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As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 27, 2020

Registration No. 333-                

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM S-3

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

 

electroCore, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   20-3454976

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

150 Allen Road, Suite 201

Basking Ridge, New Jersey 07920

(973) 290-0097

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code of registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

 

Daniel S. Goldberger

Chief Executive Officer

electroCore, Inc.

150 Allen Ridge, Suite 201

Basking Ridge, New Jersey 07920

(973) 290-0097

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code of agent for service)

 

 

With a copy to:

John L. Cleary, Esq.

Ira L. Kotel, Esq.

Dentons US LLP

1221 Avenue of the Americas

New York, NY 10020-1089

Telephone: (212) 768-6700

 

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this Registration Statement.

If the only securities being registered on this form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box.   ☐

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box.   ☒

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.   ☐

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.   ☐

If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box.   ☐

If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box.   ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.   ☐

 


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CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

 

Title of Each Class of

Securities to be Registered

 

Amount

to be
Registered(1)

  Proposed
Maximum
Offering Price
Per Share(1)(2)
 

Proposed
Maximum
Aggregate

Offering Price

 

Amount of

Registration
Fee (2)

Common Stock

  4,128,372   $0.88   $3,632,967   $471.56

 

 

(1)

In addition, there are being registered hereunder such additional number of shares of common stock, of a currently indeterminable amount, as may from time to time become issuable by reason of stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions, which shares of common stock are registered hereunder pursuant to Rule 416 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act.

(2)

Estimated in accordance with Rule 457(c) of the Securities Act solely for purposes of calculating the registration fee based on the average high and low prices reported for the registrant’s common stock traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on May 21, 2020.

The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with section 8(a) of the Securities Act or until this Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission acting pursuant to said section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 


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The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. The selling stockholders may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell nor does it seek an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED MAY 27, 2020.

PROSPECTUS

 

LOGO

4,128,372 shares of Common Stock

 

 

This prospectus relates to up to 4,128,372 shares of common stock, par value $.001 per share, that the selling stockholders identified in this prospectus may sell from time to time in one or more transactions in amounts, at prices and on terms that will be determined at the time of the offering. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the shares of common stock by the selling stockholders. See the section entitled “Selling Stockholders” on page 8 for a list of the selling stockholders. We issued such shares to the selling stockholders in transactions not involving any public offering.

The shares of common stock may be sold directly by the selling stockholders on the Nasdaq Global Select Market or any other stock exchange, market or trading facility on which the shares of common stock are traded or in private transactions. This prospectus describes the general manner in which the shares may be offered and sold by the selling stockholders. If necessary, the specific manner in which the shares may be offered and sold will be described in a supplement to this prospectus. Any such prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information in this prospectus. We may also authorize one or more free writing prospectuses to be provided to you in connection with this offering. You should carefully read this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectuses, as well as the documents incorporated by reference or deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus, carefully before you invest. For additional information on the methods of sale, you should refer to the section entitled “Plan of Distribution” in this prospectus.

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “ECOR.” On May 26, 2020, the closing price of our common stock on the Nasdaq Global Select Market was $0.979 per share.

 

 

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should review carefully the risks and uncertainties referenced under the heading “Risk Factors” on page 6 of this prospectus and contained in our filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission and any applicable prospectus supplement.

NEITHER THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION NOR ANY STATE SECURITIES COMMISSION HAS APPROVED OR DISAPPROVED OF THESE SECURITIES OR PASSED UPON THE ACCURACY OR ADEQUACY OF THIS PROSPECTUS. ANY REPRESENTATION TO THE CONTRARY IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE.

 

 

The date of this prospectus is                , 2020.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

     1  

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

     3  

ABOUT THIS OFFERING

     5  

RISK FACTORS

     6  

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

     6  

USE OF PROCEEDS

     7  

SELLING STOCKHOLDERS

     8  

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

     10  

LEGAL MATTERS

     12  

EXPERTS

     12  

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

     12  

INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE

     12  

 

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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-3 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, utilizing a “shelf” registration process. This prospectus describes the general manner in which the selling stockholders identified in this prospectus may offer from time to time in one or more transactions up to 4,128,372 shares of our common stock.

