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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_________________________________________________________ 
Form 10-Q
_________________________________________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 001-32373
_________________________________________________________ 
LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP.
(Exact name of registration as specified in its charter)
_________________________________________________________ 
Nevada 27-0099920
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
3883 Howard Hughes Parkway, Suite 550
Las Vegas, Nevada 89169
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(702) 923-9000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock ($0.001 par value) LVS New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated Filer Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class    Outstanding at April 26, 2022
Common Stock ($0.001 par value)    764,109,163 shares


LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table of Contents
 
Item 1.
3
3
4
5
6
7
8
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 6.
2


PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1 — FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
(In millions, except par value)
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 6,430  $ 1,854 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents 16  16 
Accounts receivable, net of provision for credit losses of $234 and $232
147  202 
Inventories 23  22 
Prepaid expenses and other 109  113 
Current assets of discontinued operations held for sale —  3,303 
Total current assets 6,725  5,510 
Loan receivable 1,200  — 
Property and equipment, net 11,709  11,850 
Deferred income taxes, net 186  297 
Leasehold interests in land, net 2,152  2,166 
Intangible assets, net 19  19 
Other assets, net 256  217 
Total assets $ 22,247  $ 20,059 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 69  $ 77 
Construction payables 245  227 
Other accrued liabilities 1,091  1,334 
Income taxes payable 662  32 
Current maturities of long-term debt 72  74 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations held for sale —  821 
Total current liabilities 2,139  2,565 
Other long-term liabilities 362  352 
Deferred income taxes 164  173 
Long-term debt 14,905  14,721 
Total liabilities 17,570  17,811 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
Equity:
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 50 shares authorized, zero shares issued and outstanding
—  — 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 1,000 shares authorized, 833 shares issued, 764 shares outstanding
Treasury stock, at cost, 69 shares
(4,481) (4,481)
Capital in excess of par value 6,656  6,646 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (29) (22)
Retained earnings (deficit) 2,382  (148)
Total Las Vegas Sands Corp. stockholders’ equity 4,529  1,996 
Noncontrolling interests 148  252 
Total equity 4,677  2,248 
Total liabilities and equity $ 22,247  $ 20,059 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Revenues:
Casino $ 627  $ 865 
Rooms 95  96 
Food and beverage 53  56 
Mall 149  156 
Convention, retail and other 19  23 
Net revenues 943  1,196 
Operating expenses:
Casino 468  578 
Rooms 43  42 
Food and beverage 65  71 
Mall 18  15 
Convention, retail and other 22  22 
Provision for credit losses
General and administrative 218  225 
Corporate 59  49 
Pre-opening
Development 60 
Depreciation and amortization 264  255 
Amortization of leasehold interests in land 14  14 
Loss on disposal or impairment of assets
1,245  1,292 
Operating loss (302) (96)
Other income (expense):
Interest income
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized (156) (154)
Other expense (22) (17)
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes (476) (266)
Income tax expense (2) (14)
Net loss from continuing operations (478) (280)
Discontinued operations:
Income (loss) from operations of discontinued operations, net of tax 46  (62)
Gain on disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax 2,861  — 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax 2,907  (62)
Net income (loss) 2,429  (342)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests from continuing operations 101  64 
Net income (loss) attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. $ 2,530  $ (278)
Earnings (loss) per share - basic:
Loss from continuing operations $ (0.49) $ (0.28)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes 3.80  (0.08)
Net income (loss) attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. $ 3.31  $ (0.36)
Earnings (loss) per share - diluted:
Loss from continuing operations $ (0.49) $ (0.28)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes 3.80  (0.08)
Net income (loss) attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. $ 3.31  $ (0.36)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic 764  764 
Diluted 764  764 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Net income (loss) $ 2,429  $ (342)
Currency translation adjustment (4) (42)
Cash flow hedge fair value adjustment (6) — 
Total comprehensive income (loss) 2,419  (384)
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests 104  66 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. $ 2,523  $ (318)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
Las Vegas Sands Corp. Stockholders’ Equity    
Common
Stock
Treasury
Stock
Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Retained
Earnings (Deficit)
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Balance at January 1, 2021 $ $ (4,481) $ 6,611  $ 29  $ 813  $ 565  $ 3,538 
Net loss —  —  —  —  (278) (64) (342)
Currency translation adjustment
—  —  —  (40) —  (2) (42)
Exercise of stock options
—  —  15  —  —  19 
Stock-based compensation
—  —  —  — 
Balance at March 31, 2021 $ $ (4,481) $ 6,629  $ (11) $ 535  $ 504  $ 3,177 
Balance at January 1, 2022 $ $ (4,481) $ 6,646  $ (22) $ (148) $ 252  $ 2,248 
Net income (loss) —  —  —  —  2,530  (101) 2,429 
Currency translation adjustment
—  —  —  (3) —  (1) (4)
Cash flow hedge fair value adjustment —  —  —  (4) —  (2) (6)
Stock-based compensation
—  —  10  —  —  —  10 
Balance at March 31, 2022 $ $ (4,481) $ 6,656  $ (29) $ 2,382  $ 148  $ 4,677 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities from continuing operations:
Net loss from continuing operations $ (478) $ (280)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 264  255 
Amortization of leasehold interests in land 14  14 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and original issue discount 14  12 
Change in fair value of derivative asset/liability — 
(Gain) loss on disposal or impairment of assets (3)
Stock-based compensation expense 10 
Provision for credit losses
Foreign exchange loss 22  16 
Deferred income taxes (31) (16)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable 50  40 
Other assets (11)
Accounts payable (8) (19)
Other liabilities (375) (204)
Net cash used in operating activities from continuing operations (500) (188)
Cash flows from investing activities from continuing operations:
Capital expenditures (137) (291)
Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment
Acquisition of intangible assets and other (12) — 
Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations (146) (288)
Cash flows from financing activities from continuing operations:
Proceeds from exercise of stock options —  19 
Proceeds from long-term debt (Note 4) 201  505 
Repayments of long-term debt (Note 4) (17) (18)
Payments of financing costs (9) (8)
Transactions with discontinued operations 4,998  (18)
Net cash generated from financing activities from continuing operations 5,173  480 
Cash flows from discontinued operations:
Net cash generated from (used in) operating activities 140  (5)
Net cash generated from (used in) investing activities 4,858  (17)
Net cash provided (to) by continuing operations and (used in) financing activities (4,998) 18 
Net cash used in discontinued operations —  (4)
Effect of exchange rate on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (6) (12)
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 4,521  (12)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period 1,925  2,137 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period 6,446  2,125 
Less: cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period for discontinued operations —  (35)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period for continuing operations $ 6,446  $ 2,090 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information from continuing operations:
Cash payments for interest, net of amounts capitalized $ 226  $ 240 
Cash payments for taxes, net of refunds $ 10  $ 75 
Change in construction payables $ 18  $ (119)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
7




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

Note 1 — Organization and Business of Company
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Las Vegas Sands Corp. (“LVSC”), a Nevada corporation, and its subsidiaries (collectively the “Company”) for the year ended December 31, 2021, and have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations; however, the Company believes the disclosures herein are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. In the opinion of management, all adjustments and normal recurring accruals considered necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim period have been included. The interim results reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are not necessarily indicative of expected results for the full year.
COVID-19 Pandemic Update
In early January 2020, an outbreak of a respiratory illness caused by a novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) was identified and the disease spread rapidly across the world causing the World Health Organization to declare the outbreak of a pandemic on March 12, 2020 (the “COVID-19 Pandemic”). Governments around the world mandated actions to contain the spread of the virus that included stay-at-home orders, quarantines, capacity limits, closures of non-essential businesses, including entertainment activities, and significant restrictions on travel. The government actions varied based upon a number of factors, including the extent and severity of the COVID-19 Pandemic within their respective countries and jurisdictions.
Macao
Visitation to the Macao Special Administrative Region (“Macao”) of the People’s Republic of China (“China”) has remained substantially below pre-COVID-19 levels as a result of various government policies limiting or discouraging travel. During February 2022, vaccination requirements for arrivals from certain destinations were tightened. As of the date of this report, other than people from mainland China who in general may enter Macao without quarantine subject to them holding the appropriate travel documents, a negative COVID-19 test result issued within a specified time period and a green health-code, there remains in place a complete ban on entry or a need to undergo various quarantine requirements depending on the person’s residency and recent travel history. The Company’s operations in Macao will continue to be impacted and subject to changes in the government policies of Macao, China, Hong Kong and other jurisdictions in Asia addressing travel and public health measures associated with COVID-19.
Various health safeguards implemented by the Macao government remain in place, including mandatory mask protection, limitation on the number of seats per table game, slot machine spacing and temperature checks. Management is currently unable to determine when the remaining measures will be eased or cease to be necessary.
As of the date of this report, most businesses are allowed to remain open, subject to social distancing and health code checking requirements as designated by the Macao government. In January 2022, the Macao government commenced the roll out of a non-mandatory contact tracing QR code function at a range of businesses including government buildings, restaurants, hotels and other public venues.
As with prior periods, in support of the Macao government’s initiatives to fight the COVID-19 Pandemic, the Company provided one tower at the Sheraton Grand Macao to the Macao government to house individuals who returned to Macao for quarantine purposes at various times.
The Company’s Macao gaming operations remained open during the three months ended March 31, 2022. Guest visitation to the properties, however, has been adversely affected during the three months ended March 31, 2022 due to outbreaks in Hong Kong in late January and early February 2022 and in Guangdong province in March 2022, resulting in tighter travel restrictions. Operating hours at restaurants across the Company’s Macao properties are continuously being adjusted in line with fluctuations in guest visitation. The majority of retail outlets in the
8




