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- Quarterly Report (10-Q)

Date : 05/11/2012 @ 4:09PM
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Stock : Avalon Holdings Corp. (AWX)
Quote : 3.72  0.0 (0.00%) @ 12:08AM
Avalon share price Chart

- Quarterly Report (10-Q)

2012


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.   20549
__________________________________

FORM 10-Q

[X] Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012

[    ] Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
for the transition period from _______________ to ________________

Commission file number 1-14105
__________________________________

AVALON HOLDINGS CORPORATION
  (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Ohio   34-1863889
(State or other jurisdiction   (I.R.S. Employer
of incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)
     
One American Way, Warren, Ohio   44484-5555
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:   (330) 856-8800

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  þ   No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T ( 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months ( or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ     No ¨

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):

     Large accelerated filer ¨                Accelerated filer ¨
     Non-accelerated filer   ¨                 Smaller reporting company þ

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes ¨     No þ

The registrant had 3,191,038 shares of its Class A Common Stock and 612,293 shares of its Class B Common Stock outstanding as of May 7, 2012.
 


 
 

 
 
AVALON HOLDINGS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX
Page
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
       
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
       
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 (Unaudited)
3
       
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2012 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2011
4
       
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 (Unaudited)
5
       
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
6
       
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
12
       
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
18
       
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
18
       
PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION
 
       
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
19
       
 
Item 2.
Changes in Securities and Use of Proceeds
19
       
 
Item 3.
Defaults upon Senior Securities
19
       
 
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
19
       
 
Item 5.
Other Information
19
       
 
Item 6.
Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K
19
       
SIGNATURE
 
20
 
 
 

 
 
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
AVALON HOLDINGS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Net operating revenues
  $ 10,938     $ 9,894  
Costs and expenses:
               
Costs of operations
    9,036       8,235  
Depreciation and amortization
    413       419  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    1,938       1,632  
Loss from operations
    (449 )     (392 )
Other income (expense):
               
Interest expense
    (3 )     (3 )
Interest income
    1       2  
Other income, net
    75       66  
Loss before income taxes
    (376 )     (327 )
Provision for income taxes
    17       13  
Net loss
  $ (393 )   $ (340 )
Basic and dilutive net loss per share
  $ (0.10 )   $ (0.09 )
Weighted average shares outstanding
    3,803       3,803  
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 
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AVALON HOLDINGS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
   
March 31,
2012
   
December 31,
2011
 
Assets:
 
(Unaudited)
       
Current Assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 7,540     $ 7,324  
Accounts receivable, net
    8,501       12,885  
Prepaid expenses
    337       281  
Refundable income taxes
    2       2  
Other current assets
    838       717  
Total current assets
    17,218       21,209  
Property and equipment, less accumulated depreciation and amortization of $11,627 in 2012 and $11,321 in 2011
    25,819       26,079  
Leased property under capital leases, less accumulated depreciation and amortization of $2,632 in 2012 and $2,539 in 2011
    5,940       5,984  
Noncurrent deferred tax asset
    8       8  
Other assets, net
    105       87  
Total assets
  $ 49,090     $ 53,367  
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
               
Current Liabilities:
               
Current portion of obligations under capital leases
  $ 1     $ 1  
Accounts payable
    5,619       9,643  
Accrued payroll and other compensation
    537       755  
Accrued income taxes
    15       20  
Other accrued taxes
    211       260  
Deferred revenues
    2,351       2,105  
Other liabilities and accrued expenses
    419       406  
Total current liabilities
    9,153       13,190  
Obligations under capital leases
    227       227  
Shareholders’ Equity:
               
Class A Common Stock, $.01 par value
    32       32  
Class B Common Stock, $.01 par value
    6       6  
Paid-in capital
    58,566       58,413  
Accumulated deficit
    (18,894 )     (18,501 )
Total shareholders’ equity
    39,710       39,950  
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
  $ 49,090     $ 53,367  
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 
4

 

AVALON HOLDINGS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Operating activities:
           
