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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from  to


Commission file number 000-56021

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
British Columbia, Canada 98-1463868
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
450 Lexington Avenue, #3308 New York New York 10163
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
(646) 600-9181
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None.

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: Class D Subordinate Voting Shares, no par value; Class E Subordinate Voting Shares, no par value.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  x   No  o 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
x
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
                
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes ☐   No  x

As of May 3, 2021, there were 73,494,279 and 32,114,122 Class E subordinate voting shares and Class D subordinate voting shares, as converted, issued and outstanding, respectively.
 
























TABLE OF CONTENTS
Acreage Holdings, Inc.
Form 10-Q
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
PART I Financial Information
Item 1.
4
5
6
7
8
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II Other Information
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.





ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
PART I
Item 1. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
(in thousands) March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
(unaudited) (audited)
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents $ 22,844  $ 32,542 
Restricted cash 23,097  22,097 
Inventory 25,375  23,715 
Notes receivable, current 8,892  2,032 
Assets held-for-sale 73,381  62,971 
Other current assets 5,748  4,663 
Total current assets
159,337  148,020 
Long-term investments 33,968  34,126 
Notes receivable, non-current 94,392  97,901 
Capital assets, net 92,963  89,136 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 16,889  17,247 
Intangible assets, net 137,624  138,983 
Goodwill 31,922  31,922 
Other non-current assets 4,271  4,718 
Total non-current assets
412,029  414,033 
TOTAL ASSETS $ 571,366  $ 562,053 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities $ 19,123  $ 18,913 
Taxes payable 18,857  14,780 
Interest payable 5,688  3,504 
Operating lease liability, current 1,285  1,492 
Debt, current 47,642  27,139 
Non-refundable deposits on sale 6,500  750 
Liabilities related to assets held-for-sale 19,167  18,154 
Other current liabilities 12,534  13,010 
Total current liabilities
130,796  97,742 
Debt, non-current 132,870  153,318 
Operating lease liability, non-current 16,331  16,609 
Deferred tax liability 34,276  34,673 
Other liabilities — 
Total non-current liabilities
183,477  204,602 
TOTAL LIABILITIES 314,273  302,344 
Commitments and contingencies
Common stock, no par value - unlimited authorized, 103,440 and 101,250 issued and outstanding, respectively —  — 
Additional paid-in capital 743,961  737,290 
Treasury stock, 842 common stock held in treasury (21,054) (21,054)
Accumulated deficit (483,014) (475,205)
Total Acreage Shareholders' equity
239,893  241,031 
Non-controlling interests 17,200  18,678 
TOTAL EQUITY 257,093  259,709 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY $ 571,366  $ 562,053 
See accompanying notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
3

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands, except per share amounts) 2021 2020
REVENUE
Retail revenue, net $ 25,847  $ 17,573 
Wholesale revenue, net 10,016  6,548 
Other revenue, net 2,530  104 
Total revenues, net 38,393  24,225 
Cost of goods sold, retail (13,082) (10,889)
Cost of goods sold, wholesale (4,690) (3,382)
Total cost of goods sold (17,772) (14,271)
Gross profit 20,621  9,954 
OPERATING EXPENSES
General and administrative 9,218  13,032 
Compensation expense 10,362  14,477 
Equity-based compensation expense 6,042  34,737 
Marketing 12  987 
Impairments, net 818  187,775 
Loss on notes receivable —  8,161 
Recovery of assets held-for-sale (8,616) — 
Legal settlements, net 10  — 
Depreciation and amortization 969  2,067 
Total operating expenses 18,815  261,236 
Net operating income (loss) $ 1,806  $ (251,282)
(Loss) income from investments, net (144) 234 
Interest income from loans receivable 1,465  1,647 
Interest expense (4,857) (1,226)
Other loss, net (1,566) (174)
Total other (loss) income (5,102) 481 
Loss before income taxes $ (3,296) $ (250,801)
Income tax (expense) benefit (5,346) 28,572 
Net loss $ (8,642) $ (222,229)
Less: net loss attributable to non-controlling interests (833) (50,275)
Net loss attributable to Acreage Holdings, Inc. $ (7,809) $ (171,954)
Net loss per share attributable to Acreage Holdings, Inc. - basic and diluted: $ (0.07) $ (1.85)
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted 106,204  92,902 

See accompanying notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
4

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Attributable to shareholders of the parent
(in thousands) LLC Membership Units Pubco Shares (as converted) Share Capital Treasury Stock Accumulated Deficit Shareholders’ Equity Non-controlling Interests Total Equity
December 31, 2019   90,646  $ 615,678  $ (21,054) $ (188,617) $ 406,007  $ 88,787  $ 494,794 
Issuances for private placement —  6,085  27,887  —  —  27,887  —  27,887 
NCI adjustments for changes in ownership —  113  (6,564) —  —  (6,564) 6,564  — 
Capital distributions, net —  —  —  —  —  —  (18) (18)
Equity-based compensation expense and related issuances —  586  34,737  —  —  34,737  —  34,737 
Net loss —  —  —  —  (171,954) (171,954) (50,275) (222,229)
March 31, 2020   97,430  $ 671,738  $ (21,054) $ (360,571) $ 290,113  $ 45,058  $ 335,171 
December 31, 2020 3,861  101,250  $ 737,290  $ (21,054) $ (475,205) $ 241,031  $ 18,678  $ 259,709 
Purchase of non-controlling interest in subsidiary —  —  (272) —  —  (272) (14) (286)
NCI adjustments for changes in ownership —  400  601  —  —  601  (601) — 
Capital distributions, net —  —  —  —  —  —  (30) (30)
Other equity transactions —  97  300  —  —  300  —  300 
Equity-based compensation expense and related issuances —  1,693  6,042  —  —  6,042  —  6,042 
Net loss —  —  —  —  (7,809) (7,809) (833) (8,642)
March 31, 2021 3,861  103,440  $ 743,961  $ (21,054) $ (483,014) $ 239,893  $ 17,200  $ 257,093 
See accompanying notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
5

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands) 2021 2020
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net loss $ (8,642) $ (222,229)
Adjustments for:
Depreciation and amortization 969  2,067 
Depreciation and amortization included in COGS 552  156 
Equity-based compensation expense 6,042  34,737 
Loss on disposal of capital assets 1,592  — 
Impairments, net 818  187,775 
Loss on notes receivable —  8,161 
Non-cash other revenue (2,500) — 
Non-cash interest expense 1,119  319 
Non-cash operating lease adjustments (391) 527 
Deferred tax benefit (400) (31,694)
Non-cash income from investments, net (157) (234)
Recovery of assets held-for-sale (8,616) — 
Change, net of acquisitions in:
Inventory (1,736) (2,530)
Other assets (1,289) (835)
Interest receivable 292  882 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (1,328) (5,226)
Taxes payable 4,618  2,729 
Interest payable 2,184  29 
Other liabilities 5,284  (35)
Net cash used in operating activities $ (1,589) $ (25,401)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of capital assets $ (5,421) $ (7,790)
Investments in notes receivable (1,229) (11,560)
Collection of notes receivable 86  23 
Cash paid for long-term investments 302  — 
Proceeds from sale of capital assets — 
Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired (286) — 
Distributions from investments 13 
Net cash used in investing activities $ (6,530) $ (19,319)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Proceeds from related party debt $ —  $ 5,000 
Repayment of related party loan —  (20,000)
Proceeds from debt financing 1,190  21,000 
Deferred financing costs paid —  (1,531)
Proceeds from equity transactions 301  27,887 
Collateral received from financing agreement —  22,000 
Repayment of debt (2,070) (197)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities $ (579) $ 54,159 
Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash $ (8,698) $ 9,439 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - Beginning of period 54,639  26,600 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - End of period $ 45,941  $ 36,039 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands) 2021 2020
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Interest paid - non-lease $ 1,555  $
Income taxes paid 1,044  525 
OTHER NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Capital assets not yet paid for $ 1,805  $ 4,377 
Exchange of intangible assets to notes receivable (Note 4) —  18,800 
Holdback of Maine HSCP notes receivable (Note 6) —  917 


See accompanying notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
6

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

1.    NATURE OF OPERATIONS
Acreage Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”, “Pubco” or “Acreage”) was originally incorporated under the Business Corporations Act (Ontario) on July 12, 1989 as Applied Inventions Management Inc. On August 29, 2014, the Company changed its name to Applied Inventions Management Corp. The Company continued into British Columbia and changed its name to “Acreage Holdings, Inc.” on November 9, 2018. The Company’s Class E subordinate voting shares (“Fixed Shares”) and Class D subordinate voting shares (“Floating Shares”) are listed on the Canadian Securities Exchange under the symbols “ACRG.A.U” and “ACRG.B.U”, respectively, quoted on the OTCQX under the symbols “ACRHF” and “ACRDF”, respectively, and traded on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange under the symbols “0VZ1” and “0VZ2”, respectively. The Company indirectly owns, operates and has contractual relationships with cannabis cultivation facilities, dispensaries and other cannabis-related companies in the United States (“U.S.”).
High Street Capital Partners, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company doing business as “Acreage Holdings” (“HSCP”), was formed on April 29, 2014. The Company became the indirect parent of HSCP on November 14, 2018 in connection with the reverse takeover (“RTO”) transaction described below.
The Company’s principal place of business is located at 450 Lexington Avenue, #3308, New York, New York in the U.S. The Company’s registered and records office address is Suite 2800, Park Place, 666 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia in Canada.
The RTO transaction
On September 21, 2018, the Company, HSCP, HSCP Merger Corp. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company), Acreage Finco B.C. Ltd. (a special purpose corporation) (“Finco”), Acreage Holdings America, Inc. (“USCo”) and Acreage Holdings WC, Inc. (“USCo2”) entered into a business combination agreement (the “Business Combination Agreement”) whereby the parties thereto agreed to combine their respective businesses, which would result in the RTO of Pubco by the security holders of HSCP, which was deemed to be the accounting acquiror. On November 14, 2018, the parties to the Business Combination Agreement completed the RTO.
Canopy Growth Corporation transaction
On June 27, 2019, the Company and Canopy Growth Corporation (“Canopy Growth” or “CGC”) implemented the Prior Plan of Arrangement (as defined in Note 13) contemplated by the Original Arrangement Agreement (as defined in Note 13). Pursuant to the Prior Plan of Arrangement, Canopy Growth was granted an option to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of the Company in exchange for the payment of 0.5818 of a common share in the capital of Canopy Growth for each Class A subordinate voting share (each, a “SVS”) held (with the Class B proportionate voting shares (the “PVS”) and Class C multiple voting shares (the “MVS”) being automatically converted to SVS immediately prior to consummation of the Acquisition (as defined in Note 13), which original exchange ratio was subject to adjustment in accordance with the Original Arrangement Agreement. Canopy Growth was required to exercise the option upon a change in federal laws in the United States to permit the general cultivation, distribution and possession of marijuana (as defined in the relevant legislation) or to remove the regulation of such activities from the federal laws of the United States (the “Triggering Event”) and, subject to the satisfaction or waiver of certain closing conditions set out in the Original Arrangement Agreement, Canopy Growth was required to acquire all of the issued and outstanding SVS (following the mandatory conversion of the PVS and MVS into SVS).
On June 24, 2020, Canopy Growth and the Company entered into an agreement to, among other things, amend the terms of the Original Arrangement Agreement and the terms of the Prior Plan of Arrangement (the “Amended Arrangement”). On September 16, 2020, the Company’s shareholders voted in favor of a special resolution authorizing and approving the terms of, among other things, the Amended Arrangement. Subsequently, on September 18, 2020, the Company obtained a final order from the Supreme Court of British Columbia approving the Amended Arrangement, and on September 23, 2020 the Company and Canopy Growth entered into the Amending Agreement (as defined in Note 13) and implemented the Amended Arrangement. Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, the Company’s articles were amended to create the Fixed Shares, the Floating Shares and the Class F multiple voting shares (the “Fixed Multiple Shares”), and each outstanding SVS was exchanged for 0.7 of a Fixed Share and 0.3 of a Floating Share, each outstanding PVS was exchanged for 28 Fixed Shares and 12 Floating Shares, and each outstanding MVS was exchanged for 0.7 of a Fixed Multiple Share and 0.3 of a Floating Share. Refer to Note 13 for further discussion.
7

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Pursuant to the implementation of the Amended Agreement, on September 23, 2020, a subsidiary of Canopy Growth advanced gross proceeds of $50,000 to Universal Hemp, LLC, an affiliate of the Company. The debenture bears interest at a rate of 6.1% per annum. Refer to Note 10 for further discussion.
COVID-19
In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (“COVID-19”) emerged in Wuhan, China. Since then, it has spread to other countries and infections have been reported around the world. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 a global pandemic.
In response to the outbreak, governmental authorities in the United States, Canada and internationally have introduced various recommendations and measures to try to limit the pandemic, including travel restrictions, border closures, non-essential business closures, quarantines, self-isolations, shelters-in-place and social distancing. The COVID-19 outbreak and the response of governmental authorities to try to limit it are having a significant impact on the private sector and individuals, including unprecedented business, employment and economic disruptions. Management has been closely monitoring the impact of COVID-19, with a focus in the health and safety of the Company’s employees, business continuity and supporting its communities. The Company has implemented various measures to reduce the spread of the virus, including implementing social distancing measures at its cultivation facilities, manufacturing facilities, and dispensaries, enhancing cleaning protocols at such facilities and dispensaries and encouraging employees to adhere to preventative measures recommended by local, state, and federal health officials.
2.    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of presentation and going concern
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, all adjustments consisting only of normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation have been reflected in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Operating results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021, or any other period.
As reflected in the financial statements, the Company had an accumulated deficit as of March 31, 2021, as well as a net loss and net cash used in operating activities for the reporting period then ended. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for at least one year from the issuance of these financial statements.
However, management believes that substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to meet its obligations for the next twelve months from the date these financial statements were issued has been alleviated due to, but not limited to, (i) access to future capital commitments, (ii) continued sales growth from the Company’s consolidated operations, (iii) latitude as to the timing and amount of certain operating expenses as well as capital expenditures, (iv) restructuring plans that have already been put in place to improve the Company’s profitability, (v) the Standby Equity Distribution Agreement (refer to Note 13 and 17 for further discussion) and (vi) the anticipated Non-Core Divestitures (refer to Note 3 for further discussion).
If the Company is unable to raise additional capital whenever necessary, it may be forced to decelerate or curtail its footprint buildout or other operational activities until such time as additional capital becomes available. Such limitation of the Company’s activities would allow it to slow its rate of spending and extend its use of cash until additional capital is raised. However, management cannot provide any assurances that it will be successful in accomplishing any of the Company’s plans. Management also cannot provide any assurance as to unforeseen circumstances that could occur at any time within the next twelve months or thereafter which could increase the Company’s need to raise additional capital on an immediate basis.
These interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, dated March 25, 2021, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “2020 Form 10-K”).
8

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Emerging growth company
The Company is an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”). Under the JOBS Act, emerging growth companies can delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies.
Functional and presentation currency
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes are expressed in U.S. dollars. Financial metrics are presented in thousands. Other metrics, such as shares outstanding, are presented in thousands unless otherwise noted.
Use of estimates
The preparation of the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the amounts that are reported in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying disclosures. Although these estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions that the Company may undertake in the future, actual results may differ from those estimates. Significant estimates inherent in the preparation of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, assumptions relating to equity-based compensation expense, estimated useful lives for property, plant and equipment and intangible assets, the valuation allowance against deferred tax assets and the assessment of potential impairment charges on goodwill, intangible assets and investments in equity and notes receivable.
Basis of consolidation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Acreage, its subsidiaries and variable interest entities (“VIEs”) where the Company is considered the primary beneficiary, if any, after elimination of intercompany accounts and transactions. Investments in entities in which the Company has significant influence, but less than a controlling financial interest, are accounted for using the equity method. The Company’s proportionate share of net income or loss of the entity is recorded in Income (loss) from investments, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The unaudited and audited consolidated financial statements are referred to as the “Financial Statements” herein. The unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations are referred to as the “Statements of Operations” herein. The unaudited and audited condensed consolidated statements of financial position are referred to as the “Statements of Financial Position” herein. The unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows are referred to as the “Statements of Cash Flows” herein.
Restricted cash
Restricted cash represents funds contractually held for specific purposes (refer to Note 10) and, as such, not available for general corporate purposes. Cash and restricted cash, as presented on the Statements of Cash Flows, consists of $22,844 and $23,097 as of March 31, 2021, respectively, and $13,944 and $22,095 as of March 31, 2020, respectively.
Impairment of long-lived assets
Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are not subject to amortization and are tested for impairment annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that they might be impaired. Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested at the individual business level. The Company may first assess qualitative factors and, if it determines it is more likely than not that the fair value is less than the carrying value, then proceed to a quantitative test if necessary.
Finite-lived intangible assets and other long-lived assets are tested for impairment based on undiscounted cash flows when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.
9

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Accounting for warrants and convertible notes
The Company determines the accounting classification of warrants it issues, as either liability or equity classified, by first assessing whether the warrants meet liability classification in accordance with ASC 480-10, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Characteristics of both Liabilities and Equity, then in accordance with ASC 815-40, Accounting for Derivative Financial Instruments Indexed to, and Potentially Settled in, a Company’s Own Stock. Under ASC 480, warrants are considered liability classified if the warrants are mandatorily redeemable, obligate the Company to settle the warrants or the underlying shares by paying cash or other assets, or warrants that must or may require settlement by issuing a variable number of shares.
If warrants do not meet the liability classification under ASC 480-10, the Company assesses the requirements under ASC 815-40, which states that contracts that require or may require the issuer to settle the contract for cash are liabilities recorded at fair value, irrespective of the likelihood of the transaction occurring that triggers the net cash settlement feature. If the warrants do not require liability classification under ASC 815-40, and in order to conclude equity classification, the Company also assesses whether the warrants are indexed to its common stock and whether the warrants are classified as equity under ASC 815-40 or other applicable GAAP. After all relevant assessments, the Company concludes whether the warrants are classified as liability or equity. Liability classified warrants require fair value accounting at issuance and subsequent to initial issuance with all changes in fair value after the issuance date recorded in the statements of operations. Equity classified warrants only require fair value accounting at issuance with no changes recognized subsequent to the issuance date.
The Company records, when necessary, discounts to convertible notes for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in debt instruments based upon the difference between the fair value of the underlying common stock at the commitment date of the note transaction and the effective conversion price embedded in the note. The debt discounts under these arrangements are amortized over the earlier of (i) the term of the related debt using the straight line method which approximates the interest rate method or (ii) redemption of the debt. The amortization of debt discounts is included as a component of Interest expense in the accompanying Statements of Operations. Refer to Note 10 for further discussion.
Assets held for sale
The Company classifies long-lived assets or disposal groups as held for sale in the period when the following held for sale criteria are met: (i) the Company commits to a plan to sell; (ii) the long-lived asset or disposal group is available for immediate sale in its present condition subject only to terms that are usual and customary for sales of such long-lived assets or disposal groups; (iii) an active program to locate a buyer and other actions required to complete the plan to sell have been initiated; (iv) the sale is probable within one year; (v) the asset or disposal group is being actively marketed for sale at a price that is reasonable in relation to its current fair value; and (vi) it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made or that the plan will be withdrawn. In accordance with ASC 360-10, Property, Plant and Equipment, long-lived assets and disposal groups classified as held for sale are measured at the lower of their carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.
Net loss per share
Net loss per share represents the net loss attributable to shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period on an as converted basis. Basic and diluted loss per share are the same as of March 31, 2021 and 2020 as the issuance of shares upon conversion, exercise or vesting of outstanding units would be anti-dilutive in each period. There were 44,466 and 46,962 potentially dilutive shares outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Refer to Note 16 for further discussion.
Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 - Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”), which was subsequently revised by ASU 2018-19, ASU 2019-04, ASU 2019-05, ASU 2019-11, ASU 2020-02 and ASU 2020-03. ASU 2016-13 introduces a new model for assessing impairment on most financial assets. Entities will be required to use a forward-looking expected loss model, which will replace the current incurred loss model, which will result in earlier recognition of allowance for losses. As an emerging growth company, the Company has elected to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934. Accordingly, ASU 2016-13 will be effective for the Company’s first interim period of fiscal 2023, and the Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new standard.

10

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
3.    ACQUISITIONS, DIVESTITURES AND ASSETS HELD FOR SALE
Acquisitions
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, a subsidiary of the Company, HSC Solutions, LLC (“HSC Solutions”) entered into an assignment of membership agreement to acquire the remaining non-controlling interests of its subsidiary, NCC Real Estate, LLC (“NCCRE”), based primarily on the fair value of property held by NCCRE estimated in the amount of $850. The consideration paid to the non-controlling interest sellers of $286 was recorded in Additional paid-in capital and Non-controlling interests on the Statements of Financial Position, as of March 31, 2021. Additionally, the Company subsequently repaid the outstanding principal balance of the NCCRE secured loan. Refer to Note 10 for further discussion.
Divestitures
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020, the Company did not complete any divestitures.
Assets Held for Sale
On June 30, 2020, the Company determined certain businesses and assets met the held-for-sale criteria. The Company has identified the following businesses as their separate disposal groups: Acreage Florida, Inc. (“Acreage Florida”), Kanna, Inc., Maryland Medicinal Research & Caring, LLC (“MMRC”) and certain Oregon entities comprising 22nd & Burn, Inc., The Firestation 23, Inc., East 11th Incorporated and a dispensary in Springfield, Oregon, collectively (“Cannabliss”). As further disposal groups, the Company has identified certain assets owned in HSCP Oregon, LLC (comprising Medford and Powell) and Michigan as held-for-sale.
In accordance with ASC 205-20-45 - Discontinued Operations, a disposal of a component of an entity shall be reported in discontinued operations if the divestiture represents a strategic shift that will have a major effect on the entity’s operations and financial results. Management determined that the expected divestitures will not represent a strategic shift that will have a major effect on the Company’s operations and financial results and thus will not report the expected divestitures of these assets as discontinued operations.
Upon classification of the disposal groups as held for sale, the Company tested each disposal group for impairment and recognized charges of $11,003 for the year ended December 31, 2020 to write the disposal groups down to its fair value less costs to sell. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized a recovery on the Acreage Florida disposal group of $8,616 within Recovery of assets held-for-sale on the Statements of Operations as the estimated fair value less costs to sell increased. Additionally, all assets and liabilities determined within these disposal groups were transferred into Assets held-for-sale and Liabilities related to assets held-for-sale on the Statements of Financial Position, respectively as of March 31, 2021 from each of their previous respective financial statement captions. Refer to the table below for further details.
11

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
The preliminary fair values of the major classes of assets and liabilities of the businesses and assets classified as held-for-sale on the Statements of Financial Position are presented below and are subject to change based on developments during the sales process.
March 31, 2021
Acreage Florida(3)
Kanna, Inc.
MMRC(1)
Michigan Cannabliss
OR - Medford(2)
OR - Powell(2)
Total
Cash $ 212  $ —  $ —  $ —  $ —  $ —  $ —  $ 212 
Inventory 606  —  —  —  265  100  104  1,075 
Notes receivable, current —  —  —  —  —  62  —  62 
Other current assets 169  —  10  —  —  —  180 
Total current assets classified as held-for-sale 987  —  10  —  266  162  104  1,529 
Capital assets, net 10,093  1,156  286  7,469  83  2,252  21,346 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 16,796  944  362  —  1,354  321  164  19,941 
Intangible assets, net 26,190  970  801  —  —  —  —  27,961 
Goodwill —  —  —  —  2,192  —  —  2,192 
Other non-current assets 339  —  —  —  23  40  10  412 
Total assets classified as held for sale $ 54,405  $ 3,070  $ 1,459  $ 7,469  $ 3,918  $ 2,775  $ 285  $ 73,381 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities $ (260) $ (127) $ (6) $ —  $ (492) $ —  $ (39) $ (924)
Taxes payable —  (15) —  —  (688) —  —  (703)
Operating lease liability, current (509) (259) (29) —  (257) (136) (126) (1,316)
Other current liabilities (134) —  —  —  —  —  —  (134)
Total current liabilities classified as held-for-sale (903) (401) (35) —  (1,437) (136) (165) (3,077)
Operating lease liability, non-current (13,979) (542) (317) —  (1,004) (254) —  (16,096)
Deferred tax liabilities —  —  —  —  —  — 
Total liabilities classified as held-for-sale $ (14,882) $ (943) $ (352) $ —  $ (2,435) $ (390) $ (165) $ (19,167)
(1) In August 2020, the Company entered into a transaction of sale for MMRC for $1,500 with a buyer. The Company’s applicable subsidiary, when permitted by state law, will transfer all of the issued and outstanding membership interests of MMRC to the buyer. In the interim, and subject to regulatory approval, the buyer and MMRC will enter into a management services agreement for the management and operation of MMRC until such time as the Company can transfer the equity of MMRC to the buyer.
(2) In February 2021, a subsidiary of the Company entered into a definitive agreement and management services agreement to sell an indoor cultivation facility in Medford, Oregon and a retail dispensary in Portland, Oregon, for total consideration of $3,000, to be paid in a series of tranches based on estimated regulatory approvals expected not to exceed 18 months.
(3) In February 2021, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell its ownership interests in Acreage Florida for an aggregate purchase price of $60,000. Acreage Florida is licensed to operate medical marijuana dispensaries, a processing facility and a cultivation facility in the state of Florida. The agreement also includes the sale of property in Sanderson, Florida. The aggregate purchase price includes an upfront cash payment of $5,000, an additional $20,000 in cash, $7,000 of the buyer’s common stock and the issuance of $28,000 in promissory notes upon the closing. These terms were modified upon the closing of the transaction in April 2021, refer to Note 17 for further discussion.
12

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
4.    INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
Intangible assets
The following table details the intangible asset balances by major asset classes:
Intangibles March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Finite-lived intangible assets:
Management contracts $ 16,467  $ 19,580 
Accumulated amortization on finite-lived intangible assets:
Management contracts (3,508) (5,262)
Finite-lived intangible assets, net 12,959  14,318 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets
Cannabis licenses 124,665  124,665 
Total intangibles, net $ 137,624  $ 138,983 
The intangible assets balance as of March 31, 2021 excludes intangible assets reclassified to assets held for sale. Refer to Note 3 for further discussion. The average useful life of finite-lived intangible assets ranges from one to five years.
Impairment of intangible assets
In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus emerged in Wuhan, China, which since then, has spread worldwide. As a result of the recent global economic impact and uncertainty due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company concluded a triggering event had occurred as of March 31, 2020, and accordingly, performed interim impairment testing.
The Company performed a quantitative analysis and concluded certain of the indefinite-lived cannabis licenses had a fair value below the carrying value as of March 31, 2020. Accordingly, during the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized impairment charges of $92,798 with respect to its indefinite-lived intangible assets at Acreage Florida, Inc., Form Factory Holdings, LLC (“Form Factory”) and Kanna, Inc. The charge is recognized in Impairments, net on the Statements of Operations.
The Company evaluated the recoverability of the related finite-lived intangible assets to be held and used by comparing the carrying amount of the assets to the future net undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets, or comparable market sales data to determine if the carrying value is recoverable.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized an impairment charge of $818, related to its finite-lived intangible asset at Prime Alternative Treatment Center Consulting, LLC (“PATCC”), due to changes in expected cash flows pursuant to a revised consulting services agreement. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized impairment charges of $8,324, with respect to its finite-lived intangible assets at Form Factory and CWG Botanicals, Inc. (“CWG”). These charges are recognized in Impairments, net on the Statements of Operations.
These impairments resulted in the recognition of a tax provision benefit and an associated reversal of deferred tax liabilities of $205 and $31,316 during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
13

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
WCM Refinancing

On March 6, 2020, a subsidiary of the Company closed on a refinancing, transaction and conversion related to Northeast Patients Group, operating as Wellness Connection of Maine (“WCM”), a medical cannabis business in Maine, resulting in ownership of WCM by three individuals. In connection with the transaction, WCM converted from a non-profit corporation to a for-profit corporation. Refer to Note 6 for further discussion. Concurrently, a portion of the management contract was converted into a promissory note of $18,800 in Notes receivable, non-current on the Statements of Financial Position in exchange for the previously held management contract. An impairment was determined as the differential between the net carrying value of the previously held management contract and the promissory note received in exchange. This resulted in an impairment loss to finite-lived intangible assets of $9,395 in Impairments, net on the Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020.
Amortization expense recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was $541 and $1,165, respectively.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company revised its estimated useful life related to its management services agreements with Greenleaf Apothecaries, LLC, Greenleaf Therapeutics, LLC and Greenleaf Gardens, LLC (together “Greenleaf), due to changes in the expected duration of the agreements.
Expected annual amortization expense for existing intangible assets subject to amortization at March 31, 2021 is as follows for each of the next five fiscal years:
Amortization of Intangibles 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
Amortization expense $ 9,469  $ 815  $ 815  $ 815  $ 815 
Goodwill
The following table details the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill:
Goodwill Total
December 31, 2020 $ 31,922 
Acquisitions — 
Impairment — 
Less: Goodwill held for sale — 
March 31, 2021 $ 31,922 
Also as a result of the recent global economic impact and uncertainty due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company concluded a triggering event had occurred as of March 31, 2020, and accordingly, performed interim impairment testing.
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized impairment charges of $65,304, with respect to its goodwill related to Form Factory. The Company applied the discounted cash flow approach to determine the fair value of Form Factory. The charge is recognized in Impairments, net on the Statements of Operations.
Pursuant to the WCM refinancing described above, the Company recognized an impairment loss to goodwill of $11,586 on Impairments, net on the Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This was determined as the differential between the net carrying value of the previously held management contract and the promissory note received in exchange.
14

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
5.    INVESTMENTS
The carrying values of the Company’s investments in the Statements of Financial Position as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 are as follows:
Investments March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Investments held at FV-NI 33,968  34,126 
Equity method investments —  — 
Total long-term investments $ 33,968  $ 34,126 
(Loss) income from investments, net in the Statements of Operations during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:
Investment (loss) income Three Months Ended March 31,
2021 2020
Investments held at FV-NI (144) 240 
Equity method investments —  (6)
(Loss) income from investments, net $ (144) $ 234 
Investments held at FV-NI
The Company has investments in equity of several companies that do not result in significant influence or control. These investments are carried at fair value, with gains and losses recognized in the Statements of Operations.
Equity method investments
With a portion of the proceeds for the 6.1% loan received by Universal Hemp, LLC (“Universal Hemp”), Acreage engaged an investment advisor (the “Investment Advisor”) which, under the Investment Advisor’s sole discretion, invested on behalf of Universal Hemp $34,019 on September 28, 2020. As a result, Universal Hemp acquired 34,019 class B units, at $1 par value per unit, which represented 100% financial interest in an Investment Partnership, a Canada-based limited partnership. An affiliate of the Institutional Investor holds Class A units of the Investment Partnership. The general partner of the Investment Partnership is also an affiliate of the Institutional Investor. The Class B units are held by the Investment Advisor as an agent for Universal Hemp. Universal Hemp, through its investment with the Investment Advisor was determined to hold significant influence in the Investment Partnership in accordance with ASC 810 due to 1) the economic financial interest, and 2) the entitlement to matters as they pertain to ‘Extraordinary Resolution’ items as defined within the Investment Partnership Agreement. As a result, the Company accounted for the investment in the Investment Partnership under the equity method until December 2020. Refer to Note 10 for further discussion (“September 2020 Transactions”).
In December 2020, as the Company no longer held significant influence due to the removal of the Extraordinary Resolution entitlements and other revisions in the Investment Partnership Agreement, the Company changed its accounting for the Investment Partnership to recognize the investment at fair value, with gains and losses recognized in the Statements of Operations.
6.     NOTES RECEIVABLE

Notes receivable as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consisted of the following:
March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Notes receivable $ 97,817  $ 94,171 
Interest receivable 5,467  5,762 
Total notes receivable $ 103,284  $ 99,933 
Less: Notes receivable, current 8,892  2,032 
Notes receivable, non-current $ 94,392  $ 97,901 
15

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Interest income on notes receivable during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 totaled $1,465 and $1,647, respectively.
On March 6, 2020, a subsidiary of the Company closed on a refinancing transaction and conversion related to Northeast Patients Group, operating as WCM, a medical cannabis business in Maine, resulting in ownership of WCM by three individuals. In connection with the transaction, WCM converted from a non-profit corporation to a for-profit corporation. WCM previously had a series of agreements with Wellness Pain & Management Connection LLC (“WPMC”), which resulted in an outstanding balance of $18,800 due to WPMC as of closing of this transaction. A restated consulting agreement was put in place, whereby WCM agrees to pay a fixed annual fee of $120, payable monthly, in exchange for a suite of consulting services. In addition, a promissory note payable to WPMC was signed in the amount of $18,800 to convert the existing payment due into a fixed, secured debt obligation.
In order to fund the transaction of WCM, a subsidiary of the Company created a new Maine corporation, named Maine HSCP, Inc. (“Maine HSCP”). At closing, a subsidiary of the Company contributed $5,700 to Maine HSCP, and then sold 900 shares of Maine HSCP, constituting all of the outstanding equity interests of Maine HSCP, to three qualifying individuals in exchange for promissory notes of $1,900 each. Each note is secured by a pledge of the shares in Maine HSCP, and payment of the note is to be made solely from dividends paid to the shareholder by Maine HSCP, except for amounts to be paid to the shareholder to cover tax obligations. The Company’s relevant subsidiary has the option, exercisable at any time, to buy back the shares, at the higher of fair market value or the remaining balance under the promissory notes. The individuals also have the right at any time to put the shares to the Company’s subsidiary on the same terms. The net equity impact to the Company was nil, and the option described above is only redeemable if permissible pursuant to Maine regulations.
On July 1, 2019, a subsidiary of the Company entered into $8,000 convertible note receivable with a west coast social equity program. Upon certain conditions related to a subsequent capital raise, the Company’s applicable subsidiary will obtain the right to convert its financing receivable to an ownership interest. The line of credit matures in June 2022 and bears interest at a rate of 8% per annum. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company wrote off the note receivable and the accrued interest of $8,000 and $161, respectively, as the Company determined that the note was not collectible and recorded a loss on notes receivable of $8,161.
The Company provides revolving lines of credit to several entities under management services agreements which are included in notes receivable. The relevant terms and balances are detailed below.
Lines of Credit Balance as of
Counterparty Maximum Obligation Interest Rate March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Greenleaf (1)
$ 31,200  3.25% - 4.75% $ 29,422  $ 29,422 
CWG Botanicals Inc. (“CWG”) (2)
12,000  8% 9,767  9,767 
Compassionate Care Foundation, Inc. (“CCF”) (3)
12,500  18% —  — 
Prime Alternative Treatment Center, Inc. ("PATC") (4)
7,150  —% 7,150  4,650 
Patient Centric of Martha’s Vineyard, Ltd. (“PCMV”) (5)
9,000  15% 7,161  6,873 
Health Circle, Inc. (6)
8,000  15% 4,331  4,331 
Total $ 79,850  $ 57,831  $ 55,043 
(1) During the year ended December 31, 2018, a subsidiary of the Company extended lines of credit to Greenleaf Apothecaries, LLC, Greenleaf Therapeutics, LLC and Greenleaf Gardens, LLC (together, “Greenleaf”), which mature in June 2023.
(2) The revolving line of credit due from CWG matures in December 2021.
(3) In September 2018, a subsidiary of the Company entered into a management agreement to provide certain advisory and consulting services to CCF for a monthly fee based on product sales.
In November 2019, certain changes in New Jersey state laws occurred to allow for-profit entities to hold cannabis licenses and certain regulatory approvals. Accordingly, a subsidiary of the Company entered into a Reorganization Agreement with CCF, whereby the management agreement will terminate and any outstanding obligations on the line of credit will convert to a direct ownership interest in CCF, which will convert to a for-profit entity. In June 2020, the transactions contemplated
16

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
by the Reorganization Agreement closed and the line of credit converted into equity in CCF’s successor entity. Refer to Note 3 for further discussion.
(4) PATC is a non-profit license holder in New Hampshire to which the Company’s consolidated subsidiary PATCC provides management or other consulting services.
In March 2021, PATC entered into a revised consulting services and line of credit agreement with PATCC, whereby previously unrecognized management fees were settled for $2,500, which was recognized in Other revenue, net during the three months ended March 31, 2021. Pursuant to the revised line of credit agreement, the line of credit is non-interest bearing and will be repaid on a payment schedule with seven payments in the aggregate amount of $7,150 through June 30, 2023.
(5) In November 2018, a subsidiary of the Company entered into a services agreement with PCMV. The line of credit matures in November 2023. The services agreement was terminated in February 2020.
(6) Health Circle, Inc. is a non-profit license holder in Massachusetts that formerly had a services agreement with the Company’s consolidated subsidiary MA RMD SCVS, LLC. The line of credit matures in November 2032. The services agreement was terminated in February 2020.

7.    CAPITAL ASSETS, net
Net property and equipment consisted of:
March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Land $ 3,811  $ 3,811 
Building 36,756  34,114 
Right-of-use asset, finance leases 5,077  5,077 
Construction in progress 15,620  13,697 
Furniture, fixtures and equipment 17,658  18,062 
Leasehold improvements 24,634  23,681 
Capital assets, gross $ 103,556  $ 98,442 
Less: accumulated depreciation (10,593) (9,306)
Capital assets, net $ 92,963  $ 89,136 
Depreciation of capital assets for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, include $428 and $902 of depreciation expense, and $911 and $600, that was capitalized to inventory, respectively.
17

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
8.    LEASES
The Company leases land, buildings, equipment and other capital assets which it plans to use for corporate purposes and the production and sale of cannabis products. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the Statements of Financial Position and are expensed in the Statements of Operations on the straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company does not have any material variable lease payments, and accounts for non-lease components separately from leases.
Balance Sheet Information Classification March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Right-of-use assets
Operating Operating lease right-of-use assets $ 16,889  $ 17,247 
Finance Capital assets, net 4,712  4,776 
Total right-of-use assets $ 21,601  $ 22,023 
Lease liabilities
Current
Operating Operating lease liability, current $ 1,285  $ 1,492 
Non-current
Operating Operating lease liability, non-current 16,331  16,609 
Financing Debt, non-current 5,190  5,174 
Total lease liabilities $ 22,806  $ 23,275 
Statement of Operations Information Classification Three Months Ended March 31,
2021 2020
Short-term lease expense General and administrative $ 88  $ 317 
Operating lease expense General and administrative 1,046  2,020 
Finance lease expense:
Amortization of right of use asset Depreciation and amortization 63  95 
Interest expense on lease liabilities Interest expense 184  215 
Sublease income Other loss, net (3) (16)
Net lease cost $ 1,290  $ 2,314 
Statement of Cash Flows Information Classification Three Months Ended March 31,
2021 2020
Cash paid for operating leases Net cash used in operating activities $ 1,437  $ 1,493 
Cash paid for finance leases - interest Net cash used in operating activities $ 169  $ 196 
18

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

The following represents the Company’s future minimum payments required under existing leases with initial terms of one year or more as of March 31, 2021:
Maturity of lease liabilities Operating Leases Finance Leases
2021 (1)
$ 2,992  $ 511 
2022 2,949  701 
2023 2,849  722 
2024 2,912  743 
2025 2,960  766 
Thereafter 14,184  13,276 
Total lease payments $ 28,846  $ 16,719 
Less: imputed interest 10,920  11,529 
Present value of lease liabilities $ 17,926  $ 5,190 
Weighted average remaining lease term (years) 8 14
Weighted average discount rate 11% 12%
(1) Includes minimum payments under existing operating leases currently classified as held-for-sale (Refer to Note 3 for discussion).

As of March 31, 2021, there have been no leases entered into that have not yet commenced.


9.    INVENTORY
March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Retail inventory $ 1,855  $ 1,803 
Wholesale inventory 18,459  18,055 
Cultivation inventory 3,444  2,317 
Supplies & other 1,617  1,540 
Total $ 25,375  $ 23,715 

19

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
10.    DEBT
The Company’s debt balances consist of the following:
Debt balances March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
NCCRE loan $ —  $ 470 
Seller’s notes 2,581  2,581 
Financing liability (related party) 15,253  15,253 
Finance lease liabilities 5,190  5,174 
3.55% Credit facility due 2021 20,215  20,043 
3.55% Credit facility collateral (related party) 20,845  22,169 
7.5% Loan due 2023 (related party) 32,203  32,124 
6.1% Secured debenture due 2030 (related party) 46,185  46,085 
Hempco Foros promissory note 2,000  2,000 
Senior secured term loan facility 23,200  22,870 
Construction financing loan 6,090  4,438 
Canwell promissory note 6,750  7,250 
Total debt $ 180,512  $ 180,457 
Less: current portion of debt 47,642  27,139 
Total long-term debt $ 132,870  $ 153,318 
The interest expense related to the Company’s debt during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 consists of the following:
Interest Expense Three Months Ended March 31,
2021 2020
NCCRE loan $ $
Seller’s notes 78  72 
Financing liability (related party) 351  591 
Finance lease liabilities 184  215 
3.55% Credit facility due 2021 599  89 
3.55% Credit facility collateral (related party) 674  254 
7.5% Loan due 2023 (related party) 689  — 
6.1% Secured debenture due 2030 (related party) 863  — 
Hempco Foros promissory note 49  — 
Senior secured term loan facility 1,366  — 
Total interest expense $ 4,857  $ 1,226 
NCC Real Estate, LLC (“NCCRE”) loan
NCCRE, which is owned by the Company’s consolidated subsidiary HSC Solutions, entered into a $550 secured loan with a financial institution for the purchase of a building in Rolling Meadows, Illinois. The building is leased to NCC LLC. The secured loan carries a fixed interest rate of 3.7% and is due in December 2021. In connection with the Company acquiring the remaining non-controlling interests in NCCRE, the secured loan was subsequently repaid in March 2021 (refer to Note 3 for further discussion).
20

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Seller’s notes
The Company issued Seller’s notes payable in connection with several transactions, bearing interest at rates ranging from 3.5% to 10%.
Related party debt
During the year ended December 31, 2019, Kevin Murphy, the Chairman of the board of directors, made a non-interest bearing loan of $15,000 to Acreage. In January 2020, Mr. Murphy made an additional non-interest bearing loan of $5,000 to Acreage. These amounts were subsequently repaid in March 2020.
In October 2020, Mr. Murphy made an interest bearing loan of $2,100 to the Company, bearing interest at 9.9% per annum. This amount was subsequently repaid in November 2020.
In addition, Mr. Murphy has an interest in the credit facility disclosed below under “3.55% Credit facility and collateral”, in connection with which he loaned $21,000 of the $22,000 borrowed by the Company to the Lender (as defined below), which amount remains outstanding.
Financing liability (related party)
In connection with the Company’s failed sale-leaseback transaction, a financing liability was recognized equal to the cash proceeds received. The Company will recognize the cash payments made on the lease as interest expense, and the principal will be derecognized upon expiration of the lease.
3.55% Credit facility and collateral
In March 2020, the Company borrowed $21,000 from an institutional lender pursuant to a credit facility. The credit facility permits the Company to borrow up to $100,000, which may be drawn down by the Company in four tranches, maturing two years from the date of the first draw down. On the first advance of debt with a term of two years, the Company will pay an annual interest rate of 3.55% for the first year and LIBOR+7% after the first year. Pursuant to the terms of the credit facility, any amounts borrowed are required to be fully collateralized by restricted cash of the aggregate principal amount plus $1,000, which was met as of March 31, 2021. On March 11, 2021, the Company accelerated the maturity date related to this borrowing to June 15, 2021.
Also in March 2020, the Company closed $22,000 in borrowings pursuant to a loan transaction with IP Investment Company, LLC (the “Lender”). The maturity date is 366 days from the closing date of the loan transaction. The Company will pay monthly interest on the collateral in the form of 27 SVS through the maturity date. The Lender may put any unsold interest shares to the Company upon maturity at a price of $4.50 per share. Mr. Murphy loaned $21,000 of the $22,000 borrowed by the Company to the Lender. The loan is secured by the non-U.S. intellectual property assets, a cannabis state license and 12,000 SVS shares of the Company.
Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, the monthly interest on the collateral payable to Mr. Murphy was modified to cash payments for the remaining duration of the term at an interest rate of 12% per annum, payable upon maturity. The remaining interest will continue to be paid monthly in the form of 2 Fixed Shares and 1 Floating Share through the maturity date.
The Company has determined such equity interest on collateral to be a mandatorily redeemable financial instrument that is recorded as a liability in accordance with ASC 480 - Distinguishing liabilities from equity (“ASC 480”). The liability is calculated based upon the share interest multiplied by the maturity price of $4.50 per share. The equity and cash liability amounted to $28 and $621, respectively as of March 31, 2021 and was recorded in Debt, current within the Statements of Financial Position.
On March 7, 2021, the Company extended the maturity date related to the $22,000 in borrowings with the Lender to March 31, 2021. On March 29, 2021, the Company further extended the maturity date of Tranche B of the loan transaction with the Lender, which is $21,000 of the $22,000 aggregate amount of the loan transaction, to June 30, 2021. Tranche A of the loan transaction with the Lender, which is $1,000 of the $22,000 aggregate amount of the loan transaction, was subsequently repaid in April 2021.
21

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
September 2020 Transactions
On September 23, 2020, pursuant to the implementation of the Amended Arrangement (refer to Note 13), a subsidiary of Canopy Growth advanced gross proceeds of $50,000 (less transaction costs of approximately $4,025) to Universal Hemp, an affiliate of the Company, pursuant to the terms of a secured debenture (“6.1% Loan”). In accordance with the terms of the debenture, the funds cannot be used, directly or indirectly, in connection with or for any cannabis or cannabis-related operations in the United States, unless and until such operations comply with all applicable laws of the United States. An additional $50,000 may be advanced pursuant to the debenture subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions by Universal Hemp. The debenture bears interest at a rate of 6.1% per annum, matures 10 years from the date hereof or such earlier date in accordance with the terms of the debenture and all interest payments made pursuant to the debenture are payable in cash by Universal Hemp. The debenture is not convertible and is not guaranteed by Acreage.
With a portion of the proceeds for the 6.1% Loan received by Universal Hemp, Acreage engaged an Investment Advisor which, under the Investment Advisor’s sole discretion, invested on behalf of Universal Hemp $34,019 on September 28, 2020. As a result, Universal Hemp acquired 34,019 class B units, at $1.00 par value per unit, which represented 100% financial interest in the Investment Partnership, a Canada-based limited partnership. An affiliate of the Institutional Investor holds class A units of the Investment Partnership. The general partner of the Investment Partnership is also an affiliate of the Institutional Investor. The class B units are held by the Investment Advisor as an agent for Universal Hemp. Upon execution of the limited partnership agreement, $1,019 was distributed to the class A unit holders of the Investment Partnership.
On September 28, 2020 the Company received gross proceeds of $33,000 (less transaction costs of approximately $959) from an affiliate of the Institutional Investor (the “Lender”) and used a portion of the proceeds of this loan to retire its short-term $11,000 convertible note (as described above) and its short-term note aggregating approximately $18,000 in October 2020, with the remainder being used for working capital purposes. The loan is unsecured, matures in 3 years and bears interest at a 7.5% annual interest rate. The Lender is controlled by the Institutional Investor. The Investment Partnership is the investor in the Lender.
Hempco Foros promissory note
In October 2020, Foros Securities LLC extended a promissory note of $2,000 to the Company bearing interest at 10% per annum. The promissory note matures at the earlier of July 5, 2021 or the date the principal is repaid in full.
Senior secured term loan facility
In October 2020, the Company’s subsidiary received initial commitments and funding from a syndicate of lenders for gross proceeds of $28,000 (before origination discounts and issuance costs of approximately $840 and $1,136, respectively) pursuant to a senior secured term loan facility at an annual interest rate of 15% with a maturity of 4 years from closing. The total amount available under the senior secured term loan facility is $70,000. Pursuant to the terms of the senior secured term loan facility, the Company is required to maintain a minimum cash liquidity position, which was met as of March 31, 2021.
In connection with the advance, the Company issued the lenders an aggregate of 1,557 Fixed Share Warrants with each Fixed Share Warrant exercisable for one Fixed Share and 698 Floating Share Warrants with each Floating Share Warrant exercisable for one Floating Share. The exercise price of each Fixed Share Warrant is $3.15 and the exercise price of each Floating Share Warrant is $3.01. The warrants are exercisable for a period of 4 years.
Construction financing loan
In November 2020, the Company entered into a loan agreement with a cannabis-focused real estate investment trust for a construction financing loan in the amount of $13,320 (with transaction costs of approximately $1,399). The loan agreement provides for an annual interest rate of 16% and a term of 18 months. The loan will be used to complete the expansion of the Company’s cultivation and processing factory in Illinois (the “Illinois Property”). The loan is secured by the Illinois Property and is subject to periodic advances to the Company to fund the completion of improvements or real property collateral or fund other amounts as permitted under the loan agreement.
CanWell promissory note
In November 2020, the Company issued a promissory note to the Canwell LLC (“Canwell”), which is non-interest bearing and payable based on a payment schedule with ten payments in the aggregate amount of $7,750 through December 31, 2024.
22

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
11.    SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS
The table below details the change in Pubco shares outstanding by class for the three months ended March 31, 2021:

Shareholders’ Equity Fixed Shares Floating Shares Fixed Shares Held in Treasury Floating Shares Held in Treasury Fixed Multiple Shares Total Shares Outstanding
December 31, 2020 71,346  30,628  (589) (253) 118  101,250 
Issuances 890  900  —  —  —  1,790 
NCI conversions 280  120  —  —  —  400 
March 31, 2021 72,516  31,648  (589) (253) 118  103,440 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 61 Fixed Shares and 28 Floating Shares as compensation for consulting services expense of $300, recorded in Other equity transactions on the Statements of Shareholders’ Equity. Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued 5 Fixed Shares and 2 Floating Shares related to the 3.55% Credit facility and collateral borrowings, recorded in Other equity transactions on the Statements of Shareholders’ Equity.
Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, on September 23, 2020, Acreage completed a capital reorganization whereby (i) each existing SVS was exchanged for 0.7 of a Fixed Share and 0.3 of a Floating Share; (ii) each existing PVS was exchanged for 28 Fixed Shares and 12 Floating Shares; and (iii) each existing MVS was exchanged for 0.7 of a Fixed Multiple Share and 0.3 of a Floating Share. No fractional Fixed Shares, Fixed Multiple Shares or Floating Shares were issued pursuant to the Capital Reorganization. Refer to Note 13 for further discussion.
The table below details the change in Pubco shares outstanding by class for the three months ended March 31, 2020:
Shareholders’ Equity Subordinate Voting Shares Subordinate Voting Shares Held in Treasury Proportionate Voting Shares (as converted) Multiple Voting Shares Total Shares Outstanding
December 31, 2019 68,177  (842) 23,143  168  90,646 
Issuances 6,671  —  —  —  6,671 
NCI conversions 113  —  —  —  113 
PVS conversions 294  —  (294) —   
March 31, 2020 75,255  (842) 22,849  168  97,430 

Warrants
A summary of the warrants activity outstanding is as follows:
Warrants Three Months Ended
March 31, 2021
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2020
Fixed Shares Floating Shares SVS
Beginning balance 7,131  3,087  2,040 
Granted —  —  6,085 
Expired —  —  — 
Ending balance 7,131  3,087  8,125 

On February 10, 2020, the Company raised $27,887, net of issuance costs, from a private placement of 6,085 special warrants priced at $4.93 per unit. Each special warrant was automatically exercised on March 2, 2020 for no additional consideration, into one unit comprised of one SVS and one SVS purchase warrant with an exercise price of $5.80 and a five-year term. Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, the exercise price was thereafter amended to $4.00. Refer to Note 13 for further discussion. The Company evaluated the warrants for liability or equity classification in accordance with ASC 480 and determined that equity treatment was appropriate as the warrants only require settlement through the issuance of the Company’s common stock, which are not redeemable, and do not represent an obligation to issue a variable number of shares. Accordingly, the warrants were classified as equity and are not subject to remeasurement at each balance sheet date.
23

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
In November 2020, in connection with the senior secured credit term loan facility, the Company issued an aggregate of 1,557 Fixed Share Warrants with each Fixed Share Warrant exercisable for one Fixed Share and 698 Floating Share Warrants with each Floating Share Warrant exercisable for one Floating Share. The exercise price of each Fixed Share Warrant is $3.15 and the exercise price of each Floating Share Warrant is $3.01. The warrants are exercisable for a period of 4 years. Refer to Note 10 for further discussion.
Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, the exercise price of all other warrants outstanding as of March 31, 2021 is $17.50 and $7.50 per Fixed Share and Floating Share, respectively. Refer to Note 13 for further discussion.
The weighted-average remaining contractual life of the warrants outstanding is approximately 3 years. The aggregate intrinsic value for Fixed Share Warrants and Floating Share Warrants outstanding as of March 31, 2021 was $8,886 and nil, respectively.
The exercise price of all warrants outstanding as of March 31, 2020 was $25 per share and there was no aggregate intrinsic value for warrants outstanding as of March 31, 2020.
Non-controlling interests - convertible units
The Company has NCIs in consolidated subsidiaries USCo2 and HSCP. The non-voting shares of USCo2 and HSCP units make up substantially all of the NCI balance as of March 31, 2021 and are convertible for either 0.7 of a Fixed Share and 0.3 of a Floating Share of Pubco or cash, as determined by the Company. Summarized financial information of HSCP is presented below. USCo2 does not have discrete financial information separate from HSCP.
HSCP net asset reconciliation March 31, 2021 December 31, 2020
Current assets $ 149,321  $ 144,938 
Non-current assets 415,196  410,269 
Current liabilities (109,348) (80,649)
Non-current liabilities (150,765) (171,485)
Other NCI balances (702) (742)
Accumulated equity-settled expenses (212,656) (206,315)
Net assets $ 91,046  $ 96,016 
HSCP/USCo2 ownership % of HSCP 18.12  % 18.68  %
Net assets allocated to USCo2/HSCP $ 16,498  $ 17,936 
Net assets attributable to other NCIs 702  742 
Total NCI $ 17,200  $ 18,678 
Three Months Ended March 31,
HSCP Summarized Statement of Operations 2021 2020
Net loss allocable to HSCP/USCo2 (4,549) (235,203)
HSCP/USCo2 weighted average ownership % of HSCP 18.40  % 21.15  %
Net loss allocated to HSCP/USCo2 (837) (49,745)
Net loss allocated to other NCIs (530)
Net loss attributable to NCIs (833) (50,275)
As of March 31, 2021, USCo2’s non-voting shares owned approximately 0.53% of HSCP units. USCo2’s capital structure is comprised of voting shares (approximately 71%), all of which are held by the Company, and of non-voting shares (approximately 29%) held by certain former HSCP members. Certain executive employees and profits interests holders own approximately 17.59% of HSCP units. The remaining 81.88% interest in HSCP is held by USCo and represents the members’ equity attributable to shareholders of the parent.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company had several transactions with HSCP and USCo2 that changed its ownership interest in the subsidiaries but did not result in loss of control. These transactions included the
24

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
redemption of HSCP and USCo2 convertible units for Pubco shares (as shown in the table below), and resulted in a $(601) and $6,564 allocation from NCI to shareholders' equity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, Pubco, by way of Acreage CCF New Jersey, LLC, acquired 100% of the operations of CCF for total consideration of $20,087. Pubco subsequently transferred the ownership of Acreage CCF New Jersey, LLC to HSCP by way of issuance of $10,000 HSCP units at closing price.
A reconciliation of the beginning and ending amounts of convertible units is as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
Convertible Units 2021 2020
Beginning balance 24,142  25,035 
Vested LLC C-1s canceled —  (1,310)
LLC C-1s vested —  1,000 
NCI units converted to Pubco (400) (113)
Ending balance 23,742  24,612 
12.    EQUITY-BASED COMPENSATION EXPENSE
Equity-based compensation expense recognized in the Statements of Operations for the periods presented is as follows:
Equity-based compensation expense Three Months Ended March 31,
2021 2020
Equity-based compensation - Plan $ 3,684  $ 19,290 
Equity-based compensation - Plan (Plan of Arrangement Awards) (1)
2,358  — 
Equity-based compensation - other —  15,447 
Total equity-based compensation expense $ 6,042  $ 34,737 
(1) In accordance with the Prior Plan of Arrangement (as defined in Note 13) with Canopy Growth, awards were granted in July 2019, and amortized based on the vesting schedule set forth herein.

Amended Arrangement with Canopy Growth
On September 23, 2020, the Company announced the implementation of the Amended Arrangement (as defined in Note 13). Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, the Company’s articles have been amended to create new Fixed Shares, Floating Shares and Fixed Multiple Shares. Consequently, the Company’s equity-based compensation was modified into new equity awards of the Company. Refer to Note 13 for further discussion.
Equity-based compensation - Plan (Acreage Holdings, Inc. Omnibus Incentive Plan)
In connection with the RTO transaction, the Company’s Board of Directors adopted an Omnibus Incentive Plan, as amended May 7, 2019 and June 19, 2019 and September 23, 2020 (the “Plan”), which permits the issuance of stock options, stock appreciation rights, stock awards, share units, performance shares, performance units and other stock-based awards up to an amount equal to 15% of the issued and outstanding Subordinate Voting Shares of the Company.
Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, the Company retained the Plan described above, the upper limit of issuances being up to an amount equal to 15% of the issued and outstanding Fixed Shares and Floating Shares of the Company.
25

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Restricted Share Units (“RSUs”)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Fixed Shares Floating Shares
Restricted Share Units
(Fair value information expressed in whole dollars)
RSUs Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value RSUs Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested, beginning of the period (1)
5,119  $ 9.24  2,688  $ 7.83 
Granted 147  $ 5.34  182  $ 3.03 
Forfeited (211) $ 3.68  (92) $ 3.60 
Vested (706) $ 4.85  (387) $ 4.46 
Unvested, end of period 4,349  $ 10.09  2,391  $ 8.17 
Vested and unreleased 92  $ 14.22  40  $ 14.22 
Outstanding, end of period 4,441  $ 10.17  2,431  $ 8.27 
RSUs of the Company generally vest over a period of three years and RSUs granted to certain executives vest based on achievement of specific performance conditions. The fair value for RSUs are based on the Company’s share price on the date of the grant. The Company recorded $5,024 as compensation expense during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The fair value of RSUs vested during the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $5,667.
The total weighted average remaining contractual life and aggregate intrinsic value of unvested RSUs at March 31, 2021 was approximately 2 years and $29,888, respectively. Unrecognized compensation expense related to these awards at March 31, 2021 was $78,501 and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2 years.
There were 92 Fixed RSUs and 40 Floating RSUs that were pending delivery or deferred as of March 31, 2021.
(1) Equity-based compensation - Plan (Plan of Arrangement Awards)
Included within the RSUs during the three months ended March 31, 2021 are “Plan of Arrangement Awards” issued in connection with the RSUs which were granted in June and July 2019:
On June 27, 2019, pursuant to the Original Arrangement Agreement (as defined in Note 13), 4,909 RSUs were awarded in total to five executive employees under the Plan. These awards vest as follows: 25% in June 2020, 25% in June 2021 and 50% three months following the Acquisition (as defined in Note 13). The Company recorded $1,908 as compensation during the three months ended March 31, 2021 in connection with these awards. A discount for lack of marketability was applied that correlates to the period of time certain of these shares are subject to restriction.
On July 31, 2019, the Company issued 1,778 RSUs to employees with unvested RSUs and stock options ("make-whole awards") as at the date of the Option Premium payment (as defined in Note 13). The RSUs were issued to provide additional incentive for employees that were not eligible to receive the full Option Premium and were subject to the same vesting terms as the unvested options and RSUs held as of the grant date. The Company recorded $450 as compensation expense during the three months ended March 31, 2021 in connection with these awards.
26

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Stock options
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Fixed Shares Floating Shares
Stock Options
(Exercise price expressed in whole dollars)
Options Weighted Average Exercise Price Options Weighted Average Exercise Price
Options outstanding, beginning of period 1,556  $ 11.18  1,818  $ 3.12 
Granted 24  7.22  334  3.35 
Forfeited (69) 9.64  (29) 4.13 
Exercised —  —  —  — 
Options outstanding, end of period 1,511  $ 11.19  2,123  $ 3.14 
Options exercisable, end of period 881  $ 15.01  1,346  $ 3.28 
Stock options of the Company generally vest over a period of three years and options granted to certain executives vest based on achievement of specific performance conditions. Stock options of the Company have an expiration period of 5 years or 10 years from the date of grant. The weighted average contractual life remaining for options outstanding and exercisable as of March 31, 2021 was approximately 6 years. The Company recorded $1,017 as compensation expense during the three months ended March 31, 2021 in connection with these awards. As of March 31, 2021, unamortized expense related to stock options totaled $4,021 and is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 1 year. As of March 31, 2021, the aggregate intrinsic value for unvested options was $2,034.
Equity-based compensation - other
HSCP C-1 Profits Interests Units (“Profits Interests”)
These membership units qualify as profits interests for U.S. federal income tax purposes and were accounted for in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation. HSCP amortizes awards over the related service periods and until awards are fully vested.
The Company recorded $70 as compensation expense in connection with these awards during the three months ended March 31, 2020. The fair value of Profits Interests vested during the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $1,239.
As of March 31, 2020, all Profits Interests were fully vested.
Restricted Shares (“RSs”)
In connection with the Company’s acquisition of Form Factory during 2019, 1,369 restricted shares with a grant date fair value of $20.45 were issued to former employees of Form Factory subject to future service conditions, which fully vest 24 months from the acquisition date. The fair value for RSs is based on the Company’s share price on the date of the grant. The Company recorded compensation expense of $15,377 during the three months ended March 31, 2020, in connection with these awards.
As of December 31, 2020, all RSs were fully vested.
13.    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Commitments
The Company provides revolving lines of credit to several of its portfolio companies. Refer to Note 6 for further discussion.
27

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Prior Plan of Arrangement with Canopy Growth
On June 19, 2019, the shareholders of the Company and of Canopy Growth separately approved the proposed plan of arrangement (the “Prior Plan of Arrangement”) involving the two companies, and on June 21, 2019, the Supreme Court of British Columbia granted a final order approving the Prior Plan of Arrangement. Effective June 27, 2019, the articles of the Company were amended pursuant to the Prior Plan of Arrangement to provide that, upon the occurrence (or waiver by Canopy Growth) of the Triggering Event, subject to the satisfaction of the conditions set out in the arrangement agreement entered into between Acreage and Canopy Growth on April 18, 2019, as amended on May 15, 2019 (the “Original Arrangement Agreement”), Canopy Growth will acquire (the “Acquisition”) all of the issued and outstanding shares in the capital of the Company (each, an “Acreage Share”). Under the terms of the Original Arrangement Agreement, holders of Acreage Shares and certain securities convertible or exchangeable into SVS as of the close of business on June 26, 2019, received approximately $2.63, being their pro rata portion (on an as converted to SVS basis) of $300,000 (the “Option Premium”) paid by Canopy Growth.
HSCP unit holders are required to convert their units within three years following the closing of the Acquisition as will holders of non-voting shares of USCo2.
Second Amendment to the Arrangement Agreement with Canopy Growth
On June 24, 2020, Acreage and Canopy Growth entered into a proposal agreement (the “Proposal Agreement”) which set out, among other things, the terms and conditions upon which the parties were proposing to enter into an amending agreement (the “Amending Agreement”) to amend the Original Arrangement Agreement, amend and restate the Prior Plan of Arrangement (the “Amended Plan of Arrangement”) and implement the Amended Plan of Arrangement pursuant to the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia). The effectiveness of the amendment to the Original Arrangement Agreement and the implementation of the Amended Plan of Arrangement was subject to the conditions set out in the Proposal Agreement, which included, among others, approval by (i) the Supreme Court of British Columbia at a hearing upon the procedural and substantive fairness of the terms and conditions of the Amended Arrangement; and (ii) the shareholders of Acreage as required by applicable corporate and securities laws.
Following the satisfaction of various conditions set forth in the Proposal Agreement, on September 23, 2020, Acreage and Canopy Growth entered into the Amending Agreement (and together with the Original Arrangement Agreement, the “Arrangement Agreement”) and implemented the Amended Arrangement effective at 12:01 a.m. (Vancouver time) (the “Amendment Time”) on September 23, 2020 (the “Amendment Date”). Pursuant to the Amended Plan of Arrangement, Canopy Growth made a cash payment of $37,500 which was delivered to Acreage’s shareholders and certain holders of securities convertible or exchangeable into shares of Acreage. Acreage also completed a capital reorganization (the “Capital Reorganization”) effective as of the Amendment Time whereby: (i) each existing SVS was exchanged for 0.7 of a Fixed Share and 0.3 of a Floating Share; (ii) each issued and outstanding PVS was exchanged for 28 Fixed Shares and 12 Floating Shares; and (iii) each issued and outstanding MVS was exchanged for 0.7 of a Fixed Multiple Share and 0.3 of a Floating Share.
At the Amendment Time, on the terms and subject to the conditions of the Amended Plan of Arrangement, each option, restricted share unit, compensation option and warrant to acquire existing SVS that was outstanding immediately prior to the Amendment Time, was exchanged for a replacement option, restricted stock unit, compensation option or warrant, as applicable, to acquire Fixed Shares (a “Fixed Share Replacement Security”) and a replacement option, restricted stock unit, compensation option or warrant, as applicable, to acquire Floating Shares (a “Floating Share Replacement Security”) in order to account for the Capital Reorganization.
Pursuant to the Amended Plan of Arrangement, upon the occurrence or waiver (at the discretion of Canopy Growth) of the Triggering Event (the “Triggering Event Date”), Canopy Growth will, subject to the satisfaction or waiver of certain closing conditions set out in the Arrangement Agreement: (i) acquire all of the issued and outstanding Fixed Shares (following the mandatory conversion of the Fixed Multiple Shares into Fixed Shares) on the basis of 0.3048 of a common share of Canopy Growth (each whole common share, a “Canopy Growth Share”) for each Fixed Share held (the “Fixed Exchange Ratio”) at the time of the acquisition of the Fixed Shares (the “Acquisition Time”), subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms of the Amended Plan of Arrangement (the “Canopy Call Option”); and (ii) have the right (but not the obligation) (the “Floating Call Option”), exercisable for a period of 30 days following the Triggering Event Date to acquire all of the issued and outstanding Floating Shares at a price to be determined based upon the 30 day volume-weighted average trading price of the Floating Shares, subject to a minimum price of $6.41, as may be adjusted in accordance with the terms of the Amended Plan of Arrangement, to be payable, at the option of Canopy Growth, in cash, Canopy Growth Shares or a combination thereof. If any portion is paid in Canopy Growth Shares, the number of Canopy Growth Shares to be exchanged for each Floating Share shall
28

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
be determined on the basis of a 30 day volume-weighted average calculation using the Floating Shares (the “Floating Ratio”). The closing of the acquisition of the Floating Shares pursuant to the Floating Call Option, if exercised, will take place concurrently with the closing of the acquisition of the Fixed Shares pursuant to the Canopy Call Option, if exercised. The Canopy Call Option and the Floating Call Option will expire 10 years from the Amendment Time.
At the Acquisition Time, on the terms and subject to the conditions of the Amended Plan of Arrangement, each Fixed Share Replacement Security will be exchanged for a replacement option, restricted stock unit, compensation option or warrant, as applicable, to acquire from Canopy Growth such number of Canopy Growth Shares as is equal to: (i) the number of Fixed Shares that were issuable upon exercise of such Fixed Share Replacement Security immediately prior to the Acquisition Time, multiplied by (ii) the Fixed Exchange Ratio in effect immediately prior to the Acquisition Time (provided that if the foregoing would result in the issuance of a fraction of a Canopy Growth Share, then the number of Canopy Growth Shares to be issued will be rounded down to the nearest whole number).
In the event that the Floating Call Option is exercised and Canopy Growth acquires the Floating Shares at the Acquisition Time, on the terms and subject to the conditions of the Amended Plan of Arrangement, each Floating Share Replacement Security will be exchanged for a replacement option, restricted stock unit, compensation option or warrant, as applicable, to acquire from Canopy Growth such number of Canopy Growth Shares as is equal to: (i) the number of Floating Shares that were issuable upon exercise of such Floating Share Replacement Security immediately prior to the Acquisition Time, multiplied by (ii) the Floating Ratio (provided that if the foregoing would result in the issuance of a fraction of a Canopy Growth Share, then the number of Canopy Growth Shares to be issued will be rounded down to the nearest whole number).
In the event that the Floating Call Option is exercised and Canopy Growth acquires the Floating Shares at the Acquisition Time, Acreage will be a wholly-owned subsidiary of Canopy Growth.
The Amending Agreement also provides for, among other things, amendments to the definition of Purchaser Approved Share Threshold (as defined in the Arrangement Agreement) to change the number of shares of Acreage available to be issued by Acreage without an adjustment in the Fixed Exchange Ratio such that Acreage may issue a maximum of 32,700 shares (or convertible securities in proportion to the foregoing), which will include (i) 3,700 Floating Shares which are to be issued solely in connection with the exercise of stock options granted to Acreage management (the “Option Shares”); (ii) 8,700 Floating Shares other than the Option Shares; and (iii) 20,300 Fixed Shares. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Amending Agreement provides that Acreage may not issue any equity securities, without Canopy Growth’s prior consent, other than: (i) upon the exercise or conversion of convertible securities outstanding as of the Amendment Date; (ii) contractual commitments existing as of the Amendment Date; (iii) the Option Shares; (iv) the issuance of up to $3,000 worth of Fixed Shares pursuant to an at-the-market offering to be completed no more than four times during any one-year period; (v) the issuance of up to 500 Fixed Shares in connection with debt financing transactions that are otherwise in compliance with the terms of the Arrangement Agreement, as amended by the Amending Agreement; or (vi) pursuant to one private placement or public offering of securities during any one-year period for aggregate gross proceeds of up to $20,000, subject to specific limitations as set out in the Amending Agreement.
In addition, the Amending Agreement provides for, among other things: (i) various Canopy Growth rights that extend beyond the Acquisition Date and continue until Canopy Growth ceases to hold at least 35% of the issued and outstanding Acreage shares (such date being the “End Date”), including, among others, rights to nominate a majority of Acreage’s Board of Directors (the “Acreage Board”) following the Acquisition Time, restrictions on Acreage’s ability to incur certain indebtedness without Canopy Growth’s consent; (ii) restrictive covenants in respect of the business conduct in favor of Canopy Growth; (iii) termination of non-competition and exclusivity rights granted to Acreage by Canopy Growth in the Arrangement Agreement in the event that Acreage does not meet certain specified financial targets on an annual basis during the term of the Canopy Call Option as further described below; (iv) implementation of further restrictions on Acreage’s ability to operate its business, including its ability to hire certain employees or make certain payments or incur any non-trade-payable debt without Canopy Growth’s consent in the event that Acreage does not meet certain specified financial targets on a quarterly basis during the term of the Canopy Call Option as further described below; and (v) termination of the Arrangement Agreement and Canopy Growth’s obligation to complete the acquisition of the Fixed Shares pursuant to the Canopy Call Option in the event that Acreage does not meet certain specified financial targets in the trailing 12 month period as further described below. Each of the financial targets referred to above is specified in the Amending Agreement and related to the performance of Acreage relative to a business plan for Acreage for each fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 through December 31, 2029 set forth in the Proposal Agreement (the “Initial Business Plan”).
29

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
The Amending Agreement precludes Acreage from entering into any contract in respect of Company Debt (as defined in the Arrangement Agreement) if, among other restrictions: (i) such contract would be materially inconsistent with market standards for companies operating in the United States cannabis industry; (ii) such contract prohibits a prepayment of the principal amount of such Company Debt, requires a make-whole payment for the interest owing during the remainder of the term of such contract or charges a prepayment fee in an amount greater than 3.0% of the principal amount to be repaid; (iii) such contract would provide for interest payments to be paid through the issuance of securities as opposed to cash; or (iv) such contract has a principal amount of more than $10,000 or a Cost of Capital (as defined in the Amending Agreement) that is greater than 30.0% per annum; provided that, if such Company Debt is fully secured by cash in a blocked account, the Cost of Capital may not be greater than 3.0% per annum. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Canopy Growth’s consent will not be required for Acreage or any of its subsidiaries to enter into a maximum of two transactions for Company Debt that would require consent based on the foregoing during any one-year period, in accordance with the following terms: (i) the principal amount of the Company Debt per transaction may not exceed $10,000, (ii) the Company Debt is not convertible into any securities; and (iii) the contract does not provide for the issuance of more than 500 Acreage shares (or securities convertible into or exchangeable for 500 Acreage shares).
The Amending Agreement also provides for certain financial reporting obligations and that Acreage may not nominate or appoint any new director or appoint any new officer that does not meet certain specified criteria. The Amending Agreement also requires Acreage to submit a business plan to Canopy Growth on a quarterly basis that complies with certain specified criteria, including the Initial Business Plan. In the event that Acreage has not satisfied: (i) 90% of the minimum revenue and earnings targets set forth in the Initial Business Plan measured on a quarterly basis, certain additional restrictive covenants will become operative as austerity measures for Acreage’s business; (ii) 80% of the minimum revenue and earnings targets set forth in the Initial Business Plan, as determined on an annual basis, certain restrictive covenants applicable to Canopy Growth under the Arrangement Agreement will cease to apply in order to permit Canopy Growth to acquire, or conditionally acquire, a competitor of Acreage in the United States should it wish to do so; and (iii) 60% of the minimum revenue and earnings targets set forth in the Initial Business Plan for the trailing 12 month period ending on the date that is 30 days prior to the proposed Acquisition Time, a material adverse impact will be deemed to have occurred for purposes of Section 6.2(2)(h) of the Arrangement Agreement and Canopy Growth will not be required to complete the acquisition of the Fixed Shares pursuant to the Canopy Call Option.
The Amending Agreement also requires Acreage to limit its operations to the Identified States (as defined in the Amending Agreement). In connection with the execution of the Proposal Agreement, Acreage was provided with consent from Canopy Growth to divest of all assets outside of the Identified States (the “Non-Core Divestitures”).
In addition, the Amending Agreement includes certain covenants that will apply following the Acquisition Time until the earlier of the date on which the Floating Shares are acquired by Canopy Growth or the End Date. Such covenants include, among others, pre-emptive rights and top-up rights in favor of Canopy Growth, restrictions on M&A activities, approval rights for Acreage’s quarterly business plan, nomination rights for a majority of the directors on the Acreage Board and certain audit and inspection rights.
Debenture
In connection with the implementation of the Amended Arrangement, pursuant to a secured debenture dated September 23, 2020 (the “Debenture”) issued by Universal Hemp, LLC, an affiliate of Acreage that operates solely in the hemp industry in full compliance with all applicable laws (the “Borrower”), to 11065220 Canada Inc., an affiliate of Canopy Growth (the “Lender”), the Lender agreed to provide a loan of up to $100,000 (the “Loan”), $50,000 of which was advanced on the Amendment Date (the “Initial Advance”), and $50,000 of the Loan will be advanced in the event that the following conditions, among others, are satisfied: (a) the Borrower’s EBITDA (as defined in the Debenture) for any 90 day period is greater than or equal to 2.0 times the interest costs associated with the Initial Advance; and (b) the Borrower’s business plan for the 12 months following the applicable 90 day period supports an Interest Coverage Ratio (as defined in the Debenture) of at least 2.00:1.
The principal amount of the Loan will bear interest from the date of advance, compounded annually, and be payable on each anniversary of the date of the Debenture in cash in U.S. dollars at a rate of 6.1% per annum. The Loan will mature 10 years from the date of the Initial Advance.
The Loan must be used exclusively for U.S. hemp-related operations and on the express condition that such amount will not be used, directly or indirectly, in connection with or for the operation or benefit of any of the Borrower’s affiliates other than subsidiaries of the Borrower exclusively engaged in U.S. hemp-related operations and not directly or indirectly, towards the
30

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
operation or funding of any activities that are not permissible under applicable law. The Loan proceeds must be segregated in a distinct bank account and detailed records of debits to such distinct bank account will be maintained by the Borrower.
No payment due and payable to the Lender by the Borrower pursuant to the Debenture may be made using funds directly or indirectly derived from any cannabis or cannabis-related operations in the United States, unless and until the Triggering Event Date.
The Debenture includes usual and typical events of default for a financing of this nature, including, without limitation, if: (i) Acreage is in breach or default of any representation or warranty in any material respect pursuant to the Arrangement Agreement; (ii) the Non-Core Divestitures are not completed within 18 months from the Amendment Date; and (iii) Acreage fails to perform or comply with any covenant or obligation in the Arrangement Agreement which is not remedied within 30 days after written notice is given to the Borrower by the Lender. The Debenture also includes customary representations and warranties, positive covenants and negative covenants of the Borrower.
Surety bonds
The Company has indemnification obligations with respect to surety bonds primarily used as security against non-performance in the amount of $5,000 as of March 31, 2021, for which no liabilities are recorded on the Statements of Financial Position.
The Company is subject to other capital commitments and similar obligations. As of March 31, 2021 and 2020, such amounts were not material.
Contingencies
As of March 31, 2021, the Company had consulting fees payable in Fixed Shares and Floating Shares which are contingent upon successful acquisition of certain state cannabis licenses. The Company had maximum obligations of $8,750 and 238 Fixed Shares and 102 Floating Shares. No reserve for the contingencies has been recorded as of March 31, 2021.
The Company’s operations are subject to a variety of local and state regulations. Failure to comply with one or more of those regulations could result in fines, restrictions on its operations, or losses of permits that could result in the Company’s applicable subsidiaries ceasing operations. While management of the Company believes that the Company’s subsidiaries are in compliance with applicable local and state regulations as of March 31, 2021, cannabis regulations continue to evolve and are subject to differing interpretations. As a result, the Company’s subsidiaries may be subject to regulatory fines, penalties, or restrictions in the future.
The Company and its subsidiaries may be, from time to time, subject to various administrative, regulatory and other legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Contingent liabilities associated with legal proceedings are recorded when a liability is probable, and the contingent liability can be reasonably estimated.
Standby Equity Distribution Definitive Agreement
On May 29, 2020, the Company entered into an agreement with an institutional lender for $50,000 of financing commitments under a Standby Equity Distribution Agreement (“SEDA”). The investor may, at its discretion, purchase, and the Company may, at its discretion, periodically sell to the investor, up to $50,000 of subordinate voting shares of the Company at a purchase price of 95% of the market price over the course of 24 months from the effective date. Pursuant to the SEDA, investor may, at its discretion, purchase, and the Company may, at its discretion, periodically sell to the investor, up to $35,000 and $15,000 of the Company’s Fixed Shares and Floating Shares, respectively. In consideration for entering the SEDA, the Company issued the investor 200 SVS as commitment shares. Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, these SVS shares have since been exchanged for 140 Fixed Shares and 60 Floating Shares.
On each of September 28, 2020 and January 25, 2021, the Company entered into letter agreements (the “Letter Agreements”) with the institutional investor extending the termination deadline of the SEDA to the earliest of November 30, 2020 and June 30, 2021, respectively, and the date that the Company has obtained both a receipt from the Ontario Securities Commission for a short-form final base shelf prospectus and a declaration from the United States Securities and Exchange Commission that its registration statement is effective, in each case qualifying an At-The-Market equity offering program. On March 11, 2021, the SEDA termination deadline was further extended to April 15, 2022.
31

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
New York outstanding litigation
On November 2, 2018, EPMMNY LLC (“EPMMNY”) filed a complaint in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, asserting claims against 16 defendants, including NYCANNA, Impire State Holdings LLC, NY Medicinal Research & Caring, LLC (each, a wholly-owned subsidiary of High Street) and High Street. The Index Number for the action is 655480/2018. EPMMNY alleges that it was wrongfully deprived of a minority equity interest and management role in NYCANNA by its former partner, New Amsterdam Distributors, LLC, which attempted to directly or indirectly sell or transfer EPMMNY’s alleged interest in NYCANNA to other entities in 2016 and 2017, including Impire, NYMRC and High Street. EPMMNY alleges that it is entitled to the value of its alleged minority interest in NYCANNA or minority ownership in NYCANNA. EPMMNY also alleges that certain defendants misused its alleged intellectual property and/or services, improperly solicited its employees, and aided and abetted or participated in the transfer of equity and/or business opportunities from EPMMNY. High Street intends to vigorously defend this action, which the Company firmly believes is without merit. EPMMNY alleges that it was improperly deprived of its equity stake in NYCANNA before NYCANNA was acquired by High Street. High Street is also entitled to full indemnity from the claims asserted against it by EPMMNY pursuant to the purchase agreement pertaining to its acquisition of NYCANNA and personal guarantee by the largest shareholders of the seller. The defendants filed a motion to dismiss on April 1, 2019. The motion was fully briefed and submitted to the Court on July 18, 2019, and oral argument was heard on September 6, 2019. The motion remains pending before the Court. A Special Referee hearing relating to the motion to dismiss has been scheduled for September 2021. The plaintiff also filed a motion seeking a preliminary injunction of any transfer of the Company’s assets. This motion was fully briefed and the Company is awaiting the Court’s decision.
CanWell Dispute
The CanWell dispute is comprised of five separate proceedings:
i. CanWell's petition filed in Rhode Island Superior Court (C.A. KM-2019-0948) to compel arbitration of claims arising out of WPMC withdrawal as a member of the CanWell entities as well as other disputes, including issues relating to termination of the Alternative Dosage Agreement (“ADA”) (relating to the Maine dispensary).
ii. CanWell's petition filed in Rhode Island Superior Court (C.A. No. KM-2019-1047) to compel arbitration of WPMC's redemption of the CanWell entity's interest in WPMC, including issues relating to termination of the ADA.
iii. An arbitration proceeding relating to WPMC's withdrawal from the CanWell entities. A procedural meeting with the arbitrator took place on November 5, 2019.
iv. An arbitration that will soon be underway with the American Arbitration Association on the issue of whether WPMC had the right to redeem CanWell's interest in WPMC.
v. A civil action pending in Maine (Docket No. CUMSC-CV-19-0357) which was filed by Northeast Patients Group d/b/a Wellness Connection of Maine against CanWell, LLC and CanWell Processing (Maine), LLC, relating to the termination of the ADA. While no Acreage affiliate is currently a party to this action, the issue being litigated relates to the termination of the ADA, which is one of the issues that CanWell is attempting to arbitrate in Rhode Island.
vi. A declaratory judgment action pending in Delaware, High Street Capital Partners, LLC v. CanWell, LLC, CanWell Processing (Maine), LLC, and CanWell Processing (Rhode Island), LLC (Court of Chancery, No. 2019-0957-MTZ) seeking a declaratory judgment that, as a matter of law, High Street is not subject to any non-compete provision with regard to the agreements detailed above. This case remains in the preliminary stages of litigation.
The Court issued an order on January 29, 2020 that determined that the arbitrability of the ADA Disputes is to be decided by an arbitrator, not the Court.
Following the parties’ entering into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on proposed settlement terms that would settle each of the matters listed above, the parties have now reached a final confidential settlement agreement. As part of that agreement, the Company has accrued for $7,750 in Legal settlements, net on the Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2020. In connection with this settlement agreement, the Company issued a promissory note in the amount of $7,750 to CanWell, which is non-interest bearing and is payable in periodic payments through December 31, 2024, of which the first and second payments of $500 were made in November 2020 and February 2021, respectively.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Lease Dispute
On or around December 2019, it is alleged that a wholly-owned subsidiary of HSCP entered into three five-year leases to occupy approximately 70 square feet of commercial space on a cannabis cultivation campus in California. As of November 24, 2020, HSCP and its wholly-owned subsidiary entered into a confidential settlement and release agreement with the commercial landlord, pursuant to which HSCP will make six payments to the commercial landlord totaling $6,336, which the Company has accrued for in Legal settlements, net on the Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2020. The first and second payments of $1,000 were made in November 2020 and December 2020, respectively. The third payment of $1,084 was made in March 2021 and the remaining payments will become due through the year ended December 31, 2021.
Compass Neuroceuticals Litigation
In February 2021, a JAMS arbitration was initiated in Atlanta by Acreage Georgia LLC (“Acreage Georgia”) against its former consultant, Compass Neuroceuticals, Inc. (“Compass”), stemming from Compass’ breach of the consulting agreement entered into between the parties in June 2019, related to the preparation of an application for a Class 1 cultivation license in Georgia. Acreage Georgia is alleging damages, including lost profits, of approximately $9,000. Compass filed counterclaims for breach, also in the $9,000 range. A final arbitration hearing is currently scheduled for August 2021. The matter is in its early stages; therefore, it is too early to ascertain the materiality of any potential settlement or judgment, but the Company plans to defend itself vigorously in this matter.
14.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Transactions with related parties are entered into in the normal course of business and are measured at the amount established and agreed to by the parties.
Related party notes receivable
Acreage has certain outstanding notes receivable with related parties. Refer to Note 6 for further discussion.
September 2020 Transactions
As disclosed in Note 10 to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, ”September 2020 Transactions”, on September 23, 2020, pursuant to the implementation of the Amended Arrangement, a subsidiary of Canopy Growth advanced gross proceeds of $50,000 (less transaction costs of approximately $4,025) to Universal Hemp, an affiliate of the Company, pursuant to the terms of a secured debenture. In accordance with the terms of the debenture, the funds cannot be used, directly or indirectly, in connection with or for any cannabis or cannabis-related operations in the United States, unless and until such operations comply with all applicable laws of the United States. Acreage then engaged an investment advisor (the “Investment Advisor”) which, under the Investment Advisor’s sole discretion, invested on behalf of Universal Hemp, $34,019 of the proceeds on September 28, 2020.
As a result, Universal Hemp, a subsidiary of the Company, acquired 34,019 class B units, at $1 par value per unit, which represented 100% financial interest in an Investment Partnership, a Canada-based limited partnership. An affiliate of the Institutional Investor holds Class A Units of the Investment Partnership. The general partner of the Investment Partnership is also an affiliate of the Institutional Investor. The class B units are held by the Institutional Investor as agent for Universal Hemp. On September 28, 2020, the Company received gross proceeds of $33,000 (less transaction costs of approximately $959) from an affiliate of the Institutional Lender (the “Lender”) and used a portion of the proceeds of this loan to retire its short-term $11,000 convertible note and its short-term note aggregating approximately $18,000 in October 2020, with the remainder being used for working capital purposes. The Lender is controlled by the Institutional Lender. The Investment Partnership is the investor in the Lender.
Related party debt
In December 2019, Kevin Murphy, the Chairman of the board of directors, loaned $15,000 to the Company. In January 2020, he made an additional loan of $5,000 to Acreage. These amounts were subsequently repaid in March 2020.
In October 2020, Mr. Murphy made an interest bearing loan of $2,100 to the Company, bearing interest at 9.9% per annum. This amount was subsequently repaid in November 2020.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
Credit agreement collateral
On March 11, 2020, the Company closed $22,000 in borrowings pursuant to a loan transaction with the Lender. The maturity date is 366 days from the closing date of the loan transaction. The Company will pay monthly interest on the collateral in the form of 27 SVS through the maturity date. The Lender may put any unsold interest shares to the Company upon maturity at a price of $4.50 per share. Mr. Murphy loaned $21,000 of the $22,000 borrowed by the Company to the Lender. The loan is secured by the non-U.S. intellectual property assets, a cannabis state license and 12,000 SVS shares of the Company. Refer to Note 10 for further discussion.
Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, the monthly interest on the collateral payable to Mr. Murphy was modified to cash payments for the remaining duration of the term at an interest rate of 12% per annum, payable upon maturity. The remaining interest will continue to be paid monthly in the form of 2 Fixed Shares and 1 Floating Share through the maturity date.
On March 7, 2021, the Company extended the maturity date related to the $22,000 in borrowings with the Lender to March 31, 2021. On March 29, 2021, the Company further extended the maturity date of Mr. Murphy’s tranche of the loan transaction, which is $21,000 of the $22,000 aggregate amount of the loan transaction, to June 30, 2021.
Michigan consulting agreement
Pursuant to the Consulting Services Agreement by and between Kevin Michigan, LLC and High Street (the “Michigan Consulting Agreement”), High Street provides certain consulting services to Kevin Michigan, LLC, which includes, but is not limited to, services related to application support, provisioning center administration and operation, local and state regulatory filings, human resource matters, and marketing matters. The Michigan Consulting Agreement explicitly states that High Street is not able to direct or control the business of Kevin Michigan, LLC. Additionally, there are certain leases held by and between Kevin Michigan, LLC, as lessee and certain wholly owned subsidiaries of High Street, as lessors. As of March 31, 2021, Kevin Michigan, LLC is not operational, and no consulting fees or rents has been paid to High Street or its wholly owned subsidiaries. Kevin Michigan, LLC is owned and controlled by the Company’s Chairman, Kevin Murphy.
15.    REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
The Company prepares its segment reporting on the same basis that its Chief Operating Decision Maker manages the business and makes operating decisions. The Company operates under one operating segment, which is its only reportable segment: the production and sale of cannabis products. The Company’s measure of segment performance is net income, and derives its revenue primarily from the sale of cannabis products, as well as related management or consulting services. All of the Company’s operations are located in the United States.
16.    EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing net loss attributable to common shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of outstanding shares for the period. Diluted earnings per share are calculated based on the weighted number of outstanding common shares plus the dilutive effect of stock options and warrants, as if they were exercised, and restricted stock units and profits interests, as if they vested and NCI convertible units, as if they converted.
Basic and diluted loss per share is as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
2021 2020
Net loss attributable to common shareholders of the Company $ (7,809) $ (171,954)
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic 106,204  92,902 
Effect of dilutive securities —  — 
Weighted average shares - diluted 106,204  92,902 
Net loss per share attributable to common shareholders of the Company - basic $ (0.07) $ (1.85)
Net loss per share attributable to common shareholders of the Company - diluted $ (0.07) $ (1.85)
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, 7,131 Fixed warrants, 3,087 Floating warrants, 4,441 Fixed Share RSUs, 2,431 Floating Share RSUs, 1,511 Fixed Share stock options, 2,123 Floating Share stock options and 23,742 NCI convertible units were excluded from the calculation of net loss per share attributable to common shareholders of the Company - diluted, as they
34

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
were anti-dilutive. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, 8,125 SVS warrants, 9,158 SVS restricted share units, 5,067 SVS stock options, 24,612 NCI convertible units were excluded from the calculation of net loss per share attributable to common share attributable to common shareholders of the Company - diluted as they were anti-dilutive.
17.    SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Sale of Acreage Florida
In February 2021, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell its ownership interests in Acreage Florida, Inc. (“Acreage Florida”) for an aggregate purchase price of $60,000, which included an upfront cash payment of $5,000. Acreage Florida is licensed to operate medical marijuana dispensaries, a processing facility and a cultivation facility in the state of Florida. On April 27, 2021, the definitive agreement was amended resulting in an aggregate remaining purchase price of approximately $16,500 in cash, $7,000 of the buyer’s common stock, and the issuance of secured promissory notes totaling $31,500 and the sale transaction was consummated.
35



Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to assist in the understanding and assessing the trends and significant changes in the Company’s results of operations and financial condition. Historical results may not be indicative of future performance. This discussion includes forward-looking statements that reflect the Company’s plans, estimates and beliefs. Such statements involve risks and uncertainties. The Company’s actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth in “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Form 10-K”), and “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” set forth below.
This MD&A should be read in conjunction with the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three month period ended March 31, 2021 and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report” or “Form 10-Q”) and the 2020 Form 10-K. Financial information presented in this MD&A is presented in thousands of U.S. dollars, unless otherwise indicated.
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward Looking-Statements
This Quarterly Report of the Company contains statements that include forward-looking information and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of applicable Canadian and United States securities legislation (“forward-looking statements”), including the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, that involve risks and uncertainties. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included herein are forward-looking statements, including, for greater certainty, the on-going implications of the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) and statements regarding the proposed transaction with Canopy Growth Corporation (“Canopy Growth”), including the anticipated benefits and likelihood of completion thereof.
Generally, forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “plans”, “expects” or “does not expect”, “proposed”, “is expected”, “budgets”, “scheduled”, “estimates”, “forecasts”, “intends”, “anticipates” or “does not anticipate”, or “believes”, or variations of such words and phrases, or by the use of words or phrases which state that certain actions, events or results may, could, would, or might occur or be achieved. There can be no assurance that such forward-looking statements will prove to be accurate, and actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements reflect Acreage’s current beliefs and are based on information currently available to Acreage and on assumptions Acreage believes are reasonable. Forward-looking statements is subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements of Acreage to be materially different from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such risks and other factors may include, but are not limited to:
the future implications to the business, financial results and performance of the Company arising, directly or indirectly, from COVID-19;
the anticipated benefits of the Amended Arrangement;
the occurrence or waiver of the Triggering Event (as described in Note 13 of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements);
the ability of Acreage to satisfy the conditions to closing of the Acquisition;
the ability of Acreage to meets its performance targets and financial thresholds agreed upon with Canopy Growth as part of the Amended Arrangement, including those that are conditions to closing the Acquisition;
the likelihood of the Triggering Event being satisfied or waived by the outside date;
the likelihood of Canopy Growth completing the acquisition of the Fixed Shares and/or Floating Shares;
risks related to the ability to financing Acreage’s business and fund its obligations;
other expectations and assumptions concerning the transactions contemplated between Canopy Growth and Acreage;
the available funds of Acreage and the anticipated use of such funds;
the availability of financing opportunities for Acreage and the risks associated with the completion thereof;
regulatory and licensing risks;
changes in general economic, business and political conditions, including changes in the financial and stock markets;
36



risks related to infectious diseases, including the impacts of the novel coronavirus;
legal and regulatory risks inherent in the cannabis industry;
risks associated with economic conditions, dependence on management and currency risk;
risks relating to U.S. regulatory landscape and enforcement related to cannabis, including political risks;
risks relating to anti-money laundering laws and regulation;
other governmental and environmental regulation;
public opinion and perception of the cannabis industry;
risks related to contracts with third-party service providers;
risks related to the enforceability of contracts and lack of access to U.S. bankruptcy protections;
reliance on the expertise and judgment of senior management of Acreage;
risks related to proprietary intellectual property and potential infringement by third parties;
the concentrated voting control of Acreage’s founder and the unpredictability caused by Acreage’s capital structure;
risks relating to the management of growth;
increasing competition in the industry;
risks inherent in an agricultural business;
risks relating to energy costs;
risks associated to cannabis products manufactured for human consumption including potential product recalls;
reliance on key inputs, suppliers and skilled labor;
cybersecurity risks;
ability and constraints on marketing products;
fraudulent activity by employees, contractors and consultants;
tax and insurance related risks;
risks related to the economy generally;
risk of litigation;
conflicts of interest;
risks relating to certain remedies being limited and the difficulty of enforcement judgments and effecting service outside of Canada;
risks related to future acquisitions or dispositions;
sales by existing shareholders; and
limited research and data relating to cannabis.
A description of additional assumptions used to develop such forward-looking statements and a description of additional risk factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements can be found in Part I, Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, under the heading “Risk Factors”, dated March 25, 2021, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Although Acreage has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking statements, there may be other factors that cause results not to be as anticipated, estimated or intended. Readers are cautioned that the foregoing list of factors is not exhaustive. Readers are further cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements as there can be no assurance that the plans, intentions or
37



expectations upon which they are placed will occur. Forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q are expressly qualified by this cautionary statement. The forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q represent the expectations of Acreage as of the date of this Form 10-Q and, accordingly, are subject to change after such date. However, Acreage expressly disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as expressly required by applicable securities law.
Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is intended to help provide an understanding of the Company’s financial condition, changes in financial condition and results of operations. This discussion is organized as follows:
Overview—This section provides a general description of the Company’s businesses, as well as developments that occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 that the Company believes are important in understanding its results of operations and financial condition or to disclose known trends.
Results of Operations—This section provides an analysis of the Company’s results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. This analysis is presented on a consolidated basis. In addition, a brief description is provided of significant transactions and events that impact the comparability of the results being analyzed.
Liquidity and Capital Resources—This section provides an analysis of the Company’s cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, as well as a discussion on the Company’s outstanding debt and commitments that existed as of March 31, 2021. Included in the discussion of outstanding debt is a discussion of the amount of financial capacity available to fund the Company’s future commitments and obligations, as well as a discussion of other financing arrangements.
Overview
Acreage, a vertically integrated, multi-state operator of cannabis licenses and assets in the U.S, was continued into the Province of British Columbia under the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia). Acreage Fixed Shares and Floating Shares (as such terms are defined at Note 13 of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements) are each listed on the Canadian Securities Exchange under the symbols “ACRG.A.U” and “ACRG.B.U”, respectively, and are quoted on the OTCQX® Best Market by OTC Markets Group under the symbols “ACRHF” and “ACRDF”, respectively and on the Open Market of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange under the symbols “0VZ1” and “0VZ2”, respectively. Acreage operates through its consolidated subsidiary High Street Capital Partners, LLC (“HSCP”), a Delaware limited liability company. HSCP, which does business as “Acreage Holdings”, was formed on April 29, 2014. The Company became an indirect parent of HSCP on November 14, 2018 in connection with a reverse takeover (“RTO”) transaction. The Company’s operations include (i) cultivating cannabis plants, (ii) manufacturing branded consumer products, (iii) distributing cannabis flower and manufactured products, and (iv) retailing high-quality, effective and dosable cannabis products to consumers. The Company appeals to medical and adult-use customers through brand strategies intended to build trust and loyalty.
Highlights from the three months ended March 31, 2021
The Company achieved total consolidated revenue growth of 58% as compared with the three months ended March 31, 2020.
The Company opened a third The Botanist dispensary in Williamstown, New Jersey.
The Company entered into an agreement to sell its operations in Florida, which is consistent with its overall strategy to focus on its core states.
The Company extended the maturity date related to $21,000 of the $22,000 3.55% Credit facility collateral loan.
Operational and Regulation Overview
The Company believes its operations are in material compliance with all applicable state and local laws, regulations and licensing requirements in the states in which it operates. However, cannabis is illegal under U.S. federal law. Substantially all of the Company’s revenue is derived from U.S. cannabis operations. For information about risks related to U.S. cannabis operations, please refer to Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
38



Results of Operations
The following table presents selected financial data derived from the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. The selected financial information set out below may not be indicative of the Company’s future performance.
Summary Results of Operations Better/(Worse)
in thousands, except per share amounts Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 vs. 2020
2021 2020 $ %
Revenues, net $ 38,393  $ 24,225  $ 14,168  58  %
Operating income (loss) 1,806  (251,282) 253,088  n/m
Net loss attributable to Acreage (7,809) (171,954) 164,145  95  %
Basic and diluted loss per share attributable to Acreage $ (0.07) $ (1.85) $ 1.78  96  %
Revenues, net, cost of goods sold and gross margin

The Company derives its revenues from sales of cannabis and cannabis-infused products through retail dispensary, wholesale and manufacturing and cultivation businesses, as well as from management or consulting fees from entities for whom the Company provides management or consulting services. As of March 31, 2021, Acreage owned and operated five dispensaries in Oregon (three in Portland, one in Eugene and one in Springfield), four in New York (Buffalo, Farmingdale, Middletown, and Queens), three in New Jersey (Atlantic City, Egg Harbor and Williamstown), three in Connecticut (Bethel, South Windsor and Uncasville), two in Massachusetts (Worcester and Shrewsbury), two in Illinois (Chicago and Rolling Meadows), one in Maine (South Portland) and one in Florida (Spring Hill). As of March 31, 2021, Acreage had cultivation facilities in Sinking Spring, Pennsylvania, Sterling, Massachusetts, Syracuse, New York, Freeport, Illinois, Sanderson, Florida and Egg Harbor, New Jersey. Acreage also collected management services revenues, substantially all in Maine and New Hampshire.
Gross profit is revenue less cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold includes costs directly attributable to inventory sold such as direct material, labor, and overhead, including depreciation. Such costs are further affected by various state regulations that limit the sourcing and procurement of cannabis and cannabis-related products, which may create fluctuations in gross profit over comparative periods as the regulatory environment changes.
Gross profit Better/(Worse)
in thousands Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 vs. 2020
2021 2020 $ %
Retail revenue, net $ 25,847  $ 17,573  $ 8,274  47  %
Wholesale revenue, net 10,016  6,548  3,468  53  %
Other revenue, net 2,530  104  2,426  n/m
Total revenues, net $