UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE

ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 30, 2021

 

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number: 0-18590

 

 

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

NEVADA   84-1133368

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

 

651 CORPORATE CIRCLE, SUITE 200, GOLDEN, CO 80401

(Address of Principal Executive Offices, Including Zip Code)

(303) 384-1400

(Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock $.001 par value GTIM NASDAQ Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

  Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

  Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or, an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company”, in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 

 

Large accelerated filer ¨   Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer x   Smaller reporting company x
  Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicated by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

  Yes ¨ No x

 

As of May 5, 2021 there were 12,785,374 shares of the Registrant's common stock, par value $0.001 per share, issued and outstanding.

 

 

     
 

 

Form 10-Q

Quarter Ended March 30, 2021

 

  INDEX   PAGE
       
  PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION    
       
Item 1. Financial Statements   3
       
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited) – March 30, 2021 and
September 29, 2020
  3
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited) for the two fiscal quarters
ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020
  4
       
  Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) Year-to-Date
March 30, 2021
  5
       
  Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) Year-to-Date
March 31, 2020
  6
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the fiscal
year-to-date periods ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020
  7
       
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)   8
       
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   18
       
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   29
       
Item 4. Controls and Procedures   29
       
  PART II - OTHER INFORMATION    
       
Item 1. Legal Proceedings   29
       
Item 1A. Risk Factors   29
       
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds   29
       
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities   29
       
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   29
       
Item 5. Other Information   29
       
Item 6. Exhibits   30
       
  SIGNATURES   30
       
  CERTIFICATIONS    

 

2

 

PART I. - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Good Times Restaurants Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)

 

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

    March 30, 2021     September 29, 2020  
ASSETS                
CURRENT ASSETS:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 11,204     $ 11,454  
Receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $0     435       656  
Prepaid expenses and other     811       275  
Inventories     1,102       1,093  
Notes receivable     -       13  
Total current assets     13,552       13,491  
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT:                
Land and building     4,704       4,704  
Leasehold improvements     33,933       33,280  
Fixtures and equipment     29,294       28,593  
Total property and equipment     67,931       66,577  
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization     (40,815 )     (38,908 )
Total net property and equipment     27,116       27,669  
OTHER ASSETS:                
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net     47,702       49,252  
Deposits and other assets     255       209  
Trademarks     3,900       3,900  
Other intangibles, net     14       22  
Goodwill     5,150       5,150  
Total other assets     57,021       58,533  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS:   $ 97,689     $ 99,693  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
CURRENT LIABILITIES:                
Current maturities of long-term debt   $ 8,148     $ 6,242  
Accounts payable     1,891       2,581  
Deferred income     57       69  
Operating lease liabilities, current     4,770       4,689  
Other accrued liabilities     5,855       5,055  
Total current liabilities     20,721       18,636  
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES:                
Maturities of long-term debt due after one year     6,997       10,903  
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion     51,939       53,731  
Deferred and other liabilities     844       1,440  
Total long-term liabilities     59,780       66,074  
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:                
Good Times Restaurants Inc. stockholders’ equity:                
Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized,
no shares issued and outstanding as of 3/30/21 and 9/29/20
    -       -  
Common stock, $.001 par value; 50,000,000 shares
authorized, 12,695,678 and 12,612,852 shares issued and
outstanding as of 3/30/21 and 9/29/20, respectively
    13       13  
Capital contributed in excess of par value     58,591       58,219  
Treasury stock-at cost; 43,110 shares     (75 )     (75 )
Accumulated deficit     (42,568 )     (44,467 )
Total Good Times Restaurants Inc. stockholders' equity     15,961       13,690  
                 
Non-controlling interests     1,227       1,293  
Total stockholders’ equity     17,188       14,983  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   $ 97,689     $ 99,693  

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

 

3

 

Good Times Restaurants Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

 

(In thousands except share and per share data)

 

    Quarter Ended     Year-to-Date  
    March 30, 2021
(13 Weeks)
    March 31, 2020
(13 Weeks)
    March 30, 2021
(26 Weeks)
    March 31, 2020
(27 Weeks)
 
NET REVENUES:                                
Restaurant sales   $ 28,995     $ 25,998     $ 56,076     $ 56,591  
Franchise revenues     197       184       412       405  
Total net revenues     29,192       26,182       56,488       56,996  
                                 
RESTAURANT OPERATING COSTS:                                
Food and packaging costs     8,207       7,897       16,048       17,203  
Payroll and other employee benefit costs     9,645       9,921       18,526       21,900  
Restaurant occupancy costs     2,155       2,212       4,350       4,650  
Other restaurant operating costs     3,642       2,957       7,111       5,959  
Preopening costs     80       159       119       961  
Depreciation and amortization     930       1,113       1,859       2,192  
Total restaurant operating costs     24,659       24,259       48,013       52,865  
                                 
General and administrative costs     2,418       1,588       4,592       3,641  
Advertising costs     510       510       1,019       1,056  
Franchise costs     12       8       17       8  
Impairment of goodwill     -       10,000       -       10,000  
Impairment of long-lived assets     -       4,359       -       4,359  
Gain on restaurant asset sale     (10 )     (9 )     (19 )     (28 )
                                 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM OPERATIONS:     1,603       (14,533 )     2,866       (14,905 )
                                 
Other Expenses:                                
Interest expense, net     (80 )     (209 )     (178 )     (436 )
Total other expenses, net     (80 )     (209 )     (178 )     (436 )
                                 
NET INCOME (LOSS):   $ 1,523     $ (14,742 )   $ 2,688     $ (15,341 )
Income attributable to non-controlling interests     (426 )     (174 )     (789 )     (386 )
                                 
NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON
SHAREHOLDERS
  $ 1,097     $ (14,916 )   $ 1,899     $ (15,727 )
                                 
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE, ATTRIBUTABLE TO
COMMON SHAREHOLDERS:
                               
Basic   $ 0.09     $ (1.19 )   $ 0.15     $ (1.25 )
Diluted   $ 0.09       N/A     $ 0.15       N/A  
                                 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:                                
Basic     12,659,296       12,583,643       12,640,686       12,590,549  
Diluted     12,826,263       N/A        12,733,932       N/A  

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

 

4

 

Good Times Restaurants Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)
Year-to-Date March 30, 2021

 

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

    Treasury Stock,
at cost
    Common Stock                        
    Shares     Amount     Issued
Shares
  Par
Value
  Capital
Contributed in

Excess of Par
Value
  Non-
Controlling
Interest In
Partnerships
    Accumulated
Deficit
    Total  
                                                         
BALANCES, September 29, 2020     43,110   $ (75 )     12,612,852   $ 13   $ 58,219   $ 1,293     $ (44,467 )   $ 14,983  
                                                         
Stock-based compensation cost     -     -       -     -     61     -       -       61  
Restricted stock unit vesting     -     -       16,548     -     -     -       -       -  
Stock option exercise     -     -       7,984     -     13     -       -       13  
Non-controlling interests:                                                        
Income     -     -       -     -     -     363       -       363  
Distributions     -     -       -     -     -     (319 )     -       (319 )
Net Income attributable to common
shareholders and comprehensive loss
    -     -       -     -     -     -       802       802  
                                                         
BALANCES, December 29, 2020     43,110   $ (75 )     12,637,384   $ 13   $ 58,293   $ 1,337     $ (43,665 )   $ 15,903  
                                                         
Stock-based compensation cost     -     -       -     -     215     -       -       215  
Common stock granted     -     -       12,948     -     -     -       -       -  
Performance shares granted                   10,000     -     -     -       -       -  
Stock option exercise     -     -       35,346     -     83     -       -       83  
Non-controlling interests:                                                        
Income     -     -       -     -     -     426       -       426  
Distributions     -     -       -     -     -     (536 )     -       (536 )
Net Income attributable to common
shareholders and comprehensive income
    -     -       -     -     -     -       1,097       1,097  
                                                         
BALANCES, March 30, 2021     43,110   $ (75 )     12,695,678   $ 13   $ 58,591   $ 1,227     $ (42,568 )   $ 17,188  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

 

5

 

Good Times Restaurants Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)
Year-to-Date March 31, 2020

 

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

    Treasury Stock,
at cost
    Common Stock                              
    Shares   Amount     Issued
Shares
    Par
Value
  Capital
Contributed in

Excess of Par
Value
  Non-
Controlling
Interest In
Partnerships
    Accumulated
Deficit
    Total  
                                                           
BALANCES, September 24, 2019     -   $ -       12,541,082     $ 13   $ 57,936   $ 1,522     $ (30,551 )   $ 28,920  
                                                           
Stock-based compensation cost     -     -       -       -     74     -       -       74  
Restricted stock unit vesting     -     -       76,643       -     -     -       -       -  
Stock option exercise     -     -       2,413       -     -     -       -       -  
Treasury shares purchased     43,110     (75 )     (43,110 )     -     -     -       -       (75 )
Non-controlling interests:                                                          
Income     -     -       -       -     -     212       -       212  
Contributions     -     -       -       -     -     22       -       22  
Distributions     -     -       -       -     -     (291 )     -       (291 )
Net Loss attributable to Good Times
Restaurants Inc and comprehensive loss
    -     -       -       -     -     -       (811 )     (811 )
                                                           
BALANCES, December 29, 2019     43,110   $ (75 )     12,577,028     $ 13   $ 58,010   $ 1,465     $ (31,362 )   $ 28,051  
                                                           
Stock-based compensation cost     -     -       -       -     75     -       -       75  
Restricted stock unit vesting     -     -       14,000       -     -     -       -       -  
Stock option exercise     -     -       -       -     -     -       -       -  
Non-controlling interests:                                                          
Income     -     -       -       -     -     174       -       174  
Distributions     -     -       -       -     -     (95 )     -       (95 )
Net Loss attributable to Good Times
Restaurants Inc and comprehensive loss
    -     -       -       -     -     -       (14,916 )     (14,916 )
                                                           
BALANCES, March 31, 2020     43,110   $ (75 )     12,591,028     $ 13   $ 58,085   $ 1,544     $ (46,278 )   $ 13,289  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

 

6

 

Good Times Restaurants Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

 

(In thousands)

 

    Fiscal Year-to-Date  
    March 30, 2021
(26 Weeks)
  March 31, 2020
(27 Weeks)
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:                
Net income (loss)   $ 2,688     $ (15,341 )
                 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by
(used in) operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization     1,938       2,287  
Amortization of operating lease assets     1,660       2,054  
Impairment of goodwill     -       10,000  
Impairment of long-lived assets     -       4,359  
Stock-based compensation expense     276       149  
Recognition of deferred gain on sale of restaurant building     (19 )     (18 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Receivables and other     221       448  
Inventories     (9 )     50  
Deposits and other     (605 )     (430 )
Accounts payable     (860 )     (144 )
Operating lease liabilities     (1,821 )     (1,616 )
Deferred liabilities     (12 )     -  
Accrued and other liabilities     (225 )     (2,002 )
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities     3,232       (204 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                
Payments for the purchase of property and equipment     (1,184 )     (1,954 )
Payments for the purchase of treasury stock     -       (75 )
Proceeds from the sale of fixed assets     -       2  
Payments received from franchisees and others     13       6  
Net cash used in investing activities     (1,171 )     (2,021 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                
Borrowings on notes payable and long-term debt     -       5,300  
Principal payments on notes payable and long-term debt     (2,000 )     (1,400 )
Proceeds from stock option exercise     96       -  
Contributions from non-controlling interests     -       22  
Distributions to non-controlling interests     (407 )     (386 )
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities     (2,311 )     3,536  
                 
NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS     (250 )     1,311  
                 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period     11,454       2,745  
                 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of period   $ 11,204     $ 4,056  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW
INFORMATION:
               
Cash paid for interest   $ 106     $ 408  
Change in accounts payable attributable to the purchase of
property and equipment
  $ 170     $ (534 )

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (Unaudited)

 

7

 

GOOD TIMES RESTAURANTS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

 

(Tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Good Times Restaurants Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Bad Daddy’s International, LLC (“BDI”), BD of Colorado, LLC (“BDC”), Bad Daddy’s Franchise Development, LLC (“BDFD”), and Good Times Drive Thru, Inc. (“Drive Thru”), (together referred to as the “Company”, “we” or “us”). All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

BDC was formed by Good Times Restaurants Inc. in 2013 to develop Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar restaurants in the state of Colorado. Subsequently, BDI and BDFD were acquired by Good Times Restaurants Inc. on May 7, 2015. Combined, these entities compose our Bad Daddy’s operating segment, which as of March 30, 2021, operates thirty-two Company-owned and five joint-venture full-service small-box casual dining restaurants under the name Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar, primarily located in Colorado and in the Southeast region of the United States, franchises one restaurant in South Carolina, and licenses the Bad Daddy’s brand for use at an airport Bad Daddy’s restaurant under third-party operations and ownership.

