As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 11, 2021

Registration No.

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM S-3

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

 

UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

INTEGRATED VENTURES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

   

Nevada

 

82-1725385

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

73 Buck Road, Suite 2

Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006

(215) 613-1111

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

73 Buck Road, Suite 2

Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006

(215) 613-1111

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

Copies to:

Joseph M. Lucosky, Esq.

Scott E. Linsky, Esq.

Lucosky Brookman LLP

101 Wood Avenue South, 5th Floor

Woodbridge, NJ 08830

(732) 395-4400

  

APPROXIMATE DATE OF COMMENCEMENT OF PROPOSED SALE TO THE PUBLIC: From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement.

 

If the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box. ☐

 

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box. ☒

 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective on filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

Emerging growth company

  

 

 

 

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

Title of Each

Class

of Securities to

be Registered

(1)(2)

 

Amount to be

registered/proposed

maximum offering price

per unit/proposed

maximum aggregate

offering price (1) (2)

 

 

Amount of

Registration

Fee (3)

 

Offering:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

Debt Securities (which may be senior or subordinated, convertible or non-convertible, secured or unsecured)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warrants

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rights

 

 

 

 

 

 

Units (4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total (5)

 

$ 50,000,000

 

 

$ 5,455

 

 

(1)

Pursuant to Rule 457(i) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act), the securities registered hereunder include such indeterminate (a) number of shares of common stock, (b) number of shares of preferred stock, (c) debt securities, (d) warrants to purchase common stock, preferred stock or debt securities of the Registrant, (e) rights to purchase common stock or preferred stock and (f) units, consisting of some or all of these securities, as may be sold from time to time by the Registrant. Any securities registered hereunder may be sold separately or as units with other securities registered hereunder. There are also being registered hereunder an indeterminate number of shares of common stock, preferred stock and debt securities as shall be issuable upon conversion, exchange or exercise of any securities that provide for such issuance. In no event will the aggregate offering price of all types of securities issued by the Registrant pursuant to this registration statement exceed $50,000,000. Pursuant to Rule 416(a), this registration statement also covers any additional securities that may be offered or issued in connection with any stock split, stock dividend or similar transaction.

(2)

The proposed maximum offering price per unit and aggregate offering prices per class of securities will be determined from time to time by the Registrant in connection with the issuance by the Registrant of the securities registered under this registration statement and is not specified as to each class of security pursuant to General Instruction II.D of Form S-3 under the Securities Act.

(3)

Calculated pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act.

(4)

Consisting of some or all of the securities listed above, in any combination, including common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, and warrants.

(5)

Any securities registered hereunder may be sold separately or as units with other securities registered hereunder. The proposed maximum offering price per unit will be determined by the Registrant in connection with the issuance of the securities. In no event will the aggregate offering price of all securities issued by the Registrant from time to time pursuant to this Registration Statement exceed $50,000,000 or the equivalent thereof in one or more foreign currencies, foreign currency units or composite currencies.

 

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

 
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The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. These securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell nor does it seek an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

Subject to Completion, dated March 11, 2021.

 

PROSPECTUS

 

INTEGRATED VENTURES, INC.

 

$50,000,000

 

Common Stock

Preferred Stock

Debt Securities

Warrants

Rights

Units

   

We may offer and sell up to $50 million in the aggregate of the securities identified above from time to time in one or more offerings. This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities.

 

Each time we offer and sell securities, we will provide a supplement to this prospectus that contains specific information about the offering and the amounts, prices and terms of the securities. The supplement may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus with respect to that offering. You should carefully read this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement before you invest in any of our securities.

 

We may offer and sell the securities described in this prospectus and any prospectus supplement to or through one or more underwriters, dealers and agents, or directly to purchasers, or through a combination of these methods. If any underwriters, dealers or agents are involved in the sale of any of the securities, their names and any applicable purchase price, fee, commission or discount arrangement between or among them will be set forth, or will be calculable from the information set forth, in the applicable prospectus supplement. See the sections of this prospectus entitled “About this Prospectus” and “Plan of Distribution” for more information. No securities may be sold without delivery of this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement describing the method and terms of the offering of such securities.

 

INVESTING IN OUR SECURITIES INVOLVES RISKS. SEE THE “RISK FACTORS” ON PAGE 4 OF THIS PROSPECTUS AND ANY SIMILAR SECTION CONTAINED IN THE APPLICABLE PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT CONCERNING FACTORS YOU SHOULD CONSIDER BEFORE INVESTING IN OUR SECURITIES.

 

Our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB Marketplace operated by OTC Markets Group Inc. (the “OTCQB”) under the trading symbol “INTV”. On March 10, 2021, the last reported sale price of our common stock on OTC QB Market was $0.64 per share.

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

The date of this prospectus is March 11, 2021.

 

 
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

 

 

5

 

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION; INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

 

 

5

 

THE COMPANY

 

 

6

 

RISK FACTORS

 

 

11

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

 

19

 

USE OF PROCEEDS

 

 

19

 

DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

 

 

20

 

DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES

 

 

22

 

DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS

 

 

28

 

DESCRIPTION OF RIGHTS

 

 

29

 

DESCRIPTION OF UNITS

 

 

30

 

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

 

 

30

 

LEGAL MATTERS

 

 

32

 

EXPERTS

 

 

32

 

 

 
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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

 

This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, using a “shelf” registration process. By using a shelf registration statement, we may sell securities from time to time and in one or more offerings up to a total dollar amount of $50 million as described in this prospectus. Each time that we offer and sell securities, we will provide a prospectus supplement to this prospectus that contains specific information about the securities being offered and sold and the specific terms of that offering. The prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus with respect to that offering. If there is any inconsistency between the information in this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, you should rely on the prospectus supplement. Before purchasing any securities, you should carefully read both this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, together with the additional information described under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information; Incorporation by Reference.”

 

We have not authorized any other person to provide you with different information. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. We will not make an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should assume that the information appearing in this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement to this prospectus is accurate as of the date on its respective cover, and that any information incorporated by reference is accurate only as of the date of the document incorporated by reference, unless we indicate otherwise. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.

 

When we refer to “Integrated,” “we,” “our,” “us” and the “Company” in this prospectus, we mean Integrated Ventures, Inc., unless otherwise specified. When we refer to “you,” we mean the holders of the applicable series of securities.

  

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION; INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

 

Available Information

 

We file reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. The SEC maintains a web site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information about issuers, such as us, who file electronically with the SEC. The address of that website is http://www.sec.gov.

 

Our website address is https://www.integratedventuresinc.com. The information on our website, however, is not, and should not be deemed to be, a part of this prospectus.

 

This prospectus and any prospectus supplement are part of a registration statement that we filed with the SEC and do not contain all of the information in the registration statement. The full registration statement may be obtained from the SEC or us, as provided below. Forms of the documents establishing the terms of the offered securities are or may be filed as exhibits to the registration statement. Statements in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement about these documents are summaries and each statement is qualified in all respects by reference to the document to which it refers. You should refer to the actual documents for a more complete description of the relevant matters. You may view a copy of the registration statement through the SEC’s website, as provided above.

 

Incorporation by Reference

 

The SEC’s rules allow us to “incorporate by reference” information into this prospectus, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to another document filed separately with the SEC. The information incorporated by reference is deemed to be part of this prospectus, and subsequent information that we file with the SEC will automatically update and supersede that information. Any statement contained in a previously filed document incorporated by reference will be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus to the extent that a statement contained in this prospectus modifies or replaces that statement.

 

We incorporate by reference our documents listed below and any future filings made by us with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which we refer to as the “Exchange Act” in this prospectus, between the date of this prospectus and the termination of the offering of the securities described in this prospectus. We are not, however, incorporating by reference any documents or portions thereof, whether specifically listed below or filed in the future, that are not deemed “filed” with the SEC, including any information furnished pursuant to Items 2.02 or 7.01 of Form 8-K or related exhibits furnished pursuant to Item 9.01 of Form 8-K.

 

 
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Table of Contents

  

This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement incorporate by reference the documents set forth below that have previously been filed with the SEC:

 

 

Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2020, filed with the SEC on September 23, 2020.

 

 

 

 

Our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended September 30, 2020, and December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on November 13, 2020, and February 12, 2021, respectively.

 

 

 

 

Our Current Reports on Form 8-K and/or amendments on Form 8-K/A filed with the SEC on November 18, 2020, January 28, 2021, January 29, 2021, and February 25, 2021.

 

 

 

 

The description of our common stock contained in our Registration Statement on Form 8-A, filed with the SEC on August 9, 2016, and any amendment or report filed with the SEC for the purpose of updating such description.

 

All reports and other documents we subsequently file pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act prior to the termination of this Offering, including all such documents we may file with the SEC after the date of the initial registration statement and prior to the effectiveness of the registration statement, but excluding any information furnished to, rather than filed with, the SEC, will also be incorporated by reference into this prospectus and deemed to be part of this prospectus from the date of the filing of such reports and documents.

 

You may request a free copy of any of the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus (other than exhibits, unless they are specifically incorporated by reference in the documents) by writing or telephoning us at the following address:

 

Integrated Ventures, Inc.

73 Buck Road, Suite 2

Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006

(215) 613-1111

 

Exhibits to the filings will not be sent, however, unless those exhibits have specifically been incorporated by reference in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement.

   

THE COMPANY

 

Our Business

 

On November 22, 2017, we successfully launched our cryptocurrency operations, and revenues commenced from cryptocurrency mining operations and from sales of cryptocurrency mining equipment. As of December 31, 2020, the Company owned and operated approximately 598 miners that mine Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin (LTC) and Ethereum (ETH).

 

The Company will continue to (1) raise capital to purchase new mining equipment and (2) retire older and no longer profitable models.

 

We have consolidated our cryptocurrency operations in one facility, located in Carthage, New York. The power supply and purchase agreement was entered into on May 10, 2019 for an initial term of 90 days, with an option to continue for a subsequent 36 months, which option the Company has exercised. The Company’s sole obligation under the Agreement is to pay the PetaWatt Properties, LLC, a contractual rate per kilowatt hour of electricity, consumed by the Company’s cryptocurrency mining operations.

 

Cryptocurrency Mining

 

Digital tokens are built on a distributed ledger infrastructure often referred to as a “blockchain”. These tokens can provide various rights, and cryptocurrency is a type of digital token, designed a a medium of exchange. Other digital tokens provide rights to use assets or services, or in some cases represent ownership interests. Cryptocurrencies, for example Bitcoin, are digital software that run on a blockchain platform, which is a decentralized, immutable ledger of transactions, and essentially function as a digital form of money. Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin are not sponsored by any government or a single entity. A bitcoin is one type of an intangible digital asset that is issued by, and transmitted through, an open source, math-based protocol platform using cryptographic security (the “Bitcoin Network”). The Bitcoin Network, for example, is an online, peer-to-peer user network that hosts the public transaction ledger, known as the “Blockchain,” and the source code that comprises the basis for the cryptography and math-based protocols governing the Bitcoin Network. No single entity owns or operates the Bitcoin Network, the infrastructure of which is collectively maintained by a decentralized user base. Bitcoins can be used to pay for goods and services or can be converted to fiat currencies, such as the US Dollar, at rates determined on bitcoin exchanges or in individual end-user-to-end-user transactions under a barter system.

 

 
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Bitcoins are “stored” or reflected on the digital transaction ledger known as the “blockchain,” which is a digital file stored in a decentralized manner on the computers of each Bitcoin Network or as applicable to other cryptocurrency users. A blockchain records the transaction history of all bitcoins in existence and, through the transparent reporting of transactions, allows the cryptocurrency network to verify the association of each bitcoin with the digital wallet that owns them. The network and software programs can interpret the blockchain to determine the exact balance, if any, of any digital wallet listed in the blockchain as having taken part in a transaction on the cryptocurrency network.

