8000000001050000000020000000021000000000.0274false--12-31Q1202000007236120.010.012500000002500000001370000001370000000.0342175 basis points200 basis points0.057500.05250.0550.041250.0450.0475000.063754000000042000000240000007000000000060000004000000300000060000000.010.01100000001000000000006100000061000000 0000723612 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 2020-04-29 0000723612 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 2020-03-31 0000723612 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 2018-12-31 0000723612 2018-01-01 2018-03-31 0000723612 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 car:AsiaandAustralasiaMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:EMEAMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 srt:AmericasMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:EMEAMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:AsiaandAustralasiaMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 srt:AmericasMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 car:BudgetMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:OtherBrandsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 car:AvisMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:AvisMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 car:BudgetMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 car:OtherBrandsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AccountsPayableAndAccruedLiabilitiesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:PropertyleasesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:PropertyleasesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 car:PropertyleasesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:PropertyleasesMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 srt:AmericasMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:BrazilRestructuringMember srt:AmericasMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:BrazilRestructuringMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember car:T19RestructuringMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember car:BrazilRestructuringMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:A2020OptimizationMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 srt:AmericasMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:FacilityClosingMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:BrazilRestructuringMember car:InternationalMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:T19RestructuringMember car:InternationalMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember car:BrazilRestructuringMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:T19RestructuringMember srt:AmericasMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:InternationalMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember car:A2020OptimizationMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:A2020OptimizationMember car:InternationalMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:T19RestructuringMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember car:A2020OptimizationMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember car:T19RestructuringMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:InternationalMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:FacilityClosingMember car:BrazilRestructuringMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:FacilityClosingMember car:A2020OptimizationMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:A2020OptimizationMember srt:AmericasMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:FacilityClosingMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:FacilityClosingMember car:T19RestructuringMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:BrazilRestructuringMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:A2020OptimizationMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:MichaelK.TuckerMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:MarkJ.ServodidioMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 car:A2020AvisandBudgetLicenseesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:A2020AvisandBudgetLicenseesMember us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:GoodwillMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:GoodwillMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FloatingRateTermLoanDueFebruaryTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:LoansPayableMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FiveAndOneOverTwoSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:SixAndThreeOverEightSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:SeniorNotesandLoansPayableMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:SixAndThreeOverEightSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FourandOneoverEightEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:FourandOneoverTwoEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FiveAndOneOverFourSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:SeniorNotesandLoansPayableMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FourandOneoverEightEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:SixAndThreeOverEightSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:FourandthreeoverfourEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FourandOneoverTwoEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FiveAndOneOverFourSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FourandOneoverEightEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FourandthreeoverfourEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:FloatingRateTermLoanDueFebruaryTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:LoansPayableMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FiveAndOneOverTwoSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:FloatingRateTermLoanDueFebruaryTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:LoansPayableMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:FiveAndOneOverTwoSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FourandthreeoverfourEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:FiveAndOneOverFourSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:FourandOneoverTwoEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:RevolvingCreditFacilityMaturingTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:LongTermBorrowingsMember car:SixAndThreeOverEightSeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:LongTermBorrowingsMember car:FourandthreeoverfourEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:LongTermBorrowingsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:LongTermBorrowingsMember car:FiveAndOneOverTwoSeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:LongTermBorrowingsMember car:FiveAndOneOverFourSeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:LongTermBorrowingsMember car:FourandOneoverEightEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:LongTermBorrowingsMember car:FourandOneoverTwoEuroDenominatedSeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:RevolvingCreditFacilityMaturingTwoThousandTwentyOneMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:InternationalCapitalLeasesDomain 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:DebtDueToRentalCarFundingMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:InternationalCapitalLeasesDomain 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:DebtDueToRentalCarFundingMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:DebtUnderVehicleProgramsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:OtherDebtUnderVehicleProgramMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:AmericasDebtBorrowingsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:InternationalDebtBorrowingsDomain 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:AmericasDebtBorrowingsMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:OtherDebtUnderVehicleProgramMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:DebtUnderVehicleProgramsMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 car:InternationalDebtBorrowingsDomain 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OtherDebtSecuritiesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:VehicleProgramsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:AvisBudgetRentalCarFundingProgramMarch2022Member 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:RealogyCorporationMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:WyndhamWorldwideCorporationMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 car:CorporateInterestExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CommodityContractMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CommodityContractMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:PurchaseMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:InterestExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:InterestExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OperatingExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 srt:SubsidiariesMember car:InterestRateCapsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:OperatingExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 car:SoldMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:InterestRateContractMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CommodityContractMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:InterestRateContractMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2019-12-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CommodityContractMember us-gaap:NondesignatedMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CurrencySwapMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CommodityContractMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:InterestRateCapsMember 2020-03-31 0000723612 car:InternationalMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 srt:AmericasMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000723612 car:InternationalMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 srt:AmericasMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0000723612 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-04-01 0000723612 car:FiveAndOneOverTwoSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-04-01 0000723612 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-04-01 2020-04-30 iso4217:USD xbrli:pure iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:shares car:Employee utreg:gal

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 Form
10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _____ to _____

Commission File No. 001-10308
 
Avis Budget Group, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
 
Delaware
 
 
 
 
 
06-0918165
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
 
 
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
6 Sylvan Way
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Parsippany,
NJ
 
 
 
 
 
07054
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
 
 
 
(Zip Code)
 
 
 
 
 
(973)
496-4700
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer
Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated Filer
Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
 
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes      No  

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, Par Value $0.01
CAR
The NASDAQ Global Select Market
Common Stock Purchase Rights
N/A
The NASDAQ Global Select Market

The number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s common stock was 69,555,822 shares as of April 29, 2020.
 



Table of Contents
 
 
Page
PART I
 
Item 1.
 
 
4
 
5
 
6
 
 
9
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
 



FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may be considered “forward-looking statements” as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The forward-looking statements contained herein are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by any such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include information concerning our future financial performance, business strategy, projected plans and objectives. These statements may be identified by the fact that they do not relate to historical or current facts and may use words such as “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “would,” “intends,” “projects,” “estimates,” “plans,” and similar words, expressions or phrases. The following important factors and assumptions could affect our future results and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements. Additionally, many of these risks and uncertainties are currently amplified by and will continue to be amplified by, or in the future may be amplified by, the Coronavirus (“COVID-19”) outbreak, and the restrictions that have been placed on travel in many countries as a result of the outbreak and the adverse impact on the global economy from the outbreak. These factors include, but are not limited to:

the COVID-19 outbreak, which had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our operations, including an unprecedented decline in demand, as well as its current, and uncertain future impact, including, but not limited to, its effect on the ability or desire of people to travel due to travel restrictions, and stay-at-home and other orders, which is expected to continue to impact our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, growth, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price;

a change in our fleet costs, including as a result of a change in the cost of new vehicles, manufacturer recalls, disruption in the supply of new vehicles, and/or a change in the price at which we dispose of used vehicles either in the used vehicle market or under repurchase or guaranteed depreciation programs;

