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Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

xQuarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021.

 

or

 

¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from __________ to __________

 

Commission file number: 001-37850

 

ATOMERA INCORPORATED

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

30-0509586

(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification No.)

 

750 University Avenue, Suite 280

Los Gatos, California 95032

(Address, including zip code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

(408) 442-5248

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock: Par value $0.001 ATOM Nasdaq Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated Filer ¨
Non-accelerated Filer x Smaller reporting company x
Emerging Growth Company x  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. x

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act: Yes ¨ No x

 

The number of outstanding shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock, par value $.001 per share, as of July 30, 2021 was 23,096,018.

 

 

     

 

Atomera Incorporated

 

Index

 

    Page
PART I. Financial Information  
     
Item 1. Financial Statements 3
     
  Condensed Balance Sheets – June 30, 2021 (unaudited) and December 31, 2020 3
     
  Unaudited Condensed Statements of Operations - For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 4
     
  Unaudited Condensed Statements of Stockholders’ Equity - For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 5
     
  Unaudited Condensed Statements of Cash Flows - For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 6
     
  Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements 7
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 13
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 16
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 17
     
PART II. Other Information  
   
Item 1A. Risk Factors 18
     
Item 6. Exhibits 18
     
Signatures 19

 

 

  2  

 

 

PART I. Financial Information

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

Atomera Incorporated

Condensed Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

             
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2021     2020  
    (Unaudited)        
ASSETS                
                 
Current assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 34,341     $ 37,942  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     659       132  
Total current assets     35,000       38,074  
                 
Property and equipment, net     206       153  
Operating lease right-of-use asset     998       705  
Long-term prepaid rent     450       450  
Security deposit     14       13  
                 
Total assets   $ 36,668     $ 39,395  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
                 
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable   $ 411     $ 442  
Accrued expenses     184       211  
Accrued payroll related expenses     322       705  
Current operating lease liability     213       90  
Total current liabilities     1,130       1,448  
                 
Long term operating lease liability     849       602  
                 
Total liabilities     1,979       2,050  
                 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 10)                
                 
Stockholders’ equity:                
Preferred stock $0.001 par value, authorized 2,500 shares; none issued and outstanding at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020            
Common stock: $0.001 par value, authorized 47,500 shares; 23,104 and 22,375 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively;     23       22  
Additional paid-in capital     192,152       187,463  
Accumulated deficit     (157,486 )     (150,140 )
Total stockholders’ equity     34,689       37,345  
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 36,668     $ 39,395  

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

 

  3  

 

 

Atomera Incorporated

Condensed Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

                         
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Revenue   $     $     $ 400     $ 62  
Cost of revenue                       (13 )
Gross margin   $     $     $ 400     $ 49  
                                 
Operating expenses                                
Research and development     2,069       2,086       4,298       4,148  
General and administrative     1,506       1,480       3,019       2,925  
Selling and marketing     137       215       403       440  
Total operating expenses     3,712       3,781       7,720       7,513  
                                 
Loss from operations     (3,712 )     (3,781 )     (7,320 )     (7,464 )
                                 
Other income                                
Interest income     3       2       5       40  
Total other income     3       2       5       40  
                                 
Net loss before income taxes     (3,709 )     (3,779 )     (7,315 )     (7,424 )
Provision for income taxes     17             31        
                                 
Net loss   $ (3,726 )     (3,779 )   $ (7,346 )     (7,424 )
Net loss per common share, basic and diluted   $ (0.17 )     (0.21 )   $ (0.33 )     (0.43 )
                                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic and diluted     22,492       17,975       22,292       17,367  

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

 

  4  

 

 

Atomera Incorporated

Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

(Unaudited)

(in thousands) 

 

                               
    Common Stock     Additional
Paid-in
    Accumulated     Total
Stockholders’
 
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Equity  
Balance January 1, 2021     22,375     $ 22     $ 187,463     $ (150,140 )   $ 37,345  
Stock-based compensation     71             731             731  
At-the-market sale of stock, net of commissions and expenses     14             243             243  
Stock option exercise     398       1       2,514             2,515  
Warrant Exercise     223                          
Forfeited restricted stock awards     (54 )                        
Net loss                       (3,620 )     (3,620 )
Balance March 31, 2021     23,027     $ 23     $ 190,951     $ (153,760 )   $ 37,214  
Stock-based compensation     18             847             847  
Stock option exercise     59             354             354  
Net loss                             (3,726 )     (3,726 )
Balance at June 30, 2021     23,104     $ 23     $ 192,152     $ (157,486 )   $ 34,689  

