Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 11/14/2018 @ 3:57PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Co Diagnostics Inc (CODX)
Quote : 1.04  0.0 (0.00%) @ 12:31PM
Co Diagnostics share price Chart

Quarterly Report (10-q)

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

[X] Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018

 

OR

 

[  ] Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the transition period from __________ to __________

 

Commission File No. 1-38148

 

CO-DIAGNOSTICS, INC .
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Utah   46-2609396

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

2401 S. Foothill Drive, Suite D, Salt Lake City, Utah 84109

(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)

 

(801) 438-1036

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Date File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [  ] Smaller reporting company [X]
    Emerging growth company [X]

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

There were 12,914,383 shares of the Registrant’s $0.001 par value common stock outstanding as of November 12, 2018.

 

 

 

     
 

 

Co-Diagnostics, Inc .

Form 10-Q

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION:  
     
Item 1. Financial Statements 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (unaudited) 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited) 4
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited) 5
     
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 6
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 12
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 18
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 18
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION:  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 19
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 19
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 19
     
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 19
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 19
     
Item 5. Other Information 19
     
Item 6. Exhibits 20
     
  Signatures 21

 

  2  
 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

CO – DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

    September 30, 2018     December 31, 2017  
ASSETS:                
Current Assets                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 2,176,565     $ 3,534,454  
Other receivables     2,597        
Inventory           9,068  
Prepaid expenses     211,719       908,352  
Total current assets     2,390,881       4,451,874  
Other Assets                
Property and equipment, net     140,122       165,567  
Investment in joint venture     182,392       44,885  
Total other assets     322,514       210,452  
                 
Total assets   $ 2,713,395     $ 4,662,326  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:                
                 
Current Liabilities                
Accounts payable   $ 66,669     $ 40,819  
Accrued expenses     95,110       96,645  
Accrued expenses (related party)     120,000        
Notes payable net of discount of $130,988 and $0     1,869,012        
Deferred income-current     39,184       10,792  
Total current liabilities     2,189,975       148,256  
Long-term Liabilities, net of current portion                
Accrued expenses-long-term (related party)     270,000       480,000  
Deferred income-long-term     126,066       183,546  
Total long-term liabilities, net of current portion     396,066       663,546  
Total liabilities     2,586,041       811,802  
                 
Commitments and contingencies                
                 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY :                
Common stock, $.001 par value, 180,000,000 shares authorized; 12,665,023 and 12,317,184 shares issued and outstanding, respectively.     12,665       12,317  
Additional paid-in capital     16,860,688       16,260,651  
Accumulated deficit     (16,745,999 )     (12,422,444 )
Total stockholders’ equity     127,354       3,850,524  
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 2,713,395     $ 4,662,326  

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

  3  
 

 

CO – DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

    For the Three Months
Ended September 30,
    For the Nine Months
Ended September 30,
 
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Net sales   $ 9,696     $ 2,598     $ 29,088     $ 5,064  
Cost of sales                       302  
Gross profit     9,696       2,598       29,088       4,762  
Operating expenses:                                
Sales and marketing     180,257       117,078       419,410       306,921  
Administrative and general     1,150,170       1,405,955       2,880,884       2,013,213  
Research and development     330,422       272,209       985,726       721,777  
Depreciation and amortization     12,616       12,416       37,634       33,228  
Total operating expenses     1,673,465       1,807,658       4,323,654       3,075,139  
Loss from operations     (1,663,769 )     (1,805,060 )     (4,294,566 )     (3,070,377 )
Other expense:                                
Interest income     3,520             17,361        
Interest expense     (48,857 )     (14,801 )     (48,857 )     (310,233 )
Loss on extinguishment of debt           (2,072,365 )           (2,072,365 )
Loss on disposition of assets           (1,281 )           (1,281 )
Gain on equity method investment in joint venture     67,961             2,507        
Total other expense     22,624       (2,088,447 )     (28,989 )     (2,383,879 )
Loss before income taxes     (1,641,145 )     (3,893,507 )     (4,323,555 )     (5,454,256 )
Provision for income taxes                        
Net loss   $ (1,641,145 )   $ (3,893,507 )   $ (4,323,555 )   $ (5,454,256 )
                                 
Basic and diluted income (loss) per common share   $ (0.13 )   $ (0.33 )   $ (0.35 )   $ (0.52 )
                                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted     12,356,316       11,751,649       12,341,482       10,512,327  

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

  4  
 

 

CO – DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

   

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
    2018     2017  
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net loss   $ (4,323,555 )   $ (5,454,256 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Stock based compensation     570,385       675,966  
Accretion of notes payable discount           84,101  
Loss on extinguishment of debt           2,072,365  
Loss on disposition of assets           1,281  
Gain of equity method investment     (2,507 )      
Depreciation and amortization     37,634       33,228  
Changes in assets and liabilities:                
Increase (decrease) in deferred income     (29,088 )     196,936  
Decrease in prepaid and other assets     694,036       114,279  
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued expenses     (66,306 )     57,135  
                 
Net cash used in operating activities     (3,119,401 )     (2,218,965 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Purchase of property and equipment     (2,500 )     (90,958 )
Investment in joint venture     (135,000 )      
                 
Net cash used by investing activities     (137,500 )     (90,958 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Proceeds from the sale of equity     30,000       7,071,192  
Proceeds from the issuance of debt     2,000,000        
Payment of deferred debt acquisition costs     (130,988 )      
Principal payments on debt (related party)           (41,500 )
Payment of deferred offering costs           (1,093,268 )
                 
Net cash provided by financing activities     1,899,012       5,936,424  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash     (1,357,889 )     3,626,501  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents beginning of period     3,534,454       998,737  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents end of period   $ 2,176,565     $ 4,625,238  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:                
Interest paid   $ 26,000     $ 73,523  
                 
Schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:                
Warrants issued for services   $     $ 256,198  

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

  5  
 

 

CO – DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

September 30, 2018

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1 - Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q as they are prescribed for smaller reporting companies. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary to make the financial statements not misleading have been included. Operating results for the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018. These statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2017, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 28, 2018.

