Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021

or

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number 1-10243

 

 

BP PRUDHOE BAY ROYALTY TRUST

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   13-6943724

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A.

601 Travis Street, Floor 16

Houston, Texas

(Address of principal executive offices)

77002

(Zip Code)

(713) 483-6020

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange

on which registered

Units of Beneficial Interest   BPT   New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☐    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

As of August 6, 2021, 21,400,000 Units of Beneficial Interest were outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

         Page  
  PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  Financial Statements      1  

Item 2.

  Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.      9  

Item 3.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.      16  

Item 4.

  Controls and Procedures.      16  
  PART II —OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  Legal Proceedings      18  

Item 1A.

  Risk Factors      18  

Item 2.

  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.      18  

Item 3.

  Defaults Upon Senior Securities.      18  

Item 4.

  Mine Safety Disclosures.      18  

Item 5.

  Other Information.      18  

Item 6.

  Exhibits.      18  

 

i


Table of Contents

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty Trust

Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus

(Prepared on a modified cash basis)

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except unit data)

 

     June 30,
2021
    December 31,
2020
 

Assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents (Note 3)

   $ 191     $ 266  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 191     $ 266  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Trust Corpus

    

Accrued expenses

   $ 1,100     $ 139  

Royalty deposit liability (Note 7)

     69       68  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

     1,169       207  

Trust Corpus (Deficit) (40,000,000 units of beneficial interest authorized, 21,400,000 units issued and outstanding)

     (978)       59  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Trust Corpus (Deficit)

   $ 191     $ 266  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements (unaudited).

 

1


Table of Contents

BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty Trust

Statements of Cash Earnings and Distributions

(Prepared on a modified cash basis)

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except unit data)

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2021      2020     2021     2020  

Royalty revenues

   $ —        $ (67   $ —       $ 9,270  

Interest income (expense)

     —          4       (1     11  

Less: Trust administrative expenses

     —          (689     (75     (942
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash earnings (loss)

   $ —        $ (752   $ (76   $ 8,339  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash distributions

   $ —        $ —       $ —       $ 9,078  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash distributions per unit

   $ —        $ —       $ —       $ 0.4242  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Units outstanding

     21,400,000        21,400,000       21,400,000       21,400,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements (unaudited).

 

2


Table of Contents

BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty Trust

Statements of Changes in Trust Corpus

(Prepared on a modified cash basis)

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2021     2020     2021     2020  

Trust Corpus at beginning of period

   $ (591   $ 475     $ 59     $ 898  

Cash earnings (loss)

     —         (752     (76     8,339  

(Increase) decrease in accrued expenses

     (387     401       (961     (35

Cash distributions

     —         —         —         (9,078
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Trust Corpus at end of period

   $ (978   $ 124     $ (978   $ 124  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements (unaudited).

 

3


Table of Contents
(1)

Formation of the Trust and Organization

BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty Trust (the “Trust”), a grantor trust, was created as a Delaware business trust pursuant to a Trust Agreement dated February 28, 1989 (the “Trust Agreement”) among The Standard Oil Company (“Standard Oil”), BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. (“BP Alaska”) (now known as Hilcorp North Slope, LLC (“HNS”), The Bank of New York Mellon, as trustee, and BNY Mellon Trust of Delaware (successor to The Bank of New York (Delaware)), as co-trustee. On December 15, 2010, The Bank of New York Mellon resigned as trustee and was replaced by The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., a national banking association, as successor trustee (the “Trustee”).

On February 28, 1989, Standard Oil conveyed an overriding royalty interest (the “Royalty Interest”) to the Trust. The Trust was formed for the sole purpose of owning and administering the Royalty Interest. The Royalty Interest represents the right to receive a per barrel royalty (the “Per Barrel Royalty”) of 16.4246% on the lesser of (a) the first 90,000 barrels of the average actual daily net production of oil and condensate per quarter or (b) the average actual daily net production of oil and condensate per quarter from HNS’s working interests as of February 28, 1989 in the Prudhoe Bay field situated on the North Slope of Alaska (the “1989 Working Interests”). Trust Unit holders are subject to the risk that production will be interrupted or discontinued or fall, on average, below 90,000 barrels per day in any quarter. BP guaranteed the performance of BP Alaska of its payment obligations with respect to the Royalty Interest and that guarantee remains in place with respect the performance of HNS of such payment obligations.

Effective January 1, 2000, BP Alaska and all other Prudhoe Bay working interest owners cross-assigned interests in the Prudhoe Bay field pursuant to the Prudhoe Bay Unit Alignment Agreement. BP Alaska retained all rights, obligations, and liabilities associated with the Trust.

The trustees of the Trust are The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. and BNY Mellon Trust of Delaware, a Delaware banking corporation. BNY Mellon Trust of Delaware serves as co-trustee in order to satisfy certain requirements of the Delaware Statutory Trust Act. The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. alone is able to exercise the rights and powers granted to the Trustee in the Trust Agreement.

The Per Barrel Royalty in effect for any day is equal to the price of West Texas Intermediate crude oil (the “WTI Price”) for that day less scheduled Chargeable Costs (adjusted for inflation) and Production Taxes (based on statutory rates then in effect).

The Trust is passive, with the Trustee having only such powers as are necessary for the collection and distribution of revenues, the payment of Trust liabilities, and the protection of the Royalty Interest. The Trustee, subject to certain conditions, is obligated to establish cash reserves and borrow funds to pay liabilities of the Trust when they become due. The Trustee may sell Trust properties only (a) as authorized by a vote of the Trust Unit holders, (b) when necessary to provide for the payment of specific liabilities of the Trust then due (subject to certain conditions) or (c) upon termination of the Trust. Each Trust Unit issued and outstanding represents an equal undivided share of beneficial interest in the Trust. Royalty payments are received by the Trust and distributed to Trust Unit holders, net of Trust expenses and any deductions required for the cash reserve, in the month succeeding the end of each calendar quarter. The Trust will terminate (i) upon a vote of holders of not less than 60% of the outstanding Trust Units, or (ii) at such time the net revenues from the Royalty Interest for two successive years are less than $1,000,000 per year (unless the net revenues during such period are materially and adversely affected by certain events constituting “Force Majeure”, as defined in the Trust Agreement).

 

(2)

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic and Liquidity

In July 1999, the Trustee established a cash reserve to provide liquidity to the Trust during future periods in which the Trust does not receive revenues from the Royalty Interest. The Trustee has drawn funds from the cash reserve account during the quarters in which the quarterly revenues received by the Trust did not exceed the liabilities and expenses of the Trust, and has replenished or otherwise added to the reserve from deductions from quarterly distributions made to Unit holders during periods when the Trust received revenues from the Royalty Interest and Unit holders received distributions.