 

  

                               
    Common Stock     Additional
Paid-in
    Accumulated     Total Stockholders’  
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Equity  
Balance January 1, 2020     17,117     $ 17     $ 149,017     $ (135,262 )   $ 13,772  
Stock-based compensation     420       1       628             629  
Warrant exercise     189             164             164  
Warrant modification                 139             139  
Net loss                       (3,645 )     (3,645 )
Balance March 31, 2020     17,726       18       149,948       (138,907 )     11,059  
Underwritten public offering of common stock, net of commissions and expenses     2,024       2       9,393             9,395  
Stock option exercise     33             137             137  
Stock-based compensation                 766             766  
Net loss                       (3,779 )     (3,779 )
Balance June 30, 2020     19,783     $ 20     $ 160,244     $ (142,686 )   $ 17,578  

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

 

  5  

 

 

Atomera Incorporated

Condensed Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(in thousands)

 

             
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
    2021     2020  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES                
Net Loss   $ (7,346 )   $ (7,424 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Depreciation and amortization     26       21  
Right of use asset amortization     88       72  
Stock-based compensation     1,578       1,395  
Warrant modification expense           139  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     (527 )     (123 )
Long-term prepaid rent           (450 )
Accounts payable     (31 )     271  
Accrued expenses     (27 )     33  
Accrued payroll expenses     (383 )     (414 )
Lease liability     (12 )     (74 )
Deferred revenue           (37 )
Net cash used in operating activities     (6,634 )     (6,591 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES                
Acquisition of property and equipment     (79 )     (11 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (79 )     (11 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES                
Proceeds from underwritten public offering, net of commission and expenses           9,395  
Proceeds from at-the-market sale of stock, net of commissions and expenses     243        
Proceeds from exercise of warrants           164  
Proceeds from exercise of stock options     2,869       137  
Net cash provided by financing activities     3,112       9,696  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents     (3,601 )     3,094  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     37,942       14,871  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 34,341     $ 17,968  
                 
Supplemental information:                
Cash paid for interest   $     $  
Cash paid for taxes   $ 66     $  
                 
Non-cash investing and financing activities                
Exercise of warrants-cashless   $     $  

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

 

  6  

 

 

ATOMERA INCORPORATED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

1. NATURE OF OPERATIONS

 

Atomera Incorporated (“Atomera” or the “Company”) was incorporated in the state of Delaware in March 2007 under the name MEARS Technologies, Inc. and is engaged in the development, commercialization and licensing of proprietary processes and technologies for the semiconductor industry. On January 12, 2016, the Company changed its name to Atomera Incorporated.

 

Atomera is an early-stage company, having only recently begun limited revenue-generating activities, and is devoting substantially all of its efforts toward technology research and development and to commercially licensing its technology to manufacturers and designers of integrated circuits. The Company has primarily financed operations through private placements of equity and debt securities, the Company’s Initial Public Offering (the “IPO”) which was consummated on August 10, 2016, and subsequent public offerings of its common stock.

 

2. LIQUIDITY AND MANAGEMENT PLANS

 

At June 30, 2021, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $34.3 million and working capital of approximately $33.9 million. The Company has generated only limited revenues since inception and has incurred recurring operating losses.

 

The Company’s operating plans for the next 12 months include increased spending on research and development headcount, outsourced fabrication and testing, and sales and marketing expenses to drive customer adoption of the Company’s MST technology. Based on the funds it has available as of the date of the filing of this report, the Company believes that it has sufficient capital to fund its current business plans and obligations over, at least, 12 months from the date that these financial statements have been issued. However, as the Company has generated only limited revenue, it is subject to all the risks inherent in the initial organization, financing, expenditures, complications and delays in a new business. Accordingly, the Company may require additional capital, the receipt of which cannot be assured. In the event the Company requires additional capital, there can be no guarantee that funds will be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. The Company’s future capital requirements and the adequacy of its available funds will depend on many factors, including the Company’s ability to successfully commercialize its technology, competing technological and market developments, and the need to enter into collaborations with other companies or acquire technologies to enhance or complement its current offerings. If the Company is unable to secure additional capital, it may be required to curtail its research and development initiatives and take additional measures to reduce costs in order to conserve its cash.