 

Mining is the process by which bitcoins, for example, are created resulting in new blocks being added to the blockchain and new bitcoins being issued to the miners. Miners engage in a set of prescribed complex mathematical calculations in order to add a block to the blockchain and thereby confirm cryptocurrency transactions included in that block’s data. Miners that are successful in adding a block to the blockchain are automatically awarded a fixed number of bitcoins for their effort. To begin mining, a user can download and run the network mining software, which turns the user’s computer into a node on the network that validates blocks.

 

All bitcoin transactions are recorded in blocks added to the blockchain. Each block contains the details of some or all of the most recent transactions that are not memorialized in prior blocks, a reference to the most recent prior block, and a record of the award of bitcoins to the miner who added the new block. Each unique block can only be solved and added to the blockchain by one miner; therefore, all individual miners and mining pools on the cryptocurrency network are engaged in a competitive process and are incentivized to increase their computing power to improve their likelihood of solving for new blocks.

 

The method for creating new bitcoins is mathematically controlled in a manner so that the supply of bitcoins grows at a limited rate pursuant to a pre-set schedule. Less than a year ago, Bitcoin moved to a price around $20,000 in December 2017, and is trading in the range of $10,000 currently. Mining economics have also been much more pressured by the Difficulty Rate – a computation used by miners to determine the amount of computing power required to mine bitcoin. The Difficulty Rate is directly influenced by the total size of the entire Bitcoin network. The Bitcoin network has grown six-fold in the past year, resulting in a six-fold increase in difficulty. Today, the network requires the computing power of approximately 1,800 Bitmain S9 miners to mine one Bitcoin per day, using approximately 2.5 MegaWatt of power supply. Meanwhile, demand from miners also drove up hardware and power prices, the largest costs of production. This deliberately controlled rate of bitcoin creation means that the number of bitcoins in existence will never exceed 21 million and that bitcoins cannot be devalued through excessive production unless the Bitcoin Network’s source code (and the underlying protocol for bitcoin issuance) is altered.

 

Mining pools have developed in which multiple miners act cohesively and combine their processing power to solve blocks. When a pool solves a new block, the participating mining pool members split the resulting reward based on the processing power they each contributed to solve for such block. The mining pool operator provides a service that coordinates the workers. Fees are paid to the mining pool operator to cover the costs of maintaining the pool. The pool uses software that coordinates the pool members’ hashing power, identifies new block rewards, records how much work all the participants are doing, and assigns block rewards in-proportion to the participants’ efforts. While we do not pay pool fees directly, pool fees (approximately 2% to 5%) are deducted from amounts we may otherwise earn. Participation in such pools is essential for our mining business.

 

Our Cryptocurrency Operations

 

We utilize and rely on cryptocurrency pools to mine cryptocurrencies and generate a mixed selection of digital cryptocurrencies, including BTC, LTC and ETH. Cryptocurrency payouts are paid to us by the pool operator, and the digital currency produced is either stored in a wallet (Coinbase) or sold in open market. Payout proceeds are automatically deposited in our corporate bank accounts.

 

 
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In our digital currency mining operations, various models of miners are owned and deployed by the Company.

 

When funds are available and market conditions allow, we also invest in certain denominations of cryptocurrencies to complement our mining operations. We consider these investments similar to marketable securities where we purchase and hold the cryptocurrencies for sale. We report realized gains and losses on the sales of cryptocurrencies and mark our portfolio of cryptocurrencies to market at the end of each quarterly reporting period, reporting unrealized gains or losses on the investments. We held digital currencies with a total market value of $123,980 and $82,855 as of December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, respectively, comprised primarily of LINK (Chainlink), with a smaller portfolio of BTC, LTC and ETH.

 

The Digital Currency Markets

 

The value of bitcoins is determined by the supply and demand of bitcoins in the bitcoin exchange market (and in private end-user-to-end-user transactions), as well as the number of merchants that accept them. However, merchant adoption is very low according to a Morgan Stanley note from the summer of 2018.As bitcoin transactions can be broadcast to the Bitcoin Network by any user’s bitcoin software and bitcoins can be transferred without the involvement of intermediaries or third parties, there are little or no transaction costs in direct peer-to-peer transactions on the Bitcoin Network. Third party service providers such as crypto currency exchanges and bitcoin third party payment processing services may charge significant fees for processing transactions and for converting, or facilitating the conversion of, bitcoins to or from fiat currency.

 

Under the peer-to-peer framework of the Bitcoin Network, transferors and recipients of bitcoins are able to determine the value of the bitcoins transferred by mutual agreement, the most common means of determining the value of a bitcoin being by surveying one or more bitcoin exchanges where bitcoins are publicly bought, sold and traded, i.e., the Bitcoin Exchange Market (“Bitcoin Exchange”).

 

On each Bitcoin Exchange, bitcoins are traded with publicly disclosed valuations for each transaction, measured by one or more fiat currencies. Bitcoin Exchanges report publicly on their site the valuation of each transaction and bid and ask prices for the purchase or sale of bitcoins. Market participants can choose the Bitcoin Exchange on which to buy or sell bitcoins. To date, the SEC has rejected the proposals for bitcoin ETF’s, citing that lack of enough transparency in the cryptocurrency markets to be sure that prices are not being manipulated. The Wall Street Journal has recently reported on how bots are manipulating the prices of bitcoin on the crypto exchanges. However, on November 8, 2018, the SEC announced in an order (the "Order") that it had settled charges against Zachary Coburn, the founder of the digital token exchange EtherDelta, marking the first time that the SEC has brought an enforcement action against an online digital token platform for operating as an unregistered national securities exchange.

 

Although the cryptocurrency markets have been historically volatile and have weathered several up and down cycles over the past few years, recently these markets have been in a selloff phase for the past several months, possibly reflecting doubts as to the applicability of digital currencies in commercial applications and other factors. In this selloff, prices of digital currencies other than Bitcoin have experienced deeper percentage declines than Bitcoin. On December 31, 2017, Bitcoin was trading in the range of $18,000, and as of November 30, 2018 had declined to a $4,000 trading range. The trading range has recently increased to approximately $10,200. Other cryptocurrencies have experienced more substantial declines, than Bitcoin’s recent decline.Our revenues are directly affected by the Bitcoin market price specifically, which is the market leader for prices of all cryptocurrencies. In recent weeks, regulatory crackdowns have also weighed on prices. The Securities and Exchange Commission recently announced its first civil penalties against cryptocurrency founders as part of a wide regulatory and legal crackdown on fraud and abuses in the industry. In addition, Bloomberg News recently reported that regulators are investigating whether bitcoin's rally to almost $20,000 last year was the result of market manipulation. The U.S. Justice Department is investigating whether tether, a controversial cryptocurrency that founders say is backed 1:1 by the U.S. dollar, was used by traders to prop up bitcoin, according to the report, which cited three unnamed sources familiar with the matter.

 

 
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Competition

 

In cryptocurrency mining, companies, individuals and groups generate units of cryptocurrency through mining. Miners can range from individual enthusiasts to professional mining operations with dedicated data centers, with all of which we compete. Miners may organize themselves in mining pools, with which we would compete. The Company currently participates in mining pools and may decide to invest or initiate operations in mining pools. At present, the information concerning the activities of these enterprises is not readily available as the vast majority of the participants in this sector do not publish information publicly or the information may be unreliable.

 

Government Regulation

 

Government regulation of blockchain and cryptocurrency under review with a number of government agencies, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, the Federal Trade Commission and the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, and in other countries. State government regulations also may apply to certain activities such as cryptocurrency exchanges (bitlicense, banking and money transmission regulations) and other activities. Other bodies which may have an interest in regulating or investigating companies engaged in the blockchain or cryptocurrency business include the national securities exchanges and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. As the regulatory and legal environment evolves, the Company may in its mining activities become subject to new laws, and further regulation by the SEC and other agencies. On November 16, 2018, the SEC issued a Statement on Digital Asset Securities Issuance and Trading, in which it emphasized that market participants must still adhere to the SEC’s well-established and well-functioning federal securities law framework when dealing with technological innovations, regardless of whether the securities are issued in certificated form or using new technologies, such as blockchain.

 

Blockchain and cryptocurrency regulations are in a nascent state with agencies investigating businesses and their practices, gathering information, and generally trying to understand the risks and uncertainties in order to protect investors in these businesses and in cryptocurrencies generally. Various bills have also been proposed in Congress for adoption related to our business which may be adopted and have an impact on us. The offer and sale of digital assets in initial coin offerings, which is not an activity we expect to pursue, has been a central focus of recent regulatory inquiries. On November 16, 2018 the SEC settled with two cryptocurrency startups, and reportedly has more than 100 investigations into cryptocurrency related ventures, according to a codirector of the SEC’s enforcement division (Wall Street Journal, November 17-18, 2018). An annual report by the SEC shows that digital currency scams are among the agency’s top enforcement priorities. The SEC is focused in particular on Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), which involve the sale of digital tokens related to blockchain projects. Many such projects have failed to deliver on their promises or turned out to be outright scams. In the past year, the enforcement division has opened dozens of investigations involving ICOs and digital assets, many of which were ongoing at the close of FY 2018,” the SEC states in a section of the report titled “ICOs and Digital Assets.”

 

Financial

 

For the year ended June 30, 2020, we recognized revenues totaling $454,170 from cryptocurrency operations (consisting of both mining and equipment sales transactions). For the six months ended December 31, 2020, we recognized revenues from cryptocurrency operations totaling $264,347. In the current fiscal year, we have significantly increased our investing efforts in digital currencies when funds are available and held digital currencies with a total market value of $123,980 and $82,855 as of December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, respectively.

 

At December 31, 2020, the Company owned 598 mining rigs, with a net book value of $511,512. This number is directly related to the availability of the electric power for the mining rigs, which is currently at maximum utilization capacity. For financial accounting purposes, we record our mining rigs at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value.

 

Through December 31, 2020, we purchased mining machines and funded our operations primarily with proceeds provided primarily from the issuance of convertible notes payable. During the year ended June 30, 2020, we received net proceeds from convertible notes payable totaling $534,000.

 

 
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Additional Capital Requirements

 

To continue to operate, complete and successfully operate our digital currency mining facilities and to fund future operations, we may need to raise additional capital for expansion or other expenses of operations. The amount and timing of future funding requirements will depend on many factors, including the timing and results of our ongoing mining operations, and potential new development and administrative support expenses. We anticipate that we will seek to fund our operations through our cryptocurrency mining operations, further liquidation of our marketable securities, public or private equity or debt financings or other sources, such as potential collaboration agreements. If additional financing is required, we cannot be certain that it will be available to us on favorable terms, or at all.

 

Employees and Employment Agreements

 

At present time, we have one full time employee, Steve Rubakh, our sole officer and director, who devotes 100% of his time to our operations. In addition, we rely on a group of subcontractors to build, install, manage, monitor and service our mining equipment. We presently do not have pension, health, annuity, insurance, stock options, profit sharing or similar benefit plans; however, we may adopt such plans in the future. There are presently no personal benefits available to any officers, directors or employees; however, we at times do reimburse Mr. Rubakh for certain health insurance and medical costs.

 

Property

 

Our corporate offices are located at 73 Buck Road, Suite 2, Huntingdon Valley, Pennsylvania 19006. Our telephone number is (215) 613-1111. We occupy 450 sq ft facility, at no cost to the Company. On May 8, 2019, the Company had consolidated all of its mining operations in Carthage, New York, by signing a three-year power supply and purchase agreement with PetaWatt Properties, LLC. We believe that our offices and data center facility are suitable and adequate and that we have sufficient capacity to meet our current and future needs.

 

Recent Developments

 

On January 14, 2021, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “January Series C Agreement”) with BHP Capital NY, Inc. (“BHP”), providing for the issuance and sale by the Company and the purchase by BHP of newly designated shares of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock issued by the Company. Under the January Series C Agreement, the purchase price per share of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock is $1,000. The first closing under the Series C Agreement was held on January 22, 2021, at which the Company sold, and BHP purchased, 750 shares of Series C Preferred Stock for $750,000. The Company received net proceeds of $740,000 after payment of legal fees. The Company also on that date issued 2,000,000 shares of its common stock to BHP as equity incentive shares.

