UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

     
    for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

 

OR

     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

     
    for the transition period from                                          to                                           

 

Commission File Number: 001-34800

ECA MARCELLUS TRUST I

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

  Delaware   27-6522024
  (State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
       
  The Bank of New York Mellon    
  Trust Company, N.A., Trustee    
  Global Corporate Trust    
  601 Travis Street, 16th Floor    
  Houston, Texas   77002
  (Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(512) 236-6555
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Units of Beneficial Interest ECT New York Stock Exchange

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes o No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated
filer ¨
Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated
filer  þ
Smaller reporting
company þ
Emerging growth
company o

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ

 

As of May 14, 2020, 17,605,000 Common Units of Beneficial Interest in ECA Marcellus Trust I were outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

   
PART I – Financial Information 3
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited) 3
Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 3
Statement of Distributable Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 4
Statement of Trust Corpus for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 5
Notes to Financial Statements 6
Item 2. Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 9
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 14
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 14
   
PART II- Other Information 16
Item 1A. Risk Factors 16
Item 6. Exhibits 16
SIGNATURES 17
APPENDIX A 18
Glossary of Certain Terms 18

 

References to the “Trust” in this document refer to ECA Marcellus Trust I. As discussed in Item 1 – Business – “Introduction,” in November 2017 Greylock Energy, LLC, and certain of its wholly owned subsidiaries acquired substantially all of the gas production and midstream assets of Energy Corporation of America, including all of the interests of Legacy ECA (as defined below) in certain natural gas properties that are subject to the royalty interests held by ECA Marcellus Trust I (the “Acquisition”). References to “Greylock Energy” in this document refer to Greylock Energy, LLC and certain of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, including Greylock Production, LLC (“Greylock Production”), which serves as operator of the subject wells, and Greylock Midstream, LLC (“Greylock Midstream”), whose subsidiaries market and gather certain of the gas. References to “Legacy ECA” in this document refer to Energy Corporation of America and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, and, when discussing the conveyance documents, the Private Investors (as defined in “Glossary of Certain Terms”), as such entities existed prior to the asset acquisition by Greylock Energy. References to the “Sponsor” in this document refer to Legacy ECA for periods prior to the Acquisition, and to Greylock Energy for periods after the Acquisition.

 

 

 

 

PART I-FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

ECA Marcellus Trust I

Statements of Assets, Liabilities, and Trust Corpus

 

    March 31,     December 31,  
  2020     2019  
ASSETS:            
Cash   $ 664,826     $ 770,833  
Royalty income receivable     473,676       738,201  
Royalty interest in gas properties     352,100,000       352,100,000  
Accumulated amortization     (335,451,474 )     (335,055,782 )
Net royalty interest in gas properties     16,648,526       17,044,218  
                 
Total Assets   $ 17,787,028     $ 18,553,252  
                 
                 
                 
LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS:                
Liabilities:                
Distributions payable to unitholders   $ (0 )   $ 335,172  
Trust corpus; 17,605,000 common units authorized, issued and outstanding     17,787,028       18,218,080  
                 
Total Liabilities and Trust Corpus   $ 17,787,028     $ 18,553,252  

 

See notes to the unaudited financial statements.                

 

3

 

 

ECA Marcellus Trust I

Statements of Distributable Income

 

    Three Months Ended  
    March 31,  
    2020     2019  
Royalty income   $ 473,676     $ 1,678,981  
                 
Net proceeds to Trust   $ 473,676     $ 1,678,981  
                 
General and administrative expense     (513,269 )     (425,577 )
Interest income     3,553       5,756  
                 
                 
Income available for distribution prior to cash reserves   $ (36,040 )   $ 1,259,160  
                 
Cash reserves used (withheld) by Trustee     38,046       (125,916 )
Interest used (withheld) on cash reserves     (2,006 )     -  
                 
Distributable income available to unitholders   $ (0 )   $ 1,133,244  
                 
                 
Distributable income per common unit                
(17,605,000 units authorized and outstanding)                
    $ (0.000 )   $ 0.064  

 

See notes to the unaudited financial statements.                

 

4

 

 

ECA Marcellus Trust I

Statements of Trust Corpus

 

    Three Months Ended  
    March 31,  
    2020     2019  
Trust Corpus, Balance at January 1,   $ 18,218,080     $ 46,933,314  
Cash reserves (used) withheld, including interest     (36,040 )     125,916  
Distributable income     (0 )     1,133,244  
Distributions paid or payable to unitholders     678       (1,136,906 )
Amortization of royalty interest in gas properties     (395,690 )     (1,067,116 )
Impairment of royalty interest in gas properties     -       -  
                 
Trust Corpus, Balance at March 31,   $ 17,787,028     $ 45,988,452  

 

See notes to the unaudited financial statements.                

 

5

 

 

ECA MARCELLUS TRUST I

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1. Organization of the Trust

 

ECA Marcellus Trust I is a Delaware statutory trust formed in March 2010 by Energy Corporation of America (“Legacy ECA”) to own royalty interests in 14 producing horizontal natural gas wells producing from the Marcellus Shale formation, all of which are online and are located in Greene County, Pennsylvania (the “Producing Wells”), and royalty interests in 52 horizontal natural gas development wells subsequently drilled to the Marcellus Shale formation (the “PUD Wells”) within the “Area of Mutual Interest”, or “AMI”, comprising approximately 9,300 acres held by Legacy ECA, of which it owned substantially all of the working interests, in Greene County, Pennsylvania. The effective date of the Trust was April 1, 2010; consequently, the Trust received the proceeds of production attributable to the PDP Royalty Interest (defined herein) from that date even though the PDP Royalty Interest was not conveyed to the Trust until the closing of the initial public offering on July 7, 2010. The total number of units the Trust is authorized to issue is 17,605,000 units, all of which are now common units. The royalty interests were conveyed from Legacy ECA’s working interest in the Producing Wells and the PUD Wells limited to the Marcellus Shale formation (the “Underlying Properties”). In November 2017, Greylock Energy, LLC and certain of its wholly owned subsidiaries, including Greylock Production, LLC (“Greylock Production”), which serves as operator of the subject wells, and Greylock Midstream, LLC (“Greylock Midstream”), whose subsidiaries market and gather certain of the gas, acquired substantially of the assets of Legacy ECA, as described in Note 4.

