UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q


QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2023

or


TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number 0-3722

ATLANTIC AMERICAN CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Georgia
 
58-1027114
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

4370 Peachtree Road, N.E.,
Atlanta, Georgia
 
30319
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(404) 266-5500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $1.00 per share
 
AAME
 
NASDAQ Global Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes  ☑   No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes  ☑   No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer  ☐   Accelerated filer  ☐   Non-accelerated filer  ☑  Smaller reporting company     Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes     No  ☑

The total number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $1 par value, outstanding on July 31, 2023 was 20,402,288.
 


ATLANTIC AMERICAN CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
2
     
Part I.
Financial Information
 
     
Item 1.
Financial Statements:
3
     
 
3
     
 
4
     
 
5
     
 
6
     
 
7
     
 
8
     
Item 2.
22
     
Item 4.
28
     
Part II.
Other Information
 
     
Item 2.
30
     
Item 5.
30
     
Item 6.
30
     
 
31

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains and references certain information that constitutes forward-looking statements as that term is defined in the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements are all statements other than those of historical fact. Such forward-looking statements are made based upon management’s current assessments of various risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions made in accordance with the “safe harbor” provisions of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to various risks and uncertainties and the Company’s actual results could differ materially from the results expressed in or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those identified in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 and other subsequent filings made by the Company from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, other risks and uncertainties not known by us, or that we currently determine to not be material, may materially adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement as a result of subsequent developments, changes in underlying assumptions or facts, or otherwise, except as may be required by law.

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

ATLANTIC AMERICAN CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)

   
Unaudited
June 30,
2023
   
December 31,
2022
 
ASSETS
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
24,247
   
$
28,863
 
Investments:
               
Fixed maturities, available-for-sale, at fair value (amortized cost: $235,013 and $236,766; no allowance for credit losses)
   
208,472
     
208,729
 
Equity securities, at fair value (cost: $4,905 and $4,907)
   
9,679
     
11,562
 
Other invested assets (cost: $6,982 and $5,628)
   
6,724
     
5,386
 
Policy loans
   
1,811
     
1,759
 
Real estate
   
38
     
38
 
Investment in unconsolidated trusts
   
1,238
     
1,238
 
Total investments
   
227,962
     
228,712
 
Receivables:
               
Reinsurance (net of allowance for uncollectible reinsurance of $66 and $0)
   
22,261
     
25,913
 
Insurance premiums and other (net of allowance for expected credit losses $213 and net of allowance for doubtful accounts $177)
   
30,825
     
15,386
 
Deferred income taxes, net
   
15,149
     
14,163
 
Deferred acquisition costs
   
41,211
     
42,281
 
Other assets
   
8,756
     
9,202
 
Intangibles
   
2,544
     
2,544
 
Total assets
 
$
372,955
   
$
367,064
 
                 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
Insurance reserves and policyholder funds:
               
Future policy benefits
 
$
84,506
   
$
85,564
 
Unearned premiums
   
37,875
     
28,348
 
Losses and claims
   
85,984
     
87,484
 
Other policy liabilities
   
939
     
1,255
 
Total insurance reserves and policyholder funds
   
209,304
     
202,651
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
23,427
     
26,473
 
Revolving credit facility
    3,000       2,009  
Junior subordinated debenture obligations, net
   
33,738
     
33,738
 
Total liabilities
   
269,469
     
264,871
 
                 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)            
Shareholders’ equity:
               
Preferred stock, $1 par, 4,000,000 shares authorized; Series D preferred, 55,000 shares issued and outstanding; $5,500 redemption value
   
55
     
55
 
Common stock, $1 par, 50,000,000 shares authorized; shares issued: 22,400,894; shares outstanding: 20,402,288 and 20,407,229
   
22,401
     
22,401
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
57,425
     
57,425
 
Retained earnings
   
52,006
     
51,982
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
   
(20,967
)
   
(22,149
)
Unearned stock grant compensation
   
(33
)
   
(132
)
Treasury stock, at cost: 1,998,606 and 1,993,665 shares
   
(7,401
)
   
(7,389
)
Total shareholders’ equity
   
103,486
     
102,193
 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
372,955
   
$
367,064
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

ATLANTIC AMERICAN CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited; Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
   