 

Drive Thru commenced operations in 1986 and as of March 30, 2021, operates seventeen Company-owned and seven joint-venture drive-thru fast food hamburger restaurants under the name Good Times Burgers & Frozen Custard, all of which are located in Colorado. In addition, Drive Thru has eight franchisee-owned restaurants, with six operating in Colorado and two in Wyoming.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and practices of the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all of the normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position of the Company as of March 30, 2021 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the two fiscal quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020. Operating results for the two fiscal quarters ended March 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 28, 2021. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 29, 2020 is derived from the audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles. As a result, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 29, 2020.

 

Fiscal Year – The Company’s fiscal year is a 52/53-week year ending on the last Tuesday of September. In a 52-week fiscal year, each of the Company’s quarterly periods consist of 13 weeks. The additional week in a 53-week fiscal year is added to the first quarter, making such quarter consist of 14 weeks. The first quarter of fiscal 2020 ended on December 31, 2019 and consisted of 14 weeks. The first quarter of fiscal 2021 ended on December 29, 2020 and consisted of 13 weeks. The year-to-date periods ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020 consisted of 26 and 27 weeks, respectively.

 

Advertising Costs – We utilize Advertising Funds to administer certain advertising programs for both the Bad Daddy’s and Good Times brands that benefit both us and our franchisees.   We and our franchisees are required to contribute a percentage of gross sales to the fund.  The contributions to these funds are designated and segregated for advertising. We consolidate the Advertising Funds into our financial statements whereby contributions from franchisees, when received, are recorded and included as a component of franchise revenues.  As we intend to utilize all of the advertising contributions towards advertising expenditures, we recognize costs equal to franchisee contributions to the advertising funds on a quarterly basis. Contributions to the Advertising Funds from our franchisees were $131,000 and $109,000 for the two fiscal quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020, respectively.

 

Reclassification – Certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation. Such reclassifications had no effect on the net income (loss). Notable reclassifications include the recategorization of paper goods costs from other restaurant operating costs to food and packaging costs, and payroll and related expenses attributable to managers-in-training from general and administrative costs to payroll and other employee benefit costs.

 

COVID-19

 

The global crisis resulting from the spread of COVID-19 had a substantial impact on our restaurant operations for the two fiscal quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020.

 

During portions of the month of March 2020, all of the Company’s Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar restaurants were open only for delivery and carry-out service, with dining rooms closed by government orders. Additionally, our Good Times Burgers and Frozen Custard restaurants experienced reduced volumes during the month of March 2020.

 

During portions of the month of November 2020 through early January 2021, all of the Company’s Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar restaurants in Colorado were open only for limited outdoor dining, delivery and carry-out service, with indoor dining rooms closed by government orders. Beginning in early January 2021, we began to re-open Colorado dining rooms at Bad Daddy’s, with limited occupancy, as local regulations allowed. Our dining rooms in all other states in which Bad Daddy’s has operations were open during this time. Although certain dining rooms were open, all were operating at some reduction of capacity throughout the quarter, whether driven by explicit capacity reductions under government orders, or due to social distancing protocols that are either mandated by the same government orders, or which we abide by as under our own internal protocols designed to maintain a safe foodservice environment, both for our employees and for our customers.

 

8

 

Our operating results substantially depend upon our ability to drive traffic to our restaurants, and for our Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar restaurants, to serve guests in our dining rooms. We cannot currently estimate the duration of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business; neither are we able to predict how the pandemic will evolve nor how various government entities will respond to its evolution. Should additional dining room closures occur, our business would be adversely affected. Even without government orders, customers may choose to reduce or eliminate in-restaurant dining because of increasing numbers of COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations, or deaths. Furthermore, although certain available vaccines may reduce the risk of further government restrictions, there is no guarantee that the vaccine will be effective in eradicating the virus, additional mutations or variants of the virus may be resistant to any vaccine, and the length of the ongoing pandemic may change consumer behavior such that potential customers may still choose to reduce or eliminate in-restaurant dining.

 

Additionally, in connection with spread of COVID-19, there have been disruptions in various food supply chains in the United States. Our operating results substantially depend upon our ability to obtain sufficient quantities of products such as beef, bacon, and other products used in the production of items served and sold to our guests. Ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic could result in product shortages and in-turn could require us to serve a limited menu, restrict the number of items purchased per guest, or close some or all of our restaurants for an indeterminate period of time. Ongoing material adverse impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic could result in reduced revenue and cash flow and could affect our assessments of impairment of intangible assets, long-lived assets, or goodwill.

 

We took extraordinary actions to increase our liquidity in response to COVID-19 during fiscal 2020, including temporarily reducing employee pay, reductions in workforce, and obtaining Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”) loans. The PPP is sponsored by the Small Business Administration (the “SBA”). The PPP is part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). We have since significantly increased employment levels and restored pay to employees. Although we currently have a meaningful cash balance and generated significant cash flow from operations during the first two quarters of fiscal 2021, should business decline significantly as a result of the pandemic we would not likely be able to take some of the same actions without negatively impacting the long-term viability of the business. Additionally, we applied for full forgiveness of the PPP on April 30, 2020, and while we are confident that we qualify, there is uncertainty surrounding the SBA’s decision-making process regarding forgiveness, and this decision could significantly affect our future cash flow. The COVID-19 pandemic is adversely affecting the availability of liquidity generally in the credit markets, and there can be no guarantee that additional liquidity will be available on favorable terms, or at all, especially the longer the COVID-19 pandemic lasts.

 

Note 2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

ASU No. 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes - In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, which removes certain exceptions for recognizing deferred taxes for investments, performing intra-period allocation and calculating income taxes in interim periods. The ASU also adds guidance to reduce complexity in certain areas, including recognizing deferred taxes for tax goodwill and allocating taxes to members of a consolidated group. The new guidance is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years, which will require us to adopt these provisions in the first quarter of fiscal 2022. Early adoption is permitted. We anticipate adopting this update in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 and do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

The Company reviewed all other recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they were either not applicable or not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 3. Revenue

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenues consist primarily of sales from restaurant operations; franchise revenue, which includes franchisee contributions to advertising funds. Revenues associated with gift card breakage are immaterial to our financials. The Company recognizes revenue, pursuant to the new and updated standards, when it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control over a product or service to a customer, typically a restaurant customer or a franchisee/licensee.

 

The Company recognizes revenues in the form of restaurant sales at the time of the sale when payment is made by the customer, as the Company has completed its performance obligation, namely the provision of food and beverage, and the accompanying customer service, during the customer’s visit to the restaurant. The Company sells gift cards to customers and recognizes revenue from gift cards primarily in the form of restaurant revenue. Gift Card breakage, which is recognized when the likelihood of a gift card being redeemed is remote, is determined based upon the Company’s historic redemption patterns, and is immaterial to our overall financial statements.

 

9

 

Revenues we receive from our franchise and license agreements include sales-based royalties, and from our franchise agreements also may include advertising fund contributions, area development fees, and franchisee fees. We recognize sales-based royalties from franchisees and licensees as the underlying sales occur. We similarly recognize advertising fund contributions from franchisees as the underlying sales occur. The Company also provides its franchisees with services associated with opening new restaurants and operating them under franchise and development agreements in exchange for area development and franchise fees. The Company would capitalize these fees upon receipt from the franchisee and then would amortize those over the contracted franchise term as the services comprising the performance obligations are satisfied. We have not received material development or franchise fees in the years presented, and the primary performance obligations under existing franchise and development agreements have been satisfied prior to the earliest period presented in our financial statements. 

 

Note 4. Goodwill and Intangible Assets

 

The following table presents goodwill and intangible assets as of March 30, 2021 and September 29, 2020 (in thousands):

 

    March 30, 2021     September 29, 2020  
    Gross
Carrying
Amount
    Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Carrying
Amount
    Gross
Carrying
Amount
    Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Carrying
Amount
 
Intangible assets subject to
amortization:
                                               
Non-compete agreements   $ 50     $ (36 )   $ 14     $ 50     $ (28 )   $ 22  

Indefinite-lived intangible
assets:

                                               
Trademarks     3,900       -       3,900       3,900       -       3,900  
Intangible assets, net   $ 3,950     $ (36 )   $ 3,914     $ 3,950     $ (28 )   $ 3,922  
                                                 
Goodwill   $ 5,150     $ -     $ 5,150     $ 5,150     $ -     $ 5,150  

 

The Company had no goodwill impairment losses in the year-to-date period ended March 30, 2021. The Company recorded a $10,000,000 impairment to goodwill in the second fiscal quarter of 2020 related to its Bad Daddy’s reporting unit. The aggregate amortization expense related to these intangible assets subject to amortization was $8,000 for the two fiscal quarters ended March 30, 2021. The estimated aggregate future amortization expense as of March 31, 2021 is $14,000, including $8,000 in the remainder of fiscal 2021 and $6,000 during fiscal 2022.

 

Note 5. Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company has traditionally maintained incentive compensation plans that include provision for the issuance of equity-based awards. The Company established the 2008 Omnibus Equity Incentive Compensation Plan in 2008 (the “2008 Plan”) and has outstanding awards that were issued under the 2008 Plan. Subsequently, the 2008 Plan expired in 2018 and the Company established a new plan, the 2018 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan, which was amended effective February 9, 2021 (the “2018 Plan”). All future awards will be issued under the 2018 plan.

 

Stock-based compensation is measured at the grant date, based on the calculated fair value of the award, and is recognized as an expense over the requisite service period (generally the vesting period of the grant). The Company recognizes the impact of forfeitures as forfeitures occur.

 

Our net income (loss) for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020 includes $276,000 and $149,000, respectively, of compensation costs related to our stock-based compensation arrangements.

 

Stock Option awards

 

The Company measures the compensation cost associated with stock option awards by estimating the fair value of the award as of the grant date using the Black-Scholes pricing model. The Company believes that the valuation technique and the approach utilized to develop the underlying assumptions are appropriate in calculating the fair values of the Company’s stock options and stock awards granted during the two quarters ended March 30, 2021. Estimates of fair value are not intended to predict actual future events or the value ultimately realized by the employees who receive equity awards.

 

During the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, the Company granted 90,000 incentive stock options to its Chief Executive Officer, from available shares under its 2018 Plan, with an exercise price of $2.33 per share and a per share weighted average fair value of $1.22. These options were granted pursuant to the Chief Executive Officer’s Second Amended and Restated Employment Agreement dated December 24, 2020. These options became fully vested on April 6, 2021 pursuant to the terms of the employment agreement and related stock option grant agreement.

