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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_________________________________________
FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 30, 2024
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission file number 1-09453
ARK RESTAURANTS CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New York 13-3156768
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (IRS Employer Identification No.)
85 Fifth Avenue,New York,NY10003
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:   (212) 206-8800  
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01 per shareARKRThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
   
Non-accelerated filer
 Smaller Reporting Company
   
Emerging Growth Company
  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Yes    No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). Yes    No ý
As of May 9, 2024, there were 3,604,157 shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding.



SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
On one or more occasions, we may make statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q regarding our assumptions, projections, expectations, targets, intentions or beliefs about future events. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included or incorporated by reference herein relating to management’s current expectations of future financial performance, continued growth and changes in economic conditions or capital markets are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Words or phrases such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “targets,” “will likely result,” “hopes,” “will continue” or similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed. We caution that while we make such statements in good faith and we believe such statements are based on reasonable assumptions, including without limitation, management’s examination of historical operating trends, data contained in records and other data available from third parties, we cannot assure you that our projections will be achieved. Factors that may cause such differences include: economic conditions generally and in each of the markets in which we are located, the amount of sales contributed by new and existing restaurants, labor costs for our personnel, fluctuations in the cost of food products, adverse weather conditions, changes in consumer preferences and the level of competition from existing or new competitors.
While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, we caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of unknown factors, and it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. All forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. You should evaluate all forward-looking statements made in this report in the context of the factors that could cause outcomes to differ materially from our expectations. These factors include, but are not limited to:
the adverse impact of current and future economic conditions, including inflation, on our (i) operating results and financial condition, (ii) ability to comply with the terms and covenants of our debt agreements, and (iii) ability to pay or refinance our existing debt or to obtain additional financing;
the adverse impact of the current political climate on our (i) operating results and financial condition, (ii) ability to comply with the terms and covenants of our debt agreements, and (iii) ability to pay or refinance our existing debt or to obtain additional financing;
increases in food, beverage and supply costs, especially for seafood, shellfish, chicken and beef;
increases in wages and benefit costs, including the cost of group medical insurance;
our ability to open new restaurants in new and existing markets, including difficulty in finding sites and in negotiating acceptable leases;
vulnerability to changes in consumer preferences and economic conditions;
vulnerability to conditions in the cities in which we operate;
vulnerability to adverse weather conditions and natural disasters given the geographic concentration and real estate intensive nature of our business and obtaining related property insurance at acceptable premiums;
our ability to extend existing leases on favorable terms, if at all;
negative publicity, whether or not valid, and our ability to respond to and effectively manage the accelerated impact of social media;
concerns about food safety and quality and about food-borne illnesses;
the reliance of the Company on the continued service of its executive officers;
the impact of any security breaches of confidential customer information in connection with our electronic process of credit and debit card transactions; and
the impact of any failure of our information technology system or any breach of our network security.
- 2 -


We caution you that the important factors referenced above may not contain all of the factors that are important to you. In addition, we cannot assure you that we will realize the results or developments we expect or anticipate or, even if substantially realized, that they will result in the consequences we anticipate or affect us or our operations in the ways that we expect. The forward-looking statements included in this report are made only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be made that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
From time to time, oral or written forward-looking statements are also included in our reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K, our Schedule 14A, our press releases and other materials released to the public. Although we believe that at the time made, the expectations reflected in all of these forward-looking statements are and will be reasonable, any or all of the forward-looking statements may prove to be incorrect. This may occur as a result of inaccurate assumptions or as a consequence of known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Many factors discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, certain of which are beyond our control, will be important in determining our future performance. Consequently, actual results may differ materially from those that might be anticipated from forward-looking statements. In light of these and other uncertainties, you should not regard the inclusion of a forward-looking statement in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or other public communications that we might make as a representation by us that our plans and objectives will be achieved, and you should not place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. However, your attention is directed to any further disclosures made on related subjects in our subsequent periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Forms 10-Q, 10-K, 8-K and Schedule 14A.
Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “we,” “us,” “our,” “ARKR” and the “Company” refer specifically to Ark Restaurants Corp., and its subsidiaries, partnerships, variable interest entities and predecessor entities.

- 3 -


Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
March 30,
2024
September 30,
2023
 (unaudited)(Note 1) 
ASSETS  
CURRENT ASSETS:  
Cash and cash equivalents (includes $154 at March 30, 2024 and $564 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
$10,412 $13,415 
Accounts receivable (includes $242 at March 30, 2024 and $169 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
4,042 3,313 
Employee receivables292 328 
Inventories (includes $42 at March 30, 2024 and $47 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
2,362 3,093 
Prepaid and refundable income taxes (includes $16 at March 30, 2024 and $204 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
247 212 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (includes $39 at March 30, 2024 and $31 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
2,648 1,569 
Total current assets20,003 21,930 
FIXED ASSETS - Net (includes $253 at March 30, 2024 and $216 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
32,843 34,314 
OPERATING LEASE RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS - Net (includes $1,650 at March 30, 2024 and $1,796 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
92,331 96,459 
GOODWILL7,440 7,440 
TRADEMARKS4,220 4,220 
INTANGIBLE ASSETS - Net141 187 
DEFERRED INCOME TAXES3,884 3,738 
INVESTMENT IN AND RECEIVABLE FROM NEW MEADOWLANDS RACETRACK6,528 6,507 
OTHER ASSETS (includes $11 at March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
2,161 2,161 
TOTAL ASSETS$169,551 $176,956 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable - trade (includes $138 at March 30, 2024 and $93 at September 30, 2023
    related to VIEs)
$4,538 $4,058 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities (includes $237 at March 30, 2024 and $331 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
12,468 13,829 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities (includes $311 at March 30, 2024 and $298 at
    September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
8,079 7,988 
Current portion of notes payable1,946 1,987 
Total current liabilities27,031 27,862 
OPERATING LEASE LIABILITIES, LESS CURRENT PORTION (includes $1,465 at March 30, 2024 and $1,623 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs)
88,227 92,232 
NOTES PAYABLE, LESS CURRENT PORTION4,227 5,140 
TOTAL LIABILITIES119,485 125,234 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
EQUITY:
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share - authorized, 10,000 shares; issued and outstanding,
    3,604 shares at March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023
36 36 
Additional paid-in capital14,998 14,161 
Retained earnings34,660 36,091 
Total Ark Restaurants Corp. shareholders’ equity49,694 50,288 
NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS372 1,434 
TOTAL EQUITY50,066 51,722 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY$169,551 $176,956 
See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.
- 4 -


ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
13 Weeks Ended26 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
REVENUES:
Food and beverage sales$41,188 $40,913 $87,818 $87,452 
Other revenue1,069 984 1,925 1,890 
Total revenues42,257 41,897 89,743 89,342 
COSTS AND EXPENSES:
Food and beverage cost of sales12,138 11,795 24,209 24,231 
Payroll expenses15,512 15,311 32,488 31,833 
Occupancy expenses5,775 5,255 12,107 11,438 
Other operating costs and expenses5,836 5,352 11,928 11,283 
General and administrative expenses3,141 3,023 6,461 6,159 
Depreciation and amortization1,057 1,138 2,149 2,171 
Total costs and expenses43,459 41,874 89,342 87,115 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)(1,202)23 401 2,227 
OTHER (INCOME) EXPENSE:
Interest expense161 465 332 894 
Interest income(11)(217)(22)(306)
Other income  (26) 
Gain on forgiveness of PPP Loans  (285)(272)
Total other (income) expense, net150 248 (1)316 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE PROVISION (BENEFIT) FOR INCOME TAXES(1,352)(225)402 1,911 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes(147)19 11 133 
CONSOLIDATED NET INCOME (LOSS)(1,205)(244)391 1,778 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests(244)(240)(470)(537)
NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO ARK RESTAURANTS CORP.$(1,449)$(484)$(79)$1,241 
NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. PER COMMON SHARE:
Basic$(0.40)$(0.13)$(0.02)$0.34 
Diluted$(0.40)$(0.13)$(0.02)$0.34 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:
Basic3,604 3,600 3,604 3,600 
Diluted3,604 3,600 3,604 3,646 
See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.

- 5 -


ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
For the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Ark
Restaurants
Corp.
Shareholders’ Equity
Non-
controlling Interests
Total Equity
 SharesAmount
BALANCE - December 30, 20233,604 $36 $14,930 $36,785 $51,751 $527 $52,278 
Net income (loss)— — — (1,449)(1,449)244 (1,205)
Stock-based compensation— — 68 — 68 — 68 
Distributions to non-controlling interests— — — — — (399)(399)
Dividends paid - $0.1875 per share
— — — (676)(676)— (676)
BALANCE - March 30, 20243,604 $36 $14,998 $34,660 $49,694 $372 $50,066 
For the 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Ark
Restaurants
Corp.
Shareholders’ Equity
Non-
controlling Interests
Total Equity
SharesAmount
BALANCE - September 30, 20233,604 $36 $14,161 $36,091 $50,288 $1,434 $51,722 
Net income (loss)— — — (79)(79)470 391 
Elimination of non-controlling interest upon
     dissolution of subsidiary
— — 692 — 692 (692) 
Stock-based compensation— — 145 — 145 — 145 
Distributions to non-controlling interests— — — — — (840)(840)
Dividends paid - $0.375 per share
— — — (1,352)(1,352)— (1,352)
BALANCE - March 30, 20243,604 $36 $14,998 $34,660 $49,694 $372 $50,066 
See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.