This prospectus only provides you with a general description of the common stock that may be sold in these transactions. If necessary, the specific manner in which the shares of common stock may be offered and sold will be described in a supplement to this prospectus, which supplement may also add, update or change any of the information contained in this prospectus. We may also authorize one or more free writing prospectuses to be provided to you that may contain material information relating to this offering. This prospectus does not contain all of the information included in the registration statement we filed with the SEC. For further information about us or the common stock offered hereby, you should carefully read this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement, any related free writing prospectuses, the information and documents incorporated herein by reference and the additional information under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information” before making an investment decision.

You should rely only on the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectuses that we may authorize to be provided to you. We have not authorized any other person to provide you with different information. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. This prospectus and any accompanying supplement to this prospectus are not an offer to sell the common stock and it is not soliciting an offer to buy the common stock in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should assume that the information appearing in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any related free writing prospectuses, as well as information we have previously filed with the SEC, and incorporated by reference, is accurate only as of the date on the cover of those documents. If any statement in one of these documents is inconsistent with a statement in another document having a later date-for example, a document incorporated by reference in this prospectus-the statement in the document having the later date modifies or supersedes the earlier statement as our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since the earlier dates. To the extent there are inconsistencies between any prospectus supplement, this prospectus and/or any documents incorporated by reference, the document with the most recent date will control.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This prospectus contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this prospectus, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, strategy and plans, and our expectations for future operations, are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those described under the heading “Risk Factors” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on March 30, 2020, and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on May 15, 2020, as updated by annual, quarterly and other reports and documents we file with the SEC after the date of this prospectus and that are incorporated by reference herein or in any applicable prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectus. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements in this prospectus and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

Any forward-looking statements in this prospectus reflect our current views with respect to future events or to our future financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may

 

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cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements for any reason, even if new information becomes available in the future.

References to electroCore

In this prospectus, unless otherwise stated or the context otherwise indicates, references to “ECOR,” “electroCore,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar references refer to electroCore, Inc., a Delaware corporation. References herein to the “Corporate Conversion” or “corporate conversion” refer to all the transactions related to the conversion of Electrocore, LLC into electroCore, Inc., including the conversion of all outstanding membership units of Electrocore, LLC into shares of common stock of electroCore, Inc., effected on June 21, 2018.

Trademarks and Tradenames

The electroCore logo, gammaCore and other trademarks of electroCore, Inc. appearing in this prospectus are the property of electroCore, Inc. All other trademarks, service marks and trade names in this prospectus are the property of their respective owners. We have omitted the ® and designations, as applicable, for the trademarks used in this prospectus.

 

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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, the terms the “Company,” “ECOR,” “electroCore,” “we,” “us,” “our,” and similar references refer to electroCore, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries.

Business Overview of electroCore, Inc.

We are a commercial stage medical device company with a proprietary non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation, or nVNS therapy. nVNS is a platform bioelectronic medical therapy that modulates neurotransmitters and immune function through its effects on both the peripheral and central nervous systems. We are initially focused on neurology, and our therapy, gammaCore, is cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, for use by adults for the following four neurology indications: the acute treatment of pain associated with each of migraine and episodic cluster headache, or eCH, the preventive treatment of migraine headache and adjunctive use for the preventive treatment of cluster headaches, or CH. We are also considering the potential for several additional indications for our nVNS technology, which is being studied in a number of investigator-initiated studies.

Our gammaCore treatment is the first FDA-cleared, prescription-only nVNS therapy. Historically, vagus nerve stimulation, or VNS, required an invasive surgical procedure to permanently implant a costly medical device. These limitations prevented VNS from being used, other than for the most severe patients. Our lead product, gammaCore Sapphire, is a proprietary, simple-to-use handheld delivery system intended for multi-year use. Currently, it is prescribed on a monthly or on a 93-day basis and is both rechargeable and reloadable. gammaCore Sapphire permits patients to self-administer doses of nVNS on an as-needed basis for acute treatment, or at regular intervals for prevention therapy.

