Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 07/16/2018 @ 12:08PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. (QB) (CNBX)
Quote : 0.3841  -0.0109 (-2.76%) @ 8:00PM
Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. share price Chart

Quarterly Report (10-q)

 

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

_______________

 

FORM 10-Q

_______________

 

x     QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended May 31, 2018

OR

o     TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______ to ______.

 

Commission File Number: 000-52403

___________________________________________________

 

CANNABICS PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

___________________________________________________

 

Nevada     46-5644005

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

    (IRS Employer Identification No.)
       

#3 Bethesda Metro Center, Suite 700

Bethesda, MD

    20814
(Address of principal executive offices)     (Zip Code)

 

(877) 424-2429

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

_____________________________________________________

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the issuer was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one)

 

  Large accelerated filer  o Accelerated filer  o
  Non-accelerated filer  o Smaller reporting company x
  Emerging growth company o  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes o  No  x

 

As of July 13 th , 2018, the registrant had 121,070,885 shares of its Common Stock, $0.0001 par value, outstanding.

 

 

     

 

 

  

CANNABICS PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

FORM 10-Q

MAY 31, 2018

 

INDEX

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements 3
  Consolidated Balance Sheets as of May 31, 2018 (unaudited) and May 31, 2017 3
  Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended May 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited) 4
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended May 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited) 5
  Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 6
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 8
Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 23
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 23
     
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 24
Item 1.A. Risk Factors 24
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 42
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 42
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 42
Item 5. Other Information 42
Item 6. Exhibits 43
     
SIGNATURE   44

 

 

 

 

  2  

 

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

CANNABICS PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

  May 31,     August 31,  
    2018     2017  
    (Unaudited )     (Audited)  
ASSETS            
             
Current assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 2,215,362     $ 3,367,694  
Prepaid expenses and other receivables     115,508       149,684  
                 
Total current assets     2,330,870       3,517,378  
                 
Equipment, net     828,875       120,378  
                 
Total assets   $ 3,159,745     $ 3,637,756  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY                
                 
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   $ 299,450     $ 386,873  
Derivative liability           66,010  
Due to a related party     223,894       246,239  
Total current liabilities     523,344       699,123  
                 
Stockholders' equity (deficit):                
Preferred stock, $.0001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized,no shares issued and outstanding.            
Common stock, $.0001 par value, 900,000,000 shares authorized,120,821,782 and 119,544,840 shares issued and outstanding at May 31, 2018 and August 31, 2017 respectively     12,082         11,954   
Additional paid-in capital     9,188,824       6,446,839  
Accumulated deficit     (6,564,505 )     (3,520,160 )
Total stockholders' equity ( deficit )     2,636,401       2,938,633  
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity   $ 3,159,745     $ 3,637,756  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

  3  

 

 

CANNABICS PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited)

 

  For the Three Months Ended     For the Nine Months Ended  
  May 31,     May 31,     May 31,     May 31,  
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Net revenue   $ 2,956     $ 1,571     $ 6,645     $ 2,814  
Operating expenses:                                
Research and development expense     263,514       68,172       581,065       136,835  
Sales and marketing expenses     121,651       15,061       397,745       19,750  
General and administrative expenses     469,548       391,214       2,117,989       614,525  
                                 
Total operating expenses     854,713       474,447       3,096,799       771,110  
                                 
Loss from operations     (851,757 )     (472,876 )     (3,090,154 )     (768,296 )
                                 
Other income                                
Financial Income (Loss)     (20,017 )      227,448       45,809       (62,446 )
                                 
Loss before income taxes     (871,774 )     (245,428 )     (3,044,345 )     (830,742 )
                                 
Provision for income taxes                        
                                 
Net loss   $ (871,774 )   $ (245,428 )   $ (3,044,345 )   $ (830,742 )
                                 
Net loss per share - basic and diluted:   $ (0.007 )   $ (0.002 )   $ (0.025 )   $ (0.01 )
                                 
Net loss   $ (871,774 )   $ (245,428 )   $ (3,044,345 )   $ (830,742 )
                                 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding - Basic and Diluted     120,531,021       115,958,218       120,500,953       112,946,336  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

  4  

 

 

CANNABICS PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

 

    For the Nine Months Ended  
    May 31,     May 31,  
    2018     2017  
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net (Loss) Profit   $ (3,044,345 )   $ (830,742 )
Adjustments required to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Depreciation     33,640       2,675  
Interest on loans     (400 )     85  
Deferred revenues            
Due to related party            
Amortization of discount            
Stock issued for services     1,777,169       413,857  
Change in fair value of derivative liability     (66,010 )     57,341  
Amortization of discount            
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts Receivable and pre paid expenses     34,176       (179,528 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     (87,425 )     16,212  
Net cash used in operating activities     (1,353,195 )     (520,100 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Acquisition of equipment     (742,137 )     (91,080 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (742,137 )     (91,080 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Proceeds from Promissory note.           22,000  
Repayment of loan     (22,000 )     (589 )
Proceeds from sale of common stock     1,050,000       3,858,980  
Costs of raising capital     (85,000 )     (98,035 )
Net cash provided by financing activities     943,000       3,782,356  
                 
                 
Net increase (Decrease) in cash     (1,152,332 )     3,171,176  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of Period     3,367,694       19,127  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of the Period   $ 2,215,362     $ 3,190,303  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

  5  

 

 

CANNABICS PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

 

Note 1– Nature of Business, Presentation and Going Concern

 

Organization

 

Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. (the "Company"), was incorporated in the State of Nevada, on September 15, 2004, under the name of Thrust Energy Corp. On May 21, 2014, the Company changed its name, via merger in the state of Nevada, to Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc., at which time its course of business became pharmaceutical development.

 

On July 31, 2014, Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. filed its exclusive Patent Application with the US Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO), which covers the proprietary technology developed by its team of experts in the field of cannabinoid long acting lipid based formulations. This patent is the basis for the company’s “CANNABICS SR” technology, which consists of the IP for standardized and long acting medical cannabis capsules, designed for patients suffering from diverse indications. Simultaneously this Patent was filed with the PCT division of the Israeli Patent Office (ILPO) in order to provide International IP protection. On February 24, 2016 Cannabics pharmaceuticals filed a new patent application for the company’s slow release capsules

 

On August 25, 2014, the Company organized G.R.I.N. Ultra Ltd. (“GRIN”), an Israeli corporation, as a wholly-owned subsidiary. GRIN provides research and development activities in Israel.

 

Nature of Operations

 

Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. (CNBX) is a United States-based public company that is developing cannabinoid diagnostic tests for the personalized treatment of cancer. Cannabics is developing a blood test that allows practitioners to precisely tailor medical cannabinoid-based therapies to an individual patient's profile and cancer. Cannabics' approach can also be used to develop cannabinoid-based therapies as preventive or primary cancer treatments – not just palliative, as is used now. By developing tools to assess effectiveness on a personalized basis, Cannabics is helping to move medical cannabinoids into the mainstream of cancer therapies. The company's R&D is based in Israel, where it is licensed by the Health Ministry to conduct scientific and clinical research on harnessing the therapeutic properties of cannabinoid formulations.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial statement presentation and in accordance with Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required in annual financial statements. In the opinion of management, the unaudited financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) necessary to present fairly the financial position and results of operations and cash flows. The results of operations presented are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any other interim period or for the entire year.

 

These unaudited financial statements should be read in conjunction with our August 31, 2017 annual financial statements included in our Form 10-K, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on December 13, 2017.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiary, G.R.I.N. Ultra Ltd. All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

 

 

  6  

 

 

Going Concern

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has incurred a net loss of $871,774 for the three months ended May 31, 2018, and has incurred cumulative losses since inception of $6,564,505. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern.

 

The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent upon its abilities to generate revenues, to continue to raise investment capital, and develop and implement its business plan. No assurance can be given that the Company will be successful in these efforts.

 

Research and Development Costs

 

The Company accounts for research and development costs in accordance with ASC 730 “Research and Development”. ASC 730 requires that research and development costs be charged to expense when incurred. Research and development costs charged to expense were $263,514 and $68,172 for the three months ended May 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain amounts in the prior period financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on reported losses, total assets, or stockholders’ equity as previously reported.

 

Note 2 – Related Party Transactions

 

During the three months ending May 31, 2018, the Company paid $125,000 in salaries to 2 directors, comparing to $31,400 in the three months ending May 31, 2017.

 

The Company had a balance outstanding at May 31, 2018 of $223,894 comparing to $246,239 in May 31, 2017, payable to Cannabics, Inc. The advance is due on demand and bears no interest.

 

Note 3 – Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

 

Authorized Shares

 

The Company is authorized to issue up to 900,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share. Each outstanding share of common stock entitles the holder to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a stockholder vote. All shares of common stock are non-assessable and non-cumulative, with no pre-emptive rights.

 

Common Stock

 

During the last Quarter, the Company issued 336,110 shares to four consultants for services rendered.

 

Note 4 – Commitments and Contingencies

 

The Company has a two-year lease in effect for its offices and lab in Tel Aviv.

 

Note 5 - Subsequent Events

 

On June 1 st , 2018, the Company filed a 424B2 Supplement with the SEC registering 318,547 shares of its commons stock for $250,000 cash received.

 

 

 

 

  7  

 

 

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

SPECIAL NOTE CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

We believe that it is important to communicate our future expectations to our security holders and to the public. This report, therefore, contains statements about future events and expectations which are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Sections 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including the statements about our plans, objectives, expectations and prospects under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” You can expect to identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “might,” “could,” “would,” will,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “project,” “expect,” “intend,” “seek” and other similar expressions. Any statement contained in this report that is not a statement of historical fact may be deemed to be a forward-looking statement. Although we believe that the plans, objectives, expectations and prospects reflected in or suggested by our forward-looking statements are reasonable, those statements involve risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements, and we can give no assurance that our plans, objectives, expectations and prospects will be achieved.

 

Important factors that might cause our actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements are contained in the “Risk Factors” section of and elsewhere in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2015 and in our subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The following discussion of our results of operations should be read together with our financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report.

 

Company Overview

 

Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. (the "Company", “CNBX”, “we”, “us” or “our”) was incorporated in Nevada on September 15, 2004, under the name of Thrust Energy Corp. The Company was originally engaged in the exploration, exploitation, development and production of oil and gas projects within North America, but was unable to operate profitably.

 

On April 25, 2014, the Company experienced a change in control. Cannabics, Inc. (“Cannabics”) acquired a majority of the issued and outstanding common stock of the Company in accordance with stock purchase agreements by and between Cannabics and Thomas Mills (“Mills”). On the closing date, April 25, 2014, pursuant to the terms of the Stock Purchase Agreement, Cannabics purchased from Mills 20,500,000 shares of the Company’s outstanding restricted common stock for $198,000, representing 51%.

 

Cannabics, Inc. is a US based company founded in 2012 by a group of researchers from the fields of molecular biology, cancer research and pharmacology.

 

On May 21, 2014, the Company changed its name, via merger in the state of Nevada, to Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. The Company’s principle offices are in Bethesda, Maryland. At the same time the Company has changed its course of business to pharmaceutical research and development.

 

On June 3, 2014, the Company's Board of Directors declared a two-to-one forward stock split of all outstanding shares of common stock. The stock split was approved by FINRA on June 19, 2014. The effect of the stock split increased the number of shares of common stock outstanding from 40,880,203 to 81,760,406. All common share and per common share data in these financial statements and related notes hereto have been retroactively adjusted to account for the effect of the stock split for all periods presented prior to June 3 rd , 2014. The total number of authorized common shares and the par value thereof was not changed by the split.

 

On June 19, 2014, FINRA granted final approval of Change of Name & Ticker Symbol of the Corporation from American Mining Corporation to Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc., with the new Ticker Symbol of “CNBX”. Said approval was predicated upon Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc.’s filing of Articles of Merger with American Mining Corporation with the Nevada Secretary of State on May 21 st , 2014. Under the laws of the State of Nevada, Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. was merged with and into the Registrant, with the Registrant being the surviving entity. The Merger was completed under Section 92A.180 of the Nevada Revised Statutes, Chapter 92A, as amended, and as such, does not require the approval of the stockholders of either the Registrant or Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc.

 

On July 24, 2014, the Company executed a Collaboration & Exclusivity Agreement with Cannabics, Inc. (“Cannabics”), a Delaware corporation and largest shareholder of the Company. Per the terms of the Agreement, the Company issued 18,239,594 shares of its common stock to Cannabics, Inc. for $150,000 cash received.

 

 

 

  8  

 

 

On July 31, 2014, Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. filed its exclusive Patent Application with the US Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO), which covers the proprietary technology developed by its team of experts in the field of cannabinoid long acting lipid based formulations. This patent is the basis for the company’s “CANNABICS SR” technology, which consists of the IP for standardized and long acting medical cannabis capsules, designed for patients suffering from diverse indications. Simultaneously this Patent was filed with the PCT division of the Israeli Patent Office (ILPO) in order to provide International IP protection. On February 24, 2016 Cannabics pharmaceuticals filed a new and comprehensive patent application for the company’s slow release capsules

 

On August 25, 2014, Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. incorporated a wholly owned subsidiary in Israel, named “G.R.I.N Ultra Ltd”, dedicated to the advanced research and development in the company’s research laboratory in Caesarea, Israel.

 

On October 20, 2014, Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. received Government Certification from the Ministry of Health in Israel for the establishment of an advanced R&D laboratory dedicated to medical research and development of cannabinoid-based therapies. R&D is conducted to date in Israel and has resulted in an IP portfolio that includes proprietary formulation methods of cannabinoid extracts that enable a sustained release PK profile of the active ingredients upon oral administration. Our first technology is “Cannabics SR” - a standardized, high bioavailability, sustained release medical cannabis capsule that is based on cannabinoid extracts from selected strains of medical cannabis. The Cannabics SR proprietary formulation was shown to provide a steady state level of beneficial therapeutic effects within the therapeutic window for 10-12 hours. In Israel, numerous patients (most of them oncology patients) have already been treated with Cannabics SR capsules; with both patients and doctors reporting high levels of satisfaction from the uniformity and long lasting therapeutic effects of this unique medical technology.

 

On December 18, 2014, Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. executed a letter of engagement with Mountain High Products in Colorado, for the manufacturing and distribution of Cannabics SR technology in the Colorado market. Cannabics SR medical cannabis technology will be utilized by Mountain High Products in strict compliance with Colorado laws and regulations of "Cannabis Infused Edible Products" and distributed to certified dispensaries through Mountain High's existing distribution channels.

 

On January 29, 2015, the Company executed an Agreement with Rambam Medical Center (Israel) to undertake a controlled pilot study utilizing Cannabics SR Capsules as palliative treatment to improve cancer related Cachexia and Anorexia Syndrome in advanced stage cancer patients. Rambam is a world renowned academic hospital acknowledged for their cutting-edge research projects and integration of innovative new therapies and treatments to over 2 million residents of Northern Israel. You can view the details of this ongoing study from the NIH website at http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/search/view?cdrid=769090&version=HealthProfessional&protocolsearchid=12509449

 

On February 15, 2015, the Company executed of a Research Agreement with the Technion Research & Development Foundation Ltd. (Israel) to undertake a Research Project entitled " The Assessment of the Antitumor Activity of the Whole Cannabis Plant Extract, Components and Derivatives Thereof". Under the terms of the Agreement, Cannabics Pharmaceuticals will collaborate with the Technion’s Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Cannabinoid Research. The purpose of this Research is to develop a diagnostic and therapeutic system to harness the anti-cancer properties of active cannabis-based ingredients. The study will screen and evaluate different types of human cancer cells treated with a multitude of cannabinoid combinations and observe and catalogue the effects thereof. Technion is consistently ranked among the world’s top science and Technology Research Universities. The Faculty of Biology is comprised of 23 independent research groups, focusing on a variety of aspects of Cellular, Molecular and Developmental Biology. The faculty has extensive collaborations with the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries.

