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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
___________________________________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended: October 31, 2020
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number: 1-5111
 ___________________________________________________
The J. M. Smucker Company
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________________________ 
Ohio 34-0538550
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
One Strawberry Lane
Orrville, Ohio 44667-0280
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
                                                                           Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
(330) 682-3000
N/A
           (Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
       Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
                             Title of each class
Trading symbol Name of each exchange on which registered
Common shares, no par value SJM New York Stock Exchange
 ___________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  ý    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  ý    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer   ý Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company  
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ☐    No  ý
The Company had 114,092,704 common shares outstanding on November 17, 2020.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
    Page No.
Item 1.
2
2
3
4
5
6
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.

1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
THE J. M. SMUCKER COMPANY
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED INCOME
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
Dollars in millions, except per share data 2020 2019 2020 2019
Net sales $ 2,034.0  $ 1,957.8  $ 4,005.8  $ 3,736.7 
Cost of products sold 1,215.8  1,203.8  2,412.2  2,283.1 
Gross Profit 818.2  754.0  1,593.6  1,453.6 
Selling, distribution, and administrative expenses 382.8  361.5  740.3  742.0 
Amortization 59.5  58.8  119.1  117.6 
Other special project costs (A)
—  3.3  —  6.6 
Other operating expense (income) – net (4.9) 0.6  (7.7) — 
Operating Income 380.8  329.8  741.9  587.4 
Interest expense – net (45.1) (49.1) (91.2) (98.5)
Other income (expense) – net (32.2) (1.6) (33.6) (3.1)
Income Before Income Taxes 303.5  279.1  617.1  485.8 
Income tax expense 72.7  67.9  149.3  120.0 
Net Income $ 230.8  $ 211.2  $ 467.8  $ 365.8 
Earnings per common share:
Net Income $ 2.02  $ 1.85  $ 4.10  $ 3.21 
Net Income – Assuming Dilution $ 2.02  $ 1.85  $ 4.10  $ 3.21 
(A) Other special project costs includes integration and restructuring costs. For more information, see Note 3: Integration and Restructuring Costs.
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


THE J. M. SMUCKER COMPANY
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
Dollars in millions 2020 2019 2020 2019
Net income $ 230.8  $ 211.2  $ 467.8  $ 365.8 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments 2.3  0.6  15.2  5.1 
Cash flow hedging derivative activity, net of tax 2.7  (33.8) 5.3  (74.6)
Pension and other postretirement benefit plans activity, net of tax 28.7  1.4  30.4  2.5 
Available-for-sale securities activity, net of tax (0.3) 0.1  0.6  0.4 
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) 33.4  (31.7) 51.5  (66.6)
Comprehensive Income $ 264.2  $ 179.5  $ 519.3  $ 299.2 
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
2


THE J. M. SMUCKER COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
Dollars in millions October 31, 2020 April 30, 2020
ASSETS
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 405.6  $ 391.1 
Trade receivables – net 577.0  551.4 
Inventories:
Finished products 639.7  563.5 
Raw materials 354.1  331.8 
Total Inventory 993.8  895.3 
Other current assets 90.7  134.9 
Total Current Assets 2,067.1  1,972.7 
Property, Plant, and Equipment
Land and land improvements 131.7  129.5 
Buildings and fixtures 992.6  977.9 
Machinery and equipment 2,492.1  2,398.3 
Construction in progress 205.7  232.6 
Gross Property, Plant, and Equipment 3,822.1  3,738.3 
Accumulated depreciation (1,865.8) (1,768.9)
Total Property, Plant, and Equipment 1,956.3  1,969.4 
Other Noncurrent Assets
Operating lease right-of-use assets 129.8  148.4 
Goodwill 6,311.8  6,304.5 
Other intangible assets – net 6,312.8  6,429.0 
Other noncurrent assets 151.9  146.4 
Total Other Noncurrent Assets 12,906.3  13,028.3 
Total Assets $ 16,929.7  $ 16,970.4 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable $ 857.2  $ 782.0 
Accrued trade marketing and merchandising 258.6  167.5 
Current portion of long-term debt 957.3  — 
Short-term borrowings 280.0  248.0 
Current operating lease liabilities 35.5  36.5 
Other current liabilities 304.2  353.1 
Total Current Liabilities 2,692.8  1,587.1 
Noncurrent Liabilities
Long-term debt, less current portion 3,914.5  5,373.3 
Deferred income taxes 1,357.1  1,351.6 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities 105.7  120.0 
Other noncurrent liabilities 344.6  347.5 
Total Noncurrent Liabilities 5,721.9  7,192.4 
Total Liabilities 8,414.7  8,779.5 
Shareholders’ Equity
Common shares 28.5  29.0 
Additional capital 5,803.1  5,794.1 
Retained income 3,010.9  2,746.8 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (327.5) (379.0)
Total Shareholders’ Equity 8,515.0  8,190.9 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity $ 16,929.7  $ 16,970.4 
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


THE J. M. SMUCKER COMPANY
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
  Six Months Ended October 31,
Dollars in millions 2020 2019
Operating Activities
Net income $ 467.8  $ 365.8 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used for) operations:
Depreciation 108.2  103.4 
Amortization 119.1  117.6 
Pension settlement loss (gain) 30.6  — 
Share-based compensation expense 13.4  13.7 
Other noncash adjustments – net 7.3  6.6 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Trade receivables (24.2) (18.2)
Inventories (97.5) (102.0)
Other current assets 8.5  13.3 
Accounts payable 107.5  (41.3)
Accrued liabilities 65.8  25.7 
Income and other taxes (24.1) (32.6)
Other – net 5.3  (6.5)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Operating Activities 787.7  445.5 
Investing Activities
Additions to property, plant, and equipment (129.0) (136.4)
Other – net 28.1  32.2 
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Investing Activities (100.9) (104.2)
Financing Activities
Short-term borrowings (repayments) – net 31.7  (102.9)
Repayments of long-term debt (500.0) (100.0)
Quarterly dividends paid (202.4) (196.6)
Purchase of treasury shares (6.2) (3.5)
Proceeds from stock option exercises 0.7  7.0 
Other – net 0.4  0.8 
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities (675.8) (395.2)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash 3.5  1.4 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 14.5  (52.5)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 391.1  101.3 
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period $ 405.6  $ 48.8 
( ) Denotes use of cash
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


THE J. M. SMUCKER COMPANY
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited)
Six Months Ended October 31, 2020
Dollars in millions Common
Shares
Outstanding
Common Shares Additional Capital Retained Income Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Total Shareholders’ Equity
Balance at May 1, 2020 114,072,726  $ 29.0  $ 5,794.1  $ 2,746.8  $ (379.0) $ 8,190.9 
Net income 237.0  237.0 
Other comprehensive income (loss) 18.1  18.1 
Comprehensive income 255.1 
Purchase of treasury shares (42,194) —  (5.5) 0.9  (4.6)
Stock plans 56,910  —  6.2  6.2 
Cash dividends declared, $0.90 per common share
(102.4) (102.4)
Other (0.5) 0.5  —  — 
Balance at July 31, 2020 114,087,442  $ 28.5  $ 5,795.3  $ 2,882.3  $ (360.9) $ 8,345.2 
Net income 230.8  230.8 
Other comprehensive income (loss) 33.4  33.4 
Comprehensive income 264.2 
Purchase of treasury shares (14,769) —  (1.7) 0.1  (1.6)
Stock plans 24,588  —  9.5  9.5 
Cash dividends declared, $0.90 per common share
(102.3) (102.3)
Other —  — 
Balance at October 31, 2020 114,097,261  $ 28.5  $ 5,803.1  $ 3,010.9  $ (327.5) $ 8,515.0 

Six Months Ended October 31, 2019
Dollars in millions Common
Shares
Outstanding
Common Shares Additional Capital Retained Income Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Total Shareholders’ Equity
Balance at May 1, 2019 113,742,296  $ 28.9  $ 5,755.8  $ 2,367.6  $ (181.8) $ 7,970.5 
Net income 154.6  154.6 
Other comprehensive income (loss) (34.9) (34.9)
Comprehensive income 119.7 
Purchase of treasury shares (22,793) —  (2.7) (0.2) (2.9)
Stock plans 330,289  0.1  20.4  20.5 
Cash dividends declared, $0.88 per common share
(100.1) (100.1)
Other —  — 
Balance at July 31, 2019 114,049,792  $ 29.0  $ 5,773.5  $ 2,421.9  $ (216.7) $ 8,007.7 
Net income 211.2  211.2 
Other comprehensive income (loss) (31.7) (31.7)
Comprehensive income 179.5 
Purchase of treasury shares (4,930) —  (0.6) —  (0.6)
Stock plans 14,882  —  8.8  8.8 
Cash dividends declared, $0.88 per common share
(100.1) (100.1)
Other —  — 
Balance at October 31, 2019 114,059,744  $ 29.0  $ 5,781.7  $ 2,533.0  $ (248.4) $ 8,095.3 
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