 

3. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Significant accounting policies

 

There have been no material changes in the Company’s significant accounting policies to those previously disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 19, 2021.

 

Basis of presentation of unaudited condensed financial information

 

The unaudited condensed financial statements of the Company for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. However, such information reflects all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s financial position and its results of operations. Results shown for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be obtained for a full fiscal year. The balance sheet information as of December 31, 2020, was derived from the audited financial statements included in the Company's financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 19, 2021. These unaudited condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with that report.

 

 

  7  

 

 

Adoption of recent accounting standards

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Simplifying Accounting for Income Taxes. This is part of the FASB’s overall initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards. Amendments include removal of certain exceptions to the general principles of Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) 740, Income taxes, and simplification in several other areas such as accounting for a franchise tax (or similar tax) that is partially based on income. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2021 and it did not have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or financial statement disclosure.

 

Recent accounting standards

 

In August 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-06, Debt with Conversion and other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40). The new guidance eliminates the beneficial conversion and cash conversion accounting models for convertible instruments. It also amends the accounting for certain contracts in an entity’s own equity that are currently accounted for as derivatives because of specific settlement provisions. In addition, the new guidance modifies how particular convertible instruments and certain contracts that may be settled in cash or shares impact the diluted EPS computation. This guidance is effective as of January 1, 2022 (Early adoption is permitted effective January 1, 2021). The Company is currently evaluating the effect the updated standard will have on its financial position, results of operations or financial statement disclosure.

  

4. REVENUE

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606. The amount of revenue that the Company recognizes reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for goods or services and such revenue is recognized at the time when goods or services are transferred and/or delivered to its customers. Revenue is recognized when the Company satisfies a performance obligation by transferring the product or service to the customer. The Company generates revenues from engineering service contracts, integration license agreements and joint development agreements. When the Company’s performance obligation is the promise to grant a license, revenue is recognized either at a point in time or over time.

 

The following table provides information about disaggregated revenue by primary geographical markets and timing of revenue recognition (in thousands): 

                               
    Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,  
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Primary geographic markets                                
North America   $     $     $     $ 62  
Asia Pacific                 400        
Total   $     $     $ 400     $ 62  
                                 
Timing of revenue recognition                                
Products and services transferred at a point in time   $     $     $ 400     $ 62  
Products and services transferred over time                        
Total   $     $     $ 400     $ 62  

 

Unbilled contracts receivable and deferred revenue:

 

Timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of invoicing customers. Accounts receivable includes amounts billed and currently due from customers. Unbilled contracts receivable represents unbilled amounts expected to be received from customers in future periods, where the revenue recognized to date exceeds the amount billed, and the right to receive payment is subject to the underlying contractual terms. Unbilled contracts receivable amounts may not exceed their net realizable value and are classified as long-term assets if the payments are expected to be received more than one year from the reporting date.

 

The Company records deferred revenue when revenue will be recognized after invoicing. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized approximately $37,000 of revenue that was included in deferred revenue as of December 31, 2019.

 

 

  8  

 

 

 

5. BASIC AND DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE

 

Basic net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the sum of the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding and the dilutive common stock equivalent shares outstanding during the period. The Company’s potentially dilutive common stock equivalent shares, which include incremental common shares issuable upon (i) the exercise of outstanding stock options and warrants and (ii) vesting of restricted stock units and restricted stock awards, are only included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share when their effect is dilutive. Since the Company has had net losses for all periods presented, all potentially dilutive securities are anti-dilutive. Accordingly, basic and diluted net loss per share are equal.