 

During the two quarters ended March 31, 2020, there were no incentive stock options granted.

 

10

 

In addition to the exercise and grant date prices of the stock option awards, certain weighted average assumptions that were used to estimate the fair value of stock option grants are listed in the following table:

 

    Two Quarters Ended March 30, 2021
Incentive and Non-Qualified Stock Options
 
       
Expected term (years)     3.63  
Expected volatility     74.62%
Risk-free interest rate     0.24%
Expected dividends     -  

 

We estimate expected volatility based on historical weekly price changes of our common stock for a period equal to the current expected term of the options. The risk-free interest rate is based on the United States treasury yields in effect at the time of grant corresponding with the expected term of the options. The expected option term is the number of years we estimate that options will be outstanding prior to exercise considering vesting schedules and our historical exercise patterns.

 

The following table summarizes stock option activity for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 under all plans:

 

      Shares     Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
    Weighted Avg.
Remaining
Contractual Life (Yrs.)
 
                     
  Outstanding at beginning of year     630,268     $ 3.56        
  Options granted     90,000     $ 2.33        
  Options exercised     (43,330 )   $ 2.22        
  Forfeited     (6,492 )   $ 3.54        
  Expired     (20,629 )   $ 1.56        
  Outstanding March 30, 2021     649,817     $ 3.54     5.3  
  Exercisable March 30, 2021     443,781     $ 3.66     4.5  

 

As of March 30, 2021, the aggregate intrinsic value of the outstanding and exercisable options was $511,000 and $338,000, respectively. Only options whose exercise price is below the current market price of the underlying stock are included in the intrinsic value calculation.

 

As of March 30, 2021, the total remaining unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock options was $150,000 and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 1.5 years.

 

There were 43,330 stock options exercised during the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 with proceeds of approximately $96,000. There were 15,646 stock options exercised that resulted in an issuance of 2,413 shares during the two quarters ended March 31, 2020 with no proceeds in conjunction with the termination of the Company’s CEO pursuant to a severance and separation agreement.

 

Common Stock and Performance Share Grants

 

During the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, the Company granted its Directors 12,948 shares of common stock and its Chief Executive Officer 10,000 performance shares from available shares under its 2018 Plan. The shares were issued with a grant date fair market value of $2.78 and $2.77, respectively, which is equal to the closing price of the stock on the date of grants. The performance shares granted to the Chief Executive Officer became fully vested on April 6, 2021 pursuant to the vesting provisions set forth in the grant notice.

 

No common stock or performance shares were granted during the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

No restricted stock units were granted during the two quarters ended March 30, 2021.

 

During the two quarters ended March 31, 2020, the Company granted a total of 60,336 restricted stock units from available shares under its 2018 Plan. 46,336 shares were issued with a grant date fair market value of $1.54 which is equal to the closing price of the stock on the date of the grant, these restricted stock units vest three years following the grant date. 14,000 shares were issued with a grant date fair market value of $1.67 which is equal to the closing price of the stock on the date of the grant, these restricted stock units vested on their grant date.

 

11

 

A summary of the status of non-vested restricted stock as of March 30, 2021 is presented below.

 

    Shares     Grant Date Fair
Value Per Share
 
             
Non-vested shares at beginning of year     92,604     $1.54 to $3.95  
Vested     (17,546 )   $3.95  
Non-vested shares at March 30, 2021     75,058     $1.54 to $3.95  

 

As of March 30, 2021, there was $98,000 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested restricted stock. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 0.6 years.

 

Note 6. Notes Payable and Long-Term Debt

 

Cadence Credit Facility

 

The Company maintains a credit agreement with Cadence Bank (“Cadence”) pursuant to which, as amended, Cadence agreed to loan the Company up to $11,000,000 with a maturity date of January 31, 2023 (the “Cadence Credit Facility”). On February 21, 2019 the Cadence Credit Facility was amended, in connection with the repurchase of minority interests related to three Bad Daddy’s restaurants, to retroactively attribute EBITDA previously attributed to non-controlling interests to the Company for purposes of certain financial covenants. On December 9, 2019 the Cadence Credit Facility was amended in connection with the separation of the Company’s former CEO, to amend the definition of “Consolidated EBITDA” for the purposes of financial covenants, to require certain installment payments, and to permit the company to make certain “Restricted Payments” (as defined in the Cadence Credit Facility). On January 8, 2021, the Cadence Credit Facility was amended to eliminate certain installment payments; reduce the commitment immediately to $11.0 million with reductions to $10.0 million and $8.0 million on March 31, 2021, and July 1, 2021, respectively; revise certain financial covenants; provide a mechanism for a transition from LIBOR to an alternate benchmark rate; and extend the maturity date to January 31, 2023. As amended by the various amendments, the Cadence Credit Facility accrues commitment fees on the daily unused balance of the facility at a rate of 0.25%. As of March 30, 2021, all borrowings under the Cadence Credit Facility, as amended, bear interest at a variable rate based upon the Company’s election of (i) 2.5% plus the base rate, which is the highest of the (a) Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5%, (b) the Cadence bank publicly-announced prime rate, and (c) LIBOR plus 1.0%, or (ii) LIBOR, with a 0.250% floor, plus 3.5%. Interest is due at the end of each calendar quarter if the Company selects to pay interest based on the base rate and at the end of each LIBOR period if it selects to pay interest based on LIBOR. As of March 30, 2021, the weighted average interest rate applicable to borrowings under the Cadence Credit Facility was 3.75%.

 

Principal payments on the Cadence Credit Facility were required beginning on March 31, 2020 in $250,000 installments on the last business day each of March, June, September, and December in each calendar year. The total loan commitment was permanently reduced by the corresponding amount of each such repayment on such date. New borrowings were permitted up to the amount of the loan commitment. The note was set to mature on December 31, 2021. Per the January 8, 2021 amendment, the quarterly principal payment requirement and associated commitment reduction was eliminated, and the maturity date was extended to January 31, 2023.

 

As of March 30, 2021, the Cadence Credit Facility, as amended, contains certain affirmative and negative covenants and events of default that the Company considers customary for an agreement of this type, including covenants setting a maximum leverage ratio of 5.15:1, a minimum pre-distribution fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.25:1, a minimum post-distribution fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.10:1 and minimum liquidity of $2.0 million. As of March 30, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants under the Cadence Credit Facility.

 

As a result of entering into the Cadence Credit Facility and the various amendments, the Company paid loan origination costs including professional fees of approximately $308,500 and is amortizing these costs over the term of the credit agreement.

 

The obligations under the Cadence Credit Facility are collateralized by a first-priority lien on substantially all of the Company’s assets.

 

As of March 30, 2021, the outstanding balance on borrowings against the facility was $3,500,000. Availability of the Cadence Credit Facility for borrowings is reduced by the outstanding face value of any letters of credit issued under the facility. As of March 30, 2021, the outstanding face value of such letters of credit was $157,500.

 

Paycheck Protection Program Loans

 

On May 7, 2020, Good Times and three of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, BDI, Drive Thru, and BD Colo (each a “Borrower”), entered into unsecured loans in the aggregate principal amount of $11,645,000 (the “Loans”) with Cadence Bank, N.A. (the “Lender”) pursuant to the PPP.

 

12

 

The Loans are evidenced by individual promissory notes of each of the Borrowers dated April 29, 2020 executed by each Borrower on May 7, 2020 (together, the “Notes”) in favor of the Lender which Notes bear interest at the rate of 1.00% per annum. All or a portion of the Loans may be forgiven by the SBA upon application by the Borrowers accompanied by documentation of expenditures in accordance with SBA requirements under the PPP, which includes employees being kept on the payroll for twenty-four weeks after the date of the Loans and the proceeds of such Loans being used for payroll, rent, mortgage interest or utilities. Congress subsequently passed the PPP Flexibility Act which modified certain provisions of the PPP program, including expanding the original eight-week covered period to a period of twenty-four weeks (the “Covered Period”). The SBA and the Treasury continue to develop and issue new and updated guidance regarding the PPP loan application process, including guidance regarding required borrower certifications and requirements for forgiveness of loans made under the PPP. The Company continues to track the guidance as it is released and assess and re-assess various aspects of its application as necessary based on the guidance. The Company believes it qualifies for the PPP and is compliant in all aspects with its use of PPP funds, and applied for full forgiveness on April 30, 2021. However, in the absence of definitive guidance or regulations the Company cannot give any assurance that the Loans will be forgivable in whole or in part.

 

In the event that any portion of the Loans are not forgiven in accordance with the PPP, the Company will be required to pay the Lender monthly payments of principal and interest in an aggregate amount of $489,000 to repay the PPP Loans in full on or before April 29, 2022. The SBA has deferred loan payments to either (1) the date the SBA remits our forgiveness to the lender, or (2) 10 months after the end of the Covered Period, which would be in August 2021. However, as of the date of this report we have not yet received a decision from the SBA regarding forgiveness of our PPP loans or communication regarding the official end date of our deferral period. The Loans may be prepaid by the Company at any time prior to maturity with no prepayment penalties. The Notes contain certifications and agreements related to the PPP, as well as customary default and other provisions. We reflect the full principal amount of the PPP loans as debt, accounting for such loans under ASC 470, with current maturities of approximately $8.1 million pursuant to the current payment amortization schedule. We intend to account for the forgiveness of such loans at the time such forgiveness is granted.

 

Components of Long-Term Debt

 

The components of long-term debt as reflected on our consolidated balance sheet are as follows:

 

Current Maturities:      
PPP Loans   $ 8,148  
Total Current Maturities     8,148  
         
Maturities Due After One Year:        
Cadence Credit Facility   $ 3,500  
PPP Loans     3,497  
Total Maturities after One Year   $ 6,997  

 

Note 7. Net Income (Loss) per Common Share

 

Our basic earnings per share calculation is computed based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Our diluted earnings per share calculation is computed based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding adjusted by the number of additional shares that would have been outstanding had the potentially dilutive common shares been issued. Potentially dilutive securities for this calculation consist of in-the-money outstanding stock options, restricted stock units and warrants (which were assumed to have been exercised at the average market price of the common shares during the reporting period). The treasury stock method is used to measure the dilutive impact of in-the-money stock options.

 

The following table reconciles basic weighted-average shares outstanding to diluted weighted-average shares outstanding:

 

    Quarter Ended     Year-to-Date  
    March 30,
2021
    March 31,
2020
    March 30,
2021
    March 31,
2020
 
                         
Weighted-average shares outstanding basic     12,659,296       12,583,643       12,640,686       12,590,549  
Effect of potentially dilutive securities:                                
Stock options     91,909       -       18,188       -  
Restricted stock units     75,058       -       75,058       -  
Weighted-average shares outstanding diluted     12,826,263       12,583,643       12,733,932       12,590,549  
Excluded from diluted weighted-average
  shares outstanding:
                               
Antidilutive     557,907       749,096       631,628       749,096  

 

Note 8. Contingent Liabilities and Liquidity

 

We remain contingently liable on various leases underlying restaurants that were previously sold to franchisees. We have never experienced any losses related to these contingent lease liabilities, however if a franchisee defaults on the payments under the leases, we would be liable for the lease payments as the assignor or sub-lessor of the lease. Currently we have not been notified nor are we aware of any leases in default by the franchisees, however there can be no assurance that there will not be in the future which could have a material effect on our future operating results.