  

Pursuant to a second Securities Purchase Agreement effective February 5, 2021, BHP purchased a second tranche consisting of 375,000 shares of Series C Preferred Stock for $375,000. As an equity incentive to this purchase of Series C Preferred Stock, 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were issued to BHP.

  

On February 18, 2021, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement, (the “Series D Agreement”) with BHP Capital NY, Inc., providing for the issuance and sale by the Company and the purchase by such purchaser of 3,000 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series D Preferred Stock”) and a warrant to purchase common stock for a purchase price of $3,000,000, with the ability to purchase another 1,000 shares of Series D Preferred Stock on the same terms exercisable at $0.60 per share.

 

Using the proceeds from the Series C Agreements and the Series D Agreement, as well as amounts from operating cash flows, we purchased an additional 697 mining rigs for an aggregate purchase price of $2,910,964.

  

On March 8, 2021, we entered into a Master Agreement with Compute North LLC (“Compute North”) pursuant to which Compute North will provide collocation and hosting services in data centers located in Nebraska and Texas, including rack space, electrical power, utilities and physical security. Compute North will also provide managed services for the mining equipment. The monthly fees and term of the services will be determined based on the number of mining rigs placed into service and total power consumed.

  

Available Information

 

All reports of the Company filed with the SEC are available free of charge through the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. In addition, the public may read and copy materials filed by the Company at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. The public may also obtain additional information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the Commission at 1-800-SEC-0330.

 

 
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RISK FACTORS

 

Investment in any securities offered pursuant to this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement involves risks. You should carefully consider the risk factors incorporated by reference to our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q or Current Reports on Form 8-K we file after the date of this prospectus, and all other information contained or incorporated by reference into this prospectus, as updated by our subsequent filings under the Exchange Act, and the risk factors and other information contained in the applicable prospectus supplement before acquiring any of such securities. The occurrence of any of these risks might cause you to lose all or part of your investment in the offered securities.

 

Risks Concerning our Business

 

BECAUSE WE ARE AN EARLY-STAGE - COMPANY WITH MINIMAL REVENUE AND A HISTORY OF LOSSES AND WE EXPECT TO CONTINUE TO INCUR SUBSTANTIAL LOSSES FOR THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE, WE CANNOT ASSURE YOU THAT WE CAN OR WILL BE ABLE TO OPERATE PROFITABLY.

 

We have incurred losses since our organization, and are subject to the risks common to start-up, pre-revenue enterprises, including, among other factors, undercapitalization, cash shortages, limitations with respect to personnel, financial and other resources and lack of revenues. We cannot assure you that we will be able to operate profitably or generate positive cash flow. If we cannot achieve profitability, we may be forced to cease operations and you may suffer a total loss of your investment.

 

AN INVESTMENT IN THE COMPANY MUST BE CONSIDERED SPECULATIVE SINCE OUR OPERATIONS ARE DEPENDENT ON THE MARKET VALUE OF BITCOIN.

 

Our operations are dependent on the continued viable market performance of cryptocurrencies that we market and, in particular, the market value of Bitcoin. The decision to pursue blockchain and digital currency businesses exposes the Company to risks associated with a new and untested strategic direction. Under the current accounting rules, cryptocurrency is not cash, currency or a financial asset, but an indefinite-lived intangible asset; declines in the market price of cryptocurrencies would be included in earnings, whereas increases in value beyond the original cost or recoveries of previous declines in value would not be captured. The prices of digital currencies have varied wildly in recent periods and reflects “bubble” type volatility, meaning that high prices may have little or no merit, may be subject to rapidly changing investor sentiment, and may be influenced by factors such as technology, regulatory void or changes, fraudulent actors, manipulation and media reporting.

 

WE DEPEND HEAVILY ON OUR CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, AND HIS DEPARTURE COULD HARM OUR BUSINESS.

 

The expertise and efforts of Steve Rubakh, our Chief Executive Officer, are critical to the success of our business. The loss of Mr. Rubakh’s services could significantly undermine our management expertise and our ability to operate our Company.

 

OUR AUDITORS’ REPORT INCLUDES A GOING CONCERN PARAGRAPH.

 

Our financial statements include a going-concern qualification from our auditors, which expresses doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. We have operated at a loss since inception. Our ability to operate profitably is dependent upon, among other things, obtaining additional financing for our operations. These factors, among others, raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that take into consideration the uncertainty of our ability to continue operations.

 

Risks Relating Generally to Our Operations and Technology

 

CURRENTLY, THERE IS RELATIVELY LIMITED USE OF BITCOIN IN THE RETAIL AND COMMERCIAL MARKETPLACE IN COMPARISON TO RELATIVELY LARGE USE BY SPECULATORS, THUS CONTRIBUTING TO PRICE VOLATILITY THAT COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT OUR RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

Bitcoin has only recently become accepted as a means of payment for goods and services by certain major retail and commercial outlets and use of Bitcoin by consumers to pay such retail and commercial outlets remains limited. Conversely, a significant portion of Bitcoin demand is generated by speculators and investors seeking to profit from the short- or long-term holding of Bitcoin. Many industry commentators believe that Bitcoin’s best use case is as a store of wealth, rather than as a currency for transactions, and that other cryptocurrencies having better scalability and faster settlement times will better serve as currency. This could limit Bitcoin’s acceptance as transactional currency. A lack of expansion by Bitcoin into retail and commercial markets, or a contraction of such use, may result in increased volatility or a reduction in the Bitcoin Index Price, either of which could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

 
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WE ARE RELIANT ON POOLS OF USERS OR MINERS THAT ARE THE SOLE OUTLET FOR SALES OF CRYPTOCURRENCIES THAT WE MINE.

 

We do not have the ability to sell our cryptocurrency production directly on the exchanges or markets that are currently where cryptocurrencies are purchased and traded. Pools are operated to pool the production on a daily basis of companies mining cryptocurrencies, and these pools are our sole means of selling our production of cryptocurrencies. Absent access to such pools, we would be forced to seek a different method of access to the cryptocurrency markets. There is no assurance that we could arrange any alternate access to dispose of our mining production.

 

WE MAY NOT BE ABLE TO RESPOND QUICKLY ENOUGH TO CHANGES IN TECHNOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGICAL RISKS, AND TO DEVELOP OUR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INTO COMMERCIALLY VIABLE PRODUCTS.

 

Changes in legislative, regulatory or industry requirements or in competitive technologies may render certain of our planned products obsolete or less attractive. Our mining equipment may become obsolete, and our ability to anticipate changes in technology and regulatory standards and to successfully develop and introduce new and enhanced products on a timely basis will be a significant factor in our ability to remain competitive. We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to achieve the technological advances that may be necessary for us to remain competitive or that certain of our products will not become obsolete.

 

WE ARE INCREASINGLY DEPENDENT ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS AND INFRASTRUCTURE (CYBER SECURITY).

 

Our operations are potentially vulnerable to breakdown or other interruption by fire, power loss, system malfunction, unauthorized access and other events such as computer hackings, cyber-attacks, computer viruses, worms or other destructive or disruptive software. Likewise, data privacy breaches by persons with permitted access to our systems may pose a risk that sensitive data may be exposed to unauthorized persons or to the public. It is critical that our systems provide a continued and uninterrupted performance for our business to generate revenues. There can be no assurance that our efforts will prevent significant breakdowns, breaches in our systems or other cyber incidents that could have a material adverse effect upon our business, operations or financial condition of the Company.

 

IF WE ARE UNABLE TO ATTRACT, TRAIN AND RETAIN TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL PERSONNEL, OUR BUSINESS MAY BE MATERIALLY AND ADVERSELY AFFECTED.

 

Our future success depends, to a significant extent, on our ability to attract, train and retain key management, technical, regulatory and financial personnel. Recruiting and retaining capable personnel with experience in pharmaceutical products is vital to our success. There is substantial competition for qualified personnel, and competition is likely to increase. We cannot assure you we will be able to attract or retain the technical and financial personnel we require. If we are unable to attract and retain qualified employees, our business may be materially and adversely affected.

 

THE SEC IS CONTINUING ITS PROBES INTO PUBLIC COMPANIES THAT APPEAR TO INCORPORATE AND SEEK TO CAPITALIZE ON THE BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY, AND MAY INCREASE THOSE EFFORTS WITH NOVEL REGULATORY REGIMES AND DETERMINE TO ISSUE ADDITIONAL REGULATIONS APPLICABLE TO THE CONDUCT OF OUR BUSINESS OR BROADENING DISCLOSURES IN OUR FILINGS UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

As the SEC stated previously, it is continuing to scrutinize and commence enforcement actions against companies, advisors and investors involved in the offering of cryptocurrencies and related activities. At least one Federal Court has held that cryptocurrencies are “securities” for certain purposes under the Federal Securities Laws.

 

 
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According to a recent report published by Lex Machina, securities litigation in general and those that are related to blockchain, cryptocurrency or bitcoin specifically, showed a marked increase during the first two quarters of 2018 as compared to 2017. The total number of securities cases that referenced “blockchain,” “cryptocurrency” or “bitcoin” in the pleadings tripled in the first half of 2018 alone compared to 2017.On the same day, the SEC announced its first charge against unregistered broker-dealers for selling digital tokens after the SEC issued The DAO Report in 2017. The SEC charged TokenLot LLC (TokenLot), a self-described “ICO Superstore”, and its owners, Lenny Kugel and Eli L. Lewitt, with failing to register as broker-dealers. On November 16, 2018 the SEC settled with two cryptocurrency startups, and reportedly has more than 100 investigations into cryptocurrency related ventures, according to a codirector of the SEC’s enforcement. As the regulatory and legal environment evolves, the Company may in its mining activities become subject to new laws, and further regulation by the SEC and other federal and state agencies.

 

Recently, the SEC on February 11, 2020, filed charges against an Ohio-based businessman who allegedly orchestrated a digital asset scheme that defrauded approximately 150 investors, including many physicians. The agency alleges that Michael W. Ackerman, along with two business partners, raised at least $33 million by claiming to investors that he had developed a proprietary algorithm that allowed him to generate extraordinary profits while trading in cryptocurrencies. The SEC’s complaint alleges that Ackerman misled investors about the performance of his digital currency trading, his use of investor funds, and the safety of investor funds in the Q3 trading account. The complaint further alleges that Ackerman doctored computer screenshots taken of Q3’s trading account to create. In reality, as alleged, at no time did Q3’s trading account hold more than $6 million and Ackerman was personally enriching himself by using $7.5 million of investor funds to purchase and renovate a house, purchase high end jewelry, multiple cars, and pay for personal security services.

 

In another recent action filed on March 16, 2020, the SEC obtained an asset freeze and other emergency relief to halt an ongoing securities fraud perpetrated by a former state senator and two others who bilked investors in and outside the U.S. and obtained an asset freeze and other emergency relief to halt an ongoing securities fraud perpetrated by a former state senator and two others who bilked investors in and outside the U.S. The SEC’s complaint alleges that Florida residents Robert Dunlap and Nicole Bowdler worked with former Washington state senator David Schmidt to market and sell a purported digital asset called the “Meta 1 Coin” in an unregistered securities offering, conducted through the Meta 1 Coin Trust. The complaint alleges that the defendants made numerous false and misleading statements to potential and actual investors, including claims that the Meta 1 Coin was backed by a $1 billion art collection or $2 billion of gold, and that an accounting firm was auditing the gold assets. The defendants also allegedly told investors that the Meta 1 Coin was risk-free, would never lose value and could return up to 224,923%. According to the complaint, the defendants never distributed the Meta 1 Coins and instead used investor funds to pay personal expenses and for other personal purposes.

