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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number: 001-41266

 

CEA INDUSTRIES INC.

 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   27-3911608

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

385 South Pierce Avenue, Suite C

Louisville, Colorado 80027

  80027
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)

 

(303) 993-5271

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.00001 par value   CEAD   Nasdaq Capital Markets
Warrants to purchase common stock   CEADW   Nasdaq Capital Markets

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

None

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the last 90 days. YES ☒ NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). YES ☒ NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “non-accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated Filer Smaller Reporting Company
    Emerging Growth Company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES ☐ NO

 

As of November 14, 2023, the number of outstanding shares of common stock of the registrant was 8,076,372.

 

 

 

 
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2023

 

Table of Contents

 

  Page
Cautionary Statement ii
   
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
   
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)  
   
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 1
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022 2
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022 3
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022 4
   
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 5
   
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 24
   
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 33
   
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 33
   
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION  
   
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 34
   
Item 1A. Risk Factors 34
   
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 34
   
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 34
   
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 34
   
Item 5. Other Information 35
   
Item 6. Exhibits 35
   
SIGNATURES 36
   
EXHIBIT INDEX 37

 

i
 

 

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless otherwise indicated, the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our” refer to CEA Industries Inc. and, where appropriate, its wholly owned subsidiary.

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 2, contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements are not historical fact but are based on current management expectations that involve substantial risks, uncertainties, and other factors, some of which are beyond our control and difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. We generally identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “target,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar words. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements including, but not limited to, any projections of revenue, gross profit, earnings or loss, tax provisions, cash flows or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies or objectives of management for future operations; any statements regarding current or future macroeconomic or industry-specific trends or events and the impact of those trends and events on us or our financial performance; any statements regarding pending investigations, legal claims or tax disputes; any statements of expectation or belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.

 

These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors that could cause our actual results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, performance, prospects, opportunities, achievements or industry results, as well as those of the markets we serve or intend to serve, to differ materially from those expressed in, or suggested by, these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on assumptions regarding our present and future business strategies and the environment in which we operate. Important factors that could cause those differences include, but are not limited to:

 

  our business prospects and the prospects of our existing and prospective customers;
     
  our overall financial condition, including the impact of higher interest rates and inflation, business disruption due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ukraine war, Israeli conflict, and the supply chains on which we depend;
     
  the impact on our business from our restructuring and cost containment actions taken in the first quarter of 2023 and continuing thereafter;
     
  the inherent uncertainty of product development and product selection to meet client requirements;
     
  regulatory, legislative and judicial developments, especially those related to changes in, and the enforcement of, cannabis laws;
     
  increasing competitive pressures in the CEA (Controlled Environment Agriculture) industry and our engineering service and product supply position within the industry;
     
  the ability to effectively operate our business, including servicing our existing customers and obtaining new business;
     
  our relationships with our customers and suppliers;
     
  the continuation of normal payment terms and conditions with our customers and suppliers, including our ability to obtain advance payments from our customers;
     
  general economic conditions, our customers’ operations and access to capital, and market and business disruptions including severe weather conditions, natural disasters, health hazards, terrorist activities, financial crises, political crises or other major events, or the prospect of these events, adversely affecting demand for the products and services offered by us in the markets in which we operate;

 

ii
 

 

  the business disruptions that are happening in the CEA industry, including bankruptcies and shifting market demands, that are having an adverse impact on the demand for our engineering services and construction solutions and, consequently, our revenues;
     
  the supply of products from our suppliers and our ability to complete contracts, some of which depend on other actors for a comprehensive project completion;
     
  changes in our business strategy and development plans, and in our plans for seeking strategic alternatives;
     
  our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel;
     
  our ability to raise equity and debt capital, as needed from time to time, to fund our operations and business strategy, including possible strategic alternatives and acquisitions;
     
   our ability to identify, complete and integrate potential strategic alternatives and acquisitions;
     
  future revenue being lower than expected;
     
  The substantial changes in the amount and current size of our backlog and our ability to convert backlog into revenue in a timely manner, or at all; and
     
  our intention not to pay dividends.

 

These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read with the other cautionary statements in this report.

 

Although we believe that we use reasonable assumptions for these forward-looking statements, any of those assumptions could prove to be inaccurate, and as a result, the forward-looking statements based on those assumptions also could be inaccurate. In light of these and other uncertainties, the inclusion of a projection or forward-looking statement in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should not be regarded as a representation by us that our plans and objectives will be achieved. These risks and uncertainties include those described or identified in “Item 1A – Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, as updated from time to time in the Company’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Except as required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The forward-looking statements and projections contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are intended to be within the meaning of “forward-looking statements” in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).

 

iii
 

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2023   2022 
   (Unaudited)     
ASSETS          
Current Assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $13,342,805   $18,637,114 
Accounts receivable, net   272,547    2,649 
Inventory, net   315,096    348,411 
Prepaid expenses and other   323,751    1,489,921 
Total Current Assets   14,254,199    20,478,095 
Noncurrent Assets          
Property and equipment, net   45,737    68,513 
Intangible assets, net   1,830    1,830 
Deposits   14,747    14,747 
Operating lease right-of-use asset   383,169    462,874 
Total Noncurrent Assets   445,483    547,964 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $14,699,682   $21,026,059 
           
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
           
LIABILITIES          
Current Liabilities          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $571,885   $1,207,258 
Deferred revenue   474,888    4,338,570 
Accrued equity compensation   -    89,970 
Current portion of operating lease liability   124,319    118,235 
Total Current Liabilities   1,171,092    5,754,033 
           
Noncurrent Liabilities          
Operating lease liability, net of current portion   290,051    376,851 
Total Noncurrent Liabilities   290,051    376,851 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES   1,461,143    6,130,884 
           
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 6)   -    - 
           
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Preferred stock, $0.00001 par value; 25,000,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, $0.00001 par value; 200,000,000 authorized; 8,076,372 and 7,953,974 shares issued and outstanding, respectively   81    80 
Additional paid in capital   49,441,231    49,173,836 
Accumulated deficit   (36,202,773)   (34,278,741)
Total Shareholders’ Equity   13,238,539    14,895,175 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY  $14,699,682   $21,026,059 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

   2023   2022   2023   2022 
  

For the Three Months Ended

September 30,

  

For the Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
Revenue, net  $913,571   $5,063,079   $6,659,858   $9,822,391 
                     
Cost of revenue   1,017,634    4,465,888    5,831,953    8,828,453 
                     
Gross profit (loss)   (104,063)   597,191    827,905    993,938 
                     
Operating expenses:                    
Advertising and marketing expenses   21,551    304,600    256,965    865,305 
Product development costs   -    58,978    76,487    254,473 
Selling, general and administrative expenses   681,448    1,292,746    2,452,305    3,684,617 
Goodwill impairment charges   -    -    -    631,064 
Total operating expenses   702,999    1,656,324    2,785,757    5,435,459 
                     
Operating loss   (807,062)   (1,059,133)   (1,957,852)   (4,441,521)
                     
Other income (expense):                    
Other income (expense), net   -    6,358    7,778    191,358 
Interest income (expense), net   8,043    10,725    26,042    24,585 
Total other income (expense)   8,043    17,083    33,820    215,943 
                     
Loss before provision for income taxes   (799,019)   (1,042,050)   (1,924,032)   (4,225,578)
                     
Income taxes   -    -    -    - 
                     
Net loss  $(799,019)  $(1,042,050)  $(1,924,032)  $(4,225,578)
                     
Convertible preferred series B stock dividends   -    -    -    (35,984)
Deemed dividend on convertible preferred series B stock on down round   -    -    -    (439,999)
                     
Net loss available to common shareholders  $(799,019)  $(1,042,050)  $(1,924,032)  $(4,701,561)
                     
Loss per common share – basic and diluted  $(0.10)  $(0.13)  $(0.24)  $(0.69)
                     
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic and diluted   8,076,372    7,953,974    8,074,842    6,804,741 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

   Number of Shares   Amount  

Additional

Paid in Capital

   Accumulated Deficit   Shareholders’ Equity 
   Common Stock            
   Number of Shares   Amount  

Additional

Paid in Capital

   Accumulated Deficit   Shareholders’ Equity 
Balance June 30, 2023   8,076,372   $81   $49,426,065   $(35,403,754)  $14,022,392 
Fair value of vested stock options granted to employees   -    -    15,166    -    15,166 
Net loss   -    -    -    (799,019)   (799,019)
Balance September 30, 2023   8,076,372   $81   $49,441,231   $(36,202,773)  $13,238,539 

 

   Common Stock            
   Number of Shares   Amount  

Additional

Paid in Capital

   Accumulated Deficit   Shareholders’ Equity 
Balance December 31, 2022   7,953,974   $80   $49,173,836   $(34,278,741)  $14,895,175 
Fair value of vested stock options granted to employees   -    -    166,080    -    166,080 
Common shares issued in settlement of restricted stock units issued to directors   122,398    1    (1)   -    - 
Fair value of restricted stock units issued to directors   -    -    101,316    -    101,316 
Net loss   -    -    -    (1,924,032)   (1,924,032)
Balance September 30, 2023   8,076,372   $81   $49,441,231   $(36,202,773)  $13,238,539 

 

   Common Stock            
   Number of Shares   Amount   Additional Paid in Capital   Accumulated Deficit   Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) 
Balance June 30, 2022   7,953,974   $   80   $49,091,496   $(31,965,094)  $17,126,482 
Fair value of vested stock options granted to employees   -    -    49,099    -    49,099 
Fair value of restricted stock units issued to directors   -    -    6,245    -    6,245 
Cashless exercise of prefunded warrants   -    -    -    -    - 
Net loss   -    -    -    (1,042,050)   (1,042,050)
Balance September 30, 2022   7,953,974   $80   $49,146,840   $(33,007,144)  $16,139,776 

 

   Common Stock            
   Number of Shares   Amount  

Additional Paid in Capital

   Accumulated Deficit   Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) 
Balance December 31, 2021   1,600,835   $   16   $25,211,017   $(28,781,566)  $(3,570,533)
Fair value of vested stock options granted to employees   -    -    208,672    -    208,672 
Fair value of vested stock options granted to directors   -    -    29,656    -    29,656 
Common shares issued in settlement of restricted stock units issued to directors   3,367    -    24,994    -    24,994 
Fair value of restricted stock units issued to directors   -    -    17,418    -    17,418 
Issuance of common shares to round up partial shares following reverse split   6,798    -    -         - 
Common shares and warrants issued for cash   5,811,138    58    21,711,073    -    21,711,131 
Common shares and warrants issued on conversion of series B preferred stock   362,306    4    1,979,996    -    1,980,000 
Dividends on series B preferred stock   -    -    (35,984)   -    (35,984)
Cashless exercise of prefunded warrants   169,530    2    (2)   -    - 
Net loss   -    -    -    (4,225,578)   (4,225,578)
Balance September 30, 2022   7,953,974   $80   $49,146,840   $(33,007,144)  $16,139,776 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

   2023   2022 
  

For the Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022 
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:          
Net loss  $(1,924,032)  $(4,225,578)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:          
Depreciation and intangible asset amortization expense   22,476    24,731 
Share-based compensation   177,427    280,739 
Provision for doubtful accounts   (2,056)   93,500 
Provision for excess and obsolete inventory   111,123    (5,332)
Loss on disposal of assets   100    4,489 
Amortization of operating lease ROU asset   79,705    76,917 
Goodwill impairment charges   -    631,064 
           