 

4


Table of Contents

In December 2018, the Trust announced that the Trustee had determined to gradually increase the Trustee’s existing cash reserve for the payment of future expenses and liabilities of the Trust from $1,000,000 to $1,270,000, as permitted by the Trust Agreement. Commencing with the distribution to Unit holders payable in April 2019, the Trustee began withholding the greater of $33,750 or 0.17% of the funds otherwise available for distribution each quarter to gradually increase existing cash reserves.

A novel strain of coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), surfaced in late 2019 and has since spread around the world. In March 2020, the World Health Organization characterized the disease caused by the virus—COVID-19—as a pandemic. Due to the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the markets experienced a further decline in oil prices in response to oil demand concerns and global storage considerations. As a result of, among other things, lower oil prices and the increase in Chargeable Costs, the Trust received no Royalty Payments attributable to the four quarters of 2020 or the first quarter of 2021. Therefore, the Trust was unable to make quarterly deductions to make any additions to the funds on deposit in the cash reserve since the January 2020 distribution made for Royalty Payments attributable to the fourth quarter of 2019. In December 2020, the remaining funds on deposit in the cash reserve were insufficient to pay the Trustee’s fees and administrative fees, expenses, charges and costs, including accounting, engineering, legal, financial advisory, and other professional fees incurred in connection with the Trust (“Administrative Expenses”) in 2020.

Pursuant to Section 7.02 of the Trust Agreement, the Trustee, on December 18, 2020, notified HNS in writing that available assets in the Trust created under the Trust Agreement were insufficient to pay current expenses that had been incurred on behalf of the Trust relating to the Trustee’s administration of the Trust and at that time there was no reasonable likelihood that the Trust would receive any future Royalty Payments. Pursuant to the indemnity provisions contained in Section 7.02 of the Trust Agreement, the Trustee made a demand for indemnity and reimbursement of expenses upon HNS in the amount of $537,835, representing the Trust’s unpaid expenses through December 18, 2020. HNS paid the requested funds to the Trustee on December 28, 2020, and the Trustee applied those funds to the Trust’s unpaid expenses in accordance with the Trust Agreement.

Although HNS agreed to make an indemnity payment to reimburse the Trust for those Administrative Expenses incurred by the Trustee on behalf of the Trust through December 18, 2020, there can be no assurance that HNS will make any further indemnification payments, if necessary, and in such case, the Trustee will continue to review its options under the Trust Agreement and Support Agreement, including obtaining a loan for the Trust, selling a portion of the Trust assets, or selling all of the Trust assets, or enforcing such indemnity, if necessary, should the available amounts in the cash reserve be insufficient to pay the Administrative Expenses of the Trust and the fees, costs and expenses related to an orderly termination of the Trust.

Since the receipt of the indemnity payment from HNS in December 2020, the Trust continued to accrue Administration Expenses but had not received any revenues from the Royalty Interest until July 2021, when the Trust received a quarterly payment of $3,203,262 attributable to the quarter ended June 30, 2021. After deducting the Administrative Expenses accrued through June 30, 2021, the Trustee deducted $1,581,381 and added that amount to the cash reserve in July 2021 and then distributed on July 20, 2021 the remaining amount of $521,470 to Unit holders of record on July 15. See Note 8 to the Financial Statements (Unaudited) in Item 1. The amount added to the cash reserve takes into account that the Trust had not received any revenues attributable to the four quarters of 2020 or the first quarter of 2021 and therefore had been unable to make any additions to the cash reserve for the last five quarters, the increase in Trust Administrative Expenses in 2020 and the expected expenses associated with the future termination of the Trust.

The Trustee has evaluated the adequacy of the cash reserve, the likelihood of the continued and regular receipts of revenues from the Royalty Interest during the remainder of 2021 and beyond and the anticipated timing of termination of the Trust, and expects to further increase the cash reserve to approximately $6.0 million. As a result, the Trustee intends to retain in reserve future revenues from the Royalty Interest, if any, received in the remainder of fiscal year 2021 or subsequent periods for future Administrative Expenses until the reserve totals approximately $6.0 million, and intends to maintain the reserve at that level, to the extent possible. The Trustee intends to continue to evaluate the adequacy of the cash reserve and may, at any time without notice to the Unit holders, increase or decrease the amount of the cash reserve due to the facts and circumstances prevailing from time to time. At this time, the Trustee believes the cash reserve, taking into account additions described in Note 8 to the Financial Statements, is sufficient to pay Trust fees and expenses for the next 12 months.

Cash held in reserve will be invested as required by the Trust Agreement. Any cash reserved in excess of the amount necessary to pay or provide for the payment of future known, anticipated or contingent expenses or liabilities eventually will be distributed to Unit holders, together with interest earned on the funds. Any amounts set aside for the cash reserve are invested by the Trustee in U.S. government or agency securities secured by the full faith and credit of the United States, or mutual funds investing in such securities.

 

5


Table of Contents

In light of the Trust’s cash shortfall in December 2020, the Trust began to explore the options available under the Trust Agreement to address the issue. These steps included efforts to obtain a loan for the Trust, sell a portion of the Trust assets, or sell all of the Trust assets and taking the necessary steps to terminate the Trust. The Trustee has engaged a firm with expertise in the oil industry to provide financial advisory, investment banking, valuation, and consulting services to assist the Trust in identifying potential lenders or potential purchasers of Trust assets, and to advise the Trust with respect to the timing of its potential termination pursuant to the Trust Agreement. To date, the Trust has not been successful in securing a loan, however, to the extent that the Trust receives additional revenue from the Royalty Interests, and the cash reserve is fully funded, a loan may no longer be necessary, even if available. Due to the uncertainty of future Royalty Payments to the Trust, these efforts are ongoing and there can be no assurance that the Trust will continue to receive additional Royalty Payments sufficient to fund the cash reserve or would be able to secure a loan or arrange for the sale of Trust assets should it become necessary, or if it can, that any loan or sale would be on terms that are acceptable to the Trust.

Although the Trust received net revenues attributable to the quarter ended June 30, 2021, there can be no assurance that WTI Prices will remain at levels sufficient to result in Royalty Payments to the Trust in any future quarter.

 

(3)

Basis of Accounting

The financial statements of the Trust are prepared on a modified cash basis and reflect the Trust’s assets, liabilities, corpus, earnings, and distributions, as follows:

 

  a.

Revenues are recorded when received (generally within 15 days of the end of the preceding quarter) and distributions to Trust Unit holders are recorded when paid.

 

  b.

Trust expenses (which include accounting, engineering, legal, and other professional fees, trustees’ fees, and out-of-pocket expenses) are recorded on an accrual basis.

 

  c.

