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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended July 31, 2021
Or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from                               to
 
Commission file number 001-11504 
CHAMPIONS ONCOLOGY, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as defined in its charter)
 
Delaware 52-1401755
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
   
One University Plaza, Suite 307 07601
Hackensack, New Jersey
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)  
 
(201) 808-8400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class Trading Symbol(s) Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share CSBR
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None.

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes þ No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company”, and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.



Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer þ
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No þ
 The number of Common Shares of the Registrant outstanding as of September 10, 2021 was 13,422,106..
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE - None




INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JULY 31, 2021 

   
Item 1.  
 
4
 
5
6
 
7
 
8
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
     
   
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

3


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
CHAMPIONS ONCOLOGY, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in Thousands)
July 31,
2021
April 30,
2021
  (unaudited)  
ASSETS    
Current assets:    
Cash $ 3,998  $ 4,687 
Accounts receivable, net 7,733  6,986 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 864  957 
Total current assets 12,595  12,630 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net 8,329  8,521 
Property and equipment, net 6,763  6,090 
Other long-term assets 86  15 
Goodwill 335  335 
Total assets $ 28,108  $ 27,591 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY    
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable $ 3,345  $ 1,894 
Accrued liabilities 1,981  2,231 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities 854  818 
Other current liability 15  — 
Deferred revenue 5,481  6,256 
Total current liabilities 11,676  11,199 
Non-current operating lease liabilities 8,652  8,783 
Other non-current liabilities 242  181 
Total liabilities $ 20,570  $ 20,163 
Stockholders’ equity:    
Common stock, $.001 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 13,415,066 and 13,414,066 shares issued and outstanding as of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021, respectively
13  13 
Additional paid-in capital 80,227  79,945 
Accumulated deficit (72,702) (72,530)
Total stockholders’ equity 7,538  7,428 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 28,108  $ 27,591 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
4


CHAMPIONS ONCOLOGY, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollars in Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
 
Three Months Ended
July 31,
  2021 2020
   
Oncology services revenue $ 11,253  $ 9,547 
Costs and operating expenses:    
Cost of oncology services 5,396  5,336 
Research and development 2,304  1,597 
Sales and marketing 1,574  1,208 
General and administrative 2,154  1,382 
Total costs and operating expenses 11,428  9,523 
Income (loss) from operations (175) 24 
Other income 17  64 
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes (158) 88 
Provision for income taxes 14  13 
Net income (loss) $ (172) $ 75 
Net income (loss) per common share outstanding    
basic $ (0.01) $ 0.01 
and diluted $ (0.01) $ 0.01 
Weighted average common shares outstanding    
basic 13,401,929  12,727,275 
and diluted 13,401,929  14,231,641 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
5


CHAMPIONS ONCOLOGY, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Dollars in Thousands)
  Common Stock Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
  Shares Amount
Balance April 30, 2021 13,414,066  $ 13  $ 79,945  $ (72,530) $ 7,428 
Stock-based compensation —  —  280  —  280 
Issuance of common stock on exercise of stock options 1,000  —  — 
Net loss —  —  —  (172) (172)
Balance July 31, 2021 13,415,066  $ 13  $ 80,227  $ (72,702) $ 7,538 
Common Stock Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
  Shares Amount
Balance April 30, 2020 12,726,728  $ 13  $ 77,978  $ (72,673) $ 5,318 
Stock-based compensation —  —  120  —  120 
Issuance of common stock on exercise of stock options 1,160  —  —  —  — 
Net income —  —  —  75  75 
Balance July 31, 2020 12,727,888  $ 13  $ 78,098  $ (72,598) $ 5,513 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


6


CHAMPIONS ONCOLOGY, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Dollars in Thousands)
Three Months Ended
July 31,
  2021 2020
Operating activities:    
Net income (loss) $ (172) $ 75 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Stock-based compensation 280  120 
Depreciation and amortization expense 317  277 
Net gain on disposal of equipment (4) — 
Gain on termination of operating lease —  (75)
Operating lease right-of use assets 245  (67)
Provision for (reversal of) doubtful accounts 78  (6)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable (825) (263)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 93  25 
Other long term assets (70) — 
Accounts payable 1,372  (465)
Accrued liabilities (250) (348)
Other current liabilities 15  — 
Other non-current liabilities 62 
Operating lease liabilities (150) 157 
Deferred revenue (775) (146)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 216  (715)
Investing activities:    
Purchase of property and equipment (907) (718)
Refund of security deposit —  92 
Net cash used in investing activities (907) (626)
Financing activities:    
Proceeds from exercise of options — 
Finance lease payments —  (58)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities (58)
Decrease in cash (689) (1,399)
Cash at beginning of period 4,687  8,342 
Cash at end of period $ 3,998  $ 6,943 
Non-cash investing activities:    
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities $ —  $ 3,872 
Equipment acquired in accounts payable 79  — 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
7


CHAMPIONS ONCOLOGY, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 1. Organization, Use of Estimates and Basis of Presentation
 
Champions Oncology, Inc. (the “Company”) is engaged in creating transformative technology solutions to be utilized in oncology drug discovery and development. This technology includes proprietary in-vivo, ex-vivo and biomarker platforms, unique oncology software solutions and computational-based discovery platforms. Utilizing its TumorGraft Technology Platform ("The Platform"), a comprehensive bank of unique, well characterized models, the Company provides select services to pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies seeking personalized approaches to drug development. By performing pharmacology studies to predict the efficacy of oncology drugs, the Company’s Platform facilitates drug discovery with lower costs and increased speed of drug development as well as increased adoption of existing drugs.