our ability to realize our estimated cost savings on a timely basis, or at all, and the amount of cash expenditures made in connection with such cost saving efforts;

the high level of competition in the mobility industry, including from new companies or technology, and the impact such competition may have on pricing and rental volume;

the results of operations or financial condition of the manufacturers of our vehicles, which could impact their ability to perform their payment obligations under our agreements with them, including repurchase and/or guaranteed depreciation arrangements, and/or their willingness or ability to make vehicles available to us or the mobility industry as a whole on commercially reasonable terms or at all particularly when COVID-19 related travel restrictions are lifted and travel demand increases;

the significant decline in travel demand as a result of COVID-19, including the current and any future disruptions in airline passenger traffic;

the absence of an improvement in, or further deterioration of, economic conditions, particularly during our peak season or in key market segments;

an occurrence or threat of terrorism, the current and any future pandemic diseases, natural disasters, military conflict, civil unrest or political instability in the locations in which we operate;

any substantial changes in the cost or supply of fuel, vehicle parts, energy, labor or other resources on which we depend to operate our business including the current and any future impacts as a result of COVID-19;

our ability to continue to successfully implement our business strategies, achieve and maintain cost savings and adapt our business to changes in mobility;

political, economic or commercial instability in the countries in which we operate, and our ability to conform to multiple and conflicting laws or regulations in those countries;


1


our dependence on third-party distribution channels, third-party suppliers of other services and co-marketing arrangements with third parties;

our dependence on the performance and retention of our senior management and key employees;

risks related to completed or future acquisitions or investments that we may pursue, including the incurrence of incremental indebtedness to help fund such transactions and our ability to promptly and effectively integrate any acquired businesses or capitalize on joint ventures, partnerships and other investments;

our ability to utilize derivative instruments, and the impact of derivative instruments we utilize, which can be affected by fluctuations in interest rates, gasoline prices and exchange rates, changes in government regulations and other factors;

our exposure to uninsured or unpaid claims in excess of historical levels;

risks associated with litigation, governmental or regulatory inquiries, or any failure or inability to comply with laws, regulations or contractual obligations or any changes in laws, regulations or contractual obligations, including with respect to personally identifiable information and consumer privacy, labor and employment, and tax;

risks related to protecting the integrity of, and preventing unauthorized access to, our information technology systems or those of our third-party vendors, and protecting the confidential information of our employees and customers against security breaches, including physical or cybersecurity breaches, attacks, or other disruptions, and compliance with privacy and data protection regulation;

any impact on us from the actions of our licensees, dealers, third-party vendors and independent contractors;

any major disruptions in our communication networks or information systems;

risks related to tax obligations and the effect of future changes in tax laws and accounting standards;

risks related to our indebtedness, including our substantial outstanding debt obligations, potential interest rate increases, recent and potential further downgrades by rating agencies and our ability to incur substantially more debt;

our ability to obtain financing for our global operations, including the funding of our vehicle fleet through the issuance of asset-backed securities and use of the global lending markets;

our ability to meet the financial and other covenants contained in the agreements governing our indebtedness, or to obtain a waiver or amendment of such covenants should we be unable to meet such covenants;

our ability to accurately estimate our future results;

the further deterioration in general economic conditions due to COVID-19, which could be an indicator that our goodwill or other intangible assets are impaired and could result in a future impairment charge to earnings;

risks related to actions by activist stockholders and responses from our Board of Directors and senior management; and

other business, economic, competitive, governmental, regulatory, political or technological factors affecting our operations, pricing or services.

We operate in a continuously changing business environment and new risk factors emerge from time to time. New risk factors, factors beyond our control, or changes in the impact of identified risk factors may cause actual results

2


to differ materially from those set forth in any forward-looking statements. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. Moreover, we do not assume responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of those statements. Other factors and assumptions not identified above, including those discussed herein, including but not limited to, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” in Item 2 and “Risk Factors” in Item 1A and in similarly titled sections set forth in Item 7 and in Item 1A and in other portions of our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 20, 2020 (the “2019 Form 10-K”), may contain forward- looking statements and involve uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements. Such statements are based upon assumptions and known risks and uncertainties.

Although we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, any or all of our forward-looking statements may prove to be inaccurate and we can make no guarantees about our future performance. Should unknown risks or uncertainties materialize or underlying assumptions prove inaccurate, actual results could differ materially from past results and/or those anticipated, estimated or projected. We undertake no obligation to release any revisions to any forward-looking statements, to report events or to report the occurrence of unanticipated events. For any forward-looking statements contained in any document, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.


3


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements
Avis Budget Group, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
Revenues
$
1,753

 
$
1,920

 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses
 
 
 
 
Operating
1,058

 
1,071

 
Vehicle depreciation and lease charges, net
459

 
485

 
Selling, general and administrative
251

 
284

 
Vehicle interest, net
83

 
81

 
Non-vehicle related depreciation and amortization
69

 
67

 
Interest expense related to corporate debt, net:
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
48

 
42

 
Early extinguishment of debt
4

 

 
Restructuring and other related charges
44

 
21

 
Transaction-related costs, net
2

 
5

Total expenses
2,018

 
2,056

 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss before income taxes
(265
)
 
(136
)
Benefit from income taxes
(107
)
 
(45
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(158
)

$
(91
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive loss
$
(257
)
 
$
(96
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(2.16
)
 
$
(1.20
)
 
Diluted
$
(2.16
)
 
$
(1.20
)
See Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements (Unaudited).

4


Avis Budget Group, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions, except par value)
(Unaudited)
 
 
March 31, 
2020
 
December 31, 2019
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
679

 
$
686

 
Receivables, net
712

 
911

 
Other current assets
536

 
548

Total current assets
1,927

 
2,145

 
 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, net
767

 
792

Operating lease right-of-use assets
2,686

 
2,596

Deferred income taxes
1,797

 
1,662

Goodwill
1,069

 
1,101

Other intangibles, net
794

 
798

Other non-current assets
212

 
217

Total assets exclusive of assets under vehicle programs
9,252

 
9,311

 
 
 
 
 
Assets under vehicle programs:
 
 
 
 
Program cash
39

 
211

 
Vehicles, net
12,815

 
12,177

 
Receivables from vehicle manufacturers and other
661

 
778

 
Investment in Avis Budget Rental Car Funding (AESOP) LLC—related party
785

 
649

 
 
14,300

 
13,815

Total assets
$
23,552

 
$
23,126

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable and other current liabilities
$
2,145

 
$
2,206

 
Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
118

 
19

Total current liabilities
2,263

 
2,225

 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
3,396

 
3,416

Long-term operating lease liabilities
2,198

 
2,140

Other non-current liabilities
746

 
757

Total liabilities exclusive of liabilities under vehicle programs
8,603

 
8,538

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities under vehicle programs:
 
 
 
 
Debt
2,648

 
3,132

 
Debt due to Avis Budget Rental Car Funding (AESOP) LLC—related party
9,350

 
7,936

 
Deferred income taxes
2,204

 
2,189

 
Other
455

 
675

 
 
14,657

 
13,932

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

 

 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value—authorized 10 shares; none issued and outstanding, respectively

 

 
Common stock, $0.01 par value—authorized 250 shares; issued 137 shares, respectively
1

 
1

 
Additional paid-in capital
6,677

 
6,741

 
Accumulated deficit
(944
)
 
(785
)
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(256
)
 
(157
)
 
Treasury stock, at cost—68 and 63 shares, respectively
(5,186
)
 
(5,144
)
Total stockholders’ equity
292

 
656

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
23,552

 
$
23,126

See Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements (Unaudited).