 

BANKS AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS MAY NOT PROVIDE BANKING SERVICES, OR MAY CUT OFF SERVICES, TO BUSINESSES THAT PROVIDE DIGITAL CURRENCY-RELATED SERVICES OR THAT ACCEPT DIGITAL CURRENCIES AS PAYMENT, INCLUDING FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS OF INVESTORS IN OUR SECURITIES.

 

A number of companies that provide bitcoin and/or other digital currency-related services have been unable to find banks or financial institutions that are willing to provide them with bank accounts and other services. Similarly, a number of companies and individuals or businesses associated with digital currencies may have had and may continue to have their existing bank accounts closed or services discontinued with financial institutions in response to government action, particularly in China, where regulatory response to digital currencies has been particularly harsh. We also may be unable to obtain or maintain these services for our business. The difficulty that many businesses that provide bitcoin and/or derivatives on other digital currency-related services have and may continue to have in finding banks and financial institutions willing to provide them services may be decreasing the usefulness of digital currencies as a payment system and harming public perception of digital currencies, and could decrease their usefulness and harm their public perception in the future. 

 

 
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IT MAY BE ILLEGAL NOW, OR IN THE FUTURE, TO ACQUIRE, OWN, HOLD, SELL OR USE BITCOIN, ETHEREUM, OR OTHER CRYPTOCURRENCIES, PARTICIPATE IN THE BLOCKCHAIN OR UTILIZE SIMILAR DIGITAL ASSETS IN ONE OR MORE COUNTRIES, THE RULING OF WHICH COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT THE COMPANY.

 

Although currently Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other cryptocurrencies, the Blockchain and digital assets generally are not regulated or are lightly regulated in most countries, including the United States, one or more countries such as China and Russia may take regulatory actions in the future that could severely restrict the right to acquire, own, hold, sell or use these digital assets or to exchange for fiat currency. Such restrictions may adversely affect the Company. Such circumstances could have a material adverse effect on the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern or to pursue this segment at all, which could have a material adverse effect on the business, prospects or operations of the Company and potentially the value of any cryptocurrencies the Company holds or expects to acquire for its own account and harm investors.

 

If regulatory changes or interpretations require the regulation of Bitcoin or other digital assets under the securities laws of the United States or elsewhere, including the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) and the Investment Company Act of 1940 or similar laws of other jurisdictions and interpretations by the SEC, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”), the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”), Department of Treasury or other agencies or authorities, the Company may be required to register and comply with such regulations, including at a state or local level. To the extent that the Company decides to continue operations, the required registrations and regulatory compliance steps may result in extraordinary expense or burdens to the Company. The Company may also decide to cease certain operations. Any disruption of the Company’s operations in response to the changed regulatory circumstances may be at a time that is disadvantageous to the Company.

 

OUR DIGITAL CURRENCIES MAY BE SUBJECT TO LOSS, THEFT OR RESTRICTION ON ACCESS.

 

There is a risk that some or all of our digital currencies could be lost or stolen. Digital currencies are stored in digital currency sites commonly referred to as “wallets” by holders of digital currencies which may be accessed to exchange a holder’s digital currency assets. Hackers or malicious actors may launch attacks to steal, compromise or secure digital currencies, such as by attacking the digital currency network source code, exchange miners, third-party platforms, cold and hot storage locations or software, or by other means. We may be in control and possession of one of the more substantial holdings of digital currency. As we increase in size, we may become a more appealing target of hackers, malware, cyber-attacks or other security threats. Any of these events may adversely affect our operations and, consequently, our investments and profitability. The loss or destruction of a private key required to access our digital wallets may be irreversible and we may be denied access for all time to our digital currency holdings or the holdings of others held in those compromised wallets. Our loss of access to our private keys or our experience of a data loss relating to our digital wallets could adversely affect our investments and assets.

 

INCORRECT OR FRAUDULENT DIGITAL CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS MAY BE IRREVERSIBLE.

 

Once a transaction has been verified and recorded in a block that is added to a blockchain, an incorrect transfer of a digital currency or a theft thereof generally will not be reversible and we may not have sufficient recourse to recover our losses from any such transfer or theft. It is possible that, through computer or human error, or through theft or criminal action, our digital currency rewards could be transferred in incorrect amounts or to unauthorized third parties, or to uncontrolled accounts. Further, at this time, there is no specifically enumerated U.S. or foreign governmental, regulatory, investigative or prosecutorial authority or mechanism through which to bring an action or complaint regarding missing or stolen digital currency. To the extent that we are unable to recover our losses from such action, error or theft, such events could have a material adverse effect on our ability to continue as a going concern or to pursue our new strategy at all, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects or operations of and potentially the value of any bitcoin or other digital currencies we mine or otherwise acquire or hold for our own account.

 

WE ARE SUBJECT TO RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH OUR NEED FOR SIGNIFICANT ELECTRICAL POWER. GOVERNMENT REGULATORS MAY POTENTIALLY RESTRICT THE ABILITY OF ELECTRICITY SUPPLIERS TO PROVIDE ELECTRICITY TO MINING OPERATIONS, SUCH AS OURS.

 

The operation of a bitcoin or other digital currency mine can require massive amounts of electrical power. We are reliant on PetaWatt Properties, LLC, located in Carthage, NY for the power supply for our mining operations. Our mining operations can only be successful and ultimately profitable if the costs, including electrical power costs, associated with mining a bitcoin are lower than the price of a bitcoin. As a result, any mine we establish can only be successful if we can obtain sufficient electrical power for that mine on a cost-effective basis with a reliable supplier, and our establishment of new mines requires us to find locations where that is the case. There may be significant competition for suitable mine locations, and government regulators may potentially restrict the ability of electricity suppliers to provide electricity to mining operations in times of electricity shortage, or may otherwise potentially restrict or prohibit the provision or electricity to mining operations. If we are unable to receive adequate power supply and are forced to reduce our operations due to the availability or cost of electrical power, our business would experience materially negative impacts.

 

 
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WE HAVE INCREASED OUR INVESTMENTS IN CRYPTOCURRENCIES, THE MARKET VALUE OF WHICH MAY BE SUBJECT TO SIGNIFICANT FLUCTUATIONS

 

When funds are available and market conditions allow, current strategy is to invest in certain denominations of cryptocurrencies to complement our mining operations. We consider these investments similar to marketable securities where we purchase and hold the cryptocurrencies for sale. We report realized gains and losses on the sales of cryptocurrencies and mark our portfolio of cryptocurrencies to market at the end of each quarterly reporting period, reporting unrealized gains or losses on the investments. The market value of these investments may fluctuate materially, and we may be subject to investment losses on the change in market value.

 

Risks related to the coronavirus pandemic

 

THE FUTURE IMPACT OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON COMPANIES IS EVOLVING AND WE ARE CURRENTLY UNABLE TO ASSESS WITH CERTAINTY THE BROAD EFFECTS OF COVID-19 ON OUR BUSINESS.

 

The future impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the companies in the financial markets is evolving and we are currently unable to assess with certainty the broad effects of Covid-19 on our business, particularly on the digital currency markets. As of June 30, 2020, our investment in property and equipment of $453,342 could be subject to impairment or change in valuation due to Covid-19 if our cryptocurrency mining revenues significantly decrease or we are not able to raise capital sufficient to fund our operations. In addition, current travel restrictions and social distancing requirements make it difficult for our management to access and oversee our operations in the State of New York.

 

As of June 30, 2020, the reported values of the Company’s material convertible debt and derivative liabilities are based on multiple factors, including the market price of our stock, interest rates, our stock price volatility, variable conversion prices based on market prices as defined in the respective agreements and probabilities of certain outcomes based on management projections. We believe these inputs will be subject to even more significant changes due to the impact on capital markets of Covid-19, and the future estimated fair value of these liabilities may fluctuate materially from period to period.

 

The Covid-19 pandemic continues to have a material negative impact on capital markets, including the market prices of digital currencies. While we continue to incur operating losses, we are currently dependent on debt or equity financing to fund our operations and execute our business plan, including ongoing requirements to replace old and nonprofitable mining machines. We believe that the impact on capital markets of Covid-19 may make it more costly and more difficult for us to access these sources of funding.

 

Our business can potentially be impacted by the effects of the COVID-19 as follows: (1) effect our financial condition, operating results and reduce cash flows; (2) cause disruption to the activities of equipment suppliers; (3) negatively affect the Company’s mining activities due to imposition of related public health measures and travel and business restrictions; (4) create disruptions to our core operations in New York due to quarantines and self-isolations; (5) restrict the Company’s ability and that of its employees to access facilities and perform equipment maintenance, repairs, and programming which will lead to inability to monitor and service miners, resulting in reduced ability to mine cryptocurrencies due to miners being offline.

 

In addition, our partners such as manufacturers, suppliers and sub-contractors will be disrupted by absenteeism, quarantines and travel restrictions resulting in their employees’ ability to work. The Company’s supply chain, shipments of parts and purchases of new products may be negatively affected. Such disruptions could have a material adverse effect on our operations.

 

 
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THE CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC IS A CONTINUING SERIOUS THREAT TO HEALTH AND ECONCOMIC WELLBEING AFFECTING OUR EMPLOYEES, INVESTORS AND OUR SOURCES OF SUPPLY.

 

The sweeping nature of the novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic makes it extremely difficult to predict how the Company’s business and operations will be affected in the long run. However, the likely overall economic impact of the pandemic is viewed as highly negative to the general economy. To date, we have not been classified as an essential business in the New York, and we may in the future not be allowed to access our mining facilities. The duration of such impact cannot be predicted.

 

Risks Related to our Securities

 

OUR LACK OF INTERNAL CONTROLS OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING MAY AFFECT THE MARKET FOR AND PRICE OF OUR COMMON STOCK.

 

Pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, we are required to file a report by our management on our internal control over financial reporting. Our disclosure controls and our internal controls over financial reporting are not effective. We do not have the financial resources or personnel to develop or implement systems that would provide us with the necessary information on a timely basis so as to be able to implement financial controls. The absence of internal controls over financial reporting may inhibit investors from purchasing our stock and may make it more difficult for us to raise capital or borrow money. Implementing any appropriate changes to our internal controls may require specific compliance training of our directors and employees, entail substantial costs in order to modify our existing accounting systems, take a significant period of time to complete and divert management’s attention from other business concerns. These changes may not, however, be effective in developing or maintaining internal control.

 

OUR COMMON STOCK IS DEEMED TO BE “PENNY STOCK,” WHICH MAY MAKE IT MORE DIFFICULT FOR INVESTORS TO SELL THEIR SHARES DUE TO DISCLOSURE AND SUITABILITY REQUIREMENTS.

 

Our common stock is deemed to be “penny stock” as that term is defined in Rule 3a51-1 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These requirements may reduce the potential market for our common stock by reducing the number of potential investors. This may make it more difficult for investors in our common stock to sell shares to third parties or to otherwise dispose of them. This could cause our stock price to decline. Penny stocks are stock:

 

 

·

With a price of less than $5.00 per share;

 

 

 

 

·

That are not traded on a “recognized” national exchange;

 

 

 

 

·

Whose prices are not quoted on the NASDAQ automated quotation system (NASDAQ listed stock must still have a price of not less than $5.00 per share); or

 

 

 

 

·

In issuers with net tangible assets less than $2.0 million (if the issuer has been in continuous operation for at least three years) or $10.0 million (if in continuous operation for less than three years), or with average revenues of less than $6.0 million.

 

Broker-dealers dealing in penny stocks are required to provide potential investors with a document disclosing the risks of penny stocks. Moreover, broker-dealers are required to determine whether an investment in a penny stock is a suitable investment for a prospective investor. Many brokers have decided not to trade “penny stocks” because of the requirements of the penny stock rules and, as a result, the number of broker-dealers willing to act as market makers in such securities is limited. In the event that we remain subject to the “penny stock rules” for any significant period, there may develop an adverse impact on the market, if any, for our securities.