 

On May 27, 2015, the Company filed a Patent with the USPTO entitled “ A Method of in Vitro High Throughput Screening of Cancer Biopsies with Cannabinoid Extracts ”. In essence, this patent takes the next step from the cancer cell knowledge already obtained from cell lines in the Technion Laboratory and extends it to a system of analyzing cancer cells taken from patient biopsies, and then testing them against a multitude of cannabinoid combinations for anti-tumor activity via the High Throughput Screening process. This patent formally begins the next phase of the Company, which is Personalized Medicine (PM). We have developed an automated high-throughput method for the screening of different types of cancer cells or biopsies treated with a multitude of cannabis extracts. These natural extracts could also be tested in conjunction with already approved and common synthetic drugs for patients that undergo chemotherapy for the most personally tailored therapy. This multilayer method is producing a large-scale database that will capture the knowledge gained as to the unique effects of different combinations of cannabinoid compounds on diverse malignancies. Coextensive with the development of the automated high-throughput system, we are also developing proprietary and novel compounds targeting diverse and specific types of tumors.

 

 

 

  9  

 

 

On January 25, 2016, the Company executed an exclusive IP Licensing Agreement with Mountain High Products LLC and the Cima Group LLC for the production and distribution of the Company’s CANNABICS SR technology of medical cannabis capsules in Colorado. And with, Cima Group LLC which is a related party to Mountain High Products LLC and is charged with their operations in states outside of Colorado.

 

On February 24, 2016, the Company filed a new patent application for the company’s slow release medical capsules with the US Patent & Trademark Office, as noted in their Press Release of that date.

 

On March 22, 2016, the Company announced the start of a regulated Clinical Study for Cancer Patients in Israel under the auspices of the Rambam Medical Center and the Ministry of Health. This clinical study involves patients with advanced cancer and cancer anorexia cachexia syndrome (CACS), endpoints examined are weight gain appetite, quality of life and a marker for anti-cancer activity. Quality of life in patients with CACS is directly related to loss of appetite and loss of weight. This study examines the influence of Cannabics Pharmaceuticals SR capsules on both of these common effects of cancer and cancer treatment. Secondary outcome measures are improvement in appetite, reduction in TNF-alpha level, safety assessment for early psychiatric side-effects, quality of life and evaluation of muscle strength. While this study is taking place in Israel, it is fully registered with the US NIH under "Cannabics Capsules as Treatment to Improve Cancer Related CACS in Advanced Cancer Patients", Identifier NCT02359123, and may be found at https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02359123.

 

On June 6, 2016, the Company filed a PCT Application with the US Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO) entitled a "System and Method for High Throughput Screening of Cancer Cells". Cannabics Pharmaceuticals has developed a proprietary high throughput screening process which is designed to generate mega-data of specific cannabinoids and cannabinoid formulations with antitumor properties. In this proprietary process biopsies and live cancer cells lines are treated, In vitro, with innumerous combinations of cannabinoids and the resulting antitumor effects are screened, categorized and actually visually displayed.

 

On December 1, 2016, the Company announced the results from its Cancer HTS research which indicate that specific ratios of Cannabinoids led to Apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 Breast Cancer cell viability.

 

On January 3, 2017, the Company announced development of its 5mg THC Capsule intended for naïve patients who have not tried cannabis in the past. The Cannabics 5mg THC capsule is currently being evaluated by the company in its clinical study of palliative treatment, which is conducted by the Oncology Department at the prestigious Rambam Medical Center in northern Israel and under strict regulations of the Ministry of Health, by whom Cannabics Pharmaceuticals has been licensed since 2014.

 

On July 6 th , 2017, the Company executed a Testing & Diagnostics Services Agreement with SIMFO GmbH, a renown German research laboratory which is collaborative in nature. SIMFO GmbH will obtain the CTC count as well as drug sensitivity tests from treaded patients according to the specific cannabinoids which the Company shall request.

 

On July 24 th , 2017, the Company announced its establishment of a Genetics laboratory to develop diagnostic tools based on human genome, tumor genetics and specific cannabinoids. The Company enlisted Dr. Moran Grinberg as its VP of R&D to lead the genetic research. Dr. Grinberg has a PhD in Virology & MSc in clinical pharmacology with managerial experience in executing pharmacological research.

 

On August 28 th , 2017, the Company announced it received a very positive preliminary international patentability report from the PCT authorities regarding its patent application relating to personalized screening of necrotic cancer cells through a High Throughput Screening System (HTS), finding all claims “innovative and inventive”. This PCT report is significant as it secures the Company’s expanding proprietary IP rights.

 

On September 6 th , 2017, the Company announced its filing of an extensive provisional patent application with the USPTO on an innovative new “ Method for Sensitivity Test of Cannabinoids on Patient-Derived Tumor Biopsies & CTCs ” This proprietary technology pertains to a system for assessing the sensitivity of various cannabinoid-based treatment modalities on patient-derived primary tumor biopsies as well as blood Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs).

 

On September 25 th , 2017, the Company announced its filing of “National Phase Applications” for its proprietary system and method of High Throughput Screening (HTS) of cancer cells. The applications were filed in Europe, China, India, Brazil, Canada and Australia. The proprietary technology patented relates to novel means of personalizing cannabis based treatments of cancer utilizing high throughput screening of biopsies and cell lines treated with pure or crude extracts.

 

 

 

  10  

 

 

On November 8 th , 2017, the Company announced its Patent Application with the USPTO for “ Cannabinoid Modulation for the Microbiome ”. This pioneering patent is based on profiling and modulating patient-derived microbiota, securing the ongoing proprietary data on the use of cannabinoid products for adjusting the varied microbial populations which live on and in the body, making personalized medicine much more specific.

 

On November 13 th, 2017, Eyal Barad was named as a 3 rd Director and COO, as noted in the 8-K of that date.

 

On November 13 th , 2017, the Company announced that it had dismissed its previous Auditor and had engaged Weinstein & Co, as disclosed in the 8-K of that date.

 

On December 14 th , 2017, GRIN Ultra Ltd., the R&D subsidiary of Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc., (“the Company”) executed a Sales, Support & Maintenance Agreement with Rhenium Equipment for Research Labs Ltd., a premier Israeli Research & Diagnostic equipment supplier for acquisition of custom designed and fully automated CTC (Circulating Tumor Cells) and HTS (High Through Output Screening) machines, including a service agreement for the next two years to service said equipment. The total cost of said agreement was $747,689.00, which was paid in full to Rhenium.

 

On January 2 nd , 2018, the Company filed an International Patent Application on Methods for Testing and Predicting Therapeutic effectiveness of Cannabinoids for Cancer patients with the PCT Authorities. This patent relates to the Company’s proprietary knowledge in testing the effects of cannabinoids on CTCs (Circulating Tumor Cells) and biopsies of cancer patients.

 

On January 3 rd , 2018, D-Beta One EQ, Ltd executed 500,000 option rights pursuant to the Subscription Agreement between the Companies of May 8th, 2017. Under the terms of the Agreement, D-Beta One EQ, Ltd. was granted 1,500,000 Warrants for $2.00 per share, which is exercisable until May 7th, 2018. D-Beta One EQ, Ltd. exercised their option for 500,000 common shares at $2,00. Per share for a net investment of $1,000,000.00.

 

On February 20 th , 2018, the Company hired Yasha Borstein as Chief Data Officer for implementation of industry compliance and analytic application of its proprietary data methods relating to diagnostic procedures for screening cancer.

 

On February 21 st , 2018, the Company’s Dr. Moran Grinberg, VP of R&D was Key Note Speaker at a conference in Tel Aviv. Her session was entitled “Bringing Personalized cannabinoid-based medicine to the World”.

 

On March 29 th , 2018, the Company announced positive preliminary results from its pre-clinical study and anti-tumor effects of cannabinoids on cancerous tumor cells. The results validated the Company’s understanding that certain cannabinoid compounds have various apoptotic effects upon cancer cells of both breast cancer and prostate cancer.

 

On April 18 th , 2018, the Company announced its receipt of Notice of Allowance from the Israeli Patent Office on it’s proprietary methodology of screening cancer cells.

 

On April 30 th , 2018, the Company filed an 8-K with the SEC noting its execution of a Standby Equity Distribution Agreement for up to $10,000,0000.

 

On May 5 th , 2018, the Company announced its collaboration with Life Source Partners’ CEO Dr. Muriel Zohar, Ph.D., MBA, to optimize its proprietary technology applications. Dr. Zohar holds a doctoral degree from the Weizmann Institute of Science and completed her postdoctoral training in Molecular Oncology at the National Institute of Health (US) as a distinguished Intramural Research Training Award fellow.

 

On May 22 nd , the Company announced its hiring of two new scientists to further develop its diagnostic cancer screening tests. Dr. Haleli Sharir, Ph.D. as principal scientist, and Dr. Nir Kfir, Ph.D. as senior scientist. Both scientists are engaged in creating and supporting the Company’s data-discovery process relating to cancer, blood cells and cannabinoids.

 

 

 

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On June 26 th , 2018, the Company announced that several members of its scientific team participated in the International Cannabis Research Society Annual Forum in Leiden, Netherlands. The ICRS is a scientific research body dedicated to studies of the endogenous cannabinoid system and serves as an open forum for researchers to exchange significant research and developments in their fields.

 

On June 29 th , 2018, the Company announced its entering into an MOU with a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the treatment of ophthalmic disorders.

 

On July 3 rd , 2018, the Company announced the conclusion of its Clinical Trial on Cannabics SR 5mg for Cancer Anorexia Cachexia Syndrome (CACS). This clinical trial was held at the Rambam Medical Center, which is now being evaluated, official results are expected to be published within the next several months.

 

Plan of Operation

 

Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. is dedicated to the development of cannabinoid medicine and screening for cancer patients. The Company’s R&D is focused on the three aspects of cancer treatment – diagnostics, and antitumor medicine and palliative medicine. Cannabics’ vision is to create personalized natural medicine tailored to specific types of cancers and genetics of patients utilizing novel biotechnological tools. The Company’s Intellectual Property surpasses proprietary capsulated formulations designated for specific cancer related indications, diagnostic procedures and data.

 

The parent Company Cannabics, Inc. was founded by a group of Israeli researchers from the fields of cancer research, pharmacology and molecular biology in 2012. The company’s Research is located in Israel, which has allowed for the use of medical cannabis since the 1990s and has a favorable regulatory attitude towards the conducting of Cannabis based clinical studies in Israeli hospitals, in marked contrast to the legal situation in the United States where clinical research on medical cannabis is still illegal. This structure is an extraordinary corporate advantage, and markedly separates the company from similarly minded companies.

 

The number of people licensed to receive medical cannabis treatment in Israel numbers around 20,000 - in comparison to over 1,000,000 in the United States. Therefore, while the Israeli market is quite limited, the ability to perform standardized clinical studies and use the Israeli regulation to prove the effectiveness of the company’s products is proving to be highly advantageous.

 

Most importantly, while the U.S. FDA has barely approved even basic private research relating to cannabis, the regulatory environment is quite different in Israel. Within the Israeli Ministry of Health, there is a stand-alone agency, the Israeli Medical Cannabis Agency, (IMCA), which on October 26, 2014, granted Cannabics Pharmaceuticals an exclusive government License to launch our scientific program.

 

Through the large body of research that has been conducted by its scientists and affiliated partners, the Company has been able to gain in-depth knowledge of the various therapeutic effects of cannabinoids and identify patterns of cannabinoid ratios that bear the potential of treating various types of cancers. The Company is currently in the midst of several collaborative programs with several leading academic research and medical centers in Israel in order to further establish the beneficial therapeutic effects of its proprietary compounds, and to refine its development of personalized anticancer medicine.

 

The Cannabis Cancer Market

 

According to a January, 2017, report by Grand View Research, Inc. titled “Medical Marijuana Market Analysis by Application and Segment Forecasts”, the global medical marijuana market size in 2015 was valued at $11.4 billion and the projected annual growth rate of 17 percent through 2025. According to this study cancer is the most rapidly increasing segment with cannabis application and has an annual growth of 18 percent expectancy through 2025. Contributing to this factor is the increasing number of states, districts, and territories in the US that are enacting laws to legalize medical marijuana which is supporting the patients demand for cancer treatment. The report indicated that marijuana has indicated cancer cell destroying capabilities. In the meantime, there is limited recorded success in the actual usage of cannabis in the treatment of cancer. The American Cancer Society has yet to take an official position on the use of cannabis for medical treatment although they readily acknowledge its efficiency in dealing with nausea and vomiting as side effects from chemotherapy. Cannabis is yet to be approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) in the US for treatment of cancer which is what is obviously holding back the growth of this segment.

 

The growth in the number of cancer patients and increasing interest amongst physicians and researchers regarding the use of medical marijuana in cancer treatment are indicators that will lead to increased investment and applications in the medical cannabis market over the next decade. Cannabics Pharmaceuticals hopes to take advantage of these developments and trends to capitalize on our technology to bring forth cutting edge solutions for both research, diagnosis and drug efficacy data that will provide additional insight into personalized health care.

 

 

 

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The Cancer Diagnosis Market

 

According to Grand View Research, Inc., t he global cancer diagnostics market size was valued at USD 124.0 billion in 2016 and is expected to grow at an annual rate of over 7%. This market is expected to reach USD 232.7 billion by 2025 according to Orbis Research .

 

The growth in cancer cases, growing demand for effective diagnostic tools that develop from rising awareness, government support and technological developments are driving the demand for this increase worldwide.

 

Cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths worldwide which leads to efforts to develop accurate diagnostic tools and effective treatment solutions. Early monitoring and pre-detection are being focused on as this leads to improved success rate in treatment. This leads to public awareness and healthcare support programs that promote routine check-ups which enable diagnosing the disease before first symptoms may appear.

 

According to BCC Research, the global market for circulating tumor cell (CTC) technology reached nearly $2.8 billion in 2012 and $3.7 billion in 2013. This market is estimated to reach nearly $8.9 billion by 2018, demonstrating a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 18.9% for the five-year period, 2013 to 2018.

 

The major factors that affect the growth in this industry is due to increase advancements in biomedical imaging and bioengineering technology. Genomics development of methods that enhance detection, enumeration and analysis of CTC in patient samples will lead the estimated growth in the industry through to 2022.

 

The increasing adoption of personalized medicine and regular diagnostic tools creates the possibility of aggressively battling cancer in new and heretofore unthought of methods. This will create momentum and align interests to progress along these routes.

 

The growing demand for ongoing screening, diagnosis and monitoring throughout the different stages of the diseases development in order to assess the patient’s health will feed the growth of this sector in the coming years.

 

Company’s Perspective

 

Cannabics is a pioneer in the constellation of Cannabis Cancer and Diagnostics. Personalization of cannabinoid-based treatments is the main scope of the company, addressing the rapidly growing unmet need of cancer patients who are prescribed with cannabis. The multifactorial benefits of cannabis create an arising need that may unravel a new attitude to cancer treatment and prevention. The palliative aspects of cannabis such as reducing pain and nausea, propel the market to create OTC and pharma grade cannabis products to cancer patients. With minor side effects and no toxicity, the only barrier to millions of cancer patients is worldwide regulation. Our vision is to harness the anti-tumor properties of cannabinoids administrated first as palliative treatment and tuned with a growing database to possibly serve as anti-cancer medicine itself. Creating the constellation of CTC HTS Genomic data ahead of any other competitor puts Cannabics in the forefront of treating cancer with cannabis and may serve a large portion of the cross-section of two markets – cannabis and cancer diagnostics. The still confining US regulation creates an advantage for Cannabics which is licensed to do such research and clinical studies by the Israeli government.

 

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

 

The Science

 

Cancer and Cannabinoids

 

Natural products have served as vital resources for cancer therapy (e.g.,Vinca alkaloids, paclitaxel, etc., which are used as conventional chemotherapeutic agents) and are also sources for novel drugs. Natural products from plants therefore represent an excellent resource for targeted therapies, as phytochemicals and herbal mixtures act multi-specifically, i.e. they attack multiple targets at the same time. Furthermore, the problem of drug resistance may be approached by integrating phytochemicals and phyto-therapy into academic western medicine through derivation and integration of data and as adjunct to conventional treatments. The integration of phytochemicals and phyto-therapy into cancer medicine represents a valuable asset to chemically synthesized chemicals and therapeutic antibodies. Cannabinoids are excellent candidates for this approach. Cannabinoids are a class of over 60 compounds derived from the plant cannabis sativa , as well as the synthetic or endogenous versions of these compounds. Cannabinoids show specific cytotoxicity against tumor cells, while protecting healthy tissue from apoptosis. These effects are exerted through cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 in mammals and through non-receptor signaling pathways. Recent studies suggest that cannabinoids contribute to maintaining balance in cell proliferation and that targeting the endo-cannabinoid system can affect growth of several different types of cancer, including gliomas, breast, colon, prostate, and hepatocellular carcinoma.