5


Avis Budget Group, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited) 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
Operating activities
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(158
)
 
$
(91
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Vehicle depreciation
414

 
436

 
Amortization of right-of-use assets
231

 
215

 
(Gain) loss on sale of vehicles, net
(11
)
 
(8
)
 
Non-vehicle related depreciation and amortization
69

 
67

 
Stock-based compensation
(2
)
 
5

 
Amortization of debt financing fees
8

 
8

 
Early extinguishment of debt costs
4

 

 
Net change in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Receivables
163

 
2

 
 
Income taxes and deferred income taxes
(112
)
 
(51
)
 
 
Accounts payable and other current liabilities
(96
)
 
97

 
Operating lease liabilities
(230
)
 
(216
)
 
Other, net
90

 
(24
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
370

 
440

 
 
 
 
 
 
Investing activities
 
 
 
Property and equipment additions
(43
)
 
(57
)
Proceeds received on asset sales
2

 
2

Net assets acquired (net of cash acquired)
(51
)
 
(5
)
Other, net

 
(3
)
Net cash used in investing activities exclusive of vehicle programs
(92
)
 
(63
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vehicle programs:
 
 
 
 
Investment in vehicles
(3,751
)
 
(4,376
)
 
Proceeds received on disposition of vehicles
2,497

 
3,083

 
Investment in debt securities of Avis Budget Rental Car Funding (AESOP) LLC—related party
(175
)
 
(78
)
 
Proceeds from debt securities of Avis Budget Rental Car Funding (AESOP) LLC—related party
39

 

 
 
(1,390
)
 
(1,371
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(1,482
)
 
(1,434
)


6


Avis Budget Group, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Financing activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
184

 

Payments on long-term borrowings
(92
)
 
(5
)
Issuance of common stock
15

 

Repurchases of common stock
(118
)
 
(4
)
Debt financing fees
(3
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities exclusive of vehicle programs
(14
)
 
(9
)
 
 
 
 
 
Vehicle programs:
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from borrowings
5,461

 
5,989

 
Payments on borrowings
(4,479
)
 
(5,038
)
 
Debt financing fees
(6
)
 
(5
)
 
 
976

 
946

Net cash provided by financing activities
962

 
937

 
 
 
 
 
Effect of changes in exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash
(29
)
 
(2
)
 
 
 
 
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash
(179
)
 
(59
)
Cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash, beginning of period
900

 
735

Cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash, end of period
$
721

 
$
676

See Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements (Unaudited).

7


Avis Budget Group, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In millions)
(Unaudited) 

 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Treasury Stock
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance at December 31, 2019
137.1

 
$
1

 
$
6,741

 
$
(785
)
 
$
(157
)
 
(63.2
)
 
$
(5,144
)
 
$
656

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cumulative effect of accounting change

 

 

 
(1
)
 

 

 

 
(1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss

 

 

 
(158
)
 

 

 

 
 
Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(99
)
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(257
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net activity related to restricted stock units

 

 
(79
)
 

 

 
0.3

 
71

 
(8
)
Issuance of common stock

 

 
15

 

 

 
0.4

 

 
15

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

 

 

 
(5.0
)
 
(113
)
 
(113
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at March 31, 2020
137.1

 
$
1

 
$
6,677

 
$
(944
)
 
$
(256
)
 
(67.5
)
 
$
(5,186
)
 
$
292

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
137.1

 
$
1

 
$
6,771

 
$
(1,091
)
 
$
(133
)
 
(61.5
)
 
$
(5,134
)
 
$
414

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cumulative effect of accounting change

 

 

 
4

 
1

 

 

 
5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss

 

 

 
(91
)
 

 

 

 
 
Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(5
)
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(96
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net activity related to restricted stock units

 

 
(29
)
 

 

 
0.3

 
30

 
1

Exercise of stock options

 

 
(5
)
 

 

 
0.1

 
5

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at March 31, 2019
137.1

 
$
1

 
$
6,737

 
$
(1,178
)
 
$
(137
)
 
(61.1
)
 
$
(5,099
)
 
$
324








See Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements (Unaudited).

8


Avis Budget Group, Inc.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Unless otherwise noted, all dollar amounts in tables are in millions, except per share amounts)

1.
Basis of Presentation

Avis Budget Group, Inc. provides mobility solutions to businesses and consumers worldwide. The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements include the accounts and transactions of Avis Budget Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries, as well as entities in which Avis Budget Group, Inc. directly or indirectly has a controlling financial interest (collectively, the “Company”), and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission for interim financial reporting.
The Company operates the following reportable business segments:

Americas—consisting primarily of (i) vehicle rental operations in North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean, (ii) car sharing operations in certain of these markets, and (iii) licensees in the areas in which the Company does not operate directly.

International—consisting primarily of (i) vehicle rental operations in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Australasia, (ii) car sharing operations in certain of these markets, and (iii) licensees in the areas in which the Company does not operate directly.

The operating results of acquired businesses are included in the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements from the dates of acquisition. The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in connection with the Company’s 2019 acquisitions of various licensees has not yet been finalized; however, there have been no significant changes to the preliminary allocation of the purchase price during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

In presenting the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and related disclosures. Estimates, by their nature, are based on judgment and available information. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates. In management’s opinion, the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements contain all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of interim results reported. The results of operations reported for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the entire year or any subsequent interim period. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2019 Form 10-K.

Liquidity and Management’s Plans

The spread of COVID-19 and the recent developments surrounding the global pandemic are having a material negative impact on all aspects of the Company’s business. Significant events affecting travel have historically had an impact on vehicle rental volumes, with the full extent of the impact generally determined by the length of time the event influences travel decisions. The COVID-19 outbreak has had, and the Company believes will continue to have, a significant adverse impact on its operations and vehicle rental volumes, and on its financial results and liquidity, and such negative impact may continue well beyond the containment of the outbreak.

The Company cannot assure its assumptions used to estimate its liquidity requirements will be correct because it has never previously experienced such a decrease in demand, and as a consequence, its ability to be predictive is uncertain. In addition, the magnitude, duration and speed of the global pandemic is uncertain. Therefore, the Company has taken, and plans to take further actions to manage its liquidity, including reducing capital expenditures, operating expenses and the number of vehicles in its fleet. The Company has no meaningful corporate debt maturities until 2023 and do not need to refinance any fleet debt in 2020. We plan to finance the routine 2020 ABS maturities with program cash on hand. As a result, based on current operational assumptions, the Company believes it has adequate liquidity for the balance of 2020 and into 2021.