THE J. M. SMUCKER COMPANY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars and shares in millions, unless otherwise noted, except per share data)
Note 1: Basis of Presentation
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements of The J. M. Smucker Company (“Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments of a normal recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.
Operating results for the six months ended October 31, 2020, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending April 30, 2021. For further information, reference is made to the consolidated financial statements and notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2020.
Note 2: Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In August 2020, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) adopted the final rule under SEC Release No. 33-10825, Modernization of Regulation S-K Items 101, 103, and 105, to modernize certain disclosure requirements for the description of business, legal proceedings, and risk factors. These updates are part of the SEC’s broader disclosure effectiveness initiative, and reflect a principles-based, registrant-specific approach to disclosure, intended to improve the content and simplify compliance for registrants. The amendments were effective on November 9, 2020. While there was no impact to our interim disclosures, our annual disclosures will be updated accordingly to comply with these amendments.
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740) Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which removes certain exceptions for investments, intraperiod allocations, and interim calculations, and adds guidance to reduce complexity in accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 will be effective for us on May 1, 2021, with the option to early adopt at any time prior to the effective date. Accounting for franchise taxes will require adoption on a retrospective or modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. All other applicable provisions will require adoption on a retrospective, modified retrospective, or prospective basis, as required by ASU 2019-12. We do not anticipate that the adoption of this ASU will have a material impact on our financial statements and disclosures.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-14, Compensation – Retirement Benefits – Defined Benefit Plans – General (Subtopic 715-20) Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans, which modifies the disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension or other postretirement benefit plans. The guidance removes disclosures that are no longer considered cost beneficial and adds new, as well as clarifies certain other, disclosure requirements. ASU 2018-14 was effective for us on May 1, 2020. It did not impact our interim disclosures, and we do not anticipate a material impact on our annual disclosures.
Note 3: Integration and Restructuring Costs
Integration and restructuring costs primarily consist of employee-related costs and other transition and termination costs related to certain acquisition or restructuring activities. Employee-related costs include severance, retention bonuses, and relocation costs. Severance costs and retention bonuses are recognized over the estimated future service period of the affected employees, and relocation costs are expensed as incurred. Other transition and termination costs include fixed asset-related charges, contract and lease termination costs, professional fees, and other miscellaneous expenditures associated with the integration or restructuring activities, which are expensed as incurred. These integration and restructuring costs are not allocated to segment profit and are reported in other special project costs in the Condensed Statement of Consolidated Income. The obligation related to employee separation costs is included in other current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Integration Costs: As of April 30, 2020, the integration of the Ainsworth Pet Nutrition, LLC (“Ainsworth”) acquisition was considered complete. We incurred total integration costs of $48.6 related to the acquisition, of which $4.7 were noncash charges, primarily consisting of accelerated depreciation. While we did not incur any costs during 2021, we incurred integration costs of $3.3 and $6.6 during the three and six months ended October 31, 2019, respectively, primarily consisting of other
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transition and termination costs. The obligation related to severance costs and retention bonuses was fully satisfied as of October 31, 2020, and was $0.5 at April 30, 2020.
Note 4: Divestiture

On October 26, 2020, we announced a definitive agreement to sell our Crisco® oils and shortening business to B&G Foods, Inc. (“B&G Foods”). We expect the transaction to close during the third quarter of 2021, subject to customary closing conditions. The transaction includes oils and shortening products sold under the Crisco brand, certain trademarks and licensing agreements, dedicated manufacturing and warehouse facilities located in Cincinnati, Ohio, and approximately 160 employees who support the Crisco business. The business generated net sales of approximately $270.0 in 2020. The transaction also includes our oils and shortening business outside the U.S., which is primarily in Canada.

We expect to receive approximately $550.0 in proceeds from the divestiture, which is subject to a final working capital adjustment, and anticipate recognizing a gain upon completion of the transaction. The pre-tax gain is estimated to be approximately $115.0 based on the expected proceeds, including the assumed working capital and the carrying value of the net assets, less estimated costs to sell, at the closing date.

The operating results for this business were primarily included in the U.S. Retail Consumer Foods segment for the six months ended October 31, 2020. Additionally, the disposal group met the criteria to be classified as held for sale as of October 31, 2020, and was measured at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.

The assets and liabilities held for sale at October 31, 2020, are as follows:
October 31, 2020
Assets held for sale:
Inventories $ 37.9 
Property, plant, and equipment 36.9 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 1.6 
Goodwill 227.6 
Other intangible assets – net 117.5 
Other noncurrent assets 0.1 
Total assets held for sale $ 421.6 
Liabilities held for sale:
Current operating lease liabilities $ 0.6 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities 1.0 
Total liabilities held for sale 1.6 
Net assets held for sale $ 420.0 

Note 5: Reportable Segments
We operate in one industry: the manufacturing and marketing of food and beverage products. We have three reportable segments: U.S. Retail Pet Foods, U.S. Retail Coffee, and U.S. Retail Consumer Foods. Effective during the first quarter of 2021, the presentation of International and Away From Home represents a combination of all other operating segments that are not individually reportable. As a result of leadership changes, these operating segments are being managed and reported separately and no longer represent a reportable segment for segment reporting purposes. Prior year segment results have not been modified, as the combination of these operating segments represents the previously reported International and Away From Home reportable segment.
The U.S. Retail Pet Foods segment primarily includes the domestic sales of Rachael Ray® Nutrish®, Meow Mix®, Milk-Bone®, 9Lives®, Kibbles ’n Bits®, Natural Balance®, Pup-Peroni®, and Nature’s Recipe® branded products; the U.S. Retail Coffee segment primarily includes the domestic sales of Folgers®, Dunkin’TM, and Café Bustelo® branded coffee; and the U.S. Retail Consumer Foods segment primarily includes the domestic sales of Smucker’s®, Jif®, and Crisco branded products. International and Away From Home includes the sale of products distributed domestically and in foreign countries through retail channels
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and foodservice distributors and operators (e.g., health care operators, restaurants, lodging, hospitality, offices, K-12, colleges and universities, and convenience stores).
Segment profit represents net sales, less direct and allocable operating expenses, and is consistent with the way in which we manage our segments. However, we do not represent that the segments, if operated independently, would report operating profit equal to the segment profit set forth below, as segment profit excludes certain expenses such as corporate administrative expenses, gains and losses related to the sale of a business, unallocated gains and losses on commodity and foreign currency exchange derivative activities, as well as amortization expense and impairment charges related to intangible assets.
Commodity and foreign currency exchange derivative gains and losses are reported in unallocated derivative gains and losses outside of segment operating results until the related inventory is sold. At that time, we reclassify the hedge gains and losses from unallocated derivative gains and losses to segment profit, allowing our segments to realize the economic effect of the hedge without experiencing any mark-to-market volatility. We would expect that any gain or loss in the estimated fair value of the derivatives would generally be offset by a change in the estimated fair value of the underlying exposures.
  Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Net sales:
U.S. Retail Pet Foods $ 708.7  $ 709.9  $ 1,401.3  $ 1,379.8 
U.S. Retail Coffee 594.7  543.4  1,165.6  1,009.1 
U.S. Retail Consumer Foods 479.1  426.1  968.3  828.3 
International and Away From Home 251.5  278.4  470.6  519.5 
Total net sales $ 2,034.0  $ 1,957.8  $ 4,005.8  $ 3,736.7 
Segment profit:
U.S. Retail Pet Foods $ 124.9  $ 137.0  $ 250.2  $ 257.1 
U.S. Retail Coffee 202.1  182.5  384.7  311.4 
U.S. Retail Consumer Foods 135.3  91.4  266.8  172.4 
International and Away From Home 39.5  50.4  70.4  82.7 
Total segment profit $ 501.8  $ 461.3  $ 972.1  $ 823.6 
Amortization (59.5) (58.8) (119.1) (117.6)
Interest expense – net (45.1) (49.1) (91.2) (98.5)
Unallocated derivative gains (losses) 31.5  0.9  47.7  29.9 
Other special project costs (A)
—  (3.3) —  (6.6)
Corporate administrative expenses (93.0) (70.3) (158.8) (141.9)
Other income (expense) – net (32.2) (1.6) (33.6) (3.1)
Income before income taxes $ 303.5  $ 279.1  $ 617.1  $ 485.8 
(A)Other special project costs includes integration and restructuring costs. For more information, see Note 3: Integration and Restructuring Costs.
The following table presents certain geographical information.
Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
2020 2019 2020 2019
Net sales:
United States $ 1,882.2  $ 1,815.9  $ 3,711.9  $ 3,473.5 
International:
Canada $ 123.2  $ 113.4  $ 231.4  $ 210.2 
All other international 28.6  28.5  62.5  53.0 
Total international $ 151.8  $ 141.9  $ 293.9  $ 263.2 
Total net sales $ 2,034.0  $ 1,957.8  $ 4,005.8  $ 3,736.7 

