates could also hinder our ability to continue to benefit from existing and potential customers. We cannot provide any assurance that we will be able to attract a qualified permanent President and CEO and retain our current executive officers or key sales associates. The loss of any of these individuals, the Board’s search for a permanent President and CEO (and any related speculation and uncertainty regarding the Company, including its future business strategy and direction in connection with that search), or the recent turnover of executive officers could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
Any failure of our connectivity solutions could lead to significant costs and disruptions that could reduce our revenue and harm our business reputation and financial results.
As described in Part I, Item 1 "Business", we have deployed connectivity solutions including the National IX Platform throughout several of our properties, and expect that we will further deploy these solutions throughout our portfolio to meet customer demand. The National IX Platform and other connectivity solutions allow our customers to connect to third-party carriers and other customers. We may be required to incur substantial additional costs to operate and expand the National IX Platform. The National IX Platform is subject to failure resulting from numerous factors, including but not limited to:
 
human error;
equipment failure;
physical, electronic, and cyber-security breaches;
fire, earthquake, hurricane, flood, tornado and other natural disasters in our facilities;
failure to properly connect to third-party carriers or other customers;
fiber cuts;
power loss;
terrorist acts;
sabotage and vandalism; and
failure of business partners who provide components of the National IX Platform or third-party connectivity from the National IX Platform.
Problems with the National IX Platform or other connectivity solutions, whether or not within our control, could result in service interruptions or significant equipment damage. We have service level commitment obligations to certain of our customers, including our significant customers. As a result, service interruptions in the National IX Platform or in other connectivity solutions could result in difficulty maintaining service level commitments to these customers and in potential claims related to such failures. In addition, any loss of service, equipment damage or inability to meet our service level commitment obligations could reduce the confidence of our customers and could consequently impair our ability to obtain and retain customers, which would adversely affect both our ability to generate revenues and our operating results.

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Even if we have additional space available for lease at any one of our data centers, our ability to meet existing customer requirements or lease this space to existing or new customers could be constrained by our ability to provide sufficient electrical power and cooling capacity.
Customers are increasing their deployment of high-density IT equipment in our data centers, which has increased the demand for power and cooling capacity. As current and future customers increase their power footprint in our facilities over time, we may be required to upgrade our existing infrastructure or add additional infrastructure to meet customer requirements. Power and cooling systems are difficult and expensive to upgrade or install, and such changes may be required at a time or on a timeline during which we lack the financial or operational ability to make such changes. Further, our ability to add additional power could be limited by third party factors such as utility providers, as well as obtaining required permits or approvals. Our failure to timely upgrade or add additional infrastructure could result in a failure to meet the requirements of our existing customers, or limit our ability to increase occupancy rates or density within our existing facilities, whether for new or existing customers. Similarly, even when successful in implementing such changes, we may not be able to pass on any additional costs to our customers.
Any losses to our properties that are not covered by insurance, or that exceed our coverage limits, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
The properties in our portfolio are subject to risks, including from causes related to riots, war, terrorism or acts of God. For example, our properties located in Texas are generally subject to risks related to tropical storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods and other severe weather or natural events and our properties located in the Midwest are generally subject to risks related to earthquakes, tornadoes and other severe weather. Our property in Santa Clara, California is subject to risks related to earthquakes and severe weather or natural events. All our properties could have unknown title defects or encumbrances. While we carry commercial property insurance including business interruption, flood and earth movement covering all of the properties in our portfolio, and title insurance on a substantial number of our properties, the amount of insurance coverage may not be sufficient to fully cover losses we may incur.
If we experience a loss that is uninsured or exceeds our policy coverage limits, we could lose the capital invested in the damaged properties as well as the anticipated future cash flows from those properties. In addition, if the damaged properties were subject to recourse indebtedness, we could continue to be liable for the indebtedness even if these properties were irreparably damaged or subject of a loss.
In addition, even if a title defect or damage to our properties is covered by insurance, a disruption of our business caused by a casualty event may result in the loss of business or customers. The business interruption insurance we carry may not fully compensate us for the loss of business or customers due to an interruption caused by a title defect or casualty event.
A failure of an insurance company to make payments to us upon an event of loss covered by an insurance policy could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock. We monitor our insurance carrier's financial strength rating and financial size category by only placing insurance with carriers who have an A.M. Best Rating of A- XII or better. However, it can be difficult to evaluate the stability and net assets or capitalization of insurance companies, and any insurance company's ability to meet its claim payment obligations.
We generate a substantial portion of our revenue from a small number of metropolitan markets, which makes us more susceptible to regional economic downturns.
Our properties are located in 16 distinct metropolitan markets (11 in the U.S.; European markets including Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Dublin, The Republic of Ireland, Frankfurt, Germany, London, U.K. and Paris, France). Seven of these U.S. markets - Cincinnati, Dallas, Houston, New York Metro, Northern Virginia, Phoenix and San Antonio - accounted for approximately 73% of our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. As such, we are potentially susceptible to local economic conditions and the supply of, and demand for, data center space in these markets. If there is a downturn in the economy, a natural disaster or an oversupply of, or decrease in demand for, data centers in these markets, our business could be adversely affected to a greater extent than if we owned a real estate portfolio that was more diversified in terms of both geography and industry focus.
We are dependent upon third-party suppliers for power and certain other services, and we are vulnerable to service failures of our third-party suppliers and to price increases by such suppliers.
We generally rely on third-party local utilities to provide power to our data centers. We are therefore subject to an inherent risk that such local utilities may fail to deliver such power in adequate quantities or on a consistent basis, and our recourse against
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the local utility and ability to control such failures may be limited. If power delivered from the local utility is insufficient or interrupted, we would be required to provide power through the operation of our on-site generators, generally at a significantly higher operating cost than we would pay for an equivalent amount of power from the local utility. We may not be able to pass on the higher cost to our customers. In addition, if the generator power were to fail, we would generally be subject to paying service level credits to our customers, who may in certain instances of repeated failures also have the right to terminate their leases. Furthermore, any sustained loss of power could reduce the confidence of our customers in our services thereby impairing our ability to attract and retain customers, which would adversely affect both our ability to generate revenues and our results of operations.
In addition, even when power supplies are adequate, we may be subject to pricing risks and unanticipated costs associated with obtaining power from various utility companies. While we actively seek to lock-in utility rates, many factors beyond our control may increase the rate charged by the local utility. For instance, municipal utilities in areas experiencing financial distress may increase rates to compensate for financial shortfalls unrelated to either the cost of production or the demand for electricity. Utilities are and may be subject to increasing regulation that could increase the costs of electricity, including wildfire mitigation plans. Utilities may be dependent on, and be sensitive to price increases for, a particular type of fuel, such as coal, oil or natural gas. In addition, the price of these fuels and the electricity generated from them could increase as a result of proposed legislative measures related to climate change or efforts to regulate carbon emissions. In any of these cases, increases in the cost of power at any of our data centers could put those locations at a competitive disadvantage relative to data centers served by utilities that can provide less expensive power. These pricing risks are particularly acute with respect to our customer leases that are structured on a full-service gross basis, where the customer pays a fixed amount for both colocation rental and power. Our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock could be adversely affected in the event of an increase in utility rates under these leases, which, as of December 31, 2021, accounted for approximately 19% of our leased GSF, because we may be limited in our ability to pass on such costs to these customers.
We depend on third parties to provide network connectivity to the customers in our data centers, and any delays or disruptions in connectivity may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
Our customers require internet connectivity and connectivity to the fiber networks of multiple third-party telecommunications carriers. In order for us to attract and retain customers, our data centers need to provide sufficient access for customers to connect to those carriers. While we provide space and facilities in our data centers for carriers to locate their equipment and connect customers to their networks, any carrier may elect not to offer its services within our data centers or may elect to discontinue its service. Furthermore, carriers may periodically experience business difficulties which could affect their ability to provide telecommunications services, or the service provided by a carrier may be inadequate or of poor quality. If carriers were to terminate connectivity within our data centers or if connectivity were to be degraded or interrupted, it could put that data center at a competitive disadvantage versus a competitor’s data center that does provide adequate connectivity. A material loss of adequate third-party connectivity could have an adverse effect on the businesses of our customers and, in turn, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
Furthermore, each new data center that we develop requires significant amounts of capital to be expended by third-party telecommunications carriers for the construction and operation of a sophisticated redundant fiber network. The construction required to connect multiple carrier facilities to our data centers is complex and involves factors outside of our control, including regulatory requirements, the availability of construction resources and willing and able third-party telecommunications carriers and the sufficiency of such carriers’ financial resources to fund the construction. Additionally, hardware or fiber failures could cause significant loss of connectivity. If we are unable to establish highly diverse network connectivity to our data centers, or if such network connectivity is materially delayed, is discontinued or is subject to failure, our ability to attract new customers or retain existing customers may be negatively affected and, as a result, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends, as well as the market price of our common stock, may be adversely affected.
The loss of access to key third-party technical service providers and suppliers could adversely affect our current and any future development projects.
Our success depends, to a significant degree, on having timely access to certain key third-party technical providers who are in limited supply and great demand, such as engineering firms and construction contractors capable of developing our properties, and to key suppliers of electrical and mechanical equipment that complement the design of our data center facilities. For any future development projects, we will continue to rely on these providers and suppliers to develop and equip our data centers. Competition for such technical expertise is intense, and there are a limited number of electrical and mechanical equipment
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suppliers that design and produce the equipment that we require. We may not always have or retain access to such key service providers and equipment suppliers, which could adversely affect our current and any future development projects.
The long sales cycle for data center services may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
A customer’s decision to lease space in one of our data centers and to purchase additional services from us typically involves a significant commitment of resources, significant contract negotiations, and significant due diligence on the part of the customer regarding the adequacy of our facilities, including the adequacy of carrier connections. As a result, the sale of data center space has a long sales cycle. Furthermore, we may expend significant time and resources, and incur significant costs, in pursuing a particular sale or customer that may not result in revenue. Our inability to adequately manage the risks associated with the data center sales cycle may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
We may be unable to identify and complete acquisitions and successfully operate acquired properties.
We continually evaluate the market for available properties and may acquire data centers or properties suited for data center development when opportunities exist. Our ability to complete acquisitions on favorable terms and to successfully develop and operate acquired properties involves significant risks, including:
we may be unable to acquire a desired property because of competition from other data center companies or real estate investors;
even if we are able to acquire a desired property, competition from other potential acquirers may significantly increase the purchase price of such property;
we may be unable to realize the intended benefits from acquisitions or achieve anticipated operating or financial results;
we may be unable to finance the acquisition on favorable terms or at all;
we may underestimate the costs to make necessary improvements to acquired properties;
we may be unable to quickly and efficiently integrate new acquisitions into our existing operations resulting in disruptions to our operations or the diversion of our management’s attention;
acquired properties may be subject to reassessment, which may result in higher than expected tax payments;
we may not be able to access sufficient power on favorable terms or at all;
market conditions may result in higher than expected vacancy rates and lower than expected rental rates;
we may incur impairment losses or other charges related to acquired assets or properties;
we may face challenges in retaining the customers of acquired properties; and
we may incur significant costs associated with unrealized transactions.
Many of these risks will be outside of our control and any one of them could result in increased costs, decreases in the amount of expected revenue, and diversion of our management's time and energy, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, even if we successfully operate acquired properties, we may not realize the full benefits of the acquisition, including the synergies, operating efficiencies, or sales or growth opportunities that are expected. If we are unable to successfully acquire, develop and operate data center properties, our ability to grow our business and compete will be significantly impaired, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
We face risks with our international acquisitions associated with investing in unfamiliar metropolitan areas.
We have acquired and may continue to acquire properties on a strategic and selective basis in international metropolitan areas that are new to us. For example, since 2018 we have entered new European markets, including Amsterdam, Dublin, Frankfurt, Madrid and Paris. When we acquire properties located in new markets, we may face risks associated with a lack of market knowledge or understanding of the local economy and culture, forging new business relationships in the area and unfamiliarity with local government and permitting procedures. In addition, due diligence, transaction and structuring costs may be higher than those we may face in the United States. We work to mitigate such risks through extensive diligence and research and associations with experienced partners; however, we cannot assure you that such risks can be reduced or eliminated.
We have been and may become subject to or involved in litigation, threatened litigation, or investigations which may divert management time and attention, require us to pay damages, penalties and expenses or may restrict the operation of our business or interfere with existing agreements or permits.
We have been and may become subject to disputes with commercial and other parties with whom we maintain relationships or other parties with whom we do business, including as a result of any breach in our security systems or downtime in our critical
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electrical and cooling systems. Any such dispute could result in litigation between us and the other parties. Whether or not any dispute actually proceeds to litigation, we may be required to devote significant management time and attention to its resolution (through litigation, settlement or otherwise), which would detract from our management’s ability to focus on our business. Any such resolution could involve the payment of damages or expenses by us, which may be significant, and could involve our agreement with terms that restrict the operation of our business. In addition, internal and external investigations could require significant management time and attention and result in fines and penalties, which may be significant, as well as reputational harm.
Joint venture investments could be adversely affected by our lack of sole decision-making authority, our reliance on co-venturers’ financial condition and disputes between us and our co-venturers.

