Table of Contents

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D. C. 20549

 

_________________

 

FORM 11-K

_________________

 

ANNUAL REPORT Pursuant to Section 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

 

Commission File No. 000-26719


 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan


Mercantile Bank Corporation

(Name of issuer of the securities held pursuant to the plan)

 

310 Leonard Street NW, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 49504

(full address of the executive office)

 

 

REQUIRED INFORMATION

 

 

THE MERCANTILE BANK OF MICHIGAN 401(K) PLAN IS SUBJECT TO THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974 (ERISA). IN LIEU OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF ITEMS 1, 2 AND 3 OF FORM 11-K FOR ANNUAL REPORTS, THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SCHEDULES OF THE PLAN FOR THE TWO YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018, WHICH HAVE BEEN PREPARED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE FINANCIAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS OF ERISA, ARE INCLUDED IN THIS REPORT.

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

Contents


 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm 3-4
   
   
Financial Statements  
   
Statements of Net Assets Available for Benefits as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 5
   
Statements of Changes in Net Assets Available for Benefits for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 6
   
Notes to Financial Statements 7-11
   
   
Supplemental Schedule  
   
Schedule H, Line 4i – Schedule of Assets (Held at End of Year) as of December 31, 2019 12
   
   
Exhibit List 13
   
   
Signatures 14
   
   
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm  
 

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

Plan Administrator

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

Grand Rapids, Michigan

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying statements of net assets available for benefits of the Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan (the Plan) as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the related statements of changes in net assets available for benefits for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively, the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the net assets available for benefits of the Plan as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the changes in net assets available for benefits for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Plan’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Plan’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Plan in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Plan is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Plan’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risk of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by the Plan’s management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

 

 

BDO USA, LLP, a Delaware limited liability partnership, is the U.S. member of BDO International Limited, a UK company limited by guarantee, and forms part of the international BDO network of independent member firms.

BDO is the brand name for the BDO network and for each of the BDO Member Firms.

 

 

Supplemental Information

 

The supplemental information in the accompanying Schedule of Assets (Held at End of Year) as of December 31, 2019 has been subjected to audit procedures performed in conjunction with the audit of the Plan’s financial statements. The supplemental information is presented for the purpose of additional analysis and is not a required part of the financial statements but included supplemental information required by the Department of Labor’s Rules and Regulations for Reporting and Disclosure under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. The supplemental information is the responsibility of the Plan’s management. Our audit procedures included determining whether the supplemental information reconciles to the financial statements or the underlying accounting and other records, as applicable, and performing procedures to test the completeness and accuracy of the information presented in the supplemental information. In forming our opinion on the supplemental information, we evaluated whether the supplemental information, including its form and content, is presented in conformity with the Department of Labor’s Rules and Regulations for Reporting and Disclosure under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. In our opinion, the supplemental information is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the financial statements as a whole.

 

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

 

We have served as the Plan’s auditor since 2006.

 

Grand Rapids, Michigan

June 26, 2020

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

Statements of Net Assets Available for Benefits


 

 

December 31,

 

2019

   

2018

 
                 

Assets

               
                 

Investments, at fair value

               

Mutual funds

  $ 56,345,170     $ 45,911,177  

Mercantile Bank Corporation common stock

    14,609,226       11,634,303  

Money market fund

    2,696,632       2,075,076  
                 

Total investments

    73,651,028       59,620,556  
                 

Notes receivable from participants

    891,772       762,636  

Accrued investment income

    15,815       13,703  
                 

Net Assets Available for Benefits

  $ 74,558,615     $ 60,396,895  

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

Statements of Changes in Net Assets Available for Benefits


 

 

Year ended December 31,

 

2019

   

2018

 
                 

Additions

               
                 

Investment income (loss):

               

Net appreciation (depreciation) in fair value of investments

  $ 12,004,704     $ (8,671,499

)

Interest and dividends

    2,760,506       3,153,991  
                 

Total investment income (loss)

    14,765,210       (5,517,508

)

                 

Contributions:

               

Employer

    1,731,205       1,563,965  

Employee

    2,912,684       2,724,094  

Rollover

    99,942       842,504  
                 

Total contributions

    4,743,831       5,130,563  
                 

Interest from notes receivable

    48,033       33,558  
                 

Total Additions

    19,557,074       (353,387

)

                 

Deductions

               
                 

Benefits paid to participants

    5,214,476       3,379,141  

Administrative expenses

    180,878       175,554  
                 

Total Deductions

    5,395,354       3,554,695  
                 

Net increase (decrease)

    14,161,720       (3,908,082

)

                 

Net Assets Available for Benefits, beginning of year

    60,396,895       64,304,977  
                 

Net Assets Available for Benefits, end of year

  $ 74,558,615     $ 60,396,895  

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

Notes to Financial Statements


 

 

1.     Plan Description

 

The following description of Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan (“Plan”) provides only general information. Participants should refer to the Plan Agreement or Summary Plan Description for a more complete description of the Plan’s provisions.