 

13

 

Additionally, in the normal course of business, there may be various claims in process, matters in litigation, and other contingencies brought against the company by employees, vendors, customers, franchisees, or other parties. Evaluating these contingencies is a complex process that may involve substantial judgment on the potential outcome of such matters, and the ultimate outcome of such contingencies may differ from our current analysis. We review the adequacy of accruals and disclosures related to such contingent liabilities in consultation with legal counsel. While it is not possible to predict the outcome of these claims with certainty, it is management’s opinion that potential losses associated with such contingencies would be immaterial to our financial statements.

 

Note 9. Leases

 

The Company determines if a contract contains a lease at inception. The Company's material long-term operating lease agreements are for the land and buildings for our restaurants as well as our corporate office. The initial lease terms range from 10 years to 20 years, most of which include renewal options of 10 to 15 years. The lease term is generally the minimum of the noncancelable period or the lease term including renewal options which are reasonably certain of being exercised up to a term of approximately 20 years.

 

Operating lease assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date for material leases with a term of greater than 12 months. Operating lease liabilities represent the present value of future minimum lease payments. Since our leases do not provide an implicit rate, our operating lease liabilities are calculated using our estimated incremental borrowing rate based on a collateralized borrowing over the term of each individual lease. Minimum lease payments include only fixed lease components of the agreement, as well as variable rate payments that depend on an index, initially measured using the index at the lease commencement date.

 

Operating lease assets represent our right to use an underlying asset and are based upon the operating lease liabilities adjusted for prepaid or accrued lease payments, initial direct costs and lease incentives. Lease incentives are recognized when earned and reduce our operating lease asset related to the lease. They are amortized through the operating lease assets as reductions of rent expense over the lease term.

 

Operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Certain of the Company’s operating leases contain clauses that provide for contingent rent based on a percentage of sales greater than certain specified target amounts. Variable lease payments that do not depend on a rate or index, escalation in the index subsequent to the initial measurement, payments associated with non-lease components such as common area maintenance, real estate taxes and insurance, and short-term lease payments (leases with a term with 12 months or less) are expensed as incurred or when the achievement of the specified target that triggers the contingent rent is considered probable.

 

Some of the leases provide for base rent, plus additional rent based on gross sales, as defined in each lease agreement. The Company is also generally obligated to pay certain real estate taxes, insurance and common area maintenance charges, and various other expenses related to properties, which are expensed as incurred.

 

Components of operating lease costs are as follows for the fiscal quarter ended March 30, 2021:

 

Lease cost   Classification   Total  
Operating lease cost   Occupancy, Other restaurant operating costs and
General and administrative expenses, net
  $ 1,771  
Variable lease cost   Occupancy     20  
Sublease income   Occupancy     (135 )
        $ 1,656  

 

Components of operating lease costs are as follows for the two fiscal quarters ended March 30, 2021:

 

Lease cost   Classification   Total  
Operating lease cost   Occupancy, Other restaurant operating costs and
General and administrative expenses, net
  $ 3,527  
Variable lease cost   Occupancy     41  
Sublease income   Occupancy     (264 )
        $ 3,304  

 

Weighted average lease term and discount rate are as follows:

 

    March 30, 2021  
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)     10.0  
         
Weighted average discount rate     5.0 %

 

14

 

Supplemental cash flow disclosures for the two fiscal quarters ended March 30, 2021:

 

      March 30, 2021  
  Cash paid for operating lease liabilities   $ 3,461  
           
  Non-cash operating lease assets obtained in exchange
for operating lease liabilities
  $ 110  

 

Supplemental balance sheet disclosures:

 

      March 30, 2021  
Right-of-use assets Operating lease assets   $ 47,702  
           
Current lease
liabilities
Operating lease liability   $ 4,770  
Non-current lease
liabilities
Operating lease liability, less current portion     51,939  
Total lease liabilities     $ 56,709  

 

Future minimum rent payments for our operating leases for each of the next five years as of March 30, 2021 are as follows:

 

Fiscal year ending:     Total  
  Remainder of 2021     $ 3,833  
  2022       7,559  
  2023       7,608  
  2024       7,462  
  2025       7,565  
  Thereafter       39,111  
  Total minimum lease payments       73,138  
  Less: imputed interest       (16,429 )
  Present value of lease liabilities     $ 56,709  

 

The above future minimum rental amounts exclude the amortization of deferred lease incentives, renewal options that are not reasonably assured of renewal, and contingent rent. The Company generally has escalating rents over the term of the leases and records rent expense on a straight-line basis.

 

Note 10. Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Goodwill

 

Long-Lived Assets. We review our long-lived assets including land, property and equipment for impairment when there are factors that indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. We assess recovery of assets at the individual restaurant level and typically include an analysis of historical cash flows, future operating plans, and cash flow projections in assessing whether there are indicators of impairment. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by comparing the net book value of the assets of an individual restaurant to the fair value of those assets. This impairment process involves significant judgment in the use of estimates and assumptions pertaining to future projections and operating results.

 

There were no impairments in the two fiscal quarters ending March 30, 2021.

 

Given the results of our analysis at March 31, 2020, we identified five restaurants where the expected future cash flows would not be sufficient to recover the carrying value of the associated assets.

 

The restaurants are all Bad Daddy’s restaurants, two in North Carolina and one each in Tennessee, Georgia and Colorado. We recorded non-cash charges of $4,359,000 related to the impairment of these restaurants during the quarter ending March 31, 2020.

 

Trademarks. Trademarks have been determined to have an indefinite life. We evaluate our trademarks for impairment annually and on an interim basis as events and circumstances warrant by comparing the fair value of the trademarks with their carrying amount. There was no impairment required to the acquired trademarks as of March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020.

 

Goodwill. Goodwill represents the excess of cost over fair value of the assets of businesses the Company acquired. Goodwill is not amortized, but rather, the Company is required to test goodwill for impairment on an annual basis or whenever indications of impairment arise. The Company considers its operations to be comprised of two reporting units: (1) Good Times restaurants and (2) Bad Daddy’s restaurants. As of March 30,2021, the Company had $96,000 of goodwill attributable to the Good Times reporting unit and $5,054,000 of goodwill attributable to its Bad Daddy’s reporting unit.

 

No goodwill impairment charges were recognized during the two quarters ended March 30, 2021.

 

15

 

In March 2020, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic prompted authorities in most jurisdictions where the Company operates to issue stay-at-home orders, leading to an unexpected significant disruption to the Company's business requiring the Company to close its restaurant dining rooms and operate its Bad Daddy’s restaurants under a delivery and carry-out model. As such, the consequences of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic coupled with a sustained decline in the Company's stock price were determined to be indicators of impairment for its Bad Daddy’s reporting unit. As such, using Level 3 inputs, the Company performed a quantitative goodwill impairment assessment using both the discounted cash flow method and guideline public company method to determine the fair value of its reporting unit. Significant assumptions and estimates used in determining fair value include future revenues, operating costs, working capital changes, capital expenditures, and a discount rate that approximates the Company's weighted average cost of capital. Based on the quantitative assessment, the Company determined that the fair value of its reporting unit was less than its carrying value and recognized a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $10.0 million, equal to the excess of the Bad Daddy’s reporting unit's carrying value above its fair value. No goodwill impairment charges were recognized related to goodwill attributable to its Good Times reporting unit.

 

Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the two fiscal quarters ended March 31, 2020 are as follows (in thousands):

 

      Total Goodwill  
  Balance as of September 24, 2019     $ 15,150  
  Impairment of Goodwill       (10,000 )
  Balance as of March 31, 2020       5,150  

 

Note 11. Income Taxes

 

We account for income taxes using the liability method, whereby deferred tax asset and liability account balances are determined based on differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company provides a valuation allowance, if necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to their estimated realizable value. The deferred tax assets are reviewed periodically for recoverability and valuation allowances are adjusted as necessary.

 

Although the Company had net income during the two fiscal quarters ended March 30, 2021, we have significant net operating loss carryforwards from prior years and incurred additional net operating losses during the two quarters ended March 31, 2020. Full valuation allowances were made to reduce any deferred tax assets incurred to zero; therefore, no income tax provision or benefit was recognized for the quarters ended March 30, 2021and March 31, 2020 resulting in an effective income tax rate of 0% for both periods.

 

The Company is subject to taxation in various jurisdictions within the U.S. The Company continues to remain subject to examination by U.S. federal authorities for the years 2018 through 2021. The Company believes that its income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and does not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. Therefore, no reserves for uncertain income tax positions have been recorded. The Company’s practice is to recognize interest and/or penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense. No accrual for interest and penalties was considered necessary as of March 30, 2021.

 

Note 12. Non-controlling Interests

 

Non-controlling interests are presented as a separate item in the stockholders’ equity section of the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The amount of consolidated net income or loss attributable to non-controlling interests is presented on the face of the condensed consolidated statement of operations. Changes in a parent’s ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in deconsolidation are equity transactions, while changes in ownership interest that do result in deconsolidation of a subsidiary require gain or loss recognition based on the fair value on the deconsolidation date.

 

The equity interests of the unrelated limited partners and members are shown on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet in the stockholders’ equity section as a non-controlling interest and is adjusted each period to reflect the limited partners’ and members’ share of the net income or loss as well as any cash contributions or distributions to or from the limited partners and members for the period. The limited partners’ and members’ share of the net income or loss in the subsidiary is shown as non-controlling interest income or expense in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. All inter-company accounts and transactions are eliminated.

 

The following table summarizes the activity in non-controlling interests during the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 (in thousands):

 

      Bad Daddy’s     Good Times     Total  
  Balance at September 29, 2020     $ 1,023     $ 270     $ 1,293  
  Income       425       364       789  
  Distributions       (460 )     (395 )     (855 )
  Balance at March 30, 2021     $ 988     $ 239     $ 1,227  

 

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Our non-controlling interests consist of one joint-venture partnership involving seven Good Times restaurants and five joint-venture partnerships involving five Bad Daddy’s restaurants.

 

Note 13. Subsequent Events

 

None.

 

Note 14. Segment Reporting

 

All of our Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar restaurants (Bad Daddy’s) compete in the full-service segment of the restaurant industry while our Good Times Burgers and Frozen Custard restaurants (Good Times) compete in the quick-service segment of the dining industry. We believe that providing this additional financial information for each of our brands will provide a better understanding of our overall operating results. Income (loss) from operations represents revenues less restaurant operating costs and expenses, directly allocable general and administrative expenses, and other restaurant-level expenses directly associated with each brand including depreciation and amortization, pre-opening costs and losses or gains on disposal of property and equipment. Unallocated corporate capital expenditures are presented below as reconciling items to the amounts presented in the consolidated financial statements.

 

The following tables present information about our reportable segments for the respective periods (in thousands):

 

    Quarter Ended     Year-to-Date  
    March 30, 2021
(13 Weeks)
    March 31, 2020
(13 Weeks)
    March 30, 2020
(26 Weeks)
    March 31, 2021
(27 Weeks)
 
Revenues                        
Bad Daddy’s   $ 21,029     $ 19,369     $ 39,782     $ 42,271  
Good Times     8,163       6,813       16,706       14,725  
    $ 29,192     $ 26,182     $ 56,488     $ 56,996  
Income (loss) from
operations
                               
Bad Daddy’s   $ 1,092     $ (14,515 )   $ 1,318     $ (15,000 )
Good Times     740       45       1,825       209  
Corporate     (229 )     (63 )     (277 )     (114 )
    $ 1,603     $ (14,533 )   $ 2,866     $ (14,905 )
Capital expenditures                                
Bad Daddy’s   $ 637     $ 264     $ 959     $ 1,841  
Good Times     49       72       162       87  
Corporate     15       5       63       26  
    $ 701     $ 341     $ 1,184     $ 1,954  

 

    March 30, 2021     September 29, 2020  
Property and equipment, net                
Bad Daddy’s   $ 23,215     $ 23,586  
Good Times     3,687       3,874  
Corporate     214       209  
    $ 27,116     $ 27,669  

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

This Form 10-Q contains or incorporates by reference forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the disclosure of risk factors in the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 29, 2020. Also, documents subsequently filed by us with the SEC and incorporated herein by reference may contain forward-looking statements. We caution investors that any forward-looking statements made by us are not guarantees of future performance and actual results could differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to the following:

 

(I) The disruption to our business from the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and the impact of the pandemic on our results of operations, financial condition and prospects. The disruption and effect on our business may vary depending on the duration and extent of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of federal, state and local governmental actions and customer behavior in response to the pandemic.