Net loss
  $ (393 )   $ (340 )
Reconciliation of net loss to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    413       419  
Compensation costs – stock options
    153       41  
Provision for losses on accounts receivable
    3       3  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
    4,381       317  
Prepaid expenses
    (56 )     54  
Other current assets
    (121 )     (94 )
Other assets
    (18 )      
Accounts payable
    (4,024 )     (32 )
Accrued payroll and other compensation
    (218 )     108  
Accrued income taxes
    (5 )     5  
Other accrued taxes
    (49 )     (56 )
Deferred revenues
    246       218  
Other liabilities and accrued expenses
    13       33  
Net cash provided by operating activities
    325       676  
Investing activities:
               
Capital expenditures
    (109 )     (182 )
Net cash used in investing activities
    (109 )     (182 )
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
    216       494  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    7,324       5,565  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 7,540     $ 6,059  

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 
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AVALON HOLDINGS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
March 31, 2012

Note 1.  Basis of Presentation

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Avalon Holdings Corporation and subsidiaries (collectively “Avalon”) and related notes included herein have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been omitted consistent with such rules and regulations.  The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Avalon’s 2011 Annual Report to Shareholders.

In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position of Avalon as of March 31, 2012, and the results of its operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented.

The operating results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

Avalon evaluated subsequent events through the date the financial statements were issued.

Note 2.  Basic Net Loss per Share

Basic net loss per share has been computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding each period, which were 3,803,331.  Although there are common equivalent shares outstanding, no diluted per share amounts are reported because Avalon was in a net loss position for the first quarter ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.  As a result, such dilution would be considered anti-dilutive. Therefore, diluted per share amounts are equal to basic per share amounts for the three ended months March 31, 2012 and 2011. The weighted average number of common shares outstanding assuming dilution for the three ended months March 31, 2012 and 2011 was 4,032,229 and 3,901,942, respectively.

Note 3. Credit Facility

On March 21, 2008, Avalon entered into a $3.5 million unsecured line of credit agreement with The Huntington National Bank. Avalon has never borrowed monies under the line of credit. On April 26, 2011 the line of credit was reduced to $1 million. Interest on borrowings accrues at LIBOR plus 1.75%. The agreement provides for a minimum interest rate of 3.25%.  The line of credit is renewed annually and contains certain financial and other covenants, customary representations, warranties and events of defaults. At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there were no borrowings under the line of credit.

 
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Note 4. Income Taxes

Avalon recorded a net loss of $.4 million in the first quarter of 2012 compared with a net loss of $.3 million in the first quarter of 2011. Excluding the minor effect of the state income tax provisions, Avalon’s overall effective tax rate was 0% in the first quarter of 2012 and 2011.  The overall effective tax rate is different than statutory rates primarily due to a change in the valuation allowance. Avalon’s income tax benefit on the loss before taxes was offset by an increase in the valuation allowance. A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets relating to certain federal and state loss carryforwards will not be realized. Avalon continues to maintain a valuation allowance against the majority of its deferred tax amounts until it is evident that the deferred tax asset will be utilized in the future.

Note 5. Long-term Incentive Plan

The purpose of the Avalon Holdings Corporation 2009 Long-term Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) is (a) to improve individual employee performance by providing long-term incentives and rewards to employees of Avalon, (b) to assist Avalon in attracting, retaining and motivating employees and non-employee directors with experience and ability, and (c) to associate the interests of such employees and directors with those of the Avalon shareholders. Under the Plan, 1,300,000 shares have been reserved for the issuance of stock options. During the first quarter of 2010, 980,000 stock options were granted under the Plan. Of these options granted, 450,000 were forfeited in February 2011 and 50,000 cancelled in March 2011. In March 2011, 280,000 stock options were granted under the Plan. The stock options, vest ratably over a five year period and have a contractual term of ten years from the date of grant. At the end of each contractual vesting period, the share price of the Avalon common stock, traded on a public stock exchange (NYSE Amex), must reach a predetermined price within three years following such contractual vesting period before the stock options are exercisable (See table below). If the Avalon common stock price does not reach the predetermined price, the stock options will either be cancelled or the period will be extended at the discretion of the Board of Directors.

The Monte Carlo Simulation was selected to determine the fair value because it incorporates six minimum considerations;  1) the exercise price of the option, 2) the expected term of the option, taking into account both the contractual term of the option, the effects of employees’ expected exercise and post-vesting employment termination behavior, as well as the possibility of change in control events during the contractual term of the option agreements, 3) the current fair value of the underlying equity, 4) the expected volatility of the value of the underlying share for the expected term of the option, 5) the expected dividends on the underlying share for the expected term of the option and 6) the risk-free interest rate(s) for the expected term of the option.