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2023
   
2022
    2023     2022  
Revenue:
                       
Insurance premiums, net
 
$
46,060
   
$
47,065
    $ 92,160     $ 94,146  
Net investment income
   
2,559
     
2,529
      5,100       4,869  
Realized investment gains (losses), net
   
70
     
(62
)
    70       (72 )
Unrealized gains (losses) on equity securities, net
   
494
     
(4,866
)
    (1,881 )     (2,673 )
Other income
   
5
     
3
      8       7  
Total revenue
   
49,188
     
44,669
      95,457       96,277  
                                 
Benefits and expenses:
                               
Insurance benefits and losses incurred
   
29,365
     
32,753
      59,825       63,922  
Commissions and underwriting expenses
   
12,848
     
10,215
      25,766       23,051  
Interest expense
   
807
     
414
      1,557       768  
Other expense
   
3,951
     
3,402
      7,910       6,855  
Total benefits and expenses
   
46,971
     
46,784
      95,058       94,596  
Income (loss) before income taxes
   
2,217
     
(2,115
)
    399       1,681  
Income tax expense (benefit)
   
473
     
(436
)
    101       518  
Net income (loss)
   
1,744
     
(1,679
)
    298       1,163  
Preferred stock dividends
   
(100
)
   
(100
)
    (199 )     (199 )
Net income (loss) applicable to common shareholders
 
$
1,644
   
$
(1,779
)
  $ 99     $ 964  
Earnings (loss) per common share (basic)
  $
0.08     $
(0.09 )   $
    $
0.05  
Earnings (loss) per common share (diluted)
  $ 0.08     $ (0.09 )   $     $ 0.05  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
ATLANTIC AMERICAN CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited; Dollars in thousands)

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
   
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2023
   
2022
    2023     2022  
Net income (loss)
 
$
1,744
   
$
(1,679
)
  $ 298     $ 1,163  
Other comprehensive income (loss):                                
Available-for-sale fixed maturity securities:
                               
Gross unrealized holding gains (losses) arising in the period
   
(3,167
)
   
(19,748
)
    1,566       (41,561 )
Related income tax effect
   
665
     
4,147
      (329 )     8,728  
Subtotal
   
(2,502
)
   
(15,601
)
    1,237       (32,833 )
Less: reclassification adjustment for net realized gains (losses) included in net income (loss)
   
(70
)
   
43
      (70 )     53  
Related income tax effect
   
15
     
(8
)
    15       (11 )
Subtotal
   
(55
)
   
35
      (55 )     42  
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
   
(2,557
)
   
(15,566
)
    1,182       (32,791 )
Total comprehensive income (loss)  
$
(813
)
 
$
(17,245
)
  $ 1,480     $ (31,628 )

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

ATLANTIC AMERICAN CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited; Dollars in thousands except share data)

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
   
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2023
   
2022
    2023     2022  
Preferred stock:
                       
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
55
   
$
55
    $ 55     $ 55  
Balance, end of period
   
55
     
55
      55       55  
Common stock:
                               
Balance, beginning of period
   
22,401
     
22,401
      22,401       22,401  
Balance, end of period
   
22,401
     
22,401
      22,401       22,401  
Additional paid-in capital:
                               
Balance, beginning of period
   
57,425
     
57,443
      57,425       57,441  
Restricted stock grants, net of forfeitures
   
     
            2  
Balance, end of period
   
57,425
     
57,443
      57,425       57,443  
Retained earnings:
                               
Balance, beginning of period
   
50,362
     
53,599
      51,982       51,264  
Cumulative effect of adoption of updated accounting guidance for credit losses at January 1, 2023
                (75 )      
Net income (loss)
   
1,744
     
(1,679
)
    298       1,163  
Dividends on common stock
   
     
            (408 )
Dividends accrued on preferred stock
   
(100
)
   
(100
)
    (199 )     (199 )
Balance, end of period
   
52,006
     
51,820
      52,006       51,820  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss):
                               
Balance, beginning of period
   
(18,410
)
   
463
      (22,149 )     17,688  
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
   
(2,557
)
   
(15,566
)
    1,182       (32,791 )
Balance, end of period
   
(20,967
)
   
