UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2019

 

or

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _________ to _________

 

Commission File Number 001-38308

 

Greenpro Capital Corp.

(Exact name of registrant issuer as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   98-1146821

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

Room 1701-1703, 17/F., The Metropolis Tower,

10 Metropolis Drive, Hung Hom, Kowloon,

Hong Kong

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

Registrant’s phone number, including area code (852) 3111 -7718

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

YES [X] NO [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding twelve months (or shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

YES [X] NO [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” or an “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large Accelerated Filer [  ] Accelerated Filer [  ] Non-accelerated Filer [  ] Smaller reporting company [X]

Emerging Growth Company [X]

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value   GRNQ   NASDAQ Capital Market

 

As of November 6, 2019, there were 54,723,889 shares, par value $0.0001, of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
     
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION 3
     
ITEM 1. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS: 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets – September 30, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss (Unaudited) – Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 4
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited) – Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 5
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) – Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 7
     
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) – Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 8
     
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 22
     
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 29
     
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 29
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION 30
     
ITEM 1 LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 30
     
ITEM 2 UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS 30
     
ITEM 3 DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES 30
     
ITEM 4 MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 30
     
ITEM 5 OTHER INFORMATION 30
     
ITEM 6 EXHIBITS 30
     
SIGNATURES 31

 

  2  
     

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

GREENPRO CAPITAL CORP.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

AS OF SEPTEMBER 30, 2019 AND DECEMBER 31, 2018

(In U.S. dollars, except share and per share data)

 

    September 30, 2019     December 31, 2018  
    (Unaudited)        
ASSETS                
Current assets                
Cash and cash equivalents (includes $153,860 and $145,385 of restricted cash as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively)   $ 857,892     $ 2,172,048  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $44,241 and $79,802 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively     159,816       188,054  
Prepaids and other current assets (includes due from related parties of $64,960 and $95,794 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively)     311,946       397,427  
Deferred costs of revenue (includes $184,000 due to a related party as of December 31, 2018)    

80,425

      418,668  
Total current assets     1,410,079       3,176,197  
                 
Property and equipment, net     2,793,115       2,998,513  
Real Estate investments:                
Real estate held for sale     2,530,183       2,530,183  
Real estate held for investment, net     785,097       818,465  
Intangible assets, net     130,899       57,142  
Goodwill     319,726       319,726  
Other investments (includes investments in related parties of $53,363 and $53,371 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively)     184,273       163,728  
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net     494,311       -  
TOTAL ASSETS   $ 8,647,683     $ 10,063,954  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   $ 427,675     $ 575,594  
Current portion of loans secured by real estate     142,551       147,416  
Due to related parties     972,074       862,532  
Income tax payable     73,571       73,595  
Operating lease liabilities, current portion     284,199       -  
Deferred revenue (includes $240,000 and $920,000 from related parties as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively)     1,185,798       1,816,358  
Derivative liabilities     49,138       241,923  
Total current liabilities     3,135,006       3,717,418  
                 
Long term portion of loans secured by real estate     1,465,126       1,617,106  
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion     210,112       -  
Total liabilities     4,810,244       5,334,524  
                 
Commitments and contingencies                
                 
Stockholders’ Equity:                
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding     -       -  
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized; 54,723,889 and 54,715,287 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively     5,473       5,472  
Additional paid in capital     16,417,481       16,376,192  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (122,785 )     (66,277 )
Accumulated deficit     (12,591,222 )     (11,816,080 )
Total Greenpro Capital Corp. common stockholders’ equity     3,708,947       4,499,307  
Noncontrolling interests in consolidated subsidiaries     128,492       230,123  
                 
Total stockholders’ equity    

3,837,439

      4,729,430  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   $ 8,647,683     $ 10,063,954  

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

  3  
     

 

GREENPRO CAPITAL CORP.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019 AND 2018

(In U.S. dollars, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

    Three months ended September 30     Nine months ended September 30  
    2019     2018     2019     2018  
                     
REVENUES:                                
Service revenue (including $430,069 and $78,606 of service revenue from related parties for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $1,743,533 and $339,422 of service revenue from related parties for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively)   $ 1,132,784     $ 660,353     $ 3,244,626     $ 1,975,124  
Sale of real estate properties     -       853,420       -       999,494  
Rental revenue     19,542       43,440       71,462       131,270  
Total revenues     1,152,326       1,557,213       3,316,088       3,105,888  
                                 
OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES:                                
Cost of service revenue (including $0 of cost of service to a related party for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, and $184,000 and $66,000 of cost of service to a related party for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively)     (352,813 )     (235,508 )     (1,131,003 )     (621,823 )
Cost of real estate properties sold     -       (655,899 )     -       (751,218 )
Cost of rental revenue     (11,237 )     (13,180 )     (34,989 )     (52,615 )
General and administrative (including $48,564 and $0 of general and administrative expense to a related party for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 respectively, and $155,138 and $0 of general and administrative expense to related parties for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively)     (1,001,335 )     (1,081,170 )     (3,187,677 )     (2,720,740 )
                                 
Total operating costs and expenses     (1,365,385 )     (1,985,757 )     (4,353,669 )     (4,146,396 )
                                 
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS     (213,059 )     (428,544 )     (1,037,581 )     (1,040,508 )
                                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)                                
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities     8,221       334,516       192,785       319,520  
Other income     18,027       1,566       91,002       22,463  
Fair value of common stock issued in connection with financing transaction     -       (4,640,000 )     -       (4,640,000 )
Income from equity method investee     -       4,790       -       4,790  
Gain on sale of equity method investment (including $15,000 of gain from related parties for the nine months ended September 30, 2018)     -       -       -       315,645  
Interest expense     (23,759 )     (6,012 )     (76,162 )     (93,715 )
                                 
LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAX     (210,570 )     (4,733,684 )     (829,956 )     (5,111,805 )
Income tax expense     (577 )     (38,902 )     (8,308 )     (34,450 )
NET LOSS     (211,147 )     (4,772,586 )     (838,264 )     (5,146,255 )
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interest     23,295       (80,614 )     63,122       (114,512 )
                                 
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTED TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS OF GREENPRO CAPITAL CORP.     (187,852 )     (4,853,200 )     (775,142 )     (5,260,767 )
Other comprehensive loss:                                
- Foreign currency translation (loss) income     -       (74,852 )     3,254       (108,139 )
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS   $ (187,852 )   $ (4,928,052 )   $ (771,888 )   $ (5,368,906 )
                                 
NET LOSS PER SHARE, BASIC AND DILUTED   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.01 )   $ (0.10 )
                                 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON STOCK OUTSTANDING, BASIC AND DILUTED     54,723,889       54,529,395       54,721,674       53,705,826  

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

  4  
     

 

GREENPRO CAPITAL CORP.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019 AND 2018

(In U.S. dollars, except share data)

(Unaudited)

 

