UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-K

(Mark One)

þ

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

 

Or

 

¨

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission file number: 001-38331

 

DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Florida

 

86-0787790

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

150 Alhambra Circle, Suite 1200, Coral Gables, FL

 

33134

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number (305) 774-0407

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.015 par value per share

DLPN

The Nasdaq Capital Market

Warrants to purchase Common Stock,
$0.015 par value per share

DLPNW

The Nasdaq Capital Market


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

  

Indicate by a check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. ¨ Yes þ No

 

Indicate by a check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. ¨ Yes þ No

 

Indicate by a check mark if the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. þ Yes ¨ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). þ Yes ¨ No

 

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

 

Large accelerated filer ¨

 

Accelerated filer ¨

 

Non-accelerated filer þ

 

Smaller reporting company þ

 

Emerging Growth Company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.) ¨ Yes þ No

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter: $12,686,688

 

Number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of March 30, 2020: 19,997,752

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of the Registrant’s definitive proxy statement for its 2020 annual meeting of shareholders, which proxy statement will be filed no later than 120 days after the close of the Registrant’s fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, are hereby incorporated by reference in Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 




 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

Page

PART I

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1. BUSINESS

 

1

 

 

 

Item 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

6

 

 

 

Item 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

18

 

 

 

Item 2. PROPERTIES

 

18

 

 

 

Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

19

 

 

 

Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

19

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES  

 

20

 

 

 

Item 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

20

 

 

 

Item 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS  

 

21

 

 

 

Item 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

38

 

 

 

Item 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

38

 

 

 

Item 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE  

 

38

 

 

 

Item 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

38

 

 

 

Item 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

40

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

 

 

Item 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

41

 

 

 

Item 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

41

 

 

 

Item 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS  

 

41

 

 

 

Item 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

41

 

 

 

Item 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

41

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

 

 

Item 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

42

 

 

 

Item 16. FORM 10-K SUMMARY

 

44

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

45



i



 


PART I


Unless the context otherwise requires, all references to “we”, “us”, “our, “Dolphin” and the “Company” refer to Dolphin Entertainment, Inc., a Florida corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries.


ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Overview

We are a leading independent entertainment marketing and premium content development company. Through our subsidiaries, 42West LLC (“42West”), The Door Marketing Group LLC (“The Door”) and Shore Fire Media, Ltd (“Shore Fire”), we provide expert strategic marketing and publicity services to many of the top brands, both individual and corporate, in the entertainment, hospitality and music industries.  The Door, 42West and Shore Fire are all recognized global leaders in the PR services for the industries they serve. Our acquisition of Viewpoint Computer Animation Incorporated (“Viewpoint”) has added full-service creative branding and production capabilities to our marketing group.  Dolphin’s legacy content pr-jjjjmnoduction business, founded by our Emmy-nominated Chief Executive Officer, Bill O’Dowd, has produced multiple feature films and award-winning digital series, primarily aimed at the family and young adult markets.

We were first incorporated in the State of Nevada on March 7, 1995 and domesticated in the State of Florida on December 4, 2014.  Our common stock trades on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “DLPN”.

We currently operate in two reportable segments: our entertainment publicity and marketing segment and our content production segment. The entertainment publicity and marketing segment is composed of 42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoint and provides clients with diversified services, including public relations, entertainment content marketing, strategic communications, social media marketing, creative branding, and the production of marketing video content. The content production segment is composed of Dolphin Films, Inc. (“Dolphin Films”) and Dolphin Digital Studios, which produce and distribute feature films and digital content.

With respect to our entertainment publicity and marketing segment, we currently see a favorable environment for organic growth.  The original content budgets of many large studios and streaming services have grown considerably the past few years, and are expected to continue to do so for the foreseeable future.  Furthermore, 2019 saw the entrance of large streaming services such as Disney + and Apple TV. Additional streaming services such as Peacock (from NBCUniversal), HBO Max, Discovery/BBC and Quibi are scheduled to launch in early 2020, all to compete with Netflix, Amazon and Hulu. We believe that the foremost differentiating factor for all of these platforms will be original programming and, consequently, it is anticipated that there will be an increase of tens of billions of dollars in programming spent across the market.  We also believe that each of these original shows will need substantial public relations and marketing campaigns to drive consumer awareness of both the shows themselves and the respective platforms on which to find them.

Additionally, we have endeavored to create a “marketing super group,” combining marketing, public relations, branding, and digital production, that will serve as a platform for organic growth via the cross-selling of services among our subsidiaries.  By way of example, all of our public relations companies (42West, The Door and Shore Fire) have identified the ability to create content for clients as a “must have” for public relations campaigns in today’s environment, which relies so heavily on video clips to drive social media awareness and engagement. Thus, we believe that our acquisition of Viewpoint provides a critical competitive advantage in the acquisition of new clients in the entertainment and lifestyle marketing space, and has the potential to fuel topline revenue growth as the average revenue per client increases with the cross-selling of video content creation services.

Finally, we believe that our expanding portfolio of public relations and marketing companies will continue to attract future acquisitions. We believe that our “marketing super group” is unique in the industry, as a collection of best-in-class service providers across a variety of entertainment and lifestyle verticals. We further believe that with each new acquisition in this space, our portfolio will increase its breadth and depth of services and, therefore, be able to offer an even more compelling opportunity for other industry leaders to join, and enjoy the benefits of cross-selling to a wide variety of existing and potential clients. Thus, we believe we can continue to grow both revenues and profits through future acquisitions into our entertainment publicity and marketing segment.



1



 


Growth Opportunities and Strategies

We are focused on driving growth through the following:

Expand and grow 42West to serve more clients with a broad array of interrelated services. As a result of 42West’s acquisition by Dolphin and enhanced by the acquisition of Viewpoint, 42West has the ability to create promotional and marketing content for clients, a critical service for celebrities and marketers alike in today’s digital world. We believe that by the addition of content creation to 42West’s capabilities, we can capitalize on unique synergies to drive organic growth, which we expect will allow us to both attract new clients and broaden our offering of billable services to existing ones. We also believe that the skills and experience of our 42West business in entertainment PR are readily transferable to related business sectors, such as sports and gaming. The growing involvement in non-entertainment businesses by many of our existing entertainment clients has allowed 42West to establish a presence and develop expertise outside its traditional footprint. Using this as a foundation, we are now working to expand our involvement in these new areas.

We also expect to continue to grow 42West’s current business divisions. For example:

·

In the Entertainment Marketing division, several of our large key clients have announced increased movie marketing budgets over the next several years that we expect will drive growth of our revenue and profits;


·

In the Talent division, we expect to continue to drive significant growth through the hiring of additional individuals or teams whose existing books of business and talent rosters can be accretive to revenues and profits of the business; and


·

In the Strategic Communications division, we believe that growth will be driven by increasing demand for these services by traditional and non-traditional media clients over the next three to five years as they expand their activities in the content production, branding, and consumer products sectors. We believe that this growth could result in the Strategic Communications division significantly increasing its contribution to revenue and profit, as this division typically generates higher profit margins than the other 42West divisions.

Expand and grow The Door through the expansion of Consumer Products PR business.  The Door’s market-leading position in both the food and hospitality verticals, with many clients which have consumer-facing products and the need for attendant marketing campaigns, has provided the Company with the requisite experience for a successful entry into the high-margin consumer products PR business with potential clients outside of the food and hospitality verticals. We plan to significantly increase the number of consumer products PR accounts at The Door through the hiring of a dedicated team of experienced professionals for this new business line.  Such accounts often generate higher monthly fees and longer-term engagements than any other customer vertical.

Expand and grow Shore Fire Media to serve more clients in more genres of music and in more markets.  For over 30 years, Shore Fire has been an undisputed leader in providing public relations and marketing services to a broad array of songwriters, recording artists, publishers and others within the music industry, all from its headquarters in Brooklyn.  We plan to significantly expand Shore Fire’s presence in other major music markets, including Los Angeles, Nashville and Miami, which will provide access to potential clients across a wide array of popular musical genres, including pop, country and Latin.

Diversify Viewpoint’s Client Base.  Viewpoint is a leading creative branding agency and promotional video content producer for the television industry, with long-term clients such as HBO, Discovery Networks, Showtime and AMC.  Through 42West, The Door and Shore Fire, Viewpoint can offer its best-in-class services to several new verticals, including motion picture production and distribution companies, musical artists, restaurant groups, the hospitality and travel industry and the marketers of consumer products. The ability for Viewpoint to reach clients of 42West, The Door and Shore Fire provides Viewpoint with the opportunity to diversify its client base, while allowing 42West, The Door and Shore Fire to increase their service offerings to, existing and future clients, potentially driving increased revenues.

Opportunistically grow through complementary acquisitions. We plan to selectively pursue acquisitions to further enhance our competitive advantages, scale our revenues, and increase our profitability. Our acquisition strategy is based on identifying and acquiring companies that complement our existing entertainment publicity services businesses. We believe that complementary businesses, such as digital and social media marketing, event planning and PR firms in other entertainment verticals, can create synergistic opportunities that may increase profits and operating cash flow. We intend to complete at least one acquisition during the next year, although there is no assurance that we will be successful in doing so.



2



 


Build a portfolio of premium film, television and digital content. We intend to grow and diversify our portfolio of film, television and digital content by capitalizing on demand for high quality digital media and film content throughout the world marketplace. We plan to balance our financial risks against the probability of commercial success for each project. We believe that our strategic focus on content and creation of innovative content distribution strategies will enhance our competitive position in the industry, ensure optimal use of our capital, build a diversified foundation for future growth and generate long-term value for our shareholders. Finally, we believe that marketing strategies that will be developed by 42West will drive our creative content, thus creating greater potential for profitability.

Given the recent events surrounding the global pandemic (COVID-19), we are evaluating the effects, both positive and negative, on our growth opportunities and strategies.  As an example, we believe The Door will be impacted since they operate in the hospitality industry, but there may be additional opportunities for 42West in the streaming service marketing business.  Additionally, new acquisition opportunities may be available. We currently don’t have sufficient information to know what these effects will be but will continue to monitor the situation and take corrective action as necessary.

Entertainment Publicity and Marketing

42West

Through 42West, an entertainment public relations agency, we offer talent publicity, entertainment (motion picture and television) marketing and strategic communications services. Prior to its acquisition, 42West grew to become one of the largest independently-owned public relations firms in the entertainment industry, and in December 2019, 42West was ranked #4 in the annual rankings of the nation’s Power 50 PR firms by the New York Observer, the highest position held by an entertainment PR firm. As such, we believe that 42West has served, and will continue to serve, as an “acquisition magnet” for us to acquire new members of our marketing “super group,” which has the ability to provide synergistic new members with the opportunity to grow revenues and profits through 42West’s access, relationships and experience in the entertainment industry.

Our public relations and marketing professionals at 42West develop and execute marketing and publicity strategies for dozens of movies and television shows annually, as well as for individual actors, filmmakers, recording artists, and authors. Through 42West, we provide services in the following areas:

Entertainment Marketing

We provide marketing direction, public relations counsel and media strategy for productions (including theatrical films, DVD and VOD releases, television programs, and online series) as well as content producers, ranging from individual filmmakers and creative artists to production companies, film financiers, DVD distributors, and other entities. Our capabilities include worldwide studio releases, independent films, television programming and web productions. We provide entertainment marketing services in connection with film festivals, awards campaigns, event publicity and red-carpet management.

Talent Publicity

We focus on creating and implementing strategic communication campaigns for performers and entertainers, including film, television and Broadway stars. Our talent roster includes multiple Oscar-, Emmy- and Tony-winning actors. Our services in this area include ongoing strategic counsel, media relations, studio, network, charity, corporate liaison and event support.

Strategic Communications

Our strategic communications team advises brands and non-profits seeking to utilize entertainment and pop culture in their marketing campaigns. We also help companies define objectives, develop messaging, create brand identities, and construct long-term strategies to achieve specific goals, as well as manage functions such as media relations or internal communications on a day-to-day basis. Our clients include major studios and production companies, record labels, media conglomerates, technology companies, philanthropic organizations, talent guilds, and trade associations, as well as a wide variety of high-profile individuals, ranging from major movie and pop stars to top executives and entrepreneurs.

The Door

Through The Door, a hospitality, lifestyle and consumer products public relations agency, we offer traditional public relations services, as well as social media marketing, creative branding, and strategic counsel. Prior to its acquisition, The Door was widely considered the leading independent public relations firm in the hospitality and lifestyle industries. Among other benefits, The Door acquisition has expanded our entertainment verticals through the addition of celebrity chefs and their restaurants, as well as with live events, such as some of the most prestigious and well-attended food and wine festivals in the United States. Our public relations and marketing professionals at The Door develop and execute marketing and publicity strategies for dozens of restaurant and hotel groups annually, as well as for individual chefs, live events, and consumer-facing corporations.



3



 


Shore Fire Media

Through Shore Fire Media, we represent musical artists and culture makers at the top of their fields. The company's dedicated teams in New York, Los Angeles, and Nashville wield extensive, varied expertise to strategically amplify narratives and shape reputations for career-advancing effect. Shore Fire Media represents top recording artists in multiple genres, songwriters, music producers, record labels, music industry businesses, venues, trade organizations, authors, comedians, social media personalities and cultural institutions.

Viewpoint

Viewpoint is a full-service, boutique creative branding and production agency that has earned a reputation as one of the top producers of promotional brand-support videos for a wide variety of leading cable networks in the television industry.  Viewpoint’s capabilities run the full range of creative branding and production, from concept creation to final delivery, and include:  brand strategy, concept and creative development, design & art direction, script & copywriting, live action production & photography, digital development, video editing & composite, animation, audio mixing & engineering, project management and technical support.

Content Production

Dolphin Films

Dolphin Films is a content producer of motion pictures. We own the rights to several scripts that we intend to produce at a future date.

Our pipeline of feature films includes:

·

Youngblood, an updated version of the 1986 hockey classic;

·

Sisters Before Misters, a comedy about two estranged sisters finding their way back to each other after a misunderstanding causes one of them to have to plan the others wedding; and

·

Out of Their League, a romantic comedy pitting husband against wife in the cut-throat world of fantasy football.

We have completed development of each of these feature films, which means that we have completed the script and can begin pre-production if and when financing is obtained.  We also own several other scripts that we may determine to produce as digital content if online distribution is secured.

Dolphin Digital Studios

Dolphin Digital Studios creates original content to premiere online, sources financing for our digital media projects and distributes our series through a variety of distribution partners depending on the demographic served.

Competition

The businesses in which we engage are highly competitive. Through 42West, The Door and Shore Fire, we compete against other public relations and marketing communications companies, as well as independent and niche agencies to win new clients and maintain existing client relationships. Through Viewpoint, we compete against other creative branding agencies, as well as in-house creative teams at many of our clients.  Our content production business faces competition from companies within the entertainment business and from alternative forms of leisure entertainment, such as travel, sporting events, video games and computer-related activities. We are subject to competition from other digital media and motion production companies, as well as from large, well-established companies within the entertainment industry that have significantly greater development, production, distribution and capital resources than us. We compete for the acquisition of literary properties and for the services of producers, directors, actors and other artists as well as creative and technical personnel and production financing, all of which are essential to the success of our business. In addition, our productions compete for audience acceptance and advertising dollars.



4



 


We believe that we compete on the basis of the following competitive strengths:

·

Market Reputations of 42West,The Door and Shore Fire  42West and The Door consistently rank among the most prestigious and powerful public relations firms in the United States (each ranking in the Top 50 Most Powerful PR Firms each of the last three years, as published by the New York Observer), which is a significant competitive advantage given the nature of the entertainment marketing and public relations industry, in which “perception is power”.  Our latest acquisition, Shore Fire was listed for the first time in 2019;

·

An Exceptional Management Teamour CEO, Mr. ODowd, has a 20-year history of producing and delivering high-quality family entertainment. In addition, 42Wests three co-CEOs, Leslee Dart, Amanda Lundberg, and Allan Mayer, The Doors CEO, Charlie Dougiello and President, Lois O’Neill, and Shore Fire’s President Marilyn Laverty are all longtime PR practitioners, with decades of experience, and are widely regarded as being among the top communications strategists in the entertainment, hospitality and music industries, as evidenced by the market reputation of their companies; and

·

Our Ability to Offer Interrelated Serviceswe believe that the ability to create video and other promotional content for our 42West, The Door and Shore Fire clients, primarily through the services of Viewpoint, and the ability to internally develop and execute marketing campaigns for our digital and film productions will allow us to expand and grow each of our business lines.

Employees

As of March 20, 2020, we had 159 full-time employees. We believe our relationship with our employees is good. We also utilize consultants in the ordinary course of our business and hire additional employees on a project-by-project basis in connection with the production of digital media projects or motion pictures.

Regulatory Matters

We are subject to state and federal work and safety laws and disclosure obligations, under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration and similar state organizations.

As a public company, we are subject to the reporting requirements under Section 13(a) and Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. To the extent we are subject to these requirements, we will have our financial statements audited by an independent public accounting firm that is registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and comply with Rule 8-03 or 10-01(d), as applicable, of Regulation S-X.

Corporate Offices

Our corporate headquarters is located at 150 Alhambra Circle, Suite 1200, Coral Gables, Florida 33134. We also have offices located at 600 3rd Avenue, 23rd Floor, New York, New York, 10016, 37 West 17th Street, 5th Floor, New York, New York, 10011, 1840 Century Park East, Suite 700, Los Angeles, California 90067, 1460 West Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, 60642, 55 Chapel Street, Newton, Massachusetts, 02458, 1017 17th Ave S Unit 4, Nashville, TN 37212, and 12 Court Street, Suite 1800, Brooklyn, NY 11201. Our telephone number is (305) 774-0407 and our website address is www.dolphinentertainment.com.  Information available on, or accessible through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 



5



 


ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Risks Related to our Business and Financial Condition

Management has determined that certain factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

The financial statements included with this report are presented under the assumption that we will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business over a reasonable length of time. Management has determined that certain factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern, such as incurring substantial net losses and losses from operations for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. As of December 31, 2019, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $2.9 million, of which $0.7 million is a guaranty for certain leases. Management is planning to raise any necessary additional capital to fund our operating expenses through loans and additional sales of our common stock, securities convertible into our common stock, debt securities or a combination of such financing alternatives; however, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in raising any necessary additional capital. If we are not successful in raising additional capital, we may not have enough financial resources to support our business and operations and, as a result, may not be able to continue as a going concern and could be forced to liquidate. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainties. Please also see Note 2 to our audited consolidated financial statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


We have a history of net losses and may continue to incur net losses.

We have a history of net losses and may be unable to generate sufficient revenue to achieve profitability in the future. For the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, our net loss was $1,193,377 and $2,913,321. Our accumulated deficit was $96,024,243 and $94,529,174 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Our ability to generate net profit in the future will depend on our ability to realize the financial benefits from the operations of 42West, The Door, Shore Fire, Viewpoint and to successfully produce and commercialize multiple web series or films, as no single project is likely to generate sufficient revenue to cover our operating expenses. If we are unable to generate net profit at some point, we will not be able to meet our debt service or working capital requirements. As a result, we may need to (i) issue additional equity, which could substantially dilute the value of your share holdings, (ii) sell a portion or all of our assets, including any project rights which might have otherwise generated revenue, or (iii) cease operations.

We currently have substantial indebtedness which may adversely affect our cash flow and business operations and may affect our ability to continue to operate as a going concern.

We currently have a substantial amount of debt. We do not currently have sufficient assets to repay such debt in full when due, and our available cash flow may not be adequate to maintain our current operations if we are unable to repay, extend or refinance such indebtedness. The table below sets forth our total principal amount of debt and stockholders’ equity as of December 31, 2019 and 2018. Approximately $3.0 million of our total debt as of December 31, 2019 represented the fair value of the put options in connection with the 42West acquisition, which may or may not be exercised by the sellers. Approximately $3.3 million of our indebtedness as of December 31, 2019 was incurred by Max Steel Productions, LLC.  Max Steel Productions, LLC is a variable interest entity (or VIE) created in connection with the financing and production of Max Steel (the “Max Steel VIE”). We are not a party to the indebtedness of our VIE, however, if a lender were to successfully assert that we are liable to the lender for the payment of Max Steel VIE’s debt despite the lack of contractual obligation, we do not have sufficient funds to repay this loan, which would have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations. Approximately $4.4 million of our debt is related to convertible notes payable, $1.4 million to non-convertible notes payable and $1.7 million is a line of credit with Bank United.



 

 

As of
December 31,
2019

 

 

As of
December 31,
2018

 

Related party debt

 

$

1,107,873

 

 

$

1,107,873

 

Max Steel debt (including accrued interest)

 

$

3,311,198

 

 

$

4,036,583

 

Line of credit

 

$

1,700,390

 

 

$

1,700,390

 

Put rights (current and noncurrent)

 

$

3,003,547

 

 

$

5,984,067

 

Notes payable (current and noncurrent)

 

$

1,362,359

 

 

$

1,092,233

 

Convertible notes payable (current and noncurrent)

 

$

4,360,535

 

 

$

2,001,924

 

Total Stockholders Equity

 

$

9,688,815

 

 

$

10,776,527

 




6



 


Our indebtedness could have important negative consequences, including:

·

our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, future productions or other purposes may be impaired or such financing may not be available on favorable terms or at all;

·

we may have to pay higher interest rates upon obtaining future financing, thereby reducing our cash flows; and

·

we may need a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to make principal and interest payments on our indebtedness, reducing the funds that would otherwise be available for operations and future business opportunities.

Our ability to service our indebtedness will depend upon, among other things, our future financial and operating performance and our ability to obtain additional financing, which will be affected by prevailing economic conditions, the profitability of our content production and entertainment publicity and marketing businesses and other factors contained in these Risk Factors, some of which are beyond our control.

If we are not able to generate sufficient cash to service our current or future indebtedness, we will be forced to take actions such as reducing or delaying digital or film productions, delaying or abandoning potential acquisitions, selling assets, restructuring or refinancing our indebtedness or seeking additional debt or equity capital or bankruptcy protection. We may not be able to effect any of these remedies on satisfactory terms or at all and our indebtedness may affect our ability to continue to operate as a going concern.

Our business and operations, and the operations of our customers, may be adversely affected by epidemics and pandemics, such as the recent COVID-19 outbreak.


We may face risks related to health epidemics and pandemics or other outbreaks of communicable diseases, which could result in a widespread health crisis that could adversely affect general commercial activity and the economies and financial markets of the country as a whole. For example, the recent outbreak of COVID-19, which began in China, has been declared by the World Health Organization to be a “pandemic,” has spread across the globe, including the United States of America, where we conduct most of our business. A health epidemic or pandemic or other outbreak of communicable diseases, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic, poses the risk that we or our customers, suppliers and other business partners may be disrupted or prevented from conducting business activities for certain periods of time, the durations of which are uncertain, and may otherwise experience significant impairments of business activities, including due to, among other things, operational shutdowns or suspensions that may be requested or mandated by national or local governmental authorities or self-imposed by us, our customers, suppliers or other business partners. As an example, our subsidiary, The Door, operates in the food and hospitality industry, which is being adversely affected by the government imposed shut down of restaurants and hotels throughout the United States.  While it is not possible at this time to estimate the impact that COVID-19 could have on our business, customers, suppliers or other business partners, the continued spread of COVID-19, the measures taken by the local and federal government, actions taken to protect employees, and the impact of the pandemic on various business activities could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.


Litigation or legal proceedings could expose us to significant liabilities.

We may in the future become party to litigation claims and legal proceedings.  We face litigation risks regarding a variety of issues, including without limitation, copyright infringement, allegations against clients or events we provide marketing services for, alleged violations of federal and state labor and employment laws, securities laws, and other matters. These proceedings may be time consuming, expensive and disruptive to normal business operations. The defense of such lawsuits could result in significant expense and the diversion of our management’s time and attention from the operation of our business. Costs we incur to defend or to satisfy a judgment or settlement of these claims may not be covered by insurance or could exceed the amount of that coverage or increase our insurance costs and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and cash flows. 



7



 


Our management has determined that our disclosure controls and procedures and our internal controls over financial reporting are not effective as we have identified material weaknesses in our internal controls.

As disclosed in Part II, Item 9A. Controls and Procedures of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, management concluded that for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, our internal control over financial reporting was not effective and we identified several material weaknesses. Our management concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

We have commenced our remediation efforts as discussed in Part II, 9A. Controls and Procedures of this Annual Report on Form 10-K to address the material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting and ineffective disclosure controls and procedures.  If our remedial measures are insufficient, or if additional material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in our internal controls occur in the future, we could be required to restate our financial results, which could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, restrict our ability to access the capital markets, require us to expend significant resources to correct the weakness or deficiencies, harm our reputation and otherwise cause a decline in investor confidence. In addition, we could be subject to, among other things, regulatory or enforcement actions by the Securities and Exchange Commission, (the “SEC” or the “Commission”).

We rely on information technology systems that are susceptible to cybersecurity risks.  In the event of a cybersecurity incident, we could experience operational interruptions, incur substantial additional costs, become subject to legal or regulatory proceedings or suffer damage to our reputation.

We rely on information technologies and infrastructure to manage our businesses, including digital storage of marketing strategies and client information, films and digital programming and delivery of digital marketing services for our businesses. Data maintained in digital form is subject to the risk of intrusion, tampering and theft. The incidence of malicious technology-related events, such as cyberattacks, computer hacking, computer viruses, worms or other destructive or disruptive software, denial of service attacks or other malicious activities is on the rise worldwide. Power outages, equipment failure, natural disasters (including extreme weather), terrorist activities or human error may also affect our systems and result in disruption of our services or loss or improper disclosure of personal data, business information or other confidential information.

Likewise, data privacy breaches, as well as improper use of social media, by employees and others may pose a risk that sensitive data, such as personally identifiable information, strategic plans and trade secrets, could be exposed to third parties or to the general public. We also utilize third parties, including third-party “cloud” computing services, to store, transfer or process data, and system failures or network disruptions or breaches in the systems of such third parties could adversely affect our reputation or business. Any such breaches or breakdowns could lead to business interruption, exposure of our or our clients’ proprietary or confidential information, data corruption, damage to our reputation, exposure to legal and regulatory proceedings and other costs.  Such events could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.  In addition, we could be adversely affected if any of our significant customers or suppliers experience any similar events that disrupt their business operations or damage their reputation. Efforts to develop, implement and maintain security measures are costly, may not be successful in preventing these events from occurring and require ongoing monitoring and updating as technologies change and efforts to overcome security measures become more sophisticated. Although we maintain monitoring practices and protections of our information technology to reduce these risks, there can be no assurance that our efforts will prevent the risk of a security breach of our databases or systems that could adversely affect our business.



8



 


Risks Related to Our Entertainment Publicity and Marketing Business

Our business could be adversely affected if we fail to retain the principal sellers, and other key employees of 42West, The Door and Shore Fire and the clients they serve.

