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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 26, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number: 0-23985
NVDA-20200426_G1.JPG

NVIDIA CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 94-3177549
(State or Other Jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization) Identification No.)
2788 San Tomas Expressway
Santa Clara, California 95051
(408) 486-2000
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number,
including area code, of principal executive offices)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share NVDA The Nasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
The number of shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding as of May 15, 2020, was 615 million.



NVIDIA CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED April 26, 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS
    Page
   
Financial Statements (Unaudited)  
  a) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended April 26, 2020 and April 28, 2019
3
b) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended April 26, 2020 and April 28, 2019
4
  c) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 26, 2020 and January 26, 2020
5
d) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the three months ended April 26, 2020 and April 28, 2019
6
  e) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended April 26, 2020 and April 28, 2019
7
  f) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
8
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Controls and Procedures
   
Legal Proceedings
Risk Factors
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Exhibits
 
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
Investors and others should note that we announce material financial information to our investors using our investor relations website, press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. We also use the following social media channels as a means of disclosing information about the company, our products, our planned financial and other announcements and attendance at upcoming investor and industry conferences, and other matters and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD: 
NVIDIA Twitter Account (https://twitter.com/nvidia)
NVIDIA Company Blog (http://blogs.nvidia.com)
NVIDIA Facebook Page (https://www.facebook.com/nvidia)
NVIDIA LinkedIn Page (http://www.linkedin.com/company/nvidia)
NVIDIA Instagram Page (https://www.instagram.com/nvidia)
In addition, investors and others can view NVIDIA videos on YouTube.
The information we post through these social media channels may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors should monitor these accounts and the blog, in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. This list may be updated from time to time. The information we post through these channels is not a part of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. These channels may be updated from time to time on NVIDIA's investor relations website.
2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended
  April 26, April 28,
2020 2019
Revenue $ 3,080    $ 2,220   
Cost of revenue 1,076    924   
Gross profit 2,004    1,296   
Operating expenses          
Research and development 735    674   
Sales, general and administrative 293    264   
Total operating expenses 1,028    938   
Income from operations 976    358   
Interest income 31    44   
Interest expense (25)   (13)  
Other, net (1)   —   
Other income, net   31   
Income before income tax    981    389   
Income tax expense (benefit)   64    (5)  
Net income $ 917    $ 394   
Net income per share:
Basic $ 1.49    $ 0.65   
Diluted $ 1.47    $ 0.64   
Weighted average shares used in per share computation:
Basic 614    607   
Diluted 622    616   
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended
  April 26, April 28,
2020 2019
 
Net income $ 917    $ 394   
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax  
Available-for-sale securities:
Net change in unrealized gain    —     
Cash flow hedges:
Net unrealized gain (loss)   (10)    
Reclassification adjustments for net realized loss included in net income    (1)   (1)  
Net change in unrealized gain (loss)   (11)    
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax   (11)   10   
Total comprehensive income $ 906    $ 404   
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
April 26, January 26,
  2020 2020
ASSETS
Current assets:       
Cash and cash equivalents $ 15,494    $ 10,896   
Marketable securities 860     
Accounts receivable, net 1,907    1,657   
Inventories 1,128    979   
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 195    157   
Total current assets 19,584    13,690   
Property and equipment, net 1,715    1,674   
Operating lease assets 595    618   
Goodwill 628    618   
Intangible assets, net 80    49   
Deferred income tax assets 533    548   
Other assets 119    118   
Total assets $ 23,254    $ 17,315   
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY       
Current liabilities:       
Accounts payable $ 761    $ 687   
Accrued and other current liabilities 1,142    1,097   
Total current liabilities 1,903    1,784   
Long-term debt 6,959    1,991   
Long-term operating lease liabilities 519    561   
Other long-term liabilities 774    775   
Total liabilities 10,155    5,111   
Commitments and contingencies - see Note 13
Shareholders’ equity:       
Preferred stock —    —   
Common stock    
Additional paid-in capital 7,354    7,045   
Treasury stock, at cost (10,036)   (9,814)  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (10)    
Retained earnings 15,790    14,971   
Total shareholders' equity 13,099    12,204   
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $ 23,254    $ 17,315   
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED APRIL 26, 2020 AND APRIL 28, 2019
(Unaudited)
Common Stock
Outstanding
Additional Paid-in Capital Treasury Stock Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss Retained Earnings Total Shareholders' Equity
(In millions, except per share data) Shares Amount
Balances, January 26, 2020 612    $   $ 7,045    $ (9,814)   $   $ 14,971    $ 12,204   
Other comprehensive loss —    —    —    —    (11)   —    (11)  
Net income —    —    —    —    —    917    917   
Issuance of common stock from stock plans    —    88    —    —    —    88   
Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock units (1)   —    —    (222)   —    —    (222)  
Cash dividends declared and paid ($0.16 per common share) —    —    —    —    —    (98)   (98)  
Stock-based compensation —    —    221    —    —    —    221   
Balances, April 26, 2020 615    $   $ 7,354    $ (10,036)   $ (10)   $ 15,790    $ 13,099   
Balances, January 27, 2019 606    $   $ 6,051    $ (9,263)   $ (12)   $ 12,565    $ 9,342   
Other comprehensive income —    —    —    —    10    —    10   
Net income —    —    —    —    —    394    394   
Issuance of common stock from stock plans    —    83    —    —    —    83   
Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock units (1)   —    —    (211)   —    —    (211)  
Cash dividends declared and paid ($0.16 per common share) —    —    —    —    —    (97)   (97)  
Stock-based compensation —    —    183    —    —    —    183   
Balances, April 28, 2019 609    $   $ 6,317    $ (9,474)   $ (2)   $ 12,862    $ 9,704   
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
6