The expected term, or time until the option is exercised is typically based on historical exercising behavior of previous option holders of a company’s stock. Due to the fact that no options have been exercised as of yet, and therefore no historical exercising behavior available, an alternative method was used. Because of the nature of the vesting as described above, the options were separated into five blocks, with each block having its own vesting period and expected term. Assuming the vesting occurs ratably over the vesting period for each option block, the average vesting term (requisite service period) for each option block was calculated to be 2.54, 3.54, 4.54, 5.54 and 6.54 years for option blocks 1 through 5, respectively. As such, the expected terms were calculated to be 6.27, 6.77, 7.27, 7.77 and 8.27 years, for option blocks 1 through 5, respectively.
 
 
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The current fair value of the underlying equity was determined to be equal to Avalon’s publicly traded stock price as of the grant dates times the sum of the Class A and Class B common shares outstanding.

The expected volatility was based on the observed volatility of Avalon common stock for a five year period prior to the grant dates. The expected volatility that was used ranged from 60.9% to 61.7% with a weighted average expected volatility of 61.2%.

There were no expected dividends and the risk-free interest rate(s), which ranged from 2.06% to 2.28%, were based on yield data for U. S. Treasury securities over a period consistent with the expected term.

The following information is a summary of the stock option activity:
 
Options outstanding at January 1, 2012
    760,000  
Options forfeited
    0  
Options cancelled
    0  
2012 Options granted
    0  
Total options outstanding at March 31, 2012
    760,000  
Options Vested
    248,000  
Options Exercisable
    248,000  
 
Number of   Weighted Average   Weighted Average
Options Granted   Exercise Price   Fair Value at Grant Date
760,000   $2.63   $1.09
 
The stock options vest and become exercisable based upon achieving two critical metrics as follows:
 
1)
Contract Vesting Term:  The stock options vest ratably over a five year period.
 
2)
The Avalon common stock price traded on a public stock exchange (NYSE Amex) must reach the predetermined vesting price within three years after the options become vested under the Contract Vesting Term.

The table below represents the period and predetermined stock price needed for vesting.
 
 
Begins Vesting
Ends Vesting
 
Predetermined
Vesting Price
 
Block 1
12 mo. after Grant Dates
48 mo. after Grant Dates
  $ 3.43  
Block 2
24 mo. after Grant Dates
60 mo. after Grant Dates
  $ 4.69  
Block 3
36 mo. after Grant Dates
72 mo. after Grant Dates
  $ 6.43  
Block 4
48 mo. after Grant Dates
84 mo. after Grant Dates
  $ 8.81  
Block 5
60 mo. after Grant Dates
96 mo. after Grant Dates
  $ 12.07  
 
Compensation cost was approximately $153,000 and $41,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, based upon the estimated fair value calculation. The increase in compensation expense was due to the fact that during the first quarter of 2012, the predetermined vesting prices of $3.43 and $4.69 for the Avalon common stock were reached for Block 1 and Block 2.  Therefore, any options that had vested in Block 1 and Block 2 became exercisable and the remaining compensation expense relating to those exercisable options was recognized in the first quarter. The deferred tax benefit recorded was offset by an increase to the valuation allowance. As of March 31, 2012, there was $.4 million of total unrecognized compensation costs related to non-vested share-based compensation arrangements granted under the Plan. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.27 years.
 
 
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Note 6. Legal Matters

In the ordinary course of conducting its business, Avalon becomes involved in lawsuits, administrative proceedings and governmental investigations, including those related to environmental matters.  Some of these proceedings may result in fines, penalties or judgments being assessed against Avalon which, from time to time, may have an impact on its business and financial condition.  Although the outcome of such lawsuits or other proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, Avalon does not believe that any uninsured ultimate liabilities, fines or penalties resulting from such pending proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on its liquidity, financial position or results of operations.

Note 7.  Business Segment Information

Avalon’s reportable segments include waste management services and golf and related operations. In determining the segment information, Avalon considered its operating and management structure and the types of information subject to regular review by its “chief operating decision maker.”  On this basis, Avalon’s reportable segments include waste management services and golf and related operations.  Avalon accounts for intersegment net operating revenues as if the transactions were to third parties.  The segment disclosures are presented on this basis for all years presented.

