(Adds detail on bond swap result timing.)
THE EVENT: A crucial deadline is approaching as Greece seeks to get commitments by its bondholders to agree to a debt-restructuring plan that will involve big losses on their holdings.
The restructuring involves debt worth EUR206 billion in the hands of the private sector, although the current offer is extended to holders of EUR177 billion of bonds under Greek law. Greece needs to secure at least 90% of that for the bond exchange to proceed on a voluntary basis.
If less than 90% of holders participate, Greece has the option of invoking collective action clauses to force remaining holders to accept the deal. But for that to happen, at least half of the bond holders must participate in a related vote and at least two-thirds of them should vote in favor of the bond-swap terms.
Greece is optimistic that it can get a 75%-80% participation rate in the bond swap, people with direct knowledge of the matter have said, and many banks that had been saying they were still considering the matter confirmed this week that they would participate.
THE DEADLINE: Bondholders have until 2000 GMT Thursday to accept the deal, which will result in the exchange of existing bonds for new ones with a face value slashed by 53.5%.
The Greek government will announce the results at 0600 GMT Friday, a person close to the finance ministry said Thursday.
As of late Wednesday, about 52% of the EUR206 billion ($271 billion) in bonds up for restructuring had been pledged.
THE IMPORTANCE: The bond swap is an integral part of a second, EUR130 billion bailout loan for Greece that will keep it from becoming the first euro-zone member to default when a EUR14.5 billion bond redemption comes up March 20.
Here are highlights of bank comments from financial companies ahead of the deadline. Banks and insurers in France, Germany and Greece have the majority of the holdings:
*Some of the banks, insurance firms and funds are participants in the steering committee that negotiated the terms of the debt restructuring under the IIF, which represents some 450 financial institutions. They have vowed to participate.
Those vowing to participate, on the steering committee and others, according to the IIF, as of Wednesday: Ageas NV (AGS.BT), Allianz SE (ALV.XE), Alpha Bank AE (ALPHA.AT), AXA SA (CS.FR), Banque Postale, BNP Paribas SA (BNP.FR), CNP Assurances (CNP.FR), Commerzbank AG (CBK.XE), Credit Agricole SA (ACA.FR), Credit Foncier, DekaBank, Deutsche Bank AG (DB), Dexia SA (DEXB.BT), Emporiki Bank of Greece SA (TEMP.AT), Eurobank EFG (BEUR.UR), Assicurazioni Generali SpA (G.MI), Greylock Capital Management, HSBC Holding PLC (HBC), ING Bank, Intesa Sanpaolo SpA (ISP.MI), KBC Group NV (KBC.BT), Marfin Popular Bank PCL (CPB.CP), Metlife, National Bank of Greece SA (ETE.AT), Piraeus Bank, Royal Bank of Scotland Group PLC (RBS), Societe Generale SA (GLE.FR) and UniCredit SpA (UCG.MI).
Landesbank Baden-Wurttemberg of Germany was the only steering committee member not mentioned in the original IIF participation statement. But it said Wednesday that it would participate. LBBW, according to its disclosures from September 2011, held EUR628 million in Greek government bonds.
DETRACTORS: Some bondholders, particularly hedge funds, are likely to reject the nation's debt-restructuring plan, gambling on being repaid for their bonds in full--or at least more than everyone else.
According to some sources, the move could back-fire and result in bondholders losing more money than they would have done under the swap agreement.
WRITE-DOWNS: Many bondholders have already set aside provisions covering at least the level of losses agreed by the IIF, limiting the financial impact on them if the losses were to deepen. The participation rate will be calculated on the nominal, or face, value of the holdings.
*Jean Lemierre, a senior adviser with French bank BNP Paribas SA (BNP.FR) and a key negotiator in the Greek bond deal, said it isn't possible to predict the outcome of the bond swap.
"Each private bondholder will make his own decision according to the terms of the exchange. But the offer's success is in everybody's best interest," he told French daily Le Monde. He said that if Greece had to use collective action clauses to force bondholders to participate in the bond exchange, the European Union and Greece could review some of the deal's parameters, which could degrade the offer to private bondholders.
*European Economic Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn said he expected the Greek bond swap to take place "without a glitch," in an interview published Wednesday in French daily Le Figaro.
ADDITIONAL BANK/INSURER COMMENTS:
*Allianz SE (ALV.XE) said Wednesday it will take part in the swap, which it said was economically viable for the insurance company. It said it held bonds with a nominal value of about EUR1.3 billion at the end of 2011.
*Commerzbank, which was on the IIF participation list Monday, holds about EUR3 billion in Greek sovereign debt in nominal terms.
*Deutsche Bank, which was on the IIF participation list Monday, holds about EUR1.5 billion in Greek government debt in nominal terms.
*DZ Bank said Wednesday the bank will participate, along with all other holders of Greek sovereign debt within the cooperative bank sector. The sector includes, among others, asset manager Union Investment and insurer R+V.
*Helaba and WGZ-Bank, along with DZ-Bank, together hold EUR1.5 billion in Greek debt nominal value at the end of 2011. All three banks confirmed they will take part in the debt swap.
*Hypo RE's FMS Wertmanagement holds some EUR7.2 billion in Greek sovereign debt, EUR1.6 billion in loans, bonds of Greek companies. FMS hasn't officially decided yet whether to take part. However, it is expected to do so, two people familiar with the matter told Dow Jones Newswires.
*KfW Bankengruppe, the German government's development bank, will participate, Chief Executive Ulrich Schroeder told reporters, adding that sentiment about private-sector participation in the swap has "dramatically changed" in the past few days. It has about EUR250 million in nominal value.
*Munich Re AG (MUV2.XE) will participate, a spokeswoman said Wednesday. Munich Re held Greek sovereign debt with a nominal value of EUR1.59 billion at the end of September.
*Alpha Bank, Eurobank, Piraeus Bank and National Bank of Greece are all on the steering committee and Monday vowed to participate.
*On Wednesday, members of the Private Creditor-Investor Committee for Greece, who hold 39.3% of the eligible bonds, or EUR81 billion, said they intend to participate in the bond exchange.
The institutions that comprise the PCIC are Emporiki Bank (TEMP.AT) and Marfin Popular Bank (CPB.CP), along with Alpha Bank, Eurobank, Piraeus Bank and NBG.
*UniCredit SpA (UCG.MI): Italy's second-largest bank by market value said it will participate in the bond swap. As of the end of the third quarter of 2011, the nominal value of its holdings was EUR541 million.
*Jyske Bank A/S (JYSK.KO) is the largest holder of Greek sovereign debt in the Nordic region, with bonds with a nominal value of around EUR68 million. It hasn't stated its intentions ahead of Thursday's restructuring agreement. Other Nordic banks hold even smaller levels, or no Greek debt at all, as the region's banks have so far managed to limit their exposure to Southern Europe's troubled economies.
*Banco BPI SA (BPI.LB). Will participate. As of Oct. 31, the nominal value of its Greek holdings was EUR480 million.
*Banco Comercial Portugues SA (BCP.LB), with nominal holdings of about EUR719 million, said it will participate.
*State-owned Caixa Geral de Depositos, with EUR133 million exposure, will participate.
*Royal Bank of Scotland Group PLC (RBS) was on the original IIF participation list. The bank said its nominal holdings were GBP1.6 billion.
*Standard Chartered PLC (STAN.LN) said it had no exposure to Greek sovereign debt.
*Lloyds Banking Group PLC (LYG) said it has no exposure to Greek sovereign debt.
*Barclays PLC (BCS) declined to comment on the PSI and simply said its exposure to Greek sovereign debt was "minimal."