Three months ended September 30, 2019 (Unaudited)
    Common Stock     Additional     Accumulated Other           Non-     Total  
    Number of shares     Amount     Paid-in
Capital
    Comprehensive Loss     Accumulated Deficit     Controlling Interest     Stockholders’ Equity  
Balance as of July 1, 2019 (Unaudited)     54,723,889     $ 5,473     $ 16,417,481     $ (63,023 )   $ (12,403,370 )   $ 151,787     $ 4,108,348  
Disposal of noncontrolling interests     -       -       -       -       -       -       -  
Foreign currency translation     -       -       -       (59,762 )     -       -       (59,762 )
Net loss     -       -       -       -       (187,852 )     (23,295 )     (211,147 )
Balance as of September 30, 2019 (Unaudited)     54,723,889     $ 5,473     $ 16,417,481     $ (122,785 )   $ (12,591,222 )   $ 128,492     $ 3,837,439  

 

Nine months ended September 30, 2019 (Unaudited)
    Common Stock     Additional     Accumulated Other           Non-     Total  
    Number of shares     Amount    

Paid-in

Capital

   

Comprehensive

Loss

   

Accumulated

Deficit

    Controlling Interest     Stockholders’ Equity  
Balance as of January 1, 2019     54,715,287     $ 5,472     $ 16,376,192     $ (66,277 )   $ (11,816,080 )   $ 230,123     $ 4,729,430  
Fair value of shares
issued for acquisition
    8,602       1       41,289       -       -       -       41,290  
Disposal of noncontrolling interests     -       -       -       -       -       (38,509 )     (38,509 )
Foreign currency translation     -       -       -       (56,508 )     -       -       (56,508 )
Net loss     -       -       -       -       (775,142 )     (63,122 )     (838,264 )
Balance as of September 30, 2019 (Unaudited)     54,723,889     $ 5,473     $ 16,417,481     $ (122,785 )   $ (12,591,222 )   $ 128,492     $ 3,837,439  

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

  5  
     

 

GREENPRO CAPITAL CORP.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (cont.)

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019 AND 2018

(In U.S. dollars, except share data)

(Unaudited)

 

Three months ended September 30, 2018 (Unaudited)

    Common Stock     Additional     Accumulated Other           Non-     Total  
    Number of shares     Amount    

Paid-in

Capital

   

Comprehensive

Loss

   

Accumulated

Deficit

    Controlling Interest     Stockholders’ Equity  
Balance as of July 1, 2018 (Unaudited)     53,769,519     $ 5,377     $ 10,722,356     $ (73,486 )   $ (3,673,880 )   $ 117,181     $ 7,097,548  
Common stock sold in private placement, net of offering costs of $102,000     906,666       91       697,909       -       -       -       698,000  
Fair value of common stock issued in connection with financing transaction     -       -       4,640,000       -       -       -       4,640,000  
Common stock issued for acquisition of equity method investee     39,102       4       293,261       -       -       -       293,265  
Acquisition of noncontrolling interests     -       -       22,666       -       -       (51,510 )     (28,844 )
Foreign currency translation     -       -       -       (74,852 )     -       -       (74,852 )
Net loss     -       -       -       -       (4,853,200 )     80,614       (4,772,586 )
Balance as of September 30, 2018 (Unaudited)     54,715,287     $ 5,472     $ 16,376,192     $ (148,338 )   $ (8,527,080 )   $ 146,285     $ 7,852,531  

 

Nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Unaudited)

    Common Stock     Additional     Accumulated Other           Non-     Total  
    Number of shares     Amount    

Paid-in

Capital

   

Comprehensive

Loss

   

Accumulated

Deficit

    Controlling Interest     Stockholders’ Equity  
Balance as of January 1, 2018     53,233,960     $ 5,323     $ 8,465,294     $ (40,199 )   $ (3,266,313 )   $ 83,283     $ 5,247,388  
Common stock sold in public offering, net of offering costs of $956,238     535,559       54       2,257,062       -       -       -       2,257,116  
Common stock sold in private placement, net of offering costs of $102,000     906,666       91       697,909       -       -       -       698,000  
Fair value of common stock issued in connection with financing transaction     -       -       4,640,000       -       -       -       4,640,000  
Common stock issued for acquisition of equity method investee     39,102       4       293,261       -       -       -       293.265  
Acquisition of noncontrolling interests     -       -       22,666       -       -       (51,510 )     (28,844 )
Foreign currency translation     -       -       -       (108,139 )     -       -       (108,139 )
Net loss     -       -       -       -       (5,260,767 )     114,512       (5,146,255 )
Balance as of September 30, 2018 (Unaudited)     54,715,287     $ 5,472     $ 16,376,192     $ (148,338 )   $ (8,527,080 )   $ 146,285     $ 7,852,531  

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

  6  
     

 

GREENPRO CAPITAL CORP.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019 AND 2018

(In U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

    Nine months ended September 30,  
    2019     2018  
           
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net loss   $ (838,264 )   $ (5,146,255 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Depreciation and amortization     184,227       201,417  
Provision for bad debts     (27,324 )     (29,721 )
Operating lease expense     96,362       -  
Write off of unconsolidated investment     -       1,750  
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities     (192,785 )     (319,521 )
Fair value of common stock issued in connection with financing transaction     -       4,640,000  
Increase in cash surrender value on life insurance     (20,553 )     (33,586 )
Income from equity method investee     -       (4,790 )
Gain on sale of real estate held for sale     -       (248,276 )
Gain on deconsolidation of controlled subsidiaries     (35,986 )     -  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     60,767     185,294  
Prepaids and other current assets     89,184     (372,793 )
Deferred costs of revenue     337,540       (82,220 )
Operating lease liabilities     (96,362 )     -  
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     (184,362 )     (258,280 )
Income tax payable     -       35,338  
Deferred revenue     (613,660 )     687,689  
Net cash used in operating activities     (1,241,216 )     (743,954 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired     (60,187 )     -  
Purchase of property and equipment     (1,035 )     (43,659 )
Purchase of real estate held for investment     (1,890 )     -  
Purchase of intangible assets     -       (1,068 )
Proceeds from real estate held for sale     -       911,807  
Purchase of investments in related parties     -       (325,000 )
Loan to a related party     -       (300,000 )
Net cash (used in) / provided by investing activities     (63,112 )     242,080  
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Proceeds from shares issued for cash     -       3,463,705  
Principal payments of loans secured by real estate     (106,857 )     (889,290 )
Acquisition of noncontrolling interests     -       (28,846 )
Advances from (to) related parties     108,601       (537,506 )
Net cash provided by financing activities     1,744       2,008,063  
                 
Effect of exchange rate changes in cash and cash equivalents     (11,572 )     (43,553 )
NET CHANGE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH     (1,314,156 )     1,462,636  
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH, BEGINNING OF PERIOD     2,172,048       1,162,394  
                 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH, END OF PERIOD   $ 857,892     $ 2,625,030  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:                
Cash paid for income tax   $ 8,868     $ 1,818  
Cash paid for interest   $ 76,162     $ 117,624  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                
Fair value of warrants recorded as derivative liabilities included in offering costs   $ -     $ 508,589  
Initial recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease obligations upon adoption of ASC Topic 842   $ 582,647     $ -  
Fair value of shares issued for acquisition of equity method investee   $ -     $ 288,930  
Fair value of shares issued for acquisition of business   $ 41,290     $ -  

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

  7  
     

 

GREENPRO CAPITAL CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019 AND 2018

(In U.S. dollars, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Greenpro Capital Corp. (the “Company”) was incorporated on July 19, 2013 in the state of Nevada. The Company currently provides a wide range of business consulting and corporate advisory services to companies located in Asia and Southeast Asia including Hong Kong, Malaysia, China, Thailand, and Singapore. In addition to our business consulting and corporate advisory service business segment, we operate another business segment that focuses on the acquisition and rental of real estate properties held for investment and the acquisition and sale of real estate properties held for sale.