 

General

 

The Plan was established by the Plan Sponsor, Mercantile Bank of Michigan (“Bank”), effective January 1, 1998. The Plan was amended and restated effective January 1, 2019. The Plan is subject to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (“ERISA”).

 

Eligibility and Enrollment

 

The Plan is a defined contribution plan covering eligible employees who have completed a minimum of one hour of service. Eligible employees can enter the Plan on the first day of the month following date of hire. For newly eligible employees, the Plan provides automatic enrollment for the employee at an amount equal to 5% of compensation, until such time as the employee elects a different percentage or elects no contributions.

 

Contributions

 

Elective deferrals by participants under the Plan provisions are based on a percentage of their compensation, subject to certain limitations as defined by the Plan Agreement. Participants may also make after tax Roth contributions, and may roll over account balances from other qualified defined benefit or defined contribution plans into their account.

 

The Bank makes safe harbor matching contributions equal to 100% of the first 4.25% of compensation deferred by each participant subject to certain limitations as specified in the Plan Document. There was an amendment in 2018 to increase the match to 5% as of April 1, 2018. The Bank may also make a discretionary profit-sharing contribution subject to certain limitations as specified in the Plan Agreement. There were no profit-sharing contributions in 2019 or 2018.

 

Participant Accounts

 

Each participant’s account is credited with the participant’s contributions, allocations of the Bank’s matching contribution, and Plan earnings. Allocations are based on participant earnings or account balances, as defined. The benefit to which a participant is entitled is the benefit that can be provided from the participant’s account. Participants may direct the investment of their account balances into various investment options offered by the Plan.

 

Vesting

 

Participants are immediately vested in their elective deferrals and all employer contributions and earnings thereon.

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

Notes to Financial Statements


 

 

Notes Receivable From Participants

 

Participants may borrow from their accounts a minimum of $1,000 up to a maximum equal to the lesser of $50,000 or 50% of their account balance. The notes are secured by the balance in the participant’s account and bear interest at rates that are commensurate with local borrowing rates. Interest rates on notes receivable outstanding as of December 31, 2019 ranged from 3.25% to 6.50%. Principal and interest is paid ratably through payroll deductions over a period not to exceed five years, unless the notes were used to purchase a primary residence, in which case the note terms shall not exceed ten years.

 

Payment of Benefits

 

Upon separation of service, death, disability or retirement, a participant or his or her beneficiary will receive a distribution of the participant’s account as a lump-sum amount. An installment option was added as of January 1, 2018. A participant may receive the portion of his or her account invested in Mercantile Bank Corporation common stock in either common shares or cash. Additionally, under certain circumstances of financial hardship, participants are allowed to withdraw funds from the Plan.

 

Administrative Expenses

 

Certain administrative expenses are paid by the Plan Sponsor. Certain fees incurred as a result of participant-directed transactions (e.g., participant loan origination and distribution fees) are passed on to the participant. A trustee fee is paid to Greenleaf Trust, which is calculated quarterly based on the market value of the Plan assets and allocated to participant accounts on a quarterly basis.

 

2.     Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Accounting

 

The accompanying financial statements are prepared under the accrual method of accounting.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of net assets and changes therein. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Risks and Uncertainties

 

The Plan invests in various investment securities. Investment securities are exposed to various risks such as interest rate, market and credit risks. Due to the level of risk associated with certain investment securities, it is at least reasonably possible that changes in the values of investment securities will occur in the near term and that such changes could materially affect participants’ account balances and the amounts reported in the financial statements.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

At December 31, 2019 and 2018, approximately 20% and 19%, respectively, of the Plan’s assets were invested in Mercantile Bank Corporation common stock. A significant decline in the market value of the common stock would significantly affect the net assets available for benefits.

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

Notes to Financial Statements


 

 

Investment Valuation and Income Recognition

 

The Plan’s investments are stated at fair value. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. See Note 3 for discussion of fair value measurements.

 

Purchases and sales of securities are recorded on a trade date basis. Interest income is recorded on the accrual basis. Dividends are recorded on the ex-dividend date. Net appreciation (depreciation) includes the Plan’s gains and losses on investments bought and sold as well as held during the year.

 

Notes Receivable – Participant Loans

 

Participant loans are classified as notes receivable from participants, and are measured at the unpaid principal balance plus unpaid accrued interest. Defaulted loans, if any, are reclassified as distributions based upon the terms of the Plan Document.

 

Payment of Benefits

 

Benefits are recorded when paid.