(15,103
)
    (20,967 )     (15,103 )
Unearned stock grant compensation:
                               
Balance, beginning of period
   
(59
)
   
(117
)
    (132 )     (73 )
Restricted stock grants, net of forfeitures
   
     
            (71 )
Amortization of unearned compensation
   
26
     
38
      99       65  
Balance, end of period
   
(33
)
   
(79
)
    (33 )     (79 )
Treasury stock:
                               
Balance, beginning of period
   
(7,395
)
   
(7,421
)
    (7,389 )     (7,490 )
Restricted stock grants, net of forfeitures
   
     
            69  
Net shares acquired related to employee share-based compensation plans
    (6 )     (15 )     (12 )     (15 )
Balance, end of period
   
(7,401
)
   
(7,436
)
    (7,401 )     (7,436 )
                                 
Total shareholders’ equity
 
$
103,486
   
$
109,101
    $ 103,486     $ 109,101  
Dividends declared on common stock per share
 
$
   
$
    $     $ 0.02  
                                 
Common shares outstanding:
                               
Balance, beginning of period
    20,404,699       20,403,576       20,407,229       20,378,576  
Net shares acquired under employee share-based compensation plans     (2,411 )     (5,079 )     (4,941 )     (5,079 )
Restricted stock grants, net of forfeitures
                      25,000  
Balance, end of period     20,402,288       20,398,497       20,402,288       20,398,497  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

ATLANTIC AMERICAN CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited; In thousands)

   
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2023
   
2022
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
Net income
 
$
298
   
$
1,163
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Amortization of (additions to) acquisition costs, net
   
1,070
     
(3,546
)
Realized investment (gains) losses, net
   
(70
)
   
72
 
Unrealized losses on equity securities, net
   
1,881
     
2,673
 
Losses from equity method investees
    16       18  
Compensation expense related to share awards
   
99
     
65
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
357
     
465
 
Deferred income tax benefit
   
(1,300
)
   
(694
)
Increase in receivables, net
    (11,787 )    
(12,729
)
Increase in insurance reserves and policyholder funds
   
6,653
     
10,077
 
Decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
(3,246
)
   
(2,104
)
Other, net
   
1,133
     
124
 
Net cash used in operating activities
   
(4,896
)
   
(4,416
)
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Proceeds from investments sold
   
3,685
     
221
 
Proceeds from investments matured, called or redeemed
   
7,675
     
6,241
 
Investments purchased
   
(12,000
)
   
(11,398
)
Additions to property and equipment
   
(68
)
   
(68
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(708
)
   
(5,004
)
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Payment of dividends on common stock
          (408 )
Treasury stock acquired — net employee share-based compensation
    (12 )     (15 )
Proceeds from revolving credit facility, net
    1,000       1,000  
Net cash provided by financing activities
   
988
     
577
 
                 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
   
(4,616
)
   
(8,843
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
28,863
     
24,753
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
24,247
   
$
15,910
 
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
               
Cash paid for interest
 
$
1,547
   
$
726
 
Cash paid for income taxes
  $
776     $
899  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

ATLANTIC AMERICAN CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited; Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Note 1.
Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies


The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Atlantic American Corporation (the “Parent”) and its subsidiaries (collectively with the Parent, the “Company”). The Parent’s primary operating subsidiaries, American Southern Insurance Company and American Safety Insurance Company (together known as “American Southern”) and Bankers Fidelity Life Insurance Company, Bankers Fidelity Assurance Company and Atlantic Capital Life Assurance Company (together known as “Bankers Fidelity”), operate in two principal business units. American Southern operates in the property and casualty insurance market, while Bankers Fidelity operates in the life and health insurance market. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for audited annual financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein and these related notes should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements, and the notes thereto, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 (the “2022 Annual Report”). The Company’s financial condition and results of operations and cash flows as of and for the three month and six month periods ended June 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the financial condition or results of operations and cash flows that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023 or for any other future period.