Non-invasive delivery of VNS by our gammaCore Sapphire is enabled by a proprietary high-frequency burst waveform that safely and comfortably passes through the skin and stimulates therapeutically relevant fibers in the vagus nerve. Multiple published studies suggest that VNS works through the modulation of neurotransmitters and has a measurable effect similar to several classes of commonly prescribed medications.

The FDA cleared our gammaCore therapy for the acute treatment of pain associated with migraine in adults in January 2018, and for preventive treatment of migraine headache in adult patients on March 26, 2020. Migraine is a debilitating primary headache condition that is estimated to affect approximately 12% of the global adult population and disproportionately affects women of child-bearing years. Migraine is estimated to affect 36 million adults in the United States. Some reports suggest that up to 60% of migraine suffers are dissatisfied with or have contraindications to the current standard of care treatments for migraine, such as “triptan” medications. In April 2017, the FDA cleared gammaCore for the acute treatment of pain associated with eCH, and in December 2018, the FDA cleared gammaCore for adjunctive use for the prevention of CH. CH is an extremely painful form of headache affecting approximately 400,000 people in the United States. Prior to gammaCore, injectable sumatriptan was the only FDA-approved, commercially available acute CH treatment, and there was no FDA-approved therapy for the prevention of CH.

The four FDA clearances of our gammaCore therapy were facilitated by the FDA’s creation of a new regulatory category: External Vagus Nerve Stimulator for Headache (21 CFR 882-5892). Based on this category’s description, we anticipate that some additional label expansions may be possible through the pathway under Section 510(k) of the Federal Drug and Cosmetic Act.

In September 2011, we received a CE Certificate of Conformity for gammaCore for the treatment of primary headache from the British Standards Institution, a European Union notified body. This CE Certificate of Conformity allowed us to affix the CE Mark on gammaCore and to commercialize it in the European Economic Area and other countries that recognize the European CE Mark, including the United Kingdom, which is

 

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currently our predominant geographic market outside the United States. In addition to the CE Certificate of Conformity for primary headache, between September 2011 and October 2013 we received CE Certificates of Conformity on gammaCore covering four other specific indications for use, including reactive airway disease and gastric motility disorders. In 2019, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, or NICE published a Medical Technology Guidance document recommending the use of gammaCore for CH within England’s National Health Service.

 

Corporate Information

electroCore, Inc. was founded in 2005 as a limited liability company and upon the Corporate Conversion effected June 21, 2018 became a corporation registered with the Division of Corporations of the State of Delaware. Our principal executive offices are located at 150 Allen Road, Suite 201, Basking Ridge, New Jersey 07920. Our telephone number is (973) 290-0097 and our website address is www.electrocore.com. We have included our website address in this prospectus as an inactive textual reference only. The information available on or accessible through our website does not constitute a part of this prospectus and should not be relied upon. Our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “ECOR.” 

 

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ABOUT THIS OFFERING

This prospectus relates to the resale by the selling stockholders identified in this prospectus of up to 4,128,372 shares of our common stock. All of the shares, when sold, will be sold by these selling stockholders. The selling stockholders may sell their shares of common stock from time to time on prices and on terms that will be determined at the time of sale. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the shares of common stock by the selling stockholders.