 

(II) We compete with numerous well-established competitors who have substantially greater financial resources and longer operating histories than we do. Competitors have increasingly offered selected food items and combination meals, including hamburgers, at discounted prices, and continued discounting by competitors may adversely affect revenues and profitability of Company restaurants.

 

(II) We may be negatively impacted if we experience same store sales declines. Same store sales comparisons will be dependent, among other things, on the success of our advertising and promotion of new and existing menu items. No assurances can be given that such advertising and promotions will in fact be successful.

 

We may also be negatively impacted by other factors common to the restaurant industry such as: changes in consumer tastes away from red meat and fried foods; increases in the cost of food, paper, labor, health care, workers' compensation or energy; our ability to adequately staff our restaurants; and/or decreases in the availability of affordable capital resources. We caution the reader that such risk factors are not exhaustive, particularly with respect to future filings. For further discussion of our exposure to market risk, refer to Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 29, 2020.

 

Overview.

 

Good Times Restaurant Inc., through its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company” or “we”, “us” or “our”) operates and franchises/licenses full-service hamburger-oriented restaurants under the name Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar (Bad Daddy’s) and operates and franchises hamburger-oriented drive-through restaurants under the name Good Times Burgers & Frozen Custard (Good Times).

 

We are focused on targeted unit growth of the Bad Daddy’s concept while at the same time growing same store sales and improving the profitability of both the Bad Daddy’s and the Good Times concepts.

 

COVID-19.

 

The global crisis resulting from the spread of COVID-19 had a substantial impact on our restaurant operations for the two fiscal quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020.

 

During portions of the month of March 2020, all of the Company’s Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar restaurants were open only for delivery and carry-out service, with dining rooms closed by government orders. Additionally, our Good Times Burgers and Frozen Custard restaurants experienced reduced volumes during the month of March 2020.

 

During portions of the month of November 2020 through early January 2021, all of the Company’s Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar restaurants in Colorado were open only for limited outdoor dining, delivery and carry-out service, with indoor dining rooms closed by government orders. Beginning in early January 2021, we began to re-open Colorado dining rooms at Bad Daddy’s, with limited occupancy, as local regulations allowed. Our dining rooms in all other states in which Bad Daddy’s has operations were open during this time. Although certain dining rooms were open, all were operating at some reduction of capacity throughout the quarter, whether driven by explicit capacity reductions under government orders, or due to social distancing protocols that are either mandated by the same government orders, or which we abide by as under our own internal protocols designed to maintain a safe foodservice environment, both for our employees and for our customers.

 

Our operating results substantially depend upon our ability to drive traffic to our restaurants, and for our Bad Daddy’s Burger Bar restaurants, to serve guests in our dining rooms. We cannot currently estimate the duration of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business; neither are we able to predict how the pandemic will evolve nor how various government entities will respond to its evolution. Should additional dining room closures occur, our business would be adversely affected. Even without government orders, customers may choose to reduce or eliminate in-restaurant dining because of increasing numbers of COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations, or deaths. Furthermore, although certain vaccines that are currently being administered may reduce the risk of further government restrictions, there is no guarantee that the vaccine will be effective in eradicating the virus, additional mutations or variants of the virus may be resistant to any vaccine, and the length of the ongoing pandemic may change consumer behavior such that potential customers may still choose to reduce or eliminate in-restaurant dining.

 

18

 

Additionally, in connection with spread of COVID-19, there have been disruptions in various food supply chains in the United States. Our operating results substantially depend upon our ability to obtain sufficient quantities of products such as beef, bacon, and other products used in the production of items served and sold to our guests. Ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic could result in product shortages and in-turn could require us to serve a limited menu, restrict the number of items purchased per guest, or close some or all of our restaurants for an indeterminate period of time. Ongoing material adverse impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic could result in reduced revenue and cash flow and could affect our assessments of impairment of intangible assets, long-lived assets, or goodwill.

 

Growth Strategies and Outlook.

 

We believe there are significant opportunities to grow customer traffic and increase awareness of our brands. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, we reduced our development profile as we sought to improve our financial position, and while we believe there are unit growth opportunities for both of our concepts, we are evaluating that in-line with the impact of the pandemic on the restaurant industry. We expect to open two Bad Daddy’s restaurants during fiscal 2021.

 

Restaurant locations.

 

As of March 30, 2021, we operated, franchised or licensed a total of thirty-nine Bad Daddy’s restaurants and thirty-two Good Times restaurants. The following table presents the number of restaurants operating at the end of the second fiscal quarters of 2021 and 2020.

 

Company-Owned/Co-Developed/Joint-Venture:

 

    Bad Daddy’s
Burger Bar
    Good Times Burgers
& Frozen Custard
    Total  
    2021     2020     2021     2020     2021     2020  
Alabama     1       1       -       -       1       1  
Colorado     12       12       24       25       36       37  
Georgia     4       4       -       -       4       4  
North Carolina     14       14       -       -       14       14  
Oklahoma     1       1       -       -       1       1  
South Carolina     3       3       -       -       3       3  
Tennessee     2       2       -       -       2       2  
Total     37       37       24       25       61       62  

 

Franchise/License:

 

    Bad Daddy’s
Burger Bar
    Good Times Burgers
& Frozen Custard
    Total  
    2021     2020     2021     2020     2021     2020  
Colorado     -       -       6       6       6       6  
North Carolina     1       1       -       -       1       1  
South Carolina     1       1       -       -       1       1  
Wyoming     -       -       2       2       2       2  
Total     2       2       8       8       10       10  

 

Results of Operations

 

Fiscal quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2020:

 

Net Revenues. Net revenues for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 increased $3,010,000 or 11.5% to $29,192,000 from $26,182,000 for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. Bad Daddy’s concept revenues increased $1,659,000 while our Good Times concept revenues increased $1,351,000.

 

Bad Daddy’s restaurant sales increased $1,683,000 to $20,983,000 for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 from $19,300,000 for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. This includes sales from delivery vendors of $4,466,000 for the quarter ended March 30, 2021, an increase of $3,047,000 from $1,419,000 during the quarter ended March 31, 2020. Sales were positively impacted by the reversal of COVID-19 dining room closures early in January 2021, and increased dining room capacity throughout the quarter. During the last three weeks of the quarter ended March 31, 2020 all dining rooms were closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic which significantly impacted restaurant sales. The average menu price increase for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 over the same prior-year quarter was approximately 3.2%.

 

Additionally, net revenues were reduced by $24,000 in lower franchise royalties and license fees compared to the prior-year quarter primarily due to COVID-19 related capacity restrictions and reduced customer traffic at our airport licensee location. Franchise revenues in the current and prior year quarters include franchisee advertising contributions of $4,000 and $3,000, respectively.

 

19

 

Good Times restaurant sales increased $1,314,000 to $8,012,000 for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 from $6,698,000 for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The average menu price increase for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 over the same prior-year quarter was approximately 4.5%. Franchise revenues increased $36,000 for the quarter ended March 30, 2021, compared to the same prior year period. Franchise revenues for the current and prior year quarters include franchisee advertising contributions of $60,000 and $48,000, respectively.

 

Same Store Sales

 

Sales store sales is a metric used in evaluating the performance of established restaurants and is a commonly used metric in the restaurant industry. Same store sales for our brands are calculated using all units open for at least eighteen full fiscal months, and use the comparable operating weeks from the prior year to the current year quarter’s operating weeks.

 

Bad Daddy’s same store sales for Company-owned restaurants increased 9.1% during the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to the same thirteen-week period ended March 31, 2020 in the prior-year quarter, substantially driven by COVID-19 related capacity restrictions and dining room closures during the prior-year quarter. There were thirty-three restaurants included in the same store sales base at the end of the quarter.

 

Good Times same store sales for Company-owned restaurants increased 22.9% during the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to the same thirteen-week period ended March 31, 2020 in the prior-year quarter, primarily due to improved customer traffic as a result of increased preference for drive-thru service during COVID-19 related restrictions. There were twenty-four restaurants included in the same store sales base at the end of the quarter.

 

Restaurant Operating Costs

 

Food and Packaging Costs. Food and packaging costs for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 increased $310,000 to $8,207,000 (28.3% of restaurant sales) from $7,897,000 (30.4% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s food and packaging costs were $5,881,000 (28.0% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 30, 2021, up slightly from $5,835,000 (30.2% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The decrease as a percent of sales is attributable to menu mix shift from a limited menu during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, improved cost on soft beverage because refills are not available on off-premise sales, reduced discounting due to the reduction in on-premises sales, and increased pricing charged on sales through third-party delivery services, typically at a 10% to 20% premium to purchases made in-store or through our online ordering system. Purchase prices generally increased on bacon and chicken wings but generally decreased on beef and chicken breasts, on a year-over-year basis.

 

Good Times food and packaging costs were $2,326,000 (29.0% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 30, 2021, up from $2,062,000 (30.8% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. This increase is primarily attributable to increased restaurant sales. The decrease as a percent of sales is due primarily to the impact of higher menu pricing and menu engineering, which offset purchase price increases on our primary ingredients.

 

Payroll and Other Employee Benefit Costs. Payroll and other employee benefit costs for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 decreased $276,000 to $9,645,000 (33.3% of restaurant sales) from $9,921,000 (38.2% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s payroll and other employee benefit costs were $6,996,000 (33.3% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 30, 2021, down from $7,400,000 (38.3% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period. The $404,000 decrease is primarily attributable to lower restaurant sales during the current quarter versus the same quarter in the prior year. The decrease as a percent of sales is primarily attributable to staffing reductions associated with the closure of our Colorado dining rooms early in the quarter as well as industry-wide employment shortages for hourly restaurant positions.

 

Good Times payroll and other employee benefit costs were $2,649,000 (33.0% of restaurant sales) in the quarter ended March 30, 2021, up from $2,521,000 (37.6% of restaurant sales) in the same prior-year period. The decrease as a percent of sales is primarily attributable to the leveraging impact of the significant sales increases. The average wage paid to our employees increased approximately 4.6% in the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to the same prior year period.

 

Occupancy Costs. Occupancy costs for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 decreased $57,000 to $2,155,000 (7.4% of restaurant sales) from $2,212,000 (8.5% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s occupancy costs were $1,413,000 (6.7% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 30, 2021, down slightly from $1,471,000 (7.6% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period. The decrease as a percentage of sales was primarily due to the leveraging effect of increased restaurant sales.

 

Good Times occupancy costs were $742,000 (9.3% of restaurant sales) in the quarter ended March 30, 2021, up slightly from $741,000 (11.0% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period. The decrease as a percentage of sales was primarily due to the leveraging effect of increased restaurant sales.