The success of our entertainment publicity and marketing business operated by 42West, The Door and Shore Fire substantially depends on our ability to retain the services of the former owners and certain key employees of 42West, The Door and Shore Fire. If we lose the services of one or more of these individuals, our ability to successfully implement our business plan with respect to our entertainment publicity and marketing business and the value of our common stock could be materially adversely affected. Although we entered into employment agreements with each of the principal sellers, there can be no assurance that they will serve the terms of their respective employment agreements or choose to remain with us following the expiration of such terms. In addition, the employees of 42West, The Door and Shore Fire, and their skills and relationships with clients, are among our most valuable assets. In June of 2018, three of 42West’s most senior publicists and their related staff left the firm to form their own company.  Their departures resulted in a significant decrease in revenues.  An important aspect of the business’ competitiveness is its ability to retain such key employees. If 42West, The Door or Shore Fire fail to hire and retain a sufficient number of these key employees, it may have a material adverse effect on our overall business and results of operations.

42West, The Door and Shore Fire’s talent rosters currently include some of the best known and most highly respected members of the entertainment, hospitality, and musical communities.  These include major studios and networks, corporations, well-known consumer brands, celebrity chefs, leading restaurant and hotel brands, and recording artists.  These clients often form highly loyal relationships with certain public relations and marketing professionals rather than with a particular firm. The employment agreements with the principal sellers currently contain non-competition provisions that prohibit the principal sellers from continuing to provide services to such clients should they leave our company, however, clients are free to engage other public relations and marketing professionals and there can be no assurance that they will choose to remain with our company. The success of 42West, The Door, and Shore Fire, therefore, depend on our ability to continue to successfully maintain such client relationships should the principal sellers or other key employees leave our company. If we are unable to retain the current 42West, The Door, and Shore Fire clients or attract new clients, then we could suffer a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoint operate in a highly competitive industry.

The entertainment publicity and marketing business is highly competitive. Through 42West, The Door and Shore Fire, we must compete with other agencies, and with other providers of marketing and publicity services, in order to maintain existing client relationships and to win new clients. Through Viewpoint, we compete against other creative branding agencies, as well as in-house creative teams at many of our clients.  The client’s perception of the quality of an agency’s creative work and the agency’s reputation are critical factors in determining its competitive position.

The success of our entertainment publicity and marketing business depends on its ability to consistently and effectively deliver marketing and public relations services to its clients.

42West, The Door and Shore Fire’s success depends on its ability to effectively and consistently staff and execute client engagements to achieve the clients’ unique personal or professional goals. 42West, The Door and Shore Fire work to design customized communications or publicity campaigns tailored to the particular needs and objectives of particular projects. In some of its engagements, 42West, The Door and Shore Fire rely on other third parties to provide some of the services to its clients, and we cannot guarantee that these third parties will effectively deliver their services or that we will have adequate recourse against these third parties in the event they fail to effectively deliver their services. Other contingencies and events outside of our control may also impact 42West, The Door and Shore Fire’s ability to provide its services. 42West, The Door and Shore Fire’s failure to effectively and timely staff, coordinate and execute its client engagements may adversely impact existing client relationships, the amount or timing of payments from clients, its reputation in the marketplace and ability to secure additional business and our resulting financial performance. In addition, our contractual arrangements with our clients may not provide us with sufficient protections against claims for lost profits or other claims for damages.



9



 


If we are unable to adapt to changing client demands, social and cultural trends or emerging technologies, we may not remain competitive and our business, revenues and operating results could suffer.

We operate in an industry characterized by rapidly changing client expectations, marketing technologies, and social mores and cultural trends that impact our target audiences. The entertainment industry continues to undergo significant developments as advances in technologies and new methods of message delivery and consumption emerge. These developments drive changes in our target audiences’ behavior to which we must adapt in order to reach our target audiences. In addition, our success depends on our ability to anticipate and respond to changing social mores and cultural trends that impact the entertainment industry and our target audiences. We must adapt our business to these trends, as well as shifting patterns of content consumption and changing behaviors and preferences of our target audiences, through the adoption and exploitation of new technologies. If we cannot successfully exploit emerging technologies or if the marketing strategies we choose misinterpret cultural or social trends and prove to be incorrect or ineffective, any of these could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results, liquidity and prospects.

A significant labor dispute in our clients’ industries could have a material adverse effect on our business.

An industry-wide strike or other job action by or affecting the Writers Guild, Screen Actors Guild or other major entertainment industry union could reduce the supply of original entertainment content, which would in turn reduce the demand for our talent and entertainment marketing services. An extensive work stoppage would affect feature film production as well as television and commercial production and could have a material adverse effect on our clients and the motion picture production industry in general. For example, on November 5, 2007, the Writers Guild declared a strike affecting the script writing for television shows and films. The strike, which lasted until February 12, 2008, significantly affected the entertainment industry which consequently, had a material adverse impact on revenue generated by public relations and entertainment marketing agencies. Contracts between entertainment industry unions and the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers, which we refer to as AMPTP, expire from time to time. The failure to finalize and ratify a new agreement with the AMPTP or the failure to enter into new commercial contracts upon expiration of the current contracts could lead to a strike or other job action. Any such severe or prolonged work stoppage could have an adverse effect on the television and/or motion picture production industries and could severely impair our clients’ prospects. Any resulting decrease in demand for our talent and entertainment marketing and other public relations services would have a material adverse effect on our cash flows and results of operations.

Clients may terminate or reduce their relationships with us on short notice.

As is customary in the industry, 42West, The Door and Shore Fire’s agreements with their respective clients generally provide for termination by either party on relatively short notice, usually 30 days. Consequently, these clients may choose to reduce or terminate their relationships with us, on a relatively short time frame and for any reason. If a significant number of the 42West, The Door or Shore Fire clients were to reduce the volume of business they conducted with us or terminate their relationships with us completely, this could have a material adverse effect upon our business and results of operations.  Viewpoint’s revenue is derived on a project by project basis.  Clients may decide to use other creative branding and production companies for their projects which would have an adverse effect upon our business and results of operations.

42West’s, The Door’s, Shore Fire’s and Viewpoint’s ability to generate new business from new and existing clients may be limited.

To increase their revenues, 42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoint need to obtain additional clients or generate demand for additional services from existing clients. 42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoints ability to generate initial demand for its services from new clients and additional demand from existing clients is subject to such clients’ and potential clients’ needs, trends in the entertainment industry, financial conditions, strategic plans and internal resources of corporate clients, as well as the quality of 42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoints employees, services and reputation. To the extent 42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoint cannot generate new business from new or existing clients due to these limitations, their ability to grow their respective businesses, and our ability to increase our revenues, will be limited.



10



 


Revenues from our Entertainment Publicity and Marketing segment are susceptible to declines as a result of unfavorable economic conditions.

Economic downturns often severely affect the marketing services industry. Some of our corporate clients may respond to weak economic performance by reducing their marketing budgets, which are generally discretionary in nature and easier to reduce in the short-term than other expenses related to operations. In addition, economic downturns could lead to reduced public demand for varying forms of entertainment for which we are engaged to provide public relations and media strategy and promotional services. Such reduced demand for our services could have a material adverse effect on our revenues and results of operations.

If our clients experience financial distress, or seek to change or delay payment terms, it could negatively affect our own financial position and results.

We have a large and diverse client base, and at any given time, one or more of our clients may experience financial difficulty, file for bankruptcy protection or go out of business. Unfavorable economic and financial conditions, such as the current events surrounding the COVID-19 global outbreak, could result in an increase in client financial difficulties that affect us. As an example, the temporary closure of restaurants and hotels due to the pandemic will most likely adversely affect the revenues of our subsidiary, The Door. The direct impact on us could include reduced revenues, write-offs of accounts receivable and expenditures billable to clients, and negatively impact our operating cash flow. While we currently cannot estimate what those effects will be, if they are severe, the indirect impact could include impairments of intangible assets, credit facility covenant violations and reduced liquidity.

Risks Related to Our Content Production Business

Our content production business requires a substantial investment of capital, and failure to access sufficient capital while awaiting delayed revenues will have a material adverse effect on our results of operation.

The production, acquisition and distribution of film or digital media content require significant capital. The budget for the projects we intend to produce will each require between $6 and $8 million to produce. In addition, if a distributor does not provide the funds for the distribution and marketing of our film, we will require additional capital to distribute and market the film. We estimate that distribution and marketing fees will be approximately $10,000 per theatrical screen. A significant amount of time may elapse between our expenditure of funds and the receipt of revenues from our productions. Our content production business does not have a traditional credit facility with a financial institution on which to depend for our liquidity needs, and a time lapse may require us to fund a significant portion of our capital requirements through loans and additional issuances of our common stock, securities convertible into our common stock, debt securities or a combination of such financing alternatives. There can be no assurance that any additional financing will be available to us as and when required, or on terms that will be acceptable to us. Our inability to raise capital necessary to sustain our operations while awaiting delayed revenues would have a material adverse effect on our liquidity and results of operations.

Our success is highly dependent on audience acceptance of our films and digital media productions, which is extremely difficult to predict and, therefore, inherently risky.

We cannot predict the economic success of any of our films because the revenue derived from the distribution of a film (which does not necessarily directly correlate with the production or distribution costs incurred) depends primarily upon its acceptance by the public, which cannot be accurately predicted. The economic success of a film also depends upon the public’s acceptance of competing films, the availability of alternative forms of entertainment and leisure-time activities, general economic conditions and other tangible and intangible factors, all of which can change and cannot be predicted with certainty.

The economic success of a film is largely determined by our ability to produce content and develop stories and characters that appeal to a broad audience and by the effective marketing of the film. The theatrical performance of a film is a key factor in predicting revenue from post-theatrical markets. If we are unable to accurately judge audience acceptance of our film content or to have the film effectively marketed, the commercial success of the film will be in doubt, which could result in costs not being recouped or anticipated profits not being realized. Moreover, we cannot assure you that any particular feature film will generate enough revenue to offset its distribution, fulfillment services and marketing costs, in which case we would not receive any revenues for such film from our distributors.



11



 


In addition, changing consumer tastes affect our ability to predict which digital media productions will be popular with web audiences. As we invest in various digital projects, stars and directors, it is highly likely that at least some of the digital projects in which we invest will not appeal to our target audiences. If we are unable to produce web content that appeals to our target audiences, the costs of such digital media productions could exceed revenues generated and anticipated profits may not be realized. Our failure to realize anticipated profits could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

We have in the past and may, in the future, incur significant write-offs if our feature films and other projects do not perform well enough to recoup production, marketing, distribution and other costs.

We are required to amortize capitalized production costs over the expected revenue streams as we recognize revenue from our films or other projects. The amount of production costs that will be amortized each quarter depends on, among other things, how much future revenue we expect to receive from each project. Unamortized production costs are evaluated for impairment when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the capitalized production costs may be below their fair value. If estimated remaining revenue is not sufficient to recover the unamortized production costs, the unamortized production costs will be written down to fair value. In any given quarter, if we lower our previous forecast with respect to total anticipated revenue from any individual feature film or other project, we may be required to accelerate amortization or record impairment charges with respect to the unamortized costs, even if we have previously recorded impairment charges for such film or other project. For example, in 2019, we recorded $0.6 million impairment of the capitalized production costs for our feature film, Max Steel.  In addition, certain GAAP guidance requires us to impair costs that have been capitalized for projects that are not set for production within three years of capitalizing the cost.  In 2019 and 2018, we impaired the cost of several scripts based on this guidance.  Such impairment charges have had, and in the future could have, a material adverse impact on our business, operating results and financial condition.

Our content production business is substantially dependent upon the success of a limited number of film releases and digital media productions, if any, in any given year and our inability to release any film or digital media productions or the unexpected delay or commercial failure of any one of them could have a material adverse effect on our financial results and cash flows.

Our content production business is currently substantially dependent upon the success of a limited number of film releases and digital media productions, if any, in any given year. The unexpected delay in release or commercial failure of just one of these films or digital media productions, or our inability to release any productions at all, could have a significant adverse impact on our results of operations and cash flows in both the year of release and in the future. Historically, feature films that are successful in the domestic theatrical market are generally also successful in the international theatrical and ancillary markets, although each film is different and there is no way to guarantee such results. If our films fail to achieve domestic box office success, their success in the international box office and ancillary markets and our business, results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected. Further, we can make no assurances that the historical correlation between results in the domestic box office and results in the international box office and ancillary markets will continue in the future. If we are unable to release any film or digital media productions in a given year, or if the feature films we release do not perform well in the domestic or international theatrical markets and ancillary markets, or our digital media productions do not perform as anticipated, the failure to release any productions, or the failure of any one of the productions we release, could a material adverse effect on our financial results and cash flows.

Delays, cost overruns, cancellation or abandonment of the completion or release of our web series or films may have an adverse effect on our business.

There are substantial financial risks relating to production, completion and release of web series and feature films. Actual costs may exceed their budgets due to factors such as labor disputes, unavailability of a star performer, equipment shortages, disputes with production teams or adverse weather conditions, any of which may cause cost overruns and delay or hamper film completion. We are typically responsible for paying all production costs in accordance with a budget and receive a fixed producer’s fee for our services plus a portion of any project income. However, to the extent that delays or cost overruns result in us not completing the web series or film within budget, there may not be enough funds left to pay us our producer’s fee, to generate any project income or complete the project at all. If this were to occur, it would significantly and adversely affect our revenue and results of operations.



12



 


We rely on third party distributors to distribute our films and their failure to perform or promote our films could negatively impact our ability to generate revenues and have a material adverse effect on our operating results.

Our films are primarily distributed and marketed by third party distributors. If any of these third-party distributors fails to perform under their respective arrangements, such failure could negatively impact the success of our films and have a material adverse effect on our business, reputation and ability to generate revenues.

We generally do not control the timing and manner in which our distributors distribute our films; their decisions regarding the timing of release and promotional support are important in determining success. Any decision by those distributors not to distribute or promote one of our films or to promote our competitors’ films or related products to a greater extent than they promote ours could have a material adverse effect on our business, cash flows and operating results.  Additionally, because third parties are the principal distributors of our movies, the amount of revenue that is recognized from films in any given period is dependent on the timing, accuracy and sufficiency of the information received from our distributors. As is typical in the film industry, our distributors may make adjustments in future periods to information previously provided to us that could have a material impact on our operating results in later periods. In 2018, our domestic distributor of Max Steel and Believe, Open Road Films, LLC (“Open Road”) filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11.  The assets of Open Road were purchased by Raven Capital Management (“Raven Capital”) which now has the rights to distribute the films under the same arrangements as Open Road.  There is no guaranty that Raven Capital will be successful in distributing Max Steel and Believe.

Our success depends on the services of our Chief Executive Officer.

Our success greatly depends on the skills, experience and efforts of our Chief Executive Officer, Mr. O’Dowd. We do not have an employment agreement with Mr. O’Dowd. If Mr. O’Dowd resigns or becomes unable to continue in his present role and is not adequately replaced, the loss of his services could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition.

The popularity and commercial success of our digital media productions and feature films are subject to numerous factors, over which we may have limited or no control.

The popularity and commercial success of our digital media productions and films depends on many factors including, but not limited to, the key talent involved, the timing of release, the promotion and marketing of the digital media production or film, the quality and acceptance of other competing productions released into the marketplace at or near the same time, the availability of alternative forms of entertainment, general economic conditions, the genre and specific subject matter of the digital media production or film, its critical acclaim and the breadth, timing and format of its initial release. We cannot predict the impact of such factors on any digital media production or film, and many are factors that are beyond our control. As a result of these factors and many others, our digital media productions and films may not be as successful as we anticipate, and as a result, our results of operations may suffer.

The creation of content for the entertainment industry is highly competitive and we will be competing with companies with much greater resources than we have.

The business in which we engage is highly competitive. Our content production business operations are subject to competition from companies which, in many instances, have greater development, production and distribution and capital resources than us. We compete for the services of writers, producers, directors, actors and other artists to produce our digital media and motion picture content, as well as for advertisement dollars. Larger companies have a broader and more diverse selection of scripts than we do, which translates to a greater probability that they will be able to more closely fit the demands and interests of advertisers than we can.

As a small independent producer, we compete with major U.S. and international studios. Most of the major U.S. studios are part of large diversified corporate groups with a variety of other operations that can provide both the means of distributing their products and stable sources of earnings that may allow them better to offset fluctuations in the financial performance of their film and other operations. In addition, the major studios have more resources with which to compete for ideas, storylines and scripts created by third parties, as well as for actors, directors and other personnel required for production. Such competition for the industry’s talent and resources may negatively affect our ability to acquire, develop, produce, advertise and distribute digital media and motion picture content.



13



 


We must successfully respond to rapid technological changes and alternative forms of delivery or storage to remain competitive.

The entertainment industry continues to undergo significant developments as advances in technologies and new methods of product delivery and storage, and certain changes in consumer behavior driven by these developments emerge. New technologies affect the demand for our content, the manner in which our content is distributed to consumers, the sources and nature of competing content offerings and the time and manner in which consumers acquire and view our content. We and our distributors must adapt our businesses to shifting patterns of content consumption and changing consumer behavior and preferences through the adoption and exploitation of new technologies. If we cannot successfully exploit these and other emerging technologies, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results, liquidity and prospects.

Our business may be affected by changes in consumer discretionary spending in the U.S. or internationally.


Our success depends on our ability to distribute or otherwise generate income from our current and future motion pictures and digital productions.  Our industry is subject to discretionary consumer spending, which is influenced by general economic conditions, consumer confidence and the availability of discretionary income. Changes in economic conditions affecting potential distributors or viewers of our motion pictures could reduce our ability to generate income from our motion pictures.  Furthermore, weak economic conditions and geopolitical and economic uncertainties in international regions and countries where our movie productions are distributed could lead to lower consumer spending for our content, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

We have in the past and may, in the future, be adversely affected by union activity.

We retain the services of actors who are covered by collective bargaining agreements with Screen Actors Guild – American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, which we refer to as SAG-AFTRA, and we may also become signatories to certain guilds such as Directors Guild of America and Writers Guild of America in order to allow us to hire directors and talent for our productions. Collective bargaining agreements are industry-wide agreements, and we lack practical control over the negotiations and terms of these agreements. In addition, our digital projects fall within SAG-AFTRA’s definition of “new media”, which is an emerging category covered by its New Media and Interactive Media Agreements for actors. As such, our ability to retain actors is subject to uncertainties that arise from SAG-AFTRA’s administration of this relatively new category of collective bargaining agreements. Such uncertainties have resulted and may continue to result in delays in production of our digital projects.

In addition, if negotiations to renew expiring collective bargaining agreements are not successful or become unproductive, the union could take actions such as strikes, work slowdowns or work stoppages. Strikes, work slowdowns or work stoppages or the possibility of such actions could result in delays in production of our digital projects. We could also incur higher costs from such actions, new collective bargaining agreements or the renewal of collective bargaining agreements on less favorable terms. Depending on their duration, union activity or labor disputes could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

Others may assert intellectual property infringement claims or liability claims for digital media or film content against us which may force us to incur substantial legal expenses.

There is a possibility that others may claim that our productions and production techniques misappropriate or infringe the intellectual property rights of third parties with respect to their previously developed web series, films, stories, characters, other entertainment or intellectual property. In addition, as distributors of digital media and film content, we may face potential liability for such claims as defamation, invasion of privacy, negligence, copyright or trademark infringement or other claims based on the nature and content of the materials distributed. If successfully asserted, our insurance may not be adequate to cover any of the foregoing claims. Irrespective of the validity or the successful assertion of such claims, we could incur significant costs and diversion of resources in defending against them, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results.



14



 


If we fail to protect our intellectual property and proprietary rights adequately, our business could be adversely affected.

Our ability to compete depends, in part, upon successful protection of our intellectual property. We attempt to protect proprietary and intellectual property rights to our productions through available copyright and trademark laws and distribution arrangements with companies for limited durations. Unauthorized parties may attempt to copy aspects of our intellectual property or to obtain and use property that we regard as proprietary. We cannot assure you that our means of protecting our proprietary rights will be adequate. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect our proprietary rights to as great an extent as the laws of the United States. Intellectual property protections may also be unavailable, limited or difficult to enforce in some countries, which could make it easier for competitors to steal our intellectual property. Our failure to protect adequately our intellectual property and proprietary rights could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Risks Related to Acquisitions

We are subject to risks associated with acquisitions and we may not realize the anticipated benefits of such acquisitions.

We have in the past completed acquisitions, and may in the future consummate additional acquisitions and otherwise engage in discussions and activities with respect to possible acquisitions, intended to complement or expand our business, some of which may be significant transactions for us. Identifying suitable acquisition candidates can be difficult, time-consuming and costly, and we may not be able to identify suitable candidates or complete acquisitions in a timely manner, on a cost-effective basis or at all.

Even if we complete an acquisition, we may not realize the anticipated benefits of such transaction. Our recent acquisitions have required, and any similar future transactions may also require, significant efforts and expenditures, including with respect to integrating the acquired business with our historical business. We may encounter unexpected difficulties, or incur unexpected costs, in connection with acquisition activities and integration efforts, including, without limitation:

·

diversion of management attention from managing our historical core business;

·

potential disruption of our historical core business or of the acquired business;

·

the strain on, and need to continue to expand, our existing operational, technical, financial and administrative infrastructure;

·

inability to achieve synergies as planned;

·

challenges in controlling additional costs and expenses in connection with and as a result of the acquisition;

·

dilution to existing shareholders from the issuance of equity securities;

·

becoming subject to adverse tax consequences or substantial depreciation;

·

difficulties in assimilating employees and corporate cultures or in integrating systems and controls;

·

difficulties in anticipating and responding to actions that may be taken by competitors;

·

difficulties in realizing the anticipated benefits of the transaction;

·

inability to generate sufficient revenue from acquisitions to offset the associated acquisition costs;

·

potential loss of key employees, key clients or other partners of the acquired business as a result of the change of ownership; and

·

the assumption of and exposure to unknown or contingent liabilities of the acquired businesses.

If any of our acquisitions do not perform as anticipated for any of the reasons noted above or otherwise, there could be a negative impact on our results of operations and financial condition.



15



 


Any due diligence conducted by us in connection with potential future acquisition may not reveal all relevant considerations or liabilities of the target business, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

We conduct such due diligence with respect to our acquisitions as we deem reasonably practicable and appropriate. The objective of the due diligence process is to identify material issues and liabilities that may affect the decision to proceed with any one particular acquisition target or the consideration payable for an acquisition. We also use information revealed during the due diligence process to formulate our business and operational planning for, and our valuation of, any target company or business. While conducting due diligence and assessing a potential acquisition, we may rely on publicly available information, if any, information provided by the relevant target company to the extent such company is willing or able to provide such information and, in some circumstances, third party investigations.

There can be no assurance that the due diligence undertaken with respect to an acquisition, will reveal all relevant facts that may be necessary to evaluate such acquisition including the determination of the price we may pay for an acquisition target or to formulate a business strategy. Furthermore, the information provided during due diligence may be incomplete, inadequate or inaccurate. As part of the due diligence process, we will also make subjective judgments regarding the results of operations, financial condition and prospects of a potential target. Our due diligence investigation of a particular acquisition target may not uncover all material issues and liabilities to which we may become subject. If our due diligence investigation fails to correctly identify material issues and liabilities that may be present in a target company or business, or if we consider such material risks to be commercially acceptable relative to the opportunity, and we proceed with an acquisition, we may subsequently incur substantial impairment charges or other losses.

In addition, following an acquisition, including those already completed, we may be subject to significant, previously undisclosed liabilities of the acquired business that were not identified during due diligence. Any such liabilities could contribute to poor operational performance, undermine any attempt to restructure the acquired company or business in line with our business plan and otherwise have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Losses incurred by us subsequent to completion of an acquisition may not be indemnifiable by the seller or may exceed the seller’s indemnification obligations.

As discussed above, there may be liabilities assumed in any acquisition that we did not discover or that we underestimated in the course of performing our due diligence. Although a seller generally will have indemnification obligations to us under an acquisition agreement, these obligations are usually subject to financial limitations, such as general deductibles and maximum recovery amounts, as well as time limitations. We cannot assure you that our right to indemnification from any seller will be enforceable, collectible or sufficient in amount, scope or duration to fully offset the amount of any losses that we incur with respect to a particular acquisition. Any such liabilities, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

We recognized a goodwill impairment charge for the year ended December 31, 2018 and may be required to recognize additional goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges in the future.


We acquire other companies and intangible assets and may not realize all the economic benefit from those acquisitions, which could cause an impairment of goodwill or intangibles. We review amortizable intangible assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. We test goodwill for impairment at least annually. Events or changes indicating that the carrying value of our goodwill or amortizable intangible assets may not be recoverable include reduced future cash flow estimates, slower growth rates in industry segments in which we participate and a decline in our stock price and market capitalization. We may be required to record a significant charge in our consolidated financial statements during the period in which any impairment of our goodwill or amortizable intangible assets is determined, negatively affecting our results of operations.  For the year ended December 31, 2018, we recorded approximately $1.9 million in charges for the impairment of goodwill for 42West based on a reduced cash flow estimate.




16



 


Risks Related to our Common Stock and Preferred Stock

We have recently issued, and may in the future issue, a significant amount of equity securities and, as a result, your ownership interest in our company has been, and may in the future be, substantially diluted and your investment in our common stock could suffer a material decline in value.

From January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019, the number of shares of our common stock issued and outstanding has increased from 10,565,789 to 17,892,900 shares. During this period, we issued approximately 1,979,904 shares of our common stock as consideration for 42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoint acquisitions.   We will issue an additional 971,735 shares of our common stock to the sellers of 42West for the earn out (net of indemnifications) that was earned in 2017.  On August 14, 2019 we exchanged 44,740 put rights held by one of the sellers of 42West for 385,514 shares of common stock. We will issue 26,821 shares of our common stock for the working capital adjustment to the sellers of The Door.  Furthermore, we may issue up to 1,538,462 shares of our common stock to the sellers of The Door if the applicable earn out financial target is achieved in the following two years.  We will issue to the Shore Fire seller the equivalent of $200,000 of our common stock at the trading stock price on each of the first and second anniversaries of the acquisition of Shore Fire.  During the year ended December 31, 2019, certain holders of convertible notes exercised their right to convert all or a portion of their convertible notes and we issued 433,794 shares of common stock. As of December 31, 2019, we had outstanding convertible notes payable that as of the date of this report are still outstanding in the aggregate principal amount of $2,352,500, which are currently convertible into 3,372,612 shares of our common stock (calculated based on either a 30-trading-day average price per share, 90-trading-day average price per share as of March 6, 2020 or $0.78 per share based on the terms of the convertible notes payable).  As of December 31, 2019, we had convertible notes payable in the amount of $1.1 million that were converted subsequent to year end for 1,877,811 shares of our common stock. On October 21, 2019, we issued 2,700,000 shares of our common stock in a public offering at a purchase price of $0.78 per share.  As a result of these past issuances and potential future issuances, your ownership interest in the Company has been, and may in the future be, substantially diluted.