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The following table presents product category information.
Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
2020 2019 2020 2019
Primary Reportable Segment (A)
Coffee $ 659.6  $ 627.1  $ 1,295.3  $ 1,173.8  U.S. Retail Coffee
Dog food 277.8  302.6  555.5  598.2  U.S. Retail Pet Foods
Cat food 231.9  213.8  451.9  409.7  U.S. Retail Pet Foods
Pet snacks 216.7  210.0  429.5  403.2  U.S. Retail Pet Foods
Peanut butter 192.8  175.4  392.7  353.3  U.S. Retail Consumer Foods
Frozen handheld 106.3  93.4  201.8  164.9  U.S. Retail Consumer Foods
Fruit spreads 89.2  86.5  193.5  175.7  U.S. Retail Consumer Foods
Shortening and oils 82.7  71.8  160.0  123.3  U.S. Retail Consumer Foods
Juices and beverages 36.7  32.4  70.3  63.6  U.S. Retail Consumer Foods
Portion control 31.1  42.5  55.1  81.9 
Other (B)
Baking mixes and ingredients 30.0  26.0  53.2  39.7 
Other (B)
Other 79.2  76.3  147.0  149.4 
Other (B)
Total net sales $ 2,034.0  $ 1,957.8  $ 4,005.8  $ 3,736.7 
(A)The identified primary reportable segment generally represents at least 75 percent of total net sales for each respective product category.
(B)Represents the combined International and Away From Home operating segments.
Note 6: Earnings per Share
The following table sets forth the computation of net income per common share and net income per common share – assuming dilution under the two-class method.
  Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Net income $ 230.8  $ 211.2  $ 467.8  $ 365.8 
Less: Net income allocated to participating securities 0.9  1.3  2.0  2.1 
Net income allocated to common stockholders $ 229.9  $ 209.9  $ 465.8  $ 363.7 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding 113.7  113.4  113.6  113.3 
Add: Dilutive effect of stock options —  —  —  — 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding – assuming dilution 113.7  113.4  113.6  113.3 
Net income per common share $ 2.02  $ 1.85  $ 4.10  $ 3.21 
Net income per common share – assuming dilution $ 2.02  $ 1.85  $ 4.10  $ 3.21 



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Note 7: Debt and Financing Arrangements
The following table summarizes the components of our long-term debt.
  October 31, 2020 April 30, 2020
  Principal
Outstanding
Carrying
Amount (A)
Principal
Outstanding
Carrying
Amount (A)
3.50% Senior Notes due October 15, 2021
$ 750.0  $ 757.4  $ 750.0  $ 761.1 
3.00% Senior Notes due March 15, 2022
400.0  399.1  400.0  398.7 
3.50% Senior Notes due March 15, 2025
1,000.0  996.4  1,000.0  996.0 
3.38% Senior Notes due December 15, 2027
500.0  496.9  500.0  496.7 
2.38% Senior Notes due March 15, 2030
500.0  495.5  500.0  495.2 
4.25% Senior Notes due March 15, 2035
650.0  644.1  650.0  643.9 
4.38% Senior Notes due March 15, 2045
600.0  586.8  600.0  586.5 
3.55% Senior Notes due March 15, 2050
300.0  295.7  300.0  295.7 
Term Loan Credit Agreement due May 14, 2021 200.0  199.9  700.0  699.5 
Total long-term debt $ 4,900.0  $ 4,871.8  $ 5,400.0  $ 5,373.3 
Current portion of long-term debt 950.0  957.3  —  — 
Total long-term debt, less current portion $ 3,950.0  $ 3,914.5  $ 5,400.0  $ 5,373.3 
(A) Represents the carrying amount included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, which includes the impact of capitalized debt issuance costs, offering discounts, and terminated interest rate contracts.
In April 2018, we entered into a senior unsecured delayed-draw Term Loan Credit Agreement (“Term Loan”) with a syndicate of banks and an available commitment amount of $1.5 billion. The full amount of the Term Loan was drawn on May 14, 2018, to partially finance the Ainsworth acquisition. Borrowings under the Term Loan bear interest on the prevailing U.S. Prime Rate or London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), based on our election, and are payable either on a quarterly basis or at the end of the borrowing term. The Term Loan does not require scheduled amortization payments. Voluntary prepayments are permitted without premium or penalty. As of October 31, 2020, we have prepaid $1.3 billion on the Term Loan to date, including $500.0 during the first half of 2021, of which $200.0 was paid during the second quarter. The interest rate on the Term Loan at October 31, 2020, was 0.95 percent.
We have available a $1.8 billion unsecured revolving credit facility with a group of 11 banks that matures in September 2022. Borrowings under the revolving credit facility bear interest on the prevailing U.S. Prime Rate, LIBOR, or Canadian Dealer Offered Rate, based on our election. Interest is payable either on a quarterly basis or at the end of the borrowing term. We did not have a balance outstanding under the revolving credit facility at October 31, 2020, or April 30, 2020.
We participate in a commercial paper program under which we can issue short-term, unsecured commercial paper not to exceed $1.8 billion at any time. The commercial paper program is backed by our revolving credit facility and reduces what we can borrow under the revolving credit facility by the amount of commercial paper outstanding. Commercial paper will be used as a continuing source of short-term financing for general corporate purposes. As of October 31, 2020, and April 30, 2020, we had $280.0 and $248.0 of short-term borrowings outstanding, respectively, which were issued under our commercial paper program at weighted-average interest rates of 0.17 percent and 0.40 percent, respectively.
Interest paid totaled $76.2 and $78.4 for the three months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $86.4 and $100.0, for the six months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. This differs from interest expense due to the amortization of debt issuance costs and discounts, effect of interest rate contracts, capitalized interest, payment of other debt fees, and the timing of interest payments.
Our debt instruments contain certain financial covenant restrictions, including a leverage ratio and an interest coverage ratio. We are in compliance with all covenants.
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Note 8: Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits
The components of our net periodic benefit cost for defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans are shown below.
  Three Months Ended October 31,
  Defined Benefit Pension Plans Other Postretirement Benefits
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Service cost $ 0.4  $ 0.4  $ 0.4  $ 0.4 
Interest cost 3.2  5.3  0.5  0.6 
Expected return on plan assets (4.0) (6.1) —  — 
Amortization of net actuarial loss (gain) 2.5  2.0  —  — 
Amortization of prior service cost (credit) 0.2  0.2  (0.2) (0.3)
Settlement loss (gain) 30.6  —  —  — 
Net periodic benefit cost $ 32.9  $ 1.8  $ 0.7  $ 0.7 

  Six Months Ended October 31,
  Defined Benefit Pension Plans Other Postretirement Benefits
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Service cost $ 0.9  $ 0.8  $ 0.9  $ 0.9 
Interest cost 7.8  10.5  0.9  1.2 
Expected return on plan assets (10.1) (12.1) —  — 
Amortization of net actuarial loss (gain) 5.8  4.0  —  (0.1)
Amortization of prior service cost (credit) 0.4  0.4  (0.5) (0.6)
Settlement loss (gain) 30.6  —  —  — 
Net periodic benefit cost $ 35.4  $ 3.6  $ 1.3  $ 1.4 
During the second quarter of 2021, we transferred $82.6 in obligations of our Canadian defined benefit pension plan to an insurance company through the purchase of an irrevocable group annuity contract (referred to as a buy-out contract). The group annuity contract was purchased using assets from the pension trust. As a result of this transaction, during the second quarter of 2021, we recognized a noncash pre-tax settlement charge of $27.9 to accelerate the unrecognized losses within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) that would have otherwise been recognized in subsequent periods. This settlement charge was included within other income (expense) – net in the Condensed Statement of Consolidated Income.
Note 9: Derivative Financial Instruments
We are exposed to market risks, such as changes in commodity prices, foreign currency exchange rates, and interest rates. To manage the volatility related to these exposures, we enter into various derivative transactions. We have policies in place that define acceptable instrument types we may enter into and establish controls to limit our market risk exposure.
Commodity Price Management: We enter into commodity derivatives to manage price volatility and reduce the variability of future cash flows related to anticipated inventory purchases of key raw materials, notably green coffee, corn, soybean meal, edible oils, and wheat. We also enter into commodity derivatives to manage price risk for energy input costs, including diesel fuel and natural gas. Our derivative instruments generally have maturities of less than one year.
We do not qualify commodity derivatives for hedge accounting treatment, and as a result, the derivative gains and losses are immediately recognized in earnings. Although we do not perform the assessments required to achieve hedge accounting for derivative positions, we believe all of our commodity derivatives are economic hedges of our risk exposure.
The commodities hedged have a high inverse correlation to price changes of the derivative instrument. Thus, we would expect that over time any gain or loss in the estimated fair value of the derivatives would generally be offset by an increase or decrease in the estimated fair value of the underlying exposures.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Hedging: We utilize foreign currency derivatives to manage the effect of foreign currency exchange fluctuations on future cash payments primarily related to purchases of certain raw materials and finished goods. The
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contracts generally have maturities of less than one year. We do not qualify instruments used to manage foreign currency exchange exposures for hedge accounting treatment.
Interest Rate Hedging: We utilize derivative instruments to manage interest rate risk associated with anticipated debt transactions, as well as to manage changes in the fair value of our long-term debt. At the inception of an interest rate contract, the instrument is evaluated and documented for qualifying hedge accounting treatment. If the contract is designated as a cash flow hedge, the mark-to-market gains or losses on the contract are deferred and included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassified to interest expense in the period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. If the contract is designated as a fair value hedge, the contract is recognized at fair value on the balance sheet and changes in the fair value are recognized in interest expense. Generally, changes in the fair value of the contract are equal to changes in the fair value of the underlying debt and have no net impact on earnings.