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Company’s various shopping malls are open with reduced operating hours. The timing and manner in which these areas will return to full operation are currently unknown.
The Company’s ferry operations between Macao and Hong Kong remain suspended. The timing and manner in which the Company’s ferry operations will be able to resume are currently unknown.
The Company’s operations in Macao have been significantly impacted by the reduced visitation to Macao. The Macao government announced total visitation from mainland China to Macao increased approximately 9.9% and decreased 76.9% during the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the same period in 2021 and 2019 (pre-pandemic), respectively. The Macao government also announced gross gaming revenue decreased approximately 24.8% and 76.7% during the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the same period in 2021 and 2019, respectively.
Singapore
In Singapore, Vaccinated Travel Lanes (“VTLs”) were introduced for a number of key source markets in November and December of 2021 for vaccinated visitors with a negative COVID-19 test. Due to the emergence of the Omicron variant, however, new ticket sales for the VTLs were suspended on December 23, 2021 through January 20, 2022. The VTL program was terminated on March 31, 2022, and the Vaccination Travel Framework (“VTF”) was launched on April 1, 2022, to facilitate the resumption of travel for all travelers, including short-term visitors. Under the VTF, all fully vaccinated travelers and non-fully vaccinated children aged 12 and below are permitted to enter Singapore, without entry approvals or taking VTL transport. Operations at Marina Bay Sands will continue to be impacted and subject to changes in the government policies of Singapore and other jurisdictions in Asia addressing travel and public health measures associated with COVID-19.
Under the VTF program, all countries or regions will be classified under a “general travel” or “restricted” category, and individual travelers will be assigned border measures based on their vaccination status. This allows all fully vaccinated travelers from any country or region to enter Singapore quarantine-free, as long as they have not visited any countries or regions listed as a restricted category in the past seven days. There are currently no countries or regions on the restricted category list; however, this government policy may be adjusted in line with any developments to the local and global COVID-19 situation.
Visitation to Marina Bay Sands continues to be impacted by the effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic. The Singapore Tourism Board (“STB”) announced for the three months ended March 31, 2022, total visitation to Singapore increased from approximately 69,000 to 246,000, or 258.2%, as compared to the same period in 2021, while visitation decreased 94.8%, when compared to the same period in 2019.
Summary
The disruptions arising from the COVID-19 Pandemic continued to have a significant adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition and operations during the three months ended March 31, 2022. The duration and intensity of this global health situation and related disruptions are uncertain. Given the dynamic nature of these circumstances, the impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial condition in 2022 will be material, but cannot be reasonably estimated at this time as it is unknown when the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic will end, when or how quickly the current travel and operational restrictions will be modified or cease to be necessary and the resulting impact on the Company’s business and the willingness of tourism patrons to spend on travel and entertainment and business patrons to spend on MICE.
While each of the Company’s properties were open with some operating at reduced levels due to lower visitation and required safety measures in place during the three months ended March 31, 2022, the current economic and regulatory environment on a global basis and in each of the Company’s jurisdictions continues to evolve. The Company cannot predict the manner in which governments will react as the global and regional impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic changes over time, which could significantly alter the Company’s current operations.
The Company has a strong balance sheet and sufficient liquidity in place, including total cash and cash equivalents balance, excluding restricted cash and cash equivalents, of $6.43 billion and access to $1.50 billion, $1.54 billion and $438 million of available borrowing capacity from the LVSC Revolving Facility, 2018 SCL
9




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Revolving Facility and the 2012 Singapore Revolving Facility, respectively, as of March 31, 2022. The Company believes it is able to support continuing operations, complete the major construction projects that are underway and respond to the current COVID-19 Pandemic challenges. The Company has taken various mitigating measures to manage through the current environment, including a cost and capital expenditure reduction program to minimize cash outflow for non-essential items.
Macao Subconcession
Gaming in Macao is administered by the government through concession agreements awarded to three different concessionaires and three subconcessionaires, of which Venetian Macau Limited (“VML,” a subsidiary of Sands China Ltd.) is one. These concession agreements expire on June 26, 2022. If VML’s subconcession is not extended or renewed, VML may be prohibited from conducting gaming operations in Macao, and VML could cease to generate revenues from the gaming operations when the subconcession agreement expires on June 26, 2022. In addition, all of VML’s casino premises and gaming-related equipment could be automatically transferred to the Macao government without any compensation to VML.
On January 18, 2022, the Macao Legislative Assembly published a draft bill entitled Amendment to Law No. 16/2001 to amend Macao’s gaming law (the “Gaming Law”). Certain changes to the Gaming Law set out in the draft bill include a reduction in the term of future gaming concessions to ten (10) years; authorization of up to six (6) gaming concession contracts; an increase in the minimum capital contribution of concessionaires to 5 billion patacas (approximately $620 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022); an increase in the percentage of the share capital of the concessionaire that must be held by the local managing director to 15%; a requirement that casinos be located in real estate owned by the concessionaire; and a prohibition of revenue sharing arrangements between gaming promoters and concessionaires.
On March 3, 2022, the Macao government announced its intention to extend the term of Macao’s six concession and subconcession contracts from June 26, 2022 until December 31, 2022 in order to ensure sufficient time to complete the amendment to the Gaming Law and conduct a public tender for the awarding of new gaming concessions. The Macao government invited VML to submit a formal request for an extension along with a commitment to pay up to 47 million patacas (approximately $6 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022) and provide a bank guarantee to secure the fulfillment of VML’s payment obligations towards its employees should VML be unsuccessful in tendering for a new concession contract after its subconcession expires. VML submitted its request for an extension on March 14, 2022. The extension of VML’s subconcession is subject to approval by the Macao government, as well as entering into a subconcession amendment contract with Galaxy Casino Company Limited.
The Company is actively monitoring developments with respect to the Gaming Law amendment and concession renewal process and continues to believe it will be successful in extending the term of its subconcession and/or obtaining a new gaming concession when its current subconcession expires; however, it is possible the Macao government could further change or interpret the associated gaming laws in a manner that could negatively impact the Company.
Under the Company’s Sands China Ltd. (“SCL”) senior notes indentures, upon the occurrence of any event resulting from any change in the Gaming Law (as defined in the indentures) or any action by the gaming authority after which none of SCL or any of its subsidiaries own or manage casino or gaming areas or operate casino games of fortune and chance in Macao in substantially the same manner as they were owning or managing casino or gaming areas or operating casino games as at the issue date of the senior notes, for a period of 30 consecutive days or more, and such event has a material adverse effect on the financial condition, business, properties or results of operations of SCL and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, each holder of the SCL senior notes would have the right to require the Company to repurchase all or any part of such holder’s SCL senior notes at par, plus any accrued and unpaid interest (the “Investor Put Option”).
Additionally, under the 2018 SCL Credit Facility, the events that trigger an Investor Put Option under the SCL senior notes (as described above) would be an event of default, which may result in commitments being immediately
10




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
cancelled, in whole or in part, and the related outstanding balances and accrued interest, if any, becoming immediately due and payable.
The subconcession not being extended or renewed and the potential impact if holders of the notes and the agent under the 2018 SCL Credit Facility have the ability to, and make the election to, accelerate the repayment of the Company’s debt would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. The Company intends to follow the process for a concession renewal once the process and requirements are announced by the Macao government.
Marina Bay Sands Gaming License
In April 2022, the Company paid 72 million Singapore dollars ("SGD," approximately $53 million at exchange rates in effect at the time of the transaction) to the Singapore Casino Regulatory Authority as part of the process to renew its gaming license at Marina Bay Sands, which will now expire in April 2025.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
The Company’s management has evaluated all of the recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) or other standards-setting bodies through the filing date of these financial statements and does not believe the future adoption of any such pronouncements will have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
Note 2 — Discontinued Operations
On February 23, 2022, the Company completed the previously announced sale of its Las Vegas real property and operations (the “Closing”), including The Venetian Resort Las Vegas and the Sands Expo and Convention Center (collectively referred to as the “Las Vegas Operations”), to VICI Properties L.P. (“PropCo”) and Pioneer OpCo, LLC (“OpCo”) for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $6.25 billion (the “Las Vegas Sale”). Under the terms of the agreements related to the Las Vegas Sale, OpCo acquired subsidiaries that hold the operating assets and liabilities of the Las Vegas Operations for approximately $1.05 billion in cash, subject to certain post-closing adjustments, and $1.20 billion in seller financing in the form of a six-year term loan credit and security agreement (the “Seller Financing Loan Agreement”) and PropCo acquired subsidiaries that hold the real estate and real estate-related assets of the Las Vegas Operations for approximately $4.0 billion in cash.
Upon closing, the Company received approximately $5.05 billion in cash proceeds, before transaction costs and working capital adjustments of $80 million, and recognized a gain on disposal of $3.61 billion, before income tax expense of $750 million, during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
As there is no continuing involvement between the Company and the Las Vegas Operations, the Company accounted for the transaction as a sale of a business. The Company concluded the Las Vegas Operations met the criteria for held for sale and discontinued operations beginning in the first quarter of 2021. As a result, the Las Vegas Operations is presented in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and cash flows as a discontinued operation for all periods presented. The Company reported the operating results and cash flows related to the Las Vegas Operations through February 22, 2022. Current and non-current assets and liabilities of the Las Vegas Operations as of December 31, 2021, are presented in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as current assets and liabilities held for sale.
Unless otherwise noted, amounts and disclosures throughout these Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements relate to the Company's continuing operations.
Contingent Lease Support Agreement
On February 23, 2022, in connection with the Closing, the Company and OpCo entered into a post-closing contingent lease support agreement (the “Contingent Lease Support Agreement”) pursuant to which, among other things, the Company may be required to make certain payments (“Support Payments”) to OpCo.
11




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
The Support Payments are payable on a monthly basis following the Closing through the year ending December 31, 2023, based upon the performance of the Las Vegas Operations relative to certain agreed upon target metrics and subject to quarterly and annual adjustments. The target metrics are measured against a benchmark annual EBITDAR (as defined in the Contingent Lease Support Agreement) of the Las Vegas Operations equal to $426 million for the period beginning on the date of the Closing and ending December 31, 2022 and $500 million for the period beginning January 1, 2023 and ending December 31, 2023. The Company’s payment obligations are subject to an annual cap equal to $213 million for the annual period beginning on the date of the Closing and ending December 31, 2022 and $250 million for the annual period beginning January 1, 2023 and ending December 31, 2023. Each monthly Support Payment is subject to a prorated cap based on the annual cap. No Support Payments were made for the period post-Closing through March 31, 2022.
Seller Financing Loan Agreement
At the Closing, the Company, as lender, OpCo, as borrower, the parent company of OpCo (“Holdings”) and certain subsidiaries of OpCo as guarantors party thereto (collectively, and with Holdings, the “Guarantors” and, together with OpCo in its capacity as borrower, the “Loan Parties”), entered into the Seller Financing Loan Agreement. Refer to “Note 3 — Loan Receivable” for further information.
The following table represents summarized balance sheet information of assets and liabilities of the discontinued operation:
December 31,
2021
(In millions)
Cash and cash equivalents $ 55 
Accounts receivable, net of provision for credit losses of $58
126 
Inventories
Prepaid expenses and other 23 
Property and equipment, net 2,864 
Other assets, net 226 
Total held for sale assets in the balance sheet $ 3,303 
Accounts payable $ 24 
Construction payables
Other accrued liabilities 318 
Long-term debt
Deferred amounts related to mall sale transactions 338 
Other long-term liabilities 131 
Total held for sale liabilities in the balance sheet $ 821 