 

Certain 2017 financial statement amounts have been reclassified to conform to 2018 presentations.

 

Description of Business

 

Co-Diagnostics, Inc. (“we,” “our,” the “Company” or “CDI”), a Utah corporation headquartered in Salt Lake City, Utah, is a molecular diagnostics company formed in April 2013 that develops, manufactures and markets a new, state-of-the-art diagnostics technology.

 

CDI’s diagnostics systems are designed to enable very rapid, low-cost, sophisticated molecular testing for organisms and genetic diseases by greatly automating historically complex procedures in both the development and administration of tests. CDI’s newest technical advance involves a novel approach to Polymerase Chain Reaction (“PCR”) primer design (CoPrimers™) that eliminates one of the key vexing issues of PCR amplification, the exponential growth of primer-dimer pairs which adversely interferes with identification of the target DNA. In addition, CDI scientists have enhanced the understanding of the mathematics of DNA test design, so as to “engineer” a DNA test and automate algorithms to screen millions of possible designs to optimize DNA test design. CDI’s proprietary platform of Co-Dx™ technologies integrates and streamlines these steps as it analyzes biological samples.

 

Co-Diagnostics’ portfolio of molecular diagnostics development products and tests represents a new advancement in the understanding of the molecular interactions of DNA. The Company uses highly specialized, proprietary cooperative-theory mathematics that may lead to a revolutionary leap forward in the detection of infectious diseases, genetic disorders and other conditions. CoDx™ tests are a fraction of the cost of other DNA-based tests, designed for a new generation of affordable, mobile point-of-care diagnostic devices and compatible with many other devices, creating opportunities for state-of-the-art diagnostics available anywhere in the world, including developing countries.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) that are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date. If not discussed, management believes that the impact of recently issued standards, which are not yet effective, will not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements upon adoption.

 

The Company, an emerging growth company (“EGC”), has elected to take advantage of the benefits of the extended transition period provided for in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, for complying with new or revised accounting standards which allows the Company to defer adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies.

 

  6  
 

 

In March 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-08, Receivables – Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs (Subtopic 310-20). The amendments in this update shorten the amortization period for certain callable debt securities held at a premium. Specifically, the amendments require the premium to be amortized to the earliest call date. The amendments do not require an accounting change for securities held at a discount; the discount continues to be amortized to maturity. For public business entities, the amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019, for public EGC companies like us. This update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, to clarify guidance on the presentation and classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows. This update was issued with the intent of reducing diversity in practice with respect to eight types of cash flows. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, for public EGC companies like us. The update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02 Leases (Topic 842), which requires recognition of leased assets and liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. This update is effective for annual periods and interim periods with those periods beginning after December 15, 2019, for public EGC companies like us. Management is currently evaluating the impact that the updated standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09: “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)” which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASC Topic 605, “Revenue Recognition”, and requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Additional revenue recognition updates were also issued in 2016 and 2017, which further clarified certain aspects of the new revenue recognition guidance. The new authoritative guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, for public EGC companies like us. The guidance permits two methods of adoption: retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (the full retrospective method), or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized at the date of initial application (the modified retrospective method). The Company is in the process of determining the method of adoption, but the update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements since the Company’s revenue is currently immaterial.

 

Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies

 

Earnings (Loss) per Share

 

Basic earnings or loss per common share is computed by dividing net income or loss applicable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during each period. As the Company experienced net losses during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively, no common stock equivalents have been included in the diluted earnings per common share calculations as the effect of such common stock equivalents would be anti-dilutive. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, there were 1,606,242 potentially dilutive shares consisting of 1,172,707 outstanding options and 433,535 outstanding warrants. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, there were 1,028,969 potentially dilutive shares consisting of 322,707 outstanding options and 706,262 outstanding warrants.

 

  7  
 

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the accompanying notes. Such estimates include receivables and other long-lived assets, legal and regulatory contingencies, income taxes, share based arrangements, and others. These estimates and assumptions are based on management’s best estimates and judgments. Actual amounts and results could differ from those estimates.

 

Note 3 – Notes Payable

 

On August 3, 2018, we entered into a Note Purchase Agreement with Robert Salna, an existing shareholder of the Company and prior investor in the Company’s convertible debt securities. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company issued to Mr. Salna a Promissory Note, dated August 3, 2018, in the principal amount of $2,000,000 (the “Note”) in exchange for a loan to the Company of equal principal amount.

