Date : 04/15/2019 @ 11:24AM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Blackridge Technology International, Inc. (QB) (BRTI)
Quote : 0.22  0.0 (0.00%) @ 9:30PM
Blackridge Technology share price Chart


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549

Form 10-K

(Mark One)

[ X ]  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 .

[     ]  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______________ to _______________.

Commission file number 0-18958

BLACKRIDGE TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in charter)

NEVADA 20-1282850
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
   
5390 Kietzke Lane, Suite 104, Reno, Nevada
89511
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (855) 807-8776

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act:  None

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act:  Common Stock, $0.0001 Par Value

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.   Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.   Yes       No 

Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act from their obligations under those Sections.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒   No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☒   No ☐

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (22.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form   10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K  


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, , a smaller reporting company , or an emerging growth company .  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting   company
Emerging growth company
   

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer is a shell company (as defined in rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ☐   No ☒

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

As of June 30, 2018, based on the $0.35 closing bid price quoted on the OTCQB , the aggregate market value of the 50,835,353 shares held by non-affiliates was approximately $17,792,374.

Note . —If a determination as to whether a particular person or entity is an affiliate cannot be made without involving unreasonable effort and expense, the aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates may be calculated on the basis of assumptions reasonable under the circumstances, provided that the assumptions are set forth in this Form.

APPLICABLE ONLY TO REGISTRANTS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY
PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.   Yes        No  

(APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE REGISTRANTS)

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

As of April 11 , 2019, there were 96,872,725 shares of the issuer’s common stock outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

List hereunder the following documents if incorporated by reference and the part of the Form 10-K (e.g., Part I, Part II, etc.) into which the document is incorporated:  (1) Any annual report to security holders; (2) Any proxy or information statement; and (3) Any prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) or (c) under the Securities Act of 1933.  The listed documents should be clearly described for identification purposes (e.g., annual report to security holders for fiscal year ended December 24, 1980).

None .

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BLACKRIDGE TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS TO ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018

   
PAGE
 
PART I
 
     
Item 1.
Business
4
     
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
11
     
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
25
     
Item 2.
Properties
25
     
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
25
     
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
25
     
 
PART II
 
     
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
26
 

 
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
28
     
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
28
     
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
34
     
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
34
     
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
34
     
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
34
     
Item 9B.
Other Information
35
     
 
PART III
37
     
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
36
     
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
38
     
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
39
 

 
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
41
     
Item 14.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
41
     
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
42
     
Item 16.
Form 10-K Summary
42
     
 
SIGNATURES
43

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains forward-looking statements.  These statements reflect the Company’s views with respect to future events based upon information available to it at this time.  These forward-looking statements are subject to certain uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from these statements.  These uncertainties and other factors include, but are not limited to, the risk factors described in Part I, Item 1A herein under the caption “Risk Factors.”  The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “plans,” “projects,” “targets” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements.  Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date the statement was made.  The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, changes in assumptions, future events or otherwise.

Part I

Item 1.   Business

Reorganization Agreement

On September 6, 2016, BlackRidge Technology International, Inc. and BlackRidge Technology Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”, or “BlackRidge”), entered into an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization (the "Reorganization Agreement") originally dated as of September 6, 2016 and amended on February 22, 2017 to update the number of common shares, warrants, and options granted and outstanding as of the closing date.

On February 22, 2017, we completed the actions contemplated by the Reorganization Agreement and merged with and into BlackRidge with BlackRidge continuing as the surviving corporation (“Reorganization”). Upon completion of the Agreement, we issued 3,783,791 shares of our newly designated Series A Preferred Stock and 12,825,683 shares of Common Stock to the stockholders of BlackRidge in exchange for all the issued and outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock and Common Stock of BlackRidge.  Additionally, certain stockholders of the Company returned for cancellation a total of 16,284,330 shares of our Common Stock.  Upon the completion of the Reorganization, BlackRidge became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and the Company had a total of 3,783,791 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and 21,790,683 shares of Common Stock outstanding, with the former BlackRidge stockholders owning 3,783,791 shares or 100% of Series A Preferred Stock and 12,825,683 shares or approximately 58.9% of Common Stock.  Upon completion of the Reorganization, we also had outstanding warrants entitling the holders to acquire a total of 18,541,579 shares of the Company's Common Stock at an average exercise price of $0.46 per share.  The Reorganization resulted in a change of control of the Company.  For accounting purposes, BlackRidge will be treated as the acquirer and the historical financial statements of BlackRidge will become the Company's historical financial statements.  The acquisition is intended to constitute a tax-free reorganization pursuant to the applicable provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

At the closing of the Reorganization, Robert Graham was appointed as President, and John Bluher was appointed Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary.  In addition, Bruce Crane resigned from his position as a director and Robert Graham was appointed as a director of the Company to fill the vacancy created by such resignation.  John Hofman, our remaining director, resigned from such position effective following our compliance with rule 14f-1 promulgated under the Exchange Act, and John Hayes and Robert Lentz were appointed as directors of the Company effective at such time as Mr. Hofman's resignation became effective.

On March 31, 2017, the Company completed the sale of substantially all assets, other than cash, used in or connection with the Company's home grain mill and kitchen mixer business to John Hofman and Bruce Crane, former officers and directors of the Company, in consideration for the assumption by such persons of substantially all the liabilities incurred by the Company in connection with such business.  The assets divested consisted of the non-cybersecurity assets of the Company and included accounts receivable, inventory, deposits, property and equipment and intangible assets.  The liabilities divested included the non-cybersecurity liabilities of the Company and included accounts payable and accrued expenses and long and short-term notes payable and accrued interest thereon. 

On July 2, 2017, the Company filed Restated Articles with the Secretary of State of Nevada to, among other things, change the Company’s name to BlackRidge Technology International, Inc.

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Overview

BlackRidge Technology International Inc., a Nevada company, headquartered in Reno Nevada, was incorporated in April 2010 under the name “Grote Molen, Inc.” to commercialize its military grade and patented network security technology.  

BlackRidge develops and markets next generation cyber defense solutions that enables our customers to deliver more secure and resilient business services in today’s rapidly evolving cyber threat environments. Our network, server, IoT and cloud security products are based on our patented Transport Access Control technology and are designed to isolate, cloak and protect cloud services, enterprise servers and Internet of Things (IoT) devices; and segment and segregate enterprise Information Technology (IT) and Operational Technology (OT) networks from cyber-attacks and unauthenticated access. BlackRidge products are used in enterprise and government computing environments, the industrial IoT, critical infrastructure and other cloud service provider and network systems.

The general telephone number for BlackRidge is 1-855-807-8776 and our website is www.blackridge.us.

Business

The Company develops, markets and supports a family of products that provide a next generation cyber security solution for protecting enterprise networks and cloud services, and more recently, healthcare, industrial controls and critical infrastructure systems. With our patented technology, network connected devices and server resources located in the enterprise and datacenters, factory and hospital floors, and cloud systems are better protected, less expensive to protect, and less vulnerable to compromise from cyber-attacks and insider threats. We believe that our identity-based approach to cyber defense offers superior performance compared to legacy network security approaches and greatly reduces business risk and operational costs for organizations by eliminating malicious and unwanted traffic from their networks and systems.

BlackRidge and our partners sell network security products and solutions based on our proprietary BlackRidge Transport Access Control (TAC) software. BlackRidge “TAC” provides high throughput and low latency network security that operates pre-session, in real time, before other security defenses engage. BlackRidge products can be deployed inside an IT or OT network or a cloud to cloak and protect servers and IoT devices and segment networks, in front of existing security stacks to filter anonymous traffic, or as part of cloud or managed service provider or OEM (as defined below) solutions.

The Company believes its technology is first to market with an authenticated identity-based approach of addressing this implicit trust problem in networks, that is now commonly called “zero trust” network environments. BlackRidge TAC authenticates identity before allowing a network connection to proceed to ensure that only identified and authorized users are allowed to establish network connections.

Technology and Products

Our proprietary and patented technology, TAC, authenticates user or device identity and applies security policies across networks and cloud services before application sessions are established. Underlying BlackRidge TAC is our patented First Packet Authentication™ which conveys and authenticates identity in the "first packet" of a TCP network session request. This fundamental invention addresses the trust model in how the Internet operates: the inability to authenticate network traffic sources and network connections. Without authentication, unidentified and unauthorized users and devices can scan, probe and access networks and cloud services. This implicit trust security gap is exploited in all cyber-attacks through the process of network scanning and reconnaissance, and it has been further exposed and magnified by cloud services, mobile connectivity, and the IoT.

BlackRidge products provide advanced identity-based cyber defense capabilities compared to advanced firewalls and VPNs in applications such as network segmentation, software defined networks, and protecting cloud services, IoT, and critical infrastructure devices. BlackRidge conceals network resources from network mapping, reconnaissance and other forms of unauthorized access and attacks which cannot be blocked by advanced firewalls or malware detection systems. This significantly reduces their cyber-attack surface which is the ability for their systems to be found and attacked. Furthermore, unlike VPN and tunneling technologies that encrypt network traffic, our solution enables customers to continue to use their advanced analytical and machine learning tools. This is also important for Industrial Control Systems and IIoT environments that need to deploy advanced IoT analytics tools to support digital transformation and automation initiatives such as condition-based monitoring.

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For Industrial IoT and critical infrastructure environments, BlackRidge products effectively let organizations establish end-to-end trust by transporting authenticated identity through the stack – across already installed sensors to clouds and IoT analytics servers – cost effectively and with minimal latency added to the network. This ability to add security to legacy or brownfield environments addresses the risk of the increasing attack surface from the convergence of Operational Technology with IT networks. Organizations tasked with operating and managing factory automation or critical infrastructure systems can now secure legacy equipment long shelf life and known vulnerabilities.

The BlackRidge solution is available in the following product configurations, with additional platform support and endpoints under development:

1U rack-mountable 1GbE or 10GbE network appliance;
   
1GbE fanless desktop appliance;
   
VMware ESXi™, KVM, and IBM z/VM® virtual appliances;
   
Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure cloud virtual appliances; and
   
Windows and Linux software endpoints; and
   
  IoT endpoints and devices.

BlackRidge products are priced and licensed per gateway appliance or endpoint device, and on the total number of user and device identities supported in an implementation. We offer annual subscription pricing at a preferred rate with perpetual, enterprise site and Original Equipment Manufacturer (“OEM”) licensing also available. BlackRidge gateways can support up to 100,000 identities and 4,000,000 sessions, providing a highly scalable enterprise solution that operates with low latency and high throughput compared to current network security devices.

Network and cloud deployments options include deploying in-line as a network protection or segmentation device or logically inline for cloud deployments. BlackRidge’s software and systems are designed to be highly resilient and can be configured for high availability and failover. Deployment risk is addressed by monitoring and verifying security policies during deployment with progressive modes of bridge, monitor and audit, and then enforce policy; and by logging all policy enforcement actions.

Our products are protected by multiple U.S. Patents including "First Packet Authentication," "Concealing a Network Connected Device," "Digital Identity Authentication," and "Statistical Object Identification," and "Method for Directing Requests to Trusted Resources."

Support and Maintenance

BlackRidge offers standard and premium support to our end-customers and channel partners, where our channel partners typically deliver the initial or level one support and we provide the advanced or level two and three product support. The support for our end customers includes annual contracts for ongoing maintenance services for both hardware and software to receive software upgrades, bug fixes, and repairs. End customers typically purchase these services for a one year or longer term at the time of the initial product sale and typically renew for successive one year or longer periods.

Professional Services. 

Professional services are primarily delivered through our channel partners and include experts who plan, design, and deploy effective security solutions tailored to our end-customers' specific requirements. These services include solution design and planning, configuration, and installation. Our education services provide online and classroom-style training and are also primarily delivered through our internal team.

Technology Alliance Partners

BlackRidge participates in an ecosystem of technology alliance partners such as Cisco Systems, Inc. and Juniper Networks, Inc to extend the breadth and depth of our products and partner solutions, and to help ease the complications that organizations face when implementing multi-layered security solutions. Our technology alliances facilitate integrated solution design, accelerate the implementation time to realize value, provide vertical industry knowledge and credibility, and enhance our role as a strategic security partner.

6

Markets, Customers and Distribution Channels

The BlackRidge network security and adaptive cyber defense solution is broadly applicable to virtually all enterprise, government and industrial control, and critical infrastructure or utility market segments. Whether deployed directly in a customer's environment or embedded as part of partner’s cloud service or solution, BlackRidge products provide a new level of cyber defense not available in the market today.

BlackRidge markets and sells its products to government and commercial users through multiple channels, including direct sales, integrator and reseller channel partners, cloud and managed service providers, and through strategic OEM partners. The initial sales focus and market entry strategy for BlackRidge was the U.S. Department of Defense, which is a key leverage point for the company's current commercial, government, and international sales efforts. Our customers and strategic technology partners include Cisco, Federal Resources, healthcare providers such as ImagineMed, IBM, I-NET, Marist College, Microsoft, National Instruments, Oracle, PTC, SafeLogic, Splunk, the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. Department of Energy, and VMware. Our global channel partners include Atrion, B&D Consulting, LRS IT Solutions, Network Runners, Nihon Cornet Technology, NTT AT, and Presidio.

Within the commercial markets, BlackRidge sells both direct and through our strategic partners to large enterprise accounts, and indirect through certain channel partners to specific verticals and international market segments. Our initial market entry strategy for the commercial market is to sell direct in order to establish customer references with large enterprises that have high security and compliance requirements.  These include more complex regulated enterprises such as Financial Services, Healthcare, Insurance, Manufacturing and Utility companies. Our channel partners are recruited to expand enterprise sales, commercializing specific vertical markets, and penetrating the international markets. Revenue from commercial sales includes subscription and perpetual product licensing fees, installation services, and annual support based on a standard price list.

In the government markets, BlackRidge sells its standard commercial products through a wholly owned subsidiary, BlackRidge Technology Government, to government resellers, integrators and contractors who resell to the Department of Defense (DOD) and civilian agencies. BlackRidge’s government revenue is net of government discounts, contracting fees, and channel and service partner discounts. BlackRidge has been involved with the DOD for over nine years, including our initial product development funding which was provided by the U.S. DOD. The BlackRidge products have been designed for several large DOD programs and they have been extensively tested and validated for use by the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) labs and other agencies.

In 2018 we achieved several significant product milestones with the DOD including receiving Federal Information Processing Standard 140-2 (FIPS 140-2) certification, and our TAC gateway was certified and added to the Department of Defense Information Network Approved Products List (DoDIN APL) . This DoDIN APL designation identifies products that have completed interoperability and cyber security certification via a rigorous testing process, and it allows the DoD both domestic and abroad to purchase and operate BlackRidge products within DoD networks.

The BlackRidge OEM and service provider partnership strategy is to make targeted investments to capitalize on opportunities in specific market segments such as the industrial Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain networks, and cloud solution providers. For these markets and our partners, BlackRidge TAC can be deployed as an integrated or embedded capability in the partners' equipment and vertical market solutions and sold and supported by our partner. BlackRidge provides unique, integrated identity-based cyber defense for these OEM products or service offerings that provides their end user customer with a competitive market advantage in the face of today's advanced cyber threats. Revenue from OEM offerings flows from embedded product licensing fees and support fees and add-on product sales that are somewhat unique to each OEM offering.