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ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
For the 13 weeks ended April 1, 2023
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Ark
Restaurants
Corp.
Shareholders’ Equity
Non-
controlling Interests
Total Equity
 SharesAmount
BALANCE - December 31, 20223,600 $36 $15,572 $45,546 $61,154 $495 $61,649 
Net income (loss)— — — (484)(484)240 (244)
Elimination of non-controlling interest upon
     dissolution of subsidiary
— — (1,685)— (1,685)1,685  
Stock-based compensation— — 80 — 80 — 80 
Distributions to non-controlling interests— — — — — (467)(467)
Dividends paid - $0.125 per share
— — — (450)(450)— (450)
BALANCE - April 1, 20233,600 $36 $13,967 $44,612 $58,615 $1,953 $60,568 
For the 26 weeks ended April 1, 2023
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Ark
Restaurants
Corp.
Shareholders’ Equity
Non-
controlling Interests
Total Equity
SharesAmount
BALANCE - October 1, 20223,600 $36 $15,493 $44,271 $59,800 $318 $60,118 
Net income— — — 1,241 1,241 537 1,778 
Elimination of non-controlling interest upon
     dissolution of subsidiary
— — (1,685)— (1,685)1,685  
Stock-based compensation— — 159 — 159 — 159 
Distributions to non-controlling interests— — — — — (587)(587)
Dividends paid - $0.25 per share
— — — (900)(900)— (900)
BALANCE - April 1, 20233,600 $36 $13,967 $44,612 $58,615 $1,953 $60,568 
See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.










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ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(In Thousands)
 26 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:  
Consolidated net income$391 $1,778 
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Stock-based compensation145 159 
Gain on forgiveness of PPP Loans (272)
Deferred income taxes(146)23 
Accrued interest on note receivable from NMR(21)(21)
Depreciation and amortization2,149 2,171 
Amortization of operating lease assets214 430 
Amortization of deferred financing costs27 15 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(729)(491)
Inventories731 402 
Prepaid, refundable and accrued income taxes(35)1,459 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(1,079)(264)
Other assets 370 
Accounts payable - trade480 (329)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities(1,361)(3,319)
Net cash provided by operating activities766 2,111 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of fixed assets(632)(2,085)
Loans and advances made to employees(26)(42)
Payments received on employee receivables62 104 
Proceeds from maturity of certificate of deposit 5,021 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(596)2,998 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Principal payments on notes payable(981)(8,640)
Principal payments on PPP Loans (531)
Dividends paid(1,352)(900)
Distributions to non-controlling interests(840)(587)
Net cash used in financing activities(3,173)(10,658)
NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(3,003)(5,549)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, Beginning of period13,415 23,439 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, End of period$10,412 $17,890 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Cash paid during the period for:
Interest$303 $879 
Income taxes$191 $9 
Non-cash financing activities:
Elimination of non-controlling interest upon dissolution of subsidiary$692 $1,685 
See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.
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ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 30, 2024
(Unaudited)
1.    BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The consolidated condensed balance sheet as of September 30, 2023, which has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2023 (“Form 10-K”), and the unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. All adjustments that, in the opinion of management are necessary for a fair presentation for the periods presented, have been reflected as required by Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. These consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Form 10-K.
INFLATION — Our operating results have been and continue to be impacted by geopolitical and macroeconomic events, causing increased commodity prices, wage inflation and other increased costs. The ongoing impact of these events could lead to further shifts in consumer behavior, wage inflation, staffing challenges, product and services cost inflation, disruptions in the supply chain and delays in opening or acquiring new restaurants. If these factors significantly impact our cash flow in the future, we may again implement mitigation actions such as suspending dividends, increasing borrowings or modifying our operating strategies. Some of these measures may have an adverse impact on our business, including possible impairments of assets.
PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION — The consolidated condensed financial statements include the accounts of Ark Restaurants Corp. and all of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, partnerships and other entities in which it has a controlling interest, collectively herein referred to as the “Company”. Also included in the consolidated condensed financial statements are certain variable interest entities (“VIEs”). All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
USE OF ESTIMATES — The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The accounting estimates that require management’s most difficult and subjective judgments include: projected cash flows, allowances for potential bad debts on receivables, assumptions regarding discount rates related to lease accounting, the useful lives and recoverability of its long-lived assets, such as property, right-of-use assets and intangibles, fair values of financial instruments and share-based compensation, estimates made in connection with acquisitions and impairment analyses, the realizable value of its tax assets and determining when investment impairments are other-than-temporary. Because of the uncertainty in such estimates, actual results may differ from these estimates. The results of operations for the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any other interim period or for the year ending September 28, 2024.
NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS Non-controlling interests represent capital contributions from, distributions to and income and loss attributable to the shareholders of less than wholly-owned and consolidated entities.
SEASONALITY — The Company has substantial fixed costs that do not decline proportionally with sales. Although our business is highly seasonal, our broader geographical reach as a result of recent acquisitions mitigates some of the risk. For instance, the second quarter of our fiscal year, consisting of the non-holiday portion of the cold weather season in New York and Washington, D.C. (January, February and March), is the poorest performing quarter; however, in recent years this has been partially offset by our locations in Florida as they experience increased results in the winter months. We generally achieve our best results during the warm weather, attributable to our extensive outdoor dining availability, particularly at Bryant Park in New York and Sequoia in Washington, D.C. (our largest restaurants) and our outdoor cafes. However, even during summer months these facilities can be adversely affected by unusually cool or rainy weather conditions. Our facilities in Las Vegas are indoor and generally operate on a more consistent basis throughout the year.
FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS — The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, receivables and accounts payable approximate fair value due to the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The fair values of notes receivable and payable are determined using current applicable rates for similar instruments as of the balance sheet date and approximate the carrying value of such debt instruments.
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CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS — Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, deposits with banks and highly-liquid investments generally with original maturities of three months or less. Outstanding checks in excess of account balances, typically vendor payments, payroll and other contractual obligations disbursed after the last day of a reporting period are reported as a current liability in the accompanying consolidated condensed balance sheets.
CONCENTRATIONS OF CREDIT RISK — Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable. The Company reduces credit risk by placing its cash and cash equivalents with major financial institutions with high credit ratings. At times, such amounts may exceed federally insured limits. Accounts receivable is primarily comprised of normal business receivables such as credit card receivables that are paid in a short period of time and other receivables from hotel operators where the Company has a location and are recorded upon satisfaction of the performance obligation. Management believes based on historical information that credit card receivables and receivables which are paid in a short period of time and from hotel operators where the Company has a location do not typically result in credit losses, and therefore does not record an allowance for credit losses.