 

Basis of presentation and principles of consolidation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) that permit reduced disclosure for interim periods. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the period ended September 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2019. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet information as of December 31, 2018 was derived from the Company’s audited Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on April 2, 2019. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with that report.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries and majority-owned subsidiaries over which the Company exercises control, and entities for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. Intercompany transactions and balances were eliminated in consolidation.

 

At September 30, 2019, the consolidated financial statements include noncontrolling interests related to the Company’s respective 60% ownership of Forward Win International Limited, Yabez (Hong Kong) Company Limited and Yabez Business Service (SZ) Company Limited.

 

Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company incurred a loss from operations of $1,037,581 and used cash in operations of $1,241,216 and at September 30, 2019, the Company had a working capital deficit of $1,724,927. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date that the financial statements are issued. In addition, the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, in its report on the Company’s December 31, 2018 financial statements, has expressed substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

  8  
     

 

The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon improving its profitability and the continuing financial support from its shareholders. Management believes the existing shareholders or external financing will provide the additional cash to meet the Company’s obligations as they become due. However, no assurance can be given that any future financing, if needed, will be available or, if available, that it will be on terms that are satisfactory to the Company. Even if the Company can obtain additional financing if necessary, it may contain undue restrictions on its operations, in the case of debt financing, or cause substantial dilution for its stockholders, in the case of equity financing.

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant accounting estimates include certain assumptions related to, among others, the allowance for doubtful accounts receivable, impairment analysis of real estate assets and other long-term assets including goodwill, estimates inherent in recording purchase price allocation, valuation allowance on deferred income taxes, the assumptions used in the valuation of the derivative liability, and the accrual of potential liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash were denominated in the following currencies at:

 

    As of
September 30, 2019
    As of
December 31, 2018
 
      (Unaudited)          
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash                
Denominated in United States Dollars   $ 277,544     $ 764,839  
Denominated in Hong Kong dollars     225,467       944,872  
Denominated in Chinese Renminbi     308,117       409,908  
Denominated in Malaysian Ringgit     46,764       52,429  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash   $ 857,892     $ 2,172,048  

 

At September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, cash included funds held by employees of $39,883 and $5,663, respectively, and were held to facilitate payment of expenses in local currencies and to facilitate third-party online payment platforms in which the Company had not set up corporate accounts (WeChat Pay and Alipay).

 

Revenue recognition

 

The Company follows the guidance of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 606, Revenue from Contracts. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of contracts, which includes (1) identifying the contracts or agreements with a customer, (2) identifying our performance obligations in the contract or agreement, (3) determining the transaction price, (4) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (5) recognizing revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the services it transfers to its clients.

 

The Company’s revenue consists of revenue from providing business consulting and corporate advisory services (“service revenue”), revenue from the sale of real estate properties, and revenue from the rental of real estate properties (see Note 2).

 

  9  
     

 

Equity-method investments

 

Investments in non-controlled entities over which the Company has ability to exercise significant influence over the non-controlled entities’ operating and financial policies are accounted for under the equity-method. Under the equity-method, the investment in the non-controlled entity is initially recognized at cost and subsequently adjusted to reflect the Company’s share of the entity’s income (losses), any dividends received by the Company and any other-than-temporary impairments. Investments accounted for under the equity-method are included in other investments in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Leases

 

Prior to January 1, 2019, the Company accounted for leases under ASC 840, Accounting for Leases. Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted the guidance of ASC 842, Leases, which requires an entity to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all leases. The implementation of ASC 842 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and did not have a significant impact on our liquidity or on our compliance with our financial covenants associated with our loans. The Company adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach. As a result, the comparative financial information has not been updated and the required disclosures prior to the date of adoption have not been updated and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The adoption of ASC 842 on January 1, 2019 resulted in the initial recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets of $582,647, lease liabilities for operating leases of $582,647, and a zero cumulative-effect adjustment to accumulated deficit (see Note 4).

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

 

The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the statements of operations. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current liabilities depending on whether net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument is required within 12 months from the balance sheet date.

 

Income (loss) per Share

 

Basic income (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period plus any potentially dilutive shares related to the issuance of shares from stock warrants. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the dilutive impact of warrants exercisable into 53,556 shares of common stock have been excluded because their impact on the loss per share is anti-dilutive.

 

  10  
     

 

Foreign currency translation

 

The reporting currency of the Company is the United States Dollars (“US$”) and the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been expressed in US$. In addition, the Company’s operating subsidiaries maintain their books and records in their respective functional currency, which consists of the Malaysian Ringgit (“MYR”), Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”), Hong Kong Dollars (“HK$”) and Australian Dollars (“AU$”).

 

In general, for consolidation purposes, assets and liabilities of the Company’s subsidiaries whose functional currency is not the US$ are translated into US$ using the exchange rate on the balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses are translated at average rates prevailing during the period. The gains and losses resulting from translation of financial statements of a foreign subsidiary are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive loss within stockholders’ equity.

 

Translation of amounts from the local currencies of the Company into US$ has been made at the following exchange rates for the respective periods:

 

    As of and for the nine months ended
September 30,
 
    2019     2018  
Period-end MYR : US$1 exchange rate     4.19       4.14  
Period-average MYR : US$1 exchange rate     4.14       3.99  
Period-end RMB : US$1 exchange rate     7.13       6.87  
Period-average RMB : US$1 exchange rate     6.87       6.53  
Period-end HK$ : US$1 exchange rate     7.84       7.75  
Period-average HK$: US$1 exchange rate     7.81       7.75  
Period-end AU$ : US$1 exchange rate     1.48       -  
Period-average AU$ : US$1 exchange rate     1.42       -  

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

The Company follows the guidance of ASC 820-10, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820-10”), with respect to financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value. ASC 820-10 establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

 

Level 1 : Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
   
Level 2 : Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
   
Level 3 : Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions

 

As of September 30, 2019, the Company’s balance sheet included the fair value of derivative liabilities of $49,138 which was based on a Level 3 measurement.

 

    Embedded derivative
liabilities
 
Balance as of December 31, 2018   $ 241,923  
Net change in the fair value     (192,785 )
Balance as of September 30, 2019   $ 49,138  

 

The Company believes the carrying amount reported in the balance sheet for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, other investments, notes receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, deferred costs of revenue, deferred revenue, and due to related parties, approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these financial instruments.

 

Concentrations of risks

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, three customers accounted for 39% (21%, 9% and 9%) and 59% (26%, 18% and 15%) of revenue, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2018, three customers accounted for 37% (13%, 12% and 12%) of revenues. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, no customer made up 10% of revenue. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, no customer accounted for 10% or more of accounts receivable at period-end.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, no vendor accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s cost of revenues, or accounts payable at period-end.