 

The royalty interest in the Producing Wells (the “PDP Royalty Interest”) entitles the Trust to receive 90% of the proceeds (exclusive of any production or development costs but after deducting post-production costs and any applicable taxes) from the sale of production of natural gas attributable to the Sponsor’s initial interest in the Producing Wells. The royalty interest in the PUD Wells (the “PUD Royalty Interest” and collectively with the PDP Royalty Interest, the “Royalty Interests”) entitles the Trust to receive 50% of the proceeds (exclusive of any production or development costs but after deducting post-production costs and any applicable taxes) from the sale of production of natural gas attributable to the Sponsor’s initial interest in the PUD Wells.

 

The Trust’s cash receipts in respect of the Royalty Interests are determined after deducting post-production costs and any applicable taxes associated with the Perpetual Royalty Interests. The Trust’s cash available for distribution is reduced by Trust administrative expenses. Post-production costs generally consist of costs incurred to gather, compress, transport, process, treat, dehydrate and market the natural gas produced. Charges (the “Post-Production Services Fee”) payable to the Sponsor for such post-production costs on the Greene County Gathering System (“GCGS”) were limited to $0.52 per MMBtu gathered until Legacy ECA fulfilled its drilling obligation in 2011; since then the Sponsor has been permitted to increase the Post-Production Services Fee to the extent necessary to recover certain capital expenditures in the GCGS. Additionally, if electric compression is utilized in lieu of gas as fuel in the compression process, the Trust will be charged for the electric usage as provided for in the Trust conveyance documents.

 

The Trust makes quarterly cash distributions of substantially all of its cash receipts, after deducting Trust administrative expenses, including the costs incurred as a result of being a publicly traded entity, on or about the 60th day following the completion of each quarter. Unless sooner terminated, the Trust will begin to liquidate on or about March 31, 2030 (the “Termination Date”) and will soon thereafter wind up its affairs and terminate. At the termination of the Trust, 50% of each of the PDP Royalty Interest and the PUD Royalty Interest will revert automatically to Greylock Production. The remaining 50% of each of the PDP Royalty Interest and the PUD Royalty Interest will be sold, and the net proceeds will be distributed pro rata to the unitholders soon after the termination of the Trust. Greylock Production will have a right of first refusal to purchase the remaining 50% of the Royalty Interests at the termination of the Trust.

 

The business and affairs of the Trust are administered by The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as Trustee. Although Greylock Production operates all of the Producing Wells and all of the PUD Wells, Greylock Production has no ability to manage or influence the management of the Trust. Neither the Trust nor the Trustee has any authority or responsibility for, or any involvement with or influence over, any aspect of the operations on or relating to the properties to which the Royalty Interests relate.

 

6

 

 

NOTE 2. Basis of Presentation

 

The preparation of financial statements requires the Trust to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Without limiting the foregoing statement, the information furnished is based upon certain estimates of the revenues attributable to the Trust from natural gas production for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 and is therefore subject to adjustment in future periods to reflect actual production for the periods presented.

 

The information furnished reflects all normal and recurring adjustments which are, in the opinion of the Trustee, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim period presented. The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. The December 31, 2019 condensed balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all applicable financial statement disclosures.

 

NOTE 3. Significant Accounting Policies

 

The accompanying unaudited financial information has been prepared by the Trustee in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q. The financial statements of the Trust differ from financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) because certain cash reserves may be established for contingencies, which would not be accrued in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Amortization of the investment in overriding royalty interests calculated on a unit-of-production basis is charged directly to Trust Corpus. This comprehensive basis of accounting other than GAAP corresponds to the accounting permitted for royalty trusts by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) as specified by Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) Topic 932, Extractive Activities—Oil and Gas: Financial Statements of Royalty Trusts. Income determined on the basis of GAAP would include all expenses incurred for the period presented. However, the Trust serves as a pass-through entity, with expenses for depreciation, depletion, and amortization, interest and income taxes being based on the status and elections of the Trust unitholders. General and administrative expenses, production taxes or any other allowable costs are charged to the Trust only when cash has been paid for those expenses. In addition, the Royalty Interests are not burdened by field and lease operating expenses. Thus, the statement shows distributable income, defined as income of the Trust available for distribution to the Trust unitholders before application of those additional expenses, if any, for depreciation, depletion, and amortization, interest and income taxes. The revenues are presented net of existing royalties and overriding royalties and have been reduced by gathering/post-production expenses.

 

Cash:

 

Cash may include highly liquid instruments maturing in three months or less from the date acquired.

 

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements:

 

The preparation of financial statements requires the Trust to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Revenue and Expenses:

 

The Trust serves as a pass-through entity, with items of depletion, interest income and expense, and income tax attributes being based upon the status and election of the unitholders. Thus, the Statements of Distributable Income show Income available for distribution before application of those unitholders’ additional expenses, if any, for depletion, interest income and expense, and income taxes.

 

The Trust uses the accrual basis to recognize revenue, with royalty income recorded as reserves are extracted from the Underlying Properties and sold. Expenses are recognized when paid.