 

 

 

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These dual anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of cannabinoids and associated signaling pathways have been investigated on a large panel of cancer cell lines. Cannabinoids also display potent anticancer activity against tumor xenografts, including tumors that express high resistance to standard chemotherapeutics. Several other studies have investigated the possible synergistic effects of cannabinoids with standard oncology therapies and are based on the pre-clinically confirmed concept of "cannabinoid sensitizers”. Cannabinoids have shown to enhance the efficacy of classical cytotoxic drugs at least in glioblastoma. However, additional studies are required to analyze the efficacy of these drug combinations in other cancer types as well as to identify additional cannabinoid-based drug combinations that could be useful for the treatment of cancer in general.

 

While many anecdotal reports by cancer patients using various formulations of Cannabinoids suggest significant efficacy, the lack of pure pharmacologically active compounds and legal restrictions have delayed the clinical research that will ultimately determine the level at which cannabinoids are effective in the treatment of cancer beyond their proven palliative effects. Thus, only few clinical trials have been conducted aiming to confirm the antineoplastic activity of cannabinoids. Further studies require extensive monitoring of the effects of cannabinoids alone or in combination with standard anticancer strategies. With such knowledge, cannabinoids could become a therapy of choice in contemporary oncology.

 

Furthermore, additional research will help lead to the development of cannabinoid-based therapies for the treatment of aggressive cancers and will also bring us closer to understanding the novel CB1- and CB2-independent component of the cannabinoid system that controls cancer progression.

 

For example, to date there has only been one clinical trial looking at the anti-tumor activity of cannabinoids on terminal human patients harboring actively growing recurrent gliomas.

 

Additionally, there are various in vitro studies elucidating the potential mechanism of action of cannabinoids for urological cancers, along with population-based studies specific for testicular malignancies. However, until now, no clinical trials have been conducted for urological cancer patients (bladder, kidney, prostate and testicles).

 

In a third example a study demonstrated the bladder cancer cell lines are regulated by activation of CB receptors where CB1 receptor activation played a more prominent role in proliferation, while CB2 receptors were more effective in triggering the pro-inflammatory state. Further research and more studies are required to understand the expression of these receptors in different stages of bladder cancers and also the varying effect of endocannabinoid ligands on the different CB1 and CB2 receptors.

 

Cannabinoids could provide unquestionable advantages compared to other current anti-tumor therapies:

 

(1) Cannabinoids selectively affect tumor cells more than their non-transformed counterparts that might even be protected from cell death;

 

(2) Selective inhibitors of endocannabinoid degradation would be effective in those tissues where endo-cannabinoid levels are pathologically altered, without any significant psychotropic or immunosuppressive activity;

 

(3) Cannabinoids could represent an efficacious therapy in COX-2-expressing tumors that have become resistant to induction of apoptosis: acting as COX-2-substrates with no effect on the protective properties of COX-2-derived products, they could offer some advantage with respect to the NSAID in order to enhance the sensibility to conventional anticancer therapies.

 

The Palliative properties of Cannabis

 

Cannabis has long been suggested to stimulate appetite, decrease nausea and vomiting, and improve quality of life in cancer patients. Studies on the efficacy of cannabis for improving CACS and S-NIS have had mixed results. After trials showing improvement in weight gain among AIDS patients, cannabinoids were tested on cancer patients as well. In a controlled, random study comparing dronabinol to a placebo among cancer patients, dronabinol was associated with increased appetite in 38% vs 8% for placebo, and decreased nausea in 20% vs 7%, using acceptable measurement scales. Of the dronabinol patients, 22% gained ≥2 kg, compared with 10.5% of placebo recipients, but this datum did not reach significance, perhaps due to the advanced stage of cancer and the high mortality in both placebo and experimental group.

 

 

 

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Another randomized study compared dronabinol to megestrol acetate or both treatments together. The research included 469 advanced cancer patients who had been suffering from a substantial appetite loss. A greater percentage of megestrol acetate-treated patients reported appetite improvement compared with dronabinol-treated patients, 75% vs 49% (p=0.0001). Combination treatment resulted in no significant differences compared with megestrol acetate alone. Another study, which included 243 patients, compared the administration of a combination of tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabinol to tetrahydrocannabinol alone, compared to placebo. It should be noted that cannabinoid dosages in the study were low, even in comparison to other studies. No significant differences between the groups were seen regarding improvement in appetite or weight-gain. In these two studies, no substantial side effects of cannabis products were found compared to the other arms. This may be related to the dosages of the drugs given.

 

A more recent study demonstrated improved chemosensory perception, appetite, sleep, and macronutrient preference in advanced cancer patients. However, the study included less than 50 patients. This research showed improvement in taste and smell perception in patients receiving chemotherapy, as well as appetite and caloric intake in the arm that received dronabinol compared to placebo.

 

Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Cannabis

 

Over 50 compounds have been isolated from cannabis. Generally, cannabinoids refer to compounds that activate CB1 and CB2 or have structures similar to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC has been found to reduce inflammation in chronic inflammatory diseases, such as atherosclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Cannabidiol (CBD), the most abundant non-psychoactive cannabinoid, has also been studied for its anti-inflammatory properties. In synovial cells isolated from mice, CBD suppressed release of TNF-alpha. Cannaflavin A is 30x more potent than aspirin as an inhibitor of prostaglandin E2. There is some evidence that PGE2 is involved in cachexia, and the reduction of prostaglandin E2 via inhibition of COX-2 has been shown to improve lean muscle mass. Beta-caryophyllene and luteolin are two non-psychoactive, anti-inflammatory compounds found in cannabis and in other plants. Beta caryophyllene binds to CB2 and inhibits TNF alpha and IL-1b expression in human peripheral blood. Luteolin, a flavonoid found in celery and green pepper, has been found to suppress the production of TNFa, IL-1b, and IL-6 when added to peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro.

 

Personalized Medicine

 

Despite significant progress in cancer diagnostics and development of novel therapeutic regimens, successful treatment of advanced forms of cancer is still a challenge and may require personalized therapeutic approaches.

 

Advances in understanding many of the fundamental mechanisms of  cancer  progression have led to the development of molecular targeted therapies. While molecular targeted therapeutics continue to improve the outcome for  cancer patients, tumor heterogeneity among patients, as well as intra-tumor heterogeneity,  limits  the efficacy of these drugs to specific patient subtypes, as well as contributing to relapse. Furthermore, Intra-tumor heterogeneity is caused by genomic instability in cancer cells, resulting in the selection of resistant clones, thus limits efficiency of cancer treatment. Thus, there is a need for a more  personalized  approach toward drug development and diagnosis that considers the diversity of  cancer patients, as well as the complex milieu of tumor cells within a single patient.

 

Personalized medicine refers to customization of treatment on the individual patient level, while Precision Medicine is a contemporary term that describes the utilization of molecular diagnostics to classify disease, and where possible, delivery of select treatment based on causal genetic variants. Current day molecular characterization of disease using next generation sequencing enables a sensitive and specific diagnosis established by genotype. Correlating essential genotype with disease-modifying genes, environmental influences, and individual polymorphisms may help explain variations in phenotype.

 

Precision cancer medicine relies on the possibility to match, in daily medical practice, detailed genomic profiles of a patient's disease with a portfolio of drugs targeted against tumor-specific alterations. Clinical blockade of oncogenes is effective but only transiently; an approach to monitor clonal evolution in patients and develop therapies that also evolve over time may result in improved therapeutic control and survival outcomes.

 

Cannabinoids in Personalized Medicine

 

Cannabinoids include phytocannabinoids, endogenous endocannabinoids, and synthetic cannabinoids. More than 60 phytocannabinoids have been identified within the Cannabis plant. Cannabinoids elicit their pharmacological activities through cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) and type 2 (CB2), two G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) in the endocannabinoid signaling pathway. Cancer is a disease in which alterations in the cannabinoid pathway have been demonstrated. Since this disease is found to be multifactorial, variations in expression of cannabinoid receptors could be harnessed to elicit a therapeutic effect. Therefore, a defined botanical extract may better achieve this therapeutic goal than a single synthetic compound, as the multiple components elicit a synergistic effect. Cannabinoids are not yet approved for the treatment of cancer, although their anti-tumor effects have been known for over 30 years. Scientific evidence exists which strongly suggest that cannabinoids may have anti-cancer activity. The exact mechanism by which this anti-tumor effect occurs may involve suppression of proliferative cell signaling pathways, inhibition of angiogenesis and cell migration and induction of apoptosis and/or induction of autophagy. Personalized Medicine (PM) is a novel approach that proposes the customization of therapy being tailored to the individual patient. There are over 200 different known cancers and the genetic divergence among humans makes it nearly impossible to find one remedy for a group of people.

 

 

 

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Company’s Perspective

 

Cannabics is a pioneer in the constellation of Cannabis Cancer and Diagnostics. Personalization of cannabinoid-based treatments is the main scope of the company, addressing the rapidly growing yet unmet need of cancer patients who are prescribed with cannabis. The multifactorial benefits of cannabis create an arising need that may unravel a new attitude to cancer treatment and prevention. The palliative aspects of cannabis such as reducing pain and nausea, propel the market to create OTC and pharma grade cannabis products to cancer patients. With minor side effects and no toxicity , the only barrier to millions of cancer patients is worldwide regulation. The legalization of Cannabis worldwide is being generated both by medical and financial processes exposing and legitimizing cannabis consumption as a medical treatment. The number of cancer patients, caregivers and doctors that are exposed to cannabis is growing rapidly as new countries i.e. Germany, Canada, Australia and others adopt new regulations and introduce natural cannabis products to the health system. Since the palliative properties of cannabis as pain and nausea reduction are widely accepted by physicians, along with a growing body of clinical proof, and patient advocating these benefits; we believe that in next decade a large percentage of cancer patients worldwide will be treated with cannabis in varied medications both pharmaceutical and as nutraceutical. It is already scientifically proven that cannabinoids impact cell cycle though partially known biological mechanisms and impact many aspects of human biology and health. This unique situation in which a highly active compounds (i.e. THC, CBD) consumed by large portions of the population creates an unmet need to decipher the biological and clinical prospects of these compounds. Cannabics’ vision is to build a platform of data from which medications can be formulated, patients diagnosed and treated in a personalized manner. Our goal is to seek novel technologies in cancer medicine and assimilate them into cannabinoid medicine. The results we have gained in performing invitro studies and clinical studies are part of a growing holistic prospect of the treatment of cancer and other indications with cannabis. We have recently finished our first clinical study and leveraged our R&D lab to perform invitro tests and develop new formulations. As pioneers in this mission, we hope and believe that the database we create and the knowledge we gain will serve any cancer patient who is administered cannabis and will lead to better and more predictable outcomes.

 

The Technology

 

Our licensed Israeli facility operates a unique research and development laboratory which combines high throughput screening, (HTS) capabilities with the most advanced data tools.

 

The HTS platform allows us to test many compounds on cancerous cell lines and tissues and measure the therapeutics effects of these compounds.

 

Our advantage is in the specialized library which is composed of a collection of cannabis extracts and pure natural and synthetic cannabinoids. The library will also include a costumed cannabinoid matrix, to assess the possible interaction of combination therapy.

 

Our lab is equipped with a collection of state of the art instruments to enable miniaturization and automation of a variety of biological assays. The automated system is comprised of:

 

1. High Content Screening (HCS) Platform, which is an automated cellular imaging and analysis platform designed for quantitative microscopy.
2. Flow Cytometry, which enables multi-parametric single cell analysis.
3. Automated workstation, for liquid handling for dispensing accurate and reproducible volumes of liquids and compounds.
4. Multimode microplate reader, designed for fast measurements of numerous biological reactions/processes.

 

The integration of these instruments is enabled via a robotic arm, which allows a continuous process which utilizes all instruments.

 

Readouts generated from these instruments provide us with insights to the effect of our cannabinoid library on parameters such as, proliferation inhibition, apoptosis induction, angiogenesis prevention and toxicity on cancerous cells.

 

These experiments will produce multiplexed data composed of images of cells, cell specific markers and the extent/signal of the biological response. The biological response will be measured using different concentration of cannabinoids and their combinations, thus determining the most effective cannabinoid treatment for a specific cancer type.

 

 

 

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Invitro Studies – Drug Screening

 

We have a proprietary procedure of high throughput screening (HTS) and high content screening (HCS) for the detection of correlations between cannabinoid ratios, dosages and anti-tumor activity using a growing library of human cancer cell lines and creating an enlarged variety of Cannabis-based compounds. We examine the biological activity of these compounds on tumor cell lines of distinct tissue lineage and creating a highly valuable therapeutic data. We Screen for the most potent cannabinoid/natural extracts. Our goal in the invitro studies is to build a library of both purified and natural cannabinoid extracts and to reveal their biological impact on a library of cancer cell lines. The HTS technology enables us to gain this data base in a faster manner and to reveal more mechanisms of action that are related to the genetics of the cancer. We are now in the process of merging our data with sophisticated data mining to help find meaningful insights of both treatment and outcome.

 

Proof of Concept

 

To date we have screened natural extracts mainly with high ratios of CBD, CBDA, THC, THCA which have clearly shown to cause apoptosis in various levels depending on compound and cancer type.

 

Currently we are in a process of enlarging our cancer cell library and our Cannabinoid library as our new GMP facilities are being approved in Israel, and are expected to supply a wide range of purified cannabinoids.

 

We believe that the preclinical data we collect will lead us to a designated formulation for specific cancers in order to ultimately approach the FDA.

 

Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs):

 

Identifying Circulating Tumor Cells can be regarded as a “Liquid Biopsy of Cancer” method. CTCs can be useful for screening cancer drugs as they may reflect the severity and heterogeneity of primary tumors. CTCs are present in the blood of many patients with solid tumors. Most of these cells, which are thought to be involved in metastasis, die in the circulation, presumably due to the loss of matrix-derived survival signals or circulatory shear stress. The clinical value of CTCs as a biomarker for early cancer detection, diagnosis, prognosis, prediction, stratification, and pharmacodynamics have been widely explored in recent years. However, the clinical utility of current CTC tests is limited mainly due to methodological constraints.

 

A full cancer genome and transcriptome is present in each individual CTC, therefore these cells represent an interesting source of tumor information where mutations and gene fusions can be found. Many studies have used enumeration of CTCs to predict recurrence or used cancer-derived biomarkers to follow therapy resistance.

 

CTC Testing and Cannabinoids

 

We are currently in a process of commercializing a diagnostic test which is based on liquid biopsies of patients suffering from epithelial cancers.

 

Our proprietary test fuses two separate aspects which in fact complement each other:

 

1. Cell Count - The test uses CTC technology that marks and counts cancer cells from the blood sample. This test is a marker for cancer progression and treatment efficacy. It could be implemented as a follow up of disease progression while the patient is treated with Cannabis. We hypothesize that the accumulated data will eventually be a predictor for actual treatment outcome.

 

2. Cannabinoid Sensitivity Test. – This test counts number of live and dead cancer cells after been exposed to cannabinoid compounds such as THC or CBD and their combinations. As in the CTC count, after gaining multiple data sets and merging them with the expanding database; the test could better predict treatment outcome.

 

By providing personalized patient data, doctors will make better informed decisions about the cannabinoid treatment encompassing prioritized active compounds, dosages, treatment regime and follow up. These tests could be taken on a weekly/monthly basis, thus enabling treatment alteration due to cancer progression and biology. We have designed our own proprietary “big data” system specifically tailored for this, and these results will be submitted through a patient oriented, highly secure system.

 

 

 

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Proof of Concept

 

We are currently working in collaboration with SIMFO GmbH, a renown German research laboratory on CTC drug sensitivity tests.

 

The CTC technology enables us to isolate cancer cells from blood samples and screen the effects of cannabinoids upon them. To date we have screened CBD, CBDA, THC, THCA and their combinations on CTC’s derived from breast, prostate and colon cancer patients. The results indicate a highly differentiated activity between cannabinoids and tumors. These preliminary results justify the more profound observation of the effects of different cannabinoids both from efficacy and toxicity aspects.