7

Marketing and Product Management

Our marketing is focused on building our brand reputation and market awareness for our company and our unique technology capabilities and platform, driving customer demand and building a strong sales pipeline, and working with our channel and OEM partners to facilitate their sales efforts. Our marketing team consists of corporate marketing, product marketing and product management, digital marketing operations, and corporate communications. Marketing and product management activities include sales training and enablement, market and customer requirements, competitive market analysis, content creation for marketing programs, demand generation programs including digital marketing programs and trade shows and conferences, product launch activities, managing our corporate and investor website, social media, and press and analyst relations.

Research and Development

We continue to enhance our BlackRidge TAC software, the core software used in the BlackRidge products. This software is responsible for the TAC token generation, token validation, the token cache, packet processing and the insertion of TAC tokens into TCP connection requests. The TAC software has been developed domestically within the U.S. using only U.S. citizens. This software includes implementations of granted and pending patents owned by BlackRidge.

We continue to pursue research and development to improve our existing products. These improvements include making our products easier to manage, easier to deploy in large numbers, incorporating feedback from customers and partners for new market segments such as Industrial IoT, and improvements in our integrations with 3rd party products that communicate with BlackRidge products.

Our product development efforts release software with new features from time to time. When a new feature is significant enough, we produce a major software release.  In between major software releases, there may be one or more minor software releases that also introduce less significant new features.

Intellectual Property

BlackRidge focuses on developing patent protection for products it develops and for products and features that are anticipated. We constantly perfect and file new applications where appropriate.

The granted patents focus on the communication of identity tokens at the network layer (6,973,496, 8,346,951), combining identity authentication at different security layers (8,281,127, 8,635,445), insuring the integrity of token authentication (8,572,697, 9,973,499 ) and using identity to select amongst a set of trusted resources (9,118,644). The pending applications focus on extending the above protections (14/544,987, 15/732,282, 15/998,262 ), using network identity in a firewall (14/545,988) and making network routing policy decisions using identity ( 16/350,200 ).

As of release 4.0, our products use the technology described in patents 6,973,496, 8,346,951, 8,572,697 and 9,973,499 as well as technology described in some of our pending applications.  As we continue to add products and features, we will be incorporating technology described in additional patents and applications. All patents and completed applications are assigned to BlackRidge Technology Holdings, Inc.

Granted Patents

Concealing a Network Connected Device:  US Patent number 6,973,496, Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 10/094,425. Filed 5 March 2002, Granted 6 December 2005, 1 Claim.

Method for Digital Identity Authentication: US Patent number 8,281,127, Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 12/658,113. Filed 1 February 2010, Granted 2 October 2012, 20 Claims.

Method for First Packet Authentication:  US Patent number 8,346,951, Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 11/242,637.  Filed 30 Sept 2005, Granted 1 January 2013, 25 Claims.

Method for Statistical Object Identification:  US Patent number 8,572,697, Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 13/373,586.  Filed 18 November 2011, Granted 29 October 2013, 43 Claims.

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Method for Digital Identity Authentication:  US Patent number 8,635,445, Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 13/573,077.  Filed 16 August 2012, Divisional application of patent application No. 12/658,113, Granted 21 January 2014, 23 Claims.

Method for Directing Requests to Trusted Resource:  US Patent number 9,118,644, Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 13/573,238.  Filed 30 August 2012, continuation-in-part of Patent 6,973,496 and Patent 8,572,697, Granted 25 August 2015, 27 Claims.

Method for Statistical Object Identification:  US Patent number 9,973,499 , Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 14/998,645, filed 16 January 2016, continuation-in-part of Patent 8,572,697, Granted 15 May 2018, 14 Claims.

Method for Using Authenticated Requests to Select Network Routes:  US Patent number 10,187,299 , Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 14/999,317, filed 22 April 2016, Granted 22 January 2019, 6 Claims.

Unpublished Pending Applications

U.S. Patent Applications are typically published by the patent office 18 months after filing.

Method for Network Security Using Statistical Object Identification Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 14/544,987, filed 11 March 2015, continuation-in-part of Patent 8,572,697.

Method for Attribution Security System Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 14/545,988, filed 13 July 2015.

Secure Time Communication System Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 15/530,714, filed 16 February 2017.

Method for Statistical Object Generation Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 15/732,282, filed 17 October 2017.

Secure Time Communication System Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 15/932,843 , filed 4 May 2018, continuation-in-part of application 15/530,714.

Method for Statistical Object Identification Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 15/998,262, filed 24 July 2018, continuation-in-part of Patent 8,572,697.

Method for Using Authenticated Requests to Select Network Routes Patent Application U.S. Ser. No. 16/350,200, filed 11 October 2018, continuation-in-part of Patent 10,187,299.

Competition

BlackRidge TAC operates at the Transport Layer to provide a highly scalable, non-interactive authentication protocol that does not rely on signatures, sandboxing, or deep packet inspection of content. This provides key competitive differentiators including high through-put with very low latency, compatibility with existing network and security technologies, address and topology independent, ability to work with encrypted content, and it supports cloud environments with network address translation (NAT).

We compete with other technology research and development, and sales companies for enterprise security spending and for financing from a limited number of investors that are prepared to invest in such companies. The presence of competing companies in our field of endeavor may impact our ability to raise additional capital to fund our operations or further acquisitions, if investors perceive that investments in our competitors are more attractive based on the merit of their technologies, or the advanced stage of marketing or development or the price of the investment opportunity. We face competition from many companies, major universities and research institutions in the United States and abroad. Many of our competitors have substantially greater resources, experience in conducting research, experience in obtaining regulatory approvals for their products, operating experience, research and development and marketing capabilities, name recognition and production capabilities. We will face competition from companies marketing existing products or developing new products which may render our technologies (and products) obsolete.

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These companies may have numerous competitive advantages, including:

significantly greater name recognition;
   
established distribution networks;
   
more advanced technologies and product development;
   
additional lines of products, and the ability to offer rebates, higher discounts or incentives; and
   
greater experience in conducting research and development, manufacturing, and obtaining regulatory approval for products.

Our commercial success depends on our ability to compete effectively in product development areas such as, but not limited to, safety, price, marketing and distribution. There can be no assurance that competitors will not succeed in developing products that are more effective than our cyber security technology, therefore rendering our products obsolete and noncompetitive.  Accordingly, in addition to our research and development efforts, we believe we need to create a public relations/advertising program designed to establish our “brand” name recognition; we intend to continue to develop and market our brand name pending commercialization of products, if any, we may derive from our research and development efforts.

Our strategy drives the marketing, distribution and public acceptance of any products we may derive from our research and development.  Competition with respect to our technologies is and will be based, among other things, on effectiveness, latency, reliability, availability, price, marketing, distribution and patent position. Another important factor will be the timing of market introduction of any new versions of the software or development of new products and cyber security solutions new markets such industrial control systems (ICS) and the Industrial IoT.

Accordingly, the speed with which we can distribute and sell products and the speed to market with new or updated versions of the existing software, complete testing and proof of concept processes and ultimately supply commercial quantities of our products to the market and channels is expected to be an important competitive factor.

Our competitive position will also depend upon our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel, to obtain patent protection or otherwise develop proprietary products or processes, and to secure sufficient capital resources for the often-substantial period between technological conception and commercial sales.

Government Regulations

BlackRidge exports products in compliance with the   International Traffic in Arms Regulations that control the export and import of defense-related articles and services on the United States Munitions List. BlackRidge is authorized to export and re-export encryption products as described in Part 740-17 (b) (1) of the Export Administration Regulations EAR and mass market encryption products as described in Part 74215 (b) (1).  

Environmental Regulations

We comply with all applicable laws, rules and regulations relating to our business, and at this time, we do not anticipate incurring any material capital expenditures to comply with any environmental regulations or other requirements. While our products, intended projects and business activities do not currently violate any laws, any regulatory changes that impose additional restrictions or requirements on us or on our potential customers could adversely affect us by increasing our operating costs or decreasing demand for our products or services, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

Cybersecurity Enterprise Risk Management

The BlackRidge cybersecurity Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is an Office of Information Security (OIS) program comprised of established policies, procedures and controls.  The backbone of the program applies approved techniques to measure cyber risk and respond with controls to mitigate those risks.   Measurement of risk is executed by trained cyber security staff.  Each risk is calculated using industry norm values (Severity, Occurrence, Detection) which produces a Risk Priority Number (RPN).  The entire portfolio of risks is organized into a four-block configuration visibly denoting actions to Improve, Optimize, Monitor or Accept each individual risk.  The aggregate of risk visualization data is a dynamic representation for review by various corporate constituencies.

Current consumers of BlackRidge aggregated corporate cybersecurity program are Audit / Finance, CVP Internal Audit, CEO, BlackRidge ERM management team and the engineering group.  Each entity in turn provides specific feedback relative to the consumption of the data.  The feedback is used to normalize the data and subsequently provide inputs to design and implementation of controls to maintain risk at an acceptable corporate level.  As controls are applied continually, measurements and reevaluations are taken by the OIS team at various intervals across the spectrum of risk to ensure applied controls are effective and stabilizing to the agreed corporate risk tolerance.  The evolution of the OIS ERM program strives for the right balance of control to maintain security, while also providing continuous improvement to the BlackRidge Governance, Risk, Compliance and Security Programs. 

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Employees of BlackRidge

As of March 29, 2019, we have 49 full time and two part time employees.  We also engage a number of independent contractors as engineers, system architects, or developers. BlackRidge employees are not represented by unions and it considers its relationship with its employees to be good.

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

Risk Factors

BlackRidge has had operating losses each year since its inception, and may not achieve or maintain profitability in the future.

BlackRidge has incurred operating losses each year since its inception, including net losses of $17,150,967 and $15,345,644 for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Our operating expenses have increased as we have expanded our sales and marketing efforts and we continue to invest in research and development of our technologies. These efforts may be more costly in the future than we expect, and we may not be able to increase our revenue to offset our increased operating expenses. Our revenue growth may slow or our revenue may decline for a number of other reasons, including reduced demand for our platform, increased competition, a decrease in the growth or size of the IT security market, particularly the market for solutions that target the next generation of advanced cyber-attacks, or any failure to capitalize on growth opportunities. Any failure to increase our revenue as we grow our business could prevent us from achieving or maintaining profitability. If we are unable to meet these risks and challenges as we encounter them, our business, financial condition and results of operations may suffer.

BlackRidge audited financial statements contain a "going concern" qualification noting that during the year ended December 31, 2018, we incurred a net loss of $17,150,967 and inception to date losses are $67,047,343, which factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

The independent registered public accounting firm for BlackRidge for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, has included an explanatory paragraph in their opinion that accompanies the BlackRidge audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018, indicating that we incurred a net loss of $17,150,967 and inception to date losses are $67,047,343, which factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. In this regard, management is proposing to raise any necessary additional funds not provided by operations through investment capital.  There is no assurance that we will be successful in raising this additional capital or in achieving profitable operations.  The accompanying consolidated financial statements of BlackRidge do not include any adjustments that might result if we are unable to continue as a going concern and, therefore, be required to realize our assets and discharge our liabilities other than in the normal course of business which could cause investors to suffer the loss of all or a substantial portion of their investment.

We may be unsuccessful in raising additional capital.    If we are unable to raise additional financing, we will be under-capitalized and will not be able to execute our business plan as forecast. Such financing difficulties would likely reduce the value of your investment in the Registrant.

BlackRidge is a recently formed company, with limited operating history.   BlackRidge was formed in 2010 and has generated limited revenue. To date, BlackRidge has operated at a loss. Prior to BlackRidge, management of BlackRidge has not previously worked together in a company.  There is, therefore, no guarantee that management will work well together and execute the business plan of BlackRidge successfully.

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BlackRidge is likely to lose money for a period of time .

BlackRidge, like many early stage companies, is projected to lose money for several months before it reaches cash-flow break even.   Such projections may turn out to be too optimistic and BlackRidge may lose more money or for longer than forecast, hurting the value of an investment. 

To the extent that BlackRidge's business plan relies on future access to financing, investors are incurring the risk of future dilution

The market for raising capital for small public companies is currently challenging and may remain challenging for the indefinite future.  Therefore, future financings by the Registrant may either be not possible or only done on terms that are detrimental to existing debt and equity holders of the Company.

Our business plan is dependent on the success of BlackRidge's existing technologies and new technologies which may be developed by BlackRidge's engineering team .   

There is no guarantee that BlackRidge's technologies will achieve wide acceptance at an economically attractive price point or that BlackRidge's engineering department will develop new technologies which are commercially feasible.   BlackRidge's technologies also run the risk of technological obsolescence as they are based on the current architecture of the internet.

Competitors’ technologies may render our technologies obsolete

We face competition from many companies, major universities and research institutions in the United States and abroad. Many of our competitors have substantially greater resources, experience in conducting research, experience in obtaining regulatory approvals for their products, operating experience, research and development and marketing capabilities, name recognition and production capabilities. We will face competition from companies marketing existing products or developing new products which may render our technologies (and products) obsolete.

Real or perceived defects, errors or vulnerabilities in our platform or the failure of our platform to block DDOS attacks, malware or prevent a security breach could harm our reputation and adversely impact our business, financial position and results of operations .

Because the techniques used by computer hackers to access or sabotage networks change frequently and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, there is a risk that an advanced attack could emerge that our platform is unable to detect or prevent. Moreover, as our platform is adopted by an increasing number of enterprises and governments, it is possible that the individuals and organizations behind advanced malware attacks will begin to focus on finding ways to defeat our software. If this happens, our networks, products, subscriptions and services could be targeted by attacks specifically designed to disrupt our business and undermine the perception that our platform is capable of providing superior IT security, which, in turn, could have a serious impact on our reputation as a provider of virtual machine-based security solutions.

If any of our customers becomes infected with malware after adopting our platform, even if our platform has blocked the theft of any of such customer's data, such customer could nevertheless be disappointed with our platform. Furthermore, if any enterprises or governments that are publicly known to use our platform are the subject of an advanced cyber-attack that becomes publicized, our other current or potential customers may look to our competitors for alternatives to our platform. Real or perceived security breaches of our customers' networks could cause disruption or damage to their networks or other negative consequences and could result in negative publicity to us, damage to our reputation, declining sales, increased expenses and customer relations issues.

Furthermore, our software may fail to detect or prevent malware, viruses, worms or similar threats for any number of reasons, including our failure to enhance and expand our software to reflect industry trends, new technologies and new operating environments. Failure to keep pace with technological changes in the IT security industry and changes in the threat landscape could adversely affect our ability to protect against security breaches and could cause us to lose customers.