The Company’s Software as a Service business is centered around a proprietary software platform and data tool, Lumin Bioinformatics ("Lumin”), which contains comprehensive information derived from our research services and clinical studies. Lumin leverages Champions’ large datacenter coupled with analytics and artificial intelligence to provide a robust tool for computational cancer research. Insights developed using Lumin can provide the basis for biomarker hypotheses, reveal potential mechanisms of therapeutic resistance, and guide the direction of additional preclinical evaluations.

The Company’s drug discovery and development business leverages the computational and experimental capabilities within its platforms. Their discovery strategy utilizes our rich and unique datacenter, coupled with artificial intelligence and other advanced computational analytics, to identify novel therapeutic targets. The use of its proprietary experimental platforms is then deployed to rapidly validate these targets for further drug development efforts.
 
The Company has three operating subsidiaries: Champions Oncology (Israel), Limited, Champions Biotechnology U.K., Limited, and Champions Oncology, S.R.L. (Italy). For the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, there were no revenues earned by these subsidiaries.
 
The Company’s foreign subsidiaries functional currency is the U.S. dollar. Transaction gains and losses are recognized in earnings. The Company is subject to foreign exchange rate fluctuations in connection with the Company’s international operations.
 
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. All significant intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated. Certain information related to the Company’s organization, significant accounting policies and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, has been condensed or omitted. The accounting policies followed in the preparation of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are consistent with those followed in the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements for the year ended April 30, 2021, as filed on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all material adjustments necessary to fairly state our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented and the presentations and disclosures herein are adequate when read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 30, 2021. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for a full fiscal year.
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


8


Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers only those investments which are highly liquid, readily convertible to cash, and with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. As of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021 the Company had no cash equivalents.

Liquidity
 
Our liquidity needs have typically arisen from the funding of our research and development programs and the launch of new products, working capital requirements, and other strategic initiatives. In the past, we have met these cash requirements through our cash on hand, working capital management, proceeds from certain private placements and public offerings of our securities, and sales of products and services. For the three months ended July 31, 2021, the Company had a net loss of approximately $172,000 and cash provided by operations of $216,000. As of July 31, 2021, the Company had an accumulated deficit of approximately $72.7 million, working capital of $919,000 and cash of $4.0 million. We believe that our cash on hand, together with expected net positive cash provided by operations for fiscal year 2022, are adequate to fund operations through at least 12 months from the filing of this 10-Q. However, should our revenue expectations not materialize, we believe we have cost reduction strategies that could be implemented without disrupting the business or restructuring the Company. Should the Company be required to raise additional capital, there can be no assurance that management would be successful in raising such capital on terms acceptable to us, if at all.

Leases

The Company accounts for its leases under Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 842, Leases. Under this guidance, arrangements meeting the definition of a lease are classified as operating or financing leases and are recorded on the consolidated balance sheet as both a right-of-use asset and lease liability, calculated by discounting fixed lease payments over the lease term at the rate implicit in the lease, if applicable, or the Company’s incremental borrowing rate. As the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses an incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the lease commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. Lease liabilities are increased by interest and reduced by payments each period, and the right-of-use asset is amortized over the lease term. For operating leases, interest on the lease liability and the amortization of the right-of-use asset result in straight-line rent expense over the lease term.

Earnings Per Share
 
Basic net income or loss per share is computed by dividing the net income or loss for the period by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing the net income or loss for the period by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock plus dilutive potential common stock considered outstanding during the period. Such dilutive shares consist of incremental shares that would be issued upon exercise of the Company’s common stock purchase warrants and stock options.
 
9


Three Months Ended
July 31,
  2021 2020
Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share computation (dollars in thousands):    
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders $ (172) $ 75 
Weighted Average common shares – basic 13,401,929  12,727,275 
Basic net income (loss) per share $ (0.01) $ 0.01 
Diluted income (loss) per share computation:    
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders $ (172) $ 75 
Net income (loss) available to common stockholders $ (172) $ 75 
Weighted Average common shares 13,401,929  12,727,275 
Incremental shares from assumed exercise of stock options —  1,504,366 
Adjusted weighted average share – diluted 13,401,929  14,231,641 
Diluted net income (loss) per share $ (0.01) $ 0.01 
 
The following table reflects the total potential share-based instruments outstanding at July 31, 2021 and 2020 that could have an effect on the future computation of dilution per common share, had their effect not been anti-dilutive:
  July 31,
  2021 2020
Total common stock equivalents 1,734,428  2,276,263 
 
Income Taxes
 
    Deferred income taxes have been provided to show the effect of temporary differences between the recognition of expenses for financial and income tax reporting purposes and between the tax basis of assets and liabilities, and their reported amounts in the consolidated financial statements. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, the Company assesses the likelihood that deferred tax assets will be recovered through tax planning strategies or from future taxable income, and to the extent that recovery is not likely or there is insufficient earnings history, a valuation allowance is established. The Company's ability to utilize net operating losses (“NOL”) carryforwards to offset future taxable income would be limited if the Company had undergone or were to undergo an “ownership change” within the meaning of Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code (the “IRC”). The Company adjusts the valuation allowance in the period management determines it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets will or will not be realized. Changes in valuation allowances from period to period are included in the tax provision in the period of change.   As of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021, the Company provided a valuation allowance for all net deferred tax assets, as recovery is not more likely than not based on an insufficient history of earnings.