 

Subsequent Event- COVID-19

 

On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (“WHO”) announced a global health emergency because of a new strain of coronavirus originating in Wuhan, China (the “COVID-19 outbreak”) and the risks to the international community as the virus spreads globally beyond its point of origin. In March 2020, the WHO classified the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic, based on the rapid increase in exposure globally.

 

The full impact of the COVID-19 outbreak continues to evolve as of the date of this report. As such, it is uncertain as to the full magnitude that the pandemic will have on the Bank’s financial condition, liquidity, and future results of operations. Management is actively monitoring the impact of the global situation on its financial condition, liquidity, operations, suppliers, industry, and workforce. Given the daily evolution of the COVID-19 outbreak and the global responses to curb its spread, the Bank is not able to estimate the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on its results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity for fiscal year 2020.

 

This pandemic has adversely affected global economic activity and greatly contributed to significant deterioration and instability in financial markets. As a result, the Plan’s investment portfolio has incurred a significant decline in fair value since December 31, 2019. Because the values of the Plan’s individual investments have and will fluctuate in response to changing market conditions, the amount of losses that will be recognized in subsequent periods, if any, and related impact on the Plan’s liquidity cannot be determined at this time.

 

On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed into law the “Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act.” The CARES Act, among other things, includes several relief provisions available to tax-qualified retirement plans and their participants. Plan management is currently evaluating the impact of the CARES Act on the Plan’s provisions, operations and financial statements.

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

Notes to Financial Statements


 

 

3. Investments

 

In accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, the Plan utilizes a fair value hierarchy for valuation inputs that gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). A financial instrument’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described as follows:

 

Level 1 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets in active markets.

 

Level 2 - Inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets in inactive markets, and other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

 

Level 3 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.

 

The following valuation methodologies were used to measure the fair value of the Plan’s investments. There were no changes in the methodologies used at December 31, 2019 or 2018.

 

Money market and mutual funds - Valued at quoted market prices in an exchange and active market, which represent the net asset value of shares held by the Plan.

 

Mercantile Bank Corporation common stock - Valued at the closing price reported on the active market on which the security is traded.

 

The Plan’s valuation methods may result in a fair value calculation that may not be indicative of net realizable value or reflective of future fair values. Although Plan management believes the valuation methods are appropriate and consistent with the market participants, the use of different methodologies or assumptions to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different fair value measurement at the reporting date.

 

The tables below set forth by level within the fair value hierarchy the Plan’s investments as of December 31, 2019 and 2018. There were no significant transfers in or out of Levels 1, 2 or 3 in 2019 or 2018.

 

   

Investments at Fair Value

 
                                 

December 31, 2019

 

Level 1

   

Level 2

   

Level 3

   

Total

 
                                 

Mutual funds

  $ 56,345,170     $ -     $ -     $ 56,345,170  

Common stock

    14,609,226       -       -       14,609,226  

Money market fund

    2,696,632       -       -       2,696,632  
                                 

Investments, at fair value

  $ 73,651,028     $ -     $ -     $ 73,651,028  

 

   

Investments at Fair Value

 
                                 

December 31, 2018

 

Level 1

   

Level 2

   

Level 3

   

Total

 
                                 

Mutual funds

  $ 45,911,177     $ -     $ -     $ 45,911,177  

Common stock

    11,634,303       -       -       11,634,303  

Money market fund

    2,075,076       -       -       2,075,076  
                                 

Investments, at fair value

  $ 59,620,556     $ -     $ -     $ 59,620,556  

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

Notes to Financial Statements


 

 

4.     Related Party Transactions

 

Parties-in-interest are defined under Department of Labor regulations as any fiduciary of the Plan, any party rendering service to the Plan, the employer and certain other parties. Professional fees for the administration and audit of the Plan are paid by the Bank.

 

The 400,582 and 411,688 shares of Mercantile Bank Corporation common stock held by the Plan as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, represent approximately 2.44% and 2.49% of the Corporation’s outstanding shares as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Cash dividends of $428,116 and $670,173 were paid to the Plan by Mercantile Bank Corporation during 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

5.     Plan Termination

 

Although it has not expressed any intent to do so, the Bank has the right under the Plan to terminate the Plan, subject to the provisions of ERISA.

 

6.     Tax Status

 

The Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) has determined and informed the Bank by a letter dated August 7, 2014 that the amended and restated Plan effective January 1, 2013 and related trust are designed in accordance with applicable sections of the Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”). The Plan has been amended since receiving the determination letter; however, the Plan Administrator believes that the Plan is designed and is being operated in compliance with the applicable requirements of the IRC. The related trust, therefore, is not subject to tax under present tax law.