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended
April 26, April 28,
  2020 2019
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net income $ 917    $ 394   
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Stock-based compensation expense 224    178   
Depreciation and amortization 107    91   
Deferred income taxes 16    (42)  
Other   (2)  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable (249)   182   
Inventories (151)   153   
Prepaid expenses and other assets (8)    
Accounts payable 71    (123)  
Accrued and other current liabilities (32)   (129)  
Other long-term liabilities 10    13   
Net cash provided by operating activities    909    720   
Cash flows from investing activities:    
Proceeds from sales of marketable securities   26   
Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities —    2,219   
Purchases of marketable securities (861)   (622)  
Purchases of property and equipment and intangible assets (155)   (128)  
Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired (34)   —   
Investments and other, net (6)   —   
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   (1,055)   1,495   
Cash flows from financing activities:    
Issuance of debt, net of issuance costs 4,979    —   
Proceeds related to employee stock plans 88    83   
Payments related to tax on restricted stock units (222)   (211)  
Dividends paid (98)   (97)  
Other (3)   —   
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   4,744    (225)  
Change in cash and cash equivalents 4,598    1,990   
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 10,896    782   
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 15,494    $ 2,772   
Other non-cash investing activity:    
Assets acquired by assuming related liabilities $ 230    $ 114   
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
7

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or U.S. GAAP, for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, Regulation S-X. The January 26, 2020 consolidated balance sheet was derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 26, 2020, as filed with the SEC, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair statement of results of operations and financial position have been included. The results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for any future period. The following information should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 26, 2020. 
Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no material changes to our significant accounting policies in Note 1 - Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 26, 2020.
Fiscal Year
We operate on a 52- or 53-week year, ending on the last Sunday in January. Fiscal year 2021 is a 53-week year and fiscal year 2020 is a 52-week year. The first quarters of fiscal years 2021 and 2020 were both 13-week quarters.
Reclassifications
Certain prior fiscal year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current fiscal year presentation.
Principles of Consolidation
Our condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of NVIDIA Corporation and our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from our estimates. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, cash equivalents and marketable securities, accounts receivable, inventories, income taxes, goodwill, stock-based compensation, litigation, investigation and settlement costs, restructuring and other charges, and other contingencies. The inputs into our judgments and estimates consider the economic implications of COVID-19 on our critical and significant accounting estimates. These estimates are based on historical facts and various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable.
Adoption of New and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncement
In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued a new accounting standard to replace the existing incurred loss impairment methodology with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates for accounts receivable and other financial instruments, including available-for-sale debt securities. The Company adopted the standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 and the impact of the adoption was not material to the Company's consolidated financial statements.

8

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 2 - Acquisition of Mellanox Technologies, Ltd.
Subsequent to the end of the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, we closed the acquisition of Mellanox Technologies Ltd., or Mellanox, for a transaction value of approximately $7.0 billion in cash on April 27, 2020.
Note 3 - Leases
Our lease obligations consist of operating leases for our headquarters complex, domestic and international office facilities, and data center space, with lease periods expiring between fiscal years 2021 and 2035.
Future minimum lease payments under our non-cancelable operating leases as of April 26, 2020, are as follows:   
Operating Lease Obligations
  (In millions)
Fiscal Year:  
2021 (excluding first quarter of fiscal year 2021) $ 90   
2022 116   
2023 102   
2024 78   
2025 61   
2026 and thereafter 289   
Total 736   
Less imputed interest 117   
Present value of net future minimum lease payments 619   
Less short-term operating lease liabilities 100   
Long-term operating lease liabilities $ 519   
Operating lease expense for the first quarters of fiscal years 2021 and 2020 was $31 million and $27 million, respectively. Short-term and variable lease expenses for the first quarter of fiscal years 2021 and 2020 were not significant.
Other information related to leases was as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 26, 2020
  (In millions)
Supplemental cash flows information
Operating cash flows used for operating leases $ 31   
Operating lease assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations $  
As of April 26, 2020, our operating leases had a weighted average remaining lease term of 8.2 years and a weighted average discount rate of 3.45%.

9

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 4 - Stock-Based Compensation
Our stock-based compensation expense is associated with restricted stock units, or RSUs, performance stock units that are based on our corporate financial performance targets, or PSUs, performance stock units that are based on market conditions, or market-based PSUs, and our employee stock purchase plan, or ESPP.
Our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income include stock-based compensation expense, net of amounts allocated to inventory, as follows:
  Three Months Ended
  April 26,
2020
April 28,
2019
(In millions)
Cost of revenue $ 21    $  
Research and development 134    114   
Sales, general and administrative 69    60   
Total $ 224    $ 178   
Equity Award Activity
The following is a summary of equity award transactions under our equity incentive plans:
RSUs, PSUs, and Market-based PSUs Outstanding
  Number of Shares Weighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value Per Share
(In millions, except per share data)
Balances, January 26, 2020 14    $ 176.72   
Granted   $ 254.61   
Vested restricted stock (3)   $ 144.27   
Canceled and forfeited (1)   $ 161.66   
Balances, April 26, 2020 11    $ 191.23   

As of April 26, 2020, there was $1.81 billion of aggregate unearned stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures. This amount is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.4 years for RSUs, PSUs, and market-based PSUs, and 0.8 years for ESPP.