We have and may in the future co-invest with third parties through partnerships, joint ventures or other entities, acquiring non-controlling interests in or sharing responsibility for managing the affairs of a property, partnership, joint venture or other entity. In these events, we are not or would not be in a position to exercise sole decision-making authority regarding the property, partnership, joint venture or other entity. Investments in partnerships, joint ventures, or other entities may, under certain circumstances, involve risks not present when a third party is not involved, including the possibility that partners or co-venturers might become bankrupt or fail to fund their share of required capital contributions. Partners or co-venturers may have economic, tax or other business interests or goals which are inconsistent with our business interests or goals, and may be in a position to take actions contrary to our policies or objectives. Our current and future joint venture partners may take actions that are not within our control, which could require us to dispose of the joint venture asset or transfer it to a taxable REIT subsidiary in order for CyrusOne Inc. to maintain its status as a REIT. Such investments may also lead to impasses, for example, as to whether to sell a property, because neither we nor the partner or co-venturer would have full control over the partnership or joint venture. Disputes between us and partners or co-venturers may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase our expenses and prevent our officers and/or directors from focusing their time and effort on our day-to-day business. Consequently, actions by or disputes with partners or co-venturers may subject properties owned by the partnership or joint venture to additional risk. In addition, we may in certain circumstances be liable for the actions of third-party partners or co-venturers. Each of these factors may result in returns on these investments being less than we expect or in losses and our financial and operating results may be adversely affected.
Our properties are not suitable for use other than as data centers, which could make it difficult to sell or reposition them if we are not able to lease available space.
Our data centers are designed solely to house and support computer servers and related information technology equipment and, therefore, contain extensive electrical and mechanical systems and infrastructure. As a result, they are not suited for use by customers as anything other than as data centers and major renovations and expenditures would be required in order for us to re-lease vacant space for more traditional commercial or industrial uses, or for us to sell a property to a buyer for use other than as a data center, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, cash flows, our ability to pay dividends, and/or the market price of our common stock.
Declining real estate valuations and impairment charges could adversely affect our earnings and financial condition.
We review the carrying value of each of our properties when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the property may not be recoverable. Examples of such indicators may include a significant decrease in market price, a significant adverse change in the extent to or manner in which the property is being used or in its physical condition, an accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or development, or a history of operating or cash flow losses. When such impairment indicators exist, we review an estimate of the undiscounted future cash flows expected to result from the use of the real estate investment and proceeds from its eventual disposition and compare such amount to the carrying value of the property. We consider factors such as future operating income, trends and prospects, as well as the effects of leasing demand, rental rates, competition and other factors. If our undiscounted cash flows indicate that we are unable to recover the carrying value of a real estate investment, an impairment loss is recorded to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the property. For the year ended December 31, 2021, we recorded an impairment charge of $0.5 million. For the year ended December 31, 2020, we recorded an impairment charge of $11.2 million, which includes an $8.8 million impairment loss due to the decrease in the fair value of the equipment held for use in inventory at our U.S. data centers and a $2.4 million impairment loss based on the estimated fair value for our investment in land held in Atlanta for future development as the Company sold this land to a third-party in February 2021. For the year ended December 31, 2019, we recorded an impairment charge of $0.7 million related primarily to an impairment on our South Bend - Monroe facility, which was being actively marketed for sale. These losses had a direct impact on our net income because recording an impairment loss results in an immediate negative adjustment to net income. The evaluation of anticipated cash flows is highly subjective and is based in part on assumptions regarding future occupancy, rental rates and capital requirements that could differ materially from actual results in future periods. A worsening real estate market may cause us to re-evaluate the assumptions used in our
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impairment analysis. Impairment charges could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
Risks Related to the Real Estate Industry
Our performance and value are subject to risks associated with real estate assets and with the real estate industry.
Our ability to make expected distributions to our stockholders depends on our ability to generate revenues in excess of expenses, scheduled principal payments on debt and capital expenditure requirements. Events and conditions generally applicable to owners and operators of real property that are beyond our control, such as adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, may decrease cash available for distribution to our stockholders and the value of our properties. These events and conditions include:
local oversupply, increased competition or reduction in demand for technology-related space;
inability to collect rent and reimbursements from customers;
vacancies or our inability to lease space on favorable terms;
inability to finance property development and acquisitions on favorable terms;
increased operating costs to the extent not paid for by our customers;
costs of complying with changes in governmental regulations;
the relative illiquidity of real estate investments, especially the specialized real estate properties that we hold and seek to acquire and develop; and
changing market demographics.
Illiquidity of real estate investments, particularly our data centers, could significantly impede our ability to respond to adverse changes in the performance of our properties, which could harm our financial condition.
Because real estate investments are relatively illiquid, our ability to promptly sell one or more properties in our portfolio in response to adverse changes in the real estate market or in the performance of such properties may be limited, thus harming our financial condition. The real estate market is affected by many factors that are beyond our control, including:
adverse changes in national and local economic and market conditions, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;
inflation, changes in interest rates and in the availability, cost and terms of debt financing;
changes in governmental laws and regulations, fiscal policies and zoning ordinances and costs of compliance therewith;
the ongoing cost of capital improvements that are not passed on to our customers, particularly in older structures;
changes in operating expenses; and
civil unrest, acts of war, terrorism and natural disasters, including fires, earthquakes, tropical storms, hurricanes, and floods, which may result in uninsured and underinsured losses.

In addition, as described above in “Our properties are not suitable for use other than as data centers, which could make it difficult to sell or reposition them if we are not able to lease available space, the risks associated with the illiquidity of real estate investments are even greater for our data center properties. Further, we operate a managed services platform-based business that would not easily be separated on an asset by asset basis.
We could incur significant costs related to environmental matters.
We are subject to laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment, including those governing, as it permits, the management and disposal of hazardous materials, the cleanup of contaminated sites and health and safety matters. We could incur significant costs, including fines, penalties and other sanctions, cleanup costs and third-party claims for property damages or personal injuries, as a result of violations of or liabilities under environmental laws and regulations. Some environmental laws impose liability on current owners or operators of property regardless of fault or the lawfulness of past disposal activities. For example, many of our sites contain above ground fuel storage tanks and, in some cases, currently contain or formerly contained underground fuel storage tanks, for back-up generator use. Some of our sites also have a history of previous commercial operations. We also may acquire or develop sites in the future with unknown environmental conditions from historical operations. Although we are not aware of any sites at which we currently have material remedial obligations, the imposition of remedial obligations as a result of spills or the discovery of contaminants in the future could result in significant additional costs. We also could incur significant costs complying with current environmental laws or regulations or those that are promulgated in the future.


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Risks Related to Our Debt and Capital Structure

To fund our growth strategy and refinance our indebtedness, we depend on external sources of capital, which may not be available to us on commercially reasonable terms or at all.
In order to maintain our qualification as a REIT, we are required under the Code, among other things, to distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income annually, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding any net capital gains. Even if we maintain our qualification as a REIT, we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates to the extent that we distribute less than 100% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and including any net capital gains, as well as U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates for income recognized by our taxable REIT subsidiaries (each, a TRS). Because of these distribution requirements, we will likely not be able to fund future capital needs, including any necessary acquisition financing, from net cash provided by operating activities. Consequently, we intend to rely on third-party capital markets sources for debt or equity financing to fund our growth strategy. In addition, we may need third-party capital markets sources to refinance our indebtedness at or before maturity. Increased turbulence in the U.S., European and other international financial markets and economies, loss of our investment grade credit rating, tighter credit conditions and increasing interest rates may adversely affect our ability to replace or renew maturing liabilities on a timely basis, access the capital markets to meet liquidity and capital expenditure requirements and may result in adverse effects on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock. As such, we may not be able to obtain the debt or equity financing on favorable terms or at all. Our access to third-party sources of capital also depends, in part, on:
our investment grade credit rating;
the market’s perception of our growth potential;
our then-current debt levels;
market demand for REIT assets;
our historical and expected future earnings, cash flow and cash distributions;
the market price per share of our common stock; and
our lenders' ability to meet their financing commitments.

In addition, pursuant to the Merger Agreement, we have agreed to various specific restrictions relating to the conduct of our business between the date of the Merger Agreement and the time at which the Merger becomes effective, including but not limited to, agreeing to not to (i) issue or sell shares of our capital stock, partnership interests or other equity or voting interests, (ii) issue or sell any debt securities or warrants or other rights to acquire any debt securities of us and our wholly owned subsidiaries and (iii) incur or assume any indebtedness, in each case subject to the terms of the Merger Agreements and any exceptions set forth therein.
Our ability to access additional capital may also be limited by the terms of our then-existing indebtedness which may restrict our incurrence of additional debt. If we cannot obtain capital when needed, we may not be able to acquire or develop properties when strategic opportunities arise or refinance our debt at or before maturity, and we may need to increase our liquidity by disposing of properties possibly on disadvantageous terms or renewing leases on less favorable terms than we otherwise would, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
We have significant outstanding indebtedness that involves significant debt service obligations, limits our operational and financial flexibility, exposes us to interest rate fluctuations and exposes us to the risk of default under our debt obligations.

As of December 31, 2021, we had a total combined indebtedness, including finance lease liabilities and operating lease liabilities, of approximately $3.8 billion. As of December 31, 2021, we have the ability to borrow up to an additional approximately $1.4 billion under our Amended Credit Agreement, net of outstanding letters of credit of approximately $8.4 million, subject to satisfying certain financial tests. Our Amended Credit Agreement also contains an accordion feature that, as of December 31, 2021, allows the operating partnership to request an increase in the total commitment by up to $1.5 billion. There are no limits on the amount of indebtedness we may incur other than limits contained in the indentures governing our 2024 Notes, 2027 Notes, 2028 Notes, 2029 Notes and 2030 Notes (each as defined in Note 11, Debt), our Amended Credit Agreement or future agreements that we may enter into or as may be set forth in any policy limiting the amount of indebtedness we may incur adopted by CyrusOne’s board of directors. A substantial level of indebtedness could have adverse consequences for our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock because it could, among other things:

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•    require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to make principal and interest payments on our indebtedness, thereby reducing our cash flow available to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, investments and other general corporate purposes, including to make distributions on our common stock as currently contemplated or as necessary to maintain our qualification as a REIT;
•    require us to maintain certain debt coverage and other financial metrics at specified levels, thereby reducing our financial flexibility and, in the event of a failure to comply with such requirements, creating the risk of a material adverse effect on our ability to fulfill our obligations under our debt and on our business and prospects generally;
make it more difficult for us to satisfy our financial obligations, including borrowings under the Amended Credit Agreement;
•    increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;
•    expose us to increases in interest rates for our variable rate debt;
•    limit our ability to borrow additional funds on favorable terms or at all to expand our business or ease liquidity constraints;
•    limit our ability to refinance all or a portion of our indebtedness on or before maturity on the same or more favorable terms or at all;
•    limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and our industry;
•    place us at a competitive disadvantage relative to competitors that have less indebtedness;
•    increase our risk of property losses as the result of foreclosure actions initiated by lenders in the event we should incur mortgage or other secured debt obligations; and
•    require us to dispose of one or more of our properties at disadvantageous prices or raise equity that may dilute the value of our common stock in order to service our indebtedness or to raise additional funds to pay such indebtedness at or before maturity.

Failure to hedge effectively against interest rate changes and our increased exposure to foreign currency fluctuations as a result of our foreign currency hedging activities may adversely affect our results of operations.

We seek to manage our exposure to interest rate volatility by using interest rate hedging arrangements, such as floating-fixed interest rate swaps. These arrangements involve risks, such as the risk that counterparties may fail to honor their obligations under these arrangements and that these arrangements may not be effective in reducing our exposure to interest rate changes. Approximately 14% of our total indebtedness as of December 31, 2021 was subject to variable interest rates but not subject to interest rate swaps. Failure to hedge effectively against interest rate changes may materially adversely affect our results of operations.

We also currently have and may decide in the future to further undertake foreign exchange hedging transactions. As a result of investments denominated in foreign currencies, including Euros and British pounds sterling from our increased presence in Europe and the United Kingdom, as well as our €500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 1.450% Senior Notes due 2027 and €500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 1.125% Senior Notes due 2028, our exposure to foreign currency has increased. We could mitigate future investment and operational foreign currency exposure by borrowing under our Amended Credit Agreement in the particular foreign currency, subject to availability and applicable borrowing conditions. However, we would expect to incur foreign currency transaction gains and losses, which would impact our consolidated net income, and translation of financial statements from the foreign functional currency to U.S. dollars, which would be included in other comprehensive income or loss and stockholders’ equity. In addition, we have entered into cross-currency swaps to synthetically convert certain USD outstanding debt amounts to the EUR equivalent, which has further increased our exposure to foreign currency exchange rates. We have exposure to other foreign currencies, such as British pound sterling, but we have not hedged against those currencies. As a result, any changes in the strength of the U.S. dollar relative to the Euro or the other currencies of the foreign countries in which we operate may have an impact on our consolidated results of operations, including but not limited to the fact that the fair value of our cross-currency swap liabilities may increase and we may incur losses that would be immediately recognized in earnings since those hedges are not designated. See "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk" for a further discussion of our interest rate and foreign currency risks.