 

7

 

 

Royalty Interest in Gas Properties:

 

The Royalty interest in gas properties is assessed to determine whether the net capitalized cost is impaired, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable, pursuant to ASC Topic 360, Property, Plant and Equipment. The Trust determines whether an impairment charge is necessary to its investment in the Royalty interest in gas properties if total capitalized costs, less accumulated amortization, exceed undiscounted future net revenues attributable to proved gas reserves of the Underlying Properties. Determination as to whether and how much an asset is impaired involves estimates of fair value, which is determined based on discounted cash flow techniques using assumptions including projected revenues, future commodity prices, production costs, and market-specific average cost of capital. Estimates of undiscounted future net revenues attributable to proved gas reserves utilize NYMEX forward pricing curves. If required, the Trust will recognize an impairment charge to the extent that the net capitalized costs exceed the discounted fair value of the investment in net profits interests attributable to proved gas reserves of the Underlying Properties. Any such impairment charge would not reduce Distributable Income, although it would reduce Trust Corpus. At December 31, 2019, the Underlying Properties were impaired by approximately $25 million primarily as a result of the decrease in the futures prices of natural gas. No impairment in the Underlying Properties has been recognized during the quarter ended March 31, 2020. Significant dispositions or abandonment of the Underlying Properties are charged to Royalty Interests and the Trust Corpus.

 

Amortization of the Royalty interest in gas properties is calculated on a units-of-production basis, whereby the Trust’s cost basis in the properties is divided by Trust total proved reserves to derive an amortization rate per reserve unit. Such amortization does not reduce Distributable Income, rather it is charged directly to Trust Corpus. Revisions to estimated future units-of-production are treated on a prospective basis beginning on the date significant revisions are known.

 

The conveyance of the Royalty Interest to the Trust was accounted for as a purchase transaction. The $352,100,000 reflected in the Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus as Royalty interests in gas properties represents 17,605,000 Trust units valued at $20.00 per unit. The carrying value of the Trust’s investment in the Royalty Interests is not necessarily indicative of the fair value of such Royalty Interests.

 

NOTE 4. Reaffirmation Agreement

 

On November 29, 2017, Greylock Energy acquired substantially all of the gas production and midstream assets of Legacy ECA, including Legacy ECA’s interests in certain natural gas properties that are subject to royalty interests held by the Trust.

 

In connection with the transaction, Greylock Production assumed all of Legacy ECA’s obligations under the Amended and Restated Trust Agreement among the Trust, Legacy ECA and the Trustee (the “Trust Agreement”), and other instruments to which Legacy ECA and the Trustee were parties, including (1) the Administrative Services Agreement by and among Legacy ECA, the Trust and the Trustee dated July 7, 2010, and (2) a letter agreement between Legacy ECA and the Trustee regarding certain loans to be made by Legacy ECA to the Trust as necessary to enable the Trust to pay its liabilities as they become due (the “Letter Agreement”). In addition, Legacy ECA, Greylock Production, and the Trustee entered into a Reaffirmation and Amendment of Mortgage, Assignment of Leases, Security Agreement, Fixture Filing and Financing Statement (the “Reaffirmation Agreement”), pursuant to which, among other things, Greylock Production (1) reaffirmed the liens and the security interest granted pursuant to the existing mortgage securing the interests in the subject properties, as well as the mortgage and the obligations of Legacy ECA under the mortgage, and (2) assumed the obligations of Legacy ECA under the Letter Agreement.

 

NOTE 5. Income Taxes

 

The Trust is a Delaware statutory trust, which is taxed as a partnership for federal and state income taxes. Accordingly, no provision for federal or state income taxes has been made. Uncertain tax positions are accounted for under ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”), which prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for financial statement disclosure of tax positions taken or expected to be taken on a tax return. Additionally, ASC 740 provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. The Trust has not identified any uncertain tax positions through the period ended March 31, 2020.

 

8

 

 

NOTE 6. Related Party Transactions

 

Trustee Administrative Fee:

 

Under the terms of the Trust Agreement, the Trustee charges an annual administrative fee, subject to adjustment each year, that was $150,000 from inception through 2017. The annual fee in 2019 was $154,605 and is expected to be $156,060 in 2020. The Trust deducts these costs, as well as those to be paid to Greylock Production pursuant to the Administrative Services Agreement referred to below, in the period paid.

 

Administrative Services Fee:

 

The Trust and Greylock Production are parties to an Administrative Services Agreement that obligates the Trust to pay Greylock Production an administrative services fee for accounting, bookkeeping and informational services to be performed by Greylock Production on behalf of the Trust relating to the Royalty Interests. The annual fee of $60,000 is payable in equal quarterly installments. Under certain circumstances, Greylock Production and the Trustee each may terminate the Administrative Services Agreement at any time following delivery of notice no less than 90 days prior to the date of termination.

 

Item 2.        Trustee's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.  

 

References to the “Trust” in this document refer to ECA Marcellus Trust I. As discussed in “Overview” below, Greylock Energy, LLC and certain of its wholly-owned subsidiaries (“Greylock Energy”) acquired substantially all of the assets of Energy Corporation of America in November 2017. References to “Legacy ECA” in this document refer to Energy Corporation of America and its wholly-owned subsidiaries and, when discussing the conveyance documents, the Private Investors, as such entities existed prior to the asset acquisition by Greylock Energy. The following review of the Trust’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto and the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (the “2019 Form 10-K”). The Trust’s annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports are available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov and also at www.businesswire.com/cnn/ect.htm. Certain terms used herein are defined in Appendix A. All information regarding operations has been provided to the Trustee by Greylock Energy.

 

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This report contains “forward-looking statements” about Greylock Energy and the Trust and other matters discussed herein that are subject to risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this document, including, without limitation, statements under “Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors” regarding the financial position, business strategy, production and reserve growth, development activities and costs and other plans and objectives for the future operations of Greylock Energy and all matters relating to the Trust are forward-looking statements. Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from those projected.