10

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 5 – Net Income Per Share
The following is a reconciliation of the denominator of the basic and diluted net income per share computations for the periods presented:
  Three Months Ended
April 26, April 28,
2020 2019
  (In millions, except per share data)
Numerator:    
Net income
$ 917    $ 394   
Denominator:
Basic weighted average shares
614    607   
Dilutive impact of outstanding equity awards
   
Diluted weighted average shares
622    616   
Net income per share:
Basic (1)
$ 1.49    $ 0.65   
Diluted (2)
$ 1.47    $ 0.64   
Equity awards excluded from diluted net income per share because their effect would have been anti-dilutive   11   
(1) Calculated as net income divided by basic weighted average shares.
(2) Calculated as net income divided by diluted weighted average shares.
Note 6 – Income Taxes
We recognized an income tax expense of $64 million for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 and income tax benefit of $5 million for the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. The income tax expense as a percentage of income before income tax was 6.6% for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 and income tax benefit as a percentage of income before income tax was 1.3% for the first quarter of fiscal year 2020.
The increase in our effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 as compared to the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 was primarily due to a decrease of tax benefits from stock-based compensation.
Our effective tax rates for the first quarter of fiscal years 2021 and 2020 were lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% due to income earned in jurisdictions that are subject to taxes lower than the U.S. federal statutory tax rate, tax benefits related to stock-based compensation, and the benefit of the U.S. federal research tax credit.
For the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, there have been no material changes to our tax years that remain subject to examination by major tax jurisdictions. Additionally, there have been no material changes to our unrecognized tax benefits and any related interest or penalties since the fiscal year ended January 26, 2020.
While we believe that we have adequately provided for all uncertain tax positions, or tax positions where we believe it is not more-likely-than-not that the position will be sustained upon review, amounts asserted by tax authorities could be greater or less than our accrued position. Accordingly, our provisions on federal, state and foreign tax related matters to be recorded in the future may change as revised estimates are made or the underlying matters are settled or otherwise resolved with the respective tax authorities. As of April 26, 2020, we do not believe that our estimates, as otherwise provided for, on such tax positions will significantly increase or decrease within the next twelve months.

Note 7 - Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities 
Our cash equivalents and marketable securities are classified as “available-for-sale” debt securities.
The following is a summary of cash equivalents and marketable securities as of April 26, 2020 and January 26, 2020:
  April 26, 2020
Amortized
Cost
Unrealized
Gain
Unrealized
Loss
Estimated
Fair Value
Reported as
  Cash Equivalents Marketable Securities
  (In millions)
Money market funds $ 11,128    $ —    $ —    $ 11,128    $ 11,128    $ —   
Corporate debt securities 3,238    —    —    3,238    2,951    287   
Foreign government bonds 870    —    —    870    870    —   
Certificates of deposit 582    —    —    582    222    360   
Debt securities issued by United States government agencies 381    —    —    381    168    213   
Total $ 16,199    $ —    $ —    $ 16,199    $ 15,339    $ 860   

  January 26, 2020
Amortized
Cost
Unrealized
Gain
Unrealized
Loss
Estimated
Fair Value
Reported as
  Cash Equivalents Marketable Securities
  (In millions)
Money market funds $ 7,507    $ —    $ —    $ 7,507    $ 7,507    $ —   
Debt securities issued by the United States Treasury 1,358    —    —    1,358    1,358    —   
Debt securities issued by United States government agencies 1,096    —    —    1,096    1,096    —   
Corporate debt securities 592    —    —    592    592    —   
Foreign government bonds 200    —    —    200    200    —   
Certificates of deposit 27    —    —    27    27   
Asset-backed securities   —    —      —     
Total $ 10,781    $ —    $ —    $ 10,781    $ 10,780    $  
The amortized cost and estimated fair value of cash equivalents and marketable securities of $16.20 billion and $10.78 billion as of April 26, 2020 and January 26, 2020, respectively, are all related to contracts with maturities of less than one year. Unrealized gains and losses were not significant for all periods presented. For the first quarter of fiscal years 2021 and 2020, net realized gains were not significant.
Note 8 – Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities
The fair values of our financial assets and liabilities are determined using quoted market prices of identical assets or quoted market prices of similar assets from active markets. We review fair value hierarchy classification on a quarterly basis.
12

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Fair Value at
Pricing Category April 26, 2020 January 26, 2020
(In millions)
Assets
Cash equivalents and marketable securities:
Money market funds Level 1 $ 11,128    $ 7,507   
Corporate debt securities Level 2 $ 3,238    $ 592   
Foreign government bonds Level 2 $ 870    $ 200   
Certificates of deposit Level 2 $ 582    $ 27   
Debt securities issued by United States government agencies Level 2 $ 381    $ 1,096   
Debt securities issued by the United States Treasury Level 2 $ —    $ 1,358   
Asset-backed securities Level 2 $ —    $  
Liabilities
Other noncurrent liabilities:
2.20% Notes Due 2021 (1) Level 2 $ 1,020    $ 1,065   
3.20% Notes Due 2026 (1) Level 2 $ 1,104    $ 1,006   
2.85% Notes Due 2030 (1) Level 2 $ 1,635    $ —   
3.50% Notes Due 2040 (1) Level 2 $ 1,134    $ —   
3.50% Notes Due 2050 (1) Level 2 $ 2,336    $ —   
3.70% Notes Due 2060 (1) Level 2 $ 594    $ —   
(1) These liabilities are carried on our Consolidated Balance Sheets at their original issuance value, net of unamortized debt discount and issuance costs, and are not marked to fair value each period. Refer to Note 12 of these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
Note 9 - Amortizable Intangible Assets
The components of our amortizable intangible assets are as follows:
  April 26, 2020 January 26, 2020
  Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Carrying
Amount
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Carrying
Amount
  (In millions) (In millions)
Acquisition-related intangible assets $ 231    $ (195)   $ 36    $ 195    $ (192)   $  
Patents and licensed technology 522    (478)   44    520    (474)   46   
Total intangible assets $ 753    $ (673)   $ 80    $ 715    $ (666)   $ 49   
Amortization expense associated with intangible assets was $7 million for both the first quarters of fiscal years 2021 and 2020. Future amortization expense related to the net carrying amount of intangible assets as of April 26, 2020 is estimated to be $20 million for the remainder of fiscal year 2021, $21 million in fiscal year 2022, $18 million in fiscal year 2023, $12 million in fiscal year 2024, $7 million in fiscal year 2025, and $2 million in fiscal year 2026 and thereafter.