Cash reserves may be established by the Trustee for certain contingencies that would not be recorded under generally accepted accounting principles.

While these statements differ from financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, the modified cash basis of reporting revenues and distributions is considered to be the most meaningful because quarterly distributions to the Trust Unit holders are based on net cash receipts. These modified cash basis financial statements are unaudited but, in the opinion of the Trustee, include all adjustments necessary to present fairly the assets, liabilities and corpus of the Trust as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, and the modified cash basis of earnings and distributions and changes in Trust corpus for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. The adjustments are of a normal recurring nature and are, in the opinion of the Trustee, necessary to fairly present the results of operations.

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, cash equivalents which represent the cash reserve consist of a Morgan Stanley ILF Treasury Fund and U.S. Treasury Bills with original maturities of ninety days or less.

 

6


Table of Contents

Estimates and assumptions are required to be made regarding assets, liabilities and changes in Trust corpus resulting from operations when financial statements are prepared. Changes in the economic environment, financial markets and any other parameters used in determining these estimates could cause actual results to differ, and the differences could be material.

These unaudited financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. The cash earnings and distributions for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

 

(4)

Royalty Interest

At inception in February 1989, the Royalty Interest held by the Trust had a carrying value of $535,000,000. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, the Trust amortized the value of the Royalty Interest based on the units of production method. Such amortization was charged directly to the Trust corpus, and did not affect cash earnings. In addition, the Trust periodically evaluated impairment of the Royalty Interest by comparing the undiscounted cash flows expected to be realized from the Royalty Interest to the carrying value, pursuant to the Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment. If the expected future undiscounted cash flows were less than the carrying value, the Trust recognized impairment losses for the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value of the Royalty Interest. By December 31, 2010, the Trust had recognized accumulated amortization of $359,473,000 and aggregate impairment write-downs of $175,527,000 reducing the carrying value of the Royalty Interest to zero.

 

(5)

Income Taxes

The Trust files its federal tax return as a grantor trust subject to the provisions of subpart E of Part I of Subchapter J of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, rather than as an association taxable as a corporation. The Trust Unit holders are treated as the owners of Trust income and corpus, and the entire taxable income of the Trust will be reported by the Trust Unit holders on their respective tax returns.

If the Trust were determined to be an association taxable as a corporation, it would be treated as an entity taxable as a corporation on the taxable income from the Royalty Interest, the Trust Unit holders would be treated as shareholders, and distributions to Trust Unit holders would not be deductible in computing the Trust’s tax liability as an association.

 

(6)

Alaska Oil and Gas Production Tax

On April 14, 2013, Alaska’s legislature passed an oil-tax reform bill amending Alaska’s oil and gas production tax statutes, AS 43.55.10 et seq. (the “Production Tax Statutes”) with the aim of encouraging oil production and investment in Alaska’s oil industry. On May 21, 2013, the Governor of Alaska signed the bill into law as chapter 10 of the 2013 Session laws of Alaska (the “Act”). Among significant changes, the Act eliminated the monthly “progressivity” tax rate implemented by certain amendments to the Production Tax Statutes in 2006 and 2007, increased the base rate from 25% to 35% and added a stair-step per-barrel tax credit for oil production. This tax credit is based on the gross value at the point of production per barrel of taxable oil and may not reduce a producer’s tax liability below the “minimum tax” (which is a percentage, ranging from zero to 4%, of the gross value at the point of production of a producer’s taxable production during the calendar year based on the average price per barrel for Alaska North Slope crude oil for sale on the United States West Coast for the year) under the Production Tax Statutes. These changes became effective on January 1, 2014.

On January 15, 2014, the Trustee executed a letter agreement with BP Alaska dated January 15, 2014 (the “2014 Letter Agreement”) regarding the implementation of the Act with respect to the Trust. Pursuant to the 2014 Letter Agreement, Production Taxes for the Trust’s Royalty Production will equal the tax for the relevant quarter, minus the allowable monthly stair-step per-barrel tax credits for the Royalty Production during that quarter. If there is a “minimum tax”-related limitation on the amount of the stair-step per-barrel tax credits that could otherwise be claimed for any quarter during the year, any difference between that limitation as preliminarily determined on a quarterly basis and the actual

 

7


Table of Contents

limitation for the entire year will be reflected in the payment to the Trust for the first quarter Royalty Production in the following year.

On July 6, 2015, BP Alaska and the Trustee signed a letter agreement (the “2014 Letter Agreement Amendment”) amending the 2014 Letter Agreement to provide that if there is a “minimum tax”-related limitation on the amount of the stair-step per-barrel tax credits that could otherwise be claimed for any quarter during the year, any difference between that limitation as preliminarily determined on a quarterly basis and the actual limitation for the entire year will be reflected in the payment to the Trust for the fourth quarter Royalty Production payment for such year rather than in the payment to the Trust for the first quarter Royalty Production in the following year.

 

(7)

Royalty Revenue Adjustments

Certain of the Royalty Payments received by the Trust in 2021 and 2020 were adjusted by HNS and BP Alaska (as predecessor to HNS), respectively, to compensate for underpayments or overpayment of the royalties due with respect to the quarters ended prior to the dates of such payments. Average net production of crude oil and condensate from the proved reserves allocated to the Trust was less than 90,000 barrels per day during certain quarters. Royalty Payments by HNS with respect to 2021 and BP Alaska (as predecessor to HNS) with respect to 2020 quarters were based on estimates by HNS and BP Alaska, as applicable, of production levels because actual data was not available by the date on which payments were required to be made to the Trust. Subsequent recalculation by HNS or BP Alaska, as applicable, of the Royalty Payments due based on actual production data resulted in the payment adjustments shown in the table below (in thousands).

 

     Payments Received
(In Thousands)
 
     Jan. 2020  

Royalty Payment as calculated

   $ 9,321  

Adjustment for previous quarter’s underpayment (overpayment), plus accrued interest

     16  
  

 

 

 

Total payment received

   $ 9,337  
  

 

 

 

 

(8)

Subsequent Event

In July 2021, the Trust received a cash distribution of $3,203,261 from HNS. This payment consisted of $3,272,347, representing the Royalty Payment due with respect to the Trust’s Royalty Interest for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, less $69,086 representing the amount of an overpayment by BP Alaska, including interest on the overpayment, of the Royalty Payment due with respect to the quarter ended December 31, 2019. On July 20, 2021, after deducting Administrative Expenses of $1,100,410 and $1,581,381 to increase existing cash reserves, the Trustee distributed $521,470 to Unit holders of record on July 15, 2021. See Note 2 to the Financial Statements (Unaudited) in Item 1 for a discussion of the increase to the cash reserve. Prior to the July 2021 Royalty Payment, the Trustee was planning for an orderly termination of the Trust in accordance with its terms sometime in 2022. The receipt of the July Royalty Payment has resulted in a reset of the earliest termination date of the Trust to sometime in 2023 or 2024 based on current facts and circumstances.