As of March 30, 2024, the Company had accounts receivable balances due from one hotel operator totaling 42% of total accounts receivable. As of September 30, 2023, the Company had accounts receivable balances due from one hotel operator totaling 52% of total accounts receivable.
For the 13-week period ended March 30, 2024, the Company made purchases from one vendor that accounted for 13% of total purchases. For the 13-week period ended April 1, 2023, the Company made purchases from two vendors that accounted for 24% of total purchases.
For the 26-week period ended March 30, 2024, the Company made purchases from one vendor that accounted for 12% of total purchases. For the 26-week period ended April 1, 2023, the Company made purchases from two vendors that accounted for 22% of total purchases.
As of March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023, all debt outstanding, other than the note payable to the sellers of the Blue Moon Fish Company, is with one lender (see Note 8 – Notes Payable).
GOODWILL AND TRADEMARKS — Goodwill and trademarks are not amortized, but are subject to impairment analysis. We assess the potential impairment of goodwill and trademarks annually (at the end of our fourth quarter) and on an interim basis whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. If we determine through the impairment review process that goodwill or trademarks are impaired, we record an impairment charge in our consolidated condensed statements of income. The Company did not record any impairment to its goodwill or trademarks during the 13- and 26- weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively. It is possible that impairments could be identified in future periods, and such amounts could be material.
LONG-LIVED AND RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS — Long-lived assets, such as property, plant and equipment, purchased intangibles subject to amortization, and right-of-use assets ("ROU assets") are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. In the evaluation of the fair value and future benefits of long-lived assets, the Company performs an analysis of the anticipated undiscounted future net cash flows of the related long-lived assets. If the carrying value of the related asset exceeds the undiscounted cash flows, the carrying value is reduced to its fair value. Various factors including estimated future sales growth and estimated profit margins are included in this analysis.
The Company considers a triggering event related to long-lived assets or ROU assets in a net asset position to have occurred related to a specific restaurant if the restaurant’s cash flows for the last 12 months are less than a minimum threshold or if consistent levels of undiscounted cash flows for the remaining lease period are less than the carrying value of the restaurant’s assets. Additionally, the Company considers a triggering event related to ROU assets to have occurred related to a specific lease if the location has been subleased and future estimated sublease income is less than current lease payments. If the Company concludes that the carrying value of certain long-lived and ROU assets will not be recovered based on expected undiscounted future cash flows, an impairment loss is recorded to reduce the long-lived or ROU assets to their estimated fair value. The fair value is measured on a nonrecurring basis using unobservable (Level 3) inputs. There is uncertainty in the projected undiscounted future cash flows used in the Company's impairment review analysis, which requires the use of estimates and assumptions. If actual performance does not achieve the projections, or if the assumptions used change in the future, the Company may be required to recognize impairment charges in future periods, and such charges could be material.
Based on the results of this analysis, no impairment charges were recognized related to long-lived assets or ROU assets during the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023. Given the inherent uncertainty in projecting results of restaurants, the Company is monitoring the recoverability of the carrying value of the assets of several restaurants on an ongoing basis. For these
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restaurants, if expected performance is not realized, an impairment charge may be recognized in future periods, and such charge could be material.
REVENUE RECOGNITION — We recognize revenue upon the satisfaction of our performance obligation by transferring control over a product or service to a restaurant guest or other customer. Revenues from restaurant operations are presented net of discounts, coupons, employee meals and complimentary meals and recognized when food, beverage and retail products are sold. Sales tax collected from customers is excluded from sales and the obligation is included in sales tax payable until the taxes are remitted to the appropriate taxing authorities. Catering service revenue is generated through contracts with customers whereby the customer agrees to pay a contract rate for the service. Revenues from catered events are recognized in income upon satisfaction of the performance obligation (the date the event is held) and all customer payments, including nonrefundable upfront deposits, are deferred as a contract liability until such time. We recognized $2,203,000 and $1,541,000 in catering services revenue for the 13-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively, and $8,617,000 and $7,124,000 for the 26-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively. Unearned revenue, which is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the consolidated condensed balance sheets, as of March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023 was $5,463,000 and $5,962,000, respectively.
Revenues from gift cards are deferred and recognized upon redemption. Deferrals are not reduced for potential non-use as we generally have a legal obligation to remit the value of unredeemed gift cards to the relevant jurisdictions in which they are sold. As of March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023, the total liability for gift cards in the amounts of approximately $461,000 and $340,000, respectively, are included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the consolidated condensed balance sheets.
Other revenues include purchase service fees which represent commissions earned by a subsidiary of the Company for providing services to other restaurant groups, as well as license fees, property management fees and other rentals.
LEASES — We determine if an arrangement contains a lease at inception. An arrangement contains a lease if it implicitly or explicitly identifies an asset to be used and conveys the right to control the use of the identified asset in exchange for consideration. As a lessee, we include operating leases in Operating lease right-of-use assets and Operating lease liabilities in our consolidated condensed balance sheets. Right-of-use assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease right-of-use assets and liabilities are recognized upon commencement of the lease based on the present value of the lease payments over the lease term. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit interest rate, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date to determine the present value of lease payments. Our lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease.  Options are included when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Amendments or modifications to lease terms are accounted for as variable lease payments. Leases with a lease term of 12 months or less are accounted for using the practical expedient which allows for straight-line rent expense over the remaining term of the lease. 
SEGMENT REPORTING — As of March 30, 2024, the Company owned and operated 17 restaurants and bars, 16 fast food concepts and catering operations, exclusively in the United States, that have similar economic characteristics, nature of products and services, class of customers and distribution methods. The Company believes it meets the criteria for aggregating its operating components into a single operating segment in accordance with applicable accounting guidance.
RECENTLY ADOPTED ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES — On October 1, 2023, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) and its related amendments using the prospective method. The new standard changes the impairment model for most financial assets that are measured at amortized cost and certain other instruments, including credit card receivables and receivables from hotel operators where the Company has a location, from an incurred loss model to an expected loss model and adds certain new required disclosures. Under the expected loss model, entities recognize credit losses to be incurred over the entire contractual term of the instrument rather than delaying recognition of credit losses until it is probable the loss has been incurred. In accordance with this guidance, the Company evaluates certain criteria, including aging and historical write-offs, current economic conditions of specific customers and future economic conditions to determine the appropriate allowance for credit losses. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS — In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-09 Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures (“ASU 2023-09”) which enhances transparency about income tax information through improvements to income tax disclosures primarily related to the rate reconciliation and income taxes paid and to improve the effectiveness of income tax disclosures. ASU 2023-09 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, which is for fiscal year 2026 and interim periods beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2027, with early
- 11 -


adoption permitted. The amendments may be applied prospectively or retrospectively with early adoption permitted. We are currently assessing the impact of the requirements on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
In October 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-06, Disclosure Improvements: Codification Amendment in Response to the SEC’s Disclosure Update and Simplification Initiative. The ASU incorporates several disclosure and presentation requirements currently residing in the SEC Regulations S-X and S-K. The amendments will be applied prospectively and are effective when the SEC removes the related requirements from Regulations S-X or S-K. Any amendments the SEC does not remove by June 30, 2027 will not be effective. As we are currently subject to these SEC requirements, this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements or related disclosures.
In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures. The amendments in this update are intended to improve reportable segment disclosure requirements primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses. ASU 2023-07 is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, which is for fiscal year 2025 and interim periods beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2025, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
No other new accounting pronouncements issued or effective as of March 30, 2024 have had or are expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
2.    VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES
The Company consolidates any variable interest entities in which it holds a variable interest and is the primary beneficiary. Generally, a variable interest entity, or VIE, is an entity with one or more of the following characteristics: (a) the total equity investment at risk is not sufficient to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support; (b) as a group the holders of the equity investment at risk lack (i) the ability to make decisions about an entity’s activities through voting or similar rights, (ii) the obligation to absorb the expected losses of the entity, or (iii) the right to receive the expected residual returns of the entity; or (c) the equity investors have voting rights that are not proportional to their economic interests and substantially all of the entity’s activities either involve, or are conducted on behalf of, an investor that has disproportionately few voting rights. The primary beneficiary of a VIE is generally the entity that has (a) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance, and (b) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE.

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The Company has determined that it is the primary beneficiary of three VIEs and, accordingly, consolidates the financial results of these entities. Following are the assets and liabilities of the Company’s consolidated VIEs:
 March 30,
2024
September 30,
2023
 (in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$154 $564 
Accounts receivable242 169 
Inventories42 47 
Prepaid and refundable income taxes16 204 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets39 31 
Due from Ark Restaurants Corp. and affiliates (1)21 58 
Fixed assets - net253 216 
Operating lease right-of-use assets - net1,650 1,796 
Other assets11 11 
Total assets$2,428 $3,096 
Accounts payable - trade$138 $93 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities237 331 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities311 298 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion1,465 1,623 
Total liabilities2,151 2,345 
Equity of variable interest entities277 751 
Total liabilities and equity$2,428 $3,096 
(1)Amounts Due from and to Ark Restaurants Corp. and affiliates are eliminated upon consolidation.
The liabilities of $2,151,000 and $2,345,000 at March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023, respectively, recognized as a result of consolidating these VIEs do not represent additional claims on the Company’s general assets and creditors of the VIEs do not have recourse to the general credit of the Company; rather, they represent claims against the specific assets of the consolidated VIEs. Conversely, the assets of $2,428,000 and $3,096,000 at March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023, respectively, recognized as a result of consolidating these VIEs do not represent additional assets that could be used to satisfy claims against the Company’s general assets, these assets can be used only to settle obligations of the three VIEs.

3.    RECENT RESTAURANT EXPANSION AND OTHER DEVELOPMENTS
On June 24, 2022, the Company extended its lease for America at the New York-New York Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, NV through December 31, 2033. In connection with the extension, the Company has agreed to spend a minimum of $4,000,000 to materially refresh the premises by December 31, 2024, subject to various extensions as set out in the agreement. No amounts have been expended to date related to this refresh.

On July 21, 2022, the Company extended its lease for the Village Eateries at the New York-New York Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, NV through December 31, 2034. As part of this extension, the Broadway Burger Bar and Grill and Gonzalez y Gonzalez, were carved out of the Village Eateries footprint and the extended date for those two locations is December 31, 2033. In connection with the extension, the Company has agreed to spend a minimum of $3,500,000 to materially refresh all three of these premises by June 30, 2024, as extended. To date approximately $150,000 has been spent on this refresh.

Each of the above refresh obligations are to be consistent with designs approved by the landlord which shall not be unreasonably withheld. We will continue to pay all rent as required by the leases without abatement during construction. Note that our substantial completion of work set forth in plans approved by the landlord shall constitute our compliance with the requirements of the completion deadlines, regardless of whether or not the amount actually expended in connection therewith is less than the minimum.