 

When used in this document, the words “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends” or similar expressions, are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Further, all statements regarding future circumstances or events are forward-looking statements. The following important factors, in addition to those discussed elsewhere in this document, could affect the future results of the energy industry in general, and Greylock Energy and the Trust in particular, and could cause those results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements:

 

risks incident to the operation of natural gas wells;

 

future production costs;

 

the effects of existing and future laws and regulatory actions;

 

the effects of changes in commodity prices;

 

conditions in the capital markets;

 

competition in the energy industry;

 

the uncertainty of estimates of natural gas reserves and production; and

 

other risks described under the caption “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of the 2019 Form 10-K and in Part II, Item 1A of this report.

 

This report describes other important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations of Greylock Energy and the Trust. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to Greylock Energy or the Trust or persons acting on behalf of Greylock Energy or the Trust are expressly qualified in their entirety by such factors. The Trust assumes no obligation, and disclaims any duty, to update these forward-looking statements.

 

9

 

 

Overview

 

The Trust is a statutory trust created under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act. The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. serves as Trustee. The Trust does not conduct any operations or activities. The Trust’s purpose is, in general, to hold the Royalty Interests (described below), to distribute to the Trust unitholders cash that the Trust receives in respect of the Royalty Interests after payment of Trust expenses and to perform certain administrative functions in respect of the Royalty Interests and the Trust units. The Trustee has no authority or responsibility for, and no involvement with, any aspect of the oil and gas operations on the properties to which the Royalty Interests relate. The Trust derives all or substantially all of its income and cash flows from the Royalty Interests. The Trust is treated as a partnership for federal and state income tax purposes.

 

In November 2017, Greylock Energy, LLC and certain of its wholly owned subsidiaries (“Greylock Energy”), including Greylock Production, LLC (“Greylock Production”), which serves as operator of the subject wells, and Greylock Midstream, LLC (“Greylock Midstream”), whose subsidiaries market and gather certain of the gas, acquired substantially all of the gas production and midstream assets of Legacy ECA, including all of Legacy ECA’s interests in certain natural gas properties that are subject to royalty interests held by the Trust.

 

In connection with the transaction, Greylock Production assumed all of Legacy ECA’s obligations under the Trust Agreement and other instruments to which Legacy ECA and the Trustee were parties, including (1) the Administrative Services Agreement by and among Legacy ECA, the Trust and the Trustee dated July 7, 2010, and (2) a letter agreement between Legacy ECA and the Trustee regarding certain loans to be made by Legacy ECA to the Trust as necessary to enable the Trust to pay its liabilities as they become due (the “Letter Agreement”). In addition, Legacy ECA, Greylock Production, and the Trustee entered into a Reaffirmation and Amendment of Mortgage, Assignment of Leases, Security Agreement, Fixture Filing and Financing Statement (the “Reaffirmation Agreement”), pursuant to which, among other things, Greylock Production (1) reaffirmed the liens and the security interest granted pursuant to the existing mortgage securing the interests in the subject properties, as well as the mortgage and the obligations of Legacy ECA under the mortgage, and (2) assumed the obligations of Legacy ECA under the Letter Agreement.

 

As part of the initial acquisition of substantially all of Legacy ECA’s assets, neither Greylock Energy nor Greylock Production acquired title ownership of Legacy ECA’s working interest in two wells in which the Trust also has an interest, the Penneco Morrow #1MH and Penneco Morrow #2MH wells. In March 2019 Legacy ECA sold the title ownership and working interest in these two wells to Greylock Production.

 

The Royalty Interests were conveyed to the Trust from the working interest now held by Greylock Production in the Producing Wells and the PUD Wells limited to the Underlying Properties. The PDP Royalty Interest entitles the Trust to receive 90% of the proceeds (exclusive of any production or development costs but after deducting post-production costs and any applicable taxes) from the sale of production of natural gas attributable to the Sponsor’s initial interest in the Producing Wells for a period of 20 years commencing on April 1, 2010 and 45% thereafter. The PUD Royalty Interest entitles the Trust to receive 50% of the proceeds (exclusive of any production or development costs but after deducting post-production costs and any applicable taxes) from the sale of production of natural gas attributable to the Sponsor’s initial interest in the PUD Wells for a period of 20 years commencing on April 1, 2010 and 25% thereafter.

 

Legacy ECA was obligated to drill all of the PUD Wells by March 31, 2014. As of November 30, 2011, Legacy ECA had fulfilled its drilling obligation to the Trust by drilling 40 PUD Wells (52.06 Equivalent PUD Wells), calculated as provided in the Development Agreement. Consequently, no additional wells will be drilled for the Trust. The Trust was not responsible for any costs related to the drilling of development wells or any other development or operating costs. As of March 31, 2020, the Trust owns royalty interests in 14 Producing Wells and the 40 development wells (52.06 Equivalent PUD Wells) that are now completed and in production.

 

The Trust’s cash receipts in respect of the Royalty Interests are determined after deducting post-production costs and any applicable taxes associated with the Royalty Interests, and the Trust’s cash available for distribution is reduced by Trust administrative expenses and any amounts reserved for administrative expenses. Post-production costs generally consist of costs incurred to gather, compress, transport, process, treat, dehydrate and market the natural gas produced. Charges (the “Post-Production Services Fee”) payable to Legacy ECA for such post-production costs on the related GCGS were limited to $0.52 per MMBtu gathered until Legacy ECA fulfilled its drilling obligation in 2011; since then the Spnosor has been permitted to increase the Post-Production Services Fee to the extent necessary to recover certain capital expenditures in the GCGS.