9



In April 2020, the Company entered into an amendment (the “Amendment”) to its senior credit facilities, consisting of an approximately $1.2 billion term loan maturing in 2027 and a $1.8 billion revolving credit facility maturing in 2023, which remain in place after the Amendment. The Amendment provides for a relief from the quarterly-tested leverage covenant contained in the credit agreement governing the senior credit facilities until the end of a specific relief period, including a holiday from such leverage covenant through June 30, 2021, during which time (i) certain negative covenant exceptions are not available to the Company, (ii) pricing on the senior credit facilities is increased, (iii) the Company must comply with a liquidity covenant and additional reporting requirements and (iv) the Company must meet additional conditions to borrow loans under the revolving credit facility.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The Company’s significant accounting policies are fully described in Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” in the 2019 Form 10-K.

Cash and cash equivalents, Program cash and Restricted cash. The following table provides a detail of cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash reported within the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets to the amounts shown in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows.
 
As of March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Cash and cash equivalents
$
679

 
$
540

Program cash
39

 
131

Restricted cash (a)
3

 
5

Total cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash
$
721

 
$
676

________
(a) 
Included within other current assets.

Vehicle Programs. The Company presents separately the financial data of its vehicle programs. These programs are distinct from the Company’s other activities since the assets under vehicle programs are generally funded through the issuance of debt that is collateralized by such assets. The income generated by these assets is used, in part, to repay the principal and interest associated with the debt. Cash inflows and outflows relating to the acquisition of such assets and the principal debt repayment or financing of such assets are classified as activities of the Company’s vehicle programs. The Company believes it is appropriate to segregate the financial data of its vehicle programs because, ultimately, the source of repayment of such debt is the realization of such assets.

Transaction-related costs, net. Transaction-related costs, net are classified separately in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income. These costs are comprised of expenses related to acquisition-related activities such as due diligence and other advisory costs, expenses related to the integration of the acquiree’s operations with those of the Company, including the implementation of best practices and process improvements, non-cash gains and losses related to re-acquired rights, expenses related to pre-acquisition contingencies and contingent consideration related to acquisitions.

Currency Transactions. The Company records the gain or loss on foreign-currency transactions on certain intercompany loans and the gain or loss on intercompany loan hedges within interest expense related to corporate debt, net. During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded a $5 million loss and $5 million gain, respectively, related to such items.

Divestitures. In 2018, the Company entered into a definitive stock purchase agreement to sell its 50% equity method investment in Anji Car Rental & Leasing Company Limited (“China”), located in China, to Shanghai Automotive Industry Sales Company, Ltd., a 50% owner of China. In 2019, the Company completed the sale for $64 million, net of cross-border withholding taxes and recorded a $44 million gain within operating expenses. China’s operations were reported within the Company’s International segment.

Investments. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had equity method investments with a carrying value of $53 million and $56 million respectively, which are recorded within other non-current assets. Earnings from the Company’s equity method investments are reported within operating expenses.

10


For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded an immaterial amount related to its equity method investments.

Nonmarketable Equity Securities. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had nonmarketable equity securities with a carrying value of $8 million in each period, which are recorded within other non-current assets. During the three months ended March 31, 2019 the Company recorded a $12 million favorable adjustment to the carrying amount of nonmarketable equity securities within operating expense. No adjustments were made to the carrying amounts during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Revenues. Revenues are recognized under “Leases (Topic 842),” with the exception of royalty fee revenue derived from the Company’s licensees and revenue related to the Company’s customer loyalty program, which were approximately $32 million and $30 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated by geography.
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
Americas
 
$
1,257

 
$
1,327

Europe, Middle East and Africa
 
357

 
433

Asia and Australasia
 
139

 
160

Total revenues
 
$
1,753

 
$
1,920



The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated by brand.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Avis
$
985

 
$
1,100

Budget
619

 
651

Other
149

 
169

Total revenues
$
1,753

 
$
1,920

________
Other includes Zipcar and other operating brands.

Adoption of New Accounting Pronouncements

Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software

On January 1, 2020, as the result of a new accounting pronouncement, the Company adopted Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2018-15 “Customer’s Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract,” which provides guidance for determining when the arrangement includes a software license. The amendments align the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal use software license). The amendments in this Update also require the entity to expense the capitalized implementation costs of a hosting arrangement that is a service contract over the term of the hosting arrangement, to present the expense in the same line in its statement of income as the fees associated with the hosting element (service) of the arrangement and classify payments for capitalized implementation costs in its statement of cash flows in the same manner as payments made for fees associated with the hosting element. The entity is also required to present the capitalized implementation costs in its balance sheet in the same line that a prepayment for the fees of the associated hosting arrangement would be presented. The adoption of this accounting pronouncement did not have a material impact on the Company's Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.


11


Fair Value Measurement

On January 1, 2020, as the result of a new accounting pronouncement, the Company adopted ASU 2018-13, “Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement,” which adds, removes, and modifies disclosure requirements related to fair value measurements. The adoption of this accounting pronouncement did not have a material impact on the Company's Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments

On January 1, 2020, as the result of a new accounting pronouncement, the Company adopted ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” and related updates which sets forth a current expected credit loss impairment model for financial assets that replaces the current incurred loss model. This model requires a financial asset (or group of financial assets), including trade receivables, measured at amortized cost to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected with an allowance for credit losses deducted from the amortized cost basis. The allowance for credit losses should reflect management’s current estimate of credit losses that are expected to occur over the remaining life of a financial asset. The adoption of this accounting pronouncement did not have a material impact on the Company's Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

Financial Disclosures About Guarantors and Issuers of Guaranteed Securities and Affiliates Whose Securities Collateralize a Registrant’s Securities

During first quarter 2020, the Company early adopted the Securities Exchange Commission’s, “Financial Disclosures About Guarantors and Issuers of Guaranteed Securities and Affiliates Whose Securities Collateralize a Registrant’s Securities” rules, which simplify the disclosure requirements related to the Company’s registered securities under Rule 3-10 of Regulation S-X. The final rule also allows for the simplified disclosure to be included within Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes

In December 2019, the FASB issued 2019-12, “Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions and improving the application of existing guidance. ASU 2019-12 becomes effective for the Company on January 1, 2021. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting pronouncement on its Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

Compensation—Retirement Benefits—Defined Benefit Plans

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-14, “Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans,” which adds, removes, and clarifies disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. These changes are part of the FASB’s disclosure framework project, which the Board launched in 2014 to improve the effectiveness of disclosures in notes to financial statements. ASU 2018-14 becomes effective for the Company on January 1, 2021. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this accounting pronouncement is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

2.
Leases

The following table presents the Company’s lease revenues disaggregated by geography.