Tax positions are positions taken in a previously filed tax return or positions expected to be taken in a future tax return that are reflected in measuring current or deferred income tax assets and liabilities reported in the consolidated financial statements.  Tax positions include, but are not limited to, the following:

An allocation or shift of income between taxing jurisdictions;
The characterization of income or a decision to exclude reportable taxable income in a tax return; or
A decision to classify a transaction, entity or other position in a tax return as tax exempt.

The Company reflects tax benefits only if it is more likely than not that the Company will be able to sustain the tax position, based on its technical merits.  If a tax benefit meets this criterion, it is measured and recognized based on the largest amount of benefit that is cumulatively greater than 50% likely to be realized.  The Company recorded $181,000 of liabilities related to uncertain tax positions relative to one of its foreign operations as of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021.
 
10


The Company’s practice is to recognize interest and/or penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense. The Company accrued $3,000 for interest and penalties on its consolidated balance sheets as of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021. The Company did not recognize interest or penalties on its consolidated statements of operations during the three-month periods ended July 31, 2021 and 2020. The Company does not anticipate unrecognized tax benefits will be recorded during the next 12 months.
 
The provision for income taxes for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 was $14,000 and $13,000, respectively, mainly attributable to taxable income earned in Israel relating to transfer pricing.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with "ASC 606", Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The objective of the standard is to establish a single comprehensive revenue recognition model that is designed to create greater comparability of financial statements across industries and jurisdictions. Under this standard, companies recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

All revenue is generated from contracts with customers. The Company's arrangements are service type contracts that mainly have a duration of less than a year. The Company recognizes revenue when control of these services is transferred to the customer in an amount, referred to as the transaction price, that reflects the consideration to which the Company is expected to be entitled in exchange for those services. The Company determines revenue recognition utilizing the following five steps: (1) identification of the contract with a customer, (2) identification of the performance obligations in the contract (promised goods or services that are distinct), (3) determination of the transaction price, (4) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations, and (5) recognition of revenue when, or as, the Company transfers control of the product or service for each performance obligation. The Company records revenues net of any tax assessments by governmental authorities, such as value added taxes, that are imposed on and concurrent with specific revenue generating transactions.

Pharmacology Study and Other Services

The Company generally enters into contracts with customers to provide oncology services with payments based on fixed-fee arrangements. At contract inception, the Company assesses the services promised in the contracts with customers to identify the performance obligations in the arrangement. The Company's fixed-fee arrangements for oncology services are considered a single performance obligation because the Company provides a highly-integrated service.

The Company recognizes revenue over time using a progress-based input method since there is no single output measure that would fairly depict the transfer of control over the life of the performance obligation. Revenue is recognized for the single performance obligation over time due to the Company's right to payment for work performed to date and the performance does not create an asset with an alternative use. The Company recognizes revenue as portions of the overall performance obligation are completed as this best depicts the progress of the performance obligation.

Incremental Costs of Obtaining a Contract (Sales Commissions)

Under ASC 606, the costs of obtaining a contract can be expensed immediately, rather than capitalized and amortized, if the amortization period is one year or shorter. Sales commissions for the Company represent contract costs with a term of one year or less. Therefore, under ASC 606, the Company elected the practical expedient to expense these costs as incurred.

Variable Consideration

In some cases, contracts provide for variable consideration that is contingent upon the occurrence of uncertain future events, such as the success of the initial performance obligation. Variable consideration is estimated at the expected value or at the most likely amount depending on the type of consideration. Estimated amounts are included in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. The estimate of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of its anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available to the Company.

Trade Receivables, Unbilled Services and Deferred Revenue

11


In general, billings and payments are established by contractual provisions including predetermined payment schedules, which may or may not correspond to the timing of the transfer of control of the Company's services under the contract. In general, the Company's intention in its invoicing (payment terms) is to maintain cash neutrality over the life of the contract. Upfront payments, when they occur, are intended to cover certain expenses the Company incurs at the beginning of the contract. Neither the Company nor its customers view such upfront payments and contracted payment schedules as a means of financing. Unbilled services primarily arise from the timing of payment terms and when an input method of revenue recognition is utilized and revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer.

Deferred revenue consists of unearned payments received in excess of revenue recognized. As the contracted services are subsequently performed and the associated revenue is recognized, the deferred revenue balance is reduced by the amount of the revenue recognized during the period. Deferred revenue is classified as a current liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as the Company expects to recognize the associated revenue in less than one year.

Accounting Pronouncements Being Evaluated

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-13, "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses". This update requires immediate recognition of management’s estimates of current expected credit losses ("CECL"). Under the prior model, losses were recognized only as they were incurred. The new model is applicable to all financial instruments that are not accounted for at fair value through net income. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 for public entities qualifying as small reporting companies. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this update on our consolidated financial statements and do not anticipate a significant impact.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The ASU enhances and simplifies various aspects of the income tax accounting guidance in ASC Topic 740 and removes certain exceptions for recognizing deferred taxes for investments, performing intraperiod allocation and calculating income taxes in interim periods. The ASU also adds guidance to reduce complexity in certain areas, including recognizing deferred taxes for tax goodwill and allocating taxes to members of a consolidated group. The Company adopted this ASU on May 1, 2021 and it did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.



Note 3. Accounts Receivable, Unbilled Services and Deferred Revenue
Accounts receivable and unbilled services were as follows (in thousands):
July 31, 2021 April 30, 2021
Accounts receivable $ 4,465  $ 4,304 
Unbilled services 3,684  3,020 
Total accounts receivable and unbilled services 8,149  7,324 
Less allowance for doubtful accounts (416) (338)
Total accounts receivable, net $ 7,733  $ 6,986 
Deferred revenue was as follows (in thousands):
July 31, 2021 April 30, 2021
Deferred revenue $ 5,481  $ 6,256 
Deferred revenue is shown as a current liability on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Note 4. Revenue from Contracts with Customers

Oncology Services Revenue
The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue Recognition - Revenue from Customers. The majority of the Company's revenue arrangements are service contracts that are complete within a year or less. There are a few
12


contracts that range in duration between 1 and 3 years. Substantially all of the Company's performance obligations, and associated revenue, are transferred to the customer over time. Most of the Company's contracts can be terminated by the customer without cause. In the event of termination, the Company's contracts provide that the customer pay the Company for services rendered through the termination date. The Company generally receives compensation based on a predetermined invoicing schedule relating to specific milestones for that contract. In addition, in certain instances a customer contract may include forms of variable consideration such as performance increases or other provisions that can increase or decrease the transaction price. This variable consideration is generally awarded upon achievement of certain performance metrics. For the purposes of revenue recognition, variable consideration is assessed on a contract-by-contract basis and the amount to be recorded is estimated based on the assessment of the Company's anticipated performance and consideration of all information that is reasonably available. Variable consideration is recognized as revenue if and when it is deemed probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved in the future.

Amendments to contracts are common. The Company evaluates each amendment which meets the criteria of a contract modification under ASC 606. Each modification is further evaluated to determine whether the contract modification should be accounted for as a separate contract or as a continuation of the original agreement. The Company accounts for amendments as a separate contract if they meet the criteria under ASC 606-10-25-12.

Other TOS revenue represents additional services provided to the Company's pharmaceutical and biotechnology customers, specifically flow cytometry services and SaaS provided via our Lumin Bioinformatics software.

The following tables represents disaggregated revenue for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020:
Three Months Ended
July 31,
  2021 2020
Pharmacology services $ 10,703  $ 9,412 
Other TOS revenue 526  21 
Personalized oncology services 24  113 
Total oncology services revenue $ 11,253  $ 9,547 

Contract Balances
Contract assets include unbilled amounts typically resulting from revenue recognized in excess of the amounts billed to the customer for which the right to payment is subject to factors other than the passage of time. These amounts may not exceed their net realizable value. Contract assets are classified as current. Contract liabilities consist of customer payments received in advance of performance and billings in excess of revenue recognized, net of revenue recognized from the balance at the beginning of the period. Contract assets and liabilities are presented on the balance sheet on a net contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period.

Note 5. Property and Equipment
Property and equipment is recorded at cost and primarily consists of laboratory equipment, furniture and fixtures, and computer equipment and software. Depreciation and amortization is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the various assets ranging from three to nine years. Property and equipment consisted of the following (table in thousands):
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July 31,
2021
April 30,
2021
Furniture and fixtures $ 246  $ 246 
Computer equipment and software 1,516  1,461 
Capitalized software development costs 484  484 
Laboratory equipment 7,126  6,640 
Assets in progress 1,627  1,211 
Leasehold improvements 31 
Total property and equipment 11,030  10,046 
Less: Accumulated depreciation (4,267) (3,956)
Property and equipment, net $ 6,763  $ 6,090 
Depreciation and amortization expense, excluding expense recorded under the finance lease, was $317,000 and $224,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

As of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021, property, plant and equipment included gross assets held under finance leases of $343,000. Related depreciation expense was approximately $0 and $53,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Capitalized software development costs under a hosting arrangement

The Company accounts for the cost of computer software obtained or developed for internal use as well as the software development and implementation costs associated with a hosting arrangement ("internal-use software") that is a service contract in accordance and with ASC 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other ("ASC-350"). We capitalize certain costs in the development of our internal-use software when the preliminary project stage is completed and it is probable that the project itself will be completed and the software will perform as intended. These capitalized costs include personnel and related expenses for employees and costs of third-party consultants who are directly associated with and who devote time to these internal-use software projects. Capitalization of these costs ceases once the project is substantially complete and the software is ready for its intended purpose. Costs incurred for significant upgrades, increased functionality, and enhancements to the Company's internal-use software solutions are also capitalized. Costs incurred for training, maintenance, and minor modifications are expensed as incurred. Capitalized software development costs are amortized using the straight-line method over an estimated useful economic life of three years.