The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Note 2.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards


Adoption of New Accounting Standards



Reference Rate Reform. In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”). This guidance provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to investments, derivatives, or other transactions that reference the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform. Along with the optional expedients, the amendments include a general principle that permits an entity to consider contract modifications due to reference reform to be an event that does not require contract re-measurement at the modification date or reassessment of a previous accounting determination. Additionally, a company may make a one-time election to sell, transfer, or both sell and transfer debt securities classified as held to maturity that reference a rate affected by reference rate reform and that were classified as held to maturity before January 1, 2020. This standard may be elected over time through December 31, 2024 as reference rate reform activities occur. The Company adopted the guidance as of June 30, 2023. The adoption of the guidance had no significant impact on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.



Financial Instruments – Credit Losses. In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”). The updated guidance applies a new credit loss model (current expected credit losses or CECL) for determining credit-related impairments for financial instruments measured at amortized cost (including reinsurance recoverables, premium and other receivables) and requires an entity to estimate the credit losses expected over the life of an exposure or pool of exposures. The estimate of expected credit losses should consider historical information, current information, as well as reasonable and supportable forecasts, including estimates of prepayments. The expected credit losses, and subsequent adjustments to such losses, are recorded through an allowance account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset, with the net carrying value of the financial asset presented on the consolidated balance sheet at the amount expected to be collected.



The updated guidance also amends the previous other-than-temporary impairment model for available-for-sale debt securities by requiring the recognition of impairments relating to credit losses through an allowance account and limits the amount of credit loss to the difference between a security’s amortized cost basis and its fair value. In addition, the length of time a security has been in an unrealized loss position will no longer impact the determination of whether a credit loss exists.



The Company adopted the updated guidance as of January 1, 2023. The updated guidance was applied by a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings as of January 1, 2023, the beginning of the period of adoption. The adoption of this guidance resulted in the recognition of an after-tax cumulative effect adjustment of $0.1 million to reflect the impact of recognizing expected credit losses, as compared to incurred credit losses recognized under the previous guidance. This adjustment is primarily associated with reinsurance recoverables, premium and other receivables. The cumulative effect adjustment decreased retained earnings as of January 1, 2023 and increased the allowance for estimated uncollectible reinsurance.



Impact of Adoption on Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet



Reinsurance Recoverables



The following table presents the balances of reinsurance recoverables, net of the allowance for estimated uncollectible reinsurance, at January 1, 2023 and June 30, 2023, and the changes in the allowance for estimated uncollectible reinsurance for the six months ended June 30, 2023.

   
At and for the six months ended June 30, 2023
 
(in thousands)
 
Reinsurance Recoverables,
Net of Allowance for Estimated
Uncollectible Reinsurance
   
Allowance for Estimated
Uncollectible Reinsurance
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
25,913
   
$
 
Cumulative effect of adoption of updated accounting guidance for
 credit losses at January 1, 2023
         
75
 
Current period change for estimated uncollectible reinsurance
         
(9
)
Write-offs of uncollectible reinsurance recoverables
         
 
Balance, end of period
 
$
22,261
   
$
66
 



Insurance Premium and Other Receivables



The following table presents the balances of insurance premiums and other, net of the allowance for expected credit losses, at January 1, 2023 and June 30, 2023, and the changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts/expected credit losses for the six months ended June 30, 2023.


   
At and for the six months ended June 30, 2023
 
(in thousands)
 
Insurance Premiums and Other,
Net of Expected Credit Losses
   
Allowance for Doubtful
Accounts/Expected Credit
Losses
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
15,386
   
$
177
 
Cumulative effect of adoption of updated accounting guidance for
 credit losses at January 1, 2023
         
 
Current period change for expected credit losses
         
36
 
Write-offs of uncollectible insurance premiums and other receivables
           
Balance, end of period
 
$
30,825
   
$
213
 



Future Adoption of New Accounting Standards



For more information regarding accounting standards that the Company has not yet adopted, see the “Recently Issued Accounting Standards - Future Adoption of New Accounting Standards” section of Note 1 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in the 2022 Annual Report.



Accounting Policies



The following accounting policies have been updated to reflect the Company’s adoption of Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, as described above.