 

The following potential common stock equivalents were not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per common share because the inclusion thereof would be anti-dilutive (in thousands): 

               
   

Three and Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
    2021     2020  
Stock Options     3,033       3,560  
Unvested restricted stock     515       782  
Warrants     2       566  
Total     3,550       4,908  

 

 

6. LEASES

 

The Company leases corporate office space in Los Gatos, California. In August 2020, the Company and its landlord amended the lease for this office. This amendment extends the expiration date of the operating lease from January 2021 to January 2026 and increases the space from 3,396 square feet to 4,101 square feet. Under ASC 842, the lease amendment was treated as a separate lease for the new space and a modification of the lease for the original space. An additional right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and lease liability of approximately $681,000 were recorded during at the time of the amendment. In January 2021 the additional space became available for use, and the Company recorded an additional ROU asset and corresponding liability of approximately $144,000. The lease liability is based on the present value of the minimum lease payments, discounted using the Company’s estimated incremental borrowing rate of 5.5%. The lease contains escalating payments on the anniversary of the original commencement which are included in the measurement of the initial lease liability. Additional payments based on a change in the Company’s share of the operating expenses, including property taxes and insurance, are recorded as a period expense when incurred.

 

In March 2021, the Company began leasing 474 square feet of office space in Tempe, Arizona. The new lease is classified as an operating lease with an initial term of two years and an option to extend for an additional three years through February 2026. The lease also contains a performance standard for research collaboration with Arizona State University. The agreement requires a minimum value of collaborative research in each year of the lease. The lease is accounted for under ASC 842 and accordingly, the research payments are included in the ROU and lease liability at the commencement. In March 2021, the Company recorded an ROU and associated lease liability of approximately $238,000. The lease liability is based on the present value of the minimum lease payments, discounted using the Company’s estimated incremental borrowing rate of 5.5% over five years, as the Company expects to lease the through the three-year extension. The lease also contains escalating payments on the anniversary of the original commencement which are included in the measurement of the initial lease liability.

  

Lease expense for operating leases consists of the lease payments recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The components of operating lease costs were as follows (in thousands): 

                               
   

Three Months Ended June 30,

    Six Months Ended June 30,  
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Fixed lease costs   $ 62     $ 26     $ 114     $ 53  
Variable lease costs           14             27  
Short-term lease costs     11       7       22       17  
Total operating lease costs   $ 73     $ 47     $ 136     $ 97  

  

 

  9  

 

 

Future minimum payments under non-cancellable leases as of June 30, 2021 were as follows (in thousands): 

     
For the Year Ended December 31,   Amount  
Remaining 2021   $ 112  
2022     239  
2023     271  
2024     278  
2025 & thereafter     305  
Total future minimum lease payments     1,205  
Less imputed interest     (143 )
Total lease liability   $ 1,062  

 

The following table provides supplemental information and non-cash activity related to the Company’s operating leases (in thousands): 

                               
    Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,  
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Operating cash flow information:                                
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities   $ 36     $ 41     $ 38     $ 82  
Non-cash activity:                                
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for the lease obligations   $     $     $ 382     $  

 

In October 2019, the Company entered into an agreement to lease a tool for use in the development of the Company’s technology. The lease is for five 5 years at $150,000 per month. The lease commencement date is anticipated to be in August 2021, at which time the Company will account for the lease under ASC 842. A prepayment of $450,000 was made in the six months ended June 30, 2020, this payment represents the final three payments under the lease and is recorded as a long-term prepaid until the lease commencement, at which time it will be record in accordance with ASC 842.

 

  

7. WARRANTS

 

A summary of warrant activity for the six months ended June 30, 2021 is as follows (in thousands except per share amounts and contractual term): 

                 
   

Number of

Shares

   

Weighted-

Average

Exercise

Price

   

Weighted-
Average

Remaining

Contractual

Term (In Years)

 
Outstanding at January 1, 2021     320     $ 9.47          
Exercised     (318 )   $ 9.38          
Outstanding at June 30, 2021     2     $ 24.81       0.5  

  

The warrants outstanding at June 30, 2021 had an intrinsic value of approximately $9,000 based on a per-share stock price of $21.44 as of June 30, 2021.

 

On March 17, 2020, 196,602 warrants with an exercise price of $3.75 were set to expire. Prior to the expiration, the Company entered into an agreement with the warrant holders, whereby it modified the terms of the warrants to extend the expiration date until September 17, 2020 in exchange for the removal of a cashless exercise provision. No other terms were modified. Due to this modification, the Company incurred a modification expense of approximately $139,000 that is included in general and administrative expenses on the Condensed Statement of Operations for the six months ended June 30, 2020. All of the modified warrants were exercised on August 6, 2020.