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Any real or perceived defects, errors or vulnerabilities in our software, or any other failure of our software to detect an advanced threat, could result in:

a loss of existing or potential customers or channel partners;
   
delayed or lost revenue;
   
a delay in attaining, or the failure to attain, market acceptance;
   
the expenditure of significant financial and product development resources in efforts to analyze, correct, eliminate, or work around errors or defects, to address and eliminate vulnerabilities, or to identify and ramp up production with alternative third-party manufacturers;
   
an increase in warranty claims, or an increase in the cost of servicing warranty claims, either of which would adversely affect our gross margins;
   
harm to our reputation or brand; and
   
litigation, regulatory inquiries, or investigations that may be costly and further harm our reputation.

Our CEO and CTO have limited prior experience with government sales .

BlackRidge's business plan is, in part, to sell to government contractors, the Department of Defense and other "government" clients as well as to the commercial marketplace.   Mr. Graham, the Company's CEO and co-founder of BlackRidge has past experience in government sales and contracting groups. Mr. Hayes, the Company's CTO and co-founder of BlackRidge, has no prior experience selling to the government.   Government sales have several unique aspects which require a different approach than commercial sales and may have a longer sales cycle.  In order to mitigate this risk, we have hired proven professionals with experience selling to and contracting with the government, including a senior vice president with experience in government sales, and with appropriate security clearances to manage business in a classified environment.  We have also appointed an advisory council with experience in government sales, as well partnered with companies experienced in government contracts, including a retired Army General who headed up Army Cyber Command, and former senior executive from the office of SecDef who is an expert in supply chain risk management.

Pending patent applications may be denied .  

While BlackRidge owns issued U.S. patents on its core technology, there is no guarantee that other applications will result in granted patents. Furthermore, given the nature of the US Patent Office, the determination of patentability may take several years.  Even with its existing patents, enforcing patent rights can be an expensive and time-consuming process, involving years of litigation and large legal fees.

Fluctuating economic conditions make it difficult to predict revenue for a particular period, and a shortfall in revenue may harm our operating results.

Our revenue depends significantly on general economic conditions and the demand for products in the IT security market. Economic weakness, customer financial difficulties, and constrained spending on IT security may result in decreased revenue and earnings. Such factors could make it difficult to accurately forecast our sales and operating results and could negatively affect our ability to provide accurate forecasts to our contract manufacturers and manage our contract manufacturer relationships and other expenses. In addition, concerns regarding the impact of tight budgetary constraints and the new Trump Administration on the IT budgets of various agencies of the U.S. government, as well as continued budgetary challenges in the United States and geopolitical turmoil in many parts of the world have and may continue to put pressure on global economic conditions and overall spending on IT security. Currently, most enterprises and governments have not allocated a fixed portion of their budgets to protect against next-generation advanced cyber-attacks. If we do not succeed in convincing customers that our platform should be an integral part of their overall approach to IT security and that a fixed portion of their annual IT budgets should be allocated to our platform, general reductions in IT spending by our customers are likely to have a disproportionate impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition. General economic weakness may also lead to longer collection cycles for payments due from our customers, an increase in customer bad debt, restructuring initiatives and associated expenses, and impairment of investments.

Uncertainty about future economic conditions also makes it difficult to forecast operating results and to make decisions about future investments. Future or continued economic weakness for us or our customers, failure of our customers and markets to recover from such weakness, customer financial difficulties, and reductions in spending on IT security could have a material adverse effect on demand for our platform and consequently on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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Our results of operations are likely to vary significantly from period to period, which could cause the trading price of our common stock to decline.

Our results of operations have varied significantly from period to period, and we expect that following the Reorganization, our results of operations will continue to vary as a result of a number of factors, many of which are outside of our control and may be difficult to predict, including:

our ability to attract and retain new customers;
   
the budgeting cycles, seasonal buying patterns and purchasing practices of customers;
   
the timing of shipments of our products and length of our sales cycles;
   
changes in customer or reseller requirements or market needs;
   
changes in the growth rate of the IT security market, particularly the market for threat protection solutions like ours that target next-generation advanced cyber-attacks;
   
the timing and success of new product and service introductions by us or our competitors or any other change in the competitive landscape of the IT security market, including consolidation among our customers or competitors;
   
the level of awareness of IT security threats, particularly advanced cyber-attacks, and the market adoption of our software;

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deferral of orders from customers in anticipation of new products or product enhancements announced by us or our competitors;
   
our ability to successfully expand our business domestically and internationally;
   
reductions in customer renewal rates for our subscriptions;
   
decisions by organizations to purchase IT security solutions from larger, more established security vendors or from their primary IT equipment vendors;
   
changes in our pricing policies or those of our competitors;
   
any disruption in, or termination of, our relationship with channel partners;
   
decreases in our customers' subscription renewal rates;
   
our inability to fulfill our customers' orders due to supply chain delays or events that impact our manufacturers or their suppliers;
   
insolvency or credit difficulties confronting our customers, affecting their ability to purchase or pay for our products, subscriptions and services, particularly our sole source suppliers, which could disrupt our supply chain;
   
the cost and potential outcomes of existing and future litigation;
   
seasonality in our business;
   
general economic conditions, both domestic and in our foreign markets;
   
future accounting pronouncements or changes in our accounting policies or practices;
   
the amount and timing of operating costs and capital expenditures related to the expansion of our business;
   
a change in our mix of products, subscriptions and services; and
   
increases or decreases in our expenses caused by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.

Any of the above factors, individually or in the aggregate, may result in significant fluctuations in our financial and other operating results from period to period. As a result of this variability, our historical results of operations should not be relied upon as an indication of future performance. Moreover, this variability and unpredictability could result in our failure to meet our operating plan or the expectations of investors or analysts for any period. If we fail to meet such expectations for these or other reasons, the market price of our common stock could fall substantially, and we could face costly lawsuits, including securities class action suits.

We face intense competition and could fail to gain market share from our competitors, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The market for security products and services is intensely competitive and characterized by rapid changes in technology, customer requirements, industry standards and frequent new product introductions and improvements. We anticipate continued challenges from current competitors, which in many cases are more established and enjoy greater resources than us, as well as by new entrants into the industry. If we are unable to anticipate or effectively react to these competitive challenges, our competitive position could weaken, and we could experience a decline in our growth rate or revenue that could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Our competitors and potential competitors include large networking vendors that we are also partnering with such as Cisco Systems, Inc. and Juniper Networks, Inc. that may emulate or integrate features similar to ours into their own products; large companies such as Intel and HP that have acquired large IT security specialist vendors in recent years and have the technical and financial resources and broad customer bases needed to bring competitive solutions to the market; independent IT security vendors such as FireEye, Symantec, and Palo Alto Networks that offer products that claim to perform similar functions to our platform; and small and large companies that offer point solutions that compete with some of the features present in our platform. Other IT providers offer, and may continue to introduce, security features that compete with our platform, either in stand-alone security products or as additional features in their network infrastructure products. Many of our existing competitors have, and some of our potential competitors could have, substantial competitive advantages such as:
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greater name recognition, longer operating histories and larger customer bases;
   
larger sales and marketing budgets and resources;
   
broader distribution and established relationships with channel and distribution partners and customers;
   
greater customer support resources;
   
greater resources to make acquisitions;
   
lower labor and research and development costs;
   
larger and more mature intellectual property portfolios; and
   
substantially greater financial, technical and other resources.

In addition, some of our larger competitors have substantially broader product offerings and may be able to leverage their relationships with distribution partners and customers based on other products or incorporate functionality into existing products to gain business in a manner that discourages users from purchasing our products, subscriptions and services, including by selling at zero or negative margins, product bundling or offering closed technology platforms. Potential customers may also prefer to purchase from their existing suppliers rather than a new supplier regardless of product performance or features. As a result, even if the features of our platform are superior, customers may not purchase our products. In addition, new innovative start-up companies, and larger companies that are making significant investments in research and development, may invent similar or superior products and technologies that compete with our platform. Our current and potential competitors may also establish cooperative relationships among themselves or with third parties that may further enhance their resources. If we are unable to compete successfully, or if competing successfully requires us to take costly actions in response to the actions of our competitors, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.  

Our sales cycles can be long and unpredictable, and our sales efforts require considerable time and expense. As a result, our sales and revenue are difficult to predict and may vary substantially from period to period, which may cause our results of operations to fluctuate significantly.

Our results of operations may fluctuate, in part, because of the resource intensive nature of our sales efforts, the length and variability of our sales cycle and the short-term difficulty in adjusting our operating expenses. Our results of operations depend in part on sales to large organizations. The length of our sales cycle, from proof of concept to delivery of and payment for our platform, is typically six to twelve months but can be more than a year. To the extent our competitors develop products that our prospective customers view as equivalent to ours, our average sales cycle may increase. Because the length of time required to close a sale varies substantially from customer to customer, it is difficult to predict exactly when, or even if, we will make a sale with a potential customer. As a result, large individual sales have, in some cases, occurred in quarters subsequent to those we anticipated, or have not occurred at all. The loss or delay of one or more large transactions in a quarter could impact our results of operations for that quarter and any future quarters for which revenue from that transaction is delayed. As a result of these factors, it is difficult for us to forecast our revenue accurately in any quarter. Because a substantial portion of our expenses are relatively fixed in the short term, our results of operations will suffer if our revenue falls below our or analysts' expectations in a particular quarter, which could cause the price of our common stock to decline.

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If we do not accurately anticipate and respond promptly to changes in our customers' technologies, business plans or security needs, our competitive position and prospects could be harmed.

Many of our customers operate in markets characterized by rapidly changing technologies and business plans, which require them to add numerous network access points and adapt to increasingly complex IT networks, incorporating a variety of hardware, software applications, operating systems and networking protocols. As their technologies and business plans grow more complex, we expect these customers to face new and increasingly sophisticated methods of attack. We face significant challenges in ensuring that our platform effectively identifies and responds to these advanced and evolving attacks without disrupting our customers' network performance. As a result of the continued rapid innovations in the technology industry, including the rapid growth of smart phones, tablets and other devices and the trend of "bring your own device" in enterprises, we expect the networks of our customers to continue to change rapidly and become more complex.

We have identified a number of new products and enhancements to our platform that we believe are important to our continued success in the IT security market. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in developing and marketing, on a timely basis, such new products or enhancements, or that our new products or enhancements will adequately address the changing needs of the marketplace. In addition, some of our new products and enhancements may require us to develop new hardware architectures that involve complex, expensive and time-consuming research and development processes. Although the market expects rapid introduction of new products and enhancements to respond to new threats, the development of these products and enhancements is difficult and the timetable for commercial release and availability is uncertain, as there can be significant time lags between initial beta releases and the commercial availability of new products and enhancements. We may experience unanticipated delays in the availability of new products and enhancements to our platform and fail to meet customer expectations with respect to the timing of such availability. If we do not quickly respond to the rapidly changing and rigorous needs of our customers by developing, releasing and making available on a timely basis new products and enhancements to our platform that can adequately respond to advanced threats and our customers' needs, our competitive position and business prospects will be harmed. Furthermore, from time to time, we or our competitors may announce new products with capabilities or technologies that could have the potential to replace or shorten the life cycles of our existing products. There can be no assurance that announcements of new products will not cause customers to defer purchasing our existing products.

Additionally, the process of developing new technology is expensive, complex and uncertain. The success of new products and enhancements depends on several factors, including appropriate component costs, timely completion and introduction, differentiation of new products and enhancements from those of our competitors, and market acceptance. To maintain our competitive position, we must continue to commit significant resources to developing new products or enhancements to our platform before knowing whether these investments will be cost-effective or achieve the intended results. There can be no assurance that we will successfully identify new product opportunities, develop and bring new products or enhancements to market in a timely manner, or achieve market acceptance of our platform, or that products and technologies developed by others will not render our platform obsolete or noncompetitive. If we expend significant resources on researching and developing products or enhancements to our platform and such products or enhancements are not successful, our business, financial position and results of operations may be adversely affected.

If we are unable to sell additional products, licenses, subscriptions and services, as well as renewals of our licenses, subscriptions and services, to our customers, our future revenue and operating results will be harmed.

Our future success depends, in part, on our ability to expand the deployment of our platform with existing customers by selling them additional products, subscriptions and services. This may require increasingly sophisticated and costly sales efforts and may not result in additional sales. In addition, the rate at which our customers purchase additional products, subscriptions and services depends on a number of factors, including the perceived need for additional IT security as well as general economic conditions. If our efforts to sell additional products, subscriptions and services to our customers are not successful, our business may suffer.

Further, existing customers that purchase our platform have no contractual obligation to renew their subscriptions and support and maintenance services after the initial contract period, and given our limited operating history, we may not be able to accurately predict our renewal rates. Our customers' renewal rates may decline or fluctuate as a result of a number of factors, including the level of their satisfaction with our platform, our customer support, customer budgets and the pricing of our platform compared with the products and services offered by our competitors. If our customers renew their subscriptions, they may renew for shorter contract lengths or on other terms that are less economically beneficial to us. We cannot assure you that our customers will renew their subscriptions, and if our customers do not renew their subscriptions or renew on less favorable terms, our revenue may grow more slowly than expected, if at all.

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If we are unable to increase sales of our platform to large organizations while mitigating the risks associated with serving such customers, our business, financial position and results of operations may suffer.

Our growth strategy is dependent, in part, upon increasing sales of our platform to large enterprises and governments. Sales to large customers involve risks that may not be present (or that are present to a lesser extent) with sales to smaller entities. These risks include:

increased purchasing power and leverage held by large customers in negotiating contractual arrangements with us;
   
more stringent or costly requirements imposed upon us in our support service contracts with such customers, including stricter support response times and penalties for any failure to meet support requirements;
   
more complicated implementation processes;
   
longer sales cycles and the associated risk that substantial time and resources may be spent on a potential customer that ultimately elects not to purchase our platform or purchases less than we hoped;
   
closer relationships with, and dependence upon, large technology companies who offer competitive products; and
   
more pressure for discounts and write-offs.

In addition, because security breaches with respect to larger, high-profile enterprises are likely to be heavily publicized, there is increased reputational risk associated with serving such customers. If we are unable to increase sales of our platform to large enterprise and government customers while mitigating the risks associated with serving such customers, our business, financial position and results of operations may suffer.  

Our current research and development efforts may not produce successful products or enhancements to our platform that result in significant revenue, cost savings or other benefits in the near future, if at all.

We must continue to dedicate significant financial and other resources to our research and development efforts if we are to maintain our competitive position. However, developing products and enhancements to our platform is expensive and time consuming, and there is no assurance that such activities will result in significant new marketable products or enhancements to our platform, design improvements, cost savings, revenue or other expected benefits. If we spend significant time and effort on research and development and are unable to generate an adequate return on our investment, our business and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

We may be unable to protect our intellectual property adequately, which could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We believe that our intellectual property is an essential asset of our business. We rely on a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as confidentiality procedures and contractual provisions, to establish and protect our intellectual property rights in the United States and abroad. The efforts we have taken to protect our intellectual property may not be sufficient or effective, and our trademarks, copyrights and patents may be held invalid or unenforceable. Any U.S. or other patents issued to us may not be sufficiently broad to protect our proprietary technologies. We may not be effective in policing unauthorized use of our intellectual property, and even if we do detect violations, litigation may be necessary to enforce our intellectual property rights. Any enforcement efforts we undertake, including litigation, could be time-consuming and expensive, could divert management's attention and may result in a court determining that our intellectual property rights are unenforceable. If we are not successful in cost-effectively protecting our intellectual property rights, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be harmed.