Credit Impairments of Fixed Maturities



The Company’s investments in fixed maturities, which include bonds and redeemable preferred stocks, are classified as “available-for-sale” and, accordingly, are carried at fair value with the after-tax difference from amortized cost, less allowance for credit losses (“ACL”), as adjusted if applicable, reflected in shareholders’ equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income or loss. The Company’s equity securities, which include common and non-redeemable preferred stocks, are carried at fair value with changes in fair value reported in net income. The fair values of fixed maturities and equity securities are largely determined from publicly quoted market prices, when available, or independent broker quotations. Values that are not determined using quoted market prices inherently involve a greater degree of judgment and uncertainty and therefore ultimately greater price volatility than the value of securities with publicly quoted market prices.



Prior to January 1, 2023, the Company applied other than temporary impairment (“OTTI”) guidance for securities in an unrealized loss position. An OTTI was recognized in earnings within realized investment gains (losses) when it was anticipated that the amortized cost would not be recovered. When either: (i) the Company had the intent to sell the security, or (ii) it was more likely than not that the Company would be required to sell the security before recovery, the reduction of amortized cost and the OTTI recognized in earnings was the entire difference between the security’s amortized cost and estimated fair value. If neither of these conditions existed, the difference between the amortized cost of the security and the present value of projected future cash flows expected to be collected was recognized as a reduction of amortized cost and an OTTI in earnings. If the estimated fair value was less than the present value of projected future cash flows expected to be collected, this portion of the decline in value related to other-than-credit factors was recorded in OCI.



On January 1, 2023, the Company adopted accounting standards update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326) Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”), using a modified retrospective approach. Under ASU 2016-13, for securities in an unrealized loss position, a credit loss is recognized in earnings within realized investment gains (losses) when it is anticipated that the amortized cost will not be recovered. When either: (i) the Company has the intent to sell the security; or (ii) it is more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the security before recovery, the reduction of amortized cost and the loss recognized in earnings is the entire difference between the security’s amortized cost and estimated fair value. If neither of these conditions exists, the difference between the amortized cost of the security and the present value of projected future cash flows expected to be collected is recognized as a credit loss by establishing an ACL with a corresponding charge to earnings in realized investment gains (losses). However, the ACL is limited by the amount that the fair value is less than the amortized cost. This limitation is known as the “fair value floor.” If the estimated fair value is less than the present value of projected future cash flows expected to be collected, this portion of the decline in value related to other-than-credit factors (“noncredit loss”) is recorded in OCI.



Reinsurance Recoverables



The Company’s insurance subsidiaries from time to time purchase reinsurance from unaffiliated insurers and reinsurers to reduce their potential liability on individual risks and to protect against catastrophic losses. In a reinsurance transaction, an insurance company transfers, or “cedes,” a portion or all of its exposure on insurance policies to a reinsurer. The reinsurer assumes the exposure in return for a portion of the premiums. The ceding of insurance does not legally discharge the insurer from primary liability for the full amount of the policies written by it, and the ceding company will incur a loss if the reinsurer fails to meet its obligations under the reinsurance agreement.



Amounts currently recoverable under reinsurance agreements are included in reinsurance receivables and amounts currently payable are included in other liabilities. Assets and liabilities relating to reinsurance agreements with the same reinsurer may be recorded net on the balance sheet, if a right of offset exists within the reinsurance agreement. In the event that reinsurers do not meet their obligations to the Company under the terms of the reinsurance agreements, reinsurance recoverable balances could become uncollectible. In such instances, reinsurance recoverable balances are stated net of allowances for uncollectible reinsurance.



Insurance Premiums and Other Receivables



Receivables amounts due from insureds and agents are evaluated periodically for collectibility. Allowances for expected credit losses are established, as and when a loss has been determined probable, against the related receivable. An allowance for expected credit loss is recognized by the Company when determined on a specific account basis and a general provision for loss is made based on the Company’s historical and expected experience.

Note 3.
Investments
   

The following tables set forth the estimated fair value, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses, ACL and cost or amortized cost of the Company’s investments in fixed maturities and equity securities, aggregated by type and industry, as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.
  