13

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 10 - Balance Sheet Components 
Certain balance sheet components are as follows:
April 26, January 26,
  2020 2020
Inventories: (In millions)
Raw materials $ 341    $ 249   
Work in-process 287    265   
Finished goods 500    465   
Total inventories $ 1,128    $ 979   

April 26, January 26,
  2020 2020
Accrued and Other Current Liabilities: (In millions)
Customer program accruals $ 444    $ 462   
Deferred revenue (1) 174    141   
Accrued payroll and related expenses 164    185   
Operating lease liabilities 100    91   
Licenses and royalties 78    66   
Taxes payable 74    61   
Product warranty and return provisions 25    24   
Professional service fee 20    18   
Other 63    49   
Total accrued and other current liabilities $ 1,142    $ 1,097   
(1) Deferred revenue primarily includes customer advances and deferrals related to license and development arrangements and post contract customer support, or PCS.
April 26, January 26,
  2020 2020
Other Long-Term Liabilities: (In millions)
Income tax payable (1) $ 535    $ 528   
Licenses payable 84    110   
Deferred revenue (2) 67    60   
Deferred income tax liability    32    29   
Employee benefits liability 23    22   
Other 33    26   
Total other long-term liabilities $ 774    $ 775   
(1) As of April 26, 2020, income tax payable represents the long-term portion of the one-time transition tax payable of $317 million, as well as unrecognized tax benefits of $185 million and related interest and penalties of $33 million.
(2) Deferred revenue primarily includes deferrals related to PCS.

14

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Deferred Revenue
The following table shows the changes in deferred revenue during the first quarter of fiscal years 2021 and 2020:
April 26, April 28,
  2020 2019
(In millions)
Balance at beginning of period $ 201    $ 138   
Deferred revenue added during the period 110    49   
Revenue recognized during the period (70)   (53)  
Balance at end of period $ 241    $ 134   

Revenue related to remaining performance obligations represents the amount of contracted license and development arrangements and PCS that has not been recognized. This includes related deferred revenue currently recorded and amounts that will be invoiced in future periods. As of April 26, 2020, the amount of our remaining performance obligations that has not been recognized as revenue was $389 million, of which we expect to recognize approximately 47% as revenue over the next twelve months and the remainder thereafter. This amount excludes the value of remaining performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.
Note 11 - Derivative Financial Instruments
We enter into foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate the impact of foreign currency exchange rate movements on our operating expenses. These contracts are designated as cash flow hedges for hedge accounting treatment. Gains or losses on the contracts are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income or loss and reclassified to operating expense when the related operating expenses are recognized in earnings or ineffectiveness should occur. The fair value of the contracts was not significant as of April 26, 2020 and January 26, 2020.
We also enter into foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate the impact of foreign currency movements on monetary assets and liabilities that are denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. These forward contracts were not designated for hedge accounting treatment. Therefore, the change in fair value of these contracts is recorded in other income or expense and offsets the change in fair value of the hedged foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities, which is also recorded in other income or expense.
The table below presents the notional value of our foreign currency forward contracts outstanding as of April 26, 2020 and January 26, 2020:
  April 26,
2020
January 26,
2020
(In millions)
Designated as cash flow hedges $ 432    $ 428   
Not designated for hedge accounting $ 244    $ 287   
As of April 26, 2020, all designated foreign currency forward contracts mature within eighteen months. The expected realized gains and losses deferred into accumulated other comprehensive loss related to foreign currency forward contracts within the next twelve months was not significant.
During the first quarter of fiscal years 2021 and 2020, the impact of derivative financial instruments designated for hedge accounting treatment on other comprehensive income or loss was not significant and all such instruments were determined to be highly effective. Therefore, there were no gains or losses associated with ineffectiveness.

15

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 12 - Debt
Long-Term Debt
In March 2020, we issued $1.50 billion of the 2.85% Notes Due 2030, $1.00 billion of the 3.50% Notes Due 2040, $2.00 billion of the 3.50% Notes Due 2050, and $500 million of the 3.70% Notes Due 2060, or collectively, the March 2020 Notes. Interest on the March 2020 Notes is payable on April 1 and October 1 of each year, beginning on October 1, 2020. Upon 30 days' notice to holders of the Notes, we may redeem the Notes for cash prior to maturity, at redemption prices that include accrued and unpaid interest, if any, and a make-whole premium. However, no make-whole premium will be paid for redemptions of the Notes Due 2030 on or after January 1, 2030, the Notes Due 2040 on or after October 1, 2039, the Notes Due 2050 on or after October 1, 2049, or the Notes Due 2060 on or after October 1, 2059. The net proceeds from the March 2020 Notes were $4.97 billion, after deducting debt discount and estimated issuance costs.
In September 2016, we issued $1.00 billion of the 2.20% Notes Due 2021 and $1.00 billion of the 3.20% Notes Due 2026, or collectively, the September 2016 Notes. Interest on the September 2016 Notes is payable on March 16 and September 16 of each year. Upon 30 days' notice to holders of the Notes, we may redeem the Notes for cash prior to maturity, at redemption prices that include accrued and unpaid interest, if any, and a make-whole premium. However, no make-whole premium will be paid for redemptions of the Notes Due 2021 on or after August 16, 2021, or for redemptions of the Notes Due 2026 on or after June 16, 2026. The net proceeds from the September 2016 Notes were $1.98 billion, after deducting debt discount and issuance costs.
Both the September 2016 Notes and the March 2020 Notes, or collectively, the Notes, are our unsecured senior obligations and rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. The Notes are structurally subordinated to the liabilities of our subsidiaries and are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness. All existing and future liabilities of our subsidiaries will be effectively senior to the Notes.
The carrying value of the Notes and the associated interest rates were as follows:
Expected
Remaining Term (years)
Effective
Interest Rate
April 26, 2020 January 26, 2020
(In millions)
2.20% Notes Due 2021 1.4 2.38% $ 1,000    $ 1,000   
3.20% Notes Due 2026 6.4 3.31% 1,000    1,000   
2.85% Notes Due 2030 9.9 2.93% 1,500    —   
3.50% Notes Due 2040 19.9 3.54% 1,000    —   
3.50% Notes Due 2050 30.0 3.54% 2,000    —   
3.70% Notes Due 2060 40.0 3.73% 500    —   
Unamortized debt discount and issuance costs (41)   (9)  
Net carrying amount $ 6,959    $ 1,991   