Claims by others that we infringe their proprietary technology or other rights could harm our business.

Technology companies frequently enter into litigation based on allegations of patent infringement or other violations of intellectual property rights. In addition, patent holding companies seek to monetize patents they have purchased or otherwise obtained. As we face increasing competition and gain an increasingly higher profile, the possibility of intellectual property rights claims against us grows. From time to time, we expect that third parties may assert, claims of infringement of intellectual property rights against us.  Third parties may in the future also assert claims against our customers or channel partners, whom our standard license and other agreements obligate us to indemnify against claims that our products infringe the intellectual property rights of third parties. While we intend to increase the size of our patent portfolio, many of our competitors and others may now and in the future have significantly larger and more mature patent portfolios than we have. In addition, future litigation may involve patent holding companies or other patent owners who have no relevant product offerings or revenue and against whom our own patents may therefore provide little or no deterrence or protection. Any claim of intellectual property infringement by a third party, even a claim without merit, could cause us to incur substantial costs defending against such claim, could distract our management from our business and could require us to cease use of such intellectual property. Furthermore, because of the substantial amount of discovery required in connection with intellectual property litigation, there is a risk that some of our confidential information could be compromised by the discovery process.

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Although third parties may offer a license to their technology or other intellectual property, the terms of any offered license may not be acceptable, and the failure to obtain a license or the costs associated with any license could cause our business, financial condition and results of operations to be materially and adversely affected. In addition, some licenses may be non-exclusive, and therefore our competitors may have access to the same technology licensed to us. If a third party does not offer us a license to its technology or other intellectual property on reasonable terms, or at all, we could be enjoined from continued use of such intellectual property. As a result, we may be required to develop alternative, non-infringing technology, which could require significant time (during which we could be unable to continue to offer our affected products, subscriptions or services), effort, and expense and may ultimately not be successful. Furthermore, a successful claimant could secure a judgment or we may agree to a settlement that prevents us from distributing certain products, providing certain subscriptions or performing certain services or that requires us to pay substantial damages, royalties or other fees. Any of these events could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We rely on our management team and other key employees and will need additional personnel to grow our business, and the loss of one or more key employees or our inability to attract and retain qualified personnel could harm our business.

Our future success is substantially dependent on our ability to attract, retain and motivate the members of our management team and other key employees throughout our organization. We may not be successful in attracting qualified personnel to fulfill our current or future needs. Our competitors may be successful in recruiting and hiring members of our management team or other key employees, and it may be difficult for us to find suitable replacements on a timely basis, on competitive terms, or at all. Also, to the extent we hire employees from mature public companies with significant financial resources, we may be subject to allegations that such employees have been improperly solicited, or that they have divulged proprietary or other confidential information or that their former employers own such employees' inventions or other work product.

In addition, we believe that it is important to establish and maintain a corporate culture that facilitates the maintenance and transfer of institutional knowledge within our organization and also fosters innovation, teamwork, a passion for customers and a focus on execution. Our Chief Executive Officer and certain other key members of our management and finance teams have only been working together for a relatively short period of time, and we expect to add additional vice presidents and other members of management in the foreseeable future. If we are not successful in integrating these key employees into our organization, such failure could delay or hinder our product development efforts and the achievement of our strategic objectives, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Most of our employees, including some of our executive officers, work for us on an "at-will" basis, which means they may terminate their employment with us at any time. We do not maintain key person life insurance policies on any of our key employees. If one or more of our key employees resigns or otherwise ceases to provide us with their service, our business could be harmed.

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If we are unable to maintain successful relationships with our channel partners and technology alliance partners, or if our channel partners or technology alliance partners fail to perform, our ability to market, sell and distribute our platform will be limited, and our business, financial position and results of operations will be harmed.

In addition to our direct sales force, we rely on our indirect channel partners to sell and support our platform. We expect that sales through channel partners will be a significant percentage of our revenue. We also partner with our technology alliance partners to design go-to-market strategies that combine our platform with products or services provided by our technology alliance partners.

Our agreements with our channel partners and our technology alliance partners are generally non-exclusive, meaning our partners may offer customers products from several different companies, including products that compete with ours. If our channel partners do not effectively market and sell our platform, choose to use greater efforts to market and sell their own products or those of our competitors, or fail to meet the needs of our customers, our ability to grow our business and sell our platform may be adversely affected. Our channel partners and technology alliance partners may cease marketing our platform with limited or no notice and with little or no penalty, and new channel partners require extensive training and may take several months or more to achieve productivity. The loss of a substantial number of our channel partners, our possible inability to replace them, or the failure to recruit additional channel partners could materially and adversely affect our results of operations. In addition, sales by channel partners are more likely than direct sales to involve collectability concerns, particularly in developing markets. Our channel partner structure could also subject us to lawsuits or reputational harm if, for example, a channel partner misrepresents the functionality of our platform to customers or violates applicable laws or our corporate policies.

Our ability to achieve revenue growth in the future will depend in part on our success in maintaining successful relationships with our channel partners, and to train our channel partners to independently sell and deploy our platform. If we are unable to maintain our relationships with these channel partners or otherwise develop and expand our indirect sales channel, or if our channel partners fail to perform, our business, financial position and results of operations could be adversely affected.

U.S. federal, state and local government sales are subject to a number of challenges and risks that may adversely impact our business.

Sales to U.S. federal, state, and local governmental agencies have in the past accounted for, and may in the future account for, a significant portion of our revenue. Sales to such government entities are subject to the following risks:

selling to governmental agencies can be highly competitive, expensive and time consuming, often requiring significant upfront time and expense without any assurance that such efforts will generate a sale;
   
government certification requirements applicable to our products may change and in doing so restrict our ability to sell into the U.S. federal government sector until we have attained the revised certification;
   
government demand and payment for our products and services may be impacted by public sector budgetary cycles and funding authorizations, with funding reductions or delays adversely affecting public sector demand for our products and services;
   
we sell our software to governmental agencies through our indirect channel partners, and these agencies may have statutory, contractual or other legal rights to terminate contracts with our distributors and resellers for convenience or due to a default, and any such termination may adversely impact our future results of operations; and
   
governments routinely investigate and audit government contractors' administrative processes, and any unfavorable audit could result in the government refusing to continue buying our platform, which would adversely impact our revenue and results of operations, or institute fines or civil or criminal liability if the audit uncovers improper or illegal activities.
   

Government and department of defense contracts can be changed and altered by the government at any time and therefore may not be completed as initially indicated or agreed.

Our failure to adequately protect personal information could have a material adverse effect on our business.

A wide variety of provincial, state, national, and international laws and regulations apply to the collection, use, retention, protection, disclosure, transfer and other processing of personal data. These data protection and privacy-related laws and regulations are evolving and may result in ever-increasing regulatory and public scrutiny and escalating levels of enforcement and sanctions. Our failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations, or to protect such data, could result in enforcement action against us, including fines, imprisonment of company officials and public censure, claims for damages by customers and other affected individuals, damage to our reputation and loss of goodwill (both in relation to existing customers and prospective customers), any of which could have a material adverse effect on our operations, financial performance and business. Evolving and changing definitions of personal data and personal information within the European Union, the United States, and elsewhere, especially relating to classification of IP addresses, machine identification, location data and other information, may limit or inhibit our ability to operate or expand our business, including limiting technology alliance partners that may involve the sharing of data. Even the perception of privacy concerns, whether or not valid, may harm our reputation and inhibit adoption of our products by current and future customers.

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  If the general level of DDOS and advanced cyber-attacks declines, or is perceived by our current or potential customers to have declined, our business could be harmed.

Our business is substantially dependent on enterprises and governments recognizing that DDOS and advanced cyber-attacks are pervasive and are not effectively prevented by legacy security solutions. High visibility attacks on prominent enterprises and governments have increased market awareness of the problem of DDOS and advanced cyber-attacks and help to provide an impetus for enterprises and governments to devote resources to protecting against DDOS and advanced cyber-attacks, such as testing our platform, purchasing it, and broadly deploying it within their organizations. If DDOS and advanced cyber-attacks were to decline, or enterprises or governments perceived that the general level of DDOS and advanced cyber-attacks have declined, our ability to attract new customers and expand our offerings within existing customers could be materially and adversely affected. A reduction in the threat landscape could increase our sales cycles and harm our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We are exposed to the credit risk of some of our distributors and resellers and to credit exposure in weakened markets, which could result in material losses.

Most of our sales are on an open credit basis. Although we have programs in place that are designed to monitor and mitigate these risks, we cannot assure you these programs will be effective in reducing our credit risks, especially as we expand our business internationally. If we are unable to adequately control these risks, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be harmed.

Our failure to raise additional capital or generate the significant capital necessary to expand our operations and invest in new products could reduce our ability to compete and could harm our business.

We intend to continue to make investments to support our business growth and may require additional funds to respond to business challenges, including the need to develop new products and enhancements to our platform, improve our operating infrastructure or acquire complementary businesses and technologies. Accordingly, we may need to engage in equity or debt financings to secure additional funds. If we raise additional equity financing, our stockholders may experience significant dilution of their ownership interests and the per share value of our common stock could decline. Furthermore, if we engage in debt financing, the holders of debt would have priority over the holders of common stock, and we may be required to accept terms that restrict our ability to incur additional indebtedness. We may also be required to take other actions that would otherwise be in the interests of the debt holders and force us to maintain specified liquidity or other ratios, any of which could harm our business, results of operations, and financial condition. If we need additional capital and cannot raise it on acceptable terms, we may not be able to, among other things:

develop or enhance our products and subscriptions;
   
continue to expand our sales and marketing and research and development organizations;
   
acquire complementary technologies, products or businesses;
   
expand operations, in the United States or internationally;
   
hire, train and retain employees; or
   
respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated working capital requirements.
 
Our failure to do any of these things could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.  

If our products do not effectively interoperate with our customers' IT infrastructure, installations could be delayed or cancelled, which would harm our business.

Our products must effectively interoperate with our customers' existing or future IT infrastructure, which often has different specifications, utilizes multiple protocol standards, deploys products from multiple vendors, and contains multiple generations of products that have been added over time. As a result, when problems occur in a network, it may be difficult to identify the sources of these problems. If we find errors in the existing software or defects in the hardware used in our customers' infrastructure or problematic network configurations or settings, we may have to modify our software or hardware so that our products will interoperate with our customers' infrastructure. In such cases, our products may be unable to provide significant performance improvements for applications deployed in our customers' infrastructure. These issues could cause longer installation times for our products and could cause order cancellations, either of which would adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, government and other customers may require our products to comply with certain security or other certifications and standards. If our products are late in achieving or fail to achieve compliance with these certifications and standards, or our competitors achieve compliance with these certifications and standards, we may be disqualified from selling our products to such customers, or may otherwise be at a competitive disadvantage, either of which would harm our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

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Failure to comply with governmental laws and regulations could harm our business.

Our business is subject to regulation by various U.S. federal, state, local and foreign governments. In certain jurisdictions, these regulatory requirements may be more stringent than those in the United States. Noncompliance with applicable regulations or requirements could subject us to investigations, sanctions, mandatory product recalls, enforcement actions, disgorgement of profits, fines, damages, civil and criminal penalties, or injunctions. If any governmental sanctions are imposed, or if we do not prevail in any possible civil or criminal litigation, our business, results of operations, and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. In addition, responding to any action will likely result in a significant diversion of management's attention and resources and an increase in professional fees. Enforcement actions and sanctions could harm our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our ability to use our net operating losses to offset future taxable income may be subject to certain limitations which could negatively impact future tax expense.

In general, under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, a corporation that undergoes an "ownership change" is subject to limitations on its ability to utilize its pre-change net operating losses, or NOLs, to offset future taxable income. Our existing NOLs may be subject to limitations arising from previous ownership changes, and if we undergo an ownership change, our ability to utilize NOLs could be further limited by Section 382 of the Code. Future changes in our stock ownership, some of which are outside of our control, could result in an ownership change under Section 382 of the Code. Furthermore, our ability to utilize NOLs of companies that we may acquire in the future may be subject to limitations. There is also a risk that due to regulatory changes, such as suspensions on the use of NOLs, or other unforeseen reasons, our existing NOLs could expire or otherwise be unavailable to offset future income tax liabilities. There is also a risk that due to regulatory changes in the tax rates, the value of our NOLs could change substantially.  For these reasons, we may not be able to utilize a material portion of our NOLs, even if we attain profitability. 

Risks Related to the Securities Markets and Ownership of Our Common Stock  

The price of our common stock may be volatile, and the value of your investment could decline.

Technology stocks have historically experienced high levels of volatility. The trading price of our common stock following the Reorganization may fluctuate substantially, depending on many factors, some of which are beyond our control and may not be related to our operating performance. These fluctuations could cause you to lose all or part of your investment in our common stock. Factors that could cause fluctuations in the trading price of our common stock include the following:

announcements of new products, services or technologies, commercial relationships, acquisitions or other events by us or our competitors;
   
changes in how customers perceive the effectiveness of our platform in protecting against advanced cyber-attacks or other reputational harm;
   
price and volume fluctuations in the overall stock market from time to time;
   
significant volatility in the market price and trading volume of technology companies in general and of companies in the IT security industry in particular;
   
fluctuations in the trading volume of our shares or the size of our public float;
   
actual or anticipated changes or fluctuations in our results of operations;
   
whether our results of operations meet the expectations of securities analysts or investors;
   
actual or anticipated changes in the expectations of investors or securities analysts;
   
litigation involving us, our industry, or both;
   
regulatory developments in the United States, foreign countries or both;
   
general economic conditions and trends;
   
major catastrophic events;
   
sales of large blocks of our common stock; or
   
departures of key personnel.

In addition, if the market for technology stocks or the stock market in general experiences a loss of investor confidence, the trading price of our common stock could decline for reasons unrelated to our business, results of operations or financial condition. The trading price of our common stock might also decline in reaction to events that affect other companies in our industry even if these events do not directly affect us. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company's securities, securities class action litigation has often been brought against that company. If our stock price is volatile, we may become the target of securities litigation. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and divert our management's attention and resources from our business. This could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public markets, or the perception that such sales might occur, could reduce the price that our common stock might otherwise attain and may dilute your voting power and your ownership interest in us.

We may issue our shares of common stock or securities convertible into our common stock from time to time in connection with a financing, acquisition or otherwise. Any such issuance could result in substantial dilution to our existing stockholders and cause the trading price of our common stock to decline.

Our securities are illiquid  meaning that you may not be able to sell your securities when you wish or for a price you like .  

Although the Registrant is a publicly traded company, the current market for its securities is limited and relatively illiquid.   Therefore, you may incur higher trading costs in the form of wider than typical bid-ask spreads and may have difficulty selling a large block of shares in a short period of time.

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Our common stock is currently considered a "penny" stock and therefore is subject to limitations on trading .  