 

10

 

 

Generally, the percentage of production proceeds to be received by the Trust with respect to a well equals the product of (i) the percentage of proceeds to which the Trust is entitled under the terms of the conveyances (90% for the Producing Wells and 50% for the PUD Wells) multiplied by (ii) Greylock Production’s net revenue interest in the well. Greylock Production on average owns an 81.53% net revenue interest in the Producing Wells. Therefore, the Trust is entitled to receive on average 73.37% of the proceeds of production from the Producing Wells. With respect to the PUD Wells, the conveyance related to the PUD Royalty Interest provides that the proceeds from the PUD Wells will be calculated on the basis that the underlying PUD Wells are burdened only by interests that in total would not exceed 12.5% of the revenues from such properties, regardless of whether the royalty interest owners are actually entitled to a greater percentage of revenues from such properties. As an example, assuming Greylock Production owns a 100% working interest in a PUD Well, the applicable net revenue interest is calculated by multiplying Greylock Production’s percentage working interest in the 100% working interest well by the unburdened interest percentage (87.5%), and such well would have a minimum 87.5% net revenue interest. Accordingly, the Trust is entitled to a minimum of 43.75% of the production proceeds from the well provided in this example. To the extent Greylock Production’s working interest in a PUD Well is less than 100%, the Trust’s share of proceeds would be proportionately reduced.

 

The Trust makes quarterly cash distributions of substantially all of its cash receipts, after deducting Trust administrative expenses and costs and reserves therefor, on or about the 60th day following the completion of each quarter. Unless sooner terminated, the Trust will begin to liquidate in March 2030 and will soon thereafter wind up its affairs and terminate.

 

The amount of Trust revenues and cash distributions to Trust unitholders depends on, among other things:

 

natural gas prices received;

 

the volume and Btu rating of natural gas produced and sold;

 

post-production costs and any applicable taxes; and

 

administrative expenses of the Trust including expenses incurred as a result of being a publicly traded entity and any changes in amounts reserved for such expenses.

 

The markets for natural gas are volatile, as demonstrated by significant price swings experienced during 2019 and further declines in 2020 attributable primarily to the economic effects of the global outbreak of the novel form of coronavirus known as COVID-19. COVID-19 and the responses by federal, state and local governmental authorities to the pandemic have also resulted in significant business and operational disruptions, including business closures, supply chain disruptions, travel restrictions, stay-at-home orders and limitations on the availability of workforces. The full impact of COVID-19 is unknown and is rapidly evolving. The extent to which COVID-19 negatively impacts Greylock Energy will depend on the severity, location and duration of the effects and spread of COVID-19, the actions undertaken by federal, state and local governments and health officials to contain the virus or treat its effects, and how quickly and to what extent economic conditions improve and normal business and operating conditions resume. A prolonged period of low natural gas prices will adversely affect Greylock Energy. As a result, there can be no assurance that prices for natural gas, and therefore the Trust’s quarterly cash distributions, will be maintained for any significant period of time. There was no distribution to unitholders for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, as Trust expenses exceeded net revenues to the Trust. Continued low natural gas prices will reduce revenues to the Trust, which will reduce the amount of cash available for distribution to unitholders and in certain periods could result in no distributions to unitholders

 

The effective date of the Trust was April 1, 2010, meaning the Trust has received the proceeds of production attributable to the PDP Royalty Interest from that date even though the PDP Royalty Interest was not conveyed to the Trust until July 7, 2010. The amount of the quarterly distributions fluctuates from quarter to quarter, depending on the proceeds received by the Trust, among other factors. There is no minimum required distribution.

 

Pursuant to IRC Section 1446, withholding tax on income effectively connected to a United States trade or business allocated to non-U.S. persons (“ECI”) should be made at the highest marginal rate. Under IRC Section 1441, withholding tax on fixed, determinable, annual, periodic income from United States sources allocated to non-U.S. persons should be made at 30% of gross income unless the rate is reduced by treaty. Nominees and brokers should withhold at the highest marginal rate on the distribution made to non-U.S. persons. As a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act enacted in December 2017, a non-U.S. holder’s gain on the sale of Trust units is now treated as ECI to the extent such holder would have had ECI if the Trust had sold all of its assets at fair market value on the date of the exchange. The new legislation also requires the transferee of units to withhold 10% of the amount realized on the sale of exchange of units (generally, the purchase price) unless the transferor certifies that it is not a nonresident alien individual or foreign corporation.

 

11

 

 

NYSE Listing Status. As previously disclosed, on November 21, 2019, the Trust received written notification from The New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) that the Trust no longer satisfied the continued listing compliance standards set forth under Rule 802.01C of the NYSE Listed Company Manual because the average closing price of the Trust units fell below $1.00 over a 30 consecutive trading-day period that ended November 21, 2019. If the Trust is unable to regain compliance with the applicable standards within a six-month cure period, the NYSE will commence suspension and delisting procedures. If delisted by the NYSE, the Trust units may be transferred to the over-the-counter market. During the cure period, the Trust units will continue to trade on the NYSE, subject to compliance with other continued listing requirements. On April 23, 2020, the NYSE notified the Trust that the NYSE had temporarily suspended such continued listing compliance standards through June 30, 2020 in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, and that as a result the Trust’s cure period has been extended until July 30, 2020.

 

Results of Trust Operations

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

 

Distributable income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 decreased to $0 from $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2019, royalty income decreased by $1.2 million and general and administrative expenses increased by $0.1 million.

 

Royalty income decreased to $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 from $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, a decrease of $1.2 million. This decrease was due to a decrease in the average sales price between periods as well as lower production between periods.