 

  11  
     

 

Economic and political risks

 

Substantially all of the Company’s services are conducted in the Asian region, primarily in Hong Kong, Malaysia, and the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”). Among other risks, the Company’s operations in Malaysia are subject to the risks of restrictions on transfer of funds; export duties, quotas, and embargoes; domestic and international customs and tariffs; changing taxation policies; foreign exchange restrictions; and political conditions and governmental regulations in Malaysia.

 

The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to special considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. These include risks associated with, among others, the political, economic and legal environment and foreign currency exchange. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in the political conditions in the PRC, and by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion, remittances abroad, and rates and methods of taxation.

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

 

In September 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326), which replaces the incurred-loss impairment methodology and requires immediate recognition of estimated credit losses expected to occur for most financial assets, including trade receivables. Credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses will be recognized as allowances for credit losses limited to the amount by which fair value is below amortized cost. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not believe the potential impact of the new guidance and related codification improvements will be material to its financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company’s present or future financial statements.

 

  12  
     

 

NOTE 2 - REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

 

Revenue from services

 

For certain of our service contracts, we provide advisory services to clients in connection with capital market listings (“Listing services”). The Listing services are considered a performance obligation. Revenue and expenses are deferred until the performance obligation is complete and collectability of the consideration is probable. For service contracts where the performance obligation is not completed, deferred costs of revenue are recorded as incurred and deferred revenue is recorded for any payments received on such yet to be completed performance obligations. On an ongoing basis, management monitors these contracts for profitability and when needed may record a liability if a determination is made that costs will exceed revenue.

 

For other services such as company secretarial, accounting, financial analysis and related services (“Non-Listing services”), the Company’s performance obligations are satisfied, and the related revenue is recognized, as services are rendered. For contracts in which we act as an agent, the Company reports revenue net of expenses paid.

 

The Company offers no discounts, rebates, rights of return, or other allowances to clients which would result in the establishment of reserves against service revenue. Additionally, to date, the Company has not incurred incremental costs in obtaining a client contract.

 

Revenue from the sale of real estate properties

 

The Company follows the guidance of ASC 610-20, Other Income - Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (“ASC 610-20”), which applies to sales or transfers to noncustomers of nonfinancial assets. Generally, the Company’s sales of its real estate properties are considered a sale of a nonfinancial asset. Under ASC 610-20, the Company derecognizes the asset and recognizes a gain or loss on the sale of the real estate when control of the underlying asset transfers to the buyer. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, there were no sales of real estate and therefore the Company recorded no sales revenue from the real estate property held for sale. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized revenue from the sale of five and six units, respectively, of commercial property held for sale.

 

  13  
 

 

Revenue from the rental of real estate properties

 

Rental revenue represents lease rental income from the Company’s tenants. The tenants pay monthly in accordance with lease agreements and the Company recognizes the income ratably over the lease term as this is the most representative of the pattern in which the benefit is expected to be derived from the underlying asset.

 

Cost of revenues

 

Cost of service revenue primarily consists of employee compensation and related payroll benefits, company formation costs, and other professional fees directly attributable to the services rendered.

 

Cost of real estate properties sold primarily consists of the purchase price of property, legal fees, improvement costs to the building structure, and other acquisition costs. Selling and advertising costs are expensed as incurred.

 

Cost of rental revenue primarily includes costs associated with repairs and maintenance, property insurance, depreciation and other related administrative costs. Property management fees and utility expenses are paid directly by the tenants.

 

The following table provides information about disaggregated revenue based on revenue by service lines and revenue by geographic area:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,  
    2019     2018  
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  
             
Revenue by service lines:                
Corporate advisory – Non-Listing services   $ 622,798     $ 660,353  
Corporate advisory – Listing services     509,986       -  
Rental of real estate properties     19,542       43,440  
Sales of real estate held for sale     -       853,420  
Total revenue   $ 1,152,326     $ 1,557,213  

 

  14  
 

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,  
    2019     2018  
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  
Revenue by geographic area:                
Hong Kong   $ 629,573     $ 1,274,863  
Malaysia     148,603       237,309  
China     374,150       45,041  
Total revenue   $ 1,152,326     $ 1,557,213  

 

    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2019     2018  
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  
Revenue by service lines:                
Corporate advisory – Non-Listing services   $ 1,534,640     $ 1,775,124  
Corporate advisory – Listing services     1,709,986       200,000  
Rental of real estate properties     71,462       131,271  
Sales of real estate held for sale     -       999,493  
Total revenue   $ 3,316,088     $ 3,105,888  

 

    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2019     2018  
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  
Revenue by geographic area:                
Hong Kong   $ 2,470,476     $ 2,391,381  
Malaysia     392,602       562,522  
China     453,010       151,985  
Total revenue   $ 3,316,088     $ 3,105,888  

 

Our contract balances include deferred costs of revenue and deferred revenue.

 

Deferred Costs of Revenue

 

For service contracts where the performance obligation is not completed, deferred costs of revenue are recorded for any costs incurred in advance of the performance obligation.

 

  15  
 

 

Deferred Revenue

 

For service contracts where the performance obligation is not completed, deferred revenue is recorded for any payments received in advance of the performance obligation.

 

Deferred revenue and deferred costs of revenue at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are classified as current assets or current liabilities and totaled:

 

    As of
September 30, 2019
    As of
December 31, 2018
 
      (Unaudited)          
Deferred revenue   $ 1,185,798     $ 1,816,358  
Deferred costs of revenue   $ 80,425     $ 418,668  

 

Changes in deferred revenue were as follows at September 30, 2019 and 2018:

 

    Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2019
    Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
      (Unaudited)       (Unaudited)  
Deferred revenue, beginning of period   $ 1,816,358     $ 345,000  
New contract liabilities     1,079,426       880,450  
Performance obligations satisfied     (1,709,986 )     (200,000 )
Deferred revenue, end of period   $ 1,185,798     $ 1,025,450  

 

NOTE 3 - BUSINESS COMBINATION

 

On January 2, 2019, the Company acquired Sparkle Insurance Brokers Limited (“Sparkle”) (renamed to Greenpro Sparkle Brokers Limited) for total consideration of $170,322, made up of $129,032 in cash and the issuance of 8,602 shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $41,290. The shares were valued based on the acquisition date closing price of the Company’s common stock of $4.80 per share. The Company acquired Sparkle to expand its long term and general insurance services.

 

The Company accounted for the transaction as a business combination in accordance ASC 805 “Business Combinations”. The Company performed an allocation of the purchase price paid for the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed with the assistance of an independent valuation firm.

 

Fair value of assets acquired:

 

Cash and cash equivalents   $ 68,845  
Accounts receivable, net     5,185  
Prepaids and other current assets     3,703  
License     129,032  
Total     206,765  
Fair value of current liabilities     (36,443 )
Purchase price   $ 170,322  

 

The following unaudited pro forma information presents the combined results of operations as if the acquisition of Sparkle had been completed on January 1, 2018. These unaudited pro forma results are presented for informational purpose only and are not necessarily indicative of what the actual results of operations of the combined company would have been if the acquisition had occurred at the beginning of the period presented, nor are they indicative of future results of operations:

 

    For the nine
months ended
September 30, 2019
    For the nine
months ended
September 30, 2018
 
      (unaudited)       (unaudited)  
Revenue   $ 3,316,088     $ 3,236,477  
Loss from operations     (1,037,581 )     (1,023,115 )
Net loss     (838,264 )     (5,128,832 )
Net loss per share   $ (0.01 )   $ (0.10 )

 

NOTE 4 - OPERATING LEASES

 

The Company has operating lease agreements for three office spaces with remaining lease terms of 0.5 month to 30 months. The Company does not have any other leases. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. The Company accounts for the lease and non-lease components of its leases as a single lease component. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

Operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Generally, the implicit rate of interest in arrangements is not readily determinable and the Company utilizes its incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments. The Company’s incremental borrowing rate is a hypothetical rate based on its understanding of what its credit rating would be. The operating lease ROU asset includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives.