 

Common Stock Offered by the Selling Stockholders:    Up to 4,128,372 shares of common stock, par value $.001 per share.
Terms of the Offering:    The selling stockholders will determine when and how they sell the shares of common stock offered in this prospectus, as described in “Plan of Distribution.”
Common Stock Outstanding at May 20, 2020:    38,130,275 shares.
Use of Proceeds:    We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the 4,128,372 shares of common stock by the selling stockholders under this prospectus.
Risk Factors:    An investment in the common stock offered under this prospectus involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 6 of this prospectus and in the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus for a discussion of factors you should consider carefully when making an investment decision.
Nasdaq Symbol:    ECOR

 

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RISK FACTORS

Investment in our common stock involves risks. Prior to making a decision about investing in our common stock, you should consider carefully all of the information included in and incorporated by reference or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus or the applicable prospectus supplement, including the risk factors incorporated by reference herein from our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on March 30, 2020 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on May 15, 2020, as updated by annual, quarterly and other reports and documents we file with the SEC after the date of this prospectus and that are incorporated by reference herein or in any applicable prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectus. Each of these risk factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial position or cash flows, which may result in the loss of all or part of your investment. The risks and uncertainties we have described are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial may also impair our business operations. If any of these risks actually occur, our business and financial results could be harmed. In that case, the trading price of our common stock or other securities could decline. To the extent a particular offering implicates additional known material risks, we will include a discussion of those risks in the applicable prospectus supplement.

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus and certain information incorporated herein by reference contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. The statements contained in this prospectus that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements are often identified by the use of words such as, but not limited to, “anticipate,” “believe,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “strategy,” “target,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions or variations intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management based on information currently available to management. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause actual results and the timing of certain events to differ materially from future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.

Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those included in this prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference herein and therein, as well as those contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, and our Current Reports on Form 8-K, including those described under “Risk Factors” herein and therein. Other risks may be described from time to time in our filings made under the securities laws, including our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and Current Reports on Form 8-K. There may be additional risks, uncertainties and factors that we do not currently view as material or that are not known. The forward-looking statements contained in this document are made only as of the date of this document. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, as well as those described elsewhere in this prospectus, and other factors that we may publicly disclose from time to time. Furthermore, such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the 4,128,372 shares of common stock by the selling stockholders under this prospectus (and/or their respective pledgees, donees, transferees, distributees, or other successors in interest that receive such shares as a gift, partnership distribution or other non-sale related transfer).

We will incur all costs associated with the preparation and filing of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. Brokerage fees, commissions and similar expenses, if any, attributable to the sale of shares offered hereby will be borne by the selling stockholders.

 

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SELLING STOCKHOLDERS

An aggregate of 2,058,822 shares of our common stock being registered for resale under this prospectus were acquired by certain selling stockholders pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement dated April 14, 2020, at a price of $0.85 per share. Each such selling stockholder is an affiliate and/or existing shareholder of the Company, including certain members of our board of directors. An aggregate of 1,564,345 shares of our common stock being registered for resale pursuant to this prospectus were issued to our legal counsel, Dentons US LLP, to satisfy certain outstanding financial obligations owed by the Company. An aggregate of 505,205 shares of our common stock being registered for resale pursuant to this prospectus were acquired by certain selling stockholders pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement dated May 18, 2020, at a price of $0.9178 per share.

All information with respect to share ownership is as of May 20, 2020 and has been furnished by the selling stockholders. The shares being offered are being registered to permit public secondary trading of such shares and the selling stockholders may offer all or part of the shares they own for resale from time to time in one or more transactions pursuant to this prospectus. To our knowledge, other than the relationships described herein, neither the selling stockholders nor their affiliates have any family relationships with our officers, other directors or controlling stockholders.

If any of the selling stockholders is an affiliate of broker-dealers, it and any participating broker-dealers are deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act, and any commissions or discounts given to that selling stockholder or broker-dealer may be regarded as underwriting commissions or discounts under the Securities Act.

The term “selling stockholders” also includes any transferees, pledgees, donees, or other successors in interest to the selling stockholders named in the table below. To our knowledge, the selling stockholders have sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares of common stock set forth opposite each selling stockholder’s name. We will file a supplement to this prospectus (or a post-effective amendment hereto, if necessary) to name successors to any named selling stockholders who are able to use this prospectus to resell the common stock registered hereby.