Discontinuation, reform or replacement of the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and other benchmark rates, or uncertainty related to the potential for any of the foregoing, may adversely affect our business.

Certain of our variable rate debt, including our Amended Credit Agreement, uses LIBOR as a benchmark for establishing the interest rate. See Note 11, Debt, to our audited consolidated financial statements. The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority (the "FCA") announced in 2017 that it intended to phase out LIBOR by the end of 2021 and the administrator of LIBOR confirmed on March 5, 2021 that it would cease publication of one-week and two-month USD LIBOR settings at the end of 2021 and publication of the remaining overnight and one-, three-, six- and 12-month USD LIBOR settings at the end of June 2023. The Alternative Reference Rates Committee (“ARCC”), which was convened by the Federal Reserve Board and the New York Fed,
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has identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) as the recommended risk-free alternative rate for USD LIBOR. The extended cessation date for most USD LIBOR tenors will allow for more time for existing legacy USD LIBOR contracts to mature and provide additional time to continue to prepare for the transition from LIBOR. Discontinuation, reform or replacement of LIBOR or any other benchmark rates may have an unpredictable impact on contractual mechanics in the credit markets or cause disruption to the broader financial markets. Uncertainty as to the nature of such potential discontinuation, reform or replacement may negatively impact the cost of our variable rate debt.

Our credit facility was amended in March 2020 to provide that, among other things, upon the occurrence of a Benchmark Transition Event (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement and which includes that the Eurodollar rate with respect to any applicable currency has ceased or will cease to be provided or is no longer representative) or an Early Opt-in Election (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement and which includes a determination by the administrative agent or a notification by the required lenders to the administrative agent that the required lenders have determined that syndicated credit facilities in such currency being executed at such time, or that include language similar to the benchmark transition provisions in the Amended Credit Agreement are being executed or amended to incorporate or adopt a new benchmark interest rate to replace the Eurodollar rate loans denominated in for such currency), as applicable, with respect to any currency, the administrative agent and the Company may amend the Amended Credit Agreement to replace the Eurodollar rate for loans denominated in such currency (which, for loans denominated in USD (our term loans and United States dollar revolver) and British pounds sterling (Great Britain pound revolver) is LIBOR) with a benchmark replacement (with respect to any currency, the sum of: (a) the alternate benchmark rate (which, with respect to USD, may be a rate based on SOFR) selected by the administrative agent and the Company giving due consideration to (i) any selection or recommendation of a replacement rate or the mechanism for determining such a rate by the relevant governmental body and/or (ii) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention for determining a rate of interest as a replacement to the Eurodollar rate for syndicated credit facilities in such currency and (b) the benchmark replacement adjustment for such currency). Any such amendment with respect to a Benchmark Transition Event becomes effective at the specified time in such agreement so long as the administrative agent has not received, by such time, written notice of objection to such proposed amendment from lenders comprising the required lenders; provided that, with respect to any proposed amendment containing any SOFR-based rate, the lenders are only entitled to object to the benchmark replacement adjustment contained therein. Any such amendment with respect to an Early Opt-in Election becomes effective on the date that lenders comprising the required lenders have delivered to the administrative agent written notice that such required lenders accept such amendment. Although no Benchmark Transition Event or Early Opt-in Election has occurred as of February 16, 2022, we may not be able to reach agreement with our lenders on any such amendments once it has. As a result, additional financing to replace our LIBOR-based debt may be unavailable, more expensive or restricted by the terms of our outstanding indebtedness. In addition, any benchmark replacement may not be the economic equivalent of LIBOR or not achieve market acceptance similar to LIBOR, which could negatively impact the cost of our variable rate debt. In particular, if the benchmark replacement is a SOFR-based rate, risks related to SOFR include, but are not limited to, that SOFR differs fundamentally from, and may not be a comparable substitute for, USD LIBOR; SOFR may be discontinued or fundamentally altered in a manner that is materially adverse to us; and any failure of SOFR to gain market acceptance could adversely affect us.

The agreements governing our indebtedness place significant operational and financial restrictions on us, reducing our operational flexibility and creating default risks.

The agreements governing our indebtedness contain covenants, and the terms of any future agreements may contain covenants, that place restrictions on us and our subsidiaries. These covenants restrict, among other things, our and our subsidiaries’ ability to:

•    merge, consolidate or transfer all, or substantially all, of our or our subsidiaries’ assets;
•    incur or guarantee additional indebtedness;
•    create liens on our or our subsidiaries’ assets;
•    pay dividends and make other distributions on our stock;
•    enter into transactions with affiliates;
•    issue or sell stock of our subsidiaries; and
•    change the nature of our business.

These covenants could impair our ability to grow our business, take advantage of attractive business opportunities or successfully compete. These covenants could also impair our ability to plan for or react to market conditions or meet capital needs, or our ability to finance our operations, strategic acquisitions, investments or alliances or other capital needs or to engage in other business activities that would be in our interest. In addition, the indentures governing our 2024 Notes, 2027 Notes, 2028 Notes, 2029 Notes, 2030 Notes and our Amended Credit Agreement require us to maintain specified financial ratios and satisfy financial condition tests. The indentures governing our 2024 Notes, 2027 Notes, 2028 Notes, 2029 Notes and 2030 Notes also require our operating partnership and its subsidiaries to maintain total unencumbered assets of at least 150% of the
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aggregate principal amount of their outstanding unsecured indebtedness on a consolidated basis. Our ability to comply with these metrics or tests may be affected by events beyond our control, including prevailing economic, financial and industry conditions. A breach of any of these covenants or covenants under any other agreements governing our indebtedness could result in an event of default. Cross-default provisions in our debt agreements could cause an event of default under one debt agreement to trigger an event of default under our other debt agreements. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under any of our debt agreements, the lenders or holders thereof could elect to declare all outstanding debt under such agreements to be immediately due and payable. If we were unable to repay or refinance the accelerated debt, the lenders or holders, as applicable, could proceed against any assets pledged to secure that debt, including foreclosing on or requiring the sale of our data centers, and our assets may not be sufficient to repay such debt in full.

Risks Related to Our General Business

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and measures to prevent its spread could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
The novel strain of the coronavirus identified in China in late 2019 has spread globally and resulted in authorities implementing numerous measures to attempt to contain the virus, including travel bans, shelter in place regulations and other restrictions and shutdowns. There has been and continues to be considerable uncertainty about the effects of these measures and how long they will remain in effect, which could adversely impact our employees, customers, vendors and suppliers resulting in a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.

As a result of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, while our data centers have remained operational, we have modified our business practices by temporarily closing our corporate headquarters and regional locations, transitioned non-essential employees to working remotely from their homes, implemented restrictions on the physical participation in meetings and significantly limited business travel, all of which have disrupted how we operate our business and may remain in place for an indeterminate amount of time. To date, our technology systems and infrastructure have effectively supported our remote working activities but we cannot assure you that our workforce will be able to continue to work effectively as a result of such practices, or that our technological systems or infrastructure will continue to be equipped to facilitate effective remote working arrangements for our employees.

The effect of the pandemic and measures implemented by authorities could disrupt our supply chain, including the provision of services to us by our vendors and could result in restrictions on construction activities. Such disruptions could impact the operations of our data centers, our ability to meet delivery timelines, including contracted delivery schedules with our customers, and could lead to the closing of facilities, delays in the commencement of leases, penalties for delay, potential lease terminations and legal proceedings being brought against us. To date our costs of operation have not significantly increased, however, we may incur additional operating costs as a result of the pandemic, the timing of which is uncertain and unpredictable, which could materially increase our costs of operations.

The conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, including recent increases in COVID-19 cases in certain markets in the U.S. and abroad in which we do business, also affect our customers and a few customers have both moderately lengthened the time to remit payments and negotiated rent abatements, which has not had a significant impact to date but may increasingly impact the timing and amount of rent we collect in the future. In addition, these conditions may negatively impact the demand for colocation and our services, delay the decision making of our customers, result in defaults or otherwise impair our customers' ability to timely pay us, as well as potentially impairing our ability to attract new customers, all of which could adversely affect our future sales, operating results, cash flows and overall financial performance. More generally, government economic support to businesses and individuals impacted by the pandemic has ceased or been reduced in many areas and may not be renewed or be effective at alleviating the abrupt economic deterioration experienced to date and both the short-term and long-term impact of these actions on economic growth is uncertain.

The effects of the pandemic have affected (and may continue to adversely affect) the economies of countries where we do business, including the United States and countries in Europe, and have also caused (and may continue to cause) severe disruption and volatility in the global capital markets, foreign exchange and interest rates. The resulting economic downturn could adversely affect our and our customers’ and suppliers’ businesses, financial conditions, results of operations and growth prospects, and may adversely impact our ability to issue equity, borrow or refinance debt and otherwise access the capital markets to fund our business. If we cannot obtain capital when needed on acceptable terms or at all, we may not be able to develop or acquire properties when strategic opportunities arise or refinance our debt at or before maturity, and we may need to increase our liquidity by disposing of properties possibly on disadvantageous terms or renewing leases on less favorable terms than we otherwise would, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and
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ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock. Moreover, our continued access to external sources of liquidity also depends on our maintaining strong credit ratings. If rating agencies lower our credit ratings, it could adversely affect our ability to access the debt markets, our cost of funds and other terms for new debt.

The duration and extent of the impact from the COVID-19 pandemic continues to depend on future developments that cannot be accurately predicted at this time, such as the severity and transmission rate of the virus and its variants, the extent and effectiveness of containment actions, the distribution and effectiveness of vaccines and therapeutic medicines, and the impact of these and other factors on our employees, customers, suppliers and vendors. If we are not able to respond to and manage the impact of such events effectively, our business will be harmed. Moreover, to the extent any of these risks and uncertainties adversely impact us in the ways described above or otherwise, they may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks set forth in this Part I, Item 1A.
Our international activities are subject to special risks different from those faced by us in the United States, and we may not be able to effectively manage our international business.

While our activities are primarily based in the United States, since 2018 we have increased our presence in Europe, including in Amsterdam, Dublin, Frankfurt, London and Paris. Expanding our international activities involves risks not generally associated with activities or investments in the United States, including:
compliance with evolving and varied regulations related to the COVID-19 pandemic;
our limited knowledge of and relationships with sellers, customers, contractors, suppliers or other parties in these markets;
complexity and costs associated with staffing and managing international development and operations;
difficulty in hiring qualified management, sales and construction personnel and service providers in a timely fashion;
problems securing and maintaining the necessary physical and telecommunications infrastructure;
multiple, conflicting and changing legal, regulatory, entitlement and permitting, and tax and treaty environments with which we have limited familiarity;
exposure to increased taxation, confiscation or expropriation;
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, currency transfer restrictions and limitations on our ability to distribute cash earned in foreign jurisdictions to the United States;
longer payment cycles and problems collecting accounts receivable;
laws and regulations on content distributed over the Internet that are more restrictive than those in the United States;
evolving and uncertain local laws, policies, regulations and licenses, including the implementation and enforcement thereof;
difficulty in enforcing agreements in non-U.S. jurisdictions, including those entered into in connection with our acquisitions, or in the event of a default by one or more of our customers, suppliers or contractors;
political and economic instability, including sovereign credit risk, in certain geographic regions;
changes resulting from Brexit, including those related to additional trade agreements, tariffs and customs regulations and currency fluctuations and potential price increases or unavailability of supplies purchased from companies located in the European Union or elsewhere;
exposure to restrictive foreign labor law practices;
import and export restrictions and other trade barriers, including imposition of tariffs; and
increased trade tensions between countries or political and economic unions.
Our inability to overcome these risks could adversely affect our foreign operations, partnerships and growth prospects and could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
Any failure to comply with anti-corruption laws and regulations could have adverse effects on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.