 

The Note bears interest at the rate of nine percent (9.0%) per annum, payable quarterly in arrears. The maturity date of the Note is July 31, 2019. All unpaid principal and accrued interest on the Note will become due and payable on the maturity date. The Note is unsecured and provides for a default interest rate of eighteen percent (18.0%) per annum. The note is repayable in Canadian dollars with a minimum of 2.6 million in Canadian dollars due at maturity. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we included $26,000 in interest expense.

 

At December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, we had no outstanding notes payable. However, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, we included $14,801 and $310,233, respectively, of interest expense for notes outstanding prior to September 30, 2017.

 

Note 4 – Stock-based Compensation

 

Stock Incentive Plans

 

The Co-Diagnostics, Inc. 2015 Long Term Incentive Plan reserves an aggregate of 6,000,000 shares. The number of unissued stock options authorized under the plan at September 30, 2018 was 4,827,293.

 

Stock Options

 

There were 850,000 options granted to nine employees in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 valued at $1,070,859. There were 61,335 options granted to three independent members of our Board of Directors in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 valued at $97,474. We recognize the value of granted options over the vesting period of each option. The Black-Scholes valuation model requires various judgmental assumptions including the estimated volatility, risk-free interest rate and expected option term. In determining the expected volatility our computation is based the stock prices of 3 comparable companies and is based on a combination of historical and market-based implied volatility. The risk-free interest rate was based on the yield curve of a zero-coupon U.S. Treasury bond on the date the option was issued with a maturity equal to the expected term of the option. The fair values for the options granted were estimated at the date of grant using the Black Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions:

 

    Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2018
    Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2017
 
Risk free interest rate     3.07 %     1.53 %
Expected life (in years)     10.0       5.0  
Expected volatility     64.12 %     45.54 %
Expected dividend yield     0.00 %     0.00 %
Stock price   $ 2.63     $ 3.85  

 

  8  
 

 

The weighted average fair value of options granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $1.93 and $1.59 per share, respectively.

 

Included in stock-based compensation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized expense of $380,445 recorded in our general and administrative department for 850,000 options granted to nine employees.

 

Included in stock-based compensation for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recognized expense of $111,068 recorded in our general and administrative department (i) $97,474 for 61,335 options granted to three members of our board of directors and (ii) $13,594 for options vesting which had been granted prior to January 1, 2017.

 

Included in stock-based compensation for the three months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recognized expense of $103,672 recorded in our general and administrative department (i) $97,474 for 61,335 options granted to three members of our board of directors and (ii) $6,198 for options vesting which had been granted prior to January 1, 2017.

 

The following table summarizes option activity during the nine months and year ended September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

    Options
Outstanding
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
    Weighted
Average
Fair
Value
    Weighted
Average
Remaining Contractual
Life (years)
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2017     261,372     $ 0.55     $ 0.49       8.63  
Options granted     61,335       3.85       1.59       4.60  
Expired                        
Forfeited options                        
Exercised                        
Outstanding at December 31, 2017     322,707     $ 1.29     $ 0.70       7.05  
                                 
Options granted     850,000       2.63       1.24       9.98  
Expired                        
Forfeited options                        
Exercised                        
                                 
Outstanding at September 30, 2018     1,172,707     $ 2.23     $ 1.09       8.97  

 

Warrants

 

The Company estimates the fair value of issued warrants on the date of issuance as determined using a Black-Scholes pricing model. The Company amortizes the fair value of issued warrants using a vesting schedule based on the terms and conditions of each warrant. The Black-Scholes valuation model requires various judgmental assumptions including the estimated volatility, risk-free interest rate and expected warrant term. In determining the expected volatility our computation is based on the stock prices of three comparable companies and on a combination of historical and market-based implied volatility. The risk-free interest rate is based on the yield curve of a zero-coupon U.S. Treasury bond on the date the warrant was issued with a maturity equal to the expected term of the warrant.

 

  9  
 

 

There were no warrants issued in the nine months ended September 30, 2018. There were 595,133 warrants issued in the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The fair values for the warrants issued were estimated at the date of grant using the Black Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions:

 

    Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2017
 
Risk free interest rate     1.89 %
Expected life (in years)     4.7  
Expected volatility     46.80 %
Expected dividend yield     0.00 %
Stock price   $ 2.98  

 

The weighted average fair value of warrants issued during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $1.74 per share.

 

Included in stock-based compensation for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recognized expense of $256,198 recorded in our general and administrative department for 297,727 warrants issued to two companies for services rendered.

 

The following table summarizes warrant activity during the nine months and year ended September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

    Warrants
Outstanding
    Weighted Average Exercise Price     Weighted Average Fair Value     Weighted
Average
Remaining Contractual
Life (years)
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2017     111,129       8.25       0.11       4.91  
Warrants issued     595,133       2.91       1.74       4.28  
Expired                        
Forfeited warrants                        
Exercised                        
Outstanding at December 31, 2017     706,262     $ 3.27     $ 1.48       4.22  
                                 
Warrants issued                        
Expired                        
Forfeited warrants                        
Exercised     272,727       0.64       0.54       3.64  
                                 
Outstanding at September 30, 2018     433,535     $ 5.26     $ 2.08       3.37  

 

The following table summarizes information about stock options and warrants outstanding at September 30, 2018.