 

The average price realized for the three months ended March 31, 2020 decreased $1.41 per Mcf to $0.67 per Mcf as compared to $2.08 per Mcf for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The decrease in the average sales price realized for natural gas production was due primarily to higher post-production costs associated with firm transportation and a lower average sales price offset slightly by a decrease in other post-production costs during the period. The average sales price, before post-production costs, decreased from $2.97 per Mcf for the three months ended March 31, 2019 to $1.69 per Mcf for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease in price was the result of a decrease in the weighted average monthly closing NYMEX price for the current period to $1.96 per MMBtu compared to the weighted average monthly closing NYMEX price of $3.16 per MMBtu for the three months ended March 31, 2019. This decrease was also attributable to a decrease in the average Basis per MMBtu in the current period at minus $0.32 per MMBtu compared to the prior period Basis of minus $0.28 per MMBtu.

 

Post-production costs consist of a post-production services fee together with a charge for electricity used in lieu of gas for compression on the gathering system and firm transportation charges on interstate gas pipelines. Overall, average post-production costs increased to $1.01 per Mcf in the current period compared to $0.89 per Mcf for the three-month period ended March 31, 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, there was an increase in firm transportation fees related to the Mountaineer Xpress Project that were charged to the Trust beginning with February 2019 production. These increased costs were partially offset by slightly lower post-production electricity fees.

 

Production decreased 12.9% from 808 MMcf for the three months ended March 31, 2019 to 703 MMcf for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decreased production was the result of natural production declines that occur during the life of a well.

 

General and administrative expenses paid by the Trust for the three months ended March 31, 2020 increased by $0.1 million to approximately $0.5 million compared to $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. This increase was the result of higher professional service fees. The current quarter addition to the cash reserve of $2,006 of interest also decreased distributable income for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

12

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Trust has no source of liquidity or capital resources other than net cash flows from the Royalty Interests. Other than Trust administrative expenses, including, if applicable, expense reimbursements to Greylock Production and any reserves established by the Trustee for future liabilities, the Trust’s only use of cash is for distributions to Trust unitholders. Administrative expenses include payments to the Trustee and the Delaware Trustee as well as a quarterly fee of $15,000 to Greylock Production pursuant to the Administrative Services Agreement. Each quarter, the Trustee determines the amount of funds available for distribution. Available funds are the excess cash, if any, received by the Trust from the Royalty Interests and other sources (such as interest earned on any amounts reserved by the Trustee) that quarter, over the Trust’s expenses for that quarter. Available funds are reduced by any cash the Trustee determines to hold as a reserve against future expenses or liabilities. The Trustee, on behalf of the Trust, may borrow funds required to pay expenses or liabilities if the Trustee determines that the cash on hand and the cash to be received are insufficient to cover the Trust’s expenses or liabilities. If the Trustee borrows funds, the Trust unitholders will not receive distributions until the borrowed funds are repaid.

 

Commencing with the distribution paid to unitholders in the first quarter of 2019, the Trustee has been gradually building a cash reserve for the payment of future expenses and liabilities of approximately $1.8 million by withholding cash reserve amounts from each quarterly distribution equal to the greater of $90,000 or 10% of the amount distributable to unitholders. In February 2020, the Trustee withheld $90,000 from funds otherwise available for distribution. These withholdings are in addition to the existing cash reserve of $0.5 million, which is determined prior to the payments of quarterly expenses. The Trustee may increase or decrease the targeted amount at any time, and may increase or decrease the rate at which it is withholding funds to build the cash reserve at any time, without advance notice to the unitholders. After the approximately $1.8 million has been withheld, the Trustee will have cash reserves of approximately $2.3 million. Cash held in reserve will be invested as required by the Trust Agreement. Any cash reserved in excess of the amount necessary to pay or provide for the payment of future known, anticipated or contingent expenses or liabilities eventually will be distributed to unitholders, together with interest earned on the funds. As there was no distribution available for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the Trustee used approximately $38,000 of the cash reserve to pay for current period expenses and withheld $2,006 of interest earned on the cash reserve balance. The Trustee has withheld from the funds otherwise available for distribution a total amount of $578,504 plus $4,491 of interest related to the $1.8 million cash reserve.

 

Payments to the Trust in respect of the Royalty Interests are based on the complex provisions of the various conveyances held by the Trust, copies of which are filed as exhibits to the 2019 Form 10-K, and reference is hereby made to the text of the conveyances for the actual calculations of amounts due to the Trust.

 

The Trust does not have any transactions, arrangements or other relationships with unconsolidated entities or persons that could materially affect the Trust’s liquidity or the availability of capital resources.

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

The financial statements of the Trust differ from financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) because, among other differences, certain cash reserves may be established for contingencies, which would not be accrued in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Amortization of the investment in overriding royalty interests calculated on a unit-of-production basis is charged directly to Trust Corpus. This comprehensive basis of accounting other than GAAP corresponds to the accounting permitted for royalty trusts by the SEC as specified by ASC Topic 932 Extractive Activities—Oil and Gas: Financial Statements of Royalty Trusts.

 

Income determined on the basis of GAAP would include all expenses incurred for the period presented. However, the Trust serves as a pass-through entity, with expenses for depreciation, depletion, and amortization, interest and income taxes being based on the status and elections of the Trust unitholders. General and administrative expenses, production taxes or any other allowable costs are charged to the Trust only when cash has been paid for those expenses. In addition, the Royalty Interests are not burdened by field and lease operating expenses. Thus, the statement shows distributable income, defined as income of the Trust available for distribution to the Trust unitholders before application of those unitholders’ additional expenses, if any, for depreciation, depletion, and amortization, interest and income taxes. The revenues are reflected net of existing royalties and overriding royalties and have been reduced by gathering/post-production expenses.