 

Other Operating Costs. Other operating costs for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 increased $684,000 to $3,642,000 (12.6% of restaurant sales) from $2,957,000 (11.4% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

20

 

Bad Daddy’s other operating costs were $2,860,000 (13.6% of restaurant sales) for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 up from $2,289,000 (11.9% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period. The $571,000 increase was primarily due to an increase in commissions paid to delivery service providers in the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The percentage increase was primarily attributable a significant shift in delivery sales as a percentage of overall sales during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Good Times other operating costs were $782,000 (9.8% of restaurant sales) in the quarter ended March 30, 2021, up from $668,000 (10.0% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in commissions paid to delivery service providers in the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

New Store Preopening Costs. In the quarter ended March 30, 2021, we incurred $80,000 of preopening costs compared to $159,000 for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. All of the preopening costs are related to our Bad Daddy’s restaurants.

 

Preopening costs in the current quarter are related to two restaurants that are slated for opening in Q3 and Q4 2021. In the prior-year period, pre-opening costs were primarily attributable to $100,000 of non-cash operating lease costs associated with these same two future Bad Daddy’s restaurants, as well as costs associated with two restaurants that opened in the first fiscal quarter of 2020.Preopening costs typically occur over a period of approximately five months although as a result of the pandemic we expect to incur pre-opening costs for an extended period of time associated with these two future Bad Daddy’s restaurants. Although the exact timing varies by location, we typically spend approximately $275,000 to $350,000 per location, though these amounts may not accurately reflect preopening costs to be incurred with these two locations.

 

Depreciation and Amortization Costs. Depreciation and amortization costs for the quarter ended March 30, 2021, decreased $183,000 to $930,000 from $1,113,000 in the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s depreciation and amortization costs for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 decreased $160,000 to $738,000 from $898,000 in the quarter ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was primarily attributable to reduced depreciation resulting from asset impairment charges recorded in the second fiscal quarter of 2020.

 

Good Times depreciation and amortization costs for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 decreased $23,000 to $192,000 from $215,000 in the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

General and Administrative Costs. General and administrative costs for the quarter ended March 30, 2021, increased $829,000 to $2,418,000 (8.3% of total revenue) from $1,588,000 (6.1% of total revenues) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

The $829,000 increase in general and administrative expenses in the quarter ended March 30, 2021 is primarily attributable to:

 

· Increase in professional services of $318,000, primarily related to increased legal expenses
· Increase in administrative related payroll and benefit costs of $259,000 primarily related to increased estimated incentive compensation as of quarter-end and excess claims costs on the company’s partially-self-insured health care plan.
· Increase in costs associated with district management of $146,000 primarily related to increased estimated performance-based bonus provisions, offset by reduced travel costs
· Increase in incentive stock compensation costs of $140,000 related to options and restricted stock units granted to our Directors and Chief Executive Officer
· Increase of $54,000 related to business insurance premiums
· Decrease of $48,000 related to prior fiscal year beverage contract fees
· Decrease of $50,000 related to vendor fee income and early pay discounts
· Increase of $42,000 related to travel and entertainment costs
· Decrease of $18,000 related to training and recruiting costs
· Decrease of $11,000 related to preliminary site costs
· Net decreases in all other expenses of $3,000

 

For the balance of the fiscal year, we expect general and administrative costs to continue to increase from fiscal 2020 due to increased insurance and health costs, and as we make investments in new human resource and financial management systems, and as we compare against temporary salary reductions made during fiscal 2020 in connection with actions taken amid the initial COVID-19 dining room closures.

 

Advertising Costs. Advertising costs for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 were $510,000 (1.7% of total revenue), consistent with $510,000 (1.9% of total revenue) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s advertising costs were $186,000 (0.9% of total revenue) in the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to $240,000 (1.2% of total revenue) in the same prior year period. The decrease was primarily attributable to $52,000 in costs incurred in the prior year quarter related to a local radio advertising campaign in the Charlotte, North Carolina area. The current and prior year quarters include advertising costs of $4,000 and $3,000, respectively, associated with franchise advertising contributions.

 

21

 

Bad Daddy’s advertising costs consist primarily of contributions made to the advertising materials fund based on a percentage of restaurant sales as well as local store marketing efforts.

 

Good Times advertising costs were $324,000 (4.0% of total revenue) in the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to $270,000 (4.0% of total revenue) in the same prior year period. The increase is primarily due to increased sales in the current quarter versus the same prior year quarter. The current and prior year quarters include advertising costs of $60,000 and $48,000, respectively, of costs associated with franchise advertising contributions.

 

Good Times advertising costs consists primarily of contributions made to the advertising materials fund and a regional advertising cooperative based on a percentage of restaurant sales which are used to provide television and radio advertising, social media and on-site and point-of-purchase. Advertising costs are presented gross, with franchisee contributions to the fund being recognized as a component of franchise revenues. As a percentage of total revenue, we expect advertising costs to remain relatively stable, at approximately 4.0% of total revenue for the Good Times segment.

 

Franchise Costs. Franchise costs were $12,000 and $8,000 for the quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020, respectively. The costs are primarily related to the Good Times franchised restaurants. We currently have minimal direct costs associated with maintaining our franchise systems as those employees overseeing franchisee relations primarily perform responsibilities associated with company operations.

 

Gain/Loss on Restaurant Asset Disposals. The gain on restaurant asset disposals for the quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020 were $10,000 and $9,000, respectively.

 

The gain in both years is related to deferred gains on previous sale lease-back transactions on two Good Times restaurants.

 

Impairment Costs: Impairment costs were $0 and $14,359,000 for the quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020, respectively. $4,359,000 of the costs in the prior year quarter were related to five Bad Daddy’s restaurants’ assets that were impaired and $10,000,000 is attributable to an impairment of goodwill related to our Bad Daddy’s reporting unit.

 

Income (loss) from Operations. Income from operations was $1,603,000 in the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to a loss from operations of $14,533,000 in the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

The change in the income (loss) from operations for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 is due primarily due to matters discussed in the "Net Revenues,” "Restaurant Operating Costs," "General and Administrative Costs”, “Advertising Costs” and “Impairment Costs” sections above.

 

Net Income (Loss). Net income was $1,523,000 for the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to a net loss of $14,742,000 in the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

The change from the quarter ended March 30, 2021 to the quarter ended March 31, 2020 was primarily attributable to the matters discussed in the "Net Revenues," "Restaurant Operating Costs," "General and Administrative Costs", “Advertising Costs” and “Impairment Costs” sections above.

 

Income Attributable to Non-Controlling Interests. The non-controlling interest represents the limited partners’ or members’ share of income in the Good Times and Bad Daddy’s joint-venture restaurants.

 

For the quarter ended March 30, 2021, the income attributable to non-controlling interests was $426,000 compared to $174,000 for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

$244,000 of the current quarter’s income is attributable to the BDI joint-venture restaurants, compared to $112,000 in the same prior year period. This $132,000 increase is primarily due to increased restaurant level profitability in the current fiscal quarter. $182,000 of the current quarter’s income is attributable to the Good Times joint-venture restaurants, compared to $62,000 in the same prior year period. This $120,000 increase is primarily due to increased restaurant level profitability in the current fiscal quarter.

 

Fiscal two quarters ended March 30, 2021 compared to fiscal two quarters ended March 31, 2020:

 

Net Revenues. Net revenues for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 decreased $508,000 or 0.9% to $56,488,000 from $56,996,000 for the two quarters ended March 26, 2019. Bad Daddy’s concept revenues decreased $2,490,000 while our Good Times concept revenues increased $1,982,000.

 

Bad Daddy’s restaurant sales decreased $2,440,000 to $39,673,000 for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 from $42,113,000 for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020. This includes sales from delivery vendors of $8,335,000 for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, an increase of $5,849,000 from $2,486,000 during the two quarters ended March 31, 2020. The decrease in sales is primarily due to the impact of the 53rd week of the prior fiscal year. We estimate the impact of the extra week of sales to be approximately $2,015,000. Bad Daddy’s same store sales for Company-owned restaurants decreased 1.8% during the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 compared to the same prior-year two quarters. Bad Daddy’s restaurants are included in same store sales after they have been open a full eighteen months. The average menu price increase for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020 over the same prior-year two quarters was approximately 3.2%. There were twenty-nine restaurants included in the same store sales base at the end of the quarter. Additionally, net revenues were reduced by $50,000 in lower franchise royalties and license fees compared to the prior-year two quarters primarily related to the Charlotte Airport licensee. Franchise revenues in the current and prior year quarters each include franchisee advertising contributions of $7,000.

 

22

 

Good Times restaurant sales increased $1,925,000 to $16,403,000 for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 from $14,478,000 for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020. Good Times same store sales for Company-owned restaurants increased 22.5% during the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 compared to the same prior-year two quarters, which was offset by an extra operating week in the first fiscal quarter of 2020 which we estimate contributed approximately $460,000. The average menu price increase for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020 over the same prior-year two quarters was approximately 4.5%. Franchise revenues increased $57,000 for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, compared to the same prior year period. Franchise revenues for the current and prior year quarters include franchisee advertising contributions of $123,000 and $102,000, respectively.

 

Restaurant Operating Costs

 

Food and Packaging Costs. Food and packaging costs for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 decreased $1,155,000 to $16,048,000 (28.6% of restaurant sales) from $17,203,000 (30.4% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s food and packaging costs were $11,237,000 (28.3% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, down from $12,727,000 (30.2% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020. This decrease as a percent of sales is attributable to menu mix shift from a limited menu during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, improved cost on soft beverage because refills are not available on off-premise sales, reduced discounting due to the reduction in on-premises sales, and increased pricing charged on sales through third-party delivery services, typically at a 10% to 20% premium to purchases made in-store or through our online ordering system.

 

Good Times food and packaging costs were $4,811,000 (29.3% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, up from $4,476,000 (30.9% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020. This decrease as a percent of sales is due primarily to the impact of higher menu pricing and menu engineering, which offset purchase price increases on our primary ingredients.

 

Payroll and Other Employee Benefit Costs. Payroll and other employee benefit costs for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 decreased $3,374,000 to $18,526,000 (33.0% of restaurant sales) from $21,900,000 (38.7% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s payroll and other employee benefit costs were $13,263,000 (33.4% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 down from $16,403,000 (38.9% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period. The $3,140,000 decrease is primarily attributable to lower restaurant sales during the current quarter versus the same quarter in the prior year as well as an additional week of operations in the prior year two quarters. The decrease as a percent of sales is primarily attributable to staffing reductions associated with the closure of our Colorado dining rooms from late November 2020 through early January 2021, as well as industry-wide employment shortages for hourly restaurant positions.

 

Good Times payroll and other employee benefit costs were $5,263,000 (32.0% of restaurant sales) in the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, down from $5,497,000 (38.0% of restaurant sales) in the same prior-year period. The decrease as a percent of sales is primarily attributable to the leveraging impact of the significant sales increases.

 

Occupancy Costs. Occupancy costs for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 decreased $300,000 to $4,350,000 (7.8% of restaurant sales) from $4,650,000 (8.2% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s occupancy costs were $2,867,000 (7.2% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 down from $3,115,000 (7.4% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period.

 

Good Times occupancy costs were $1,483,000 (9.0% of restaurant sales) in the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, down from $1,535,000 (10.6% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period. The decrease as a percentage of sales was primarily due to the leveraging effect of increased restaurant sales.

 

Other Operating Costs. Other operating costs for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, increased $1,152,000 to $7,111,000 (12.7% of restaurant sales) from $5,959,000 (10.5% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 26, 2019.