The market price for our common stock has been volatile, and these issuances could cause the price of our common stock to continue to fluctuate substantially. In addition, we have historically experienced significantly low trading volume. Once restricted stock issued in either private placements or to the sellers of the companies we acquired becomes freely tradable, these shareholders may decide to sell their shares of common stock and, if our stock is thinly traded, this could have a material adverse effect on its market price.

We currently have an effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 filed with the SEC under which we may offer from time to time any combination of common stock, warrants and units. In the near term, we will need to raise additional capital and may seek to do so by selling additional securities under the shelf registration statement, conducting one or more private placements of equity securities, securities convertible into equity securities or debt securities, or through a combination of one or more of such financing alternatives. Such issuances of additional securities would further dilute the equity interests of our existing shareholders, perhaps substantially, and may further exacerbate any or all of the above risks.

The Series C Convertible Preferred Stock has anti-dilution protections and super voting rights that may adversely affect our shareholders.

For a period of five years from March 7, 2016, the date of issuance, the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, which are all held by Mr. O’Dowd, will have certain anti-dilution protections. Upon triggers specified in the Series C Certificate of Designation, the number of shares of common stock into which any Series C Convertible Preferred Stock held by Mr. O’Dowd (or any entity directly or indirectly controlled by Mr. O’Dowd) can be converted will be increased, such that the total number of shares of common stock held by Mr. O’Dowd (or any entity directly or indirectly controlled by Mr. O’Dowd) (based on the number of shares of common stock held as of the date of issuance of such Series C Convertible Preferred Stock) will be preserved at the same percentage of shares of common stock outstanding held by such persons on such date. As a result, your ownership interests may be further diluted.

Except as required by law, holders of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock will only have voting rights once the independent directors of the Board determine that an optional conversion threshold (as defined in the Series C Certificate of Designation) has occurred. Upon such determination by the Board, a holder of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (Mr. O’Dowd) will be entitled to super voting rights of three votes for each share of common stock into which such holder’s shares of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock could then be converted. Holders of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to vote together as a single class on all matters upon which common stockholders are entitled to vote. Your voting rights will be diluted as a result of these super voting rights. In addition, the anti-dilution protections may result in an increase in the number of shares of common stock into which Series C Convertible Preferred Stock held by Mr. O’Dowd and certain eligible persons can be converted, which could further dilute your percentage of voting rights.



17



 


If we are unable to maintain compliance with Nasdaq listing requirements, our stock could be delisted, and the trading price, volume and marketability of our stock could be adversely affected.

Our common stock and certain of our warrants are listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market. We cannot assure you, that we will be able to maintain compliance with Nasdaq’s current listing standards, or that Nasdaq will not implement additional listing standards with which we will be unable to comply. On October 17, 2019, we received a deficiency notice from Nasdaq informing us that our common stock failed to comply with the $1 minimum bid price required for continued listing on Nasdaq under Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) based upon the closing bid price of the Common Stock for the 30 consecutive business days prior to the date of the notice from Nasdaq.  Nasdaq provides us an initial cure period of six months or until April 14, 2020 to regain compliance which requires us to have a closing bid price of our common stock that meets or exceeds $1.00 per share for a minimum of ten days prior to such date.  If we are unable to regain compliance by April 14, 2020, we may be eligible for an additional 180 calendar day compliance period to demonstrate compliance with the minimum bid requirement.  There is no assurance that we can regain compliance of the minimum bid requirement before April 14, 2020 or that Nasdaq will grant us an additional 180 calendar day compliance period. Failure to maintain compliance with Nasdaq listing requirements could result in the delisting of our shares from Nasdaq, which could have a material adverse effect on the trading price, volume and marketability of our common stock.  Furthermore, a delisting could adversely affect our ability to issue additional securities and obtain additional financing in the future or result in a loss of confidence by investors or employees.

Accounting for the put rights and contingent consideration could cause variability in the results we report.

In connection with the 42West acquisition, we granted put rights to the sellers to cause us to purchase up to an aggregate of 1,187,087 (including the shares from the earn out consideration) of their shares of common stock received as consideration for a purchase price equal to $9.22 per share during certain specified exercise periods set forth in the put agreements up until December 2020. As of the date of this report, the sellers have exercised an aggregate of 895,653 shares of common stock pursuant to the put rights. We have also purchased 120,451 shares of common stock and may purchase up to an additional 20,246 shares of common stock, at a purchase price of $9.22, from certain 42West employees with change of control provisions in their employment agreements, who received shares of our common stock at the time of the 42West acquisition and will receive additional shares in 2019 related to the earn out consideration. The sellers of The Door may also earn up to 1,538,462 shares of common stock if certain financial targets are achieved over a four-year period.  The put rights are an embedded derivative within our common stock requiring certain fair value measurements at each reporting period. We record the fair value of the put right liability and the contingent consideration liability in the consolidated balance sheets and we record changes to the liability against earnings or loss in the consolidated statements of operations. The put rights and contingent consideration are inherently difficult to value. We could have substantial variability in the related periodic fair value measurements, which would affect our operating results and in turn could impact our stock price.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

As of the date of this report, we do not own any real property. For our content production business, we lease 3,024 square feet of office space with a lease commencement date of October 1, 2019, located at 150 Alhambra Circle, Suite 1200, Coral Gables, Florida 33134, at a monthly rate of $9,954, with annual increase of 3% and four months of rent abatement.  The lease expires on November 30, 2024.  

For our entertainment publicity and marketing business, we lease the following office space: (i)12,505 square feet located at 600 Third Avenue, 23rd Floor, New York, NY 10016, at a monthly rate of $67,735 with increases every three years; (ii) 5,000 square feet located at 37 West 17th Street, 5th Floor, New York, NY 10010 at a monthly rent of $16,912 with a 2.5% annual increase and expiring in August of 2020; (iii) two office suites located at 1460 West Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60642 at a monthly rate of $2,200 and expiring on May 31, 2020; (iv) 12,139 square feet of office space at 1840 Century Park East, Suite 700, Los Angeles, CA 90067 at a base rate of $36,417 (commencing on February 1, 2014), with annual increases of 3% per year; (v) 12,376 square feet located at 55 Chapel Street, Newton, MA 02458 at a current monthly rate of $23,656 with annual increases of 3% and expiring on March 31, 2021; (vi) 32 Court Street, Brooklyn, NY at a current monthly rate of $17,000 with annual increases of 3% and expiring on February 28, 2026 and (vii) 1017 17th Avenue, Unit 4, Nashville, TN 37212 at a current monthly rate of $2,179 and expiring on July 31, 2020.  We believe our current facilities are adequate for our operations for the foreseeable future.



18



 


ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We currently do not have any material legal proceedings, including those relating to claims arising in the ordinary course of business.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 



19



 


PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market Information and Holders of our Common Stock

 

Our common stock trades on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “DLPN”.

 

 

As of March 18, 2020, there were approximately 333 shareholders of record, of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock based on information provided by our transfer agent.


Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities


On October 11, 2019 the Company issued convertible promissory note agreement to a third-party investor and received $500,000 to be used for working capital. The convertible promissory note bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum and mature on October 11, 2021. The balance of the convertible promissory note and any accrued interest may be converted into shares of Common Stock at the noteholder’s option at any time at a purchase price based on the 30-day trailing average closing price of the Common Stock.

 

Company Purchases of Equity Securities

 

The following table presents information related to our repurchases of our shares of common stock during the quarter ended December 31, 2019:

 

Period

 

Total

Number

of Shares

Purchased(1)

 

 

Average

Price Paid

Per Share

 

 

Total Number of Shares

Purchased as Part of

Publicly Announced

Plans or Programs

 

 

Maximum Number

of Shares that May Yet Be

Purchased Under the

Plans or Programs

 

10/1/2019 – 10/31/2019

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11/1/2019 – 11/30/2019

 

 

10,846

 

 

 

9.22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12/1/2019 – 12/31/2019

 

 

51,518

 

 

 

9.22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

62,364

 

 

$

9.22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

———————

(1)

Pursuant to the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in put agreements, entered into with the sellers of 42West, certain of such sellers exercised their put rights and caused us to purchase 62,364 shares of common stock for an aggregate amount of $575,000 of which $275,000 was paid in January 2020. See Note 4 — Acquisitions to our audited consolidated financial statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion of these put agreements.

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 



20



 


ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our audited historical consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, which are included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 ( this“2019 Form 10-K”). The following discussion includes forward-looking statements that involve certain risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, those described in Item 1A. Risk Factors in this 2019 Form 10-K. Our actual results may differ materially from those discussed below. See “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and Item 1A. Risk Factors, in each case contained in this 2019 Form 10-K.

 

OVERVIEW

 

We are a leading independent entertainment marketing and premium content development company. We were first incorporated in the State of Nevada on March 7, 1995 and domesticated in the State of Florida on December 4, 2014.  Our common stock trades on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “DLPN”.

Through our subsidiaries 42West, The Door and Shore Fire, we provide expert strategic marketing and publicity services to many of the top brands, both individual and corporate, in the entertainment and hospitality industries.  42West, The Door and Shore Fire are each recognized global leaders in PR services for the respective industries they serve.  Our acquisition of Viewpoint has added full-service creative branding and production capabilities to our marketing group.  Dolphin’s legacy content production business, founded by Emmy-nominated Chief Executive Officer, Bill O’Dowd, has produced multiple feature films and award-winning digital series, primarily aimed at family and young adult markets.


On December 3, 2019, referred to as the Shore Fire Closing Date, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Shore Fire, a New York corporation. Shore Fire is a public relations and media management firm that specializes in music, entertainment and popular culture.


We agreed to pay an aggregate purchase price of $3 million for Shore Fire, before adjustments, comprising (i) $1,000,000 in cash paid to the seller on the Shore Fire Closing Date (as adjusted for Shore Fire’s indebtedness, working capital and cash targets, and transaction expenses); (ii) $200,000 in shares of our common stock based on a price, per share of $0.64, issued to the seller on the Shore Fire Closing Date and (iii) $140,000 in cash paid on the Shore Fire Closing Date to certain key employees, referred to as the Shore Fire Key Employees; (iv)  additional $250,000 in cash paid on each of the third, sixth, twelve and twenty-four month anniversary of the Shore Fire Closing Date; (v) $200,000 in shares of our common stock to the seller on each of the twelve and twenty-four month anniversary of the Shore Fire Closing Date; (vi) $140,000 in cash to the Shore Fire Key Employees on the twelve month anniversary of the Shore Fire Closing Date and (vii) $120,000 in cash to the Shore Fire Key Employees on the twenty-four month anniversary of the Shore Fire Closing Date. In connection with the acquisition of Shore Fire, we acquired intangible assets of approximately $1.1 million and goodwill of $1.9 million.


We have established an acquisition strategy based on identifying and acquiring companies that complement our existing entertainment publicity and marketing services and content production businesses. We believe that complementary businesses, such as data analytics and digital marketing, can create synergistic opportunities and bolster profits and cash flow. We have identified potential acquisition targets and are in various stages of discussion with such targets. We intend to complete at least one acquisition during 2020, but there is no assurance that we will be successful in doing so, whether in 2020 or at all. We currently intend to fund any acquisitions through loans or additional issuances of our common stock, securities convertible into our common stock, debt securities or a combination of such financing alternatives; however, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in raising the capital necessary to consummate any acquisitions, whether on favorable terms or at all.


We operate in two reportable segments:  our entertainment publicity and marketing segment and our content production segment. The entertainment publicity and marketing segment comprises 42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoint and provides clients with diversified services, including public relations, entertainment content marketing, strategic marketing consulting, creative branding and in-house production of content for marketing. The content production segment comprises Dolphin Films and Dolphin Digital Studios and specializes in the production and distribution of digital content and feature films.



21



 


Going Concern

In the audit opinion for our financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2019, our independent auditors included an explanatory paragraph expressing substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern based upon our accumulated deficit as of December 31, 2019 and our level of working capital. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties. Management is planning to raise any necessary additional funds through loans and additional sales of our common stock, securities convertible into our common stock, debt securities or a combination of such financing alternatives; however, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in raising any necessary additional capital or securing loans. Such issuances of additional securities would further dilute the equity interests of our existing shareholders, perhaps substantially. With the acquisitions of 42West, The Door, Viewpoint and now Shore Fire, we are currently exploring opportunities to expand the services currently being offered by them to the entertainment and hospitality community. In addition, we are exploring ways to reduce expenses by identifying certain costs that can be combined, for example, consolidating certain “back office” functions such as accounting and human resources.  There can be no assurance that we will be successful in selling these services to clients or reducing expenses.

REVENUES


For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we derived substantially all of our revenues from our entertainment publicity and marketing segment. The entertainment publicity and marketing segment derives its revenues from providing public relations services for celebrities and musicians, entertainment and targeted content marketing for film and television series, strategic communications services for corporations and public relations, marketing services and brand strategies for hotels and restaurants.  We additionally derived revenues from the content production segment primarily from the distribution of our feature films, Max Steel and Believe.  The table below sets forth the percentage of total revenue derived from our two segments for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018:


 

 

 

 

For the years ended
December 31,

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Entertainment publicity

 

 

 

 

99.7

%

 

 

97.2

%

Content production

 

 

 

 

0.3

%

 

 

2.8

%

Total revenue

 

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

100.0

%


Entertainment Publicity and Marketing


Our revenue is directly impacted by the retention and spending levels of existing clients and by our ability to win new clients. We believe that we currently have a stable client base, and we have continued to grow organically through referrals and actively soliciting new business as well as through acquisition of new businesses within the same industry. We earn revenues primarily from the following sources: (i) celebrity talent services; (ii) content marketing services under multiyear master service agreements in exchange for fixed project-based fees; (iii) numerous individual engagements for entertainment content marketing services for durations of generally between three and six months; (iv) strategic communications services; (v) engagements for marketing of special events such as food and wine festivals and (vi) content productions of marketing materials on a project contract basis. For these revenue streams, we collect fees through either fixed fee monthly retainer agreements or project-based fees.  


We earn entertainment publicity and marketing revenues primarily through the following:


·

Talent We earn fees from creating and implementing strategic communication campaigns for performers and entertainers, including Oscar, Tony and Emmy winning film, theater and television stars, directors, producers, celebrity chefs and Grammy winning recording artists. Our services in this area include ongoing strategic counsel, media relations, studio and/or network liaison work, and event and tour support.




22



 


·

Entertainment Marketing and Brand Strategy We earn fees from providing marketing direction, public relations counsel and media strategy for entertainment content (including theatrical films, television programs, DVD and VOD releases, and streaming services) from all the major studios, as well as content producers ranging from individual filmmakers and creative artists to production companies, streaming services, film financiers, DVD distributors, and other entities. In addition, we provide entertainment marketing services in connection with film and festivals, food and wine festivals, awards campaigns, event publicity and red-carpet management. As part of our services we offer marketing and publicity services tailored to reach diverse audiences. We also provide marketing direction targeted to the ideal consumer through a creative public relations and creative brand strategy for hotel and restaurant groups. Our clients for this type of service include major studios, independent producers for whom we create targeted multicultural marketing campaigns and leading hotel and restaurant groups.


We expect that increased digital streaming marketing budgets at several large key clients will drive growth of revenue and profit in 42Wests Entertainment Marketing division over the next several years.


·

Strategic Communications We earn fees by advising companies looking to create, raise or reposition their public profiles, primarily in the entertainment industry. We believe that growth in 42West’s Strategic Communications division will be driven by increasing demand for these services by traditional and non-traditional media clients who are expanding their activities in the content production, branding, and consumer products PR sectors. We expect that this growth trend will continue for the next three to five years. We also help studios and filmmakers deal with controversial movies, as well as high-profile individuals address sensitive situations.


·

Creative Branding and Production We offer clients creative branding and production services from concept creation to final delivery.  Our services include brand strategy, concept and creative development, design and art direction, script and copyrighting, live action production and photography, digital development, video editing and composite, animation, audio mixing and engineering, project management and technical support.  We expect that our ability to offer these services to our existing clients in the entertainment and hospitality industries will be accretive to our revenue.


Content Production


Dolphin Films


For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we derived revenues from Dolphin Films primarily through the distribution of our motion pictures, Max Steel and Believe, in the ancillary markets.


Our ability to receive additional revenues from Max Steel depends on our ability to repay our loans under our production service agreement and prints and advertising loan agreement from the profits of Max Steel. Max Steel did not generate sufficient funds to repay either of these loans prior to the applicable maturity dates. On August 23, 2019, we entered into a revenue participation agreement with the lender of the prints and advertising loan.  Under this revenue participation agreement, we agreed to give the lender all of the future domestic distribution proceeds of Max Steel up to $0.9 million in exchange for the payment and satisfaction in full of the prints and advertising loan. As a result, we recorded a gain on the extinguishment of debt of $0.7 million and impaired the capitalized production costs of $0.6 million during the year ended December 31, 2019.  We have provided a $0.6 million backstop to the guarantor of the prints and advertising loan and that amount is recorded in other current liabilities.


If the lender of the production loan forecloses on the collateral securing the loan, our subsidiary Max Steel VIE would lose any future international distribution revenue of Max Steel, which we believe is minimal.  We are not a party to this loan and have not guaranteed to the lender any of the amounts outstanding under this loan.  For a discussion of the terms of such agreements and the $620,000 backstop, see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below.


Project Development and Related Services


We have a team that dedicates a portion of its time to sourcing scripts for future development. The scripts can be for either digital or motion picture productions. We have acquired the rights to certain scripts that we intend to produce and release in the future, subject to obtaining financing.  We have not yet determined if these projects would be produced for digital or theatrical distribution.




23



 


Our pipeline of feature films includes:

·

Youngblood, an updated version of the 1986 hockey classic;

·

Out of Their League, a romantic comedy pitting husband versus wife in the cut-throat world of fantasy football; and

·

Sisters Before Misters, a comedy about two estranged sisters finding their way back to each other after a misunderstanding causes one of them to have to plan the other’s wedding.

We have completed development of each of these feature films, which means that we have completed the script and can begin pre-production once financing is obtained. We are planning to fund these projects through loans or additional sales of our common stock, securities convertible into our common stock, debt securities or a combination of such financing alternatives; however, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in raising any necessary capital. There is no assurance that we will be able to obtain the financing necessary to produce these feature films.

EXPENSES

Our expenses consist primarily of: (1) direct costs; (2) selling, general and administrative expenses; (3) depreciation and amortization; (4) legal and professional fees; and (5) payroll. For the year ended December 31, 2018, we also had non-cash charge of goodwill impairment of approximately $1.9 million.

Direct costs include certain cost of services, as well as certain production costs, related to our entertainment publicity and marketing business.  Direct costs also include amortization of deferred production costs, impairment of deferred production costs, residuals and other costs associated with our content production business. Residuals represent amounts payable to various unions or “guilds” such as the Screen Actors Guild, Directors Guild of America, and Writers Guild of America, based on the performance of the motion picture and digital productions in certain ancillary markets. Included within direct costs are immaterial impairments for any of our projects. Capitalized production costs are recorded at the lower of their cost, less accumulated amortization and tax incentives, or fair value. If estimated remaining revenue is not sufficient to recover the unamortized capitalized production costs for that title, the unamortized capitalized production costs will be written down to fair value.

Selling, general and administrative expenses include all overhead costs except for payroll, depreciation and amortization and legal and professional fees that are reported as a separate expense item.

Depreciation and amortization include the depreciation of our property, equipment and leasehold improvements and amortization of intangible assets, including the favorable lease asset.

Legal and professional fees include fees paid to our attorneys, fees for investor relations consultants, audit and accounting fees and fees for general business consultants.

Payroll expenses include wages, payroll taxes and employee benefits.

Other Income and Expenses

For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, other income and expenses consisted primarily of: (1) gain or loss on extinguishment of debt; (2) acquisition costs; (3) changes in the fair value of put rights; (4) changes in fair value of contingent consideration and (5) interest expense.  




24



 


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to year ended December 31, 2018

Revenues

For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, our revenues were as follows:

 

 

For the year ended

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Entertainment publicity and marketing

 

$

24,915,261

 

 

$

21,916,727

 

Content production

 

 

86,606

 

 

 

634,612

 

Total revenue

 

$

25,001,867

 

 

$

22,551,339

 


Revenues from entertainment publicity and marketing increased by approximately $3.0 million, for the year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018. The increase was due to a full year of revenue of The Door acquired on July 5, 2018 and Viewpoint acquired on October 31, 2018 and one month of revenue of Shore Fire acquired December 3, 2019.  The increase is partially offset by the decrease in revenue of 42West due to departures of senior publicists and their staff in 2018.


Revenues from content production decreased by $0.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018, primarily due to the normal revenue cycle of our motion picture Max Steel. The majority of the revenues of a motion picture are recognized in the first twelve months following the release of the film. Max Steel was released on October 14, 2016, and we have already recognized the revenues from the theatrical release, a majority of home entertainment (i.e. DVD) and from international licensing arrangements. For the year ended December 31, 2018, we also recorded $0.2 million of revenues from domestic ancillary markets, related to our motion picture Believe that was released in December of 2013.


On September 4, 2018, our domestic distributor, Open Road, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. The assets of Open Road were sold on December 21, 2018 to Raven Capital, with the final deal closing in February 2019.  We expect that our domestic distribution agreements for Max Steel and Believe, which were purchased in the sale of the assets of Open Road, will continue on the same terms as agreed upon with Open Road.   On August 23, 2019, we entered into a revenue participation agreement with the lender of the prints and advertising loan and agreed to give them up $0.9 million of future domestic distribution revenue in exchange for the payment and full satisfaction of the prints and advertising loan in the amount of $0.7 million, including accrued interest, on the date of the agreement.  We do not expect to receive any significant future revenues from the domestic distribution of Max Steel.  


Expenses

For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, our operating expenses were as follows:

 

 

For the year ended
December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct costs

 

$

5,043,903

 

 

$

2,176,968

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

3,799,765

 

 

 

4,486,023

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,946,960

 

 

 

1,978,804

 

Legal and professional

 

 

1,560,483

 

 

 

2,119,107

 

Payroll

 

 

16,735,911

 

 

 

14,082,014

 

Goodwill impairment

 

 

 

 

 

1,857,000

 

Total expenses

 

$

29,087,022

 

 

$

26,699,916

 


Overall expenses increased by approximately $2.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018. The increase was due to a full year of expenses of The Door acquired on July 5, 2018 and Viewpoint acquired on October 31, 2018 and one month of expenses of Shore Fire acquired December 3, 2019.  




25



 


Direct costs increased by approximately $2.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018.  Direct costs related to the entertainment publicity and marketing segment were approximately $4.3 million in 2019, as compared to $1.6 million in 2018.  The increase was primarily due to a full year of direct costs associated with the operations of The Door and Viewpoint during 2019.  The Door was acquired on July 5, 2018 and Viewpoint was acquired on October 31, 2018 and as such, we only recorded direct costs from their respective dates of acquisition.


Direct costs related to the content production segment were approximately $0.8 million for 2019, as compared to $0.6 million for 2018.  During 2019, direct costs for the content production segment consisted primarily of impairment of capitalized production costs.  Capitalized production costs for Max Steel were impaired during the year ended December 31, 2019 as a result of the agreement to direct all future domestic film revenues up to $0.9 million to the print and advertising loan’s creditor, in settlement of said loan.  We evaluate capitalized production costs to determine if the fair value of the capitalized production costs is below the carrying value.  Based on management’s estimate of ultimate revenues for Max Steel, the capitalized production costs in the amount of $0.6 million were determined to be above fair value and were impaired during the year ended December 31, 2019.  During 2018, direct costs for the content production segment consisted primarily of amortization of capitalized production costs.  Capitalized production costs are amortized based on revenues recorded during the period over the estimated ultimate revenues of the film.


Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by approximately $0.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018.  The decrease is mainly due to bad debt expenses recorded for the year ended December 31, 2018 of approximately $0.6 million.  Of that amount, $0.4 million was from the content production segment and consisted of receivables from the international sales of Max Steel. The other $0.2 million was related to the entertainment publicity and marketing segment.


Depreciation and amortization had an immaterial decrease of $0.03 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018.  However, we should note that this decrease is in spite of a full year of amortization for the intangible assets acquired in the acquisitions of The Door and Viewpoint.  This decrease is due to our adoption of the new lease accounting (ASC 842) on January 1, 2019, that requires favorable leases be accounted for as a right-of-use asset rather than be amortized as an intangible asset.


Legal and professional fees for the year ended December 31, 2019 decreased by approximately $0.6 million as compared to the year ended December 31, 2019.  Legal and professional fees attributable to the entertainment publicity and marketing segment decreased by approximately $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018, primarily due to Bank United not requiring a stand-alone audit for 42West.  Legal and professional fees for the content production segment decreased by approximately $0.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to December 31, 2018, primarily due to the elimination of services of consultants and legal fees.


Payroll expenses increased by approximately $2.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018.  Payroll expenses attributable to our entertainment publicity and marketing business increased by approximately $1.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018 due to including payroll expenses for a full year of The Door and Viewpoint that were acquired on July 5, 2018 and October 31, 2018, offset by a decrease in payroll of 42West related to the departures of certain senior publicists in mid-2018.  Payroll expenses related to the content production segment increased by approximately $0.09 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018 due to salary increases of the CEO and CFO.


Goodwill impairment decreased by approximately $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018 as a result of our 2018 test of goodwill that determined that the carrying value of our goodwill was higher than the fair value of the goodwill for the reporting unit 42West within the entertainment publicity and marketing segment.  We did not have any goodwill impairment for the year ended December 31, 2019.


Other Income and Expenses


 

 

For the year ended
December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Other Income and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain (loss) extinguishment of debt

 

$

711,718

 

 

$

(53,271

)

Acquisition costs

 

 

(106,015

)

 

 

(438,552

)

Change in fair value of put rights

 

 

2,880,520

 

 

 

616,943

 

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

 

 

193,557

 

 

 

1,070,000

 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,206,201

)

 

 

(1,050,478

)

Total

 

$

2,473,579

 

 

$

144,642

 




26



 


As previously discussed, during the year ended December 31, 2019, we agreed to exchange up to $0.9 million of future domestic revenues of Max Steel for the extinguishment of the prints and advertising loan and recorded $0.7 million of a gain on the extinguishment of that debt.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, a holder of a convertible promissory note exchanged the principal and accrued interest on the promissory note into 85,299 shares of our common stock pursuant to the terms of the promissory note, at an exercise price of $3.21 per share. On the date of the conversion, the market price of our common stock was $3.83 per share resulting in a loss on extinguishment of debt of $0.05 million.