On September 19, 2023, the Company extended the lease for its corporate office through December 31, 2038. The amended lease provides for rents, beginning on January 1, 2024. The lease also provides for, among other things, the ability for the Company to vacate the premises upon 12 months' notice.

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4.    RECENT RESTAURANT DISPOSITIONS AND OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

During the 13 weeks ended December 30, 2023, the Company dissolved the entity which owned Lucky 7 at the Foxwoods Resort and Casino, which was closed in July of 2022. In connection with the dissolution, the Company reclassified the remaining non-controlling interest balance to additional paid-in capital.

5.    INVESTMENT IN AND RECEIVABLE FROM NEW MEADOWLANDS RACETRACK
On March 12, 2013, the Company made a $4,200,000 investment in the New Meadowlands Racetrack LLC (“NMR”) through its purchase of a membership interest in Meadowlands Newmark, LLC, an existing member of NMR with a then 63.7% ownership interest. On November 19, 2013, the Company invested an additional $464,000 in NMR through the purchase of an additional membership interest in Meadowlands Newmark, LLC resulting in a total ownership of 11.6% of Meadowlands Newmark, LLC, and an effective ownership interest in NMR as of April 1, 2023 and October 1, 2022 of 7.4%, subject to dilution. In 2015, the Company invested an additional $222,000 in NMR and in February 2017, the Company invested an additional $222,000 in NMR, both as a result of capital calls with no change in ownership, bringing its total investment to $5,108,000. The Company accounts for this investment at cost, less impairment, adjusted for subsequent observable price changes in accordance with Accounting Standards Updated ("ASU") No. 2016-01. There are no observable prices for this investment. During the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024, the Company received distributions of $0 and $26,000, respectively, from NMR which have been recorded as other income in the consolidated condensed statements of income. During the 13 and 26 weeks ended April 1, 2023, the Company did not receive any distributions from NMR.
The Company evaluated its investment in NMR for impairment and concluded that its fair value exceeds the carrying value. Accordingly, the Company did not record any impairment during the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023. Any future changes in the carrying value of our investment in NMR will be reflected in earnings.
In addition to the Company’s ownership interest in NMR through Meadowlands Newmark, LLC, if casino gaming is approved at the Meadowlands and NMR is granted the right to conduct said gaming, neither of which can be assured, the Company shall be granted the exclusive right to operate the food and beverage concessions in the gaming facility with the exception of one restaurant.
In conjunction with this investment, the Company, through a 97% owned subsidiary, Ark Meadowlands LLC (“AM VIE”), also entered into a long-term agreement with NMR for the exclusive right to operate food and beverage concessions serving the new raceway facilities (the “Racing F&B Concessions”) located in the new raceway grandstand constructed at the Meadowlands Racetrack in northern New Jersey. Under the agreement, NMR is responsible to pay for the costs and expenses incurred in the operation of the Racing F&B Concessions, and all revenues and profits thereof inure to the benefit of NMR. AM VIE receives an annual fee equal to 5% of the net profits received by NMR from the Racing F&B Concessions during each calendar year. AM VIE is a variable interest entity; however, based on qualitative consideration of the contracts with AM VIE, the operating structure of AM VIE, the Company’s role with AM VIE, and that the Company is not obligated to absorb expected losses of AM VIE, the Company has concluded that it is not the primary beneficiary and not required to consolidate the operations of AM VIE.
The Company’s maximum exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with AM VIE is limited to any receivable from AM VIE’s primary beneficiary. As of March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023, $122,000 and $11,000 were due to AM VIE by NMR, respectively.
On April 25, 2014, the Company loaned $1,500,000 to Meadowlands Newmark, LLC. The note bears interest at 3%, compounded monthly and added to the principal, and is due in its entirety on June 30, 2029. The note may be prepaid, in whole or in part, at any time without penalty or premium. The principal and accrued interest related to this note in the amounts of $1,421,000 and $1,399,000 are included in Investment in and Receivable from New Meadowlands Racetrack in the consolidated condensed balance sheets at March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023, respectively.
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6.    ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consist of the following:
 March 30,
2024
September 30,
2023
(In thousands)
Sales tax payable$954 $765 
Accrued wages and payroll related costs3,253 4,487 
Customer advance deposits5,463 5,962 
Accrued occupancy and other operating expenses2,798 2,615 
 $12,468 $13,829 

7.    LEASES
Other than locations where we own the underlying property, we lease our restaurant locations as well as our corporate office under various non-cancelable real estate lease agreements that expire on various dates through 2046. We evaluate whether we control the use of the asset, which is determined by assessing whether we obtain substantially all economic benefits from the use of the asset, and whether we have the right to direct the use of the asset. If these criteria are met and we have identified a lease, we account for the contract under the requirements of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 842.
Upon taking possession of a leased asset, we determine its classification as an operating or finance lease. All of our real estate leases are classified as operating leases. We do not have any finance leases as of March 30, 2024. Generally, our real estate leases have initial terms ranging from 10 to 25 years and typically include renewal options. Renewal options are recognized as part of the ROU assets and lease liabilities if it is reasonably certain at the date of adoption that we would exercise the options to extend the lease. Our real estate leases typically provide for fixed minimum rent payments and/or contingent rent payments based upon sales in excess of specified thresholds. When the achievement of such sales thresholds are deemed to be probable, variable lease expense is accrued in proportion to the sales recognized during the period. For operating leases that include rent holidays and rent escalation clauses, we recognize lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term from the date we take possession of the leased property. We record the straight-line lease expense and any contingent rent, if applicable, in occupancy expenses in the consolidated condensed statements of income.
Many of our real estate leases also require us to pay real estate taxes, common area maintenance costs and other occupancy costs (“non-lease components”) which are included in occupancy related expenses in the consolidated condensed statements of income. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.
As there were no explicit rates provided in our leases, we used our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments.
The components of lease expense in the consolidated condensed statements of income are as follows:
13 Weeks Ended26 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
 (In thousands)(In thousands)
Operating lease expense - occupancy expenses (1)
$3,469 $3,401 $6,923 $6,929 
Occupancy lease expense - general and
  administrative expenses
122 116 244 230 
Variable lease expense - occupancy expenses747 412 2,124 1,769 
Total lease expense$4,338 $3,929 $9,291 $8,928 
_________________________________
(1)    Includes short-term leases, which are immaterial.



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Supplemental cash flow information related to leases:
26 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
 (In thousands)
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
     Operating cash flows related to operating leases$9,161 $— $9,754 
The weighted average remaining lease terms and discount rates as of March 30, 2024 are as follows:
Weighted Average
Remaining Lease Term
Weighted Average
Discount Rate
Operating leases11.7 years6.2 %
The annual maturities of our lease liabilities as of March 30, 2024 are as follows:
Operating
Leases
Fiscal Year Ending(In thousands)
September 28, 2024$6,979 
September 27, 202512,881 
October 3, 202612,143 
October 2, 202711,960 
September 30, 202812,057 
Thereafter79,284 
Total future lease commitments135,304 
Less imputed interest(38,998)
Present value of lease liabilities$96,306 

8.    NOTES PAYABLE
Notes payable consist of the following:
March 30,
2024
September 30,
2023
 (In thousands)
Promissory Note - Rustic Inn purchase$2,759 $2,902 
Promissory Note - JB's on the Beach purchase2,250 2,750 
Promissory Note - Sequoia renovation1,029 1,257 
Promissory Note - Blue Moon Fish Company203 313 
 6,241 7,222 
Less: Current maturities(1,946)(1,987)
Less: Unamortized deferred financing costs(68)(95)
Long-term portion$4,227 $5,140 
Credit Facility
On March 30, 2023, the Company entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), with its lender, Bank Hapoalim B.M. (“BHBM”). This facility, which matures on June 1, 2025, replaced our revolving credit facility which was entered into in June 1, 2018 (the "Prior Credit Agreement"). Under the terms of the Credit Agreement: (i) a promissory note under the Prior Credit Agreement in the amount of $6,666,000 was repaid, (ii) BHBM established a new revolving credit facility in the amount of $10,000,000 with a commitment termination date of May 31, 2025, (iii) the Company may use the revolving commitments of BHBM to obtain letters of credit up to a sublimit thereunder of $1,000,000, and (iv) the
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LIBOR rate option for all borrowings was replaced with the secured overnight financing rate for U.S. Government Securities (“SOFR”). Advances under the Credit Agreement bear interest, at the Company's election at the time of the advance, at either BHBM's prime rate of interest plus a 0.45% spread or SOFR plus a 3.65% spread. In addition, there is a 0.30% per annum fee for any unused portion of the $10,000,000 revolving facility. As of March 30, 2024, no advances were outstanding under the Credit Agreement. As of March 30, 2024, the weighted average interest on the outstanding BHBM indebtedness was approximately 9.0%.
The Credit Agreement also requires, among other things, that the Company meet minimum quarterly tangible net worth amounts, maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio and meet minimum annual net income amounts. The Credit Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and affirmative covenants as well as customary negative covenants, subject to negotiated exceptions on liens, relating to other indebtedness, capital expenditures, liens, affiliate transactions, disposal of assets and certain changes in ownership.
Borrowings and all other obligations under the Credit Agreement (including amounts outstanding under the existing term notes (discussed below)) are secured by all tangible and intangible personal property (including accounts receivable, inventory, equipment, general intangibles, documents, chattel paper, instruments, letter-of-credit rights, investment property, intellectual property and deposit accounts) and fixtures of the Company.