 

13

 

 

Revenue and Expenses:

 

The Trust serves as a pass-through entity, with items of depletion, interest income and expense, and income tax attributes being based upon the status and election of the unitholders. Thus, the Statements of Distributable Income show income available for distribution before application of those unitholders’ additional expenses, if any, for depletion, interest income and expense, and income taxes.

 

The Trust uses the accrual basis to recognize revenue, with royalty income recorded as reserves are extracted from the Underlying Properties and sold. Expenses are recognized when paid.

 

Royalty Interest in Gas Properties:

 

The Royalty interest in gas properties is assessed to determine whether the net capitalized cost is impaired, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable, pursuant to ASC Topic 360, Property, Plant and Equipment. The Trust determines whether an impairment charge is necessary to its investment in the Royalty interest in gas properties if total capitalized costs, less accumulated amortization, exceed undiscounted future net revenues attributable to proved gas reserves of the Underlying Properties. Determination as to whether and how much an asset is impaired involves estimates of fair value, which is determined based on discounted cash flow techniques using assumptions including projected revenues, future commodity prices, production costs, and market-specific average cost of capital. Estimates of undiscounted future net revenues attributable to proved gas reserves utilize NYMEX forward pricing curves. If required, the Trust will recognize an impairment charge to the extent that the net capitalized costs exceed the discounted fair value of the investment in net profits interests attributable to proved gas reserves of the Underlying Properties. Any such impairment charge would not reduce Distributable Income, although it would reduce Trust Corpus. At December 31, 2019, the Underlying Properties were impaired by approximately $25 million primarily as a result of the decrease in the futures prices of natural gas. No impairment in the Underlying Properties has been recognized during the quarter ended March 31, 2020. Significant dispositions or abandonment of the Underlying Properties are charged to Royalty Interests and the Trust Corpus.

 

Amortization of the Royalty interest in gas properties is calculated on a units-of-production basis, whereby the Trust’s cost basis in the properties is divided by Trust total proved reserves to derive an amortization rate per reserve unit. Such amortization does not reduce Distributable Income, rather it is charged directly to Trust Corpus. Revisions to estimated future units-of-production are treated on a prospective basis beginning on the date significant revisions are known.

 

The conveyance of the Royalty Interests to the Trust was accounted for as a purchase transaction. The $352,100,000 reflected in the Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus as Royalty interest in gas properties represents 17,605,000 Trust units valued at $20.00 per unit. The carrying value of the Trust’s investment in the Royalty Interests is not necessarily indicative of the fair value of such Royalty Interests.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

 

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Item 10 of Regulation S-K, the Trust is not required to provide information required by this Item.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. The Trustee maintains disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms promulgated by the SEC. Disclosure controls and procedures include controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Act is accumulated and communicated by Greylock Production to The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as Trustee of the Trust, and its employees who participate in the preparation of the Trust’s periodic reports as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

14

 

 

As of the end of the period covered by this report, the Trustee carried out an evaluation of the Trustee’s disclosure controls and procedures. Sarah Newell, as Trust Officer of the Trustee, has concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures of the Trust are effective.

 

Certain characteristics of the Trust may limit the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures established by the Trustee. The limitations include the facts that:

 

Greylock Production and its consolidated subsidiaries manage virtually all of the information relating to the Trust, including all information regarding (i) historical operating data, production volumes, the number of producing wells and acreage, the marketing and sale of production, operating and capital expenditures, environmental matters and other potential expenses and liabilities, and the effects of regulatory matters and changes, (ii) plans for future operating and capital expenditures and (iii) geological data relating to reserves, and the Trustee necessarily relies on Greylock Production for all such information; and

 

The Trustee necessarily relies upon the independent reserve engineer as an expert with respect to the annual reserve report, which includes projected production, operating expenses and capital expenses.

 

Other than reviewing the financial and other information provided to the Trust by Greylock Production and the independent reserve engineer, the Trustee has made no independent or direct verification of this financial or other information.

 

The Trustee does not intend to expand its responsibilities beyond those permitted or required by the Trust Agreement and those required under applicable law.

 

The Trustee does not expect that the Trustee’s disclosure controls and procedures or the Trustee’s internal control over financial reporting will prevent all errors or all fraud. Further, the design of disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, there was no change in the Trustee’s internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trustee’s internal control over financial reporting relating to the Trust. The Trustee notes for purposes of clarification that it has no authority over, and makes no statement concerning, the internal control over financial reporting of Greylock Energy.

 

15

 

 

 

PART II-OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Risk factors relating to the Trust are contained in Item 1A of the 2019 Form 10-K. Except as set forth below, no material changes to such risk factors have occurred since the filing of such report.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic could materially adversely affect proceeds to the Trust and cash distributions to unitholders.

 

The recent outbreak of the novel form of coronavirus known as COVID-19 and its development into a global pandemic is negatively impacting worldwide economic and commercial activity and financial markets, as well as global demand for natural gas. COVID-19 and the responses by federal, state and local governmental authorities to the pandemic have also resulted in significant business and operational disruptions, including business closures, supply chains disruptions, travel restrictions, stay-at-home orders and limitations on the availability of workforces. The full impact of COVID-19 is unknown and is rapidly evolving. The extent to which COVID-19 negatively impacts Greylock Energy will depend on the severity, location and duration of the effects and spread of COVID-19, the actions undertaken by federal, state and local governments and health officials to contain the virus or treat its effects, and how quickly and to what extent economic conditions improve and normal business and operating conditions resume. A prolonged period of low natural gas prices will adversely affect Greylock Energy. If commodity prices for natural gas remain at reduced levels, cash distributions to unitholders will be substantially lower than historical distributions, and in certain periods in which cash proceeds to the Trust are insufficient to cover Trust expenses, there may be no distribution to unitholders. For example, there was no distribution to unitholders for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, as Trust expenses exceeded net revenues to the Trust. Moreover, continued low natural gas prices may ultimately reduce the amount of natural gas that is economic to produce from the Underlying Properties. As a result, the operator of any of the Underlying Properties could determine during periods of low natural gas prices to shut in or curtail production from wells on the Underlying Properties. In addition, the operator of the Underlying Properties could determine during periods of low natural gas prices to plug and abandon marginal wells that otherwise may have been allowed to continue to produce for a longer period under conditions of higher prices. Specifically, Greylock Production may abandon any well or property if it reasonably believes that the well or property can no longer produce natural gas in commercially economic quantities. This could result in termination of the portion of the royalty interest relating to the abandoned well or property, and Greylock Production would have no obligation to drill a replacement well. In making such decisions, Greylock Production is required under the applicable conveyance to act as a reasonably prudent operator in the AMI under the same or similar circumstances as it would act if it were acting with respect to its own properties, disregarding the existence of the Royalty Interests as burdens affecting such property. The volatility of natural gas prices also reduces the accuracy of estimates of future cash distributions to Trust unitholders.