12




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
The following table represents summarized income statement information of discontinued operations:
Period Ended
February 22,
2022(1)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2021
(In millions)
Revenues:
Casino $ 61  $ 53 
Rooms 78  45 
Food and beverage 43  24 
Convention, retail and other 46  17 
Net revenues 228  139 
Resort operations expenses 107  111 
Provision for credit losses — 
General and administrative 55  75 
Depreciation and amortization —  25 
Loss on disposal or impairment of assets — 
Operating income (loss) 63  (74)
Interest expense (2) (3)
Other expense (3) (1)
Income (loss) from operations of discontinued operations 58  (78)
Gain on disposal of discontinued operations 3,611  — 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, before income tax 3,669  (78)
Income tax (expense) benefit (762) 16 
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations presented in the statement of operations $ 2,907  $ (62)
Adjusted Property EBITDA $ 63  $ (47)
__________________________
(1)    Includes the Las Vegas Operations financial results for the period from January 1, 2022 through February 22, 2022.
For the 53-day period ended February 22, 2022 and for the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company’s Las Vegas Operations were classified as a discontinued operation held for sale. The Company applied the intraperiod tax allocation rules to allocate the provision for income taxes between continuing operations and discontinued operations using the “with and without” approach. The Company calculated income tax expense from all financial statement components (continuing and discontinued operations), the “with” computation, and compared that to the income tax expense attributable to continuing operations, the “without” computation. The difference between the “with” and “without” computations was allocated to discontinued operations.
The Company’s effective income tax rate from discontinued operations was 20.8% for the 53-day period ended February 22, 2022. This compares to a (20.5)% effective income tax rate from discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021, which reflects the application of the “with and without” approach consistent with intraperiod tax allocation rules. The income tax on discontinued operations reflects a 21% corporate income tax rate on the Company’s Las Vegas Operations. The cash income tax expense as if the discontinued operations was a standalone enterprise and a separate taxpayer is $803 million. The Company files a U.S. consolidated income tax return inclusive of the discontinued operations which allows the income from discontinued operations to utilize net operating loss carryforwards and operating losses from continuing operations, U.S. foreign tax credits and charitable contribution carryforwards. As of March 31, 2022, the Company recorded a U.S. cash tax payable of $615 million inclusive of the gain on sale of the Las Vegas Operations, which is due in quarterly installments on April 18, June 15, September 15, and December 15, 2022.
13




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Note 3 — Loan Receivable
Seller Financing Loan Agreement
At the Closing, the Company and the Loan Parties entered into the Seller Financing Loan Agreement. The Seller Financing Loan Agreement provides for a six-year senior secured term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $1.20 billion (the “Seller Loan”) at the date of the Closing. The Seller Loan is guaranteed by the Guarantors and secured by a first-priority lien on substantially all of the Loan Parties’ assets (subject to customary exceptions and limitations), including a leasehold mortgage from OpCo over certain real estate that was sold to PropCo at the Closing and leased by OpCo.
The Seller Loan will bear interest at a rate equal to 1.50% per annum for the calendar years ending December 31, 2022 and 2023, and 4.25% per annum for each calendar year thereafter, subject to an increase of 1.00% per annum for any interest OpCo elects to pay by increasing the principal amount of the Seller Loan prior to January 1, 2024, and an increase of 1.50% per annum for any such election during the calendar year ending December 31, 2024. Any interest to be paid after December 31, 2024, will be paid in cash.
The Seller Financing Loan Agreement contains certain customary representations and warranties and covenants, subject to customary exceptions and thresholds. The Seller Financing Loan Agreement’s negative covenants restrict the ability of the Loan Parties and their subsidiaries to, among other things, (i) incur debt, (ii) create certain liens on their assets, (iii) dispose of their assets, (iv) make investments or restricted payments, including dividends, (v) merge, liquidate, dissolve, change their business or consolidate with other entities and (vi) enter into affiliate transactions.
The Seller Financing Loan Agreement also contains customary events of default, including payment defaults, cross defaults to material debt, bankruptcy and insolvency, breaches of covenants and inaccuracy of representations and warranties, subject to customary grace periods. Upon an event of default, the Company may declare any then-outstanding amounts due and payable and exercise other customary remedies available to a secured lender.
Loan receivables are carried at the outstanding principal amount. A provision for credit loss on loan receivables is established when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. The Company determines this by considering several factors, including the credit risk and current financial condition of the borrower, the borrower’s ability to pay current obligations, historical trends, and economic and market conditions. The Company performs a credit quality assessment on the loan receivable on a quarterly basis and reviews the need for an allowance under Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-13. The Company evaluates the extent and impact of any credit deterioration that could affect the performance and the value of the secured property, as well as the financial and operating capability of the borrower. The Company also evaluates and considers the overall economic environment, casino and hospitality industry and geographic sub-market in which the secured property is located. Based on the Company’s assessment of the credit quality of the loan receivable, the Company believes it will collect all contractual amounts due under the loan. Accordingly, no provision for credit losses on the loan receivable was established as of March 31, 2022.
Interest income is recorded on an accrual basis at the stated interest rate and is recorded in interest income in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The carrying value of the loan receivable is $1.20 billion as of March 31, 2022, which approximates fair value. Interest income recognized on the loan was $2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022.

14




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Note 4 — Long-Term Debt
Long-term debt consists of the following:
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
(In millions)
Corporate and U.S. Related(1):
3.200% Senior Notes due 2024 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $8)
$ 1,742  $ 1,742 
2.900% Senior Notes due 2025 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $3)
497  497 
3.500% Senior Notes due 2026 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $8)
992  992 
3.900% Senior Notes due 2029 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $7)
743  743 
Macao Related(1):
5.125% Senior Notes due 2025 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $8 and $9, respectively)
1,792  1,791 
3.800% Senior Notes due 2026 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $6)
794  794 
2.300% Senior Notes due 2027 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $7)
693  693 
5.400% Senior Notes due 2028 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $15)
1,885  1,885 
2.850% Senior Notes due 2029 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $7)
643  643 
4.375% Senior Notes due 2030 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $9)
691  691 
3.250% Senior Notes due 2031 (net of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs of $6)
594  594 
2018 SCL Credit Facility — Revolving 950  753 
Other(2)
24  27 
Singapore Related(1):
2012 Singapore Credit Facility — Term (net of unamortized deferred financing costs of $41 and $43, respectively)
2,889  2,902 
2012 Singapore Credit Facility — Delayed Draw Term (net of unamortized deferred financing costs of $1)
45  45 
Other(2)
14,977  14,795 
Less — current maturities (72) (74)
Total long-term debt $ 14,905  $ 14,721 
____________________
(1)Unamortized deferred financing costs of $83 million and $81 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, related to the Company’s revolving credit facilities and the undrawn portion of the Singapore Delayed Draw Term Facility are included in other assets, net, in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2)Includes finance leases related to Macao and Singapore of $21 million and $1 million as of March 31, 2022, respectively, and $24 million and $1 million as of December 31, 2021, respectively.

15




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
LVSC Revolving Facility
As of March 31, 2022, the Company had $1.50 billion of available borrowing capacity under the LVSC Revolving Facility, net of outstanding letters of credit.
SCL Senior Notes
On February 16, 2022, Standard & Poor’s downgraded the credit rating for the Company and SCL to BB+. As a result of the downgrade, the coupon on each series of the outstanding SCL Senior Notes will increase by 0.25% per annum, with such increase becoming effective on the first interest payment date after February 16, 2022. This will result in an increase of $9 million in interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 and $18 million for each year thereafter through 2024, at which time this will decrease as the SCL Senior Notes are repaid based on each of their set maturity dates.
2018 SCL Credit Facility
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, SCL drew down $19 million and 1.42 billion Hong Kong dollars (“HKD,” approximately $182 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022) under the facility for general corporate purposes.
As of March 31, 2022, SCL had $1.54 billion of available borrowing capacity under the 2018 SCL Revolving Facility comprised of HKD commitments of HKD 10.90 billion (approximately $1.39 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022) and U.S. dollar commitments of $147 million.
2012 Singapore Credit Facility
As of March 31, 2022, Marina Bay Sands Pte. Ltd. (“MBS”) had SGD 593 million (approximately $438 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022) of available borrowing capacity under the 2012 Singapore Revolving Facility, net of outstanding letters of credit, primarily consisting of a banker’s guarantee for SGD 153 million (approximately $113 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022) pursuant to a development agreement.
On February 9, 2022, MBS entered into the Fourth Amendment and Restatement Agreement (the “Fourth Amendment Agreement”) with DBS Bank Ltd., as agent and security trustee. The Fourth Amendment Agreement amended and restated the facility agreement, dated as of June 25, 2012 (as amended, the “Existing Facility Agreement”). Pursuant to the Fourth Amendment Agreement, the Existing Facility Agreement was amended to update the terms therein that provide for a transition away from the Swap Offer Rate (“SOR”) as a benchmark interest rate and the replacement of SOR by a replacement benchmark interest rate or mechanism.
Under the Fourth Amendment Agreement, outstanding loans bear interest at the Singapore Overnight Rate Average (“SORA”) with a credit spread adjustment of 0.19% per annum, plus an applicable margin ranging from 1.15% to 1.85% per annum, based on MBS’s consolidated leverage ratio (estimated interest rate set at approximately 2.3% as of March 31, 2022).
During 2021, the Company amended its 2012 Singapore Credit Facility, which, among other things, extended to March 31, 2022, the deadline for delivering the construction cost estimate and the construction schedule for the MBS Expansion Project. The Company is in the process of reviewing the budget and timing of the MBS expansion based on the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic and other factors. As a result, the construction cost estimate and construction schedule were not delivered to the lenders by the March 31, 2022 deadline. As of March 31, 2022, there is SGD 3.69 billion (approximately $2.73 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022) left of total borrowing capacity, which is only available to be drawn under the Singapore Delayed Draw Term Facility after the construction cost estimate and construction schedule for the MBS Expansion Project are delivered to lenders. The Company does not anticipate material spend related to the MBS Expansion Project prior to the delivery of these items to the lenders.
16