Stocks that trade below $5.00 per share and are not listed on a major national securities exchange such as the NYSE or NASDAQ, are subject to restrictions on how broker-dealers may handle such stocks including limitations on solicitation and more onerous record-keeping requirements.   As a result, penny stocks tend to have less trading volume and liquidity than stocks which are not subject to penny stock rules.  We do not intend to pay dividends for the foreseeable future.

We have never declared or paid any dividends on our common stock. We intend to retain any earnings to finance the operation and expansion of our business, and we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the future. As a result, you may only receive a return on your investment in our common stock if the market price of our common stock increases.

We are an "emerging growth company," and we cannot be certain if the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to emerging growth companies will make our common stock less attractive to investors.

For so long as we remain an "emerging growth company," as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act, or the JOBS Act, we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various requirements that are applicable to public companies that are not "emerging growth companies," including not being required to comply with the independent auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. We will remain an "emerging growth company" until the earliest of (i) the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the completion of this offering, (ii) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenue is $1 billion or more, (iii) the date on which we have, during the previous rolling three-year period, issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt securities or (iv) the date on which we are deemed to be a "large accelerated filer" as defined in the Exchange Act. We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock, and our stock price may be more volatile and may decline.

We are obligated to implement and maintain proper and effective internal control over financial reporting. We may not complete our analysis of our internal control over financial reporting in a timely manner, or these internal controls may not be determined to be effective, which may adversely affect investor confidence in our company and, as a result, the value of our common stock.

We are required, pursuant to the Exchange Act, to furnish a report by management on, among other things, the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. This assessment needs to include disclosure of any material weaknesses identified by our management in our internal control over financial reporting.

We are currently evaluating our internal controls, identifying and remediating deficiencies in those internal controls and documenting the results of our evaluation, testing and remediation. We may not be able to complete our evaluation, testing and any required remediation in a timely fashion. During the evaluation and testing process, if we identify one or more material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting that we are unable to remediate before the end of the same fiscal year in which the material weakness is identified, we will be unable to assert that our internal controls are effective. If we are unable to assert that our internal control over financial reporting is effective, or if our auditors, when required, are unable to attest to management's report on the effectiveness of our internal controls, we could lose investor confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports, which would cause the price of our common stock to decline.

As a public company, we will be required to disclose material changes made in our internal control and procedures on a quarterly basis. However, our independent registered public accounting firm will not be required to formally attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act until the later of the year following our first annual report required to be filed with the SEC or the date we are no longer an "emerging growth company" as defined in the JOBS Act, if we take advantage of the exemptions contained in the JOBS Act. To comply with the requirements of being a public company, we may need to undertake various actions, such as implementing new internal controls and procedures and hiring accounting or internal audit staff.

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or reports about our business, or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research reports about our business, our share price and trading volume could decline.

The trading market for our common stock will, to some extent, depend on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. We do not have any control over these analysts. If one or more of the analysts who cover us should downgrade our shares or change their opinion of our shares, our share price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts ceases coverage of our company or fails to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our share price or trading volume to decline.

There may be other risks which the Company has not identified which could negatively affect the value of your investment in the Company .    

While we believe that the risks identified herein are the major risks we face, there are likely other risks which could occur and negatively affect the value of your investment in the company.   Therefore, you should only purchase our securities if you are able to afford to lose part or all of the value of your investment.

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Our officers, directors and principal stockholders own a large percentage of our issued and outstanding shares and other stockholders have little or no ability to elect directors or influence corporate matters.

As of December 31, 2018, our officers, directors and principal stockholders were deemed to the beneficial owners of approximately 58% of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock, including Series A Preferred Stock and warrants on an "as converted" basis.  As a result, such persons would be able to determine the outcome of any actions taken by us that require stockholder approval.  For example, they would be able to elect all of our directors and control the policies and practices of the Registrant.

We have the ability to issue additional shares of common stock and to issue shares of preferred stock without stockholder approval

The Company is authorized to issue up to 500,000,000 shares of Common Stock, 96,872,725 of which have been issued and are outstanding.  The Company is also authorized to issue up to 10,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, 3,577 of which have been issued and 3,577,370 are outstanding, all of which have been designated as Series A Preferred Stock.  To the extent of such authorization, the officers of the Registrant have the ability, without seeking stockholder approval, to issue additional shares of Common Stock in the future for such consideration as they believe to be sufficient. The issuance of additional Common Stock in the future will reduce the proportionate ownership and voting power of the Registrant's current stockholders.

The shares of common stock available for sale in the future could adversely affect the market price for the Company’s common stock .

Of the 96,872,725 shares of Common Stock outstanding, approximately 83,400,000 shares are freely tradable if held by non-affiliates or eligible for resale under Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, if held by affiliates.  Sales of substantial amounts of this Common Stock in the public market could adversely affect the market price for the Registrant's common stock.  The approximately 13,500,000 remaining shares will become available for sale under Rule 144 around within one year if held by non-affiliates, and the availability of those shares for sale could also adversely affect the market price for the Registrant's Common Stock.  In addition, the Registrant's outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock are convertible into shares of the Registrant's Common Stock at the rate of 10 shares (subject to certain anti-dilution adjustments) of Common Stock for each one share of Series A Preferred Stock.  If the Series A Preferred Stock is converted, and the shares are placed for sale, such sales could adversely affect the market price for the Registrant's Common Stock.

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Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments.  

Not Applicable.

Item 2.  Properties.

BlackRidge’s corporate headquarters are located at 5390 Kietzke Lane, Reno, NV 89511, phone 1-855-807-8776. This office consists of approximately 7,579 square feet of office and laboratory space and is leased from a third party pursuant to a 62 month lease expiring during January 2023, which provides for rent at the initial rate of $16,674 per month plus reimbursement of the landlord’s costs for property taxes, insurance and common area maintenance, subject to increase on an annual basis.

BlackRidge leases an engineering office at the Marist College Hancock Center, 3399 North Road, Poughkeepsie, NY 12601.  This office consists of 200 square feet of office space and is leased from a third party pursuant to a twelve-month operating lease that renews annually.  The rent for the facility is a flat monthly amount of $400 and the lease is renewable annually at the option of BlackRidge.

BlackRidge also leases an engineering office at 100 Century Center Court, Suite 403, San Jose, CA 95112.  This office is leased from a third party pursuant to a 23 month lease expiring during August 2019, which provides for rent at a rate of $7,988 per month plus reimbursement of the landlord’s costs for property taxes, insurance and common area maintenance.

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings.

On December 2, 2016, AltEnergy Cyber, LLC ("Plaintiff") instituted a legal action in Connecticut against the Company and Robert Zahm.  The complaint alleged that (i) the company improperly extended the maturity date of the Plaintiff's convertible note in the amount of $1,500,000 and (ii) improperly converted the loan into the Company's stock. The Complaint alleges that the Company is liable to the Plaintiff for the $4,500,000 plus interest.  During the year, Robert Zahm was dismissed from the proceedings for lack of personal jurisdiction.  On March 29, 2018, the AltEnergy Cyber, LLC’s legal action was dismissed through a motion for summary judgement.

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not Applicable.

25

Part II  

Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information

The Company’s common stock is on the OTCQB under the symbol “BRTI.” 

Until July 24, 2017, the Company’s common stock had no quoted price on the OTCQB due to the company not currently being traded.  There is currently a limited trading market for shares of our common stock. Management does not expect significant active market to develop in our common stock unless and until we are able to implement our business plan. No assurance can be given that any active market for our common stock will develop or be maintained.

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low closing quotations:

 

 

Closing Bid

 

 

 

High

   

Low

 

2017

           

January 1 – March 31

   

-

     

-

 

April 1 – June 30

   

-

     

-

 

July 1 - September 30

   

4.00

     

0.59

 

October 1 – December 31

   

0.90

     

0.45

 

 

               

2018

               

January 1 - March 31

   

0.62

     

0.25

 

April 1 – June 30

   

0.53

     

0.30

 

July 1- September 30

   

0.55

     

0.20

 

October 1 – December 31

   

0.46

     

0.18

 

These prices were obtained from the finance portal, Yahoo! Finance, and do not necessarily reflect actual transactions, retail markups, mark downs or commissions.

Holders

At March 30, 2019, there were approximately 210 shareholders of record of the Company's common stock and 74 holders of the Company’s Series A preferred stock, as reported by the Company's transfer agent.  In computing the number of holders of record, each broker-dealer and clearing corporation holding shares on behalf of its customers is counted as a single stockholder.

Dividends

No dividends have ever been paid on the Company's securities, and the Company has no current plans to pay dividends in the foreseeable future. 

Equity Compensation Plans

In May 2017, the Board recommended and its shareholders approved the 2017 Stock Incentive Plan (the "2017 Plan"), which became effective immediately. See Note 10 – Share Based Compensation for options issued under this plan.

Under the 2017 Plan, the term of an option grant shall not exceed ten years from the date of its grant and options generally vest over a five-year period, with vesting on a monthly interval. Under the 2017 Plan, up to 20,000,000 shares of common stock can be reserved for issuance to eligible participants. The Company has no other equity compensation plans.

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Special Sales Practice Requirements with Regard to “Penny Stocks”

In order to protect investors from patterns of fraud and abuse that have occurred in the market for low priced securities commonly referred to as “penny stocks,” the SEC has adopted regulations that generally define a “penny stock” to be any equity security having a market price (as defined) less than $5.00 per share, or an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions.  The price of our stock is currently below $5.00 per share and our stock is subject to the “penny stock” regulations.  As a result, broker-dealers selling our common stock are subject to additional sales practices when they sell our stock to persons other than established clients and “accredited investors.”  For transactions covered by these rules, before the transaction is executed, the broker-dealer must make a special customer suitability determination, receive the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction and deliver a risk disclosure document relating to the penny stock market.  The broker-dealer must also disclose the commission payable to both the broker-dealer and the registered representative taking the order, current quotations for the securities and, if applicable, the fact that the broker-dealer is the sole market maker and the broker-dealer’s presumed control over the market.  Monthly statements must be sent disclosing recent price information for the penny stock held in the account and information on the limited market in penny stocks.  Such “penny stock” rules may restrict trading in our common stock and may deter broker-dealers from effecting transactions in our common stock.

Transfer Agent

Issuer Direct Corporation, 1981 Murray Holladay Road, Suite 100, Salt Lake City, UT 84117, Telephone:  (801) 272-9294 , serves as the transfer agent and registrar for our common stock.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

The following contains a list of our sales of unregistered securities not otherwise disclosed by the Company in previous Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and /or Current Reports on Form 8-K filings.

The Company has authorized 200 million shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, and 10 million shares of preferred stock, $0.0001 par value.  Each share of the Company’s preferred stock is convertible into 10 shares of common stock, subject to adjustment, has voting rights equal to its common stock equivalent, 7% cumulative dividend rights, and has liquidation rights that entitle the recipient to the receipt of net assets on a pro-rata basis.  The Company has 96,872,725 and 77,063,171 common shares issued and outstanding and 3,577,370 and 3,639,783 preferred shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company issued an aggregate 1,771,666 shares of the Company’s common stock pursuant to consulting contracts valued at $614,516, or an average of $0.35 per share. 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company received advances of $50,000 from Mag Ventures, a company controlled by Tom Bruderman, a director and shareholder.  These advances along with the previous balance were converted into 460,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $0.25 per share on November 9, 2018.

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company issued an aggregate 661,071 shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $228,800 as satisfaction of payables in the amount of $241,067.  The company recognized gain on settlement of $12,267 in relation to these transactions.

We believe that the foregoing transactions were exempt from the registration requirements under exemption 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended ("the Act"), based on the following facts: there was no general solicitation, there was a limited number of purchasers, each of whom the Registrant believes was an "accredited investor" (within the meaning of Regulation D under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended) and was sophisticated about business and financial matters, and all shares issued were subject to restriction on transfer, so as to take reasonable steps to assure that the purchaser was not an underwriter within the meaning of Section 2(11) under the Act.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

We have not adopted a stock repurchase plan and we did not repurchase any shares of our equity securities during our 2018 or 2017 fiscal years.

27

Item 6.  Selected Financial Data

Not Applicable. 

Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements, which are included elsewhere in this report.  The following information contains forward-looking statements. (See “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Item 1A. Risk Factors.”)

General

BlackRidge Technology International, Inc., formerly known as Grote Molen, Inc., (the "Company") was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada in April 2010. 

BlackRidge develops and markets next generation cyber defense solutions that enables our customers to deliver more secure and resilient business services in today’s rapidly evolving cyber threat environments. Our network, server, IoT and cloud security products are based on our patented Transport Access Control technology and are designed to isolate, cloak and protect cloud services, enterprise servers and IoT devices; and segment and segregate enterprise Information Technology (“IT”) and Operational Technology (“OT”) networks from cyber-attacks and unauthenticated access. BlackRidge products are used in enterprise and government computing environments, the industrial IoT, critical infrastructure and other cloud service provider and network systems.

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires our management to make assumptions, estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements, including the notes thereto, and related disclosures of commitments and contingencies, if any. We consider our critical accounting policies to be those that require the more significant judgments and estimates in the preparation of financial statements, including the following:

Accounts Receivable

Trade accounts receivable are carried at original invoice amount less an estimate made for doubtful accounts. We determine the allowance for doubtful accounts by identifying potential troubled accounts and by using historical experience and future expectations applied to an aging of accounts. Trade accounts receivable are written off when deemed uncollectible. Recoveries of trade accounts receivable previously written off are recorded as income when received. We determined that no allowance for doubtful accounts was required at December 31, 2018 and 2017.

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Inventory

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined using primarily average cost method.

Prepaid Expenses

Prepaid expenses consist mainly of payments to vendors made in advance and deposits held on account for the Company.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization is computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets or, in the case of leasehold improvements, the remaining lease term, if shorter. When assets are retired or otherwise disposed of, the assets and related accumulated depreciation are removed, and the resulting gains or losses are recorded as part of other income or expense in the statements of operations. Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.

The estimated useful lives of the property and equipment are as follows:

Property and Equipment Estimated Useful Life
Building improvements 15 years
Furniture, fixtures and equipment 7 years
Computer equipment 5 years

 Intangible Assets

Acquired intangible assets are recorded at estimated fair value, net of accumulated amortization. Costs incurred in obtaining certain patents and intellectual property as well as software development expenses, are capitalized and amortized over their related estimated useful lives, using a straight-line basis consistent with the underlying expected future cash flows related to the specific intangible asset. Costs to renew or extend the life of intangible assets are capitalized and amortized over the remaining useful life of the asset. Amortization expenses are included as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of operations.  The Company’s continued ability to extend and/or renew the rights associated with these intangible assets may have an impact on future cash flows.

Useful life estimates for the Company’s significant intangible asset classes are as follows:

 
Useful Life
Patent Costs
20 years
Software Licenses
7 years
Software Development Costs
15 years

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

The Company reviews long-lived assets, at least annually, to determine if impairment has occurred and whether the economic benefit of the asset (fair value of assets to be used and fair value less disposal cost for assets to be disposed of) is expected to be less than the carrying value.  Triggering events, which signal further analysis, consist of a significant decrease in the asset's market value, a substantial change in the use of an asset, a significant physical change in the asset, a significant change in the legal or business climate that could affect the asset, an accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected to acquire or construct the asset, or a history of losses that imply continued loss associated with assets used to generate revenue.