On March 30, 2023, in connection with entering into the Credit Agreement, the Company amended each of the following promissory notes to replace the interest rate benchmark based on LIBOR and related LIBOR-based mechanics with an interest rate benchmark based on SOFR, with such amendments becoming effective upon the expiration of the then applicable interest period (the “Notes Amendment Effective Date”) and with the following terms:
Promissory Note – Rustic Inn purchase – The principal amount of $4,400,000, which is secured by a mortgage on the Rustic Inn real estate, is payable in 27 equal quarterly installments of $71,333, commencing on September 1, 2018, with a balloon payment of $2,474,000 on June 1, 2025, and commencing on the Notes Amendment Effective Date, bears interest at SOFR plus 3.65% per annum.
Promissory Note – JB's on the Beach purchase On May 15, 2019, the Company issued a promissory note under the Revolving Facility to BHBM for $7,000,000, which is payable in 23 equal quarterly installments of $250,000, commencing on September 1, 2019, with a balloon payment of $1,250,000 on June 1, 2025, and commencing on the Notes Amendment Effective Date, bears interest at SOFR plus 3.65% per annum.
Promissory Note – Sequoia renovation – Also on May 15, 2019, the Company converted $3,200,000 of Revolving Facility borrowings incurred in connection with the Sequoia renovation to a promissory note which is payable in 23 equal quarterly installments of $114,286, commencing on September 1, 2019, with a balloon payment of $571,429 on June 1, 2025, and commencing on the Notes Amendment Effective Date, bears interest at SOFR plus 3.65% per annum.
Promissory Note – Revolving Facility – On July 26, 2021, all outstanding borrowings under the previous revolving facility, in the amount of $9,666,000, were converted to a promissory note with quarterly principal payments of $500,000 commencing on September 1, 2021, with a balloon payment of $2,166,000 on June 1, 2025. Such note, which was repaid on March 30, 2023, bore interest at SOFR plus 3.65% per annum.
Promissory Note - Blue Moon Fish Company

On December 1, 2020, the Company acquired a restaurant and bar named Blue Moon Fish Company located in Lauderdale-by-the-Sea, FL. In connection with the purchase the Company entered into a four-year note held by the sellers in the amount of $1,000,000 payable in monthly installments of $23,029 including interest at 5%.
Paycheck Protection Program Loans
During the year ended October 3, 2020, subsidiaries and consolidated VIEs (the “Borrowers”) of the Company received loan proceeds from several banks (the “Lenders”) in the aggregate amount of $14,995,000 (the “PPP Loans”) under the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”) of the CARES Act, which was enacted March 27, 2020. In addition, during the 13 weeks ended April 3, 2021, one of our consolidated VIEs received a second draw PPP Loan in the amount of $111,000. The PPP Loans were evidenced by individual promissory notes of each of the Borrowers (together, the “Notes”) in favor of the Lender, which Notes bore interest at the rate of 1.00% per annum. Funds from the PPP Loans were to be used only for payroll and related costs, costs used to continue group health care benefits, mortgage payments, rent, utilities, and interest on other debt obligations that were incurred by a Borrower prior to February 15, 2020 (the “Qualifying Expenses”). Under the terms of the PPP Loans, some or all of
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the amounts thereunder, including accrued interest, were to be forgiven if they were used for Qualifying Expenses as described in and in compliance with the CARES Act. During the 13 weeks ended December 30, 2023, the Company prevailed in its appeal of a previously denied forgiveness decision related to a PPP Loan, and accordingly, was refunded $285,000 (including $6,000 of interest). As of March 30, 2024 no PPP Loans were outstanding.
Deferred Financing Costs
Deferred financing costs incurred in the amount of $304,000 are being amortized over the life of the agreements using the effective interest rate method and included in interest expense. Amortization expense of approximately $14,000 and $3,000 is included in interest expense for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively. Amortization expense is $27,000 and $15,000 for the 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively.

9.    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Leases — The Company leases several restaurants, bar facilities, and administrative headquarters through its subsidiaries under terms expiring at various dates through 2046. Most of the leases provide for the payment of base rents plus real estate taxes, insurance and other expenses and, in certain instances, for the payment of a percentage of the restaurant’s sales in excess of stipulated amounts at such facility and in one instance based on profits. In connection with two of our leases, the Company obtained and delivered irrevocable letters of credit totaling approximately $542,000 as security deposits under such leases.
Legal Proceedings — In the ordinary course of its business, the Company is a party to various lawsuits arising from accidents at its restaurants and workers’ compensation claims, which are generally handled by the Company’s insurance carriers. The employment by the Company of management personnel, waiters, waitresses and kitchen staff at a number of different restaurants has resulted in the institution, from time to time, of litigation alleging violation by the Company of employment discrimination laws. Management believes, based in part on the advice of counsel, that the ultimate resolution of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

10.    STOCK OPTIONS
The Company has options outstanding under two stock option plans, the 2016 Stock Option Plan and the 2022 Stock Option Plan. Options granted under both plans are exercisable at prices at least equal to the fair market value of such stock on the dates the options were granted and expire 10 years after the date of grant.
On January 18, 2024, options to purchase 107,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $14.80 per share were granted to officers and directors of the Company under the 2022 Stock Option Plan. Such options are exercisable as to 25% of the shares commencing on the first anniversary of the date of grant and as to 25% each year thereafter. The grant date fair value of these stock options was $4.39 per share and totaled approximately $472,000.
The fair value of stock options is estimated on the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model that uses assumptions that relate to the expected volatility of the Company’s common stock, the expected dividend yield of the Company’s stock, the expected life of the options and the risk-free interest rate. The assumptions used for the above include a risk-free interest rate of 4.5%, volatility of 34.3%, a dividend yield of 3.8% and an expected life of 10 years.
During the 26-week period ended April 1, 2023, no options to purchase shares of common stock were issued by the Company.
The Company also maintains a Section 162(m) Cash Bonus Plan. Under the Company's Section 162(m) Cash Bonus Plan, compensation paid in excess of $1,000,000 to any employee who is the chief executive officer or one of the three highest paid executive officers on the last day of that tax year (other than the chief executive officer or the chief financial officer) is not tax deductible.






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A summary of stock option activity is presented below:
 2024
 SharesWeighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted
Average
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
Outstanding, beginning of period471,250 $19.575.2 years 
Options: 
Granted107,500 $14.80 
Exercised  
Canceled or expired  
Outstanding and expected to vest,
   end of period
578,750 $18.685.7 years$279,000 
Exercisable, end of period409,375 $20.624.3 years$140,000 
Shares available for future grant370,000    

Compensation cost charged to operations for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 for share-based compensation programs was approximately $68,000 and $80,000, respectively, and for the 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 was approximately $145,000 and $159,000, respectively. The compensation cost recognized is classified as a general and administrative expense in the consolidated condensed statements of income.
As of March 30, 2024, there was approximately $550,000 of unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a period of 3.8 years.

11.    INCOME TAXES

We calculate our interim income tax provision in accordance with ASC Topic 270, Interim Reporting and ASC Topic 740, Accounting for Income Taxes. At the end of each interim period, we estimate the annual effective tax rate and apply that rate to our ordinary year to date earnings. In addition, the tax effects of unusual or infrequently occurring items including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and effects of changes in enacted tax laws are recognized discretely in the interim period in which the change occurs. The computation of the annual estimated effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and significant judgment including the expected operating (loss) income for the year, permanent and temporary differences as a result of differences between amounts measured and recognized in accordance with tax laws and financial accounting standards, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets generated in the current fiscal year. The accounting estimates used to compute income tax expense may change as new events occur, additional information is obtained, or the tax environment changes.

On December 27, 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 (“CAA”) was enacted and provided clarification on the tax deductibility of expenses funded with PPP loans as fully deductible for tax purposes. During the 26-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, the Company recorded income of $285,000 and $272,000, respectively, for financial reporting purposes related to the forgiveness of some of its PPP Loans. The forgiveness of these amounts is not taxable and the related income recorded for financial reporting purposes was considered an unusual or infrequent event and the tax effect was recorded discretely in the quarter.

The provision for income taxes for the 26-week period ended March 30, 2024 was $11,000 and the effective tax rate was 2.7%. The effective tax rate differed from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily as a result of the recognition of certain tax benefits related to the expected generation of FICA tax credits in the current year, operating income attributable to non-controlling interests that is not taxable to the Company, and the discrete tax benefit attributable to income related to the PPP Loan forgiveness which is not taxable for income tax reporting purposes.