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Debt Covenant Compliance
As of March 31, 2022, management believes the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants. The Company amended its credit facilities to, among other things, waive the Company’s requirement to comply with certain financial covenant ratios through December 31, 2022 for LVSC and MBS and January 1, 2023 for SCL, which include a maximum leverage ratio or net debt to trailing twelve-months adjusted earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, calculated in accordance with the respective credit agreement, of 4.0x, 4.0x and 4.5x under the LVSC Revolving Facility, 2018 SCL Credit Facility and 2012 Singapore Credit Facility, respectively. The Company’s compliance with its financial covenants for periods beyond December 31, 2022 for MBS and LVSC and January 1, 2023 for SCL, could be affected by certain factors beyond the Company’s control, such as the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic, including current travel and border restrictions continuing in the future. The Company will pursue additional waivers to meet the required financial covenant ratios for periods beyond the current covenant waiver periods, if deemed necessary.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Cash flows from financing activities related to long-term debt and finance lease obligations are as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
(In millions)
Proceeds from 2018 SCL Credit Facility $ 201  $ 505 
$ 201  $ 505 
Repayments on 2012 Singapore Credit Facility $ (16) $ (16)
Repayments on Other Long-Term Debt (1) (2)
$ (17) $ (18)
Fair Value of Long-Term Debt
The estimated fair value of the Company’s long-term debt as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, was approximately $14.35 billion and $15.06 billion, respectively, compared to its contractual value of $15.08 billion and $14.90 billion, respectively. The estimated fair value of the Company’s long-term debt is based on recent trades, if available, and indicative pricing from market information (level 2 inputs).
Note 5 — Accounts Receivable, Net and Customer Contract Related Liabilities
Accounts Receivable and Provision for Credit Losses
Accounts receivable is comprised of casino, hotel, mall and other receivables, which do not bear interest and are recorded at amortized cost. The Company extends credit to approved casino patrons following background checks and investigations of creditworthiness. Business or economic conditions, the legal enforceability of gaming debts, foreign currency control measures or other significant events in foreign countries could affect the collectability of receivables from patrons in these countries.
Accounts receivable primarily consists of casino receivables. Other than casino receivables, there is no other concentration of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable. The Company believes the concentration of its credit risk in casino receivables is mitigated substantially by its credit evaluation process, credit policies, credit control and collection procedures, and also believes there are no concentrations of credit risk for which a provision has not been established. Although management believes the provision is adequate, it is possible the estimated amount of cash collections with respect to accounts receivable could change.
The Company maintains a provision for expected credit losses on casino, hotel and mall receivables and regularly evaluates the balances. The Company applies standard reserve percentages to aged account balances, which are grouped based on shared credit risk characteristics and days past due. The reserve percentages are based
17




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
on estimated loss rates supported by historical observed default rates over the expected life of the receivable and are adjusted for forward-looking information. The Company also specifically analyzes the collectability of each account with a balance over a specified dollar amount, based upon the age of the account, the patron's financial condition, collection history and any other known information and adjusts the aforementioned reserve with the results from the individual reserve analysis. The Company also monitors regional and global economic conditions and forecasts, which include the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic, in its evaluation of the adequacy of the recorded reserves. Account balances are written off against the provision when the Company believes it is probable the receivable will not be recovered.
Accounts receivable, net, consists of the following:
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
(In millions)
Casino
$ 313  $ 313 
Rooms
13 
Mall
30  91 
Other
29  17 
381  434 
Less - provision for credit losses
(234) (232)
$ 147  $ 202 
The following table shows the movement in the provision for credit losses recognized for accounts receivable:
2022 2021
(In millions)
Balance at January 1 $ 232  $ 255 
Current period provision for credit losses
Write-offs
(2) (15)
Exchange rate impact
—  (2)
Balance at March 31
$ 234  $ 242 
Customer Contract Related Liabilities
The Company provides numerous products and services to its patrons. There is often a timing difference between the cash payment by the patrons and recognition of revenue for each of the associated performance obligations. The Company has the following main types of liabilities associated with contracts with customers: (1) outstanding chip liability, (2) loyalty program liability and (3) customer deposits and other deferred revenue for gaming and non-gaming products and services yet to be provided.
The following table summarizes the liability activity related to contracts with customers:
Outstanding Chip Liability Loyalty Program Liability
Customer Deposits and Other Deferred Revenue(1)
2022 2021 2022 2021 2022 2021
(In millions)
Balance at January 1 $ 74  $ 197  $ 61  $ 62  $ 618  $ 633 
Balance at March 31
57  153  63  62  587  610 
Increase (decrease) $ (17) $ (44) $ $ —  $ (31) $ (23)
____________________
(1)Of this amount, $145 million as of March 31 and January 1, 2022 and $152 million as of March 31 and January 1, 2021, relate to mall deposits that are accounted for based on lease terms usually greater than one year.
18




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Note 6 — Other Accrued Liabilities
Other accrued liabilities consist of the following:

March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
(In millions)
Customer deposits $ 454  $ 470 
Payroll and related 164  253 
Taxes and licenses 103  143 
Accrued interest payable 73  157 
Outstanding chip liability 57  74 
Other accruals 240  237 
$ 1,091  $ 1,334 
Note 7 — Earnings (Loss) Per Share
The weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share consisted of the following:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
(In millions)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (used in the calculation of basic earnings (loss) per share) 764  764 
Potential dilution from stock options and restricted stock and stock units
—  — 
Weighted-average common and common equivalent shares (used in the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share) 764  764 
Antidilutive stock options excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share
15 
Note 8 — Income Taxes
The Company’s effective income tax rate from continuing operations was 0.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to 5.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2022, reflects a 17% statutory tax rate on the Company’s Singapore operations and a 21% corporate income tax rate on its domestic operations. The Company's operations in Macao are subject to a 12% statutory income tax rate, but in connection with the 35% gaming tax, the Company’s subsidiaries in Macao and its peers receive an income tax exemption on gaming operations through June 26, 2022. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded a valuation allowance of $20 million related to certain U.S. foreign tax credits, which it no longer expects to utilize due to lower forecasted U.S. taxable income in years following the sale of the Las Vegas Operations.
19




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Note 9 — Leases
Lessor
Lease revenue for the Company’s mall operations consists of the following:

Three months ended March 31,
2022 2021
(In millions)
Minimum rents $ 124  $ 131 
Overage rents 14  17 
Rent concessions(1)
(12) (20)
Other(2)
— 
Total overage rents, rent concessions and other
$ 126  $ 134 
___________________
(1)Rent concessions were provided for the periods presented to tenants as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic and the impact on mall operations.
(2)Amount related to a grant provided by the Singapore government to lessors to support small and medium enterprises impacted by the COVID-19 Pandemic in connection with their rent obligations.
Note 10 — Commitments and Contingencies
Litigation
The Company is involved in other litigation in addition to those noted below, arising in the normal course of business. Management has made certain estimates for potential litigation costs based upon consultation with legal counsel. Actual results could differ from these estimates; however, in the opinion of management, such litigation and claims will not have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Asian American Entertainment Corporation, Limited v. Venetian Macau Limited, et al.
On February 5, 2007, Asian American Entertainment Corporation, Limited (“AAEC” or “Plaintiff”) brought a claim (the “Prior Action”) in the U.S. District Court for the District of Nevada (the “U.S. District Court”) against Las Vegas Sands, Inc. (now known as Las Vegas Sands, LLC (“LVSLLC”)), Venetian Casino Resort, LLC (“VCR”) and Venetian Venture Development, LLC, which are subsidiaries of the Company, and William P. Weidner and David Friedman, who are former executives of the Company. The Prior Action sought damages based on an alleged breach of agreements entered into between AAEC and the aforementioned defendants for their joint presentation of a bid in response to the public tender held by the Macao government for the award of gaming concessions at the end of 2001. The U.S. District Court entered an order dismissing the Prior Action on April 16, 2010.
On January 19, 2012, AAEC filed another claim (the “Macao Action”) with the Macao Judicial Court against VML, LVS (Nevada) International Holdings, Inc. (“LVS (Nevada)”), LVSLLC and VCR (collectively, the “Defendants”). The claim was for 3.0 billion patacas (approximately $372 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022). The Macao Action alleges a breach of agreements entered into between AAEC and LVS (Nevada), LVSLLC and VCR (collectively, the “U.S. Defendants”) for their joint presentation of a bid in response to the public tender held by the Macao government for the award of gaming concessions at the end of 2001. On July 4, 2012, the Defendants filed their defense to the Macao Action with the Macao Judicial Court and amended the defense on January 4, 2013.
On March 24, 2014, the Macao Judicial Court issued a decision holding that AAEC’s claim against VML is unfounded and that VML be removed as a party to the proceedings, and the claim should proceed exclusively
20