 

Clinical Studies

 

Administration of Cannabis as a Palliative treatment

 

The Science

 

Cachexia

 

Cachexia originates from Greek and Latin roots: Kakos- (bad) and Hexis (condition or appearance). It is associated with several chronic diseases and, generally, involves a dual mechanism of general muscle wasting, malnutrition, and anorexia. Cachexia is primarily caused by cytokines released from inflammatory cells. In 2011, an international panel defined cachexia as a “multifactorial syndrome characterized by an ongoing loss of skeletal muscle mass (with or without loss of fat mass) that cannot be fully reversed by conventional nutritional support and leads to progressive functional impairment”.

 

Cachexia may be masked by excess weight, obesity, edema or tumor mass. Muscle wasting or sarcopenia occurs as a key feature of cachexia. In cachexia, muscle wasting is primarily caused by inflammation, in contrast to sarcopenia where muscle wasting is related to age and immobility. Additional parameters utilized to diagnose cachexia include food intake, CRP, and albumin levels.

 

Anorexia and Cachexia

 

Anorexia is a subjective term describing the reduction or loss of appetite. Although it is commonly known that patients suffering from cancer and cancer treatments experience loss of appetite, the exact prevalence of anorexia is unknown. In one study on advanced cancer patients, more than half the patients experienced anorexia.

 

In patients suffering from cancer, anorexia may be due to physiological and psychological factors. Anorexia can occur due to chemotherapy treatments, which cause nausea and vomiting. Tumors may also obstruct the upper gastrointestinal system, causing dysphagia and making it difficult to consume food. Depression also significantly contributes to decreased appetite. The decreased appetite causes increased psychological distress and a decreased quality of life.

 

The presence of a decreased appetite has been proposed to be an independent risk factor for mortality. A North Central Cancer Treatment Group study of 1,115 patients with colorectal and lung cancer found that patients with anorexia had lower survival rates and experienced more toxicity from chemotherapy than similarly matched patients who maintained their appetite. In a retrospective review of 3,047 patients by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology group, weight-loss greater than 5% before chemotherapy predicated early mortality regardless of stage or tumor type.

 

Cancer-Related Cachexia and Anorexia Syndrome

 

Cachexia may occur with or without a loss of appetite or reduction in nutrition. Interestingly, anorexia or decreased appetite is an independent risk factor for patient decline and, therefore, it has been proposed to view anorexia accompanying cachexia as a separate syndrome. Cachexia primarily caused by anorexia or reduced intake has been defined as cancer-related cachexia and anorexia syndrome (CACS). CACS, unlike cachexia, includes weight-loss caused by muscle wasting, as well as lipolysis and decreased intake.

 

 

 

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Pathogenesis of CACS

 

Anorexia is due to both catabolic drivers and inflammation associated with cancer, side effects associated with chemotherapy and radiation, as well as depression and other psychosocial effects. It has been proposed that pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-alpha, may decrease leptin release by mimicking excessive negative feedback signaling from leptin. In addition, these cytokines also contribute to hyper-metabolism and increased resting energy expenditure, especially as patients near death.

 

The symptoms correlating with decreased appetite in cancer have been referred to as “secondary nutrition impact symptoms” (S-NIS), and include early satiety, constipation, nausea or vomiting, dysphagia and depression. Increasing protein and caloric intake, may increase body mass and prolong survival. In order to have this effect, it has been suggested that patients should increase caloric intake by 300-400kcal and protein intake by 50%. This was demonstrated in a study using parenteral nutrition, as meeting these goals may be difficult in patients experiencing S-NIS.

 

Decreased appetite may also lead to malnutrition. Although the relationship between malnutrition and cachexia is not well defined, it is proposed that a lack of certain nutrients further contributes to muscle catabolism, especially a deficiency of long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin D, and choline. Treatments that address CACS should improve appetite in order to correct malnutrition associated with decreased protein and caloric intake.

 

CANNABICS SR 5MG capsules for CACS

 

While the medicinal effects of certain cannabinoids are well known to physicians, it is common knowledge that smoking is hazardous to health. Many physicians are perfectly aware of the palliative properties of cannabis (i.e antiemetic and analgesic), however they refrain from recommending or prescribing it to patients knowing that smoking the raw flowers is still the most common and available administration route. Hence the availability of an oral, standardized, reliable and clinically tested administration route of medical cannabis – no different from the administration route of most medications consumed by patients today - would dramatically improve the availability of medical cannabis therapy to patients in need.

 

We have developed a proprietary capsule as a treatment to improve cancer related cachexia/anorexia syndrome (“CACS”) in advanced cancer patients. The main purpose in the treatment of patients with advanced cancer and CACS is to gain weight and improve Quality of Life (“QoL”). We believe that QoL in patients with CACS is inversely related to reduced appetite and weight-loss.

 

Our clinical study was led by Professor Gil Bar-Sela, the Deputy Director of the Division of Oncology at Rambam Health Care Campus, Head of the Palliative and Supportive Oncology Unit, and Head of the service for Melanoma and Sarcoma Patients. The main endpoints of the treatment of patients with advanced cancer and CACS are weight gain and quality of life (QoL). The study is fully registered with the US NIH under "Cannabics Capsules as Treatment to Improve Cancer Related CACS in Advanced Cancer Patients", Identifier NCT02359123, and may be found at https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02359123 . See our press release of July 3rd, 2018, updating information on this clinical study.

 

Personalized Cannabis Medicine - The Opportunity

 

Current changes in legislated cannabis legality and public support are creating a unique situation in which this highly potent drug is now being consumed by hundreds of millions of people seeking therapy in a wide spectrum of indications. One of the major groups are cancer patients who are mainly treated with chemotherapy or radiation, however, are now more exposed to the option of using cannabis for its palliative properties. This new industry permeates the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and food supplement markets and brings many different products i.e. high CBD/high THC, oral/sublingual, dosage and purity. However, doctors are still not educated to differentiate between strains/products and subscribe cannabis generally. Hence, the growing unmet need is to better understand the biology of cannabinoids and the clinical outcome of such products.

 

 

 

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Cannabics is a pioneer in embedding invitro studies-diagnostics-clinical research and consumer data into a predictive and monitoring platform for cancer patients who require cannabis.

 

Our Challenge is to harness novel technologies to study cancer with cannabinoids and to learn from our growing database to improve cannabinoid-based therapies.

 

Intellectual Property

 

Our success depends in significant part on our ability to protect the proprietary nature of our Product Prospects, technology and know-how, to operate without infringing on the proprietary rights of others; and to defend challenges and oppositions from others and prevent others from infringing on our proprietary rights, including our provisional patents described below.

 

We plan to continue to seek patent protection in the United States and other countries for our proprietary technologies. To date, our intellectual property portfolio includes three provisional patents, filed with the USPTO, related to our line of activity (pharmaceutical formulations; drug delivery; therapeutic uses of cannabinoids and other cannabis compounds and personalized cannabinoid diagnostics), as well as know-how and trade secrets.

 

The Company’s patent applications:

 

 

 

 

 

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We anticipate that we will file additional patent applications in conjunction with our research, testing, and development of our cannabis-based Product Prospects.

 

Our policy is to seek patent protection for the technology, inventions and improvements that we consider important to the development of our business, but only in those cases where we believe that the costs of obtaining patent protection is justified by the scientific and commercial potential of the technology, and typically only in those jurisdictions that we believe present significant commercial opportunities. We anticipate that we will file additional patent applications in conjunction with our research, testing, and development of our cannabis-based products.

 

Big Data and Predictive Analytics

 

A key strategic component of our company in creating our new state-of-the art laboratory is in our understanding and usage of “Big Data”. The market for precision and personalized medicine is expected to grow by 10% per year in the next decade, made possible by a huge growth in the amount of high content screening data and advances in big data analytics. In contrast, the medical cannabis market is expected to grow by over 20% per year over the same period. This figure belies the fact that medical cannabis encompasses hundreds of strains, each with its own varied and complex chemical composition, leaving both medical practitioners and patients at a loss as to which strain or chemical mix is best suited to treat a given patient with a given disease. Cannabics aims to fill that void.

 

State-of-the-art data analytics are a key component of the novel platform developed by Cannabics in its efforts to enable practitioners to precisely tailor medical cannabinoid-based therapies to an individual patient's profile and cancer. Our proprietary platform employs cutting-edge machine learning algorithms and deep learning models to integrate large quantities of multi-omic profile, environment and lifestyle data into a high content drug sensitivity screening pipeline, enabling the development of highly personalized models that practitioners can rely on as preventative, primary and complementary cannabinoid-based treatment options.

 

In addition to the Cannabics predictive analytics and high content screening platform, Cannabics is also seeking partnerships and acquisitions that can address the acquisition, storage and security of personal health data related to medical cannabis consumption. The IoT market is slated to grow at over 20% per year over the next decade, while the global blockchain market is expected to grow at over 30% per year. The integration of both of these technologies will ensure that all patient related data, both multi-omic profiling and dosing records, are both accurate, immutable and secure. These benefits will help appease pubic concerns regarding the privacy of personal medical profiles, help overcome regulatory hurdles and ensure the integrity of a large portion of the data supporting Cannabics product and service offerings.

 

Results of Operations

 

For the Three Months Ended May 31, 2018 and 2017

 

Revenues

 

We had received $2,956 from licensing agreements as royalties during the three months ended May 31, 2018 compared to 1,758 for the three months ended May 31, 2017.

 

Operating Expenses

 

For the three months ended May 31, 2018, our total operating expenses were $854,713 compared to $474,447 for the three months ended May 31, 2017 resulting in an increase of $380,266. The increase is attributable to increase of $195,342 in research and Development expenses and a total increase of $184,924 in General administration, and Sales and marketing expenses.

 

We incurred a financial expense of $20,017 for the three months ended May 31, 2018, compared to financial Income of $227,448 for the three months ended May 31, 2017. The Increase in financial expense was mainly attributable to an adjustment to the fair value of the derivative liability. As a result, the net loss was $871,774 for the three months ended May 31, 2018 compared to $245,428 for the three months ended May 31, 2017.

 

 

 

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For the Nine Months Ended May 31, 2018 and 2017

 

Revenues

 

We had received $6,645 from licensing agreements as royalties during the nine months ended May 31, 2018 compared to 2,814 for the nine months ended May 31, 2017.

 

Operating Expenses

 

For the nine months ended May 31, 2018, our total operating expenses were $3,096,799 compared to $771,110 for the nine months ended May 31, 2017 resulting in an increase of $2,325,689. The increase is attributable to increase of $444,230 in research and Development expenses and a total increase of $1,881,459 in General administration, and Sales and marketing expenses.

 

We incurred a financial income of $45,809 for the nine months ended May 31, 2018, compared to financial Expense of $62,446 for the nine months ended May 31, 2017. The decrease in financial expense was mainly attributable to an adjustment to the fair value of the derivative liability. As a result, the net loss was $3,044,345 for the nine months ended May 31, 2018 compared to $830,742 for the nine months ended May 31, 2017.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Overview

 

As of May 31, 2018, the Company had $2,215,362 in cash compared to $3,190,303 on May 31, 2017. We expect to incur a minimum of $1,000,000 in expenses during the next twelve months of operations. We estimate that these expenses will be comprised primarily of general expenses including overhead, legal and accounting fees, research and development expenses, and fees payable to outside medical centers for clinical studies.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources during the Nine Months Ended May 31, 2018 compared to the Nine Months ended May 31, 2017

 

We used cash in operations of $1,353,195 for the Nine months ended May 31, 2018, compared to cash used in operations of $520,100 for the Nine months ended May 31, 2017. The negative cash flow from operating activities for the Nine months ended May 31, 2017 is primarily attributable to the Company's net loss from operations of $3,044,345, offset by depreciation of $33,640, stock issued for services of $1,777,169; and decrease in accounts payables and accrued liabilities of $87,425, decrease of $34,176 in account receivables and prepaid expenses and a decrease in fair value of derivative liability of $66,010.

 

We used $742,137 cash in investing activities during the three months ended May 31, 2018, compared to $91,080 cash in investment activities for the three months ended May 31, 2017.

 

We will have to raise funds to pay for our expenses. We may have to borrow money from shareholders, issue equity or enter into a strategic arrangement with a third party. There can be no assurance that additional capital will be available to us. We currently have no arrangements or understandings with any person to obtain funds through bank loans, lines of credit or any other sources. Since we have no such arrangements or plans currently in effect, our inability to raise funds for our operations will have a severe negative impact on our ability to remain a viable company.

 

Going Concern

 

Due to the uncertainty of our ability to meet our current operating and capital expenses, our independent auditors included an explanatory paragraph in their report on the audited financial statements for the year ended August 31, 2017 regarding concerns about our ability to continue as a going concern. Our financial statements contain additional note disclosures describing the circumstances that lead to this disclosure by our independent auditors.

 

Our unaudited financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which assumes the realization of assets and settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to generate profitable operations in the future and/or to obtain the necessary financing to meet our obligations and repay our liabilities arising from normal business operations when they become due. The outcome of these matters cannot be predicted with any certainty at this time and raise substantial doubt that we will be able to continue as a going concern. Our unaudited financial statements do not include any adjustments to the amount and classification of assets and liabilities that may be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

 

 

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There is no assurance that our operations will be profitable. Our continued existence and plans for future growth depend on our ability to obtain the additional capital necessary to operate either through the generation of revenue or the issuance of additional debt or equity.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We currently have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

   

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires us to make a number of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Such estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. We base our estimates on historical experiences and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions and conditions. We continue to monitor significant estimates made during the preparation of our financial statements. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate estimates and assumptions based upon historical experience and various other factors and circumstances. We believe our estimates and assumptions are reasonable in the circumstances; however, actual results may differ from these estimates under different future conditions.

 

See Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended August 31, 2017, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed on December 8, 2017, for a discussion of our critical accounting policies and estimates.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

The disclosure required under this item is not required to be reported by smaller reporting companies; as such term is defined by Item 503(e) of Regulation S-K.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

  (a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

In connection with the preparation of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, an evaluation was carried out by the Company's management, with the participation of the principal executive officer and the principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 ("Exchange Act")) as of May 31, 2018. Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

 

Based on that evaluation, the Company's management concluded, as of the end of the period covered by this report, that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were not effective in recording, processing, summarizing, and reporting information required to be disclosed, within the time periods specified in the Commission's rules and forms, and that such information was accumulated and communicated to management, including the principal executive officer and the principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

 

  (b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no other changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

We are currently not involved in any litigation that we believe could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of our company, threatened against or affecting our company or our common stock.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

You should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described below, together with all of the other information in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. If any of the following risks are realized, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects could be materially and adversely affected. The risks described below are not the only risks facing the Company. Risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

Risks Related to Our Company and Business

 

Our independent auditors have expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue operating as a going concern, which could prevent us from obtaining new financing on reasonable terms or at all.

 

Our independent registered public accountants have expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. This opinion could materially limit our ability to raise additional funds by issuing new debt or equity securities or otherwise. If we fail to raise sufficient capital when needed, we will not be able to complete our proposed business. As a result, we may have to liquidate our business and investors may lose their investments. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to successfully accomplish our plan of operations described otherwise herein, obtain financing and eventually attain profitable operations. Investors should consider our independent registered public accountant’s comments when deciding whether to invest in the Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc.

 

We have not generated any significant revenue since our inception and we may never achieve profitability.

 

We are an early stage biotechnology company and have not generated any significant revenue since we commenced our present operations in April 2014. At the present time, Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. SR is the only product that we have commercialized. To date, we have financed our operations primarily through private placements of common stock, warrants, and direct equity investments. As we continue our research and development in cannabinoid-based diagnostics, our expenses are expected to increase significantly. Accordingly, we will need to generate significant revenue to achieve profitability. Even as we begin to commercialize our technologies, we expect our losses to continue as a result of ongoing research and development expenses. These losses, among other things, have had and will continue to have an adverse effect on our working capital, total assets and stockholders’ equity. Because of the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with product development and commercialization efforts, we are unable to predict at what stage the Company will become profitable. We may never become profitable. Even if we do achieve profitability, we may not be able to sustain or increase profitability on a quarterly or annual basis. If we are unable to achieve and then maintain profitability, our business, financial condition and results of operations will be negatively affected and the market value of our common stock will decline.

