Ranking second in total production as a cereal crop behind maize, wheat is a worldwide cultivated grass.
Wheat grain is used to makes staples such as flour for leavened, bread, cookies, pasta, couscous, and noodles. It is also used in the fermentation of beer, alcohol, and biofuel.
Wheat grain that has been harvested enters the market and is classified according to grain properties for the purposes of commodities trading. Due to it's excellent yield per unit area, domestic feed wheat is considered a cash crop. It grows well in temperate climate, even with a moderately short growing season.