 

In January 2021, warrants for 317,488 shares were presented for cashless exercises resulting in the issuance of 223,487 shares of common stock.

  

 

  10  

 

 

 

8. STOCK BASED COMPENSATION

 

In May 2017, the Company’s shareholders approved its 2017 Stock Incentive Plan (“2017 Plan”) after its 2007 Stock Incentive Plan (“2007 Plan”) had expired in March 2017. The 2017 Plan provides for the grant of non-qualified stock options and incentive stock options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock and for the grant of restricted and unrestricted shares. The 2017 Plan provides for the issuance of 3,750,000 shares of common stock. All of the Company’s employees and any subsidiary employees (including officers and directors who are also employees), as well as all of the Company’s nonemployee directors and other consultants, advisors and other persons who provide services to the Company are eligible to receive incentive awards under the 2017 Plan. Generally, stock options and restricted stock issued under the 2017 Plan vest over a period of one to four years from the date of grant.

 

The following table summarizes the stock-based compensation expense recorded in the Company’s results of operations during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 for stock options and restricted stock granted under the 2017 Plan and the 2007 Plan (in thousands): 

                               
    Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,  
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Research and development   $ 267     $ 297     $ 490     $ 524  
General and administrative     554       430       1,009       799  
Selling and Marketing     26       39       79       72  
Total   $ 847     $ 766     $ 1,578     $ 1,395  

  

As June 30, 2021, there was approximately $7.0 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested share-based compensation arrangements. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.4 years.

 

The weighted average grant date fair value per share of the options granted under the Company’s 2017 Plan was $14.78 and $15.36 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. The weighted average grant date fair value per share of the options granted under Company’s 2017 plan was $5.86 and $2.75 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.

 

The following table summarizes stock option activity during the three months ended June 30, 2021 (in thousands except exercise prices and contractual terms): 

                       
   

Number of

Shares

   

Weighted-

Average

Exercise

Prices per Share

   

Weighted-
Average

Remaining

Contractual

Term (In Years)

    Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2021     3,446     $ 5.97                  
Granted     148     $ 21.86                  
Exercised     (458 )   $ 6.27                  
Forfeited     (103 )   $ 4.17                  
Outstanding at June 30, 2021     3,033     $ 6.76       6.23     $ 44,801  
Exercisable at June 30, 2021     2,277     $ 6.47       5.46     $ 34,170  

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company granted options under the 2017 Plan to purchase approximately 148,000 shares of its common stock to its employees. The fair value of these options was approximately $1.8 million at the time of grant.

 

 

  11  

 

 

The Company issues restricted stock to employees, directors and consultants and estimates the fair value based on the closing price on the day of grant. The following table summarizes all restricted stock activity during the six months ended June 30, 2021 (in thousands except per share data): 

           
   

Number of

Shares

   

Weighted-

Average

Grant Date
Fair Value per Share

 
Outstanding at January 1, 2021     642     $ 4.43  
Granted     89     $ 21.02  
Vested     (162 )   $ 6.67  
Forfeited     (54 )   $ 4.81  
Outstanding non-vested shares at June 30, 2021     515     $ 6.56  

  

During the six months ended June 30, 2021 the Company granted approximately 89,000 restricted stock awards under the 2017 Plan to its employees and directors. The fair value of these awards was approximately $1.9 million at the time of grant.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, approximately 54,000 restricted stock awards were forfeited and reissued under the Company’s equity compensation plan. 

 

9. PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES

 

The Company recorded a provision for income taxes of approximately $17,000 and $31,000 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. The provision is for withholding of income taxes accrued in foreign jurisdictions where we have income. The Company recorded the provision in accordance with ASC 740 using its estimated annual tax rate and applied it to the net loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.

 

10. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

  

Litigation, Claims and Assessments

 

The Company may be subject to periodic lawsuits, investigations and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company is not party to any material litigation as of June 30, 2021, or through the date these financial statements have been issued.

 

11. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

Management has evaluated subsequent events and transactions through the date these financial statements were issued.