 

Since we have a limited operating history in our business, it is difficult for potential investors to evaluate our business.

 

We commenced operations as a biotechnology company in April 2014, and therefore have a relatively short operating history upon which an evaluation of our future success or failure can objectively be made. Our business is a highly speculative undertaking and involves a substantial degree of risk. We have not demonstrated an ability to successfully overcome many of the risks and uncertainties frequently encountered by early-stage companies in new and rapidly evolving competitive fields, including under-capitalization, cash shortages, limitations with respect to personnel, financial, and other resources and lack of revenue. The likelihood of our success must be considered in light of the early stage of our operations. There is no assurance that our business will ever be successful or that we will be able to attain profitability. Any failure by Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. to report profits may adversely affect the price of our common stock.

 

 

 

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We will need to raise additional capital to meet our business requirements in the future, which may be costly or difficult to obtain and could dilute our stockholders’ ownership interests.

 

Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. has not yet generated meaningful revenue and will require additional capital to continue its research and development activities, conduct clinical trials, commercialize its products and otherwise fund its operations. Our ability to secure required financing will depend in part upon investor perception of our ability to create a successful business. Capital market conditions and other factors beyond our control may also play important roles in our ability to raise capital. There can be no assurance that debt or equity financing will be available or sufficient for our requirements or for other corporate purposes, or if debt or equity financing is available, that it will be on terms acceptable to us. Moreover, future activities may require us to alter our capitalization significantly. Our inability to access sufficient capital for our operations could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and prospects. If we are unable to obtain additional funding as needed, we may be required to reduce the scope of our research and development activities, which could harm our business plan, financial condition and operating results, or we may be required to cease our operations entirely, in which case, our investors will lose all of their investment.

 

Any additional capital raised through the sale of equity or equity-backed securities may dilute our stockholders’ ownership percentages and could also result in a decrease in the market value of our equity securities. The terms of any securities issued by us in future capital transactions may be more favorable to new investors, and may include preferences, superior voting rights and the issuance of warrants or other derivative securities, which may have a further dilutive effect on the holders of our securities then outstanding. Any debt financing secured in the future could involve restrictive covenants relating to capital raising activities and other financial and operational matters, which may make it more difficult for us to obtain additional capital and to pursue business opportunities. In addition, we may incur substantial costs in pursuing future capital financing, including investment banking fees, legal fees, accounting fees, securities law compliance fees, printing and distribution expenses and other costs. We may also be required to recognize non-cash expenses in connection with certain securities we issue, such as convertible notes and warrants, which may have an adverse impact on our financial condition.

 

We are highly dependent on the success of cannabinoid technology, and we may not be able to develop the technology, successfully obtain regulatory or marketing approval for, or successfully commercialize, our products or product candidates.

 

Our business is focused entirely upon the research, development and commercialization of cannabinoid-based technologies for the detection and treatment of cancer. Our success is dependent upon the viability of this technology and the development of cancer diagnostics and therapies.

 

Neither we nor any other company has received regulatory approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”) to market any diagnostics or therapeutics based on botanical cannabinoids, though the FDA has approved two drugs that contain a synthetic substance that acts similarly to cannabis compounds but is not present in the cannabis plant.

 

The scientific evidence underlying the feasibility of developing cannabinoid-based technologies for the detection and treatment of cancer is both preliminary and limited. In 2017, an ad hoc committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine determined that while there is conclusive or substantial evidence that oral cannabinoids are effective antiemetics in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, there was insufficient evidence to make any statement about the efficacy of cannabinoids as a treatment for cancer. The ad hoc committee went on to state that further clinical research into the anti-cancer effects of cannabinoids needs to be conducted.

 

If our cannabinoid technology is found to be ineffective or unsafe in humans, or if it never receives regulatory approval for commercialization, we may never be able bring our product candidates to market and may never become profitable. Further, our current business strategy, including all of our research and development, is focused on utilizing cannabinoid technology to detect and treat cancer. This lack of diversification increases the risk associated with the ownership of our common stock. If we are unsuccessful in developing and commercializing our cannabinoid-based technology and its application to the detection and treatment of cancer, we may be required to alter our scope and direction and steer away from the intellectual property we have developed as well as the core capabilities of our management team and advisory board. Without successful commercialization of our products and product candidates, we may never become profitable, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

 

 

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Our success depends upon our ability to retain our senior management and our ability to attract, retain and motivate other qualified personnel.

 

We are an early stage biotechnology company. At current, we have two employees and several key consultants. Our success materially depends upon the efforts of our management and other key personnel, including but not limited to Dr. Eyal Ballan, our Chief Technology Officer and Director. If we lose the services of Dr. Ballan or any other executive officers or significant employees, our business would likely be materially and adversely affected. At this time, we do not currently have “key man” life insurance for Dr. Ballan or any other executive officer.

 

Because of the specialized scientific and managerial nature of our business, we rely heavily on our ability to attract and retain qualified scientific, technical and managerial personnel. The competition for qualified personnel in the biotechnology industry is intense. Due to this intense competition, we may be unable to continue to attract and retain qualified personnel necessary for the development of our business or to recruit suitable replacement personnel. Any difficulties in obtaining and retaining qualified officers, employees and consultants could have a material adverse effect on our operations.

 

The relative lack of public company experience by our management team may put us at a competitive disadvantage.

 

As a company with a class of securities registered under the United States Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), we are subject to reporting and other legal, accounting, corporate governance, and regulatory requirements imposed by the Exchange Act and rules and regulations promulgated under the Exchange Act. With the exception of our CFO, Uri Ben-Or, our management team lacks significant public company experience, which could impair our ability to comply with these legal, accounting, and regulatory requirements. Such responsibilities include complying with federal securities laws and making required disclosures on a timely basis. Our senior management may not be able to implement and effect programs and policies in an effective and timely manner that adequately respond to such increased legal and regulatory compliance and reporting requirements. Our failure to do so could lead to the imposition of fines and penalties and further result in the deterioration of our business.

 

If we are unable to enter into acceptable sales, marketing and distribution arrangements with third parties or establish sales, marketing and distribution capabilities, we may not be successful in commercializing any product candidate that we develop if and when a product candidate is approved.

 

We do not have any sales, marketing or distribution infrastructure and have no experience in the commercialization of biotechnology. To achieve commercial success for any product, we must develop a sales and marketing organization, outsource these functions to third parties or license our products to others.

 

In the United States, we intend to only commercialize our products by licensing them to organizations having greater resources and experience than we do, though there can be no assurance that such licensing efforts will be successful, or that we will be able to license any future products on satisfactory terms, or at all. We do not presently have any other agreement or arrangement for the commercialization of our products in the United States or elsewhere.

 

While we generally intend to adopt a licensing model for the commercialization of our products, we may seek one or more strategic partners for commercialization of our products outside the United States. As a result of entering into arrangements with third parties to perform sales, marketing and distribution services, our product revenue or the profitability of our product revenue may be lower, perhaps substantially lower, than if we were to directly market and sell products in those markets. Furthermore, we may be unsuccessful in entering into the necessary arrangements with third parties or may be unable to do so on terms that are favorable to us. In addition, we may have little or no control over such third parties and any of them may fail to devote the necessary resources and attention to sell and market our product candidates effectively.

 

If we do not license our products or outsource our commercialization efforts, we will be required to develop our own sales, marketing and distribution capabilities, which will require substantial resources and will be time-consuming, and could delay any product launch. Moreover, we may not be able to hire or retain a sales force that is sufficient in size or has adequate expertise in the consumer health markets that we plan to target. If we are unable to establish or retain a sales force and marketing and distribution capabilities, our operating results may be adversely affected. If we do not successfully license our products or establish sales and marketing capabilities, either on our own or in collaboration with third parties, it is likely that we will be unable to commercialize any of our products.

 

 

 

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We face intense competition, often from companies with greater resources and experience than we have, which may result in others developing or commercializing competing products before us or more successfully.

 

The market for cancer diagnostics and therapies is intensely competitive, subject to rapid change and significantly affected by new product introductions and other market activities of industry participants. Our competitors include large multinational corporations and their operating units, including Abbott Laboratories Inc., Cepheid Inc., Philips, GE Healthcare, Siemens, Gen-Probe Incorporated, MDxHealth SA, EpiGenomics AG, Roche Diagnostics, Exact Sciences Corporation, Sequenom, Inc. and several others. We also compete against pharmaceutical companies, specialty pharmaceutical companies and biotechnology companies worldwide, as well as smaller and other early-stage companies. Other potential competitors include academic institutions, government agencies and other public and private research organizations that conduct research, seek patent protection and establish collaborative arrangements for research, development, manufacturing and commercialization.

 

Many of our competitors and potential competitors have or will have substantially greater financial, technological, managerial and research and development resources and experience than we have, and many have been engaged in the biotechnology industry for a much longer time than we have. Many of our competitors spend significantly more funds on research, development, promotion and sale of new and existing products than we do, and may therefore be able to react more quickly to new or emerging technologies, shifting market conditions and regulatory changes.

 

There can be no assurance that any of our current or future products and technologies will have a competitive advantage in the marketplace, or that they will remain competitive following the introduction of competing products or technologies. Our commercial opportunity could be reduced or eliminated if our competitors develop and commercialize products that are safer, more effective, more convenient or less expensive. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in the face of increasing competition from new technologies or products introduced by existing companies in the industry or by new companies entering the market.

 

If we are unable to compete successfully, there may be a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

If the marketplace does not accept the products in our development pipeline or any other diagnostic products we might develop, we may be unable to generate sufficient revenue to sustain and grow our business.

 

Even if we are able to successfully develop and obtain regulatory approval of a product candidate, our ability to generate significant revenue will depend on the acceptance of our products by physicians and patients. Physicians, hospitals, clinical laboratories, researchers or others in the healthcare industry may not use our current or future diagnostic product candidates unless they are determined to be an effective and cost-efficient means of detecting and diagnosing cancer. Market acceptance of our current or future therapeutic products will depend on a number of factors, including the indication statement and warnings approved by regulatory authorities in the product label, continued demonstration of efficacy and safety in commercial use, physicians’ willingness to prescribe the product, reimbursement from third-party payers such as government healthcare systems and insurance companies, the price of the product, the nature of any post-approval risk management plans mandated by regulatory authorities, competition, marketing and distribution support. In addition, we will need to expend a significant amount of resources on marketing and educational efforts to create awareness of our products and to encourage their acceptance and adoption. If the market for our products does not develop sufficiently or the products are not accepted, our revenue potential will be harmed.

 

We do not presently have any product liability insurance coverage and there is no assurance that we will be able to obtain such insurance at an affordable price or that it will be sufficient to cover all liabilities that we may incur.

 

We are exposed to potential product liability risks that are inherent in the testing, manufacturing and marketing of cancer diagnostics, pharmaceuticals and dietary supplements. While we do not presently carry any product liability insurance coverage, we intend to obtain such insurance in amounts we believe to be commercially reasonable for our current level of activity and exposure. There is no assurance, however, that we will be able to obtain or maintain insurance coverage that will be adequate to cover our potential liabilities, or that premiums will be commercially justifiable. Furthermore, insurance that might otherwise be readily available, may be more difficult for us to find and more expensive because we work with medicinal cannabis. If we are the subject of a successful product liability claim that exceeds the limits of, or is not otherwise covered by our insurance, or if we incur such liability at a time when we are not able to obtain liability insurance, we may incur substantial charges that adversely affect our earnings and require the commitment of capital resources that might otherwise be available for the development and commercial launch of our product programs.

 

 

 

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If we fail to protect our intellectual property rights, our ability to pursue the development of our technologies and products would be negatively affected.

 

Our success will depend in part on our ability to protect our intellectual property. This is done, in part, by obtaining patents and trademarks and then maintaining adequate protection of our technologies, tradenames and products. If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property, competitors may be able to use our technologies to produce and market products in direct competition with us and erode our competitive advantage. Some foreign countries lack rules and methods for defending intellectual property rights and do not protect proprietary rights to the same extent as the United States. Many companies have had difficulty protecting their proprietary rights in these foreign countries. We may not be able to prevent misappropriation of our proprietary rights.

 

We are currently seeking patent protection for several processes and finished products. However, the patent process is subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, and there can be no assurance that we will be successful in protecting our products by obtaining and defending patents. These risks and uncertainties include the following:

 

  · patents that may be issued or licensed may be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented, or otherwise may not provide any competitive advantage;
  · our competitors, many of which have substantially greater resources than us and many of which have made significant investments in competing technologies, may seek, or may already have obtained, patents that will limit, interfere with, or eliminate our ability to make, use, and sell our products and product candidates either in the United States or in international markets;
  · there may be significant pressure on the United States government and other international governmental bodies to limit the scope of patent protection both inside and outside the United States for treatments that prove successful as a matter of public policy regarding worldwide health concerns;
  · countries other than the United States may have less restrictive patent laws than those upheld by United States courts, allowing foreign competitors the ability to exploit these laws to create, develop, and market competing products.

 

Any patents issued to us may not provide us with meaningful protection, and third parties may challenge, circumvent or narrow them. Third parties may also independently develop products similar to our products or product candidates, duplicate our unpatented product or product candidates, and design around any patents on product candidates we may develop.

 

Additionally, extensive time is required for development, testing and regulatory review of product candidates. While extension of a patent term due to regulatory delays may be available, it is possible that before any of our product candidates can be commercialized, any related patent, even with an extension, may expire or remain in force for only a short period following commercialization, thereby reducing any advantages of the patent.

 

In addition, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (the “USPTO”), and patent offices in other jurisdictions have often required that patent applications concerning biotechnology-related inventions be limited or narrowed substantially to cover only the specific innovations exemplified in the patent application, thereby limiting the scope of protection against competitive challenges. Thus, even if we or our licensors are able to obtain patents, the patents may be substantially narrower than anticipated.

 

In addition to patents, we rely on a combination of trade secrets, confidentiality, nondisclosure and other contractual provisions, and security measures to protect our confidential and proprietary information. These measures may not adequately protect our trade secrets or other proprietary information. If they do not adequately protect our rights, third parties could use our technology, and we could lose any competitive advantage we may have. In addition, others may independently develop similar proprietary information or techniques or otherwise gain access to our trade secrets, which could impair any competitive advantage we may have.

 

Costly litigation may be necessary to protect our intellectual property rights and we may be subject to claims alleging the violation of the intellectual property rights of others.

 

We may face significant expense and liability as a result of litigation or other proceedings relating to patents and other intellectual property rights of others. If another party has also filed a patent application or been issued a patent relating to an invention or technology claimed by us in pending applications, we may be required to participate in an interference proceeding declared by the USPTO to determine priority of invention, which could result in substantial uncertainties and costs, even if the eventual outcome were favorable to us. We could also be required to participate in interference proceedings involving issued patents and pending applications of another entity. An adverse outcome in an interference proceeding could require us to cease using the technology or to license rights from prevailing third parties.

 

 

 

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The cost to us of any patent litigation or other proceeding relating to our patents or patent applications, even if resolved in our favor, could be substantial. Our ability to enforce our patent protection could be limited by our financial resources, and may be subject to lengthy delays.

  

A third party might claim that we are using inventions claimed by their patents and might go to court to stop us from engaging in our normal operations and activities, such as research, development and the sale of any future products. Such lawsuits are expensive and would consume time and other resources. There is a risk that the court will decide that we are infringing the third party’s patents and will order us to stop the activities claimed by the patents, redesign our products or processes to avoid infringement or obtain licenses (which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms). In addition, there is a risk that a court will order us to pay the other party damages for having infringed their patents.

 

There is no guarantee that any prevailing patent owner would offer us a license so that we could continue to engage in activities claimed by the patent, or that such a license, if made available to us, could be acquired on commercially acceptable terms. In addition, third parties may, in the future, assert other intellectual property infringement claims against us with respect to our products, technologies or other matters.

 

Failure in our information technology or storage systems could significantly disrupt our operations and our research and development efforts, which could adversely impact our revenues, as well as our research, development and commercialization efforts.