Fixed maturities were comprised of the following:
 
   
June 30, 2023
 
   
Estimated
Fair Value
   
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Allowance
for
Credit Losses
   
Cost or
Amortized
Cost
 
Fixed maturities:
                             
Bonds:
                             
U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government agencies and authorities
 
$
48,880
   
$
1
   
$
5,948
    $    
$
54,827
 
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    8,148
     
      1,370
            9,518
 
Corporate securities:
                                       
Utilities and telecom
    20,195
      86
      3,146
            23,255
 
Financial services
    57,242
      439
      6,948
            63,751
 
Other business – diversified
    31,871
      173
      4,107
            35,805
 
Other consumer – diversified
    41,909
      42
      5,797
            47,664
 
Total corporate securities
    151,217
      740
      19,998
            170,475
 
Redeemable preferred stocks:
                                       
Other consumer – diversified
    227
      34
     
            193
 
Total redeemable preferred stocks
    227
      34
     
            193
 
Total fixed maturities
  $ 208,472     $ 775     $ 27,316     $     $ 235,013  
 
   
December 31, 2022
 
   
Estimated
Fair Value
   
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Cost or
Amortized
Cost
 
Fixed maturities:
                       
Bonds:
                       
U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government agencies and authorities
 
$
44,412
   
$
5
   
$
5,926
   
$
50,333
 
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    9,187       4
      1,702
      10,885  
Corporate securities:
                               
Utilities and telecom
    22,090       120       3,299       25,269  
Financial services
    59,054       397       7,085       65,742  
Other business – diversified
    31,058       161       4,689       35,586  
Other consumer – diversified
    42,705       35       6,089       48,759  
Total corporate securities
    154,907       713       21,162       175,356  
Redeemable preferred stocks:
                               
Other consumer – diversified
    223       31             192  
Total redeemable preferred stocks
    223       31             192  
Total fixed maturities
  $ 208,729     $ 753     $ 28,790     $ 236,766  
  

Bonds having an amortized cost of $11,766 and $12,333 and included in the tables above were on deposit with insurance regulatory authorities as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively, in accordance with statutory requirements. Additionally, bonds having an amortized cost of $7,548 and $7,221 and included in the tables above were pledged as collateral to the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta (“FHLB”) at June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.



Equity securities were comprised of the following:
   
   
June 30, 2023
 
   
Estimated
Fair Value
   
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Cost
 
Equity securities:
                       
Common and non-redeemable preferred stocks:
                       
Financial services
  $ 842     $ 570     $     $ 272  
Other business – diversified
    8,837
      4,204
     
      4,633
 
Total equity securities
  $ 9,679     $ 4,774     $     $ 4,905  

   
December 31, 2022
 
   
Estimated
Fair Value
   
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Cost
 
Equity securities:
                       
Common and non-redeemable preferred stocks:
                       
Financial services
  $ 790     $ 516     $     $ 274  
Other business – diversified
    10,772
      6,139
     
      4,633  
Total equity securities
  $ 11,562     $ 6,655     $     $ 4,907  
    

The carrying value and amortized cost of the Company’s investments in fixed maturities at June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 by contractual maturity were as follows. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because issuers may call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.
  
   
June 30, 2023
   
December 31, 2022
 
   
Carrying
Value
   
Amortized
Cost
   
Carrying
Value
   
Amortized
Cost
 
Due in one year or less
  $ 123     $ 125     $ 3,776     $ 3,797  
Due after one year through five years
    56,828
      59,924
      40,150
      42,174
 
Due after five years through ten years
    35,227
      39,835
      44,044
      49,711
 
Due after ten years
    81,244
      95,113
      87,719
      103,095
 
Asset backed securities
    35,050
      40,016
      33,040
      37,989
 
Totals
  $ 208,472     $ 235,013     $ 208,729     $ 236,766  
    

The following tables present the Company’s unrealized loss aging for securities by type and length of time the security was in a continuous unrealized loss position as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.
 