In 2020, we terminated interest rate contracts concurrent with the pricing of the Senior Notes due March 15, 2030, and March 15, 2050. They were designated as cash flow hedges and were used to manage our exposure to interest rate volatility associated with the anticipated debt financing. The termination resulted in a pre-tax loss of $239.8, which was deferred and included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and is being amortized as interest expense over the life of the debt.
In 2015, we terminated the interest rate swap on the Senior Notes due October 15, 2021, which was designated as a fair value hedge and used to hedge against the changes in the fair value of the debt. As a result of the early termination, we received $58.1 in cash, which included $4.6 of accrued and prepaid interest. The gain on termination was recorded as an increase in the long-term debt balance and is being recognized over the remaining life of the underlying debt as a reduction to interest expense. To date, we have recognized $45.3 of the gain, of which $2.0 and $4.2 was recognized during the three and six months ended October 31, 2020, respectively, and $2.1 and $4.1 was recognized during the three and six months ended October 31, 2019, respectively. The remaining gain will be recognized as follows: $4.2 through the remainder of 2021 and $4.0 in 2022.
The following tables set forth the gross fair value amounts of derivative instruments recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
  October 31, 2020
  Other
Current
Assets
Other
Current
Liabilities
Other
Noncurrent
Assets
Other
Noncurrent
Liabilities
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Commodity contracts $ 17.3  $ 11.3  $ 1.1  $ 0.3 
Foreign currency exchange contracts 0.7  0.8  —  — 
Total derivative instruments $ 18.0  $ 12.1  $ 1.1  $ 0.3 

  April 30, 2020
  Other
Current
Assets
Other
Current
Liabilities
Other
Noncurrent
Assets
Other
Noncurrent
Liabilities
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Commodity contracts $ 14.7  $ 33.2  $ —  $ — 
Foreign currency exchange contracts 2.4  0.1  —  — 
Total derivative instruments $ 17.1  $ 33.3  $ —  $ — 
We have elected to not offset fair value amounts recognized for our exchange-traded derivative instruments and our cash margin accounts executed with the same counterparty that are generally subject to enforceable netting agreements. We are required to maintain cash margin accounts in connection with funding the settlement of our open positions. At October 31, 2020, and April 30, 2020, we maintained cash margin account balances of $15.3 and $43.2, respectively, included in other current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The change in the cash margin account balances is included in other – net, investing activities in the Condensed Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows. In the event of default and immediate net settlement of all of our open positions with individual counterparties, all of our derivative liabilities would be fully offset by either our derivative asset positions or margin accounts based on the net asset or liability position with our individual counterparties.
Interest expense – net, as presented in the Condensed Statements of Consolidated Income was $45.1 and $49.1 for the three months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and was $91.2 and $98.5 for the six months ended October 31, 2020
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and 2019, respectively. The following table presents information on the pre-tax gains and losses recognized on terminated interest rate contracts that were designated as cash flow hedges.
Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
2020 2019 2020 2019
Gains (losses) recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) $ —  $ (44.1) $ —  $ (97.1)
Less: Gains (losses) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
to interest expense
(3.5) (0.1) (6.9) (0.2)
Change in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) $ 3.5  $ (44.0) $ 6.9  $ (96.9)
Included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) at October 31, 2020, and April 30, 2020, were deferred net pre-tax losses of $234.2 and $241.1, respectively, related to the terminated interest rate contracts. The related net tax benefit recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) at October 31, 2020, and April 30, 2020, was $53.9 and $55.5, respectively. Approximately $13.9 of the net pre-tax loss will be recognized over the next 12 months related to the terminated interest rate contracts.
The following table presents the net gains and losses recognized in cost of products sold on derivatives not designated as hedging instruments.
  Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Gains (losses) on commodity contracts $ 13.4  $ (10.1) $ 24.8  $ 2.5 
Gains (losses) on foreign currency exchange contracts (0.4) (0.1) (2.7) (1.1)
Total gains (losses) recognized in cost of products sold $ 13.0  $ (10.2) $ 22.1  $ 1.4 
Commodity and foreign currency exchange derivative gains and losses are reported in unallocated derivative gains and losses outside of segment operating results until the related inventory is sold. At that time, we reclassify the hedge gains and losses from unallocated derivative gains and losses to segment profit, allowing our segments to realize the economic effect of the hedge without experiencing any mark-to-market volatility. The following table presents the activity in unallocated derivative gains and losses.
  Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
2020 2019 2020 2019
Net gains (losses) on mark-to-market valuation of unallocated derivative positions $ 13.0  $ (10.2) $ 22.1  $ 1.4 
Less: Net gains (losses) on derivative positions reclassified to segment operating profit (18.5) (11.1) (25.6) (28.5)
Unallocated derivative gains (losses) $ 31.5  $ 0.9  $ 47.7  $ 29.9 
As of October 31, 2020, the net cumulative unallocated derivative gains were $14.8, and at April 30, 2020, the net cumulative unallocated derivative losses were $32.9.
The following table presents the gross notional value of outstanding derivative contracts.
October 31, 2020 April 30, 2020
Commodity contracts $ 662.1  $ 890.1 
Foreign currency exchange contracts 81.1  65.6 

Note 10: Other Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
Financial instruments, other than derivatives, that potentially subject us to significant concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash investments, short-term borrowings, and trade receivables. The carrying value of these financial instruments approximates fair value. Our remaining financial instruments, with the exception of long-term debt, are recognized at estimated fair value in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
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The following table provides information on the carrying amounts and fair values of our financial instruments.
  October 31, 2020 April 30, 2020
  Carrying
Amount
Fair Value Carrying
Amount
Fair Value
Marketable securities and other investments $ 39.4  $ 39.4  $ 38.6  $ 38.6 
Derivative financial instruments – net 6.7  6.7  (16.2) (16.2)
Total long-term debt (4,871.8) (5,385.4) (5,373.3) (5,740.6)
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Valuation techniques are based on observable and unobservable inputs. Observable inputs reflect readily obtainable data from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect our market assumptions.
The following tables summarize the fair values and the levels within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall for our financial instruments.
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
Significant
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Fair Value at October 31, 2020
Marketable securities and other investments: (A)
Equity mutual funds $ 8.2  $ —  $ —  $ 8.2 
Municipal obligations —  26.9  —  26.9 
Money market funds 4.3  —  —  4.3 
Derivative financial instruments: (B)
Commodity contracts – net 6.3  0.5  —  6.8 
Foreign currency exchange contracts – net 0.1  (0.2) —  (0.1)
Total long-term debt (C)
(5,184.3) (201.1) —  (5,385.4)
Total financial instruments measured at fair value $ (5,165.4) $ (173.9) $ —  $ (5,339.3)

  Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
Significant
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Fair Value at
April 30, 2020
Marketable securities and other investments: (A)
Equity mutual funds $ 8.7  $ —  $ —  $ 8.7 
Municipal obligations —  24.2  —  24.2 
Money market funds 5.7  —  —  5.7 
Derivative financial instruments: (B)
Commodity contracts – net (18.3) (0.2) —  (18.5)
Foreign currency exchange contracts – net 0.2  2.1  —  2.3 
Total long-term debt (C)
(5,032.0) (708.6) —  (5,740.6)
Total financial instruments measured at fair value $ (5,035.7) $ (682.5) $ —  $ (5,718.2)