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
against the U.S. Defendants. On May 8, 2014, AAEC lodged an appeal against that decision and the appeal is currently pending.
On June 5, 2015, the U.S. Defendants applied to the Macao Judicial Court to dismiss the claims against them as res judicata based on the dismissal of the Prior Action. On March 16, 2016, the Macao Judicial Court dismissed the defense of res judicata. An appeal against that decision was lodged by U.S. Defendants on April 7, 2016. As of the end of December 2016, all appeals (including VML’s dismissal and the res judicata appeals) were being transferred to the Macao Second Instance Court. On May 11, 2017, the Macao Second Instance Court notified the parties of its decision of refusal to deal with the appeals at the present time. The Macao Second Instance Court ordered the court file be transferred back to the Macao Judicial Court. Evidence gathering by the Macao Judicial Court commenced by letters rogatory, which was completed on March 14, 2019, and the trial of this matter was scheduled for September 2019.
On July 15, 2019, AAEC submitted a request to the Macao Judicial Court to increase the amount of its claim to 96.45 billion patacas (approximately $11.96 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022), allegedly representing lost profits from 2004 to 2018, and reserving its right to claim for lost profits up to 2022 in due course at the enforcement stage. On September 4, 2019, the Macao Judicial Court allowed AAEC’s request to increase the amount of its claim. On September 17, 2019, the U.S. Defendants appealed the decision granting AAEC’s request and that appeal is currently pending.
On September 2, 2019, the U.S. Defendants moved to revoke the legal aid granted to AAEC, which excuses AAEC from paying its share of court costs. On September 4, 2019, the Macao Judicial Court deferred ruling on the U.S. Defendants’ motion regarding legal aid until the entry of final judgment. The U.S. Defendants appealed that deferral on September 17, 2019. On September 26, 2019, the Macao Judicial Court rejected that appeal on procedural grounds. The U.S. Defendants requested clarification of that order on October 29, 2019. By order dated December 4, 2019, the Macao Judicial Court stated it would reconsider the U.S. Defendants’ motion to revoke legal aid and, as part of that reconsideration, it would reanalyze portions of the record, seek an opinion from the Macao Public Prosecutor regarding the propriety of legal aid and consult with the trial court overseeing AAEC’s separate litigation against Galaxy Entertainment Group Ltd., Galaxy Entertainment Group S.A. and two of the U.S. Defendants’ former executives, individually. The Macao Judicial Court denied the motion to revoke legal aid on January 14, 2020.
On June 18, 2020, the U.S. Defendants moved to reschedule the trial, which had been scheduled to begin on September 16, 2020, due to travel disruptions and other extraordinary circumstances resulting from the ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic. The Macao Judicial Court granted that motion and rescheduled the trial to begin on June 16, 2021. On April 16, 2021, the U.S. Defendants again moved to reschedule the trial because continued travel disruptions resulting from the pandemic prevented the representatives of the U.S. Defendants and certain witnesses from attending the trial as scheduled. Plaintiff opposed that motion on April 29, 2021. The Macao Judicial Court denied the U.S. Defendants’ motion on May 28, 2021, concluding that, under Macao law, it lacked the power to reschedule the trial absent agreement of the parties. The U.S. Defendants appealed that ruling on June 16, 2021, and that appeal is currently pending.
The trial began as scheduled on June 16, 2021. The Macao Judicial Court heard testimony on June 16, 17, 23, and July 1. By order dated June 17, 2021, the Macao Judicial Court scheduled additional trial dates during September, October and December 2021 to hear witnesses who are currently subject to COVID-19 travel restrictions that prevent or severely limit their ability to enter Macao. That order also provided a procedure for the parties to request written testimony from witnesses who are not able to travel to Macao on those dates. On June 28, 2021, the U.S. Defendants sought clarification of certain aspects of that ruling concerning procedures for written testimony and appealed aspects of that ruling setting limits on written testimony, imposing a deadline for in-person testimony, and rejecting the U.S. Defendants’ request to have witnesses testify via video conference. On July 9, 2021, the Macao Judicial Court issued an order clarifying the procedure for written testimony. The U.S. Defendants’ appeal on the remainder of the Macao Judicial Court’s June 17, 2021 order is currently pending.
On July 10, 2021, the U.S. Defendants were notified of an invoice for supplemental court fees totaling 93 million patacas (approximately $12 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022) based on Plaintiff’s
21




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
July 15, 2019 amendment of its claim amount. By motion dated July 20, 2021, the U.S. Defendants moved the Macao Judicial Court for an order withdrawing that invoice on the grounds that it was procedurally improper and conflicted with rights guaranteed in Macao’s Basic Law. The Macao Judicial Court denied that motion by order dated September 11, 2021. The U.S. Defendants appealed that order on September 23, 2021, and that appeal is currently pending. By order dated September 29, 2021, the Macao Judicial Court ordered that the invoice for supplemental court fees be stayed pending resolution of that appeal.
On September 6, 2021, Plaintiff notified the Macao Judicial Court that it would not be bringing any additional witnesses to testify in-person on the scheduled hearing dates. In submissions dated September 6 and September 20, 2021, the U.S. Defendants notified the Macao Judicial Court that certain witnesses were unable to attend the September hearing dates due to ongoing travel restrictions related to the COVID-19 Pandemic. By orders dated September 11 and September 23, 2021, the Macao Judicial Court cancelled the various hearing dates scheduled in September.
The Macao Judicial Court heard additional testimony on October 8, 11, and 15, and December 14 and 15, 2021. Certain witnesses who were not able to enter Macao due to ongoing COVID-19 travel restrictions presented testimony in writing. On December 15, 2021, the U.S. Defendants sought to initiate a proceeding to impeach the testimony of certain witnesses offered by Plaintiff, and the Macao Judicial Court admitted that incident and ordered Plaintiff to produce its shareholder registry. By notice dated December 16, 2021, Plaintiff appealed the order to produce its shareholder registry, and that appeal is currently pending.
From December 17, 2021 to January 19, 2022, Plaintiff submitted additional documents to the court file and disclosed written reports from two purported experts, who calculated Plaintiff’s damages at 57.88 billion patacas and 62.29 billion patacas (approximately $7.18 billion and $7.73 billion, respectively, at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022). In response, the U.S. Defendants moved to exclude those materials or, in the alternative, to require additional testimony from relevant witnesses. By order dated January 19, 2022, the Macao Judicial Court denied the U.S. Defendants’ motion and ruled that the materials could be included in the court file with the probative value of their contents to be determined by the Court.
Plaintiff presented its factual summation on January 21, 2022. On January 26, 2022, the U.S. Defendants presented their factual summation, and Plaintiff and the U.S. Defendants presented rebuttal summations. The Macao Judicial Court announced its proposed findings on disputed facts at a February 15, 2022 hearing. The Plaintiff filed its brief on points of law with the Macao Judicial Court on March 1, 2022, and the U.S. Defendants filed their brief on points of law on March 10, 2022. On April 28, 2022, the Macao Judicial Court entered a judgment for the U.S. Defendants. The Macao Judicial Court also held that Plaintiff litigated certain aspects of its case in bad faith.
The Daniels Family 2001 Revocable Trust v. LVSC, et al.
On October 22, 2020, The Daniels Family 2001 Revocable Trust, a putative purchaser of the Company’s shares, filed a purported class action complaint in the U.S. District Court against LVSC, Sheldon G. Adelson and Patrick Dumont. The complaint asserts violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) and alleges that LVSC made materially false or misleading statements, or failed to disclose material facts, from February 27, 2016 through September 15, 2020, with respect to its operations at the Marina Bay Sands, its compliance with Singapore laws and regulations, and its disclosure controls and procedures. On January 5, 2021, the U.S. District Court entered an order appointing Carl S. Ciaccio and Donald M. DeSalvo as lead plaintiffs (“Lead Plaintiffs”). On March 8, 2021, Lead Plaintiffs filed a purported class action amended complaint against LVSC, Sheldon G. Adelson, Patrick Dumont, and Robert G. Goldstein, alleging similar violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act over the same time period of February 27, 2016 through September 15, 2020. On March 22, 2021, the U.S. District Court granted Lead Plaintiffs’ motion to substitute Dr. Miriam Adelson, in her capacity as the Special Administrator for the estate of Sheldon G. Adelson, for Sheldon G. Adelson as a defendant in this action. On May 7, 2021, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint. Lead Plaintiffs filed an opposition to the motion to dismiss on July 6, 2021, and the defendants filed their reply on August 5, 2021. On March 28, 2022, the U.S. District Court entered an order dismissing the amended complaint in its entirety. The U.S. District Court dismissed certain claims with prejudice but granted Lead Plaintiffs leave to amend the complaint with respect to the other claims by April 18, 2022. On April 8, 2022, Lead Plaintiffs filed a
22




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Motion for Reconsideration and to Extend Time to File the Amended Complaint, requesting the U.S. District Court reconsider certain aspects of its March 28, 2022 order, and to extend the deadline for Lead Plaintiffs to file an amended complaint. The defendants filed an opposition to the motion on April 22, 2022. On April 18, 2022, Lead Plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint. This action is in a preliminary stage and management has determined that based on proceedings to date, it is currently unable to determine the probability of the outcome of this matter or the range of reasonably possible loss, if any. The Company intends to defend this matter vigorously.
Turesky v. Sheldon G. Adelson, et al.
On December 28, 2020, Andrew Turesky filed a putative shareholder derivative action on behalf of the Company in the U.S. District Court, against Sheldon G. Adelson, Patrick Dumont, Robert G. Goldstein, Irwin Chafetz, Micheline Chau, Charles D. Forman, Steven L. Gerard, George Jamieson, Charles A. Koppelman, Lewis Kramer and David F. Levi, all of whom are current or former directors and/or officers of LVSC. The complaint asserts claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, waste of corporate assets, abuse of control, gross mismanagement, violations of Sections 10(b), 14(a) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act and for contribution under Sections 10(b) and 21D of the Exchange Act. On February 24, 2021, the U.S. District Court entered an order granting the parties’ stipulation to stay this action in light of the Daniels Family 2001 Revocable Trust putative securities class action (the “Securities Action”). Subject to the terms of the parties’ stipulation, this action is stayed until 30 days after the final resolution of the motion to dismiss in the Securities Action. On March 11, 2021, the U.S. District Court granted the plaintiff’s motion to substitute Dr. Miriam Adelson, in her capacity as the Special Administrator for the estate of Sheldon G. Adelson, for Sheldon G. Adelson as a defendant in this action. This action is in a preliminary stage and management has determined that based on proceedings to date, it is currently unable to determine the probability of the outcome of this matter or the range of reasonably possible loss, if any. The Company intends to defend this matter vigorously.
Note 11 — Segment Information
The Company’s principal operating and developmental activities occur in two geographic areas: Macao and Singapore. The Company reviews the results of operations and construction and development activities for each of its operating segments: The Venetian Macao; The Londoner Macao; The Parisian Macao; The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao; Sands Macao; and Marina Bay Sands. The Company has included Ferry Operations and Other (comprised primarily of the Company’s ferry operations and various other operations that are ancillary to its properties in Macao) and Corporate and Other to reconcile to the condensed consolidated results of operations and financial condition. The operations that comprised the Company’s former Las Vegas Operating Properties reportable business segment were classified as a discontinued operation and the information below for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, excludes these results.
23