Acquisition costs consisted primarily of legal, consulting and auditing costs related to our acquisitions. Acquisition costs for the year ended December 31, 2019 were related to the acquisition of Shore Fire on December 3, 2019.  Acquisition costs for the year ended December 31, 2018 consisted primarily of costs associated with our acquisition of The Door and Viewpoint on July 5, 2018 and October 31, 2018, respectively.


The fair value of put rights related to the 42West acquisition were recorded on our balance sheet on the date of the acquisition. The fair value of the put rights is measured at every balance sheet date and any changes are recorded on our consolidated statements of operations. The change in fair value of the puts was $2.8 million and $0.6 million, respectively, for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.


The fair value of contingent consideration related to our acquisition of The Door was recorded on our balance sheet on July 5, 2018. The fair value of the related contingent consideration is measured at every balance sheet date and any changes recorded on our consolidated statements of operations. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we recorded a gain of $0.2 million and $1.1 million related to the change in fair value of the contingent consideration for The Door.


Interest expense increased by approximately $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018, primarily due to additional convertible and non-convertible promissory notes signed during 2019.  See Liquidity and Capital Resources for further discussion on these notes payable.  


Income Tax Benefit


We had an income tax benefit of $0.4 million for year ended December 31, 2019, compared to a benefit of $1.1 million for year ended December 31, 2018.  The primary component of the income tax benefit in both years is due to a release of the valuation allowance against the deferred tax liabilities of the companies acquired.


As of December 31, 2019, we have approximately $43.7 million of net operating loss carryforwards for U.S. federal income tax purposes that begin to expire in 2028. Federal net operating losses generated after December 31, 2017 have an indefinite life and do not expire. Additionally, we have approximately $25.3 million of net operating loss carryforwards for Florida state income tax purposes that begin to expire in 2029, approximately $13.1 million of California net operating loss carryforwards that begin to expire in 2032, and approximately $1.8 million of New York and New York City net operating loss carryforwards that begin to expire in 2038.  A portion of the carryforwards may expire before being applied to reduce future income tax liabilities.


In assessing the ability to realize the deferred tax assets, we consider whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of the deferred tax asset is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which these temporary differences become deductible. We believe it is more likely than not that the deferred tax asset will not be realized and we have accordingly recorded a net valuation allowance of $16.2 million and $14.3 million as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.


Net Loss


Net loss was approximately $(1.2) million or $(0.07) per share based on 16,522,924 weighted average shares outstanding and approximately $(0.20) per share based on 21,425,506 weighted average shares outstanding on a fully diluted basis for the year ended December 31, 2019. Net loss was approximately $(2.9) million or $(0.22) per share based on 13,773,395 weighted average shares outstanding and approximately $(0.23) per share based on 16,159,486 weighted average shares outstanding on a fully diluted basis for the year ended December 31, 2018. Net loss for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, were related to the factors discussed above.




27



 


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Cash Flows

Year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to year ended December 31, 2018

Cash flows used by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 were $2.9 million compared to cash flows used by operating activities of $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. The increase in cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018 is primarily due to lower cash flows from operations before changes in operating assets and liabilities of approximately $2.0 million. In addition, we used approximately $0.1 million to purchase the rights to scripts for our content production segment.


Cash flows used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 were $0.9 million primarily related to the purchase of Shore Fire, net of cash acquired and the purchase of fixed assets.  Cash flows used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2018, were approximately $1.6 million and were primarily related to the purchase of The Door and  Viewpoint, net of cash acquired and for the purchase of fixed assets.


Cash flows provided by financing activities for year ended December 31, 2019 was approximately $0.4 million as compared to $3.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. Cash flows used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 consisted primarily of (i) $0.1 million of net repayment of debt related to Max Steel; (ii) $2.3 million used to purchase our Common Stock pursuant to Put Rights that were exercised; (iii) $0.3 million comprising the second and third installments of the consideration paid for Viewpoint; (iv) second installment of the consideration for The Door in the amount of $0.8 million; (v) final installment of the consideration paid to employees of 42West to settle change of control provisions in their employment contracts in the amount of $0.4 million; (vi) $1.9 million proceeds from the sale of common stock through a public offering in October 2019; (vii) proceeds from convertible notes payable of $2.1 million and (viii) proceeds from non-convertible note payable of $0.3 million.  By contrast, cash flows provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2018 consisted primarily of (i) $1.7 million in proceeds from our loan agreement with Bank United; (ii) repayment of $0.8 million on a line of credit with City National Bank; (iii) repayment of our debt under the prints and advertising loan; (iv) $3.9 million used to buy back our common stock pursuant to the put agreements with the sellers of 42West; (v) repayment of $0.6 million of a related party promissory note; (vi) $1.5 million in proceeds from a note payable and (vii) $6.8 million in proceeds from the sale of common stock including shares sold through a public offering and shares sold to an investor in a registered direct offering.


As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, we had cash available for working capital of approximately $2.2 million and $5.5 million, respectively, not including $0.7 million pledged as collateral for standby letter of credit for the New York office, and a working capital deficit of approximately $15.6 million and $11.9 million, respectively.


These factors, along with an accumulated deficit of $96.0 million as of December 31, 2019, raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Our audited consolidated financial statements contained in this 2019 Form 10-K do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties. In this regard, management is planning to raise any necessary additional funds through loans and additional issuances of our common stock, securities convertible into our common stock, debt securities or a combination of such financing alternatives. There is no assurance that we will be successful in raising additional capital. Such issuances of additional shares of common stock or securities convertible into common stock would further dilute the equity interests of our existing shareholders, perhaps substantially. We currently have the rights to several scripts, that we intend to produce and release subject to obtaining financing.  We will potentially earn a producer and overhead fee for this production. There can be no assurances that such production will be released or fees will be realized in future periods.


In addition, we have a substantial amount of debt. We do not currently have sufficient assets to repay such debt in full when due, and our available cash flow may not be adequate to maintain our current operations if we are unable to repay, extend or refinance such indebtedness. As of December 31, 2019, our total debt was approximately $14.8 million and our total stockholders’ equity was approximately $9.7 million. Approximately $3.0 million of the total debt as of December 31, 2019 represents the fair value of put options in connection with the 42West acquisition, which may or may not be exercised by the sellers. Approximately $3.3 million (including $1.7 of accrued interest) of our indebtedness as of December 31, 2019 was incurred by the variable interest entity consolidated in our financial statements, Max Steel Productions LLC (“Max Steel VIE”). Repayment of this loan was intended to be made from revenues generated by Max Steel outside of the United States. Max Steel did not generate sufficient funds to repay this loan prior to the maturity date. If the lender of this loan forecloses on the collateral securing the loan, our subsidiary Max Steel VIE would lose any future international distribution revenue of Max Steel, which we believe is minimal.   




28



 


If we are not able to generate sufficient cash to service our current or future indebtedness, we will be forced to take actions such as reducing or delaying digital or film productions, selling assets, restructuring or refinancing our indebtedness or seeking additional debt or equity capital or bankruptcy protection. We may not be able to affect any of these remedies on satisfactory terms or at all and our indebtedness may affect our ability to continue to operate as a going concern.


Financing Arrangements

Prints and Advertising Loan

On August 12, 2016, Dolphin Max Steel Holdings LLC, or Max Steel Holdings, a wholly owned subsidiary of Dolphin Films, entered into a loan and security agreement, or the P&A Loan, providing for a $14.5 million non-revolving credit facility that matured on August 25, 2017. The loan is not guaranteed by any other Dolphin entity and the only asset held by Max Steel Holdings is the copyright for the motion picture, which secures the loan. The proceeds of the credit facility were used to pay a portion of the P&A expenses of the domestic distribution of our feature film, Max Steel. To secure Max Steel Holding’s obligations under the P&A Loan, we granted to the lender a security interest in bank account funds totaling $1,250,000 pledged as collateral. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we agreed to allow the lender to apply the $1,250,000 to the loan balance. The loan was partially secured by a $4,500,000 corporate guaranty from an unaffiliated party associated with the motion picture, of which we have agreed to backstop $620,000. As a condition precedent to closing the loan, Max Steel Holdings delivered to the lender clear chain-of-title to the rights of the motion picture Max Steel. The lender retained a reserve of $1.5 million for loan fees and interest. Amounts borrowed under the credit facility accrue interest at either (i) a fluctuating per annum rate equal to the 5.5% plus a base rate or (ii) a per annum rate equal to 6.5% plus the LIBOR determined for the applicable interest period. During 2017, the third-party guarantor paid $4.5 million pursuant to the guarantee of the loan, reducing the outstanding balance by such amount and increasing our accrued expenses by the $620,000 backstop related to the guarantee. Repayment of the loan was intended to be made from revenues generated by Max Steel in the United States. Max Steel did not generate sufficient funds to repay the loan prior to the maturity date. On August 23, 2019, we entered into a revenue participation agreement with the lender whereby they are entitled to the next $0.9 million of revenues from the domestic distribution of Max Steel in exchange for payment and satisfaction in full of the P&A Loan.  During the year ended December 31, 2019, we recognized a gain on extinguishment of debt of $0.7 million related to this revenue participation agreement.

Production Service Agreement

During 2014, the Max Steel VIE, a variable interest entity (or VIE) created in connection with the financing and production of Max Steel, entered into a loan agreement in the amount of $10.4 million to produce Max Steel. The loan is partially secured by international distribution agreements made prior to the commencement of principal photography and tax incentives. The agreement contains repayment milestones to be made during 2015, which, if not met, accrue interest at a default rate of 8.5% per annum above the published base rate of HSBC Private Bank (UK) Limited until the maturity on January 31, 2016 or the release of the movie. As a condition precedent to closing the loan, Max Steel Holdings delivered to the lender clear chain-of-title to the rights of the motion picture Max Steel. Due to delays in the release of the film, Max Steel VIE was unable to make some of the scheduled payments and, pursuant to the terms of the agreement, the Max Steel VIE has accrued $1.6 million of interest at the default rate. The film was released in theaters in the United States on October 14, 2016 and delivery to the international distributors began after the US release. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, we had outstanding balances of $3.3 million and $3.4 million, respectively, including accrued interest of $1.7 million and $1.6 million, respectively, related to this debt on our consolidated balance sheets. Repayment of the loan was intended to be made from revenues generated by Max Steel outside of the United States. Max Steel did not generate sufficient funds to repay the loan prior to the maturity date. On February 20, 2020, we received a letter from the lender stating that no sums, debts, liabilities, expenses, opportunity costs, revenues and any other amounts were due from the Max Steel VIE.  We are currently evaluating the status of Max Steel Productions LLC as a VIE and our primary beneficiary status of Max Steel VIE.



29



 


42West Line of Credit

On March 15, 2018, 42West entered into a business loan agreement with BankUnited, N.A., (the “Loan Agreement”), for a revolving line of credit agreement under a revolving note. The revolving line of credit matures on March 15, 2020 and bears interest on the outstanding balance at the bank’s prime rate plus 0.25% per annum. The maximum amount that can be drawn on the revolving line of credit is $2,300,000. Amounts outstanding under the note are secured by 42West’s current and future inventory, chattel paper, accounts, equipment and general intangibles. On March 28, 2018, we drew $1,690,000 from the line of credit facility to purchase 183,296 shares of our common stock, per the put agreements with the sellers. On June 29, 2018, we issued a standby letter of credit, in the amount of $50,000, to secure the lease of 42West’s Los Angeles office. The borrowing capacity under the Loan Agreement was reduced by the same amount. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the outstanding balance on the line of credit was $1,700,390.  Subsequently on February 20, 2020, in anticipation of converting the line of credit into a term loan, we partially repaid the line of credit in the amount of $500,000. On March 27, 2020 we received loan documents from Bank United for a one year term loan in the amount of $1,200,390, amortizable over 36 months, with a rate prime plus 0.75 percentage points.  The Door will be a co-borrower on the loan and it will be guaranteed by the Company.

Promissory Notes

Convertible Notes

2020 Lincoln Park Note


On January 3, 2020, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with Lincoln Park Capital Fund LLC and issued a convertible promissory note with a principal amount of $1.3 million at a purchase price of $1.2 million together with warrants to purchase up to 207,588 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.78 per share. The securities purchase agreement provides for issuance of warrants to purchase up to 207,588 shares of our common stock on each of the second, fourth and sixth month anniversaries of the securities purchase agreement if the principal balance has not been paid on such dates. As such, on March 4, 2020 we issued warrants to purchase up to 207,588 shares of our common stock.  The convertible promissory note has an original issue discount of $100,000 and does not bear interest unless there is an event of default. The convertible promissory note may be converted at any time into shares of our common stock at an initial conversion price equal to the lower of (A) $2.00 per share and (B) the lower of (i) the lowest intraday sales price of our common stock on the applicable conversion date and (ii) the average of the three lowest closing sales prices of our common stock during the twelve consecutive trading days including the trading day immediately preceding the conversion date but under no circumstances lower than $0.78 per share. The convertible promissory note matures on January 3, 2022.  The proceeds of the convertible promissory note were used to repay the 2018 Convertible Debt described below.


On January 3, 2020, in connection with the securities purchase agreement with Lincoln Park discussed above, we entered into a Registration Rights Agreement with Lincoln Park pursuant to which we agreed to register any shares converted into our Common Stock pursuant to the terms of the convertible promissory note with Lincoln Park, if during the six-month period commencing on the date of the Registration Rights Agreement, we determine to file a resale registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

2020 Convertible Notes


On March 4, 2020, we issued a convertible promissory note to a third-party investor and received $500,000. We also agreed to issue a warrant to purchase up to 100,000 shares of our common stock at purchase price of $0.78 per share.  The convertible promissory note bears interest at a rate of 8% per annum and matures on March 4, 2030. The balance of the convertible promissory note and any accrued interest may be converted at the note holder’s option at any time at a purchase price $0.78 per share of our common stock.


On March 18, 2020, we issued two convertible promissory notes to two third-party investors for principal amounts of $120,000 and $75,000. The notes earn interest at 10% per annum and mature on March 18, 2022.  The balance of each of the convertible promissory notes and any accrued interest may be converted at the noteholder’s option at any time at a purchase price $0.78 per share of our common stock.


On March 25, 2020, we issued a convertible promissory note to a third-party investor for a principal amount of $560,000 and received $500,000, net of transaction costs of $10,000 and original issue discount. The Company also issued 50,000 shares of our common stock related to this convertible note payable.  The maturity date of the convertible promissory note is March 25, 2021 and the balance of the convertible promissory note and any accrued interest may be converted at the noteholder’s option at any time at a purchase price $0.78 per share of our common stock.




30



 


2019 Lincoln Park Note


On May 20, 2019, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with Lincoln Park Capital Fund LLC and issued a convertible promissory note with a principal amount of $1.1 million at a purchase price of $1.0 million together with warrants to purchase up to 137,500 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share. The securities purchase agreement provides for issuance of warrants to purchase up to 137,500 shares of our common stock on each of the second, fourth and sixth month anniversaries of the securities purchase agreement if the principal balance has not been paid on such dates. As such, on each of July 23, 2019, September 20, 2019 and November 20, 2019 we issued warrants to purchase up to 137,500 shares of our common stock.  The convertible promissory note has an original issue discount of $100,000 and does not bear interest unless there is an event of default. The convertible promissory note may be converted at any time into shares of our common stock at an initial conversion price equal to the lower of (A) $5.00 per share and (B) the lower of (i) the lowest intraday sales price of our common stock on the applicable conversion date and (ii) the average of the three lowest closing sales prices of our common stock during the twelve consecutive trading days including the trading day immediately preceding the conversion date. The convertible promissory note matures on May 21, 2021. As of December 31, 2019, we had a balance of $0.8 million, net of $0.1 million original issue discount and $0.1 million of a beneficial conversion feature, on our consolidated balance sheet.


The 2019 Lincoln Park Note contains a clause that re-prices the conversion price if we sell equity securities within 180-days of the 2019 Lincoln Park Note.  On October 21, 2019, we issued 2,700,000 shares of common stock pursuant to a public offering at a purchase price of $0.78 per share.  As such, the conversion price of the Lincoln Park Note was adjusted to $0.78.  On each of February 3, February 13 and February 27, 2020, Lincoln Park notified us that they were converting $250,000 of the Lincoln Park Note into 319,366 shares of our common stock.


2019 Convertible Debt

On October 11, 2019, we issued a convertible promissory note agreement to a third-party investor and received $500,000. The convertible promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum and matures on October 11, 2021. The balance of the convertible promissory note and any accrued interest may be converted at the note holder’s option at any time at a purchase price based on the 30-day average closing market price per share of our common stock.


On September 25, 2019, we issued a convertible promissory note agreement to a third-party investor and received $250,000. The convertible promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum and matures on September 25, 2021. The balance of the convertible promissory note and any accrued interest may be converted at the note holder’s option at any time at a purchase price based on the 30-day average closing market price per share of our common stock.


On August 12, 2019, in lieu of cash, we issued a $702,500 convertible promissory note agreement in exchange for 76,194 shares of our common stock related to 76,194 exercised put rights of one of the 42West Sellers. The convertible promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum and matures on August 12, 2020. The balance of the convertible promissory note and any accrued interest may be converted at the note holder’s option at any time at a purchase price based on the 30-day average closing market price per share of our common stock.


On July 9, 2019, we issued a convertible promissory note agreement to a third-party investor and received $150,000. The convertible promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum and matures on July 9, 2021. The balance of the convertible promissory note and any accrued interest may be converted at the note holder’s option at any time at a purchase price based on the 30-day average closing market price per share of our common stock.  On January 12, 2020, the convertible note holder notified us that they were converting the principal balance of the convertible note into 254,326 shares of our common stock using 30-day average closing market price (January 10, 2020) of $0.59 per share of common stock.


On March 25, 2019, we issued a convertible promissory note agreement to an unrelated investor and received $200,000. The convertible promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum and matures on March 25, 2021. The balance of the convertible promissory note and any accrued interest may be converted at the note holders’ option at any time at a purchase price based on the 30-day trailing average market price of the Common Stock.  On January 1, 2020, the convertible note holder notified us that they were converting the principal balance of the convertible note into 346,021 shares of our common stock using 30-day average closing market price (December 31, 2019) of $0.58 per share of common stock.

As of December 31, 2019, we had a balance of $702,500 in current liabilities and $1,100,000 in noncurrent liabilities related to these convertible notes payable.



31



 


2018 Convertible Debt

On July 5, 2018, we issued an 8% secured convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $1.5 million (the “Note”), to Pinnacle Family Office Investments, L.P. (“Pinnacle”), pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement, dated the same date. We used the proceeds of the convertible promissory note to finance the Company’s acquisition of The Door. Our obligations under the Note are secured primarily by a lien on the assets of The Door and Viewpoint. We must pay interest on the principal amount of the Note, at the rate of 8% per annum in cash on a quarterly basis. The Note matures on January 5, 2020. The Note contained a clause that re-prices the conversion price if we sell equity securities at a price lower than the conversion price at any time that the Note is outstanding. On October 21, 2019, we issued 2,700,000 shares of common stock pursuant to a public offering at a purchase price of $0.78 per share.  As such, the conversion price of the Note was adjusted to $0.78.  On December 4, 2019, Pinnacle notified us that they were converting $297,936 of the Note into 380,603 shares of our common stock.


On the date of the Note, our common stock had a market value of $3.65. We determined that the Note contained a beneficial conversion feature or debt discount by calculating the number of shares using the conversion rate of the Note of $3.25 per share, and then calculating the market value of the shares that would be issued at conversion using the market value of our common stock on the date of the Note. We recorded a debt discount on the Note of $184,614 that is amortized and recorded as interest expense over the life of the Note. For the year ended December 31, 2019, we recorded interest expense in our audited consolidated statement of operations in the amount of $118,279 and paid $90,000 of interest. For the year ended December 31, 2018, we paid interest and recorded interest expense in the amount of $58,333.

 For the year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, we recorded interest expense of $123,076 and $61,538 from the amortization of the beneficial conversion of the Note.  As of December 31, 2019, we had a balance of $1,202,064 (after the conversion of $297,936 into shares of our common stock) recorded in current liabilities on our balance sheet, related to this Note.  As of December 31, 2018, we had $1,376,924, net of $123,076 of debt discount, recorded in noncurrent liabilities on our audited consolidated balance sheet, related to this Note.

On January 5, 2020, the Note maturity date, we paid Pinnacle $1,231,678, including accrued interest of $29,614, in full satisfaction and repayment of the Note.

2017 Convertible Debt

In 2017, we entered into subscription agreements pursuant to which we issued unsecured convertible promissory notes, each with substantially similar terms, for an aggregate principal amount of $875,000. The convertible promissory notes mature during the third quarter of 2020 and each bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum. The principal and any accrued and unpaid interest of the convertible promissory notes are convertible by the respective holders into shares of our common stock at a price of either (i) the 90 day average closing market price per share of our common stock as of the date the holder submits a notice of conversion or (ii) if an Eligible Offering (as defined in the convertible promissory notes) of our common stock is made, 95% of the public offering price per share of our common stock. As of December 31, 2019, we had a balance of $550,000 in current liabilities related to these convertible promissory notes.


On June 25, 2018, one of the holders of a convertible promissory note notified us that they would convert $250,000 of principal and $23,425 of accrued interest into 85,299 shares of common stock at a price of $3.21 per share using the 90-day trading average price per share of common stock as of June 22, 2018. On the date of the conversion (June 25, 2018), the market price of the Common Stock was $3.83 per share and we recorded a loss on extinguishment of debt in the amount of $53,271 on our consolidated statements of operation for the year ended December 31, 2018.

On March 21, 2019, one of the holders of a convertible promissory note notified us that they would convert $75,000 of principal into 53,191 shares of common stock at a price of $1.41 per share using the 90-day trading average price per share of common stock as of March 20, 2019. On the date of the conversion the market price of the Common Stock was $1.81 per share and we recorded a loss on extinguishment of debt in the amount of $21,287 on our consolidated statements of operation for the year ended December 31, 2019.

As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, we have a balance of $550,000 and $625,000 in current liabilities related to the 2017 convertible promissory notes.

Nonconvertible Notes Payable

On November 5, 2019, we issued a promissory note in the amount of $350,000 that matures two years after issuance. We may prepay this promissory note with no penalty after the initial six months. The promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum.



32



 


On July 5, 2012, we issued an unsecured promissory note in the amount of $300,000 bearing interest at a rate of 10% per annum and payable on demand to KCF Investments LLC (“KCF”), an entity controlled by Mr. Stephen L Perrone, an affiliate of Dolphin. The proceeds from this note were used for working capital. On December 10, 2018, we agreed to exchange this promissory note, including accrued interest of $192,233, for a new unsecured promissory note in the amount of $492,233 that matures on December 10, 2023.  The promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum and provides for monthly repayments of principal and interest in the amount of $10,459 beginning January 15, 2019.  The promissory note may be repaid at any time prior to maturity without a penalty.  

On November 30, 2017, we issued a promissory note in the amount of $200,000 that matures on January 15, 2019. We may prepay this promissory note with no penalty at any time. The promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum. We agreed to extend the maturity date until January 15, 2021.

On June 14, 2017, we issued a promissory note in the amount of $400,000 that matures two years after issuance. We may prepay this promissory note with no penalty after the initial six months. The promissory note bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum.

As of December 31, 2019, we have a balance of $288,237 in current liabilities, a balance of $1,074,122 in noncurrent liabilities and accrued interest of $8,788 in other current liabilities related to these promissory notes on our balance sheet.  As of December 31, 2018, we have a balance of $479,874 in current liabilities, a balance of $612,359 in noncurrent liabilities and accrued interest of $6,315 in other current liabilities related to these promissory notes payable.

2019 Public Offering

On October 21, 2019, in an underwritten registered public offering, we sold 2,700,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $0.78 per share. The net proceeds of the 2019 Public Offering were approximately $1.9 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses payable by us.  

2018 Public Offering

On July 24, 2018, in an underwritten registered public offering, we sold 2,000,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $3.00 per share. The net proceeds of the Offering were approximately $5.3 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses payable by us.  In August 2018, the underwriters exercised their over-allotment option with respect to 265,000 shares of common stock and we received proceeds, net of the underwriter discount and expenses, of $0.7 million.

2018 Registered Direct Offering

On September 19, 2018, we issued and sold to a single investor in a registered direct offering an aggregate of 250,000 shares of our common stock at a price of $3.00 per share.  The offering was made pursuant to our effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We received proceeds of approximately $0.7 million from this issuance and sale of our common stock after deducting related expenses.

Critical Accounting Policies, Judgments and Estimates

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, or “GAAP”. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

An accounting policy is considered to be critical if it requires an accounting estimate to be made based on assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time the estimate is made, and if different estimates that reasonably could have been used, or changes in the accounting estimate that are reasonably likely to occur, could materially impact the consolidated financial statements. We believe that the following critical accounting policies reflect the more significant estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements.



33



 


Leases


On January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires all assets and liabilities arising from leases to be recognized in our consolidated balance sheets. The Company adopted this new accounting guidance effective January 1, 2019. In July 2018, the FASB added an optional transition method which we elected upon adoption of the new standard. This allowed us to recognize and measure leases existing at January 1, 2019 without restating comparative information. In addition, we elected to apply the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which among other things, allows us to carry forward the historical lease classification.


We determine if an arrangement is a lease at the lease commencement date. In addition to our lease agreements, we review all material new vendor arrangements for potential embedded lease obligations. The asset balance related to operating leases is presented within “right-of-use (ROU) asset” on our consolidated balance sheet. The current and noncurrent balances related to operating leases are presented as “Lease liability”, in their respective classifications, on our consolidated balance sheet.


The lease liability is recognized based on the present value of the remaining fixed lease payments discounted using our incremental borrowing rate as of January 1, 2019. The ROU asset is calculated based on the lease liability adjusted for any lease payments paid to the lessor at or before the commencement date (i.e. prepaid rent) and initial direct costs incurred by us and excluding any lease incentives received from the Lessor. For operating leases, the lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company accounts for its lease and non-lease components as a single component, and therefore both are included in the calculation of lease liability recognized on the consolidated balance sheets.


Revenue Recognition

On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU No. 2014-09 – Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). Using this newly adopted guidance, we recognize revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to our clients in an amount that reflects the consideration to which we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Revenue from public relations services consists of fees from the performance of professional services and billings for direct costs reimbursed by clients. Fees are generally recognized on a straight-line or monthly basis, as the services are consumed by our clients, which approximates the proportional performance on such contracts. Direct costs reimbursed by clients are billed as pass-through revenue with no mark-up. Revenues from content produced for digital marketing is recognized upon satisfactory delivery to the client.  


We have entered into agreements with foreign and a domestic distributor for our motion picture Max Steel. These international distribution agreements contain minimum guaranteed payments once the motion picture is delivered and other specifications are met per the agreements. We entered into a domestic distribution agreement with Open Road to distribute the film in the United States using their existing relationships and output agreements with the movie theaters, as well, as DVD, SVOD, pay TV, and free TV distributors. These distribution agreements are for the licensing of function intellectual property and, as such, we recognize revenue once the motion picture has been delivered and the license period has begun.