 

Our ability to execute our business strategy depends, in part, on the continued and uninterrupted performance of our information technology (“IT”), systems, which support our operations and our research and development efforts, as well as our storage systems. Due to the sophisticated nature of the technology we use in our products and service offerings, we are substantially dependent on our IT systems. IT systems are vulnerable to damage from a variety of sources, including telecommunications or network failures, malicious human acts and natural disasters. Moreover, despite network security and back-up measures, some of our servers are potentially vulnerable to physical or electronic break-ins, computer viruses and similar disruptive problems. Despite the precautionary measures we have taken to prevent unanticipated problems that could affect our IT systems, sustained or repeated system failures that interrupt our ability to generate and maintain data, could adversely affect our ability to operate our business.

 

We will need to grow the size of our organization, and we may experience difficulties in managing any growth we may achieve.

 

As of this date, we have two full-time employees. As our development and commercialization plans and strategies progress, we expect to need additional research, development, managerial, operational, sales, marketing, financial, accounting, legal and other resources. Future growth would impose significant added responsibilities on our management, which may not be able to accommodate those added responsibilities. If we fail to effectively manage our future growth, it could delay the execution of our business plan and disrupt our operations.

 

We are subject to financial reporting and other requirements that place significant demands on our resources.

 

We are subject to reporting and other obligations under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Section 404 requires us to conduct an annual management assessment of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting. These reporting and other obligations place significant demands on our management, administrative, operational, internal audit and accounting resources. The costs of preparing and filing annual and quarterly reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC and furnishing audit reports to stockholders causes our expenses to be higher than they would be if we remained a privately-held company. The increased costs associated with operating as a public company may decrease our net income or increase our net loss, and may cause us to reduce costs in other areas of our business or increase the prices of our product to offset the effect of such increased costs. Additionally, if these requirements divert our management’s attention from other business concerns, they could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our disclosure controls and procedures and internal controls over financial reporting were determined not to be effective for the prior fiscal year ended August 31, 2017, and may not be effective in future periods.

 

 

 

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Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reasonable assurance with respect to our financial reports and to effectively prevent fraud. If we cannot provide reasonable assurance with respect to our financial reports and effectively prevent fraud, our reputation and operating results could be harmed. Pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, we are required to furnish a report by management on internal control over financial reporting, including management’s assessment of the effectiveness of such control. Internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements because of its inherent limitations, including the possibility of human error, the circumvention or overriding of controls, or fraud. Therefore, even effective internal controls can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to the preparation and fair presentation of financial statements. In addition, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the control may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. If we fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, including any failure to implement required new or improved controls, or if we experience difficulties in their implementation, our business and operating results could be adversely impacted, we could fail to meet our reporting obligations, and our business and stock price could be adversely affected.

 

At May 31, 2018, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) and concluded that, subject to the inherent limitations identified in Item 9A of Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2017, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to the existence of material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting arising from inadequate segregation of duties over authorization, review and recording of transactions, as well as the financial reporting of such transactions, the lack of an audit committee, insufficient documentation of review procedures and insufficient information technology procedures. Our independent auditors issued an adverse attestation report regarding the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as at August 31, 2017.

 

We believe we have taken appropriate and reasonable steps to make the necessary improvements to remediate these deficiencies, however we cannot be certain that our remediation efforts will ensure that our management designs, implements and maintains adequate controls over our financial processes and reporting in the future or that the changes made will be sufficient to address and eliminate the material weaknesses previously identified. Our inability to remedy any additional deficiencies or material weaknesses that may be identified in the future could, among other things, have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition, as well as impair our ability to meet our quarterly, annual and other reporting requirements under the Exchange Act in a timely manner, and require us to incur additional costs or to divert management resources.

 

Risks Related to Cannabis

 

Our failure to comply with controlled substance legislation could restrict or harm our ability to develop and commercialize our products.

 

Our business is, and will be, subject to wide-ranging laws and regulations of Israel, the United States (federal and state), the European Community and other governments in each of the countries where we may further develop our products. We must comply with all regulatory requirements if we expect to be successful.

 

Most countries are parties to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 as amended by the 1972 Protocol, which governs international trade and domestic control of narcotic substances, including cannabis extracts. Countries may interpret and implement their treaty obligations in a way that creates a legal obstacle to us obtaining marketing approval in those countries for any cannabinoid-based products we develop. These countries may not be willing or able to amend or otherwise modify their laws and regulations to permit our products to be marketed, or achieving such amendments to the laws and regulations may take a prolonged period of time. In the case of countries with similar obstacles, we would be unable to market our product candidates in countries in the near future or perhaps at all if the laws and regulations in those countries do not change.

 

Regarding the US, any cannabinoid-based diagnostic product candidate that we may develop, will be subject to U.S. controlled substance laws and regulations that will require us, along with our collaborators and licensees, to expend time, money and effort in all areas of regulatory compliance, including, if applicable, quality control and assurance and clinical trials. Any failure to comply with these laws and regulations, or the cost of compliance with these laws and regulations, could adversely affect the results of our business operations and our financial condition.

 

 

 

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The constant evolution of laws and regulations affecting the research and development of cannabis-based medical diagnostics and therapies could detrimentally affect our business. Laws and regulations related to the therapeutic uses of cannabis are subject to changing interpretations. These changes may require us to incur substantial costs associated with legal and compliance fees and ultimately require us to alter our business plan. Furthermore, violations or alleged violation of these laws could disrupt our business and result in a material adverse effect on our operations, including our ability to conduct clinical trials that are prerequisite to our ability to commercialize our cannabis-based medical products and therapies. We cannot predict the nature of any future laws, regulations, interpretations or applications of laws and regulations and it is possible that new laws and regulations may be enacted in the future that will be directly applicable to our business.

 

We are a bio-technology cancer research company, and as Cannabis remains illegal under US federal law, and any change in the enforcement priorities of the federal government could render our current and planned future operations unprofitable or even prohibit such operations.

 

The United States federal government regulates drugs through the Controlled Substances Act, which places controlled substances, including cannabis, on one of five schedules. Cannabis is currently classified as a Schedule I controlled substance, which is viewed as having no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. No prescriptions may be written for Schedule I substances, and such substances are subject to production quotas imposed by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration. Because of this, doctors may not prescribe cannabis for medical use under federal law, although they can recommend its use under various state laws where so permitted.

 

Currently, twenty-eight U.S. states and the District of Columbia allow the use of medical cannabis. Eight states and the District of Columbia also allow its recreational use. Because cannabis is a Schedule I controlled substance, however, the development of a legal cannabis industry under the laws of these states is in conflict with the Federal Controlled Substances Act, which makes cannabis use and possession illegal on a national level. The United States Supreme Court has confirmed that the federal government has the right to regulate and criminalize cannabis, including for medical purposes, and that federal law criminalizing the use of cannabis pre-empts state laws that legalize its use.

 

We are engaged in the business developing and commercializing cannabinoid-based diagnostics for the detection and treatment of cancer. Our ability to commercialize our diagnostic candidates in the United States is dependent upon the continued progress of legislative authorization of cannabis at the state level for medical purposes and, in certain states, based on the specifics of the legislation passed in that state, as well as Federal acquiescence. Any number of factors could slow or halt the progress. Furthermore, progress, while encouraging, is not assured. The legislative process normally encounters set-backs before achieving success. While there may be ample public support for legislative proposals, there must be political will in the legislative committee or a bill may never advance to a vote. Numerous factors impact the legislative process. Any one of these factors could slow or halt the progress and adoption of cannabis for medical purposes, which would limit the market for our products and negatively impact our business and revenues.

 

Changes in consumer preferences and acceptance of medical cannabis, or any negative trends, will adversely affect our business.

 

Our business is substantially dependent on market acceptance of medical cannabis diagnostics. Market perception of medical cannabis can be significantly influenced by a number of social, political and economic factors that are beyond our control, including scientific research or findings, regulatory investigations, litigation, media attention and other publicity regarding such diagnostics and treatments. There can be no assurance that future scientific research, findings, regulatory proceedings, litigation, media attention or other research findings or publicity will be favorable to the market for any of our current or future cannabinoid-based diagnostics or therapies. Future research reports, findings, regulatory proceedings, litigation, media attention or other publicity that are perceived as less favorable than, or that question, earlier research reports, findings or publicity could have a material adverse effect on the demand for our products, as well as our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

 

We believe that as cannabis-based biotechnology becomes more widely accepted by the US medical community and the public at large, the stigma associated with medical cannabis will moderate and, as a result, consumer demand will likely continue to grow. There is, however, no assurance that such increase in demand will occur, that we will benefit from any demand increase or that our business will ever become profitable. We cannot predict the future growth rate and size of the market, assuming that the regulatory climate permits, of which there can be no assurance. Any negative outlook on medical cannabis will adversely affect our business prospects.

 

We also believe that large, well-funded pharmaceutical and other related businesses and industries may have economic reasons to oppose cannabinoid-based therapies. The pharmaceutical industry is well-funded with a strong and experienced lobby presence at both the federal and state levels, as well as internationally, that surpasses financial resources of the current group of medical cannabis research and development companies. Any effort by the pharmaceutical lobby to halt or delay the newly developing medical cannabis diagnostics industry could have a detrimental impact on our business.

 

 

 

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Risks Related to Diagnostic Product Development

 

If we fail to successfully develop and commercialize diagnostics, pharmaceutical or therapies, we may be unable to execute our plan of operations.

 

Our current business strategy focuses on discovering, developing and commercializing cannabinoid-based diagnostics, anti-cancer pharmaceuticals and palliative therapies. The success of our business will depend upon our ability to fully develop and commercialize the diagnostics and therapeutic product candidates in our current development pipeline as well as to continue the discovery and development of other diagnostics and IP.

 

Prior to commercializing our product candidates, we will be required to undertake time-consuming and costly development activities with uncertain outcomes, including conducting clinical studies and obtaining regulatory clearance or approval in Israel, the United States, the European Union and other countries where we may develop and market our product candidates. Delays in obtaining approvals and clearances could have material adverse effects on us and our ability to fully carry out our plan of operations. We have limited experience in taking products through these processes and there are considerable risks involved in these activities. The science and methods that we are employing are innovative and complex, and it is possible that our development programs will ultimately not yield products suitable for commercialization or government approval. Product candidates that appear promising in early development may fail to be validated in subsequent studies, and even if we achieve positive results, we may still fail to obtain the necessary regulatory clearances or approvals. Few research and development projects result in commercial products, and perceived viability in early clinical studies often is not replicated in later studies. At any point, we may abandon development of a product candidate, or we may be required to expend considerable resources obtaining additional clinical and nonclinical data, which would adversely impact the timing for generating potential revenue from those products. Further, our ability to develop and launch product candidates is dependent on our receipt of substantial additional funding. If our discovery and development programs yield fewer commercial product candidates than we expect, we may be unable to execute our business plan, and our business, financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected.

 

If we fail to maintain or establish satisfactory arrangements for the supply of raw materials or the manufacture of our product candidates for preclinical or clinical trials, or if we experience an interruption of supply, we might not have sufficient quantities of our product candidates at an acceptable cost, which could delay, prevent or impair our development or commercialization efforts.

 

We do not produce medical cannabis, and therefore our ability to research, develop and commercialize our cannabinoid-based diagnostics and therapeutic product candidates is dependent upon a sufficient supply of medical cannabis strains. Any significant interruption or negative change in the availability or economics of the supply chain for medical cannabis could materially impact our business, financial condition and operating results. Some strains of medical cannabis may only be available from a single supplier or a limited group of suppliers. If a sole source supplier were to go out of business, we might be unable to find a replacement source in a timely manner or at all. If a sole source supplier were to be acquired by a competitor, that competitor might elect not to supply us. Any inability to secure required supplies of medical cannabis or to do so on appropriate terms could have a materially adverse impact on our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

Our clinical diagnostics may never be validated.

 

The FDA regulates the sale and distribution, in interstate commerce, of in vitro diagnostic test kits, reagents and instruments used to perform diagnostic testing. To the extent that any diagnostic test we develop is regarded as an in vitro diagnostic test rather than as a Laboratory Developed Test (“LDT”), we will be subject to increased FDA regulation that will delay and add to the cost of commercialization of our diagnostic product candidates, which will have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We are also subject to the United States Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (“CLIA”), federal regulatory standards that apply to all clinical laboratories that perform testing on specimens derived from humans in the United States for the purpose of providing information for the diagnosis, prevention or treatment of disease. CLIA is intended to ensure the quality and reliability of clinical laboratories in the United States by mandating specific standards in the areas of personnel qualifications, administration, and participation in proficiency testing, patient test management, quality control, quality assurance and inspections. Accreditation by the College of American Pathologists (“CAP”), one of six CLIA-approved accreditation organizations, is sufficient to satisfy the requirements of CLIA.

 

 

 

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The validation for CLIA or CAP is a two-step process. The first step is optimization of all of the steps of the test protocol to show that the test is able to produce repeatable and consistent results. The second step is the clinical validation, in which statistically significant sensitivity and specificity of the test on the appropriate human samples are determined. Overall, the purpose of the validation process is to determine the accuracy, precision, sensitivity and specificity of the test. The time and cost to complete the validation process can vary widely, and it is possible that we would be unable to complete the validation process along the timeline and within the budget as planned.

 

As of this date, our clinical diagnostics have not yet been validated for commercialization in a CLIA or CAP laboratory, and we have not yet begun the validation process. We may be unable to enter into an agreement with a CLIA or CAP laboratory on favorable terms, or at all. Although we may be able to validate the tests, they might have sensitivity and specificity that is insufficient to bring the product to market. Any delays or incurrence of greater costs than budgeted in validating these tests may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The Federal Food and Drug Administration may impose additional regulatory obligations and costs upon the development of our diagnostics.

 

On October 3, 2014, the FDA issued draft guidance regarding oversight of LDTs, titled “Framework for Regulatory Oversight of Laboratory Developed Tests (LDTs).” According to this guidance, the FDA plans to take a phased-in risk-based approach to regulating LDTs. The FDA plans to phase in enforcement of LTD premarket review, quality system oversight and adverse event reporting over a number of years. The FDA would require that laboratories providing LDTs, subject to certain limited exemptions, within six months after the guidance documents are finalized to comply with (i) either a new notification procedure in which the laboratory must provide the FDA with certain basic information about each LDT offered by their laboratory or the FDA’s device registration and listing requirements, and (ii) the medical device reporting, or MDR, requirements for LDTs offered by that laboratory. Under this new risk-based approach, it is possible that some level of pre-market review may be required for our LDTs, which may require us to obtain additional clinical data.

 

The FDA draft guidance was subject to public comment until February 2, 2015. On January 13, 2017, the FDA issued a discussion paper on LDTs that does not represent the formal position of FDA and is not enforceable, but is intended to advance public discussion on future LDT oversight. At the present time, we cannot assess what the additional costs and regulatory burdens of any FDA final guidance or FDA enforcement will be, or the impact it may have on our business and operations.

 

If the FDA requires us to seek clearance or approval for any of our diagnostic products (as opposed to simply licensing our technology to a CLIA lab), we may not be able to obtain such approvals on a timely basis, or at all. The cost of conducting clinical trials and otherwise developing data and information to support any applications may be significant. Failure to comply with applicable regulatory requirements of the FDA could result in enforcement action, including receiving untitled or warning letters, fines, injunctions, or civil or criminal penalties. In addition, we could be subject to a recall or seizure of products, operating restrictions, partial suspension or total shutdown of production. Any such enforcement action would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operations.

 

Changes in laws and regulations concerning clinical diagnostic tests may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The clinical laboratory testing industry is highly regulated, and failure to comply with applicable regulatory, supervisory or licensing requirements may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In particular, the laws and regulations governing the marketing and research of clinical diagnostic testing are extremely complex and in many instances, there are no clear regulatory or judicial interpretations of these laws and regulations, which increase the risk that we may be found to be in violation of these laws.

 

The regulatory environment in which we operate may change significantly and adversely in the future. The molecular diagnostics industry as a whole is a growing industry and regulatory agencies such as the FDA may also apply heightened scrutiny to new developments in the field of molecular diagnostics. Should we be deemed to not be in compliance with regulatory requirements or any changes thereto, we may be subject to sanctions which could include required changes to our operations, adverse publicity, substantial financial penalties and criminal proceedings. Any change in the laws and the regulations relating to our business, whether in the form of new or amended laws or regulations or regulatory policies, or the application of any of the above, may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations by increasing our costs to comply with the new laws or constraining our ability to develop, market and commercialize our diagnostic tests.