12


 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Americas
$
1,244

 
$
1,319

Europe, Middle East and Africa
342

 
414

Asia and Australasia
135

 
157

Total lease revenues
$
1,721

 
$
1,890



The following table presents the Company’s lease revenues disaggregated by brand.
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Avis
$
968

 
$
1,083

Budget
608

 
640

Other
145

 
167

Total lease revenues
$
1,721

 
$
1,890

________
Other includes Zipcar and other operating brands.

Lessee

The Company has operating and finance leases for rental locations, corporate offices, vehicle rental fleet and equipment. Many of the Company’s operating leases for rental locations contain concession agreements with various airport authorities that allow the Company to conduct its vehicle rental operations on site. In general, concession fees for airport locations are based on a percentage of total commissionable revenue as defined by each airport authority, some of which are subject to minimum annual guaranteed amounts. Concession fees other than minimum annual guaranteed amounts are not included in the measurement of operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities, and are recorded as variable lease expense as incurred. The Company’s operating leases for rental locations often also require the Company to pay or reimburse operating expenses.

The components of lease expense are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Property leases (a)
 
 
 
Operating lease expense
$
185

 
$
177

Variable lease expense
36

 
51

Total property lease expense
$
221

 
$
228

__________
(a) 
Primarily included in operating expense.

Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases is as follows:
 
As of 
March 31, 2020
 
As of 
December 31, 2019
Property leases
 
 
 
Operating lease ROU assets
$
2,686

 
$
2,596

 
 
 
 
Short-term operating lease liabilities (a)
$
512

 
$
479

Long-term operating lease liabilities
2,198

 
2,140

Operating lease liabilities
$
2,710

 
$
2,619

 
 
 
 
Weighted average remaining lease term
9.0 years

 
8.9 years

Weighted average discount rate
4.23
%
 
4.31
%
_________
(a) 
Included in Accounts payable and other current liabilities.


13


Supplemental cash flow information related to leases is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Cash payments for lease liabilities within operating activities:
 
 
 
Property operating leases
$
170

 
$
189

Non-cash activities - increase (decrease) in ROU assets in exchange for lease liabilities:
 
 
 
Property operating leases (a)
296

 
(113
)

_________
(a) 
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities from initial recognition.

3.
Restructuring and Other Related Charges

Restructuring

During first quarter 2020, the Company initiated a global restructuring plan to reduce operating costs, such as headcount and facilities, due to declining reservations and revenue resulting from the COVID-19 outbreak (“2020 Optimization Plan”). During the three months ended March 31, 2020, as part of this process, the Company formally communicated the termination of employment to approximately 585 employees, and as of March 31, 2020, the Company had terminated approximately 450 of these employees. The Company expects further restructuring expense of approximately $15 million related to this initiative to be incurred in 2020.

During third quarter 2019, the Company initiated a restructuring plan to exit its operations in Brazil by closing rental facilities, disposing of assets and terminating personnel (“Brazil”). During the three months ended March 31, 2020, as part of this initiative, the Company formally communicated the termination of employment to approximately 20 employees. The Company expects further restructuring expense of approximately $7 million to be incurred.

During first quarter 2019, the Company initiated a restructuring plan to drive global efficiency by improving processes and consolidating functions, and to create new objectives and strategies for its U.S. truck rental operations by reducing headcount, large vehicles and rental locations (“T19”). This initiative is substantially complete.


14


The following tables summarize the changes to our restructuring-related liabilities and identifies the amounts recorded within the Company’s reporting segments for restructuring charges and corresponding payments and utilizations:
 
 
 
 
Americas
 
International
 
Total
Balance as of January 1, 2020
 
 
$
2

 
$
4

 
$
6

 
Restructuring expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2020 Optimization Plan
 
 
15

 
11

 
26

 
Brazil
 
 
1

 

 
1

 
Restructuring payment/utilization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2020 Optimization Plan
 
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
(3
)
 
Brazil
 
 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 
T19
 
 
(2
)
 
(2
)
 
(4
)
Balance as of March 31, 2020
 
 
$
14

 
$
11

 
$
25

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Personnel
 
Facility
Related
 
Other (a)
 
Total
Balance as of January 1, 2020
$
3

 
$
1

 
$
2

 
$
6

 
Restructuring expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2020 Optimization Plan
24

 
2

 

 
26

 
Brazil
1

 

 

 
1

 
Restructuring payment/utilization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2020 Optimization Plan
(3
)
 

 

 
(3
)
 
Brazil
(1
)
 

 

 
(1
)
 
T19
(4
)
 

 

 
(4
)
Balance as of March 31, 2020
$
20

 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
25


__________
(a) 
Includes expenses primarily related to the disposition of vehicles.

Other Related Charges

Limited Voluntary Opportunity Plan (“LVOP”)

During 2020, the Company offered a voluntary termination program to certain employees in field operations, shared services, and general and administrative functions for a limited time. These employees, if qualified, elected resignation from employment in return for enhanced severance benefits to be settled in cash. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded other related charges of approximately $15 million in connection with the LVOP. As of March 31, 2020, approximately 400 qualified employees elected to participate in the plan and approximately 280 of all participants had been terminated.

Officer Separation Costs

In March 2020, the Company announced the departure of Michael K. Tucker as Executive Vice President, General Counsel effective March 27, 2020. In connection with Mr. Tucker’s separation, the Company recorded other related charges of approximately $2 million.

In March 2019, the Company announced the resignation of Mark J. Servodidio as the Company’s President, International effective June 14, 2019. In connection with Mr. Servodidio’s departure, the Company recorded other related charges of approximately $3 million, inclusive of accelerated stock-based compensation expense.


15


4.
Earnings Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) (shares in millions): 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Net loss for basic and diluted EPS
$
(158
)
 
$
(91
)
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding (a)
72.9

 
75.8

 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share:
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
(2.16
)
 
$
(1.20
)

__________
(a) 
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, 1.3 million and 1.3 million non-vested stock awards, respectively, have an anti-dilutive effect and therefore are excluded from the computation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding.

5.
Acquisitions

Avis and Budget Licensees

During first quarter 2020, the Company completed the acquisitions of various licensees in North America, for approximately $21 million, plus $21 million for acquired fleet. These investments were in-line with the Company’s strategy to re-acquire licensees when advantageous to expand its footprint of Company-operated locations. The acquired fleet was financed under the Company’s existing financing arrangements. In connection with these acquisitions, approximately $21 million was recorded in other intangibles related to license agreements. The license agreements are being amortized over a weighted average useful life of approximately two years. The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed has not yet been finalized and is therefore subject to change.