ASC 606 provides guidance on determining whether revenues should be recognized on a gross or net basis (Principal vs Agent). Based on the new guidance of ASC 606, we determined that for the domestic distribution of Max Steel we should report revenues on a gross basis because we are primarily responsible for the fulfillment of the completed motion picture and carry the “inventory risk” if the motion picture does not meet the customers specifications. At other times, we may enter into contracts with distributors, on significantly different terms, and will need to evaluate these contracts at that time.


Fair Value Measurements


Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are categorized based on whether the inputs are observable in the market and the degree that the inputs are observable. Inputs refer broadly to the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk. Observable inputs are based on market data obtained from sources independent of our company. Unobservable inputs reflect our own assumptions based on the best information available in the circumstances. The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value into three broad levels, defined as follows:


 

Level 1

Inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.



34



 





 

Level 2

Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated with observable market data.

 

Level 3

Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies, and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs. Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability that reflect management’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability as of the reporting date.


We carry certain derivative financial instruments using inputs classified as “Level 3” in the fair value hierarchy on our balance sheets.


On July 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2017-11 and as a result certain warrants with down round provisions that were previously classified as liabilities with changes in fair value on each balance sheet date recorded in the statement of operations are now recorded in equity.  


Put Rights

In connection with the 42West acquisition, we entered into put agreements with each of the sellers of 42West granting them the right, but not the obligation, to cause us to purchase up to an aggregate of 1,187,087 of their shares received as consideration for their membership interest of 42West, including the put rights on the shares earned from the earn out consideration. Based upon the results of operations of 42West during 2017, the sellers earned this additional consideration. In January of 2018, we also entered into put agreements with certain 42West employees granting them the right, but not the obligation, to cause us to purchase up to an aggregate of 140,697 of their shares received in April 2017 and in July 2018 and those earned from the earn out consideration. We have agreed to purchase the shares at $9.22 per share during certain specified exercise periods as set forth in the put agreements, up until December 2020. During the year ended December 31, 2019, we purchased 355,802 shares of common stock and paid approximately $2.2 million cash, issued a convertible promissory note in the amount of $702,500 and issued 385,514 shares of common stock at a purchase price of $1.08 as payment for these put rights.


We use a Black-Scholes Option Pricing model, which incorporates significant inputs that are not observable in the market, and thus represents a Level 3 measurement as defined in ASC820. The unobservable inputs utilized for measuring the fair value of the put rights reflects management’s own assumptions that market participants would use in valuing the put rights. The put rights were initially measured on the date of the put agreements and are subsequently measured at each balance sheet date with changes in the fair value between balance sheet dates, being recorded as a gain or loss in the statement of operations.


Contingent Consideration


On July 5, 2018, in connection with our acquisition of The Door, we agreed to issue to the sellers up to 1,538,462 shares of common stock based on a price of $3.25 per share and up to $2.0 million in cash if certain adjusted net income targets were met over a four-year period. If the adjusted net income targets are achieved, the contingent consideration is first paid in shares of common stock and the last $2.0 million of contingent consideration earned, if any, is paid in cash.


To value the contingent consideration, we used a Monte Carlo Simulation Model, which incorporates significant inputs that are not observable in the market, and thus represents Level 3 measurement as defined in ASC820. The unobservable inputs utilized for measuring the fair value of the contingent consideration reflect management’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in valuing the contingent consideration. The contingent consideration for The Door was initially measured as of the date of the merger (July 5, 2018) and is subsequently measured at each balance sheet date with changes in the fair value between balance sheet dates, being recorded as a gain or loss in the statement of operations.


Income Taxes

We reported an effective tax rate of 25.4% and 26.9% for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We have deferred tax assets and liabilities as a result of temporary differences between financial statement carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. As of December 31, 2019, we had approximately $43,692,000 of net operating loss carryforwards for U.S. federal income tax purposes. We believe it is more likely than not that the deferred tax asset will not be realized and have recorded a net valuation allowance of $16,227,300 and $14,259,043 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively which resulted in a decrease in this deferred tax account.



35



 


Recent Accounting Pronouncements

For a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements, see Note 3 to the audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this 2019 Form 10-K.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements in this 2019 Form 10-K contain “forward-looking statements” and information within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the “Securities Act”, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the “Exchange Act”, which are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about our plans, objectives, representations and intentions and are not historical facts and typically are identified by use of terms such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” “will,” “would” and similar words, although some forward-looking statements are expressed differently. You should be aware that the forward-looking statements included herein represent managements current judgment and expectations, but our actual results, events and performance could differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Specifically, this 2019 Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements regarding:

·

our expectations regarding the potential benefits and synergies we can derive from our acquisitions;

·

our expectations to offer clients a broad array of interrelated services, the impact of such strategy on our future profitability and growth and our belief regarding our resulting market position;

·

our beliefs regarding our competitive advantages;

·

our expectations regarding increased movie marketing budgets at several large key clients and the impact of such increased budgets on revenue and profit in our entertainment publicity and marketing segment over the next several years;

·

our intention to hire new individuals or teams whose existing books of business and talent rosters can be accretive to revenues and profits of the business and our expectations regarding the impact of such additional hires on the growth of our revenues and profits;

·

our beliefs regarding the drivers of growth in the entertainment publicity and marketing segment, the timing of such anticipated growth trend and its resulting impact on the overall revenue;

·

our intention to expand into television production in the near future;

·

our belief regarding the transferability of 42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoints skills and experience to related business sectors and our intention to expand our involvement in those areas;

·

our intention to grow and diversify our portfolio of film and digital content and our beliefs regarding our strategies to accomplish such growth and diversification;

·

our beliefs regarding the impact of our strategic focus on content and creation of innovative content distribution strategies on our competitive position in the industry, use of capital, growth and long-term shareholder value;

·

our plan to balance our financial risks against the probability of commercial success for each project;

·

our intention to selectively pursue complementary acquisitions to enforce our competitive advantages, scale and grow, our belief that such acquisitions will create synergistic opportunities and increased profits and cash flows, and our expectation regarding the timing of such acquisitions;

·

our expectations concerning our ability to derive future cash flows and revenues from the production, release and advertising of future web series on online platforms, and the timing of receipt of such cash flows and revenues;

·

our expectations concerning the timing of production and release of future feature films and digital projects, our intention to obtain financing for such projects and our target demographics;

·

our intention to use our purchased scripts for future motion picture and digital productions;

·

our expectations to raise funds through loans, additional sales of our common stock, securities convertible into our common stock, debt securities or a combination of financing alternatives;



36



 


·

our belief that the only recourse to the lenders under the production service agreement is to foreclose on the collateral securing the loans, which consists of the copyright for Max Steel;

·

our beliefs regarding the outcome of litigation to which we are a party, that arise in the ordinary course of business; and

·

our intention to implement improvements to address material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting.

These forward-looking statements reflect our current views about future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions. We wish to caution readers that certain important factors may have affected and could in the future affect our actual results and could cause actual results to differ significantly from those expressed in any forward-looking statement. The most important factors that could prevent us from achieving our goals, and cause the assumptions underlying forward-looking statements and the actual results to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by those forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the following:

·        our ability to continue as a going concern;

· our history of net losses and our ability to generate a profit;

· our significant indebtedness and our ability to obtain additional financing or service the existing indebtedness;

· the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on our business and operations;

·

our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the acquisitions we have made, including synergies, expanded interrelated service offerings, growth and increased revenues;

·

our ability to accurately predict our clients acceptance of our differentiated business model that offers interrelated services;

·

our ability to successfully identify and complete acquisitions in line with our growth strategy and anticipated timeline, and to realize the anticipated benefits of those acquisitions;

·

our ability to accurately interpret trends and predict future demand in the digital media and film industries;

·

our ability to comply with terms and covenants in our revolving credit line;

·

our ability to maintain compliance with Nasdaq listing requirements;

·

the ability of the lenders under the production service agreement to successfully assert that we are liable to them for the payment of Max Steel VIEs debt;

·

adverse events, trends and changes in the entertainment or entertainment marketing industries that could negatively impact our operations and ability to generate revenues;

·

loss of a significant number of entertainment publicity and marketing clients;

·

the ability of key 42West clients to increase their movie marketing budgets as anticipated;

·

our ability to continue to successfully identify and hire new individuals or teams who will provide growth opportunities;

·

uncertainty that our strategy of hiring of new individuals or teams will positively impact our revenues and profits;

·

lack of demand for strategic communications services by traditional and non-traditional media clients who are expanding their activities in the content production, branding and consumer products PR sectors;

·

unpredictability of the commercial success of our future web series and motion pictures;

·

economic factors that adversely impact the entertainment industry, as well as advertising, production and distribution revenue in the online and motion picture industries;

·

economic factors that adversely impact the food and hospitality industries, such as those economic factors from the global outbreak of COVID-19;

·

our ability to identify, produce and develop online digital entertainment and motion pictures that meet industry and customer demand;

·

competition for talent and other resources within the industry and our ability to enter into agreements with talent under favorable terms;

·

our ability to attract and/or retain the highly specialized services of the 42West, The Door and Shore Fire executives and employees and our CEO;

·

availability of financing from investors under favorable terms;



37



 


·

our ability to adequately address material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting; and

·

uncertainties regarding the outcome of pending litigation.


The foregoing list of important factors does not include all such factors, nor necessarily present them in order of importance. In addition, you should consult other disclosures made by the Company (such as in our other filings with the SEC or in Company press releases) for other factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected by the Company. Please refer to Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors of this 2019 Form 10-K for additional information regarding factors that could affect the Company’s results of operations, financial condition and liquidity. Any forward-looking statements, which we make in this 2019 Form 10-K, speak only as of the date of such statement, and we undertake no obligation to update such statements, except as otherwise required by applicable law.  We can give no assurance that such forward-looking statements will prove to be correct. An occurrence of, or any material adverse change in, one or more of the risk factors or risks and uncertainties referred to in this report or included in our other periodic reports filed with the SEC could materially and adversely impact our operations and our future financial results. Comparisons of results for current and any prior periods are not intended to express any future trends or indications of future performance, unless expressed as such, and should only be viewed as historical data.


Any public statements or disclosures made by us following this report that modify or impact any of the forward-looking statements contained in or accompanying this report will be deemed to modify or supersede such outlook or other forward-looking statements in or accompanying this report.


ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The financial statements required by this Item 8 are included at the end of this Report beginning on page F-1 as follows:

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

F-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

F-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

F-4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

F-5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

F-7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

F-8

 


ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None.


ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Management’s Report on the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 



38



 


We carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) as of December 31, 2019. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to material weaknesses identified in our internal control over financial reporting described below.


We are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as such term is defined by Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Our internal controls are designed to provide reasonable assurance as to the reliability of our financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

 

Internal control over financial reporting has inherent limitations and may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Further, because of changes in conditions, the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting may vary over time.

 

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we have evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019, as required by Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(c). The framework on which such evaluation was based is contained in the report entitled “Internal Control — Integrated Framework” issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 Framework) (the “COSO Report”). We concluded that based on our evaluation, our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2019, due to the following material weaknesses that have been outstanding since our review in 2016:

 

·

We determined the following design deficiencies related to the entity level control environment, including risk assessment, information and communication and monitoring controls.


-

There is no documented fraud risk assessment or risk management oversight function.


-

There is no documented process to monitor and remediate deficiencies in internal controls.

 

·

We determined that review and approval of certain aspects of the accounting process including the documented review of accounting reconciliations, complex transactions and journal entries are inadequate and thus considered to be a material weakness in internal control. Specifically:


-

There are no documented period end procedures for analyzing complex transactions and documented approval of accounting reconciliations and journal entries.  


·

We observed the following inadequate segregation of duties within the accounting process that we determined were a material weakness of our internal control:


-

One individual has the ability to add vendors to the master vendor file. This individual also has access to the Company checkbook that is maintained in a secured location.


Remediation of Material Weaknesses in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

In order to remediate the material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting, we will continue to implement improvements during fiscal year 2020, under the direction of our board of directors, as follows:

 

·

Our board of directors intends to review the COSO “Internal Control over Financial Reporting - Guidance for Smaller Public Companies” that was published in 2006 including the control environment, risk assessment, control activities, information and communication and monitoring. Based on this framework, the board of directors plans to implement controls as needed assuming a cost benefit relationship. In addition, our board of directors plans to evaluate the key concepts of the updated 2013 COSO “Internal Control – Integrated Framework” as it provides a means to apply internal control to any type of entity.


·

Implement a procedure to document the review and approval of accounting reconciliations and journal entries on a monthly basis and discussion of complex transactions and the appropriate accounting treatment;


·

Enhance our controls over segregation of duties.

 



39



 


Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls and Procedures


 A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. We do not expect that our disclosure controls will prevent or detect all errors and all fraud. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Controls can also be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with associated policies or procedures. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

 

Changes in Internal Controls

 

During the year ended December 31, 2019, we implemented the following procedures to remediate some of the material weaknesses in internal controls:


·

During the third quarter of 2019, we hired a Corporate Controller that is in the process of standardizing the accounting software and chart of accounts across all of the Companys subsidiaries.  We expect to have this completed during the second quarter of 2020.


·

We have engaged the services of an independent public accounting firm to assist with review of complex accounting transactions.


·

During 2019, the Company implemented formal month-end closing procedures for its subsidiaries and reviews on a monthly basis the budget to actual results.  This allows management to closely monitor its results against expected results and make any necessary changes when actual results differ from expected results.  


 

We are neither an accelerated filer nor a large accelerated filer, as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act, and are not otherwise including in this 2019 Form 10-K an attestation report of our independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not required to be attested to by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to Item 308(b) of Regulation S-K.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION


Item 3.02 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities


On March 25, 2020, the Company issued a convertible promissory note to a third-party investor for a principal amount of $560,000 and received $500,000, net of transaction costs of $10,000 and original issue discount. The Company also issued 50,000 shares of Common Stock to the investor related to this convertible note payable.  The maturity date of the convertible promissory note is March 25, 2021 and the balance of the convertible promissory note and any accrued interest may be converted into our common stock at the noteholder’s option at any time at a purchase price $0.78 per share of our common stock. The conversion price is subject to price protection anti-dilution upon any dilutive issuance (or deemed issuance) of common stock at a price below $0.78 per share, and is also subject to pro rata adjustments for stock splits, recapitalizations, reorganizations and certain fundamental transactions involving the Company or its securities. The proceeds of the convertible note will be used for working capital.


The securities referred to above, including the shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the promissory notes and exercise of the warrants, were offered, issued and sold by the Company to the investors in reliance upon the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and Rule 506 of Regulation D promulgated thereunder. The Investor represented to the Company that it was an “accredited investor”, as defined in Rule 501(a) under the Securities Act, and that it was acquiring such securities for investment purposes.



40



 


PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for our 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for our 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for our 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for our 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for our 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

  



41



 


PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

(a) Documents filed as part of this report:


(1) Financial Statements


See Item 8 for Financial Statements included with this 2019 Form 10-K.


(2) Financial Statement Schedules


None.


(3) Exhibits


The exhibits identified in the Exhibit Index below are included herein or incorporated by reference.


Exhibit Index

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

 

Incorporated by Reference

 

 

 

 

 

2.1

 

Membership Interest Purchase Agreement, dated as of March 30, 2017, by and among the Company and Leslee Dart, Amanda Lundberg, Allan Mayer and The Beatrice B. Trust.*

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.2 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

2.2

 

Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated July 5, 2018, by and among the Company, The Door, Merger Sub and the Members.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on July 11, 2018.

2.3

 

Share Purchase Agreement, dated October 31, 2018, by and among the Company, Sellers and Sellers’ Representative.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on November 1, 2018.

2.4

 

Share Purchase Agreement, dated December 3, 2019, by and among the Company and Marilyn Laverty

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on December 4, 2019.

3.1(a)

 

Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of Dolphin Entertainment, Inc. (conformed copy incorporating all amendments through September 14, 2017).

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1(a) to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2017.

3.1(b)

 

Articles of Amendment to the Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of Dolphin Entertainment, Inc.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1(b) to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on September 19, 2017.

3.2

 

Bylaws of Dolphin Digital Media, Inc., dated as of December 3, 2014.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on December 9, 2014.

4.1

 

Description of Capital Stock

 

Filed herewith

4.2

 

Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of March 30, 2017; by and among the Company and Leslee Dart, Amanda Lundberg, Allan Mayer and the Beatrice B. Trust.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

4.3

 

Warrant Purchase Agreement, dated as of November 4, 2016, between the Company and T Squared Partners LP.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.5 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on November 10, 2016.

4.3(a)

 

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant I.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.5 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on November 10, 2016.

4.3(b)

 

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant F. 

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.2(d) to the Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (SEC File No. 333-219029), filed on October 10, 2017.

4.3(c)

 

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.2(e) to the Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (SEC File No. 333-219029), filed on October 10, 2017.



42



 





4.4

 

Form of Warrant (attached as Exhibit A to Form of Warrant Agency Agreement).

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 1.2 to Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on December 26, 2017.

4.5

 

Warrant Agency Agreement, dated as of December 20, 2017, by and between the Company and Nevada Agency and Transfer Company.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 1.2 to Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on December 26, 2017.

4.6

 

Form of Underwriters’ Warrant.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.6 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (SEC File No. 333-219029), filed on December 15, 2017.

4.7

 

Form of Lock-Up Agreement.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.7 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (SEC File No. 333-219029), filed on December 15, 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

4.8

 

Senior Secured Convertible Promissory Note due January 5, 2020.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on July 11 2018.

4.9

 

Dolphin Entertainment, Inc. Senior Convertible Note

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report of Form 8-K filed on May 22, 2019

4.10

 

Form of Warrant issued to Lincoln Park Capital Fund LLC

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 22, 2019

4.11

 

Convertible Note, dated as of August 12, 2019 (Leslee Dart)

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019.

4.12

 

Dolphin Entertainment, Inc. Senior Convertible Note

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 6, 2020

4.13

 

Form of Warrant issued to Lincoln Park Capital Fund LLC

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 6, 2020

4.14

 

Dolphin Entertainment, Inc. Senior Convertible Note

 

Filed herewith

4.15

 

Form of Warrant issued to M Shanken Communications, Inc.

 

Filed herewith

10.1

 

Dolphin Entertainment Inc., 2017 Equity Incentive Plan.†

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company's Registration Statement on Form S-8, filed on August 08, 2017.

10.2

 

Executive Employment Agreement, dated as of March 30, 2017, by and between the Company and Allan Mayer.†

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.16 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (SEC File No. 333-219029), filed on October 10, 2017.

10.3

 

Put Agreement, dated as of March 30, 2017, by and among the Company and Alan Mayer and William O’Dowd, IV and 42West, LLC, as guarantors.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.17 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (SEC File No. 333-219029), filed on December 15, 2017.

10.4

 

Promissory Note, dated October 1, 2016, in favor of Dolphin Entertainment, LLC (formerly, Dolphin Entertainment, Inc.).

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.18 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (SEC File No. 333-219029), filed on December 05, 2017.

10.5

 

Business Loan Agreement, dated as of March 15, 2018, by and between 42West, LLC and BankUnited, N.A.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018.

10.6

 

Promissory Note, dated as of March 15, 2018, in favor of BankUnited, N.A.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018.

10.7

 

Commercial Security Agreement, dated as of March 15, 2018, by and between 42West, LLC and BankUnited, N.A.

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018

10.8

 

‘Max Steel” Revenue Participation Agreement, dated as of August 23, 2019 by and between the Company and ORF MS LLC

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2019

10.9

 

Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of May 20, 2019, by and between the Company and Lincoln Park Capital Fund LLC

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on May 22, 2019



43



 





10.10

 

Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of May 20,2019, by and between the Company and Lincoln Park Capital Fund LLC

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on May 22, 2019

10.11

 

Amendment, Waiver and Exchange Agreement, dated as of August 12, 2019 by and between the Company, William O’Dowd IV, 42West LLC and Leslee Dart

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019

10.12

 

Amendment, Waiver and Exchange Agreement, dated as of August 12, 2019 by and between the Company, William O’Dowd IV, 42West LLC and Allan Mayer

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019

10.13

 

Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of January 3, 2020, by and between the Company and Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 6, 2020

10.14

 

Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of January 3, 2020, by and between the Company and Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC

 

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 6, 2020

10.15

 

Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of March 4, 2020, by and between the Company and M. Shanken Communications, Inc.

 

Filed herewith.

10.16

 

Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of March 4, 2020, by and between the Company and M. Shanken Communications, Inc.

 

Filed herewith.

21.1

 

List of Subsidiaries of the Company.

 

Filed herewith.

23.1

 

Consent of BDO USA, LLP.

 

Filed herewith.

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer of the Company, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

Filed herewith.

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer of the Company pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

Filed herewith.

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer of the Company pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

Furnished herewith.

32.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer of the Company pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

Furnished herewith.

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document.

 

Filed herewith.

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.

 

Filed herewith.

101.DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

 

Filed herewith.

101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.

 

Filed herewith.

101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.

 

Filed herewith.

101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.

 

Filed herewith.

† Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

* Schedules (and similar attachments) have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. The Company agrees to furnish supplementally a copy of any omitted schedule to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.

 

ITEM 16 FORM 10-K SUMMARY

 

None.



44



 


SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

Dated: March 30, 2020

By:

/s/ William O’Dowd, IV

 

 

 

William O’Dowd, IV 

 

 

 

Chief Executive Officer 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dated: March 30, 2020

By:

/s/ Mirta A Negrini

 

 

 

Mirta A Negrini 

 

 

 

Chief Financial and Operating Officer 

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature

 

Title

 

Date

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ William O’Dowd, IV

 

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

March 30, 2020

William O’Dowd, IV

 

 

 

/s/ Mirta A Negrini

 

Chief Financial and Operating Officer and Director

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

March 30, 2020

Mirta A Negrini

 

 

 

/s/ Michael Espensen

 

Director

 

March 30, 2020

Michael Espensen

 

 

 

/s/ Nelson Famadas

 

Director

 

March 30, 2020

Nelson Famadas

 

 

 

/s/ Nicholas Stanham

 

Director

 

March 30, 2020

Nicholas Stanham

 

 

 



 






45



 


INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Dolphin Entertainment, Inc. (formerly known as Dolphin Digital Media, Inc.)
Audited Consolidated Financial Statements

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

F-2

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018

F-3

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

F-4

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

F-5

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

F-7

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

F-8






F-1



 


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

Board of Directors and Stockholders

Dolphin Entertainment, Inc. and subsidiaries

Coral Gables, Florida


Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements


We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Dolphin Entertainment, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the two years then ended and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company and subsidiaries at December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the two years then ended December 31, 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.


Going Concern Uncertainty


The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations from prior years, has an accumulated deficit, and a working capital deficit that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.


Change in Accounting Principle


As discussed in Notes 3 and 21 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has changed its method of accounting for leases in 2019 due to the adoption of Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842, Leases.


Basis for Opinion


These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.


We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.


Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.


/s/ BDO USA, LLP

 

Certified Public Accountants

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2014.