Avalon’s primary business segment, the waste management services segment, provides hazardous and nonhazardous waste disposal brokerage and management services to industrial, commercial, municipal and governmental customers and manages a captive landfill for an industrial customer.  The golf and related operations segment includes the operations of golf courses, clubhouses that provide recreational, dining and banquet facilities and a travel agency.  Revenue for the golf and related operations segment consists primarily of membership dues, green fees, cart rentals, merchandise, fitness and spa activities and food and beverage sales.  Revenue related to membership dues are recognized proportionately over twelve months.  The unrecognized or deferred revenues at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were $2.4 million and $2.1 million, respectively.  Avalon does not have significant operations located outside the United States and, accordingly, geographical segment information is not presented.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012, one customer accounted for approximately 9% of Avalon’s consolidated net operating revenues and 11% of the waste management services segment’s net operating revenues. For the three months ended March 31, 2011, one customer accounted for approximately 14% of Avalon’s consolidated net operating revenues and 17% of the waste management services segment’s net operating revenues.
 
 
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The accounting policies of the segments are consistent with those described for the consolidated financial statements in the summary of significant accounting policies.  Avalon measures segment profit for internal reporting purposes as income (loss) before taxes.  Business segment information including the reconciliation of segment income before taxes to income (loss) before taxes is as follows (in thousands):
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Net operating revenues from:
 
2012
   
2011
 
Waste management services:            
External customers revenues
  $ 8,938     $ 8,207  
Intersegment revenues
           
Total waste management services
    8,938       8,207  
Golf and related operations:
               
External customers revenues
    2,000       1,687  
Intersegment revenues
    10       8  
Total golf and related operations
    2,010       1,695  
Segment operating revenues
    10,948       9,902  
Intersegment eliminations
    (10 )     (8 )
Total net operating revenues
  $ 10,938     $ 9,894  
Income (loss) before taxes:
               
Waste management services
  $ 723     $ 684  
Golf and related operations
    (353 )     (394 )
Segment income before taxes
    370       290  
Corporate interest income
    1       2  
Corporate other income, net
    9       9  
General corporate expenses
    (756 )     (628 )
Loss before taxes
  $ (376 )   $ (327 )
Interest income:
               
Waste management services
  $     $  
Golf and related operations  
           
Corporate
    1       2  
Total
  $ 1     $ 2  
 
 
10

 
 
   
March 31,
2012
   
December 31,
2011
 
Identifiable assets:
           
Waste management services
  $ 12,848     $ 16,869  
Golf and related operations
    30,254       30,140  
Corporate
    41,560       41,840  
Subtotal
    84,662       88,849  
Elimination of intersegment receivables
    (35,572 )     (35,482 )
Total
  $ 49,090     $ 53,367  
 
In comparing the identifiable assets at March 31, 2012 with those at December 31, 2011, the decrease in identifiable assets of the waste management services segment of $4.0 million is primarily due to a decrease in accounts receivable as a result of lower net operating revenues of the waste brokerage and management services business in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the fourth quarter of 2011. Net operating revenues of the waste brokerage and management services business were $8.3 million in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $13.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2011.

Note 8.  Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Effective January 1, 2012, Avalon adopted the FASB’s ASU No. 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). The adoption of this accounting guidance did not have an impact on Avalon’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows. As required by the new standard, the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income is included in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Effective January 1, 2012, Avalon adopted the FASB’s ASU No. 2011-04, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in US GAAP and IFRSs, which amends ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement. This ASU requires the categorization by level for items that are required to be disclosed at fair value, information about transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 and additional disclosure for Level 3 measurements. In addition, the ASU provides guidance on measuring the fair value of financial instruments managed within a portfolio and the application of premiums and discounts on fair value measurements. The adoption of this accounting guidance did not have an impact on Avalon’s consolidated financial statements.

 
11

 
 
ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
 
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion provides information which management believes is relevant to an assessment and understanding of the operations and financial condition of Avalon Holdings Corporation and its subsidiaries.  As used in this report, the term “Avalon” means Avalon Holdings Corporation and its wholly owned subsidiaries, taken as a whole, unless the context indicates otherwise.