 

8


Table of Contents
Item 2.

Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Introduction

BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty Trust (the “Trust”), a grantor trust, was created as a Delaware business trust pursuant to a Trust Agreement dated February 28, 1989 (the “Trust Agreement”), among The Standard Oil Company (“Standard Oil”), BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. (“BPAlaska”), The Bank of New York Mellon, as trustee, and BNY Mellon Trust of Delaware (successor to The Bank of New York (Delaware)), as co-trustee. On December 15, 2010, The Bank of New York Mellon resigned as trustee and was replaced by The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., a national banking association, as successor trustee (the “Trustee”). At the time of formation of the Trust, Standard Oil and BP Alaska were indirect, wholly-owned subsidiaries of BP p.l.c. (“BP”).

On August 27, 2019, BP announced that it had agreed to sell BP Alaska and its other assets and operations in Alaska for total consideration of $5.6 billion to Hilcorp Alaska, LLC and its affiliates, which are affiliates of Houston-based Hilcorp Energy Company (collectively “Hilcorp”). On June 30, 2020, Hilcorp completed its acquisition of BP’s entire upstream business in Alaska, including BP’s interest in BP Alaska, which owned all of BP’s upstream oil and gas interest in Alaska (including oil and gas leases in the Prudhoe Bay field), and on December 18, 2020, an affiliate of Hilcorp completed its acquisition of BP’s midstream business in Alaska. On July 1, 2020, BP Alaska, a Delaware corporation, converted to a Delaware limited liability company and changed its name to Hilcorp North Slope, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hilcorp Alaska, LLC. Hilcorp and its affiliates employ approximately 1,400 full-time employees in Alaska. Under the terms of the Trust Agreement, HNS is the successor to BP Alaska. For purposes of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q,HNS” means (i) at all times prior to June 30, 2020, BP Alaska, and (ii) at all times after and including June 30, 2020, Hilcorp North Slope, LLC (formerly known as BP Alaska).

The information in this report relating to the Prudhoe Bay Unit, the calculation of Royalty Payments and certain other matters has been furnished to the Trustee by HNS, and the Trustee is entitled to rely on the accuracy of such information in accordance with the Trust Agreement.

Termination of the Trust

As a general matter, the Trust is expected to terminate at such time the net revenues from the Royalty Interest for two successive years are less than $1,000,000 per year. Net revenues to the Trust are calculated daily by HNS using the WTI Price, Production Taxes, and other variables as prescribed by the Overriding Royalty Conveyance applicable on that specific day. In 2020, the net revenues from the Royalty Interest were less than $1,000,000. As a result, it was possible that the Trust could have terminated as early as sometime in 2022 under this provision of the Trust Agreement. Based on the 2020 SEC-defined twelve-month average WTI Price of $39.57 per barrel (the unweighted average of first-day-of-the-month WTI Price over the period January through December of the respective year in accordance with SEC guidelines), WTI Prices, Production Taxes, and the Chargeable Costs adjusted as prescribed by the Overriding Royalty Conveyance, and utilizing the specified procedures outlined in Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification 932, Extractive Activities – Oil and Gas, HNS had previously estimated that production of the proved reserves would result in no Royalty Payments to the Trust in 2021.

Since the beginning of 2021 through the end of the second quarter of 2021, the WTI Price has fluctuated from a low of $47.62 on January 4, 2021 to a high of $74.05 on each of June 25, June 26, and June 27, 2021, and on all days in the quarter ended June 30, 2021, significantly exceeded the estimates previously used to evaluate the likelihood of the Trust receiving Royalty Payments in 2021. As a result of the increase in WTI Prices during the second quarter, there was a Royalty Payment to the Trust of $3,203,262 attributable to the quarter ended June 30, 2021, after adjusting for a production true-up (an overpayment of the royalties due with respect to quarters ended prior to the date of the payment) of $69,086. Because this revenue was not received until July 15, 2021, it will be recorded in the third quarter of 2021. The receipt of net revenues from the Royalty Interest in 2021 in excess of $1,000,000, has resulted in a reset of the earliest termination date of the Trust to sometime in 2023 or 2024 based on current facts and circumstances.

Although the Trust received net revenues attributable to the quarter ended June 30, 2021, there can be no assurance that WTI Prices will remain at levels sufficient to result in Royalty Payments to the Trust in any future quarter. Given the uncertainty around the continued regular receipt of net revenues from the Royalty Interest combined with the expenses of operating the Trust and the fees, costs and expenses related to the limited ability to terminate the Trust in accordance with

 

9


Table of Contents

its terms, the Trustee may continue to explore all options to terminate the trust. These options may include seeking consent of the Unit holders for an early termination of the Trust, among other things. There can be no assurance that the Trust will terminate any earlier than sometime in 2023 or 2024 nor can a time line for termination be accurately predicted. See Note 2 to the Financial Statements (Unaudited) in Item 1.

Forward-Looking Statements

Various sections of this report contain forward-looking statements (that is, statements anticipating future events or conditions and not statements of historical fact) within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Words such as “anticipate,” “estimates,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “likely” “plan”, “predict” or “project,” and “should,” “would,” “could,” “potentially,” “possibly” or “may,” and other words that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this report are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties beyond the control of the Trustee. These risks and uncertainties include such matters as future changes in oil prices, oil production levels, production charges and costs, economic activity, domestic and international political events and developments, legislation and regulation, developments in the COVID-19 pandemic, including the emergence of more contagious or virulent strains of the virus and the availability, uptake, and efficacy of vaccines, changes in expenses of the Trust, cash reserve targets and termination of the Trust.

The actual results, performance and prospects of the Trust could differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements. Descriptions of some of the risks that could affect the future performance of the Trust appear in Item 1A, “RISK FACTORS,” of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Annual Report”). There may be additional risks of which the Trustee is unaware or which are currently deemed immaterial.

In the light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, you should not rely unduly on any forward-looking statements. Forward-looking events and outcomes discussed in the 2020 Annual Report and in this report and the Trust’s other reports may not occur or may turn out differently. The Trustee undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements after the date of this report, except as required by law, and all such forward-looking statements in this report are qualified in their entirety by the preceding cautionary statements.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview. The Trust is a passive entity. The Trustee’s activities are limited to collecting and distributing the revenues from the Royalty Interest and paying liabilities and expenses of the Trust. Generally, the Trust has no source of liquidity and no capital resources other than the revenues attributable to the Royalty Interest that it receives from time to time. See the discussion under “THE ROYALTY INTEREST” in Part I, Item 1 of the 2020 Annual Report for a description of the calculation of the Per Barrel Royalty, and the discussion under “THE PRUDHOE BAY UNIT AND FIELD – Reserve Estimates” in Part I, Item 1 of the 2020 Annual Report for information concerning the estimated future net revenues of the Trust. However, the Trust Agreement gives the Trustee power to borrow, establish a cash reserve, or dispose of all or part of the Trust property under limited circumstances. See the discussion under “THE TRUST – Sales of Royalty Interest; Borrowings and Reserves” in Part I, Item 1 of the 2020 Annual Report.