The Company capitalizes development and implementation costs, in accordance with ASC-350, for its Lumin Bioinformatics platform ("Lumin"). Lumin is the Company's oncology data-driven software program and data tool which is classified as Software as a Service (SaaS). These capitalized costs represent salaries, including direct payroll-related costs, certain software development consultant expenses and molecular sequencing programming costs incurred in the engineering and coding of the software development. During the first quarter of fiscal 2021, the initial version of the Lumin platform was launched, at which time initial capitalization ceased and amortization commenced. The total Lumin asset was placed into service as of July 31, 2020 in the gross amount of $484,000. Depreciation and amortization related to this asset was $40,000 and zero for the three-months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

During the second quarter ended October 31, 2020 and through the first quarter ended July 31, 2021, the Company continued to develop increased functionality, expand product design and usability, and add enhancements to the Lumin platform. In accordance with accounting guidance, these costs were capitalized, and as of July 31, 2021, were not yet placed into service or made available for sale. This developmental work does not render the initial released version to be obsolete or diminished in value but, rather, adds to the base level of the existing platform. Total costs included in assets in progress related to these capitalized enhancements and additional functionality as of July 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021 are $1.2 million and $991,000, respectively. These developments are expected to be placed into service and made available for sale in the latter half of fiscal 2022.

Finance Lease
 
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In November 2014, the Company entered into a finance lease for laboratory equipment. The lease had costs of approximately $149,000, at inception, through November 2019. As of July 31, 2021 the asset has been fully depreciated and book value is nil.

In July 2018, the Company entered into a second finance lease for laboratory equipment. The lease had costs of approximately $266,000, inclusive of interest and taxes. The Company elected to pay the outstanding balance of the lease early during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019. During the quarter of fiscal 2020, ended October 31, 2019, the Company traded in this asset and received a $160,000 reduction in the purchase price of two newly acquired assets. The net book value of the asset traded in at the time of trade in was $108,000, resulting in a gain on the disposal of the asset of $53,000, which was included as an offset in the other expense line within the Company's consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended January 31, 2020. As of July 31, 2021 the assets have been fully depreciated and book value is nil.

In December 2019, the Company entered into a finance lease for laboratory equipment. The lease had costs of approximately $231,000, at inception, through November 2020. The lease term expired December 2020. Depreciation and amortization expense related to this finance lease was $53,000 and zero for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. As of July 31, 2021 the asset has been fully depreciated and book value is nil.

 
Note 6. Share-Based Payments
 
The Company has in place a 2010 Equity Incentive Plan and a 2008 Equity Incentive Plan. The Company also has in place a 2021 Equity Incentive Plan, subject to shareholder approval at its next shareholder meeting. In general, these plans provide for stock-based compensation in the form of (i) Non-statutory Stock Options; (ii) Restricted Stock Awards; and (iii) Stock Appreciation Rights to the Company’s employees, directors and non-employees. The plans also provide for limits on the aggregate number of shares that may be granted, the term of grants and the strike price of option awards.
 
Stock-based compensation expense was recognized as follows (table in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
July 31,
  2021 2020
General and administrative $ 171  $ 47 
Sales and marketing 51  48 
Research and development
Cost of oncology services 52  21 
Total stock-based compensation expense $ 280  $ 120 

Stock Option Grants
 
Black-Scholes assumptions used to calculate the fair value of options granted during the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
July 31,
  2021 2020
Expected term in years
6
6
Risk-free interest rates
0.82%
0.39%
Volatility
65.94%-66.21%
72.64%
Dividend yield —% —%
 
The weighted average fair value of stock options granted during the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 was $5.33 and $9.85, respectively.

The Company’s stock options activity for the three months ended July 31, 2021 was as follows:
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Directors
and
Employees
Non-
Employees
Total Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Outstanding, April 30, 2021 1,618,231  35,415  1,653,646  $ 3.96  5.4 $ 11,384,000 
Granted 82,532  3,000  85,532  9.01  9.90
Exercised (1,000) —  (1,000) 2.10 
Forfeited (3,750) —  (3,750) 10.64     
Canceled —  —  —  — 
Expired —  —  —  —     
Outstanding, July 31, 2021 1,696,013  38,415  1,734,428  4.19  5.4 $ 11,063,000 
Vested and expected to vest as of July 31, 2021 1,696,013  38,415  1,734,428  4.19  5.4 $ 11,063,000 
Exercisable as of July 31, 2021 1,353,752  9,584  1,363,336  3.50  4.6 $ 9,666,000 




Note 7. Leases
The Company accounts for its leases under ASU 2016-02, "Leases", Topic 842.

Operating Leases 
The Company currently leases certain office equipment and its office and laboratory facilities under non-cancelable operating leases. Rent expense for operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term from the lease commencement date through the scheduled expiration date. Rent expenses totaled $452,000 and $307,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company considers its facilities adequate for its current operational needs.