 

 

  12  

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations of Atomera Incorporated should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed financial statements and the accompanying notes that appear elsewhere in this filing. Statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties, such as our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. We use words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “continuing,” “ongoing,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements. Although forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report reflect the good-faith judgment of our management, such statements can only be based on facts and factors currently known by us. Consequently, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks, uncertainties, and changes in condition, significance, value and effect, including those risk factors set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” within our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 19, 2021, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and our current reports on Form 8-K. Such risks, uncertainties and changes in condition, significance, value and effect could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed herein and in ways not readily foreseeable. Readers are urged not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report and are based on information currently and reasonably known to us. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements in order to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this Quarterly Report. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made in this Quarterly Report, which attempt to advise interested parties of the risks and factors that may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

Overview

 

We are engaged in the business of developing, commercializing and licensing proprietary materials, processes and technologies for the $450+ billion semiconductor industry. Our lead technology, named Mears Silicon TechnologyTM, or MST®, is a thin film of reengineered silicon, typically 100 to 300 angstroms (or approximately 20 to 60 silicon atomic unit cells) thick. MST can be applied as a transistor channel enhancement to CMOS-type transistors, the most widely used transistor type in the semiconductor industry. MST is our proprietary and patent-protected performance enhancement technology that we believe addresses a number of key engineering challenges facing the semiconductor industry. We believe that by incorporating MST, transistors can be smaller, with increased speed, reliability and energy efficiency. In addition, since MST is an additive and low-cost technology, we believe it can be deployed on an industrial scale, with equipment commonly used in semiconductor manufacturing. We believe that MST can improve existing products due to the physical properties of the film and can also enable customers to design products with performance, power and scaling characteristics that are not possible using their current process technologies. We believe that MST can be widely incorporated into the most common types of semiconductor products, including analog, logic, optical and memory integrated circuits. 

 

We do not intend to design or manufacture integrated circuits directly. Instead, we develop and license technologies and processes that we believe offer the designers and manufacturers of integrated circuits a low-cost solution to the industry’s need for greater performance and lower power consumption. Our customers and partners include: 

 

  · foundries, which manufacture integrated circuits on behalf of fabless manufacturers;
     
  ·  integrated device manufacturers, or IDMs, which are the fully integrated designers and manufacturers of integrated circuits;
     
  ·  fabless semiconductor manufacturers, which are designers of integrated circuits that outsource the manufacture of their chips to foundries;
     
  ·  original equipment manufacturers, or OEMs, which manufacture the epitaxial, or EPI, deposition machines used to deposit semiconductor layers, such as the MST film onto the silicon wafer; and
     
  ·

electronic design automation companies, which make tools used throughout the industry to simulate the performance of semiconductor products using different materials, design structures and process technologies.

 

 

 

  13  

 

 

Our commercialization strategy is to generate revenue through licensing arrangements whereby foundries, IDMs and fabless semiconductor manufacturers pay us a license fee for their right to use MST technology in the manufacture of silicon wafers as well as a royalty for each silicon wafer or device that incorporates our MST technology. To date we have generated revenue from (i) a joint development agreement, or JDA, with a leading semiconductor provider that includes license grants and engineering services, (ii) licensing agreements with two IDMs and one fabless manufacturer and (iii) engineering services provided to foundries, IDMs and fabless companies.

 

We were organized as a Delaware limited liability company under the name Nanovis LLC on November 26, 2001. On March 14, 2007, we converted to a Delaware corporation under the name Mears Technologies, Inc. On January 12, 2016, we changed our name to Atomera Incorporated.

 

On May 15, 2020, we closed an underwritten public offering of 2,024,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $5.00 per share, resulting in approximately $9.4 million of net proceeds to us after deducting underwriting commission and other offering expenses.

 

On September 2, 2020, we entered into an Equity Distribution Agreement with Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC, as agent, under which we could offer and sell, from time to time at our sole discretion, shares of our common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $25.0 million in an “at-the-market” or ATM offering, to or through the agent. We announce the completion of this offering on January 5, 2021 after 2,221,575 shares had been sold at an average price per share of approximately $11.25, resulting in approximately $24.2 million of net proceeds to us after deducting commissions and other offering expenses.