 

Name of Selling
Stockholder

   Shares Beneficially
Owned Before the
Offering (1)
    Maximum
Number of
Shares to
be Offered
in
the
Offering
     Number of Shares
Beneficially Owned
Immediately After Sale of
Maximum Number of Shares
in the Offering (1)(2)
 
     Number      Percentage (3)    

 

     Number      Percentage (3)  

Tullis Growth Fund II LP(4)

     1,764,705        4.62     1,764,705        0        0.00

Thomas Errico M.D.

     3,713,783        9.74     176,470        3,537,313        9.28

Trevor Moody

     217,820        0.57     117,647        100,173        0.28

Dentons US LLP(5)

     1,564,345        4.10     1,564,345        0        0.00

Thomas O’Shea(6)

     475,196        1.25     435,824        39,372        0.10

Norton Capital, LLC(7)

     54,478        0.47     54,478        0        0.00

Michael Fitzgerald

     50,000        0.13     14,903        35,097        0.09

 

(1)

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with SEC rules and generally includes voting or investment power with respect to securities. Shares of common stock subject to warrants, options or rights currently exercisable, or exercisable within 60 days of May 20, 2020 are counted as beneficially owned by the selling stockholder.

 

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(2)

Assumes all of the shares of common stock offered are sold.

 

(3)

Based on 38,130,275 shares of our common stock outstanding on May 20, 2020.

(4)

The shares are beneficially owned by Tullis Growth Fund II, L.P. (“Tullis Growth II”). Tullis Growth Partners II, LLC is the general partner of Tullis Growth II and may be deemed to beneficially own the shares held by Tullis Growth II. James L.L. Tullis is a Principal of each of the foregoing entities and may be deemed to possess voting and investment control over, and may be deemed to have an indirect beneficial ownership with respect to, the shares held by Tullis Growth II. James L.L. Tullis is a Director of the Company.

(5)

The law firm of Dentons US LLP serves as corporate counsel for electroCore, Inc.

(6)

Includes 9,843 shares held by entities controlled by Thomas O’Shea and over which he may be deemed to possess voting and investment control, and may be deemed to have indirect beneficial ownership.

(7)

Does not include 124,377 shares held by Robert Norton, MD. Dr. Norton is the Principal of Norton Capital LLC and may be deemed to possess voting and investment control over, and may be deemed to have an indirect beneficial ownership with respect to, the shares held by Norton Capital LLC.

We may require the selling stockholders to suspend the sales of the common stock offered by this prospectus upon the occurrence of any event that makes any statement in this prospectus or the related registration statement untrue in any material respect or that requires the changing of statements in these documents in order to make statements in those documents not misleading.

Information concerning the selling stockholders may change from time to time and any changed information will be set forth in prospectus supplements if and when necessary.

 

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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

We are registering the shares of common stock on behalf of the selling stockholders. The selling stockholders and any of their pledgees, assignees, distributees, and successors-in-interest in our common stock received after the date of this prospectus from the selling stockholders as a partnership distribution, gift, pledge, or other transfer, may, from time to time, sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of any or all of the common stock covered hereby on the Nasdaq Global Select Market or any other stock exchange, market or trading facility on which the common stock is traded or in private transactions. These dispositions may be at fixed prices, at prevailing market prices at the time of the sale, at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices. The selling stockholders may use any one or more of the following methods when selling common stock:

 

   

ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker-dealer solicits purchasers;

 

   

block trades in which the broker-dealer will attempt to sell the common stock as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;

 

   

purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account;

 

   

exchange distributions in accordance with the rules of the applicable exchange;

 

   

privately negotiated transactions;

 

   

settlement of short sales;

 

   

transactions through broker-dealers that agree with the selling stockholders to sell a specified number of such common stock at a stipulated price per security;

 

   

through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;

 

   

a combination of any such methods of sale; or

 

   

any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.

The selling stockholders may also sell common stock under Rule 144 or any other exemption from registration under the Securities Act, if available, rather than under this prospectus.