The Notes require the Company to comply with certain covenants for which the Company was in compliance as of April 26, 2020.
Revolving Credit Facility
We have a Credit Agreement under which we may borrow up to $575 million for general corporate purposes and can obtain revolving loan commitments up to $425 million. As of April 26, 2020, we had not borrowed any amounts under this agreement.
The Credit Agreement governing the revolving credit facility requires the Company to comply with a leverage ratio covenant. As of April 26, 2020, the Company was in compliance with this financial covenant.

16

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Commercial Paper
We have a $575 million commercial paper program to support general corporate purposes. As of April 26, 2020, we had not issued any commercial paper.
Note 13 - Commitments and Contingencies
Purchase Obligations
As of April 26, 2020, we had outstanding inventory purchase obligations totaling $1.76 billion and other purchase obligations totaling $287 million.
Accrual for Product Warranty Liabilities
The estimated amount of product returns and warranty liabilities was $16 million and $15 million as of April 26, 2020 and January 26, 2020, respectively, and the activities related to the warranty liabilities were not significant.
In connection with certain agreements that we have entered in the past, we have provided indemnities to cover the indemnified party for matters such as tax, product, and employee liabilities. We have included intellectual property indemnification provisions in our technology related agreements with third parties. Maximum potential future payments cannot be estimated because many of these agreements do not have a maximum stated liability. We have not recorded any liability in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for such indemnifications.
Litigation
Securities Class Action and Derivative Lawsuits
On December 21, 2018, a purported securities class action lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, captioned Iron Workers Joint Funds v. Nvidia Corporation, et al. (Case No. 18-cv-7669), naming as defendants NVIDIA and certain of NVIDIA’s officers. On December 28, 2018, a substantially similar purported securities class action was commenced in the Northern District of California, captioned Oto v. Nvidia Corporation, et al. (Case No. 18-cv-07783), naming the same defendants, and seeking substantially similar relief. On February 19, 2019, a number of shareholders filed motions to consolidate the two cases and to be appointed lead plaintiff and for their respective counsel to be appointed lead counsel. On March 12, 2019, the two cases were consolidated under case number 4:18-cv-07669-HSG and titled In Re NVIDIA Corporation Securities Litigation. On May 2, 2019, the Court appointed lead plaintiffs and lead counsel. On June 21, 2019, the lead plaintiffs filed a consolidated class action complaint. The consolidated complaint asserts that the defendants violated Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, and SEC Rule 10b-5, by making materially false or misleading statements related to channel inventory and the impact of cryptocurrency mining on GPU demand between May 10, 2017 and November 14, 2018. The plaintiffs also allege that the NVIDIA executives who they named as defendants violated Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act. The plaintiffs seek class certification, an award of unspecified compensatory damages, an award of reasonable costs and expenses, including attorneys’ fees and expert fees, and further relief as the Court may deem just and proper. On August 2, 2019, NVIDIA moved to dismiss the consolidated class action complaint on the basis that plaintiffs failed to state any claims for violations of the securities laws by NVIDIA or the named defendants. On March 16, 2020, the Court issued an order dismissing the consolidated class action complaint with leave to amend. The plaintiffs filed an amended complaint on May 13, 2020.
On January 18, 2019, a shareholder, purporting to act on behalf of NVIDIA, filed a derivative lawsuit in the Northern District of California, captioned Han v. Huang, et al. (Case No. 19-cv-00341), seeking to assert claims on behalf of NVIDIA against the members of NVIDIA’s board of directors and certain officers. The lawsuit asserts claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, waste of corporate assets, and violations of Sections 14(a), 10(b), and 20(a) of the Exchange Act based on the dissemination of allegedly false and misleading statements related to channel inventory and the impact of cryptocurrency mining on GPU demand. The plaintiff is seeking unspecified damages and other relief, including reforms and improvements to NVIDIA’s corporate governance and internal procedures. On February 12, 2019, a substantially similar derivative lawsuit was filed in the Northern District of California captioned Yang v. Huang, et. al. (Case No. 19-cv-00766), naming the same named defendants, and seeking the same relief. On February 19, 2019, a third substantially similar derivative lawsuit was filed in the Northern District of California captioned The Booth Family Trust v. Huang, et. al. (Case No. 3:19-cv-00876), naming the same named defendants, and seeking substantially the same relief. On March 12, 2019, the three derivative actions were consolidated under case number 4:19-cv-00341-HSG, and titled In re NVIDIA Corporation Consolidated Derivative Litigation. The Court approved the parties’ stipulation to stay the
17