(A)Marketable securities and other investments consist of funds maintained for the payment of benefits associated with nonqualified retirement plans. The funds include equity securities listed in active markets, municipal obligations valued by a third party using valuation techniques that utilize inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data, and money market funds with maturities of three months or less. Based on the short-term nature of these money market funds, carrying value approximates fair value. As of October 31, 2020, our municipal obligations are scheduled to mature as follows: $1.1 in 2021, $1.5 in 2022, $3.5 in 2024, and the remaining $20.8 in 2025 and beyond. We do not have any municipal obligations scheduled to mature in 2023.
(B)Level 1 commodity and foreign currency exchange derivatives are valued using quoted market prices for identical instruments in active markets. Level 2 commodity and foreign currency exchange derivatives are valued using quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets. For additional information, see Note 9: Derivative Financial Instruments.
(C)Long-term debt is composed of public Senior Notes classified as Level 1 and the Term Loan classified as Level 2. The public Senior Notes are traded in an active secondary market and valued using quoted prices. The fair value of the Term Loan is based on the net present value of each interest and principal payment calculated utilizing an interest rate derived from an estimated yield curve obtained from independent pricing sources for similar types of term loan borrowing arrangements. For additional information, see Note 7: Debt and Financing Arrangements.
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Note 11: Leases
We lease certain warehouses, manufacturing facilities, office space, equipment, and vehicles, primarily through operating lease agreements. We have elected to not recognize leases with a term of 12 months or less on the balance sheet. Instead, we recognize the related lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Although the majority of our right-of-use asset and lease liability balances consist of leases with renewal options, these optional periods do not typically impact the lease term as we are not reasonably certain to exercise them. Certain leases also include termination provisions or options to purchase the leased property. Since we are not reasonably certain to exercise these types of options, minimum lease payments do not include any amounts related to these termination or purchase options. Our lease agreements generally do not contain residual value guarantees or restrictive covenants that are material.
We determine if an agreement is or contains a lease at inception by evaluating whether an identified asset exists that we control over the term of the arrangement. A lease commences when the lessor makes the identified asset available for our use. We generally account for lease and non-lease components as a single lease component. Minimum lease payments do not include variable lease payments other than those that depend on an index or rate.
For the majority of our leases, the interest rate implicit in the lease cannot be readily determined, so we utilize our incremental borrowing rate to present value lease payments using information available at the lease commencement date. We consider our credit rating and the current economic environment in determining this collateralized rate.
The following table sets forth the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
October 31, 2020 April 30, 2020
Operating lease right-of-use assets $ 129.8  $ 148.4 
Operating lease liabilities:
Current operating lease liabilities $ 35.5  $ 36.5 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities
105.7  120.0 
Total operating lease liabilities $ 141.2  $ 156.5 
Finance lease right-of-use assets:
Machinery and equipment
$ 10.1  $ 11.6 
Accumulated depreciation
(5.2) (5.9)
Total property, plant, and equipment $ 4.9  $ 5.7 
Finance lease liabilities:
Other current liabilities
$ 2.1  $ 2.2 
Other noncurrent liabilities
2.9  3.5 
Total finance lease liabilities $ 5.0  $ 5.7 
The following table summarizes the components of lease expense.
Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
2020 2019 2020 2019
Operating lease cost $ 11.1  $ 12.9  $ 22.4  $ 25.3 
Finance lease cost:
Amortization of right-of-use assets 0.6  0.8  1.2  1.6 
Interest on lease liabilities
—  —  0.1  0.1 
Variable lease cost 5.5  6.3  11.1  12.6 
Short-term lease cost 10.3  9.7  19.3  17.4 
Sublease income (1.0) (1.5) (2.5) (2.3)
Net lease cost $ 26.5  $ 28.2  $ 51.6  $ 54.7 


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The following table sets forth cash flow and noncash information related to leases.
Six Months Ended October 31,
2020 2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases
$ 20.2  $ 25.3 
Operating cash flows from finance leases 0.1  0.1 
Financing cash flows from finance leases
1.4  1.5 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities:
Operating leases —  16.2 
Finance leases
0.5  0.8 
The following table summarizes the maturity of our lease liabilities by fiscal year.
October 31, 2020
Operating Leases Finance Leases
2021 (remainder of the year) $ 20.2  $ 1.2 
2022 37.2  1.7 
2023 34.6  1.1 
2024 22.9  0.8 
2025 15.0  0.3 
2026 and beyond 20.7  0.1 
Total undiscounted minimum lease payments $ 150.6  $ 5.2 
Less: Imputed interest 9.4  0.2 
Lease liabilities $ 141.2  $ 5.0 
The following table sets forth the weighted average remaining lease term and discount rate.
October 31, 2020 April 30, 2020
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years):
Operating leases
4.5 4.7
Finance leases 3.2 3.4
Weighted average discount rate:
Operating leases 3.0  % 3.1  %
Finance leases
2.8  % 2.9  %

Note 12: Income Taxes
The effective tax rates for the three months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, were 24.0 and 24.3 percent, respectively, and for the six months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, were 24.2 and 24.7 percent, respectively. During the three and six months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, the effective tax rates varied from the U.S. statutory income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to the impact of state income taxes.
Within the next 12 months, it is reasonably possible that we could decrease our unrecognized tax benefits by an additional $2.6, primarily as a result of expiring statute of limitations periods.
As of October 31, 2020, the undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries remain permanently reinvested.
During 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act was enacted, which included rollbacks of certain provisions of the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). While these specific rollbacks did not impact us, future legislative actions in response to the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) could further modify provisions of the Tax Act, and such changes will need to be analyzed for their respective impacts on our income taxes at that time.
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Note 13: Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), including the reclassification adjustments for items that are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to net income, are shown below.
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustment
Net Gains (Losses)
on Cash Flow
Hedging
Derivatives (A)
Pension and
Other
Postretirement
Liabilities (B)
Unrealized 
Gain (Loss)
on Available-
for-Sale
Securities
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Balance at May 1, 2020 $ (50.5) $ (185.6) $ (146.7) $ 3.8  $ (379.0)
Reclassification adjustments —  6.9  5.2  —  12.1 
Current period credit (charge) 15.2  —  35.3  0.8  51.3 
Income tax benefit (expense) —  (1.6) (10.1) (0.2) (11.9)
Balance at October 31, 2020 $ (35.3) $ (180.3) $ (116.3) $ 4.4  $ (327.5)

  Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustment
Net Gains (Losses)
on Cash Flow
Hedging
Derivatives (A)
Pension and
Other
Postretirement
Liabilities (B)
Unrealized
Gain (Loss)
on Available-
for-Sale
Securities
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Balance at May 1, 2019 $ (35.5) $ (40.4) $ (110.0) $ 4.1  $ (181.8)
Reclassification adjustments —  0.2  3.2  —  3.4 
Current period credit (charge) 5.1  (97.1) —  0.5  (91.5)
Income tax benefit (expense) —  22.3  (0.7) (0.1) 21.5 
Balance at October 31, 2019 $ (30.4) $ (115.0) $ (107.5) $ 4.5  $ (248.4)
 
(A)The reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to interest expense was related to terminated interest rate contracts. The current period charge in 2020 is related to losses on the interest rate contracts entered into in November 2018 and June 2018 that were terminated in 2020. For additional information, see Note 9: Derivative Financial Instruments.
(B)Amortization of net losses and prior service costs was reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to other income (expense) – net. The current period charge in 2021 primarily includes the impact of the nonrecurring settlement charge related to the purchase of a group annuity contract to transfer the obligations of our Canadian defined benefit pension plan to an insurance company. For additional information, see Note 8: Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits.
Note 14: Contingencies
We, like other food manufacturers, are from time to time subject to various administrative, regulatory, and other legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. We are currently a defendant in a variety of such legal proceedings, including certain lawsuits related to the alleged price-fixing of shelf stable tuna products prior to 2011 by a business previously owned by, but divested prior to our acquisition of, Big Heart Pet Brands, the significant majority of which were settled and paid during 2019. While we cannot predict with certainty the ultimate results of these proceedings or potential settlements associated with these or other matters, we have accrued losses for certain contingent liabilities that we have determined are probable and reasonably estimable at October 31, 2020. Based on the information known to date, with the exception of the matter discussed below, we do not believe the final outcome of these proceedings would have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

In addition to the legal proceedings discussed above, we are currently a defendant in Council for Education and Research on Toxics (the “Plaintiff” or “CERT”) v. Brad Barry LLC, et al., which alleges that we, in addition to nearly eighty other defendants (collectively the “Defendants”) who manufacture, package, distribute, or sell packaged coffee, failed to provide warnings for our coffee products of exposure to the chemical acrylamide as required under California Health and Safety Code Section 25249.5, the California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (better known as “Proposition 65”). The Plaintiff sought equitable relief, including warnings to consumers, as well as civil penalties in the amount of the statutory maximum of $2,500 per day per violation of Proposition 65. The Plaintiff asserted that every consumed cup of coffee, absent a compliant warning, was equivalent to a violation under Proposition 65. In June 2019, the state agency responsible for administering the Proposition 65 program, the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (“OEHHA”), approved a regulation clarifying that cancer warnings are not required for coffee under Proposition 65, and in August 2020, the Court granted the Defendants’ motion for summary judgment based on the regulation. The Plaintiff submitted its formal notice to appeal on November 20, 2020. The outcome and the financial impact of the case, if any, cannot be predicted at this time. Accordingly, no loss contingency has been recorded for this matter as of October 31, 2020, and the likelihood of loss is not
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considered probable or estimable. However, if we are required to pay significant statutory penalties or to add warning labels to any of our products or place warnings in certain locations where our products are sold as a result of Proposition 65, our business and financial results could be adversely impacted, and sales of those products could suffer not only in these locations but elsewhere.
Note 15: Common Shares
The following table sets forth common share information.
October 31, 2020 April 30, 2020
Common shares authorized 300.0  300.0 
Common shares outstanding 114.1  114.1 
Treasury shares 32.4  32.4 
Repurchase Program: During the six months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, we did not repurchase any common shares under a repurchase plan authorized by the Board of Directors (the “Board”). Share repurchases during the six months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, consisted of shares repurchased from stock plan recipients in lieu of cash payments. On October 22, 2020, the Board authorized the repurchase of up to 5.0 million common shares, in addition to the 3.6 million common shares that remain available for repurchase pursuant to prior authorizations of the Board. Therefore, at October 31, 2020, approximately 8.6 million common shares remain available for repurchase pursuant to the Board’s authorizations.
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
(Dollars and shares in millions, unless otherwise noted, except per share data)
This discussion and analysis deals with comparisons of material changes in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019. All comparisons presented are to the corresponding period of the prior year, unless otherwise noted.
We are the owner of all trademarks referenced herein, except for the following, which are used under license: Dunkin’ is a trademark of DD IP Holder LLC, and Rachael Ray is a trademark of Ray Marks II LLC. The Dunkin’ brand is licensed to us for packaged coffee products, including K-Cup® pods, sold in retail channels such as grocery stores, mass merchandisers, club stores, e-commerce, and drug stores. Information in this document does not pertain to products for sale in Dunkin’ restaurants. K-Cup® is a trademark of Keurig Green Mountain, Inc., used with permission.
COVID-19
The spread of COVID-19 throughout the United States and the international community has had, and will continue to have, an impact on financial markets, economic conditions, and portions of our business and industry.