 

This standard did not have a significant impact on our liquidity or on our compliance with our financial covenants associated with our loans.

 

  16  
 

 

The components of lease expense and supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the period are as follows:

 

   

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 2019

 
Lease Cost        
Operating lease cost (included in general and administrative expenses in the Company’s unaudited condensed statement of operations)   $ 298,637  
         
Other Information        
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2019   $ 229,071  
Weighted average remaining lease term – operating leases (in years)     1.6  
Average discount rate – operating leases     4.0 %

 

The supplemental balance sheet information related to leases for the period is as follows:

 

    At
September 30, 2019
 
Operating leases        
Long-term right-of-use assets     494,311  
         
Short-term operating lease liabilities   $ 284,199  
Long-term operating lease liabilities     210,112  
Total operating lease liabilities   $ 494,311  

 

Maturities of the Company’s lease liabilities are as follows (in thousands):

 

Year Ending   Operating Leases  
2019 (remaining 3 months)   $ 74,674  
2020     299,708  
2021     128,748  
2022     9,708  
Total lease payments     512,838  
Less: Imputed interest/present value discount     (18,527 )
Present value of lease liabilities   $ 494,311  

 

Lease expenses were $99,394 and $298,637 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $91,232 and $288,050 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

 

  17  
 

 

NOTE 5 - DERIVATIVE LIABILITIES

 

At September 30, 2019, the Company as outstanding warrants exercisable into 53,556 shares of the Company’s common stock. The strike price of warrants is denominated in US dollars, a currency other than the Company’s functional currencies, the HK$, RMB, and MYR. As a result, the warrants are not considered indexed to the Company’s own stock, and the Company characterized the fair value of the warrants as a derivative liability upon issuance. The derivative liability is re-measured at the end of every reporting period with the change in value reported in the statement of operations.

 

At December 31, 2018, the balance of the derivative liabilities was $241,923. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recorded a decrease in fair value of derivatives of $192,785. At September 30, 2019, the balance of the derivative liabilities was $49,138.

 

The derivative liabilities were valued using the Black-Scholes-Merton valuation model with the following assumptions:

 

    As of     As of  
   

September 30, 2019

   

December 31, 2018

 
      (Unaudited)          
Risk-free interest rate   $ 2.12 %   $ 3.00 %
Expected volatility     234 %     201 %
Contractual life (in years)     3.7 years       4.4 years  
Expected dividend yield     0.00 %     0.00 %
Fair Value of warrants   $ 49,138     $ 241,923  

 

The risk-free interest rate is based on the yield available on U.S. Treasury securities. The Company estimates volatility based on the historical volatility if its common stock. The contractual life of the warrants is based on the expiration date of the warrants. The expected dividend yield was based on that the Company has not paid dividends to common shareholders in the past and does not expect to pay dividends to common shareholders in the future.

 

  18  
 

 

NOTE 6 - STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

On January 2, 2019, the Company acquired Sparkle Insurance Brokers Limited (see Note 3) for total consideration of $170,322, made up of $129,032 in cash and the issuance of 8,602 shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $41,290. The shares were valued based on the closing price of the Company’s shares on the date the acquisition closed.

 

V1 Group

 

In 2018, the Company sold 906,666 shares of the Company’s common stock in a private placement to V1 Group Limited (“V1 Group”), a public company listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, for $6,800,000. The transaction was structured as a capital stock subscription. The Company used the proceeds of the offering to make an investment to a private company for $6,000,000. The investment was structured as a note receivable to the private company to be collected in two years. The private company invested the $6,000,000 and purchased 94,350,000 shares of V1 Group common stock from existing V1 Group shareholders. The Company determined that the economic substance of the two transactions was a capital transaction with the Company issuing 906,666 shares of its common stock for $6,800,000, made up of $800,000 cash and $6,000,000 due from a note receivable to be collected in two years. As the Company cannot determine the collectability of the note receivable, the funds will be recognized as a capital contribution when collected. The Company determined the fair value of the 906,666 shares issued to V1 Group was $5,440,000. The Company received a net of $800,000 from V1 Group’s investment. The difference of $4,640,000 was recorded as an expense of the transaction.

 

NOTE 7 - WARRANTS

 

In 2018, the Company issued warrants exercisable into 53,556 shares of common stock. The warrants were fully vested when issued, have an exercise price of $7.20 per share, and expire in 2023. A summary of warrant activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is presented below:

 

                Remaining  
    Number           Contractual  
    of     Exercise     Life  
    Shares     Price     (in Years)  
                   
Warrants outstanding at December 31, 2018     53,556     $ 7.50       -  
Granted     -       -       -  
Exercised     -       -       -  
Expired     -       -       -  
Warrants outstanding at September 30, 2019     53,556     $ 7.50       3.7  
Warrants exercisable at September 30, 2019     53,556     $ 7.50      

3.7

 

 

At September 30, 2019, the intrinsic value of outstanding warrants was zero.

 

NOTE 8 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Due from related parties consisted of the following at:   September 30, 2019     December 31, 2018  
      (Unaudited)          
Due from Greenpro KSP Holding Group Company Limited   $ 60,000     $ 60,000  
Accounts receivables from related companies     1,579       33,696  
Due from related companies     3,381       2,098  
Total   $ 64,960     $ 95,794  

 

At September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, $60,000 was due from Greenpro KSP Holding Group Company Limited (“KSP”). The Company acquired 49% of KSP in 2018.

 

  19  
 

 

At September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, net accounts receivables due from related companies where the Company owns a percentage of the company (ranging from 4% to 13%) were $1,579 and $33,696, respectively.

 

Due to related parties consisted of the following at:  

September 30, 2019

   

December 31, 2018

 
      (Unaudited)          
Due to noncontrolling interest   $ 822,194     $ 822,194  
Due to shareholders     147,190       35,937  
Due to directors     2,631       2,667  
Due to related companies     59       1,734  
Total   $ 972,074     $ 862,532  

 

At September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, $822,194 was due to the noncontrolling interest in Forward Win International Limited, and is unsecured, bears no interest, and is payable upon demand.

 

Due to shareholders, directors, and related companies represents expenses paid by the related companies or shareholder or director to third parties on behalf of the Company, are non-interest bearing, and are due on demand.

 

    For the nine months ended
September 30,
 
Revenues from / costs and expenses to related parties are comprised of the following:   2019     2018  
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  
             
Service revenue                
- Related party A   $ 211,624     $ -  
- Related party B     811,324       129,803  
- Related party C     385       953  
- Related party D     706,253       -  
- Related party E     11,193       208,666  
- Related party G     2,754       -  
Total   $ 1,743,533     $ 339,422  
                 
Cost of service revenue                
- Related party B     184,000       -  
- Related party F     -       66,000  
Total   $ 184,000     $ 66,000  
                 
General and administrative expenses                
- Related party B   $

155,138

     

-

 

 

Related party A is under common control of Mr. Loke Che Chan, Gilbert, the Company’s CFO and a major shareholder.