   
June 30, 2023
 
   
Less than 12 months
   
12 months or longer
   
Total
 
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
 
U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government agencies and authorities
  $ 11,404     $ 287     $ 36,608     $ 5,661     $ 48,012     $ 5,948  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    2,143       18       6,005       1,352       8,148       1,370  
Corporate securities
    16,587
      554
      126,125
      19,444
      142,712
      19,998
 
Total temporarily impaired securities
  $ 30,134     $ 859     $ 168,738     $ 26,457     $ 198,872     $ 27,316  
  
   
December 31, 2022
 
   
Less than 12 months
   
12 months or longer
   
Total
 
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
 
U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government agencies and authorities
  $ 23,763     $ 2,410     $ 19,259     $ 3,516     $ 43,022     $ 5,926  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions     8,183       1,702                   8,183       1,702  
Corporate securities
    127,928
      16,214
      14,514
      4,948
      142,442
      21,162
 
Total temporarily impaired securities
  $ 159,874     $ 20,326     $ 33,773     $ 8,464     $ 193,647     $ 28,790  
    

Analysis of Securities in Unrealized Loss Positions
 

As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there were 248 and 237 securities, respectively, in an unrealized loss position which primarily included certain of the Company’s investments in fixed maturities within the utilities and telecom, financial services, other diversified business and other diversified consumer sectors. The unrealized losses on the Company’s fixed maturity securities investments have been primarily related to general market changes in interest rates and/or the levels of credit spreads rather than specific concerns with the issuer’s ability to pay interest and repay principal.



For any of its fixed maturity securities with significant declines in fair value, the Company performs detailed analyses to identify whether the drivers of the declines are due to general market drivers, such as the recent rise in interest rates, or due to credit-related factors. Identifying the drivers of the declines in fair value helps to align and allocate the Company’s resources to securities with real credit-related concerns that could impact the ultimate collection of principal and interest. For any significant declines in fair value determined to be non-interest rate or market related, the Company performs a more focused review of the related issuers’ specific credit profile.



For corporate issuers, the Company evaluates their assets, business profile including industry dynamics and competitive positioning, financial statements and other available financial data. For non-corporate issuers, the Company analyzes all sources of credit support, including issuer-specific factors. The Company utilizes information available in the public domain and, for certain private placement issuers, from consultations with the issuers directly. The Company also considers ratings from Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organizations (NRSROs), as well as the specific characteristics of the security it owns including seniority in the issuer’s capital structure, covenant protections, or other relevant features. From these reviews, the Company evaluates the issuers’ continued ability to service the Company’s investment through payment of interest and principal.



Assuming no credit-related factors develop, unrealized gains and losses on fixed maturity securities are expected to diminish as investments near maturity. Based on its credit analysis, the Company believes that the issuers of its fixed maturity investments in the sectors shown in the table above have the ability to service their obligations to the Company, and the Company does not intend to sell the investments and it is not more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the investments before recovery of their amortized cost bases, which may be at maturity.



However, from time to time the Company identifies certain available-for-sale fixed maturity securities where the amortized cost basis exceeds the present value of the cash flows expected to be collected due to credit related factors and as a result, a credit allowance will be estimated.  The Company had no ACL on its available-for-sale fixed maturities as of June 30, 2023.


    

The following tables summarize realized investment gains (losses) for the three month and six month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022.
   
   
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2023
 
   
Fixed
Maturities
   
Equity
Securities
   
Other
Invested Assets
   
Total
 
Gains
 
$
70
   
$
   
$
   
$
70
 
Losses
                       
Realized investment losses, net
 
$
70
   
$
   
$
   
$
70
 
 
   
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2022
 
   
Fixed
Maturities
   
Equity
Securities
   
Other
Invested Assets
   
Total
 
Gains
 
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
 
Losses
   
(43
)
   
     
(19
)
   
(62
)
Realized investment gains, net
 
$
(43
)
 
$
   
$
(19
)
 
$
(62
)

   
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2023
 
   
Fixed
Maturities
   
Equity
Securities
   
Other
Invested Assets
   
Total
 
Gains
 
$
70
   
$
   
$
   
$
70
 
Losses
   
     

     
     
 
Realized investment gains, net
 
$
70
   
$
   
$
   
$
70
 

   
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2022
 
   
Fixed
Maturities
   
Equity
Securities
   
Other
Invested Assets
   
Total
 
Gains   $     $     $     $  
Losses
   
(53
)
   
     
(19
)
   
(72
)
Realized investment gains, net
 
$
(53
)
 
$
   
$
(19
)
 
$
(72
)


The following table presents the change in unrealized gains (losses) related to equity securities still held for the three month and six month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022.

   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
   
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
    2023     2022
    2023
    2022  
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) recognized during the period on equity securities
 
$
494
   
$
(4,866
)
  $ (1,881 )