6.
Other Current Assets

Other current assets consisted of:
 
As of 
March 31, 
2020
 
As of December 31, 2019
Prepaid expenses
$
197

 
$
234

Sales and use taxes
159

 
173

Other
180

 
141

Other current assets
$
536

 
$
548




16


7.
Intangible Assets

Intangible assets consisted of:
 
As of March 31, 2020
 
As of December 31, 2019
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
Amortized Intangible Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
License agreements
$
257

 
$
112

 
$
145

 
$
241

 
$
108

 
$
133

Customer relationships
250

 
169

 
81

 
255

 
165

 
90

Other
50

 
26

 
24

 
50

 
25

 
25

Total
$
557

 
$
307

 
$
250

 
$
546

 
$
298

 
$
248

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unamortized Intangible Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
$
1,069

 
 
 
 
 
$
1,101

 
 
 
 
Trademarks
$
544

 
 
 
 
 
$
550

 
 
 
 


For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, amortization expense related to amortizable intangible assets was approximately $13 million and $17 million, respectively. Based on the Company’s amortizable intangible assets at March 31, 2020, the Company expects amortization expense of approximately $47 million for the remainder of 2020, $53 million for 2021, $32 million for 2022, $24 million for 2023, $21 million for 2024 and $16 million for 2025, excluding effects of currency exchange rates.

8.
Vehicle Rental Activities

The components of vehicles, net within assets under vehicle programs were as follows: 
 
As of
 
As of
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Rental vehicles
$
13,001

 
$
13,461

Less: Accumulated depreciation
(1,429
)
 
(1,621
)
 
11,572

 
11,840

Vehicles held for sale
1,243

 
337

Vehicles, net
$
12,815

 
$
12,177



The components of vehicle depreciation and lease charges, net are summarized below: 
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Depreciation expense
$
414

 
$
436

Lease charges
56

 
57

(Gain) loss on sale of vehicles, net
(11
)
 
(8
)
Vehicle depreciation and lease charges, net
$
459

 
$
485



At March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company had payables related to vehicle purchases included in liabilities under vehicle programs - other of $240 million and $632 million, respectively, and receivables related to vehicle sales included in assets under vehicle programs - receivables from vehicle manufacturers and other of $491 million and $474 million, respectively.

9.
Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were benefits of 40.4% and 33.1%, respectively. Such rates differed from the Federal statutory rate of 21.0% primarily due to foreign taxes on our international operations and state taxes.


17


10.
Accounts Payable and Other Current Liabilities

Accounts payable and other current liabilities consisted of: 
 
As of

As of
 
March 31,

December 31,
 
2020

2019
Short-term operating lease liabilities
$
512

 
$
479

Accounts payable
402

 
378

Accrued sales and use taxes
216

 
223

Public liability and property damage insurance liabilities – current
176

 
178

Accrued advertising and marketing
154

 
191

Accrued payroll and related
121

 
195

Other
564

 
562

Accounts payable and other current liabilities
$
2,145

 
$
2,206



11.
Long-term Corporate Debt and Borrowing Arrangements

Long-term corporate debt and borrowing arrangements consisted of:
 
 
 
As of
 
As of
 
Maturity
Date
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
5½% Senior Notes (a)
April 2023
 
$
200

 
$
200

6⅜% Senior Notes
April 2024
 
350

 
350

4⅛% euro-denominated Senior Notes
November 2024
 
331

 
336

5¼% Senior Notes
March 2025
 
375

 
375

4½% euro-denominated Senior Notes
May 2025
 
276

 
280

4¾% euro-denominated Senior Notes
January 2026
 
386

 
393

5¾% Senior Notes
July 2027
 
400

 
400

Floating Rate Term Loan (b)
August 2027
 
1,207

 
1,112

Other (c)
 
 
26

 
28

Deferred financing fees
 
 
(37
)
 
(39
)
Total
 
 
3,514

 
3,435

Less: Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
 
 
118

 
19

Long-term debt
 
 
$
3,396

 
$
3,416


__________
(a) 
A portion of these notes have been called for early redemption.
(b) 
The floating rate term loan is part of the Company’s senior revolving credit facility, which is secured by pledges of capital stock of certain subsidiaries of the Company, and liens on substantially all of the Company’s intellectual property and certain other real and personal property. As of March 31, 2020, the floating rate term loan due 2027 bears interest at one-month LIBOR plus 175 basis points, for an aggregate rate of 2.74%. The Company has entered into a swap to hedge $700 million of its interest rate exposure related to the floating rate term loan at an aggregate rate of 3.42%.
(c) 
Primarily includes finance leases which are secured by liens on the related assets.

In February 2020, the Company amended its Floating Rate Term Loan due 2025 to extend its maturity term to 2027 and reduce its interest to one-month LIBOR plus 1.75%. The Company increased the outstanding borrowing principal amount of the Floating Rate Term Loan to $1.2 billion and on April 1, 2020 used the additional loan amount to redeem $100 million of its outstanding 5½% Senior Notes due 2023.

Committed Credit Facilities and Available Funding Arrangements

At March 31, 2020, the committed corporate credit facilities available to the Company and/or its subsidiaries were as follows: 
 
Total
Capacity
 
Outstanding
Borrowings
 
Letters of Credit Issued
 
Available
Capacity
Senior revolving credit facility maturing 2023 (a) 
$
1,800

 
$

 
$
1,210

 
$
590

__________
(a) 
The senior revolving credit facility bears interest at one-month LIBOR plus 200 basis points and is part of the Company’s senior credit facilities, which include the floating rate term loan and the senior revolving credit facility, and which are secured by pledges

18


of capital stock of certain subsidiaries of the Company, liens on substantially all of the Company’s intellectual property and certain other real and personal property.

Debt Covenants

The agreements governing the Company’s indebtedness contain restrictive covenants, including restrictions on dividends paid to the Company by certain of its subsidiaries, the incurrence of additional indebtedness by the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, acquisitions, mergers, liquidations, and sale and leaseback transactions. The Company’s senior credit facilities also contain a consolidated first lien leverage ratio requirement. As of March 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants governing its indebtedness.

12.
Debt Under Vehicle Programs and Borrowing Arrangements

Debt under vehicle programs, including related party debt due to Avis Budget Rental Car Funding (AESOP) LLC (“Avis Budget Rental Car Funding”), consisted of:
 
As of
 
As of
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Americas - Debt due to Avis Budget Rental Car Funding
$
9,392

 
$
7,975

Americas - Debt borrowings
702

 
827

International - Debt borrowings
1,779

 
2,100

International - Finance leases
172

 
215

Other
3

 

Deferred financing fees (a)
(50
)
 
(49
)
Total
$
11,998

 
$
11,068

__________
(a) 
Deferred financing fees related to Debt due to Avis Budget Rental Car Funding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was $42 million and $40 million, respectively.

In January 2020, the Company’s Avis Budget Rental Car Funding subsidiary issued approximately $700 million in asset-backed notes with an expected final payment date of August 2025 incurring interest at a weighted average rate of 2.42%.

Debt Maturities

The following table provides the contractual maturities of the Company’s debt under vehicle programs, including related party debt due to Avis Budget Rental Car Funding, at March 31, 2020.
 