 

      Outstanding     Exercisable  
            Weighted
Average
Remaining
    Weighted
Average
          Weighted
Average
 
Range of
Exercise Prices
    Number
Outstanding
    Contractual
Life (years)
    Exercise
Price
    Number
Exercisable
    Exercise
Price
 
$ 0.55       261,372       6.88     $ 0.55       261,372     $ 0.55  
  2.00-3.85       936,335       9.42       2.69       369,668       2.79  
  5.10-7.20       408,535       3.34       5.46       408,535       5.46  
$ 0.11-7.20       1,606,242       7.46     $ 3.05       1,039,575     $ 3.27  

 

  10  
 

 

Total unrecognized stock-based compensation was $707,929 at September 30, 2018 of which (i) $34,823 was for stock issued for services to be provided and ii) $673,106 was for options granted. The Company expects to recognize the aggregate amount of this compensation expense over the next years in accordance with contractual provisions and vesting as follows:

 

Year   Amount  
2018   $ 110,760  
2019     363,038  
2020     234,131  
Total   $ 707,929  

 

Note 5 – Related Party Transactions

 

The Company acquired the exclusive rights to the CoPrimer technology pursuant to a license agreement dated April 2014, between us and DNA Logix, Inc., which was assigned to Dr. Brent Satterfield, one of our current executive officers and directors, prior to our acquisition of DNA Logix, Inc. On March 1, 2017, the Company entered into an amendment to its Exclusive License Agreement for its Cooperative Primers (“License”) technology with Dr. Satterfield. The amendment provides in part that all accrued royalties under the License cease as of January 1, 2017, and we began in January to pay $700,000 of accrued royalties at the rate of $10,000 per month. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company included $0 and $107,500, respectively as an expense for this license agreement in research and development. For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company included no expense for this license agreement. At September 30, 2018, the aggregate balance of this related party liability was $390,000.

 

Prior to July 12, 2017, the Company financed operations partly through short-term loans with related parties and through the deferral of payment to related parties for expenses incurred. At December 31, 2017, the Company accrued $480,000 in expenses for technology royalties payable to Dr. Satterfield.

 

Note 6 – Lease Obligations

 

Our offices are located at 2401 S. Foothill Dr., Suite D, Salt Lake City, Utah 84109-1479. On June 18, 2018, the Company entered into an addendum with our landlord for additional space. The new aggregate space consists of approximately 10,273 square feet and is leased under a multi-year contract at a rate of $14,086 per month expiring on January 31, 2020. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company expensed $46,539 and $122,165, respectively, for rent. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company expensed $18,900 and $44,583, respectively, for rent. The Company’s lease rent obligation is as follows:

 

Year   Amount  
2018   $ 154,147  
2019     169,033  
2020     14,086  
Total   $ 337,266  

 

Note 7 – Subsequent Events

 

On June 14, 2017, the Company entered into an Exclusive License Agreement with DNA Logix-Canada, Ltd., under the terms of which the Company exclusively licensed the right to market and sell various of the Company’s tests for mosquito borne diseases in Cuba, Brazil, and Canada in consideration of a $200,000 license fee. In 2018, the Company and the licensee jointly determined to terminate the license, which is in the best interests of the Company because it allows the Company to retain marketing and sales control of its tests. Pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement dated October 2, 2018, the Company terminated the license and acquired all of the marketing and sales contacts made by the licensee in consideration of the issuance of 249,360 shares of common stock and the issuance of a warrant to acquire 50,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share. The warrant has a five-year life. The licensee will remain a non-exclusive distributor of the Company’s tests in Cuba.

 

In October 2018, the Company entered into an exclusive license agreement with LGC Biosearch Technologies, Inc. pursuant to which, the Company licensed the right to make, use and sell PCR tests for the AgBio field primarily to detect genetic sequences in seed products for the licensee’s customers and for research. The Company retains the right to design all such tests and intends to derive revenue from such design services.

 

The Company evaluated subsequent events pursuant to ASC Topic 855 and has determined that there are no additional events that need to be reported.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements.” Forward-looking statements reflect the current view about future events. When used in this Quarterly Report, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions, identify forward-looking statements. Such statements, include, but are not limited to, statements contained in this Quarterly Report relating to our portfolio of products and tests, molecular diagnostics technologies, future opportunities, sales plans, product offerings, CE mark designations and estimated costs, business strategy, additional investment capital, future revenue, expenses and operating results, and liquidity and capital resources. Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions regarding our business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Our actual results may differ materially from those contemplated or anticipated by the forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees of assurance of future performance. We caution you therefore against relying on any of these forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, without limitation:

 

  the results of clinical trials and the regulatory approval process;
     
  our ability to raise capital to fund continuing operations;
     
  our continued losses and concerns relating to our financial uncertainty;
     
  market acceptance of any products that may be approved for commercialization;
     
  ineffective internal disclosure, operational and financial control systems;
     
  our ability to protect our intellectual property rights;
     
  the impact of any infringement actions or other litigation brought against us;
   
  competition from other providers, products and technologies;
     
  our ability to develop and commercialize new and improved molecular diagnostic products and services;
     
 

dependence on the sales efforts of others;

     
  our ability to hire and retain specialized and key personnel;
     
  changes in government regulation; and
     
  other factors, including the risks contained in the “Risk Factors” section of our Registration Statement on Form S-3 (Registration No. 333-226835) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on August 14, 2018.

 

Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should the underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended or planned.

 

Factors or events that could cause our actual results to differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of them. We cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Each forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of future events or developments.