Although the Trust received net revenues attributable to the quarter ended June 30, 2021, there can be no assurance that WTI prices will remain at levels sufficient to result in Royalty Payments to the Trust in any future quarter.

Cash Reserve. In July 1999, the Trustee established a cash reserve to provide liquidity to the Trust during future periods in which the Trust does not receive revenues from the Royalty Interest. The Trustee has drawn funds from the cash reserve account during the quarters in which the quarterly revenues received by the Trust did not exceed the liabilities and expenses of the Trust, and has replenished the reserve from deductions from quarterly distributions made to Unit holders during periods when the Trust received revenues from the Royalty Interest and Unit holders received distributions.

In December 2018, the Trust announced that the Trustee had determined to gradually increase the Trustee’s existing cash reserve for the payment of future expenses and liabilities of the Trust from $1,000,000 to $1,270,000, as permitted by the Trust Agreement. Commencing with the distribution to Unit holders payable in April 2019, the Trustee began

 

10


Table of Contents

withholding the greater of $33,750 or 0.17% of the funds otherwise available for distribution each quarter to gradually increase existing cash reserves.

Due to the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the markets experienced a further decline in oil prices in response to oil demand concerns and global storage considerations. As a result of, among other things, lower oil prices and the increase in Chargeable Costs, the Trust received no Royalty Payments attributable to the four quarters of 2020 or the first quarter of 2021. As a result, the Trust was unable to make quarterly deductions to make any additions to the funds on deposit in the cash reserve account since the January 2020 distribution made for Royalty Payments attributable to the fourth quarter of 2019. In December 2020, the remaining funds on deposit in the cash reserve were insufficient to pay the Trustee’s fees and administrative fees, expenses, charges and costs, including accounting, engineering, legal, financial advisory, and other professional fees incurred in connection with the Trust (“Administrative Expenses”) in 2020 and the Trustee made a demand for indemnity and reimbursement of expenses upon HNS in accordance with the Trust Agreement in the amount of $537,835, representing the Trust’s unpaid expenses through December 18, 2020.

Since the receipt of the indemnity payment from HNS in December 2020, the Trust has continued to accrue Administration Expenses but had not received any revenues from the Royalty Interest until July 2021, when the Trust received a quarterly payment of $3,203,262 attributable to the quarter ended June 30, 2021. After deducting the Trust’s expenses accrued through June 30, 2021 of $1,100,410, the Trustee deducted $1,581,381 and added that amount to the cash reserve in July 2021 and then distributed on July 20, 2021 the remaining amount of $521,470 to Unit holders of record on July 15. See Note 8 to the Financial Statements (Unaudited) in Item 1. The amount added to the cash reserve takes into account that (i) the Trust had not received any revenues attributable to 2020 or the first quarter of 2021 and therefore had been unable to make any additions to the cash reserve for the last five quarters, (ii) the increase in Trust Administrative Expenses, (iii) the reset of the earliest termination date of the Trust to sometime in 2023 or 2024 based on current facts and circumstances, and (iv) the expected expenses associated with the future termination of the Trust.

At June 30, 2021, after giving effect to the deposit of $1,581,381 in the cash reserve, the balance of the cash reserve would have been $1,769,997. The Trustee has evaluated the adequacy of the cash reserve, the likelihood of the continued and regular receipt of quarterly revenues from the Royalty Interest during the remainder of 2021 and beyond and the anticipated timing of termination of, and the costs related to the termination of the Trust, and expects to further increase the cash reserve to a level of approximately $6.0 million. As a result, the Trustee expects to retain in reserve future revenues from the Royalty Interest, if any, made in the remainder of 2021 and subsequent periods for future Administrative Expenses until the reserve totals approximately $6.0 million, and to maintain the reserve at that level, to the extent possible. The Trustee believes that this amount should be sufficient to pay Trust Administrative Expenses for approximately two years plus anticipated expenses in connection with the termination of the Trust, however, the Trustee may increase or decrease the targeted amount of the cash reserve at any time and may increase or decrease the rate at which it is withholding funds to add to the cash reserve at any time, without advance notice to the Unit holders. In order to comply with the Trust Agreement’s termination process and requirements, the Trust is likely to incur significant additional expenditures. As a result of the Trust’s anticipated liquidity needs, the Trust may be unable to make further payments to Unit holders if future Royalty Payments are less than the amount needed to fund and maintain the cash reserve at the targeted level.

Given the uncertainty with respect to the amount or timing of any future revenue from the Royalty Interest combined with the expenses of operating the Trust and the limited ability to terminate the Trust in accordance with its terms, the Trustee has determined to withhold amounts necessary, when received by the Trust, to bring the cash reserve to a level of approximately $6.0 million from the revenues from the Royalty Interest for a particular quarter, rather than to make quarterly deductions for the cash reserve over time. This cash reserve level assumes an orderly termination of the Trust sometime in 2023 or 2024 based on current facts and circumstances, and if the receipt of additional Royalty Payments resets that time line, the Trustee will re-evaluate the adequacy of the cash reserve balance and may increase it without notice to Unit Holders. Accordingly, even if the Trust receives revenues from the Royalty Interest during the remainder of 2021 or beyond, it is unlikely that Unit holders will receive a distribution on outstanding Units during such periods, or if a distribution is made, it is likely to be immaterial, because the Trust would need to withhold sufficient funds from any such revenue to first pay accrued Administrative Expenses and to replenish or add to the cash reserve, before distributing any funds to Unit Holders. Although the Trust received revenues attributable to the quarter ended June 30, 2021, there can be no assurance that WTI prices will remain at levels sufficient to result in Royalty Payments to the Trust in any future quarter. Furthermore, as previously disclosed, although the Trust did not receive Royalty Payments attributable to the prior five quarters, in part due to the decline in WTI Prices, notwithstanding recent increases in WTI Prices, the increase in Chargeable Costs and the payment of Production Taxes, coupled with decreased Royalty Production

 

11


Table of Contents

(as defined below) from the Prudhoe Bay Field, also significantly reduces the likelihood of any material distributions to Unit holders for the remainder of 2021 or in subsequent periods.