   

Results of Operations

 

Revenues. To date, we have only generated limited revenue from customer engagements through a JDA, integration engineering services and integration license agreements. In the future, we expect to collect increased fees from license agreements, which in some cases may be part of a JDA, and royalties from customer sales of products that incorporate our MST technology. Our JDA includes the grant of an upfront, paid manufacturing license allowing the customer to install the recipe for our MST film into a tool in their fab and to fabricate semiconductor wafers incorporating MST, as well as development milestones that, if achieved, could result in additional revenue to Atomera. However, the JDA does not confer commercial distribution rights. Revenue from the grant of licenses to MST is recognized either at a point in time or over time, depending on the nature of the grant. We have determined that the limited manufacturing license granted to our JDA customer when we delivered the MST recipe was distinct from any obligations to provide other goods or services and was a right to use our intellectual property and therefore recognized revenue at the point in time when the recipe was delivered.

 

Our integration services consist of depositing our MST film on semiconductor wafers, delivering such wafers to customers to finalize building devices, and performing tests for customers evaluating MST. The integration license agreements we have entered into to date grant the licensees the right to build products that integrate our MST technology deposited by us onto their semiconductor wafers, but the agreements do not grant the licensees the rights to manufacture on their site or to sell products incorporating MST. For revenue recognition purposes, we have determined that the grant of rights in integration licenses is not distinct from the delivery of integration services, and therefore revenue from both integration licenses and integration services is recognized as the services are provided to the customer. In general, this is proportionate to the delivery of MST processed wafers to the customer, but if the agreements do not specify a time and quantity of wafer delivery, we will record revenue over the period of time of which we anticipate delivering an estimated quantity of wafers.

  

Revenue for each of the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $0. Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was approximately $400,000 and $62,000, respectively.

 

Cost of Revenue. Cost of revenue consists of costs of materials, as well as direct compensation and expenses incurred to provide integration engineering services. Cost of revenue was $0 for each of the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Cost of revenue was approximately $0 and $13,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. We anticipate that our cost of revenue will vary substantially depending on the mix of integration license and integration engineering services and the nature of products and/or services delivered in each customer engagement.

 

 

  14  

 

 

 Operating Expenses Operating expenses consist of research and development, general and administrative, and selling and marketing expenses. For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 our operating expenses totaled approximately $3.7 million and $3.8 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 our operating expenses totaled approximately $7.7 million and $7.5 million, respectively.

  

Research and development expense. To date, our operations have focused on the research, development, patent protection, and commercialization of our processes and technologies related to MST. Our research and development costs primarily consist of payroll and benefit costs for our engineering staff and costs of outsourced fabrication and metrology of semiconductor wafers incorporating our MST technology.

 

 Research and development costs were approximately $2.1 million and for each of the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

 For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, we incurred approximately $4.3 million and $4.1 million, respectively, of research and development expense, an increase of approximately $150,000. The increase in research and development expense is primarily due to additional headcount offset by a decrease in outsourced research and development costs. 

 

General and administrative expense. General and administrative expenses consist primarily of payroll and benefit costs for administrative personnel, office-related costs and professional fees. General and administrative costs were approximately $1.5 million for each of the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

General and administrative costs for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were approximately $3.0 million and $2.9 million, respectively, representing an increase of approximately $94,000. The increase in costs was primarily due to an increase of approximately $113,000 in insurance costs and approximately $209,000 in stock-based compensation, offset by a decrease of approximately $276,000 in professional fees.

 

Selling and marketing expense. Selling and marketing expenses consist primarily of salary and benefits for our sales and marketing personnel. Selling and marketing expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were approximately $137,000 and $215,000, respectively, representing a decrease of approximately $78,000, or 36%. The decrease in costs is primarily related to lower headcount in the three months ended June 30, 2021.

 

 Selling and marketing expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were approximately $403,000 and $440,000, respectively, representing a decrease of approximately $37,000, or 8%. The decrease in costs is primarily related to lower headcount and lower bonus accrual. 

 

Interest income. Interest income for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was approximately $3,000 and $2,000, respectively. Interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was approximately $5,000 and $40,000, respectively. Interest income for each period related to interest earned on our cash and cash equivalents and declined as interest rates continued to fall during 2020 and into 2021.

 

Provision for income taxes. The provision for income taxes for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was approximately $17,000 and $0, respectively. The provision for income taxes for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was approximately $31,000 and $0, respectively. Our provision is income taxes due to a foreign country arising from withholding taxes imposed on payments received for revenue.