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


In Re NVIDIA Corporation Consolidated Derivative Litigation pending resolution of any motion to dismiss that NVIDIA may file in the In Re NVIDIA Corporation Securities Litigation.
On September 24, 2019, two shareholders, purporting to act on behalf of NVIDIA, filed two identical lawsuits in the District of Delaware. One is captioned Lipchitz v. Huang, et al. (Case No. 1:19-cv-01795-UNA) and the other is captioned Nelson v. Huang, et. al. (Case No. 1:19-cv-01798- UNA). The lawsuits assert claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, insider trading, misappropriation of information, corporate waste and violations of Sections 14(a), 10(b), and 20(a) of the Exchange Act based on the dissemination of allegedly false, and misleading statements related to channel inventory and the impact of cryptocurrency mining on GPU demand. The plaintiffs seek unspecified damages and other relief, including disgorgement of profits from the sale of NVIDIA stock and unspecified corporate governance measures. On December 11, 2019, the Court approved the parties’ stipulation to stay the Lipchitz and Huang actions pending resolution of the motion to dismiss filed by NVIDIA in the In Re NVIDIA Corporation Securities Litigation.
It is possible that additional suits will be filed, or allegations received from shareholders, with respect to these same or other matters, naming NVIDIA and/or its officers and directors as defendants.
Accounting for Loss Contingencies
We are engaged in legal actions not described above arising in the ordinary course of business and, while there can be no assurance of favorable outcomes, we believe that the ultimate outcome of these actions will not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position. As of April 26, 2020, we have not recorded any accrual for contingent liabilities associated with the legal proceedings described above based on our belief that liabilities, while possible, are not probable. Further, except as specifically described above, any possible loss or range of loss in these matters cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.
Note 14 - Shareholders’ Equity 
Capital Return Program 
Beginning August 2004, our Board of Directors authorized us to repurchase our stock.
Through April 26, 2020, we have repurchased an aggregate of 260 million shares under our share repurchase program for a total cost of $7.08 billion. All shares delivered from these repurchases have been placed into treasury stock. As of April 26, 2020, we were authorized, subject to certain specifications, to repurchase additional shares of our common stock up to $7.24 billion through December 2022.
During the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, we paid $98 million in cash dividends to our shareholders.
Note 15 - Segment Information
Our Chief Executive Officer, who is considered to be our chief operating decision maker, or CODM, reviews financial information presented on an operating segment basis for purposes of making decisions and assessing financial performance. Previously, we had reported two operating segments: GPU and Tegra Processor. During the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, we changed our operating segments to be consistent with the revised manner in which our CODM reviews our financial performance and allocates resources. The two new operating segments are "Graphics" and "Compute & Networking". Comparative periods presented reflect this change. Our operating segments are equivalent to our reportable segments.
Our Graphics segment includes GeForce GPUs for gaming and PCs, the GeForce NOW game streaming service and related infrastructure, and solutions for gaming platforms; Quadro GPUs for enterprise design; GRID software for cloud-based visual and virtual computing; and automotive platforms for infotainment systems. Our Compute & Networking segment includes Data Center platforms and systems for artificial intelligence, or AI, high performance computing, or HPC, and accelerated computing; DRIVE for autonomous vehicles; and Jetson for robotics and other embedded platforms.
Operating results by segment include costs or expenses that are directly attributable to each segment, and costs or expenses that are leveraged across our unified architecture and therefore allocated between our two segments.
18

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The “All Other” category includes the expenses that our CODM does not assign to either Graphics or Compute & Networking for purposes of making operating decisions or assessing financial performance. The expenses include stock-based compensation expense, corporate infrastructure and support costs, acquisition-related costs, legal settlement costs, and other non-recurring charges and benefits that our CODM deems to be enterprise in nature.
Our CODM does not review any information regarding total assets on a reportable segment basis. Depreciation and amortization expense directly attributable to each reportable segment is included in operating results for each segment. However, the CODM does not evaluate depreciation and amortization expense by operating segment and, therefore, it is not separately presented. There is no intersegment revenue. The accounting policies for segment reporting are the same as for our consolidated financial statements. The table below presents details of our reportable segments and the “All Other” category.
  Graphics Compute & Networking All Other Consolidated
  (In millions)
Three Months Ended April 26, 2020        
Revenue $ 1,906    $ 1,174    $ —    $ 3,080   
Operating income (loss) $ 836    $ 451    $ (311)   $ 976   
Three Months Ended April 28, 2019                    
Revenue $ 1,526    $ 694    $ —    $ 2,220   
Operating income (loss) $ 532    $ 95    $ (269)   $ 358   

Three Months Ended
April 26,
2020
April 28,
2019
(In millions)
Reconciling items included in "All Other" category:
Stock-based compensation expense $ (224)   $ (178)  
Unallocated cost of revenue and operating expenses (82)   (70)  
Acquisition-related and other costs (5)   (10)  
Legal settlement costs —    (11)  
Total $ (311)   $ (269)  