Debt under Vehicle Programs (a)
Within 1 year
$
1,694

Between 1 and 2 years (b)
5,607

Between 2 and 3 years
1,406

Between 3 and 4 years
1,136

Between 4 and 5 years
1,583

Thereafter
622

Total
$
12,048


__________
(a) 
Vehicle-backed debt primarily represents asset-backed securities.
(b) 
Includes $4.8 billion of bank and bank-sponsored facilities.


19


Committed Credit Facilities and Available Funding Arrangements

As of March 31, 2020, available funding under the Company’s vehicle programs, including related party debt due to Avis Budget Rental Car Funding, consisted of:
 
Total
Capacity (a)
 
Outstanding
Borrowings (b)
 
Available
Capacity
Americas - Debt due to Avis Budget Rental Car Funding
$
9,392

 
$
9,392

 
$

Americas - Debt borrowings
909

 
702

 
207

International - Debt borrowings
2,880

 
1,779

 
1,101

International - Finance leases
204

 
172

 
32

Other
3

 
3

 

Total
$
13,388

 
$
12,048

 
$
1,340


__________
(a) 
Capacity is subject to maintaining sufficient assets to collateralize debt.
(b) 
The outstanding debt is collateralized by vehicles and related assets of $10.5 billion for Americas - Debt due to Avis Budget Rental Car Funding; $0.8 billion for Americas - Debt borrowings; $2.1 billion for International - Debt borrowings; and $0.2 billion for International - Finance leases.

Debt Covenants

The agreements under the Company’s vehicle-backed funding programs contain restrictive covenants, including restrictions on dividends paid to the Company by certain of its subsidiaries and restrictions on indebtedness, mergers, liens, liquidations, and sale and leaseback transactions and in some cases also require compliance with certain financial requirements. As of March 31, 2020, the Company is not aware of any instances of non-compliance with any of the financial covenants contained in the debt agreements under its vehicle-backed funding programs.

13.
Commitments and Contingencies

Contingencies

In 2006, the Company completed the spin-offs of its Realogy and Wyndham subsidiaries. The Company does not believe that the impact of any resolution of pre-existing contingent liabilities in connection with the spin-offs should result in a material liability to the Company in relation to its consolidated financial position or liquidity, as Realogy and Wyndham each have agreed to assume responsibility for these liabilities. The Company is also named in litigation that is primarily related to the businesses of its former subsidiaries, including Realogy and Wyndham. The Company is entitled to indemnification from such entities for any liability resulting from such litigation.

In February 2017, following a state court trial in Georgia, a jury found the Company liable for damages in a case brought by a plaintiff who was injured in a vehicle accident allegedly caused by an employee of an independent contractor of the Company who was acting outside of the scope of employment. In fourth quarter 2019, the Company appealed both verdicts resulting in a reversal of the opinions rendered. The plaintiffs filed a petition to have the Georgia Supreme Court review the state appellate court’s reversal of the opinion. The Company has recognized a liability related to these cases, net of recoverable insurance proceeds, of approximately $12 million.

The Company is currently involved, and in the future may be involved, in claims, legal proceedings and governmental inquiries that are incidental to its vehicle rental and car sharing operations, including, among others, contract and licensee disputes, competition matters, employment and wage-and-hour claims, insurance and liability claims, intellectual property claims, business practice disputes and other regulatory, environmental, commercial and tax matters. Litigation is inherently unpredictable and, although the Company believes that its accruals are adequate and/or that it has valid defenses in these matters, unfavorable resolutions could occur. The Company estimates that the potential exposure resulting from adverse outcomes of current legal proceedings in which it is reasonably possible that a loss may be incurred could, in the aggregate, be up to approximately $40 million in excess of amounts accrued as of March 31, 2020. The Company does not believe that the impact should result in a material liability to the

20


Company in relation to its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

Commitments to Purchase Vehicles

The Company maintains agreements with vehicle manufacturers under which the Company has agreed to purchase approximately $2.7 billion of vehicles from manufacturers over the next 12 months, a $5.1 billion decrease compared to December 31, 2019, financed primarily through the issuance of vehicle-backed debt and cash received upon the disposition of vehicles. Certain of these commitments are subject to the vehicle manufacturers satisfying their obligations under their respective repurchase and guaranteed depreciation agreements.

Concentrations

Concentrations of credit risk at March 31, 2020 include (i) risks related to the Company’s repurchase and guaranteed depreciation agreements with domestic and foreign car manufacturers, primarily with respect to receivables for program cars that have been disposed but for which the Company has not yet received payment from the manufacturers and (ii) risks related to Realogy and Wyndham, including receivables of $24 million and $15 million, respectively, related to certain contingent, income tax and other corporate liabilities assumed by Realogy and Wyndham in connection with their disposition.

14.
Stockholders’ Equity

Share Repurchases

The Company’s Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of up to $1.8 billion of its common stock under a plan originally approved in 2013 and subsequently expanded, most recently in August 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company repurchased approximately 5.0 million shares of common stock at a cost of approximately $113 million at an average price of $22.49 under the program. As of March 31, 2020, approximately $76 million of authorization remains available to repurchase common stock under this plan.

Share Issuances

On February 10, 2020, the Company announced it had appointed a new Chairman of the Board of Directors and in connection with this appointment, the new Chairman purchased an aggregate $15 million of unregistered shares of the Company’s common stock at a price per share equal to the closing price of the Company’s common stock on February 7, 2020.

Total Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Comprehensive income (loss) consists of net income (loss) and other gains and losses affecting stockholders’ equity that, under GAAP, are excluded from net income (loss).

The components of other comprehensive income (loss) were as follows: 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Net loss
$
(158
)
 
$
(91
)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments (net of tax of $(4), and $(6) respectively)
(83
)
 
1

 
Net unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges (net of tax of $6 and $3 respectively)
(18
)
 
(8
)
 
Minimum pension liability adjustment (net of tax of $0 and $0, respectively)
2

 
2

 
 
(99
)
 
(5
)
Comprehensive loss
$
(257
)
 
$
(96
)
__________

21


Currency translation adjustments exclude income taxes related to indefinite investments in foreign subsidiaries.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) were as follows: 
 
 
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
 
Net Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
on Cash Flow
Hedges(a)
 
Minimum
Pension
Liability
Adjustment(b)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Balance, January 1, 2020
$
9

 
$
(20
)
 
$
(146
)
 
$
(157
)
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(83
)
 
(18
)
 
1

 
(100
)
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 
1

 
1

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
(83
)
 
(18
)
 
2

 
(99
)
Balance, March 31, 2020
$
(74
)
 
$
(38
)
 
$
(144
)
 
$
(256
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2018
$
(3
)
 
$
2

 
$
(132
)
 
$
(133
)
 
Cumulative effect of accounting change

 
1

 

 
1

Balance, January 1, 2019
$
(3
)
 
$
3

 
$
(132
)
 
$
(132
)
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
1

 
(7
)
 
1

 
(5
)
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
(1
)
 
1

 

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
1

 
(8
)
 
2

 
(5
)
Balance, March 31, 2019
$
(2
)
 
$
(5
)
 
$
(130
)
 
$
(137
)
__________
All components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are net of tax, except currency translation adjustments, which exclude income taxes related to indefinite investments in foreign subsidiaries and include a $92 million gain, net of tax, as of March 31, 2020 related to the Company’s hedge of its net investment in euro-denominated foreign operations (see Note 16–Financial Instruments).
(a) 
For the three months ended March 31,2019, the amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into corporate interest expense was $2 million ($1 million, net of tax).
(b) 
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into selling, general and administrative expenses were $2 million ($1 million, net of tax) and $2 million ($1 million, net of tax), respectively.