 

 
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FINRA SALES PRACTICE REQUIREMENTS MAY LIMIT A STOCKHOLDER’S ABILITY TO BUY AND SELL OUR STOCK.

 

The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (referred to as FINRA) has adopted rules requiring that, in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative or low-priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA has indicated its belief that there is a high probability that speculative or low-priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. If these FINRA requirements are applicable to us or our securities, they may make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that at least some of their customers buy our common stock, which may limit the ability of our stockholders to buy and sell our common stock and could have an adverse effect on the market for and price of our common stock.

   

THE MARKET PRICE FOR OUR COMMON STOCK MAY BE VOLATILE AND YOUR INVESTMENT IN OUR COMMON STOCK COULD SUFFER A DECLINE IN VALUE.

 

The trading volume in our stock is low, which may result in volatility in our stock price. As a result, any reported prices may not reflect the price at which you would be able to sell shares of common stock if you want to sell any shares you own or buy if you wish to buy shares. Further, stocks with a low trading volume may be more subject to manipulation than a stock that has a significant public float and is actively traded. The price of our stock may fluctuate significantly in response to a number of factors, many of which are beyond our control. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following, in addition to the risks described above and general market and economic conditions:

 

 

the market’s reaction to our financial condition and its perception of our ability to raise necessary funding or enter into a joint venture, given the economic environment resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as its perception of the possible terms of any financing or joint venture;

 

 

the market’s perception as to our ability to generate positive cash flow or earnings;

 

 

changes in our or any securities analysts’ estimate of our financial performance;

 

 

the anticipated or actual results of our operations;

 

 

changes in market valuations of digital currencies and other companies in our industry;

 

 

concern that our internal controls are ineffective;

 

 

actions by third parties to either sell or purchase stock in quantities which would have a significant effect on our stock price; and

 

 

other factors not within our control.

 

RAISING FUNDS BY ISSUING EQUITY OR CONVERTIBLE DEBT SECURITIES COULD DILUTE THE NET TANGIBLE BOOK VALUE OF THE COMMON STOCK AND IMPOSE RESTRICTIONS ON OUR WORKING CAPITAL.

 

We anticipate that we will require funds in addition to the net proceeds from this offering for our business.

 

We will need to raise additional capital, we may in the future offer additional shares of our common stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock at prices that may not which is less than the market price and which may be based on a discount from market at the time of issuance. Stockholders will incur dilution upon exercise of any outstanding stock options, warrants or upon the issuance of shares of common stock under our present and future stock incentive programs. If we were to raise capital by issuing equity securities, either alone or in connection with a non-equity financing, the net tangible book value of the then outstanding common stock could decline. If the additional equity securities were issued at a per share price less than the market price, which is customary in the private placement of equity securities, the holders of the outstanding shares would suffer dilution, which could be significant. Further, if we are able to raise funds from the sale of debt securities, the lenders may impose restrictions on our operations and may impair our working capital as we service any such debt obligations. In addition, the sale of shares and any future sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales may occur, could adversely affect the price of our common stock. We cannot predict the effect, if any, that market sales of those shares of common stock or the availability of those shares of common stock for sale will have on the market price of our common stock. 

 

 
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WE MAY ISSUE PREFERRED STOCK WHOSE TERMS COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT THE VOTING POWER OR VALUE OF OUR COMMON STOCK.

 

Our articles of incorporation authorize us to issue, without the approval of our stockholders, one or more classes or series of preferred stock having such designations, preferences, limitations and relative rights, including preferences over our common stock respecting dividends and distributions, as our board of directors may determine. We have outstanding shares of our Series A super-voting preferred stock and Series B convertible preferred stock, the terms of which adversely impact the voting power or value of our common stock. Similarly, the repurchase or redemption rights or liquidation preferences included in a series of preferred stock issued in the future might provide to holders of preferred stock rights that could affect the residual value of the common stock.

 

BECAUSE CERTAIN EXISTING STOCKHOLDERS OWN A LARGE PERCENTAGE OF OUR VOTING STOCK, OTHER STOCKHOLDERS’ VOTING POWER MAY BE LIMITED.

 

Steve Rubakh, our Chief Executive Officer, owns and/or controls a majority of the voting power of our common stock. As a result, Mr. Rubakh will have the ability to control all matters submitted to our stockholders for approval, including the election and removal of directors and the approval of any merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets. This stockholder, who is also our sole director, may make decisions that are averse to or in conflict with your interests. See our discussion under the caption “Principal Stockholders” for more information about ownership of our outstanding shares.

 

WE DO NOT HAVE A MAJORITY OF INDEPENDENT DIRECTORS ON OUR BOARD AND THE COMPANY HAS NOT VOLUNTARILY IMPLEMENTED VARIOUS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE MEASURES, IN THE ABSENCE OF WHICH STOCKHOLDERS MAY HAVE MORE LIMITED PROTECTIONS AGAINST INTERESTED DIRECTOR TRANSACTIONS, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST AND SIMILAR MATTERS.

 

Federal legislation, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, has resulted in the adoption of various corporate governance measures designed to promote the integrity of the corporate management and the securities markets. Some of these measures have been adopted in response to legal requirements. Others have been adopted by companies in response to the requirements of national securities exchanges, such as the NYSE or the NASDAQ Stock Market, on which their securities are listed. Among the corporate governance measures that are required under the rules of national securities exchanges are those that address board of directors’ independence, audit committee oversight, and the adoption of a code of ethics. We have not yet adopted any of these other corporate governance measures and since our securities are not yet listed on a national securities exchange, we are not required to do so. If we expand our board membership in future periods to include additional independent directors, we may seek to establish an audit and other committee of our board of directors. It is possible that if our Board of Directors included a number of independent directors and if we were to adopt some or all of these corporate governance measures requiring expansion of our board of directors, stockholders would benefit from somewhat greater assurance that internal corporate decisions were being made by disinterested directors. In evaluating our Company, our current lack of corporate governance measures should be borne in mind.

 

OUR SHARE PRICE IS VOLATILE AND MAY BE INFLUENCED BY NUMEROUS FACTORS THAT ARE BEYOND OUR CONTROL.

 

Market prices for shares of technology companies such as ours are often volatile. The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly in response to a number of factors, most of which we cannot control, including:

 

 

fluctuations in digital currency and stock market prices and trading volumes of similar companies;

 

 

 

 

general market conditions and overall fluctuations in U.S. equity markets; 

 

 

 

 

sales of large blocks of our common stock, including sales by our executive officers, directors and significant stockholders; 

 

 

 

 

discussion of us or our stock price by the press and by online investor communities; and 

 

 

 

 

other risks and uncertainties described in these risk factors.

 

 
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WE HAVE NO CURRENT PLANS TO PAY DIVIDENDS ON OUR COMMON STOCK AND INVESTORS MUST LOOK SOLELY TO STOCK APPRECIATION FOR A RETURN ON THEIR INVESTMENT IN US.

 

We do not anticipate paying any further cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We currently intend to retain all future earnings to fund the development and growth of our business. Any payment of future dividends will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on, among other things, our earnings, financial condition, capital requirements, level of indebtedness, statutory and contractual restrictions applying to the payment of dividends and other considerations that the board of directors deems relevant. Investors may need to rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize a return on their investment. Investors seeking cash dividends should not purchase our common stock.

 

SPECIAL NOTICE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This prospectus contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, principally in the sections entitled “Risk Factors.” All statements other than statements of historical fact contained in this prospectus, including statements regarding future events, our future financial performance, business strategy and plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. We have attempted to identify forward-looking statements by terminology including “anticipates,” “believes,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “should,” or “will” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. Although we do not make forward looking statements unless we believe we have a reasonable basis for doing so, we cannot guarantee their accuracy. These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the risks outlined under “Risk Factors” or elsewhere in this prospectus, which may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.

 

Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by which, that performance or those results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time they are made and/or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from what is expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements.

 

Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information, except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements.

 

USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of the securities as set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

 
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DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

 

The following description of our capital stock is not complete and may not contain all the information you should consider before investing in our capital stock. This description is summarized from, and qualified in its entirety by reference to, our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws, which have been publicly filed with the SEC. See “Where You Can Find More Information; Incorporation by Reference.”

 

Our authorized capital stock consists of 250,000,000 shares of common stock, par value of $0.001 per share, and 1,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, par value of $0.001 per share, 500,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock, par value of $0.001 per share, 3,000 shares of Series C Preferred Stock, par value of $0.001, and 4,000 shares of Series D Preferred Stock, par value of $0.001. As of March 10, 2021, there were 159,685,962 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding held by approximately 18 holders of record.

 

Common Stock

 

Each share of our common stock entitles its holder to one vote in the election of each director and on all other matters voted on generally by our stockholders. No share of our common stock affords any cumulative voting rights. This means that the holders of a majority of the voting power of the shares voting for the election of directors can elect all directors to be elected if they choose to do so.

 

Holders of our common stock will be entitled to dividends in such amounts and at such times as our Board of Directors in its discretion may declare out of funds legally available for the payment of dividends. We currently do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on the common stock in the foreseeable future. Any future dividends will be paid at the discretion of our Board of Directors after taking into account various factors, including:

 

 

general business conditions;

 

 

 

 

industry practice;

 

 

 

 

our financial condition and performance;

 

 

 

 

our future prospects;

 

 

 

 

our cash needs and capital investment plans;

 

 

 

 

our obligations to holders of any preferred stock we may issue;

 

 

 

 

income tax consequences; and

 

 

 

 

the restrictions Nevada and other applicable laws and our credit arrangements may impose, from time to time.

 

If we liquidate or dissolve our business, the holders of our common stock will share ratably in all our assets that are available for distribution to our stockholders after our creditors are paid in full and the holders of all series of our outstanding preferred stock, if any, receive their liquidation preferences in full.

 

Our common stock has no preemptive rights and is not convertible or redeemable or entitled to the benefits of any sinking or repurchase fund.

 

Preferred Stock

 

The Company has 1,000,000 authorized shares of Series A Preferred Stock par value $0.001 per share. As of March 10, 2021, 500,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock are outstanding. The Company has 1,000,000 authorized shares of Series B Preferred Stock par value $0.001 per share. As of March 10, 2021, 727,370 shares of Series B Preferred Stock are outstanding. The Company has 3,000 authorized shares of Series C Preferred Stock par value $0.001 per share. As of March 10, 2021, 1,125 shares of Series C Preferred Stock are outstanding. The Company has 4,000 authorized shares of Series D Preferred Stock par value $0.001 per share. As of March 10, 2021, 3,000 shares of Series D Preferred Stock are outstanding.

 

 
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Our Board has the authority, within the limitations and restrictions in our certificate of incorporation, to issue shares of preferred stock in one or more series and to fix the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions thereof, including dividend rights, dividend rates, conversion rights, voting rights, terms of redemption, redemption prices, liquidation preferences and the number of shares constituting any series or the designation of any series, without further vote or action by the stockholders. The issuance of shares of preferred stock may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in our control without further action by the stockholders. The issuance of shares of preferred stock with voting and conversion rights may adversely affect the voting power of the holders of our common stock. In some circumstances, this issuance could have the effect of decreasing the market price of our common stock.

 

Undesignated preferred stock may enable our Board to render more difficult or to discourage an attempt to obtain control of the Company by means of a tender offer, proxy contest, merger or otherwise, and thereby to protect the continuity of our management. The issuance of shares of preferred stock may adversely affect the rights of our common stockholders. For example, any shares of preferred stock issued may rank senior to the common stock as to dividend rights, liquidation preference or both, may have full or limited voting rights and may be convertible into shares of common stock. As a result, the issuance of shares of preferred stock, or the issuance of rights to purchase shares of preferred stock, may discourage an unsolicited acquisition proposal or bids for our common stock or may otherwise adversely affect the market price of our common stock or any existing preferred stock.