 

To the extent COVID-19 adversely affects production from the Underlying Properties or Greylock Energy’s business, results of operations and financial condition, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in the Trust’s 2019 Form 10-K.

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

The exhibits below are filed or furnished herewith or incorporated herein by reference.

 

Exhibit
Number

 

Description

3.1   Certificate of Trust of ECA Marcellus Trust I (Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Registration Statement on Form S-1 (Registration No. 333-165833))
3.2   Amended and Restated Trust Agreement of ECA Marcellus Trust I, dated July 7, 2010, by and among Energy Corporation of America, The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as Trustee, and Corporation Trust Company, as Delaware Trustee. (Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Trust’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on July 13, 2010 (File No. 001-34800))
31   Certification pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32   Certification pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

16

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  ECA MARCELLUS TRUST I
 
  By:   THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON TRUST  
    COMPANY, N.A., trustee
     
    By:  /s/ SARAH NEWELL  
           Sarah Newell 
           Vice President 

 

Date: May 15, 2020

 

The registrant, ECA Marcellus Trust I, has no principal executive officer, principal financial officer, board of directors or persons performing similar functions. Accordingly, no additional signatures are available, and none have been provided. In signing the report above, the Trustee does not imply that it has performed any such function or that such function exists pursuant to the terms of the Trust agreement under which it serves.

 

17

 

 

APPENDIX A

 

GLOSSARY OF CERTAIN TERMS

 

The following are definitions of certain significant terms used in this report. Other terms are defined in the text of this report.

 

AMI - The area of mutual interest, or AMI, consisted of the Marcellus Shale formation in approximately 121 square miles of property located in Greene County, Pennsylvania in which Legacy ECA had leased approximately 9,300 acres and owned substantially all of the working interests at the date of formation of the Trust. Legacy ECA was obligated to drill the 52 development wells from drill sites on approximately 9,300 leased acres in the AMI. Until Legacy ECA satisfied its drilling obligation on November 30, 2011, it was not permitted to drill and complete any well in the Marcellus Shale formation within the AMI for its own account.

 

Basis - The difference between the spot or cash price and the futures price of the same or related commodity. For natural gas, basis equals the local cash market price minus the price of the nearby NYMEX natural gas futures contract.

 

Completion - (or its derivatives) means that the well has been perforated, stimulated, tested and permanent equipment for the production of natural gas has been installed.

 

Development Agreement - An agreement under which Legacy ECA was obligated to drill all of the PUD Wells no later than March 31, 2014. In order to secure the estimated amount of the drilling costs for the Trust’s interests in the PUD Wells, Legacy ECA granted to the Trust a lien on Legacy ECA’s interest in the Marcellus Shale formation in the AMI, excluding the Producing Wells and any other wells which were producing and not subject to the Royalty Interests.

 

Equivalent PUD Well - is defined as a well that is drilled horizontally in the Marcellus formation for a lateral distance of 2,500 feet measured from the midpoint of the curve to the end of the lateral multiplied by the working interest held by Legacy ECA.  Wells with a horizontal lateral less than 2,500 feet count as fractional wells in proportion to the total lateral length divided by 2,500 feet.  Wells with a horizontal lateral greater than 2,500 feet (subject to a maximum of 3,500 feet) count as fractional wells in proportion to the total lateral length divided by 2,500 feet.

 

Gas - means natural gas and all other gaseous hydrocarbons, excluding condensate, butane, and other liquid and liquefiable components that are actually removed from the Gas stream by separation, processing or other means.

 

MMBtu - One million British Thermal Units.

 

Mcf - One thousand cubic feet of natural gas.

 

MMcf - One million cubic feet of natural gas.

 

Perpetual Royalty Interests—a term that collectively references the Perpetual PDP Royalty Interests and the Perpetual PUD Royalty Interests.

 

Private Investors - the persons described as the “Private Investors” in the Prospectus.

 

Prospectus - the prospectus dated July 1, 2010 and filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Secruities Act of 1933, as amended on July 1, 2010 relating to the initial public offering of the Trust units.

 

SEC - means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Subject Gas - means Gas from the Marcellus Shale formation from any Producing Well or PUD Well.

 

Working Interest - The right granted to the lessee of a property to explore for and to produce and own oil, gas, or other minerals. The working interest owners bear the exploration, development and operating costs on either a cash, penalty or carried basis.

 

18

 

ECA Marcellus Trust I (NYSE:ECT)
Historical Stock Chart
From Jun 2020 to Jul 2020 Click Here for more ECA Marcellus Trust I Charts.
ECA Marcellus Trust I (NYSE:ECT)
Historical Stock Chart
From Jul 2019 to Jul 2020 Click Here for more ECA Marcellus Trust I Charts.