19

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Revenue by geographic region is allocated to individual countries based on the location to which the products are initially billed even if our customers’ revenue is attributable to end customers that are located in a different location. The following table summarizes information pertaining to our revenue from customers based on the invoicing address by geographic regions:
  Three Months Ended
April 26, April 28,
  2020 2019
  (In millions)
Revenue:    
Taiwan $ 813    $ 698   
China (including Hong Kong) 758    553   
Other Asia Pacific 607    422   
United States 497    165   
Europe 254    249   
Other countries 151    133   
Total revenue $ 3,080    $ 2,220   
The following table summarizes information pertaining to our revenue by each of the specialized markets we serve:
  Three Months Ended
April 26, April 28,
  2020 2019
  (In millions)
Revenue:    
Gaming $ 1,339    $ 1,055   
Professional Visualization 307    266   
Data Center 1,141    634   
Automotive 155    166   
OEM and Other 138    99   
Total revenue $ 3,080    $ 2,220   
No customer represented 10% or more of total revenue for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021. One customer represented 11% of our total revenue for the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, and was attributable primarily to the Graphics segment.
One customer represented 15% and 21% of our accounts receivable balance as of April 26, 2020 and January 26, 2020, respectively.
Note 16 - Goodwill
During the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, we changed our operating segments to Graphics and Compute & Networking, as discussed in Note 15 of these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. As a result, our reporting units also changed, and we have reassigned the goodwill balance to the new reporting units based on their relative fair values. We determined there was no goodwill impairment immediately prior to the reorganization. As of April 26, 2020, the total carrying amount of goodwill was $628 million and the amount of goodwill allocated to our Graphics and Compute & Networking reporting units were $347 million and $281 million, respectively. In the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, goodwill increased by $10 million related to acquisition activity.
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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Forward-Looking Statements 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. Forward-looking statements are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “goal,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “potential” and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements. Other statements in this Form 10-Q regarding the potential future impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business and results of operations are forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause our actual results, performance, time frames or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, time frames or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. We discuss many of these risks, uncertainties and other factors in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q in greater detail under the heading “Risk Factors.” Given these risks, uncertainties and other factors, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Also, these forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this filing. You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We hereby qualify our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements publicly, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.
All references to “NVIDIA,” “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” mean NVIDIA Corporation and its subsidiaries.
NVIDIA, the NVIDIA logo, GeForce, GeForce NOW, GeForce RTX SUPER, NVIDIA CUDA, NVIDIA DGX, NVIDIA EGX AI Edge, NVIDIA GRID, NVIDIA Jarvis, NVIDIA Jetson, NVIDIA Merlin, NVIDIA RTX, Mellanox, Quadro, Quadro RTX, and Tegra are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of NVIDIA Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Other company and product names may be trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated. Features, pricing, availability, and specifications are subject to change without notice.
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with “Item 6. Selected Financial Data” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 26, 2020 and “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes thereto, as well as other cautionary statements and risks described elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, before deciding to purchase or sell shares of our common stock.
Overview
Our Company and Our Businesses
NVIDIA pioneered accelerated computing to help solve the most challenging computational problems. Starting with a focus on PC graphics, we extended our focus in recent years to the revolutionary field of AI. Fueled by the sustained demand for exceptional 3D graphics and the scale of the gaming market, NVIDIA leveraged its GPU architecture to create platforms for virtual reality, HPC, and AI.
Through fiscal year 2020, our reportable segments were GPU and Tegra Processor. Starting with the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, our reportable segments have changed to "Graphics" and "Compute & Networking".
Our Graphics segment includes GeForce GPUs for gaming and PCs, the GeForce NOW game streaming service and related infrastructure, and solutions for gaming platforms; Quadro GPUs for enterprise design; GRID software for cloud-based visual and virtual computing; and automotive platforms for infotainment systems.
Our Compute & Networking segment includes Data Center platforms and systems for AI, HPC, and accelerated computing; DRIVE for autonomous vehicles; and Jetson for robotics and other embedded platforms. Starting with the second quarter of fiscal year 2021, we will include Mellanox revenue in this segment.
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All prior period comparisons presented reflect our new reportable segments. Our market platforms – Gaming, Professional Visualization, Data Center, Automotive, OEM and Other – remain unchanged. We will incorporate Mellanox in our Data Center market platform.
Headquartered in Santa Clara, California, NVIDIA was incorporated in California in April 1993 and reincorporated in Delaware in April 1998.
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Recent Developments, Future Objectives and Challenges
COVID-19
The novel strain of the coronavirus identified in late calendar 2019 (COVID-19) has spread to a worldwide pandemic within the first quarter of fiscal year 2021. Government authorities around the world implemented measures to try to contain the disease, such as travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter-in-place orders and shutdowns. Since March 2020, most of our employees have been working remotely and we temporarily prohibited business travel.
During the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, we experienced disruptions to our supply chain and logistical services provided by outsourcing partners and component supply, primarily based in Asia. These disruptions adversely impacted our linearity of supply and sales within the quarter.
The shelter-in-place or similar global orders have impacted demand for our gaming products in many jurisdictions that rely on purchases at physical retailers due to temporary store closures, and demand from iCafes located in China which have temporarily closed. In addition, the global demand for automobiles has decreased during this time which negatively impacts demand for our automotive products and solutions. In some regions, the shelter-in-place orders have driven a temporary increase in demand, that may not be sustainable, for gaming, OEM platforms and compute infrastructure as a result of work from home, learn at home, and gaming.
The full extent and duration of COVID-19 is uncertain. If the COVID-19 pandemic continues for an extended period, the timing and overall demand from customers and the availability of supply chain, logistical services and component supply could have a material net negative impact on our business and financial results. Refer to Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q for additional information under the heading “Risk Factors”.
First Quarter of Fiscal Year 2021 Summary
Three Months Ended
  April 26, 2020 January 26, 2020 April 28, 2019 Quarter-over-Quarter Change Year-over-Year Change
($ in millions, except per share data)
Revenue $ 3,080    $ 3,105    $ 2,220    (1) % 39  %
Gross margin 65.1  % 64.9  % 58.4  % 20 bps 670 bps
Operating expenses $ 1,028    $ 1,025    $ 938    —  % 10  %
Income from operations $ 976    $ 990    $ 358    (1) % 173  %