The Trustee intends to keep the cash reserve program in place until termination of the Trust.

Cash held in reserve will be invested as required by the Trust Agreement. Any cash reserved in excess of the amount necessary to pay or provide for the payment of future known, anticipated or contingent expenses or liabilities eventually will be distributed to Unit holders, together with interest earned on the funds. Any amounts set aside for the cash reserve are invested by the Trustee in U.S. government or agency securities secured by the full faith and credit of the United States, or mutual funds investing in such securities.

Indemnity Payments. In December 2020, the remaining funds on deposit in the cash reserve were insufficient to pay Administrative Expenses and the Trustee made a demand for indemnity and reimbursement of expenses upon HNS in accordance with the Trust Agreement in the amount of $537,835, representing the Trust’s unpaid expenses through December 18, 2020. Although HNS agreed to make an indemnity payment to reimburse the Trust for Administrative Expenses incurred by the Trustee on behalf of the Trust through December 18, 2020, there can be no assurance that HNS will make any further indemnification payments if demanded by the Trustee, and in such case, the Trustee will continue to review its options under the Trust Agreement and Support Agreement, including obtaining a loan for the Trust, selling a portion of the Trust assets, selling all of the Trust assets, or enforcing such indemnity, if necessary in the event the available amounts in the cash reserve are insufficient to pay the Administrative Expenses of the Trust and the fees, costs, and expenses related to an orderly termination of the Trust.

Other Sources of Liquidity. In light of the Trust’s cash shortfall in December 2020, the Trust began to explore the options available under the Trust Agreement to address the issue. These steps included efforts to obtain a loan for the Trust, selling a portion of the Trust assets, or selling all of the Trust assets and taking the necessary steps to terminate the Trust. The Trustee has engaged a firm with expertise in the oil industry to provide financial advisory, investment banking, valuation, and consulting services to assist the Trust in identifying potential lenders or potential purchasers of Trust assets, and to advise the Trust with respect to the timing of its potential termination pursuant to the Trust Agreement. To date, the Trust has not been successful in securing a loan, however, to the extent that the Trust receives additional revenues from the Royalty Interest, and the cash reserve is fully funded to the targeted level, a loan may no longer be necessary, even if available on terms acceptable to the Trust. Due the uncertainty of future Royalty Payments to the Trust, these efforts are ongoing and there can be no assurance that the Trust would be able to secure a loan or arrange for the sale of Trust assets should it become necessary, or if it does, that any loan or sale would be on terms that are acceptable to the Trust.

Results of Operations

Relatively modest changes in oil prices significantly affect the Trust’s revenues and results of operations. Crude oil prices are subject to significant changes in response to fluctuations in the domestic and world supply and demand and other market conditions as well as the world political situation as it affects OPEC and other producing countries. The effect of changing economic conditions on the demand and supply for energy throughout the world and future prices of oil cannot be accurately projected.

Royalty revenues are generally received on the Quarterly Record Date (generally the fifteenth day of the month) following the end of the calendar quarter in which the related Royalty Production occurred. The Trustee, to the extent possible, pays all accrued Administrative Expenses of the Trust on each Quarterly Record Date on which the revenues for the quarter are received. Revenues and Trust expenses presented in the statement of cash earnings and distributions are recorded on a modified cash basis and, as a result, royalty revenues and distributions shown in such statements for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, are attributable to HNS’s operations during the three and six-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Under the terms of the Conveyance of the Royalty Interest to the Trust, the Per Barrel Royalty for any day is the WTI Price for the day less the sum of (i) Chargeable Costs multiplied by the Cost Adjustment Factor and (ii) Production Taxes. The narrative under the captions “THE TRUST – Trust Property” and “THE ROYALTY INTEREST” in the 2020 Annual Report explains the meanings of the terms “Conveyance,” “Royalty Interest,” “Per Barrel Royalty,” “WTI Price, “Chargeable Costs” and “Cost Adjustment Factor” and should be read in conjunction with this report.

 

12


Table of Contents

“Royalty Production” for each day in a calendar quarter is 16.4246% of the first 90,000 barrels of the actual average daily net production of oil and condensate for the quarter from the proved reserves allocated to the Trust. When HNS’s average net production of oil and condensate per quarter from the 1989 Working Interests exceeds 90,000 barrels a day, the principal factors affecting the Trust’s revenues and distributions to Unit holders are changes in WTI Prices, scheduled annual increases in Chargeable Costs, changes in the Consumer Price Index and changes in Production Taxes. However, it is likely that the Trust’s revenues in future periods also will be affected by decreases in production from the 1989 Working Interests. HNS’s net production of oil and condensate allocated to the Trust from proved reserves was less than 90,000 barrels per day on an annual basis during 2018, 2019 and 2020 and for the first and second quarters of 2021. The Trustee has been advised that HNS expects that average net production allocated to the Trust from the proved reserves will be less than 90,000 barrels a day on an annual basis in future years.

During the four quarters of 2020 and the first quarter of 2021, WTI Prices were below the level necessary for the Trust to receive a Per Barrel Royalty. On January 1, 2021, the “break-even” WTI Price (the price at which all taxes and prescribed deductions are equal to the WTI Price) for the Trust to receive a positive Per Barrel Royalty with respect to a particular day’s production was projected to be $60.72 per barrel in 2021 and $66.46 per barrel in 2022, and was projected to continue to increase thereafter. The “break-even” WTI Price changes over time primarily as a result of changes in the Cost Adjustment Factor, which is based on the Consumer Price Index published for the most recently past February, May, August or November and Production Taxes, as Chargeable Costs remain constant for the calendar year. Additionally, as WTI Prices change, so do the Production Taxes and prescribed deductions, potentially increasing or decreasing the “break-even” WTI Price. The quarterly Royalty Payment by HNS to the Trust is the sum of the individual revenues attributed to the Trust as calculated each day during the quarter. Any single calculation of a calendar day will not reflect the value of the dividend paid to the Trust for the quarter, nor will it reflect the estimated future value of the Trust. From the beginning of the first quarter of 2021 through March 31, 2021, the closing WTI crude oil spot price fluctuated between a high of $66.09 per barrel on each of March 5, March 6, and March 7, 2021, and a low of $47.62 per barrel on January 4, 2021. Because the average WTI Price was below the break-even point for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, the Trust did not receive any revenues from the Royalty Interest for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, which would have been payable to the Trust on April 15, 2021.