We are subject to laws and regulations concerning our business operations, sales and marketing activities in the U.S. and foreign countries where we conduct business. For example, we are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, or the FCPA, which generally prohibits companies and any individuals or entities acting on their behalf from offering or making improper payments or providing benefits to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or keeping business. We are also subject to various other anti-bribery, anti-corruption and international trade laws in the U.S. and certain foreign countries, such as the U.K. Bribery Act. There is a risk that our employees, business partners and other third parties could violate these laws, and we could be sanctioned or held liable for actions taken by our employees, business partners and other third parties with respect to our business. We could incur significant expenses in investigating any potential violation and could incur severe criminal or civil sanctions and/or fines as a result of violations or settlements regarding such laws. In addition, any allegations,
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settlements or violations could materially and adversely impact our reputation and our relationships with current and future customers, suppliers, employees and business partners. Any such expenses, sanctions, fines, allegations, settlements or violations could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock.
The ongoing trade conflict between the United States and the PRC may negatively impact certain of our customers, which in turn could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
The United States has advocated for and taken steps toward restricting trade in certain goods, particularly from the PRC. The PRC and certain other countries have retaliated and may further retaliate in response to new trade policies, treaties and tariffs implemented by the United States. Any further actions to increase existing tariffs or impose additional tariffs could result in an escalation of the trade conflict and may have a material negative impact on the economies of not just the United States and the PRC, but the global economy as a whole. In May 2019, former President Trump issued an executive order that invoked national emergency economic powers to implement a framework to regulate the acquisition or transfer of information and communications technology and services (“ICTS”) in transactions that imposed undue national security risks. The executive order is subject to implementation by the Secretary of Commerce and applies to contracts entered into prior to the effective date of the order. On March 22, 2021, the U.S. Department of Commerce issued an interim final rule allowing it to identify, review, and prohibit ICTS transactions that pose a national security risk, including transactions involving specified countries, such as the PRC. Several aspects of this rule remain unclear including the scope of affected transactions and how the rule will be implemented and enforced in practice. In addition, the U.S. Commerce Department has implemented additional restrictions and may implement further restrictions that would affect conducting business with certain PRC companies. In June 2021, President Biden signed an executive order that, among other things, calls for a “rigorous, evidence-based analysis” of potential risks posed by apps designed, developed, manufactured or supplied by the PRC and other “foreign adversaries” and identifies the March 2019 executive order and its implementing regulations as the primary tool for addressing the national security risks posed by such apps and other ICTS products and services. The executive order establishes app-specific factors that should be evaluated as part of the Department of Commerce’s review under the ICTS regulations to determine whether certain apps present national security concerns. While we are currently unable to predict whether the U.S. or other governments will impose any further restrictions or extend these restrictions to other industries, or the eventual impact of any such restrictions, the aforementioned regulations and restrictions create uncertainty around our customers that are controlled by PRC entities and our customers’ ability to do business with PRC entities. If these measures, tariffs and prohibitions affect any of our customers and their business results and prospects, their demand for, or ability to pay for, our data center services may decrease, which may materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
The regulatory framework around data custody, data privacy and breaches varies by jurisdiction and involves complex and rigorous regulatory standards enacted to protect business and personal data in the U.S. and elsewhere.

Data custody and privacy laws and regulations are complex and vary by jurisdiction. We may not be able to limit our liability or damages in the event of a loss of business or personal data. For example, the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (the "GDPR") became effective in 2018. The GDPR imposes additional obligations on companies regarding the handling of personal data and provides certain individual privacy rights to persons whose data is stored. Data protection legislation is also becoming common in the United States at both the federal and state level and may require us to further modify our data processing practices and policies. For example, the state of California, where we expect future development, adopted the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018, which took effect on January 1, 2020, and California voters approved the California Privacy Rights Act in November 2020, which will be effective January 1, 2023. These laws provide California residents with increased privacy rights and protections with respect to their personal information. Other states, including Virginia where we operate data centers, have passed similar legislation. Compliance with existing, proposed and recently enacted data privacy laws and regulations can be costly; any failure to comply with these regulatory standards could subject us to legal and reputational risks. Misuse of, or failure to secure, personal information could also result in violation of data privacy laws and regulations, proceedings against the Company by governmental entities or others, fines and penalties, damage to our reputation and credibility and could have a negative impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may incur significant costs complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA, and similar laws, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition and operating results.

Under the ADA, all places of public accommodation must meet federal requirements related to access and use by disabled persons. We have not conducted an audit or investigation of all of our U.S. properties to determine our compliance with the ADA. If one of our U.S. properties is not in compliance with the ADA, we would be required to incur additional costs to bring the property into compliance. Additional federal, state and local laws may require modifications to our properties, or restrict our ability to renovate our properties. We cannot predict the ultimate amount of the cost of compliance with the ADA or other legislation. If we incur substantial costs to comply with the ADA and any other similar legislation, our financial condition,
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results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock could be materially adversely affected.
We may be adversely affected by regulations or standards related to climate change and other regulations.
If we, or other companies with which we do business, become subject to existing or future laws and regulations or standards related to climate change, our business could be impacted adversely. For example, in the normal course of business, we enter into agreements with providers of electric power for our data centers, and the costs of electric power comprise a significant component of our operating expenses. In addition, we may be required to incur additional costs to acquire or upgrade our back-up generators to obtain or continue to qualify for applicable permits. Changes in regulations that affect electric power providers, such as regulations related to the control of greenhouse gas emissions, wildfire mitigation plans or other climate change related matters, could adversely affect the costs of electric power and increase our operating costs and may adversely affect our or our customers' business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows as well as our ability to pay dividends and the market price of our common stock.
Our properties are subject to various federal, state and local regulations, such as state and local fire and life safety regulations, as well as similar foreign regulations. For instance, as discussed in “We and our partners, contractors and vendors have been and may continue to be vulnerable to security breaches, cyber-attacks or terrorism which have disrupted and could disrupt our operations, harm our brand and reputation and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations” above, regulations such as the GDPR and CCPA may have significant impact on our operations. If we fail to comply with these various regulations, we may be required to pay fines or private damage awards. We do not know whether existing regulations will change or whether future regulations will require us to make significant unanticipated expenditures that may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. With respect to foreign regulations, we also face the risks described above in “We face risks with our international acquisitions associated with investing in unfamiliar metropolitan areas.
The failure to successfully implement changes to our information technology system could adversely affect our business.
From time to time, we make changes to our information technology system to meet our business and financial reporting needs. Transitioning to new or upgraded systems can create difficulties, including potential disruption to our financial reporting data, security vulnerabilities and decreases in productivity until personnel become familiar with new systems. In addition, our management information systems will require modification and refinement as we grow and as our business needs change, which could prolong difficulties we experience with systems transitions, and we may not always employ the most effective systems for our purposes. If we experience difficulties in implementing new or upgraded information systems or experience significant system failures, or if we are unable to successfully modify our management information systems and respond to changes in our business needs, our operating results could be harmed or we may fail to meet our reporting obligations.

Violations of our prohibition on harassment, sexual or otherwise, could result in liabilities and/or litigation.
We prohibit harassment or discrimination in the workplace, whether sexual harassment or any other form. This policy applies to all aspects of employment. Notwithstanding our conducting training and taking disciplinary action against alleged violations, we may encounter additional costs from claims made and/or legal proceedings brought against us. Any such claims or allegations, or even just stories or rumors about such misconduct at the Company, could also harm our reputation and therefore our business, including our ability to recruit future employees or secure contracts with new and existing customers, even if such allegations do not result in any legal liability or direct financial losses.
The expansion of social media platforms presents new risks and challenges.
The inappropriate use of certain social media vehicles could cause brand damage or information leakage or could lead to legal implications from the improper collection and/or dissemination of personally identifiable information or the improper dissemination of material non-public information. In addition, negative posts or comments about us on any social networking web site could seriously damage our reputation. Further, the disclosure of non-public company sensitive information through external media channels could lead to information loss as there might not be structured processes in place to secure and protect information. If our non-public sensitive information is disclosed or if our reputation is seriously damaged through social media, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or ordinary share price.


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Risks Related to Our Organizational Structure
Our rights and the rights of our stockholders to take action against our directors and officers are limited.
Maryland law provides that a director has no liability in the capacity as a director if he or she performs his or her duties in good faith, in a manner he or she reasonably believes to be in the company’s best interests and with the care that an ordinarily prudent person in a like position would use under similar circumstances. As permitted by the Maryland General Corporation Law (MGCL), our charter limits the liability of our directors and officers to the company and our stockholders for money damages, except for liability resulting from:
actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services; or
a final judgment based upon a finding of active and deliberate dishonesty by the director or officer that was material to the cause of action adjudicated.
In addition, our charter authorizes us to obligate the company, and our bylaws require us, to indemnify our directors and officers for actions taken by them in those capacities and to pay or reimburse their reasonable expenses in advance of final disposition of a proceeding to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law, and we have entered into indemnification agreements with our directors and executive officers. As a result, we and our stockholders may have more limited rights against our directors and officers than might otherwise exist under common law. Accordingly, in the event that any of our directors or officers are exculpated from, or indemnified against, liability but whose actions impede our performance, our stockholders’ ability to recover damages from that director or officer will be limited.
Our charter and bylaws and the partnership agreement of our operating partnership contain provisions that may delay, defer or prevent an acquisition of our common stock or a change in control.
Our charter and bylaws and the partnership agreement contain a number of provisions, the exercise or existence of which could delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might involve a premium price for our stockholders or otherwise be in their best interests, including the following:
Our Charter Contains Restrictions on the Ownership and Transfer of Our Stock. In order for us to qualify as a REIT, no more than 50% of the value of outstanding shares of our stock may be owned, beneficially or constructively, by five or fewer individuals at any time during the last half of each taxable year other than the first year for which we elect to be taxed as a REIT. Subject to certain exceptions, our charter prohibits any stockholder from owning beneficially or constructively more than 9.8% in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of the outstanding shares of our common stock, or 9.8% in value of the aggregate of the outstanding shares of all classes or series of our stock. We refer to these restrictions collectively as the “ownership limits.” The constructive ownership rules under the Code are complex and may cause the outstanding stock owned by a group of related individuals or entities to be deemed to be constructively owned by one individual or entity. As a result, the acquisition of less than 9.8% of our outstanding common stock or the outstanding shares of all classes or series of our stock by an individual or entity could cause that individual or entity or another individual or entity to own constructively in excess of the relevant ownership limits. Our charter also prohibits any person from owning shares of our stock that would result in our being “closely held” under Section 856(h) of the Code or otherwise cause us to fail to qualify as a REIT. Any attempt to own or transfer shares of our common stock or of any of our other capital stock in violation of these restrictions may result in the shares being automatically transferred to a charitable trust or may be void. These ownership limits may prevent a third-party from acquiring control of us if our board of directors does not grant an exemption from the ownership limits, even if our stockholders believe the change in control is in their best interests. Although it is under no continuing obligation to do so, our board of directors has granted some limited exemptions from the ownership limits applicable to certain holders of our common stock, subject to certain initial and ongoing conditions designed to protect our status as a REIT, including, if deemed advisable, the receipt of an Internal Revenue Service (IRS) private letter ruling or an opinion of counsel.

Our Board of Directors Has the Power to Cause Us to Issue Additional Shares of Our Stock Without Stockholder Approval. Our charter authorizes us to issue additional authorized but unissued shares of common or preferred stock. In addition, our board of directors may, without stockholder approval, amend our charter to increase the aggregate number of our shares of common stock or the number of shares of stock of any class or series that we have authority to issue and classify or reclassify any unissued shares of common or preferred stock and set the preferences, rights and other terms of the classified or reclassified shares. As a result, our board of directors may establish a series of shares of common or preferred stock that could delay or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might involve a premium price for our shares of common stock or otherwise be in the best interests of our stockholders.