 

The Company designated up to 3,000 authorized shares of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series C Preferred Stock”) Each share of Series C Preferred Stock has a par value of $0.001 per share and a stated value of $1,100 per share (the “Stated Value”). The shares of Series C Preferred Stock are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at a conversion price per share equal to $0.068 per share (the “Conversion Price”). The holders of the Series C Preferred Stock shall have the right to vote together with holders of Common Stock, on an as “converted basis”, on any matter that the Company’s shareholders may be entitled to vote on, either by written consent or by proxy. Upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, the holders of the Series C Preferred Stock are entitled to receive out of the assets of the Company, whether such assets are capital or surplus, for each share of Series C Preferred Stock an amount equal to the Stated Value per share for each share of Series C Preferred Stock held, and all other amounts in respect thereof then due and payable prior to any distribution or payment shall be made to the holders of any junior securities. The Company is required to reserve for conversions 250% of the number of shares of common stock into which the Series C Preferred Stock is initially convertible. If the Company fails to deliver conversion shares, it is subject to penalties under the Certificate of Designation.

 

The Company designated up to 4,000 authorized shares of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series D Preferred Stock”) Each share of Series D Preferred Stock has a par value of $0.001 per share and a stated value of $1,100 per share (the “Stated Value”). The shares of Series D Preferred Stock are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $.001 per share (“common stock” or “Common Stock”), at a conversion price per share equal to $0.30 per share (the “Conversion Price”). Upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, the holders of the Series D Preferred Stock are entitled to receive out of the assets of the Company, whether such assets are capital or surplus, for each share of Series D Preferred Stock an amount equal to the Stated Value per share for each share of Series D Preferred Stock held, and all other amounts in respect thereof then due and payable prior to any distribution or payment shall be made to the holders of any junior securities. The Company is required to reserve for conversions 250% of the number of shares of common stock into which the Series D Preferred Stock is initially convertible. If the Company fails to deliver conversion shares, it is subject to penalties under the Certificate of Designation.

  

Options and Warrants

 

As of March 4, 2021, there are no outstanding options to purchase our securities.

 

Nevada Anti-Takeover Law and Certain Charter and Bylaw Provisions

 

We are a Nevada corporation and the anti-takeover provisions of the Nevada Revised Statutes may discourage, delay or prevent a change in control by prohibiting us from engaging in a business combination with an interested stockholder for a period of three years after the person becomes an interested stockholder, even if a change in control would be beneficial to our existing stockholders. In addition, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a change in our management or control over us that stockholders may consider favorable. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws:

 

 
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authorize the issuance of “blank check” preferred stock that could be issued by our board of directors to thwart a takeover attempt;

 

 

 

 

provide that vacancies on our board of directors, including newly created directorships, may be filled by a majority vote of directors then in office;

 

 

 

 

place restrictive requirements (including advance notification of stockholder nominations and proposals) on how special meetings of stockholders may be called by our stockholders; do not provide stockholders with the ability to cumulate their votes; and

 

 

 

 

provide that our board of directors or a majority of our stockholders may amend our bylaws.

   

OTCQB Quotation

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTCQB under the symbol “INTV”.

 

Transfer Agent

 

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Worldwide Stock Transfer, LLC (“WST”). The principal office of WST is located at 1 University Plaza, Suite 505, Hackensack, NJ 07601, and its telephone number is (201) 820-2008.

 

DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES

 

General

 

The debt securities that we may offer by this prospectus consist of notes, debentures, or other evidences of indebtedness. The debt securities may constitute either senior or subordinated debt securities, and in either case may be either secured or unsecured. Any debt securities that we offer and sell will be our direct obligations. Debt securities may be issued in one or more series. All debt securities of any one series need not be issued at the same time, and unless otherwise provided, a series of debt securities may be reopened, with the required consent of the holders of outstanding debt securities, for issuance of additional debt securities of that series or to establish additional terms of that series of debt securities (with such additional terms applicable only to unissued or additional debt securities of that series). The form of indenture has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and is subject to any amendments or supplements that we may enter into with the trustee(s), however, we may issue debt securities not subject to the indenture provided such terms of debt securities are not otherwise required to be set forth in the indenture. The material terms of the indenture are summarized below and we refer you to the indenture for a detailed description of these material terms. Additional or different provisions that are applicable to a particular series of debt securities will, if material, be described in a prospectus supplement relating to the offering of debt securities of that series. These provisions may include, among other things and to the extent applicable, the following:

 

 

the title of the debt securities, including, as applicable, whether the debt securities will be issued as senior debt securities, senior subordinated debt securities or subordinated debt securities, any subordination provisions particular to the series of debt securities;

 

any limit on the aggregate principal amount of the debt securities;

 

whether the debt securities are senior debt securities or subordinated debt securities and applicable subordination provisions, if any;

 

whether the debt securities will be secured or unsecured;

 

if other than 100% of the aggregate principal amount, the percentage of the aggregate principal amount at which we will sell the debt securities, such as an original issuance discount;

  

 
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the date or dates, whether fixed or extendable, on which the principal of the debt securities will be payable;

 

the rate or rates, which may be fixed or variable, at which the debt securities will bear interest, if any, the date or dates from which any such interest will accrue, the interest payment dates on which we will pay any such interest, the basis upon which interest will be calculated if other than that of a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day months, and, in the case of registered securities, the record dates for the determination of holders to whom interest is payable;

 

the place or places where the principal of and any premium or interest on the debt securities will be payable and where the debt securities may be surrendered for conversion or exchange;

 

whether we may, at our option, redeem the debt securities, and if so, the price or prices at which, the period or periods within which, and the terms and conditions upon which, we may redeem the debt securities, in whole or in part, pursuant to any sinking fund or otherwise;

 

if other than 100% of the aggregate principal amount thereof, the portion of the principal amount of the debt securities which will be payable upon declaration of acceleration of the maturity date thereof or provable in bankruptcy, or, if applicable, which is convertible or exchangeable;

 

any obligation we may have to redeem, purchase or repay the debt securities pursuant to any sinking fund or analogous provisions or at the option of a holder of debt securities, and the price or prices at which, the currency in which and the period or periods within which, and the terms and conditions upon which, the debt securities will be redeemed, purchased or repaid, in whole or in part, pursuant to any such obligation, and any provision for the remarketing of the debt securities;

 

the issuance of debt securities as registered securities or unregistered securities or both, and the rights of the holders of the debt securities to exchange unregistered securities for registered securities, or vice versa, and the circumstances under which any such exchanges, if permitted, may be made;

 

the denominations, which may be in United States Dollars or in any foreign currency, in which the debt securities will be issued, if other than denominations of $1,000 and any integral multiple thereof;

 

whether the debt securities will be issued in the form of certificated debt securities, and if so, the form of the debt securities (or forms thereof if unregistered and registered securities are issuable in that series), including the legends required by law or as we deem necessary or appropriate, the form of any coupons or temporary global security which may be issued and the forms of any other certificates which may be required under the indenture or which we may require in connection with the offering, sale, delivery or exchange of the debt securities;

 

if other than United States Dollars, the currency or currencies in which payments of principal, interest and other amounts payable with respect to the debt securities will be denominated, payable, redeemable or repurchasable, as the case may be;

 

whether the debt securities may be issuable in tranches;

 

the obligations, if any, we may have to permit the conversion or exchange of the debt securities into common stock, preferred stock or other capital stock or property, or a combination thereof, and the terms and conditions upon which such conversion or exchange will be effected (including conversion price or exchange ratio), and any limitations on the ownership or transferability of the securities or property into which the debt securities may be converted or exchanged;

 

if other than the trustee under the indenture, any trustees, authenticating or paying agents, transfer agents or registrars or any other agents with respect to the debt securities;

 

any deletions from, modifications of or additions to the events of default with respect to the debt securities or the right of the Trustee or the holders of the debt securities in connection with events of default;

 

any deletions from, modifications of or additions to the covenants with respect to the debt securities;

 

if the amount of payments of principal of, and make-whole amount, if any, and interest on the debt securities may be determined with reference to an index, the manner in which such amount will be determined;

 

whether the debt securities will be issued in whole or in part in the global form of one or more debt securities and, if so, the depositary for such debt securities, the circumstances under which any such debt security may be exchanged for debt securities registered in the name of, and under which any transfer of debt securities may be registered in the name of, any person other than such depositary or its nominee, and any other provisions regarding such debt securities;

 

whether, under what circumstances and the currency in which, we will pay additional amounts on the debt securities to any holder of the debt securities who is not a United States person in respect of any tax, assessment or governmental charge and, if so, whether we will have the option to redeem such debt securities rather than pay such additional amounts, and the terms of any such option;

 

whether the debt securities will be secured by any collateral and, if so, a general description of the collateral and the terms of any related security, pledge or other agreements;

 

the persons to whom any interest on the debt securities will be payable, if other than the registered holders thereof on the regular record date therefor; and

 

any other material terms or conditions upon which the debt securities will be issued.

 

 
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Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will issue debt securities in fully registered form without coupons and in denominations of $1,000 and in integral multiples of $1,000, and interest will be computed on the basis of a 360-day year of twelve 30-day months. If any interest payment date or the maturity date falls on a day that is not a business day, then the payment will be made on the next business day without additional interest and with the same effect as if it were made on the originally scheduled date. “Business day” means any calendar day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday in New York, New York, and on which the trustee and commercial banks are open for business in New York, New York.

 

Unless we inform you otherwise in a prospectus supplement, each series of our senior debt securities will rank equally in right of payment with all of our other unsubordinated debt. The subordinated debt securities will rank junior in right of payment and be subordinate to all of our unsubordinated debt.

 

Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, the trustee will act as paying agent and registrar for the debt securities under the indenture. We may act as paying agent under the indenture.

 

The prospectus supplement will contain a description of United States federal income tax consequences relating to the debt securities, to the extent applicable.

 

Covenants

 

The applicable prospectus supplement will describe any covenants, such as restrictive covenants restricting us or our subsidiaries, if any, from incurring, issuing, assuming or guarantying any indebtedness or restricting us or our subsidiaries, if any, from paying dividends or acquiring any of our or its capital stock.

 

Consolidation, Merger and Transfer of Assets

 

The indenture permits a consolidation or merger between us and another entity and/or the sale, conveyance or lease by us of all or substantially all of our property and assets, provided that:

 

 

the resulting or acquiring entity, if other than us, is organized and existing under the laws of a United States jurisdiction and assumes all of our responsibilities and liabilities under the indenture, including the payment of all amounts due on the debt securities and performance of the covenants in the indenture;

 

immediately after the transaction, and giving effect to the transaction, no event of default under the indenture exists; and

 

we have delivered to the trustee an officers’ certificate stating that the transaction and, if a supplemental indenture is required in connection with the transaction, the supplemental indenture comply with the indenture and that all conditions precedent to the transaction contained in the indenture have been satisfied.

 

If we consolidate or merge with or into any other entity, or sell or lease all or substantially all of our assets in compliance with the terms and conditions of the indenture, the resulting or acquiring entity will be substituted for us in the indenture and the debt securities with the same effect as if it had been an original party to the indenture and the debt securities. As a result, such successor entity may exercise our rights and powers under the indenture and the debt securities, in our name and, except in the case of a lease, we will be released from all our liabilities and obligations under the indenture and under the debt securities.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, we may transfer all of our property and assets to another entity if, immediately after giving effect to the transfer, such entity is our wholly owned subsidiary. The term “wholly owned subsidiary” means any subsidiary in which we and/or our other wholly owned subsidiaries, if any, own all of the outstanding capital stock.