Net income $ 917    $ 950    $ 394    (3) % 133  %
Net income per diluted share $ 1.47    $ 1.53    $ 0.64    (4) % 130  %
Revenue for the first quarter was $3.08 billion, up 39% from a year earlier and down 1% sequentially.
Graphics segment revenue for the first quarter was $1.91 billion, up 25% from a year earlier and down 9% sequentially.
Compute & Networking segment revenue for the first quarter was $1.17 billion, up 69% from a year ago and up 15% sequentially.
From a market-platform perspective, Gaming revenue for the first quarter was $1.34 billion, up 27% from a year ago and down 10% sequentially. The year-on-year increase reflects higher sales across our major gaming products. The sequential decrease reflects seasonally lower sales of GeForce desktop GPUs for gaming, partially offset by higher sales of SoCs for gaming platforms and GeForce laptop GPUs.
Professional Visualization revenue for the first quarter was $307 million, up 15% from a year earlier and down 7% sequentially. The year-on-year growth reflects strength in laptop and desktop workstations. The sequential decrease was driven by lower sales of desktop workstations, partially offset by strength in laptop workstations.
Data Center revenue for the first quarter was $1.14 billion, up 80% from a year ago and up 18% sequentially, driven by higher vertical industries and hyperscale demand.
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Automotive revenue was $155 million, down 7% from a year earlier and down 5% sequentially, primarily reflecting lower legacy infotainment revenue.
OEM and Other revenue for the first quarter was $138 million, up 39% from a year ago and down 9% sequentially. The year-on-year increase was primarily due to higher demand for entry level laptop GPUs from PC OEMs. The sequential decrease reflects seasonally lower sales of entry-level GPUs for PC OEMs.
Gross margin for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 was 65.1%, up 670 basis points from a year earlier and up 20 basis points sequentially. The year-on-year increase was primarily driven by GeForce GPU product mix and higher Data Center sales. The sequential increase was Data Center, partially offset by product mix in GeForce GPUs.
Operating expenses for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 were $1.03 billion, up 10% from a year earlier and flat sequentially. The year-on-year growth primarily reflects employee additions and increases in employee compensation and other related costs, including stock-based compensation and infrastructure costs.
Income from operations for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 was $976 million, up 173% from a year earlier and down 1% sequentially. Net income for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 was $917 million. Net income per diluted share for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 were $1.47, up 130% from a year earlier and down 4% sequentially.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, we paid dividends of $98 million. Due to the current market uncertainties, we are evaluating the timing of resuming share repurchases and will remain nimble based on market conditions. We are currently authorized to repurchase up to $7.24 billion through December 2022. We remain committed to paying quarterly dividends.
Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities at the end of the first quarter were $16.35 billion, up from $7.80 billion a year earlier and $10.90 billion in the prior quarter, reflecting the issuance of $5 billion of March 2020 Notes and strong operating cash flow.
Subsequent to the end of the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, we closed the acquisition of Mellanox for a transaction value of approximately $7.0 billion in cash on April 27, 2020.
Market Platform Highlights
During the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, in our Gaming platform, we launched Minecraft with RTX as an open beta on Windows 10; announced the release of laptop models powered by NVIDIA GeForce GPUs; expanded the RTX Studio lineup powered by new GeForce RTX SUPER GPUs; released DLSS 2.0; and expanded NVIDIA GeForce NOW.
In our Professional Visualization platform, we powered Autodesk’s latest 3D visualization software with NVIDIA Quadro RTX; accelerated Altair's engineering software with NVIDIA CUDA; and brought Quadro professional graphics to HP's mobile workstation lineup.
In our Data Center platform, we introduced NVIDIA A100 data center GPU, the first based on the NVIDIA Ampere architecture; launched the NVIDIA DGX A100; introduced two products for the EGX Edge AI platform; released NVIDIA Jarvis; collaborated with the open-source community to bring end-to-end GPU acceleration to Apache Spark 3.0; and announced NVIDIA Merlin.
Financial Information by Business Segment and Geographic Data
Refer to Note 15 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for disclosure regarding segment information.
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Results of Operations
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain items in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income expressed as a percentage of revenue.
  Three Months Ended
  April 26,
2020
April 28,
2019
Revenue 100.0  % 100.0  %
     Cost of revenue 34.9    41.6   
Gross profit 65.1    58.4   
Operating expenses     
     Research and development 23.9    30.4   
     Sales, general and administrative 9.5    11.9   
Total operating expenses 33.4    42.3   
Income from operations 31.7    16.1   
     Interest income 1.0    2.0   
     Interest expense (0.8)   (0.6)  
Other income, net 0.2    1.4   
Income before income tax 31.9    17.5   
Income tax expense (benefit) 2.1    (0.2)  
Net income 29.8  % 17.7  %
Revenue
Revenue by Reportable Segments
Three Months Ended
  April 26,
2020
April 28,
2019
$
Change
%
Change
  ($ in millions)
Graphics $ 1,906    $ 1,526    $ 380    25  %
Compute & Networking 1,174    694    480    69  %
Total $ 3,080    $ 2,220    $ 860    39  %
Graphics - Graphics segment revenue increased 25% in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 compared to the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, which reflects growth in GeForce gaming and Quadro GPU revenue. Gaming increased 28%, reflecting revenue growth across all platforms. Revenue from Quadro GPUs increased by 24%, reflecting strength in desktop and laptop workstations.
Compute & Networking - Compute & Networking segment revenue increased 69% for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 compared to the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, driven by an increase in data center-related sales for vertical industries and hyperscales.
Concentration of Revenue 
Revenue from sales to customers outside of the United States accounted for 84% and 93% of total revenue for the first quarter of fiscal years 2021 and 2020, respectively. Revenue by geographic region is allocated to individual countries based on the location to which the products are initially billed even if the revenue is attributable to end customers in a different location.
No customer represented 10% or more of total revenue or the first quarter of fiscal year 2021. One customer represented 11% of our total revenue for the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 and was attributable primarily to the Graphics segment.
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Gross Margin
Our overall gross margin increased to 65.1% for the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 from 58.4% for the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. The increase in fiscal year 2021 is primarily driven by GeForce GPU product mix and higher data center sales.
Inventory provisions totaled $36 million and $43 million for the first quarter of fiscal years 2021 and 2020, respectively. Sales of inventory that was previously written-off or -down totaled $39 million and $12 million for the first quarter of fiscal years 2021 and 2020, respectively. As a result, the overall net effect on our gross margin was a favorable impact of 0.1% and unfavorable impact of 1.4% for the first quarter of fiscal years 2021 and 2020, respectively.
A discussion of our gross margin results for each of our reportable segments is as follows:
Graphics - The gross margin of our Graphics segment increased during the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 compared to the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, primarily driven by GeForce GPU product mix.
Compute & Networking - The gross margin of our Compute & Networking segment increased during the first quarter of fiscal year 2021 compared to the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, primarily driven by higher data center sales.
Operating Expenses 
  Three Months Ended
  April 26,
2020
April 28,
2019
$
Change
%
Change