 

Cash Flows from Operating, Investing and Financing Activities

  

Net cash used in operating activities of approximately $6.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 resulted primarily from our net loss of approximately $7.3 million, an increase of approximately $527,000 in prepaid expenses and other assets and a decrease in accrued payroll expenses of approximately $383,000, offset by approximately $1.6 million of stock-based compensation.

 

Net cash used in operating activities of approximately $6.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 resulted primarily from our net loss of approximately $7.4 million adjusted by approximately $1.4 million in stock-based compensation expense offset by increase of approximately $573,000 in prepaids and other assets.

 

 

  15  

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities of approximately $79,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and approximately $11,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 consisted of the purchase of computers, lab tools and leasehold improvements for the remodeled Los Gatos office space and new Tempe office space.

 

 Net cash provided by financing activities of approximately $3.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 related to the exercise of approximately 458,000 stock options and net proceeds from our at-the-market offering which began in September 2020 and concluded in January 2021.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities of approximately $9.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily related to the net proceeds from our underwritten public offering in May 2020 and the exercise of approximately 189,000 warrants and approximately 33,000 stock options during this six-month period.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of June 30, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $34.3 million and working capital of approximately $33.9 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, we had a net loss of approximately $7.3 million and used approximately $6.6 million of cash and cash equivalents in operations. Since inception, we have incurred recurring operating losses.

 

We believe that our available working capital is sufficient to fund our presently forecasted working capital requirements for, at least, the next 12 months following the date of the filing of this report. However, the semiconductor industry is generally slow to adopt new manufacturing process technologies and conducts long testing and qualification processes which we have limited ability to control, and there can be no assurance of the timing of our receipt of meaningful amounts of revenue.

  

Our future capital requirements and the adequacy of our available funds will depend on many factors, including our ability to successfully commercialize our MST technology, competing technological and market developments, and the need to enter into collaborations with other companies or acquire technologies to enhance or complement our current offerings. If we are not able to generate sufficient revenue from license fees and royalties in a timeframe that satisfies our cash needs, we will need to raise more capital. In the event we require additional capital, we will endeavor to acquire additional funds through various financing sources, including follow-on equity offerings, debt financing and joint ventures with industry partners. In addition, we will consider alternatives to our current business plan that may enable to us to achieve revenue-producing operations and meaningful commercial success with a smaller amount of capital. If we are unable to secure additional capital, we may be required to curtail our research and development initiatives and take additional measures to reduce costs in order to conserve its cash.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have not entered into any off-balance sheet arrangements or issued guarantees to third parties.

  

Recent Accounting Standards

 

We are required to adopt certain new accounting standards, see note 3 to the condensed financial statements included in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

There have been no changes to our critical accounting policies from those included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on February 19, 2021

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk.

 

Not applicable.

 

 

  16  

 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2021.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There have not been any changes to our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined by Rule 13a-15(f) and 15(d)-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 that have material affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.

  

 

 

  17  

 

 

PART II. Other Information

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

The primary risk factors affecting our business have not changed materially from the risk factors set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 19, 2021.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

The following is a list of exhibits filed as part of this Report on Form 10-Q:

 

Exhibit

No.

  Description   Method of Filing
         
10.14+   Employment Agreement dated March 26, 2021 between Sudarsan Srinivasan and the Registrant   Incorporated by reference from the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 14, 2021
         
10.15+   Employment Agreement dated May 24, 2021 between Jeffrey Lewis and the Registrant   Incorporated by reference from the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 3, 2021
         
31.1   Certifications Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   Filed electronically herewith  
         
31.2   Certifications Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   Filed electronically herewith  
         
32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. Section 1350).   Filed electronically herewith  
     
101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document (the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document)
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted in IXBRL, and included in exhibit 101).

  

+ indicated management compensatory plan or arrangement 

 

  18  

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and the on the date indicated.

 

  ATOMERA INCORPORATED.  
     
Date: August 4, 2021 By: /s/ Scott A. Bibaud  
    Scott A. Bibaud
Chief Executive Officer,
 
    (Principal Executive Officer)  
    and Director  
       
       
Date: August 4, 2021 By: /s/ Francis B. Laurencio  
    Francis B. Laurencio  
    Chief Financial Officer  
    (Principal Financial and  
    Accounting Officer)  

 

 

 

 

  19  

 

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