Statements included in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations which are not historical in nature are intended to be, and are hereby identified as, ‘forward looking statements’.  Avalon cautions readers that forward looking statements, including, without limitation, those relating to Avalon’s future business prospects, revenues, working capital, liquidity, capital needs, interest costs, and income, are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in the forward looking statements, due to risks and factors identified herein and from time to time in Avalon’s reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  

Liquidity and Capital Resources

For the first three months of 2012, Avalon utilized existing cash and cash provided from operations to fund capital expenditures and meet operating needs.

Avalon’s aggregate capital expenditures in 2012 are expected to be in the range of $.5 million to $.7 million.  Such expenditures will principally relate to building improvements and equipment purchases for the golf and related operations. During the first three months of 2012, capital expenditures for Avalon totaled approximately $.1 million which principally related to equipment purchases for the golf and related operations.
 
Avalon entered into a long-term agreement with Squaw Creek Country Club to lease and operate its golf course and related facilities.  The lease, which commenced November 1, 2003, has an initial term of ten (10) years with four (4) consecutive ten (10) year renewal term options unilaterally exercisable by Avalon.  Under the lease, Avalon is obligated to pay $15,000 in annual rent and make leasehold improvements of $150,000 per year.  Amounts expended by Avalon for leasehold improvements during a given year in excess of $150,000 will be carried forward and applied to future leasehold improvement obligations.  Based upon the amount of leasehold improvements already made and leasehold improvements anticipated to be made in the future, Avalon expects to exercise all of its renewal options.

Working capital was $8.1 million at March 31, 2012 compared with $8.0 million at December 31, 2011.

The decrease in accounts receivable at March 31, 2012 compared with December 31, 2011 is primarily due to significantly lower net operating revenues of the waste management services segment in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the fourth quarter of 2011, partially offset by an increase in accounts receivable of the golf and related operations segment. The waste management services segment recorded net operating revenues of $8.9 million in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $14.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2011.
 
 
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The decrease in accounts payable at March 31, 2012 compared with December 31, 2011 is primarily due to a decrease in amounts due disposal facilities and transportation carriers of the waste brokerage and management services as a result of significantly lower net operating revenues of the waste brokerage and management services business in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the fourth quarter of 2011 and the timing of payments to vendors in the ordinary course of business.

The decrease in accrued payroll and other compensation is primarily due to the payment of bonuses and incentives in the first quarter of 2012 that were accrued at December 31, 2011, partially offset by bonuses and incentives of the waste brokerage and management services business accrued during the first quarter of 2012.

The increase in deferred revenues at March 31, 2012 compared with December 31, 2011 is due to an increase in the unrecognized or deferred revenues associated with membership dues of the golf and related operations segment. Revenues related to membership dues are recognized proportionately over twelve months based upon the anniversary date of each membership. Such deferred revenues increased to $2.4 million at March 31, 2012 compared with $2.1 million at December 31, 2011.

Management believes that anticipated cash provided from future operations, existing working capital, as well as Avalon’s ability to incur indebtedness, will be, for the foreseeable future, sufficient to meet operating requirements and fund capital expenditure programs.

Growth Strategy:   Our growth strategy for the waste management services segment will focus on increasing revenue, gaining market share and enhancing shareholder value through internal growth. Although we are a waste management services company, we do not own any landfills or provide waste collection services. However, because of our many relationships with various disposal facilities and transporters, we are able to be more flexible and provide alternative solutions to a customer’s waste disposal or recycling needs. We intend to capitalize on our management and sales staff which has extensive experience in all aspects of the waste business. As such, we intend to manage our internal growth as follows:

 •     Sales and Marketing Activities .  We will focus on retaining existing customers and obtaining new business through our well-managed sales and marketing activities.  We seek to manage our sales and marketing activities to enable us to capitalize on our position in many of the markets in which we operate. We provide a tailored program to all of our customers in response to their particular needs. We accomplish this by centralizing services to effectively manage their needs, such as minimizing their procurement costs.

We currently have a number of professional sales and marketing employees in the field who are compensated using a commission structure that is focused on generating high levels of quality revenue. For the most part, these employees directly solicit business from existing and prospective customers. We emphasize our rate and cost structures when we train new and existing sales personnel. We intend to hire additional qualified professional sales personnel to expand into different geographical areas.
 