 

Bad Daddy’s other operating costs were $5,509,000 (13.9% of restaurant sales) for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 up from $4,580,000 (10.9% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period. The $929,000 increase was primarily due to an increase in commissions paid to delivery service providers in the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 compared to the two quarters ended March 31, 2020. The percentage increase was primarily attributable a significant shift in delivery sales as a percentage of overall sales during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Good Times other operating costs were $1,602,000 (9.8% of restaurant sales) in the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, up from $1,379,000 (9.5% of restaurant sales) in the same prior year period. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in commissions paid to delivery service providers in the quarter ended March 30, 2021 compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

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New Store Preopening Costs. In the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, we incurred $119,000 of preopening costs compared to $961,000 for the two quarters ended March 31,2020. All of the preopening costs are related to our Bad Daddy’s restaurants.

 

Preopening costs in the current two quarters are related to two restaurants that are slated for opening in Q3 and Q4 2021. In the prior-year period, pre-opening costs are primarily attributable to four restaurants: two that opened late during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019, and two restaurants that opened during the first fiscal quarter of 2020. In addition, the current two quarters includes $49,000 and the prior year two quarters included $100,000 of non-cash operating lease costs associated with two future Bad Daddy’s restaurants. Preopening costs typically occur over a period of approximately five months. Although the exact timing varies by location, we typically spend approximately $275,000 to $350,000 per location.

 

Depreciation and Amortization Costs. Depreciation and amortization costs for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 decreased $333,000 to $1,859,000 from $2,192,000 in the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s depreciation and amortization costs for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 decreased $290,000 to $1,475,000 from $1,765,000 in the two quarters ended March 31, 2021. This decrease was primarily due to reduced depreciation resulting from asset impairment charges recorded in the second quarter of fiscal 2020.

 

Good Times depreciation and amortization costs for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, decreased $42,000 to $384,000 from $427,000 in the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

General and Administrative Costs. General and administrative costs for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 increased $951,000 to $4,592,000 (8.1% of total revenue) from $3,641,000 (6.4% of total revenue) for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

The $951,000 increase in general and administrative expenses in the quarter ended March 30, 2021 is primarily attributable to:

 

· Increase in professional services of $360,000 primarily related to increased legal fees
· Increase in administrative related payroll and benefit costs of $558,000 primarily related to increased estimated incentive compensation as of quarter-end and excess claims costs on the company’s partially-self-insured health care plan.
· Increase in costs associated with district management of $47,000 primarily related to increased estimated performance-based bonus provisions
· Increase in incentive stock compensation costs of $127,000 related to options and restricted stock units granted to our Directors and Chief Executive Officer
· Increase of $109,000 related to business insurance premiums
· Decrease of $84,000 related to prior fiscal year beverage contract fees
· Decrease of $54,000 related to vendor fee income and early pay discounts
· Increase of $77,000 related to travel and entertainment costs
· Decrease of $118,000 related to training and recruiting costs
· Decrease of $50,000 related to preliminary site costs
· Net decreases in all other expenses of $21,000

 

For the balance of the fiscal year, we expect general and administrative costs to continue to increase from fiscal 2020 due to increased insurance and health costs, and as we make investments in new human resource and financial management systems, and as we compare against temporary salary reductions made during fiscal 2020 in connection with actions taken amid the initial COVID-19 dining room closures.

 

Advertising Costs. Advertising costs for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 decreased $37,000 to $1,019,000 (1.8% of total revenue) from $1,056,000 (1.9% of total revenue) for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

Bad Daddy’s advertising costs were $353,000 (0.9% of total revenue) in the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 compared to $475,000 (1.1% of total revenue) in the same prior year period. The decrease was primarily attributable to $52,000 in costs incurred in the prior year two quarters related to a local radio advertising campaign in the Charlotte, North Carolina area. The current and prior year two quarters each include advertising costs of $7,000 associated with franchise advertising contributions.

 

Bad Daddy’s advertising costs consist primarily of contributions made to the advertising materials fund based on a percentage of restaurant sales as well as local store marketing efforts.

 

Good Times advertising costs were $666,000 (4.0% of total revenue) in the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 compared to $581,000 (3.4% of total revenue) in the same prior year period. The increase is primarily due to increased sales in the current quarter versus the same prior year quarter. The current and prior year quarters include advertising costs of $123,000 and $102,000, respectively, of costs associated with franchise advertising contributions.

 

Good Times advertising costs consists primarily of contributions made to the advertising materials fund and a regional advertising cooperative based on a percentage of restaurant sales which are used to provide television and radio advertising, social media and on-site and point-of-purchase. The percentage contribution paid to the regional advertising cooperative was reduced at the start of the current fiscal year associated with a change in expected media mix. Advertising costs are presented gross, with franchisee contributions to the fund being recognized as a component of franchise revenues. As a percentage of total revenue, we expect advertising costs to remain relatively stable at approximately 4.0% of total revenue for the Good Times segment.

 

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Franchise Costs. Franchise costs were $17,000 and $8,000 for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020, respectively. The costs are primarily related to the Good Times franchised restaurants. We currently have minimal direct costs associated with maintaining our franchise systems as those employees overseeing franchisee relations primarily perform responsibilities associated with company operations.

 

Gain on Restaurant Asset Disposals. The gain on restaurant asset disposals for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 was $19,000 compared to a gain of $28,000 in the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

$19,000 of the gain in the current year and $18,000 of the gain in the prior year is related to deferred gains on previous sale lease-back transactions on two Good Times restaurants. The additional gain of $10,000 in the prior year is related to the sale of miscellaneous restaurant equipment.

 

Impairment Costs: Impairment costs were $0 and $14,359,000 for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 and March 31, 2020, respectively. $4,359,000 of the costs in the prior year were related to five Bad Daddy’s restaurants’ assets that were impaired and $10,000,000 was attributable to an impairment of goodwill related to our Bad Daddy’s reporting unit.

 

Income (Loss) from Operations. Income from operations was $2,866,000 in the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 compared to a loss of $14,905,000 in the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

The change in the income (loss) from operations for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 is due primarily due to matters discussed in the "Net Revenues,” "Restaurant Operating Costs," "General and Administrative Costs," “Advertising Costs” and “Impairment Costs” sections above.

 

Net Income (Loss). Net income was $2,688,000 for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 compared to a net loss of $15,341,000 in the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

The change from the two quarters ended March 31, 2020 to the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 was primarily attributable to the matters discussed in the "Net Revenues," "Restaurant Operating Costs," "General and Administrative Costs," “Advertising Costs” and “Impairment Costs” sections above as well as a decrease in net interest expense of $258,000 for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020 compared to the same prior year period.

 

Income Attributable to Non-Controlling Interests. The non-controlling interest represents the limited partners’ or members’ share of income in the Good Times and Bad Daddy’s joint-venture restaurants.

 

For the two quarters ended March 30, 2021, the income attributable to non-controlling interests was $789,000 compared to $386,000 for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020.

 

$425,000 of the current two quarters’ income is attributable to the BDI joint-venture restaurants, compared to $245,000 in the same prior year period. This $180,000 increase is primarily due to increased restaurant level profitability in the current two quarters. $364,000 of the current two quarters’ income is attributable to the Good Times joint-venture restaurants, compared to $141,000 in the same prior year period.

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before interest, income taxes and depreciation and amortization.

 

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as EBITDA plus non-cash stock-based compensation expense, preopening expense, non-recurring acquisition costs, GAAP rent in excess of cash rent, and non-cash disposal of assets. Adjusted EBITDA is intended as a supplemental measure of our performance that is not required by or presented in accordance with GAAP. We believe that EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA provide useful information to management and investors regarding certain financial and business trends relating to our financial condition and operating results. Our management uses EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (i) as a factor in evaluating management's performance when determining incentive compensation and (ii) to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies.

 

We believe that the use of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA provides an additional tool for investors to use in evaluating ongoing operating results and trends and in comparing the Company's financial measures with other fast casual restaurants, which may present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors. In addition, you should be aware when evaluating EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA that in the future we may incur expenses similar to those excluded when calculating these measures. Our presentation of these measures should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or non-recurring items. Our computation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures computed by other companies, because all companies do not calculate Adjusted EBITDA in the same fashion.

 

Our management does not consider EBITDA or Adjusted EBITDA in isolation or as an alternative to financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. The principal limitation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA is that they exclude significant expenses and income that are required by GAAP to be recorded in the Company's financial statements. Some of these limitations are:

 

· Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures, or future requirements, for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;

 

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· Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
· Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments, on our debts;
· although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements;
· stock based compensation expense is and will remain a key element of our overall long-term incentive compensation package, although we exclude it as an expense when evaluating our ongoing performance for a particular period;
· Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the impact of certain cash charges resulting from matters we consider not to be indicative of our ongoing operations; and
· other companies in our industry may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

 

Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for performance measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and using Adjusted EBITDA only as a supplemental measure. You should review the reconciliation of net loss to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA below and not rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business.

 

The following table reconciles net loss to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (in thousands) for the second fiscal quarter and year-to-date:

 

    Quarter Ended     Year-to-Date  
    March 30, 2021
(13 Weeks)
    March 31, 2020
(13 Weeks)
    March 30, 2021
(26 Weeks)
    March 31, 2020
(27 Weeks)
 
Adjusted EBITDA:                                
Net loss, as reported   $ 1,097     $ (14,916 )   $ 1,899     $ (15,727 )
Depreciation and amortization     911       1,103       1,820       2,172  
Interest expense, net     80       209       178       436  
EBITDA     2,088       (13,604 )     3,897       (13,119 )
Preopening expense     80       159       119       961  
Non-cash stock-based compensation     214       75       276       149  
Non-recurring severance costs     -       -       -       41  
GAAP rent-cash cash difference     (84 )     (144 )     (172 )     (23 )
Gain on disposal of assets     (10 )     (9 )     (19 )     (28 )
Asset impairment charge     -       14,359       -       14,359  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 2,288     $ 836     $ 4,101     $ 2,340  

 

Depreciation and amortization expense have been reduced by amounts attributable to non-controlling interests of $46,000 for each respective quarter and $95,000 for each respective year-to-date period.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Cash and Working Capital

 

We took extraordinary actions to increase our liquidity in response to COVID-19 during fiscal 2020, including temporarily reducing employee pay, reductions in workforce, and obtaining Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”) loans. The PPP is sponsored by the Small Business Administration (the “SBA”). We have since significantly increased employment levels and restored pay to employees. Although we currently have a meaningful cash balance and generated significant cash flow from operations during this quarter, should business decline significantly as a result of the pandemic we would not likely be able to take some of the same actions without negatively impacting the long-term viability of the business. The COVID-19 pandemic is adversely affecting the availability of liquidity generally in the credit markets, and there can be no guarantee that additional liquidity will be available on favorable terms, or at all, especially the longer the COVID-19 pandemic lasts.

 

As of March 30, 2021, we had a working capital deficit of $7,169,000. This includes anticipated PPP principal payments of $8,148 that will be required in the next twelve months if the PPP loans are not forgiven. Our working capital position benefits from the fact that we generally collect cash from sales to customers the same day, or in the case of credit or debit card transactions, within a few days of the related sale. This benefit may increase when new Bad Daddy’s and Good Times restaurants are opened. Although we have two to four weeks to pay many of our vendors, in the first quarter of fiscal 2021 we chose to start paying our primary foodservice vendors on 1-3 day payment terms to take advantage of early pay discounts. We believe that we will have sufficient capital to meet our working capital, long term debt obligations and recurring capital expenditure needs throughout fiscal 2021. As of March 30, 2021, we had total commitments outstanding of $662,000 related to construction contracts for Bad Daddy’s restaurants currently under development. Additionally, as discussed in the Financing section below, there is uncertainty surrounding the forgiveness of our PPP loans which could significantly affect future cash commitments. We applied for full PPP forgiveness on April 30, 2021. We anticipate these commitments will be funded out of existing cash or future borrowings against the Cadence Credit Facility.