The Company leases the following facilities:
 
One University Plaza, Suite 307, Hackensack, New Jersey 07601, which, since November 2011, serves as the Company’s corporate headquarters. The lease expires in November 2021. The Company recognized $24,000 and $20,000 of rental costs relative to this lease for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
1330 Piccard Drive Suite 025, Rockville, MD 20850, which consists of laboratory and office space where the Company conducts operations related to its primary service offerings. The Company executed this lease (the "Original Premises") on January 11, 2017. The operating commencement date was August 11, 2017. This lease was originally set to expire in August 2028.
On March 30, 2020, the Company executed the first amendment to this lease to expand the existing premises at 1330 Piccard Drive, Suite 025 ("Expansion Premises") to add on Suites 050 and 104. This amendment also extended the current lease term by six months. The Expansion Premises operating lease commencement date was June 1, 2020 and, under the amendment, both leases expire February 28, 2029.
In accordance with ASC 842, "Leases", the Company evaluated the first amendment and also performed a reassessment of the existing lease for Suite 025 to determine the impact of the six-month term extension. As a result of this assessment, the Company recognized an additional operating ROU asset and related operating lease liability for Suite 025 of $118,000 and $125,000, respectively, as well as an incremental net rent expense of $8,000 during the three months ended July 31, 2020.
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Upon the Expansion Premises operating lease commencement date (June 1, 2020), the Company recognized an operating ROU asset and related operating lease liability for Suites 050 and 104 of $3.8 million, each, respectively.
For the leases related to the Original and Expansion Premises at Piccard Drive, the Company recognized $292,000 and $244,000 of rental expense for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
On December 22, 2020, the Company executed the second amendment to this lease to expand the existing premises at 1330 Piccard Drive, Suites 025, 050, and 104 ("Additional Expansion Premises") to add on Suite 201. The Additional Expansion Premises operating lease commencement date is April 1, 2021 and, under the second amendment, reaffirms that all three leases expire February 28, 2029.
Upon the Additional Expansion Premises operating lease commencement date (April 1, 2021), the Company recognized an operating ROU asset and related operating lease liability for Suite 201 of $3.3 million, each, respectively.
The Company recognized $130,000 and zero of rental expense for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, for the Additional Expansion Premises.
1405 Research Boulevard, Suite 125, Rockville, Maryland 20850 (“New Location”), which consisted of laboratory and office space where the Company conducted operations related to its primary service offerings. The Company executed this lease on November 1, 2018. The operating commencement date was January 17, 2019. This lease was set to expire in April 2024. The Company terminated this lease on June 30, 2020 and transitioned its activities from this location to the Expansion Premises, as defined above, during the first quarter of fiscal 2021. Upon lease termination, the Company recognized a decrease in the related operating ROU asset and operating lease liability of approximately $850,000 and $926,000, respectively, as well as a gain on lease termination of $75,000. The Company also recognized zero and $43,000 of rental expense for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

ROU assets and lease liabilities related to our current operating leases are as follows (in thousands):
July 31, 2021 April 30, 2021
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net
$ 8,329  $ 8,521 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities
854  818 
Non-current portion of operating lease liabilities 8,652  8,783 

As of July 31, 2021, the weighted average remaining operating lease term and the weighted average discount rate were 7.55 years and 5.77%, respectively.

Future minimum lease payments due each fiscal year as follows (in thousands):
Remainder of 2022 $ 1,913 
2023 2,538 
2024 2,678 
2025 2,721 
2026 2,765 
Thereafter 7,932 
 Total $ 20,547 
Refer to Note 5, Property and Equipment, for information on financing leases.


 
Note 8. Related Party Transactions
 
Related party transactions include transactions between the Company and its shareholders, management, or affiliates.  The following transactions were in the normal course of operations and were measured and recorded at the exchange amount, which is the amount of consideration established and agreed to by the parties.
 
Consulting Services
 
During the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company paid an affiliate of a board member $9,000 and $18,000, respectively, for consulting services unrelated to his duty as a board member. During the three months ended July 31,
17


2021 and 2020, the Company paid an affiliate of another board member $2,974 and $5,606, respectively, for consulting services unrelated to their duties as a board member. As of July 31, 2021, $4,400 was due to these related parties. 

Note 9. Commitments and Contingencies
 
Legal Matters
 
The Company is not currently party to any legal matters to its knowledge. The Company is not aware of any other matters that would have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

Registration Payment Arrangements
The Company has entered into an Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement in connection with the March 2015 Private Placement. This Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement contains provisions that may call for the Company to pay penalties in certain circumstances. This registration payment arrangement primarily relates to the Company’s ability to file a registration statement within a particular time period, have a registration statement declared effective within a particular time period and to maintain the effectiveness of the registration statement for a particular time period. The Company has not accrued any liquidated damages associated with the Amended and Restated Registration Right Agreement as the Company has filed the required registration statement and anticipates continued compliance with the agreement.

Royalties

The Company contracts with third-party vendors to license tumor samples for development into PDX models and use in our TOS business. These types of arrangements have an upfront fee ranging from nil to $10,000 per tumor sample depending on the successful growth of the tumor model and ability to develop them into a sellable product. The upfront costs are expensed as incurred. In addition, under certain agreements, for a limited period of time, the Company is subject to royalty payments if the licensed tumor models are used for sale in our TOS business, ranging from 2% to 12.5% of the contract price after recouping certain initiation costs. Some of these arrangements also set forth an annual minimum royalty due regardless of tumor models used for sale. For the quarter ended July 31, 2021 and the year ended April 30, 2021, we have paid or accrued approximately $44,000 and $127,000 related to these royalty arrangements, respectively.
 


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion of our historical results of operations and our liquidity and capital resources should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes that appear elsewhere in this report and our most recent annual report for the year ended April 30, 2021, as filed on Form 10-K.
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain “forward-looking statements,” which include information relating to future events, future financial performance, strategies, expectations, competitive environment, regulation, and availability of resources. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding: proposed new programs; expectations that regulatory developments or other matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity; statements concerning projections, predictions, expectations, estimates, or forecasts as to our business, financial and operational results, and future economic performance; and statements of management’s goals and objectives and other similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. Words such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates” and similar expressions, as well as statements in future tense, identify forward-looking statements.
 
Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by, which such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time those statements are made or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements.
 
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date the statements are made. Factors that could cause actual results to differ from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those described in “Risk Factors”
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in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2021, as updated in our subsequent reports filed with the SEC, including any updates found in Part II, Item 1A of this or other reports on Form 10-Q, if any. You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions, or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information, except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements.

Overview and Recent Developments
We are engaged in creating transformative technology solutions to be utilized in oncology drug discovery and development. Our research center consists of a comprehensive set of computational and experimental research platforms. Our pharmacology, biomarker, and data platforms are designed to facilitate drug discovery and development at lower costs and increased speeds. We perform studies which we believe may predict the efficacy of experimental oncology drugs or approved drugs as stand-alone therapies or in combination with other drugs and can stimulate the results of human clinical trials. These studies include in vivo studies that rely on implanting multiple tumors from our TumorBank in mice and testing the therapy of interest on these tumors. Studies may also include bioinformatics analysis that reveal the differences in the genetic signatures of the tumors that responded to a therapy as compared to the tumors that did not respond. Additionally, we provide computational or experimental support to identify novel therapeutic targets, select appropriate patient populations for clinical evaluation, identify potential therapeutic combination strategies, and develop biomarker hypothesis of sensitivity or resistance. These studies include the use of our in vivo, ex vivo, analytical and computational platforms.

As part of our growth strategy, we launched Lumin Bioinformatics ("Lumin"), a new oncology data-driven software program, during fiscal 2021. Our Lumin software contains comprehensive information derived from our research services and clinical studies. Lumin leverages Champions’ large Datacenter coupled with analytics and artificial intelligence to provide a robust tool for computational cancer research. Insights developed using Lumin can provide the basis for biomarker hypotheses, reveal potential mechanisms of therapeutic resistance, and guide the direction of additional preclinical evaluations.

Our drug discovery and development business leverages the computational and experimental capabilities within our platforms. Our discovery strategy utilizes our rich and unique Datacenter, coupled with artificial intelligence and other advanced computational analytics, to identify novel therapeutic targets. We employ the use of our proprietary experimental platforms to rapidly validate these targets for further drug development efforts.

We have a rich pipeline of targets at various stages of discovery and validation, with a select group that has progressed to therapeutic development. Our commercial strategy for the validated targets and therapeutics established from this business is wide-ranging and still being developed. It will depend on many factors, and will be specific for each target or therapeutic area identified.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Our liquidity needs have typically arisen from the funding of our research and development programs and the launch of new products, working capital requirements, and other strategic initiatives. In the past, we have met these cash requirements through cash, working capital management, proceeds from certain private placements and public offerings of our securities, and sales of products and services. For the three months ended July 31, 2021, the Company had a net loss of approximately $172,000 and cash provided by operations of $216,000. As of July 31, 2021, the Company had an accumulated deficit of approximately $72.7 million, working capital of $919,000, and cash of $4.0 million. We believe that our cash on hand, together with expected positive cash flows from operations for fiscal year 2022, are adequate to fund operations through at least 12 months from the filing of this 10-Q. However, should our revenue expectations not materialize, we believe we have cost reduction strategies that could be implemented without disrupting the business or restructuring the Company. Should the Company be required to raise additional capital, there can be no assurance that management would be successful in raising such capital on terms acceptable to us, if at all.
 
Operating Results
 
The following table summarizes our operating results for the periods presented below (dollars in thousands):
 
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  For the Three Months Ended July 31,
2021 % of
Revenue
2020 % of
Revenue
%
Change
         
Oncology services revenue $ 11,253  100.0  % $ 9,547  100.0  % 17.9  %
Costs and operating expenses:        
Cost of oncology services 5,396  48.0  5,336  55.9  1.1 
Research and development 2,304  20.5  1,597  16.7  44.3 
Sales and marketing 1,574  14.0  1,208  12.7  30.3 
General and administrative 2,154  19.1  1,382  14.5  55.9 
Total costs and operating expenses 11,428  101.6  9,523  99.8  20.0 
Income (loss) from operations $ (175) (1.6) % $ 24  0.3  % (829.2) %

Oncology Services Revenue
 
Oncology services revenue, which is primarily derived from pharmacology studies, was $11.3 million and $9.5 million for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, an increase of $1.7 million or 17.9%. The increase in revenue is due to increased sales, both in number and size of studies, and the expansion of both our platform and product lines. Additionally, customers are seeking more complex study designs and end point analysis testing, leading to larger contracts, contributing to revenue growth.