 

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Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires that we make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our assumptions and estimates, including those related to recognition of revenue, valuation of investments, valuation of inventory, valuation of intangible assets, measurement of stock-based compensation expense and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

As an emerging growth company, we have elected to opt-in to the extended transition period for new or revised accounting standards. As a result, our financial statements may not be comparable to those of companies that comply with public company effective dates.

 

Executive Overview

 

Co-Diagnostics, Inc. (“we,” “our,” the “Company” or “CDI”) is a molecular diagnostics company that develops, manufactures and markets a new, state-of-the-art diagnostics technology. Our technology is utilized for tests that are designed to identify infectious disease and other conditions using the detection and/or analysis of nucleic acid molecules (DNA or RNA). We also use our proprietary technology to design specific tests to locate genetic markers for use in industries other than infectious disease and license the use of those tests to specific customers. One of those other industries is the AgBio industry as discussed below.

 

On October 30, 2018, we announced the entry into an Exclusive License Agreement with LGC, Biosearch Technologies, a global leader in the design, development, and manufacture of sophisticated, custom oligonucleotide-based tools and associated reagents for applied markets, relating to the use of our CoPrimer™ technology for both research and commercial applications in the AgBio industry. The license was the culmination of a research project with one of the licensee’s customers that was active over the past year verifying the effectiveness of the CoPrimer tests and test design.

 

CDI’s diagnostics systems are designed to enable very rapid, low-cost, sophisticated molecular testing for organisms and genetic diseases by greatly automating historically complex procedures in both the development and administration of tests. CDI’s newest technical advance involves a novel approach to Polymerase Chain Reaction (“PCR”) primer design that eliminates one of the key vexing issues of PCR amplification, the exponential growth of primer-dimer pairs which adversely interferes with identification of the target DNA. In addition, CDI scientists have enhanced the understanding of the mathematics of DNA test design, so as to “engineer” a DNA test and automate algorithms to screen millions of possible designs to optimize DNA test design. CDI’s proprietary platform of Co-Dx™ technologies integrates and streamlines these steps as it analyzes biological samples.

 

Co-Diagnostics’ portfolio of molecular diagnostics development products and tests represents a new advancement in the understanding of the molecular interactions of DNA. The Company uses highly specialized, proprietary cooperative-theory mathematics that may lead to a revolutionary leap forward in the detection of infectious diseases, genetic disorders and other conditions. CoDx™ tests are a fraction of the cost of other DNA-based tests, designed for a new generation of affordable, mobile point-of-care diagnostic devices and compatible with many other devices, creating opportunities for state-of-the-art diagnostics available anywhere in the world, including developing countries.

 

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Dr. Brent Satterfield, our Chief Science Officer, created the Company’s suite of intellectual properties. Our technologies are now protected by six granted or pending U.S. patents, as well as certain trade secrets and copyrights. Our platform allows us to avoid paying existing patent royalties required by other PCR test systems, which has the potential of allowing CDI to sell diagnostic tests at a lower cost than competitors, while maintaining profit margins.

 

Using its proprietary test design system and proprietary reagents, CDI will design and plans to sell PCR diagnostic tests for diseases and pathogens starting with tests for tuberculosis, a drug resistant tuberculosis test, hepatitis B and C, Malaria, dengue, HIV and Zika virus, all of which tests have been designed and verified in CDI’s laboratory.

 

Organizational History and Corporate Information

 

We were incorporated as Co-Diagnostics, Inc. in Utah on April 18, 2013. Our principal executive office is located at 2401 S. Foothill Drive, Suite D, Salt Lake City, Utah 84109. Our telephone number is (801) 438-1036. Our website address is http://codiagnostics.com

 

Product Offering

 

Caribbean and Central and South America

 

Our initial sales will be to entities within the Caribbean Public Health Agency Member States (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, BES Islands, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Haiti, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, St Maarten, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands). In some of these countries, there are no regulatory hurdles and we can start offering our tests immediately.

 

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) has granted permission for us to export certain of our tests. The FDA’s permission to export was granted under Section 801(e) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as amended (the “FDC Act”). Section 801(e) of the Act covers certain medical devices that have not yet received an approved Premarket Approval in the United States by the FDA, such as our products. Section 801(e) applies to medical devices that are acceptable to the importing country and that are manufactured under the FDA’s Good Manufacturing Practices.

 

We expect to offer our Zika test in this region first because of the demand for such test followed by tests for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, dengue and then our full range of tests.

 

India

 

The Company has entered into an agreement to manufacture diagnostics tests for seven infectious diseases with a pharmaceutical manufacturing company in India. The agreement provides for the manufacture of the five tests named above and malaria and HIV and the joint sales and marketing of those tests in India.

 

Since the tests will be conducted in India on Indian citizens, no FDA approval or inspection will be required. Certain Indian regulatory approval from the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization must be acquired. We are engaging the services of an experienced consultant in India to help us get through this process. Research Use Only reagents are able to be sold without requiring regulatory approval as long as they are labeled and designated as such.

 

India is the country with the highest burden of tuberculosis. According to the World Health Organization, tuberculosis statistics for India for 2015 give an estimated incidence figure of 2.2 million cases of tuberculosis for India out of a global incidence of 9.6 million. The tuberculosis incidence for India is the number of new cases of active tuberculosis disease in India during a certain time period (usually a year).

 

Europe

 

Most molecular tests, such as our tests, are governed in Europe by the European Union’s framework for in vitro diagnostics (“IVDs”), which encompasses diagnostic products such as reagents, instruments and systems intended for use in diagnosis of disease. The regulatory system for IVDs is built largely on a self-certification procedure, placing heavy responsibility on manufacturers. Examples of current obligations include having in place a qualitative manufacturing process, user instructions that are clear and fit for purpose, and ensuring that the ‘physical’ features of devices and diagnostics do not pose any danger. If a product fulfils these and other related control requirements, it may be CE-marked as an indication that the product is compliant with EU legislation and sold in the European Union. In July 2018, we received notification that our test for tuberculosis had received a CE Mark designation and is available for sale in all countries that accept the CE Mark as approval for distribution.

 

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We have received ISO 13485 and ISO 9001 certifications relating to the design and manufacture of certain of our products. The ISO certification indicates that we meet the standards required to self-certify certain of our products and affix a CE marking for sales of our products in countries accepting the CE marking (not in the United States) with only minimal further governmental approvals in each country. We have CE-marked our Zika and tuberculosis tests and expect to soon have CE marking for a malaria test and a tri-plex test for dengue, Zika and Chikingunya. We estimate the remaining costs for CE-marks to be approximately $100,000.

 

United States

 

We do not anticipate offering our tests in the United States in the near future. We believe, however, our tests may be able to qualify as Laboratory Developed Tests (“LDTs”), diagnostic tests that are developed and manufactured by Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (“CLIA”) certified laboratories. These tests are developed by the lab for use only in that laboratory. CLIA laboratories develop the performance characteristics, perform the analytical validation for their LDTs and obtain licenses to offer them as diagnostic services. The FDA has publicly announced its intention to regulate certain LDTs in a phased-in approach, but draft guidance that was previously published was withdrawn at the end of the Obama administration and replaced by an informal, non-enforceable discussion paper reflecting some of the feedback that it received on LDTs regulation.

 

Market Opportunity

 

The molecular diagnostics market is a fast-growing portion of the in vitro (test tube based, controlled environment) diagnostics market. There are several advantages of molecular tests over other forms of diagnostic testing, which include higher sensitivities, the ability to perform multiplex tests and the ability to test for drug resistance or individual genes.

 

Intellectual Property Protection

 

Because much of our future success and value depends on our proprietary technology, our patent and intellectual property strategy is of critical importance. Four of our initial U.S. patents related to our technology have been granted by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (“PTO”), including our CoPrimer patent, which we consider our most important technology. Our Rapid Probe patent has been issued in England, but as of September 30, 2018, it is pending in the U.S. and foreign counterpart applications. In addition, we filed a new patent concerning SNP detection and multiplexing in October, 2018. Two of our issued patents expire in 2034, one in 2036 and one in 2038.

 

We have identified additional applications of the technology, which represent potential patents that further define specific applications of the processes that are covered by the original patents. We intend to continue building our intellectual property portfolio as development continues and resources are available.

 

We have copyrighted our development software that can be used by any lab or developer to develop diagnostic tests based on our technology.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Results of Operations for the Nine Months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

 

Net Sales

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we generated $29,088 of net sales compared to net sales of $5,064 in the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The revenue in 2018 represented a license fee for licensing our Zika tests and certain other Flaviviruses to a Canadian company for limited distribution. The net sales in 2017 represented the license fee for a limited period of time and, to a lesser degree, the remainder was rental revenue for the lease of our portable lab.

 

Cost of Sales

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recorded no cost of sales. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, we recorded cost of sales of $302 related to the portable lab leased to a customer.

 

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Operating Expenses

 

We incurred total operating expenses of $4,323,654 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to total operating expenses of $3,075,139 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The increase of $1,248,515 was due primarily to increased business activities following the completion of our initial public offering in July, 2017. There was an increase in general and administrative expenses of $867,671, an increase of $263,949 in our research and development expenses and an increase in sales and marketing expenses of $112,489. Depreciation and amortization expense also increased $4,406 as a result of the purchase of additional equipment.

 

General and administrative expenses increased $867,671 from $2,013,213 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to $2,880,884 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The increase was primarily the result of the following increases related primarily to becoming a publicly traded company: an increase of $380,003 in independent consulting expenses, an increase of $340,908 in salaries and related benefits, an increase of $264,377 in stock option and warrant expense, $90,178 in legal and other professional expenses, an increase of $82,500 in directors’ fees, and an increase of $22,516 in office rent incident to moving into our current offices. The increases in expenses were partially offset by a decrease of $282,664 in other professional services and a decrease of $44,745 in licenses and fees.

 

Our sales and marketing expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 were $419,410 compared to sales and marketing expenses of $306,921 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The increase of $112,489 was due primarily to an increase of $70,061 in salary and related benefits expense, an increase of $18,548 in office rent, an increase of $15,400 in consulting fees, an increase of $11,740 in postage and delivery, and an increase of $8,209 in travel expenses; all of which were partially offset by a decrease of $11,558 in advertising and promotion expenses.

 

Our research and development expenses increased by $263,949 from $721,777 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to $985,726 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The increase was primarily due to an increase of $113,215 in payroll and employee related expenses, an increase of $128,173 in lab, consulting and other professional services, an increase of $74,418 in lab supplies, and an increase in building rent and equipment lease expense of $45,519. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in technology royalties expense of $107,500.