 

Related party B represents companies where the Company owns a percentage of the company (ranging from 2% to 13%).

 

Related party C is controlled by a director of a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.

 

Related party D represents companies that we have determined that we can significantly influence based on our common business relationships.

 

Related party E represents companies whose CEO is a consultant to the Company, and who is also a director of Aquarius Protection Fund, a shareholder in the Company.

 

Related party F represents a family member of Mr. Loke Che Chan, Gilbert, the Company’s CFO and a major shareholder.

 

Related party G is under common control of Mr. Lee Chong Kuang, the Company’s CEO and major shareholder.

 

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NOTE 9 - SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

ASC 280, “Segment Reporting” establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments on a basis consistent with the Company’s internal organization structure as well as information about services categories, business segments and major customers in financial statements. The Company has two reportable segments that are based on the following business units: service business and real estate business. In accordance with the “Segment Reporting” Topic of the ASC, the Company’s chief operating decision maker has been identified as the Chief Executive Officer and President, who reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance for the entire Company. Existing guidance, which is based on a management approach to segment reporting, establishes requirements to report selected segment information quarterly and to report annually entity-wide disclosures about products and services, major customers, and the countries in which the entity holds material assets and reports revenue. All material operating units qualify for aggregation under “Segment Reporting” due to their similar customer base and similarities in economic characteristics; nature of products and services; and procurement, manufacturing and distribution processes. The Company operates two reportable business segments:

 

Service business – provision of corporate advisory and business solution services
   
Real estate business – leasing and trading of commercial real estate properties in Hong Kong and Malaysia

 

The Company had no inter-segment sales for the periods presented. Summarized financial information concerning the Company’s reportable segments is shown as below:

 

(a) By Categories

 

    For the nine months ended September 30, 2019 (Unaudited)  
    Real estate business     Service business     Corporate     Total  
                         
Revenues   $ 71,462     $ 3,244,626     $ -     $ 3,316,088  
Cost of revenues     (34,989 )     (1,002,753 )     (128,250 )     (1,165,992 )
Depreciation and amortization     24,303       147,419       12,505       184,227  
Net loss     (54,277 )     (384,585 )     (399,402 )     (838,264 )
                                 
Total assets     2,582,631       5,928,187       136,865       8,647,683  
Capital expenditures for long-lived assets   $ -     $ 1,035     $ -     $ 1,035  

 

    For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Unaudited)  
    Real estate business     Service business     Corporate     Total  
                         
Revenues   $ 1,130,764     $ 1,975,124     $ -     $ 3,105,888  
Cost of revenues     (803,833 )     (524,823 )     (97,000 )     (1,425,656 )
Depreciation and amortization     24,959       164,183       12,275       201,417  
Net income (loss)     242,887       (5,539,271 )     150,129       (5,146,255 )
                                 
Total assets     2,947,496       7,479,236       2,302,561       12,729,293  
Capital expenditures for long-lived assets   $ -     $ 43,443     $ 251,844     $ 295,287  

 

(b) By Geography*

 

    For the nine months ended September 30, 2019 (Unaudited)  
    Hong Kong     Malaysia     China     Total  
                         
Revenues   $ 2,470,476     $ 392,602     $ 453,010     $ 3,316,088  
Cost of revenues     (944,006 )     (162,119 )     (59,867 )     (1,165,992 )
Depreciation and amortization     67,729       26,200       90,298       184,227  
Net income (loss)     (629,922 )     48,744       (257,086 )     (838,264 )
                                 
Total assets     4,371,510       1,168,208       3,107,965       8,647,683  
Capital expenditures for long-lived assets   $ -     $ -     $ 1,035     $ 1,035  

 

    For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Unaudited)  
    Hong Kong     Malaysia     China     Total  
                         
Revenues   $ 2,391,381     $ 562,522     $ 151,985     $ 3,105,888  
Cost of revenues     (1,200,234 )     (217,861 )     (7,561 )     (1,425,656 )
Depreciation and amortization     75,428       26,294       99,695       201,417  
Net loss     (4,782,000 )     (54,289 )     (309,966 )     (5,146,255 )
                                 
Total assets     8,315,537       1,132,458       3,281,298       12,729,293  
Capital expenditures for long-lived assets   $ 252,911     $ 4,267     $ 38,109     $ 295,287  

 

*Revenues and costs are attributed to countries based on the location where the entities operate.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The information contained in this Form 10-Q is intended to update the information contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 2, 2019 (the “Form 10-K”) and presumes that readers have access to, and will have read, the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and other information contained in such Form 10-K. The following discussion and analysis also should be read together with our financial statements and the notes to the financial statements included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.

 

The following discussion contains certain statements that may be deemed “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements appear in several places in this Report, including, without limitation, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” These statements are not guaranteed of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and requirements that are difficult to predict or are beyond our control. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this quarterly report. You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We strongly encourage investors to carefully read the factors described in our Form 10-K in the section entitled “Risk Factors” for a description of certain risks that could, among other things, cause actual results to differ from these forward-looking statements. We assume no responsibility to update the forward-looking statements contained in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. The following should also be read in conjunction with the unaudited Financial Statements and notes thereto that appear elsewhere in this report.

 

Company Overview

 

Greenpro Capital Corp. (the “Company” or “Greenpro”), was incorporated in the State of Nevada on July 19, 2013. We provide cross-border business solutions and accounting outsourcing services to small and medium-size businesses located in Asia, with an initial focus on Hong Kong, Malaysia and China. Greenpro provides a range of services as a package solution to our clients, which we believe can assist our clients in reducing their business costs and improving their revenues.

 

In addition to our business solution services, we also operate a venture capital business through Greenpro Venture Capital Limited, an Anguilla corporation. One of our venture capital business segments is focused on (1) establishing a business incubator for start-up and high growth companies to support such companies during critical growth periods, which will include education and support services, and (2) searching the investment opportunities in selected start-up and high growth companies, which may generate significant returns to the Company. Our venture capital business is focused on companies located in Asia and Southeast Asia including Hong Kong, Malaysia, China, Thailand and Singapore. Another one of our venture capital business segments is focused on rental activities of commercial properties and the sale of investment properties.

 

Results of Operations

 

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, we operated in three regions: Hong Kong, Malaysia and China. We derived revenue from the provision of services and rental of our commercial properties.

 

Comparison of the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018

 

Total revenues

 

Total revenue was $1,152,326 and $1,557,213 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease of $404,887 was primarily due to a decrease in the revenue from the sale of real estate properties. We expect revenue from our business services segment to steadily improve as we are continuously expanding our businesses and exposing into new territories in order to compensate the decrease of revenue from the sale of real estate properties.

 

Service revenue

 

Revenue from the provision of business services was $1,132,784 and $660,353 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. It was derived principally from the provision of business consulting and advisory services as well as company secretarial, accounting and financial analysis services. We experienced an increase in service income as a result of more business consulting and advisory services provided during the period.