In connection with the distribution of the shares, the selling stockholders may also enter into hedging transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions. In connection such transactions, broker-dealers or other financial institutions may engage in short sales of our common stock in the course of hedging the positions they assume with the selling stockholders. The selling stockholders may also: (i) sell our common stock short and redeliver the registered shares to close out such short positions; (ii) enter into option or other types of transactions that requires any of the selling stockholders to deliver the shares to a broker-dealer, who will then resell or transfer the shares pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction); or (iii) loan or pledge the shares to a broker-dealer who may sell the loaned shares or, in the event of default, sell the pledged shares pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction).

Broker-dealers engaged by the selling stockholders may arrange for other broker-dealers to participate in sales. Broker-dealers may receive commissions or discounts from the selling stockholders (or, if any broker-dealer acts as agent for the purchaser of common stock, from the purchaser) in amounts to be negotiated, but, except as set forth in a supplement to this prospectus, in the case of an agency transaction not in excess of a customary brokerage commission in compliance with FINRA Rule 2121; and in the case of a principal transaction a markup or markdown in compliance with FINRA IM-2121.

The selling stockholders and any broker-dealers or agents that are involved in selling the common stock may be deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act in connection with such sales. In such event, any commissions received by such broker-dealers or agents and any profit on the resale of the common

 

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stock purchased by them may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts under the Securities Act. The selling stockholders have informed us that they do not have any written or oral agreement or understanding, directly or indirectly, with any person to distribute the common stock.

We are required to pay certain fees and expenses incurred by us incident to the registration of the common stock. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the shares by the selling stockholders.

We agreed to keep this prospectus effective until the earlier of (i) the date that the common stock may be resold by the selling stockholders without registration and without regard to any volume or manner-of-sale limitations by reason of Rule 144, without the requirement for us to be in compliance with the current public information under Rule 144 under the Securities Act or any other rule of similar effect or (ii) the date that all of the common stock has been sold pursuant to this prospectus or Rule 144 under the Securities Act or any other rule of similar effect. The resale common stock will be sold only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers if required under applicable state securities laws. In addition, in certain states, the resale common stock covered hereby may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.

Under applicable rules and regulations under the Exchange Act, any person engaged in the distribution of the resale common stock may not simultaneously engage in market making activities with respect to the common stock for the applicable restricted period, as defined in Regulation M, prior to the commencement of the distribution. In addition, the selling stockholders will be subject to applicable provisions of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder, including Regulation M, which may limit the timing of purchases and sales of the common stock by the selling stockholders or any other person. We will make copies of this prospectus available to the selling stockholders and have informed them of the need to deliver a copy of this prospectus to each purchaser at or prior to the time of the sale (including by compliance with Rule 172 under the Securities Act).

 

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LEGAL MATTERS

The validity of the common stock being offered hereby will be passed on by Dentons US LLP. As of the date of this prospectus, Dentons US LLP beneficially owns an aggregate of 1,564,345 shares of our common stock. Members of Dentons US LLP own shares of our common stock with a market value in excess of $50,000.

EXPERTS

The consolidated financial statements of electroCore, Inc., Subsidiaries and Affiliate as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, and for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2019, have been incorporated by reference herein in reliance upon the reports of KPMG LLP, independent registered public accounting firm, incorporated by reference herein, and upon the authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing. The audit report covering the December 31, 2019 consolidated financial statements contains an explanatory paragraph that states that the Company’s recurring losses from operations and net capital deficiency raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of that uncertainty.

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We file annual, quarterly and periodic reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available to the public from the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. We make available free of charge our annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information upon request. To request such materials, please contact the Corporate Secretary at the following address or telephone number: electroCore, Inc., 150 Allen Road, Suite 201, Basking Ridge, New Jersey 07920, Attention: Corporate Secretary; (973) 290-0097. Exhibits to the documents will not be sent, unless those exhibits have specifically been incorporated by reference in this prospectus.

We maintain our website at www.electrocore.com. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not incorporated into this prospectus.

We have filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-3 under the Securities Act relating to the securities we are offering by this prospectus. This prospectus does not contain all of the information set forth in the registration statement and the exhibits and schedules to the registration statement. Please refer to the registration statement and its exhibits and schedules for further information with respect to us and our securities. Statements contained in this prospectus as to the contents of any contract or other document are not necessarily complete and, in each instance, we refer you to the copy of that contract or document filed as an exhibit to the registration statement. You may read and obtain a copy of the registration statement and its exhibits and schedules from the SEC, as described above.

INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” the information we file with them, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be part of this prospectus, and information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information. We incorporate by reference the documents filed with the SEC listed below:

 

   

Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on March 30, 2020.

 

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Our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2020.

 

   

Our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 13, 2020, March 23, 2020, March  26, 2020, March 27, 2020, April 2, 2020, April 20, 2020, May  1, 2020, May 6, 2020, and May 14, 2020 (in each case, except for information contained therein which is furnished rather than filed); and

 

   

The description of our capital stock included under the caption “Description of Capital Stock” of the prospectus included in the Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No.  333-225084) filed with the SEC on June 11, 2018.

In addition, all documents subsequently filed by us pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act on or after the date of this prospectus and prior to the termination of the offering of the securities to which this prospectus relates, shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus and to be a part hereof from the date of filing of such documents. However, any documents or portions thereof, whether specifically listed above or filed in the future, that are not deemed “filed” with the SEC, including without limitation any information furnished pursuant to Item 2.02 or 7.01 of Form 8-K or certain exhibits furnished pursuant to Item 9.01 of Form 8-K, shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus.

Any statement in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein shall be deemed to be modified or superseded for the purposes of this prospectus to the extent that a statement contained herein or in any other subsequently filed document which also is incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein modifies or supersedes such statement. Any statement so modified or superseded shall not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus.

 

 

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PART II

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS

 

Item 14.

Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution.

The following table sets forth all costs and expenses payable by us in connection with the sale of the common stock being registered hereunder. All of the amounts shown shall be paid by us and are estimates except for the SEC registration fee.

 

SEC Registration Fee

   $ 471.56  

Accounting Fees and Expenses

   $ 6,000  

Legal Fees and Expenses

   $ 30,000  

Miscellaneous

   $ 5,000  
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 41,471.56  
  

 

 

 

 

Item 15.

Indemnification of Directors and Officers.

As permitted by Section 102 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that limit or eliminate the personal liability of our directors for a breach of their fiduciary duty of care as directors. The duty of care generally requires that, when acting on behalf of the corporation, directors exercise an informed business judgment based on all material information reasonably available to them. Consequently, a director will not be personally liable to us or our stockholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a director, except for liability for:

 

   

any breach of the director’s duty of loyalty to us or our stockholders;

 

   

any act or omission not in good faith or that involves intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;

 

   

any act related to unlawful stock repurchases, redemptions or other distributions or payment of dividends; or

 

   

any transaction from which the director derived an improper personal benefit.

These limitations of liability do not affect the availability of equitable remedies such as injunctive relief or rescission. Our certificate of incorporation also authorizes us to indemnify our officers, directors and other agents to the fullest extent permitted under Delaware law.

As permitted by Section 145 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, our bylaws provide, among other things, that:

 

   

we will indemnify our directors and officers for serving in these capacities or for serving other business enterprises at our request, to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law;

 

   

we may, in our discretion, indemnify employees and agents in those circumstances where indemnification is permitted by applicable law;

 

   

we are required to advance expenses, as incurred, to our directors and officers in connection with defending a proceeding, except that such directors and officers shall undertake to repay such advances if it is ultimately determined that such person is not entitled to indemnification;

 

   

we will not be obligated pursuant to our amended and restated bylaws to indemnify a person with respect to proceedings initiated by that person against us or our other indemnitees, except with respect to proceedings authorized by our board of directors or brought to enforce a right to indemnification;

 

   

the rights conferred in our amended and restated bylaws are not exclusive, and we are authorized to enter into indemnification agreements with our directors, officers, employees, and agents and to obtain insurance to indemnify such persons; and

 

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we may not retroactively amend our amended and restated bylaw provisions to reduce our indemnification obligations to directors, officers, employees, and agents.