•     Long-Term Agreements .  We seek to obtain long-term agreements with all of our customers. By obtaining such long-term agreements, we will have the opportunity to grow our revenue base at the same rate as the underlying revenue growth of these customers.  We believe this positions us to minimize revenue deterioration and experience internal growth rates that are generally higher than our industry’s overall growth rate.   Additionally, we believe that by securing a base of long-term recurring revenue, we are better able to protect our market position from competition and our business may be less susceptible to downturns in economic conditions.
 
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•     Development Activities .  We will seek to identify opportunities to further position us as an integrated service provider in markets where we provide services.  In addition, we will continue to utilize the extensive experience of our management and sales staff to bid on significant one-time projects and those that require special expertise. Where appropriate, we may seek to obtain permits that would provide vertically integrated waste services or expand the service offerings or leverage our existing volumes with current vendors to provide for long term, cost competitive strategic positioning within our existing markets.

Due to the increase of oil and gas drilling in the Marcellus Shale and Utica Shale regions located in northeast Ohio and western Pennsylvania, Avalon is exploring and researching the possibility of drilling deep waste water disposal wells for the disposal of the brine waters from such drilling and, as such, has purchased options on a number of properties for this purpose.
 
For the golf and related operations, several private country clubs in the northeast Ohio area are experiencing economic difficulties. Avalon believes some of these clubs may represent an attractive investment opportunity. While Avalon has not entered into any pending agreements for acquisitions, it may do so at any time and will continue to consider acquisitions that make economic sense.  Such potential acquisitions could be financed by existing working capital, utilizing its line of credit, secured or unsecured debt, issuance of common stock, or issuance of a security with characteristics of both debt and equity, any of which could impact liquidity in the future.

Results of Operations
 
Overall performance

Net operating revenues in the first quarter of 2012 increased to $10.9   million from $9.9 million in the prior year’s first quarter.  The increase is primarily the result of higher net operating revenues of the waste management services segment. Costs of operations increased to $9.0 million in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $8.2 million in the prior year’s first quarter.  The increase is primarily due to the higher net operating revenues of the waste management services segment, which resulted in higher transportation and disposal costs, as these costs vary directly with the associated net operating revenues. Fixed costs relating to depreciation and amortization expense were $.4 million in both the first quarter of 2012 and 2011. Consolidated selling, general and administrative expenses increased in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the first quarter of 2011 primarily due to increased compensation costs relating to stock options and higher incentive bonuses of the waste brokerage and management business. Avalon recorded a net loss of $.4 million or $ .10 per share, in the first quarter of 2012 compared with a net loss of $.3 million or $.09 per share, in the first quarter of 2011.

 
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P erformance in the First Quarter of 2012 compared with the First Quarter of 2011

Segment performance

Segment performance should be read in conjunction with Note 7 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Net operating revenues of the waste management services segment increased approximately 9% to $8.9 million in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $8.2 million in the first quarter of the prior year. For the first quarter of 2012, net operating revenues of the waste brokerage and management services business were $8.3 million compared with $7.6 million for the first quarter of 2011, while the net operating revenues of the captive landfill management operations were $.6 million in both the first quarter of 2012 and 2011. The increase in net operating revenues of the waste brokerage and management services business was primarily due to an increase of 15% in event work and a 4% increase in continuous or ongoing work. Event work is defined as bid projects under contract that occurs on a one-time basis over a short period of time and can fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter. Net operating revenues of the captive landfill are primarily dependent upon the volume of waste generated by the owner of the landfill for whom Avalon manages and operates the facility.

Income before taxes for the waste management services segment was $723,000 in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $684,000 in the first quarter of 2011. In the first quarter of 2012, income before taxes of the waste brokerage and management services business was $650,000 compared with $573,000 in the first quarter of 2011. The increase was primarily the result of higher net operating revenues and a slight improvement in gross margins. Income before taxes of the captive landfill operations was $73,000 in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $111,000 in the first quarter of 2011. The decrease was primarily due to an increase in operating expenses as a result of rainy weather during the first quarter of 2012. Such conditions required additional equipment and man hours to handle the waste.