 

 
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Modification and Waiver

 

Under the indenture, some of our rights and obligations and some of the rights of the holders of the debt securities may be modified or amended with the consent of the holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities affected by the modification or amendment. However, the following modifications and amendments will not be effective against any holder without its consent:

 

 

a change in the stated maturity date of any payment of principal or interest;

 

a reduction in the principal amount of or interest on any debt securities;

 

an alteration or impairment of any right to convert at the rate or upon the terms provided in the indenture;

 

a change in the currency in which any payment on the debt securities is payable;

 

an impairment of a holder’s right to sue us for the enforcement of payments due on the debt securities; or

 

a reduction in the percentage of outstanding debt securities required to consent to a modification or amendment of the indenture or required to consent to a waiver of compliance with certain provisions of the indenture or certain defaults under the indenture.

 

Under the indenture, the holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities may, on behalf of all holders of the debt securities:

 

 

waive compliance by us with certain restrictive provisions of the indenture; and

 

waive any past default under the indenture in accordance with the applicable provisions of the indenture, except a default in the payment of the principal of or interest on any series of debt securities.

 

Events of Default

 

Unless we indicate otherwise in the applicable prospectus supplement, “event of default” under the indenture will mean, with respect to any series of debt securities, any of the following:

 

 

failure to pay interest on any debt security for 30 days after the payment is due;

 

failure to pay the principal of any debt security when due, either at maturity, upon redemption, by declaration or otherwise;

 

failure on our part to observe or perform any other covenant or agreement in the indenture that applies to the debt securities for 90 days after we have received written notice of the failure to perform in the manner specified in the indenture; and

 

certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization.

 

Remedies Upon an Event of Default

 

If an event of default occurs and continues, the trustee or the holders of not less than 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of such series may declare the entire principal of all the debt securities to be due and payable immediately, except that, if the event of default is caused by certain events in bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization, the entire principal of all of the debt securities of such series will become due and payable immediately without any act on the part of the trustee or holders of the debt securities. If such a declaration occurs, the holders of a majority of the aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of such series can, subject to conditions, rescind the declaration.

 

The indenture requires us to furnish to the trustee not less often than annually, a certificate from our principal executive officer, principal financial officer or principal accounting officer, as the case may be, as to such officer’s knowledge of our compliance with all conditions and covenants under the indenture. The trustee may withhold notice to the holders of debt securities of any default, except defaults in the payment of principal of or interest on any debt securities if the trustee in good faith determines that the withholding of notice is in the best interests of the holders. For purposes of this paragraph, “default” means any event which is, or after notice or lapse of time or both would become, an event of default under the indenture.

 

 
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The trustee is not obligated to exercise any of its rights or powers under the indenture at the request, order or direction of any holders of debt securities, unless the holders offer the trustee satisfactory security or indemnity. If satisfactory security or indemnity is provided, then, subject to other rights of the trustee, the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities may direct the time, method and place of:

 

 

conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the trustee; or

 

exercising any trust or power conferred upon the trustee.

 

The holder of a debt security will have the right to begin any proceeding with respect to the indenture or for any remedy only if:

 

 

the holder has previously given the trustee written notice of a continuing event of default;

 

the holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities have made a written request of, and offered reasonable indemnity to, the trustee to begin such proceeding;

 

the trustee has not started such proceeding within 60 days after receiving the request; and

 

no direction inconsistent with such written request has been given to the trustee under the indenture.

 

However, the holder of any debt security will have an absolute right to receive payment of principal of and interest on the debt security when due and to institute suit to enforce this payment.

 

Satisfaction and Discharge; Defeasance

 

Satisfaction and Discharge of Indenture. Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, if at any time,

 

 

we have paid the principal of and interest on all the debt securities of any series, except for debt securities which have been destroyed, lost or stolen and which have been replaced or paid in accordance with the indenture, as and when the same shall have become due and payable, or

 

we have delivered to the trustee for cancellation all debt securities of any series theretofore authenticated, except for debt securities of such series which have been destroyed, lost or stolen and which have been replaced or paid as provided in the indenture, or

 

all the debt securities of such series not theretofore delivered to the trustee for cancellation have become due and payable, or are by their terms are to become due and payable within one year or are to be called for redemption within one year, and we have deposited with the trustee, in trust, sufficient money or government obligations, or a combination thereof, to pay the principal, any interest and any other sums due on the debt securities, on the dates the payments are due or become due under the indenture and the terms of the debt securities,

 

then the indenture shall cease to be of further effect with respect to the debt securities of such series, except for:

 

 

rights of registration of transfer and exchange, and our right of optional redemption;

 

substitution of mutilated, defaced, destroyed, lost or stolen debt securities;

 

rights of holders to receive payments of principal thereof and interest thereon upon the original stated due dates therefor (but not upon acceleration) and remaining rights of the holders to receive mandatory sinking fund payments, if any;

 

the rights, obligations and immunities of the trustee under the indenture; and

 

the rights of the holders of such series of debt securities as beneficiaries thereof with respect to the property so deposited with the trustee payable to all or any of them.

 

Defeasance and Covenant Defeasance. Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we may elect with respect to any debt securities of any series either:

 

 

to defease and be discharged from all of our obligations with respect to such debt securities (“defeasance”), with certain exceptions described below; or

 

to be released from our obligations with respect to such debt securities under such covenants as may be specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, and any omission to comply with those obligations will not constitute a default or an event of default with respect to such debt securities (“covenant defeasance”).

 

 
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We must comply with the following conditions before the defeasance or covenant defeasance can be effected:

 

 

we must irrevocably deposit with the indenture trustee or other qualifying trustee, under the terms of an irrevocable trust agreement in form and substance satisfactory to the trustee, trust funds in trust solely for the benefit of the holders of such debt securities, sufficient money or government obligations, or a combination thereof, to pay the principal, any interest and any other sums on the due dates for those payments; and

 

we must deliver to the trustee an opinion of counsel to the effect that the holders of such debt securities will not recognize income, gain or loss for federal income tax purposes as a result of defeasance or covenant defeasance, as the case may be, to be effected with respect to such debt securities and will be subject to federal income tax on the same amount, in the same manner and at the same times as would be the case if such defeasance or covenant defeasance, as the case may be, had not occurred.

 

In connection with defeasance, any irrevocable trust agreement contemplated by the indenture must include, among other things, provision for:

 

 

payment of the principal of and interest on such debt securities, if any, appertaining thereto when due (by redemption, sinking fund payments or otherwise),

 

the payment of the expenses of the trustee incurred or to be incurred in connection with carrying out such trust provisions,

 

rights of registration, transfer, substitution and exchange of such debt securities in accordance with the terms stated in the indenture, and

 

continuation of the rights, obligations and immunities of the trustee as against the holders of such debt securities as stated in the indenture.

 

The accompanying prospectus supplement may further describe any provisions permitting or restricting defeasance or covenant defeasance with respect to the debt securities of a particular series.

 

Global Securities

 

Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, each debt security offered by this prospectus will be issued in the form of one or more global debt securities representing all or part of that series of debt securities. This means that we will not issue certificates for that series of debt securities to the holders. Instead, a global debt security representing that series will be deposited with, or on behalf of, a securities depositary and registered in the name of the depositary or a nominee of the depositary. Any such depositary must be a clearing agency registered under the Exchange Act. We will describe the specific terms of the depositary arrangement with respect to a series of debt securities to be represented by a global security in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

Notices

 

We will give notices to holders of the debt securities by mail at the addresses listed in the security register. In the case of notice in respect of unregistered securities or coupon securities, we may give notice by publication in a newspaper of general circulation in New York, New York.

 

Governing Law

 

The particular terms of a series of debt securities will be described in a prospectus supplement relating to such series of debt securities. Any indentures will be subject to and governed by the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended, and may be supplemented or amended from time to time following their execution. Unless otherwise stated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will not be limited in the amount of debt securities that we may issue, and neither the senior debt securities nor the subordinated debt securities will be secured by any of our property or assets. Thus, by owning debt securities, you are one of our unsecured creditors.

 

 
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Regarding the Trustee

 

From time to time, we may maintain deposit accounts and conduct other banking transactions with the trustee to be appointed under the indenture or its affiliates in the ordinary course of business.

 

DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS

 

We may offer to sell warrants from time to time. If we do so, we will describe the specific terms of the warrants in a prospectus supplement. In particular, we may issue warrants for the purchase of common stock, preferred stock and/or debt securities in one or more series. We may also issue warrants independently or together with other securities and the warrants may be attached to or separate from those securities.

 

We will evidence each series of warrants by warrant certificates that we will issue under a separate agreement. We will enter into the warrant agreement with a warrant agent. We will indicate the name and address of the warrant agent in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to a particular series of warrants.

 

We will describe in the applicable prospectus supplement the terms of the series of warrants, including:

 

the offering price and aggregate number of warrants offered;

the currency for which the warrants may be purchased;

if applicable, the designation and terms of the securities with which the warrants are issued and the number of warrants issued with each such security or each principal amount of such security;

if applicable, the date on and after which the warrants and the related securities will be separately transferable;

in the case of warrants to purchase debt securities, the principal amount of debt securities purchasable upon exercise of one warrant and the price at, and currency in which, this principal amount of debt securities may be purchased upon such exercise;

in the case of warrants to purchase common stock or preferred stock, the number of shares of common stock or preferred stock, as the case may be, purchasable upon the exercise of one warrant and the price at which these shares may be purchased upon such exercise;

the effect of any merger, consolidation, sale or other disposition of our business on the warrant agreement and the warrants;

the terms of any rights to redeem or call the warrants;

any provisions for changes to or adjustments in the exercise price or number of securities issuable upon exercise of the warrants;

the dates on which the right to exercise the warrants will commence and expire;

the manner in which the warrant agreement and warrants may be modified;

certain United States federal income tax consequences of holding or exercising the warrants;

the terms of the securities issuable upon exercise of the warrants; and

any other specific material terms, preferences, rights or limitations of or restrictions on the warrants.

 

Holders may exercise the warrants by delivering the warrant certificate representing the warrants to be exercised together with other requested information, and paying the required amount to the warrant agent in immediately available funds, as provided in the applicable prospectus supplement. We will set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement the information that the holder of the warrant will be required to deliver to the warrant agent.

 

Upon receipt of the required payment and the warrant certificate properly completed and duly executed at the office of the warrant agent or any other office indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will issue and deliver the securities purchasable upon such exercise. If a holder exercises fewer than all of the warrants represented by the warrant certificate, then we will issue a new warrant certificate for the remaining amount of warrants.

 

Holder will not have any of the rights of the holders of the securities purchasable upon the exercise of warrants until you exercise them. Accordingly, holder will not be entitled to, among other things, vote or receive dividend payments or similar distributions on the securities you can purchase upon exercise of the warrants.

 

The information provided above is only a summary of the terms under which we may offer warrants for sale. Accordingly, investors must carefully review the applicable warrant agreement for more information about the specific terms and conditions of these warrants before investing in us. In addition, please carefully review the information provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, which contains additional information that is important for you to consider in evaluating an investment in our securities.

 

 
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DESCRIPTION OF RIGHTS

 

We may issue rights to our stockholders to purchase shares of our common stock or preferred stock described in this prospectus. We may offer rights separately or together with one or more additional rights, preferred stock, common stock, warrants or any combination of those securities in the form of units, as described in the applicable prospectus supplement. Each series of rights will be issued under a separate rights agreement to be entered into between us and a bank or trust company, as rights agent. The rights agent for any rights we offer will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement. The rights agent will act solely as our agent in connection with the certificates relating to the rights of the series of certificates and will not assume any obligation or relationship of agency or trust for or with any holders of rights certificates or beneficial owners of rights. The following description sets forth certain general terms and provisions of the rights to which any prospectus supplement may relate. The particular terms of the rights to which any prospectus supplement may relate and the extent, if any, to which the general provisions may apply to the rights so offered will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement. To the extent that any particular terms of the rights, rights agreement or rights certificates described in a prospectus supplement differ from any of the terms described below, then the terms described below will be deemed to have been superseded by that prospectus supplement. We encourage you to read the applicable rights agreement and rights certificate for additional information before you decide whether to purchase any of our rights.