The provision for income taxes for the 26-week period ended April 1, 2023 was $133,000 and the effective tax rate was 7.0%. The effective tax rate differed from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily as a result of the tax benefits related to the generation of FICA tax credits, operating income attributable to non-controlling interests that is not taxable to the Company and the discrete tax benefit attributable to income related to the PPP loan forgiveness which is not taxable for income tax reporting purposes.

The Company’s overall effective tax rate in the future will be affected by factors such as changes in tax law, the utilization of state and local net operating loss carryforwards, the generation and expected utilization of FICA tax credits, and the mix of
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earnings by state taxing jurisdictions as Nevada does not impose a state income tax, as compared to the other major state and local jurisdictions in which the Company has operations. The final annual tax rate cannot be determined until the end of the fiscal year; therefore, the actual tax rate could differ from current estimates.


12.    INCOME PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to Ark Restaurants Corp. by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Our diluted earnings per share is computed similarly to basic earnings per share, except that it reflects the effect of common shares issuable upon exercise of stock options, using the treasury stock method in periods in which they have a dilutive effect.
A reconciliation of shares used in calculating earnings per basic and diluted share follows (amounts in thousands):
 13 Weeks Ended26 Weeks Ended
 March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Basic3,604 3,600 3,604 3,600 
Effect of dilutive securities:
     Stock options   46 
Diluted3,604 3,600 3,604 3,646 

For the 13- and 26- week periods ended March 30, 2024, the dilutive effect of 471,250 options was not included in diluted earnings per share as their impact would be anti-dilutive.

For the 13- and 26- week periods ended April 1, 2023, the dilutive effect of 544,125 and 418,125 options, respectively, was not included in diluted earnings per share as their impact would have been anti-dilutive.
13.    DIVIDENDS
On February 6, 2024, the Board of Directors of the Company (the Board of Directors") declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.1875 per share to be paid on March 13, 2024 to shareholders of record of the Company's common stock at the close of business of February 29, 2024. Future decisions to pay or to increase or decrease dividends are at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend upon operating performance and other factors.

14.    SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
On May 7, 2024, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.1875 per share to be paid on June 12, 2024 to shareholders of record of the Company's common stock at the close of business on May 31, 2024.










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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This section and other parts of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q ("Form 10-Q") contain forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 ("PSLRA"), which are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause actual results to be materially different from the statements made herein. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements discuss our current expectations and projections relating to our financial position, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business. You can identify forward-looking statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to any historical or current facts. These statements may include words such as "aim," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "forecast," "future," "intend," "outlook," "potential," "project," "projection," "plan," "seek," "may," "could," "would," "will," "should," "can," "can have," "likely," the negatives thereof and other similar expressions. All forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements.
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2023 and the consolidated condensed financial statements and notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q. All information presented herein is based on our fiscal calendar. Unless otherwise stated, references to particular years, quarters, months or periods refer to our fiscal years and the associated quarters, months and periods of those fiscal years.
Inflation
Our operating results have been and continue to be impacted by geopolitical and macroeconomic events, causing increased commodity prices, wage inflation and other increased costs. The ongoing impact of these events could lead to further shifts in consumer behavior, wage inflation, staffing challenges, product and services cost inflation, disruptions in the supply chain and delays in opening or acquiring new restaurants. If these factors significantly impact our cash flow in the future, we may again implement mitigation actions such as suspending dividends, increasing borrowings or modifying our operating strategies. Some of these measures may have an adverse impact on our business, including possible impairments of assets.
Overview
As of March 30, 2024, the Company owned and operated 17 restaurants and bars, 16 fast food concepts and catering operations, exclusively in the United States, that have similar economic characteristics, nature of products and service, class of customer and distribution methods. The Company believes it meets the criteria for aggregating its operating components into a single operating segment in accordance with applicable accounting guidance.
Accounting Period
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest September 30. We report fiscal years under a 52/53-week format. This reporting method is used by many companies in the hospitality industry and is meant to improve year-to-year comparisons of operating results. Under this method certain years will contain 53 weeks. The periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 each included 13 and 26 weeks.
Seasonality
The Company has substantial fixed costs that do not decline proportionally with sales. Although our business is highly seasonal, our broader geographical reach as a result of recent acquisitions mitigates some of the risk. For instance, the second quarter of our fiscal year, consisting of the non-holiday portion of the cold weather season in New York and Washington, D.C. (January, February and March), is the poorest performing quarter; however, in recent years this has been partially offset by our locations in Florida as they experience increased results in the winter months. We generally achieve our best results during the warm weather, attributable to our extensive outdoor dining availability, particularly at Bryant Park in New York and Sequoia in Washington, D.C. (our largest restaurants) and our outdoor cafes. However, even during summer months these facilities can be adversely affected by unusually cool or rainy weather conditions. Our facilities in Las Vegas are indoor and generally operate on a more consistent basis throughout the year.
Results of Operations
The Company’s operating income (loss) for the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 decreased as compared to the same period of the prior year primarily as a result of continued increases in labor costs in connection with record low unemployment, inflation related to non-commodity related expenses, partially offset by the negative impact on the prior period of the temporary closure of Gallagher's Steakhouse for renovation on February 5, 2023 (which reopened on April 28, 2023).
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The following table summarizes the significant components of the Company’s operating results for the 13- and 26-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023:
13 Weeks EndedVariance26 Weeks EndedVariance
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$%March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$%
(in thousands)(in thousands)
REVENUES:
Food and beverage sales$41,188 $40,913 $275 0.7 %$87,818 $87,452 $366 0.4 %
Other revenue1,069 984 85 8.6 %1,925 1,890 35 1.9 %
Total revenues42,257 41,897 360 0.9 %89,743 89,342 401 0.4 %
COSTS AND EXPENSES:
Food and beverage cost of sales12,138 11,795 343 2.9 %24,209 24,231 (22)-0.1 %
Payroll expenses15,512 15,311 201 1.3 %32,488 31,833 655 2.1 %
Occupancy expenses5,775 5,255 520 9.9 %12,107 11,438 669 5.8 %
Other operating costs and
  expenses
5,836 5,352 484 9.0 %11,928 11,283 645 5.7 %
General and administrative
  expenses
3,141 3,023 118 3.9 %6,461 6,159 302 4.9 %
Depreciation and amortization1,057 1,138 (81)-7.1 %2,149 2,171 (22)-1.0 %
Total costs and expenses43,459 41,874 1,585 3.8 %89,342 87,115 2,227 2.6 %
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)$(1,202)$23 $(1,225)NM$401 $2,227 $(1,826)-82.0 %
_________________________________
NM - Not meaningful.
Revenues
During the 13- and 26-week periods ended March 30, 2024, revenues increased marginally as compared to revenues for the 13- and 26-week periods ended April 1, 2023. The net increases resulted primarily from decreases in same-store sales discussed below, offset by an increase in sales at Gallagher's Steakhouse at the New York-New York Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, NV which was substantially closed for renovation in the prior period from February 5, 2023 through April 27, 2023. Revenues for the period from closure through April 1, 2023 were $714,000 as compared to $2,114,000 for the comparable period in the current fiscal quarter.