Cost of Oncology Services
 
Cost of oncology services for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 were $5.4 million and $5.3 million, respectively, an increase of $60,000 or 1.1%.  For the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, gross margins were 52.0% and 44.1%, respectively. The improvement in gross margin was primarily due to the reduction in outsourced lab work. Performing the work internally offset the increase in compensation and lab supply expenses resulting from the increase in study volume.

 Research and Development
 
Research and development expenses for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 were $2.3 million and $1.6 million, respectively, an increase of approximately $707,000 or 44.3%. The increase for the three month period was mainly due to increased compensation and lab supply expense related to our increased investment in our therapeutic discovery platform.
 
Sales and Marketing
 
Sales and marketing expenses for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 were $1.6 million and $1.2 million, respectively, an increase of $366,000, or 30.3%. The increase for the three month period is mainly due to compensation expense driven by the continued expansion of our research services business development team and the addition of a Software as a Service ("SaaS") business development team.

General and Administrative
 
General and administrative expenses for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020 were $2.2 million and $1.4 million, an increase of $772,000, or 55.9%. General and administrative expenses are primarily comprised of compensation, insurance, professional fees, IT, and depreciation and amortization expenses and have increased to support the overall infrastructure growth of the company.

Inflation
 
Inflation does not have a meaningful impact on the results of our operations.
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Cash Flows
 
The following discussion relates to the major components of our cash flows:
 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
Net cash provided by operating activities was $216,000 compared to net cash used in operations of $715,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The cash generated from operating activities during the current period was primarily due to operating income excluding stock compensation, depreciation and amortization expenses.
 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
 
Net cash used in investing activities was $907,000 and $626,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The cash used in investing activities was primarily for the investment in additional lab equipment and software development.    
 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
 
Net cash provided by financing activities was $2,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2021 compared to cash used by financing activities $58,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Cash used for the three months ending July 31, 2020 was to apply payment for a financing lease.

Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies
 
The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to apply methodologies and make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates of the Company include, among other things, accounts receivable realization, revenue recognition (replacement of licensed tumors), valuation allowance for deferred tax assets, valuation of goodwill, and stock compensation and warrant assumptions. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company’s critical accounting policies are summarized in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on July 26, 2021.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

For detailed information regarding recently issued accounting pronouncements and the expected impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements, see Note 2, "Significant Accounting Policies" in the accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 1 of this Report on Form 10-Q.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Financing
 
We have no off-balance sheet debt or similar obligations.  We have no transactions or obligations with related parties that are not disclosed, consolidated into or reflected in our reported results of operations or financial position.  We do not guarantee any third-party debt.
 
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Not applicable to smaller reporting companies.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
It is management’s responsibility to establish and maintain “disclosure controls and procedures” as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer have reviewed and evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report. In designing and evaluating our disclosure controls and procedures. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only
21


reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management necessarily is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the relationship between the benefit of desired controls and procedures and the cost of implementing new controls and procedures.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies and procedures may deteriorate.

A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

Management has assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of July 31, 2021, and concluded that, due to the weakness we identified below, our disclosure controls and procedures are not effective.

Our risk assessment procedures over certain of our contractual arrangements requiring the payment of royalties for the licensing of technology from third-parties did not adequately identify the risks and consider the Company’s obligations based on the recognition of oncology services revenue. As a result, the Company had missing process level controls over the review of royalty arrangements and the timely determination and recognition of related liabilities.

Remediation Plan

The Company’s management had begun to design and implement certain measures to address the above-described material weakness and enhance the Company’s internal control in order to remediate this material weakness. As part of our remediation measures, the Company will implement plans to enhance the Company’s process and controls including ensuring adequate identification and review of royalty agreement terms and obligations which are still being formalized as of the date of this quarterly Form 10-Q.

Notwithstanding such material weakness in internal control over financial reporting, our management concluded that our consolidated financial statements in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q present fairly, in all material respects, the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows as of the dates, and for the periods presented, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There were no changes, other than our remediation efforts discussed above, in our internal control over financial reporting in connection with the evaluation required by Rule 13a-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 

22


PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
 
None.
 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

    As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item; however, the discussion of our business and operations should be read together with the Risk Factors set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 26, 2021. Such risks and uncertainties have the potential to affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, strategies or prospects in a material and adverse manner.




 
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
 
None.
 
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
None.
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 5. Other Information
 
None.

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Item 6. Exhibits
  
101.INS*   iXBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH*   iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL*   iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF*   iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB*   iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE*   iXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
* filed herewith
** furnished herewith
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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
  
  CHAMPIONS ONCOLOGY, INC.
  (Registrant)
   
Date: September 13, 2021 By: /s/ Ronnie Morris
    Ronnie Morris
    Chief Executive Officer
    (principal executive officer)
     
Date: September 13, 2021 By: /s/ David Miller
    David Miller
    Chief Financial Officer
    (principal financial and accounting officer)

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