 

Interest Expense

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we incurred interest expense of $48,857 compared to $310,233 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The decrease of $261,376 was the result of having all of our indebtedness retired incident to the funding of our initial public offering and having no debt for the majority of the nine-month period ended September 30, 2018. In August of 2018, we entered into a one year note in the principal amount of $2,000,000 bearing interest at the rate of 9% per annum that is currently outstanding. We also realized interest income of $17,361 from the investment of funds not used in the operations of the business.

 

Net Loss

 

We realized a net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 of $4,323,555 compared with a net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 of $5,454,256. The decrease in net loss of $1,130,701 was primarily the result of realizing a loss of $2,072,365 on the extinguishment of debt incident to the retirement of all of our outstanding debt at the time of our initial public offering in 2017 through conversion of the debt to common stock. The decrease in loss occasioned by the extinguishment of debt and the decrease in interest expense of $261,376, was partially offset by the increase in operating expenses of $1,248,515 as explained above.

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

 

Net Sales

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2018, we generated $9,696 of net sales compared to net sales of $2,598 in the three months ended September 30, 2017. The revenue in 2018 represented a license fee for licensing our Zika tests and certain other Flaviviruses to a Canadian company for limited distribution. The net sales in 2017 represented rental revenue for the lease of our portable lab.

 

Cost of Sales

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2018, and the three months ended September 30, 2017, we recorded no cost of sales.

 

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Operating Expenses

 

We incurred total operating expenses of $1,673,465 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 compared to total operating expenses of $1,807,658 for the three months ended September 30, 2017. The decrease of $134,193 was due primarily to a decrease other professional services in our general and administrative expenses. There was a decrease in general and administrative expenses of $255,786, partially offset by an increase of $58,215 in our research and development expenses and an increase in sales and marketing expenses of $63,179.

 

General and administrative expenses decreased $255,785 from $1,405,955 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to $1,150,170 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. The decrease was primarily the result of a decrease of $474,600 for investor relations professionals with whom we consulted in 2017 following our initial public offering, and a decrease of $122,766 in consulting fees. These decreases were partially offset by an increase of $276,773 in option and warrant expenses, an increase of $97,182 in legal, accounting and other professional services, and an increase in office rent $6,847 incident to moving into our current offices.

 

Our sales and marketing expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2018 were $180,257 compared to sales and marketing expenses of $117,078 for the three months ended September 30, 2017. The increase of $63,179 was due primarily to an increase of $34,624in salary and related benefits expense related to the addition of sales personnel, an increase of $8,752 in office rent and an increase of $15,095 in consulting expenses for sales professionals in other countries.

 

Our research and development expenses increased by $58,213 from $272,209 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to $330,422 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. The increase was primarily due to an increase of $22,030 in consulting expenses for a research scientist engaged for a development project, an increase of $9,798 in other professional services and an increase in building rent and equipment lease expense of $14,130.

 

Interest Expense

 

For the three months ended September30, 2018, we incurred interest expense of $48,857 compared to interest expense for the three months ended September 30, 2017 of $14,801. The increase of $34,056 was the result of borrowing $2,000,000 in August, 2018 compared to having all of our indebtedness retired in July, 2017 incident with the funding of our initial public offering. We also realized interest income of $3,520 from the investment of funds not used in the operations of the business.

 

Net Loss

 

We realized a net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2018 of $1,641,145 compared with a net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2017 of $3,893,507. The decrease in net loss of $2,252,362 was primarily the result of realizing a loss of $2,072,365 on the extinguishment of debt incident to the retirement of our outstanding debt at the time of our initial public offering in 2017 through conversion of the debt to common stock. In addition, we realized a gain of $67,961 from our Indian joint venture due to audit adjustments recorded by Indian auditors capitalizing certain expenses previously reported. The decrease in net loss was partially offset by the increase of $134,193 in operating expenses explained above and the increase of $34,056 in interest expense explained above.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations, and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis. Significant factors in the management of liquidity are funds generated by operations, levels of accounts receivable and accounts payable and capital expenditures.

 

To date, we have financed our operations primarily through sales of common stock and the issuance of debt, including convertible debt.

 

At September 30, 2018, we had cash and cash equivalents of $2,176,565, total current assets of $2,390,881, total current liabilities of $2,189,975 and total stockholders’ equity of $127,354. At December 31, 2017, we had cash and cash equivalents of $3,534,454, total current assets of $4,451,874, total current liabilities of $148,256 and total stockholders’ equity of $3,850,524.

 

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We experienced negative cash flow from operations during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 of $3,119,401 compared to negative cash flow from operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 of $2,218,965. The negative cash flow was met by cash reserves remaining from the issuance of common stock incident to the completion of our initial public offering and the issuance of a $2,000,000 one-year loan, which bears interest payable quarterly. Of the net proceeds of our initial public offering, we have spent approximately $1,500,000 in research and development, $650,000 in sales and marketing, and $3,900,000 in general and administration expenses. The amount of our operating deficit could decrease or increase significantly depending on strategic and other operating decisions, thereby affecting our need for additional capital. Our liquidity and operating results will also depend on the amount of revenue generated. We expect our operating losses will continue until we are able to generate significant levels of revenue. Although licensing fees have enabled us to begin generating revenue in 2018, such revenue has been minimal through September 30, 2018.