Miami, Florida

March 30, 2020




F-2



 


DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
As of December 31, 2019 and 2018


 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

ASSETS

  

                      

  

  

                      

  

Current

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

2,196,249

 

 

$

5,542,272

 

Restricted cash

 

 

714,089

 

 

 

732,368

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

3,581,155

 

 

 

3,173,107

 

Other current assets

 

 

372,872

 

 

 

620,970

 

Total current assets

 

 

6,864,365

 

 

 

10,068,717

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capitalized production costs, net

 

 

203,036

 

 

 

724,585

 

Right-of-use asset

 

 

7,435,903

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net of amortization of $4,299,794 and 2,714,785, respectively

 

 

8,361,539

 

 

 

9,395,215

 

Goodwill

 

 

17,947,989

 

 

 

15,922,601

 

Property, equipment and leasehold improvements, net

 

 

1,036,849

 

 

 

1,182,520

 

Investments

 

 

220,000

 

 

 

220,000

 

Deposits

 

 

502,045

 

 

 

475,956

 

Total Assets

 

$

42,571,726

 

 

$

37,989,594

 

LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

832,089

 

 

$

944,232

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

5,373,809

 

 

 

5,613,753

 

Line of credit

 

 

1,700,390

 

 

 

1,700,390

 

Put Rights

 

 

2,879,403

 

 

 

4,281,595

 

Accrued compensation

 

 

2,625,000

 

 

 

2,625,000

 

Debt

 

 

3,311,198

 

 

 

4,036,582

 

Loan from related party

 

 

1,107,873

 

 

 

1,107,873

 

Lease liability

 

 

1,610,022

 

 

 

 

Contract liabilities

 

 

309,880

 

 

 

522,620

 

Convertible notes payable

 

 

2,452,960

 

 

 

625,000

 

Note payable

 

 

288,237

 

 

 

479,874

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

22,490,861

 

 

 

21,936,919

 

Noncurrent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Put Rights

 

 

124,144

 

 

 

1,702,472

 

Convertible notes payable

 

 

1,907,575

 

 

 

1,376,924

 

Note payable

 

 

1,074,122

 

 

 

612,359

 

Contingent consideration

 

 

330,000

 

 

 

550,000

 

Lease liability

 

 

6,386,209

 

 

 

 

Other noncurrent liabilities

 

 

570,000

 

 

 

1,034,393

 

Total noncurrent liabilities

 

 

10,392,050

 

 

 

5,276,148

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

32,882,911

 

 

 

27,213,067

 

Commitment and contingencies (Note 21)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.015 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 17,892,900 and, 14,123,157, respectively, issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

268,402

 

 

 

211,849

 

Preferred Stock, Series C, $0.001 par value, 50,000 shares authorized, 50,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

1,000

 

Additional paid in capital

 

 

105,443,656

 

 

 

105,092,852

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(96,024,243

)

 

 

(94,529,174

)

Total Stockholders' Equity

 

$

9,688,815

 

 

$

10,776,527

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

$

42,571,726

 

 

$

37,989,594

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


F-3



 


DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018


 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

  

                      

  

 

 

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Entertainment publicity and marketing

 

$

24,915,261

 

 

$

21,916,727

 

Content production

 

 

86,606

 

 

 

634,612

 

Total revenues

 

 

25,001,867

 

 

 

22,551,339

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct costs

 

 

5,043,903

 

 

 

2,176,968

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

3,799,765

 

 

 

4,486,023

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,946,960

 

 

 

1,978,804

 

Legal and professional

 

 

1,560,483

 

 

 

2,119,107

 

Payroll

 

 

16,735,911

 

 

 

14,082,014

 

Goodwill impairment

 

 

 

 

 

1,857,000

 

Total expenses

 

 

29,087,022

 

 

 

26,699,916

 

Loss before other expenses

 

 

(4,085,155

)

 

 

(4,148,577

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Income (expenses):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt

 

 

711,718

 

 

 

(53,271

)

Acquisition costs

 

 

(106,015

)

 

 

(438,552

Change in fair value of put rights

 

 

2,880,520

 

 

 

616,943

 

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

 

 

193,557

 

 

 

1,070,000

 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,206,201

)

 

 

(1,050,478

)

Total other income, net

 

 

2,473,579

 

 

 

144,642

 

Loss before income taxes

 

$

(1,611,576

 

$

(4,003,935

)

Income tax benefit

 

 

418,199

 

 

 

1,090,614

 

Net loss

 

$

(1,193,377

)

 

$

(2,913,321

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss per Share - Basic

 

$

(0.07

)

 

$

(0.22

)

Loss per share - Diluted

 

$

(0.20

)

 

$

(0.23

)

Weighted average number of shares used in per share calculation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

16,522,924

 

 

 

13,773,395

 

Diluted

 

 

21,425,506

 

 

 

16,159,486

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


F-4



 


DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018


 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

  

                      

  

  

                      

  

Net loss

 

$

(1,193,377

)

 

$

(2,913,321

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,946,960

 

 

 

1,978,804

 

Amortization of capitalized production costs

 

 

 

 

 

203,560

 

Amortization of beneficial conversion on debt

 

 

223,941

 

 

 

61,538

 

Impairment of goodwill

 

 

 

 

 

1,857,000

 

Impairment of capitalized production costs

 

 

670,585

 

 

 

200,000

 

Bad debt (recovery) expense, net

 

 

(109,981

)

 

 

641,876

 

Change in fair value of put rights

 

 

(2,880,520

)

 

 

(616,943

)

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

 

 

(193,557

)

 

 

(1,070,000

)

Stock based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

20,422

 

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 

 

 

 

53,271

 

Gain on extinguishment of debt, net

 

 

(711,718

)

 

 

 

Deferred tax

 

 

(342,410

)

 

 

(1,050,375

)

Change in deferred rent

 

 

 

 

 

71,266

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(4,034

)

 

 

858,883

 

Other current assets

 

 

281,500

 

 

 

(32,516

)

Capitalized production costs

 

 

(149,036

)

 

 

(52,500

)

Deposits

 

 

13,430

 

 

 

40,219

 

Contract liability

 

 

(356,079

)

 

 

267,817

 

Lease liability, net

 

 

173,814

 

 

 

 

Accrued compensation

 

 

 

 

 

125,000

 

Accounts payable

 

 

(150,893

)

 

 

(231,242

)

Other current liabilities

 

 

(136,166

)

 

 

(437,648

)

Other noncurrent liabilities

 

 

12,334

 

 

 

(599,826

)

Net Cash (Used in) Operating Activities

 

 

(2,905,207

)

 

 

(624,715

)

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of fixed assets

 

 

(103,493

)

 

 

(89,653

)

Acquisition of The Door, net of cash acquired

 

 

 

 

 

(910,713

)

Acquisition of Viewpoint, net of cash acquired

 

 

 

 

 

(595,632

)

Acquisition of Shore Fire, net of cash acquired

 

 

(794,989

)

 

 

 

Net Cash (Used in) Investing Activities

 

 

(898,482

)

 

 

(1,595,998

)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the sale of common stock

 

 

1,851,713

 

 

 

6,749,204

 

Proceeds from the sale of common stock and warrants (unit) in Offering

 

 

 

 

 

81,044

 

Proceeds from line of credit

 

 

 

 

 

1,700,390

 

Repayment of the line of credit

 

 

 

 

 

(750,000

)

Proceeds from notes payable

 

 

348,250

 

 

 

1,500,000

 

Repayment of notes payable

 

 

(79,874

)

 

 

 

Proceeds from convertible notes payable

 

 

2,100,000

 

 

 

 

Repayment of debt

 

 

(85,958

)

 

 

(1,514,786

)

Employee shares withheld for taxes

 

 

 

 

 

(56,091

)

Acquisition of The Door

 

 

(771,500

)

 

 

 

Acquisition of Viewpoint

 

 

(295,984

)

 

 

 

Acquisition of 42West

 

 

(361,760

)

 

 

(20,000

)

Exercise of put rights

 

 

(2,265,500

)

 

 

(3,890,280

)

Repayment to related party

 

 

 

 

 

(601,001

)

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

 

 

439,387

 

 

 

3,198,480

 

NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

 

 

(3,364,302

)

 

 

977,767

 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD

 

 

6,274,640

 

 

 

5,296,873

 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD

 

$

2,910,338

 

 

$

6,274,640

 

 (Continued)



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


F-5



 


DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018


 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOWS INFORMATION:

  

                      

  

  

                      

  

Cash paid during the year for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$

296,771

 

 

$

185,307

 

Income taxes

 

$

 

 

$

135,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF NON CASH FLOW INFORMATION:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conversion of put rights into shares of common stock

 

$

412,500

 

 

 

 

Conversion of put rights into a convertible note payable

 

$

702,500

 

 

 

 

Conversion of accrued interest and a note payable into a new note payable

 

$

 

 

$

192,233

 

Conversion of debt into shares of common stock

 

$

372,936

 

 

$

273,425

 

Liability for contingent consideration related to the acquisition of The Door

 

$

330,000

 

 

$

550,000

 

Liability for put rights to sellers of 42West

 

$

3,003,547

 

 

$

5,984,067

 

Issuance of shares of Common Stock related to the acquisitions

 

$

384,063

 

 

$

2,673,664

 



Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:  The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the statement of cash flows that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the statement of cash flows:


 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

2,196,249

 

 

$

5,542,272

 

Restricted cash

 

 

714,089

 

 

 

732,368

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the consolidated statement of cash flows

 

$

2,910,338

 

 

$

6,274,640

 









The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


F-6



 


DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders

 

 

 

Preferred Stock

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-in

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

 

 

Deficit

 

 

(Deficit)

 

Balance December 31, 2017

 

 

50,000

 

 

$

1,000

 

 

 

10,565,789

 

 

$

158,487

 

 

$

98,816,550

 

 

 

 

$

(92,899,680

)

 

$

6,076,357

 

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,913,321

)

 

 

(2,913,321

)

Cumulative effect of adoption of ASU 2017-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,441,831

 

 

 

1,441,831

 

Deemed dividend from change in fair value of instruments with down round feature

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

158,004

 

 

 

 

 

(158,004

)

 

 

 

Deferred tax on beneficial conversion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(47,605

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(47,605

)

Sale of common stock and warrants through an offering pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20,750

 

 

 

312

 

 

 

80,732

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

81,044

 

Sale of common stock through an offering pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,515,000

 

 

 

37,725

 

 

 

6,711,479

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,749,204

 

Issuance of shares related to acquisition of 42West

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

898,626

 

 

 

13,479

 

 

 

(33,479

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20,000

Issuance of shares related to acquisition of The Door

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

307,692

 

 

 

4,615

 

 

 

2,241,539

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,246,154

 

Issuance of shares related to acquisition of Viewpoint

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

218,088

 

 

 

3,273

 

 

 

424,237

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

427,510

 

Shares retired for payroll taxes per equity compensation plan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17,585

)

 

 

(264

)

 

 

(35,410

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(35,674

)

Beneficial conversion of convertible promissory note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

184,614

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

184,614

 

Issuance of shares related to conversion of note payable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85,299

 

 

 

1,279

 

 

 

325,416

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

326,695

 

Shares retired from exercise of puts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(470,502

)

 

 

(7,057

)

 

 

(3,733,225

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,740,282

)

Balance December 31, 2018

 

 

50,000

 

 

$

1,000

 

 

 

14,123,157

 

 

$

211,849

 

 

$

105,092,852

 

 

 

 

$

(94,529,174

)

 

$

10,776,527

 

Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,193,377

)

 

 

(1,193,377)

 

Fair value of warrants and beneficial conversion of note payable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

293,144

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

293,144

 

Shares issued pursuant to Amendment, Waiver and Exchange Agreement of August 12, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

385,514

 

 

 

5,783

 

 

 

406,717

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

412,500

 

Deemed dividend from change in fair value of instruments with down round feature

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

301,692

 

 

 

 

 

(301,692

)

 

 

 

Deferred tax on beneficial conversion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(39,195

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(39,195

)

Issuance of shares related to acquisition of The Door

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

307,692

 

 

 

4,622

 

 

 

109,002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

113,624

 

Issuance of shares related to conversion of notes payable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

433,794

 

 

 

6,507

 

 

 

363,809

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

370,316

 

Sale of common stock through an offering pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,700,000

 

 

 

40,500

 

 

 

1,811,213

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,851,713

 

Issuance of shares related to acquisition of Shore Fire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

314,812

 

 

 

4,722

 

 

 

195,278

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

200,000

 

Third installment of consideration for acquisition of Viewpoint paid with equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

184,063

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

184,063

 

Shares retired from exercise of puts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(372,069

)

 

 

(5,581

)

 

 

(3,274,919

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,280,500

)

Balance December 31, 2019

 

 

50,000

 

 

$

1,000

 

 

 

17,892,900

 

 

$

268,402

 

 

$

105,443,656

 

 

 

 

$

(96,024,243

)

 

$

9,688,815

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


F-7



 


DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018


NOTE 1 — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND ORGANIZATION

Dolphin Entertainment, Inc., a Florida corporation (the “Company,” “Dolphin,” “we,” “us” or “our”), is a leading independent entertainment marketing and premium content development company. Through its acquisitions of 42West LLC (“42West”), The Door Marketing Group, LLC (“The Door”), Shore Fire Media, Ltd (“Shore Fire”) and Viewpoint Computer Animation Incorporated (“Viewpoint”), the Company provides expert strategic marketing and publicity services to all of the major film studios, and many of the leading independent and digital content providers, A-list celebrity talent, including actors, directors, producers, celebrity chefs and recording artists.  The Company also provides strategic marketing publicity services and creative brand strategies for prime hotel and restaurant groups.  The strategic acquisitions of 42West, The Door, Shore Fire and Viewpoint bring together premium marketing services with premium content production, creating significant opportunities to serve respective constituents more strategically and to grow and diversify the Company’s business. Dolphin’s content production business is a long established, leading independent producer, committed to distributing premium, best-in-class film and digital entertainment. Dolphin produces original feature films and digital programming primarily aimed at family and young adult markets.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Dolphin, and all of its wholly-owned and controlled subsidiaries, including Dolphin Films, Inc, Dolphin SB Productions LLC, Dolphin Max Steel Holdings LLC, Dolphin JB Believe Financing, LLC, Dolphin JOAT Productions, LLC, 42West, The Door, Viewpoint and Shore Fire.

The Company enters into relationships or investments with other entities, and in certain instances, the entity in which the Company has a relationship or investment may qualify as a variable interest entity (“VIE”). A VIE is consolidated in the financial statements if the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of the VIE. The primary beneficiary is the party that has the power to direct activities that most significantly impact the activities of the VIE and has the obligation to absorb losses or the right to benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. The Company has included Max Steel Productions, LLC formed on July 8, 2013 in the State of Florida and JB Believe, LLC formed on December 4, 2012 in the State of Florida in its consolidated financial statements as VIEs.

On July 5, 2018, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), together with Lois O’Neill and Charles Dougiello (collectively, the “Members”), The Door Marketing Group, LLC, a New York limited liability company, and Window Merger Sub, LLC, a New York limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub”). Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, The Door Marketing Group, LLC merged into Merger Sub, with Merger Sub surviving the merger and continuing as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger”). Subsequent to the Merger, Merger Sub changed its name to The Door Marketing Group LLC. The total consideration payable to the Members in respect of the Merger is composed of the following: (i) $2.0 million in shares of Common Stock based on a price of $3.25 per share, (ii) $2.0 million in cash (as adjusted for certain working capital and closing adjustments and transaction expenses) and (iii) up to an additional $7.0 million of contingent consideration in a combination of cash and shares of Common Stock upon the achievement of specified financial performance targets over a four-year period as set forth in the Merger Agreement. Each of the Members has entered into a four-year employment agreement with The Door, pursuant to which each Member has agreed not to transfer any shares of Common Stock  received as consideration for the Merger (the “Share Consideration”) in the first year following the closing date of the Merger, no more than 1/3 of such Share Consideration in the second year and no more than an additional 1/3 of such Share Consideration in the third year. See Note 4 for additional information regarding the Merger.


On July 24, 2018, in an underwritten registered public offering, the Company issued and sold 2,000,000 shares of Common Stock at a public offering price of $3.00 per share (the “2018 Offering”). The net proceeds of the 2018 Offering were approximately $5.3 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses payable by the Company. Pursuant to the related underwriting agreement, the Company granted an over-allotment option to the underwriter, which it exercised on August 22, 2018 and purchased an additional 265,000 shares of Common Stock providing the Company with proceeds of approximately $707,000 after deducting the underwriter discount and related offering expenses.




F-8



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


On September 19, 2018, the Company issued and sold to a single investor in a registered direct offering an aggregate of 250,000 shares of the Common Stock at a price of $3.00 per share. The offering of the shares was made pursuant to the Company’s effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company received proceeds of approximately $730,000 from the issuance and sale of the Common Stock after deducting related offering expenses.


On October 31, 2018, (the “Viewpoint Closing Date”) the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement, with Carlo DiPersio, David Shilale, Michael Middeleer and Glenn Robbins (collectively, the “Viewpoint Shareholders”) to acquire 100% of the outstanding shares of Viewpoint from the Viewpoint Shareholders. The consideration paid to the Viewpoint Shareholders is $2 million as follows: (i) $750,000 in cash on the Viewpoint Closing Date (adjusted for Viewpoint’s indebtedness, working capital and cash targets, and transaction expenses); (ii) $500,000 in shares of Common Stock at a price of $2.29 per share (218,088 shares) issued to the Viewpoint Shareholders on the Viewpoint Closing Date and (iii) an additional $750,000 in cash in three equal payments of $250,000 each to paid to the Viewpoint Shareholders on the six, twelve and eighteen-month anniversaries of the Viewpoint Closing Date (subject to a right of setoff for certain adjustments and indemnification obligations).  See Note 4 for additional information regarding the acquisition.


On October 21, 2019, in an underwritten registered public offering, the Company issued and sold 2,700,000 shares of Common Stock at a public offering price of $0.7828 per share (the “2019 Offering”).  The offering of the shares was made pursuant to the Company’s effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The net proceeds of the 2019 Offering were approximately $1.9 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses payable by the Company. Pursuant to the related underwriting agreement, the Company granted an over-allotment option for a period of 45 days to the underwriter of an additional 405,000 shares of Common Stock, that was not exercised.


On December 3, 2019 (the “Shore Fire Closing Date”) the Company entered in a Stock Purchase Agreement with Marilyn Laverty (the “Shore Fire Seller”) to acquire 100% of the outstanding shares of Shore Fire from the Shore Fire Seller.  The consideration paid to the Shore Fire Seller is $3 million as follows: (i) $1,140,000 in cash on the Shore Fire Closing Date (adjusted for Shore Fire Media’s indebtedness, working capital and cash targets); (ii) $200,000 in shares of Common Stock at a price of $0.64 per share (314,812 shares) issued to the Shore Fire Seller on the Shore Fire Closing Date, (iii) an additional $400,000 in shares of common stock paid in two equal installments of $200,000 each on the first and second anniversary of the Shore Fire Closing Date, (iv) an additional $1,000,000 in cash paid in four equal payments of $250,000 each to the Shore Fire Seller on the six, twelve, and twenty-four month anniversaries of the Shore Fire Closing Date, and (v) $140,000 and $120,000 in cash paid to key employees on the first and second anniversary of the Shore Fire Closing Date. See Note 4 for additional information regarding the acquisition.


NOTE 2 — GOING CONCERN

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with  U.S generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) and contemplate the continuation of the Company as a going concern. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had a net loss of $1,193,377 and $2,913,321, respectively. The Company has recorded an accumulated deficit of $96,024,243 and $94,529,174, respectively and a working capital deficit of $15,626,495 and $11,868,202, respectively, as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 and therefore does not have adequate capital to fund its obligations as they come due or to maintain or grow its operations. The Company is dependent upon funds from private investors, proceeds from debt securities, securities convertible into shares of its Common Stock, sales of shares of Common Stock and financial support of certain shareholders. If the Company is unable to obtain funding from these sources within the next 12 months, it could be forced to liquidate.  Please see Note 22 for discussion of uncertainty related to COVID-19.



F-9



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


These factors raise substantial doubt about the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties. In this regard, management is planning to raise any necessary additional funds through additional issuance of Common Stock, securities convertible into Common Stock, debt securities, as well as available bank and non-bank financing, or a combination of such financing alternatives. There is no assurance that the Company will be successful in raising additional capital. Any issuance of shares of Common Stock or securities convertible into Common Stock would dilute the equity interests of our existing shareholders, perhaps substantially. The Company currently has the rights to several scripts, including one currently in development for which it intends to obtain financing to produce and release following which it expects to earn a producer and overhead fee.  There can be no assurances that such production, together with any other productions, will be commenced or released or that fees will be realized in future periods. With the acquisition of 42West, The Door, Viewpoint, and Shore Fire, the Company is currently exploring opportunities to expand the services currently being offered by these companies while reducing expenses through synergies with the Company. There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in selling these services to clients or reducing expenses. Under the Company’s currently effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3, the Company may sell up to $30,000,000 of equity securities. However, pursuant to applicable SEC rules, the Company’s ability to sell securities registered under this shelf registration statement, during any 12-month period, is limited to an amount less than or equal to one-third of the aggregate market value of the Common Stock held by non-affiliates; therefore, there is no assurance that the Company will be able to raise capital through the issuance and sale of equity securities under this registration statement, irrespective of whether there is market demand for such securities.

NOTE 3 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The most significant estimates made by management in the preparation of the financial statements relate to expected revenue and costs for investment in digital and feature film projects; estimates of sales returns and other allowances and provisions for doubtful accounts and impairment assessments for investment in digital and feature film projects, goodwill and intangible assets. Actual results could differ from such estimates.

Statement of Comprehensive Income

In accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) Topic 220, Comprehensive Income, a statement of comprehensive income has not been included as the Company has no items of other comprehensive income. Comprehensive loss is the same as net loss for all periods presented.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash deposits at financial institutions. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents.

Restricted Cash

Restricted cash represents amounts held by banking institutions as collateral for security deposits under leases for office space in New York City and Newton, Massachusetts.  As of December 31, 2019 and 2018 the Company had a balance of $714,089 and $732,368, respectively, in restricted cash.



F-10



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


Contracts in the Company’s Equity

From time to time, the Company issues contracts related to its own equity securities, such as warrants and convertible notes. The Company evaluates whether a standalone contract (such as a warrant), or an embedded feature of a contract (such as the conversion feature of a convertible note) should be classified in stockholders’ deficit or as a liability in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. The determination is made in accordance with the requirements of ASC Topic 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (ASC 480), and ASC Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging (ASC 815).

A warrant is classified as equity so long as it is “indexed to the Company’s equity” and several specific conditions for equity classification are met. Effective July 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815). The amendments in Part I of this ASU changed the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features.

When determining whether certain financial instruments should be classified as liabilities or as equity instruments, a down round feature (i.e. a financial anti-dilution provision) no longer precludes equity classification when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to an entity’s own stock. The amendments also clarify existing disclosure requirements for equity-classified instruments. As a result, a freestanding equity-linked financial instrument (or embedded conversion option) no longer would be accounted for as a derivative liability at fair value as a result of the existence of a down round feature.

For freestanding equity classified financial instruments, the amendments require entities that present earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Topic 260 to recognize the effect of the down round feature when it is triggered. That effect is treated as a dividend and as a reduction of income available to common shareholders in basic EPS.

The Company adopted ASU 2017-11 by electing the modified retrospective method to the outstanding financial instruments with a down round feature by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. Accordingly, the Company reclassified the fair value of the warrants with down round protection provisions from liability to equity (accumulated deficit) and resulted in a cumulative effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings in the aggregate amount of $1,441,831.

Revenue Recognition

Entertainment publicity and marketing

Entertainment publicity and marketing revenue consists of fees from the performance of professional services, billings for direct costs reimbursed by clients and revenue from producing video content for marketing. The revenues derived from fees and reimbursed expenses are directly dependent upon the publicity and corporate communications requirements of the Company’s existing clients and its ability to win new clients. As is customary in the industry, the agreements with the fee-based clients generally provide for termination by either party on relatively short notice, usually 30 days. Some of the contracts may include incentive compensation for our clients’ nominations of certain Academy Awards. Fees are generally recognized on a straight-line or monthly basis which approximates the proportional performance on such contracts. Direct costs reimbursed by clients are billed as pass-through revenue with no mark-up. The entertainment publicity and marketing segment also recognizes revenue from the production of video content for marketing purposes which is recognized at a point in time when the project is delivered to and available for use by the client.  Cash payments received as deposits for these videos are recorded as contract liabilities until the project is completed.

Content production

Revenue from motion pictures and web series is recorded when a distribution contract, domestic or international, exists, the movie or web series is complete in accordance with the terms of the contract, the customer can begin exhibiting or selling the movie or web series, the fee is determinable and collection of the fee is reasonable. On occasion, the Company may enter into agreements with third parties for the co-production or distribution of a movie or web series. Revenue from these agreements will be recognized when the movie is complete and ready to be exploited. Cash received and amounts billed in advance of meeting the criteria for revenue recognition is classified as contract liabilities.



F-11



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


Gross versus Net Revenue

The Company’s motion pictures are primarily distributed and marketed by third party distributors. The Company evaluates its arrangements with third parties to determine whether revenue should be reported under each individual arrangement on a gross or net basis by determining whether the Company acts as the principal or agent under the terms of each arrangement. To the extent that the Company acts as the principal in an arrangement, revenues are reported on a gross basis, resulting in revenues and expenses being classified in their respective financial statement line items. Conversely, to the extent that the Company acts as the agent in an arrangement, revenues are reported on a net basis, resulting in revenues being presented net of any related expenses. Determining whether the Company acts as principal or agent is based on an evaluation of which party has substantial risks and rewards of ownership under the terms of an arrangement. The most significant factors that the Company considers include identification of the primary obligor, as well as which party has general and physical inventory risk, credit risk and discretion in the supplier selection. The Company’s primary distribution arrangements, which are those for its theatrical release, are recorded on a gross basis as a result of the evaluation previously described.

Additionally, because third parties are the principal distributors of the Company’s movies, the amount of revenue that is recognized from films in any given period is dependent on the timing, accuracy and sufficiency of the information received from its distributors. As is typical in the film industry, the Company’s distributors may make adjustments in future periods to information previously provided to the Company that could have a material impact on the Company’s operating results in later periods. Furthermore, management may, in its judgment, make material adjustments to the information reported by its distributors in future periods to ensure that revenues are accurately reflected in the Company’s financial statements. To date, the distributors have not made, nor has the Company made, subsequent material adjustments to information provided by the distributors and used in the preparation of the Company’s historical financial statements.

In general, the Company records revenue when it can identify the contract, identify the performance obligation, determine the transaction price, allocate the transaction price and collectability is reasonably assured.

Capitalized Production Costs

Capitalized production costs represent the costs incurred to develop and produce a motion picture or a web series. These costs primarily consist of salaries, equipment and overhead costs, capitalized interest as well as the cost to acquire rights to scripts. Production costs are stated at the lower of cost, less accumulated amortization and tax credits, if applicable, or fair value. These costs are capitalized in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 926-20-50-2 “Other Assets – Film Costs”. Unamortized capitalized production costs are evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the capitalized production costs is below their fair value.  If estimated remaining revenue is not sufficient to recover the unamortized capitalized production costs for that title, the unamortized capitalized production costs will be written down to fair value. The Company is responsible for certain contingent compensation, known as participations, paid to certain creative participants such as writers, directors and actors. Generally, these payments are dependent on the performance of the motion picture or web series and are based on factors such as total revenue as defined per each of the participation agreements.

The Company is also responsible for residuals, which are payments based on revenue generated from secondary markets and are generally paid to third parties pursuant to a collective bargaining, union or guild agreement. The Company has entered into a fifteen-year distribution agreement for its motion picture, Max Steel. As provided in the agreement, the distributor has entered into a distribution assumption agreement with the guilds to pay the residuals from gross revenues. Upon expiration of the term of the agreement, and nonrenewal, the Company will be responsible for making the payments directly. These costs are accrued to direct operating expenses as the revenues, as defined in the participation agreements are achieved and as sales to the secondary markets are made triggering the residual payment.

Due to the inherent uncertainties involved in making such estimates of ultimate revenues and expenses, these estimates are likely to differ to some extent in the future from actual results. Management regularly reviews and revises when necessary its ultimate revenue and cost estimates, which may result in a change in the rate of amortization of film costs and participations and residuals and/or write-down of all or a portion of the unamortized deferred production costs to its estimated fair value. Management estimates the ultimate revenue based on existing contract negotiations with domestic distributors and international buyers as well as management’s experience with similar productions in the past. Amortization of film costs, participation and residuals and/or write downs of all or a portion of the unamortized deferred production costs to its estimated fair value is recorded in direct costs.



F-12



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


An increase in the estimate of ultimate revenue will generally result in a lower amortization rate and, therefore, less amortization expense of deferred productions costs, while a decrease in the estimate of ultimate revenue will generally result in a higher amortization rate and, therefore, higher amortization expense of deferred production costs, and also periodically results in an impairment requiring a write-down of the deferred production costs to fair value. These write-downs are included in direct costs within the consolidated statements of operations. During the year ended December 31, 2019, as a result of the revenue participation agreement with the lender of the prints and advertising loan, the Company impaired all remaining capitalized costs related to Max Steel in the amount of $629,585 as direct costs in its consolidated statement of operations. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company amortized $203,560 of capitalized production costs related to the revenues earned for Max Steel.

The Company periodically reviews capitalized production costs to determine whether they will ultimately be used in the production of a film or web series.  Per ASC 926-20-40-1, it is presumed that an entity will dispose of a property if it has not been set for production within three years from the time it was first capitalized.  Based on this guidance, during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company impaired costs related to several scripts in the amount of $41,000 and $200,000, respectively.  The impairments were recorded in direct costs on the consolidated statement of operations.

Investment

Investment represents an investment in equity securities of The Virtual Reality Company (“VRC”), a privately held company. The Company’s $220,000 investment in VRC represents less than a 1% noncontrolling ownership interest in VRC and there is no market for VRC’s common stock. These shares do not have a readily determinable fair value and as such, the Company has elected to account for them at cost less any impairments.