 

The prospectus supplement relating to any rights that we offer will include specific terms relating to the offering, including, among other matters:

 

 

the date of determining the stockholders entitled to the rights distribution;

 

 

 

 

the aggregate number of shares of common stock, preferred stock or other securities purchasable upon exercise of the rights;

 

 

 

 

the exercise price;

 

 

 

 

the aggregate number of rights issued;

 

 

 

 

whether the rights are transferrable and the date, if any, on and after which the rights may be separately transferred;

 

 

 

 

the date on which the right to exercise the rights will commence, and the date on which the right to exercise the rights will expire;

 

 

 

 

the method by which holders of rights will be entitled to exercise;

 

 

 

 

the conditions to the completion of the offering;

 

 

 

 

the withdrawal, termination and cancellation rights;

 

 

 

 

whether there are any backstop or standby purchaser or purchasers and the terms of their commitment;

 

 

 

 

whether stockholders are entitled to oversubscription right;

 

 

 

 

any U.S. federal income tax considerations; and

 

 

 

 

any other terms of the rights, including terms, procedures and limitations relating to the distribution, exchange and exercise of the rights.

 

If less than all of the rights issued in any rights offering are exercised, we may offer any unsubscribed securities directly to persons other than stockholders, to or through agents, underwriters or dealers or through a combination of such methods, including pursuant to standby arrangements, as described in the applicable prospectus supplement. In connection with any rights offering, we may enter into a standby underwriting or other arrangement with one or more underwriters or other persons pursuant to which such underwriters or other persons would purchase any offered securities remaining unsubscribed for after such rights offering.

 

 
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DESCRIPTION OF UNITS

 

We may issue units consisting of any combination of the other types of securities offered under this prospectus in one or more series. We may evidence each series of units by unit certificates that we will issue under a separate agreement. We may enter into unit agreements with a unit agent. We will indicate the name and address of the unit agent in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to a particular series of units.

 

The following description, together with the additional information included in any applicable prospectus supplement, summarizes the general features of the units that we may offer under this prospectus. You should read any prospectus supplement and any free writing prospectus that we may authorize to be provided to you related to the series of units being offered, as well as the complete unit agreements that contain the terms of the units. Specific unit agreements will contain additional important terms and provisions and we will file as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, or will incorporate by reference from another report that we file with the SEC, the form of each unit agreement relating to units offered under this prospectus.

 

If we offer any units, certain terms of that series of units will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement, including, without limitation, the following, as applicable:

 

 

the title of the series of units;

 

 

 

 

identification and description of the separate constituent securities comprising the units;

 

 

 

 

the price or prices at which the units will be issued;

 

 

 

 

the date, if any, on and after which the constituent securities comprising the units will be separately transferable;

 

 

 

 

a discussion of certain United States federal income tax considerations applicable to the units; and

 

 

 

 

any other terms of the units and their constituent securities.

 

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

 

We may sell the securities from time to time pursuant to underwritten public offerings, negotiated transactions, block trades or a combination of these methods or through underwriters or dealers, through agents and/or directly to one or more purchasers. The securities may be distributed from time to time in one or more transactions:

 

 

at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed;

 

 

 

 

at market prices prevailing at the time of sale;

 

 

 

 

at prices related to such prevailing market prices; or

 

 

 

 

at negotiated prices.

 

Each time that we sell securities covered by this prospectus, we will provide a prospectus supplement or supplements that will describe the method of distribution and set forth the terms and conditions of the offering of such securities, including the offering price of the securities and the proceeds to us, if applicable.

 

 
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Offers to purchase the securities being offered by this prospectus may be solicited directly. Agents may also be designated to solicit offers to purchase the securities from time to time. Any agent involved in the offer or sale of our securities will be identified in a prospectus supplement.

 

If a dealer is utilized in the sale of the securities being offered by this prospectus, the securities will be sold to the dealer, as principal. The dealer may then resell the securities to the public at varying prices to be determined by the dealer at the time of resale.

 

If an underwriter is utilized in the sale of the securities being offered by this prospectus, an underwriting agreement will be executed with the underwriter at the time of sale and the name of any underwriter will be provided in the prospectus supplement that the underwriter will use to make resales of the securities to the public. In connection with the sale of the securities, we or the purchasers of securities for whom the underwriter may act as agent, may compensate the underwriter in the form of underwriting discounts or commissions. The underwriter may sell the securities to or through dealers, and those dealers may receive compensation in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from the underwriters and/or commissions from the purchasers for which they may act as agent. Unless otherwise indicated in a prospectus supplement, an agent will be acting on a best efforts basis and a dealer will purchase securities as a principal, and may then resell the securities at varying prices to be determined by the dealer.

 

Any compensation paid to underwriters, dealers or agents in connection with the offering of the securities, and any discounts, concessions or commissions allowed by underwriters to participating dealers will be provided in the applicable prospectus supplement. Underwriters, dealers and agents participating in the distribution of the securities may be deemed to be underwriters within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and any discounts and commissions received by them and any profit realized by them on resale of the securities may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions. We may enter into agreements to indemnify underwriters, dealers and agents against civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribute to payments they may be required to make in respect thereof and to reimburse those persons for certain expenses.

 

To facilitate the offering of securities, certain persons participating in the offering may engage in transactions that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the price of the securities. This may include over-allotments or short sales of the securities, which involve the sale by persons participating in the offering of more securities than were sold to them. In these circumstances, these persons would cover such over-allotments or short positions by making purchases in the open market or by exercising their over-allotment option, if any. In addition, these persons may stabilize or maintain the price of the securities by bidding for or purchasing securities in the open market or by imposing penalty bids, whereby selling concessions allowed to dealers participating in the offering may be reclaimed if securities sold by them are repurchased in connection with stabilization transactions. The effect of these transactions may be to stabilize or maintain the market price of the securities at a level above that which might otherwise prevail in the open market. These transactions may be discontinued at any time.

 

We may engage in at the market offerings into an existing trading market in accordance with Rule 415(a)(4) under the Securities Act.

 

In addition, we may enter into derivative transactions with third parties, or sell securities not covered by this prospectus to third parties in privately negotiated transactions. If the applicable prospectus supplement so indicates, in connection with those derivatives, the third parties may sell securities covered by this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, including in short sale transactions. If so, the third party may use securities pledged by us or borrowed from us or others to settle those sales or to close out any related open borrowings of stock, and may use securities received from us in settlement of those derivatives to close out any related open borrowings of stock. The third party in such sale transactions will be an underwriter and, if not identified in this prospectus, will be named in the applicable prospectus supplement (or a post-effective amendment). In addition, we may otherwise loan or pledge securities to a financial institution or other third party that in turn may sell the securities short using this prospectus and an applicable prospectus supplement. Such financial institution or other third party may transfer its economic short position to investors in our securities or in connection with a concurrent offering of other securities.

 

We do not make any representation or prediction as to the direction or magnitude of any effect that the transactions described above might have on the price of the securities. In addition, we do not make any representation that underwriters will engage in such transactions or that such transactions, once commenced, will not be discontinued without notice.

 

 
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The specific terms of any lock-up provisions in respect of any given offering will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

To comply with applicable state securities laws, the securities offered by this prospectus will be sold, if necessary, in such jurisdictions only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, securities may not be sold in some states unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.

 

The underwriters, dealers and agents may engage in transactions with us, or perform services for us, in the ordinary course of business for which they receive compensation.

 

LEGAL MATTERS

 

Lucosky Brookman LLP will pass upon certain legal matters relating to the issuance and sale of the securities offered hereby on behalf of Integrated Ventures, Inc. Additional legal matters may be passed upon for us or any underwriters, dealers or agents, by counsel that we will name in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

EXPERTS

 

Our consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for each of those two years have been audited by M&K CPAS, PLLC, an independent registered public accounting firm, as set forth in its report incorporated by reference and are included in reliance upon such report given on the authority of such firm as experts in accounting and auditing.

 

 
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PART II

 

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS

 

Item 14. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution

 

The following is an estimate of the expenses (all of which are to be paid by the registrant) that we may incur in connection with the securities being registered hereby.

 

SEC registration fee

 

$ 5,455.00

 

FINRA filing fee

 

*

 

Printing expenses

 

*

 

Legal fees and expenses

 

*

 

Accounting fees and expenses

 

*

 

Blue Sky, qualification fees and expenses

 

*

 

Transfer agent fees and expenses

 

*

 

Trustee fees and expenses

 

*

 

Warrant agent fees and expenses

 

*

 

Miscellaneous

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

*

 

 

*

These fees are calculated based on the securities offered and the number of issuances and accordingly cannot be estimated at this time.

 

 
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Item 15. Indemnification of Directors and Officers

 

The Nevada Revised Statutes limits or eliminates the personal liability of directors to corporations and their stockholders for monetary damages for breaches of directors’ fiduciary duties as directors. Our Amended and Restated Bylaws include provisions that require the company to indemnify our directors or officers against monetary damages for actions taken as a director or officer of our Company. We are also expressly authorized to carry directors’ and officers’ insurance to protect our directors, officers, employees and agents for certain liabilities. Our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation do not contain any limiting language regarding director immunity from liability.

 

The limitation of liability and indemnification provisions under the Nevada Revised Statutes and our Amended and Restated Bylaws may discourage stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against directors for breach of their fiduciary duties. These provisions may also have the effect of reducing the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and officers, even though such an action, if successful, might otherwise benefit us and our stockholders. However, these provisions do not limit or eliminate our rights, or those of any stockholder, to seek non-monetary relief such as injunction or rescission in the event of a breach of a director’s fiduciary duties. Moreover, the provisions do not alter the liability of directors under the federal securities laws. In addition, your investment may be adversely affected to the extent that, in a class action or direct suit, we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against directors and officers pursuant to these indemnification provisions.

 

 
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Item 16. Exhibits

 

(a) Exhibits

   

 

 

 

 

Incorporated by

 

 

 

 

 

Reference

 

Filed or Furnished

Exhibit Number

 

Exhibit Description

 

Form

 

Exhibit

 

Filing Date

 

Herewith

1.1*

 

Form of Underwriting Agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.1

 

Form of Indenture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.2*

 

Form of Note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.3*

 

Form of Warrant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.4*

 

Form of Warrant Agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.5*

 

Form of Rights Agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.6*

 

Form of Unit Agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.1

 

Opinion of Lucosky Brookman LLP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23.1

 

Consent of M&K CPAS, PLLC, independent registered public accounting firm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23.2

 

Consent of Lucosky Brookman LLP (Included in Exhibit 5.1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25.1**

 

Statement of Eligibility of Trustee on Form T-1 under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

*

To be filed by amendment or incorporated by reference in connection with the offering of the securities.

 

**

To be filed, if applicable, pursuant to Section 305(b)(2) of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939.

 

 
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Item 17. Undertakings

 

(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:

 

 

(1)

To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:

 

 

(i)

To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;

 

 

(ii)

To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20 percent change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and

 

 

(iii)

To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement

 

provided, however, that paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii), and (a)(1)(iii) above do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the SEC by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is a part of the registration statement.

 

 

(2)

That for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933 each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

 

(3)

To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.

 

 

 

 

(5)

That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act to any purchaser:

 

(A) Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and

 

(B) Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5), or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by Section 10(a) of the Securities Act shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.

 

 

 

 

(6)

That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities:

 

The undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:

 

 

(i)

Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;

 

 

(ii)

Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;

 

 

 

 

(iii)

The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and

 

 

 

 

(iv)

Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.

 

(b) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

(h) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

 

(j) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to file an application for the purpose of determining the eligibility of the trustee to act under subsection (a) of Section 310 of the Trust Indenture Act (the “Act”) in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the SEC under section 305(b)(2) of the Act.

 

 
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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, on March 11, 2021.

 

 

Integrated Ventures, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Steve Rubakh

 

 

 

Name: Steve Rubakh

Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer,

Principal Financial Officer,

Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

 
37

 

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