 

Until our revenues become substantial and our operations become profitable, we will continue to rely on proceeds received from the sale of common stock and debt securities and other sources of capital. We expect additional investment capital to come from (i) future sales of our common stock pursuant to our shelf registration of securities covered by our effective Registration Statement on Form S-3 filed with the Commission and (ii) the private placement of other securities with investors similar to those that have provided funding in the past.

 

Our monthly cash operating expenses, including our technology research and development expenses, were approximately $346,600 per month during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Our operating expenses increased significantly upon completion of our initial public offering as we increased development and sales activities in furtherance of our business plan.

 

Our long-term liquidity is dependent upon execution of our business model and the realization of substantial revenue generating activities and working capital as described above, and upon capital needed for continued commercialization and development of our diagnostic testing technology. Commercialization and future development of diagnostic tests utilizing our PCR technology are expected to require additional capital estimated to be approximately $1,000,000 annually for the foreseeable future. This estimate will increase or decrease depending on specific opportunities and available funding.

 

The foregoing estimates, expectations and forward-looking statements are subject to change as we make strategic operating decisions from time to time and as our expenses and net sales fluctuate from period to period.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Not required under Regulation S-K for “smaller reporting companies.”

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Company has established disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

We carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) at September 30, 2018 as required by paragraph (b) of Rule 13a-15 and Rule 15d-15 under the Exchange Act. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, at September 30, 2018, due to the number of employees and a lack of segregation of duties, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that occurred during the Company’s last three-month period that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may become involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of our operations in the normal course of business. We are not presently involved in any pending legal proceeding or litigation. To our knowledge, no governmental authority is contemplating any proceeding to which we are a party or to which any of our properties or businesses are subject, which would reasonably be likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Not required under Regulation S-K for “smaller reporting companies.”

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

On September 27, 2018, we issued 6,269 shares of our common stock in consideration of legal services performed by our attorneys. We relied on the exemption from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, set forth in Section 4(a)(2) thereof and Regulation D promulgated thereunder.

 

On September 27, 2018, we issued 4,000 shares of our common stock to a limited liability company in consideration of services performed by the investor. We relied on the exemption from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, set forth in Section 4(a)(2) thereof and Regulation D promulgated thereunder.

 

On September 27, 2018 and September 29, 2018, we issued 34,000 shares and 272,727, respectively, of our common stock to a limited liability company. The 34,000 shares were issued in consideration of consulting services performed by the company. The 272,727 shares were issued pursuant to the exercise of a warrant in consideration of the payment of the exercise price of $30,000 by the company. In both transactions we relied on the exemption from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, set forth in Section 4(a)(2) thereof and Regulation D promulgated thereunder.

 

On July 17, 2017, we closed our initial public offering pursuant to which we issued and sold 1,178,532 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $6.00 per share. The gross proceeds to us from our initial public offering were approximately $7,071,000. The underwriters did not exercise their over-allotment option. The offering commenced on July 12, 2017, and did not terminate until all offered shares were sold.

 

All of the shares of common stock issued and sold in our initial public offering were registered under the Securities Act pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-1 (Registration No. 333-217542), which was declared effective by the Commission on July 11, 2017. WallachBeth Capital, LLC and Network 1 Financial Securities, Inc. acted as the co-book running managers of the offering and ViewTrade Securities, Inc. acted as co-manager. We estimate the aggregate net proceeds to us from the public offering were approximately $6,050,000 after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses payable by us of approximately $1,021,000.

 

No offering expenses were paid directly or indirectly to any of our directors or officers (or their associates) or persons owning 10% or more of any class of our equity securities or to any other affiliates.

 

As of September 30, 2018, we estimate that we have used and applied all of the net proceeds of our initial public offering as follows: (i) approximately $1,500,000 for research and development expenses related to our diagnostic tests, (ii) approximately $3,900,000 for general and administrative expenses, including clinical testing, regulatory filings, working capital and general corporate purposes, and (iii) approximately $650,000 for sales and marketing expenses.

 

Other than with respect to officer salaries and director fees paid in the ordinary course, no net offering proceeds were paid directly or indirectly to any of our directors or officers (or their associates), or persons owning 10% or more of any class of our equity securities or to any other affiliates.

 

In our final prospectus filed with the Commission on July 13, 2017 pursuant to Rule 424(b)(4) of the Securities Act, we disclosed our expected net proceeds from the offering based upon various assumptions at that time and indicated the “amounts and timing of our actual expenditures may vary significantly depending on numerous factors, including the status of and results from clinical trials of and acceptance of our full menu of diagnostic tests.” Our actual use of proceeds changed materially from our planned use of proceeds due to various developments in our business, including (i) customer preferences and market acceptance regarding our diagnostic tests and the use and financing of PCR machines, and (ii) the timing and amount of clinical testing and regulatory approvals related to our products.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.

 

  19  
 

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit Index

 

(a) Exhibits

 

Exhibit   Number Description
     
31.1*   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.2*   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1*   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2*   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

* Filed herewith.

 

  20  
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  CO-DIAGNOSTICS, INC.
     
Date: November 14, 2018 By: /s/ Dwight H. Egan
    Dwight H. Egan
  Its:

President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

     
Date: November 14, 2018 By: /s/ Reed L Benson
    Reed L Benson
  Its:

Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial

and Accounting Officer)

 

  21  
 

 

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