 

Sale of real estate properties

 

There was no revenue generated from the sale of real estate properties for the three months ended September 30, 2019. Revenue from the sales of real estate properties was $853,420 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, which was derived from the sale of five units of commercial properties located in Hong Kong.

 

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Rental revenue

 

Revenue from rentals was $19,542 and $43,440 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. It was derived principally from leasing properties in Malaysia and Hong Kong. We believe our rental income will be stable in the near future.

 

Total operating costs and expenses

 

Total operating costs and expenses was $1,365,385 and $1,985,757 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. They consist of cost of service revenue, cost of real estate properties sold, cost of rental revenue, and general and administrative expenses.

 

Cost of service revenue

 

Costs of revenue on provision of services were $352,813 and $235,508 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. It primarily consists of employee compensation and related payroll benefits, company formation costs, and other professional fees directly attributable to the services rendered.

 

Cost of real estate properties sold

 

There was no cost incurred for the sale of real estate properties for the three months ended September 30, 2019. Cost of revenue on real estate properties sold was $655,899 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. It primarily consisted of the purchase price of property, legal fees, improvement costs to the building structure, and other acquisition costs. Selling and advertising costs are expensed as incurred.

 

Cost of rental revenue

 

Costs of rental revenue were $11,237 and $13,180 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. It includes the costs associated with governmental charges, repairs and maintenance, property insurance, depreciation and other related administrative costs. Property management fees and utility expenses are paid directly by the tenants.

 

General and administrative expenses

 

General and administrative (“G&A”) expenses were $1,001,335 and $1,081,170 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2019, G&A expenses consist primarily of salary and wages of $458,892, consulting fees of $48,518, advertising and promotion expenses of $41,363, rental expenses of $99,394, and directors’ remuneration of $83,732. We expect our G&A expenses to continue to increase as we integrate our business acquisitions, expand our offices into new jurisdictions, and deepen our existing businesses.

 

Loss from operations

 

The loss from operations for the Company for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 was $213,059 and $428,544, respectively. The decrease in loss from operations was mainly due to an increase of service revenue.

 

Other income (expense)

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, net other income was $2,489 as compared to net other expense of ($4,305,140) for the three months ended September 30, 2018. In 2018, the Company issued common stock with a fair value of $5,440,000 and received a net of $800,000. The difference of $4,640,000 was recorded as an expense of the transaction. In 2019, there was no such issuance of common stock.

 

Net loss

 

The net loss was $211,147 and $4,772,586 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease in net loss was mainly due to an increase of revenue in business services in 2019. In addition, in 2018 the Company recorded $4,640,000 as an expense related to the issuance of common stock and there was no such expense in 2019.

 

Income or loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

The Company records income or loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in the consolidated statements of operations for any noncontrolling interests of consolidated subsidiaries.

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company recorded net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests of $23,295 and net income attributable to noncontrolling interests of $80,614, respectively.

 

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Comparison of the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018

 

Total revenues

 

Total revenue was $3,316,088 and $3,105,888 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The increase of $210,200 was due to an increase of revenue in business services and an increase in our client base. We expect revenue from our business services segment to increase as we continue to grow our business and expand into new territories.

 

Service revenue

 

Revenue from the provision of business services was $3,244,626 and $1,975,124 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. It was derived principally from business consulting and advisory services as well as company secretarial, accounting and financial analysis services. We experienced an increase in service income as a result of our integration of clients in connection with our acquisitions and increased focus on high-end services.

 

Sale of real estate properties

 

There was no revenue generated from the sale of real estate properties for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Revenue from the sale of real estate properties was $999,494 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, which was derived from the sale of six units of commercial properties located in Hong Kong.

 

Rental revenue

 

Revenue from rentals was $71,462 and $131,270 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. It was derived principally from leasing properties in Malaysia and Hong Kong. We believe our rental income will be stable in the near future.

 

Total operating costs and expenses

 

Total operating costs and expenses was $4,353,669 and $4,146,396 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. They consist of cost of service revenue, cost of real estate properties sold, cost of rental revenue and G&A expenses.

 

Cost of service revenue

 

Costs of revenue on provision of services were $1,131,003 and $621,823 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. It primarily consists of employee compensation and related payroll benefits, company formation costs, and other professional fees directly attributable to the services rendered.

 

Cost of real estate properties sold

 

There was no cost incurred for real estate properties sold for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Costs of revenue on real estate properties sold were $751,218 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. It primarily consists of the purchase price of property, legal fees, improvement costs to the building structure, and other acquisition costs. Selling and advertising costs are expensed as incurred.

 

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Cost of rental revenue

 

Cost of rental revenue was $34,989 and $52,615 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. It includes the costs associated with government rent and rates, repairs and maintenance, property insurance, depreciation and other related administrative costs. Property management fees and utility expenses are paid directly by the tenants.

 

General and administrative expenses

 

General and administrative (“G&A”) expenses were $3,187,677 and $2,720,740 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, G&A expenses consist primarily of salary and wages of $1,324,108, consulting fees of $214,178, advertising and promotion expenses of $109,060, rental expenses of $298,637, and directors’ remuneration of $249,181. We expect our G&A expenses to continue to increase as we expect to integrate our business acquisitions, expand our offices into new jurisdictions, and deepen our existing businesses.

 

Loss from operations

 

The loss from operations for the Company for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 was $1,037,581 and $1,040,508, respectively. The decrease in loss from operations was mainly due to an increase of service revenue.

 

Other income (expense)

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, net other income was $207,625 as compared to net other expense of ($4,071,297) for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. In 2018, the Company issued common stock with a fair value of $5,440,000 and received a net of $800,000. The difference of $4,640,000 was recorded as an expense of the transaction. In 2019, there was no such issuance of common stock.

 

Net Loss

 

The net loss was $838,264 and $5,146,255 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease in net loss was mainly due to an increase of revenue in business services in 2019.  In addition, in 2018 the Company recorded $4,640,000 as an expense related to the issuance of common stock and there was no such expense in in 2019.

 

Income or Loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

The Company records income or loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in the consolidated statements of operations for any noncontrolling interests of consolidated subsidiaries.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company recorded net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests of $63,122 and net income attributable to noncontrolling interests of $114,512, respectively.

 

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There were no seasonal aspects that had a material effect on the financial condition or results of operations of the Company.

 

Other than as disclosed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report, we are not aware of any trends, uncertainties, demands, commitments or events for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 that are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, changes in our financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources, or that would cause the disclosed financial information to be not necessarily indicative of future operating results or financial conditions.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no significant off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in our financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to our stockholders as of September 30, 2019.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

As of September 30, 2019, two of the Company’s subsidiaries lease three offices in Hong Kong under three separate non-cancellable operating leases, two of which have a term of three years commencing from October 15, 2016 to October 14, 2019 and from May 1, 2018 to April 30, 2021, and one of which has a term of one year commencing from November 1, 2018 to October 31, 2019. Another subsidiary of the Company leases one office in PRC under a separate non-cancellable operating lease with a term of three years commencing from March 25, 2019 to March 24, 2022. At September 30, 2019, the future minimum rental payments under these leases aggregate approximately $520,635 and are due as follows: 2019: $77,428; 2020: $302,393; 2021: $130,730 and 2022: $10,084, respectively.