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Conflicts of interest exist or could arise in the future with our operating partnership or its partners.
Conflicts of interest exist or could arise in the future as a result of the relationships between us and our affiliates, on the one hand, and our operating partnership or any partner thereof, on the other. Our directors and officers have duties to our company under applicable Maryland law in connection with their direction of the management of our company. At the same time, we, as trustee, have duties to CyrusOne GP, which, in turn, as general partner of our operating partnership, has duties to our operating partnership and to the limited partners under Maryland law in connection with the management of our operating partnership. Under Maryland law, the general partner of a Maryland limited partnership has fiduciary duties of care and loyalty, and an obligation of good faith, to the partnership and its partners. While these duties and obligations cannot be eliminated entirely in the limited partnership agreement, Maryland law permits the parties to a limited partnership agreement to specify certain types or categories of activities that do not violate the general partner’s duty of loyalty and to modify the duty of care and obligation of good faith, so long as such modifications are not unreasonable. These duties as general partner of our operating partnership to the partnership and its partners may come into conflict with the interests of our company. Under the partnership agreement of our operating partnership, the limited partners of our operating partnership expressly agree that the general partner of our operating partnership is acting for the benefit of the operating partnership, the limited partners of our operating partnership and our stockholders, collectively. The general partner is under no obligation to give priority to the separate interests of the limited partners in deciding whether to cause our operating partnership to take or decline to take any actions. If there is a conflict between the interests of us or our stockholders, on the one hand, and the interests of the limited partners of our operating partnership, on the other, the partnership agreement of our operating partnership provides that any action or failure to act by the general partner that gives priority to the separate interests of us or our stockholders that does not result in a violation of the contractual rights of the limited partners of our operating partnership under the partnership agreement will not violate the duties that the general partner owes to our operating partnership and its partners.
Additionally, the partnership agreement of our operating partnership expressly limits our liability by providing that we and our directors, officers, agents and employees will not be liable or accountable to our operating partnership or its partners for money damages. In addition, our operating partnership is required to indemnify us, our directors, officers and employees, the general partner and its trustees, officers and employees, employees of our operating partnership and any other persons whom the general partner may designate from and against any and all claims arising from operations of our operating partnership in which any indemnitee may be involved, or is threatened to be involved, as a party or otherwise unless it is established by a final judgment that the act or omission of the indemnitee constituted fraud, intentional harm or gross negligence on the part of the indemnitee, the claim is brought by the indemnitee (other than to enforce the indemnitee’s rights to indemnification or advance of expenses) or the indemnitee is found to be liable to our operating partnership, and then only with respect to each such claim.
No reported decision of a Maryland appellate court has interpreted provisions that are similar to the provisions of the partnership agreement of our operating partnership that modify the fiduciary duties of the general partner of our operating partnership, and we have not obtained an opinion of counsel regarding the enforceability of the provisions of the partnership agreement that purport to waive or modify the fiduciary duties and obligations of the general partner of our operating partnership.
In addition, the limited partnership agreement of our operating partnership provides for the issuance of partnership units designated as LTIP Units. While all of the issued and outstanding operating partnership units were owned, directly or indirectly, by the Company as of December 31, 2020, as a result of the restructuring of our operating partnership, which was effective February 1, 2021, 0.15% of the operating partnership units are now held by a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and the Compensation Committee of the Company may now grant awards to participants in our Restated 2012 Long Term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) that allows recipients to elect to receive their award in the form of LTIP Units or restricted stock of the Company. LTIP Units will dilute the Company’s interest (and therefore the interest of our stockholders) in the assets of our operating partnership. LTIP Units will have the right to vote on certain amendments to the limited partnership agreement of our operating partnership, as well as on certain other matters. Persons holding such voting rights may exercise them in a manner that conflicts with the interests of our stockholders. Furthermore, circumstances may arise in the future when the interest of limited partners in our operating partnership may conflict with the interest of our stockholders. For example, the timing and terms of dispositions of properties held by our operating partnership may result in tax consequences to certain limited partners and not to our stockholders.
Certain provisions of Maryland law may limit the ability of a third-party to acquire control of us.
Certain provisions of the MGCL may have the effect of inhibiting a third-party from acquiring us or of impeding a change of control under circumstances that otherwise could provide our common stockholders with the opportunity to realize a premium over the then-prevailing market price of such shares, including:
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“business combination” provisions that, subject to limitations, prohibit certain business combinations between an “interested stockholder” (defined generally as any person who beneficially owns 10% or more of the voting power of our outstanding shares of voting stock or an affiliate or associate of the corporation who, at any time within the two-year period immediately prior to the date in question, was the beneficial owner of 10% or more of the voting power of the then outstanding stock of the corporation) or an affiliate of any interested stockholder and us for five years after the most recent date on which the stockholder becomes an interested stockholder, and thereafter imposes two super-majority stockholder voting requirements on these combinations; and
“control share” provisions that provide that holders of “control shares” of our company (defined as voting shares of stock that, if aggregated with all other shares of stock owned or controlled by the acquirer, would entitle the acquirer to exercise one of three increasing ranges of voting power in electing directors) acquired in a “control share acquisition” (defined as the direct or indirect acquisition of issued and outstanding “control shares”) have no voting rights except to the extent approved by our stockholders by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding all interested shares.
Pursuant to the Maryland Business Combination Act, our board of directors has by resolution exempted from the provisions of the Maryland Business Combination Act business combinations between any other person and us, provided that such business combination is first approved by our board of directors (including a majority of our directors who are not affiliates or associates of such person). Our bylaws contain a provision exempting from the Maryland Control Share Acquisition Act any and all acquisitions by any person of shares of our stock. There can be no assurance that these exemptions or resolutions will not be amended or eliminated at any time in the future.
Additionally, Title 3, Subtitle 8 of the MGCL permits our board of directors, without stockholder approval and regardless of what is currently provided in our charter or bylaws, to implement certain takeover defenses, such as a classified board, some of which we do not have.
Our bylaws designate the Circuit Court for Baltimore City, Maryland, as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by our stockholders, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that the stockholders believe is a more favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers or other employees.

Our bylaws provide that, subject to limited exceptions, the Circuit Court for Baltimore City, Maryland, is the sole and exclusive
forum for (a) any derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf, (b) any action asserting a claim of breach of any duty owed by any of our directors, officers or other employees to us or our stockholders, (c) any action asserting a claim against us or any of our directors, officers or other employees arising pursuant to any provision of the MGCL, our charter or our bylaws or (d) any action asserting a claim against us or any of our directors, officers or other employees that is governed by the internal affairs doctrine. This provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it believes is more favorable for disputes against us or our directors, officers or employees, which may discourage such lawsuits against us and our directors, officers and other employees.

Risks Related to Status as a REIT
If we fail to remain qualified as a REIT, we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax as a regular corporation and could face a substantial tax liability, which would reduce the amount of cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
CyrusOne Inc. has elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Code commencing with our initial taxable year ending December 31, 2013. We intend to continue to operate in a manner that will allow us to remain qualified as a REIT. Our qualification as a REIT depends on our satisfaction of certain asset, income, organizational, distribution, stockholder ownership and other requirements on a continuing basis. Our ability to satisfy the asset tests depends upon our analysis of the characterization and fair market values of our assets, some of which are not susceptible to a precise determination, and for which we do not obtain independent appraisals.
We have received a private letter ruling from the IRS with respect to certain issues relevant to our qualification as a REIT. In general, the ruling provides, subject to the terms and conditions contained therein, that certain structural components of our properties (e.g., relating to the provision of electricity, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, regulation of humidity, security and fire protection, and telecommunications services) and intangible assets, and certain services that we may provide, directly or through subsidiaries, to our tenants, will not adversely affect our qualification as a REIT. Although we may generally rely upon the ruling, no assurance can be given that the IRS will not challenge our qualification as a REIT on the basis of other issues or facts outside the scope of the ruling.
If we were to fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we would be subject to U.S. federal income tax, and could be subject to U.S. Federal income tax for any open taxable years on our taxable income at regular corporate rates, and dividends paid to
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our stockholders would not be deductible by us in computing our taxable income. Any resulting corporate tax liability could be substantial and would reduce the amount of cash available for distribution to our stockholders, which in turn could have an adverse impact on the value of our common stock. Unless we were entitled to relief under certain Code provisions, we would also be disqualified from re-electing to be taxed as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year in which we failed to qualify as a REIT.
Qualifying as a REIT involves highly technical and complex provisions of the Code.
Qualification as a REIT involves the application of highly technical and complex Code provisions for which only limited judicial and administrative authorities exist. Even a technical or inadvertent violation could jeopardize our REIT qualification. Our continued qualification as a REIT will depend on our satisfaction of certain asset, income, organizational, distribution, stockholder ownership and other requirements on a continuing basis. In addition, our ability to satisfy the requirements to qualify as a REIT may depend in part on the actions of third parties over which we have no control or only limited influence, including in cases where we own an equity interest in an entity that is classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
REIT distribution requirements could adversely affect our ability to execute our business plan.
We generally must distribute annually at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding any net capital gains, in order for us to qualify as a REIT (assuming that certain other requirements are also satisfied) so that U.S. federal corporate income tax does not apply to earnings that we distribute. To the extent that we satisfy this distribution requirement and qualify for taxation as a REIT but distribute less than 100% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and including any net capital gains, we will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on our undistributed net taxable income and on income recognized by our TRSs. In addition, we will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax if the actual amount that we distribute to our stockholders in a calendar year is less than a minimum amount specified under U.S. federal tax laws. We intend to make distributions to our stockholders to comply with the REIT requirements of the Code.
From time to time, we may generate taxable income greater than our cash flow as a result of differences in timing between the recognition of taxable income and the actual receipt of cash or the effect of nondeductible capital expenditures, the creation of reserves or required debt or amortization payments. If we do not have other funds available in these situations, we could be required to borrow funds on unfavorable terms, sell assets at disadvantageous prices or distribute amounts that would otherwise be invested in future acquisitions to make distributions sufficient to enable us to pay out enough of our taxable income to satisfy the REIT distribution requirement and to avoid corporate income tax and the 4% excise tax in a particular year. These alternatives could increase our costs or reduce our equity. Thus, compliance with the REIT requirements may hinder our ability to grow, which could adversely affect the value of our common stock.
Dividends payable by REITs generally do not qualify for the reduced tax rates available for some dividends, but certain stockholders may be entitled to deduct up to 20% of dividends payable by REITs.
"Qualified dividend income" payable to U.S. stockholders that are individuals, trusts or estates is generally subject to tax at preferential rates, but dividends payable by REITs generally do not constitute “qualified dividend income”. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2026, however, U.S. stockholders that are individuals, trusts or estates generally will be entitled to deduct up to 20% of “qualified REIT dividends”. A “qualified REIT dividend” is any dividend from a REIT received during the taxable year that is not designated by the REIT as a “capital gain dividend” or as “qualified dividend income”.
Even if we remain qualified as a REIT, we may face other tax liabilities that reduce our cash flow.
Even if we remain qualified for taxation as a REIT, we may be subject to certain U.S. federal, state, local, and non-U.S. taxes on our income and assets, including taxes on any undistributed net taxable income and state, local, or non-U.S. income, property and transfer taxes. For example, in order to meet the REIT qualification requirements, we may hold some of our assets or conduct certain of our activities through one or more TRS or other subsidiary corporations that will be subject to federal, state, and local corporate-level income taxes as regular C corporations. In addition, we may incur a 100% excise tax on transactions with a TRS if they are not conducted on an arm’s length basis. Moreover, we are subject to income, withholding and other taxes in numerous non-U.S. jurisdictions with respect to our income and operations related to those jurisdictions. Our after-tax profitability could be affected by numerous factors, including the availability of tax credits, exemptions and other benefits to reduce our tax liabilities, changes in the relative amount of our earnings subject to tax in the various jurisdictions in which we operate, the potential expansion of our business into or otherwise becoming subject to tax in additional jurisdictions, changes to our existing businesses and operations, the extent of our intercompany transactions and the extent to which taxing
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authorities in the relevant jurisdictions respect those intercompany transactions. Any of these taxes would decrease cash available for distribution to our stockholders.

Changes in U.S. or foreign tax laws and regulations, including changes to tax rates, legislation and other actions may adversely affect our results of operations.

We are headquartered in the United States with subsidiaries and operations in Europe which are subject to income taxes in these jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes and there is no assurance that additional taxes will not be due upon audit of our tax returns or as a result of changes to applicable tax laws. The governments of many of the countries in which we operate may enact changes to the tax laws of such countries, including changes to the corporate recognition and taxation of worldwide income. The nature and timing of any changes to each jurisdiction’s tax laws and the impact on our future tax liabilities cannot be predicted and, as a result, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends, as well as the market price of our common stock, may be adversely affected.

Certain property transfers may generate prohibited transaction income, resulting in a penalty tax on gain attributable to the transaction.