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Food and Beverage Same-Store Sales
On a Company-wide basis, same-store sales increased 0.4% during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 as compared to the same period of last year as follows:
 13 Weeks EndedVariance
 March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$%
(in thousands)
Las Vegas$13,799 $12,908 $891 6.9 %
New York4,991 4,749 242 5.1 %
Washington, D.C.1,438 1,510 (72)-4.8 %
Atlantic City, NJ763 752 11 1.5 %
Alabama3,567 3,545 22 0.6 %
Florida16,448 17,397 (949)-5.5 %
Same-store sales41,006 40,861 $145 0.4 %
Other182 52   
Food and beverage sales$41,188 $40,913   
Same-store sales in Las Vegas increased 6.9% primarily as a result of the negative impact on the prior period of the temporary closure of Gallagher's Steakhouse for renovation on February 5, 2023 (which reopened on April 28, 2023). Same-store sales in New York increased 5.1% driven primarily by strong revenues from our event business. Same-store sales in Washington, D.C. decreased 4.8% as a result of lower headcounts and the closure of the property after Sunday after close through lunch on Thursdays for the winter. Same-store sales in Atlantic City increased 1.5% as a result of better than expected customer traffic at the property where we are located. Same-store sales in Alabama increased 0.6% primarily as a result of menu price increase partially offset by slightly lower headcounts. Same-store sales in Florida decreased 5.5% primarily as a result of lower headcounts as compared to the comparable prior period which benefited from outsized volumes as a result of the population increase in Southeast Florida.
On a Company-wide basis, same-store sales during the 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 were consistent as compared to the same period of last year as follows:
 26 Weeks EndedVariance
 March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$%
(in thousands)
Las Vegas$28,643 $28,205 $438 1.6 %
New York17,080 15,493 1,587 10.2 %
Washington, D.C.3,901 4,328 (427)-9.9 %
Atlantic City, NJ1,318 1,344 (26)-1.9 %
Alabama6,644 6,673 (29)-0.4 %
Florida28,518 30,045 (1,527)-5.1 %
Same-store sales86,104 86,088 $16 — %
Other1,714 1,364   
Food and beverage sales$87,818 $87,452   
Same-store sales in Las Vegas increased 1.6% primarily as a result of the negative impact on the prior period of the temporary closure of Gallagher's Steakhouse for renovation on February 5, 2023 (which reopened on April 28, 2023), partially offset by lower headcounts in the current period. Same-store sales in New York increased 10.2% driven primarily by strong revenues from our event business. Same-store sales in Washington, D.C. decreased 9.9% as a result of lower headcounts. Same-store sales in Atlantic City decreased 1.9% as a result of lower customer traffic at the property where we are located. Same-store sales in Alabama decreased 0.4% primarily as a result of slightly lower customer headcounts. Same-store sales in Florida decreased 5.1% primarily as a result of lower headcounts as compared to the comparable prior period which benefited from outsized volumes as a result of the population increase in Southeast Florida.
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Costs and Expenses
Costs and expenses for the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 were as follows (in thousands):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
%
to Total
Revenues
13 Weeks Ended
April 1, 2023
%
to Total
Revenues
Increase
(Decrease)
26 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
%
to Total
Revenues
26 Weeks Ended
April 1, 2023
%
to Total
Revenues
Increase
(Decrease)
$%$%
Food and beverage cost of sales$12,138 28.7 %$11,795 28.2 %343 2.9 %$24,209 27.0 %$24,231 27.1 %(22)-0.1 %
Payroll expenses15,512 36.7 %15,311 36.5 %201 1.3 %32,488 36.2 %31,833 35.6 %655 2.1 %
Occupancy expenses5,775 13.7 %5,255 12.5 %520 9.9 %12,107 13.5 %11,438 12.8 %669 5.8 %
Other operating costs and expenses5,836 13.8 %5,352 12.8 %484 9.0 %11,928 13.3 %11,283 12.6 %645 5.7 %
General and administrative expenses3,141 7.4 %3,023 7.2 %118 3.9 %6,461 7.2 %6,159 6.9 %302 4.9 %
Depreciation and amortization1,057 2.5 %1,138 2.7 %(81)-7.1 %2,149 2.4 %2,171 2.4 %(22)-1.0 %
Total costs and expenses$43,459 $41,874 $1,585 $89,342 $87,115 $2,227 

Food and beverage costs as a percentage of total revenues for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 as compared with the same period of last year increased as a result of increases in commodity prices, which had been easing for several quarters. Food and beverage costs as a percentage of total revenues for the 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 as compared with the same period of last year decreased marginally as a result of a strong event business in New York City, which has higher margins, partially offset by higher commodity prices in the current quarter.

Payroll expenses as a percentage of total revenues for the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 increased as compared with the same period of last year primarily as a result of record low unemployment combined with merit increases and increasing minimum wages in the states where we operate.

Occupancy expenses as a percentage of total revenues for the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 increased as compared with the same periods of last year primarily as a result of increases in base rents and increases in property and liability insurance premiums.

Other operating costs and expenses as a percentage of total revenues for the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 as compared to the same period of last year increased primarily as a result of inflation.

General and administrative expenses (which relate solely to the corporate office in New York City) for the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 increased as compared to the same periods of last year as a result of annual merit increases.

Depreciation and amortization expense for the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 decreased slightly as compared to the same period of last year primarily as a result of certain assets becoming fully depreciated.
Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our primary source of capital has been cash provided by operations and, in recent years, bank and other borrowings to finance specific transactions, acquisitions and large remodeling projects. We utilize cash generated from operations to fund the cost of developing and opening new restaurants and smaller remodeling projects of existing restaurants we own. Consistent with many other restaurant operators, we typically use operating lease arrangements for our restaurants. In recent years we have been able to acquire the underlying real estate at several locations along with the restaurant operation. We believe that our operating lease arrangements provide appropriate leverage of our capital structure in a financially efficient manner.

As of March 30, 2024, we had a cash and cash equivalents balance of $10,412,000. The Company had a working capital deficit of $(7,028,000) at March 30, 2024 as compared with a working capital deficit of $(5,932,000) at September 30, 2023. This increase in the deficit is primarily the result of higher accrued expenses from the collection of catering deposits.


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Inflation
The country is currently experiencing multi-decade high inflation. Our profitability is dependent on, among other things, our ability to anticipate and react to changes in the cost of food and other raw materials, labor, energy and other supplies and services. While we have not had material disruptions in our supply chain, we have experienced some product shortages and higher costs for many commodities. There has also been a general shortage in the availability of restaurant staff and hourly workers in certain geographic areas in which we operate and has caused increases in the costs of recruiting and compensating such employees. In addition, certain operating and other costs, including health benefits, taxes, insurance, and other outside services, continue to increase with the general level of inflation and may also be subject to other cost and supply fluctuations outside of our control.

While we have been able to offset inflation and other changes in the costs of key operating resources by targeted increases in menu prices, coupled with more efficient purchasing practices, there can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to do so in the future. From time to time, competitive conditions will limit our menu pricing flexibility. In addition, macroeconomic conditions that impact consumer discretionary spending for food away from home could make additional menu price increases imprudent. There can be no assurance that all of our future cost increases can be offset by higher menu prices or that higher menu prices will be accepted by our restaurant customers without any resulting changes in their visit frequencies or purchasing patterns.
Cash Flows for 26 Weeks Ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023
Net cash provided by operating activities for the 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 was $766,000 and $2,111,000, respectively, and resulted primarily due to changes in working capital (primarily accrued expenses), partially offset by a decrease in operating income.
Net cash used in investing activities for the 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 was $596,000 as compared to cash provided by investing activities of $2,998,000 in the same period as last year. This resulted primarily from proceeds from the maturity of certificates of deposit in the prior period partially offset by lower purchases of fixed assets at existing restaurants in the current period.
Net cash used in financing activities for the 26 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 was $(3,173,000) and $(10,658,000), respectively, and resulted primarily from principal payments on notes payable, the payment of dividends and the payment of distributions to non-controlling interests and in the prior year principal payments on PPP Loans.
Recent Restaurant Expansions and Other Developments
On June 24, 2022, the Company extended its lease for America at the New York-New York Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, NV through December 31, 2033. In connection with the extension, the Company has agreed to spend a minimum of $4,000,000 to materially refresh the premises by December 31, 2024, subject to various extensions as set out in the agreement. No amounts have been expended to date related to this refresh.

On July 21, 2022, the Company extended its lease for the Village Eateries at the New York-New York Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, NV through December 31, 2034. As part of this extension, the Broadway Burger Bar and Grill and Gonzalez y Gonzalez, were carved out of the Village Eateries footprint and the extended date for those two locations is December 31, 2033. In connection with the extension, the Company has agreed to spend a minimum of $3,500,000 to materially refresh all three of these premises by June 30, 2024, as extended. To date approximately $150,000 has been spent on this refresh.

Each of the above refresh obligations are to be consistent with designs approved by the landlord which shall not be unreasonably withheld. We will continue to pay all rent as required by the leases without abatement during construction. Note that our substantial completion of work set forth in plans approved by the landlord shall constitute our compliance with the requirements of the completion deadlines, regardless of whether or not the amount actually expended in connection therewith is less than the minimum.

On September 19, 2023, the Company extended the lease for its corporate office through December 31, 2038. The amended lease provides for rents, beginning on January 1, 2024. The lease also provides for, among other things, the ability for the Company to vacate the premises upon 12 months' notice.