 

Related Party Transactions

 

There were $1,743,533 and $339,422 recorded in service revenues in connection with related party transactions for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The amounts due from related parties were $64,960 and $95,794 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The amounts due to related parties were $972,074 and $862,532 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

Our related parties are primarily those companies where Greenpro owns a certain percentage of shares in such companies, and companies that we have determined that we can significantly influence based on our common business relationships. Refer to Note 8 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details regarding the related party transactions.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant accounting estimates include certain assumptions related to, among others, the allowance for doubtful accounts receivable, impairment analysis of real estate assets and other long-term assets including goodwill, estimates inherent in recording purchase price allocation, valuation allowance on deferred income taxes, and the accrual of potential liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

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Revenue recognition

 

The Company follows the guidance of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 606, Revenue from Contracts. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of contracts, which includes (1) identifying the contracts or agreements with a customer, (2) identifying our performance obligations in the contract or agreement, (3) determining the transaction price, (4) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (5) recognizing revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the services it transfers to its clients.

 

The Company’s revenue consists of revenue from providing business consulting and corporate advisory services (“service revenue”), revenue from the sale of real estate properties, and revenue from the rental of real estate properties.

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

Long-lived assets primarily include real estate held for investment, property and equipment, and intangible assets. In accordance with the provision of ASC 360, the Company generally conducts its annual impairment evaluation of its long-lived assets in the fourth quarter of each year, or more frequently if indicators of impairment exist, such as a significant sustained change in the business climate. The recoverability of long-lived assets is measured at the reporting unit level. If the total of the expected undiscounted future net cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset, a loss is recognized for the difference between the fair value and carrying amount of the asset. In addition, for real estate held for sale, an impairment loss is the adjustment to fair value less estimated cost to dispose of the asset.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill is the excess of cost of an acquired entity over the fair value of amounts assigned to assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination. Under the guidance of ASC 350, goodwill is not amortized, rather it is tested for impairment annually, and will be tested for impairment between annual tests if an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate the carrying amount may be impaired. An impairment loss generally would be recognized when the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s net assets exceeds the estimated fair value of the reporting unit and would be measured as the excess carrying value of goodwill over the derived fair value of goodwill. The Company’s policy is to perform its annual impairment testing for its reporting units on December 31, of each fiscal year.

 

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Derivative Financial Instruments

 

The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the statements of operations. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current liabilities depending on whether net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument is required within 12 months from the balance sheet date. At each reporting date, the Company reviews its convertible securities to determine that their classification is appropriate.

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

 

Refer to Note 1 in the accompanying financial statements.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

At September 30, 2019, our cash balance decreased to $857,892 as compared to $2,172,048 as of December 31, 2018. The Company estimates it has sufficient cash available to meet its anticipated working capital for the next twelve months.

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company incurred a net loss of $838,264 and used cash in operations of $1,241,216. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date that the financial statements are issued. In addition, the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, in its report on the Company’s December 31, 2018 financial statements, has expressed substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon improving its profitability and the continuing financial support from its shareholders. Management believes the existing shareholders or external financing will provide the additional cash to meet the Company’s obligations as they become due.

 

Despite the amount of funds that the Company has raised, no assurance can be given that any future financing, if needed, will be available or, if available, that it will be on terms that are satisfactory to the Company. Even the Company can obtain additional financing if necessary, it may contain undue restrictions on its operations, in the case of debt financing, or cause substantial dilution for its shareholders, in the case of equity financing.

 

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Operating activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities were $1,241,216 and $743,954 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The cash used in operating activities in 2019 was mainly from the net loss for the period of $838,264, a decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $184,362, a decrease in deferred revenue of $613,660 and offset by a decrease of accounts receivable of $60,767, a decrease of prepaids and other current assets of $89,184, and a decrease in deferred costs of revenue of $337,540. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, non-cash adjustments included depreciation and amortization of $184,227 and offset by non-cash income of change in fair value of derivative liabilities of $192,785, a gain on deconsolidation of controlled subsidiaries of $35,986, and provision for bad debts of $27,324.

 

Investing activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $63,112 and net cash provided by investing activities was $242,080 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. In 2019, the cash used in investing activities was mainly for the purchase of a subsidiary of $129,032 and offset by cash acquired upon the acquisition of this subsidiary of $68,845.

 

Financing activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $1,744 and $2,008,063 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The cash provided by financing activities in 2019 was mainly the advances from related parties of $108,601 and offset by the repayment of loans of $106,857. As compared to 2018, the major cash provided by financial activities was the cash proceeds from the issuance of shares of $3,463,705.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Item 10 of Regulation S-K, the Company is not required to provide information required by this Item.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We conducted an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. The term “disclosure controls and procedures”, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the company in the reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures also include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded as of September 30, 2019 that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective.

 

The matters involving internal controls and procedures that our management considered to be weaknesses under the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board were: (1) The Company’s control environment did not sufficiently promote effective internal controls over financial reporting, which contributed to the other material weaknesses described below. Principal contributing factors included: (i) an insufficient number of personnel with an appropriate level of US GAAP knowledge and experience and ongoing training in the application of US GAAP commensurate with our financial reporting requirements; and (ii) an insufficient number of personnel appropriately qualified to perform control design, execution and monitoring activities; (2) The Company did not have adequate risk assessment controls to continuously and formally assess the financial reporting risks associated with executing new, significant or unusual transactions, contracts or business initiatives. As a result, the Company did not adequately identify and analyze changes in the business and hence implement effective process level controls and monitoring controls that were responsive to these changes and aligned with financial reporting objectives; (3) The Company did not maintain effective controls over its financial statement close and reporting process. Specifically, the Company: (i) had insufficient preparation and review procedures for disclosures accompanying the Company’s financial statements; and (ii) did not have effective controls over the completeness, existence and accuracy of related party disclosures; and (4) There are inadequate controls associated with the recording of nonroutine, complex, and unusual transactions. The aforementioned weaknesses were identified by our Chief Financial Officer in connection with the review of our financial statements as of September 30, 2019.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

We know of no material, active or pending legal proceedings against us, nor are we involved as a plaintiff in any material proceedings or pending litigation. There are no proceedings in which any of our directors, officers or affiliates, or any beneficial shareholder are an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to us.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are not required to provide the information under this item.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

None.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information.

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit No.   Description
31.1   Rule 13(a)-14(a)/15(d)-14(a) Certification of principal executive officer
31.2   Rule 13(a)-14(a)/15(d)-14(a) Certification of principal financial officer
32.1   Section 1350 Certification of principal executive officer
32.2   Section 1350 Certification of principal financial officer and principal accounting officer

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  Greenpro Capital Corp.
     
Date: November 6, 2019 By: /s/ Lee Chong Kuang
    Lee Chong Kuang
    President and Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: November 6, 2019 By: /s/ Loke Che Chan, Gilbert
    Loke Che Chan, Gilbert
    Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

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Greenpro Capital (NASDAQ:GRNQ)
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From Sep 2020 to Oct 2020 Click Here for more Greenpro Capital Charts.
Greenpro Capital (NASDAQ:GRNQ)
Historical Stock Chart
From Oct 2019 to Oct 2020 Click Here for more Greenpro Capital Charts.