Long-Lived Assets

The Company reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability is measured by comparison of the carrying amount to the future net undiscounted cash flows which the assets are expected to generate. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized equals the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds its fair value. Except for those described above in Capitalized Production Costs and those described below in Goodwill, there were no impairment charges for long lived assets during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

Property, Equipment and Leasehold Improvements

Property and equipment is recorded at cost and depreciated over the estimated useful lives of the assets using the straight-line method. The Company recorded depreciation expense of $361,951 and $307,274, respectively for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. When items are retired or otherwise disposed of, income is charged or credited for the difference between net book value and proceeds realized thereon. Ordinary maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred, and replacements and betterments are capitalized. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the lesser of the term of the related lease or the estimated useful lives of the assets. The range of estimated useful lives to be used to calculate depreciation and amortization for principal items of property and equipment are as follow:

Asset Category

 

Depreciation/ 
Amortization Period

(Years)

Furniture and fixtures

 

5 - 7

Computer and office equipment

 

3 - 5

Leasehold improvements

 

5 - 8, not to exceed the lease terms




F-13



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


Business Combinations

The Company accounts for business combinations under the acquisition method of accounting. Identifiable assets acquired, liabilities assumed and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree are recognized and measured as of the acquisition date at fair value. Goodwill is recognized to the extent by which the aggregate of the acquisition-date fair value of the consideration transferred and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree exceeds the recognized basis of the identifiable assets acquired, net of assumed liabilities. Determining the fair value of assets acquired, liabilities assumed and noncontrolling interest requires management’s judgment and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including assumptions with respect to future cash flows, discount rates and asset lives among other items.

Intangible assets

In connection with the acquisitions of 42West on March 30, 2017, The Door on July 5, 2018, Viewpoint on October 31, 2018, and Shore Fire Media on December 3, 2019, the Company acquired in aggregate an estimated $12,661,333 of intangible assets with finite useful lives initially estimated to range from 3 to 14 years. An additional $740,000 favorable lease intangible asset was reclassified in accordance with the new lease accounting in year ending December 31, 2019.  Intangible assets are initially recorded at fair value and are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives and reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. The Company amortized $1,585,009 and $1,671,530, respectively, of identifiable intangible assets during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. There were no impairments of identifiable intangible assets for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.  Balances for Shore Fire Media are provisional as the final purchase price allocation has not been completed.

Goodwill

For the year ended December 31, 2018 in connection with the acquisitions of The Door and Viewpoint (see Note 4), the Company recorded goodwill in the aggregate amount of $5,000,741 which has also been assigned to the entertainment publicity and marketing segment. For the year ended December 31, 2019 in connection with the acquisition of Shore Fire (see Note 4), the Company recorded goodwill in the provisional amount of $1,951,011, which has also been assigned to the entertainment publicity and marketing segment. The Company accounts for goodwill in accordance with FASB ASC No. 350, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”). ASC 350 requires goodwill to be reviewed for impairment annually, or more frequently if circumstances indicate a possible impairment. The Company evaluates goodwill in the fourth quarter or more frequently if management believes indicators of impairment exist. Such indicators could include, but are not limited to (1) a significant adverse change in legal factors or in business climate, (2) unanticipated competition, or (3) an adverse action or assessment by a regulator.

The Company first assesses qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its’ carrying amount, including goodwill. If management concludes that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its’ carrying amount, management conducts a quantitative goodwill impairment test. This impairment test involves comparing the fair value of the reporting unit with its’ carrying value (including goodwill). The Company estimates the fair values of its reporting units using a combination of the income, or discounted cash flows approach and the market approach, which utilizes comparable companies’ data. If the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is less than its’ carrying value, a goodwill impairment exists for the reporting unit and an impairment loss is recorded.  

In connection with the updating of estimates and assumptions with the annual impairment tests for goodwill, the Company determined that the goodwill associated with 42West, which was recorded in the year ended December 31, 2017, was impaired.  In connection with the departures of the 42West employees in 2018, the Company adjusted operating margins and future cash flows used to estimate the fair value of the reporting unit which resulted in an impairment adjustment of $1,857,000 of goodwill.  The Company did not identify any impairment for the other reporting units within the entertainment publicity and marketing segment.



F-14



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


Warrants

When the Company issues warrants, it evaluates the proper balance sheet classification of the warrant to determine whether the warrant should be classified as equity or as a derivative liability on the consolidated balance sheets. In accordance with ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in the Entity’s Own Equity (ASC 815-40), the Company classifies a warrant as equity so long as it is “indexed to the Company’s equity” and several specific conditions for equity classification are met. A warrant is not considered indexed to the Company’s equity, in general, when it contains certain types of exercise contingencies. If a warrant is not indexed to the Company’s equity, it is classified as a derivative liability which is carried on the consolidated balance sheet at fair value with any changes in its fair value recognized currently in the statement of operations. Following adoption of ASU 2017-11, all of the Company’s outstanding warrants have been considered indexed to the Company’s equity and classified as equity. See Contracts in the Company’s Equity discussed above.

Convertible Debt and Convertible Preferred Stock

When the Company issues convertible debt or convertible preferred stock, it evaluates the balance sheet classification to determine whether the instrument should be classified either as debt or equity, and whether the conversion feature should be accounted for separately from the host instrument. A conversion feature of a convertible debt instrument or certain convertible preferred stock would be separated from the convertible instrument and classified as a derivative liability if the conversion feature, were it a standalone instrument, meets the definition of an “embedded derivative” in ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. Generally, characteristics that require derivative treatment include, among others, when the conversion feature is not indexed to the Company’s equity, as defined in ASC 815-40, or when it must be settled either in cash or by issuing stock that is readily convertible to cash. When a conversion feature meets the definition of an embedded derivative, it would be separated from the host instrument and classified as a derivative liability carried on the consolidated balance sheet at fair value, with any changes in its fair value recognized currently in the consolidated statements of operations.

If a conversion feature does not meet the conditions to be accounted for as a derivative liability, the Company then determines whether the conversion feature is “beneficial”. A conversion feature would be considered beneficial if the conversion feature is “in the money” when the host instrument is issued or, under certain circumstances, later. If convertible debt contains a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”), the amount of proceeds allocated to the BCF reduces the balance of the convertible debt, creating a discount which is amortized over the debt’s term to interest expense in the consolidated statements of operations. When a convertible preferred stock contains a BCF, after allocating the proceeds to the BCF, the resulting discount is either amortized over the period beginning when the convertible preferred stock is issued up to the earliest date the conversion feature may be exercised, or if the convertible preferred stock is immediately exercisable, the discount is fully amortized at the date of issuance. The amortization is recorded similar to a dividend.

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are categorized based on whether the inputs are observable in the market and the degree that the inputs are observable. Inputs refer broadly to the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk. Observable inputs are based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s own assumptions based on the best information available in the circumstances. The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value into three broad levels, defined as follows:

 

Level 1

Inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.

 

Level 2

Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated with observable market data.

 

Level 3

Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies, and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs. Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability that reflect management’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability as of the reporting date.




F-15



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


To account for the acquisitions of 42West, The Door, Viewpoint, and Shore Fire, the Company made a number of fair value measurements related to the different forms of consideration paid and of the identified assets acquired and liabilities assumed. In addition, the Company makes fair value measurements of its Put Rights and Contingent Consideration. See Notes 4 and 11 for further discussion and disclosures.

Leases (See “Recent Accounting Pronouncements” section below for information pertaining to the adoption of ASU 2016-02, Leases)


The Company recognizes a right-of-use asset and a lease liability based on the present value of the fixed lease payments discounted using the Company’s incremental borrowing rate.  The right-of-use asset is adjusted for any lease payments paid to the lessor at or before the commencement date (i.e. prepaid rent) and initial direct costs incurred by the Company and excluding any lease incentives received from the lessor.  All of the Company’s leases are operating leases and the lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company accounts for its lease and non-lease components as a single component, and therefore both are included in the calculation of lease liability recognized on the consolidated balance sheets. See Note 20 Leases for further discussion.


Income Taxes

Deferred taxes are recognized for the future tax effects of temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases using tax rates in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effects of changes in tax laws on deferred tax balances are recognized in the period the new legislation in enacted. Valuation allowances are recognized to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. In assessing the likelihood of realization, management considers estimates of future taxable income. We calculate our current and deferred tax position based on estimates and assumptions that could differ from the actual results reflected in income tax returns filed in subsequent years. Adjustments based on filed returns are recorded when identified.

Tax benefits from an uncertain tax position are only recognized if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate resolution. Interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits are recorded as incurred as a component of income tax expense.

Earnings (Loss) Per Share

Basic earnings (loss) per share available to the Company’s common stock shareholders equals net income or loss available to common stock shareholders divided by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the applicable period.

Diluted earnings per share equals net income available common stock stockholders divided by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding, plus any additional common shares that would have been outstanding if potentially dilutive shares had been issued. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution that would occur if certain potentially dilutive instruments were exercised. The potential issuance of common stock is assumed to occur at the beginning of the year (or at the time of issuance of the potentially dilutive instrument, if later) and the incremental shares are included using the treasury stock method. The proceeds utilized in applying the treasury stock method consist of the amount, if any, to be paid upon exercise. These proceeds are then assumed to be used to purchase common stock at the average market price of the Company’s common stock during the period. The incremental shares (difference between the shares assumed to be issued and the shares assumed to be purchased), to the extent they would have been dilutive, are included in the denominator of the diluted earnings per share calculation.



F-16



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


Going Concern

In accordance with ASC Subtopic 205-40, Going Concern, management evaluates whether relevant conditions and events that, when considered in the aggregate, indicate that it is probable the Company will be unable to meet its obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. When relevant conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, initially indicate that it is probable that the Company will be unable to meet its obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (and therefore they raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern), management evaluates whether its plans that are intended to mitigate those conditions and events, when implemented, will alleviate substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans are considered only to the extent that 1) it is probable that the plans will be effectively implemented and 2) it is probable that the plans will mitigate the conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. See Note 2 related to going concern.

Concentration of Risk

The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents with financial institutions and, at times, balances may exceed federally insured limits of $250,000.

Reclassifications

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with current year presentation.  These changes did not affect the equity or previously reported net losses.

Business Segments

The Company operates the following business segments:

1)

Entertainment Publicity and Marketing Segment– This segment primarily provides clients with diversified marketing services, including public relations, entertainment and hospitality content marketing, strategic marketing consulting and content production of marketing materials through 42West, The Door, Viewpoint, and Shore Fire.  For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company derived a majority of its revenues from this segment.  

2)

Content Production Segment– This segment produces original motion picture and digital content.  Revenues from this segment for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were related to the domestic and international distribution of the Company’s motion pictures, Max Steel and Believe.  Revenues from this segment declined significantly for 2019 as compared to 2018 due to reduced revenues from Max Steel.

See Note 18 for Segment Reporting for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting guidance adopted


In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, which requires all assets and liabilities arising from leases to be recognized in our consolidated balance sheets. The Company adopted this new accounting guidance effective January 1, 2019. In July 2018, the FASB added an optional transition method which the Company elected upon adoption of the new standard. This allowed us to recognize and measure leases existing at January 1, 2019 without restating comparative information. In addition, the Company elected to apply the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which among other things, allows us to carry forward the historical lease classification.


The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at the lease commencement date. In addition to the Company’s lease agreements, we review all material new vendor arrangements for potential embedded lease obligations. The asset balance related to operating leases is presented within “right-of-use (ROU) asset” on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. The current and noncurrent balances related to operating leases are presented as “Lease liability”, in their respective classifications, on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.




F-17



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


The lease liability is recognized based on the present value of the remaining fixed lease payments discounted using the Company’s incremental borrowing rate as of January 1, 2019. The ROU asset is calculated based on the lease liability adjusted for any lease payments paid to the lessor at or before the commencement date (i.e. prepaid rent) and initial direct costs incurred by Dolphin and excluding any lease incentives received from the lessor.


The lease term for purposes of lease accounting may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option as of the commencement date of the lease. For operating leases, the lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company accounts for its lease and non-lease components as a single component, and therefore both are included in the calculation of lease liability recognized on the consolidated balance sheets. See Note 20 (Leases) for further discussion.


Accounting Guidance not yet adopted


In March 2019, the FASB issued new guidance on film production costs ASU 2019-02, (Entertainment Films- Other Assets – Film Costs (Subtopic 926-20)). The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 (for the year ended December 31, 2020 for the Company) and interim periods within those fiscal years and may be early adopted. The new guidance aligns the accounting for the production costs of an episodic series with those of a film by removing the content distinction for capitalization.  It also addresses presentation, requires new disclosures for produced and licensed content and addresses cash flow classification for license agreements to better reflect the economics of an episodic series. The Company does not expect adoption of this new guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


In October 2018, the FASB issued new guidance on consolidation ASU 2018-17, Consolidation (Topic 810): Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities). The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those fiscal years and should be applied retrospectively with a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings at the beginning of the earliest period presented. Early adoption is permitted. The new guidance provides that indirect interests held through related parties in common control arrangements should be considered on a proportional basis for determining whether fees paid to decisionmakers and service providers are variable interests. The Company does not expect adoption of this new guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


In August 2018, the FASB issued new guidance on fair value measurement (ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement). The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The guidance modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value by removing some requirements, modifying others, adding changes in unrealized gains and losses included in other comprehensive income (loss) for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements, and providing the option to disclose certain other quantitative information with respect to significant unobservable inputs in lieu of a weighted average. The Company does not expect adoption of this new guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


In June 2016, the FASB issued 2016-13 "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments." ASU 2016-13 requires an entity to utilize a new impairment model known as the current expected credit loss ("CECL") model to estimate its lifetime "expected credit loss" and record an allowance that, when deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset, presents the net amount expected to be collected on the financial asset. The CECL model is expected to result in more timely recognition of credit losses. ASU 2016-13 also requires new disclosures for financial assets measured at amortized cost, loans and available-for-sale debt securities. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2023. Entities will apply the standard's provisions as a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is adopted. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on the Company's consolidated financial statements and disclosures.




F-18



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


NOTE 4 — MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS

Shore Fire Media, Ltd

On the Shore Fire Closing Date, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Shore Fire, a New York corporation (the “Shore Fire Purchase”), pursuant to a share purchase agreement (the “Shore Fire Share Purchase Agreement”) dated on the Shore Fire Closing Date, between the Company and Shore Fire Seller.  Shore Fire is an entertainment public relations agency, offering talent publicity in the music, events, books, podcasts, and comedy sectors.

The total consideration paid to the Shore Fire Seller in respect of the Shore Fire Purchase is $3 million as follows: (i) $1,140,000 in cash on the Shore Fire Closing date (adjusted for Shore Fire’s indebtedness, working capital and cash targets); (ii) $200,000 in shares of Common Stock at a price of $0.64 per share (314,812 shares) issued to the Seller on the Shore Fire Closing Date, (iii) an additional $400,000 in shares of common stock paid in two equal installments of $200,000 each on the first and second anniversary of the Shore Fire Closing Date, (iv) an additional $1,000,000 in cash paid in four equal payments of $250,000 each to the Seller on the six, twelve, and twenty-four month anniversaries of the Shore Fire Closing Date, and (v) $140,000 and $120,000 in cash paid to key employees on the first and second anniversary of the Shore Fire Closing Date. The Shore Fire Purchase Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants of the parties thereto. The Common Stock issued as part of the Initial Consideration has not been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).


As a condition to the Shore Fire Purchase, the Shore Fire Seller entered into an employment agreement with the Company to continue as an employee after the closing of the Shore Fire Purchase. The Shore Fire Seller’s employment agreement is through December 3, 2022 and the contract defines base compensation and a bonus structure based on Shore Fire achieving certain financial targets.  The employment agreement contains provisions for termination and as a result of death or disability and entitles the employee to vacations and to participate in all employee benefit plans offered by the Company.


The provisional acquisition-date fair value of the consideration transferred totaled $3,000,000, which consisted of the following:

Common Stock issued at closing (314,812 shares)

 

$

200,000

 

Cash Consideration paid at closing

 

 

1,140,000

 

Cash Installment to be paid on March 3, 2020

 

 

250,000

 

Cash Installment to be paid on June 3, 2020

 

 

250,000

 

Cash Installment to be paid on December 3, 2020

 

 

390,000

 

Common Stock issued on December 3, 2020

 

 

200,000

 

Cash Installment to be paid on December 3, 2021

 

 

370,000

 

Common Stock issued on December 3, 2021

 

 

200,000

 

 

 

$

3,000,000

 


The final amount of consideration may potentially change due to any working capital or other closing adjustments, which have not yet been determined.


The fair value of the 314,812 shares of Common Stock issued on the Shore Fire Closing Date was determined based on the closing market price of the Company’s Common Stock on the Shore Fire Closing Date of $0.64 per share.




F-19



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


The following table summarizes the provisional fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the Shore Fire Closing Date. Amounts in the table are provisional estimates that may change, as described below.

Cash

 

$

384,530

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

294,033

 

Other current assets

 

 

33,402

 

Property, plant & equipment

 

 

112,787

 

Intangibles

 

 

1,080,000

 

Total identifiable assets acquired

 

 

1,904,752

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(298,870

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(38,750

)

Deferred tax liability

 

 

(358,153

)

Contract liability

 

 

(143,339

)

Other current liability

 

 

(16,651

)

Total liabilities assumed

 

 

(855,763

)

Net identifiable assets acquired

 

 

1,048,989

 

Goodwill

 

 

1,951,011

 

Net assets acquired

 

$

3,000,000

 


Of the provisional fair value of the $1,080,000 of acquired identifiable intangible assets, $510,000 was assigned to customer relationships (5 years useful life) and $570,000 was assigned to the trade name (10-year useful life), that were recognized at a provisional fair value on the acquisition date. The customer relationships will be amortized using an accelerated method, and the trade name will be amortized using the straight-line method.

The provisional fair value of accounts receivable acquired is $294,033.

The provisional fair values of property and equipment and leasehold improvements of $112,787, and other assets of $33,402, are based on Shore Fire’s carrying values prior to the acquisition, which approximate their provisional fair values.

The provisional amount of $1,951,011 of goodwill was assigned to the entertainment publicity and marketing segment. The goodwill recognized is attributable primarily to expectations of continued successful efforts to obtain new customers, buyer specific synergies and the assembled workforce of Shore Fire.


The Company expensed $106,015 of acquisition related costs in the year ended December 31, 2019. These costs are included in the consolidated statements of operations in the line item entitled “acquisition costs.”

The revenue and net income of Shore Fire included in the consolidated amounts reported in the consolidated statements of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 are as follows:

Revenue

 

$

366,761

 

Net income

 

$

14,204

 


Viewpoint Computer Animation, Incorporated

On the Viewpoint Closing Date, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Viewpoint, a Massachusetts corporation (the “Viewpoint Purchase”), pursuant to a share purchase agreement dated the Viewpoint Closing Date (the “Viewpoint Purchase Agreement”), among the Company and the Viewpoint Shareholders.  Viewpoint is a full-service creative branding and production house that has earned a reputation as one of the top producers of promotional and brand-support videos for a wide variety of leading cable networks, media companies and consumer-product brands.



F-20



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


The total consideration payable to the Viewpoint Shareholders in respect of the Viewpoint Purchase comprises the following: (i) $500,000 in shares of Common Stock, based on a price per share of Common Stock of $2.29, (ii) $1.5 million in cash (as adjusted for certain working capital and closing adjustments and transaction expenses). On the Viewpoint Closing Date, the Company issued to the Viewpoint Shareholders $500,000 in shares of Common Stock (218,088 shares) and paid the Viewpoint Shareholders an aggregate of $750,000 in cash (the “Initial Consideration”), adjusted for working capital, indebtedness and certain transaction expenses. Pursuant to the Viewpoint Purchase Agreement, the Company paid to the Viewpoint Shareholders a second installment of $230,076 in cash ($250,000 less a working capital adjustment) on April 30, 2019, paid $65,938 to certain Viewpoint Shareholders on October 31, 2019 and agreed to issue 248,733 shares of Common Stock to another Viewpoint Shareholder as payment for the third installment on October 31, 2019 and will pay the final installment of $250,000 on April 30, 2020 for a total of $750,000, less any adjustments for working capital (the “Post Closing Consideration” and, together with the Initial Consideration, the “Viewpoint Purchase Consideration”). The Viewpoint Purchase Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants of the parties thereto. The Common Stock issued as part of the Initial Consideration has not been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).


As a condition to the Viewpoint Purchase, two of the Viewpoint Shareholders, Carlo DiPersio and David Shilale have entered into employment agreements with the Company to continue as employees after the closing of the Viewpoint Purchase. Mr. DiPersio’s employment agreement is through December 31, 2020 and the contract defines base compensation and a bonus structure based on Viewpoint achieving certain financial targets.  Mr. Shilale’s employment agreement is for a period of three years from the Viewpoint Closing Date and the contract defines the base compensation and a commission structure based on Viewpoint achieving certain financial targets.  The bonus for Mr. Shilale is determined at the sole discretion of the Company’s board of directors and management. Neither agreement provides for guaranteed increases to the base salary.  The employment agreements contain provisions for termination and as a result of death or disability and entitles the employee to vacations and to participate in all employee benefit plans offered by the Company. On November 1, 2019, the Company and Mr. DiPersio mutually agreed to terminate his employment agreement.  The Company agreed to pay for Mr. DiPersio’s health and dental insurance through December 17, 2023.


The acquisition-date fair value of the consideration transferred totaled $1,960,165, which consisted of the following:

Common Stock issued at closing (218,088 shares)

 

$

427,452

 

Cash Consideration paid at closing

 

 

750,000

 

Working capital adjustment

 

 

32,713

 

Cash Installment to be paid on April 30, 2019

 

 

250,000

 

Cash Installment to be paid on October 31, 2019

 

 

250,000

 

Cash Installment to be paid on April 30, 2020 (included in other current liabilities)

 

 

250,000

 

 

 

$

1,960,165

 


The Company has engaged an independent third-party valuation expert to determine the fair values of the various forms of consideration transferred.


The fair value of the 218,088 shares of Common Stock issued on the Viewpoint Closing Date was determined based on the closing market price of the Company’s Common Stock on the Viewpoint Closing Date of $1.96 per share.




F-21



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


The following table summarizes the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the Viewpoint Closing Date.


Cash

 

$

206,950

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

503,906

 

Other current assets

 

 

102,411

 

Property, plant & equipment

 

 

183,877

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

32,067

 

Intangible assets

 

 

450,000

 

Total identifiable assets acquired

 

 

1,479,211

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(165,284

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(77,394

)

Deferred tax liability

 

 

(206,636

)

Deferred revenue

 

 

(190,854

)

Total liabilities assumed

 

 

(640,168

)

Net identifiable assets acquired

 

 

839,043

 

Goodwill

 

 

1,141,046

 

Net assets acquired

 

$

1,980,089

 


Of the fair value of the $450,000 of acquired identifiable intangible assets, $220,000 was assigned to customer relationships (5 years useful life) and $100,000 was assigned to the trade name (5 years useful life), that were recognized at fair value on the acquisition date. The customer relationships will be amortized using an accelerated method, and the trade name will be amortized using the straight-line method. In addition, the Company recognized a favorable lease intangible asset from the Company’s Massachusetts office lease in the amount of $130,000.  The favorable lease intangible asset will be amortized using the straight-line method over the remaining lease term of 26 months. On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02 and reclassified the favorable lease asset recognized at the date of acquisition to right-of-use asset. The unamortized balance of the favorable lease asset on January 1, 2019 was $120,000.


The fair value of accounts receivable acquired is $503,906, with the gross contractual amount being $509,406. The Company expects $5,500 to be uncollectible.

The fair values of property and equipment and leasehold improvements of $183,877, and other assets of $102,411, are based on Viewpoint’s carrying values prior to the acquisition, which approximate their fair values.

The amount of $1,096,902 of goodwill was assigned to the entertainment publicity and marketing segment. The goodwill recognized is attributable primarily to expectations of continued successful efforts to obtain new customers, buyer specific synergies and the assembled workforce of Viewpoint.


The Company recognized $152,308 of acquisition related costs in the year ended December 31, 2018. These costs are included in the consolidated statements of operations in the line item entitled “acquisition costs.”



F-22



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


The following table summarizes the original and revised fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date of October 31, 2018 and the related measurement period adjustments to the fair values:


 

 

October 31, 2018
(As initially reported)

 

 

Measurement Period Adjustments

 

 

December 31,
2019
(As adjusted)

 

Cash

 

$

206,950

 

 

$

 

 

$

206,950

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

503,906

 

 

 

 

 

 

503,906

 

Other current assets

 

 

102,411

 

 

 

 

 

 

102,411

 

Property, equipment and leasehold improvements

 

 

183,877

 

 

 

 

 

 

183,877

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

32,067

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,067

 

Intangible assets

 

 

450,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

450,000

 

Total identifiable assets acquired

 

 

1,479,211

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,479,211

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(165,284

)

 

 

 

 

 

(165,284

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(77,394

)

 

 

 

 

 

(77,394

)

Contract liability

 

 

(190,854

)

 

 

 

 

 

(190,854

)

Deferred tax liability

 

 

(206,636

)

 

 

24,220

 

 

 

(182,416

)

Total liabilities assumed

 

 

(640,168

)

 

 

24,220

 

 

 

(615,948

)

Net identifiable assets acquired

 

 

839,043

 

 

 

24,220

 

 

 

863,263

 

Goodwill

 

 

1,141,046

 

 

 

(44,144

)

 

 

1,096,902

 

Net assets acquired

 

$

1,980,089

 

 

$

(19,924

)

 

$

1,960,165

 


The above fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed are based on the information that was available as of the Viewpoint Closing Date to estimate the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. As of October 31, 2018, the Company recorded the identifiable net assets acquired of $839,043 as shown in the table above in its consolidated balance sheet. During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company’s measurement period adjustments of $24,220 were made and, accordingly, the Company recognized these adjustments in December 31, 2019 consolidated balance sheet to reflect the adjusted identifiable net assets acquired of $863,263 as shown in the table above. The Company also made a working capital adjustment of $19,924 that was deducted from the second installment paid to the Viewpoint Shareholders on April 30, 2019.


The following is a reconciliation of the initially reported fair value to the adjusted fair value of goodwill:


Goodwill originally reported at October 31, 2018

 

$

1,141,046

 

Changes to estimated fair values

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax liability

 

 

(24,220

)

Working capital adjustment

 

 

(19,924

)

Adjusted goodwill reported at December 31, 2019

 

$

1,096,902

 


The estimated fair value of the deferred tax liability decreased by $24,220 primarily due to the estimated expected future tax rate applied.


The Door Marketing Group LLC

On July 5, 2018 (the “Door Closing Date”), the Company entered into the Merger Agreement in respect of its acquisition of The Door. On the Door Closing Date, The Door merged with and into Merger Sub, with Merger Sub surviving the merger and continuing as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Upon consummation of the Merger, Merger Sub changed its name to The Door Marketing Group, LLC. The Door is an entertainment public relations agency, offering talent publicity, strategic communications and entertainment content marketing primarily in the hospitality sector.




F-23



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


The total consideration payable to the Door Members in respect of the merger comprises the following: (i) $2.0 million in shares of the Common Stock, based on a price per share of Common Stock of $3.25, (ii) $2.0 million in cash (as adjusted for certain working capital and closing adjustments and transaction expenses) and (iii) up to an additional $7.0 million of contingent consideration in a combination of cash and shares of Common Stock upon the achievement of specified financial performance targets over a four-year period as set forth in the Merger Agreement (the “Contingent Consideration”). On the Door Closing Date, the Company issued to the Door Members 307,692 shares of Common Stock and paid the Door Members an aggregate of $1.0 million in cash (the “Initial Consideration”). In October of 2018, the Company agreed to advance $274,500 of the second installment due January 3, 2019 to the Door Members so they could meet their tax obligations. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, on January 3, 2019, the Company paid an aggregate of $725,500 and issued 307,692 shares of Common Stock to the Door Members (the “Post-Closing Consideration” and, together with the Initial Consideration and the Contingent Consideration, the “Merger Consideration”). The Company calculated the working capital adjustment to be $133,169.  On March 12, 2019, the Door Members were paid $46,000 of the working capital adjustment and will receive 26,822 shares of Common Stock in full satisfaction of the working capital adjustment. The Merger Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants of the parties thereto. The Common Stock issued as Stock Consideration has not been registered for resale under the Securities Act.


Each of the Members has entered into a four-year employment agreement with The Door, pursuant to which each Member has agreed not to transfer any Share Consideration in the first year following the Door Closing Date, no more than 1/3 of such Share Consideration in the second year and no more than an additional 1/3 of such Share Consideration in the third year.  


On the Door Closing Date, the Company entered into a registration rights agreement with the Members (the “Registration Rights Agreement”), pursuant to which the Members are entitled to rights with respect to the registration of the Share Consideration under the Securities Act. All fees, costs and expenses of underwritten registrations under the Registration Rights Agreement will be borne by the Company, other than underwriting discounts and commissions. At any time after July 5, 2019, the Company will be required, upon the request of such Members holding at least a majority of the Share Consideration received by the Members, to file up to two registration statements on Form S-3 covering up to 25% of the Share Consideration.


The acquisition-date fair value of the consideration transferred totaled $5,999,323, which consisted of the following:


Common Stock issued on Door Closing Date (307,692 shares)

 

$

1,123,077

 

Common Stock issued on January 3, 2019 (307,692 shares)

 

 

1,123,077

 

Cash paid to Members’ on Door Closing Date

 

 

882,695

 

Members’ transaction costs paid on Door Closing Date

 

 

117,305

 

Cash paid October 2018

 

 

274,500

 

Cash paid on January 3, 2019

 

 

725,500

 

Contingent Consideration

 

 

1,620,000

 

Working capital adjustment ($46,000 paid in cash on March 12, 2019. $87,169 will be issued in shares of stock at a later date)

 

 

133,169

 

 

 

$

5,999,323

 


The Company engaged an independent third-party valuation expert to determine the fair values of the various forms of consideration transferred.  The fair values of the 307,692 shares of Common Stock issued on the Door Closing Date and the 307,692 shares of Common Stock issued on January 2, 2019 were determined based on the closing market price of the Company’s Common Stock on the Door Closing Date of $3.65 per share.




F-24



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


The Contingent Consideration arrangement requires that the Company issue up to 1,538,462 shares of Common Stock and up to $2 million in cash to the Members on achievement of adjusted net income targets, (as set forth in the Merger Agreement), based on the operations of The Door over the four-year period beginning January 1, 2018. The fair value of the Contingent Consideration at the Door Closing Date was $1,620,000. The fair value of the Contingent Consideration was estimated using a Monte Carlo Simulation model, which incorporates significant inputs that are not observable in the market, and thus represents a Level 3 measurement as defined in ASC 820. The unobservable inputs utilized for measuring the fair value of the Contingent Consideration reflect management’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in valuing the Contingent Consideration as of the Door Closing Date. The key assumptions in applying the Monte Carlo Simulation model are as follows: a risk-free discount rate of between 2.11% and 2.67% based on the U.S government treasury obligation with a term similar to that of the contingent consideration, a discount rate of between 20.0% and 20.5%, and an annual asset volatility estimate of 62.5%. Changes in the fair value on the Contingent Consideration are recorded at each balance sheet date with changes reflected as gains or losses on the consolidated statement of operations.  See Note 11 Fair Value Measurements for further discussion on the fair value as of December 31, 2019.


The following table summarizes the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the Door Closing Date.


Cash

 

$

89,287

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

469,344

 

Property, equipment and leasehold improvements

 

 

105,488

 

Prepaid expense

 

 

31,858

 

Other assets

 

 

30,667

 

Intangible assets

 

 

2,110,000

 

Total identifiable assets acquired

 

 

2,836,644

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(203,110

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(1,064

)

Unearned income

 

 

(15,500

)

Other liabilities

 

 

(1,913

)

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

(593,949

)

Total liabilities assumed

 

 

(815,536

)

Net identifiable assets acquired

 

 

2,021,108

 

Goodwill

 

 

3,978,215

 

Net assets acquired

 

$

5,999,323

 


Of the calculation of $2,110,000 of acquired intangible assets, $1,010,000 was assigned to customer relationships (10-year useful life), $670,000 was assigned to the trade name (10-year useful life), $260,000 was assigned to non-competition agreements (2-year useful life) and $170,000 was assigned to a favorable lease from the New York City location (26 months useful life), that were recognized at fair value on the acquisition date. On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02 and reclassified the favorable lease asset recognized at the date of acquisition to right-of-use asset. The unamortized balance of the favorable lease asset on January 1, 2019 was $130,769.


The fair value of accounts receivable acquired is $469,344.


The fair values of property and equipment and leasehold improvements of $105,488, and other assets of $62,525, are based on The Door’s carrying values prior to the Merger, which approximate their fair values.


The amount of $3,859,695 of goodwill was assigned to the Entertainment Publicity and Marketing segment. The goodwill recognized is attributable primarily to expectations of continued successful efforts to obtain new customers, buyer specific synergies and the assembled workforce of The Door.


The Company recognized $276,735 of acquisition related costs that were expensed in the year ended December 31, 2018. These costs are included in the consolidated statements of operations in the line item entitled “acquisition costs.”




F-25



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


The following table summarizes the original and revised estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the Door Closing Date and the related measurement period adjustments to the fair values:


 

 

July 5, 2018
(As initially reported)

 

 

Measurement Period Adjustments

 

 

December 31, 2019 (As adjusted)

 

Cash

 

$

89,287

 

 

$

 

 

$

89,287

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

469,344

 

 

 

 

 

 

469,344

 

Property, equipment and leasehold improvements

 

 

105,488

 

 

 

 

 

 

105,488

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

31,858

 

 

 

 

 

 

31,858

 

Other assets

 

 

30,667

 

 

 

 

 

 

30,667

 

Intangible assets

 

 

2,110,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,110,000

 

Total identifiable assets acquired

 

 

2,836,644

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,836,644

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(203,110

)

 

 

 

 

 

(203,110

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(1,064

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,064

)

Unearned income

 

 

(15,500

)

 

 

 

 

 

(15,500

)

Other liabilities

 

 

(1,913

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,913

)

Deferred tax liability

 

 

(584,378

)

 

 

(9,571

)

 

 

(593,949

)

Total liabilities assumed

 

 

(805,965

)

 

 

(9,571

)

 

 

(815,536

)

Net identifiable assets acquired

 

 

2,030,679

 

 

 

(9,571

)

 

 

2,021,108

 

Goodwill

 

 

3,835,475

 

 

 

142,740

 

 

 

3,978,215

 

Net assets acquired

 

$

5,866,154

 

 

$

133,169

 

 

$

5,999,323

 


The above fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed are based on the information that was available as of the Door Closing Date to estimate the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. As of the Door Closing Date, the Company recorded the identifiable net assets acquired of $2,030,679 as shown in the table above in its consolidated balance sheet. The Company has reflected adjustments of $142,740 made during the Company’s measurement period on its December 31, 2019 consolidated balance sheet to reflect the adjusted identifiable net assets acquired of $2,021,108 as shown in the table above.


The following is a reconciliation of the initially reported fair value to the adjusted fair value of goodwill:


Goodwill originally reported at July 5, 2018

 

$

3,835,475

 

Changes to estimated fair values

 

 

 

 

Working capital adjustment

 

 

133,169

 

Deferred tax liability

 

 

9,571

 

Adjusted goodwill at December 31, 2019

 

$

3,978,215

 


The estimated fair value of the deferred tax liability increased by $9,571 primarily due to the estimated expected future tax rate applied.




F-26



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


Unaudited Pro Forma Consolidated Statements of Operations


The following presents the pro forma consolidated operations as if Shore Fire had been acquired on January 1, 2019, and as if Viewpoint, The Door, and Shore Fire had been acquired on January 1, 2018 and their results had been included in the consolidated results of the Company:


 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Revenues

 

$

29,352,040

 

 

$

34,428,564

 

Net loss

 

 

(1,051,335

)

 

 

(3,404,628

)


The pro forma amounts for 2018 have been calculated after applying the Company’s accounting policies and adjusting the results of the acquisitions to reflect (a) the amortization that would have been charged, assuming the intangible assets resulting from the acquisitions had been recorded on January 1, 2018 (b) interest expense from the Pinnacle Note (as defined below) used to partially pay the consideration for The Door, calculated as if the Pinnacle Note was outstanding as of January 1, 2018, and (c) to exclude $438,552 of acquisition costs that were expensed by the Company. See Note 8 (Notes Payable) for more information regarding the Pinnacle Note.


The pro forma amounts for 2019 have been calculated after applying the Company’s accounting policies to the financial statements of Shore Fire Media and adjusting the results of the acquisition of Shore Fire to (a) reflect the amortization that would have been charged assuming the intangible assets had been recorded on January 1, 2019 and (b) exclude $106,015 of acquisition related costs that were expensed by the Company for the year ended December 31, 2019.


The impact of the acquisition of Viewpoint, The Door, and Shore Fire Media on the Company’s actual results for periods following the acquisitions may differ significantly from that reflected in this unaudited pro forma information for a number of reasons.  As a result, this unaudited pro forma information is not necessarily indicative of what the combined company’s financial condition or results of operations would have been had the acquisitions been completed on January 1, 2018, or January 1, 2019, as provided in this pro forma financial information.  In addition, the pro forma financial information does not purport to project the future financial condition and results of operations of the combined company.


42West

On March 30, 2017 (the “42West Closing Date”), the Company entered into a purchase agreement with the former members of 42West (collectively, the “42West Members”)  (the “42West Purchase Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company acquired 100% of the membership interests of 42West and 42West became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. 42West is an entertainment public relations agency offering talent, entertainment and targeted marketing, and strategic communication services. On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02 and reclassified the favorable lease asset recognized at the date of acquisition to right-of-use asset. The unamortized balance of the favorable lease asset on January 1, 2019 was $277,878.


The consideration paid by the Company to the 42West Members in connection with the 42West acquisition was approximately $18.7 million in shares of Common Stock, based on a 30-day trading-day average stock price prior to the 42West Closing Date of $9.22 per share, (less certain working capital and closing adjustments, transaction expenses and payments of indebtedness), plus the potential to earn up to $9.3 million shares of Common Stock at a price of $9.22 per share, upon achievement of certain financial targets that were achieved during 2017 (the “Earn-Out Consideration”). As a result, the Company has issued 1,906,011 shares of Common Stock and will issue an additional 971,735 shares of Common Stock at a price of $9.22 related to the Earn Out Consideration, after indemnifications.


In connection with the 42West acquisition, the Company agreed to settle change of control provisions with certain 42West employees and former employees by offering cash payments in lieu of shares of Common Stock. As a result, the Company made payments in the aggregate amount of (i) $20,000 on February 23, 2018; (ii) $292,112 on March 30, 2018 and (iii) $361,760 of March 29, 2019 related to the change of control provisions.  The Company entered into Put Agreements with three separate 42West employees with change of control provisions in their employment agreements. The Company agreed to purchase up to 50% of the shares of Common Stock to be received by the employees in satisfaction of the change of control provision in their employment agreements. The employees have the right, but not the obligation, to cause the Company to purchase up to an additional 20,246 shares of Common Stock in respect of the Earn Out Consideration.



F-27



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


Also, in connection with the 42West acquisition, on March 30, 2017, the Company entered into put agreements (the “Put Agreements”) with each of the 42West Members. Pursuant to the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Put Agreements, the Company has granted the 42West Members the right, but not the obligation, to cause the Company to purchase up to an aggregate of 1,187,087 of their respective shares of Common Stock received as consideration for the Company’s acquisition of 42West for a purchase price equal to $9.22 per share during certain specified exercise periods set forth in the Put Agreements up until December 2020 (the “Put Rights”).  This amount includes the put rights allowable after earning the Earn Out Consideration achieved during the year ended December 31, 2017. During the year ended December 31, 2019, the sellers exercised their Put Rights, in accordance with the Put Agreements, and caused the Company to purchase 355,802 shares of Common Stock for an aggregate amount of cash paid of $2,165,500, of which $275,000 was paid in January 2020, $702,500 as a convertible note payable (discussed below) and $412,500 paid in shares of Common Stock (discussed below).  During the year ended December 31, 2018, the sellers exercised their Put Rights, in accordance with the Put Agreements, and caused the Company to purchase 339,206 shares of Common Stock for an aggregate amount of $3,127,500, including $375,000 paid in January of 2019.


On August 12, 2019, the Company entered into an Amendment, Waiver and Exchange Agreement with one of the holders of the Put Rights and exchanged 44,740 Put Rights for 385,514 shares of Common Stock at a purchase price of $1.08 per share.  On August 12, 2019, the Company entered into an Amendment, Waiver and Exchange Agreement (“Exchange Agreement”) with another holder of Put Rights that had previously exercised 76,194 Put Rights that remained unpaid for an aggregate amount of $702,500. Pursuant to the Exchange Agreement, the Company issued a convertible note to such holder of Put Rights in the amount of $702,500 that bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum and matures on August 12, 2020.  The noteholder may convert the principal and accrued interest at any time during the term of the convertible note for shares of Common Stock at a purchase price based on the 30-day trailing average closing price of the Common Stock.


As of year ended December 31, 2019, the Company had purchased an aggregate of 884,807 shares of Common Stock from the 42West Members for an aggregate purchase price of $8,158,000, of which $275,000 was paid in January 2020, $412,500 was exchanged for 385,514 shares of Common Stock and $702,500 was exchanged for a convertible note payable as described above.

 

NOTE 5 — CAPITALIZED PRODUCTION COSTS, ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS

Capitalized Production Costs


Capitalized production costs include the unamortized costs of completed motion pictures and digital projects that have been produced by the Company, costs of scripts for projects that have not been developed or produced and costs for projects that are in production. These costs include direct production costs and production overhead and are amortized using the individual-film-forecast method, whereby these costs are amortized and participations and residuals costs are accrued in the proportion that current year’s revenue bears to management’s estimate of ultimate revenue at the beginning of the current year expected to be recognized from the exploitation, exhibition or sale of the motion picture or web series.


Revenues earned from motion pictures was $86,606 and $634,612 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. These revenues were mainly attributable to Max Steel, the motion picture released on October 14, 2016 and Believe, a motion picture released on December 25, 2013. On August 23, 2019, the Company agreed to exchange up to $900,000 of future revenues of Max Steel for satisfaction of a debt related to the prints and advertising costs of Max Steel (see Note 8 Debt for further discussion).  Since the Company does not anticipate generating future revenues from Max Steel, the capitalized production costs in the amount of $629,585 were impaired and recorded as direct costs in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019. The Company amortized capitalized production costs (included as direct costs) in the consolidated statements of operations using the individual film forecast computation method in the amounts of $0 and $203,560 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, related to Max Steel. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had balances of $0 and $629,585, respectively, recorded as capitalized production costs related to Max Steel.




F-28



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


The Company has purchased scripts for other motion picture productions and has capitalized $203,036 and $95,500 in capitalized production costs associated with these scripts as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company currently intends to produce the projects, but they were not yet in production as of December 31, 2019. During years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company impaired the cost of scripts that it had previously purchased in the amount of $41,000 and $200,000, respectively.


As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had total capitalized production costs of $203,036 and $724,585, respectively, net of accumulated amortization, tax incentives and impairment charges, recorded on its consolidated balance sheets related to motion pictures.


Accounts Receivables


The Company entered into various agreements with foreign distributors for the licensing rights of our motion picture, Max Steel, in certain international territories. As of December 31, 2019, the Company has delivered the motion picture to the distributors and satisfied the other requirements of these agreements. For the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company received $116,067 from a foreign distributor that had been deemed uncollectible for the year ended December 31, 2018 and recorded it against bad debt expense in its consolidated statement of operations under selling, general and administrative expenses.  The Company did not have a balance in accounts receivable related to Max Steel as of both December 31, 2019, and December 31, 2018.


The Company’s trade accounts receivables related to its entertainment publicity and marketing business are recorded at amounts billed to customers, and presented on the balance sheet, net of the allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance is determined by various factors, including the age of the receivables, current economic conditions, historical losses and other information management obtains regarding the financial condition of customers. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had accounts receivable balances of $3,581,155 and $3,173,107, respectively, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $307,887 and $283,022, respectively, related to its entertainment publicity and marketing segment.


Other Current Assets


The Company had balances of $372,872 and $620,970 in other current assets on its consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. As of December 31, 2019, the balance included the same indemnification asset related to the 42West acquisition, prepaid expenses, employee receivables, a tax incentive from Massachusetts, and a state tax receivable of $19,610.


As of December 31, 2018, these amounts were composed of an indemnification asset related to the 42West acquisition, prepaid expenses, capitalized costs for video production, a tax incentive from Massachusetts, and a tax receivable of $62,776.


Indemnification asset – The Company recorded in other current assets on its consolidated balance sheet $300,000 related to certain indemnification obligations associated with the 42West Acquisition.


Prepaid expenses – The Company records in other assets on its consolidated balance sheets amounts prepaid for insurance premiums. The amounts are amortized on a monthly basis over the life of the policies.


Tax Incentives – The Company has access to government programs that are designed to promote video production in the jurisdiction. As of December 31, 2019, the Company had a balance of $5,228 from these tax incentives.



F-29



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


NOTE 6 — PROPERTY, EQUIPMENT AND LEASEHOLD IMPROVEMENTS

Property, equipment and leasehold improvement consists of:

 

 

December 31,
2019

 

 

December 31,
2018

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

$

792,611

 

 

$

713,075

 

Computers and equipment

 

 

1,728,916

 

 

 

1,636,391

 

Leasehold improvements

 

 

770,628

 

 

 

732,870

 

 

 

 

3,292,155

 

 

 

3,082,336

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

(2,255,306

)

 

 

(1,899,816

)

 

 

$

1,036,849

 

 

$

1,182,520

 


The Company depreciates furniture and fixtures over a useful life of between five and seven years, computer and equipment over a useful life of between three and five years and amortizes leasehold improvements over the remaining term of the related leases. The Company recorded depreciation and amortization expense of $361,951 and $307,274, respectively for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

NOTE 7 — INVESTMENT

As of December 31, 2019, investments, at cost, consisted of 344,980 shares of common stock of VRC. In exchange for services rendered by 42West to VRC during 2015, 42West received both cash consideration and a promissory note that was convertible into shares of common stock of VRC. On April 7, 2016, VRC closed an equity financing round resulting in common stock being issued to a third-party investor. This transaction triggered the conversion of all outstanding promissory notes held by 42West into shares of common stock of VRC. The Company’s investment in VRC represents less than 1% noncontrolling ownership interest in VRC. The Company had a balance of $220,000 on its consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019, and 2018 related to this investment.

NOTE 8 — DEBT

Loan and Security Agreements

Prints and Advertising Loan

During 2016, Max Steel Holdings, a wholly owned subsidiary of Dolphin Films, entered into a loan and security agreement (the “P&A Loan”) providing for a non-revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $14,500,000 that matured on August 25, 2017. Proceeds of the credit facility in the aggregate amount of $12,500,000 were used to pay a portion of the print and advertising expenses (“P&A”) of the domestic distribution of Max Steel. Repayment of the loan was intended to be made from revenues generated by Max Steel in the United States. The loan was partially secured by a $4,500,000 corporate guaranty from an unaffiliated third-party associated with the film, of which Dolphin provided a backstop guaranty of $620,000. The Company also granted the lender a security interest in bank account funds totaling $1,250,000. The loan was also secured by substantially all of the assets of Max Steel Holdings. Once it was determined that Max Steel would not generate sufficient funds to repay the lender, the unaffiliated party paid the lender the $4,500,000 to reduce the loan balance and the lender applied the $1,250,000 of funds in the Company’s bank account to the reduce the loan balance. Amounts borrowed under the credit facility accrued interest at either (i) a fluctuating per annum rate equal to the 5.5% plus a base rate or (ii) a per annum rate equal to 6.5% plus the LIBOR determined for the applicable interest period, as determined by the borrower.



F-30



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


On August 23, 2019, the Company entered into a Revenue Participation Agreement (the “Participation Agreement”) with the creditor of the P&A Loan and agreed to exchange up to $900,000 of future domestic revenues of Max Steel for the full repayment and discharge of the balance of the P&A Loan that on the date of the Participation Agreement was $712,953, including accrued interest. Per the terms of the Participation Agreement, the Company does not make any representation or warranty that Max Steel will generate additional revenues. The Company recorded a gain on extinguishment of debt in the amount of $712,953 in its consolidated statements of operations for the year ending December 31, 2019, related to the discharge of the P&A Loan. As of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had outstanding balances of $0 and $682,842, respectively, related to the P&A Loan recorded on its consolidated balance sheets in the caption debt. On its consolidated statement of operations for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company recorded interest expense of $60,660 and $120,608, respectively, related to the P&A Loan. For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company also recorded $500,000 in direct costs from loan proceeds that were not used by the distributor for the marketing of the film and returned to the lender.

Production Service Agreement

During 2014, Dolphin Films entered into a financing agreement to produce Max Steel (the “Production Service Agreement”). The Production Service Agreement was for a total amount of $10,419,009 with the lender taking a $892,619 producer fee. The Production Service Agreement contained repayment milestones to be made during 2015, which, if not met, accrued interest at a default rate of 8.5% per annum above the published base rate of HSBC Private Bank (UK) Limited until maturity on January 31, 2016 or the release of the movie. Due to a delay in the release of Max Steel, the Company did not make the repayments as prescribed in the Production Service Agreement. As a result, the Company recorded accrued interest of $1,698,280 and $1,624,754, respectively, as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 in Debt on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. The loan was partially secured by international distribution agreements entered into by the Company prior to the commencement of principal photography and the receipt of tax incentives. As a condition to the Production Service Agreement, the Company acquired a completion guarantee from a bond company for the production of the motion picture. The funds for the loan were held by the bond company and disbursed as needed to complete the production in accordance with the approved production budget. The Company recorded debt as funds were transferred from the bond company for the production.

As of December 31, 2019, and 2018 the Company had outstanding balances of $3,311,198, including accrued interest in the amount of $1,698,280 and $3,353,741, including $1,624,754 of accrued interest, respectively, related to this debt on its consolidated balance sheets.

Line of Credit

On March 15, 2018, 42West entered into a business loan agreement with BankUnited, N.A. for a revolving line of credit (the “Loan Agreement”). The Loan Agreement matured on March 15, 2020 and bears interest on the outstanding balance at the bank’s prime rate plus 0.25% per annum. The maximum amount that can be drawn on the revolving line of credit is $2,300,000 with a sublimit of $750,000 for standby letters of credit. Amounts outstanding under the Loan Agreement are secured by 42West’s current and future inventory, chattel paper, accounts, equipment and general intangibles. On March 28, 2018, the Company drew $1,690,000 under the Loan Agreement to purchase 183,296 shares of Common Stock, pursuant to the Put Agreements.  As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the outstanding balance on the line of credit was $1,700,390.

The Loan Agreement contains customary affirmative covenants, including covenants regarding maintenance of a maximum debt to total net worth ratio of at least 4.0:1.0 and a minimum debt service coverage of 1.40x based on fiscal year-end audit to be calculated as provided in the Loan Agreement. Further, the Loan Agreement contains customary negative covenants, including those that, subject to certain exceptions, restrict the ability of 42West to incur additional indebtedness, grant liens, make loans, investments or certain acquisitions, or enter into certain types of agreements.  For the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company did not meet its debt service covenant.  The Company and Bank United agreed to convert the line of credit into a term loan upon its maturity on March 15, 2020.  See Subsequent Events (Note 22) for further discussion on the terms of the loan.



F-31



DOLPHIN ENTERTAINMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

 


NOTE 9 — NOTES PAYABLE

Convertible Notes

2019 Lincoln Park Note


On May 20, 2019, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with Lincoln Park Capital Fund LLC, an Illinois limited liability company (“Lincoln Park”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell to Lincoln Park a senior convertible promissory note in an initial principal amount of $1,100,000 (the “Lincoln Park Note”) at a purchase price of $1,000,000 (representing an original issue discount of approximately 9.09%), together with warrants to purchase up to 137,500 shares of Common Stock (the “Lincoln Park Warrants”) at an exercise price of $2.00 per share and 137,500 additional warrants on each of the second, fourth and sixth month anniversaries of the securities purchase agreement if any of the balance remains outstanding on such dates. As such, on each of July 23, 2019, September 20, 2019, and November 20, 2019, the Company issued Lincoln Park Warrants to purchase up to 137,500 shares of Common Stock. The Company recorded debt discount in the amount of $126,257 related to these warrants and amortized $22,872 as interest expense during the year ended December 31, 2019.  The Lincoln Park Note is convertible at any time into shares of Common Stock (the “Conversion Shares”) at an initial conversion price equal to the lower of (a) $5.00 per share and (b) the lower of (i) the lowest intraday sale price of the Common Stock on the applicable conversion date and (ii) the average of the three lowest closing sales prices of the Common Stock during the twelve consecutive trading days ending on and including the trading day immediately preceding the conversion date, subject in the case of this clause (B), to a floor of $1.00 per share.  The Lincoln Park Note contains a clause that allows Lincoln Park to adjust the conversion price if the Company sells shares of Common Stock at a lower price than their conversion price during the 180-days following the date of the Lincoln Park Note.  If an event of default under the Lincoln Park Note occurs prior to maturity, the Lincoln Park Note will be convertible into shares of Common Stock at a 15% discount to the applicable conversion price. Outstanding principal under the Lincoln Park Note will not accrue interest, except upon an event of default, in which case interest at a default rate of 18% per annum would accrue until such event of default is cured.  The Lincoln Park Note matures on May 21, 2021 and can be paid at prior to the maturity date without any penalty.


On May 21, 2019, the date of the issuance of the Lincoln Park Note, the Company’s Common Stock had a market value of $1.37 per share. The Company determined that the Lincoln Park Note contained a beneficial conversion feature by calculating the amount of shares using the conversion rate of the Lincoln Park Note of $1.18 per share, (after allocating a p