15.
Stock-Based Compensation

The Company recorded stock-based compensation of $(2) million net, due to reversal of expenses recorded in previous quarters, and $5 million expense ($(1) million and $4 million, net of tax) during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


22


The activity related to restricted stock units (“RSUs”) consisted of (in thousands of shares):
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term (years)
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value (in millions)
Time-based RSUs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2020
847

 
$
36.99

 
 
 
 
 
 
Granted (a)
568

 
21.67

 
 
 
 
 
 
Vested (b)
(376
)
 
38.29

 
 
 
 
 
 
Forfeited
(34
)
 
38.91

 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding and expected to vest at March 31, 2020 (c)
1,005

 
$
27.78

 
1.6
 
$
14

Performance-based RSUs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2020
1,061

 
$
38.89

 
 
 
 
 
 
Granted (a)
515

 
21.09

 
 
 
 
 
 
Vested (b)
(73
)
 
36.64

 
 
 
 
 
 
Forfeited
(380
)
 
35.54

 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2020
1,123

 
$
32.01

 
2.2
 
$
16

 
Outstanding and expected to vest at March 31, 2020 (c)
257

 
$
21.09

 
2.9
 
$
4

__________
(a) 
Reflects the maximum number of stock units assuming achievement of all performance- and time-vesting criteria and does not include those for non-employee directors. The weighted-average fair value of time-based RSUs and performance-based RSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $34.82.
(b) 
The total fair value of RSUs vested during March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $17 million and $12 million, respectively.
(c) 
Aggregate unrecognized compensation expense related to time-based RSUs and performance-based RSUs amounted to $32 million and will be recognized over a weighted average vesting period of 1.9 years.

16.
Financial Instruments

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
Currency Risk. The Company uses currency exchange contracts to manage its exposure to changes in currency exchange rates associated with certain of its non-U.S.-dollar denominated receivables and forecasted royalties, forecasted earnings of non-U.S. subsidiaries and forecasted non-U.S.-dollar denominated acquisitions. The Company primarily hedges a portion of its current-year currency exposure to the Australian, Canadian and New Zealand dollars, the euro and the British pound sterling. The majority of forward contracts do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment. The fluctuations in the value of these forward contracts do, however, largely offset the impact of changes in the value of the underlying risk they economically hedge. Forward contracts used to hedge forecasted third-party receipts and disbursements up to 12 months are designated and do qualify as cash flow hedges. The Company has designated its euro-denominated notes as a hedge of its investment in euro-denominated foreign operations.
The estimated net amount of existing gains or losses the Company expects to reclassify from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to earnings for cash flow and net investment hedges over the next 12 months is not material.

Interest Rate Risk. The Company uses various hedging strategies including interest rate swaps and interest rate caps to create what it deems an appropriate mix of fixed and floating rate assets and liabilities. The Company uses interest rate swaps and interest rate caps to manage the risk related to its floating rate corporate debt and its floating rate vehicle-backed debt. The Company records the changes in the fair value of its cash flow hedges to other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, and subsequently reclassifies these amounts into earnings in the period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings and is presented in the same income statement line item as the earnings effect of the hedged item. The Company records the gains or losses related to freestanding derivatives, which are not designated as a hedge for accounting purposes, currently in earnings and are presented in the same line of the income statement expected for the hedged item. The Company estimates that approximately $14 million of losses currently recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) will be recognized in earnings over the next 12 months.


23


Commodity Risk. The Company periodically enters into derivative commodity contracts to manage its exposure to changes in the price of gasoline. These instruments were designated as freestanding derivatives and the changes in fair value are recorded in earnings and are presented in the same line of the income statement expected for the hedged item.

The Company held derivative instruments with absolute notional values as follows:
 
As of March 31, 2020
Foreign exchange contracts
$
1,685

Interest rate caps (a)
8,192

Interest rate swaps
2,250

 
 
Commodity contracts (millions of gallons of unleaded gasoline)
15

__________
(a) 
Represents $5.6 billion of interest rate caps sold, partially offset by approximately $2.6 billion of interest rate caps purchased. These amounts exclude $3.0 billion of interest rate caps purchased by the Company’s Avis Budget Rental Car Funding subsidiary as it is not consolidated by the Company.

Estimated fair values (Level 2) of derivative instruments were as follows: 
 
 
As of March 31, 2020
 
As of December 31, 2019
 
 
Fair Value,
Derivative
Assets
 
Fair Value,
Derivative
Liabilities
 
Fair Value,
Derivative
Assets
 
Fair Value,
Derivative
Liabilities
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps (a)
$

 
$
51

 
$

 
$
27

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts (b)
22

 
31

 
5

 
10

 
Interest rate caps (c)

 
3

 

 
1

 
Commodity contracts (b)

 
7

 

 

 
Total
$
22

 
$
92

 
$
5

 
$
38

__________
Amounts in this table exclude derivatives issued by Avis Budget Rental Car Funding, as it is not consolidated by the Company; however, certain amounts related to the derivatives held by Avis Budget Rental Car Funding are included within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), as discussed in Note 14–Stockholders’ Equity.
(a) 
Included in other non-current assets or other non-current liabilities.
(b) 
Included in other current assets or other current liabilities.
(c) 
Included in assets under vehicle programs or liabilities under vehicle programs.

The effects of derivatives recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
 
2020

2019
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments (a)
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps (b)
$
(18
)
 
$
(8
)
 
Euro-denominated notes (c)
11

 
16

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (d)
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts (e)
27

 
1

 
Commodity contracts (f)
(7
)
 
3

 
Total
$
13

 
$
12

__________
(a) 
Recognized, net of tax, as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) within stockholders’ equity.
(b) 
Classified as a net unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Refer to Note 14–Stockholders’ Equity for amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings.

24


(c) 
Classified as a net investment hedge within currency translation adjustment in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).
(d) 
Gains (losses) related to derivative instruments are expected to be largely offset by (losses) gains on the underlying exposures being hedged.
(e) 
For the three months ended March 31, 2020, included a $28 million gain in interest expense and a $1 million loss in operating expense. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, included $4 million loss in interest expense and a $5 million gain in operating expense.
(f) 
Included in operating expense.

Debt Instruments

The carrying amounts and estimated fair values (Level 2) of debt instruments were as follows: 
 
 
As of March 31, 2020
 
As of December 31, 2019
 
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Estimated
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount