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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number 1-32190
 
NEWMARKET CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Virginia
 
20-0812170
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
330 South Fourth Street
 
23219-4350
Richmond,
Virginia
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code - (804) 788-5000
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, without par value
NEU
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨
 
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
Emerging growth company



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes   No  x
Number of shares of common stock, without par value, outstanding as of September 30, 2019: 11,189,222


NEWMARKET CORPORATION

INDEX


 
Page
Number
 
 
 

3


PART I.        FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.     Financial Statements

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
(in thousands, except per-share amounts)
 
Third Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net sales
 
$
555,817

 
$
563,166

 
$
1,655,850

 
$
1,751,363

Cost of goods sold
 
393,090

 
422,283

 
1,169,421

 
1,307,838

Gross profit
 
162,727

 
140,883

 
486,429

 
443,525

Selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
38,122

 
37,741

 
109,916

 
120,653

Research, development, and testing expenses
 
36,387

 
34,994

 
106,748

 
106,018

Operating profit
 
88,218

 
68,148

 
269,765

 
216,854

Interest and financing expenses, net
 
6,987

 
7,807

 
22,740

 
18,536

Other income (expense), net
 
6,227

 
7,973

 
17,932

 
20,872

Income before income tax expense
 
87,458

 
68,314

 
264,957

 
219,190

Income tax expense
 
19,653

 
9,833

 
60,773

 
47,259

Net income
 
$
67,805

 
$
58,481

 
$
204,184

 
$
171,931

Earnings per share - basic and diluted
 
$
6.06

 
$
5.12

 
$
18.26

 
$
14.78

Cash dividends declared per share
 
$
1.90

 
$
1.75

 
$
5.40

 
$
5.25



See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

4


NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)

 (in thousands)
 
Third Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
67,805

 
$
58,481

 
$
204,184

 
$
171,931

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pension plans and other postretirement benefits:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of prior service cost (credit) included in net periodic benefit cost (income), net of income tax expense (benefit) of $(185) in third quarter 2019, $(180) in third quarter 2018, $(556) in nine months 2019 and $(541) in nine months 2018
 
(600
)
 
(591
)
 
(1,802
)
 
(1,773
)
Actuarial net gain (loss) arising during the period, net of income tax expense (benefit) of $771 in third quarter and nine months 2019 and $(51) in third quarter and nine months 2018
 
2,501

 
(163
)
 
2,501

 
(163
)
Amortization of actuarial net loss (gain) included in net periodic benefit cost (income), net of income tax expense (benefit) of $169 in third quarter 2019, $318 in third quarter 2018, $674 in nine months 2019 and $1,037 in nine months 2018
 
570

 
1,003

 
2,245

 
3,270

Total pension plans and other postretirement benefits
 
2,471

 
249

 
2,944

 
1,334

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of income tax expense (benefit) of $(324) in third quarter 2019, $(109) in third quarter 2018, $(317) in nine months 2019 and $(653) in nine months 2018
 
(9,819
)
 
(3,760
)
 
(9,239
)
 
(3,793
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(7,348
)
 
(3,511
)
 
(6,295
)
 
(2,459
)
Comprehensive income
 
$
60,457

 
$
54,970

 
$
197,889

 
$
169,472



See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5


NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)

(in thousands, except share amounts)
 
September 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
79,971

 
$
73,040

Trade and other accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts
 
340,752

 
314,860

Inventories
 
370,934

 
396,341

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
35,276

 
29,179

Total current assets
 
826,933

 
813,420

Property, plant, and equipment, net
 
623,961

 
644,138

Intangibles (net of amortization) and goodwill
 
132,822

 
136,039

Prepaid pension cost
 
100,758

 
88,705

Operating lease right-of-use assets
 
58,377

 
0

Deferred income taxes
 
4,973

 
5,094

Deferred charges and other assets
 
23,171

 
9,878

Total assets
 
$
1,770,995

 
$
1,697,274

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
154,650

 
$
151,631

Accrued expenses
 
75,928

 
91,202

Dividends payable
 
19,441

 
17,923

Income taxes payable
 
12,348

 
6,431

Operating lease liabilities
 
13,811

 
0

Other current liabilities
 
4,300

 
4,114

Total current liabilities
 
280,478

 
271,301

Long-term debt
 
639,983

 
770,999

Operating lease liabilities-noncurrent
 
44,398

 
0

Other noncurrent liabilities
 
176,798

 
165,067

Total liabilities
 
1,141,657

 
1,207,367

Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
 

 

Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Common stock and paid-in capital (without par value; authorized shares - 80,000,000; issued and outstanding shares - 11,189,222 at September 30, 2019 and 11,184,482 at December 31, 2018)
 
1,914

 
0

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(187,611
)
 
(181,316
)
Retained earnings
 
815,035

 
671,223

Total shareholders' equity
 
629,338

 
489,907

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
1,770,995

 
$
1,697,274


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6


NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited)

(in thousands, except share and per-share amounts)
 
Common Stock and
Paid-in Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Retained Earnings
 
Total
Shareholders’ Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Balance at June 30, 2018
 
11,465,814

 
$
0

 
$
(144,942
)
 
$
697,423

 
$
552,481

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
58,481

 
58,481

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
(3,511
)
 
 
 
(3,511
)
Cash dividends ($1.75 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(19,957
)
 
(19,957
)
Repurchases of common stock
 
(62,428
)
 
(1,141
)
 
 
 
(23,429
)
 
(24,570
)
Stock-based compensation
 
645

 
1,141

 
 
 
7

 
1,148

Balance at September 30, 2018
 
11,404,031

 
$
0

 
$
(148,453
)
 
$
712,525

 
$
564,072

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at June 30, 2019
 
11,188,126

 
$
949

 
$
(180,263
)
 
$
768,490

 
$
589,176

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
67,805

 
67,805

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
(7,348
)
 
 
 
(7,348
)
Cash dividends ($1.90 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(21,260
)
 
(21,260
)
Stock-based compensation
 
1,096

 
965

 
 
 
 
 
965

Balance at September 30, 2019
 
11,189,222

 
$
1,914

 
$
(187,611
)
 
$
815,035

 
$
629,338

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
11,779,978

 
$
0

 
$
(145,994
)
 
$
747,643

 
$
601,649

Net income
 

 

 

 
171,931

 
171,931

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 

 
(2,459
)
 

 
(2,459
)
Cash dividends ($5.25 per share)
 

 

 

 
(60,778
)
 
(60,778
)
Repurchases of common stock
 
(385,181
)
 
(2,366
)
 
 
 
(146,283
)
 
(148,649
)
Stock-based compensation
 
9,234

 
2,366

 


 
12

 
2,378

Balance at September 30, 2018
 
11,404,031

 
$
0

 
$
(148,453
)
 
$
712,525

 
$
564,072

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
11,184,482

 
$
0

 
$
(181,316
)
 
$
671,223

 
$
489,907

Net income
 

 

 

 
204,184

 
204,184

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 

 
(6,295
)
 

 
(6,295
)
Cash dividends ($5.40 per share)
 

 

 

 
(60,418
)
 
(60,418
)
Stock-based compensation
 
4,740

 
1,914

 

 
46

 
1,960

Balance at September 30, 2019
 
11,189,222

 
$
1,914

 
$
(187,611
)
 
$
815,035

 
$
629,338

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7


NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

 (in thousands)
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
 
$
73,040

 
$
84,166

Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
204,184

 
171,931

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
65,500

 
53,463

Deferred income tax expense
 
3,982

 
10,257

Working capital changes
 
(35,997
)
 
(69,190
)
Cash pension and postretirement contributions
 
(7,308
)
 
(61,860
)
Other, net
 
2,886

 
(3,456
)
Cash provided from (used in) operating activities
 
233,247

 
101,145

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(37,132
)
 
(55,136
)
Other, net
 
0

 
14,573

Cash provided from (used in) investing activities
 
(37,132
)
 
(40,563
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Net (repayments) borrowings under revolving credit facility
 
(126,262
)
 
215,619

Dividends paid
 
(60,418
)
 
(60,778
)
Repurchases of common stock
 
0

 
(148,649
)
Other, net
 
(1,899
)
 
(242
)
Cash provided from (used in) financing activities
 
(188,579
)
 
5,950

Effect of foreign exchange on cash and cash equivalents
 
(605
)
 
(2,763
)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
6,931

 
63,769

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
79,971

 
$
147,935

 
 
 
 
 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)



1.    Financial Statement Presentation
In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements of NewMarket Corporation and its subsidiaries contain all necessary adjustments for the fair statement of, in all material respects, our consolidated financial position as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, our consolidated results of operations, comprehensive income, and changes in shareholders' equity for the third quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018, and our cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018. All adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature, unless otherwise disclosed. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the NewMarket Corporation Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 (2018 Annual Report), as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The results of operations for the nine month period ended September 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2019. The December 31, 2018 condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Unless the context otherwise indicates, all references to “we,” “us,” “our,” the “company,” and “NewMarket” are to NewMarket Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.
We adopted Accounting Standard Update No. 2018-02, "Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income" (ASU 2018-02) on January 1, 2019. ASU 2018-02 allows, but does not require, reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects that resulted from the enactment of U.S. tax legislation commonly known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Acts (Tax Reform Act) at the end of 2017. We elected not to reclassify those tax effects from accumulated other comprehensive income upon adoption of ASU 2018-02. We typically remove the tax impact from accumulated other comprehensive income when the underlying circumstance which gave rise to the tax impact no longer exists.

2.    Net Sales

Our revenues are primarily derived from the manufacture and sale of petroleum additives products. We sell petroleum additives products across the world to customers located in the United States, Europe, Asia Pacific (including China), Latin America, Canada, India, and the Middle East. Our customers primarily consist of global, national, and independent oil companies. Our contracts generally include one performance obligation, which is providing petroleum additives products. The performance obligation is satisfied at a point in time when products are shipped, delivered, or consumed by the customer, depending on the underlying contracts.

In limited cases, we collect funds in advance of shipping product to our customers and recognizing the related revenue. These prepayments from customers are recorded as a contract liability to our customer until we recognize the revenue. Some of our contracts include variable consideration in the form of rebates or business development funds. We regularly review both rebates and business development funds and make adjustments when necessary, recognizing the full amount of any adjustment in the period identified.

The following table provides information on our net sales by geographic area. Information on net sales by segment is in Note 3.
 
Third Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
191,830

 
$
180,142

 
$
551,875

 
$
547,005

China
49,219

 
57,891

 
170,627

 
183,980

Europe, Middle East, Africa, India
179,685

 
180,850

 
526,597

 
588,248

Asia Pacific, except China
77,823

 
87,661

 
240,653

 
254,350

Other foreign
57,260

 
56,622

 
166,098

 
177,780

Net sales
$
555,817

 
$
563,166

 
$
1,655,850

 
$
1,751,363




9

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


3. Segment Information
The tables below show our consolidated segment results. The “All other” category includes the operations of the antiknock compounds business, as well as certain contracted manufacturing and services associated with Ethyl Corporation (Ethyl).
Net Sales by Segment
 
 
Third Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Petroleum additives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Lubricant additives
 
$
448,629

 
$
462,865

 
$
1,348,508

 
$
1,440,227

     Fuel additives
 
101,997

 
97,657

 
295,621

 
303,405

          Total
 
550,626

 
560,522

 
1,644,129

 
1,743,632

All other
 
5,191

 
2,644

 
11,721

 
7,731

Net sales
 
$
555,817

 
$
563,166

 
$
1,655,850

 
$
1,751,363


Segment Operating Profit
 
 
Third Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Petroleum additives
 
$
94,765

 
$
75,824

 
$
285,620

 
$
231,494

All other
 
(77
)
 
(2,295
)
 
92

 
(1,966
)
Segment operating profit
 
94,688

 
73,529

 
285,712

 
229,528

Corporate, general, and administrative expenses
 
(6,473
)
 
(5,402
)
 
(15,842
)
 
(16,033
)
Interest and financing expenses, net
 
(6,987
)
 
(7,807
)
 
(22,740
)
 
(18,536
)
Other income (expense), net
 
6,230

 
7,994

 
17,827

 
24,231

Income before income tax expense
 
$
87,458

 
$
68,314

 
$
264,957

 
$
219,190


 

10

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


4.    Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefits
The table below shows cash contributions made during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, as well as the remaining cash contributions we expect to make during the year ending December 31, 2019, for our domestic and foreign pension plans and domestic postretirement benefit plan.
(in thousands)
 
Actual Cash Contributions for Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
 
Expected Remaining Cash Contributions for Year Ending December 31, 2019
Domestic plans
 
 
 
 
Pension benefits
 
$
2,227

 
$
742

Postretirement benefits
 
934

 
311

Foreign plans
 
 
 
 
Pension benefits
 
4,147

 
1,505



The tables below present information on net periodic benefit cost (income) for our domestic and foreign pension plans and domestic postretirement benefit plan. The service cost component of net periodic benefit cost (income) is reflected in cost of goods sold; selling, general, and administrative expenses; or research, development, and testing expenses, to reflect where other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employee are recorded on the Consolidated Statements of Income. The remaining components of net periodic benefit cost (income) are recorded in other income (expense), net on the Consolidated Statements of Income.
 
 
Domestic
 
 
Pension Benefits
 
Postretirement Benefits
 
 
Third Quarter Ended September 30,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Service cost
 
$
2,809

 
$
3,599

 
$
150

 
$
239

Interest cost
 
3,478

 
3,257

 
358

 
355

Expected return on plan assets
 
(8,661
)
 
(7,523
)
 
(223
)
 
(228
)
Amortization of prior service cost (credit)
 
(19
)
 
7

 
(757
)
 
(757
)
Amortization of actuarial net (gain) loss
 
507

 
1,172

 
0

 
0

Net periodic benefit cost (income)
 
$
(1,886
)
 
$
512

 
$
(472
)
 
$
(391
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Domestic
 
 
Pension Benefits
 
Postretirement Benefits
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Service cost
 
$
10,056

 
$
11,543

 
$
538

 
$
672

Interest cost
 
10,849

 
9,942

 
1,136

 
1,094

Expected return on plan assets
 
(25,975
)
 
(22,413
)
 
(711
)
 
(726
)
Amortization of prior service cost (credit)
 
(57
)
 
20

 
(2,271
)
 
(2,271
)
Amortization of actuarial net (gain) loss
 
2,214

 
3,854

 
0

 
0

Net periodic benefit cost (income)
 
$
(2,913
)
 
$
2,946

 
$
(1,308
)
 
$
(1,231
)



11

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


 
 
Foreign
 
 
Pension Benefits
 
 
Third Quarter Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Service cost
 
$
1,575

 
$
1,975

 
$
4,833

 
$
6,114

Interest cost
 
1,166

 
1,105

 
3,593

 
3,425

Expected return on plan assets
 
(2,238
)
 
(2,423
)
 
(6,918
)
 
(7,519
)
Amortization of prior service cost (credit)
 
(11
)
 
(20
)
 
(32
)
 
(62
)
Amortization of actuarial net (gain) loss
 
230

 
148

 
704

 
456

Net periodic benefit cost (income)
 
$
722

 
$
785

 
$
2,180

 
$
2,414



5.    Earnings Per Share
We had 22,512 shares of nonvested restricted stock at September 30, 2019 and 24,832 shares of nonvested restricted stock at September 30, 2018 that were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share, as their effect on earnings per share would be anti-dilutive.
The nonvested restricted stock is considered a participating security since the restricted stock contains nonforfeitable rights to dividends. As such, we use the two-class method to compute basic and diluted earnings per share for all periods presented since this method yields a more dilutive result than the treasury-stock method. The following table illustrates the earnings allocation method utilized in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share.
 
 
Third Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands, except per-share amounts)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Earnings per share numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to common shareholders before allocation of earnings to participating securities
 
$
67,805

 
$
58,481

 
$
204,184

 
$
171,931

Earnings allocated to participating securities
 
137

 
121

 
348

 
340

Net income attributable to common shareholders after allocation of earnings to participating securities
 
$
67,668

 
$
58,360

 
$
203,836

 
$
171,591

Earnings per share denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding - basic and diluted
 
11,167

 
11,409

 
11,166

 
11,606

Earnings per share - basic and diluted
 
$
6.06

 
$
5.12

 
$
18.26

 
$
14.78



6.
Inventories
 
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Finished goods and work-in-process
 
$
297,515

 
$
319,120

Raw materials
 
58,982

 
63,403

Stores, supplies, and other
 
14,437

 
13,818

 
 
$
370,934

 
$
396,341




12

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


7.    Intangibles (Net of Amortization) and Goodwill

The net carrying amount of intangibles and goodwill was $133 million at September 30, 2019 and $136 million at December 31, 2018. The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization of each type of intangible asset and goodwill are presented in the table below.
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
(in thousands)
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
Amortizing intangible assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Formulas and technology
 
$
9,600

 
$
4,875

 
$
9,600

 
$
3,250

Contract
 
2,000

 
550

 
2,000

 
400

Customer bases
 
14,240

 
10,470

 
14,240

 
9,091

Goodwill
 
122,877

 
 
 
122,940

 
 
 
 
$
148,717

 
$
15,895

 
$
148,780

 
$
12,741


All of the intangibles relate to the petroleum additives segment. The change in the gross carrying amount between December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2019 is due to foreign currency fluctuation. There is no accumulated goodwill impairment.
Amortization expense was (in thousands):
Third quarter ended September 30, 2019
$
1,051

Nine months ended September 30, 2019
3,154

Third quarter ended September 30, 2018
1,470

Nine months ended September 30, 2018
5,944



Estimated amortization expense for the remainder of 2019, as well as estimated annual amortization expense related to our intangible assets for the next five years, is expected to be (in thousands):
2019
$
1,052

2020
2,907

2021
2,156

2022
1,423

2023
907

2024
390



We amortize the contract over 10 years; customer bases over 4 to 20 years; and formulas and technology over 3 to 6 years.

8.    Leases

On January 1, 2019, we adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)" (ASU 2016-02) using the modified retrospective transition method allowing us to apply the new standard at the adoption date and to recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. Under this transition method, the prior comparative period continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for that period.

We elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance which, among other things, allowed us to carry forward the historical lease classification of existing leases. In addition, we elected the hindsight practical expedient to determine the lease term for existing leases and also elected the practical expedient related to land easements, allowing us to carry forward our accounting treatment for land easements on existing agreements. Except for the railcar lease class, we made an accounting policy election to adopt the short-term lease exception, which allows us to not recognize on the balance sheet

13

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


those leases with terms of 12 months or less resulting in short-term lease payments being recognized in the consolidated statements of income on a straight-line basis over the lease term. We also elected a practical expedient to not separate lease and nonlease components in determining the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for all lease classes.

Adoption of the new standard resulted in recognition of both right-of-use assets and lease liabilities of approximately $70 million as of January 1, 2019. As the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities were substantially the same at adoption, we did not record a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.

We have both operating and finance leases with remaining terms ranging from less than one year to 52 years. Our leases are for land, real estate, railcars, vehicles, pipelines, plant equipment, and office equipment. We determine if an arrangement includes a lease at the inception of the agreement. The right-of-use asset and lease liability is determined at the lease commencement date and is based on the present value of estimated lease payments. Our lease agreements contain both fixed and variable lease payments. In some cases, variable lease payments are based on a rate or an index. Fixed lease payments, as well as variable lease payments which are based on a rate or index, are included in the determination of the right-of-use asset and lease liability. Variable lease payments that are not based on a rate or index are expensed when incurred. The present value of estimated lease payments is determined utilizing the rate implicit in the lease agreement, if that rate can be determined. If the implicit rate cannot be determined, the present value of estimated lease payments is determined utilizing our incremental borrowing rate. The incremental borrowing rate is determined at the lease commencement date and is developed utilizing a readily available market interest rate curve adjusted for our credit quality. Some of our leases include an option to renew that can extend the lease term. For those leases which are reasonably certain to be renewed, we included the renewal term in the lease term. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

The components of lease expense were as follows:
 
 
Third Quarter Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2019
Operating lease cost
 
$
4,293

 
$
12,821

Finance lease cost:
 
 
 
 
  Amortization of assets
 
684

 
1,953

  Interest on lease liabilities
 
108

 
300

Short-term lease cost
 
812

 
2,776

Variable lease cost
 
611

 
1,653

Total lease cost
 
$
6,508

 
$
19,503



Variable lease costs also include leases that do not have a right-of-use asset or lease liability, but are capitalized as part of inventory.


14

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows:
(in thousands)
Balance Sheet Classification
 
September 30,
2019
Operating leases:
 
 
 
Operating lease right-of-use assets
Operating lease right-of-use assets
 
$
58,377

 
 
 
 
Current liability
Operating lease liabilities
 
$
13,811

Noncurrent liability
Operating lease liabilities-noncurrent
 
44,398

  Total operating lease liabilities
 
 
$
58,209

 
 
 
 
Finance leases:
 
 
 
Finance lease right-of-use assets
Deferred charges and other assets
 
$
12,401

 
 
 
 
Current liability
Other current liabilities
 
$
2,814

Noncurrent liability
Other noncurrent liabilities
 
10,667

  Total finance lease liabilities
 
 
$
13,481


 
 
September 30,
2019
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years):
 
 
  Operating leases
 
14

  Finance leases
 
9

 
 
 
Weighted average incremental borrowing rate:
 
 
  Operating leases
 
3.97
%
  Finance leases
 
3.47
%


Supplemental cash flow information related to leases was as follows:
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands)
 
2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
 
  Operating cash flows from operating leases
 
$
12,374

  Operating cash flows from finance leases
 
300

  Financing cash flows from finance leases
 
1,899

 
 
 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:
 
 
  Operating leases
 
$
12,820

  Finance leases
 
9,345




15

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Maturities of lease liabilities as of September 30, 2019 were as follows:
(in thousands)
 
Operating Leases
 
Finance Leases
2019 (remainder)
 
$
4,099

 
$
807

2020
 
14,891

 
3,228

2021
 
10,580

 
2,208

2022
 
8,012

 
1,175

2023
 
6,490

 
965

Thereafter
 
34,819

 
7,226

Total lease payments
 
78,891

 
15,609

Less: imputed interest
 
20,682

 
2,128

  Total lease obligations
 
$
58,209

 
$
13,481



Operating lease payments in the table above include approximately $16 million related to options to extend lease terms that are reasonably certain of being exercised. At September 30, 2019, we had commitments of approximately $40 million related to leases that have not yet commenced and are not included in the above table. Most of the commitments relate to plant and equipment that is being constructed or procured by the future lessors. These leases are expected to commence in 2020 and 2021.

Future lease payments for all noncancelable operating leases as of December 31, 2018 were (in thousands):
2019
$
17,223

2020
15,035

2021
10,502

2022
7,957

2023
6,810

After 2023
24,490



9.    Long-term Debt
(in thousands)
 
September 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Senior notes - 4.10% due 2022 (net of related deferred financing costs)
 
$
348,116

 
$
347,677

Senior notes - 3.78% due 2029
 
250,000

 
250,000

Revolving credit facility
 
41,867

 
168,129

Capital lease obligations
 
0

 
5,193

 
 
$
639,983

 
$
770,999


The outstanding 4.10% senior notes are unsecured, with an aggregate principal amount of $350 million and are registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (Securities Act). The outstanding 3.78% senior notes are unsecured and were issued in a 2017 private placement with The Prudential Insurance Company of America and certain other purchasers. We were in compliance with all covenants under both issuances of the senior notes as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
The revolving credit facility (the Credit Agreement) has a borrowing capacity of $850 million, a term of five years, and matures on September 22, 2022. The obligations under the Credit Agreement are unsecured and are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by NewMarket. The average interest rate for borrowings under the Credit Agreement was 3.2% during the first nine months of 2019 and 3.0% during the full year of 2018. We were in compliance with all covenants under the Credit Agreement as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

16

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


The outstanding borrowings under the Credit Agreement amounted to $42 million at September 30, 2019 and $168 million at December 31, 2018. Outstanding letters of credit approximate to $3 million at both September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 resulting in the unused portion of the credit facility amounting to $805 million at September 30, 2019 and $679 million at December 31, 2018.
The capital lease obligations were related to the Singapore manufacturing facility and were reclassified to finance lease liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets with the adoption of ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019. See Note 8.


10.    Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Matters
We are involved in legal proceedings that are incidental to our business and may include administrative or judicial actions. Some of these legal proceedings involve governmental authorities and relate to environmental matters. For further information, see Environmental below.
While it is not possible to predict or determine with certainty the outcome of any legal proceeding, we believe the outcome of any of these proceedings, or all of them combined, will not result in a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows.
Environmental
We are involved in environmental proceedings and potential proceedings relating to soil and groundwater contamination, disposal of hazardous waste, and other environmental matters at several of our current or former facilities, or at third-party sites where we have been designated as a potentially responsible party (PRP). While we believe we are currently adequately accrued for known environmental issues, it is possible that unexpected future costs could have a significant impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. Our total accruals for environmental remediation, dismantling, and decontamination were approximately $11 million at September 30, 2019 and $12 million at December 31, 2018. Of the total accrual, the current portion is included in accrued expenses and the noncurrent portion is included in other noncurrent liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Our more significant environmental sites include a former plant site in Louisiana (the Louisiana site) and a Houston, Texas plant site (the Texas site). Together, the amounts accrued on a discounted basis related to these sites represented approximately $8 million of the total accrual above at both September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, using discount rates ranging from 3% to 9% for both periods. The aggregate undiscounted amount for these sites was $10 million at September 30, 2019 and $11 million at December 31, 2018. Of the total accrued for these two sites, the amount related to remediation of groundwater and soil for the Louisiana site was $4 million at both September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018. The amount related to remediation of groundwater and soil for the Texas site was $4 million at both September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.


17

NEWMARKET CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


11.    Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The balances of, and changes in, the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, consist of the following:
(in thousands)
 
Pension Plans
and Other Postretirement Benefits
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive (Loss) Income
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
$
(63,520
)
 
$
(82,474
)
 
$
(145,994
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
(163
)
 
(3,793
)
 
(3,956
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss (a)
 
1,497

 
0

 
1,497

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
1,334

 
(3,793
)
 
(2,459
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
 
$
(62,186
)
 
$
(86,267
)
 
$
(148,453
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
$
(86,555
)
 
$
(94,761
)
 
$
(181,316
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
2,501

 
(9,239
)
 
(6,738
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss (a)
 
443

 
0

 
443

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
2,944

 
(9,239
)
 
(6,295
)
Balance at September 30, 2019
 
$
(83,611
)
 
$
(104,000
)
 
$
(187,611
)


(a) The pension plan and other postretirement benefit components of accumulated other comprehensive loss are included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost (income). See Note 4 in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Note 18 in our 2018 Annual Report for further information.

12.    Fair Value Measurements
The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, as well as the fair value, was $80 million at September 30, 2019 and $73 million at December 31, 2018. The fair value is categorized in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.
No material events occurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 requiring adjustment to the recognized balances of assets or liabilities which are recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.
Long-term debt – We record the carrying amount of our long-term debt at historical cost, less deferred financing costs related to the 4.10% senior notes. The estimated fair value of our long-term debt is shown in the table below and is based primarily on estimated current rates available to us for debt of the same remaining duration and adjusted for nonperformance risk and credit risk. The estimated fair value of our publicly-traded 4.10% senior notes included in long-term debt in the table below is based on the last quoted price closest to September 30, 2019. The fair value of our debt instruments is categorized as Level 2.
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
(in thousands)
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
Long-term debt (excluding capital lease obligations)
 
$
639,983

 
$
675,398

 
$
765,806

 
$
757,414



13.    Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

On January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2016-02, "Leases." Further information on the adoption is in Note 8.

Also on January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2018-02, "Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income". Further information on the adoption is in Note 1.


18


ITEM 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Forward-Looking Statements
This report contains forward-looking statements about future events and expectations within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future results. When we use words in this document such as “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “projects,” “expects,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “will,” and similar expressions, we do so to identify forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements we make regarding future prospects of growth in the petroleum additives market, other trends in the petroleum additives market, our ability to maintain or increase our market share, and our future capital expenditure levels.
We believe our forward-looking statements are based on reasonable expectations and assumptions, within the bounds of what we know about our business and operations. However, we offer no assurance that actual results will not differ materially from our expectations due to uncertainties and factors that are difficult to predict and beyond our control.
Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations include, but are not limited to, the availability of raw materials and distribution systems; disruptions at production facilities, including single-sourced facilities; hazards common to chemical businesses; the ability to respond effectively to technological changes in our industry; failure to protect our intellectual property rights; sudden or sharp raw material price increases; competition from other manufacturers; the gain or loss of significant customers; current and future governmental regulations; failure to attract and retain a highly-qualified workforce; the occurrence or threat of extraordinary events, including natural disasters and terrorist attacks; risks related to operating outside of the United States; the impact of substantial indebtedness on our operational and financial flexibility; the impact of fluctuations in foreign exchange rates; an information technology system failure or security breach; resolution of environmental liabilities or legal proceedings; political, economic, and regulatory factors concerning our products; limitation of our insurance coverage; our inability to realize expected benefits from investment in our infrastructure or from recent or future acquisitions, or our inability to successfully integrate recent or future acquisitions into our business; the underperformance of our pension assets resulting in additional cash contributions to our pension plans; and other factors detailed from time to time in the reports that NewMarket files with the SEC, including the risk factors in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of our 2018 Annual Report, which is available to shareholders upon request.
You should keep in mind that any forward-looking statement made by us in this report or elsewhere speaks only as of the date on which we make it. New risks and uncertainties arise from time to time, and it is impossible for us to predict these events or how they may affect us. We have no duty to, and do not intend to, update or revise the forward-looking statements in this discussion after the date hereof, except as may be required by law. In light of these risks and uncertainties, any forward-looking statement made in this report or elsewhere, might not occur.

Overview
When comparing the results of the petroleum additives segment for the first nine months of 2019 with the first nine months of 2018, net sales decreased 5.7% primarily due to lower product shipments and an unfavorable foreign currency impact, which was partially offset by increased selling prices. Petroleum additives operating profit was 23.4% higher when comparing the first nine months of 2019 with the first nine months of 2018, reflecting the improved selling prices and lower raw material costs, partially offset by the impact from the lower product shipments.
Our operations generate cash that is in excess of the needs of the business. We continue to invest in and manage the business for the long-term with the goal of helping our customers succeed in their marketplaces. Our investments continue to be in organizational talent, technology development and processes, and global infrastructure, consisting of technical centers, production capability, and geographic expansion.



19


Results of Operations
Net Sales
Consolidated net sales for the third quarter of 2019 totaled $555.8 million, representing a decrease of $7.3 million, or 1.3%, from the third quarter of 2018. Consolidated net sales for the first nine months of 2019 were $1.7 billion which was a decrease of $95.5 million, or 5.5%, from the first nine months of 2018. The following table shows net sales by segment and product line.
 
 
Third Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Petroleum additives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lubricant additives
 
$
448.6

 
$
462.9

 
$
1,348.5

 
$
1,440.2

Fuel additives
 
102.0

 
97.6

 
295.6

 
303.4

Total
 
550.6

 
560.5

 
1,644.1

 
1,743.6

All other
 
5.2

 
2.7

 
11.8

 
7.8

Net sales
 
$
555.8

 
$
563.2

 
$
1,655.9

 
$
1,751.4


Petroleum Additives Segment
The regions in which we operate include North America (the United States and Canada), Latin America (Mexico, Central America, and South America), Asia Pacific, and the Europe/Middle East/Africa/India (EMEAI) region. While there is some fluctuation, the percentage of net sales generated in the regions remained fairly consistent when comparing the first nine months of 2019 with the same period in 2018, as well as with the full year in 2018.
Petroleum additives net sales for the third quarter of 2019 were $550.6 million compared to $560.5 million for the third quarter of 2018, a decrease of 1.8%. Petroleum additives net sales for the first nine months of 2019 were $1.6 billion compared to $1.7 billion for the first nine months of 2018, a decrease of 5.7%. The decrease in net sales for the third quarter comparison was predominantly in the Asia Pacific region with smaller decreases in the Latin America and the EMEAI regions. An increase in the North America region partially offset the decreases in the other regions. For the nine months comparison, the decrease was across all regions, with most of the decrease in the EMEAI region, followed by the Latin America and Asia Pacific regions.
The following table details the approximate components of the decrease in petroleum additives net sales between the third quarter and first nine months of 2019 and 2018.
(in millions)
 
Third Quarter
 
Nine Months
Period ended September 30, 2018
 
$
560.5

 
$
1,743.6

Lubricant additives shipments
 
(13.3
)
 
(119.7
)
Fuel additives shipments
 
(2.6
)
 
(21.6
)
Selling prices
 
10.2

 
65.3

Foreign currency impact, net
 
(4.2
)
 
(23.5
)
Period ended September 30, 2019
 
$
550.6

 
$
1,644.1

When comparing both the third quarter and the nine months periods of 2019 and 2018, petroleum additives shipments accounted for a $15.9 million decrease in net sales for the third quarter comparison and a $141.3 million decrease in net sales for the nine months comparison. Improved selling prices, including an unfavorable foreign currency impact, resulted in an increase in net sales of $6.0 million for the third quarter comparison and $41.8 million for the nine months comparison, partially offsetting the unfavorable impact from product shipments. The United States Dollar strengthened against most of the major currencies in which we transact, resulting in an unfavorable impact to net sales for both the third quarter and nine months comparative periods. The unfavorable impact was predominantly from the Euro and the Chinese Renminbi.
On a worldwide basis, the volume of product shipments for petroleum additives decreased 1.6% when comparing the two third quarter periods and 7.6% when comparing the nine months of 2019 and 2018. For the third quarter comparative period, shipments of lubricant additives decreased in the Asia Pacific and Latin America regions, partially offset by increases in the North America and EMEAI regions. Fuel additives were substantially unchanged for the third quarter comparative period with small increases in the North America and Latin America regions partially offset by small decreases in the EMEAI and Asia Pacific regions. For the nine months comparative period, lubricant additives were lower across all regions with most of the decrease in the EMEAI region, followed by the Latin America and Asia Pacific regions. Fuel additives decreased for the nine

20


months comparative periods with decreases in the EMEAI and North America regions partially offset by an increase in Asia Pacific.

All Other
The “All other” category includes the operations of the antiknock compounds business and certain contracted manufacturing and services.

Segment Operating Profit
NewMarket evaluates the performance of the petroleum additives business based on segment operating profit. NewMarket Services Corporation expenses are charged to NewMarket and each subsidiary pursuant to services agreements between the companies. Depreciation on segment property, plant, and equipment, as well as amortization of segment intangible assets and lease right-of-use assets, is included in segment operating profit.
The following table reports segment operating profit for the third quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018.
 
 
Third Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Petroleum additives
 
$
94.8

 
$
75.8

 
$
285.6

 
$
231.5

All other
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(2.3
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
(2.0
)

Petroleum Additives Segment
The petroleum additives segment operating profit increased $19.0 million when comparing the third quarter of 2019 to the third quarter of 2018 and $54.1 million when comparing the first nine months of 2019 to the same period in 2018. Both comparative periods included the impact of the same factors that affected gross profit (see discussion below) including a favorable foreign currency translation impact when comparing the third quarter and first nine months of 2019 with the same periods in 2018.
The operating profit margin was 17.2% for the third quarter of 2019 as compared to 13.5% for the third quarter of 2018 and was 17.4% for the first nine months of 2019 as compared to 13.3% for the first nine months of 2018. For the rolling four quarters ended September 30, 2019, the operating profit margin for petroleum additives was 16.7%. While we saw improvement in the operating profit margin for the first nine months of 2019, we had experienced downward pressure on our margins during the past two years caused mainly by increases in raw material prices. We have made progress in adjusting our selling prices to allow for those increases in raw material costs, resulting in a favorable impact from selling prices. We will continue to monitor our margins closely. Operating profit margins will fluctuate from quarter to quarter due to multiple factors, but we believe the fundamentals of our business and industry as a whole are unchanged.
Petroleum additives gross profit increased $19.7 million when comparing the two third quarter periods and $44.5 million when comparing the first nine months periods of 2019 and 2018. Cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales was 70.5% for the third quarter and nine months of 2019, down from 74.6% for the third quarter of 2018 and 74.7% for the first nine months of 2018.
When comparing both the third quarters and first nine months of 2019 and 2018, the increase in gross profit resulted from an improvement in selling prices (excluding the unfavorable impact from foreign currency on net sales) and raw material costs, as well as a favorable impact from conversion costs (including a favorable foreign currency translation impact), which together contributed over 100% of the change in both comparative periods. These favorable factors were partially offset by an unfavorable impact from product shipments, as discussed in the Net Sales section above.
Petroleum additives selling, general, and administrative expenses (SG&A) for the third quarter of 2019 were $0.6 million, or 1.9% lower as compared to the third quarter of 2018, and $10.2 million, or 9.9% lower for the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the same 2018 period. SG&A as a percentage of net sales was 5.7% for both the third quarter of 2019 and 2018, and 5.6% for the first nine months of 2019 and 5.9% for the first nine months of 2018. Our SG&A costs are primarily personnel-related and include salaries, benefits, and other costs associated with our workforce. While personnel costs were lower in the 2019 period, there were no significant changes in the drivers of these costs when comparing the periods.

21


Our investment in petroleum additives research, development, and testing (R&D) increased slightly when comparing both the third quarter and nine months periods of 2019 and 2018. As a percentage of net sales, R&D was 6.6% for the third quarter of 2019, 6.3% for the third quarter of 2018, 6.5% for the first nine months of 2019, and 6.1% for the first nine months of 2018. Our R&D investments reflect our efforts to support the development of solutions that meet our customers' needs, meet new and evolving standards, and support our expansion into new product areas. Our approach to R&D investment, as it is with SG&A, is one of purposeful spending on programs to support our current product base and to ensure that we develop products to support our customers' programs in the future. R&D investments include personnel-related costs, as well as internal and external testing of our products.

The following discussion references certain captions on the Consolidated Statements of Income.

Interest and Financing Expenses
Interest and financing expenses were $7.0 million for the third quarter of 2019, $7.8 million for the third quarter of 2018, $22.7 million for the first nine months of 2019 and $18.5 million for the first nine months of 2018. The decrease in the third quarter comparison resulted primarily from lower average debt outstanding. For the first nine months comparative periods, higher average debt, along with lower capitalized interest, resulted in increased interest expense.

Other Income (Expense), Net
Other income (expense), net was income of $6.2 million for the third quarter of 2019, $8.0 million for the third quarter of 2018, $17.9 million for the first nine months of 2019 and $20.9 million for the first nine months of 2018. The amounts for both of the 2019 and 2018 periods primarily reflect the components of net periodic benefit cost (income), except for service cost, from defined benefit pension and postretirement plans. See Note 4 for further information on total periodic benefit cost (income).

Income Tax Expense
Income tax expense was $19.7 million for the third quarter of 2019 and $9.8 million for the third quarter of 2018. The effective tax rate was 22.5% for the third quarter of 2019 and 14.4% for the third quarter of 2018. Income tax expense increased $7.1 million due to the higher effective tax rate. Higher income before income tax expense resulted in an increase of $2.8 million in income tax expense.
Income tax expense was $60.8 million for the first nine months of 2019 and $47.3 million for the first nine months of 2018. The effective tax rate was 22.9% for the first nine months of 2019 and 21.6% for the first nine months of 2018. Income tax expense increased $9.9 million due to higher income before income tax expense. The higher effective tax rate resulted in a $3.6 million increase in income tax.
The change in the effective tax rates for both the third quarter and first nine months comparison periods is primarily due to certain provisions of the Tax Reform Act.

Cash Flows, Financial Condition, and Liquidity
Cash and cash equivalents at September 30, 2019 were $80.0 million, which was an increase of $6.9 million since December 31, 2018.
Cash and cash equivalents held by our foreign subsidiaries amounted to $76.5 million at September 30, 2019 and $70.9 million at December 31, 2018. Periodically, we repatriate cash from our foreign subsidiaries to the United States through intercompany dividends. As a result of the United States tax reform act enacted in 2017, we do not anticipate significant tax consequences from future distributions of foreign earnings.
A portion of our foreign cash balances is associated with earnings that we have asserted are indefinitely reinvested. We plan to use these indefinitely reinvested earnings to support growth outside of the United States through funding of operating expenses, research and development expenses, capital expenditures, and other cash needs of our foreign subsidiaries.
We expect that cash from operations, together with borrowing available under our revolving credit facility, will continue to be sufficient to cover our operating needs and planned capital expenditures for at least the next twelve months.
Cash Flows – Operating Activities
Cash flows provided from operating activities for the first nine months of 2019 were $233.2 million, which included the use of $36.0 million to fund higher working capital requirements. The $36.0 million excluded an unfavorable foreign currency impact to the components of working capital on the balance sheet.
The most significant changes in working capital included increases in accounts receivable and operating lease liabilities, as well as decreases in inventory and accrued expenses. The higher accounts receivable balance was primarily due to higher sales levels