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (267,842)   8,801 
Inventory   (77,808)   (230,966)
Prepaid expenses and other   1,166,170    171,582 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   (635,373)   910,523 
Deferred revenue   (3,863,683)   1,595,644 
Operating lease liability, net   (80,716)   (65,157)
Accrued equity compensation   -    (14,065)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   (5,294,509)   (743,108)
           
Cash Flows From Investing Activities          
Purchases of property and equipment   -    (30,348)
Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment   200    2,250 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   200    (28,098)
           
Cash Flows From Financing Activities          
Payment of dividends on series B preferred stock   -    (35,984)
Redemption of series B preferred stock   -    (1,980,000)
Net cash proceeds on sale of common stock and warrants, net of expenses   -    21,711,131 
Net cash provided by financing activities   -    19,695,147 
           
Net change in cash and cash equivalents   (5,294,309)   18,923,941 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   18,637,114    2,159,608 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period  $13,342,805   $21,083,549 
           
Supplemental cash flow information:          
Interest paid  $-   $- 
Income taxes paid  $-   $- 
           
Non-cash investing and financing activities:          
           
Conversion of series B preferred stock   -   $1,980,000 
Deemed dividend on series B preferred stock arising on down round   -   $439,999 
Cashless exercise of prefunded warrants       $2 
Options issued for accrued equity compensation liability  $89,970   $78,938 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1 – Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies

 

Description of Business

 

CEA Industries Inc., formerly Surna Inc. (the “Company”), was incorporated in Nevada on October 15, 2009. We design, engineer and sell environmental control and other technologies for the Controlled Environment Agriculture (“CEA”) industry. The CEA industry is one of the faster-evolving sectors of the United States’ economy. From leafy greens (kale, Swiss chard, mustard, cress), microgreens (leafy greens harvested at the first true leaf stage), ethnic vegetables, ornamentals, and small fruits (such as strawberries, blackberries and raspberries) to bell peppers, cucumbers, and tomatoes and cannabis and hemp, more and more producers consider or act to grow crops indoors in response to market dynamics or as part of their preferred farming practice. In service of the CEA industry, we provide: (i) architectural design and licensed engineering of commercial scale thermodynamic systems specific to cultivation facilities, (ii) liquid-based process cooling systems and other climate control systems, (iii) air handling equipment and systems, (iv) air sanitation products, (v) LED lighting, (vi) benching and racking solutions for indoor cultivation, (vii) proprietary and third party controls systems and technologies used for environmental, lighting, and climate control, and (viii) preventive maintenance services, through our partnership with a certified service contractor network, for CEA facilities. Our customers include commercial, state- and provincial-regulated CEA growers in the U.S. and Canada. Customers are those growers building new facilities and those expanding or retrofitting existing facilities. Currently, our revenue stream is derived primarily from supplying our products, services, and technologies to commercial indoor facilities ranging from several thousand to more than 100,000 square feet. Headquartered in Louisville, Colorado, we leverage our experience in this space to bring value-added climate control solutions to our customers that help improve their overall crop quality and yield, optimize energy and water efficiency, and satisfy the evolving state and local codes, permitting and regulatory requirements. Although most of our customers do, we neither produce nor sell cannabis or its related products.

 

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Our Business

 

The impact of the government and the business economic response to the COVID-19 pandemic affected demand across the majority of our markets and disrupted workflow and completion schedules on projects. We believe we continue to see adverse effects on our sales, project implementation, supply chain infrastructure, operating margins, costs, and working capital.

 

Due to this uncertainty, we continue to monitor costs and continue to take actions to reduce costs in order to mitigate the long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to the best of our ability. However, these actions may not be sufficient in the long run to avoid reduced sales, increased losses, and reduced operating cash flows in our business. During the year ended December 31, 2022, and continuing into the current fiscal quarter, the Company experienced delays in the receipt of equipment it had ordered to meet its customer orders due to disruption and delays in its supply chain. Consequently, our revenue recognition of some customer sales has been delayed until future periods when the shipment of orders can be completed.

 

Impact of Ukrainian Conflict

 

Currently, we believe that the conflict between Ukraine and Russia does not have any direct impact on our operations, financial condition, or financial reporting. We believe the conflict will have only a general impact on our operations in the same manner as it has a general impact on all businesses that have their operations limited to North America resulting from international sanction and embargo regulations, possible shortages of goods and goods incorporating parts that may be supplied from the Ukraine or Russia, supply chain challenges, and the international and US domestic inflationary results of the conflict and government spending for and funding of our country’s response. As our operations are related only to the North American controlled environment agricultural industry, largely within the cannabis space, we do not believe we will be targeted for cyber-attacks related to this conflict. We have no operations in the countries directly involved in the conflict or are specifically impacted by any of the sanctions and embargoes, as we principally operate in the United States and Canada. We do not believe that the conflict will have any impact on our internal control over financial reporting. Other than general securities market trends, we do not have reason to believe that investors will evaluate the company as having special risks or exposures related to the Ukrainian conflict.

 

5
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Inflation

 

Our operations are being influenced by the inflation existent in the larger economy and in the industries related to building renovations, retrofitting and new build CEA facilities in which we operate. We believe that we will continue to face inflationary increases in the cost of products and our operations, which will adversely affect our margins and financial results and the pricing of our service and product supply contracts. Inflation is reflected in higher wages, increased pricing of equipment, delivery and transportation costs, and general operational expenses. As we move forward, we plan to continuously monitor our various contract terms and may decide to add clauses that will permit us to adjust pricing if inflation and price increase pressures on us will impact our ability to perform our contracts and maintain our margins.

 

Financial Statement Presentation

 

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and related disclosures.

 

Interim Financial Statements

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain information and note disclosures, normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP, have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring items) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023. The balance sheet information as of December 31, 2022 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its controlled and wholly owned subsidiaries, Hydro Innovations, LLC (“Hydro”) and Surna Cultivation Technologies LLC (“SCT”). Intercompany transactions, profit, and balances are eliminated in consolidation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and that affect the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Key estimates include: allocation of transaction prices to performance obligations under contracts with customers, standalone selling prices, timing of expected revenue recognition on remaining performance obligations under contracts with customers, valuation of intangible assets and goodwill, valuation of equity-based compensation, valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, warranty accruals, accounts receivable and inventory allowances, and legal contingencies.

 

6
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash

 

All highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase are considered to be cash equivalents. The Company may, from time to time, have deposits in financial institutions that exceed the federally insured amount of $250,000. As of September 30, 2023, the balance in the Company’s accounts was approximately $13,343,000, consequently approximately $13,093,000 of this balance was not insured by the FDIC. The Company has not experienced any losses to date on depository accounts.

 

Income (Loss) Per Common Share

 

Basic income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period without consideration of common stock equivalents. Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding and potentially dilutive common stock equivalents, including stock options, warrants and restricted stock units and other equity-based awards, except in cases where the effect of the common stock equivalents would be antidilutive. Potential common stock equivalents consist of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options and warrants and the vesting of restricted stock units using the treasury method.

 

As of September 30, 2023 and 2022, there were respectively, 7,992,829 and 7,881,160, potentially dilutive equity instruments outstanding in respect of warrants, options and restricted stock units that were convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock. Of these potentially dilutive equity instruments outstanding, 7,623,772 related to warrants outstanding at both September 30, 2023 and 2022 issued in connection with the sale of our shares of series B Preferred stock and common stock. The remaining 369,057 and 257,388 potentially dilutive equity instruments outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, related to options and restricted stock units that were convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock that had been issued to our directors and staff as compensation.

 

Goodwill

 

The Company recorded goodwill in connection with its acquisition of Hydro Innovations, LLC in July 2014. Goodwill is reviewed for impairment annually or more frequently when events or changes in circumstances indicate that fair value of the reporting unit has been reduced to less than its carrying value. The Company performs a quantitative impairment test annually on December 31 by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. The Company’s fair value is calculated using a market valuation technique whereby an appropriate control premium is applied to the Company’s market capitalization as calculated by applying its publicly quoted share price to the number of its common shares issued and outstanding. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, goodwill is considered not impaired. An impairment charge would be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The Company determined that it has one reporting unit.

 

As of June 30, 2022, the Company experienced a triggering event due to a drop in its stock price and performed a quantitative analysis for potential impairment of its goodwill. Based on this analysis, the Company determined that its carrying value exceeded its fair value. As a result, the Company recorded a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $631,064 at June 30, 2022. No income tax benefit related to this goodwill impairment charge was recorded at June 30, 2022.

 

Temporary Equity

 

Shares of preferred stock that are redeemable for cash or other assets are classified as temporary equity if they are redeemable, at the option of the holder, at a fixed or determinable price on a fixed or determinable date or upon the occurrence of an event that is not solely within the control of the Company. Redeemable equity instruments are initially carried at the fair value of the equity instrument at the issuance date, net of issuance costs, which is subsequently adjusted to redemption value (including the amount for dividends earned but not yet declared or paid) at each balance sheet date if the instrument is currently redeemable or if it is probable that the instrument will become redeemable.

 

7
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s revenue by source:

 

   2023   2022   2023   2022 
  

For the Three Months Ended

September 30,

  

For the Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
Equipment and systems sales  $647,870   $4,941,380   $5,944,445   $9,375,093 
Engineering and other services   235,301    104,434    462,943    382,559 
Shipping and handling   1,000    17,265    18,335    64,739 
Forfeited non-refundable customer deposits   29,400    -    234,135    - 
Total revenue  $913,571   $5,063,079   $6,659,858   $9,822,391 

 

Revenue Recognition Accounting Policy Summary

 

The Company accounts for revenue in accordance with ASC 606. Under the revenue standard, a performance obligation is a promise in a contract with a customer to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer. Most of the Company’s contracts contain multiple performance obligations that include engineering and technical services as well as the delivery of a diverse range of climate control system equipment and components, which can span multiple phases of a customer’s project life cycle from facility design and construction to equipment delivery and system installation and start-up. The Company does not provide construction services or system installation services. Some of the Company’s contracts with customers contain a single performance obligation, typically engineering only services contracts.

 

A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. When there are multiple performance obligations within a contract, the Company allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation based on the standalone selling price. When estimating the selling price, the Company uses various observable inputs. The best observable input is the Company’s actual selling price for the same good or service, however, this input is generally not available for the Company’s contracts containing multiple performance obligations. For engineering services, the Company estimates the standalone selling price by reference to certain physical characteristics of the project, such as facility size and mechanical systems involved, which are indicative of the scope and complexity of the mechanical engineering services to be provided. For equipment sales, the standalone selling price is determined by forecasting the expected costs of the equipment and components and then adding an appropriate margin, based on a range of acceptable margins established by management. Depending on the nature of the performance obligations, the Company may use a combination of different methods and observable inputs if certain performance obligations have highly variable or uncertain standalone selling prices. Once the selling prices are determined, the Company applies the relative values to the total contract consideration and estimates the amount of the transaction price to be recognized as each promise is fulfilled.

 

Generally, satisfaction occurs when control of the promised goods is transferred to the customer or as services are rendered or completed in exchange for consideration in an amount for which the Company expects to be entitled. The Company recognizes revenue for the sale of goods when control transfers to the customer, which primarily occurs at the time of shipment. The Company’s historical rates of return are insignificant as a percentage of sales and, as a result, the Company does not record a reserve for returns at the time the Company recognizes revenue. The Company has elected to exclude from the measurement of the transaction price all taxes (e.g., sales, use, value added, and certain excise taxes) that are assessed by a governmental authority in connection with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected by the Company from the customer. Accordingly, the Company recognizes revenue net of sales taxes. The revenue and cost for freight and shipping is recorded when control over the sale of goods passes to the Company’s customers.

 

8
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

The Company also has performance obligations to perform certain engineering services that are satisfied over a period of time. Revenue is recognized from this type of performance obligation as services are rendered based on the percentage completion towards certain specified milestones.

 

The Company offers assurance-type warranties for its products and products manufactured by others to meet specifications defined by the contracts with customers and does not have any material separate performance obligations related to these warranties. The Company maintains a warranty reserve based on historical warranty costs.

 

Disaggregation of Revenue

 

In accordance with ASC 606-10-50-5 through 6, the Company considered the appropriate level of disaggregated revenue information that depicts how the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. Additionally, per the implementation guidance in ASC 606-10-55-90 through 91, the Company also considered (a) disclosures presented outside of the financial statements such as earnings releases and investor presentations, (b) information regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker for evaluating the financial performance of operating segments and (c) other information that is similar to the types of information identified in (a) and (b) and that is used by the Company or users of the Company’s financial statements to evaluate financial performance or make resource allocation decisions. Finally, we considered the examples of categories found in the guidance that might be appropriate, including: (a) type of good or service (major product lines), (b) geographical region (country or region), (c) market or type of customer (government or non-government customers), (d) type of contract (fixed-price or time-and-materials), (e) contract duration (short- or long-term), (f) timing of transfer of goods or services (point-in-time or over time) and (g) sales channels (direct to customers or through intermediaries).

 

Based on the aforementioned guidance and considerations, the Company determined that disaggregation of revenue by sales, services, shipping and handling, and miscellaneous was required.

 

Other Judgments and Assumptions

 

The Company typically receives customer payments in advance of its performance of services or transfers of goods. Applying the practical expedient in ASC 606-10-32-18, which the Company has elected, the Company does not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component since the Company expects, at contract inception, that the period between when the Company transfers a promised good or service to a customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less. Accordingly, the remaining performance obligations related to customer contracts does not consider the effects of the time value of money.

 

Applying the practical expedient in ASC 340-40-25-4, the Company recognizes the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense when incurred since the amortization period of the assets that the Company otherwise would have recognized is one year or less. These costs include certain sales commissions and incentives, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses, and are payable only when associated revenue has been collected and earned by the Company.

 

Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities

 

Contract assets reflect revenue recognized and performance obligations satisfied in advance of customer billing. Contract liabilities relate to payments received in advance of the satisfaction of performance under the contract. The Company receives payments from customers based on the terms established in its contracts.

 

9
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Contract assets include unbilled amounts where revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer and the right of payment is conditional, subject to completing a milestone, such as a phase of a project. The Company typically does not have material amounts of contract assets since revenue is recognized as control of goods are transferred or as services are performed. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had no contract assets.

 

Contract liabilities consist of advance payments in excess of revenue recognized. The Company’s contract liabilities are recorded as a current liability in deferred revenue in the consolidated balance sheets since the Company generally expects to recognize revenue in less than one year. Non-refundable customer deposits are recognized as revenue when previously abandoned customer contracts have been forfeited and a period of three years has passed. As of September 30, 2023, and December 31, 2022, deferred revenue, which was classified as a current liability, was $474,888 and $4,338,570, respectively.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company recognized revenue of $12,461 and $3,911,083, respectively, related to the deferred revenue at January 1, 2023 For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recognized revenue of $125,731 and $2,318,935, respectively, related to the deferred revenue at January 1, 2022.

 

Remaining Performance Obligations

 

Remaining performance obligations, or backlog, represents the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to the remaining obligations that the Company has not performed under its customer contracts. The Company has elected not to use the optional exemption in ASC 606-10-50-14, which exempts an entity from such disclosures if a performance obligation is part of a contract with an original expected duration of one year or less. Accordingly, the information disclosed about remaining performance obligations includes all customer contracts, including those with an expected duration of one year or less.

 

Industry uncertainty, project financing concerns, and the licensing and qualification of our prospective customers, which are out of the Company’s control, make it difficult for the Company to predict when it will recognize revenue on its remaining performance obligations. There are risks that the Company may not realize the full contract value on customer projects in a timely manner or at all, and completion of a customer’s cultivation facility project is dependent upon the customer’s ability to secure funding and real estate, obtain a license and then build their cultivation facility so they can take possession of the equipment. Accordingly, the time it takes for customers to complete a project, which corresponds to when the Company is able to recognize revenue, is driven by numerous factors including: (i) the large number of first-time participants interested in the indoor cannabis cultivation business; (ii) the complexities and uncertainties involved in obtaining state and local licensure and permitting; (iii) local and state government delays in approving licenses and permits due to lack of staff or the large number of pending applications, especially in states where there is no cap on the number of cultivators; (iv) the customer’s need to obtain cultivation facility financing; (v) the time needed, and coordination required, for our customers to acquire real estate and properly design and build the facility (to the stage when climate control systems can be installed); (vi) the large price tag and technical complexities of the climate control and air sanitation system; (vii) the availability of power; and (viii) delays that are typical in completing any construction project. Further, based on the current economic climate, t and the Company’s recent cost cutting measures, there is no assurance that the Company will be able to fulfill its backlog, and the Company may experience contract cancellations, project scope reductions and project delays.

 

As of September 30, 2023, the Company’s remaining performance obligations, or backlog, was approximately $548,000. The decline in backlog was primarily the result of lower bookings. The Company has entered into fewer new contracts generally, and they have been for smaller amounts. There is significant uncertainty regarding the timing of the Company’s recognition of revenue on its remaining performance obligations, and there is no certainty that these will result in actual revenues. The backlog at September 30, 2023, includes booked sales orders of $353,000 from four customers that the Company does not expect to be realized until 2024, if at all. Our projected revenue amount contains a booked sales order of $65,000 (12% of the total backlog) from one customer that we believe is at risk of cancellation based on conversations with this customer. Given the current supply chain and bottleneck issues that are still being worked through by the Company’s supply chain partners, the Company believes that contract fulfillment could be delayed for these reasons.

 

10
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

The remaining performance obligations expected to be recognized through 2024 are as follows:

  

   2023   2024   Total 
Remaining performance obligations related to engineering only paid contracts  $-   $-   $- 
Remaining performance obligations related to partial equipment paid contracts   195,000    353,000    548,000 
Total remaining performance obligations  $195,000   $353,000   $548,000 

 

Product Warranty

 

The Company warrants the products that it manufactures for a warranty period equal to the lesser of 12 months from start-up or 18 months from shipment. The Company’s warranty provides for the repair, rework, or replacement of products (at the Company’s option) that fail to perform within stated specification. The Company’s third-party suppliers also warrant their products under similar terms, which are passed through to the Company’s customers.

 

The Company assesses the historical warranty claims on its manufactured products and, since 2016, warranty claims have been approximately 1% of annual revenue generated on these products. Based on the Company’s warranty policy, an accrual is established at 1% of the trailing 18 months revenue. The Company continues to assess the need to record a warranty reserve at the time of sale based on historical claims and other factors. As of September 30, 2023, and December 31, 2022, the Company had an accrued warranty reserve amount of $194,031 and $180,457, respectively, which are included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.

 

Accounting for Share-Based Compensation

 

The Company recognizes the cost resulting from all share-based compensation arrangements, including stock options, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units that the Company grants under its equity incentive plan in its condensed consolidated financial statements based on their grant date fair value. The expense is recognized over the requisite service period or performance period of the award. Awards with a graded vesting period based on service are expensed on a straight-line basis for the entire award. Awards with performance-based vesting conditions, which require the achievement of a specific company financial performance goal at the end of the performance period and required service period, are recognized over the performance period. Each reporting period, the Company reassesses the probability of achieving the respective performance goal. If the goals are not expected to be met, no compensation cost is recognized and any previously recognized amount recorded is reversed. If the award contains market-based vesting conditions, the compensation cost is based on the grant date fair value and expected achievement of market condition and is not subsequently reversed if it is later determined that the condition is not likely to be met or is expected to be lower than initially expected.

 

The grant date fair value of stock options is based on the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model (the “Black-Scholes Model”). The Black-Scholes Model requires judgmental assumptions including volatility and expected term, both based on historical experience. The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury interest rates whose term is consistent with the expected term of the option. The Company determines the assumptions used in the valuation of option awards as of the date of grant. Differences in the expected stock price volatility, expected term or risk-free interest rate may necessitate distinct valuation assumptions at those grant dates. As such, the Company may use different assumptions for options granted throughout the year. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the valuation assumptions used to determine the fair value of each option award on the date of grant were: expected stock price volatility of 152.23%; expected term in years of 10 and risk-free interest rate of 3.48%.

 

11
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

The grant date fair value of restricted stock and restricted stock units is based on the closing price of the underlying stock on the date of the grant.

 

The Company has elected to reduce share-based compensation expense for forfeitures as the forfeitures occur since the Company does not have historical data or other factors to appropriately estimate the expected employee terminations and to evaluate whether particular groups of employees have significantly different forfeiture expectations.

 

The following is a summary of share-based compensation expenses included in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022:

 

   2023   2022   2023   2022 
  

For the Three Months Ended

September 30,

  

For the Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
Share-based compensation expense included in:                    
Cost of revenue  $-   $3,956   $4,898   $9,851 
Advertising and marketing expenses   -    2,457    1,113    9,299 
Product development costs   -    2,481    3,570    7,442 
Selling, general and administrative expenses   15,166    69,637    167,846    240,083 
Total share-based compensation expense included in consolidated statement of operations  $15,166   $78,531   $177,427   $266,675 

 

Included in the expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, is an accrual for $23,187 and $69,561, respectively, for the 2022 Annual Employee Incentive Compensation Plan. No accrual is being recorded in 2023.

 

Concentrations

 

Four customers accounted for 29%, 19%, 16%, and 12% of the Company’s revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2023. Three customers accounted for 38%, 20% and 12% of the Company’s revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2023. Two customers accounted for 53% and 24% of the Company’s revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and three customers accounted for 28%, 25%, and 13% of the Company’s revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2022.

 

Two customers accounted for 78%, and 12% of the Company’s accounts receivable as of September 30, 2023. Two customers accounted for 57% and 43% of the Company’s accounts receivable as of December 31, 2022.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

In March 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-01 to require entities to classify and account for leases with related parties on the basis of legally enforceable terms and conditions of the arrangement. The amendments are effective in periods beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material impact on its consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial position.

 

In December 2022, the FASB issued ASU No. 2022-06, which defers the sunset date of Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”) from December 31, 2022 to December 31, 2024. ASU No. 2022-06 was effective upon issuance. Topic 848 provides temporary optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting, providing optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material impact on its consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial position.

 

12
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

In September 2022, the FASB issued Update 2022-04, “Supplier Finance Programs (Subtopic 405-50): Disclosure of Supplier Finance Program Obligations”. The update was issued in response to requests from financial statement users for increased transparency surrounding the use of supplier finance programs. The amendments in Update 2022-04 require that a buyer in a supplier finance program disclose sufficient information about the program to allow a user of financial statements to understand the program’s nature, activity during the period, changes from period to period, and potential magnitude. The amendments in this update do not affect the recognition, measurement, or financial statement presentation of obligations covered by supplier finance programs. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years, except for the amendment on rollforward information, which is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material impact on its consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial position.

 

In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers”, which requires companies to apply ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers acquired in a business combination. This creates an exception to the general recognition and measurement principle in ASC 805, which uses fair value. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, and the guidance should be applied prospectively. The impact of the standard on the Company’s consolidated financial statements is dependent on the size and frequency of any future acquisitions the Company may complete.

 

In March 2020, the FAS issued ASU No. 2020-04 “Reference Reform (Topic 848) Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting” (“ASU 2020-04”). ASU 2020-04 provides optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting. The amendments are effective for the Company as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The adoption of this guidance has not had a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by FASB that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the financial statements upon adoption. The Company does not discuss recent pronouncements that are not anticipated to have an impact on or are unrelated to its financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or disclosures.

 

Note 2 – Leases

 

In February 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASC 842” or the “new lease standard”). The Company adopted ASC 842 as of January 1, 2019, using the effective date method.

 

The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition. The Company has elected to apply the “package of practical expedients” which allow the Company to not reassess: (i) whether existing or expired arrangements contain a lease, (ii) the lease classification of existing or expired leases, or (iii) whether previous initial direct costs would qualify for capitalization under the new lease standard. The Company has also elected to apply the short-term lease exemption for all leases with an original term of less than 12 months, for purposes of applying the recognition and measurements requirements in the new lease standard.

 

On July 28, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement to lease 11,491 square feet of office and manufacturing space (the “New Facility Lease”), in Louisville, CO. The New Facility Lease commenced on November 1, 2021 and continues through January 31, 2027. From November 2021 through January 2022, the monthly rent was abated. Beginning February 2022, the monthly rent is $10,055 and will increase by 3% annually every November through the end of the New Facility Lease term. Pursuant to the New Facility Lease, the Company made a security deposit of $14,747. The Company has the option to renew the New Facility Lease for an additional five years. Additionally, the Company pays the actual amounts for property taxes, insurance, and common area maintenance. The New Facility Lease agreement contains customary events of default, representations, warranties, and covenants.

 

13
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Upon commencement of the New Facility Lease, the Company recognized on the balance sheet an operating lease right-of-use asset and lease liability in the amount of $582,838. The lease liability was initially measured as the present value of the unpaid lease payments at commencement and the ROU asset was initially measured at cost, which comprises the initial amount of the lease liability adjusted for lease payments made at or before the lease commencement date, plus any initial direct costs incurred less any lease incentives received. The renewal option to extend the New Facility Lease is not included in the right-of-use asset or lease liability, as the option is not reasonably certain to be exercised. The Company regularly evaluates the renewal option and when it is reasonably certain of exercise, the Company will include the renewal period in its lease term.

 

The lease cost, cash flows and other information related to the New Facility Lease were as follows:

 

  

As of

September 30, 2023

 
Operating lease right-of-use asset  $383,169 
Operating lease liability, current  $124,319 
Operating lease liability, long-term  $290,051 
      
Remaining lease term   3.6 years 
Discount rate   3.63%

 

  

For the Nine

Months Ended

September 30, 2023

 
Operating cash outflow from operating lease  $93,206 

 

14
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Future annual minimum lease payments on the New Facility Lease as of September 30, 2023 are as follows:

 

As of September 30, 2023    
     
Years ended December 31,    
2023 (excluding the nine months ended September 30, 2023)  $31,690 
2024   128,643 
2025   132,503 
2026   136,473 
Thereafter   11,654 
Total minimum lease payments   440,963 
Less imputed interest   (26,593)
Present value of minimum lease payments  $414,370 

 

Note 3 – Inventory

 

Inventory consisted of the following:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2023   2022 
Finished goods  $371,689   $270,555 
Work in progress   -    155 
Raw materials   125,437    148,608 
Allowance for excess & obsolete inventory   (182,030)   (70,907)
Inventory, net  $315,096   $348,411 

 

Overhead expenses of $15,145 and $12,770 were included in the inventory balance as of September 30, 2023, and December 31, 2022, respectively.

 

Advance payments on inventory purchases are recorded in prepaid expenses until title for such inventory passes to the Company. Prepaid expenses included approximately $36,000 and $1,176,000 in advance payments for inventory as of September 30, 2023, and December 31, 2022, respectively.

 

15
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Note 4 – Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2023   2022 
Furniture and equipment  $275,994   $278,389 
Vehicles   15,000    15,000 
Property and equipment, gross   290,994    293,389 
Accumulated depreciation   (245,257)   (224,876)
Property and equipment, net  $45,737   $68,513 

 

Depreciation expense was $22,476 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, $2,284 was allocated to cost of sales, $571 was allocated to inventory with the remainder recorded as selling, general, and administrative expense.

 

Note 5 – Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities consisted of the following:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2023   2022 
Accounts payable  $164,041   $311,162 
Sales commissions payable   4,018    25,951 
Accrued payroll liabilities   146,376    465,094 
Product warranty accrual   194,031    180,457 
Other accrued expenses   63,419    224,594 
Total  $571,885   $1,207,258 

 

Note 6 – Commitments and Contingencies

 

Litigation

 

On October 20, 2023, Green Ice, LLC and Sweet Cut Grow, LLC (“Claimants”) filed an Arbitration Petition in Denver, Colorado against the Company. The Claimants allege a breach by the Company of two contracts – an Engineering Agreement with Green Ice, dated January 14, 2021 (“Engineering Agreement”), and an Equipment Agreement with Sweet Cut Grow, dated March 29, 2021 (“Equipment Agreement”).

 

The Arbitration Petition alleges causes of action for breach of the Engineering Agreement, Breach of the Equipment Agreement, Breach of the Warranties under the Equipment Agreement, and Unjust Enrichment in the amount of moneys paid by Claimant to CEA to date under the contracts, of $1,049,280.

 

Given the Arbitration Petition’s current uncertainty around estimability and success of claims, we have not recorded an accrual for any potential loss related to this matter.

 

Regardless, we intend to generally defend the claims on the basis that we promptly addressed all problems, and that any issues with defective HVAC equipment are the responsibility of our third-party equipment manufacturer.

 

From time to time, in the normal course of its operations, the Company is subject to litigation matters and claims. Litigation can be expensive and disruptive to normal business operations. Moreover, the results of complex legal proceedings are difficult to predict, and the Company’s view of these matters may change in the future as the litigation and events related thereto unfold. The Company expenses legal fees as incurred. The Company records a liability for contingent losses when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss is known. An unfavorable outcome to any legal matter, if material, could have an adverse effect on the Company’s operations or its financial position, liquidity or results of operations.

 

Leases

 

The Company has a lease agreement for its manufacturing and office space. Refer to Note 2 Leases above.

 

16
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Other Commitments

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into commitments to purchase inventory and may also provide indemnifications of varying scope and terms to customers, vendors, lessors, business partners, and other parties with respect to certain matters, including, but not limited to, losses arising out of the Company’s breach of such agreements, services to be provided by the Company, or from intellectual property infringement claims made by third parties. In addition, the Company has entered into indemnification agreements with its directors and certain of its officers and employees that will require the Company to, among other things, indemnify them against certain liabilities that may arise by reason of their status or service as directors, officers, or employees. The Company maintains director and officer insurance, which may cover certain liabilities arising from its obligation to indemnify its directors and certain of its officers and employees, and former officers, directors, and employees of acquired companies, in certain circumstances.

 

Note 7 – Stockholders’ Equity

 

As of September 30, 2023, the Company had 200,000,000 shares of common stock and 25,000,000 shares of preferred stock authorized at a $0.00001 par value.

 

As of September 30, 2023, 8,076,372 shares of common stock were issued and outstanding and no shares of preferred stock were issued and outstanding.

 

Directors Remuneration

 

On January 3, 2022, the Company issued 3,125 non-qualified stock options under the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan to each of two existing directors. The options had an exercise price of $4.80, vested immediately and had a term ending at the earlier of five years after the date on which the optionee’s continuous service ends, or the tenth anniversary on which the option was granted.

 

On January 17, 2022, the Company issued an RSU grant of 3,367 shares of common stock under the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan to each of two new directors, 1,684 shares of common stock vested immediately on grant date and the remaining 1,683 shares of common stock vested on January 17, 2023. 1,684 shares of common stock were issued on January 17, 2022 to each of the two new directors in settlement of the RSUs that vested immediately and a further 1,683 shares of common stock were issued to each of the two new directors on January 17, 2023 in settlement of the remainder.

 

On January 3, 2023, the Company issued an RSU grant of 29,758 shares of common stock under the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan to each of its four independent directors. The RSUs were granted as an equity retention award pursuant to the Company’s compensation plan for independent directors effective January 17, 2022 and vested immediately on the grant date. A total of 119,032 shares of the Company’s common stock were issued in settlement of the RSUs.

 

Revised Compensation Plan for Directors

 

On January 17, 2022, the Board of Directors revised the previously adopted compensation plan. This plan superseded the plan adopted on August 20, 2021. The plan was effective retroactively for the then current independent directors and for independent directors elected or appointed after the Effective Date.

 

The plan is divided into two phases: from the Effective Date of the plan until February 9, 2022, the day prior to the listing of the Company securities on Nasdaq. (“Pre-uplist”) and from February 10, 2022, the uplist date forward (“Post-uplist”).

 

In the Pre-uplist phase, the Company paid its independent directors an annual cash fee of $15,000, which for the Post-uplist phase was increased to $25,000. The fee is payable quarterly in advance on the first business day of each quarter, as consideration for their participation in: (i) any regular or special meetings of the Board or any committee thereof attended in person, (ii) any telephonic meeting of the Board or any committee thereof in which the director is a member, (iii) any non-meeting consultations with the Company’s management, and (iv) any other services provided by them in their capacities as directors (other than services as the Chairman of the Board, the Chairman of the Company’s Audit Committee, and the Committee Chairman).

 

17
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

At the time of initial election or appointment, each independent director received an equity retention award in the form of restricted stock units (“RSUs”). The aggregate value of the RSUs at the time of grant was to be $25,000, with the number of shares underlying the RSUs to be determined based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date immediately prior to the date of grant. Vesting of the RSUs was as follows: (i) 50% at the time of grant, and (ii) 50% on the first anniversary of the grant date.

 

In addition, on the first business day of January each year, each independent director will also receive an equity retention award in the form of RSUs. The aggregate value of the RSUs at the time of grant will be $25,000, with the number of shares underlying the RSUs to be determined based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date immediately prior to the date of grant. These RSUs will be fully vested at date of grant.

 

The Company pays the Audit Committee Chairman an additional annual fee of $10,000, payable quarterly in advance, for services as the Audit Committee Chairman.

 

The Company pays the Chairmen of any other committees of the Board an additional annual fee of $5,000, payable quarterly in advance, for services as a Committee Chairman.

 

Directors who are also executive officers of the Company do not receive separate compensation for their Board service.

 

Each independent director is responsible for the payment of any and all income taxes arising with respect to the issuance of any equity awarded under the plan, including the exercise of any non-qualified stock options. Each director is responsible for the payment of any and all income taxes arising with respect to the issuance of common stock and the vesting and settlement of RSUs.

 

The Company reimburses independent directors for out-of-pocket expenses incurred in attending Board and committee meetings and undertaking certain matters on the Company’s behalf.

 

All independent directors, Messrs. Shipley, Etten, Reisner, and Mariathasan are subject to the plan.

 

Reverse Stock Split

 

On January 17, 2022, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a reverse stock split at a ratio of one-for-one hundred and fifty. The reverse stock split was implemented effective January 27, 2022. The par value for the Common Stock was not affected.

 

An additional 6,798 shares of common stock were issued to round up partial shares following the reverse split.

 

As a result of this reverse stock split, the number of the Company’s shares of common stock issued and outstanding at December 31, 2021 was reduced from 240,125,224 to 1,600,835. All Common Stock, warrants, options and per share amounts set forth herein are presented to give retroactive effect to the Reverse Split for all periods presented.

 

Change in Authorized Share Capital

 

In connection with the aforementioned reverse stock split, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the reduction of the authorized capital of the Company to 200,000,000 shares of common stock and 25,000,000 shares of preferred stock.

 

18
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Equity Raise

 

On February 10, 2022, the Company signed a firm commitment underwriting agreement for the public offering of shares of common stock and warrants, which closed on February 15, 2022. The Company received net proceeds of approximately $22 million for the sale of 5,811,138 shares of common stock and 6,572,808 warrants, each warrant to purchase one share of common stock for five years, exercisable immediately, at an exercise price of $5.00. The Company also issued to the representative of the underwriters 290,557 warrants, each warrant to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $5.1625, during the period commencing August 9, 2022, and expiring on February 10, 2027.

 

Warrant Exercise

 

On June 21, 2022, the Company issued 169,530 shares of its common stock in connection with the cashless exercise of 170,382 prefunded conversion warrants.

 

Note 8 – Equity Incentive Plans

 

2017 Equity Incentive Plan

 

Under the Company’s 2017 Equity Incentive Plan, as may be modified and amended by the Company from time to time (the “2017 Equity Plan”), the Board of Directors (the “Board”) (or the compensation committee of the Board, if one is established) may award stock options, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock awards (“RSAs”), restricted stock unit awards (“RSUs”), shares granted as a bonus or in lieu of another award, and other stock-based performance awards. The 2017 Equity Plan allocates 333,333 shares of the Company’s common stock (“Plan Shares”) for issuance of equity awards under the 2017 Equity Plan. If any shares subject to an award are forfeited, expire, or otherwise terminate without issuance of such shares, the shares will, to the extent of such forfeiture, expiration, or termination, again be available for awards under the 2017 Equity Plan.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, no shares or options were issued and 1,665 options were cancelled under the 2017 Plan.

 

As of September 30, 2023, of the 333,333 shares authorized under the 2017 Plan for equity awards, 163,692 shares have been issued, awards relating to 145,512 options remain outstanding, and 24,129 shares remain available for future equity awards.

 

2021 Equity Incentive Plan

 

On March 22, 2021, the Board approved the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2021 Equity Plan”), which was approved by the stockholders on July 22, 2021. The 2021 Equity Plan permits the Board to grant awards of up to 666,667 shares of common stock. The 2021 Equity Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options intended to qualify under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), non-qualified stock options, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock awards and restricted stock unit awards and other equity linked awards to our employees, consultants, and directors. If an equity award (i) expires or otherwise terminates without having been exercised in full or (ii) is settled in cash (i.e., the holder of the award receives cash rather than stock), such expiration, termination or settlement will not reduce (or otherwise offset) the number of shares of common stock that may be issued pursuant to this Plan.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2023:

 

-The Company issued 122,398 shares of its common stock in settlement of restricted stock units issued to its independent directors under the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan, pursuant to the Director Compensation plan adopted on January 17, 2022.

 

-138,489 non-qualified stock options were issued to five employees and three former employees in respect of the Company’s 2021 Equity Incentive Plan. The options vested immediately, have a term of 10 years and an exercise price of $0.8955. An expense of $89,970 in respect of this issuance had been accrued in 2022. An additional expense of $32,376 was recognized in 2023 upon management and board finalization and approval of the awards.

 

-16,631 non-qualified stock options were cancelled and 333 non-qualified stock options were forfeited that had previously been issued under the 2021 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

19
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

As of September 30, 2023, of the 666,667 shares authorized under the 2021 Equity Plan, 132,568 shares have been issued in settlement of restricted stock units, awards relating to 182,728 non-qualified stock options, and 40,816 incentive stock options remain outstanding, and 310,555 shares remain available for future equity awards.

 

There was $15,586 in unrecognized compensation expense for unvested non-qualified and incentive stock options as of September 30, 2023 which will be recognized over approximately the next 18 months.

 

Non-Qualified and Incentive Stock Options

 

A summary of the non-qualified stock options and incentive stock options granted to employees and consultants under the 2017 and 2021 Equity Plans during the nine months ended September 30, 2023, are presented in the table below:

 

   Number of Options   Weighted Average Exercise Price   Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term   Aggregate Intrinsic Value 
                 
Outstanding, December 31, 2022   192,073   $8.94    7.6   $        - 
Granted   138,489   $0.90    6.4   $- 
Exercised   -   $-    -   $- 
Forfeited   (18,629)  $2.63    9.2   $- 
Expired   -   $-    -   $- 
Outstanding, September 30, 2023   311,933   $5.74    6.6   $- 
Exercisable, September 30, 2023   286,843   $5.78    6.5   $- 

 

A summary of non-vested non-qualified stock options activity for employees and consultants under the 2017 and 2021 Equity Plans for the nine months ended September 30, 2023, are presented in the table below:

 

  Number of Options   Weighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value   Aggregate Intrinsic Value   Grant-Date Fair Value 
                
Nonvested, December 31, 2022   28,756   $4.73   $-   $136,016 
Granted   138,489   $0.88   $-   $121,870 
Vested   (141,822)  $0.92   $-   $(130,476)
Forfeited   (333)  $6.67   $-   $(2,222)
Expired   -   $-   $-   $- 
Nonvested, September 30, 2023   25,090   $4.98   $-   $124,948 

 

20
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022, the Company recorded $76,110 and $129,733 as compensation expense related to vested options issued to employees and consultants, net of forfeitures, respectively.

 

A summary of the non-qualified stock options granted to directors under the 2017 and 2021 Equity Plans, during the nine months ended September 30, 2023, are presented in the table below:

 

   Number of Options   Weighted Average Exercise Price   Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term   Aggregate Intrinsic Value ($000) 
                 
Outstanding, December 31, 2022   57,122   $9.44    6.0   $        - 
Granted   -    -    -   $- 
Exercised   -    -    -   $- 
Forfeited/Cancelled   -    -    -   $- 
Expired   -    -    -   $- 
Outstanding, September 30, 2023   57,122   $9.44    5.3   $- 
Exercisable, September 30, 2023   57,122   $9.44    5.3   $- 

 

There were no non-vested, non-qualified stock options issued to directors under the 2017 Equity Plan and the 2021 Equity Plan, for the nine months ended September 30, 2023.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022, the Company incurred $0 and $29,656 respectively, as compensation expense related to 0 and 6,250 fully vested options issued to directors, respectively.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

Effective January 3, 2023, the Company issued a total of 119,032 restricted stock units (RSUs) under the 2021 Equity Plan to its four independent directors. These RSUs vested upon grant.

 

Effective January 17, 2023, the Company settled 3,366 RSUs that had been issued on January 17, 2022 to two new directors and that vested after 12 months by the issuance of shares of common stock

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022, the Company recorded $101,316 and $42,413, respectively, as compensation expense related to vested RSUs issued to directors.

 

21
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

  Number of Units   Weighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value   Aggregate Intrinsic Value 
            
Outstanding, December 31, 2022   3,366   $7.42   $      - 
Granted   119,032   $0.84   $- 
Vested and settled with share issuance   (122,398)  $1.02   $- 
Forfeited/canceled   -   $-   $- 
Outstanding, September 30, 2023   -   $-   $- 

 

Note 9 - Warrants

 

The following table summarizes information with respect to outstanding warrants to purchase common stock during the nine months ended September 30, 2023:

 

              Weighted     
           Weighted   Average    
   Warrants  

Average

Exercise

   Remaining Life  

Aggregate

Intrinsic

 
   Outstanding   Exercisable   Price   In Months   Value 
                     
Outstanding at December 31, 2022   7,623,772    7,623,772   $5.14    49        - 
                          
Granted   -    -    -    -    - 
                          
Exercised   -    -    -    -    - 
                          
Expired   -    -    -    -    - 
                          
Outstanding at September 30, 2023   7,623,772    7,623,772   $5.14    40    - 

 

The following table summarizes information about warrants outstanding at September 30, 2023:

 

    Warrants   Weighted Average 
Exercise price   Outstanding   Exercisable   Months Outstanding 
              
$9.45    192,982    192,982    12 
                  
$10.40    34,737    34,737    13 
                  
$5.00    7,105,496    7,105,496    41 
                  
$5.16    290,557    290,557    41 
                  
      7,623,772    7,623,772    40 

 

22
 

 

CEA Industries Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2023

(in US Dollars except share numbers)

(Unaudited)

 

Note 10 – Income Taxes

 

As of September 30, 2023, the Company has U.S. federal and state net operating losses (“NOLs”) of approximately $27,873,000, of which $11,196,000 will expire, if not utilized, in the years 2034 through 2037, however, NOLs generated subsequent to December 31, 2017 do not expire but may only be used against taxable income to 80%.

 

In addition, pursuant to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, use of the Company’s NOLs carryforwards may be limited in the event of cumulative changes in ownership of more than 50% within a three-year period. In addition, under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), and corresponding provisions of state law, if a corporation undergoes an “ownership change,” which is generally defined as a greater than 50% change, by value, in its equity ownership over a three-year period, the corporation’s ability to use its pre-change net operating loss carryforwards and other pre-change tax attributes to offset its post-change income or taxes may be limited. Our sale of securities, both in September 2021 and February 2022, will need to be considered for determination of any “ownership change” that we have undergone during a determination period. If an ownership change occurs and our ability to use our net operating loss carryforwards is materially limited, it would harm our future bottom-line operating results by effectively increasing our future tax obligations.

 

The Company must assess the likelihood that its net deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income, and to the extent the Company believes that recovery is not likely, the Company establishes a valuation allowance. Management’s judgment is required in determining the Company’s provision for income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any valuation allowance recorded against the net deferred tax assets. The Company recorded a full valuation allowance as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022. Based on the available evidence, the Company believes it is more likely than not that it will not be able to utilize its net deferred tax assets in the foreseeable future. The Company intends to maintain valuation allowances until sufficient evidence exists to support the reversal of such valuation allowances. The Company makes estimates and judgments about its future taxable income that are based on assumptions that are consistent with the Company’s plans. Should the actual amounts differ from the Company’s estimates, the carrying value of the Company’s deferred tax assets could be materially impacted.

 

Note 11 – Related Party Transactions

 

The Company entered into a manufacturer representative agreement with RSX Enterprises (“RSX”) in March 2021 to become a non-exclusive representative for the Company to assist in marketing and soliciting orders. James R. Shipley, one of our independent directors, has a significant ownership interest in RSX.

 

Under the manufacturer representative agreement, RSX will act as a non-exclusive representative for the Company within the United States, Canada and Mexico and may receive a commission for qualified customer leads. The agreement had an initial term through December 31, 2021 with automatic one-year renewal terms unless notice is given 90 days prior to each annual expiration. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022, the Company paid $18,273 and $9,884, respectively, in commissions under this agreement.

 

On October 13, 2022, the Company entered into an agreement with Lone Star Bioscience, Inc. (Lone Star) to provide engineering design services. Nicholas Etten, one of our independent directors, is the Chief Executive Officer of Lone Star. The balance due under this agreement totaled $2,500 with $1,250 received as a deposit in 2022. Another agreement for engineering services was signed on December 20, 2022, in the amount of $10,900. We entered into positive change orders in March 2023 of $3,577 increasing the total of the second sales order to $14,477. Revenue of $16,977 was recorded in the nine months ended September 30, 2023 in respect of these agreements. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company received $14,035 in cash payments for these contracts. A receivable of $1,692 remained outstanding as of September 30, 2023 which was subsequently paid in October.

 

Note 12 – Subsequent Events

 

In accordance with ASC 855, Subsequent Events, the Company has evaluated all subsequent events through the date the financial statements were available to be issued. No material subsequent events occurred after September 30, 2023, other than as set out below:

 

On October 20, 2023, Green Ice, LLC and Sweet Cut Grow, LLC (“Claimants”) filed an Arbitration Petition against the Company in Denver, Colorado. The Claimants allege a breach by the Company of two contracts – an Engineering Agreement with Green Ice, dated January 14, 2021 (“Engineering Agreement”), and an Equipment Agreement with Sweet Cut Grow, dated March 29, 2021 (“Equipment Agreement”).

 

The Arbitration Petition alleges causes of action for breach of the Engineering Agreement, Breach of the Equipment Agreement, Breach of the Warranties under the Equipment Agreement, and Unjust Enrichment in the amount of moneys paid by Claimant to CEA to date under the contracts, of $1,049,280.

 

Given the Arbitration Petition’s current uncertainty around estimability and success of claims, we have not recorded an accrual for any potential loss related to this matter.

 

Regardless, we intend to generally defend the claims on the basis that we promptly addressed all problems, and that any issues with defective HVAC equipment are the responsibility of our third-party equipment manufacturer.

 

23
 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report, which include additional information about our accounting policies, practices, and the transactions underlying our financial results, as well as with our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, as filed with the SEC. In addition to historical information, the following discussion and other parts of this Quarterly Report contain forward-looking information that involves risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated by such forward-looking information due to the factors discussed under “Cautionary Statements” appearing elsewhere herein and the risks and uncertainties described or identified in “Item 1A – Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, as updated from time to time in the Company’s filings with the SEC, and Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report entitled “Risk Factors.”

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

To supplement our financial results on U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) basis, we use non-GAAP measures including net bookings, backlog, as well as adjusted net income (loss) which reflects adjustments for certain non-cash expenses such as stock-based compensation, certain debt-related items and depreciation expense. We believe these non-GAAP measures are helpful in understanding our past performance and are intended to aid in evaluating our potential future results. The presentation of these non-GAAP measures should be considered in addition to our GAAP results and are not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information prepared or presented in accordance with GAAP. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures reflect an additional way to view aspects of our operations that, when viewed with our GAAP results, provide a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting our business. For purposes of this Quarterly Report, (i) “adjusted net income (loss)” and “adjusted operating income (loss)” mean GAAP net income (loss) and operating income (loss), respectively, after adjustment for non-cash equity compensation expense, debt-related items and depreciation expense, and (ii) “net bookings” means new sales contracts executed during the quarter for which we received an initial deposit, net of any adjustments including cancellations and change orders during the quarter.

 

Our backlog, remaining performance obligations and net bookings may not be indicative of future operating results, and our customers may attempt to renegotiate or terminate their contracts for a number of reasons, including delays in or inability to obtain project financing or licensing or abandonment of the project entirely. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that contracts included in the backlog or remaining performance obligations will actually generate revenues or when the actual revenues will be generated.

 

Overview

 

CEA Industries, through our subsidiary, Surna Cultivation Technologies LLC, is a company focused on selling environmental control and other technologies and services to the Controlled Environment Agriculture (“CEA”) industry. The CEA industry aims to optimize the use of horticultural resources such as water, energy, space, capital, and labor, to create an agriculture business that is more efficient and more productive than those that use traditional farming methods. Typically, the CEA industry is focused on indoor agriculture and vertical farming.

 

Headquartered in Colorado, we leverage our experience in the CEA industry to bring our customers a variety of value-added technology solutions that help improve their overall crop quality and yield, optimize energy and water efficiency, and satisfy the evolving state and local codes, permitting and regulatory requirements. We do this by offering our customers a variety of principal service and product offerings that include: (i) architectural design and licensed engineering of commercial scale thermodynamic systems specific to cultivation facilities, (ii) liquid-based process cooling systems and other climate control systems, (iii) air handling equipment and systems, (iv) air sanitation products, (v) LED lighting, (vi) benching and racking solutions for indoor cultivation, (vii) proprietary and third party controls systems and technologies used for environmental, lighting and climate control, and (viii) preventative maintenance services, through our partnership with a certified service contractor network, for CEA facilities.

 

24
 

 

Our revenue stream is currently derived primarily from supplying our products, services and technologies to licensed commercial indoor facilities operating in the cannabis industry. Our customers include state and provincial-regulated CEA growers located primarily in the U.S., Canada. We recently have developed customers in the non-cannabis CEA market to expand our market reach. Customers use our services for building new CEA facilities and expanding or retrofitting existing CEA facilities.

 

CEA growers currently face a challenging business environment that includes high energy costs, water usage and conservation issues, continuously evolving waste removal regulations, inflationary pressures, and labor shortages. In addition to these issues, our cannabis growing customers face increasingly rigorous quality standards and declining cannabis prices in a growing industry whose standards are constantly evolving. The part of the CEA industry focused on food related crops is also facing disruption from evolving market demand, competition, and reorganization, including the lack of growth capital and several noteworthy bankruptcies.

 

We support our clients by providing integrated mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (“MEP”) engineering design, proprietary and curated environmental control equipment, and automation offerings that serve the CEA industry. Over our 16 years in business, we have served hundreds of commercial indoor CEA facilities.

 

We believe our customers partner with us because we have the reputation and experience to help them make cost-conscious and effective decisions on the design and engineering of their indoor cultivation facilities. CEA facilities are resource intensive, and a growing list of states have implemented building code changes that limit energy consumption in cultivation facilities. Energy and resource efficiency is a high priority to us as engineers, and the senior engineers on our team hold the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (“LEED”) credential. We believe this sustainability-focused technical experience is crucial in the value we provide to our customers.

 

We have three core assets that we believe will support us as we pursue our business strategy. First, we enjoy strong relationships with relevant stakeholders in the CEA industry. Largely focused in the cannabis segment, our partnerships include relationships with new and existing growers, capital providers, consultants, independent contractors, and numerous other providers in the segment. These partnerships include agreements reached in 2022 with Merida Capital and Hydrobuilder Holdings LLC. In June 2022 we announced a marketing arrangement with Merida Capital, a cannabis-focused private equity firm, whereby Merida will use CEA Industries Inc. as its sole provider of certain products and services for its indoor cultivation facilities. This relationship resulted in a new contract in October 2022 with one of Merida’s Connecticut based clients.

 

Second, our experience in this industry over time has built up specialized engineering know-how and experience. We have been serving indoor cultivators since 2006 and designing CEA cultivation facilities since 2016. Since then, we have tested and solidified best practices from designing environmental control systems for CEA cultivation facilities.

 

Third, we have a line of proprietary environmental control products that support the specific growing environments that our customers want. We believe these products offer significant benefits to our customers.

 

Shares of our common stock and warrants currently are traded on the Nasdaq Capital Markets under the ticker symbols “CEAD” and “CEADW”, respectively.

 

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Our Business

 

The impact of the government and the business economic response to the COVID-19 pandemic affected demand across the majority of our markets and disrupted workflow and completion schedules on projects. We believe we continue to have adverse effects on our sales, project implementation, supply chain infrastructure, operating margins, costs, and working capital. Due to this uncertainty, we continue to monitor costs and continue to take actions to reduce costs in order to mitigate the long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to the best of our ability. However, these actions may not be sufficient in the long run to avoid reduced sales, increased losses, and reduced operating cash flows in our business. During the year ended December 31, 2022, and continuing into the current fiscal quarter, the Company experienced delays in the receipt of equipment it had ordered to meet its customer orders due to disruption and delays in its supply chain. Consequently, our revenue recognition of some customer sales has been delayed until future periods when the shipment of orders can be completed.

 

25
 

 

Impact of Ukrainian Conflict

 

We believe that the conflict between Ukraine and Russia does not have any direct impact on our operations, financial condition, or financial reporting. We believe the conflict will have only a general impact on our operations in the same manner as it is having a general impact on all businesses that have their operations limited to North America resulting from international sanction and embargo regulations, possible shortages of goods and goods incorporating parts that may be supplied from the Ukraine or Russia, supply chain challenges, and the international and US domestic inflation resulting from the conflict and government spending for the Ukraine and funding of our country’s response. As our operations are related only to the North American controlled agricultural industry, largely within the cannabis space, we do not believe we will be targeted for cyber-attacks related to this conflict. We have no operations in the countries directly involved in the conflict or are specifically impacted by any of the sanctions and embargoes, as we principally operate in the United States and Canada. We do not believe that the conflict will have any impact on our internal control over financial reporting. Other than general securities market trends, we do not have reason to believe that investors will evaluate the company as having special risks or exposures related to the Ukrainian conflict.

 

Our Bookings, Backlog and Revenue

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2023, we executed new sales contracts with a total contract value of $644,000. During this same period, we had cancellations of $279,000. After adjustments for these cancellations, our net bookings in the three months ended September 30, 2023 were $365,000, representing an increase of $160,000 (or 78%) from net bookings of $205,000 in the second quarter of 2023.

 

Our backlog at September 30, 2023 was $548,000, a decrease of $518,000, or 49%, from June 30, 2023. The decrease in backlog is the result of lower bookings in the fourth quarter of 2022 and the first nine months of 2023. Our backlog at September 30, 2023 includes booked sales orders of $353,000 (64% of the total backlog) from four customers that we do not expect to be realized until 2024, if at all. Included in the projected revenue is one booked sales order of $65,000 (12% of the total backlog) from one customer that we believe is at risk of cancellation based on conversations with this customer. We believe the sales orders in these portions of our backlog have an elevated level of risk and may, ultimately, be delayed or cancelled by our customers. Therefore, investors should not view backlog as earned revenue.

 

Our backlog has declined for several quarters. The primary reason for the decline has been fewer new order bookings and contract cancellations.

 

The following table sets forth: (i) our beginning backlog (the remaining contract value of outstanding sales contracts for which we have received an initial deposit as of the previous period), (ii) our net bookings for the period (new sales contracts executed during the period for which we received an initial deposit, net of any adjustments including cancellations and change orders during the period), (iii) our recognized revenue for the period, and (iv) our ending backlog for the period (the sum of the beginning backlog and net bookings, less recognized revenue). Based on the current economic climate and our cost cutting measures, there is no assurance that we will be able to continue to obtain the level of bookings that we have had in the past and or fulfill our current backlog, and we may experience contract cancellations, project scope reductions and project delays.

 

Our recognized revenue for the quarters ended March 31, 2023, June 30, 2023, and September 30, 2023 in the table below, excludes $148,776, $55,959, and $29,400, respectively, in revenue arising from the forfeiture of non-refundable deposits from former customers on previously cancelled contracts. The contracts were removed from the backlog at the time of cancellation.

 

26
 

 

   For the quarter ended 
  

September 30,
2022

  

December 31,
2022

  

March 31,
2023

  

June 30,
2023

  

September 30,
2023

 
Backlog, beginning balance  $9,698,000   $6,832,000   $5,577,000   $1,869,000   $1,066,000 
Net bookings, current period   2,197,000    206,000    826,000    205,000    366,000 
Recognized revenue, current period   5,063,000    1,461,000    4,534,000    1,008,000    884,000 
Backlog, ending balance  $6,832,000   $5,577,000   $1,869,000   $1,066,000   $548,000 

 

The completion of a customer’s new build facility project is dependent upon the customer’s ability to secure funding and real estate, obtain a license and then build their cultivation facility so they can take possession of the equipment. Accordingly, the time it takes for these customers to complete a new build project, which corresponds to when we are able to recognize revenue, is driven by numerous factors including: (i) the large number of first-time participants interested in the indoor cannabis cultivation business; (ii) the complexities and uncertainties involved in obtaining state and local licensure and permitting; (iii) local and state government delays in approving licenses and permits due to lack of staff or the large number of pending applications, especially in states where there is no cap on the number of cultivators; (iv) the customer’s need to obtain cultivation facility financing; (v) the time needed, and coordination required, for our customers to acquire real estate and properly design and build the facility (to the stage when climate control systems can be installed); (vi) the large price tag and technical complexities of the climate control and air sanitation systems; (vii) the availability of power; and (viii) delays that are typical in completing any construction project.

 

As has historically been the case for the Company at each quarter-end, there remains significant uncertainty regarding the timing of revenue recognition of our backlog as of September 30, 2023.

 

We have provided an estimate in our condensed consolidated financial statements for when we expect to recognize revenue on our remaining performance obligations (i.e., our Q3 2023 backlog), using separate time bands, with respect to engineering only paid contracts and partial equipment paid contracts. There continues to be significant uncertainty regarding the timing of our recognition of revenue on our Q3 2023 backlog. Refer to the Revenue Recognition section of Note 1 in our condensed consolidated financial statements, included as part of this Quarterly Report for additional information on our estimate of future revenue recognition on our remaining performance obligations.

 

Our backlog, remaining performance obligations, and net bookings may not be indicative of future operating results, and our customers may attempt to renegotiate or terminate their contracts for a number of reasons, including delays in or inability to obtain project financing or licensing or abandonment of the project entirely. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that contracts included in backlog or remaining performance obligations will generate revenues or when the revenues will be generated. Net bookings and backlog are considered non-GAAP financial measures, and therefore, they should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, our GAAP measures for recognized revenue, deferred revenue, and remaining performance obligations. Further, we can provide no assurance as to the profitability of our contracts reflected in remaining performance obligations, backlog and net bookings.

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Three Months Ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022

 

Revenues and Cost of Goods Sold

 

Revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was $914,000, compared to $5,063,000 for the three months ended September 30 2022, representing a decrease of $4,149,000, or 82%. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in bookings in the last 12 months. We believe the lower bookings are due to the suppression of capital expenditures in the cannabis market environment as a result of the prolonged effects of pricing and inflationary pressure, in addition to a reduced sales effort.

 

27
 

 

Cost of revenue decreased by $3,448,000, or 77%, from $4,466,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2022 to $1,018,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in revenue and a decrease in variable costs, offset by higher fixed costs as a percentage of revenue, as discussed below.

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2023 we recognized a gross loss of $104,000 compared to a gross profit of $597,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2022, a decrease of 117%. Our gross profit margin decreased by 23.2 percentage points from a gross profit margin of 11.8% for the three months ended September 30, 2022 to a gross loss margin of 11.4% for the three months ended September 30, 2023 primarily due to lower revenue and an increase in fixed costs as a percentage of revenue, as described below. Additionally, total revenue in the three months ended September 30, 2023 includes $29,000 from forfeited, non-refundable deposits from former customers on previously cancelled contracts.

 

Our fixed costs (which include engineering, service, manufacturing and project management salaries and benefits and manufacturing overhead) totaled $292,000, or 32% of total revenue, for the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared to $373,000, or 7% of total revenue, for the three months ended September 30, 2022. The decrease of $81,000 was primarily due to a decrease in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) of $78,000 and a decrease in fixed overhead of $3,000.

 

Our variable costs (which include the cost of equipment, outside engineering costs, shipping and handling, travel and warranty costs) totaled $726,000, or 80% of total revenue, during the three months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to $4,093,000, or 81% of total revenue, in the three months ended September 30, 2022. The decrease in variable costs was primarily due to: (i) a decrease in equipment costs of $3,139,000 driven by lower revenue, partially offset by lower equipment margins, (ii) a decrease in warranty of $215,000, (iii) a decrease in other overhead of $48,000, (iv) a decrease in travel of $32,000, (v) a decrease in shipping and handling expense of $12,000, offset by (i) an increase in outside engineering costs of $58,000, and (ii) an increase in excess and obsolete inventory costs of $21,000.

 

We continue to focus on gross margin improvement through a combination of efforts, including more disciplined pricing, better absorption of our fixed costs as we convert our bookings into revenue, and the implementation over time of lower-cost supplier alternatives.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Operating expenses decreased to $703,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023, from $1,656,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2022, a decrease of $953,000, or 58%. The operating expense decrease consisted of: (i) a decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses (“SG&A expenses”) of $611,000, (ii) a decrease in advertising and marketing expenses of $283,000, and (iii) a decrease in product development of $59,000. These decreases are the result of recent cost-cutting measures.

 

Our decrease in SG&A expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2022, was primarily due to: (i) a decrease of $299,000 in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) and other employee related costs, (ii) a decrease in accounting and other professional fees of $145,000, (iii) a decrease in bad debt expense of $107,000, (iv) a decrease in commissions and other sales related expense of $47,000, (v) a decrease of $33,000 for facility and office expenses, (vi) a decrease in travel of $22,000, offset by (i) an increase in investor relations expense of $24,000, and (ii) an increase in business taxes and licenses of $19,000.

 

The decrease in advertising and marketing expenses was primarily due to (i) a decrease in salaries and benefits (including stock compensation of $124,000, (ii) a decrease in advertising and promotion of $77,000, (iii) a decrease in trade show related expenses of $65,000, and (iv) a reduction in outside services and other marketing expenses of $17,000.

 

The decrease in product development costs was due to (i) a decrease in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) of $55,000, and (ii) a decrease in travel of $4,000.

 

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Operating Income (Loss)

 

We recognized an operating loss of $807,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to an operating loss of $1,059,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2022, a decrease of $252,000 or 24%. The operating loss for the three months ended September 30, 2023 included $15,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation, and $7,000 of depreciation expense, compared to $79,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation, and $7,000 of depreciation expense for the three months ended September 30, 2022. Excluding these non-cash items, our operating loss decreased by $189,000.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

We recognized other income (net) of $8,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023, compared to other income (net) of $17,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2022. Other income for both the three months ended September 30, 2023 and the three months ended September 30, 2022 primarily consisted of interest income on a money market account.

 

Net Income (Loss)

 

Overall, we recognized a net loss of $799,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to a net loss of $1,042,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2022, a decrease of $243,000 or 23%. The net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2023 included $15,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation, and $7,000 of depreciation expense, compared to $79,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation, $7,000 of depreciation expense for the three months ended September 30, 2022. Excluding these non-cash items, our net loss decreased by $180,000.

 

Comparison of Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022

 

Revenues and Cost of Goods Sold

 

Revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 was $6,660,000, compared to $9,822,000 for the nine months ended September 30 2022, representing a decrease of $3,162,000, or 32%. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in bookings over the past 12 months. We believe the lower bookings are due to the suppression of capital expenditures in the cannabis market environment as a result of the prolonged effects of pricing and inflationary pressure, in addition to a reduced sales effort.

 

Cost of revenue decreased by $2,996,000, or 34%, from $8,828,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 to $5,832,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023. The increase was primarily due to a decrease in revenue and a decrease in variable costs as a percentage of revenue, offset by an increase in fixed costs as a percentage of revenue.

 

Our gross profit for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 was $828,000 compared to $994,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022, a decrease of 17%. Gross profit margin increased by 2.3 percentage points from 10.1% for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 to 12.4% for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 primarily due to a decrease in variable costs as a percentage of revenue, offset by an increase in fixed costs as a percentage of revenue, as described below. Additionally, total revenue in the nine months ended September 30, 2023 includes $234,000 from forfeited, non-refundable deposits from former customers on previously cancelled contracts.

 

Our fixed costs (which include engineering, service, manufacturing and project management salaries and benefits and manufacturing overhead) totaled $1,002,000, or 15% of total revenue, for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 as compared to $1,181,000, or 12% of total revenue, for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. The decrease of $179,000 was primarily due to a decrease in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) of $145,000 and a decrease in fixed overhead of $34,000.

 

Our variable costs (which include the cost of equipment, outside engineering costs, shipping and handling, travel and warranty costs) totaled $4,830,000, or 73% of total revenue, during the nine months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to $7,647,000, or 78% of total revenue, in the nine months ended September 30, 2022. The decrease in variable costs was primarily due to: (i) a decrease in equipment costs of $2,497,000 driven by lower revenue, (ii) a decrease in warranty expense of $197,000, (iii) a decrease in travel of $84,000, (iv) a decrease in other overhead of $42,000, (v) a decrease in outside engineering costs of $30,000, (vi) a decrease in shipping and handling expense of $20,000, offset by an increase in excess and obsolete inventory of $52,000.

 

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We continue to focus on gross margin improvement through a combination of efforts, including more disciplined pricing, better absorption of our fixed costs as we convert our bookings into revenue, and the implementation over time of lower-cost supplier alternatives.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Operating expenses decreased to $2,786,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023, from $5,435,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022, a decrease of $2,649,000, or 49%. The operating expense decrease consisted of: (i) a decrease of $1,232,000 in selling, general and administrative (“SG&A expenses”) (ii) a decrease of $631,000 for goodwill impairment charges, (iii) a decrease in advertising and marketing expenses of $608,000, and (iv) a decrease in product development of $178,000. The decreases are a result of cost-cutting measures implemented this year.

 

Our decrease in SG&A expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2022, was primarily due to: (i) a decrease of $671,000 in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) and employee recruitment costs, (ii) a decrease in accounting and other professional fees of $315,000, (iii) a decrease in bad debt expense of $96,000, (iv) a decrease for commissions and other sales related expenses of $76,000, (v) a decrease in travel of $75,000, and (vi) a decrease of $68,000 for facility and office expenses, offset by (i) an increase in costs related to investor relations of $40,000, (ii) an increase in business taxes and licenses expense of $21,000, and (iii) an increase in board fees of $10,000.

 

The decrease in advertising and marketing expenses was primarily due to (i) a decrease in salaries and benefits (including stock compensation) of $230,000, (ii) a decrease in advertising and promotion of $165,000, (iii) a reduction in trade show related expenses of $107,000, (iv) a decrease in outside services and other marketing expenses of $106,000.

 

The decrease in product development costs was due to (i) a decrease in salaries and benefits (including stock-based compensation) of $143,000, (ii) a decrease in R&D consulting and materials expense of $21,000, and (iii) a decrease in travel of $14,000.

 

Operating Income (Loss)

 

We recognized an operating loss of $1,958,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to an operating loss of $4,442,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022, a decrease of $2,484,000 or 56%. The operating loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 included $177,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation, and $20,000 of depreciation expense, compared to $267,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation, $20,000 of depreciation expense, and $631,000 for a goodwill impairment charge for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. Excluding these non-cash items, our operating loss decreased by $1,763,000.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

We recognized other income (net) of $34,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023, compared to other income (net) of $216,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. Other income for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 consisted of interest income on a money market account of $26,000 and $8,000 for adjustments to our ERC credit and unclaimed property liability. Other income for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 primarily consisted of $185,000 for an insurance settlement, and interest income on a money market account.

 

Net Income (Loss)

 

Overall, we recognized a net loss of $1,924,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to a net loss of $4,226,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022, a decrease of $2,302,000 or 54%. The net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 included $177,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation, and $20,000 of depreciation expense, compared to $267,000 of non-cash, stock-based compensation, $20,000 of depreciation expense, and $631,000 for a goodwill impairment charge for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. Excluding these non-cash items, our net loss decreased by $1,581,000.

 

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Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Cash, Cash Equivalents

 

As of September 30, 2023, we had cash and cash equivalents of $13,343,000, compared to cash and cash equivalents of $18,637,000 as of December 31, 2022. The $5,294,000 decrease in cash and cash equivalents during the nine months ended September 30, 2023, was the result of cash used in operations. Our cash is held in bank depository accounts in a financial institution. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, we held deposits in this financial institution that exceeded the federally insured amount.

 

As of September 30, 2023, we had accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts) of $273,000, inventory (net of excess and obsolete allowance) of $315,000, and prepaid expenses and other assets of $324,000 (including $36,000 in advance payments on inventory purchases). While we typically require advance payment before we commence engineering services or ship equipment to our customers, we have made exceptions requiring us to record accounts receivable, which carry a risk of non-collectability especially since most of our customers are funded on an as-needed basis to complete facility construction.

 

As of September 30, 2023, we had total accounts payable and accrued expenses of $572,000, deferred revenue of $475,000, and the current portion of operating lease liability of $124,000. As of September 30, 2023, we had working capital of $13,083,000, compared to working capital of $14,724,000 as of December 31, 2022. The decrease in our working capital was primarily related to (i) a decrease in cash of $5,294,000, (ii) a decrease in deferred revenue of $3,864,000, (iii) a decrease in prepaid and other expenses of $1,166,000, (iv) a decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $635,000, and (v) an increase in accounts receivable (net) of $270,000.

 

We currently intend to retain all available funds and any future earnings for use in the operation of our business. We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

Because of the post-pandemic macro-economic and CEA industry economy that has developed during 2021 and 2022, and is continuing into 2023, we cannot predict the continuing level of working capital that we will have in the future. Additionally, we cannot predict that our future financial position will not deteriorate due to cancelled or delayed contract fulfillment, reduced sales and our ability to perform our contracts. As mentioned elsewhere, we have taken steps to conserve our cash resources by reducing staff and taking other cost-cutting measures.

 

Summary of Cash Flows

 

The following summarizes our approximate cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022:

 

  

For the Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022 
Net cash used in operating activities  $(5,294,000)  $(743,000)
Net cash used in investing activities   -    (28,000)
Net cash provided by financing activities   -    19,695,000 
Net increase (decrease) in cash  $(5,294,000)  $18,924,000 

 

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Operating Activities

 

We incurred a net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 of $1,924,000 and have an accumulated deficit of $36,203,000 as of September 30, 2023.

 

Cash used in operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 was $5,294,000 compared to cash used in operating activities of $743,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022, an increase in cash usage of $4,551,000.

 

The increase in cash used in operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2023 as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2022, was primarily attributable to: (i) an increase in cash used to fund working capital of $6,136,000, (ii) a decrease in net loss of $2,302,000, and (iii) a decrease in non-cash operating charges of $717,000.

 

The decrease in our working capital was primarily related to (i) a decrease in cash of $5,294,000, (ii) a decrease in deferred revenue of $3,864,000, (iii) a decrease in prepaid and other expense of $1,166,000, (iv) a decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $635,000, and (v) an increase in accounts receivable of $270,000.

 

The decrease in non-cash operating charges was primarily due to (i) a decrease in goodwill impairment charges of $631,000, (ii) a decrease in share-based compensation of $103,000, and (iii) a decrease in the provision for doubtful accounts of $96,000, offset by an increase in the provision for excess and obsolete inventory of $116,000.

 

Investing Activities

 

Cash used in investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2023 was $0. Cash used in investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2022 of $28,000 was primarily related to the purchase of property and equipment.

 

Financing Activities

 

There were no cash flows from financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2023.

 

Cash flows from financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2022, was the result of cash proceeds from the sale of common stock and warrants (net of issuance costs) of $21,711,000, offset by a cash payment of $2,016,000 for the redemption of series B preferred stock, including related dividends.

 

Common Stock Equity Offering

 

On February 15, 2022, the Company completed a public offering of shares of common stock and warrants. The Company received net proceeds of approximately $21,711,000 for the sale of 5,811,138 shares of common stock and 6,572,808 warrants, each warrant to purchase one share of common stock for five years, exercisable immediately, at an exercise price of $5.00, expiring February 10, 2027. The Company also issued to the representative of the underwriters 290,557 warrants, each warrant to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $5.16, during the period commencing August 9, 2022, and expiring on February 10, 2027.

 

The net proceeds from the offering will be used for the Company’s operations, to pursue select acquisitions or strategic alternatives, and for general corporate and working capital purposes. In connection with the offering, we received approval to list our common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “CEAD” and our warrants under the symbol “CEADW”. Effective February 10, 2022, trading of both shares of the Company’s common stock and certain of the Company’s warrants commenced on the Nasdaq. See Item 5 below for discussion of the notice received from Nasdaq concerning a potential delisting.

 

Inflation

 

Recently, our operations have started to be influenced by the inflation existent in the larger economy and in the industries related to building renovations, retrofitting and new build facilities in which we operate. We are likely to continue to face inflationary increases in the cost of products and our operations, which may adversely affect our margins and financial results and the pricing of our service and product supply contracts. Inflation is reflected in higher wages, increased pricing of equipment and other products that we have contracted to provide to our customers, and generally higher prices across all sectors of the economy. As we move forward, we plan to continuously monitor our various contract terms and may decide to add clauses that will permit us to adjust pricing if inflation and price increase pressures on us will impact our ability to perform our contracts and maintain our margins.

 

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Contractual Payment Obligations

 

As of September 30, 2023, our contractual payment obligations consisted of a building lease. Refer to Note 2Leases of the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements, included as part of this Quarterly Report for a discussion of our building lease.

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

Refer to Note 6 – Commitments and Contingencies of the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements, included as part of this Quarterly Report for a discussion of commitments and contingencies.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We are required to disclose any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources that are material to investors. As of September 30, 2023, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, we did not engage in any off-balance sheet financing activities other than those included in the “Contractual Payment Obligations” discussed above and those reflected in Note 6 of our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Certain accounting policies are particularly important to the understanding of our financial position and results of operations and require the application of significant judgment by our management or can be materially affected by changes from period to period in economic factors or conditions that are outside of our control. As a result, they are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. In applying these policies, management uses their judgment to determine the appropriate assumptions to be used in the determination of certain estimates. Those estimates are based on our historical operations, our future business plans and projected financial results, the terms of existing contracts, observance of trends in the industry, information provided by our customers, and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. Key estimates include: allocation of transaction prices to performance obligations under contracts with customers, standalone selling prices, timing of expected revenue recognition on remaining performance obligations under contracts with customers, valuation of intangible assets, valuation of equity-based compensation, valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, warranty accruals, accounts receivable and inventory allowances, and legal contingencies.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We are a smaller reporting company, as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, therefore are not required to provide the information under this item.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Principal Financial and Accounting Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act), as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer concluded that as a result of material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as described in Item 9A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, filed with the SEC, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of September 30, 2023.

 

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We did not maintain effective controls over certain aspects of the financial reporting process because: (i) we lack a sufficient complement of personnel with a level of accounting expertise and an adequate supervisory review structure that is commensurate with our financial reporting requirements, (ii) there is inadequate segregation of duties due to our limited number of accounting personnel, and (iii) we have insufficient controls and processes in place to adequately verify the accuracy and completeness of spreadsheets that we use for a variety of purposes including revenue, taxes, stock-based compensation and other areas, and place significant reliance on, for our financial reporting.

 

We intend to take appropriate and reasonable steps to make the necessary improvements to remediate these deficiencies. We are committed to continuing to improve our financial organization including, without limitation, expanding our accounting staff and improving our systems and controls to reduce our reliance on the manual nature of our existing systems. However, due to our size and our financial resources, remediating the several identified weaknesses has not been possible and may not be economically feasible now or in the future.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes identified in connection with our internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended September 30, 2023, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

On October 20, 2023, Sweet Cut Grow, LLC and Green Ice, LLC (collectively, “Claimant”) a client of the Company with which it had an equipment contract and engineering contract, filed a demand for arbitration asserting claims for breach of contract, breach of warranty, and unjust enrichment, and demand for $1,049,280 in damages, plus interest (“Claims”). The Company’s equipment contract with Claimant requires the parties to arbitrate their disputes under the rules of the American Arbitration Association (“AAA”). The arbitration will be heard in Denver, Colorado. There are no scheduled hearing dates currently. The parties will pay their own legal fees and expenses.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

In addition to the information set forth in this Form 10-Q, you should also carefully review and consider the risk factors contained in our other reports and periodic filings with the SEC, including, without limitation, the risk factors and uncertainties contained under the caption “Item 1A—Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, that could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. The risk factors discussed in that Form 10-K do not identify all risks that we face because our business operations could also be affected by additional factors that are not known to us or that we currently consider to be immaterial to our operations.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

None.

 

Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

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Item 5. Other Information

 

Nasdaq Notice Regarding Minimum Bid Price

 

On April 10, 2023, the Company received a letter from the Listing Qualifications Department of the Nasdaq Stock Market (“Nasdaq”) indicating that, based upon the closing bid price of the Company’s common stock for the 30 consecutive business day period between February 24, 2023, through April 6, 2023, the Company did not meet the minimum bid price of $1.00 per share required for continued listing on The Nasdaq Capital Market pursuant to Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2). The letter also indicated that the Company will be provided with a compliance period of 180 calendar days, or until October 9, 2023 (the “Compliance Period”), in which to regain compliance pursuant to Nasdaq Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A) that could be extended upon application. On October 11, 2023, after Company application, Nasdaq formally determined to grant the Company a second 180-day Compliance Period. The Company now has until April 7, 2024, to satisfy the Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) deficiency.

 

In order to regain compliance with Nasdaq’s minimum bid price requirement, the Company’s common stock must maintain a minimum closing bid price of $1.00 for at least ten consecutive business days during the second Compliance Period. In the event the Company does not regain compliance by the end of the second Compliance Period, the Company will be delisted from The Nasdaq Capital Market.

 

The letter has no immediate impact on the listing of the Company’s common stock, which will continue to be listed and traded on The Nasdaq Capital Market, subject to the Company’s compliance with the other listing requirements of The Nasdaq Capital Market.

 

Initiation of Strategic Alternatives Review

 

On May 24, 2023, the Company’s Board of Directors hired Roth Capital Partners to assist in its review of strategic alternatives. While the Company is hopeful that this process increases the slate of opportunities available to create shareholder value, there can be no assurance regarding the results or outcome of this review.

 

Item 6. Exhibits