From time to time, we may transfer or otherwise dispose of some of our properties, including the contribution of properties to our joint venture funds. Even if we remain qualified for taxation as a REIT, any gain resulting from transfers of properties that we hold as inventory or primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business would be treated as income from a prohibited transaction subject to a 100% penalty tax, unless a safe harbor exception applies. Since we acquire properties for investment purposes, we do not believe that our occasional transfers or disposals of property or our contributions of properties into our joint ventures, are properly treated as prohibited transactions. However, whether property is held for investment purposes is a question of fact that depends on all the facts and circumstances surrounding the particular transaction. The IRS may contend that certain transfers or disposals of properties by us or contributions of properties into our joint ventures are prohibited transactions if they do not meet the safe harbor requirements. While we believe that the IRS would not prevail in any such dispute, if the IRS were to argue successfully that a transfer or disposition or contribution of property constituted a prohibited transaction, we would be required to pay a 100% penalty tax on any gain allocable to us from the prohibited transaction. In addition, income from a prohibited transaction might adversely affect our ability to satisfy the income tests for qualification as a real estate investment trust for federal income tax purposes.
Complying with REIT requirements may cause us to forgo otherwise attractive opportunities.
To qualify as a REIT, we must ensure that, at the end of each calendar quarter, at least 75% of the value of our assets consists of cash, cash items, government securities and “real estate assets” (as defined in the Code), including certain mortgage loans and securities. The remainder of our investments (other than government securities, qualified real estate assets and securities issued by a TRS) generally cannot include more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of any one issuer or more than 10% of the total value of the outstanding securities of any one issuer. In addition, in general, no more than 5% of the value of our total assets (other than government securities, qualified real estate assets and securities issued by a TRS) can consist of the securities of any one issuer, and no more than 20% of the value of our total assets can be represented by securities of one or more TRS. If we fail to comply with these requirements at the end of any calendar quarter, we must correct the failure within 30 days after the end of the calendar quarter or qualify for certain statutory relief provisions to avoid losing our REIT qualification and suffering adverse tax consequences. As a result, we may be required to liquidate or forgo otherwise attractive investments. These actions could have the effect of reducing our income and amounts available for distribution to our stockholders.
In addition to the asset tests set forth above, to continue to qualify as a REIT we must continually satisfy tests concerning, among other things, the sources of our income, the amounts we distribute to our stockholders and the ownership of our stock. We may be unable to pursue investments that would be otherwise advantageous to us in order to satisfy the source-of-income or asset-diversification requirements for qualifying as a REIT. Thus, compliance with the REIT requirements may hinder our ability to make certain attractive investments.
Complying with REIT requirements may limit our ability to hedge effectively and may cause us to incur tax liabilities.
The REIT provisions of the Code substantially limit our ability to hedge our assets and liabilities. Any income from a hedging transaction that we enter into to manage risk of interest rate changes with respect to borrowings made or to be made to acquire or carry real estate assets does not constitute “gross income” for purposes of the 75% or 95% gross income tests that apply to REITs, provided that certain identification requirements are met. To the extent that we enter into other types of hedging transactions or fail to properly identify such transaction as a hedge, the income is likely to be treated as non-qualifying income for purposes of both of the gross income tests. As a result of these rules, we may be required to limit our use of advantageous
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hedging techniques or implement those hedges through a TRS. This could increase the cost of our hedging activities because our TRS may be subject to tax on gains or expose us to greater risks associated with changes in interest rates than we would otherwise want to bear. In addition, losses in our TRS will generally not provide any tax benefit, except that such losses may be carried forward to offset future taxable income of the TRS.
Changes to U.S. federal income tax laws could materially and adversely affect us and our stockholders.
The present U.S. federal income tax treatment of REITs and their shareholders may be modified, possibly with retroactive effect, by legislative, judicial or administrative action at any time, which could affect the U.S. federal income tax treatment of an investment in our shares. The U.S. federal income tax rules, including those dealing with REITs, are constantly under review by persons involved in the legislative process, the IRS and the U.S. Treasury Department, which results in statutory changes as well as frequent revisions to regulations and interpretations.
Risks Related to Our Common Stock
Our cash available for distribution to stockholders may not be sufficient to make distributions at expected levels, and we may need to borrow in order to make such distributions; consequently, we may not be able to make such distributions in full.
If cash available for distribution generated by our assets is less than our estimate or if such cash available for distribution decreases in future periods from expected levels, our inability to make the expected distributions could result in a decrease in the market price of our common stock. Distributions made by us will be authorized and determined by our board of directors in its sole discretion out of funds legally available therefor and will be dependent upon a number of factors, including restrictions under applicable law and our capital requirements. We may not be able to make or sustain distributions in the future. To the extent that we decide to make distributions in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits, such distributions would generally be considered a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes to the extent of the holder’s adjusted tax basis in its shares. A return of capital is not taxable, but it has the effect of reducing the holder’s adjusted tax basis in its investment. To the extent that distributions exceed the adjusted tax basis of a holder’s shares, they will be treated as gain from the sale or exchange of such stock. If we borrow to fund distributions, our future interest costs would increase, thereby reducing our earnings and cash available for distribution from what they otherwise would have been.
Future offerings of debt, which would be senior to our common stock upon liquidation, and/or preferred equity securities, which may be senior to our common stock for purposes of distributions or upon liquidation, may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
In the future, we may attempt to increase our capital resources by making additional offerings of debt or preferred equity securities, including medium-term notes, trust preferred securities, senior or subordinated notes and preferred stock. Upon liquidation, holders of our debt securities and shares of preferred stock and lenders with respect to other borrowings will receive distributions of our available assets prior to the holders of our common stock. Additional equity offerings may dilute the holdings of our existing stockholders or reduce the market price of our common stock, or both. Holders of our common stock are not entitled to preemptive rights or other protections against dilution. Our preferred stock, if issued, could have a preference on liquidating distributions or a preference on distribution payments that could limit our ability to make a distribution to the holders of our common stock. Because our decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings. Thus, our stockholders bear the risk of our future offerings reducing the market price of our common stock and diluting their stock holdings in us.
Increases in market interest rates may cause potential investors to seek higher dividend yields and therefore reduce demand for our common stock and result in a decline in our stock price.
One of the factors that may influence the price of our common stock is the dividend yield on our common stock (the amount of dividends as a percentage of the price of our common stock) relative to market interest rates. An increase in market interest rates, which are currently at low levels relative to historical rates, may lead prospective purchasers of our common stock to expect a higher dividend yield, which we may be unable or choose not to provide. Higher interest rates would likely increase our borrowing costs and potentially decrease the cash available for distribution. Thus, higher market interest rates could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.
The number of shares available for future sale could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
We cannot predict whether future issuances of shares of our common stock or the availability of shares of our common stock for resale in the open market will decrease the market price per share of our common stock. Sales of a substantial number of
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shares of our common stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales might occur, could adversely affect the market price of the shares of our common stock. Physical settlement of these forward sale agreements or other forward sale agreements in the future have resulted or will result in dilution to our earnings per share. During the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company entered into sales agreements pursuant to which the Company may issue and sell from time to time shares of its common stock having an aggregate sales price of up to $750.0 million (the "New 2018 ATM Stock Offering Program"). During the second quarter of 2020, the Company entered into sales agreements pursuant to which the Company may issue and sell from time to time shares of its common stock having an aggregate sales price of up to $750.0 million (the "2020 ATM Stock Offering Program"). The 2020 ATM Stock Offering Program replaced the New 2018 ATM Stock Offering Program. During the second quarter of 2021, the Company entered into sales agreements pursuant to which the Company may issue and sell from time to time shares of its common stock having an aggregate sales price of up to $750.0 million (the "2021 ATM Stock Offering Program" and, together with the New 2018 ATM Stock Offering Program and 2020 ATM Stock Offering Program, the “ATM stock offering program”). The 2021 ATM Stock Offering Program replaced the 2020 ATM Stock Offering Program. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company settled forward agreements totaling 8.4 million common shares at an average price of $70.84 for proceeds of $593.7 million, net of expenses. In addition, we have registered shares of common stock that were reserved for issuance under our Restated 2012 Long Term Incentive Plan and under our 2014 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, and these shares can generally be freely sold in the public market, assuming any applicable restrictions and vesting requirements are satisfied. If any or all of these holders cause a large number of their shares to be sold in the public market, the sales could reduce the trading price of our common stock and could impede our ability to raise future capital on terms acceptable to us or at all.
The market price and trading volume of our common stock may be volatile.
The market price of our common stock may be volatile. In addition, the trading volume in our common stock may fluctuate and cause significant price variations to occur. If the market price of our common stock declines significantly, a holder may be unable to resell shares at a profit or at all. We cannot provide any assurance that the market price of our common stock will not fluctuate or decline significantly in the future.
Some of the factors that could negatively affect the market price of our common stock or result in fluctuations in the price or trading volume of our common stock include:
actual or anticipated variations in our quarterly results of operations or distributions;
changes in our funds from operations or earnings estimates;
publication of research reports about us or the real estate, technology or data center industries;
increases in market interest rates that may cause purchasers of our shares to demand a higher yield;
changes in market valuations of similar companies;
adverse market reaction to any additional debt we may incur in the future;
additions or departures of key personnel;
actions by institutional stockholders;
speculation in the press or investment community about our company or industry or the economy in general;
the occurrence of any of the other risk factors presented in this Form 10-K; and
general market and economic conditions, including economic conditions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and inflation.
Our earnings and cash distributions will affect the market price of shares of our common stock.
To the extent that the market value of a REIT’s equity securities is based primarily upon market perception of the REIT’s growth potential and its current and potential future cash distributions, whether from operations, sales, acquisitions, development or refinancing and is secondarily based upon the value of the underlying assets, shares of our common stock may trade at prices that are higher or lower than the net asset value per share. To the extent we retain operating cash flow for investment purposes, working capital reserves or other purposes rather than distributing the cash flow to stockholders, these retained funds, while increasing the value of our underlying assets, may negatively impact the market price of our common stock. Our failure to meet market expectations with regard to future earnings and cash distributions would likely adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
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ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.
ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES
The information set forth under the caption “Our Portfolio” in Item 1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K is incorporated by reference herein.
ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
In the ordinary course of our business, from time to time, we are subject to claims and administrative proceedings. We do not believe any currently outstanding matters would have, individually or in the aggregate, a material effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations or liquidity and cash flows.
ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
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PART II
ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASE OF EQUITY SECURITIES.
A)Market Information
Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “CONE”.
B)Holders
As of February 11, 2022, CyrusOne Inc. had 110 shareholders of record and 129,563,290 outstanding shares.
C)Distribution Policy
We have made distributions in the form of dividends each quarter since the completion of our initial public offering ("IPO"). In order to comply with the REIT requirements of the Code, we are required to make quarterly distributions to our shareholders of at least 90% of our taxable income. Distributions made by the Company are determined by our board of directors in its sole discretion. If we have underestimated our cash available for distribution, we may need to increase our borrowings in order to fund our intended distributions. Notwithstanding the foregoing, our Amended Credit Agreement and indentures restrict CyrusOne LP from making distributions to holders of its operating partnership units, or redeeming or otherwise repurchasing shares of its operating partnership units, after the occurrence and during the continuance of an event of default, except in limited circumstances including as necessary to enable CyrusOne Inc. to maintain its qualification as a REIT and to minimize the payment of income taxes.

D)Issuer Purchases of Unregistered Securities
Period
(a) Total Number of Shares of Common Stock Purchased(1)
(b) Average Price Paid per Common Share (c) Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs (c) Maximum Number (or Approximate Dollar Value) of Shares that May Yet be Purchased
January 1, 2021 - January 31, 2021 675  $ 71.72  N/A N/A
February 1, 2021 - February 28, 2021 27,808  67.17  N/A N/A
March 1, 2021 - March 31, 2021 106,540  65.17  N/A N/A
May 1, 2021 - May 31, 2021 940  71.73  N/A N/A
July 1, 2021 - July 31, 2021 780  71.27  N/A N/A
August 1, 2021 - August 31, 2021 17  71.27  N/A N/A
September 1, 2021 - September 30, 2021 7,460  76.56  N/A N/A
November 1, 2021 - November 30, 2021 2,000  82.90  N/A N/A
December 1, 2021 - December 31, 2021 29,241  89.41  N/A N/A
175,461  $ 70.30  N/A N/A
(1) - Represents the common stock surrendered by employees to CyrusOne to satisfy such employee's tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of restricted stock.
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E)    Stock Performance
The following graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return on CyrusOne Inc.’s common stock for the year ended December 31, 2021, with the cumulative total return on the S&P 500 Market Index and the MSCI US REIT Index (RMZ). The comparison assumes that $100 was invested on December 31, 2016 in CyrusOne Inc.’s common stock and in each of these indices and assumes reinvestment of dividends, if any.
cone-20211231_g2.jpg
Pricing Date CONE S&P 500 MSCI US REIT
December 31, 2016 100.00  100.00  100.00 
December 31, 2017 137.13  121.83  105.07 
December 31, 2018 125.89  116.49  100.27 
December 31, 2019 160.65  153.17  126.18 
December 31, 2020 185.01  181.35  116.62 
December 31, 2021 233.20  233.41  166.84 
F)    Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
None.
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ITEM 6.    [RESERVED]
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ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
You should read the following discussion and analysis of our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Form 10-K"). Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this report, including information with respect to our plans and strategies for our business, statements regarding the industry outlook, our expectations regarding the future performance of our business and the other non-historical statements contained herein are forward-looking statements. See “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.” You should also review the “Risk Factors” section of this report for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described herein or implied by such forward-looking statements.
The consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K reflect the historical financial position, results of operations and cash flows of CyrusOne Inc. (the "Company") for all periods presented.
Overview
Our Company. We are a fully integrated, self-managed data center real estate investment trust ("REIT") that owns, operates and develops enterprise-class, carrier-neutral, multi-tenant and single-tenant data center properties. Our data centers are generally purpose-built facilities with redundant power and cooling. They are not network specific and enable customer connectivity to a range of telecommunication carriers. We provide mission-critical data center real estate assets that protect and ensure the continued operation of information technology ("IT") infrastructure for approximately 1,000 customers in 56 data centers, including one recovery center, in 16 markets (11 cities in the U.S.; London, U.K.; Frankfurt, Germany; Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Dublin, The Republic of Ireland and Paris, France).
We continue to monitor the global outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and to take steps to mitigate the potential risks to us posed by the pandemic. We provide a critical service to our customers and are considered an essential business by most governments. While the impact of the pandemic on our business has not been significant to date, we are unable to predict its future impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to pay dividends as well as the market price of our common stock as discussed in the risk factors set forth in Part I, Item 1A of this Form 10-K.
Pending Acquisition by KKR and GIP

As previously announced, on November 14, 2021, the Company entered into the Merger Agreement with Parent, and Merger Sub, pursuant to which, subject to the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub will be merged with and into the Company (also referred to as the Merger), with the Company surviving the Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent. Parent and Merger Sub were formed solely for the purpose of entering into the Merger Agreement and related agreements and consummating the transactions contemplated thereby, and Parent is controlled by funds affiliated with Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P. ("KKR") and Global Infrastructure Management, LLC ("GIP"). Subject to the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, the outstanding shares of common stock of the Company at the effective time of the Merger will be acquired for $90.50 per share in an all-cash transaction.

The Merger Transactions are subject to customary closing conditions, including the receipt of the required regulatory approvals and the satisfaction or waiver of the other conditions to the Merger described in the Merger Agreement. The Merger Transactions are expected to close during the second quarter of 2022, but there can be no assurances regarding whether the Merger Transactions will close as expected, or at all. The Company's stockholders voted to approve the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement at a special meeting of stockholders held for that purpose on February 1, 2022. Additionally, the waiting period applicable to the Merger Transactions under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, expired on December 29, 2021.
Our Portfolio
Our 56 data centers, including one recovery center, total 8.6 million Gross Square Feet ("GSF"), of which 83% of the Colocation Square Feet ("CSF") is leased and has 984 megawatts ("MW") of power capacity. This includes 12 buildings where we lease such facilities comprising approximately 11% of our total GSF as of December 31, 2021. Also included in our total GSF, CSF and MW are pre-stabilized assets (which include data halls that have been in service for less than 24 months or are less than 85% leased) with approximately 400,090 GSF and 34% of the CSF is leased with capacity of 43 MW of power.
In addition, we continue to invest primarily in global digital gateway markets and have properties under development comprising approximately 1.4 million GSF and 149 MW of power capacity. The estimated remaining total costs to develop these properties is projected to be between $643.0 million and $730.0 million. The increase over the prior year is primarily due to developments in Chicago, Houston and London. The final costs to develop are likely to change depending on several factors
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including the customer capital improvements required based on the future lease contracts executed on such properties. We also have 505 acres of land available for future data center development.
Operational Overview

The following discussion provides an overview of our capital and financing activity, operations and transactions for the year ended December 31, 2021 and should be read in conjunction with the full discussion of our operating results, liquidity and capital resources included in this Form 10-K, as well as the risk factors set forth in Part I, Item 1A.

Outlook

We seek to maximize the growth of long-term earnings and shareholder value primarily through increasing cash flow at existing properties and developing high-quality data center assets and campuses at attractive yields with long-term, stable operating income. In addition, the Company will, from time to time, acquire existing properties which meet our strategic criteria, offer in-place cash flow and have strong growth prospects.

Fundamental secular trends for data center real estate have remained strong, including the exponential growth in global data, the growth of e-commerce and demand for outsourcing of data storage and cloud-based applications. Large cloud-based demand, in particular, is strong in the U.S. and Europe. The favorable trends have attracted new capital funding for multiple data center platforms, including both public and private companies, leading to significant increases in supply in most major markets in which we operate. While demand remains robust, the supply outlook has led to pricing pressure, particularly with large hyperscale customers that are driving an increase in demand, which we expect to continue in 2022.

In terms of capital investment, we will continue to pursue selective development of new data centers primarily in global digital gateway markets where we project demand and market rental rates will provide attractive financial returns.

We may, from time to time, selectively dispose of non-strategic assets to recycle capital and enhance long-term growth in earnings and cash flows, as well as to improve the overall quality of our portfolio.

Our access to the investment grade debt capital markets is critical to managing our business as a public company and we are committed to maintaining our investment grade ratings and have a strong balance sheet. As a result of the announcement of the pending acquisition of the Company, credit ratings agencies have placed CyrusOne’s ratings on negative credit watch due to uncertainty regarding our growth strategy and leverage policy. Please see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for additional information.
Inflation and Supply Chain Risks
The U.S. and European economies where we operate experienced significant increases in inflation in 2021, however this inflation did not have a significant impact on our business over this period. We continue to monitor our supply chain costs, as increases in inflation may adversely impact our business. However, the availability of equipment and materials that support the development and construction of our data centers has experienced constraints on supplies resulting in increased lead times and is leading to moderate increases in prices on equipment. Through our supplier networks we have contracted at fixed prices for supply of our future equipment needs, but continued supply chain constraints may over time result in increased costs of our construction projects. In addition, our business may be adversely impacted by inflation as our customer leases generally do not provide for annual increases in rent based on inflation. As a result, we bear the risk of increases in the costs of operating and maintaining our data center facilities. We are unable to predict future inflation that may impact our business. Most of our leases have contractual rent escalations, typically ranging from 1-3% per annum; in addition most of our revenue from colocation contracts is structured to pass-through the cost of sub-metered utilities. In the future, we expect more of our leases to be structured to pass-through utility costs. In addition, approximately 76% of our leases, based on annualized rent, expire within six years and we will be looking to replace existing leases with new leases at then existing market rates.
Summary of Significant Transactions and Activities for the Year Ended December 31, 2021

Real Estate Acquisitions, Development and Other Activities

In January 2022, the Company entered into a definitive agreement for the sale of its four Houston data center assets. Under the terms of the agreement, the buyer will acquire the Houston West I, II and III and Houston Galleria data centers from CyrusOne. Additionally, at closing CyrusOne will lease back from the buyer of the Houston West III shell to support a lease signed with a hyperscale customer in the fourth quarter of 2021. Total consideration for the transaction will be approximately $670.0 million, subject to a net working capital adjustment.
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During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company purchased approximately 35 acres of land for future development in Madrid, Spain; Amsterdam, The Netherlands; San Antonio, Texas and Frankfurt, Germany for a cost totaling $63.8 million.

In June 2021, the Company entered into lease amendments for the two data center leases located in London, United Kingdom to extend the lease terms. Per lease modification accounting rules under ASC 842, these leases were classified as finance leases on the modification effective date. Previously these leases were accounted as operating leases. The finance lease asset and liability are presented in Buildings and improvements and Finance lease liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets, respectively.

During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company purchased land for future development in Frankfurt, Germany and London, United Kingdom totaling 35 acres for $58.0 million. In March 2020, the Company entered into a 25-year lease comprising a 45,000 square feet building and commenced development of a 27 MW data center in Paris, France which was preleased to a customer.

During the year ended December 31, 2021, cash capital expenditures were $727.0 million, of which $702.6 million related to the development and construction of data centers. We continue to make a significant investment to build and develop data centers which will require additional capital investment. The expansion and development of additional power capacity and building square feet during the year ended December 31, 2021 primarily related to development in key markets, primarily in Northern Virginia, Frankfurt, Phoenix, Dublin, London, Somerset, Paris, San Antonio and Chicago.

Capital and Financing Activity

Financing Activity

Credit Facilities

As of December 31, 2021, we had $800.0 million outstanding under the Amended Credit Agreement (as defined below) and $2.7 billion of senior notes. For more information, see Note 11, Debt.

On March 31, 2020, CyrusOne LP, a Maryland limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), and subsidiary of the Company, entered into an amendment to its credit agreement, dated as of March 29, 2018 (as so amended, the “Amended Credit Agreement”), among the Operating Partnership, as borrower, the lenders party thereto (the “Lenders”) and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent for the Lenders. Proceeds from the Amended Credit Agreement were used, among other things, to refinance and replace the credit facilities under the Company's prior credit agreement.
The Amended Credit Agreement provides for (i) a $1.4 billion senior unsecured multi-currency revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”), (ii) senior unsecured term loans due 2023 in a dollar equivalent principal amount of $400.0 million (the “2023 Term Loan Facility”), and (iii) senior unsecured term loans due 2025 in a principal amount of $700.0 million (the “2025 Term Loan Facility”). The Amended Credit Agreement also includes an accordion feature pursuant to which the Operating Partnership is permitted to obtain additional revolving or term loan commitments so long as the aggregate principal amount of commitments and/or term loans under the Amended Credit Agreement does not exceed $4.0 billion. The Revolving Credit Facility provides for borrowings in U.S. Dollars, Euros, Pounds Sterling, Canadian Dollars, Australian Dollars, Japanese Yen, Hong Kong Dollars, Singapore Dollars and Swiss Francs (subject to a sublimit of $750.0 million on borrowings in currencies other than U.S. Dollars). The Revolving Credit Facility matures on March 29, 2024 with one 12-month extension option. The 2023 Term Loan Facility matures on March 29, 2023 with two 1-year extension options, and the 2025 Term Loan Facility matures on March 28, 2025.
Senior Debt

On May 26, 2021, CyrusOne Europe Finance DAC closed an offering of €500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 1.125% senior notes due May 2028 (the “2028 Notes”).

On January 22, 2020, CyrusOne LP and CyrusOne Finance Corp. closed their offering of €500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 1.450% senior notes due January 2027 (the “2027 Notes”).

On September 21, 2020, CyrusOne LP and CyrusOne Finance Corp. closed their offering of $400.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2.150% senior notes due November 2030 (the “2030 Notes”).

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Capital Activity

During the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company entered into sales agreements pursuant to which the Company may issue and sell from time to time shares of its common stock having an aggregate sales price of up to $750.0 million (the "2018 ATM Stock Offering Program"). During the second quarter of 2020, the Company entered into sales agreements pursuant to which the Company may issue and sell from time to time shares of its common stock having an aggregate sales price of up to $750.0 million (the "2020 ATM Stock Offering Program"). The 2020 ATM Stock Offering Program replaced the 2018 ATM Stock Offering Program. During the second quarter of 2021, the Company entered into sales agreements pursuant to which the Company may issue and sell from time to time shares of its common stock having an aggregate sales price of up to $750.0 million (the "2021 ATM Stock Offering Program"). The 2021 ATM Stock Offering Program replaced the 2020 ATM Stock Offering Program.

In November 2019, CyrusOne Inc. entered into a forward equity sale agreement with a financial institution acting as forward purchaser under the 2018 ATM Stock Offering Program with respect to 1.6 million shares of its common stock at an initial forward price of $61.67 per share. The Company fully physically settled this forward equity sale agreement in June 2020. Upon settlement, the Company issued all such shares to such financial institution in its capacity as forward purchaser, in exchange for proceeds of approximately $96.5 million, in accordance with the provisions of the forward equity sale agreement.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, CyrusOne Inc. entered into forward equity sale agreements with financial institutions acting as forward purchasers under the 2018 ATM Stock Offering Program and the 2020 ATM Stock Offering Program, as applicable, with respect to approximately 10.2 million shares of its common stock at a weighted average price of $68.98 per share, net of expenses. The Company received proceeds of $219.1 million from the sale of 3.4 million of its common shares by the forward purchasers in respect of forward equity sale agreements entered during the year ended December 31, 2020.

During the year ended December 31, 2021, CyrusOne Inc. entered into forward equity sale agreements under the 2021 ATM Stock Offering Program with respect to approximately 3.0 million shares. The Company received proceeds of $116.6 million from the sale of 1.6 million of its common shares by the forward purchasers in respect of forward equity sale agreements entered during the year ended December 31, 2021.
The Company currently expects to fully physically settle the remaining forward equity sale agreements by June 2022 and receive cash proceeds upon one or more settlement dates at the Company’s discretion, prior to the final settlement dates under the forward equity sale agreements, in which case we expect to receive aggregate net cash proceeds at settlement equal to the number of shares specified in such forward equity sale agreements multiplied by the relevant forward price per share. The weighted average forward sale price that we expect to receive upon physical settlement of the agreements will be subject to adjustment for (i) a floating interest rate factor equal to a specified daily rate less a spread, (ii) the forward purchasers' stock borrowing costs and (iii) scheduled dividends during the terms of the agreements.

As of December 31, 2021, there was $513.4 million under the 2021 ATM Stock Offering Program available for future offerings.

Concentration of Revenue

We have significant concentration of revenue with few customers. 20 customers represented approximately 64.9% of our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. One customer represented 20% of our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021, and 19% of our revenue for the year ended December 31, 2021. Please see "Our Portfolio" set forth in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-K.

Annualized backlog from leased but not commenced leases

We define our annualized backlog as the twelve-month recurring revenue (calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP")) for executed lease contracts achieved upon full occupancy which have not commenced as of the end of a period. Our backlog as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 was approximately $176.8 million and $101.0 million, respectively. We expect 80% of our backlog lease contracts to commence in 2022 and 20% in 2023 and thereafter. Because GAAP revenue for any period is generally a function of straight line revenue recognized from lease contracts in existence at the beginning of a period, as well as lease contract renewals and new customer lease contracts commencing during the period, backlog as of any period is not necessarily indicative of near-term performance. Our definition of backlog may differ from other companies in our industry.

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Critical Accounting Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to use judgment in the application of accounting policies, including making estimates and assumptions. If our judgment or interpretation of the facts and circumstances relating to various transactions had been different or different assumptions were made, it is possible that different accounting policies would have been applied, resulting in different financial results or a different presentation of our financial statements. Estimates, judgments and assumptions are based on historical experiences that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. From time to time we re-evaluate those estimates and assumptions. Our discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our management evaluates these estimates on an ongoing basis, based upon information currently available and on various assumptions management believes are reasonable as of the date of the financial statements.
Our actual results may differ from these estimates. We have provided a summary of our significant accounting policies in Note 3, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to our audited consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K.
Revenue Recognition

Our revenue consists of lease revenue and revenue from contracts with customers. The revenues from colocation rent revenue, metered power reimbursements and interconnection revenue are recognized under the lease accounting standard and revenues from managed services, equipment sales, installations and other services (generally revenue from contracts with customers) are recognized under the revenue accounting standard. An allowance for doubtful accounts is recognized when the collection of rent receivables is deemed to be unlikely. We adopted Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 842, Leases (“ASC 842”), the new accounting standard for leases, effective January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective approach and prior periods were not restated. In addition, we adopted Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), the new accounting standard for revenue from contracts with customers, effective January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach. See Note 4, Recently Issued Accounting Standards, Note 5, Revenue Recognition and Note 6, Leases - As a Lessee, in our audited consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K for additional information related to the adoption.

Lease Revenue:

Our leasing revenue primarily consists of colocation rent, metered power reimbursements and interconnection revenue and is accounted for under ASC 842, Leases. We generally are not entitled to reimbursements for rental expenses including real estate taxes, insurance or other common area operating expenses. The accounting for leases is highly dependent on the classification of the lease as an operating or finance lease and requires judgment and estimates in evaluating the principles of the new accounting standard for leases, including whether an arrangement is a lease, the fair value of the identified asset, expected lease term and economic life of the asset.

a.Colocation Rent Revenue

Colocation rent revenues, including interconnection revenue, are fixed minimum lease payments generally billed monthly in advance based on the contracted power or leased space. Some contracts may provide initial free rent periods and rents that escalate over the term of the contract. If rents escalate without the lessee gaining access to or control over additional leased power or space at the beginning of the lease term, the rental payments are recognized as revenue on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. If rents escalate because the lessee gains access to and control over additional power and or leased space, revenue is recognized in proportion to the additional power or space in the periods that the lessee has control over the use of the additional power or space. The excess of revenue recognized over amounts contractually due is recognized as a straight-line receivable, which is included in Rent and other receivables in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Some of our leases are structured on a gross basis in which the customer pays a fixed amount for colocation space and power. The revenue for these types of leases is recorded in colocation rent revenue.

b. Metered Power Reimbursements Revenue

Some of our leases provide that the customer is separately billed for power based upon actual or estimated metered usage generally at rates then in effect. Metered power reimbursement revenue is variable lease payments generally billed one month in arrears, and an estimate of this revenue is accrued in the month that the associated power is provided and recorded in metered power reimbursements revenue.



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Revenue from Contracts with Customers

Revenue from our managed services, equipment sales, installations and other services are recognized under ASC 606.
Equipment sold by us generally consists of servers, switches, networking equipment, cable infrastructure and cabinets. Revenue is recognized at a point-in-time when control of the equipment transfers to the customer from the Company, which generally occurs upon delivery to the customer.

Managed services include providing a full-service managed data center, monitoring customer computer equipment, managing backups and storage, utilization reporting and other related ancillary information technology services. Management service contracts generally range from one to five years.

Installation services include mounting, wiring, and testing of customer owned equipment. The installation period is typically short term in duration, and accordingly, revenue from the installation of customer equipment is recognized at a point-in-time once the installation is complete and the performance obligation is satisfied. Other services generally include installation of customer equipment, performing customer system re-boots, server cabinet and cage management, power monitoring, shipping and receiving, resolving technical issues, and other services requested by the customer. Other service revenue is measured based on the consideration specified in the contract and recognized over time as we satisfy the performance obligation.
Capitalization of Costs

We capitalize costs directly related to the development, pre-development or improvement of our investment in real estate, referred to as capital projects and other activities included within this paragraph. Costs associated with our capital projects are capitalized as incurred. If the project is abandoned, these costs are expensed during the period in which the project is abandoned. The accounting for capitalization of costs requires judgment and estimates to evaluate each project, including the timing and activities necessary to prepare an asset for its intended use, evaluation of direct and indirect project costs, and the allocation of costs to specific projects. Costs considered for capitalization include, but are not limited to, construction costs, interest, real estate taxes, insurance and utilities, if appropriate. We capitalize indirect costs such as personnel, office and administrative expenses that are directly related to our development projects based on an estimate of the time spent on the construction and development activities. These costs are capitalized only during the period in which activities necessary to ready an asset for its intended use are in progress and such costs are incremental and identifiable to a specific activity to get the asset ready for its intended use. We determine when the capitalization period begins and ends through communication with project and other managers responsible for the tracking and oversight of individual projects. In the event that the activities to ready the asset for its intended use are suspended, the capitalization period will cease until such activities are resumed. In addition, we capitalize incremental initial direct costs incurred for successful origination of new leases which include internal and external leasing commissions. Interest expense is capitalized based on actual qualifying capital expenditures from the period when development commences until the asset is ready for its intended use, at the weighted average borrowing rate during the period. These costs are included in investment in real estate and depreciated over the estimated useful life of the related assets.
Costs incurred for maintaining and repairing our properties, which do not extend their useful lives, are expensed as incurred.
Impairment Losses
Management reviews the carrying value of long-lived assets, including intangible assets with finite lives, when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the assets may not be recoverable. When such impairment indicators exist, we review an estimate of the undiscounted future cash flows expected to result from the use of an asset (or group of assets) and proceeds from its eventual disposition and compare such amount to its carrying value. To determine the cash flows we consider factors such as future operating income, trends and prospects, as well as the effects of leasing demand, rental rates, competition and other factors. The estimate of expected future cash flows is inherently uncertain and relies to a considerable extent on management estimates and assumptions, including current and future market conditions, projected growth in our CSF, projected recurring rent churn (as described below), lease renewal rates and our ability to generate new leases on favorable terms. If our undiscounted cash flows indicate that we are unable to recover the carrying value of the asset, an impairment loss is recognized. An impairment loss is measured as the amount by which the asset’s carrying value exceeds its estimated fair value. The evaluation whether assets may not be recoverable and the estimates and assumptions used to determine undiscounted cash flows and fair value requires significant judgment by management. We recognized an impairment loss of $0.5 million for equipment held for use in inventory based on the book value of the abandoned equipment for the year ended December 31, 2021. For the year ended December 31, 2020, we recognized an impairment loss of $11.2 million, which included an $8.8 million impairment loss based on our estimate of the decrease in the fair value of the equipment held for use in inventory at our U.S. data centers and a $2.4 million impairment loss based on the estimated fair value for our investment in land held in Atlanta for future
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development as the Company sold this land to a third-party in February 2021. For the year ended December 31, 2019, we recognized an impairment loss of $0.7 million, primarily due to an impairment loss on the South Bend-Monroe facility, which was being actively marketed for sale. These fair values were based on unobservable inputs and the determination of fair value of real estate assets to be held for use is derived using the discounted cash flow method and involves a number of management assumptions relating to future economic events that could materially affect the determination of the ultimate fair value. Such assumptions are Level 3 inputs and include, but are not limited to, projected vacancy rates, rental rates, property operating expenses and required capital expenditures. These factors require management's judgment of factors such as market knowledge, historical experience, lease terms, tenant financial strength, economy, demographics, environment, property location, age, physical condition and expected return requirements, among other things. The aforementioned factors are taken as a whole by management in the determination of fair value. See Fair Value Measurements below for further information on fair value. The impairment losses are included in Impairment losses and (gain) loss on asset disposals, net in our Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Key Operating Metrics

Annualized Rent. We calculate annualized rent as monthly contractual rent (defined as cash rent including customer reimbursements for metered power) under existing customer leases as of December 31, 2021, multiplied by 12. Monthly contractual rent is primarily for data center space, power and connectivity; however, it includes rent for office space and other ancillary services. For the month of December 2021, customer reimbursements were $268.8 million annualized and consisted of reimbursements by customers across all facilities with separately metered power. Other companies may not define annualized rent in the same manner. Accordingly, our annualized rent may not be comparable to others. Management believes annualized rent provides a useful measure of our in-place lease revenue.

Colocation Square Feet ("CSF"). We calculate leased total CSF as the GSF at an operating facility that is leased or readily available for lease as colocation space, where customers locate their servers and other IT equipment.

Leased Rate. We calculate leased rate by dividing leased total CSF by total CSF. Percent occupied differs from Percent leased. Percent occupied is determined based on occupied CSF billed to customers under signed leases divided by total CSF. CSF associated with signed leases that have not commenced are not included.

Recurring Rent Churn Percentage. We calculate recurring rent churn percentage as any reduction in recurring rent due to customer terminations, service reductions or net pricing decreases as a percentage of rent at the beginning of the period, excluding any impact from metered power reimbursements or other usage-based billing.

Capital Expenditures. Expenditures that expand, improve or extend the life of real estate and non-real estate property are capital expenditures. Management views its capital expenditures as comprised of acquisitions of real estate, development of real estate, recurring capital expenditures and all other non-real estate capital expenditures. Purchases of land or buildings from third parties represent acquisitions of real estate. Capital spending that expands or improves our data centers is deemed development of real estate. Replacements of data center equipment are considered recurring capital expenditures. Purchases of software, computer equipment and furniture and fixtures are included in non-real estate capital expenditures.

Factors That May Influence Future Results of Operations

Rental Income. Our revenue growth depends on our ability to maintain our existing revenue base and to sell new capacity that becomes available as a result of our development activities. As of December 31, 2021, we have leased approximately 83% of our CSF. Our ability to grow revenue with our existing customers will also be affected by our ability to maintain or increase rental rates at our properties. Rates contracted with our customers that renewed in 2021 were lower than the rates previously in effect, a trend that we expect to continue and to be driven by increases in data center supply and cloud company offerings. As such, we anticipate decreases in rates as contracts renew which could continue to affect our revenue in future periods. Future economic downturns, regional downturns affecting our markets, or oversupply of or decrease in demand for data center colocation services could impair our ability to attract new customers or renew existing customers’ leases on favorable terms, and this could adversely affect our ability to maintain or increase revenues.

Leasing Arrangements. As of December 31, 2021, 19% of our leased GSF was to customers on a gross basis. Under a gross lease, the customer pays a fixed monthly rent amount, and we are responsible for all data center facility electricity, maintenance and repair costs, property taxes, insurance and other utilities associated with that customer’s space. For leases under this model, fluctuations in our customers’ monthly utilization of power and the prices our utility providers charge us impact our profitability. As of December 31, 2021, 81% of our leased GSF was to customers with separately billed metered power. Under the metered power model, the customer pays us a fixed monthly rent amount, plus its actual costs of sub-metered electricity
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used to power its data center equipment, plus an estimate of costs for electricity used to power supporting infrastructure for the data center, expressed as a factor of the customer’s actual electricity usage. We are responsible for all other costs listed in the description of the gross lease above. Fluctuations in a customer’s utilization of power and the supplier pricing of power do not impact our profitability as much under the metered power model. In future periods, we expect more of our contracts to be structured to bill power on a metered power basis.

Growth and Expansion Activities. Our ability to grow our revenue and profitability will depend on our ability to acquire and develop data center space globally at an appropriate cost and to lease the data center space to customers on favorable terms. During the year ended December 31, 2021, we increased our operational GSF by 8%, bringing our total GSF to approximately 8.6 million at December 31, 2021. Our portfolio, as of December 31, 2021, also included approximately 1.4 million GSF under development, as well as 1.7 million GSF of additional powered shell space under roof available for development. In addition, we have approximately 505 acres of land that are available for future data center shell development. We expect that the eventual construction of this future development space will enable us to accommodate a portion of the future demand of our existing and future customers and increase our future revenue, profitability and cash flows.

Scheduled Lease Expirations. Our ability to maintain low recurring rent churn and renew expiring customer leases on favorable terms will impact our results of operations. Our data center uncommitted capacity as of December 31, 2021, was approximately 1.6 million GSF. Excluding month-to-month leases, leases representing 11% and 14% of our total GSF are scheduled to expire in 2022 and 2023, respectively. These leases represented approximately 15% and 16% of our total annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. Month-to-month leases represented 7% of our total annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. Recurring rent churn was 3.5% for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to 3.6% for the year ended December 31, 2020. Our recurring rent churn for each quarter in 2021 ranged from 0.3% to 1.8%, in comparison to a range of 0.6% to 1.1% in 2020.

Conditions in Significant Markets. Our properties are located in 16 distinct markets (11 cities in the U.S.; London, U.K.; Frankfurt, Germany; Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Dublin, The Republic of Ireland and Paris, France). Cincinnati, Dallas, Houston, New York Metro, Northern Virginia, Phoenix and San Antonio accounted for approximately 73% of our annualized rent as of December 31, 2021. We have recently expanded into development in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Dublin, the Republic of Ireland and Paris, France. General economic conditions and regulations in these markets could impact our overall profitability.
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Results of Operations
Comparison of Years Ended December 31, 2021 and 2020