 

Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America require Plan management to evaluate tax positions taken by the Plan and recognize a tax liability (or asset) if the Plan has taken an uncertain position that more likely than not would not be sustained upon examination by the IRS. The Plan Administrator has analyzed the tax positions taken by the Plan and has concluded that as of December 31, 2019 there are no uncertain positions taken or expected to be taken that would require recognition of a liability (or asset) or disclosure in the financial statements. The Plan is subject to routine audits by taxing jurisdictions; however, there currently are no audits for any tax periods in progress.

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

Schedule of Assets (Held at End of Year)


 

EIN: 38-3360868

Plan Number: 001

 

December 31, 2019

             
                   

(a)

 

(b)

Identity of Issuer, Borrower,
Lessor or Similar Party

 

(c)

Description of

Investment, Including

Maturity Date, Rate

of Interest, Collateral,

Par or Maturity Value

 

(d)

Cost

 

(e)

Current

Value

 
                     
   

Mutual funds

               
   

Blackrock Equity Dividend Fund

 

127,333

shares

 

**

$

2,657,448

 
   

Fidelity Advisor New Insights

 

87,145

shares

 

**

 

2,869,698

 
   

Franklin Small Cap Value R6

 

11,977

shares

 

**

 

617,903

 
   

JPMorgan Mid Cap Value R6

 

23,376

shares

 

**

 

926,875

 
   

Hartford International Opportunities Y

 

83,478

shares

 

**

 

1,437,495

 
   

Wasatch Core Growth Institutional

 

12,238

shares

 

**

 

889,218

 
   

T Rowe Price Mid Cap Growth Fund

 

22,686

shares

 

**

 

2,162,205

 
   

Vanguard 500 Index Admiral Shares

 

21,732

shares

 

**

 

6,479,111

 
   

Vanguard Mid Cap Index Admiral Shares

 

7,524

shares

 

**

 

1,660,195

 
   

Vanguard Small Cap Index Admiral Shares

 

17,865

shares

 

**

 

1,417,926

 
   

Delaware Emerging Market

 

29,821

shares

 

**

 

614,907

 
   

Matthews Pacific Tiger Fund

14,249

shares

 

**

 

409,098

 
   

Vanguard Total International Index Admiral

 

62,175

shares

 

**

 

1,857,168

 
   

T Rowe Price Balanced I Fund

 

50,863

shares

 

**

 

599,166

 
   

T Rowe Price Spectrum Conservative Allocation Fund

 

72,440

shares

 

**

 

1,446,630

 
   

T Rowe Price Retirement 2010 Fund

 

4,021

shares

 

**

 

49,215

 
   

T Rowe Price Retirement 2015 Fund

 

27,273

shares

 

**

 

339,550

 
   

T Rowe Price Retirement 2020 Fund

 

334,620

shares

 

**

 

4,340,022

 
   

T Rowe Price Retirement 2030 Fund

 

726,612

shares

 

**

 

9,889,194

 
   

T Rowe Price Retirement 2040 Fund

 

463,877

shares

 

**

 

6,508,197

 
   

T Rowe Price Retirement 2045 Fund

 

174,705

shares

 

**

 

2,479,064

 
   

T Rowe Price Retirement 2050 Fund

 

170,108

shares

 

**

 

2,405,334

 
   

T Rowe Price Retirement 2060 Fund

 

21,252

shares

 

**

 

303,684

 
   

Vanguard Intermediate Term Treasury Admiral

 

25,459

shares

 

**

 

288,706

 
   

Vanguard Short Term Treasury ADM

 

21,439

shares

 

**

 

227,035

 
   

Vanguard Short Term Invest Grade Fund Admiral

 

118,095

shares

 

**

 

1,267,164

 
   

Vanguard Total Bond Market Admiral Shares

 

199,363

shares

 

**

 

2,202,962

 
                     
   

Total mutual funds

           

56,345,170

 
                     
   

Common stock

   

 

   

 

   

*

 

Mercantile Bank Corporation

 

400,582

shares

 

**

 

14,609,226

 
                     
   

Money market fund

               
   

Northern Institutional Treasury Portfolio

 

2,696,632

shares

 

**

 

2,696,632

 
                     
   

Total Investments, at Fair Value

       

$

73,651,028

 
   

 

             

*

 

Notes Receivable From Participants

 

(3.25% to 6.50%)

   

$

891,772

 

 

* A party-in-interest as defined by ERISA.

** The cost of participant-directed investments is not required to be disclosed.

 

 

Exhibit to Report on Form 11-K

 

Exhibit No. Description
23.1 Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the trustees (or other persons who administer the employee benefit plan) have duly caused this annual report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

 

Mercantile Bank of Michigan 401(k) Plan

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Lonna L. Wiersma

 

Date: June 26, 2020

Lonna L. Wiersma, Plan Administrator

 

 

14
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