22


in the EMEAI and North America regions comparing September 2019 with the end of 2018. The increase in operating lease liabilities reflects the adoption of ASC 842, "Leases". See Note 8 for additional information on our leases. The decrease in inventory primarily reflected plant downtime, while the decrease in accrued expenses reflected normal payments for customer costs and decreases in accruals for capital project-related costs due to completion of capital projects.
Including cash and cash equivalents, as well as the impact of foreign currency on the balance sheet, we had total working capital of $546.5 million at September 30, 2019 and $542.1 million at December 31, 2018. The current ratio was 2.95 to 1 at September 30, 2019 and 3.00 to 1 at December 31, 2018.
Cash Flows – Investing Activities
Cash used in investing activities totaled $37.1 million during the first nine months of 2019 for capital expenditures. We currently expect that our total capital spending during 2019 will be in the $60 million to $70 million range and will include several improvements to our manufacturing and R&D infrastructure around the world. We expect to continue to finance capital spending through cash on hand and cash provided from operations, together with borrowing available under our $850 million revolving credit facility.
Cash Flows – Financing Activities
Cash used in financing activities during the first nine months of 2019 amounted to $188.6 million. We paid dividends of $60.4 million and repaid $126.3 million on our revolving credit facility.
Our long-term debt was $640.0 million at September 30, 2019 compared to $771.0 million at December 31, 2018. See Note 9 for additional information on the 4.10% senior notes, 3.78% senior notes, and revolving credit facility, including the unused portion of our revolving credit facility.
The 4.10% senior notes, 3.78% senior notes, and the revolving credit facility contain covenants, representations, and events of default that management considers typical of credit arrangements of this nature. The covenants under the 3.78% senior notes include negative covenants, certain financial covenants, and events of default which are substantially similar to the covenants and events of default in our revolving credit facility.
The more restrictive and significant financial covenants under the revolving credit facility include:
A consolidated Leverage Ratio (as defined in the agreement) of no more than 3.50 to 1.00, except during an Increased Leverage Period (as defined in the agreement) at the end of each fiscal quarter; and
A consolidated Interest Coverage Ratio (as defined in the agreement) of no less than 3.00 to 1.00, calculated on a rolling four quarter basis, as of the end of each quarter.
At September 30, 2019, the Leverage Ratio was 1.5 and the Interest Coverage Ratio was 11.87 under the revolving credit facility. We were in compliance with all covenants under the 4.10% senior notes, the 3.78% senior notes, and the revolving credit facility at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
As a percentage of total capitalization (total long-term debt and shareholders’ equity), our total long-term debt percentage decreased from 61.1% at December 31, 2018 to 50.4% at September 30, 2019. The change in the percentage was primarily the result of the increase in shareholders' equity, along with the decrease in long-term debt. The change in shareholders’ equity reflects our earnings and the impact of foreign currency translation adjustments, offset by dividend payments. Generally, we repay any outstanding long-term debt with cash from operations or refinancing activities.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
This Form 10-Q and our 2018 Annual Report include discussions of our accounting policies, as well as methods and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements. We also provided a discussion of Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates in our 2018 Annual Report.
There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates from those reported in our 2018 Annual Report.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
For a full discussion of the significant recent accounting pronouncements which may impact our financial statements, see Note 13.



23


Other Matters
The United Kingdom’s June 2016 referendum decision to withdraw from the European Union (EU), commonly known as Brexit, has resulted in uncertainty for our European operations regarding the extent to which our operations and financial performance will be affected immediately and in the longer term.  Our key manufacturing facilities in the current EU are not in the United Kingdom.  Therefore, goods movements will continue to be predominantly within the EU post-Brexit which means that existing key trade agreements will continue to apply.  However, because the UK has not finalized a transition plan, there continues to be significant uncertainty related to Brexit and its impact, with a number of regulatory and logistical challenges remaining.  We are continuing to monitor and evaluate changes in legislation and trading practices in order to mitigate any potential risks to our operations associated with the changing commercial landscape.

Outlook
Our stated goal is to provide a 10% compounded return per year for our shareholders over any five-year period (defined by earnings per share growth plus dividends), although we may not necessarily achieve a 10% return each year. We continue to have confidence in our customer-focused strategy and approach to the market. We believe the fundamentals of how we run our business - a long-term view, safety-first culture, customer-focused solutions, technology-driven product offerings, and world-class supply chain capability - will continue to be beneficial for all of our stakeholders over the long term.
We expect our petroleum additives segment to deliver another year of solid performance in 2019. We expect that the petroleum additives market will grow in the 1% to 2% range annually for the foreseeable future, and we plan to exceed that growth rate over the long-term.
In the past several years we have made significant investments in our business as the industry fundamentals remain positive. These investments have been and will continue to be in organizational talent, technology development and processes, and global infrastructure, consisting of technical centers, production capability and geographic expansion. We intend to utilize these investments to improve our ability to deliver the solutions that our customers value, expand our global reach, and enhance our operating results. We will continue to invest in our capabilities to provide even better value, service, technology, and customer solutions.
Our business generates significant amounts of cash beyond what is necessary for the expansion and growth of our current offerings. We regularly review our many internal opportunities to utilize excess cash from technological, geographic, production capability, and product line perspectives. We believe our capital spending is creating the capability we need to grow and support our customers worldwide, and our research and development investments are positioning us well to provide added value to our customers. Our primary focus in the acquisition area remains on the petroleum additives industry. It is our view that this industry segment will provide the greatest opportunity for solid returns on our investments while minimizing risk. We remain focused on this strategy and will evaluate any future opportunities. We will continue to evaluate all alternative uses of cash to enhance shareholder value, including stock repurchases and dividends.



24


ITEM 3.     Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
At September 30, 2019, there were no material changes in our market risk from the information provided in the 2018 Annual Report.

ITEM 4.     Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain a system of internal control over financial reporting to provide reasonable, but not absolute, assurance of the reliability of the financial records and the protection of assets. Under Rule 13a-15(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Exchange Act), we carried out an evaluation, with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.
There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act, that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2019 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


25


PART II.     OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.     Legal Proceedings
There have been no material changes to our legal proceedings as disclosed in "Legal Proceedings" in Item 3 of Part 1 of the 2018 Annual Report.

ITEM 6.     Exhibits
 
Articles of Incorporation Amended and Restated effective April 27, 2012 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Form 8-K (File No. 1-32190) filed April 30, 2012)
NewMarket Corporation Bylaws Amended and Restated effective August 6, 2015 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Form 8-K (File No. 1- 32190) filed August 6, 2015)
Certification pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 by Thomas E. Gottwald
Certification pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 by Brian D. Paliotti
Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 by Thomas E. Gottwald
Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 by Brian D. Paliotti
Exhibit 101
Inline XBRL Instance Document and Related Items (the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its Inline XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document)
Exhibit 104
Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)



26


SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
NEWMARKET CORPORATION
 
(Registrant)
 
 
Date: October 24, 2019
By: /s/ Brian D. Paliotti
 
Brian D. Paliotti
 
Vice President and
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
(Principal Financial Officer)
 
 
Date: October 24, 2019
By: /s/ William J. Skrobacz
 
William J. Skrobacz
 
Controller
 
(Principal Accounting Officer)


27
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