During the first half of 2021, state governments have reopened their economies, while adhering to new guidelines and enhanced safety measures, such as physical distancing and face mask protocols. However, as many states continue to experience a sustained increase in new cases, state governments are beginning to impose additional safety measures and restrictions. In general, consumers are staying at home more frequently as a precaution, and as a result, at-home food consumption and consumer demand remains high, which we anticipate will continue in the months to come as cases continue to rise.

We also commenced a phased approach to reopen our corporate headquarters in Orrville, Ohio, with increased safety protocols. However, occupancy levels remain low as the majority of our office-based employees continue to work remotely where possible, and we continue to monitor the latest public health and government guidance related to COVID-19. We have crisis management teams at all of our facilities, which are monitoring the evolving situation and implementing risk mitigation actions as necessary. To date, there has been minimal disruption in our supply chain network, including the supply of our ingredients, packaging, or other sourced materials, although it is possible that more significant disruptions could occur if the COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact markets around the world, including the impact of e-commerce pressures on freight charges and potential shipping delays due to supply and demand imbalances. We also continue to work closely with our customers and external business partners, taking additional actions to ensure safety and business continuity and maximize product availability. We have increased production at all of our facilities and expanded the availability of appointments at distribution centers. All of our production operations remain open and none have experienced significant disruptions or labor reductions related to
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COVID-19. Furthermore, we have implemented measures to manage order volumes to ensure a consistent supply across our retail partners during this period of high demand.

During the first half of 2021, we continued to experience an increase in orders, primarily across our U.S. Retail Coffee and U.S. Retail Consumer Foods segments, in response to the increased consumer demand for our products related to the elevated at-home consumption. It is unknown if the increase in consumer demand will slow during the second half of 2021, as consumer purchasing behavior will continue to evolve depending on the length and severity of the pandemic, duration of physical distancing requirements, stay-at-home orders, and macroeconomic implications. During the first six months of 2021, consumer demand and customer orders for the U.S. Retail Coffee and U.S Retail Consumer Foods segments remained elevated compared to historical comparison periods. We have also experienced a decline in products sold in away from home channels as a result of COVID-19, which has negatively impacted our net sales in our Away From Home operating segment, and we expect COVID-19 will continue to adversely affect our net sales while government mandated safety measures are in place. However, as states have reopened their economies during the first half of 2021, our net sales for the away from home channels improved compared to the initial months of the pandemic and relative to our initial expectations. This trend could reverse during the second half of 2021 if cases continue to rise and governments impose additional safety measures that impact away from home consumption. Overall, the impact of COVID-19 remains uncertain and ultimately depends on the length and severity of the pandemic; the federal, state, and local government actions taken in response; vaccine availability and effectiveness; and the macroeconomic environment. We will continue to evaluate the nature and extent to which COVID-19 will impact our business, supply chain, consolidated results of operations, financial condition, and liquidity.
Results of Operations
  Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
  2020 2019 % Increase (Decrease) 2020 2019 % Increase (Decrease)
Net sales $ 2,034.0  $ 1,957.8  % $ 4,005.8  $ 3,736.7  %
Gross profit $ 818.2  $ 754.0  $ 1,593.6  $ 1,453.6  10 
% of net sales 40.2  % 38.5  % 39.8  % 38.9  %
Operating income $ 380.8  $ 329.8  15  $ 741.9  $ 587.4  26 
% of net sales 18.7  % 16.8  % 18.5  % 15.7  %
Net income:
Net income $ 230.8  $ 211.2  $ 467.8  $ 365.8  28 
Net income per common share – assuming dilution $ 2.02  $ 1.85  $ 4.10  $ 3.21  28 
Adjusted gross profit (A)
$ 786.7  $ 753.1  $ 1,545.9  $ 1,423.7 
% of net sales 38.7  % 38.5  % 38.6  % 38.1  %
Adjusted operating income (A)
$ 408.8  $ 391.0  $ 813.3  $ 681.7  19 
% of net sales 20.1  % 20.0  % 20.3  % 18.2  %
Adjusted income: (A)
Income $ 273.2  $ 257.5  $ 543.2  $ 437.2  24 
Earnings per share – assuming dilution $ 2.39  $ 2.26  $ 4.76  $ 3.84  24 
(A)We use non-GAAP financial measures to evaluate our performance. Refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this discussion and analysis for a reconciliation to the comparable GAAP financial measure.
Net Sales
Net sales in the second quarter of 2021 increased $76.2, or 4 percent, primarily due to favorable volume/mix for the U.S. Retail Coffee and U.S. Retail Consumer Foods segments, reflecting elevated at-home consumption, partially offset by unfavorable volume/mix for the Away From Home operating segment.
Net sales in the first six months of 2021 increased $269.1, or 7 percent, driven by favorable volume/mix across all of our retail businesses, supported by increased at-home consumption for the U.S. Retail Coffee and U.S. Retail Consumer Foods segments. The retail business growth was partially offset by unfavorable volume/mix for the Away From Home operating segment.
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Operating Income
The following table presents the components of operating income as a percentage of net sales.
  Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Gross profit 40.2  % 38.5  % 39.8  % 38.9  %
Selling, distribution, and administrative expenses:
Marketing 6.2  % 6.3  % 6.2  % 6.9  %
Selling 2.9  3.2  3.1  3.5 
Distribution 3.5  3.6  3.5  3.6 
General and administrative 6.3  5.4  5.7  5.9 
Total selling, distribution, and administrative expenses 18.8  % 18.5  % 18.5  % 19.9  %
Amortization 2.9  3.0  3.0  3.1 
Other special project costs —  0.2  —  0.2 
Other operating expense (income) – net (0.2) —  (0.2) — 
Operating income 18.7  % 16.8  % 18.5  % 15.7  %
Amounts may not add due to rounding.
Gross profit increased $64.2, or 9 percent, in the second quarter of 2021, primarily due to a favorable change in derivative gains and losses as compared to the prior year and the increased contribution from volume/mix. Operating income increased $51.0, or 15 percent, primarily reflecting the increase in gross profit, partially offset by a $21.3 increase in selling, distribution, and administrative (“SD&A”). The increase in SD&A was partially driven by higher incentive compensation and the reinstatement of salary increases, inclusive of executive officers, which were previously frozen.
Our non-GAAP adjustments include amortization expense and impairment charges related to intangible assets; divestiture, acquisition, integration, and restructuring costs; gains and losses related to the sale of a business; unallocated gains and losses on commodity and foreign currency exchange derivatives; and other one-time items that do not directly reflect ongoing operating results. Refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this discussion and analysis for additional information. Gross profit excluding non-GAAP adjustments (“adjusted gross profit”) increased $33.6, or 4 percent, in the second quarter of 2021, reflecting the exclusion of unallocated derivative gains and losses, as compared to GAAP gross profit. Operating income excluding non-GAAP adjustments (“adjusted operating income”) increased $17.8, or 5 percent, as compared to the prior year.
Gross profit increased $140.0, or 10 percent, in the first six months of 2021, driven by increased contribution from volume/mix and a net benefit from price and costs, including a favorable change in derivative gains and losses as compared to the prior year. Operating income increased $154.5, or 26 percent, primarily reflecting the increase in gross profit.
Adjusted gross profit increased $122.2, or 9 percent, in the first six months of 2021, reflecting the exclusion of unallocated derivative gains and losses, as compared to GAAP gross profit. Adjusted operating income increased $131.6, or 19 percent, as compared to the prior year.
Interest Expense

Net interest expense decreased $4.0, or 8 percent, in the second quarter of 2021, and decreased $7.3, or 7 percent, in the first six months of 2021, primarily as a result of a decrease in interest rates and reduced debt outstanding, as compared to the prior year, partially offset by interest expense related to interest rate contracts terminated in the fourth quarter of 2020.
Other Income (Expense) – Net
Net other expense increased $30.6 and $30.5 in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, respectively, primarily reflecting pension settlement charges of $30.6, which includes the $27.9 pre-tax settlement charge recognized during the second quarter of 2021 related to the purchase of a group annuity contract to transfer the obligations of our Canadian defined benefit pension plan to an insurance company. For further information, refer to Note 8: Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits.
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Income Taxes
Income taxes increased $4.8, or 7 percent, in the second quarter of 2021, and increased $29.3, or 24 percent, in the first six months of 2021, primarily due to the increase in income before income taxes, partially offset by a lower effective tax rate of 24.0 and 24.2 percent for the second quarter and first six months of 2021, respectively. The 2020 effective tax rates were 24.3 percent for the second quarter and 24.7 percent for the first six months.
During both the current and prior years, the effective tax rates varied from the U.S. statutory tax rate of 21.0 percent, primarily due to the impact of state income taxes. We anticipate a full-year effective tax rate for 2021 of approximately 24.0 percent, which does not include an estimate of the impact of the Crisco divestiture on our overall consolidated effective tax rate. For further information, refer to Note 12: Income Taxes.
Divestiture
On October 26, 2020, we announced a definitive agreement to sell our Crisco oils and shortening business to B&G Foods, and expect to close the transaction during the third quarter of 2021, subject to customary closing conditions. The transaction includes oils and shortening products sold under the Crisco brand, certain trademarks and licensing agreements, dedicated manufacturing and warehouse facilities located in Cincinnati, Ohio, and approximately 160 employees who support the Crisco business. The business generated net sales of approximately $270.0 in 2020, primarily in the U.S. Retail Consumer Foods segment. The transaction also includes our oils and shortening business outside the U.S., which is primarily in Canada.