 

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Financing

 

Cadence Credit Facility

 

The Company maintains a credit agreement with Cadence Bank (“Cadence”) pursuant to which, as amended, Cadence agreed to loan the Company up to $11,000,000 with a maturity date of January 31, 2023 (the “Cadence Credit Facility”). On February 21, 2019 the Cadence Credit Facility was amended, in connection with the repurchase of minority interests related to three Bad Daddy’s restaurants, to retroactively attribute EBITDA previously attributed to non-controlling interests to the Company for purposes of certain financial covenants. On December 9, 2019 the Cadence Credit Facility was amended in connection with the separation of the Company’s former CEO, to amend the definition of “Consolidated EBITDA” for the purposes of financial covenants, to require certain installment payments, and to permit the company to make certain “Restricted Payments” (as defined in the Cadence Credit Facility). On January 8, 2021, the Cadence Credit Facility was amended to eliminate certain installment payments; reduce the commitment immediately to $11.0 million with reductions to $10.0 million and $8.0 million on March 31, 2021, and July 1, 2021, respectively; revise certain financial covenants; provide a mechanism for a transition from LIBOR to an alternate benchmark rate; and extend the maturity date to January 31, 2023. As amended by the various amendments, the Cadence Credit Facility accrues commitment fees on the daily unused balance of the facility at a rate of 0.25%. As of March 30, 2021, all borrowings under the Cadence Credit Facility, as amended, bear interest at a variable rate based upon the Company’s election of (i) 2.5% plus the base rate, which is the highest of the (a) Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5%, (b) the Cadence bank publicly-announced prime rate, and (c) LIBOR plus 1.0%, or (ii) LIBOR, with a 0.250% floor, plus 3.5%. Interest is due at the end of each calendar quarter if the Company selects to pay interest based on the base rate and at the end of each LIBOR period if it selects to pay interest based on LIBOR. As of March 30, 2021, the weighted average interest rate applicable to borrowings under the Cadence Credit Facility was 3.75%.

 

Principal payments on the Cadence Credit Facility were required beginning on March 31, 2020 in $250,000 installments on the last business day each of March, June, September, and December in each calendar year. The total loan commitment was permanently reduced by the corresponding amount of each such repayment on such date. New borrowings were permitted up to the amount of the loan commitment. The note was set to mature on December 31, 2021. Per the January 8, 2021 amendment, the quarterly principal payment requirement and associated commitment reduction was eliminated, and the maturity date was extended to January 31, 2023.

 

As of March 30, 2021, the Cadence Credit Facility, as amended, contains certain affirmative and negative covenants and events of default that the Company considers customary for an agreement of this type, including covenants setting a maximum leverage ratio of 5.15:1, a minimum pre-distribution fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.25:1, a minimum post-distribution fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.10:1 and minimum liquidity of $2.0 million. As of March 30, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all covenants under the Cadence Credit Facility.

 

As a result of entering into the Cadence Credit Facility and the various amendments, the Company paid loan origination costs including professional fees of approximately $292,000 and is amortizing these costs over the term of the credit agreement.

 

The obligations under the Cadence Credit Facility are collateralized by a first-priority lien on substantially all of the Company’s assets.

 

As of March 30, 2021, the outstanding balance on borrowings against the facility was $3,500,000. Availability of the Cadence Credit Facility for borrowings is reduced by the outstanding face value of any letters of credit issued under the facility. As of March 30, 2021, the outstanding face value of such letters of credit was $157,500.

 

Paycheck Protection Program Loans

 

On May 7, 2020, Good Times and three of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, BDI, Drive Thru, and BD Colo (each a “Borrower”), entered into unsecured loans in the aggregate principal amount of $11,645,000 (the “Loans”) with Cadence Bank, N.A. (the “Lender”) pursuant to the PPP.

 

The Loans are evidenced by individual promissory notes of each of the Borrowers dated April 29, 2020 executed by each Borrower on May 7, 2020 (together, the “Notes”) in favor of the Lender which Notes bear interest at the rate of 1.00% per annum. All or a portion of the Loans may be forgiven by the SBA upon application by the Borrowers accompanied by documentation of expenditures in accordance with SBA requirements under the PPP, which includes employees being kept on the payroll for twenty-four weeks after the date of the Loans and the proceeds of such Loans being used for payroll, rent, mortgage interest or utilities. Congress subsequently passed the PPP Flexibility Act which modified certain provisions of the PPP program, including expanding the original eight-week covered period to a period of twenty-four weeks (the “Covered Period”). The SBA and the Treasury continue to develop and issue new and updated guidance regarding the PPP loan application process, including guidance regarding required borrower certifications and requirements for forgiveness of loans made under the PPP. The Company continues to track the guidance as it is released and assess and re-assess various aspects of its application as necessary based on the guidance. The Company believes it qualifies for the PPP and is compliant in all aspects with its use of PPP funds, and applied for full forgiveness on April 30, 2021. However, in the absence of definitive guidance or regulations the Company cannot give any assurance that the Loans will be forgivable in whole or in part.

 

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In the event that any portion of the Loans are not forgiven in accordance with the PPP, the Company will be required to pay the Lender monthly payments of principal and interest in an aggregate amount of $489,000 to repay the PPP Loans in full on or before April 29, 2022. The SBA has deferred loan payments to either (1) the date the SBA remits our forgiveness to the lender, or (2) 10 months after the end of the Covered Period, which would be in August 2021. However, as of the date of this report we have not yet received a decision from the SBA regarding forgiveness of our PPP loans or communication regarding the official end date of our deferral period. The Loans may be prepaid by the Company at any time prior to maturity with no prepayment penalties. The Notes contain certifications and agreements related to the PPP, as well as customary default and other provisions. We reflect the full principal amount of the PPP loans as debt, accounting for such loans under ASC 470, with current maturities of approximately $8.1 million pursuant to the current payment amortization schedule. We intend to account for the forgiveness of such loans at the time such forgiveness is granted.

 

Cash Flows

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $3,232,000 for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021. The net cash provided by operating activities for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 was the result of net income of $2,688,000 as well as cash and non-cash reconciling items totaling $544,000. These reconciling items are primarily comprised of 1) depreciation and amortization of general assets of $1,938,000, 2) amortization of operating lease assets of $1,660,000, 3) stock-based compensation expense of $276,000, 4) an increase in receivables and other assets of $393,000, 5) a decrease in deferred liabilities and accrued expenses of $237,000, 6) a decrease in accounts payable of $860,000 and 7) a net decrease in amounts related to our operating leases of $1,821,000.

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $204,000 for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020. The net cash used in operating activities for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020 was the result of a net loss of $15,341,000 as well as cash and non-cash reconciling items totaling $15,137,000 (these reconciling items are comprised of 1) depreciation and amortization of general assets of $2,287,000, 2) amortization of operating lease assets of $2,054,000, 3) stock-based compensation expense of $149,000, 4) impairment costs of 14,359,000 5) an increase in receivables and other assets of $68,000, 6) a decrease in deferred liabilities and accrued expenses of $2,002,000 , 7) a decrease in accounts payable of $144,000 and 8) a net increase in amounts related to our operating leases of $2,002,000.

 

Net cash used in investing activities for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 was $1,171,000 which primarily reflects the purchases of property and equipment of $1,184,000. Purchases of property and equipment is comprised of the following:

 

· $648,000 in costs for the development of Bad Daddy’s locations

· $311,000 for miscellaneous capital expenditures related to our Bad Daddy’s restaurants

· $18,000 in costs related to remodeling of one Good Times location

· $144,000 for miscellaneous capital expenditures related to our Good Times restaurants

· $63,000 for miscellaneous capital expenditures related to our corporate office

 

Net cash used in investing activities for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020 was $2,021,000 which primarily reflects the purchases of property and equipment of $1,954,000 and the purchase of treasury stock of $75,000. Purchases of property and equipment is comprised of the following:

 

· $1,756,000 in costs for the development of Bad Daddy’s locations

· $85,000 for miscellaneous capital expenditures related to our Bad Daddy’s restaurants

· $87,000 for miscellaneous capital expenditures related to our Good Times restaurants

· $26,000 for miscellaneous capital expenditures related to our corporate office

 

Net cash used in financing activities for the two quarters ended March 30, 2021 was $2,311,000, which includes principal payments on notes payable and long-term debt of $2,000,000, proceeds from stock option exercises of $96,000 and distributions to non-controlling interests of $407,000.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities for the two quarters ended March 31, 2020 was $3,536,000, which includes principal payments on notes payable and long-term debt of $1,400,000, borrowings on notes payable and long-term debt of $5,300,000, contributions from non-controlling interests of $22,000 and distributions to non-controlling interests of $386,000.

 

Contingencies

 

We remain contingently liable on various leases underlying restaurants that were previously sold to franchisees. We have never experienced any losses related to these contingent lease liabilities, however if a franchisee defaults on the payments under the leases, we would be liable for the lease payments as the assignor or sublessor of the lease. Currently we have not been notified nor are we aware of any leases in default under which we are contingently liable, however there can be no assurance that there will not be in the future, which could have a material effect on our future operating results.

 

Additionally, in the normal course of business, there may be various claims in process, matters in litigation, and other contingencies brought against the company by employees, vendors, customers, franchisees, or other parties. Evaluating these contingencies is a complex process that may involve substantial judgment on the potential outcome of such matters, and the ultimate outcome of such contingencies may differ from our current analysis. We review the adequacy of accruals and disclosures related to such contingent liabilities in consultation with legal counsel. While it is not possible to predict the outcome of these claims with certainty, it is management’s opinion that potential losses associated with such contingencies would be immaterial to our financial statements.

 

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Impact of Inflation

 

The total menu price increases at our Good Times restaurants during fiscal 2020 were approximately 4.0%, and we raised menu prices approximately 4.5% during the first two quarters of fiscal 2021. The total menu increases taken at our Bad Daddy’s restaurants during fiscal 2020 were approximately 4.0% on average. We raised menu prices during the first two quarters of fiscal 2021 approximately 1.6% on average. Commodity prices have been slightly elevated since the end of fiscal 2020 compared to the first two quarters of fiscal 2020. Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, availability of certain commodities could be constrained and prices for those commodities could be substantially more volatile than in recent history. Due to these factors, we are not able to predict the impact of inflation on our food and packaging costs for the balance of the year.

 

Seasonality

 

Revenues of the Company are subject to seasonal fluctuations based primarily on weather conditions adversely affecting Colorado restaurant sales in December, January, February and March.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not required.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Based on an evaluation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended), as of the end of the period covered by this report on Form 10Q, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer (its principal executive officer and principal financial officer) has concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 30, 2021.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no significant changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company’s fiscal quarter ended March 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

The Company is periodically subject to legal proceedings which are incidental to its business. These legal proceedings are not expected to have a material impact on the Company.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 29, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

None.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

29

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

(a)       Exhibits. The following exhibits are furnished as part of this report:

 

Exhibit No. Description
   
10.1 Fifth Amendment to Credit Agreement and Waiver, dated January 8, 2021 by and among Good Times Restaurants Inc., each of its wholly-owned subsidiaries and Cadence Bank, N.A. (previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed January 14, 2021 (File No. 000-18590) and incorporated herein by reference)
*31.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350
*31.2 Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350
*32.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906
101.INS XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

*filed herewith

 

SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  GOOD TIMES RESTAURANTS INC.  
DATE: May 6, 2021      
       
   

Ryan M. Zink

Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

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