During the second quarter of 2021, WTI prices increased and from the beginning of the second quarter of 2021 through June 30, 2021, the closing WTI crude oil spot price fluctuated between a high of $74.05 per barrel on each of June 25, June 26, and June 27, 2021, and a low of $58.65 per barrel on April 5, 2021 and were above the “break-even” level necessary for the Trust to receive a Per Barrel Royalty, payable in the third quarter of 2021. Whether the Trust will be entitled to future net revenue from the Royalty Interest during the remainder of 2021 will depend on, among other things, WTI Prices prevailing during the remainder of the year. While future oil prices cannot be accurately projected, the U.S. Energy Information Administration forecasts in its Short-Term Energy Outlook, released on July 7, 2021, that WTI prices will average approximately $70.86 per barrel and $67.79 per barrel in the third and fourth quarters of 2021, respectively. Should these forecast WTI prices prevail, it is possible that the Trust would receive a positive Per Barrel Royalty with respect to any day’s production during those periods. However, if a low oil price environment should occur during the second half of 2021, quarterly Royalty Payments, if any, are likely to be insignificant or could be zero. There can be no assurance that WTI prices for the remainder of 2021 or beyond will be above the “break even” level necessary for the Trust to receive a Per Barrel Royalty.

HNS estimates Royalty Production from the 1989 Working Interests for purposes of calculating quarterly Royalty Payments to the Trust because complete actual field production data for the preceding calendar quarter generally is not available by the Quarterly Record Date. To the extent that average net production from the 1989 Working Interests is below 90,000 barrels per day, calculation by HNS of actual Royalty Production data may result in revisions of prior Royalty Production estimates. Revisions by HNS of its Royalty Production calculations may result in quarterly Royalty Payments by HNS which reflect adjustments for overpayments or underpayments of royalties with respect to prior quarters. Such adjustments, if material, may adversely affect certain Unit holders who buy or sell Units between the Quarterly Record Dates for the Quarterly Distributions affected.

The quarterly distribution received by the Trust from HNS in January 2020 was adjusted by HNS to compensate for the underpayment of royalties due to the Trust with respect to the quarter ended December 31, 2019. See Note 7 of Notes to Financial Statements (Unaudited) in Item 1. Because the statements of cash earnings and distributions of the Trust are prepared on a modified cash basis, royalty revenues for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 reflect the amount of the adjustments with respect to the earlier fiscal periods.

 

13


Table of Contents

The following table summarizes the factors which determined the Per Barrel Royalty used to calculate payments, if any, received by the Trust in January and April 2021. See Note 1 of Notes to Financial Statements (Unaudited) in Item 1. The information in the table has been furnished to the Trust by HNS.

 

    

Based on

Data

for Quarter
Ended

     Data for Quarter  
Royalty Payment in Month    Average
WTI
Price
     Chargeable
Costs
     Cost
Adjustment
Factor
     Adjusted
Chargeable
Costs
     Average
Production
Taxes
     Average
Per
Barrel
Royalty
(paid)
     Average
Net
Production
(mb/d)
 

Apr 2021

     03/31/2021      $ 57.82      $ 29.25        2.0252      $ 59.24      $ 1.99      $ 0.00        74.7  

Jan 2021

     12/31/2020      $ 42.66      $ 26.50        2.0038      $ 53.10      $ 1.39      $ 0.00        74.8  

Apr 2020

     03/31/2020      $ 46.35      $ 26.50        1.992      $ 52.78      $ 1.54      $ 0.00        77.4  

Jan 2020

     12/31/2019      $ 57.02      $ 23.75        1.981      $ 47.04      $ 1.96      $ 8.02        77.0  

Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

Royalty Production

Trust royalty revenues received during the second quarter of the fiscal year are based on Royalty Production during the first quarter of the fiscal year and revenues received in the third quarter of the fiscal year are based on Royalty Production during the second quarter of the fiscal year. The following table shows the changes between the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the three months ended March 31, 2020 in the factors that determined the Per Barrel Royalties used to calculate the Royalty Payment, if any, received by the Trust during the quarters ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

            Increase
(decrease)
        
     Three
Months
Ended
3/31/2021
     Amount      Percent      Three
Months
Ended
3/31/2020
 

Average WTI Price

   $ 57.82      $ 11.47        24.7      $ 46.35  

Adjusted Chargeable Costs

   $ 59.24      $ 6.46        12.2      $ 52.78  

Average Production Taxes

   $ 1.99      $ 0.45        29.2      $ 1.54  

Average Per Barrel Royalty

   $ 0.00      $ 0.00        0.0      $ 0.00  

Average net production (mb/d)

     74.7        (2.7      (3.5      77.4  

The average WTI Price for the first quarter of 2021 increased 24.7% compared to the average WTI Price for the 2020 first quarter. The increase in the Consumer Price Index used to calculate the Cost Adjustment Factor, as well as the scheduled increase in Chargeable Costs from $26.50 in calendar 2020 to $29.25 in calendar 2021, resulted in a 12.2% percent increase in Adjusted Chargeable Costs for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Because the average WTI Price was below the break-even point for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, the Trust did not receive any revenue in April of 2021. As provided in the Trust Agreement, the payment with respect to the Royalty Interest for any calendar quarter may not be less than zero. Production Taxes increased as a result of the increase in the Consumer Price Index used to calculate the Cost Adjustment Factor, but remained low for the quarter because, as has occurred in each quarter since the second quarter of 2015, Production Taxes were calculated on the basis of the minimum tax under Alaska law and the letter agreement by and between BP Alaska and the Trustee, dated January 15, 2014. See Note 6 of Notes to Financial Statements (Unaudited) in Item 1 above.

The average net production from the 1989 Working Interest for the two reporting periods declined by 3.5%. This decrease was due to the naturally declining production rate from the Prudhoe Bay field.

The following table shows the changes to the Trust’s revenues received and distributions paid during the quarter ended June 30, 2021, as compared to the same period in 2020 resulting from the factors in the table above, as well as changes in Administrative Expenses.

 

14


Table of Contents
            Increase
(decrease)
        
     Three
Months
Ended
6/30/2021
     Amount      Percent      Three
Months
Ended
6/30/2020
 
     (Dollar amounts in thousands)  

Royalty revenues

   $ 0      $ 67        100.0      $ (67

Cash earnings (loss)

   $ 0      $ 752        100.0      $ (752

Cash distributions

   $ 0      $ 0        0.0      $ 0  

Administrative expenses (paid)

   $ 0      $ (689      100.0      $ 689  

The lack of royalty revenues, cash earnings and cash distributions in each period are due to the substantial decline in the average Per Barrel Royalty as a result of the decline in average WTI Price, the increase in Adjusted Chargeable Costs and a decline in average net production that prevailed during the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to same period in 2020. The decrease in Administrative Expenses paid during the three months ended June 30, 2021, reflects the near depletion of the cash reserve. As a result, the Trust had limited cash on hand in the cash reserve from which to pay accrued Administrative Expenses. Accrued liabilities for Administrative Expenses at June 30, 2021 were $1.1 million, an increase of $812,000 from June 30, 2020. The increase in accrued liabilities for Administrative Expenses relates to the Trust’s efforts to address the diminished amount of cash available to fund expenses and lack of royalty revenues in 2020 and first and second quarters of 2021, as well as an increase in professional fees, and timing differences in accruals of expenses. The decrease in the Trust corpus is primarily due to the increase in accrued expenses for the period and the lack of royalty revenues.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