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Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable, and collectability is probable. Revenue generally is recognized net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers and subsequently remitted to governmental authorities.

Revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements requires judgment to determine if multiple elements exist, whether elements can be accounted for as separate units of accounting, and if so, the fair value for each of the elements.

The Company may enter into arrangements that can include various combinations of software, services, and hardware. Where elements are delivered over different periods of time, and when allowed under U.S. GAAP, revenue is allocated to the respective elements based on their relative selling prices at the inception of the arrangement, and revenue is recognized as each element is delivered. We use a hierarchy to determine the fair value to be used for allocating revenue to elements: (i) vendor-specific objective evidence of fair value (“VSOE”), (ii) third-party evidence, and (iii) best estimate of selling price (“ESP”). For software elements, we follow the industry specific software guidance which only allows for the use of VSOE in establishing fair value. Generally, VSOE is the price charged when the deliverable is sold separately or the price established by management for a product that is not yet sold if it is probable that the price will not change before introduction into the marketplace. ESPs are established as best estimates of what the selling prices would be if the deliverables were sold regularly on a stand-alone basis. Our process for determining ESPs requires judgment and considers multiple factors that may vary over time depending upon the unique facts and circumstances related to each deliverable.

Any revenue received that does not yet meet the above recognition standards is recorded to unearned revenue, and held as a liability until recognition occurs.

Income Taxes

We account for income taxes in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes , using the asset and liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.

FASB ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, requires us to determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination based upon the technical merits of the position. If the more-likely-than-not threshold is met, we must measure the tax position to determine the amount to recognize in our consolidated financial statements. We performed a review of our material tax positions in accordance with recognition and measurement standards established by ASC Topic 740 and concluded we had no unrecognized tax benefit that would affect the effective tax rate if recognized for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

We include interest and penalties arising from the underpayment of income taxes, if any, in our consolidated statements of operations in general and administrative expenses. As of and December 31, 2018 and 2017, we had no accrued interest or penalties related to uncertain tax positions.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, notes payable and convertible debt.  The carrying amount of these financial instruments approximates fair value because of the short-term nature of these items.

30

Results of Operations

Sales

Total sales during the year ended December 31, 2018 were $247,869, as compared to net sales during the year ended December 31, 2017 of $81,968.  Management believes historical sales to not be indicative of future expectations due to historically limited business operations.  We believe that future sales will be significantly increased as we market our new suite of products.

Cost of Goods Sold

Cost of goods sold for the year ended December 31, 2018 were $16,983 as compared to $10,260 during the year ended December 31, 2017, an increase of $6,723 or 65%.  This increase was due to an increase in sales containing hardware in the current year ended December 31, 2018.

Operating Expenses

Our selling, general and administrative expenses were $14,167,995 for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared to $13,323,460 for the year ended December 31, 2017, an increase of $844,535, or approximately 6%.  The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses in the current year is primarily attributable to an approximate $1,257,000 increase in salaries and wage expense, an increase of $1,808,000 in depreciation and amortization, an increase of $1,161,000 in share based compensation expense, and an increase of $54,000 in warrant expense, partially offset by decreases of $195,000 in engineering expense, $1,100,000 in onetime, non-cash stock compensation accruals, $78,000 in stock issued for contracts, and a decrease of $851,000 in professional fees and an overall decrease in other general and administrative costs of $1,207,000.  The decrease in, and professional fees and onetime stock compensation accruals is reflective of higher costs in the previous years related to our corporate restructure and business acquisition.

Interest Income (Expense)

Other expense includes interest expense on our indebtedness, a portion of which is indebtedness to related parties.  Total net interest expense was $2,635,160 and $686,990 for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  The increase in interest expense of $1,948,170 in the current year is attributable primarily to an increase in borrowing coupled with an increase in debt discount amortized as interest.

Loss on extinguishment of debt

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company renegotiated the conversion terms and interest rate of a convertible note due to a non-affiliated investor so as to match the terms of a subsequent note granted to the same investor.  The Company recognized a loss on extinguishment related to the transaction of $95,804.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company also converted notes payable totaling $1,038,000 to the Company’s Chief Technology Officer and significant shareholder and a note payable of $32,000 to one of the Company’s Directors into common stock at a rate matching that of currently offered convertible debt.  The Company recognized losses on the conversions of $486,201 and $8,960, respectively.  Additionally, during the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company agreed to settle payables of $21,067 for stock valued at $8,800 generating a gain on settlement of $12,267.

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company renegotiated the conversion terms of a convertible note due to the Company’s Chief Technology Officer and significant shareholder.  The Company converted the note principal of $3,712,637 and accrued interest of $1,665,991 into 10,757,254 shares of the Company’s common stock at a conversion rate of $0.50 per share.  The Company also issued a 5 year warrant to purchase an additional 5,378,627 shares of the Company s common stock at a purchase price of $0.50 per share as further consideration for this conversion.  The Company recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt related to this transaction of $913,238.

Loss on disposal of discontinued operations

On March 31, 2017, the Company completed the sale of substantially all the assets, other than cash, used in or connection with the Company's home grain mill and kitchen mixer business to John Hofman and Bruce Crane, former officers and directors of the Company, in consideration for the assumption by such persons of substantially all the liabilities incurred by the Company in connection with such business.  The assets divested consisted of the non-cybersecurity assets of the Company and included accounts receivable, inventory, deposits, property and equipment and intangible assets.  The liabilities divested included the non-cybersecurity liabilities of the Company and included accounts payable and accrued expenses and long and short-term notes payable and accrued interest thereon.  Upon completion of the divestiture, the Company recognized a $484,927 non-cash loss on disposal.

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Loss from discontinued operations

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recognized a loss from discontinued operations of $8,737.  This loss was primarily driven by lower than anticipated product sales of the entity that was eventually sold.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

At December, 2018, we had total current assets of $4,974,958, including cash of $4,693,950, and current liabilities of $8,806,325, resulting in working capital deficit of $3,831,367.  Our current assets and working capital include receivables of $1022,292, inventory of $56,003 and prepaid expenses of $122,713. 

In addition, at December 31, 2018, we had total stockholders' equity of $5,167,814.  As we have worked toward our new product launches, we have primarily financed recent operations, the development of technologies, and the payment of expenses through the issuance of our debt, common stock, preferred stock and warrants.

For the year ended December 31, 2018, net cash used in operating activities was $10,652,541, as a result of our net loss from continued operations of $17,150,967 and increases in inventory of $15,595 and decreases in deferred revenue of $5,225, accounts payable of $241,897 and accounts payable and accrued expenses – related party of $58,370, partially offset by non-cash expenses totaling $4,960,515, decreases in accounts receivable of $115,088 and prepaid expenses of $238,929, and increases in accrued interest of $682,916, accrued interest - related party of $121,263 and wages payable of $700,802.

Cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2018 was $2,309,377 compared to $1,425,276 for the year ended December 31, 2017.  The increase of $884,101 in the current period is due primarily to an increase in capitalized engineering costs related to the Company's technology development.

For the year ended December 31, 2018, net cash provided by financing activities was $17,233,999, comprised of proceeds from short term convertible notes of $16,832,000, short term convertible notes from related party of $732,000, and advances from related parties of $75,000, partially offset by the repayment of short-term notes of $5,000 and repayments of long-term notes of $400,001.

For the year ended December 31, 2017, net cash provided by financing activities was $9,538,718, comprised of proceeds from the sale of common stock of $8,482,450, preferred stock of $275,000 and warrants exercised of $43,334, proceeds from short term convertible notes of $1,250,000 and advances – related party of $115,000, partially offset by the repayment of short-term notes of $38,989, repayments of short-term convertible notes of $100,000, repayments of long-term notes of $433,342 and cash outflows from discontinued operations of $54,735.

Based on our current business plan, we anticipate that our operating activities will use approximately $900,000 in cash per month over the next twelve months, or $10.8 million. Currently we do not have enough cash on hand to fully implement our business plan, and will require additional funds within the next year. We believe that our operations will not begin to generate significant cash flows until the second quarter of 2019 when we expect to begin new product contracts. 

In order to remedy this liquidity deficiency, we are actively seeking to raise additional funds through the sale of equity and debt securities, and ultimately plan to generate substantial positive operating cash flows. Our internal sources of funds will consist of cash flows from operations, but not until we begin to realize substantial revenues from sales. If we are unable to raise additional funds in the near term, we may not be able to fully implement our business plan, and it is unlikely that we will be able to continue as a going concern.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by FASB that are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date.  If not discussed, management believes that the impact of recently issued standards, which are not yet effective, will not have a material impact on the Company's financial statements upon adoption.

32

During August 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-15,  Statement of Cash Flows - Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments , which addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the impact of this new pronouncement on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02,  Leases (Topic 842) , which supersedes Topic 840,  Leases  ("ASU 2016-02"). The guidance in this new standard requires lessees to put most leases on their balance sheets but recognize expenses on their income statements in a manner similar to the current accounting and eliminates the current real estate-specific provisions for all entities. The guidance also modifies the classification criteria and the accounting for sales-type and direct financing leases for lessors. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-02.

In May 2014, in addition to several amendments issued during 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers." This pronouncement updated the accounting guidance related to revenue from contracts with customers, which supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The core principle is that a company should recognize revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled for those goods or services. The standard defines a five-step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than are required under existing U.S. GAAP. In accordance with allowed public company guidelines, these updates are effective for the Company for its annual period ending December 2018 and after, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the pronouncement.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08,  Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)  (“ASU 2016-08”) which clarified the revenue recognition implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations and is effective during the same period as ASU 2014-09. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10,  Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing  (“ASU 2016-10”) which clarified the revenue recognition guidance regarding the identification of performance obligations and the licensing implementation and is effective during the same period as ASU 2014-09. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-12,  Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients  (“ASU 2016-12”) which narrowly amended the revenue recognition guidance regarding collectability, noncash consideration, presentation of sales tax and transition. ASU 2016-12 is effective during the same period as ASU 2014-09. Based on our preliminary assessment, we do not expect the new standard to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

In July 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13,  Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments  (“ASU 2016-13”), which among other things, these amendments require the measurement of all expected credit losses of financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Financial institutions and other organizations will now use forward-looking information to better inform their credit loss estimates. In addition, the ASU amends the accounting for credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration. ASU 2016-13 is effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the pronouncement.

In July 2017, the FASB has issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2017-11,  Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480);Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) : (Part I) Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features, (Part II) Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception (ASU 2017-11).  Among others, Part I of ASU 2017-11 simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with down round features, a provision in an equity-linked financial instrument (or embedded feature) that provides a downward adjustment of the current exercise price based on the price of future equity offerings. Current accounting guidance creates cost and complexity for organizations that issue financial instruments with down round features by requiring, on an ongoing basis, fair value measurement of the entire instrument or conversion option. ASU 2017-11 require companies to disregard the down round feature when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to its own stock, for purposes of determining liability or equity classification. Companies that provide earnings per share (EPS) data will adjust their basic EPS calculation for the effect of the feature when triggered (i.e., when the exercise price of the related equity-linked financial instrument is adjusted downward because of the down round feature) and will also recognize the effect of the trigger within equity.  ASU 2017-11 is effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the pronouncement.

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

None.

Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this item .

Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data


TABLE OF CONTENTS


  Page
   
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms
F-2
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017
F-4
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
F-5
   
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
F-6
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
F-7
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
F-8
 
Item 9.  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure  

None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, we have evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 ("the Exchange Act") as of December 31, 2018, the end of the period covered by this report.  Based upon that evaluation, we have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2018 were effective such that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports filed under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure.  A controls system cannot provide absolute assurance that the objectives of the controls system are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected.

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Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined under Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f).  Our internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance to our management and board of directors regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements.  Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our CEO and CFO, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting.  Based on our evaluation under that framework, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2018.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the year ended December 31, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B. Other Information

None. 

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Part III  

Item 10.  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

Directors and Executive Officers

The following table indicates the name, age, term of office and position held by each of our officers and directors.  The term of office for each officer position is for one year or until his or her successor is duly elected and qualified by the board of directors.  The term of office for a director is for one year or until his or her successor is duly elected and qualified by the stockholders.

Name
Age
Titles
Directors and Officers
   
Robert Graham
69
Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, and President
John Bluher
60
Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary
John Hayes
51
Chief Technology Officer and Director
Robert Lentz
66
Director
Thomas Bruderman
49
Director
J. Allen Kosowsky
70
Director
Robert Zahm
56
Director
Brent Bunger
36
Director
 
Certain biographical information for the Company’s directors and officers is set forth below.  

Robert Graham is a co-founder of BlackRidge and has served as its Chairman and CEO since its inception. Mr. Graham is a seasoned executive with broad business and entrepreneurial experience in the technology and services industry, from Fortune 500 firms to start-ups. He has an extensive background in venture capital, engineering, marketing, sales, and operations, along with living and working in non-English speaking environments, including Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Mr. Graham also worked as a technology analyst on the subjects of storage, networking, servers, and services.

John Hayes is a co-founder of BlackRidge and has served as its Chief Technology Officer since its inception. Mr. Hayes is a technology entrepreneur who specializes in cyber security, networking, I/O interface design, storage architecture, and communications protocols. He has a proven track record of bringing concepts to market and is able to clearly communicate complex ideas to diverse audiences. Mr. Hayes is skilled at finding creative solutions for technology and business challenges.

John Bluher is the Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer, and Secretary of BlackRidge and has held that position since early 2016. Mr. Bluher an attorney and specialist in financial management and operating growing early stage companies. He specializes in capital management, capitalization, structuring mergers and acquisitions, and valuations of public and private companies. Mr. Bluher has significant operating experience managing finance and budgeting and capital allocation models. Prior to that Mr. Bluher was the Chief Financial Officer of a Taiwanese manufacturing company’s US subsidiaries.  He has 20 years of experience working or managing multiple departments in public companies and corporate governance. His experience also includes negotiating transactions and purchases, sales of assets and properties, creating value for growth companies and implementing corporate governance plans

Robert Lentz is a Director of BlackRidge and currently the P resident and CEO of Cyber Security Strategies. Mr. Lentz was the first Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for cyber and identity security, in which from November 2007 to October 2009, he led the DoD’s transformation to Network Centric Operations including the establishment of US Cyber Command. Since November 2000, he served as the CISO for the Secretary of Defense overseeing global security post 9-11. He previously worked at the NSA from 1975 to 2000, where he served in the first National Computer Security Center and as Chief of Network Security. Mr. Lentz serves on the board of directors of multiple high tech companies, advisor to the University of Maryland University College and on the nominating committee to the Cyber Hall of Fame. Robert holds a BA from St. Mary’s College and an MS in national strategy from National Defense University, and attended Harvard Business School.

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Thomas Bruderman  is the founder and Managing Partner of two alternative asset strategies, VP Theta Management, a public equity hedge fund and MAG Ventures, an early to mid-stage venture fund. Mr. Bruderman has over 25 years of experience in finance and asset management. He is currently founder and Managing Partner of two alternative asset strategies, VP Theta Management, a public equity hedge fund and MAG Ventures, an early to mid-stage venture fund. Prior to founding VP Theta and MAG, he was a senior investment professional and head trader responsible for the healthcare group at Fidelity Investments (FMR). During his seven-plus tenure at Fidelity, Mr. Bruderman’s responsibilities included trading, personnel management and investment research and analysis. Prior to Fidelity, Mr. Bruderman was Managing Director of Equity Securities at Merit Capital, a Connecticut-based boutique Investment Bank.  Mr. Bruderman serves on the board of directors of Powercast, Champion Technology Company (Chairman), Flypsi, Inc, Battlefin, and Blackridge Technology (Chairman of the Comp Committee) (OTC:BRTI).  Mr. Bruderman holds a B.S. in finance from Providence College.

Mr. Bruderman has extensive financial management and board experience with technology companies which will make him an asset to our board in setting strategy and managing our financial and industry growth plans.

J. Allen Kosowsky, CPA , is a certified public accountant who since 1985 has conducted business through his own advisory firm. The firm provides services that include business and intellectual property valuations, forensic accounting and financial analysis, and alternative dispute resolutions. From January of 2003 to February of 2010, Mr. Kosowsky served as the Chairman of the Board and Chairman of the audit committee for ON2 Technologies Inc., a U.S. based video compression software company, which was acquired by Google. On September 17, 2016, Mr. Kosowsky became a National Association of Corporate Directors Fellow.

Mr. Kosowsky has extensive accounting experience and financial expertise and training, which qualifies him as an "audit committee financial expert" and makes him a significant asset to our board and Company.

Robert Zahm  spent the first 23 years of his professional career with Accenture as a management and technology consultant. Since 2010, he has worked as an independent consultant at Whiz Bang Consulting, where he applies his core areas of expertise in large scale system architecture, high performance computing, capital markets trading and clearing systems, and technology organization optimization. Mr. Zahm graduated from the University of Michigan with a BS in Computer Engineering, from Lehigh with an MS in Computer Science, and from the University of Pittsburgh with an MBA in Accounting.

Mr. Zahm has deep expertise in IT, corporate strategy and management and in the Financial Services market that will be an asset to our board and Company as we develop and expand our enterprise go to market strategies.

Brent Bunger has served as EVP of Ilan Investments since 2009 and has been significantly involved in leading the strategic direction of property and asset management including, policy, initiatives, technology, financing, acquisitions and dispositions. He is actively engaged in the company’s operations, procurement and renovations. Brent was instrumental in the launch of Adara Communities and its vision to become the leader in the multi-family industry. He is committed to improving technology to advance operational efficiency and better adhere to industry best practices. Mr. Bunger previously served as VP of Business Development with Adara and he worked for CharterMac Mortgage Capital in their underwriting division. He graduated with honors from Texas A&M University CC with a BBA in Finance and a minor in Real Estate. He has held a real estate brokerage license in Texas and has been an active Certified Commercial Investment Member (CCIM) since 2007.

Family Relationships

There are no family relationships among our directors, executive officers or persons nominated or chosen to become directors or executive officers.

Board of Directors

Our board of directors consists of seven persons, Robert Graham, John Hayes, Robert Lentz, Thomas Bruderman, J. Allen Kosowsky, Robert Zahm and Brent Bunger.  Messrs. Graham and Hayes are not “independent” within the meaning of Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ Marketplace because they are officers and employees of the Company.  Messrs. Lentz, Bruderman, Kosowsky, Zahm and Bunger are considered independent.

Our Audit Committee consists of four persons, J. Allen Kosowsky (serving as chair), Robert Zahm, Robert Lentz and Thomas Bruderman.  J. Allen Kosowsky holds a CPA license and serves as the committees “financial expert” in addition to being its chair.

37

Our Compensation Committee consists of three persons, Thomas Bruderman (serving as chair), J. Allen Kosowsky and Robert Zahm.

Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee consists of three persons, Robert Zahm (serving as chair), J. Allen Kosowsky, whom is qualified as an Audit Committee Financial Expert, and Robert Lentz.

Code of Ethics

We have not previously adopted a Code of Ethics due to the small number of officers and employees and the size of the Company’s operations.  It is anticipated that the new board of directors will adopt a Code of Ethics that applies to all of the Company’s directors and executive officers serving in any capacity, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller or persons performing similar functions.

Communications with Directors

Shareholders may communicate with the Board of Directors or any individual director by sending written communications addressed to the Board of Directors, or any individual director, to: BlackRidge Technology International, Inc., Attention: Corporate Secretary, 5390 Kietzke Lane Suite 100, Reno, NV 89511.  All communications will be compiled by the corporate secretary and forwarded to the Board of Directors or any individual director, as appropriate. In order to facilitate a response to any such communication, the Company’s Board of Directors suggests, but does not require, that any such submission include the name and contact information of the shareholder submitting the communication.

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance 

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our directors and executive officers, and persons who own more than 10 percent of a registered class of our equity securities to file reports of securities ownership and changes in such ownership with the SEC.  Officers, directors, and greater than ten percent shareholders also are required by rules promulgated by the SEC to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) reports they file.

Based solely on a review of the copies of such reports furnished to us, we believe that with the exception of eight known filings, all other Section 16(a) filing requirements were timely met during 2018.

Item 11.  Executive Compensation

The following table sets forth certain information regarding the annual compensation paid to our principal executive officer and our vice president in all capacities for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016.  No other person served as an executive officer of the Company or received total annual compensation from the Company in excess of $100,000.

Summary Compensation Table

Name and principal position
Year  
Salary
   
Bonus
   
Equity
Compensation
   
All other
compensation
   
Total
 
Robert Graham, CEO and President
2018  
$
342,842
(1)  
   
-
     
-
     
-
   
$
342,842
 
  2017  
$
225,000
   
$
100,000
(2)  
   
-
     
-
   
$
325,000
 
  2016  
$
225,000
     
-
     
-
     
-
   
$
225,000
 
                                           
John Hayes, CTO  2018  
$
293,248
(3)  
   
-
     
-
     
-
   
$
293,248
 
  2017  
$
180,000
 
 
$
100,000
(4)  
   
-
     
-
   
$
280,000
 
  2016  
$
180,000
     
-
     
-
     
-
   
$
180,000
 
                                           
John Bluher, CFO  2018  
$
300,000
    $ 166,528
(5)    
-
   
$
30,000
(7)  
 
$
496,528
 
  2017  
$
275,000
   
$
38,280
(5)  
 
$
900,000
(6)  
 
$
30,000
(7)  
 
$
1,243,280
 
  2016  
$
13,867
     
-
     
-
   
$
108,000
(8)  
 
$
121,867
 
                                           
John B Hofman, Former President(9)  2018    
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
  2017    
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
  2016    
-
     
-
     
-
   
$
171,573
   
$
171,573
 
                                           
 Bruce P. Crane, Former Vice President(10) 2018    
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
  2017    
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
  2016    
-
     
-
     
-
   
$
6,114
   
$
6,114
 

(1)  
$25,344 of Mr. Graham’s 2018 salary was deferred as of this filing, Mr. Graham accepted $114,583 of accrued salary paid in the form of 327,381 shares of Company stock
(2)  
Payment of Mr. Graham’s 2017 bonus has been deferred as of this filing
(3)  
$58,906 of Mr. Hayes’ 2018 salary was deferred as of this filing, Mr. Hayes accepted $317,853 of accrued salary paid in the form of 908,152 shares of Company stock
(4)  
Payment of Mr. Hayes’ 2017 bonus has been deferred as of this filing
(5)  
Represents performance bonuses paid to Mr. Bluher
(6)  
Represents 1,500,000 shares of restricted common stock granted to Mr. Bluher
(7)  
Represents a car allowance and cost of living adjustment of $2,500 per month
(8)  
Represents 1099 payments to Mr. Bluher
(9)  
All Other Compensation consists of: (i) payments made to Big John’s Store LLC, a company managed and owned by John Hofman, under an Idaho Management Agreement with Big John’s Store LLC for the provision of management services and office and warehouse space in the amount of $150,000 during 2016; (ii) medical insurance premiums in the amount of $13,823 during 2016; and (iii) contributions to a Health Savings Account for the benefit of Mr. Hofman in the amount of $7,750 during 2016.
(10)  
All Other Compensation consists of: (i) expense reimbursement of $1,800 during 2016  (ii) medical insurance premiums in the amount of $4,314 during 2016.

Additional Compensation  

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company paid performance bonuses to our CFO in the amount of $166,528. 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company issued options to several employees including its executive team.  Mr. Graham, Mr. Hayes, and Mr. Bluher were awarded 2,999,920, 2,356,301 and 1,090,880 options to purchase shares of common stock at $0.25 per share.  The options vest at a rate of 25% upon issuance and 1/48 th each month until fully vested.  The value of the awards to Mr Graham, Mr. Hayes, and Mr Bluher based on a Black Scholes pricing model were $341,549, $268,271 and $124,200 to be recognized over the vesting period of the awards.

We do not have any retirement, pension or profit sharing plans covering our officers or directors, and we are not contemplating implementing any such plans at this time.

Director Compensation

In fiscal 2017, our nominating and corporate governance committee, as well as our shareholders approved a policy (the “Director Compensation Policy) for the compensation of non-employee members of our board of directors to attract, retain, and reward individuals and align their financial interest with those of our stockholders.  Only non-employee directors are eligible for compensation under this policy.

The members of our Board of Directors have agreed to delay cash payments earned under the Director Compensation Policy until such time as the Company has a positive EBITDA.  Until then, delayed payments may be paid in restricted stock as determined by management and the board.

Initial Award

Under the Director Compensation Policy, when an eligible director initially joins our board of directors, the eligible director received an initial award of restricted stock units having a value of $30,000.

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Annual Awards

Under the Director Compensation Policy, each eligible director shall receive an annual award of $20,000 for their service to the Company.  In addition, the Lead Independent Director and each director servings as committee chair will receive an additional $2,000 to their annual award.

Board Meeting Awards

Under the Director Compensation Policy, each eligible director shall receive $2,000 for their attendance at each directors meeting that they attend.

Director Compensation Table

The following table presents summary information regarding the compensation paid to our non-employee directors for the year ended December 31, 2018:

Director
 
Board Fees (1)
     
Other ($)
   
Total ($)
 
J. Allen Kosowsky
 
$
69,200
 
(2)  
 
$
-
   
$
69,200
 
Thomas Bruderman
 
$
48,450
 
(3)  
 
$
-
   
$
48,450
 
Robert Lentz
 
$
44,450
 
(4)  
 
$
-
   
$
44,450
 
Robert Zahm
 
$
46,450
 
(5)  
 
$
-
   
$
46,450
 
Brent Bunger
 
$
49,984
 
(6)  
 
$
-
   
$
49,984
 

(1)
Amounts reported in this column represent the aggregate grant date fair value of restricted stock issued as payment of amounts owed
(2)
Amount paid through the issuance of 197,715 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.35 per share.  The common stock has a 6 month vesting period
(3)
Amount paid through the issuance of 138,429 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.35 per share.  The common stock has a 6 month vesting period
(4)
Amount paid through the issuance of 127,000 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.35 per share.  The common stock has a 6 month vesting period
(5)
Amount paid through the issuance of 132,715 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.35 per share.  The common stock has a 6 month vesting period
(6)
Amount paid through the issuance of 142,810 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.35 per share.  The common stock has a 6 month vesting period

Item 12.  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters  

The following table sets forth as of March 31, 2019 the number of shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001, owned of record or beneficially by each person known to be the beneficial owner of 5% or more of the issued and outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock, and by each of the Company’s officers and directors, and by all officers and directors as a group.  On such date, there were 96,872,725 issued and outstanding shares of our common stock and 3,577,370 issued and outstanding shares of our Series A preferred stock.  To the best of our knowledge, each person named below has sole voting and investment power, subject to community property laws where applicable, with respect to the shares shown unless otherwise indicated.

In computing the number of shares beneficially owned by an individual or entity and the percentage ownership of that person, shares of common stock subject to options, warrants or other rights held by such person that are currently exercisable or will become exercisable within 60 days of March 31, 2019 are considered outstanding, although these shares are not considered outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage ownership of any other person.

39

We know of no arrangements, including pledges, by or among any of the forgoing persons, the operation of which could result in a change of control of the Company.

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner (1)
 
Number of
 Shares of
Common
Stock
   
Amount of
Number of
Share
Equivalents (2)
   
Total
Beneficial Ownership
   
Percentage of
Class
 
Principal Stockholders
                       
AltEnergy Cyber, LLC (3)
137 Rowayton Ave
Norwalk, CT 06853
   
-
     
11,759,538
(4)  
   
11,759,538
     
10.83
%
                                 
Conyers Investments, LLC (5)
Phillips Point East #1001 
777 S. Flagler Drive 
West Palm Beach, FL 33401
   
6,313,006
     
704,178
(6)  
   
7,017,184
     
7.19
%
                                 
Chowdary Yalamanchili (7)
4420 FM 1960 West, Suite 224
Houston, TX 77068
   
5,000,000
     
45,900,162
(8)  
   
50,900,162
     
35.65
%
                                 
Officers and Directors (15)
                               
John Hayes
   
23,504,845
     
12,214,724
(9)  
   
35,719,569
     
32.74
%
Robert Graham
   
4,873,097
     
2,084,488
(10)  
   
6,957,585
      7.03
%
John Bluher
   
1,500,000
      363,627
(16)
   
-
     
*
%
Robert Lentz
   
613,074
     
-
     
613,074
     
*
%
Thomas Bruderman (11)
   
965,096
     
6,558,694
(12)  
   
7,523,790
     
7.27
%
Robert Zahm
   
229,382
     
8,421,085
(13)  
   
8,650,467
     
8.22
%
J. Allen Kosowsky
   
732,508
     
480,786
(14)  
   
1,213,294
     
*
%
Brent Bunger
   
142,810
     
156,250
(6)  
   
299,060
     
*
%
All Officers and Directors As Group (8 Persons)
   
32,560,812
     
28,130,620
     
60,691,432
      64.87
%
* less than 1%

(1)
The address for each named executive officer and director is the same address as the Company
(2)
Represents number of commons shares issuable upon exercise of warrants, options, and conversion of preferred stock
(3)
Russ Stidolph is the Managing Member of AltEnergy Cyber, LLC
(4)
Represents 6,844,234 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of 402,602 shares of preferred stock and 4,915,304 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants
(5)
Christopher Uzpen is the Managing Member of Conyers Investments, LLC
(6)
Represents shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants
(7)
Includes shares owned by Mr Yalamanchili, CNC Investments, LLC, and Ilan Investments, LLC of which Mr Yalamanchili is the Managing Member
(8)
Represents 45,900,162 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants
(9)
Represents 710,005 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of 41,765 shares of preferred stock and 11,504,719 of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants and options
(10)
Represents 1,084,515 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of 63,795 shares of preferred stock, and 999,973 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of options
(11)
Includes shares owned by Mr. Bruderman and Mag Ventures, LLC of which Mr. Bruderman is the Managing Member
(12)
Represents 5,363,007 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of 315,471 shares of preferred stock and 1,195,687 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants
(13)
Represents 8,254,418 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of 485,554 shares of preferred stock and 166,667 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants
(14)
Represents 141,678 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of 8,334 shares of preferred stock and 339,108 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants
(15)
Addresses of Directors and Officers is the Company address
(16) Represents shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of options

40

Item 13.  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence  

Unless otherwise indicated, the terms of the following transactions during our 2018 fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, between related parties were not determined as a result of arm’s length negotiations.

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company received advances of $50,000 from Mag Ventures, a company controlled by Tom Bruderman, a director and shareholder.  These advances along with the previous balance were converted into 460,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $0.25 per share on November 9, 2018.

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company received advances of $25,000 from J. Allen Kosowsky, a director and shareholder.  These advances were converted into 78,125 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $0.32 per share on September 13, 2018.

Director Independence

Our board of directors consists of seven persons, Robert Graham, John Hayes, Robert Lentz Thomas Bruderman, J. Allen Kosowsky, Robert Zahm and Brent Bunger.  Messrs. Graham and Hayes are not “independent” within the meaning of Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ Marketplace because they are officers and employees of the Company.  Messrs. Lentz, Bruderman, Kosowsky, Zahm and Bunger are considered independent.

Indemnification

Our articles of incorporation provide that to the fullest extent permitted by Nevada law, now or hereafter in force, no director of the Company shall be personally liable to the Company or its stockholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a director.  In addition, Section 78.037 of the Nevada corporation law, Article Fourteenth of our articles of incorporation, and Section VII of our bylaws generally provide for indemnification of our directors and officers in a variety of circumstances, which may include liabilities under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.  Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers, and controlling persons pursuant to the foregoing provisions, we have been informed that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC,” the “Commission” or the “Securities and Exchange Commission”) such indemnification is contrary to public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and, therefore, is unenforceable.

Item 14.  Principal Accounting Fees and Services

Haynie & Company served as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 .   Haynie & Company was appointed on January 1, 2018 to audit our 2017 year end.

During the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, fees for services provided were as follows:

 
Year Ended
 
 
December 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
         
Audit Fees
 
$
56,000
   
$
104,312
 
Audit-Related Fees
   
-
     
-
 
Tax Fees
   
-
     
-
 
All Other Fees
   
-
     
-
 
 
               
Total
 
$
56,000
   
$
104,312
 
 

“Audit Fees” consisted of fees billed for services rendered for the audit of the Company’s annual financial statements, review of financial statements included in the Company’s quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and other services normally provided in connection with statutory and regulatory filings.  “Audit-Related Fees” consisted of fees billed for due diligence procedures in connection with acquisitions and divestitures and consultation regarding financial accounting and reporting matters.  “Tax Fees” consisted of fees billed for tax payment planning and tax preparation services.  “All Other Fees” consisted of fees billed for services in connection with legal matters and technical accounting research.

The Company’s Board of Directors functions as its audit committee. It is the policy of the Company for all work performed by our principal accountant to be approved in advance by the Board of Directors. All of the services described above in this Item 14 were approved in advance by our Board of Directors. 

41

Item 15.  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

The following documents are included as exhibits to this report. 

  (a) Exhibits

  Exhibit
Number
 
 
  Title of Document
     
3.1
 
     
3.2
 
     
4.1
 
     
4.2
 
     
10.1
 
     
10.2
 
     
10.3
 
     
10.4
 
     
10.5
 
     
10.6
 
     
10.7
 
     
10.8
 
     
10.9
 
     
31.1
 
     
31.2
 
     
32.1
 
     
32.2
 
     
101 INS
 
XBRL Instance Document**
     
101 SCH
 
XBRL Schema Document **
     
101 CAL
 
XBRL Calculation Linkbase Document **
     
101 DEF
 
XBRL Definition Linkbase Document **
     
101 LAB
 
XBRL Labels Linkbase Document **
     
101 PRE
 
XBRL Presentation Linkbase Document **


(1)   Incorporated by reference to the Company’s June 30, 2017 Report on Form 10-Q filed August 14, 2017.
(2)   Incorporated by reference to Exhibit Numbers 3.1 and 3.2 of the Company's registration statement on Form 10 filed with the SEC on May 14, 2010.
(3)   Incorporated by reference to the Company's September 30, 2016 Report on Form 10-Q filed November 14, 2016.
(4)   Incorporated by reference to the current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 7, 2016 and amended on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 24, 2017.
(5)   Incorporated by reference to the Company's March 31, 2017 Report on Form 10-Q filed May 15, 2017.
(6)Incorporated by reference to the Company’s December 31, 2017 Report on Form 10-K filed April 2, 2018
(7)   Incorporated by reference to the Company's March 31, 2018 Report on Form 10-Q filed May 15, 2018.
(8)   Incorporated by reference to the Company's June 30, 2018 Report on Form 10-Q filed August 14, 2018.
 

*   Filed herewith

**   The XBRL related information in Exhibit 101 shall not be deemed "filed" for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to liability of that section and shall not be incorporated by reference into any filing or other document pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing or document.

Item 16.  Form 10-K Summary

The registrant opts out of providing a Form 10-K summary.

42

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.


 
BlackRidge Technology International, Inc.
   
   
Dated:  April 12, 2019
By /s/ Robert Graham
 
Robert Graham
 
Chief Executive Officer and President

In accordance with the Exchange Act, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

Dated: April 12, 2019
By /s/ Robert Graham
 
Robert Graham
 
Executive Officer and President
   
Dated: April 12, 2019
By /s/ John Bluher
 
Bluher
 
Chief Financial Officer
   
Dated: April 12, 2019
By /s/ J. Allen Kosowsky
 
J. Allen Kosowsky
 
Director
   
Dated: April 12, 2019
By /s/ Thomas Bruderman
 
Thomas Bruderman
 
Director
   
Dated: April 12, 2019
By /s/ Robert Zahm
 
Robert Zahm
 
Director
   
Dated: April 12, 2019
By /s/ Robert Lentz
  Robert Lentz

Director
   
Dated: April 12, 2019
By /s/ Brent Bunger

Brent Bunger
  Director

43

BLACKRIDGE TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, INC.
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  Page
   
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms
F-2
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017
F-3
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
F-4
   
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
F-5
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
F-6
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
F-7


F -1

 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
 

 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Blackridge Technology International, Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Blackridge Technology International, Inc. (the Company) as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the related statements of operations, stockholders’ equity (deficit), and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2018, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2018, and 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2018, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Consideration of the Company’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company has incurred losses since inception, has negative cash flows from operations, and has negative working capital. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2 to the financial statements.  The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
 
 
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
 

Haynie & Company
Salt Lake City, Utah
April 12, 2019
 
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2018.
F -2

BLACKRIDGE TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

December 31,

   

December 31,

 

 

 

2018

   

2017

 

 

           

ASSETS

       
 

Current Assets

       
 

Cash

 

$

4,693,950

   

$

421,869

 

Accounts receivable

   

102,292

     

217,380

 

Inventory

   

56,003

     

40,408

 

Prepaid expenses

   

122,713

     

361,642

 

Total Current Assets

   

4,974,958

     

1,041,299

 

 

               

Property and equipment, net

   

78,821

     

87,628

 

Intangible assets, net

   

8,920,360

     

7,043,644

 

Total Assets

 

$

13,974,139

   

$

8,172,571

 

 

               

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

               

Current Liabilities

               

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

2,089,322

   

$

2,633,610

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses – related party

   

9,690

     

68,060

 

Accrued interest

   

714,187

     

59,545

 

Accrued interest – related party

   

177,419

     

180,066

 

Advances – related party

   

-

     

65,000

 

Wages payable

   

1,928,639

     

2,133,210

 

Deferred revenue

   

3,535

     

8,760

 

Short-term notes payable

   

45,232

     

50,232

 

Current portion of long term debt

   

366,657

     

400,000

 

Convertible notes, short term, net of discounts

   

3,248,746

     

-

 

Convertible notes, long term, net of discounts, current portion

   

39,726

     

-

 

Convertible notes, short term – related party

   

183,172

     

521,172

 

Total Current Liabilities

   

8,806,325

     

6,119,655

 

 

               

Noncurrent Liabilities

               

Contingent liability

   

-

     

37,500

 

Notes payable

   

-

     

366,658

 

Convertible notes, long term, net of discounts

   

-

     

80,404

 

Total Liabilities

   

8,806,325

     

6,604,217

 

 

               

Stockholders' Equity

               

Preferred Stock, Par Value $0.001, 10,000,000 shares authorized; 3,577,370 and 3,639,783 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively

   

3,577

     

3,640

 

Common Stock, Par Value $0.001, 500,000,000 shares authorized; 96,872,725 and 77,063,171 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively

   

96,873

     

77,063

 

Additional paid-in capital

   

72,114,707

     

51,384,027

 

Accumulated deficit

   

(67,047,343

)

   

(49,896,376

)

Total Stockholders' Equity

   

5,167,814

     

1,568,354

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

$

13,974,139

   

$

8,172,571

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

F -3

  BLACKRIDGE TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

 
For the Year Ended
December 31,
 

 

 

2018

   

2017

 

 

           

Revenues

 

$

247,869

   

$

81,968

 

Cost of Goods Sold

   

16,983

     

10,260

 

Gross Profit

   

230,886

     

70,708

 

 

               

Operating Expenses:

               

Engineering

   

109,133

     

304,605

 

Sales and marketing

   

16,631

     

21,888

 

General and administrative

   

14,042,231

     

12,996,967

 

Total operating expenses

   

14,167,995

     

13,323,460

 

 

               

Loss From Operations

   

(13,937,109

)

   

(13,251,752

)

 

               

Other Income (Expense)

               

Loss on extinguishment of debt

   

(578,698

)

   

(913,238

)

Interest expense

   

(2,513,897

)

   

(82,845

)

Interest expense – related party

   

(121,263

)

   

(604,145

)

Total other income (expense)

   

(3,213,858

)

   

(1,600,228

)

 

               

Net Loss Before Income Taxes

   

(17,150,967

)

   

(14,851,980

)

 

               

Income Tax

   

-

     

-

 

 

               

Net Loss From Continuing Operations

   

(17,150,967

)

   

(14,851,980

)

 

               

Discontinued Operations

               

Loss on disposal of discontinued operations

   

-

     

(484,927

)

Loss from discontinued operations

   

-

     

(8,737

)

Loss on discontinued operations

   

-

     

(493,664

)

 

               

Net Loss

 

$

(17,150,967

)

 

$

(15,345,644

)

 

               

Loss From Continuing Operations per Common Share - Basic and Diluted

 

$

(0.20

)

 

$

(0.37

)

Loss From Discontinued Operations per Common Share - Basic and Diluted

 

$

-

   

$

(0.01

)


               

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding - Basic and Diluted

   

84,154,829

     

40,212,024

 

  See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

F -4


BLACKRIDGE TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, INC
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

  Shares
Outstanding - Preferred
   

Preferred Stock

   
Shares
Outstanding - Common
   

Common Stock

   
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   
Subscriptions
Payable
   
Accumulated
Deficit
   
Total
Stockholders’
Deficit
 

Balance as of December 31, 2016

   

3,671,316

   

$

3,671

     

13,325,681

   

$

13,326

   

$

20,287,638

   

$

135,000

   

$

(34,550,732

)

 

$

(14,111,097

)

 

                                                               

Common share conversion

   

50,000

     

50

     

(500,000

)

   

(500

)

   

450

     

-

     

-

     

-

 

Preferred share conversion

   

(144,035

)

   

(144

)

   

1,586,862

     

1,587

     

(1,443

)

   

-

     

-

     

-

 

Issuance of preferred stock

   

62,502

     

63

     

-

     

-

     

374,937

     

(100,000

)

   

-

     

275,000

 

Issuance of common stock

   

-

     

-

     

18,289,121

     

18,289

     

8,499,161

     

(35,000

)

   

-

     

8,842,450

 

Issuance of restricted common stock in settlement of wages payable

   

-

     

-

     

22,064,105

     

22,064

     

13,216,389

     

-

     

-

     

13,238,453

 

Issuance of restricted common stock in settlement of accounts payable

   

-

     

-

     

396,726

     

396

     

237,639

     

-

     

-

     

238,035

 

Issuance of stock in conjunction with contracts

   

-

     

-

     

1,122,866

     

1,123

     

691,247

     

-

     

-

     

692,370

 

Issuance of stock for warrant exercise

   

-

     

-

     

1,055,556

     

1,056

     

42,278

     

-

     

-

     

43,334

 

Issuance of stock for debt conversion

   

-

     

-

     

10,757,254

     

10,757

     

5,367,871

     

-

     

-

     

5,378,628

 

Business acquisition

   

-

     

-

     

8,965,000

     

8,965

     

485,551

     

-

     

-

     

494,516

 

Issuance of warrants in conjunction with debt conversion

   

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

913,238

     

-

     

-

     

913,238

 

Beneficial conversion feature on convertible debt

   

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

536,165

     

-

     

-

     

536,165

 

Issuance of warrants in conjunction with debt

   

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

567,166

     

-

     

-

     

567,166

 

Issuance of warrants in conjunction with advances

   

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

27,945

     

-

     

-

     

27,945

 

Issuance of warrants in conjunction with contracts

   

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

27,695

     

-

     

-

     

27,695

 

Share based compensation

   

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

110,100

     

-

     

-

     

110,100

 

Net loss

   

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

(15,345,644

)

   

(15,345,644

)

 

                                                               

Balance as of December 31, 2017

   

3,639,783

   

$

3,640

     

77,063,171

   

$

77,063

   

$

51,384,027

   

$

-

   

$

(49,896,376

)

 

$

1,568,354

 

 

                                                               

Preferred stock converted to common stock

   

(62,413

)

   

(63

)

   

789,048

     

789

     

(726

)

   

-

     

-

     

-

 

Issuance of common stock for advances

   

-

     

-

     

538,125

     

538

     

139,462

     

-

     

-

     

140,000

 

Issuance of common stock for wages payable

   

-

     

-

     

2,935,818

     

2,936

     

1,024,600

     

-

     

-

     

1,027,536

 

Issuance of common stock for accounts payable

   

-

     

-

     

661,071

     

661

     

240,405

     

-

     

-

     

241,066

 

Issuance of common stock in conjunction with contracts

   

-

     

-

     

1,771,666

     

1,772

     

612,774

     

-

     

-

     

614,546

 

Warrant repricing

   

-

     

-

     

-

     

-

     

100,306

     

-

     

-

     

100,306

 

Issuance of common stock for debt conversions

   

-

     

-

     

4,775,638

     

4,776

     

1,189,134

     

-

     

-

     

1,193,910

 

Common stock surrendered to Company

   

-

     

-

     

(338,200

)

   

(338

)

   

338