Avalon’s golf and related operations segment consists primarily of golf courses, clubhouses, which provide dining and banquet facilities, tennis, swimming, fitness and spa activities and a travel agency.  Although the golf courses will continue to be available to the general public, the primary source of revenues will arise from members of the Avalon Golf and Country Club. The average number of members during the first quarter of 2012 increased to 3,217 compared with 2,869 in the prior year’s first quarter. Due to the mix between social and golf members and promotional membership programs used to attract new members, the average membership dues per member declined slightly. Also, as a result of weather conditions, net operating revenues relating to the golf courses, which are located in northeast Ohio and western Pennsylvania, were minimal during the first quarter of 2012 and 2011. Net operating revenues for the golf and related operations were $2.0 million in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $1.7 million in the first quarter of 2011. The higher net operating revenues were primarily due to an increase in the net operating revenues from membership dues and food and beverage sales.  The golf and related operations segment incurred a loss before taxes of $353,000 in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $394,000 in the first quarter of 2011. The improvement is primarily due to the additional membership dues and food and beverage sales, partially offset by additional employee costs and higher advertising and sales promotion expenses.

 
15

 

Interest income

Interest income was $1,000 in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $2,000 in the first quarter of 2011.  The decrease is primarily the result of lower average investment rates.

General corporate expenses

General corporate expenses were $.8 million in the first quarter of 2012 compared to $.6 million in the first quarter of 2011.  The increase is primarily due to increased compensation costs, which were $153,000 in the first quarter of 2012 compared to $41,000 in the first quarter of 2011.  The increase in compensation costs was due to the Avalon Holdings Corporation common stock price reaching certain predetermined vesting prices in the first quarter of 2012. As such, certain vested stock options became exercisable and the remaining compensation expense relating to those exercisable options was recognized in the first quarter of 2012.

Net income

Avalon recorded a net loss of $.4 million in the first quarter of 2012 compared with a net loss of $.3 million in the first quarter of 2011. Excluding the minor effect of the state income tax provisions, Avalon’s overall effective tax rate was 0% in the first quarter of 2012 and 2011.  The overall effective tax rate is different than statutory rates primarily due to a change in the valuation allowance. Avalon’s income tax benefit on the loss before taxes was offset by an increase in the valuation allowance. A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets relating to certain federal and state loss carryforwards will not be realized. Avalon continues to maintain a valuation allowance against the majority of its deferred tax amounts until it is evident that the deferred tax asset will be utilized in the future.

Trends and Uncertainties

In the ordinary course of conducting its business, Avalon becomes involved in lawsuits, administrative proceedings and governmental investigations, including those relating to environmental matters.  Some of these proceedings may result in fines, penalties or judgments being assessed against Avalon which, from time to time, may have an impact on its business and financial condition.  Although the outcome of such lawsuits or other proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, management assesses the probability of loss and accrues a liability as appropriate.  Avalon does not believe that any uninsured ultimate liabilities, fines or penalties resulting from such pending proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on its liquidity, financial position or results of operations.

The federal government and numerous state and local governmental bodies are continuing to consider legislation or regulations to either restrict or impede the disposal and/or transportation of waste.  A portion of Avalon’s waste brokerage and management services revenues is derived from the disposal and/or transportation of out-of-state waste.  Any law or regulation restricting or impeding the transportation of waste or the acceptance of out-of-state waste for disposal could have a negative effect on Avalon.

Avalon’s waste brokerage and management services business obtains and retains customers by providing services and identifying cost-efficient disposal options unique to a customer’s needs.  Consolidation within the solid waste industry has resulted in reducing the number of disposal options available to waste generators and may cause disposal pricing to increase.  Avalon’s waste brokerage and management services business may not be able to pass these price increases onto some of its customers, which, in turn, may adversely impact Avalon’s future financial performance.
 
 
16

 

A significant portion of Avalon’s business is generated from waste brokerage and management services provided to customers that are not subject to long-term contracts.  In light of current economic, regulatory and competitive conditions, there can be no assurance that Avalon’s current customers will continue to transact business with Avalon at historical levels.  Failure by Avalon to retain its current customers or to replace lost business could adversely impact the future financial performance of Avalon.

Avalon’s captive landfill management business is dependent upon a single customer as its sole source of revenue. If the captive landfill management business is unable to retain this customer, Avalon’s future financial performance could be adversely impacted.