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
The Company’s segment information as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, and for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 is as follows:
Casino Rooms Food and Beverage Mall Convention, Retail and Other Net Revenues
(In millions)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Macao:
The Venetian Macao $ 157  $ 16  $ $ 44  $ $ 227 
The Londoner Macao 79  19  14  121 
The Parisian Macao 51  11  74 
The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao 55  34  —  102 
Sands Macao 17  —  —  20 
Ferry Operations and Other —  —  —  — 
359  57  22  100  13  551 
Marina Bay Sands 268  38  31  49  13  399 
Intercompany royalties —  —  —  —  22  22 
Intercompany eliminations(1)
—  —  —  —  (29) (29)
Total net revenues $ 627  $ 95  $ 53  $ 149  $ 19  $ 943 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Macao:
The Venetian Macao $ 266  $ 19  $ $ 46  $ $ 340 
The Londoner Macao 91  19  14  137 
The Parisian Macao 59  12  10  87 
The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao 115  11  39  170 
Sands Macao 31  —  —  35 
Ferry Operations and Other —  —  —  — 
562  64  23  109  19  777 
Marina Bay Sands 303  32  33  47  11  426 
Intercompany royalties —  —  —  —  25  25 
Intercompany eliminations(1)
—  —  —  —  (32) (32)
Total net revenues $ 865  $ 96  $ 56  $ 156  $ 23  $ 1,196 
____________________
(1)Intercompany eliminations include royalties and other intercompany services.

24




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
(In millions)
Intersegment Revenues
Macao:
The Venetian Macao $ $
Ferry Operations and Other
Marina Bay Sands — 
Intercompany royalties 22  25 
Total intersegment revenues $ 29  $ 32 

Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
(In millions)
Adjusted Property EBITDA
Macao:
The Venetian Macao $ 19  $ 82 
The Londoner Macao (33) (23)
The Parisian Macao (11) (8)
The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao 32  70 
Sands Macao (17) (18)
Ferry Operations and Other (1) (3)
(11) 100 
Marina Bay Sands 121  144 
Consolidated adjusted property EBITDA(1)
110  244 
Other Operating Costs and Expenses
Stock-based compensation(2)
(5) (5)
Corporate (59) (49)
Pre-opening (4) (5)
Development (60) (9)
Depreciation and amortization (264) (255)
Amortization of leasehold interests in land (14) (14)
Loss on disposal or impairment of assets (6) (3)
Operating loss (302) (96)
Other Non-Operating Costs and Expenses
Interest income
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized (156) (154)
Other expense (22) (17)
Income tax expense (2) (14)
Net loss from continuing operations $ (478) $ (280)
____________________
(1)Consolidated adjusted property EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is net income (loss) from continuing operations before stock-based compensation expense, corporate expense, pre-opening expense, development expense, depreciation and amortization, amortization of leasehold interests in land, gain or loss on disposal or impairment of assets, interest, other income or expense, gain or loss on modification or early retirement of debt and income taxes.
25




LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)
Consolidated adjusted property EBITDA is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure used by management, as well as industry analysts, to evaluate operations and operating performance. In particular, management utilizes consolidated adjusted property EBITDA to compare the operating profitability of its operations with those of its competitors, as well as a basis for determining certain incentive compensation. Integrated Resort companies have historically reported adjusted property EBITDA as a supplemental performance measure to GAAP financial measures. In order to view the operations of their properties on a more stand-alone basis, Integrated Resort companies, including Las Vegas Sands Corp., have historically excluded certain expenses that do not relate to the management of specific properties, such as pre-opening expense, development expense and corporate expense, from their adjusted property EBITDA calculations. Consolidated adjusted property EBITDA should not be interpreted as an alternative to income from operations (as an indicator of operating performance) or to cash flows from operations (as a measure of liquidity), in each case, as determined in accordance with GAAP. The Company has significant uses of cash flow, including capital expenditures, dividend payments, interest payments, debt principal repayments and income taxes, which are not reflected in consolidated adjusted property EBITDA. Not all companies calculate adjusted property EBITDA in the same manner. As a result, consolidated adjusted property EBITDA as presented by the Company may not be directly comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies.
(2)During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recorded stock-based compensation expense of $14 million and $7 million, respectively, of which $9 million and $2 million, respectively, was included in corporate expense in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022 2021
(In millions)
Capital Expenditures
Corporate and Other $ $ — 
Macao:
The Venetian Macao 14  22 
The Londoner Macao 67  238 
The Parisian Macao — 
The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao
Sands Macao
84  268 
Marina Bay Sands 50  23 
Total capital expenditures $ 137  $ 291 
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
(In millions)
Total Assets
Corporate and Other $ 7,257  $ 1,357 
Macao:
The Venetian Macao 1,935  2,087 
The Londoner Macao 4,410  4,494 
The Parisian Macao 1,907  1,962 
The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao 1,073  1,145 
Sands Macao 225  253 
Ferry Operations and Other 142  132 
9,692  10,073 
Marina Bay Sands 5,298  5,326 
Total assets $ 22,247  $ 16,756 
26


LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ITEM 2 — MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by, the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, and other financial information included in this Form 10-Q. Certain statements in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” are forward-looking statements. See “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
Operations
We view each of our Integrated Resort properties as an operating segment. Our operating segments in Macao consist of The Venetian Macao; The Londoner Macao; The Parisian Macao; The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao; and the Sands Macao. Our operating segment in Singapore is Marina Bay Sands.
On February 23, 2022, we closed the sale of our Las Vegas real property and operations including The Venetian Resort Las Vegas and the Sands Expo and Convention Center (the “Las Vegas Operations”). At closing, we received approximately $5.05 billion in cash proceeds, before transaction costs and working capital adjustments of $80 million, and recognized a gain on disposal of $3.61 billion, before income tax expense of $750 million, during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
COVID-19 Pandemic Update
In early January 2020, an outbreak of a respiratory illness caused by a novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) was identified and the disease has since spread rapidly across the world causing the World Health Organization to declare the outbreak of a pandemic on March 12, 2020 (the “COVID-19 Pandemic”). Governments around the world mandated actions to contain the spread of the virus that included stay-at-home orders, quarantines, capacity limits, closures of non-essential businesses and significant restrictions on travel. The government actions varied based upon a number of factors, including the extent and severity of the COVID-19 Pandemic within their respective countries and jurisdictions.
Visitation to the Macao Special Administrative Region (“Macao”) of the People’s Republic of China (“China”) has remained substantially below pre-COVID-19 levels as a result of various government policies limiting or discouraging travel. During February 2022, vaccination requirements for arrivals from certain destinations were tightened. As of the date of this report, other than people from mainland China who in general may enter Macao without quarantine subject to them holding the appropriate travel documents, a negative COVID-19 test result issued within a specified time period and a green health-code, there remains in place a complete ban on entry or a need to undergo various quarantine requirements depending on the person’s residency and recent travel history. Our operations in Macao will continue to be impacted and subject to changes in the government policies of Macao, China, Hong Kong and other jurisdictions in Asia addressing travel and public health measures associated with COVID-19.
Various health safeguards implemented by the Macao government remain in place, including mandatory mask protection, limitation on the number of seats per table game, slot machine spacing and temperature checks. Management is currently unable to determine when the remaining measures will be eased or cease to be necessary.
As of the date of this report, most businesses are allowed to remain open, subject to social distancing and health code checking requirements as designated by the Macao government. In January 2022, the Macao government commenced the roll out of a non-mandatory contact tracing QR code function at a range of businesses including government buildings, restaurants, hotels and other public venues.
As with prior periods, in support of the Macao government’s initiatives to fight the COVID-19 Pandemic, we provided one tower at the Sheraton Grand Macao to the Macao government to house individuals who returned to Macao for quarantine purposes at various times.
Our Macao gaming operations remained open during the three months ended March 31, 2022. Guest visitation to the properties, however, has been adversely affected during the three months ended March 31, 2022 due to outbreaks in Hong Kong in late January and early February 2022 and in Guangdong province in March 2022,
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resulting in tighter travel restrictions. Operating hours at restaurants across our Macao properties are continuously being adjusted in line with fluctuations in guest visitation. The majority of retail outlets in our various shopping malls are open with reduced operating hours. The timing and manner in which these areas will return to full operation are currently unknown.
Our ferry operations between Macao and Hong Kong remain suspended. The timing and manner in which our ferry operations will be able to resume are currently unknown.
Our Macao operations have been significantly impacted by the reduced visitation to Macao. The Macao government announced total visitation from mainland China to Macao increased approximately 9.9% and decreased 76.9% during the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the same period in 2021 and 2019 (pre-pandemic), respectively. The Macao government also announced gross gaming revenue decreased approximately 24.8% and 76.7% during the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the same period in 2021 and 2019, respectively.
In Singapore, Vaccinated Travel Lanes (“VTLs”) were introduced for a number of key source markets in November and December of 2021 for vaccinated visitors with a negative COVID-19 test. Due to the emergence of the Omicron variant, however, new ticket sales for the VTLs were suspended on December 23, 2021 through January 20, 2022. The VTL program was terminated on March 31, 2022, and the Vaccination Travel Framework (“VTF”) was launched on April 1, 2022, to facilitate the resumption of travel for all travelers, including short-term visitors. Under the VTF, all fully vaccinated travelers and non-fully vaccinated children aged 12 and below are permitted to enter Singapore, without entry approvals or taking VTL transport. Operations at Marina Bay Sands will continue to be impacted and subject to changes in the government policies of Singapore and other jurisdictions in Asia addressing travel and public health measures associated with COVID-19.
Under the VTF program, all countries or regions will be classified under a “general travel” or “restricted” category, and individual travelers will be assigned border measures based on their vaccination status. This allows all fully vaccinated travelers from any country or region to enter Singapore quarantine-free, as long as they have not visited any countries or regions listed as a restricted category in the past seven days. There are currently no countries or regions on the restricted category list; however, this government policy may be adjusted in line with any developments to the local and global COVID-19 situation.
Visitation to Marina Bay Sands continues to be impacted by the effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic. The Singapore Tourism Board (“STB”) announced for the three months ended March 31, 2022, total visitation to Singapore increased from approximately 69,000 to 246,000, or 258.2%, as compared to the same period in 2021, while visitation decreased 94.8%, when compared to the same period in 2019.
At our Macao properties and Marina Bay Sands, we are adhering to social distancing requirements, which include reduced seating at table games and a decreased number of active slot machines on the casino floor compared to pre-COVID-19 levels. Additionally, there is uncertainty whether the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on operations will continue in future periods. If our Integrated Resorts are not permitted to resume normal operations, travel restrictions such as those related to inbound travel from other countries are not modified or eliminated, there is a resumption of the suspension of the China Individual Visit Scheme, or the global response to contain the COVID-19 Pandemic escalates or is unsuccessful, our operations, cash flows and financial condition will be further materially impacted.
While our Macao and Singapore properties were open and operating at reduced levels due to lower visitation and required safety measures in place as described above during the three months ended March 31, 2022, the current economic and regulatory environment on a global basis and in each of our jurisdictions continues to evolve. We cannot predict the manner in which governments will react as the global and regional impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic changes over time, which could significantly alter our current operations.
We have a strong balance sheet and sufficient liquidity in place, including total cash and cash equivalents balance, excluding restricted cash and cash equivalents, of $6.43 billion and access to $1.50 billion, $1.54 billion and $438 million of available borrowing capacity from our LVSC Revolving Facility, 2018 SCL Revolving Facility and 2012 Singapore Revolving Facility, respectively, as of March 31, 2022. We believe we are able to support continuing operations, complete the major construction projects that are underway and respond to the current COVID-19 Pandemic challenges. We have taken various mitigating measures to manage through the current
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environment, including a cost and capital expenditure reduction program to minimize cash outflow for non-essential items.
Macao Subconcession
Gaming in Macao is administered by the government through concession agreements awarded to three different concessionaires and three subconcessionaires, of which Venetian Macau Limited (“VML,” a subsidiary of Sands China Ltd.) is one. These concession agreements expire on June 26, 2022. If VML’s subconcession is not extended or renewed, VML may be prohibited from conducting gaming operations in Macao, and VML could cease to generate revenues from the gaming operations when the subconcession agreement expires on June 26, 2022. In addition, all of VML’s casino premises and gaming-related equipment could be automatically transferred to the Macao government without any compensation to VML.
On January 18, 2022, the Macao Legislative Assembly published a draft bill entitled Amendment to Law No. 16/2001 to amend Macao’s gaming law (the “Gaming Law”). Certain changes to the Gaming Law set out in the draft bill include a reduction in the term of future gaming concessions to ten (10) years; authorization of up to six (6) gaming concession contracts; an increase in the minimum capital contribution of concessionaires to 5 billion patacas (approximately $620 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022); an increase in the percentage of the share capital of the concessionaire that must be held by the local managing director to 15%; a requirement that casinos be located in real estate owned by the concessionaire; and a prohibition of revenue sharing arrangements between gaming promoters and concessionaires.
On March 3, 2022, the Macao government announced its intention to extend the term of Macao’s six concession and subconcession contracts from June 26, 2022 until December 31, 2022 in order to ensure sufficient time to complete the amendment to the Gaming Law and conduct a public tender for the awarding of new gaming concessions. The Macao government invited VML to submit a formal request for an extension along with a commitment to pay the Macao government up to 47 million patacas (approximately $6 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2022) and provide a bank guarantee to secure the fulfillment of VML’s payment obligations towards its employees should VML be unsuccessful in tendering for a new concession contract after its subconcession expires. VML submitted its request for an extension on March 14, 2022. The extension of VML’s subconcession is subject to approval by the Macao government as well as entering into a subconcession amendment contract with Galaxy Casino Company Limited.
We are actively monitoring developments with respect to the Macao government’s Gaming Law amendment and concession renewal process and we continue to believe we will be successful in extending the term of our subconcession and/or obtaining a new gaming concession when our current subconcession expires; however, it is possible the Macao government could further change or interpret the associated gaming laws in a manner that could negatively impact us.
Under our Sands China Ltd. (“SCL”) senior notes indentures (as defined below), upon the occurrence of any event resulting from any change in the Gaming Law (as defined in the indentures) or any action by the gaming authority after which none of SCL or any of its subsidiaries own or manage casino or gaming areas or operate casino games of fortune and chance in Macao in substantially the same manner as they were owning or managing casino or gaming areas or operating casino games as at the issue date of the senior notes, for a period of 30 consecutive days or more, and such event has a material adverse effect on the financial condition, business, properties or results of operations of SCL and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, each holder of the SCL senior notes would have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of such holder’s SCL senior notes at par, plus any accrued and unpaid interest (the “Investor Put Option”).
Additionally, under the 2018 SCL Credit Facility, the events that trigger an Investor Put Option under the SCL senior notes (as described above) would be an event of default, which may result in commitments being immediately cancelled, in whole or in part, and the related outstanding balances and accrued interest, if any, becoming immediately due and payable.
The subconcession not being extended or renewed and the potential impact if holders of the notes and the agent have the ability to, and make the election to, accelerate the repayment of our debt would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. We intend to follow the process for a concession renewal once the process and requirements are announced by the Macao government.
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Marina Bay Sands Gaming License
In April 2022, we paid 72 million Singapore dollars ("SGD," approximately $53 million at exchange rates in effect at the time of the transaction) to the Singapore Casino Regulatory Authority as part of the process to renew its gaming license at Marina Bay Sands, which will now expire in April 2025.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
For a discussion of our significant accounting policies and estimates, please refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” presented in our 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 4, 2022.
There were no newly identified significant accounting estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2022, nor were there any material changes to the critical accounting policies and estimates discussed in our 2021 Annual Report.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See related disclosure at “Item 1 — Financial Statements — Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements — Note 1 — Organization and Business of Company — Recent Accounting Pronouncements.”
Operating Results
Key Operating Revenue Measurements
Operating revenues at The Venetian Macao, The Londoner Macao, The Parisian Macao, The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao, Marina Bay Sands and our Las Vegas Operating Properties, prior to its sale on February 23, 2022, were dependent upon the volume of patrons who stay at the hotel, which affects the price charged for hotel rooms and our gaming volume. Operating revenues at Sands Macao are principally driven by the volume of gaming patrons who visit the property on a daily basis.
Management utilizes the following volume and pricing measures in order to evaluate past performance and assist in forecasting future revenues. The various volume measurements indicate our ability to attract patrons to our Integrated Resorts. In casino operations, win and hold percentages indicate the amount of revenue to be expected based on volume. In hotel operations, average daily rate and revenue per available room indicate the demand for rooms and our ability to capture that demand. In mall operations, base rent per square foot indicates our ability to attract and maintain profitable tenants for our leasable space.
The following are the key measurements we use to evaluate operating revenues:
Casino revenue measurements for Macao and Singapore: Macao and Singapore table games are segregated into two groups: Rolling Chip play (composed of VIP players) and Non-Rolling Chip play (mostly non-VIP players). The volume measurement for Rolling Chip play is non-negotiable gaming chips wagered and lost. The volume measurement for Non-Rolling Chip play is table games drop (“drop”), which is net markers issued (credit instruments), cash deposited in the table drop boxes and gaming chips purchased and exchanged at the cage. Rolling Chip and Non-Rolling Chip volume measurements are not comparable as they are two distinct measures of volume. The amounts wagered and lost for Rolling Chip play are substantially higher than the amounts dropped for Non-Rolling Chip play. Slot handle, also a volume measurement, is the gross amount wagered for the period cited.
We view Rolling Chip win as a percentage of Rolling Chip volume, Non-Rolling Chip win as a percentage of drop and slot hold (amount won by the casino) as a percentage of slot handle. Win or hold percentage represents the percentage of Rolling Chip volume, Non-Rolling Chip drop or slot handle that is won by the casino and recorded as casino revenue. Our win and hold percentages are calculated before discounts, commissions, deferring revenue associated with our loyalty programs and allocating casino revenues related to goods and services provided to patrons on a complimentary basis. Our Rolling Chip table games are expected to produce a win percentage of 3.15% to 3.45% in Macao and Singapore, and our Non-Rolling Chip table games have produced a trailing 12-month win percentage of 26.8%, 21.7%, 22.7%, 23.8%, 18.2% and 14.8% at The Venetian Macao, The Londoner Macao, The Parisian Macao, The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao, Sands Macao and Marina Bay Sands, respectively. Our slot machines have produced a trailing 12-month hold percentage of 3.7%, 3.7%, 3.2%, 5.9%, 3.0% and 4.2% at The Venetian Macao, The Londoner Macao, The Parisian Macao, The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao, Sands
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Macao and Marina Bay Sands, respectively. Actual win and hold percentages may vary from our expected win percentage and the trailing 12-month win and hold percentages. Generally, slot machine play is conducted on a cash basis. In Macao and Singapore, 11.0% and 7.3%, respectively, of our table games play was conducted on a credit basis for the three months ended March 31, 2022.
Casino revenue measurements for the U.S.: The volume measurements in the U.S. were slot handle, as previously described, and table games drop, which was the total amount of cash and net markers issued (credit instruments) deposited in the table drop box. We view table games win as a percentage of drop and slot hold as a percentage of slot handle. Our win and hold percentages were calculated before discounts, commissions, deferring revenue associated with our loyalty programs and allocating casino revenues related to goods and services provided to patrons on a complimentary basis. Based upon our mix of table games, our table games were expected to produce a win percentage of 18% to 26% for Baccarat and 16% to 24% for non-Baccarat. Our slot machines have produced a trailing 12-month hold percentage of 8.5%. Actual win and hold percentages may vary from our expected win percentage and the trailing 12-month win and hold percentages. Similar to Macao and Singapore, slot machine play was generally conducted on a cash basis.
Hotel revenue measurements: Performance indicators used are occupancy rate (a volume indicator), which is the average percentage of available hotel rooms occupied during a period and average daily room rate (“ADR,” a price indicator), which is the average price of occupied rooms per day. Available rooms exclude those rooms unavailable for occupancy during the period due to renovation, development or other requirements (such as government mandated closure, lodging for team members and usage by the Macao government for quarantine measures). The calculations of the occupancy rate and ADR include the impact of rooms provided on a complimentary basis. Revenue per available room (“RevPAR”) represents a summary of hotel ADR and occupancy. Because not all available rooms are occupied, ADR is normally higher than RevPAR. Reserved rooms where the guests do not show up for their stay and lose their deposit, or where guests check out early, may be re-sold to walk-in guests.
Mall revenue measurements: Occupancy, base rent per square foot and tenant sales per square foot are used as performance indicators. Occupancy represents gross leasable occupied area (“GLOA”) divided by gross leasable area (“GLA”) at the end of the reporting period. GLOA is the sum of: (1) tenant occupied space under lease and (2) tenants no longer occupying space, but paying rent. GLA does not include space currently under development or not on the market for lease. Base rent per square foot is the weighted average base or minimum rent charge in effect at the end of the reporting period for all tenants that would qualify to be included in occupancy. Tenant sales per square foot is the reported comparable sales for the trailing 12 months divided by the comparable square footage for the same period. Only tenants that have been open for a minimum of 12 months are included in the tenant sales per square foot calculation.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Summary Financial Results
Our financial results were adversely impacted as a result of decreased visitation at our properties due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, as tighter border restrictions were introduced as a result of increased positive COVID-19 cases in the surrounding regions. See “COVID-19 Pandemic” for further information. Net revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2022, were $943 million, compared to $1.20 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Operating loss was $302 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to $96 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Net loss from continuing operations was $478 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to $280 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
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Operating Revenues
Our net revenues consisted of the following:
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022 2021 Percent
Change
(Dollars in millions)
Casino $ 627  $ 865  (27.5) %
Rooms 95  96  (1.0) %
Food and beverage 53  56  (5.4) %
Mall 149  156  (4.5) %
Convention, retail and other 19  23  (17.4) %
Total net revenues $ 943  $ 1,196  (21.2) %
Consolidated net revenues were $943 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, a decrease of $253 million compared to $1.20 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease is due to a $227 million decrease at our Macao operations, and a $26 million decrease at Marina Bay Sands. The decrease at our Macao operations was due to decreased visitation compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, as tighter border restrictions were introduced in late January and increased over the course of the first quarter as a result of increased positive COVID-19 cases in the region. The $26 million decrease at Marina Bay Sands was primarily due to lower local visitation.
Net casino revenues decreased $238 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. The change was driven by a $203 million decrease at our Macao operations due to lower visitation across our properties resulting in decreased table games and slot volumes. Casino revenues at Marina Bay Sands decreased $35 million due to a decrease in Rolling Chip win percentage and slot handle, driven by a decrease in local patron play. The following table summarizes the results of our casino activity:
Three Months Ended March 31,
  2022 2021 Change
  (Dollars in millions)
Macao Operations:
The Venetian Macao
Total net casino revenues $ 157  $ 266  (41.0) %
Non-Rolling Chip drop $ 636  $ 908  (30.0) %
Non-Rolling Chip win percentage 24.9  % 27.4  % (2.5) pts
Rolling Chip volume $ 720  $ 1,231  (41.5) %
Rolling Chip win percentage 3.25  % 4.43  % (1.18) pts
Slot handle $ 423  $ 462  (8.4) %
Slot hold percentage 3.0  % 4.0  % (1.0) pts
The Londoner Macao
Total net casino revenues $ 79  $ 91  (13.2) %
Non-Rolling Chip drop $ 354  $ 408  (13.2) %
Non-Rolling Chip win percentage 22.2  % 21.7  % 0.5  pts
Rolling Chip volume $ 369  $ 523  (29.4) %
Rolling Chip win percentage 4.72  % 3.71  % 1.01  pts
Slot handle $ 232  $ 197  17.8  %
Slot hold percentage 3.1  % 3.9  % (0.8) pts
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Three Months Ended March 31,
  2022 2021 Change
  (Dollars in millions)
The Parisian Macao
Total net casino revenues $ 51  $ 59  (13.6) %
Non-Rolling Chip drop $ 180  $ 300  (40.0) %
Non-Rolling Chip win percentage 25.5  % 23.0  % 2.5  pts
Rolling Chip volume $ 160  $ 114  40.4  %
Rolling Chip win percentage 7.95  % (3.01) % 10.96  pts
Slot handle $ 123  $ 223  (44.8) %
Slot hold percentage 3.3  % 3.4  % (0.1) pts
The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao
Total net casino revenues $ 55  $ 115  (52.2) %
Non-Rolling Chip drop $ 215  $ 256  (16.0) %
Non-Rolling Chip win percentage 25.9  % 24.1  % 1.8  pts
Rolling Chip volume $ 574  $ 1,436  (60.0) %
Rolling Chip win percentage 3.29  % 5.93  % (2.64) pts
Slot handle $ $ 125.0  %
Slot hold percentage 8.7  % 10.8  % (2.1) pts
Sands Macao
Total net casino revenues $ 17  $ 31  (45.2) %
Non-Rolling Chip drop $ 77  $ 122  (36.9) %
Non-Rolling Chip win percentage 19.4  % 15.1  % 4.3  pts
Rolling Chip volume $ 80  $ 484  (83.5) %
Rolling Chip win percentage 2.83  % 4.34  % (1.51) pts
Slot handle $ 124  $ 158  (21.5) %
Slot hold percentage 3.3  % 3.4  % (0.1) pts
Singapore Operations:
Marina Bay Sands
Total net casino revenues $ 268  $ 303  (11.6) %
Non-Rolling Chip drop $ 795  $ 674  18.0  %
Non-Rolling Chip win percentage 17.7  % 19.1  % (1.4) pts
Rolling Chip volume $ 1,899  $ 1,512  25.6  %
Rolling Chip win percentage 3.30  % 5.59  % (2.29) pts
Slot handle $ 3,282  $ 3,745  (12.4) %
Slot hold percentage 4.1  % 4.2  % (0.1) pts
U.S. Operations:
Las Vegas Operating Properties(1)
Total net casino revenues $ 61  $ 53  15.1  %
Table games drop $ 257  $ 335  (23.3) %
Table games win percentage 13.6  % 9.3  % 4.3  pts
Slot handle $ 599  $ 625  (4.2) %
Slot hold percentage 8.2  % 8.1  % 0.1  pts
__________________________
(1)    The Las Vegas Operating Properties are classified as a discontinued operation. We completed the sale on February 23, 2022. Financial results are for the period through February 22, 2022.
In our experience, average win percentages remain fairly consistent when measured over extended periods of time with a significant volume of wagers, but can vary considerably within shorter time periods as a result of the statistical variances associated with games of chance in which large amounts are wagered.
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Room revenues decreased $1 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily due to decreased occupancy rates and decreased RevPAR driven by lower visitation at our Macao operations compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. The following table summarizes the results of our room activity:
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2022 2021 Change
  (Room revenues in millions)
Macao Operations:
The Venetian Macao
Total room revenues $ 16  $ 19  (15.8) %
Occupancy rate 42.7  % 47.2  % (4.5) pts
Average daily room rate (ADR) $ 153  $ 157  (2.5) %
Revenue per available room (RevPAR) $ 65  $ 74  (12.2) %
The Londoner Macao
Total room revenues $ 19  $ 19  —  %
Occupancy rate 28.0  % 35.5  % (7.5) pts
Average daily room rate (ADR) $ 154  $ 173  (11.0) %
Revenue per available room (RevPAR) $ 43  $ 61  (29.5) %
The Parisian Macao
Total room revenues $ 11  $ 12  (8.3) %
Occupancy rate 41.3  % 46.7  % (5.4) pts
Average daily room rate (ADR) $ 119  $ 118  0.8  %
Revenue per available room (RevPAR) $ 49  $ 55  (10.9) %
The Plaza Macao and Four Seasons Macao
Total room revenues $ $ 11  (18.2) %
Occupancy rate 35.8  % 43.7  % (7.9) pts
Average daily room rate (ADR) $ 440  $ 432  1.9  %
Revenue per available room (RevPAR) $ 157  $ 189  (16.9) %
Sands Macao
Total room revenues $ $ (33.3) %
Occupancy rate 57.1  % 71.5  % (14.4) pts
Average daily room rate (ADR) $ 137  $ 138  (0.7) %
Revenue per available room (RevPAR) $ 78  $ 99  (21.2) %
Singapore Operations:
Marina Bay Sands(1)
Total room revenues $ 38  $ 32  18.8  %
Occupancy rate 83.8  % 63.0  % 20.8  pts
Average daily room rate (ADR) $ 257  $ 228  12.7  %
Revenue per available room (RevPAR) $ 215  $ 143  50.3  %
U.S. Operations:
Las Vegas Operating Properties(2)
Total room revenues $ 78  $ 45  73.3  %
Occupancy rate 84.6  % 42.6  % 42.0  pts
Average daily room rate (ADR) $ 247  $ 185  33.5  %
Revenue per available room (RevPAR) $ 209  $ 79  164.6  %
__________________________
(1)    During the three months ended March 31, 2022, approximately 500 rooms were under construction for renovation purposes.
(2)    The Las Vegas Operating Properties are classified as a discontinued operation. We completed the sale on February 23, 2022. Financial results are for the period through February 22, 2022.
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Food and beverage revenues decreased $3 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was due to decreased business volume at food and beverage outlets as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021.
Mall revenues decreased $7 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily due to decreases of $7 million and $3 million in minimum rents and turnover rent, respectively, partially offset by a $2 million decrease in rent concessions granted to our mall tenants in Macao and Singapore compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021.
For further information related to the financial performance of our malls, see “Additional Information Regarding our Retail Mall Operations.” The following table summarizes the results of our malls on the Cotai Strip in Macao and in Singapore:
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2022 2021 Change
  (Mall revenues in millions)
Macao Operations:
Shoppes at Venetian
Total mall revenues $ 44  $ 46  (4.3) %
Mall gross leasable area (in square feet) 814,720  812,936  0.2  %
Occupancy 77.6  % 79.9  % (2.3) pts
Base rent per square foot $ 298  $ 301  (1.0) %
Tenant sales per square foot(1)
$ 1,328  $ 940  41.3  %
Shoppes at Londoner(2)
Total mall revenues $ 14