 

 

 

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For example, a development affecting our industry is the increased enforcement of the federal False Claims Act and, in particular, actions brought pursuant to the False Claims Act's "whistleblower" or " qui tam " provisions. The False Claims Act imposes liability on any person or entity that, among other things, knowingly presents, or causes to be presented, a false or fraudulent claim for payment by a federal governmental payer program. The qui tam provisions of the False Claims Act allow a private individual to bring civil actions on behalf of the federal government for violations of the False Claims Act and permit such individuals to share in any amounts paid by the defendant to the government in fines or settlement. When an entity is determined to have violated the False Claims Act, it is subject to mandatory damages of three times the actual damages sustained by the government, plus mandatory civil penalties ranging from $5,500 to $11,000 for each false claim. In addition, various states have enacted false claim laws analogous to the federal False Claims Act, and in some cases go even further because many of these state laws apply where a claim is submitted to any third-party payer and not merely a governmental payer program.

 

In addition, there has been a recent trend of increased U.S. federal and state regulation of payments made to physicians, which are governed by laws and regulations including the Stark Law. Among other requirements, the Stark Law requires laboratories to track, and places a cap on, non-monetary compensation provided to referring physicians. While we have a compliance plan to address compliance with applicable fraud and abuse laws and regulations, the evolving commercial compliance environment and the need to build and maintain robust and expandable systems to comply with multiple jurisdictions with different compliance and reporting requirements increases the possibility that we could violate one or more of these requirements.

 

All of our diagnostics and therapeutic product candidates are in clinical and preclinical development, the validation of which may not be successful and may be subject to delays, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operation and financial condition.

 

To date, we have devoted our resources towards developing the technology upon which we are building our clinical diagnostics and therapeutic product candidates. Our clinical diagnostic product candidates have yet to be validated and our clinical therapeutic product candidates are currently in a preclinical development phase. As of this date, only Cannabics SR, our non-pharmaceutical palliative therapy, has been commercialized.

 

We may be unable to successfully complete the clinical validation process for our diagnostic product candidates due to several factors, including our ability to acquire enough samples for full validation and the procurement of materials necessary to conduct testing.

 

We may not be able to successfully complete the preclinical testing necessary to advance our therapeutic product candidates into clinical development, including animal pharmacology and toxicity studies. The results of any preclinical work may indicate that our therapeutic product candidates do not have the safety or efficacy necessary to file an Investigational New Drug (“IND”) with the FDA in order to move our product on to the clinical development process.

 

Once we initiate the clinical development of our product candidates, it may be difficult to identify and qualify patients to participate in future clinical trials for our product candidates, and the timing of our clinical trials depends on the speed at which we can recruit patients to participate in testing as well as completion of required follow-up periods. If patients are unwilling to participate in our clinical trials due to concerns over the safety of the product candidate or for other reasons, the timeline for conducting the trials and obtaining regulatory approval may be delayed. Furthermore, we may also compete for patients with other companies conducting similar clinical trials. Any delays in our future clinical trials could result in increased costs, delays in product development or termination of the clinical trials altogether.

 

Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We may fail to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of our therapeutic product candidates in accordance with regulatory standards and may incur delays and substantial costs in our clinical trials.

 

In order to commercialize our therapeutic product candidates, we must conduct extensive clinical trials demonstrating the safety and efficacy of our product candidates in humans. The clinical testing process is expensive, difficult to design and implement, takes many years to complete and is unpredictable in both its duration and outcome. A failure of one or more clinical trials can occur at any stage of testing. There is a high failure rate for drugs and biological products proceeding through clinical trials. The research, testing, manufacturing, labeling, packaging, storage, approval, sale, marketing, advertising and promotion, pricing, export, import and distribution of drug products are subject to extensive regulation by the FDA and other regulatory authorities in the United States and other countries, which regulations differ from country to country. We are not permitted to market our therapeutic product candidates as a prescription pharmaceutical product in the United States until we receive approval of a New Drug Application (“NDA”), from the FDA, or in any foreign countries until we receive the requisite approval from such countries. In the United States, the FDA generally requires the completion of pre-clinical testing and clinical trials of each drug to establish its safety and efficacy and extensive pharmaceutical development to ensure its quality before an NDA is approved. Regulatory authorities in other jurisdictions impose similar requirements. Of the large number of drugs in development, only a small percentage result in the submission of an NDA to the FDA and even fewer are eventually approved for commercialization. We have not submitted an NDA to the FDA or comparable applications to other regulatory authorities. Preclinical and clinical data is often susceptible to varying interpretations and types of analyses and regulatory authorities may fail to approve our product. In addition, even if we successfully complete early clinical trials, such results may not be indicative of the success or results of our later clinical trials. 

 

 

 

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Our successful completion of clinical trials may be materially adversely affected by many factors, including:

 

  · ineffective trial design and disagreement with the FDA on final trial design;
  · imposition of a clinical hold following an inspection of our clinical trial operations by the FDA or other regulatory authorities;
  · difficulties or delays in reaching an agreement with a contract research organization, and clinical trial sites;
  · delays in obtaining required institutional review board approval for each trial site;
  · data collected from clinical trials may not be sufficient to support the submission of a NDA or other submission or to obtain regulatory approval in the United States or elsewhere;
  · delays or difficulties in recruiting suitable patients to participate in clinical trials;
  · delays in manufacturing or delivering products and materials to clinical trial sites;
  · delays or difficulties caused by lack of patient adherence to treatment or post-treatment follow-up;
  · delays caused by patients dropping out of a trial and the need for recruiting additional patients; and
  · delays caused by clinical sites dropping out of the trial and the time required to recruit a new site.

 

Any of these delays or difficulties could cause us to be delayed in obtaining marketing approval from regulatory authorities, if at all, or allow us to obtain approval for specific indications or patient populations that are not as broad as currently targeted. In addition, such delays or difficulties may cause our development costs or our time to bring our product candidates to market to increase, may weaken our competitive positioning in the market and may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We cannot predict if or when we will receive regulatory approval to commercialize a therapeutic product candidate.

 

We cannot commercialize a therapeutic product candidate until the appropriate regulatory authorities, such as the FDA or a state regulating authority, have reviewed and approved the product candidate. Even if our therapeutic product candidates demonstrate safety and efficacy in clinical trials, regulatory agencies may not complete their review processes in a timely manner, and we may not be able to obtain timely regulatory approval. We may never be able to receive regulatory approval for our therapeutic product candidates at all. Additional delays may result if an FDA advisory committee or other regulatory authority recommends non-approval or restrictions on approval. In addition, we may experience delays or rejections based upon additional government regulation from future legislation or administrative action, or changes in regulatory agency policy during the period of product development, clinical trials and the review process. Regulatory agencies may also approve a product candidate for fewer or more limited indications than requested or may grant approval subject to the performance of post-marketing studies. In addition, regulatory agencies may not approve the labeling claims that are necessary or desirable for the successful commercialization of our product candidates. Delays or failure to obtain necessary regulatory approvals could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Even if we obtain regulatory approval for a therapeutic product candidate, we will remain subject to extensive regulatory scrutiny.

 

Even if we obtain regulatory approval in the United States for our therapeutic product candidates, the FDA and other appropriate regulatory agencies may still impose significant restrictions or delays, including restriction of patient population or indications or additional costly studies. Any changes to the approved product or its labeling or manufacturing process would require FDA approval. Any advertisements or promotions must comply with FDA regulations and are subject to FDA review as well as state and federal laws. Drug product manufacturers are subject to continual review and inspection by the FDA and other regulatory authorities to comply with Current Good Manufacturing Practice standards. If the FDA or other regulatory authority finds previously undiscovered compliance issues with products, such as unanticipated adverse effects or issues with the manufacturing facility, the FDA or other regulatory authority may:

 

  · issue a warning letter asserting that we are in violation of law;
  · seek an injunction;
  · impose civil or criminal penalties or monetary fines;
  · suspend or withdraw regulatory approval;
  · suspend currently ongoing clinical trials;
  · refuse any pending applications;
  · seize product; or
  · prohibit us from entering into beneficial or necessary contracts such as supply or government contracts.

 

 

 

 

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Any government investigation of alleged violations of law could require us to expend significant time and resources in response, could result in litigation and litigation-related expense and could generate negative publicity. The occurrence of any event or penalty described above may inhibit our ability to commercialize our therapeutic product candidates and generate revenue, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

In addition, even if we obtain regulatory approvals, the timing or scope of any approvals may prohibit or reduce our ability to commercialize our therapeutic product candidates successfully. For example, if the approval process takes too long, we may miss market opportunities and give other companies the ability to develop competing products or establish market dominance. Any regulatory approval that we ultimately obtain may be limited or subject to restrictions or post-approval commitments that render our products not commercially viable. For example, regulatory authorities may approve our therapeutic product candidates for fewer or more limited indications than we request, may not approve the price we intend to charge for our therapeutic product candidates, may grant approval contingent on the performance of costly post-marketing clinical trials, or may approve our therapeutic product candidates with a label that does not include the labeling claims necessary or desirable for the successful commercialization of that indication. Further, the FDA may place conditions on approvals including potential requirements or risk management plans and the requirement for a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (“REMS”) to assure the safe use of the drug. If the FDA concludes a REMS is needed, the sponsor of the NDA must submit a proposed REMS; the FDA will not approve the NDA without an approved REMS, if required. A REMS could include medication guides, physician communication plans, or elements to assure safe use, such as restricted distribution methods, patient registries and other risk minimization tools. Any of these limitations on approval or marketing could restrict the commercial promotion, distribution, prescription or dispensing of our therapeutic product candidates. Moreover, product approvals may be withdrawn for non-compliance with regulatory standards or if problems occur following the initial marketing of the product. Any of the foregoing scenarios could materially harm the commercial success of our product candidates and have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We may fail to obtain orphan drug status for our therapeutic product candidates.

 

We intend to seek orphan drug status from the FDA for those anti-cancer therapeutic product candidates we are presently developing to the extent such product candidates are developed for cancer. Cancer therapies are eligible for orphan drug status under the Orphan Drug Act of 1983. The orphan drug status gives the manufacturer specific financial incentives to develop a pharmacological agent. If a product that has an orphan drug designation receives the first FDA approval for the disease for which it has such designation, the product is entitled to orphan drug exclusivity, which means that the FDA may not approve any other applications to market the same medication for the same indication, except in very limited circumstances, for seven years. Failure to obtain an orphan drug designation for our product candidates may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Any of our therapeutic product candidates may cause adverse effects or have properties that could delay or prevent their regulatory approval or limit the scope of any specific indications or market acceptance.

 

Adverse events caused by our therapeutic product candidates could cause interruptions, delays or the halting of our clinical trials. If adverse effects are observed in any clinical trials for our therapeutic product candidates, we may be unable to obtain timely, or any, regulatory approval of our therapeutic product candidates. Adverse effects caused by our therapeutic product candidates could also subject us to litigation and liability, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

In addition, if any of our therapeutic product candidates are approved for commercialization and are found to cause serious or unpredicted side effects, serious consequences may result, including but not limited to, the withdrawal of marketing approval by regulatory authorities, restrictions on distribution by regulatory authorities, the need to conduct additional clinical trials, litigation and potential liability for personal injury to patients and damage to our reputation. Furthermore, our ability to achieve and maintain profitability may be permanently impaired. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Our oral supplements are subject to government regulation, both in the United States and internationally, which could increase our costs significantly and limit or prevent the sale of our dietary supplements.

 

 

 

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The manufacture, packaging, labeling, advertising, promotion, distribution and sale of any Pharmaceuticals product that we may develop and commercialize is subject to regulation by numerous national and local governmental agencies in the United States and other countries, including the FDA and Federal Trade Commission in the United States, and the Ministry of Health in Israel. Failure to comply with these regulatory requirements may result in various types of penalties or fines. These include injunctions, product withdrawals, recalls, product seizures, fines and criminal prosecutions. Individual states also regulate dietary supplements. A U.S. state may interpret claims or products presumptively valid under federal law as illegal under that state’s regulations. In markets outside the United States, we will likely be required to obtain approvals, licenses, or certifications from a country’s ministry of health or comparable agency, as well as labeling and packaging regulations, all of which vary from country to country. Approvals or licensing may be conditioned on reformulation of products or may be unavailable with respect to certain products or product ingredients. Any of these government agencies, as well as legislative bodies, can change existing regulations, or impose new ones, or could take aggressive measures, causing or contributing to a variety of negative consequences, including:

 

  · requirements for the reformulation of certain or all products to meet new standards;
  · the recall or discontinuance of certain or all products;
  · additional record keeping;
  · expanded documentation of the properties of certain or all products;
  · expanded or different labeling;
  · adverse event tracking and reporting; and
  · additional scientific substantiation.

 

Any or all of these requirements could have a material adverse effect on us. There can be no assurance that the regulatory environment in which we operate will not change or that such regulatory environment, or any specific action taken against us, will not result in a material adverse effect on us.

 

Changes in legislation or regulation in the health care systems in the United States and foreign jurisdictions may affect us.

 

Our ability to successfully commercialize our cannabinoid-based products may depend on how the healthcare systems of the United States, the European Union and other governments provide coverage or reimbursement. Reimbursement and healthcare payment systems in international markets vary significantly by country, and include both government sponsored healthcare and private insurance. To obtain reimbursement or pricing approval in some countries, we may be required to produce clinical data, which may involve one or more clinical trials, that compares the cost-effectiveness of our products to other available therapies. We may not obtain international reimbursement or pricing approvals in a timely manner, if at all. Our failure to receive international reimbursement or pricing approvals would negatively impact market acceptance of our products in the international markets in which those approvals are sought.

 

We believe that future reimbursement may be subject to increased restrictions in the United States, the European Union and in other international markets. There is increasing pressure by governments worldwide to contain health care costs by limiting both the coverage and the level of reimbursement for therapeutic products and by refusing, in some cases, to provide any coverage for products that have not been approved by the relevant regulatory agency. Future legislation, regulation or reimbursement policies of third party payers may adversely affect the demand for our product candidates currently under development and limit our ability to sell our product candidates on a profitable basis. In addition, third party payers continually attempt to contain or reduce the costs of healthcare by challenging the prices charged for healthcare products and services. If reimbursement for our products is unavailable or limited in scope or amount or if pricing is set at unsatisfactory levels, market acceptance of our products candidates will be impaired and future revenues, if any, will be adversely affected.

 

Risks Related to Our Dependence on Third Parties

 

We rely and expect to continue to rely heavily on third parties to conduct our preclinical studies and clinical trials, and those third parties may not perform satisfactorily, including failing to meet deadlines for the completion of such studies and trials.

 

We do not have in-house research facilities and, as a consequence, we must currently rely on third parties to conduct our clinical trials. We expect to continue to rely heavily on third parties, such as contract research organizations, clinical data management organizations, medical institutions, clinical investigators and others to conduct our clinical trials. Our agreements with these third parties generally allow the third party to terminate our agreement with them at any time. If we are required to enter into alternative arrangements because of any such termination, the introduction of our product candidates to market could be delayed.

 

 

 

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Our reliance on third parties for research and development will reduce our control over such activities but will not relieve us of our responsibilities. Likewise, our reliance on third parties whom we do not control does not relieve us of our responsibility to comply with regulatory requirements to use Current Good Clinical Practice standards when conducting, recording and reporting the results of clinical trials in order to ensure that data and reported results are credible and accurate and that the rights, integrity and confidentiality of trial participants are protected. We are also required to register ongoing clinical trials and post the results of completed clinical trials on a government-sponsored database of regulatory agencies within specified timeframes. Failure to do so can result in fines, adverse publicity and civil and criminal sanctions.

 

The third parties on whom we rely may also have relationships with other entities, some of whom may be our competitors. If these third parties do not successfully carry out their contractual duties, meet expected deadlines or conduct our clinical trials in accordance with the requirements of a regulatory agency or our stated protocols, we will not be able to obtain, or may be delayed in obtaining, marketing approvals for our product candidates and will not be able to, or may be delayed in our efforts to, successfully commercialize our product candidates.