Our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws provide for the indemnification provisions described above and elsewhere herein. We have entered into separate indemnification agreements with our directors and officers which are broader than the specific indemnification provisions contained in the Delaware General Corporation Law. These indemnification agreements generally require us, among other things, to indemnify our officers and directors against liabilities that may arise by reason of their status or service as directors or officers, other than liabilities arising from willful misconduct. These indemnification agreements also generally require us to advance any expenses incurred by the directors or officers as a result of any proceeding against them as to which they could be indemnified. In addition, we have purchased a policy of directors’ and officers’ liability insurance that insures our directors and officers against the cost of defense, settlement or payment of a judgment in some circumstances. These indemnification provisions and the indemnification agreements may be sufficiently broad to permit indemnification of our officers and directors for liabilities, including reimbursement of expenses incurred, arising under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act.

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act, may be permitted to our directors, officers and controlling persons pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, we have been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.

 

Item 16.

Exhibits.

See the Exhibit Index attached to this registration statement and incorporated herein by this reference.

 

Item 17.

Undertakings.

(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:

(1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:

(i) To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;

(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or any decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and

(iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;

Provided, however, that paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(1)(iii) do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to section 13 or section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is a part of the registration statement.

(2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.

 

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(4) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser:

(i) Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and

(ii) Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5), or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.

(b) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

(c) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrants pursuant to the foregoing provisions described in Item 15, or otherwise, the registrants have been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrants of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of any registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, each appropriate registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

Number

  

Exhibit

5.1    Opinion of Dentons US LLP
23.1    Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
23.2    Consent of Dentons US LLP (contained in Exhibit 5.1.)
24.1    Power of Attorney

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the Registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this Registration Statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Basking Ridge, State of New Jersey, on May 27, 2020.

 

ELECTROCORE, INC.
By:   /s/ Brian Posner
Name:   Brian Posner
Title:   Chief Financial Officer

POWER OF ATTORNEY

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Daniel Goldberger and Brian Posner, and each of them acting individually, as his or her true and lawful attorney- in-fact and agent, with full power of each to act alone, with full powers of substitution and resubstitution, for him or her and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this registration statement (including post-effective amendments and any registration statement for the same offering that is to be effective under Rule 462(b) of the Securities Act), and to file the same with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorney-in-fact and agent, and full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in connection therewith, as fully for all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming that all said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or any of them or their substitute or resubstitute, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this Registration Statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature

  

Capacity

 

Date

/s/ Daniel S. Goldberger

Daniel S. Goldberger

  

Chief Executive Officer and Director

(principal executive officer)

  May 27, 2020

/s/ Michael G. Atieh

Michael G. Atieh

   Chairman of the Board   May 27, 2020

/s/ Nicholas Colucci

Nicholas Colucci

   Director   May 27, 2020

/s/ Peter Cuneo

Peter Cuneo

   Director   May 27, 2020

/s/ Joseph P. Errico

Joseph P. Errico

   Director   May 27, 2020

/s/ Thomas J. Errico, M.D.

Thomas J. Errico, M.D.

   Director   May 27, 2020

/s/ John Gandolfo

John Gandolfo

   Director   May 27, 2020

 

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Signature

  

Capacity

 

Date

/s/ Trevor J. Moody

Trevor J. Moody

   Director   May 27, 2020

/s/ Stephen L. Ondra, M.D.

Stephen L. Ondra, M.D.

   Director   May 27, 2020

/s/ Thomas Patton

Thomas Patton

   Director   May 27, 2020

/s/ James L.L. Tullis

James L.L. Tullis

   Director   May 27, 2020

 

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