Trust royalty revenues received during the first six months of the fiscal year are based on the Royalty Production during the first quarter of the fiscal year and the fourth quarter of the preceding fiscal year. The following table shows the changes between the six months ended March 31, 2021 and the six months ended March 31, 2020, in the factors that determined the Per Barrel Royalties used to calculate the lack of Royalty Payment received by the Trust during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

            Increase (decrease)         
     Six
Months
Ended
3/31/2021
     Amount      Percent      Six
Months
Ended
3/31/2020
 

Average WTI Price

   $ 50.16      $ (0.62      (1.2    $ 50.78  

Adjusted Chargeable Costs

   $ 57.82      $ 7.91        15.8      $ 49.91  

Average Production Taxes

   $ 1.68      $ (0.07      (4.0    $ 1.75  

Average Per Barrel Royalty (paid)

   $ 0      $ (8.02      (100.0    $ 8.02  

Average net production (mb/d)

     74.8        (2.42      (3.1      77.2  

The decrease in the average Per Barrel Royalty for the period resulted from the negative value of the total daily Per Barrel Royalty for the fourth quarter of 2020 and the first quarter of 2021. This negative value was due to a decrease in WTI Prices and the significant increase in Adjusted Chargeable Costs for the first quarter of 2021. As noted above, the increase in Adjusted Chargeable Costs resulted from the scheduled increase in Chargeable Costs from $26.50 in 2020 to $29.25 in 2021.

The average net production from the 1989 Working Interest for the two reporting periods declined by 3.1%. This decrease was due to the naturally declining production rate from the Prudhoe Bay field and variance in the impacts of planned and unplanned downtime during the two reporting periods.

 

15


Table of Contents

The following table shows the changes to the Trust’s revenues received and distributions paid during the six months ended June 30, 2021, as compared to the same period in 2020 resulting from the factors in the table above, as well as changes in the Trust’s Administrative Expenses.

 

            Increase (decrease)         
     Six
Months
Ended
6/30/2021
     Amount      Percent      Six
Months
Ended
6/30/2020
 
     (Dollar amounts in thousands)  

Royalty revenues

   $ 0      $ (9,270      (100.0    $ 9,270  

Cash earnings

   $ (76    $ (8,415      (100.9    $ 8,339  

Cash distributions

   $ 0      $ (9,078      (100.0    $ 9,078  

Administrative expenses (paid)

   $ 75      $ (867      (92.0    $ 942  

The period-to-period decreases in royalty revenues, cash earnings and cash distributions are due to the significantly lower average WTI Prices that prevailed in the fourth quarter of 2020 and the first quarter of 2021, compared to the fourth and first quarters of 2019 and 2020, respectively, as well as the increase in Adjusted Chargeable Costs in the first quarter of 2021. The decrease in Administrative Expenses paid during the six months ended June 30, 2021, reflects the near depletion of the cash reserve and timing differences in accruals of expenses. As a result, the Trust had limited cash on hand in the cash reserve from which to pay accrued Administrative Expenses. Accrued liabilities for Administrative Expenses at June 30, 2021, were $1.1 million, an increase of $812,000 from June 30, 2020. The increase in accrued liabilities for Administrative Expenses relates to the Trust’s efforts to address the diminished amount of cash available to fund expenses and lack of royalty revenues in 2020 and first and second quarters of 2021, as well as an increase in professional fees related to addressing the cash reserve issue and preparation for an anticipated termination, and timing differences in accruals of expenses. The decrease in the Trust corpus is primarily due to the increase in accrued expenses for the period and the lack of royalty revenues.

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

The Trust is a passive entity and except for the Trust’s ability to borrow money as necessary to pay liabilities of the Trust that cannot be paid out of cash on hand, the Trust is prohibited from engaging in borrowing transactions. The Trust periodically holds short-term investments acquired with funds held by the Trust pending distribution to Unit holders and funds held in reserve for the payment of Trust expenses and liabilities. Because of the short-term nature of these investments and limitations on the types of investments which may be held by the Trust, the Trust is not subject to any material interest rate risk. The Trust does not engage in transactions in foreign currencies which could expose the Trust or Unit holders to any foreign currency related market risk or invest in derivative financial instruments. It has no foreign operations and holds no long-term debt instruments.

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as Trustee of the Trust, is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) promulgated under the Exchange Act. The Trust’s internal control over financial reporting is defined as a process designed by or under the supervision of the Trustee to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the Trust’s financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with the modified cash basis of accounting. The Trust’s internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that pertain to maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect transactions and dispositions of assets; provide reasonable assurances that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with the modified cash basis of accounting, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of the Trustee; and provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Trust’s assets that could have a material effect on the Trust’s financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projection of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may

 

16


Table of Contents

become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

The Trustee conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the “COSO criteria”). Based on the Trustee’s evaluation under the COSO criteria, the Trustee concluded that the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of June 30, 2021.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There has not been any change in the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the Trustee’s evaluation of the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Trust’s last fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

17


Table of Contents

PART II —OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings.

None.

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

There have been no changes from the risk factors disclosed in the Trust’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year December 31, 2020.

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

None.

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

None.

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable

 

Item 5.

Other Information.

None.

 

Item 6.

Exhibits.

 

31*

Rule 13a-14(a) Certification

 

32*

Section 1350 Certification

 

101

Explanatory note: An Interactive Data File is not submitted with this filing pursuant to Item 601(101) of Regulation S-K, because the Trust does not prepare its financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles as used in the United States. See Note 3 of Notes to Financial Statements (Unaudited) in Part I, Item 1.

 

*

Filed herewith.

 

18


Table of Contents

SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

BP PRUDHOE BAY ROYALTY TRUST
By:   THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON TRUST COMPANY, N.A., as Trustee
By:  

/s/ Elaina C. Rodgers

  Elaina C. Rodgers
  Vice President

Date: August 6, 2021

The Registrant is a trust and has no officers or persons performing similar functions. No additional signatures are available and none have been provided.

 

 

19

BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty (NYSE:BPT)
Historical Stock Chart
From Sep 2021 to Oct 2021 Click Here for more BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty Charts.
BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty (NYSE:BPT)
Historical Stock Chart
From Oct 2020 to Oct 2021 Click Here for more BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty Charts.