 

Collaboration agreements that we may enter into in the future may not be successful, which could adversely affect our ability to develop and commercialize our diagnostics and therapeutic product candidates.

 

We may enter into collaboration agreements with pharmaceutical companies and biotechnology institutions for the development or commercialization of our cannabinoid-based diagnostics and therapeutic product candidates, which agreements may contain provisions based upon, among other things, the merits of retaining certain rights. We will face significant competition in seeking appropriate collaborators and in negotiating agreements at acceptable terms, if at all. We may not be successful in our efforts to enter, implement and maintain collaboration agreements. Disagreements stemming from collaboration agreements concerning development, intellectual property, regulatory or commercialization matters can lead to delays and, in some cases, termination of our collaboration agreements or otherwise result in the potentially significant costs and fees in seeking to enforce or protect our rights, if any. Any such disagreements can be difficult if, in fact, neither of the parties has final decision making authority. The resulting outcome of any disputes or disagreements would in all likelihood adversely affect our business.

 

Data provided by collaborators and others upon which we rely that has not been independently verified could turn out to be false, misleading, or incomplete.

 

We rely on third-party vendors, scientists, and collaborators to provide us with significant data and other information related to our projects, clinical trials, and our business. If such third parties provide inaccurate, misleading, or incomplete data, our business, prospects, and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

Our business model is substantially dependent on third party licensees to market and sell our products, which will subject us to a number of risks.

 

We depend on third party licensees to sell, market, and service our products and current and future products in our intended markets. We are subject to a number of risks associated with reliance upon third party licensees, including:

 

  · lack of day-to-day control over the activities of licensees;
  · third party licensees may not commit the necessary resources to market and sell our current and future products to our level of expectations;
  · third party licensees may terminate their arrangements with us on limited or no notice or may change the terms of these arrangements in a manner unfavorable to us; and
  · disagreements with our future licensees could result in costly and time-consuming litigation or arbitration which we could be required to conduct in jurisdictions with which we are not familiar.

 

If we fail to establish and maintain satisfactory relationships with our future third party licensees, our revenue and market share may not grow as anticipated, and we could be subject to unexpected costs which could harm our results of operations and financial condition. 

 

Risks Related To Operating In Israel

 

Failure to secure the necessary Israeli licenses to use cannabis for medical research could limit our ability to execute our research and development activities, delay the launch of our products and adversely affect the results of our business operations.

 

 

 

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To date, we have only conducted our research in Israel and, in fact, have limited our operations to Israel. The biotechnologies that we are developing contain cannabis, a “controlled substance” as defined in the Israeli Dangerous Drugs Ordinance [New Version], 5733 - 1973. In Israel, licenses to cultivate, possess and to use cannabis for medical research are granted by the Ministry of Health, Israel Medical Cannabis Unit (“IMCU”), on an ad hoc basis. We have obtained all IMCU licenses that are necessary for us to carry out our research. Even though we have an established track record of successfully obtaining the requisite licenses as required, there can be no assurance that we will continue to be able to secure licenses in the future. If we fail to comply with Israeli rules and regulations related to the licensing of cannabis, we may not be able to research and develop our product candidates as we intend or at all.

 

We may become subject to claims for remuneration or royalties for assigned service invention rights by our employees, which could result in litigation and adversely affect our business.

 

A significant portion of our intellectual property has been developed by our Israeli employees in the course of their employment for us. Under the Israeli Patent Law, 5727-1967 (the “Israeli Patent Law”), inventions conceived of by an employee during the term and as part of the scope of his or her employment with a company are regarded as “service inventions,” which belong to the employer, absent a specific agreement between the employee and employer giving the employee service invention rights. The Israeli Patent Law also provides that if there is no such agreement between an employer and an employee, the Israeli Compensation and Royalties Committee (the “C&R Committee”), a body constituted under the Israeli Patent Law, shall determine whether the employee is entitled to remuneration for his or her inventions. The C&R Committee (decisions of which have been upheld by the Israeli Supreme Court) has held that employees may be entitled to remuneration for their service inventions despite having specifically waived any such rights. Further, the C&R Committee has not yet set specific guidelines regarding the method for calculating this remuneration or the criteria or circumstances under which an employee’s waiver of his or her right to remuneration will be disregarded. We generally enter into intellectual property assignment agreements with our employees pursuant to which such employees assign to us all rights to any inventions created in the scope of their employment or engagement with us. Although our employees have agreed to assign to us service invention rights and have specifically waived their right to receive any special remuneration for such assignment beyond their regular salary and benefits, we may face claims demanding remuneration in consideration for assigned inventions. As a consequence of such claims, we could be required to pay additional remuneration or royalties to our current or former employees, or be forced to litigate such claims, which could negatively affect our business.

 

We expect that our results of operations will be subject to fluctuations in currency exchange rates because a substantial portion of our anticipated revenue will be generated in U.S. dollars and Euros while a significant portion of our expenses will be incurred in New Israeli Shekels.

 

We expect a substantial portion of our revenue will be generated in U.S. dollars and Euros, while a significant portion of our expenses, principally salaries and related personnel expenses, is paid in New Israeli Shekels, or NIS. As a result, we are exposed to the risk that the rate of inflation in Israel will exceed the rate of devaluation of the NIS in relation to the Euro or the U.S. dollar, or that the timing of this devaluation will lag behind inflation in Israel. Because inflation has the effect of increasing the U.S. dollar and Euro costs of our operations, it would therefore have an adverse effect on our dollar-measured results of operations. The value of the NIS, against the Euro, the U.S. dollar, and other currencies may fluctuate and is affected by, among other things, changes in Israel’s political and economic conditions. Any significant revaluation of the NIS may materially and adversely affect our cash flows, revenues and financial condition. Fluctuations in the NIS exchange rate, or even the appearance of instability in such exchange rate, could adversely affect our ability to operate our business.

 

We may not be able to enforce covenants not-to-compete under current Israeli law.

 

We have non-competition agreements with most of our employees, all of which are governed by Israeli law. These agreements generally prohibit our employees from competing with us or working for our competitors for a specified period following termination of their employment. However, Israeli courts are reluctant to enforce non-compete undertakings of former employees and tend, if at all, to enforce those provisions for relatively brief periods of time in restricted geographical areas and only when the employee has unique value specific to that employer’s business and not just regarding the professional development of the employee. Any such inability to enforce non-compete covenants may cause us to lose any competitive advantage arising from confidential information known to such former employees.

 

 

 

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It may be difficult for investors in the United States to enforce any judgments obtained against us or some of our directors or officers.

 

The majority of our assets are located outside the United States. In addition, certain of our officers are nationals or residents of countries other than the United States, and all or a substantial portion of such persons’ assets are located outside the United States. As a result, it may be difficult for investors to enforce within the United States any judgments obtained against us or any of our non-U.S. officers, including judgments predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the securities laws of the United States or any state thereof. It may also be difficult to assert claims under United States securities law in actions originally instituted outside of the United States. Moreover, Israeli courts may refuse to hear a United States securities law claim because Israeli courts may not be the most appropriate forums in which to bring such a claim. Even if an Israeli court agrees to hear a claim, it may determine that Israeli law, and not U.S. law, is applicable to the claim. Further, if U.S. law is found to be applicable, certain content of applicable U.S. law must be proved as a fact, which can be a time-consuming and costly process, and certain matters of procedure would still be governed by Israeli law. Consequently, our investors may be effectively prevented from pursuing remedies under U.S. federal and state securities laws against us or any of our non-U.S. directors or officers.

 

If there are significant shifts in the political, economic and military conditions in Israel and its neighbors, it could have a material adverse effect on our business relationships and profitability.

 

All of our research facilities and certain of our key personnel are located in Israel. Our business is directly affected by the political, economic and military conditions in Israel and its neighbors. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, a number of armed conflicts have occurred between Israel and its Arab neighbors. A state of hostility, varying in degree and intensity, has caused security and economic problems in Israel. Although Israel has entered into peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, and various agreements with the Palestinian Authority, there has been a marked increase in violence, civil unrest and hostility, including armed clashes, between the State of Israel and the Palestinians since September 2000. The establishment in 2006 of a government in the Gaza Strip by representatives of the Hamas militant group has created heightened unrest and uncertainty in the region. In mid-2006, Israel engaged in an armed conflict with Hezbollah, a Shiite Islamist militia group based in Lebanon, and in June 2007, there was an escalation in violence in the Gaza Strip. From December 2008 through January 2009 and again in November and December 2012, Israel engaged in an armed conflict with Hamas, which involved missile strikes against civilian targets in various parts of Israel and negatively affected business conditions in Israel. In July 2014, Israel launched an additional operation against Hamas operatives in the Gaza strip in response to Palestinian groups launching rockets at Israel. Recent political uprisings and social unrest in Syria are affecting its political stability, which has led to the deterioration of the political relationship between Syria and Israel and have raised new concerns regarding security in the region and the potential for armed conflict. Similar civil unrest and political turbulence is currently ongoing in many countries in the region. The continued political instability and hostilities between Israel and its neighbors and any future armed conflict, terrorist activity or political instability in the region could adversely affect our operations in Israel and adversely affect the market price of our shares of common stock. In addition, several countries restrict doing business with Israel and Israeli companies have been and are today subjected to economic boycotts. The interruption or curtailment of trade between Israel and its present trading partners could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Risks Related To Our Stock

 

There can be no assurance of an active, liquid and orderly trading market for our common stock or that investors will be able to sell their shares of common stock.

 

At present, our common stock is quoted on the OTCQB tier of the marketplace maintained by OTC Markets Group Inc., under the symbol “CNBX.” There is only a limited, liquid public trading market for our common stock. There can be no assurance that a liquid market for our common stock will continue. Market liquidity will depend on the perception of our business and any steps that our management might take to bring public awareness of our business to the investing public within the parameters of the federal securities laws. There is no assurance that any such awareness will be generated or sustained. Therefore, investors may not be able to liquidate their investment or liquidate it at a price paid by investors equal to or greater than their initial investment in our common stock. Moreover, holders of our common stock may not find purchasers for their shares should they to decide to sell the common stock held by them at any particular time if ever. Our common stock should be purchased only by investors who have no immediate need for liquidity in their investment and who can hold our common stock, possibly for a prolonged period of time.

 

 

 

  40  

 

 

The price of our common stock is volatile, and the value of your investment could decline.

 

The market price of our common stock has been highly volatile. Between September 1, 2016, and January 9, 2018, the sales price of our stock on the OTCQB ranged from a low of $0.02 per share to a high of $7.60 per share. Accordingly, it is difficult to forecast the future performance of our common stock. The market price of our common stock may be higher or lower than the price you pay, depending on many factors, some of which are beyond our control and may not be related to our operating performance. These fluctuations could cause you to lose all or part of your investment in our common stock. Factors that could cause fluctuations in the trading price of our common stock include the following:

 

  · technological innovations or new products and services by us or our competitors;
  · regulatory developments at the federal, state or local level;
  · additions or departures of key personnel;
  · our ability to execute our business plan;
  · operating results that fall below expectations;
  · loss of any strategic relationship;
  · industry developments;
  · economic, political and other external factors; and
  · period-to-period fluctuations in our financial results.

 

The stock market generally and in particular, the market for stocks of biotechnology companies with lower market capitalizations, like us, have from time to time experienced, and likely will again experience significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of a particular company. The trading price of our common stock might decline in reaction to events that affect other companies in our industry, even if these events do not directly affect us.

 

Periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities have often been followed by securities class action litigation against that company. If our stock price continues to be volatile, we may become the target of securities litigation, which could result in substantial costs and divert our management’s attention and resources from our business. This could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

We may never pay any dividends to our shareholders.

 

We currently intend to retain any future earnings for use in the operation and expansion of our business. Accordingly, we do not expect to pay any dividends in the foreseeable future, but will review this policy as circumstances dictate. The declaration and payment of all future dividends, if any, will be at the sole discretion of our board of directors, which retains the right to change our dividend policy at any time. Consequently, our stockholders must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investment.

 

Our principal stockholders and management own a significant percentage of our stock and will be able to exert significant control over matters subject to stockholder approval.

 

As of July 13 th , 2018, Cannabics Inc., a Delaware corporation, owns 73% of our common stock. Our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Technical Officer, and our other Director, collectively own 40% of Cannabics Inc., and therefore have substantial influence over it. Accordingly, Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc., (and our management) may be able to control the outcome of stockholder votes, including votes concerning the election of directors, amendment of our organizational documents, approval of mergers, sales of assets and other significant corporate transactions. This concentration of ownership in Cannabics Inc. (and our management) may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in our management and voting control of Cannabics Inc., including preventing or discouraging unsolicited acquisition proposals or offers for our common stock that some of our stockholders may believe is in their best interest.

 

We may issue shares of preferred stock with greater rights than our common stock, which may entrench management and result in dilution of our stockholders' investment.

 

 

 

  41  

 

 

Our Articles of Incorporation authorize the issuance of up to 100 million shares of preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share. The authorized but unissued preferred stock may be issued by our board of directors from time to time on any number of occasions, without stockholder approval, as one or more separate series of shares comprised of any number of the authorized but unissued shares of preferred stock, designated by resolution of our board of directors stating the name and number of shares of each series and setting forth separately for such series the relative rights, privileges and preferences thereof, including, if any, the: (i) rate of dividends payable thereon; (ii) price, terms and conditions of redemption; (iii) voluntary and involuntary liquidation preferences; (iv) provisions of a sinking fund for redemption or repurchase; (v) terms of conversion to common stock, including conversion price, and (vi) voting rights. Such preferred stock may enable our board of directors to hinder or discourage any attempt to gain control of Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. by a merger, tender offer at a control premium price, proxy contest or otherwise. Consequently, the preferred stock could entrench our management. The market price of our common stock could be depressed by the existence of the preferred stock.

 

Nevada law and certain provisions of our Articles of Incorporation and bylaws may discourage mergers and other transactions.

 

Provisions of Nevada law, such as its business combination statute, and certain provisions of our Articles of Incorporation and by-laws could make it more difficult for someone to acquire control of Cannabics Pharmaceuticals Inc. and limit the price that certain investors might be willing to pay for shares of our common stock. These provisions may make it more difficult for stockholders to take certain corporate actions and could delay or prevent someone from acquiring our business. The provisions could be beneficial to our management and the board of directors in a hostile tender offer and could have an adverse impact on stockholders who might want to participate in such tender offer, or who might want to replace some or all of the members of the board of directors.

 

Our common stock may be subject to penny stock rules, which may make it more difficult for our investors to sell their common stock.

 

Our common stock is presently considered to be a "penny stock" and is subject to SEC rules and regulations that impose limitations upon the manner in which such shares may be publicly traded and regulate broker-dealer practices in connection with transactions in "penny stocks." Penny stocks generally are equity securities with a price of less than $5.00 (other than securities registered on certain national securities exchanges or quoted on the NASDAQ system, provided that current price and volume information with respect to transactions in such securities is provided by the exchange or system). The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document that provides information about penny stocks and the risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer must also provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction, and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer's account. In addition, the penny stock rules generally require that prior to a transaction in a penny stock, the broker-dealer make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser's written agreement to the transaction. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in the secondary market for a stock that becomes subject to the penny stock rules which may increase the difficulty investors may experience in attempting to liquidate such securities. These requirements could also hamper our ability to raise funds in the primary market for our shares of common stock.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

None.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information.

 

None.

 

 

 

  42  

 

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit 31.1 Certification by the Principal Executive Officer of Registrant pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a)). *
   
Exhibit 31.2 Certification by the Principal Financial Officer of Registrant pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a)). *
   
Exhibit 32.1 Certification by the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. *
   
Exhibit 32.2 Certification by the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. *
   
101.INS XBRL Instance Document **
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document **
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document **
   
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document **
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document **
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document **

______________________________

* Filed herewith.
   
** XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) information is furnished and not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.

 

 

 

 

  43  

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: July 16, 2018 By: /s/ Eyal Barad
    Eyal Barad, Director
    Chief Executive Officer
     
  By: /s/ Dr. Eyal Ballan
    Dr. Eyal Ballan, Director
    Chief Technical Officer
     
  By: /s/ Uri Ben Or
    Uri Ben Or,
    Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  44  

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