Economic challenges throughout the industries served by Avalon have resulted in payment defaults by customers.  While Avalon continuously endeavors to limit customer credit risks, customer-specific financial downturns are not controllable by management.  Significant customer payment defaults would have a material adverse impact upon Avalon’s future financial performance.

The Avalon Golf and Country Club has golf courses and clubhouses at each of its three facilities. The Squaw Creek and Sharon facilities each have a swimming pool, a fitness center and dining and banquet facilities.  The Squaw Creek facility also has tennis courts. The Avalon Golf and Country Club competes with many public courses and country clubs in the area.  Although the golf courses continue to be available for use by the general public, the primary source of revenues will be generated by the members of the Avalon Golf and Country Club.  Avalon believes that the combination of its three facilities will result in additional memberships in the Avalon Golf and Country Club. Due to the state of the economy, the ability to retain current members and attract new members has been difficult.  Although Avalon has been able to retain and increase the number of members of the Avalon Golf and Country Club, as of March 31, 2012, Avalon has not attained its membership goals.  There can be no assurance as to when such goals will be attained and when the golf and related operations will ultimately become profitable.  Avalon is continually using different marketing strategies to attract new members, such as local television advertising and various membership promotions. A significant decline in members could adversely affect the future financial performance of Avalon.
 
All three of Avalon’s golf course operations currently hold liquor licenses for their respective facilities.  If, for some reason, any one of these facilities were to lose its liquor license, the financial performance of the golf and related operations would be adversely affected.

Avalon entered into lease agreements with an energy company to lease approximately 200 acres of land for the purpose of drilling for oil and gas. Such lease agreements provide for Avalon to receive an initial one-time bonus payment and potential royalty payments in the future. In December 2011, Avalon received initial one-time bonus payments of approximately $.4 million. At this time, the royalty payments associated with these leases are not determinable.

Avalon’s operations are somewhat seasonal in nature since a significant portion of those operations are primarily conducted in selected northeastern and midwestern states.  Additionally, Avalon’s golf courses are located in northeast Ohio and western Pennsylvania and are significantly dependent upon weather conditions during the golf season. As a result, Avalon’s financial performance is adversely affected by adverse weather conditions.

 
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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Avalon does not have significant exposure to changing interest rates.  A 10% change in interest rates would have an immaterial effect on Avalon’s income before taxes for the next fiscal year.  Avalon currently has no debt outstanding and invests primarily in Certificates of Deposit, U.S. Treasury notes, short-term money market funds and other short-term obligations.  Avalon does not undertake any specific actions to cover its exposure to interest rate risk and Avalon is not a party to any interest rate risk management transactions. Avalon does not purchase or hold any derivative financial instruments.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

As required by Rule 13a-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), Avalon’s management conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2012. For purposes of the foregoing, the term disclosure controls and procedures means controls and other procedures of an issuer that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”) rules and forms.  Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Avalon’s disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives as outlined above.  Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that they believe that, as of March 31, 2012 our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at a reasonable assurance level.

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting . There were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2012 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.

 
18

 
 
PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings

Reference is made to “Item 3. Legal Proceedings” in Avalon’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 for a description of legal proceedings.

Item 2.  Changes in Securities and Use of Proceeds

None

Item 3.  Defaults upon Senior Securities

None

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

            None

Item 5.  Other Information

None

Item 6.  Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K

 
(a)
Exhibits

 
 
Exhibit 31.1  Certification pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 
 
Exhibit 31.2  Certification pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 
 
Exhibit 32.1  Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 
 
Exhibit 32.2  Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 
 
Exhibit 101.INS*  XBRL Instance

 
 
Exhibit 101.SCH*  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

 
 
Exhibit 101.CAL*  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation

 
 
Exhibit 101.DEF*  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition

 
 
Exhibit 101.LAB*  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels

 
 
Exhibit 101.PRE*  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation
 
* XBRL information is furnished and not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, is deemed not filed for purposes of section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.
 
 
(b)
Reports on Form 8-K
 
On April 27, 2012, reported the voting results from the Annual Meeting held on April 26, 2012.
 
 
19

 
 
SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
     
AVALON HOLDINGS CORPORATION
(Registrant)
 
           
           
           
Date : May 11, 2012   By /s/ Timothy C. Coxson  
       
Timothy C. Coxson, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer and Duly Authorized Officer)
 


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