Our restaurants generally do not achieve substantial increases in revenue from year to year, which we consider to be typical of the restaurant industry. To achieve significant increases in revenue or to replace revenue of restaurants that lose customer favor or which close because of lease expirations or other reasons, we would have to open additional restaurant facilities or expand existing restaurants. There can be no assurance that a restaurant will be successful after it is opened, particularly since in many instances we do not operate our new restaurants under a trade name currently used by us, thereby requiring new restaurants to establish their own identity.
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We may take advantage of other opportunities we consider to be favorable, when they occur, depending upon the availability of financing and other factors.
Recent Restaurant Dispositions and Other Developments
During the 13 weeks ended December 30, 2023, the Company dissolved the entity which owned Lucky 7 at the Foxwoods Resort and Casino, which was closed in July of 2022. In connection with the dissolution, the Company reclassified the remaining non-controlling interest balance to additional paid-in capital.
Credit Facility
On March 30, 2023, the Company entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), with its lender, Bank Hapoalim B.M. (“BHBM”). This facility, which matures on June 1, 2025, replaced our revolving credit facility which was entered into in June 1, 2018 (the "Prior Credit Agreement"). Under the terms of the Credit Agreement: (i) a promissory note under the Prior Credit Agreement in the amount of $6,666,000 was repaid, (ii) BHBM established a new revolving credit facility in the amount of $10,000,000 with a commitment termination date of May 31, 2025, (iii) the Company may use the revolving commitments of BHBM to obtain letters of credit up to a sublimit thereunder of $1,000,000, and (iv) the LIBOR rate option for all borrowings was replaced with the secured overnight financing rate for U.S. Government Securities (“SOFR”). Advances under the Credit Agreement bear interest, at the Company's election at the time of the advance, at either BHBM's prime rate of interest plus a 0.45% spread or SOFR plus a 3.65% spread. In addition, there is a 0.30% per annum fee for any unused portion of the $10,000,000 revolving facility. As of March 30, 2024, no advances were outstanding under the Credit Agreement. As of March 30, 2024, the weighted average interest on the outstanding BHBM indebtedness was approximately 9.0%.
Borrowings and all other obligations under Credit Agreement, which include the promissory notes as discussed in Note 8 of the consolidated condensed financial statements, are secured by all tangible and intangible personal property (including accounts receivable, inventory, equipment, general intangibles, documents, chattel paper, instruments, letter-of-credit rights, investment property, intellectual property and deposit accounts) and fixtures of the Company. The Credit Agreement also requires, among other things, that the Company meet minimum quarterly tangible net worth amounts, maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio and meet minimum annual net income amounts. The Credit Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and affirmative covenants as well as customary negative covenants, subject to negotiated exceptions on liens, relating to other indebtedness, capital expenditures, liens, affiliate transactions, disposal of assets and certain changes in ownership.
Cash Flow Outlook
We are not aware of any trends or events that would materially affect our capital requirements or liquidity. We believe that our existing cash balances, internal cash-generating capabilities, current banking facilities and ability to secure additional financing, if necessary, are sufficient to finance our capital expenditures, debt maturities and other operating activities for at least the next twelve months.
Recent Events
On May 7, 2024, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.1875 per share to be paid on June 12, 2024 to shareholders of record of the Company's common stock at the close of business on May 31, 2024.
Critical Accounting Estimates
The preparation of financial statements requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions of future events. In the process of preparing its consolidated condensed financial statements, the Company estimates the appropriate carrying value of certain assets and liabilities, which are not readily apparent from other sources. The critical accounting estimates underlying the Company’s consolidated condensed financial statements include projected cash flows for fixed asset impairments, allowances for potential bad debts on accounts and notes receivable, assumptions regarding discount rates related to lease accounting, the useful lives and recoverability of its long-lived assets, such as property and intangibles, fair values of financial instruments, the realizable value of its tax assets and other matters. Management bases its estimates on certain assumptions, which it believes are reasonable in the circumstances, and actual results could differ from those estimates. Although management does not believe that any change in those assumptions in the near term would have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated condensed financial position or the results of operations, differences in actual results could be material to the consolidated condensed financial statements.
- 26 -


The Company’s critical accounting estimates are described in the Company’s MD&A included in Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2023. There have been no significant changes to such critical accounting estimates during the second fiscal quarter 2024.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Not Applicable
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Based on this evaluation, our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 30, 2024 to ensure that all material information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to them as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and that all such information is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that occurred during the second quarter of fiscal 2024 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Limitations of the Effectiveness of Internal Control
A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the internal control system are met. Because of the inherent limitations of any internal control system, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues, if any, within a company have been detected.
- 27 -


PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
The Company is not subject to pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary claims incidental to its business, which the Company does not believe will materially impact results of operations.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Not Applicable.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.
Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not Applicable.
Item 5. Other Information

Insider Trading Arrangements and Policies

During the second quarter of 2024, none of our directors or executive officers adopted Rule 10b5-1 trading plans and none of our directors or executive officers terminated a Rule 10b5-1 trading plan or adopted or terminated a non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement (as defined in Item 408(c) of Regulation S-K).
Item 6.    Exhibits
3.1 Amended and Restated Bylaws of Ark Restaurants Corp., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company's Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 24, 2024.
101.INS*  XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE* XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).
__________________________
* Filed herewith.
** Furnished herewith.
- 28 -


SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Date:
May 14, 2024
  
 ARK RESTAURANTS CORP.
  
By:/s/ Michael Weinstein
 Michael Weinstein
 Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
 (Principal Executive Officer)
  
By:/s/ Anthony J. Sirica
 Anthony J. Sirica
 President, Chief Financial Officer and Director
 (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

- 29 -

EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
I, Michael Weinstein, certify that:
1.I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Ark Restaurants Corp.;
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Dated: May 14, 2024
/s/ Michael Weinstein
Michael Weinstein
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)



EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
I, Anthony J. Sirica, certify that:
1.I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Ark Restaurants Corp.;
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Dated: May 14, 2024
/s/ Anthony J. Sirica 
  
Anthony J. Sirica 
Chief Financial Officer 
(Principal Financial Officer)



Exhibit 32
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 30, 2024 of Ark Restaurants Corp. (the “Registrant”) as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), we, Michael Weinstein, Chief Executive Officer and Anthony J. Sirica, Chief Financial Officer, of the Registrant, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to our knowledge:
(i)this Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and
(ii)the information contained in this Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Registrant.
Dated as of this 14th day of May 2024
/s/ Michael Weinstein /s/ Anthony J. Sirica
Michael Weinstein Anthony J. Sirica
Chief Executive Officer Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Executive Officer) (Principal Financial Officer)


A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley act of 2002 has been provided to Ark Restaurants Corp. and will be retained by Ark Restaurants Corp. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

v3.24.1.1.u2
Cover - shares
6 Months Ended
Mar. 30, 2024
May 09, 2024
Cover [Abstract]    
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Quarterly Report true  
Document Period End Date Mar. 30, 2024  
Document Transition Report false  
Entity File Number 1-09453  
Entity Registrant Name ARK RESTAURANTS CORP.  
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code NY  
Entity Tax Identification Number 13-3156768  
Entity Address, Address Line One 85 Fifth Avenue,  
Entity Address, City or Town New York,  
Entity Address, State or Province NY  
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 10003  
City Area Code 212  
Local Phone Number 206-8800  
Title of 12(b) Security Common Stock, par value $.01 per share  
Trading Symbol ARKR  
Security Exchange Name NASDAQ  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
Entity Interactive Data Current Yes  
Entity Filer Category Non-accelerated Filer  
Entity Small Business true  
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
Entity Shell Company false  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   3,604,157
Amendment Flag false  
Entity Central Index Key 0000779544  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --09-27  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2024  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q2  
v3.24.1.1.u2
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Mar. 30, 2024
Sep. 30, 2023
CURRENT ASSETS:    
Cash and cash equivalents (includes $154 at March 30, 2024 and $564 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) $ 10,412 $ 13,415
Accounts receivable (includes $242 at March 30, 2024 and $169 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 4,042 3,313
Employee receivables 292 328
Inventories (includes $42 at March 30, 2024 and $47 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 2,362 3,093
Prepaid and refundable income taxes (includes $16 at March 30, 2024 and $204 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 247 212
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (includes $39 at March 30, 2024 and $31 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 2,648 1,569
Total current assets 20,003 21,930
FIXED ASSETS - Net (includes $253 at March 30, 2024 and $216 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 32,843 34,314
OPERATING LEASE RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS - Net (includes $1,650 at March 30, 2024 and $1,796 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 92,331 96,459
GOODWILL 7,440 7,440
TRADEMARKS 4,220 4,220
INTANGIBLE ASSETS - Net 141 187
DEFERRED INCOME TAXES 3,884 3,738
INVESTMENT IN AND RECEIVABLE FROM NEW MEADOWLANDS RACETRACK 6,528 6,507
OTHER ASSETS (includes $11 at March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 2,161 2,161
Total assets 169,551 176,956
CURRENT LIABILITIES:    
Accounts payable - trade (includes $138 at March 30, 2024 and $93 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 4,538 4,058
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities (includes $237 at March 30, 2024 and $331 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 12,468 13,829
Current portion of operating lease liabilities (includes $311 at March 30, 2024 and $298 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 8,079 7,988
Current portion of notes payable 1,946 1,987
Total current liabilities 27,031 27,862
OPERATING LEASE LIABILITIES, LESS CURRENT PORTION (includes $1,465 at March 30, 2024 and $1,623 at September 30, 2023 related to VIEs) 88,227 92,232
NOTES PAYABLE, LESS CURRENT PORTION 4,227 5,140
TOTAL LIABILITIES 119,485 125,234
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
EQUITY:    
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share - authorized, 10,000 shares; issued and outstanding, 3,604 shares at March 30, 2024 and September 30, 2023 36 36
Additional paid-in capital 14,998 14,161
Retained earnings 34,660 36,091
Total Ark Restaurants Corp. shareholders’ equity 49,694 50,288
NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS 372 1,434
TOTAL EQUITY 50,066 51,722
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY $ 169,551 $ 176,956