We expect to receive approximately $550.0 in proceeds from the divestiture, which is subject to a final working capital adjustment, and anticipate recognizing a gain upon completion of the transaction. The pre-tax gain is estimated to be approximately $115.0 based on the expected proceeds, including the assumed working capital and the carrying value of the net assets, less estimated costs to sell, at the closing date. For further information, refer to Note 4: Divestiture.
Segment Results
We have three reportable segments: U.S. Retail Pet Foods, U.S. Retail Coffee, and U.S. Retail Consumer Foods. Effective during the first quarter of 2021, the presentation of International and Away From Home represents a combination of all other operating segments that are not individually reportable. As a result of leadership changes, these operating segments are being managed and reported separately and no longer represent a reportable segment for segment reporting purposes. Prior year segment results have not been modified, as the combination of these operating segments represents the previously reported International and Away From Home reportable segment.
The U.S. Retail Pet Foods segment primarily includes the domestic sales of Rachael Ray Nutrish, Meow Mix, Milk-Bone, 9Lives, Kibbles ’n Bits, Natural Balance, Pup-Peroni, and Nature’s Recipe branded products; the U.S. Retail Coffee segment primarily includes the domestic sales of Folgers, Dunkin’, and Café Bustelo branded coffee; and the U.S. Retail Consumer Foods segment primarily includes the domestic sales of Smucker’s, Jif, and Crisco branded products. International and Away From Home includes the sale of products distributed domestically and in foreign countries through retail channels and foodservice distributors and operators (e.g., health care operators, restaurants, lodging, hospitality, offices, K-12, colleges and universities, and convenience stores).
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  Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
2020 2019 % Increase
(Decrease)
2020 2019 % Increase
(Decrease)
Net sales:
U.S. Retail Pet Foods $ 708.7  $ 709.9  —  % $ 1,401.3  $ 1,379.8  %
U.S. Retail Coffee 594.7  543.4  1,165.6  1,009.1  16 
U.S. Retail Consumer Foods 479.1  426.1  12  968.3  828.3  17 
International and Away From Home 251.5  278.4  (10) 470.6  519.5  (9)
Segment profit:
U.S. Retail Pet Foods $ 124.9  $ 137.0  (9) % $ 250.2  $ 257.1  (3) %
U.S. Retail Coffee 202.1  182.5  11  384.7  311.4  24 
U.S. Retail Consumer Foods 135.3  91.4  48  266.8  172.4  55 
International and Away From Home 39.5  50.4  (22) 70.4  82.7  (15)
Segment profit margin:
U.S. Retail Pet Foods 17.6  % 19.3  % 17.9  % 18.6  %
U.S. Retail Coffee 34.0  33.6  33.0  30.9 
U.S. Retail Consumer Foods 28.2  21.5  27.6  20.8 
International and Away From Home 15.7  18.1  15.0  15.9 
U.S. Retail Pet Foods
The U.S. Retail Pet Foods segment net sales decreased $1.2 in the second quarter of 2021, reflecting a 1 percentage point impact from lower net pricing, mostly offset by a 1 percentage point improvement due to volume/mix. The contribution from volume/mix primarily reflects growth for cat food and dog snacks, driven by Meow Mix and private label cat food, as well as Pup-Peroni and Milk-Bone dog snacks. These gains were partially offset by declines for dog food, mostly driven by private label and the Natural Balance brand. Segment profit decreased $12.1, primarily due to the impact of lower net pricing and higher marketing expense.
The U.S. Retail Pet Foods segment net sales increased $21.5 in the first six months of 2021, reflecting favorable volume/mix, partially offset by lower net price realization. The favorable volume/mix contributed 3 percentage points to net sales, driven by growth for Meow Mix, 9Lives, and private label cat food, as well as Milk-Bone and Pup-Peroni dog snacks, partially offset by declines for private label, Natural Balance, and Nature’s Recipe dog food. Lower net price realization reduced net sales by 2 percentage points, primarily reflecting increased trade spend. Segment profit decreased $6.9, driven by lower pricing, partially offset by lower manufacturing costs, and the favorable volume/mix.
U.S. Retail Coffee
The U.S. Retail Coffee segment net sales increased $51.3 in the second quarter of 2021, reflecting favorable volume/mix, which contributed 10 percentage points to net sales, related to growth for the Dunkin’, Café Bustelo, and Folgers brands. The favorable volume/mix reflects elevated at-home coffee consumption. Net price realization reduced net sales by 1 percentage point. Segment profit increased $19.6, primarily due to the favorable volume/mix and decreased SD&A expenses, partially offset by the impact of net pricing and costs.
The U.S. Retail Coffee segment net sales increased $156.5 in the first six months of 2021, reflecting favorable volume/mix, which contributed 16 percentage points to net sales, related to growth for the Dunkin’, Folgers, and Café Bustelo brands. The favorable volume/mix reflects elevated at-home consumption and re-stocking of retailer inventory following the surge in consumer demand during the fourth quarter of 2020. Net price realization reduced net sales by 1 percentage point. Segment profit increased $73.3, primarily due to the favorable volume/mix.
U.S. Retail Consumer Foods
The U.S. Retail Consumer Foods segment net sales increased $53.0 in the second quarter of 2021, reflecting a 7 percentage point increase from volume/mix, primarily driven by elevated at-home consumption for Smucker’s Uncrustables® frozen sandwiches, Crisco oils and shortening, and Jif peanut butter. Higher net pricing increased net sales by 5 percentage points, reflecting the impact of a peanut butter list price increase taken during the second quarter of 2021 and reduced promotional
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activity for the Jif brand. Segment profit increased $43.9, reflecting the favorable impact of net pricing and costs, the increased contribution from volume/mix, and lower SD&A expenses.
The U.S. Retail Consumer Foods segment net sales increased $140.0 in the first six months of 2021, as favorable volume/mix contributed 13 percentage points to net sales, reflecting growth for the Smucker’s, inclusive of Uncrustables® frozen sandwiches and fruit spreads, Crisco, and Jif brands. The favorable volume/mix reflects elevated at-home consumption and retailer inventory re-stocking following the surge in consumer demand during the fourth quarter of 2020. Higher net pricing increased net sales by 4 percentage points, driven by reduced promotional activity for the Jif brand and the impact of the peanut butter list price increase. Segment profit increased $94.4, reflecting the increased contribution from volume/mix, the favorable impact of net pricing and costs, and lower SD&A expenses.
International and Away From Home
International and Away From Home net sales decreased $26.9 in the second quarter of 2021, primarily reflecting a 24 percent decline for the Away From Home operating segment, partially offset by net sales growth of 7 percent for the International operating segment. Unfavorable volume/mix for the combined businesses reduced net sales by 11 percentage points, primarily driven by coffee and portion control products. Net price realization contributed a 1 percentage point increase to net sales. Segment profit decreased $10.9, reflecting the unfavorable volume/mix and the impact of higher net pricing and costs, partially offset by lower SD&A expenses.
International and Away From Home net sales decreased $48.9 in the first six months of 2021, primarily reflecting a 28 percent decline for the Away From Home operating segment, partially offset by net sales growth of 13 percent for the International operating segment, most notably for flour and baking ingredients. Unfavorable volume/mix for the combined businesses reduced net sales by 9 percentage points, primarily driven by coffee and portion control products, and foreign currency decreased net sales by 1 percentage point. Net price realization contributed a 1 percentage point increase to net sales. Segment profit decreased $12.3, primarily reflecting the unfavorable volume/mix and higher input costs, partially offset by lower SD&A expenses.
Financial Condition – Liquidity and Capital Resources
Liquidity
Our principal source of funds is cash generated from operations, supplemented by borrowings against our commercial paper program and revolving credit facility. At October 31, 2020, total cash and cash equivalents was $405.6, compared to $391.1 at April 30, 2020.
The following table presents selected cash flow information.
  Six Months Ended October 31,
  2020 2019
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities $ 787.7  $ 445.5 
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities (100.9) (104.2)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities (675.8) (395.2)
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities $ 787.7  $ 445.5 
Additions to property, plant, and equipment (129.0) (136.4)
Free cash flow (A)
$ 658.7  $ 309.1 
(A)Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure used by management to evaluate the amount of cash available for debt repayment, dividend distribution, acquisition opportunities, share repurchases, and other corporate purposes.
The $342.2 increase in cash provided by operating activities in the first six months of 2021 was primarily driven by lower working capital requirements in 2021, as well as higher net income adjusted for noncash items in the current year. The decrease in cash required to fund working capital, as compared to the prior year, was primarily attributable to lower payments for accounts payable driven by working capital initiatives, inclusive of a supplier financing program entered into during the second half of 2020.
Cash used for investing activities in the first six months of 2021 consisted of $129.0 in capital expenditures, partially offset by a $27.9 decrease in our derivative cash margin account balances. Cash used for investing activities in the first six months
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of 2020 consisted of $136.4 in capital expenditures, partially offset by a $32.1 decrease in our derivative cash margin account balances.
Cash used for financing activities in the first six months of 2021 consisted primarily of long-term debt repayments of $500.0 and dividend payments of $202.4, partially offset by a net increase in short-term borrowings of $31.7. Cash used for financing activities in the first six months of 2020 consisted primarily of dividend payments of $196.6, a net decrease of short-term borrowings of $102.9, and a long-term debt repayment of $100.0. 
Supplier Financing Program

As part of ongoing efforts to maximize working capital, we work with our suppliers to optimize our terms and conditions, which includes the extension of payment terms. Payment terms with our suppliers, which we deem to be commercially reasonable, generally range from 0 to 180 days. During the second half of 2020, we entered into an agreement with a third-party administrator to provide an accounts payable tracking system and facilitate a supplier financing program which allows participating suppliers the ability to monitor and voluntarily elect to sell our payment obligations to a designated third-party financial institution. Participating suppliers can sell one or more of our payment obligations at their sole discretion, and our rights and obligations to our suppliers are not impacted. We have no economic interest in a supplier’s decision to enter into these agreements. Our obligations to our suppliers, including amounts due and scheduled payment terms, are not impacted by our suppliers’ decisions to sell amounts under these arrangements. As of October 31, 2020, $185.6 of our outstanding payment obligations were elected and sold to a financial institution by participating suppliers. During the first six months of 2021, we paid $171.0 to a financial institution for payment obligations that were settled through the supplier financing program.

Contingencies

We, like other food manufacturers, are from time to time subject to various administrative, regulatory, and other legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. We are currently a defendant in a variety of such legal proceedings, including certain lawsuits related to the alleged price-fixing of shelf stable tuna products prior to 2011 by a business previously owned by, but divested prior to our acquisition of, Big Heart Pet Brands, the significant majority of which were settled and paid during the second half of 2019. While we cannot predict with certainty the ultimate results of these proceedings or potential settlements associated with these or other matters, we have accrued losses for certain contingent liabilities that we have determined are probable and reasonably estimable at October 31, 2020. Based on the information known to date, with the exception of the matter discussed below, we do not believe the final outcome of these proceedings will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

In addition to the legal proceedings discussed above, we are currently a defendant in CERT v. Brad Barry LLC, et al., which alleges that we, in addition to nearly eighty other defendants who manufacture, package, distribute, or sell coffee, failed to provide warnings for our coffee products of exposure to the chemical acrylamide as required under Proposition 65. The Plaintiff sought equitable relief, including warnings to consumers, as well as civil penalties in the amount of the statutory maximum of $2,500 per day per violation of Proposition 65. The Plaintiff asserted that every consumed cup of coffee, absent a compliant warning, was equivalent to a violation under Proposition 65. In June 2019, the state agency responsible for administering the Proposition 65 program, the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (“OEHHA”), approved a regulation clarifying that cancer warnings are not required for coffee under Proposition 65, and in August 2020, the Court granted the Defendants’ motion for summary judgment based on the regulation. The Plaintiff submitted its formal notice to appeal on November 20, 2020. The outcome and the financial impact of the case, if any, cannot be predicted at this time. Accordingly, no loss contingency has been recorded for this matter as of October 31, 2020, as the likelihood of loss is not considered probable or estimable. However, if we are required to pay significant statutory penalties or to add warning labels to any of our products or place warnings in certain locations where our products are sold as a result of Proposition 65, our business and financial results could be adversely impacted, and sales of those products could suffer not only in those locations but elsewhere.

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Capital Resources
The following table presents our capital structure.
October 31, 2020 April 30, 2020
Current portion of long-term debt $ 957.3  $ — 
Short-term borrowings 280.0  248.0 
Long-term debt, less current portion 3,914.5  5,373.3 
Total debt $ 5,151.8  $ 5,621.3 
Shareholders’ equity 8,515.0  8,190.9 
Total capital $ 13,666.8  $ 13,812.2 
In April 2018, we entered into a Term Loan with a syndicate of banks and an available commitment amount of $1.5 billion. The full amount of the Term Loan was drawn on May 14, 2018, to partially finance the Ainsworth acquisition. Borrowings under the Term Loan bear interest on the prevailing U.S. Prime Rate or LIBOR, based on our election, and are payable either on a quarterly basis or at the end of the borrowing term. The Term Loan matures on May 14, 2021, and does not require scheduled amortization payments. Voluntary prepayments are permitted without premium or penalty. As of October 31, 2020, we have prepaid $1.3 billion on the Term Loan to date, including $500.0 during the first half of 2021, of which $200.0 was paid during the second quarter. The interest rate on the Term Loan at October 31, 2020, was 0.95 percent.
We have available a $1.8 billion unsecured revolving credit facility with a group of 11 banks that matures in September 2022. Additionally, we participate in a commercial paper program under which we can issue short-term, unsecured commercial paper not to exceed $1.8 billion at any time. The commercial paper program is backed by our revolving credit facility and reduces what we can borrow under the revolving credit facility by the amount of commercial paper outstanding. Commercial paper will be used as a continuing source of short-term financing for general corporate purposes. As of October 31, 2020, we had $280.0 of short-term borrowings outstanding, all of which were issued under our commercial paper program, at a weighted-average interest rate of 0.17 percent.
We are in compliance with all of our debt covenants. For additional information on our long-term debt, sources of liquidity, and debt covenants, see Note 7: Debt and Financing Arrangements.
During the second quarter of 2021, we did not repurchase any common shares under a repurchase plan authorized by the Board. On October 22, 2020, the Board authorized the repurchase of up to 5.0 million common shares, in addition to the 3.6 million common shares that remain available for repurchase pursuant to prior authorizations of the Board. Therefore, at October 31, 2020, approximately 8.6 million common shares remain available for repurchase pursuant to the Board’s authorizations. There is no guarantee as to the exact number of shares that may be repurchased or when such purchases may occur.
Absent any material acquisitions or other significant investments, we believe that cash on hand, combined with cash provided by operations, borrowings available under our commercial paper program and revolving credit facility, and access to capital markets, will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements for the next 12 months, including the payment of quarterly dividends, principal and interest payments on debt outstanding, and capital expenditures. However, as a result of COVID-19, we may experience an increase in the cost or the difficulty to obtain debt or equity financing, or to refinance our debt in the future, which could affect our financial condition or our ability to fund operations or future investment opportunities.
As of October 31, 2020, total cash and cash equivalents of $100.8 was held by our foreign subsidiaries, primarily in Canada. The undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries remain permanently reinvested.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We use non-GAAP financial measures, including: adjusted gross profit, adjusted operating income, adjusted income, adjusted earnings per share, and free cash flow, as key measures for purposes of evaluating performance internally. We believe that investors’ understanding of our performance is enhanced by disclosing these performance measures. Furthermore, these non-GAAP financial measures are used by management in preparation of the annual budget and for the monthly analyses of our operating results. The Board also utilizes certain non-GAAP financial measures as components for measuring performance for incentive compensation purposes.
Non-GAAP financial measures exclude certain items affecting comparability that can significantly affect the year-over-year assessment of operating results, which include amortization expense and impairment charges related to intangible assets;
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divestiture, acquisition, integration, and restructuring costs (“special project costs”); gains and losses related to the sale of a business; unallocated gains and losses on commodity and foreign currency exchange derivatives (“unallocated derivative gains and losses”); and other one-time items that do not directly reflect ongoing operating results. Income taxes, as adjusted is calculated using an adjusted effective income tax rate that is applied to adjusted income before income taxes and reflects the exclusion of the previously discussed items, as well as any adjustments for one-time tax-related activities, when they occur. While this adjusted effective income tax rate does not generally differ materially from our GAAP effective income tax rate, certain exclusions from non-GAAP results can significantly impact our adjusted effective income tax rate.
These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended to replace the presentation of financial results in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Rather, the presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures supplements other metrics we use to internally evaluate our businesses and facilitate the comparison of past and present operations and liquidity. These non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies and may exclude certain nondiscretionary expenses and cash payments.
The following table reconciles certain non-GAAP measures to the comparable GAAP financial measure.
  Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Gross profit reconciliation:
Gross profit $ 818.2